NT 502/708 – GREEK III/EXEGESIS OF GALATIANS ASHLAND THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY Spring 2008 Dr. David A. deSilva Friday 8:00 AM - 12:00 NOON NOTE: Advance preparation is required for the first class session.

Office Hours: M 8:15 AM - 4:00 PM Phone: (419) 289-5933 E-mail: ddesilva@ashland.edu I. Course Description Exegesis of Galatians provides students with an opportunity for Greek-text based exploration of a Pauline epistle, one that offers a particularly poignant blend of situational pastoral intervention and enduring theological significance. As the culmination of their first year of the study of Biblical Greek, students enrolling in this course will experience the fruits of reading a text in its entirety in its original language, analyzing modern translations, and engaging critical resources that assume familiarity with Greek. As an exegetical course, Exegesis of Galatians invites students into a close reading of the text as the basis for analysis of its argument, its intertextual conversations and engagement with the larger tradition, its rhetoric, and its theological and ethical contributions to Christian discipleship and community formation. II.Relationship to Curriculum Model As one would expect from the study of any part of the Scriptures, Galatians is a touchstone for the cultivation of each of the foundational pillars of the curriculum at Ashland Theological Seminary. The momentum of Paul’s arguments from Scripture drives the hearers to the declaration: “You all are one in Christ Jesus, and if you are Christ’s, then you are of the seed of Abraham, heirs according to promise” (3:29). The significance of this focal affirmation of our core identity in Christ is further unpacked by Paul as he lays out what it means to be such an “heir,” and what it is to be graced with such an inheritance as the Holy Spirit that cries out within us of our adoption as God’s own daughters and sons and that dwells within us to guide us into all that pleases God. Galatians preserves one of the most fully developed depictions of the life we live between the power of the flesh and the empowering of the Spirit, and the contest into which all who are born are


and the reasons why it might have been persuasive to the Galatian Christians. Student Learning Outcomes By definition. 2.invited to contend. a paradigm that has much to offer those of us who seek to discern our call and to sharpen our grasp of the same in the midst of both significant challenges and opportunities. iv. as the source from which life and ministry flow. and confirmed (1:11-2:21). starting along the lines outlined in section II of this syllabus. and calling. articulate the argument of Galatians and describe its intended effects on the first-century hearers. For this reason. and describe the exegetical process by means of which they 2 . church history. something that is far more feasible in regard to outcomes pertinent to developing “competencies” than the student’s core identity. Competence in the disciplines and skills relevant to Christian ministry. Character that reflects maturity in Christ. outline the theological and ethical contributions of Galatians. 1. Articulates. as well as for its vision for our lives together as communities of disciples. character. A. As an exegetical course. and applies Scripture. ii. iii. Calling that is foundational for servant leadership in the church. and religious heritage to life and ministry. 4. our focus will consistently fall on developing the critical skills and practices necessary to discover ever more fully and reliably the text’s vision for our core identity. stated learning outcomes must be assessed. III. The student who diligently engages this class will be enabled to: i. Core Identity rooted in Christ. integrates. explain the case presented by the rival teachers. only outcomes related to competence are listed here and keyed to assignments in the following section. 3. although it is fully expected that our engagement with Galatians will nurture progress in the first three categories of learning outcome targeted by our curriculum. the reasons why they held to their position. theology. refined. giving us both a general matrix by which to understand the development of Christian character (5:13-25) as well as practical guidance for the embodiment of this character within Christian community (5:26-6:10). character. and calling. community and world. And Galatians provides Paul’s most extended first-hand account of his own calling and the formative experiences by means of which his understanding of that calling was tested. explain and critique the relationship of a modern translation to the original Greek text.

v. iv. Applies cultural exegesis to one’s life and ministry. iv. ideas about Galatians fashioned through reading the text through 21st. discerning its message and strategy. Course Requirements A. practice a significant range of exegetical explorations of a text as a means of entering into its world. These will be supplemented with topical lectures where appropriate. IV. B. Practices a broad range of appropriate ministry skills. learn how to distill such study into well-supported and responsibly-crafted insights appropriate to be shared with other disciples in ministry settings. (b) seminar-style discussion of key issues arising from the text and from secondary readings. ii. C. Students will engage and apply cross-cultural analysis as they: i. modern context. through the readings and through one another. Teaching Strategies for Student Learning The course employs a variety of student-centered learning methods: (a) exegetical notebooks. which often confirms rather than challenges the perspectives of the constituents to whom particular translations cater). seek to understand the church-splitting significance of ethnic markers of identity that have become largely irrelevant to the Christian church and the Western world. challenge one another’s. learn how to analyze and critique modern translations of the Bible. practice the integration of scholarly resources as conversation partners for their own engagement with Scripture. students will: i. v. grow in their facility in reading the Christian Scriptures in Greek through weekly practice working through a complete book of the New Testament. listen to alternative perspectives on the text. V. enter into the socio-linguistic world of a text in a foreign language from a distant land and a remote time.arrived at these conclusions.century. in dialogue with these alternative perspectives and with the evidence of the Greek text (rather than the English text. Through this course. Textbooks and Other Readings Textbooks 3 . and extrapolating and recontextualizing a word for Christians in a new. iii. ii. and their own. largely Protestant Christian lenses. iii. (c) written assignments inviting students to evaluate and articulate their discoveries. apply the message of Galatians to a wide range of issues affecting our life together in the church.

162. Moises Silva. “The Letter of Paul to the Galatians: A Deliberative Speech. (2007) 64-85. Articles and Chapters (to be found on the reserve shelf of the library or in the periodical holdings of the library): 1. United Bible Societies 4th edition). the latter is included in the commentary by Martyn as an appendix). reprint edition: Vancouver. The use of a major Bible software program (e. 4. Barclay.: Regent College Publishing. access to a reliable Greek lexicon (whether a print edition or an electronic edition associated with a Bible Software program). 2.C.1.” New Testament Studies 35 (1989) 321-42. John M. 2005). so that each of us may give his or her best to helping one another discover the multifaceted meaning of this text. Brad R. Tuebingen: Mohr Siebeck. ISBN 0-385-51377-1. Logos Scholars’ Library. BibleWorks. 4 .. Bible Windows. 2003). Gerd Theissen. “PISTIS XRISTOU [Pistis Christou]. 63-79. “Slavery and Freedom in Galatians. Braxton. 2. ed. 333-347. G. John Byron. Brian K. Obeying the Truth (Minneapolis: Fortress. Mich.” Princeton Seminary Bulletin 28 n.” New Testament Studies 35 (1989) 1-26. J. Students are also expected to have one of the two standard editions of the Greek New Testament (Nestle-Aland 26th or 27th edition.” in Slavery Metaphors in Early Judaism and Pauline Christianity (WUNT 2. or GramCORD) is highly recommended. 1991. B. B. 5. “The New Perspective on Paul and Its Limits: Some Psychological Considerations.s. Blount. 2007). Interpreting Galatians: Explorations in Exegetical Method (Grand Rapids. Joop Smit. Morna D.g. Hooker. 3. and access to two modern translations of the New Testament (the NIV and NRSV. “Galatians. ISBN 1-573-83355-X. Attendance Faithful attendance at seminars and informed participation are expected of all. Minneapolis: Fortress Press. 2001). 6. 181-202. Galatians (Anchor Bible: New York: Doubleday.” in True to Our Native Land: An African American New Testament Commentary (gen. 1997). Louis Martyn.: Baker Academic.

in particular. Translations and Exegetical Notebook (See objectives 4. receive a lower grade or withdraw from the class. explaining the significance of the observation for understanding the meaning of Galatians (or a particular passage). or lexical choices.) issues of ambiguity in the Greek (whether in terms of how to understand a particular word or construe a particular grammatical/syntactical construction). Any student missing the equivalent of six class hours will be required to do additional work. Key Observations (See objectives 4. ii) For each class. or logical flow.) issues identified in the history of interpretation needing resolution (here. c. iii.A.B. iv. their own translation and grammatical analysis of the assigned portion of the Greek text of Galatians b.According to the student handbook. rather than in a print journal). (ii. on the basis of the students’ own working through the Greek. students will come with the following: a. which will be an important touchstone for discussion in class. Each of these is to be presented in a short compass (a few paragraphs) setting forth the observation. 4.) explaining variances between translations where these are based on different understandings of the grammar. iv. and will be submitted to the instructor at the end of class (to be returned). reference.) raising questions.i. an analysis of the NIV and NRSV translations based on their own work. 4.C. the commentary by Martyn. iv. d. iv.i. 4. 4.C.) questions about context. This may include (i. and the supplementary readings will be particularly valuable).B. data and/or arguments relevant to the resolution of the same. and reflecting on the 5 . 2.provide the professor with a self-addressed stamped envelope. the volume by Barclay. (iii.A. C.iii. 1. iii. v. (ii. This policy also includes tardiness.i. Students without a mailbox . ii.iv) Students will compile a list of the ten most salient observations they have made through their study of the Greek text. Assignments/Assessment of Student Learning Note: Students must place their student mailbox number on the cover page on all papers and assignments. resolutions of ambiguities.i. meaning. (i. about the decisions made by the translators where appropriate. marshaling the data and argumentation pertinent to establishing the observation. this is at the discretion of the professor. a list of exegetical issues that are important for the understanding of the passage. iii. attendance at all class sessions is expected unless the professor has been notified in advance. These components will amount to the compilation of an “exegetical notebook” (this may be kept electronically.

36-74 50% 25% 25% 6 .. iii. Week One: The Situation in Galatia. what is expected in the paper – but hopefully a discussion of broader application than this assignment) will be discussed in class.” introductory sections and on Galatians 1 Galatians (read twice. Interaction with existing translations is welcome and appropriate at this point. 3. iii. D.i. 3-10. The paper will include the student’s translation of the passage. Exegetical Paper (See objectives 4. ethics. iv. obviously. Obeying the Truth. with notes explaining grammatical. iv) In order to allow students to delve more deeply into a portion of the epistle. Obeying the Truth.e. 11. v. 4.B. 13-42. each student will write an exegesis paper of ten-to-twelve pages on a discrete unit of the text (between five and eight verses. Tentative Course Schedule NOTE: Advance preparation is required for the first class session. and the like.C.i. 81-151 Barclay. and/or community formation. Calculation of Grade Preparation/Participation Observation “Highlights” Exegetical Paper VI. need to be developed at greater length in the body of the paper). 152-186 Barclay. Galatians as Classical Rhetoric Translate and work through Galatians 1:13-24 Martyn. Exegetical methods and goals (i. slowly and thoughtfully) Week Two: Galatians 1:13-24. sermons. spiritual formation. “Galatians. vocation. ii. Readings are listed under the class for which (not after which) they are to be read. as a general rule). 36-74 Braxton. 4. and syntactical decisions where relevant (some of which will. This exercise should be thought of as resulting in a pool of resources for future devotionals. lexical. iv.impact of this observation for our understanding of Christian identity. 1-8. Galatians 1:1-12 Translate and work through Galatians 1:1-12 (see guidelines for exegetical notebook) Martyn. Galatians.A.iii. Galatians.

373-418 Braxton.” NTS 35 (1989) 321-42. 178-215 7 .s. 246-294 Morna D. Interpreting Galatians: Explorations in Exegetical Method (Grand Rapids. 181-202.” on Galatians 3:23-4:11 John Byron. “The Letter of Paul to the Galatians: A Deliberative Speech. Obeying the Truth. 2003). Obeying the Truth. Week Seven: Pathos and Allegory: Galatians 4:12-31 Translate and work through Galatians 4:12-31 Martyn. “Galatians.” on Galatians 3:7-22 Moises Silva. “Galatians. Tuebingen: Mohr Siebeck. Hooker. 75-105 Braxton.” in Slavery Metaphors in Early Judaism and Pauline Christianity (WUNT 2. Galatians. Week Three: Strategic Autobiography: Galatians 2:1-14 Translate and work through Galatians 2:1-14 Martyn. 63-79.162.” on Galatians 4:12-31 Barclay. “The New Perspective on Paul and Its Limits: Some Psychological Considerations. 2001). Braxton. Mich. Galatians. Galatians. (2007) 64-85. “Galatians. “PISTIS XRISTOU.” on Galatians 2:15-3:6 Gerd Theissen. 187-245 Braxton.” New Testament Studies 35 (1989) 1-26. Apocrypha.: Baker Academic. and other Jewish Literature Week Four: Paul’s Thesis Statement and Opening Sortie: Galatians 2:15-3:6 Translate and work through Galatians 2:15-3:6 Martyn. Week Six: Paul’s Sense of Time: Galatians 3:23-4:11 Translate and work through Galatians 3:23-4:11 Martyn. Week Five: Exegesis 101 with Paul: Galatians 3:7-22 Translate and work through Galatians 3:7-22 Martyn.” Princeton Seminary Bulletin 28 n.” on Galatians 2:1-14 Handouts on circumcision in OT.Joop Smit. “Slavery and Freedom in Galatians. Galatians. 294-373 Barclay. “Galatians. 418-466 Braxton. “Galatians. Galatians.

and can readily be incorporated into (a) the study of another New Testament book in a future course within the Biblical Studies department.. A PUBLIC DOMAIN FONT AVAILABLE (ALONG WITH MANY OTHER USEFUL FONTS FOR BIBLICAL STUDIES) ON THIS PAGE: HTTP://WWW. 2008. 9-35 Braxton. MSWORD. . 467-523 Barclay. “Galatians. The practices you followed in the preparation of the exegetical notebook are commended to you as a model for such future engagement. the Law of Love: Galatians 5:1-15 Translate and work through Galatians 5:1-15 Martyn. Obeying the Truth. AT THE CONCLUSION OF CLASS. 2008. IF YOU USE A GREEK FONT. It is important that all such study strike a balance between your own engagement with the text itself and your ongoing conversation with those who have made the study of these texts their life’s calling (i. “Galatians. 559-577 Barclay. AT 9 AM. 216-251 Braxton.SBLSITE.” on Galatians 5:1-15 Week Nine: Life in the Spirit: Galatians 5:16-6:10 Translate and work through Galatians 5:16-6:10 Martyn.PDF AND . A reference grammar can be a 8 . (d) your own personal study of the New Testament. it would be of great benefit to you to continue to grow in your grasp of the nuances of Greek grammar and syntax beyond what we are able to offer in the space of the curriculum.” on Galatians 6:11-18 EXEGETICAL NOTEBOOKS ARE DUE JUNE 6. 106-177 Braxton. 524-558 Barclay. Obeying the Truth. USE SPIONIC.ASPX VII. BE SURE TO EMBED THIS OR TO SEND THE FONT AS AN ATTACHMENT. (STUDENTS ANTICIPATING SPRING GRADUATION MUST SUBMIT THEIR PAPERS BY JUNE 4. Galatians. Obeying the Truth. I CAN RECEIVE WORDPERFECT.e.) THESE ARE TO BE SUBMITTED BY HARD COPY OR BY ELECTRONIC COPY IN READABLE FORM. (b) the execution of the exegetical component of an assignment involving engagement with Scripture in a course beyond the Biblical Studies department. FOR BEST RESULTS. Galatians. AT 9 AM. (c) the preparation of a New Testament passage upon which you will preach or teach in a ministry setting. 2008.ORG/EDUCATIONAL/BIBLICALFONTS_SPLEGACYFONTS. Alongside such Scripture-centered work.RTF FILES. EXEGESIS PAPERS ARE DUE JUNE 9.Week Eight: Paul’s Main Appeal. Recommendations for Lifelong Learning Students are encouraged to continue to grow in their engagement with the Greek Scriptures in general and with Galatians in particular.” on Galatians 5:16-6:10 Week Ten: Closing Statements: Galatians 6:11-18 Translate and work through Galatians 6:11-18 Martyn. “Galatians. with critical commentaries and the like). Galatians.

We desire to encourage. reading skills. initiative expressed in preparing and completing assignments. The center provides free sessions with a peer consultant who can help you with all of your concerns about academic support including writing. 419-289-5953. and social integrity. As members of the seminary community. Contact the center if you have a question about how to complete your assignment. Academic Support Services If you need assistance with writing projects for your coursework. and sustain men and women of character who will exemplify these biblical qualities in their ministry to the church and the world. AB+ B 92-96 89-91 86-88 Good work submitted. are expected to abide by the academic integrity standards outlined in the Student Handbook. commendable achievement of course objectives. high degree of freedom from error. or if you would like to have your paper evaluated for areas needing improvement. therefore. Students with Disabilities For students who have specific physical. please let the professor know at least a week prior to the first day of class so that your learning needs can be appropriately met. time management. Ashland University. 9 . ATS Grading Scale Grade A Percent 97-100 Description Superior achievement of course objectives.edu. if you have documentation questions. In order to receive accommodations. All students. positive contributions verbalized in class. In order to facilitate your ongoing exploration of Galatians in particular. study skills. test taking skills. 105 Amstutz Hall. ATS Academic Integrity Policy Ashland Theological Seminary seeks to model servant leadership derived from biblical standards of honesty and integrity. Seminary Guidelines A. D. some aspects of the course met with excellence. develop. positive contributions verbalized in class. substantial evidence of ability to utilize course material. a fuller bibliography on Galatians is appended to the syllabus below. The ATS Academic Support Center can be reached at 419289-5162 or by e-mail at atswc@ashland. Please contact them with any questions you may have. C. personal. consistency and thoroughness of work completed. contact the ATS Academic Support Center. students are expected to hold themselves to the highest standards of academic. diligence and originality. psychiatric or learning disabilities and require accommodations. B. documentation concerning your disability must be on file with Classroom Support Services. outstanding evidence of ability to utilize course knowledge.significant conversation partner as you wrestle with words or phrases that present difficulties on the basis of what you learned in the first year of Greek during your seminary training. critical thinking. documentation. VIII.

D. The Epistle to the Galatians. IX. K. 1982. Grace in Galatia: A Commentary on Paul’s Letter to the Galatians. III. Grand Rapids. New Testament Interpretation Through Rhetorical Criticism. MN: Liturgical Press. Dallas: Word. J. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. MA: Hendrickson. Betz. 1993. 1979. G. Ben Witherington. Galatians. Philadelphia: Fortress. C. 1979. G. 1993. Bruce. Matera. inadequacy of work submitted or of performance and attendance in class. Minneapolis: Fortress. Essays on Paul. F. 1984. Chapel Hill. Dunn. F. C. George Kennedy. Longenecker. 1985. D. Barrett. Collegeville. London: SPCK. Barclay. Selected Bibliography or References Books and Commentaries: John M. Galatians. Barrett. K. Sacra Pagina. F. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans. J.BC+ C CD+ D DF 83-85 80-82 77-79 74-76 71-73 68-70 65-67 Below 65 Acceptable work completed. Obeying the Truth. H. marginal achievement of course objectives. Passing but minimal work. Galatians. R. 1990. satisfactory achievement of course objectives. NC: University of North Carolina Press. poor performance in comprehension of work submitted. MI: Eerdmans. WBC. inadequate class contributions. Freedom and Obligation. Unacceptable work resulting in failure to receive class credit. N. George Howard. Galatians. 1992. demonstrating at least some ability to utilize course knowledge. satisfactory class contribution. Articles: MISCELLANEOUS 10 . The Theology of Paul's Letter to the Galatians. Hermeneia. NICNT. Galatians. 1992. Dunn. Minneapolis: Fortress. D. Dieter Luhrmann. J. 1998. Philadelphia: Westminster. Cambridge: Cambridge University. 1991. G. 1982. Peabody. Paul: Crisis in Galatia.

" Int 21 (1967) 131-146. “The Argumentative Situation of Galatians. "The Problem at Galatia. J. Neyrey." NTS 28 (1982) 1-32. Lategan. “Bewitched in Galatia: Paul and Cultural Anthropology.” CBQ 50 (1988) 73-100. H. M. THE RIVAL TEACHERS SITUATION GALATIA AND THE IN J. R. 23-68 in Religions in Antiquity (essays in memory of E. Baeck. "Mirror-Reading a Polemical Letter: Galatians as a Test Case." pp. “The Social Context of Pauline Theology. Not From the Gentiles. "Paul and the Hellenization of Christianity. T. Tyson. "The Pauline Epistles and the Synoptic Gospels: the Pattern of the Parallels." JES 5 (1968) 241-67. Meeks. E. Barclay. Barth. L. "Paul's Opponents in Galatia. H.D. T. J. Goodenough and A.” Interpretation 36 (1982) 266-77. R. T.” JSNT 29 (1987) 91100. A. W. B." Int 41 (1987) 32-43. "The Faith of Paul. "The Kerygma of Galatians. 11 . 1968). M. Kraabel. J. "A Law-Observant Mission to the Gentiles: The Background of Galatians. S." SJT 38 (1985) 307-24. B. L. Gordon." JBL 111 (1992) 273-81. Martyn." JJS 3 (1952) 93-110. Allison. "We Who Are By Inheritance Jews. Barth. "Jew and Gentile: The Social Character of Justification in Paul. W. K. Neusner (Leiden: Brill. D.” Neotestamentica 26 (1992) 257-277. Lea. C. M. Williams. Goodenough). J. G. Boers. B. “Justification and the Spirit in Galatians. ed. Russell. Sinners. “Unscrambling the Judaizers: Who were Paul’s Opponents?” SWJT 37 (1994) 23-29." JSNT 31 (1987) 73-93. D." NT 10 (1968) 241-54. “Who Were Paul’s Opponents in Galatia?” BibSac 147 (1990) 329-50.

"The Literary Composition and Function of Paul's Letter to the Galatians. Gaventa.GALATIANS AND CLASSICAL RHETORIC H.” NTS 42 (1996) 434-53. Dupont.” JTS 42 (1992) 51119. W. D." pp. Russell. Donaldson.” NTS 34 (1988) 411-30. “Rhetorical Analysis of the Book of Galatians.” Tyndale Bulletin 45 (1994) 213-43. Exeter: Paternoster. B. “Is Paul Defending his Apostleship in Galatians? The Function of Galatians 1:11-12 and 2:19-20 in the Development of Paul’s Argument. “Arguing Like An Apocalypse: Galatians and an Ancient Topos outside the Greco-Roman Rhetorical Tradition. 176-94 in Apostolic History and the Gospel (FS F. Russell. R. Lategan. "The Conversion of Paul and Its Influence on His Understanding of Salvation by Faith. Betz. Joop Smit. Part 2. Janet Fairweather. F. "Galatians 1 and 2: Autobiography as Paradigm. B.” Tyndale Bulletin 45 (1994) 1-38. L.” SWJT 37 (1994) 4-10. Cranford. Gasque and R. Part 1. 12 . W. L." CBQ 51 (1989) 655-82. B. “The Prescript as Programme in Galatians." NT 28 (1986) 309-26.” BibSac 150 (1993) 416-39. ed. Bruce. "Zealot and Convert: The Origin of Paul's Christ-Torah Antithesis. B. Martin. “A Rhetorical Reading of Galatians.” BibSac 150 (1993) 341-58. L. “The Letter of Paul to the Galatians: A Deliberative Speech. W. “The Epistle to the Galatians and Classical Rhetoric: Parts 1 and 2." NTS 21 (1974-75) 353-79. 1970). GALATIANS 1 David Cook. J. “Rhetorical Analysis of the Book of Galatians. “The Epistle to the Galatians and Classical Rhetoric: Part 3.” NTS 35 (1989) 1-26. T. Hall. Janet Fairweather. G.

" NTS 35 (1989) 321-42. B. “Paul’s Pre-Christian Persecutions of the Church: Their Purpose. Borgen. M. Paul. D. J. van Unnik (Haarlem: Bohn. M." NTS 28 (1982) 461-78. A. D. Brehm. and Nature. or `The End of the Law'? The Significance of the Damascus Road Christophany for Paul. G. Wilson (London: SPCK." pp. Barrett. Morris. “Paul’s Argumentation in Galatians 1-2. Dunn. The Revelation of Christ to Paul on the Damascus Road and Paul's Doctrine of Justification and Reconciliation. Bornkamm. R. Banks. "The Incident at Antioch (Gal 2:11-18). G." NTS 24 (1977-78) 48495. D. ed. Dunn.G. “ΠΙΣΤΙΣ ΧΡΙΣΤΟΥ: Witness of the Fathers. H. 1982)." pp. Barrett). K. Jesus. G. J. Hooker and S. Hultgren. K. GALATIANS 2 C." ABR 12 13 . Jesus. Lambrecht. ed. 1953)." pp. P. D. Exeter: Paternoster. "The Relationship Between Paul and Jerusalem according to Galatians 1 and 2. 1990). Dunn. "Paul and the `Pillar' Apostles. S. Dunn." JSNT 18 (1983) 3-57. D.” HTR 87 (1994) 1-16. and the Law (Louisville: W/JKP. D. A. Locale. "The New Perspective on Paul. 1974). Harrisville. 90-103 in Reconciliation and Hope (FS L. G.” SWJT 37 (1994) 11-16 J. Paul. J. 89-107 in Dunn. J. "The Circumcision of Titus." pp.” JBL 95 (1976) 97-111. W. "The Line of Thought in Gal. and the Law (Louisville: W/JKP. C. 1-19 in Studia Paulina (FS Johannis de Zwaan). Hooker. “Paul’s Relationship with the Jerusalem Apostles in Galatians 1 and 2. J." pp. 2. A. 37-46 in Paul and Paulinism (Essays in honor of C. "`A Light to the Gentiles'. and Paul's `Liberty'. "Paul Preaches Circumcision and Pleases Men. R. G. D.” NovT 36 (1994) 233-41.14b-21. J. J. 1990). Sevenster and W. Vos. "ΠΙΣΤΙΣ ΧΡΙΣΤΟΥ. N. 183-214 in Dunn. Robinson. ed.

"Judaism." RSR 60 (1972) 97-108. "Jewish Christianity in Antioch in the Second Century.(1964) 24-42. GALATIANS 3 J." JTS NS 43 (1992) 1-22. C. W." JTS NS 42 (1991) 532-564. and Staying Saved in Paul. Richardson. Tyson. Gundry. H. the Circumcision of the Gentiles. F. D.” Concordia Journal 19 (1993) 234-37. P." Biblica 66 (1985) 138. R. J. N. Works. L. M. "The Doctrine of Justification: Its Social Function and Implications. G. Corley. A. "Pauline Inconsistency: 1 Cor 9:19-23 and Gal 2:11-14. J. H." JSNT 5 (1979) 46-62. "`Works of the Law' in Galatians. “Paul’s Argument from Experience: A Closer Look at Galatians 3:1-5. “Reasoning ‘By Faith’: Whys and Wherefores of the Law in Galatians. J. Cosgrove. Dunn. G. R. and Apocalyptic Hope: Another Look at Galatians 1 and 2. “4QMMT and Galatians. Dahl. G. C.” NTS 43 (1997) 147-53. Dunn." NTS 26 (1980) 347-61. Cosgrove.16 and Paul's Break With Judaism. H. Theology for the Early Christian Mission (Minneapolis." JBL 92 (1973) 423-31." pp." NTS 31 (1985) 543-53. 95-120 in idem. D. Studies in Paul. "The Justice of God. "Galatians 2. B. 1977). P. "Grace. H. Johnson. Hurtado.” SWJT 37 (1991/1) 17-22. “The Mosaic Law Teaches Faith: A Study in Galatians 3. B." JBL 113 (1993) 459-77. "The Jerusalem Collection and the Book of Galatians. Dunn.” WTJ 41 (1978) 146-64. Grant. “Arguing Like a Mere Human Being: Galatians 3:15-18 in 14 . J. Räisänen. Fredericksen. D. "Echoes of Intra-Jewish Polemic in Paul's Letter to the Galatians.

K. Longenecker. 27-36 in Paul and Paulinism (Essays in honor of C. "Works of the Law and the Curse of the Law (Gal 3." NTS 32 (1986) 94-112. 1982).” NovT 36 (1994) 242-58. Hooker and S." WTJ 38 (1975-76) 28-42. Belleville. G. J.10-14). S. "`Under Law': Structural Analysis and the Pauline Concept of Law in 15 . "The `Curse of the Law' and the Inclusion of the Gentiles: Galatians 3. "The `Faith of Abraham' Theme in Paul. "The Promise of the `Seed' in the New Testament and Targumim. S. Donaldson. “Law and Promise in Galatians. A. ‘Works of the Law’. S. "The Curse of the Law. L. Barrett). Fuller. “Promise in Galatians: A Reading of Paul’s Reading of Scripture. "Spirit. “Mnemonic Reference to the Spirit as a Persuasive Tool (Gal. M. Neotestamentica 26 (1992) 359-88." SEA 39 (1974) 145-60. D. K. Betz. Wilcox. Kruger. 3:1-6 within the argument 3:1-4:11).” Neotestamentica 26 (1992) 311-27.” WTJ 45 (1983) 73100.” NTS 34 (1988) 536-49. James." JETS 20 (1977) 203-12. ed. Moo. Cranford. and Hebrews: A Study in the Circumstantial Nature of New Testament Teaching. "The Hearing of Faith: ΑΚΟΗ ΠΙΣΤΕΩΣ in Galatians 3. D. G. R. N. and Law: Paul's Message to the Galatian Churches." JSNT 5 (1979) 2-20.s." pp.” JBL 107 (1988) 709-20. Bruce. 53 (196263) 322-34. M. "Paul and `the Works of the Law'. B.Rhetorical Perspective. M. R. D. D." NTS 35 (1989) 82-93. Wilson (London: SPCK. Dunn. Freedom. F. H. Lemmer. Hoenig. K. and Legalism in Paul. M. D." JQR n. J. H.13-14. L. L. P. T. Williams. “The Possibility of Perfect Obedience: Paul and an Implied Promise in Galatians 3:10 and 5:3. F. "Circumcision: The Covenant of Abraham. “Law." NTS 31 (1985) 523-42. Williams.

A." JBL 88 (1969) 45866. H. Loubser." pp. Schüssler-Fiorenza. R." JBL 107 (1988) 455-68. GALATIANS 4 F. Longenecker. "The Law and This World According to Paul. et al. Schweizer. T. “The Contrast Slavery/Freedom as Persuasive Device in 16 . Callan. Barrett. Käsemann. In Memory of Her (New York: Crossroad. D. B. "The Pedagogical Nature of the Law in Galatians 3:194:7. “The Rhetorical Strategy of Galatians 4:21-5:1. B.. B. "Roman Law in the Writings of Paul -. Sarah. C. C. 18." JSNT 26 (1986) 53-78. N. 1976). A. Reicke. "Slaves of the Elements and Worshipers of Angels: Gal 4:3.Alternative Vision and Pauline Modification.19-20: A Crux Interpretum for Paul’s View of the Law. Lyall." JBL 70 (1951) 259-76. Some Thoughts Concerning Gal 4. 1-16 in Rechtfertigung (FS E. D.Adoption." JETS 25 (1982) 53-61.1-11. Young. J. “Galatians 3. and Hagar in the Argument of Galatians. Wallace. “Rite and Rights for Women — Galatians 3:28. "Paidagogos: The Social Setting of a Pauline Metaphor. "Neither Male Nor Female: Gal 3:28 -." pp. J. Perriman. Friedrich. "Pauline Midrash: The Exegetical Background of Gal 3:19b.” EvQ 65 (1993) 27-42." JBL 99 (1980) 549-67." NT 29 (1987) 150-76. J. 1984). 9 and Col 2: 8. Tübingen: Mohr-Siebeck. Lull. "`The Law was our Pedagogue': A Study in Galatians 3:19-25.” NTS 27 (1980) 593-604. ed. K. E. N. 20. 205-241 in idem.11.21-4." JBL 105 (1986) 481-98.Galatians 3. "The Allegory of Abraham..” WTJ 52 (1990) 225-45. Witherington III. E.

” JSNT 32 (1988) 79-91. 17 .” Neotestamentica 26 (1992) 113-30. GALATIANS 5 F. W. S. W. W. et al. ed. 1967). Farmer. Dennison. Meeks.14). L. Hong." NTS 30 (1984) 229-48. Stendahl." pp. M. W. and the Flesh in the New Testament." JBL 105 (1986) 3-11." Studia Biblica et Theologica 7 (1977) 31-42. J.-G. 94-113 in The Scrolls and the New Testament (ed. I. A. Sin. Davies. "Indicative and Imperative: The Basic Structure of Pauline Ethics. 389-406 in Christian History and Interpretation (FS J. “The Culmination of Paul’s Argument to the Galatians. "On Fulfilling the Whole Law (Gal 5. Knox. "New Light on Temptation." SEA 51-52 (1986-87) 229-37." pp. An Examination of Galatians 6:2. Martyn. Moule. G.Galatians. “The Law and Christian Ethics in Galatians 5-6. "Understanding Early Christian Ethics. "Paul and the Dead Sea Scrolls: Flesh and Spirit. S. 1957)." NTS 31 (1985) 410-24. "Apocalyptic Antinomies in Paul's Letter to the Galatians. K. D. D." pp. "Obligation in the Ethic of Paul. Westerholm. New York: Harper. C. K. R. F. K. Kuhn. Westerholm. "`Fulfill the Law of Christ'. Matera. GALATIANS 6 E. Stendahl. Cambridge: Cambridge University." Calvin Th J 14 (1979) 55-78.” Neotestamentica 28 (1994) 163-76. D. 1957).. "Letter and Spirit: The Foundation of Pauline Ethics. New York Harper. 157-82 in The Scrolls and the New Testament (ed. Young. J.

J. Galatians. 6:11-18: A Hermeneutical Key to the Galatian Letter. but also specific bibliographies for each passage at the head of each section throughout the commentary. Grace in Galatia (pp. Longenecker very helpfully includes not only a general bibliography near the beginning of the commentary. will only include works written before 1990. "Christology and Ethics in Galatians: The Law of Christ. “Gal. 49-68). "Paul and the People of Israel. of course.” CalvinTJ 28 (1993) 90-107. 18 . Weima. A. More extensive bibliographies can be found in Martyn. and in Longenecker." CBQ 49 (1987) 268-90. D. so do be sure to skim Martyn’s and Witherington’s (relatively) more up-to-date bibliographies as well. B." NTS 24 (1977-78) 4-39.R. Davies. Witherington. W. Hays. These should prove extremely helpful for researching your exegetical papers. Longenecker’s bibliography. Galatians. D.

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