cs | Global Positioning System | Instruction Set

ANNA UNIVERSITY, CHENNAI

AFFILIATED INSTITUTIONS

R - 2009
CURRICULUM I SEMESTER (FULL TIME) M.E. COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS SEMESTER I SL. COURSE NO CODE THEORY MA9218 1 CU9211 2 CP9211 3 4 AP9211 5 CU9213 6 E1 PRACTICAL 7 CU9216 COURSE TITLE L T P C

Applied Mathematics for Communication Engineers Advanced Radiation Systems Modern Digital Communication Techniques Advanced Digital Signal Processing Optical Communication Networks Elective I Communication System Lab I TOTAL

3 3 3 3 3 3 0 18

1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1

0 0 0 0 0 0 4 4

4 3 3 3 3 3 2 21

LIST OF ELECTIVES M.E. COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS SL. NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 COURSE CODE AP9258 CU9251 VL9265 VL9264 CU9256 CU9253 CU9257 CP9254 CU9254 AP9213 AP9251 CU9255 AP9256 CP9212 AP9224 CP9253 COURSE TITLE RF System Design Communication protocol Engineering DSP Processor Architecture and programming Digital Speech Signal Processing Network Routing Algorithms Global Positioning Systems Communication Network Security Soft Computing Digital Communication Receivers Advanced Microprocessors and Microcontrollers Digital Image Processing Internetworking multimedia Electromagnetic Interference and Compatibility in System Design High Performance Computer Networks Embedded systems High Speed Switching Architectures Special Elective L 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 T 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 P 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 C 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3

1

MA9218

APPLIED MATHEMATICS FOR COMMUNICATION ENGINEERS

LTPC 3 104

UNIT I SPECIAL FUNCTIONS 12 Bessel's equation – Bessel function – Recurrence relations - Generating function and orthogonal property for Bessel functions of first kind – Fourier-Bessel expansion. UNIT II MATRIX THEORY 12 Some important matrix factorizations – The Cholesky decomposition – QR factorization – Least squares method – Singular value decomposition - Toeplitz matrices and some applications. UNIT III ONE DIMENSIONAL RANDOM VARIABLES 12 Random variables - Probability function – moments – moment generating functions and their properties – Binomial, Poisson, Geometric, Uniform, Exponential, Gamma and Normal distributions – Function of a Random Variable. UNIT IV TWO DIMENSIONAL RANDOM VARIABLES 12 Joint distributions – Marginal and Conditional distributions – Functions of two dimensional random variables – Regression Curve – Correlation. UNIT V QUEUEING MODELS 12 Poisson Process – Markovian queues – Single and Multi-server Models – Little’s formula - Machine Interference Model – Steady State analysis – Self Service queue. L +T: 45+15 = 60 PERIODS REFERENCES: 1. Grewal, B.S., Numerical methods in Engineering and Science, 40th edition, Khanna Publishers, 2007. 2. Moon, T.K., Sterling, W.C., Mathematical methods and algorithms for signal processing, Pearson Education, 2000. 3. Richard Johnson, Miller & Freund, Probability and Statistics for Engineers, 7th Edition, Prentice – Hall of India, Private Ltd., New Delhi (2007). 4. Taha, H.A., Operations Research, An introduction, 7th edition, Pearson education editions, Asia, New Delhi, 2002. 5. Donald Gross and Carl M. Harris, Fundamentals of Queueing theory, 2nd edition, John Wiley and Sons, New York (1985)

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input impedance of rectangular and circular patch antenna. 1997.”Antenna Theory and Design”.Inc. Reflector antenna. gain.Stutzman and G. Circular patch. UNIT III ARRAY ANTENNA 9 Linear array –uniform array.J. loop antenna. New York. Slot antenna.. I. Application of microstrip array antenna. side lobe level. Introduction to numerical techniques UNIT II RADIATION FROM APERTURES 9 Field equivalence principle. Uniform aperture distribution on an infinite ground plane. grating lobe. Two dimensional uniform array. Radiation from Rectangular and Circular apertures. feed network. Krauss. Microstrip dipole. Rectangular patch. II edition. 3 . Balanis.A.A. and design consideration. Radiation integrals . hand set antenna. .base station.reciprocity theorem.CU9211 ADVANCED RADIATION SYSTEMS LTPC 3 003 9 UNIT I ANTENNA FUNDAMENTALS Antenna fundamental parameters . Ridge guide. UNIT IV MICRO STRIP ANTENNA 9 Radiation Mechanism from patch. monopole. Multi turn loop.Thiele. UNIT V EMC ANTENNA AND ANTENNA MEASUREMENTS 9 Concept of EMC measuring antenna.John Wiley& Sons Inc. Rx and Tx antenna factors.Radiation from surface and line current distributions – dipole. TOTAL: 45 PERIODS REFERENCES: 1. and Ring antenna – radiation analysis from cavity model. John Wiley and Sons. 2.. W.1980 4. Image. Balance to unbalance transformer. beam width. Bahl and P. Mobile phone antenna. Impedance and antenna factor measurement.. Excitation techniques.Artech House.1998. end fire and broad side array. New York. Linear array synthesis techniques – Binomial and Chebyshev distributions. 3. Phased array. aperture blockage. beam scanning. Antenna measurement and instrumentation – Gain. Microstrip array and feed network.J. “Antenna Theory Analysis and Design”. “Antennas”.” Microstrip Antennas”. Antenna test range Design. Induction . Broadband antennas and matching techniques. 2nd edition. 1982. Biconical.L. Horn antenna. John Wiley and sons. Log periodic dipole.D. Bhartia.

Stephen G.Hinedi and W. Peak Power Problem: PAP reduction schemesClipping. Signalling and detection. Digital communications. Biorthogonal. 2. M-ary Frequency Shift Keying.2001. Filtering. 4 . and Trellis diagram – Decoding techniques using Maximum likelihood.. Orthogonal. S.Controlled ISI-Partial Response signalsEqualization algorithms – Viterbi Algorithm – Linear equalizer – Decision feedback equalization – Adaptive Equalization algorithms. Pearson Education. Golay. UNIT II OFDM 9 Generation of sub-carriers using the IFFT.M. Pearson Education. Hammning. Richard Van Nee & Ramjee Prasad. Bernard Sklar.ISI – Nyquist Criterion. Matched filter. ‘Digital Communication’. Prentice Hall India. Coding and Scrambling. 6.2001. UNIT III BLOCK CODED DIGITAL COMMUNICATION 9 Architecture and performance – Binary block codes. M-ary Phase Shift Keying. ‘Digital Communications’. Sequential and Threshold methods – Error probability performance for BPSK and Viterbi algorithm. 2002. New Delhi. OFDM signal processing.Simon.K. BCH . Wilson. Cyclic. State diagram. UNIT IV CONVOLUTIONAL CODED DIGITAL COMMUNICATION 9 Representation of codes using Polynomial. Channel capacity. M. UNIT V EQUALIZATION TECHNIQUES 9 Band Limited Channels. John Wiley and sons. Tree diagram. Windowing. Mc Graw Hill Publication. TOTAL: 45 PERIODS REFERENCES: 1. Binary Frequency Shift Keying-Coherent and Non-coherent Detection of BFSK. second edition. ‘OFDM for Multimedia Communications’ Artech House Publication. Reed – Solomon codes. Minimum Shift Keying-. Digital communication techniques.. Guard Time and Cyclic Extension. ‘Digital Modulation and Coding’. Gaussian Minimum Shift Keying. 1998 3. 2001 5. Concepts of Spread spectrum communication – Coded BPSK and DPSK demodulators – Linear block codes. 4. 4 th edition. ‘Wireless Communications’. Proakis.Rappaport.. 2003. John G. First Indian Reprint .Pearson Education. 1995. 2nd edition. Viterbi algorithm. Theodore S. Simon Haykin.C.. Transorthogonal – Shannon’s channel coding theorem.Lindsey. M-ary Quadrature Amplitude Modulation.CP9211 MODERN DIGITAL COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUES LTPC 300 3 UNIT I CONSTANT ENVELOPE MODULATION 9 Advantages of Constant Envelope Modulation. 7. Turbo Coding..

Pearson Education Inc. Parseval’s theorem. Singapore. Pearson Education. Gonzalez. RLS adaptive algorithm. Solution using Levinson-Durbin algorithm UNIT III LINEAR ESTIMATION AND PREDICTION 12 Linear prediction – Forward and Backward prediction. AR and MA model based spectral estimation. Sampling rate conversion by a rational factor. Application to subband coding – Wavelet transform L: 45 + T : 15 = 60 PERIODS REFERENCES: 1. Proakis. Parametric methods – ARMA. Adaptive channel equalization. Solution of Prony’s normal equations. UNIT V MULTIRATE DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING 12 Mathematical description of change of sampling rate – Interpolation and Decimation. Autocorrelation. AR. Adaptive echo cancellation.. White noise. 2002 2.Widrow-Hopf LMS algorithm. ‘Statistical Digital Signal Processing and Modeling”. Decimation by an integer factor. Least mean-squared error criterion. Polyphase filter structures. “ Digital Image Processing”. Wiener-Khintchine relation. Special types of Random Processes – ARMA. 2004 (For Wavelet Transform Topic) 5 .Ensemble Averages. Spectral factorization. Bias and Estimation. Woods. Normalized LMS algorithm. Inc. John Wiley and Sons. Rafael C. Filtering Random Processes. Dimitris G. Discrete Kalman filter UNIT IV ADAPTIVE FILTERS 12 FIR adaptive filters – adaptive filter based on steepest descent method. UNIT II SPECTRAL ESTIMATION 12 Estimation of spectra from finite duration signals. Stationary processes. MA – Yule-Walker equations. Adaptive noise cancellation.AP9211 ADVANCED DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING LTPC 3 104 UNIT I DISCRETE RANDOM SIGNAL PROCESSING 12 Discrete Random Processes. John J. Welch and Blackman-Tukey methods. Wiener filter for filtering and prediction. Power Spectral Density.Second Edition. Multistage implementation of multirate system. Manolakis. : Digital Signal Processing’. 2002 3. FIR and IIR Wiener filters. Nonparametric methods Periodogram. Hayes. Monson H. Bartlett. Richard E. Interpolation by an integer factor. Modified periodogram. Autocovariance.

6 . Future Access Networks. Switches. Access Networks – Network Architecture overview. Second Edition 2004. SONET / SDH. UNIT II OPTICAL NETWORK ARCHITECTURES 9 Introduction to Optical Networks.E. Wavelength Routing Testbeds. Isolators & Circulators. Prentice Hall. NJ. “WDM Optical Networks : Concept. Optical Network Components – Couplers. Switch-based networks. dispersion. Power penalty . Jr. Multiplexers & Filters. Optical Amplifiers. Non-Linear effects. Prentice Hall of India. Metropoliton-Area Networks. Service interface.CU9213 OPTICAL COMMUNICATION NETWORKS LTPC 3003 UNIT I OPTICAL SYSTEM COMPONENTS 9 Light propagation in optical fibers – Loss & bandwidth. Optical amplifiers. Wavelength stabilization . System limitations. “Fiber Optic Networks”.Virtual topology design. Performance management. crosstalk. Configuration management. 1993. Design and Algorithms”. 3. Fault management. receiver. Wavelength Routing Architecture. Media-Access Control Protocols. Synchronisation. P.transmitter. Broadcast and Select Networks – Topologies for Broadcast Networks. Testbeds for Broadcast & Select WDM. C. Multiplexing and Demultiplexing. and OTDM networks. 2002. UNIT IV PACKET SWITCHING AND ACCESS NETWORKS 9 Photonic Packet Switching – OTDM. TOTAL : 45 PERIODS REFERENCES: 1. Rajiv Ramaswami and Kumar N. UNIT V NETWORK DESIGN AND MANAGEMENT 9 Transmission System Engineering – System model. Harcourt Asia Pte Ltd. UNIT III WAVELENGTH ROUTING NETWORKS 9 The optical layer. Layered Architecture . Ist Edition. Control and Management – Network management functions.. 2. Overall design considerations. Optical Access Network Architectures. Wavelength Converters. Optical layer cost tradeoff. Routing and wavelength assignment. Optical safety. Green. Broadcast OTDM networks. Sivarajan. Solitons. Siva Ram Moorthy and Mohan Gurusamy.. Architectural variations. Node Designs. “Optical Networks : A Practical Perspective”.

Implementation of Linear and Cyclic Codes. IP2. Antenna Radiation Pattern measurement.Impedance matching networks Amplifiers: Common Gate.Specification distribution over a communication link Transceiver Architectures: Receiver: Homodyne. IP3. RLS ) 2. THD. UNIT III FEEDBACK SYSTEMS AND POWER AMPLIFIERS 9 Feedback Systems: Stability of feedback systems: Gain and phase margin. popcorn noise Transceiver Specifications: Two port Noise theory. flicker. E and F amplifiers – Linearisation Techniques – Efficiency boosting techniques – ACPR metric – Design considerations 7 . Sensitivity. Transmission line parameters – Measurement using Network Analyser 5. 4. Transform based compression techniques. 7. Common Source Amplifiers – OC Time constants in bandwidth estimation and enhancement – High frequency amplifier design Low Noise Amplifiers: Power match and Noise match – Single ended and Differential LNAs – Terminated with Resistors and Source Degeneration LNAs. Performance Evaluation of digital modulation schemes 6. Low IF Architectures – Transmitter: Direct upconversion. Channel equalizer design using MATLAB ( LMS. TRANSCEIVER SPECIFICATIONS AND ARCHITECTURES 9 CMOS: Introduction to MOSFET Physics – Noise: Thermal. Image reject. 3. OFDM transceiver design using MATLAB Performance evaluation of Digital Data Transmission through Fiber Optic Link TOTAL : 60 PERIODS AP9258 RF SYSTEM DESIGN LTPC 3 00 3 UNIT I CMOS PHYSICS. D. Phase noise . AB. Noise Figure. shot. Root-locus techniques – Time and Frequency domain considerations – Compensation Power Amplifiers: General model – Class A. Heterodyne. B. Two step upconversion UNIT II IMPEDANCE MATCHING AND AMPLIFIERS 9 S-parameters with Smith chart – Passive IC components .CU9216 COMMUNICATION SYSTEM LABORATORY I LTPC 0 04 2 1. C. SFDR.

“Design of CMOS RF Integrated Circuits”. “Design of Analog CMOS Integrated Circuits”. Protocol validation. Pearson Education. “RF Microelectronics”.Razavi. 2004 2. Specifications of Communication service. Interactions. protocol design errors.Lee. B. Cambridge. Network services and Interfaces. protocol. Protocol functions. OSI model .TCP/IP protocol suite UNIT II PROTOCOL SPECIFICATIONS 9 Components of protocol. B. protocol development methods. Multimedia protocol. T. Michiel Steyaert.Razavi. SDL based protocolother protocol specification languages ] UNIT III PROTOCOL VERIFICATION/VALIDATION 9 Protocol verification. SDL.UNIT IV PLL AND FREQUENCY SYNTHESIZERS 9 PLL: Linearised Model – Noise properties – Phase detectors – Loop filters and Charge pumps Frequency Synthesizers: Integer-N frequency synthesizers – Direct Digital Frequency synthesizers UNIT V MIXERS AND OSCILLATORS 9 Mixer: characteristics – Non-linear based mixers: Quadratic mixers – Multiplier based mixers: Single balanced and double balanced mixers – subsampling mixers Oscillators: Describing Functions. “CMOS Wireless Transceiver Design”. Protocol entity. Internet protocol. Interface. McGraw Hill. 2001 CU9251 COMMUNICATION PROTOCOL ENGINEERING LTPC 3 003 UNIT I NETWORK REFERENCE MODEL 9 Communication model-software. 1997 4. SDL based protocol verification and validation 8 . Protocol validation approaches. Protocol engineering process. Jan Crols. 1997 3. subsystems. Colpitts oscillators – Resonators – Tuned Oscillators – Negative resistance oscillators – Phase noise TOTAL:45 PERIODS TEXT BOOKS: 1. Layered architecture. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Verification of a protocol using finite state machines.

Mohamed G. Conformance testing with TTCN. “Elements of Network Protocol Design”. systems with semi controllable interfaces . Gouda. Prentice Hall. Convolution of two sequences.Pipelining – Special Addressing modes in P-DSPs – On chip Peripherals. 1998 V. 2004 Richard Lai and Jirachiefpattana. Boston. New York. “Communication protocol Engineering”. Pallapa Venkataram and Sunilkumar S. Eastern Economy edition.Holtzmann. SDL based performance testing of TCP and OSPF. Automatic synthesis algorithm. 2. UNIT III TMS320C3X PROCESSOR 9 Architecture – Data formats . 1982.Manvi. John Wiley & Sons. K. New York. Scalability testing UNIT V PROTOCOL SYNTHESIS AND IMPLEMENTATION 9 Protocol synthesis.SDL based tools for conformance testing.RIP. Object based approach to protocol implementation. Protocol Re-synthesis. 5. London.Addressing modes – Assembly language Instructions .Operation – Block Diagram of DSP starter kit – Application Programs for processing real time signals – Generating and finding the sum of series.Ahuja. “Protocol Specification and Testing”. Kluwer Publishers. Inc. Tarnay. 4. Automatic synthesis of SDL from MSC. McGrawHill. 6. VL9265 DSP PROCESSOR ARCHITECTURE AND PROGRAMMING LTPC 300 3 UNIT I FUNDAMENTALS OF PROGRAMMABLE DSPs 9 Multiplier and Multiplier accumulator – Modified Bus Structures and Memory access in PDSPs – Multiple access memory – Multi-port memory – VLIW architecture. SDL based conformance testing of MPLS Performance testing. Tool for protocol engineering TOTAL: 45 PERIODS REFERENCES: 1. 1991. Interactive synthesis algorithm. Plenum. 1991. Filter design 9 . Interoperability testing. Requirements of protocol implementation. G. Protocol compilers.Addressing modes – Groups of addressing modesInstruction sets . Test sequence generation methods.UNIT IV PROTOCOL CONFORMANCE/PERFORMANCE TESTING 9 Conformance testing methodology and frame work. New York. Distributed architecture by local methods. 1998. “Communication Protocol Specification and Verification”. Operation – Block Diagram of DSP starter kit – Application Programs for processing real time signals. Conformance test architectures. “Design and validation of Computer protocols”.J. “Design and Analysis of Computer Communication networks”. USA. SDL based interoperability testing of CSMA/CD and CSMA/CA protocol using Bridge.. UNIT II TMS320C5X PROCESSOR 9 Architecture – Assembly language syntax . 3.Pipeline structure.

Addressing modes and assembly language instructions – Application programs –Filter design. Analog Devices. FFT calculation.Architecture of Motorola DSP563XX – Comparison of the features of DSP family processors.UNIT IV ADSP PROCESSORS 9 Architecture of ADSP-21XX and ADSP-210XX series of DSP processors. Programming and Applications” – Tata McGraw – Hill Publishing Company Limited.Analysis synthesis systems. Motorola.Bhaskar. User guides Texas Instrumentation.Venkataramani and M. Code Composer studio . UNIT V ADVANCED PROCESSORS 9 Architecture of TMS320C54X: Pipe line operation. 2003. B. Average Magnitude – Zero crossing Rate – Silence Discrimination using ZCR and energy – Short Time Auto Correlation Function – Pitch period estimation using Auto Correlation Function UNIT III FREQUENCY DOMAIN METHOD FOR SPEECH PROCESSING 9 Short Time Fourier analysis – Filter bank analysis – Formant extraction – Pitch Extraction – Analysis by Synthesis. 10 . VL9264 DIGITAL SPEECH SIGNAL PROCESSING LTPC 300 3 UNIT I MECHANICS OF SPEECH 8 Speech production mechanism – Nature of Speech signal – Discrete time modelling of Speech production – Representation of Speech signals – Classification of Speech sounds – Phones – Phonemes – Phonetic and Phonemic alphabets – Articulatory features. UNIT IV LINEAR PREDICTIVE ANALYSIS OF SPEECH 10 Formulation of Linear Prediction problem in Time Domain – Basic Principle – Auto correlation method – Covariance method – Solution of LPC equations – Cholesky method – Durbin’s Recursive algorithm – lattice formation and solutions – Comparison of different methods – Application of LPC parameters – Pitch detection using LPC parameters – Formant analysis – VELP – CELP. 2. New Delhi.Architecture of TMS320C6X . “Digital Signal Processors – Architecture. Music production – Auditory perception – Anatomical pathways from the ear to the perception of sound – Peripheral auditory system – Psycho acoustics UNIT II TIME DOMAIN METHODS FOR SPEECH PROCESSING 8 Time domain parameters of Speech signal – Methods for extracting the parameters Energy.Phase vocoder— Channel Vocoder. TOTAL: 45 PERIODS REFERENCES: 1. HOMOMORPHIC SPEECH ANALYSIS: Cepstral analysis of Speech – Formant and Pitch Estimation – Homomorphic Vocoders.

Functions of Network layer. Algorithms. Ben Gold and Nelson Morgan. Bellman Ford Distance Vector Routing. Distance Vector Multicast Routing Protocol (DVMRP). Link state routing.AG. Distributed Control Protocols.UNIT V APPLICATION OF SPEECH SIGNAL PROCESSING 10 Algorithms: Spectral Estimation.W.R.Schaffer – Digital Processing of Speech signals – Prentice Hall -1978 3. Exterior Routing Protocols: Exterior Gateway Protocol (EGP) and Border Gateway Protocol (BGP). Routing in telephone networks. Fairness and Admission Control. Routing based: Cellular IP. General Classification of routing. UNIT II INTERNET ROUTING 10 Interior protocol : Routing Information Protocol (RIP). Wavelength Rerouting. real-time network routing (RTNR). L. UNIT III ROUTING IN OPTICAL WDM NETWORKS 10 Classification of RWA algorithms. UNIT IV MOBILE . Dynamic Non hierarchical Routing (DNHR). Core Based Tree Routing. Hierarchical routing. Singapore. Trunk status map routing (TSMR). TCP/IP Layer Architecture. dynamic time warping. 2004 2. hidden Markov model – Music analysis – Pitch Detection – Feature analysis for recognition –Automatic Speech Recognition – Feature Extraction for ASR – Deterministic sequence recognition – Statistical Sequence recognition – ASR systems – Speaker identification and verification – Voice response system – Speech Synthesis: Text to speech. Distance vector routing. Micro-mobility protocol: Tunnel based : Hierarchical Mobile IP. Quatieri – Discrete-time Speech Signal Processing – Prentice Hall – 2001. TOTAL : 45 PERIODS REFERENCES: 1.Benefits and Issues. NETWORK ROUTING ALGORITHMS 11 . I. MWPG. Intra domain Mobility Management. 4. Multicast Routing: Pros and cons of Multicast and Multiple Unicast Routing. Open Shortest Path First (OSPF).Witten – – Principles of Computer Speech – Academic Press – 1982 CU9256 LTPC 30 0 3 UNIT I INTRODUCTION 7 ISO OSI Layer Architecture. . Rerouting Schemes.H.IP NETWORKS 9 Macro-mobility Protocols. MBONE.Rabiner and R. Lightpath Migration.Flanagan – Speech analysis: Synthesis and Perception – 2nd edition – Berlin – 1972 5. voice over IP. RWA algorithms. J. John Wiley and Sons Inc. Handoff Wireless Access Internet Infrastructure (HAWAII). Speech and Audio Signal Processing. Permanent Routing and Wavelength Requirements.L. Multicast Open Shortest Path First (MOSPF).

C. Routing algorithms – Proactive routing: destination sequenced Distance Vector Routing (DSDV). Y-code. pp 16-27. 8.T Campbell et al. UNIT II 9 Coordinate Systems – Geo Centric Coordinate System – Conventional Terrestrial Reference System – Orbit Description – Keplerian Orbit – Kepler Elements – Satellite Visibility – Topocentric Motion – Disturbed Satellite Motion – Perturbed Motion – Disturbing Accelerations . IEEE Wireless Communications Aug. 3.Hall. TOTAL: 45 PERIODS REFERENCES: 1. New York.Perturbed Orbit – Time Systems – Astronomical Time System – Atomic Time – GPS Time – Need for Coordination – Link to Earth Rotation – Time and Earth Motion Services. C. 2001 6. ‘An engineering approach to computer networking’ Addison Wesley 1999. “ A Survey of mobility Management in Next generation All IP. William Stallings. Reprint India 2002 2. 4. Prentice. 1995 5. CU9253 GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEMS \ LTPC 300 3 UNIT I 9 History of GPS – BC-4 System – HIRAN – NNSS – NAVSTAR GLONASS and GNSS Systems – GPS Constellation – Space Segment – Control Segment – User Segment – Single and Dual Frequency – Point – Relative – Differential GPS – Static and Kinematic Positioning – 2D and 3D – reporting Anti Spoofing (AS).2004. S. A. Ltd. Design and Algorithms”. Jiang Xie and Shantidev Mohanty.1995. “ WDM Optical Networks – Concepts. P-code. Hybrid Routing: Zone Based Routing (ZRP). ‘ Routing in Communication network. Prentice Hall of India Pvt.” IEEE Wireless Communications Feb. Keshav. Selective Availability (SA) – DOP Factors.Based Wireless Systems”.UNIT V MOBILE AD –HOC NETWORKS 9 Internet-based mobile ad-hoc networking communication strategies.E Perkins. Ian F.Siva Rama Murthy and Mohan Gurusamy. Addison – Wesley. William Stallings. IInd Edition. Reactive routing: Dynamic Source Routing (DSR). L1. M. Prentice –Hall International. “ Comparison of IP Micromobility Protocols. 7. Newyork. ‘Ad Hoc Networking’. Wide Lane – OTF Ambiguity. UNIT III 9 C/A code. Ad hoc On-Demand Distance Vector Routing (AODV). New Delhi –2002.. pp 72-82. Steen Strub. 12 . Akyildiz.2002. Pearson Education Asia. ‘High speed Networks TCP/IP and ATM Design Principles. ‘ High speed networks and Internets Performance and Quality of Service’. L2 Carrier frequencies – Code Pseudo Ranges – Carries Phases – Pseudo Ranges – Satellite Signal Signature – Navigation Messages and Formats – Undifferenced and Differenced Range Models – Delta Ranges – Signal Processing and Processing Techniques – Tracking Networks – Ephemerides – Data Combination: Narrow Lane.

National Academy Press.ifag.uscg.Spilker. Stream and Block Ciphers.1996 5. 4th revised edition. active attack. Digital signatures : Digital signature standards.NewYork. H. J.jpl. RSA Cryptosystem UNIT III INTEGRITY. Data Encryption Standards (DES). 370 L'Enfant Promenade SW. UNIT II SYMMETRIC & ASYMMETRIC KEY ALGORITHMS 9 Substitutional Ciphers.nasa. http://gibs. Transposition Ciphers. 2nd edition.Wellenhof.leipzig. Jr. 13 .Leick. Springer-Verlag. "GPS: Theory and Practice".UNIT IV 9 Propagation Media – Multipath – Antenna Phase Centre – Atmosphere in brief – Elements of Wave Propagation – Ionospheric Effects on GPS Observations – Code Delay – Phase Advances – Integer Bias – Clock Error – Cycle Slip – Noise-Bias – Blunders – Tropospheric Effects on GPS Oberservables – Multipath Effect – Antenna Phase Centre Problems and Correction. 1995 Websites: 6. Techniques : Cryptography. http://www. Berlin.de 9. principle of asymmetric key algorithms. Washington. Washington. TOTAL: 45 PERIODS REFERENCES: 1. DC 20024.au 7. B.navcen. 1996 4. Key management Techniques.1995 3. Authentication : Entity Authentication: Biometrics.Kleusberg and P.Adams. Advanced Encryption Standard (AES). attacks on Integrity and availability. http://igscb. “GPS for Geodesy”. Types of Attacks: Passive attack. Security services and mechanisms. AUTHENTICATION AND KEY MANAGEMENT 9 Message Integrity.A Shared National Asset”.Collins. http://www.Hoffman . DC.Parkinson. "The GPS .1997 2. John Wiley & Sons. Wein. A. Chair.gov 8. AIAA.I & Vol. L. New york. RC4. Vol.gov. "GPS Satellites Surveying".(Eds). Springer. attacks on confidentiality.Lichtenegger and J. "GPS: Theory and Applications". B. Steganography . Revision on Mathematics for Cryptography.II.auslig. Hash functions : SHA.Teunisen(Eds).mil CU9257 COMMUNICATION NETWORK SECURITY LTPC 300 3 UNIT I INTRODUCTION ON SECURITY 9 Security Goals. UNIT V 9 Inter Disciplinary Applications – Crystal Dynamics – Gravity Field Mapping – Atmospheric Occulation – Surveying – Geophysics – Air borne GPS – Ground Transportation – Space borne GPS – Metrological and Climate Research using GPS. A.

J.umd. Wagner.. Adaptive Networks – Feed forward Networks – Supervised Learning Neural Networks – Radial Basis Function Networks Reinforcement Learning – Unsupervised Learning Neural Networks – Adaptive Resonance architectures – Advances in Neural networks. 65 -76. H. secure electronic transaction. Behrouz A. UNIT III NEURAL NETWORKS 9 Machine Learning Using Neural Network. DoS. 8. IP Security Overview.Prentice Hall of India.” Cryptography and Network security” Tata McGraw. Firewall Configuration and Limitation of Firewall. 2008 2.Hill. 2008 4.3. FIREWALLS AND WEB SECURITY 9 Introduction on Firewalls. Yang et al. Fourcuzan . security associations. no. 47(6). 2nd Edition.Nichols and P. Key Management. pp. David Boel et. 24-30.” Wireless Security” 5. 2004."Cryptography and Network security: principles and practice".. Feb. Tunneling. Lekkas . Security in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks: Challenges and Solution. 7.Soft Computing Constituents – From Conventional AI to Computational Intelligence . IP security Architecture. “Security in Wireless Sensor Networks”.K. 13.edu/~aram/wireless/survey. 6. No. Security for 4G networks: Secure Ad hoc Network. December 1999. IEEE Wireless Communications.pdf. Communications of the ACM. Securing Ad Hoc Networks." http://www. Types of Firewalls.New Delhi. Tata McGrawHill. Vol. vol. transport layer security. Stankovic.2002 3. 1. Secure Sensor Network TOTAL: 45 PERIODS REFERENCES: 1. R. secure sockets layer.UNIT IV NETWORK SECURITY . "Security of Wireless Ad Hoc Networks. 9. 53-57.C. (2004). William Stallings. Perrig. dual signature UNIT V WIRELESS NETWORK SECURITY 9 Security Attack issues specific to Wireless systems: Worm hole. 14 . Web security requirement.cs. pp.2ndEdition. CP9254 UNIT I SOFT COMPUTING LTPC 3003 INTRODUCTION TO SOFT COMPUTING AND NEURAL NETWORKS 9 Evolution of Computing . Security payload.. authentication Header. A. 6.Machine Learning Basics UNIT II GENETIC ALGORITHMS 9 Introduction to Genetic Algorithms (GA) – Applications of GA in Machine Learning Machine Learning Approach to Knowledge Acquisition.” Cryptography and Network security”. D. Atul Kahate ." IEEE Network Magazine. WEP for Wi-Fi network.al (Jan 2008 ) “Securing Wireless Sensor Networks – Security Architecture “ Journal of networks .

Mitchell Melanie. 2003. Applications. diversity technique. Zurada. “Fuzzy Sets and Fuzzy Logic-Theory and Applications”. Jyh-Shing Roger Jang. matched filter . Deepa.Prentice Hall. Sivanandam. N. Skapura. UNIT V NEURO-FUZZY MODELING 9 Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference Systems – Coactive Neuro-Fuzzy Modeling – Classification and Regression Trees – Data Clustering Algorithms – Rulebase Structure Identification – Neuro-Fuzzy Control – Case studies. REFERENCES: 1. Goldberg. Klir and Bo Yuan. slow fading. Springer. 2. Pearson Edn. S. George J. maximum likelihood sequence detector. RAKE demodulator. 2. statistical models. Addison Wesley. TOTAL : 45 PERIODS TEXT BOOKS: 1. “An Introduction to Genetic Algorithm”. and Programming Techniques”. frequency selective fading. Jacek M. S. “Neural Networks Algorithms.Deepa. “Introduction to Fuzzy Logic using MATLAB”. Eiji Mizutani. 1992. linear and nonlinear modulation techniques. Optimization and Machine Learning”. Springer. signal space representation. “ Introduction to Genetic Algorithms”.Sivanandam · S. Sumathi and S. 2007. 3. M-ary orthogonal signals. 1998.. 2007. 1995. “Introduction to Artificial Neural Systems”. Prentice Hall. David E. envelope detectors for Mary and correlated binary signals UNIT III RECEIVERS FOR FADING CHANNELS 9 Characterization of fading multiple channels. Prentice-Hall of India. 1997. CU9254 DIGITAL COMMUNICATION RECEIVERS LTPC 300 3 UNIT I REVIEW OF DIGITAL COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUES 9 Base band and band pass communication. Freeman and David M.N. 5. coded waveform for fading channel 15 .. 2003. 4. “Genetic Algorithms in Search. James A.N. N. optimum receiver for CPM signals. and Spectral characteristics of digital modulation UNIT II OPTIMUM RECEIVERS FOR AWGN CHANNEL 9 Correlation demodulator. PWS Publishers. 3. Chuen-Tsai Sun. “Neuro-Fuzzy and Soft Computing”. S.UNIT IV FUZZY LOGIC 9 Fuzzy Sets – Operations on Fuzzy Sets – Fuzzy Relations – Membership FunctionsFuzzy Rules and Fuzzy Reasoning – Fuzzy Inference Systems – Fuzzy Expert Systems – Fuzzy Decision Making.

maximum likelihood and non-decision directed timing estimation. TOTAL:45 PERIODS 16 .pipelining –the instruction pipeline – pipeline hazards – instruction level parallelism – reduced instruction set –Computer principles – RISC versus CISC UNIT II HIGH PERFORMANCE CISC ARCHITECTURE – PENTIUM 9 CPU Architecture. UNIT IV MOTOROLA 68HC11 MICROCONTROLLERS 9 Instruction set addressing modes – operating modes.Fechtel. John Wiley. New York. “Digital communication “4th Edition. " Digital communication receivers ". blind equalizers and stochastic gradient algorithm. New York. “Digital communication ". 2nd Edition.RTC-Serial Communication Interface – A/D Converter PWM and UART. joint estimation UNIT V ADAPTIVE EQUALIZATION 9 Zero forcing algorithm.G. An unified approach to performance Analysis ". Mare Moeneclacy.Interrupsystem. New York.Lee and D. [ AP9213 ADVANCED MICROPROCESSORS AND MICROCONTROLLERS LTPC 300 3 UNIT I MICROPROCESSOR ARCHITECTURE 9 Instruction Set – Data formats –Addressing modes – Memory hierarchy –register file – Cache – Virtual memory and paging – Segmentation.G. Heinrich Meyer.Bus Operations – Pipelining – Brach predication – floating point unitOperating Modes –Paging – Multitasking – Exception and Interrupts – Instruction set – addressing modes – Programming the Pentium processor.ARM instruction set. 1994. Allied Publishers.Vol I & Vol II.I2C Interfacing –UART. 4. LMS algorithm. McGraw-Hill. 2. carrier phase estimation-PLL. symbol timing estimation.Timers. Decision directed loops.UNIT IV SYNCHRONIZATION TECHNIQUES 9 Carrier and signal synchronization. Stefan. Simon Marvin. E.addressing modes – Programming the ARM processor. 2001.A/D Converter –PWM and introduction to C-Compilers. 2000. John. John Wiley.Proakis. “Digital communication over fading channel. New Delhi. 3. Messerschmitt. UNIT III HIGH PERFORMANCE RISC ARCHITECTURE – ARM 9 Organization of CPU – Bus architecture –Memory management unit . 1997.Thumb Instruction set. adaptive decision-feedback equalizer and Equalization of Trellis-coded signals.A.A. TOTAL: 45 PERIODS REFERENCES: 1. UNIT V PIC MICROCONTROLLER 9 CPU Architecture – Instruction set – interrupts. Kalman algorithm.

JPEG standard. Spatial averaging. 3. SPIHT. Contraharmonic and Yp mean filters . Geometric mean. Inverse filtering-removal of blur caused by uniform linear motion. Vidicon and Digital Camera working principles.Breg.Edge detection. Edge linking and boundary detection. Noise distributions.. Walsh. James L. TOTAL: 45PERIODS DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING 17 . MPEG. “ The Pentium Microprocessor ‘’ Pearson Education . 7. ‘’ ARM System –On –Chip architecture “Addision Wesley . Quantization. Neural network to recognize shapes. contrast.Miller . JPEG 2000. Neural networks-Backpropagation network and training. 1997.” Pearson Education .. Barry. 2003. Prentice hall. John .B. Block Truncation Coding. Programming and Interfacing “ . KLT. “ Design with PIC Microcontroller . Daniel Tabak .H. 1997.” Micro Computer Engineering . SVD. 6. Vector Quantization. 2D transforms .degradation model.” The Intel Microprocessors Architecture . Region growing. Run Length Encoding. Hadamard. Matching by correlation. ‘’ Advanced Microprocessors” McGraw Hill. Antonakos . Wavelet transform. Wiener filtering. Arithmetic coding. hue. PHI.B. Transform coding. Shift codes.Peatman . Haar. 4. Gray Level interpolation. James L. Valvano "Embedded Microcomputer Systems" Thomson Asia PVT LTD first reprint 2001 AP9251 LT PC 3 0 0 3 UNIT I DIGITAL IMAGE FUNDAMENTALS 9 Elements of digital image processing systems. Image Recognition . Slant. Geometric transformations-spatial transformations. Region splitting and Merging. Discrete Sine. Elements of visual perception. Matching by minimum distance classifier. 8.Antonakos . brightness. Directional Smoothing.Patterns and pattern classes. Gene . UNIT II IMAGE TRANSFORMS 9 1D DFT.” An Introduction to the Intel family of Microprocessors ‘’ Pearson Education 1999. Image restoration . 2000. UNIT IV IMAGE SEGMENTATION AND RECOGNITION 9 Image segmentation . 1995 2. EZW. Median. Unconstrained and Constrained restoration.REFERENCES: 1. Harmonic mean. 5. UNIT III IMAGE ENHANCEMENT AND RESTORATION 9 Histogram modification. UNIT V IMAGE COMPRESSION 9 Need for data compression. DCT.Inc. saturation. Dither. Steve Furber .DFT. Huffman. Design of 2D FIR filters. Image sampling. Mach Band effect.2002. Two dimensional mathematical preliminaries. .

Peer-to-peer computing. scheduling and policing.2000. recording and remote control. “ Digital Image Processing”.. Rafael C. Sid Ahmed. McGraw Hill. McGrawHill. CU9255 LTPC 3 00 3 UNIT I INTRODUCTION 9 Digital sound. scaping multicast and NBMA networks. Pearson Education.A. Mark Handley.Singapore. indexing synchronization of requests. Ellen Khayata. Dudgeon and R. UNIT II SUBNETWORK TECHNOLOGY 9 Broadband services. Analysis and Machine Vision”. shared application. 1998. D. RTCP. “ Digital Image Processing”. MPEG-2 over ATM/IP. “Fundamentals of Digital Image Processing”. Prentice Hall of India. 4ed. traffic shaping. John Wiley. Woods. 2002. Milan Sonka et al. INTERNETWORKING MULTIMEDIA 18 . 6..M. Buffer management. multimedia coding and compression for text. Brookes/Cole.. B. USA. Pearson Education. Inc. Rafael C. Harcourt Asia Pvt. UNIT V APPLICATIONS 9 MIME.REFERENCES: 1. TCP adaptation algorithm. Multimedia communication in wireless network. ATM and IP . 4. Tay Vaughan. multimedia characteristics. Addison Wesley Longman Publication. 2002.Multimedia making it to work. 7. Anil K. caching.E. Jain. Woods.” Digital Image Processing using MATLAB”. NewYork.O. multicast routing and addressing. throughput. Algorithms and Architectures”. 2004 2.Ltd. Reliable transport protocols. evolution of Internet services model. NewDelhi. “Wireless Multimedia Communication: Networking Video. basic multimedia networking. Ellen kayata wesel. network requirements for audio/video transform. distributed virtual reality. 1990. UNIT IV MEDIA . Richard E. 2nd edition.ON – DEMAND 9 Storage and media servers. Richard E. New York. Prentice Hall Professional Technical Reference. 1999. Jon Crowcroft. delay and jitter performance. video and graphics. 3. Vikas Publishing House. voice and video over IP. TOTAL:45 PERIODS REFERENCES: 1. Steven Eddins. “Internetworking Multimedia”. “Multimedia Networking”. light weight session philosophy. 5. UNIT III MULTICAST AND TRANSPORT PROTOCOL 9 Multicast over shared media network. IPV6. Szuprowicz. video conferencing. resource reservation. RTP. image. Gonzalez. 4. Gonzalez. audio and video. centralized and distributed conference control. Voice and Data”.Tata McGrawHill. 1995. M. “Image Processing. “Multidimensional Digital Signal Processing”. Ian Wakeman. Mersereau. 2004. “ Image Processing Theory. High speed switching. Inc. 1995 3. Second Edition. William K. Pratt. 1998. 2.

19 . CP9212 HIGH PERFORMANCE COMPUTER NETWORKS LTPC 30 03 9 UNIT I INTRODUCTION Review of OSI. “Handbook of EMI/EMC” . Artech house. Transient EMI. radiated and transient coupling.AP9256 ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFERENCE AND COMPATIBILITY IN SYSTEM DESIGN LTPC 3 003 UNIT I EMI/EMC CONCEPTS 9 EMI-EMC definitions and Units of parameters. 5. 3rd Ed. UNIT IV EMC DESIGN OF PCBS 9 Component selection and mounting.R. Military standards-MIL461E/462. IEC. Routing. 1986. Common ground impedance coupling . Zoning. Radiation Hazards. 4. Differential mode coupling . Newyork. TEM cell. Transient suppressors. Don R. V. Grounding. Filtering. TCP/IP. UNIT V EMI MEASUREMENTS AND STANDARDS 9 Open area test site. Power distribution decoupling. EMI Rx and spectrum analyzer. Multiplexing. UNIT III EMI CONTROL TECHNIQUES 9 Shielding. EMI test shielded chamber and shielded ferrite lined anechoic chamber. and coupling factors. C. Tx /Rx Antennas. Henry W.J. Newyork. PCB trace impedance. Grounding. Cable routing. Signal control. Routing. IEEE Press. VIAs connection. Switching. Terminations. EN.. John Wiley and Sons. 1988.ATM.”Introduction to Electromagnetic Compatibility” . Injectors / Couplers.”Noise Reduction Techniques in Electronic Systems”. Common mode and ground loop coupling . 1992. Bonding. 3.White Consultant Incorporate.Ott. FCC. Measurements and Technologies”. Civilian standards-CISPR. A Wiley Inter Science Publications. 2. Modes of Communication. Field to cable coupling . 1988. Sensors. ESD. Vol I-V. UNIT II EMI COUPLING PRINCIPLES 9 Conducted. Inc. Norwood. Bemhard Keiser. Near field cable to cable coupling. Sources and victim of EMI.P. TOTAL:45PERIODS REFERENCES: 1. SONET – DWDM – DSL – ISDN – BISDN. Isolation transformer.Kodali. Power mains and Power supply coupling. “Principles of Electromagnetic Compatibility”. Conducted and Radiated EMI Emission and Susceptibility. John Wiley and Sons. “Engineering EMC Principles.Paul. cross talk . 1996. Cross talk control.

4. Nader F. Formalism for System Design. MAnjunath.UNIT II MULTIMEDIA NETWORKING APPLICATIONS 9 Streaming stored Audio and Video – Best effort service – protocols for real time interactive applications – Beyond best effort – scheduling and policing mechanism – integrated services – RSVP. J.David. Walrand . MPLS based VPN. Pearson. Morgan Kauffman – Harcourt Asia Pvt. “Computer Networks: A System Approach”1996 AP9224 LTPC 30 0 3 UNIT I EMBEDDED PROCESSORS 9 Embedded Computers. 6. Security in VPN. SNMP. Hersent Gurle & petit.poisson models. Morgan Kaufmann Publishers. Tunneling and use of FEC.Mir . UNIT III ADVANCED NETWORKS CONCEPTS 9 VPN-Remote-Access VPN. Kurose & K. Poisson modeling and its failure.Structural Description.1 TOTAL: 45PERIODS REFERENCES: 1. Joy kuri. first edition.”Computer Networking and the Internet” fifth edition. UNIT V NETWORK SECURITY AND MANAGEMENT 10 Principles of cryptography – Authentication – integrity – key distribution and certification – Access control and: fire walls – attacks and counter measures – security in many layers. 2003.Computer and Communication Networks.”Computer Networking. WIDJAJA. 2.MPLSoperation. Tunneling to PPP. Varatya. overlay networks-P2P connections. Ltd. Aunurag kumar. D.F. Traffic Engineering. 8. 1ed 2004. Network performance evaluation. 2000. Need for modeling . EMBEDDED SYSTEMS 20 . Non. Embedded system design processRequirements. Specification. “Communication Networking”. site-to-site VPN. System Integration. Ross.J. 2nd Edition.differentiated services. Design Example: Model Train Controller. TMH seventh reprint 2002. MIB. Pearson education 2003. Architectural Design.Peterson&Bruce S. Fred Halsall and Lingana Gouda Kulkarni. Infrastructure for network management – The internet standard management framework – SMI. Security and administration – ASN. Designing Hardware and Software Components. Behavioural Description. Routing. Challenges in Embedded Computing system design. High performance communication network. 3. “Communication networks”.W. Larry l. UNIT IV TRAFFIC MODELLING 8 Little’s theorem. LEOM-GarCIA. “IP Telephony. Pearson education 7. 5. Characteristics of Embedded Computing Applications.A top down approach featuring the internet”. 2nd edition. packet Pored Multimedia communication Systems”. ARM processorprocessor and memory organization.

ARM Bus.System Architecture.enhanced banyan networks. Data operations. Hybrid Architecture UNIT III NETWORKS 9 Distributed Embedded Architecture.I2C. UNIT IV REAL-TIME CHARACTERISTICS 9 Clock driven Approach.basic .full-and. Flow of Control. TOTAL: 45 PERIODS REFERENCES: 1. non blocking networks . Ink jet printer. Morgan Kaufman Publishers. C.partial connection networks.Memory organization. 1997 4. Flow of Control. sorting networks . Set-top Boxes. Memory devices. UNIT V SYSTEM DESIGN TECHNIQUES 9 Design Methodologies. Myrinet. Allocation and scheduling. Optimality of the Earliest deadline first (EDF) algorithm. Requirement Analysis. Shin. weighted round robin Approach. Design Example : Alarm Clock. SHARC link supports.UNIT II EMBEDDED PROCESSOR AND COMPUTING PLATFORM 9 Data operations. Krishna and K. SHARC processor. comparison of non-blocking network. switch path control. store and forward. Hardware platform design. “Embedded System Design: A Unified Hardware/Software Introduction” . Internet. McGraw-Hill. Jane. “Computers as Components: Principles of Embedded Computing System Design”.W. virtual LANs. 2. Quality Assurance.Communication Analysis. Priority driven Approach. SHARC Bus. UNIT II ATM SWITCHING ARCHITECTURE 9 Blocking networks . Design Example: Elevator Controller. switch forwarding techniques. effective release times and deadlines.S. Ethernet. cut through forwarding. Component interfacing. LTPC 3 00 3 UNIT I LAN SWITCHING TECHNOLOGY 9 Switching Concepts. Pearson Education Asia. CAN Bus. Wayne Wolf. 3. G. LAN Switching. designing with microprocessor development and debugging. Input/output devices. Networks for embedded systems. M. “Real-Time systems”. “Real-Time Systems” . tandem banyan switch. CPU Bus configuration. Liu. Design Example: Telephone PBX.shuffle switch. system performance Analysis. Personal Digital Assistants. challenges in validating timing constraints in priority driven systems.merge sorting. Specification. Network-Based design. parallelism with instructions. System Analysis and Architecture Design. Frank Vahid and Tony Givargis. Switching with deflection routing . Dynamic Versus Static systems.Recursive network construction. re-arrangable networks .Hardware Design and Software Design.and. John Wiley & Sons. CP9253 HIGH SPEED SWITCHING ARCHITECTURES 21 .Hardware and Software Architectures. Off-line Versus On-line scheduling.

22 . New York. 3. 4. Manfred N Huber. multiple queueing networks – combined Input. Optical Packet switching. Rainer Handel. 1998 2. Achille Pattavina.Hill Professional Publishing. output and shared queueing.flow driven and topology driven solutions. TOTAL : 45 PERIODS REFERENCES: 1. Springer Publications. Multi-stage switching.1998. McGraw . UNIT V IP SWITCHING 9 Addressing model. UNIT IV PACKET SWITCHING ARCHITECTURES 9 Architectures of Internet Switches and Routers. “High Performance Packet Switching architectures”. 1999. 2007.UNIT III QUEUES IN ATM SWITCHES 9 Internal Queueing -Input. Stefan Schroder. Addison Wesley. NewYork.Concepts Protocols.performance analysis of Queued switches. Ipv6 over ATM. Internally buffered Crossbars. “ATM Networks .Bufferless and buffered Crossbar switches. Applications”. multicasting.John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Christopher Y Metz. “Switching Theory: Architectures and performance in Broadband ATM networks ". “Switching protocols & Architectures”. 3rd Edition. New York. output and shared queueing . Elhanany M. Hamdi. IP Over ATM address and next hop resolution. IP Switching types . Switching fabric on a chip.

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