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The Conservati ve caucus
research group, with a Commons
budget of $2.6-million, coordinates
and produces the controversial
attack flyers now under investiga-
tion by the Commons Procedure
and House affairs committee, a
veteran Conservative MP says.
The issue of public funding
for the politically-charged flyers
assumed a new profile over the
past week as MPs pointed out
A transcript of Federal Court
testimony shows former chief of
defence staff Rick Hillier and former
defence minister Gordon O’Connor
should have been aware two years
ago of what the current chief of
defence staff first denied and then
confirmed only last week—that a
detainee Canadian troops handed
over to Afghan National Police in
2006 was subsequently beaten.
The transcript from a cross-
examination in a year-long court
battle launched over the detainees
by Amnesty International and the
British Columbia Civil Liberties
Rules governing flyers
should be amended to
moderate overtly political
tone creeping in over the
past few years.
Please see story on Page 35
Please see story on Page 4
Photograph by Jake Wright, The Hill Times
Afghanistan testimony: Defence Minister Peter MacKay pictured
on the Hill at last week’s House Special Committee on Afghanistan.
Federal expenditures that take
up a huge amount of the govern-
ment’s annual budget, such as
compensation for civil servants,
transfers to the provinces, and
MPs should pay more
attention to compensation
to public servants,
transfers to provinces, and
stimulus spending.
require greater
scrutiny, says
budget watchdog
Please see story on Page 38
Tory research
group produces
attack flyers,
says MP Goldring
Hillier, O’Connor
should have been
aware of beaten
Afghan detainee
Canada’s longest-serving envi-
ronment minister says the federal
government’s decision to mirror
the U.S.’s approach to climate
change is “the height of irony,”
because at one time Prime Minis-
ter Stephen Harper was the loud-
est voice calling for a “made-in-
“Canada is now in this busi-
ness of following the Ameri-
can lead, which is Mr. Harper’s
The Greenpeace publicity stunt
that took the Hill by storm last
Monday assaulted the dignity of
Parliament, says Senate Speaker
Noël Kinsella.
“[Last] week, three days and
we had three different assaults so
this is very appropriate that we not
only raise the security of the pre-
cinct question but there’s another
Please see story on Page 6
Please see story on Page 6
Feds have yet
to pass any
climate change
stunt ‘assaulted
dignity of
Parliament,’ says
Senate Speaker
Canada needs its own
made-in-Canada policy, and
it shouldn’t follow the U.S.,
says former Grit environment
minister David Anderson.
But MPs don’t expect
House security to
change after last week’s
Greenpeace incident.
Senators are considering a proposal to tele-
vise the proceedings in the Red Chamber so that
Canadians can get a better idea of what they
actually do.
“Anything is a positive step that helps Cana-
dians interact with us,” said Alberta Progressive
Conservative Senator Elaine McCoy.
The proposal has been talked about for years, but
was floated most recently by Ontario Senator Hugh
Segal, in 2006, and is being studied by the Senate
Committee on Rules, Procedures and the Rights of
Parliament. Currently the House of Commons pro-
Rookie Conservative MP Candice Hoeppner
is a rising star in her caucus. Conservative col-
leagues say she is intelligent and is a capable
politician, but opposition MPs say she’s being
used by the party to advance some controversial
issues such as abolishing the long gun registry, the
party’s attack against the Liberals on Israel and
the Conservatives’ tough-on-crime agenda.
Liberal MP Marlene Jennings (Notre Dame
de Grâce-Lachine, Que.) told The Hill Times last
week that Prime Minister Stephen Harper (Calgary
Please see story on Page 21
Please see story on Page 34

Senate considers TV proceedings, again
Hoeppner face of long-gun registry
But Senators say TV could be passé as
House’s Question Period ratings tank.
Rookie Conservative MP Candice Hoeppner
pushes controversial end of long-gun registry.
Federal Court testimony
shows former CDS
Rick Hillier and former
defence minister Gordon
O’Connor should have
known two years ago.
he conservative movement in Canada
has branched off into three factions
since Prime Minister Stephen Harper
came to power, says Gerry Nicholls,
Democracy Institute senior fellow and
former vice-president of the National Citi-
zens Coalition.
Mr. Harper has “neutralized”the con-
servative movement into “The Harperites,”
“The Hoperites”and “The Helplessites,”
said Mr. Nicholls, who was in Ottawa last
week for a Macdonald-Cartier Society
panel discussion called “The conservative
movement at a crossroads.”
The event was held at the Parliament
Pub on Dec. 7, with fellow panel speakers
Ottawa Citizen columnist John Robson,
Canadian Centre for Policy Studies presi-
dent Joseph C. Ben-Ami,
Public Policy Forum vice-
president Don Lenihan
and moderated by Car-
leton University profes-
sor Waller Newell.
The “Harperites”are
those Conservatives who
are loyal to Prime Minister
Harper and his govern-
ment who “care
more about hang-
ing onto power
than they do
about advancing
any kind of con-
servative agen-
da,”Mr. Nicholls
said. “And they have one commandment:
‘Thou shalt not criticize Stephen Harper.’”
The “Hoperites”faction include those
conservatives who are “disappointed and
disillusioned”by Mr. Harper but still have
hope that the party can win a majority and
move back to being true conservatives.
“They are motivated by hope and also
by fear. Even if they are disappointed in
Stephen, they fear a Liberal government
would even be worse. Consequently, the
Hoperites are cautious about ‘rocking the
boat,’”Mr. Nicholls declared.
Finally, the “Helplessites”branch are
also “disappointed and disillusioned with
Prime Minster Harper, but unlike the
Hoperites, they believe Harper is a lost
cause.” The “Helplessites”don’t think Mr.
Harper will ever implement a true conser-
vative agenda, even if he goes on to win
a majority government. “Harper was their
last great hope, and he let them down,”Mr.
Nicholls said, adding that these are the
people who are leaving the “fight,”which is
a “tragedy.”
Conservatives are now “divided,”he
said, and instead of playing political, parti-
san games, they need to focus on “winning
the war of ideas.”
GRIC, Senate raise money
for United Way
The Government Rela-
tions Institute of Canada
organized its third annu-
al “Off the Hill”fund-
raiser for the United Way
recently at the Parliament
Pub, with Ontario Con-
servative Senator Con
Di Nino and Quebec
Liberal Senator Den-
nis Dawson as MCs.
The event raised
$9,407.74 during a
two-hour cocktail
reception from
the auctioning
of donated gifts
including a trip for
two to Iqaluit, a private tour of Washing-
ton, D.C.’s Capitol building,
BlackBerries, Ottawa
Senators tickets, and
a baseball cap auto-
graphed by Defence
Minister Peter MacKay.
GRIC has raised more
than $42,000 since the
event’s inception.
More than 125
people showed up
to raise money for
a good cause.
Speaking of
fundraising for
the United Way,
the Senate broke
its record for
charitable giving
last week when it
raised $97,428 for the United Way over the
last year. Senate Speaker Noel Kinsella
presented a cheque to Gary Nelson and
Nicole Ladouceur of the
government of Canada’s
Workplace Charitable
Campaign last week and
thanked the 650 fifty
Senators and employees
for their contributions.
“Through the
ate employees
came together
in a common
mission to
help fund vital
programs and
research,”Sen. Kinsella said in a press
release. “Our collective contribution to the
GCWCC creates hope and changes lives
for those who need help the most.”
Former NDP staffer Loan
lands reality show
Former NDP staffer
David Loan is going
to be a TV star. He
worked for the NDP
shop between
1997 and 2000
and returned
in 2005 to
work as MP
David Chris-
assistant. He
was a fixture
at the Public
tee and the
Auditor Gen-
eral lockups,
but left the
Hill earlier
this year to
open a vegan
with his partner Caroline Ishii.
“After a lot of years immersed in policy,
politics and campaigns, I decided to join
my partner Caroline to open a restaurant.
It’s a different life, with a whole new
learning curve,”Mr. Loan told HOH in an
Ms. Loan’s and Ms. Ishii’s trials and
tribulations of jumping head first into the
restaurant business will be chronicled in
a 13-part series, called The Restaurant
Adventures of Caroline and Dave, on
the W Network starting on Jan. 6 at 9
p.m. “In this yearlong journey, nothing
goes smoothly for Caroline and Dave.
Each gives up a successful career only to
discover they don’t know the first thing
about running a restaurant. Putting their
life savings, relationship and sanity on
the line in order to share their passion for
vegetarian cuisine rapidly takes the Zen
out of ZenKitchen,”W Network’s press
release says.
“This loving couple find themselves on
a rollercoaster ride of real estate troubles,
money woes, AWOL contractors, fires in
the kitchen and staff walking out the door.”
Ms. Ishii said in the press release that
she questions sometimes why she made
the move, but said, “Maybe I equate it to
having kids, you love them and they’re
the greatest joy in your life but some-
times you could tear your hair out. I’m
hoping that ZenKitchen will eventually
grow up.”
Mr. Loan told HOH that he’s gotten
support from MPs and staff and looks for-
ward to seeing them at dinner.
The Hill Times
Harperites, Hoperites, and Helplessites in
conservative movement, says Nicholls
In the photograph cutline, or caption,
with W.T. Stanbury’s column last week,
“Secrecy and cover-ups: the case of the
income trust tax,”(The Hill Times, Dec. 7,
p. 21), it should have read that the Prime
Minister, not Finance Minister Jim Flaherty,
promised not to tax income trusts during
the 2006 election, but taxed them after his
party took power.

One photo cutline for pictures published
from the Hope Live Event on p. 54 in last
week’s issue of The Hill Times should have
read, Canadian Partnership Against Can-
cer’s Peter Goodhand, not Peter Goodhead.

Re: “Time to bring the Copyright Act
into digital age,”(The Hill Times, Dec. 7, p.
51, by Liam Titcomb), there was an error in
the column. It should have said “Data shows
that some 78 million copies of albums, not
songs, were made on iPods and other digi-
tal audio recorders last year alone.”
The Hill Times, Dec. 7 issue
Tory talk: Gerry Nicholls.
There’s the Harperites
and the Hoperites.
Conservative Senator
Con Di Nino
Liberal Senator
Dennis Dawson
Senate Speaker Noel Kinsella
NDP MP David
Christopherson’s former
legislative assistant David
Loan has a new show.
Every day criminals
are entering Canada
illegally with millions
of dollars worth of
contraband cigarettes.
Association shows the Justice
Department lawyer representing
Mr. Hillier and Mr. O’Connor in
the case was present when the
lawyer for Amnesty International
questioned a Canadian Forces
colonel about the incident.
Under questioning from law-
yer Paul Champ, Colonel Steven
Noonan elaborates in an affidavit
he earlier swore in the court case
that included a description of the
transfer and subsequent beating of
the detainee by Afghan police. Col.
Noonan also testified that from
March 2006 to May 2007 Canadian
commanders were not “comfort-
able” transferring prisoners to the
Afghan National Police and began
to prefer transferring them to
Afghanistan’s National Director-
ate of Security—which itself later
became known for torture
The transfer and beating of
the Afghan prisoner Col. Noonan
described in his affidavit is key
in the mounting controversy over
denials by Prime Minister Stephen
Harper’s (Calgary Southwest, Alta.)
government that it and Canadian
Forces commanders as well as
senior Foreign Affairs Department
officials were aware as early as 2006
it was likely detainees captured by
the Canadians could be tortured
or beaten if they were handed to
Afghan police and security forces.
Knowledge of the likely torture
of detainees being transferred to
other forces by a country’s own
armed forces in a war or other
conflict is a crucial component of
the Geneva Convention on war
crimes and Canadian law that
incorporates the international law.
Defence Minister Peter MacK-
ay (Central Nova, N.S.), Mr. Hill-
ier, former commanding officers
involved in the Afghanistan war,
senior Foreign Affairs officials
from the time and a Correctional
Service of Canada officer have
all testified in Commons commit-
tee hearings that there was no
evidence Canadian detainees had
suffered torture or beating after
their transfer to Afghan forces.
Col. Noonan’s 2007 Federal
Court affidavit surfaced two weeks
ago following the government deni-
als of torture or abuse evidence in
the recent controversy sparked by
diplomat Richard Colvin’s claims
his warnings as early as 2006 that
Canadian detainees were likely
tortured after transfer had been
ignored, and even suppressed.
But, though Chief of Defence
Staff Gen. Walter Natynzyck con-
firmed at the Commons Defence
Committee last week that the bat-
tlefield incident Noonan cited had
occurred around June 12, 2006, he
claimed the Canadian troops at the
scene had not taken the Afghan
into custody before he was beaten.
The Canadians took the detainee
from the Afghan police after they
saw he was being attacked.
“The Afghan police decided to
take this person under custody
and they took this individual off;
we didn’t take this person under
custody,” Gen. Natynzyck told the
The next day, last Thursday,
Gen. Natynzyck backtracked
and said a report on the scene
from the officer who command-
ed the platoon that captured the
detainee, which Gen. Natynzyck
said he was shown only Thurs-
day morning, confirmed that the
Canadians had actually taken the
Afghan into custody before trans-
ferring him to the Afghan police.
Gen. Natynzyck, who was the
vice-chief of defence staff when
Col. Noonan swore the affidavit
and testified in the court case,
said he could not understand why
he had not been shown the report
over the past two years.
“I want to correct my statement,
the individual who was beaten by
Afghan police was, in fact, in Cana-
dian custody,”Gen. Natynzyck told
a news conference at the Defence
Department called suddenly on
Dec. 10 in the morning.
The platoon commander’s
report confirmed not only that
the Canadians had custody of the
prisoner before the transfer, but
photographed him “to ensure that
if the Afghan National Police did
assault him, as had happened in
the past, that we would have a
visual record of his condition.”
Despite Gen. Natynzyck’s initial
denial, as well as the denials from
the government and Mr. Hillier that
Canada had evidence of detainee
abuse or torture, Mr. Hillier’s Jus-
tice Department lawyer in the Fed-
eral Court case, J. Sanderson Gra-
ham, was present when Mr. Champ
questioned Mr. Noonan, who was
under oath, about the beating and
the Canadian soldiers’ retrieval of
the detainee from the Afghans.
Mr. Noonan elaborated about
the incident he described in his
affidavit as he was explaining
why the Canadian troops had
become more “comfortable”trans-
ferring detainees to the National
Directorate of Security rather
than the Afghan National Police.
“The ANP, in one instance, the
local ANP demonstrated that they
weren’t, this particular element of
the local ANP, were not to be trust-
ed, that we could get a level of com-
fort that the prisoners would not be,
the detainees would not be abused,
and therefore we took it (the detain-
ee) back from that particular local
ANP,”Col. Noonan testified.
Mr. Hillier’s lawyer, Mr. Gra-
ham, who also represented Mr.
O’Connor in the Federal Court
case, objected when Mr. Champ
attempted to extract more infor-
mation about the incident, even
the date it occurred.
“On the basis of national secu-
rity,” Mr. Graham said when Mr.
Champ asked him why he was
objecting. “We object to any ques-
tions on this incident generally.”
Because it was a pre-trial cross-
examination over statements
made in an affidavit and no judge
was present, the objection effec-
tively prevented Mr. Champ from
going further on that topic.
Liberal MP Ujjal Dosanjh (Van-
couver South, B.C.), a lawyer and
former attorney general of Brit-
ish Columbia, said he believes it is
inconceivable Mr. Hillier and Mr.
O’Connor would not have been
informed about Col. Noonan’s testi-
mony. Mr. Hillier and Mr. O’Connor
were named as the respondents,
the civil law equivalent of defen-
dants, in the Federal Court case. If
Mr. Hillier and Mr. O’Connor were
informed of the testimony that the
Canadians took the prisoner “back,”
it raises yet more questions about
the government’s denial of evi-
dence that any of Canada’s detain-
ees had been abused.
“When you have an affidavit
given on May 1 [2007] and you’re
examined on May 2, and you tell me
the cross-examination indicates all
the details of this event, that means in
May 2007 they knew all the events,”
said Mr. Dosanjh. “If you happen to
be Mr. Hillier’s lawyer, then your
lawyer’s knowledge is deemed to be
your knowledge in law.”
The Parliamentary battle over
Mr. Colvin’s allegations and the
government’s refusal to disclose
uncensored documents that could
either refute or confirm them led to
a dramatic showdown in the Com-
mons, when the three opposition
parties passed a rare motion order-
ing the government to table all
undisclosed documents about Mr.
Colvin’s claims, detainee transfers,
including documents related to the
Federal Court case and a separate
inquiry by the Military Police Com-
plaints Commission.
Liberal MP Marlene Jennings
(Notre-Dame-de-Grace, Que.)
warned the opposition will “call min-
isters to the bar of the Commons”if
the government refuses to comply.
And, as t he Commons
adjourned for the Christmas
recess, a new public opinion poll
by Ekos Research suggested 61
per cent of Canadians believe
Afghan prisoners were tortured
by the Afghan security forces and
83 per cent of those respondents
believed the Canadian govern-
ment knew there was a strong
possibility of prisoner abuse.
“The government’s position
is clearly not being bought by
most people,” said Ekos president
Frank Graves. “They are not win-
ning this battle, they are losing it
so far, and it seems to have more
traction than some of the previ-
ous issues that have failed to real-
ly inflict any damage. The pub-
lic have been really focused on
Afghanistan, perhaps more than
any other issue on the national
agenda over the past five years.
Afghanistan has dominated the
public consciousness.”
The Hill Times
Hillier, O’Connor
should have
been aware of
Afghan detainee
who was beaten
Federal Court testimony shows former chief of defence
staff Rick Hillier and former defence minister Gordon
O’Connor should have been aware two years ago.
Continued from Page 1
The truth, and nothing but the truth: Defence Minister Peter MacKay, top left and centre, testified at the Special House
Committee on Afghanistan last week about Afghan detainee torture. Diplomat Richard Colvin, top right pictured with his lawyer
Lori Bokenfohr, blew the whistle that the government knew a prisoner transferred by Canadian soldiers to Afghan authorities was
being tortured in 2006. Former chief of defence staff Rick Hillier, above right, also testified before the committee, above left.
Photographs by Jake Wright, The Hill Times
Only Santa
should be
allowed to cross
borders freely.
Will Parliament make a
New Year’s resolution to take
action on contraband tobacco?
approach. This is the height of
irony because Mr. Harper quite
incorrectly accused the mea-
sures that we were proposing
at the turn of the millennium as
being not made-in-Canada. He
is the man who insisted that we
had to have a made-in-Canada
policy. Ironically, we did then,
and now he’s saying we’re not
going to have a made-in-Canada
policy at all, we’re just going to
do what the Americans want.
He’s a man who’s been marvel-
ous at switching positions, but
this is one that’s not been noted,”
said David Anderson, who was
environment minister under for-
mer Liberal prime minister Jean
Chrétien from 1999 until 2004.
Mr. Anderson oversaw the rati-
fication of the Kyoto Protocol,
in 2004, and like his successor
in the Environment portfolio,
Stéphane Dion (Saint-Laurent-
Cartierville, Que.), he also has a
dog named Kyoto.
The Harper government is on
its third environment minister
since it came to power in 2006,
and although the Conservatives
argued in opposition and then
in government for a “made-in-
Canada” approach to reducing
greenhouse gas emissions, they
have yet to pass any climate
change legislation. The current
government line heading into
the UN Climate Change Confer-
ence, in Copenhagen, is that it
will wait to see what the U.S.
does, which is currently in the
process of drafting legislation,
in order to harmonize the two
countries’ approaches and pro-
tect Canadian exports from eco-
nomic penalties.
“We have embraced t he
concept of harmonization on
a continental basis,” Environ-
ment Minister Jim Prentice
(Calgary Centre-North, Alta.)
said recently.
U.S. President Barack Obama
has proclaimed his commit-
ment to a more aggressive GHG
reductions regime than existed
under his predecessor, George W.
Bush, but the legislature has been
struggling to pass the Waxman-
Markey climate change bill and
preliminary drafts have indicated
that the House and Senate are
working towards emission reduc-
tions of 17 to 20 per cent under
2005 levels by 2020.
Environmentalists, who pre-
fer the European reduction tar-
get of 20 per cent under 1990
levels by 2020, consider the U.S.
legislation a disappointment.
Although it’s worth noting that
the Environmental Protection
Agency recently ruled that GHG
emi ssi ons endanger publ i c
health and safety, and it is now
in a position to regulate domes-
tic GHG polluters. While the
impact of this is still unclear, it
could give Mr. Obama more lee-
way to negotiate a more aggres-
sive stance at Copenhagen than
that proposed by the House and
The opposition parties have
been hammering the Tories for
not showing leadership on cli-
mate change by coming forward
with their own proposals, but
Mr. Anderson said Canadians
should be made more aware of
the direction the U.S. legislation
has taken and why it could be
bad for Canada.
“The Waxman-Markey bill
was heavily influenced by coal
interests and in the Senate is
going to be even more so. Coal,
petroleum, and others fund U.S.
elections and you say to yourself,
‘Hey, we’re just going to accept
what those lobbyists developed
for the United States and put
that in place for Canada.’ It might
fit for the states, but not for
Canada, this is the irony of just
accepting what the Americans
are going to do. Their legisla-
tion will be partly Obama’s leg-
islation, but there will be a whole
pile of other influences that he
won’t be happy with, which will
be reflected in that legislation
as well. And we’re just going to
accept it, as if somehow that’s
good,”Mr. Anderson said.
Mr. Anderson’s predecessor,
former environment minister
Christine Stewart, signed the
Kyoto Accord on behalf of Can-
ada, in 1997. She said the govern-
ment faced pushback from the
public, the provinces, and indus-
try in the lead up to signing the
accord, but while it took courage
to enter into the agreement to
reduce Canada’s GHG emissions,
the government was not as brave
in implementing it, and emissions
continued to rise.
Ms. Stewart, who doesn’t
believe the Alberta tar sands
development should be allowed
to exist, said while the Canadian
people are more “informed and
engaged” than they were in 1997,
they still don’t understand the
myriad benefits of transitioning
to a greener economy.
“We need some more specific-
ity about what we can do. And
yes, it is going to cost something
to our GDP for perhaps a short
while but as we develop and cre-
ate new industries it’s going to
be a huge advantage, and Europe
is a testament to that. They’re not
suffering economic downturn
because of reductions of CO2,”
she said.
Indeed, through a diverse
array of measures, from invest-
ment in renewable energy, to tax
measures, the EU has managed
to reduce its overall GHG emis-
sions, while continuing to grow
its economy. In 2007 it reduced
overall GHG emissions by 9.3 per
cent below 1990 levels, with GDP
growth of over 40 per cent during
that time.
Prime Minister Harper ini-
tially said he would not attend
the climate change negotiations,
but then reversed himself one
day later after President Obama
and Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao
announced they would attend the
conference. While the PMO has
not announced when Mr. Harper
would be in Copenhagen, most
of the at least 65 world leaders
expected to attend will arrive in
the final days of the negotiations,
which run from Dec. 7 to 18.
A recent Ekos poll found that
the environment rated third on
the list of issues most impor-
tant to Canadians, although as
recently as 2007, before the glob-
al economic downturn, the envi-
ronment was the most important
issue to Canadians. Of those
polled, 31 per cent said the econ-
omy topped their list of issues, 27
per cent said social issues were
most important to them, and 18.4
per cent chose the environment
as their No. 1 issue.
Ms. Stewart said the out-
come of this round of climate
change negot i at i ons coul d
af f ect how Canadi ans f eel
about the issue, and about the
Conservative government.
“If people feel that Copen-
hagen will produce something
of significance the public will
respond positively. If it’s not seen
to be a success in Copenhagen
people unfortunately become
cynical that politicians just aren’t
serious about this issue, which
many, many more people today
consider to be very serious.”
The Hill Times
Canada needs its
own made-in-Canada
policy, shouldn’t follow
U.S., says former Grit
environment minister
David Anderson.
Environment Ministers since the Rio Earth Summit, in 1992
Minister Term Under
Jean Charest 1991-1993 David Mulroney
Pierre Vincent 1993 Kim Campbell
Sheila Copps 1993-1996 Jean Chrétien
Sergio Marchi 1996-1997 Jean Chrétien
Christine Stewart 1997-1999 Jean Chrétien
David Anderson 1999-2004 Chrétien/Martin
Stéphane Dion 2004-2006 Paul Martin
Rona Ambrose 2006-2007 Stephen Harper
John Baird 2007-2008 Stephen Harper
Jim Prentice 2008- Stephen Harper
Feds have yet to pass any
climate-change legislation
Continued from Page 1
side of the question … and that is
the importance for our Westminster
Parliamentary democracy, for peo-
ple to understand the dignity of our
Parliament and the high value that
has to be associated with protect-
ing the privilege of Parliament to be
able to be free to do its thing and to
interfere with that is, quite frankly,
a high crime against Parliamentary
law,”Mr. Kinsella told The Hill Times,
who also made a statement in the
Senate on the issue, calling Green-
peace’s stunt a “deplorable assault”
on Parliament. He said that the Cen-
tre Block protest impeded Senators’
access to Parliament of Senators,
their staff and House administration
on Monday morning.
On Dec. 7, as the United
Nations Climate Change Confer-
ence got started in Copenhagen,
Denmark, 20 Greenpeace activ-
ists walked up to Parliament Hill
and 19 of them climbed up West
Block and the Eastern wing of
Centre Block and unfurled signs
calling on Prime Minister Stephen
Harper (Calgary Southwest, Alta.)
and Liberal Leader Michael Igna-
tieff (Etobicoke-Lakeshore, Ont.)
to take action on climate change.
The action started at around 7 a.m.
and they were on the roofs by 7:30
a.m. Shortly after, the rappelling activ-
ists were surrounded by emergency
personnel and media. Protesters on
the roofs were promptly arrested,
firefighters removed the banners and
then let Ottawa policeand the RCMP
use the fire truck to reach for the activ-
ists who were still hanging from the
side of the building. One of the Green-
peace activists did a live interview
with CBC national TV while hanging
from a rope on the West Block and as
emergency crews watched.
It was the beginning of a series
of protests against the government’s
lack of action on climate change
issues, followed by a group of six
activists on Tuesday, who staged a
protest at the Commons Environ-
ment Committee and were charged
with trespassing. On Wednesday, a
man was arrested on assault charges
in the East Block. In late October, an
environmental youth group staged
a protest from the public viewing
gallery of the House of Commons
during Question Period.
They yelled and chanted and
were escorted out by House security.
Five of the protesters were arrested.
Christy Ferguson, spokesperson
for Greenpeace, told The Hill Times
that there has been a very strong
positive and negative reaction to the
protest, as it is a controversial way to
protest. She said that “controversy is
good” because it brings the issue to
regular people and “it really helps
spark that debate which is a really
crucial one right now.”
“Civil disobedience is a very
important part of our democracy
and Parliament Hill as the seat of
our government is a place where
civil disobedience rightfully can
occur,”said Ms. Ferguson.
The RCMP is investigating its
procedure on the Hill last week.
House Board of Internal Econo-
my spokesperson and Liberal MP
Marcel Proulx (Hull-Aylmer, Que.)
said that he doesn’t expect House
security to change after last week’s
incident, as it was the RCMP’s
jurisdiction that was breached.
The Hill Times
It’s climate change: One Greenpeace protester hangs from the West Block on
Monday and protesters are escorted out of the Parliament Buildings on Tuesday
after disrupting the proceedings of the Commons Environment Committee.
Greenpeace stunt
assaulted dignity
of Parliament, says
Senate Speaker
Continued from Page 1
Photographs by Jake Wright, The Hill Times
A Strategic Partnership that Works!
John Shaw, Chair - 604.990.3367
** Arctic Offshore Patrol Ship photo credit to STX Canada Marine **
Arctic Offshore Patrol Ship
HMCS Calgary
Henry Larsen
rime Minister Stephen Harper doesn’t do
scrums, he doesn’t come in to the Parlia-
ment Buildings through the front door, there
are no Cabinet “ins,”or “outs,”he doesn’t hold
press conferences managed by journalists in
the National Press Theatre in Ottawa, and all
his press conferences are tightly controlled
by his officials in the Prime Minister’s Office.
He and his Cabinet ministers rarely do sit-
down media interviews on serious issues.
And yet, the Prime Minister is a master
at communicating his message. There has
arguably not been a candid or unscripted
photograph or statement from Prime
Minister Harper in years. And there has
not been a bad photograph or a bad clip
from Prime Minister Harper since he won
power. Then again, every message has been
tightly scripted. He is brilliant at branding
his image and his government’s.
Prime Minister Harper’s office began
releasing official photos in April to media out-
lets across the country. The PMO has released
374 photos, as of last week, and more recent-
ly, the PMO has started sending out official
video clips. It has 227 videos in its video vault
and 352 audio clips in its audio vault. There
are also podcasts and videocasts.
Dimitri Soudas, the Prime Minister’s
spokesman, told The Hill Times that the
PMO wants “to ensure media across the
country receive as much information as
possible in their efforts to cover the Prime
Minister’s events.”
Last week, The Canadian Press reported
that according to last month’s supple-
mentary estimates tabled in the House of
Commons, the Privy Council Office, “the
Prime Minister’s bureaucratic back office,”
increased its spending by nearly $7.3-million
in 2009-2010, including an extra $1.7-million
on getting the Prime Minister’s message out.
According to CP, $700,650 is going to 6.5 new
positions “providing communications advice,
service and support to the Prime Minister,”
and another $1-million for “events,”prepara-
tion, including “broadcast sound, lighting
and recording services, costs of transporting
equipment, travel, overtime, office and logis-
tical support.”CP also reported that $270,000
is overtime pay for technical support staff,
including videographers.
Back in 2006, the Prime Minister said he
would avoid talking to national reporters
because he said they thought they were the
opposition to the government. That was after
about two dozen journalists walked out on him
after he refused to take questions after a press
conference. Mr. Harper obviously has since
decided to talk to the media, but it’s still on his
terms and through his iron message control.
Prime Minister Harper is a smart man.
He’s also no pushover. He should be smart
and tough enough to answer more serious and
unscripted questions and do more interviews
with the members of the media. His Cabinet
ministers should also talk more to the media.
Right now there’s very little interplay between
the Prime Minister and the media. That’s got to
change. Mr. Harper promised accountability
and that accountability includes being more
accountable to the media.
Publicize Canadian wines: MP Allison
Parliamentary Pro-Life Caucus, not
Tory Anti-Abortion Caucus Committee
In search of good copyright legislation
wo weeks ago, there was a full page
advertisement in The Hill Times (Nov.
30, p. 25) to promote eight foreign wines
which will be released Dec. 5

stores across Ontario.
As an Ontario Member of Parliament
from a prominent wine-producing riding
in the Niagara region, I was disappointed
to see an ad marketing California and Aus-
tralian wines in Canada’s Politics and Gov-
ernment Newsweekly, when there are 11
VQA Canadian wines that will be released
on the same date. Where is the similar
publicity for these wines?
Canada has more than 350 wineries
producing grape wine in six provinces, sup-
porting more than 1,000 grape growers, and
employing 11,000 Canadians. Further, a 2008
study prepared by KPMG concluded that
every litre of VQA wine sold in Ontario con-
tributes $11.50 to the economy compared to
$0.67 from a litre of imported wine.
I fully understand and acknowledge a
competitive free market but foreign wines
represent 71 per cent of total wine sales in
Canada. Furthermore, 100 per cent Canadian
wines represent less than one per cent of total
wine sales in seven jurisdictions and an aver-
age of four per cent of total wine sales across
Canada. It is high time that all liquor boards,
whose mandate is assured through the fed-
eral Importation of Intoxicating Liquors Act
(1928), enhance their support for our wine
industry, increase market access and promo-
tional opportunities, and provide Canadians
with access to homegrown products.
Conservative MP Dean Allison
Niagara West-Glanbrook, Ont.
e: “Conservative MP Vellacott’s riding
office has wheels,”(The Hill Times,
Dec. 7, p. 1), For future information, it’s
not named the “Tory Anti-Abortion Caucus
Committee.”It’s called the “Parliamentary
Pro-Life Caucus”(PPLC). It’s a multi-party
caucus of Parliamentarians, which is to say,
it’s non-partisan, it’s open to members of all
parties and Independents, and it’s open to
MPs of the House and the Senate.
For a number of years, I served as a co-
chair of the PPLC alongside Liberal MP Paul
Steckle as the other co-chair. The goal of the
caucus is to promote respect and support for
life, all along the continuum, so the Parliamen-
tary Pro-Life Caucus (PPLC) deals with a wide
range of topics related to life, such as euthana-
sia, physician-assisted suicide, embryonic stem
cell research, short and long-term physical and
psychological harm of abortion, health provid-
er freedom of conscience, maternal resources
and protections, prenatal outcomes, etc.
Last year, I passed the torch of co-chair
to Conservative MP Rod Bruinooge, a newer
and younger MP from Winnipeg, Man. As an
aboriginal, Rod brings the unique perspec-
tive of that heritage which sees life as unique
and sacred. If you want to learn more, he
would be helpful. While we do not provide
the names or number of individuals in the
PPLC, persons are free to disclose their direct
participation or support in other ways, if they
choose. Obviously I have not been shy to state
my PPLC involvement over the years but
in this we’re “pro-choice”and it’s each MP’s
choice on how he/she wants to handle that.
Conservative Maurice Vellacott
Saskatoon-Wanuskewin, Sask.
would like to thank The Hill Times for
keeping the copyright issue current,
including publishing the opinion piece by
musician Liam Titcomb, “Time to bring the
Copyright Act into digital age,”(The Hill
Times, Dec. 7, p. 51). This article is similar
to many others I have read where some
agreed-upon facts are mixed with contro-
versial claims to lead to a controversial
We all agree that copyright should be
modernized to take the digital age into con-
sideration. There is wide disagreement on
what this means. Historically the activities
which copyright regulated were expensive
commercial activities, and copyright did not
regulate the private activities of citizens.
Modernizing the copyright act must include
clarification and simplification such that
these private activities do not require any
permission or payment.
Truly private copying, including when
we make copies between devices we own
of content which we legally acquired,
should not be regulated by copyright.
We do not have a law that is fair and
makes sense when it comes to the current
private copying levy. It is fair when copy-
right requires permission in order to dis-
tribute content electronically or physically,
and that audiences get that permission or
make payment for anything they acquire.
It is fair when a group of copyright holders
come together in the form of a collective
society, including when governments impose
a compulsory licensing system, to simplify
payment in otherwise excessively complex
situations (commercial radio playing music,
hopefully expanded to include online distri-
bution such as P2P file sharing).
When the levy is divorced from an oth-
erwise infringing activity, it is no longer
fair. The private copying regime has been
controversial since it was created in 1997
during the last major overhaul of copyright
(minor changes since). I am an example of
someone who has paid the levy on several
hundred blank CDs, where the number
of songs that should have qualified for a
levy (i.e.: not already received permission
and payment) would have fit onto a couple
of CDs. Expanding this system to devices
would be less fair given these devices are
further divorced from activities that should
require permission or payment.
Divorced from otherwise infringing
activities it looks far more like a tax, and
given the lack of citizen input at the copy-
right board (process, expenses, etc.) it is
taxation without representation.
I believe composers and performers
should receive more money than they do
today, I just strongly disagree that expand-
ing copyright further into the private activi-
ties of Canadians is a legitimate tool to do
this. We are talking about a legitimate gov-
ernment program, not a legitimate form of
copyright. We should be applying concepts
from the Public Lending Right which is a
Heritage Canada program to fund authors
(not intermediary publishers) based on bor-
rowing popularity in public libraries. A simi-
lar funding program for composers and per-
formers (not publishers or labels) based on
their popularity online (social media sites,
P2P, etc.—not radio or Soundscan statistics)
would be equally fair and make sense.
Russell McOrmond
Ottawa, Ont.
(The author is an internet consultant).
More serious media access needed
to Prime Minister and Cabinet
Kate Malloy
Deputy Editor
Bea Vongdouangchanh
Assistant Deputy Editor
Abbas Rana
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Harris MacLeod
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Greg Elmer
Graham Fox
Alice Funke
Jack Granatstein
Chantal Hébert
David T. Jones
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Administrative Assistant
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Corporate Account
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Canada could become a
leader on climate change
ast Monday’s Greenpeace
action at Parliament Hill
calling for action on climate
change. For far too long, Canada
has avoided taking action. This
is embarrassing. Canada must
support legally binding, science-
based reduction targets at the
Copenhagen climate conference.
It’s time Canada became a leader
on climate change.
Ronald Mcisaac
Saint John, N.B.
Bill C-15 is bad legislation
Bill C-15 offers mandatory
jail sentences for the growing of
as few as one marijuana plant,
and after months of pretending
to listen to evidence, the Senate
has passed this outrageously
counterproductive gangster-
subsidization bill.
If you produce one plant in a
residential neighbourhood, C-15
still prescribes a nine-month jail
If you produce one plant in
a rented property, C-15 still pre-
scribes a nine-month jail sentence.
If you produce one plant in
a house that you own, Bill C-15
still prescribes a nine-month jail
If you produce 200 plants on a
farm that you own, Bill C-15 does
not apply.
My only consolation is that
Canada will now be sinking into
a quagmire of expense, debt, and
public violence the likes of which
we have never seen before. I view
this as a just punishment for the
nation’s failure to vote in the last
election and thus allowing these
monstrous Tories to take power.
Russell Barth
Nepean, Ont.
(The author is a federally
licensed medical marijuana user and
with Patients Against Ignorance
and Discrimination on Cannabis).
Canada has duty to step
up on climate change
t has taken many years of blun-
dering about in the snow for
Canada to be the environmental
pariah of Copenhagen. In this we
are alone on the world stage—
even America’s reluctance to
take meaningful and committing
steps towards a greener future
is moderated by the strategies of
some states to limit their expo-
sure to our dirtiest of oil.
However, another world stage
looms and presents a possible sal-
vation for this little black sheep—
the G8 summit in June 2010. As
the host country, Canada has a
fantastic opportunity to place itself
as a leader on the world stage and
perhaps rectify the wrongs that our
environmental policies perpetuate.
One arena in which we have
both the capacity to lead and a
strong history of doing so is reduc-
ing child poverty in developing
countries. Look at Canadian pro-
grams like the Catalytic Initiative
to Save a Million Lives and the
Canadian International Immuniza-
tion Initiative—this is leadership.
Let us take this a step further and
make a signature theme of the
Muskoka G8 a unified approach to
improving child survival.
We are all affected by environ-
mental change, but in the West
we have the capacity to respond
and rebound; impoverished peo-
ples and countries do not.
Mark Brown
Calgary, Alta.
People get the government
they deserve, says reader
rime Minister Stephen Harper
is so focused on being a parti-
san bully that he apparently forgot
that on his first visit to China, he
was supposed to mend fences. By
holding a news conference imme-
diately on landing on Chinese soil,
and making pronouncements that
had nothing to do with China, but
was on matters important to Cana-
dians only, he insulted his Chinese
hosts and thumbed his nose at the
Canadian Parliament. It may be
immaterial that he also insulted
his own finance minister.
Winston Churchill once said:
“People get the government they
deserve.”Have we Canadians
really sunk so low?
Bir Basarke
Nepean, Ont.
Canada’s criminal justice
system increasingly flawed
s reported by Statistics Can-
ada on Dec. 8, the number of
offenders serving conditional sen-
tences increased by five per cent
in 2008. At the end of any given
month in 2008-2009, according to
that federal government agency,
there were almost 13,500 adults
serving a conditional sentence.
Conditional sentences hold far
more potential for rehabilitation
and restorative justice. While incar-
ceration protects the public from
the offender during the time served,
a conditional sentence will be far
more likely to prevent the offender
from continuing to endanger the
public after serving the sentence.
Controversy has and continues to
surround their use. Some feel con-
ditional sentences are too lenient
and want them eliminated. The
public perception is that they are
quite lenient. They have been called
a “travesty of justice.”
Conditional sentences, an
alternate form of incarceration
subject to specific criteria, are
handed out very selectively.
When the sentence is a term of
imprisonment of less than two
years, an offender deemed not
to pose a danger to society is
allowed to remain in the commu-
nity, but with a more stringent set
of conditions than offenders on
parole. The offender must abide
by a number of typically punitive
conditions such as house arrest
and a strict curfew. Some condi-
tional sentences force the offend-
er to make reparations to the
victim and the community while
living under tight controls. If any
of the conditions are broken
without a lawful excuse, the
offender may well serve out the
rest of the sentence in prison.
Since 2000, conditional sen-
tences have become longer and
stricter. Indeed, these sentences
can be more punitive than pris-
on sentences. A study found that
offenders preferred house arrest
but found it no easier than cus-
tody. Canada’s growing prison
population, mounting evidence
that jail time does not reduce
the chances of re-offending, and
other factors are giving way to
an increasing use of these sen-
tences-and rightfully so.
Removing and/or curtail-
ing conditional sentences, cur-
rently being proposed by the
Harper government, may very
well turn out to be a “travesty of
justice,”and another black mark
on Canada’s increasingly flawed
criminal justice system.
Emile Therien
Ottawa, Ont.
e: “Military summary trials: a Victorian sys-
tem of justice,”(The Hill Times, Oct. 26, p.
13), retired colonel Michel Drapeau’s column,
and his comments in a subsequent column,
provide an interesting perspective on our mili-
tary justice system that requires clarification.
My intent is to demonstrate that while we take
pride in the deep historical roots of Canada’s
justice system, including our military justice
system, neither history nor tradition have
impeded progress or reform.
As Mr. Drapeau identified, summary pro-
ceedings were introduced in the 1879 reform
of the United Kingdom Army disciplinary
system. Recent reforms, starting with two sets
of amendments in 1982 and 1986, resulted
from the adoption of the Canadian Charter of
Rights and Freedoms.
Since 1986 the military justice system has
been scrutinized by courts, inquiries, academ-
ics, Parliamentary committees and the Canadi-
an Forces. In 1992 the Supreme Court of Cana-
da in Genereux v. The Queen found “Recourse
to the ordinary criminal courts would, as a
general rule, be inadequate to serve the partic-
ular disciplinary needs of the military. There
is thus a need for separate tribunals to enforce
special disciplinary standards in the military.”
In 1993 an internal Summary Trial Work-
ing Group recommended changes to ensure
that the system was Charter compliant. Three
years later the Special Advisory Group on
Military Justice and Military Police Investiga-
tion Services, chaired by the late chief justice
Brian Dickson, addressed a number of the
concerns now raised by Mr. Drapeau. They
examined the issue of the constitutionality of
the summary trial system and stated that “the
chain of command should be able to proceed
confidently and fairly with imposing disci-
pline at summary trials.” With respect to the
impartiality of presiding officers they con-
cluded that “we believe the chain of command
must remain directly involved in the conduct
of summary trials. We are also convinced that
this can be justified under the Charter, not-
withstanding that commanding and delegated
officers are neither independent nor impartial
in the legal sense….”
The recommendations of the Summary
Trial Working Group, the Special Advisory
Group and the Somalia Commission of Inquiry
Report, culminated in the passage of Bill
C-25 in 1998, enacting substantial changes to
the military justice system. In 2003 another
Supreme Court chief justice, Antonio Lamer,
conducted an independent review of the mili-
tary justice system. He recommended relative-
ly minor but important changes to the summa-
ry trial system and noted that “I am pleased to
report that as a result of the changes made by
Bill C-25, Canada has developed a very sound
and fair military justice framework in which
Canadians can have trust and confidence.”
Many of the Lamer recommendations
have been implemented by regulation and
those requiring legislative reform were intro-
duced in Parliament on two occasions. In
both cases, Parliamentary sessions ended
prior to the bill receiving royal assent. Most
recently, the Senate Standing Committee on
Legal and Constitutional Affairs issued a
report on the courts martial system contain-
ing two recommendations impacting the sum-
mary trial system. The government accepted
those recommendations.
The summary trial system has evolved
with the times. One must be careful to not
fall into the trap of looking at the summary
trial system, a crucial means for maintain-
ing discipline, uniquely through the lens of a
civilian court model. Recourse to such formal
courts does not meet the needs of a disciplined
armed force. Summary trials were born of
necessity in the 19
century to meet evolving
disciplinary needs. They remain crucial to the
maintenance of a disciplined armed force in
the 21st century, both at home and abroad. The
summary trial system must reflect the unique
needs of the military for discipline, efficiency
and portability. While addressing these needs,
the military justice system will continue to
evolve to reflect the norms and values of
Canadian society and the rule of law.
Brig.-Gen. Ken Watkin
Judge Advocate General
of the Canadian Forces
Ottawa, Ont.
History, nor tradition have impeded
military justice reform: JAG Watkin
DND: Defence Minister Peter MacKay, pictured. Judge Advocate General and Brig.-Gen. Ken Watkin writes
in his letter to the editor that the military justice system will continue to evolve to reflect the norms and
values of Canadian society and the rule of law. He takes issue with a recent column by Michel Drapeau.
Photograph by Jake Wright, The Hill Times
Liberals need to brand
themselves much better
e: “Does Ignatieff have what
it takes to win?”(The Hill
Times, Dec. 7, p. 1). Thank you
Harris MacLeod for an astute
article. As a public relations
agent, I do find, however, that
it did not capture the branding
angle. The branding is the story
and the explanation for the low
numbers of the Liberals in the
polls. Until the HST vote, there
was hope for Liberal Leader
Michael Ignatieff’s new chief of
staff Peter Donolo and his “adult
The problem is that there is
no longer a discernable Liberal
brand and Liberal MP Martha
Hall Findlay managed to miss the
point. The first law of branding is
differentiation of the product or
person from the competition. The
second rule is to target the mes-
sage to specific audiences who
appreciate the brand the most in
their own language. Niche mar-
keting works. Big tent doesn’t.
An average person would be
confused if you ask them what
the Liberal Party stands for.
Prime Minister Stephen Harp-
er’s ratings are high because he
brands effectively. Harper caters
only to 40 per cent of his target
demographic, because that’s all
he needs to win a majority. He
is genuine to them, and doesn’t
care if the other 60 per cent of
Canadians are mad at him for
winning the Fossil of the Year
Award twice in a row.
Where are Mr. Donolo’s tough-
er messages? Instead of finding
the majority of Canadian values
and crafting a policy, why not take
a rule from Harper’s playbook:
find 45 per cent of Canadians who
vote for you, and be authentic
and genuine to them. By being
hawkish, Mr. Ignatieff will lose
votes because no cattle rancher in
Alberta will accept Mr. Ignatieff as
one of their own. However, being
hawkish will alienate the Liberals’
core urban constituency.
Not only is Harper genuine,
but he is fearless, and embraces
ridicule outside of his 40 per cent.
Trudeau was the same. Harper’s
core constituents love it as they
interpret it as Harper defending
them against the aloof. Others in
the centre vote for him because he
looks like he’s got his act together.
During Barack Obama’s election
campaign, Sarah Palin ridiculed
Mr. Obama for being a community
organizer, which is how most of
Mr. Obama’s supporters saw them-
selves as they knocked on doors.
On the day Ms. Palin ridiculed Mr.
Obama, donations to the Obama
campaign went through the roof,
since Mr. Obama’s constituents
took it as criticism of themselves.
Consistency is also essential for
branding, so that your audience
identifies your image. Harper has
his party under one vision.
Some 80 per cent of a product’s
value is the brand. Warren Buffet
said the first thing he looks at is
a company’s shares, not the bal-
ance sheet, but the brand. Having
bought and sold stock, I learned
this lesson the hard way, as I over-
estimated the business plan and
balance sheet, and under-estimated
the value of the brand.
Harper is genuine, on mes-
sage, and makes sure his party is
consistent. The Liberals need a
bold vision that distinguishes
them from the other parties, and
inspires another generation to
fight for their political lives.
Maria Al-Masani
Ottawa, Ont.
‘Canadian foreign aid: making
a difference in Ukraine’
Re: “Here’s some shocking
news: foreign aid can work,”(The
Hill Times, Dec. 7, p. 23). Cana-
dian foreign aid is considered by
some in Eastern Europe to be one
of the crucial pillars in strength-
ening democracy and supporting
educational, technical, and eco-
nomical progress.
But there are goals which
can be achieved by bringing to
Canada persons who can act as
agents of change upon return-
ing to their homelands.
Among such NGOs who com-
mit their time and money are
the Chair of Ukrainian Studies
Foundation and Katedra Founda-
tion of Toronto. In concert with
the Speaker of the House of
Commons these two NGOs have
operated the Canada-Ukrainian
Parliamentary Program (CUPP),
an internship program in the
Canadian House of Commons
and Senate in its 20
year of
Over 500 outstanding univer-
sity students have completed the
CUPP program to date and have
returned to Ukraine to pass on
the invaluable lessons learned
through the internship to fellow
students and ordinary citizens.
A number of graduates of the
CUPP program who have gone
on to hold responsible posi-
tions at UNESCO, The Council
of Europe, The World Bank,
The International Monetary
Fund, The European Court of
Human Rights in Strasbourg, The
Rwanda Commission, ERDB, etc.
Ninety per cent of CUPP gradu-
ates, after returning to Ukraine,
become agents of change who
actively engage in enhancing
democracy and good governance
in their universities and local
During an alumni reunion
Ottawa in October 2009, Andriy
Olenyuk, a Fulbright Scholar at
Georgetown University, stated
that the type of foreign aid given
and acquired by CUPP Interns
is vital for Ukraine and will
produce significant results over
the long term, as CUPP Alumni
complete their graduate studies
and join in building a true civil
society similar to one they lived
in during their internship in the
House of Commons. Democratic
governance and civil society
cannot be taught from text-
books. One must familiarize and
become accustomed to demo-
cratic governance and civil soci-
ety by living within that society,
in order to be able to understand
and share it with others. This is
what an internship in the Cana-
dian House of Commons and liv-
ing among Canadians has done,
over the past 20 years. Therefore,
wise use of Canada’s foreign
aid dedicated or aimed at youth
will bring greater results than
any short term, publicity based
programs since only youth will
go forward into the future and be
able to implement change
If the future is to be made
better for humankind, Canada’s
foreign aid, when it is impos-
sible to pay for projects outside
of Canada or cannot be export-
ed, should be aimed at youth/
university students to observe
the governing process from the
inside and learn how to make
wise decisions for the good of
the country and its citizens.
Foreign aid programs, like the
Canada-Ukraine Parliamentary
Program, change the landscape
of a student’s life permanently,
they return home with a new
mind-set, more confident, more
open and knowledgeable and
ready for making a difference.
Oleksandr Pankiv
Parliamentary Intern 2008
Edmund Muskie Scholar at
Boston University Law School
Boston, Mass.
Time for an honesty-in-
politics law: Conacher
The conflicting and contradic-
tory claims about the Afghan
detainee scandal provide yet
another example of the need for
an honesty-in-politics law with a
strong penalty for misleaders.
Such a law is also needed to end
the daily false government spin/
false opposition counter-spin game
that turns voters off politics, and to
overcome the government’s power
to refuse to establish a public inqui-
ry even when one is clearly needed
to determine the facts of a situation.
Duff Conacher, coordinator
Democracy Watch
Ottawa, Ont.
Military grievance: setting
it right if we got it wrong
Re: “Military grievances: the Crown
can do no wrong,”(The Hill Times, Nov.
16, p. 16). There are mistakes in retired
colonel Michel Drapeau’s recent col-
umn about the military grievance sys-
tem that the Canadian Forces Griev-
ances Authority would like to take the
opportunity to correct.
A fair, equitable, comprehen-
sive, timely, and effective complaint
system is the goal of the military
and civilian staff of the Canadian
Forces Grievance Authority. The
Canadian Forces grievance system
is the product of statute and regula-
tions in the form of the National
Defence Act and the Queen’s regu-
lations and orders. The Grievance
Authority understands the impor-
tant contribution to good morale
by resolving complaints as early
and informally as circumstances
permit, and by providing support to
members during the process.
Ensuring that members receive
help in filing grievances is specifically
addressed in the Queen’s regulations
and orders, which require that where
a member “requests assistance in the
preparation of a grievance, the com-
manding officer shall detail an officer
or non-commissioned member to
assist in its preparation.”
To avoid the perception of con-
flict of interest and to uphold legal
fairness, the regulations specifically
state that, in cases involving a com-
manding officer and subordinate,
the commanding officer must refer
the grievance to the next superior
officer who can deal with the subject
matter and render a decision. As
with the civilian grievance processes,
the Grievance Authority reviews
each matter based on submissions
from the griever and other relevant
parties. However, each matter may
ultimately be subject to judicial over-
sight from the Federal Court.
In his Nov. 16 article on the mili-
tary grievance system, Mr. Drapeau
makes allegations of bias against
the Grievance Authority.
The Grievance Board is an inde-
pendent body with the responsibil-
ity of reviewing files dealing with
designated issues and providing
findings and recommendations to
the chief of the defence staff.
Contrary to Mr. Drapeau’s claim
that the Grievance Board reviews
“but a minuscule number of griev-
ances,”the board reviews 40 per
cent of all grievance files submitted.
In addition, as required by regula-
tion, final decisions on files where
the Grievance Board provided find-
ings and recommendations can be
rendered only by the chief of the
defence staff—not by the Canadian
Forces Grievance Authority as indi-
cated in Mr. Drapeau’s article.
The Grievance Authority has
also taken important strides in being
more timely and responsive, includ-
ing the elimination of a backlog of
grievances. In fact, thanks to stream-
lining the way files are handled, the
Grievance Authority is on target to
process 300 grievances this year—a
40 per cent increase over last year.
This is being done without sacrific-
ing full and fair consideration of
what are very important matters to
members of the Canadian Forces.
Of note, over the past three
years, final decisions on grievanc-
es have resulted in some form of
positive outcome for the griever
in more than 40 per cent of cases.
The Crown (and the Canadian
Forces) can do wrong, and the griev-
ance system is there to help set it
right if that happens.
Colonel Guy Maillet
Director General of the Canadian
Forces Grievance Authority
Ottawa, Ont.
e: “MPs should try and make Parliament
work better,”(The Hill Times, Dec. 7, p. 8).
Your editorial, was of great interest.
I generally agree with your observa-
tions and those of our House Clerk, Audrey
O’Brien, that “sometimes partisan politics can
be needlessly destructive.”
Twice, you refer to the MPs using Ten Per-
centers as attack ads.
Some MPs have been aware of this nasty use
of Ten Percenters for some time. I refer you to my
remarks, cited in the Hansard of Nov. 18, 2008,
the day the members of the House of Commons
chose their Speaker for this 40
“There is another way in which this lack
of civility, and sometimes animosity, mani-
fests itself outside the House, which needs
to be addressed. I know this will not be very
popular among MPs but I am talking about
Ten Percenters....
“What has happened over the last few years is
that we have taken to sending these Ten Percent-
ers to other members’ridings and they have quite
often turned into methods of an attack of sitting
MPs, always at public expense. It is not an appro-
priate use of members’privileges and it is not an
appropriate use of taxpayer money. I would try
to endeavour to ensure we are limited to sending
those out in our own riding as is appropriate.”
Some of us in the Liberal caucus have cat-
egorically refused to use Ten Percenters this
way. I am one of them. I use this great tool in
Ottawa-Vanier and nowhere else. I refuse to
send them in other ridings given my belief
that that is not what they were intended for.
I refuse to use them to attack fellow MPs.
Perhaps other MPs from all parties should do
the same. Merry Christmas colleagues.
Liberal MP Mauril Bélanger
Ottawa-Vanier, Ont.
Some MPs refuse to use Ten
Percenters: Grit MP Bélanger
Photograph by Jake Wright, The Hill Times
Getting message out: Liberal MP Mauril Bélanger doesn’t
send his Ten Percenters into other ridings because he
says he doesn’t believe that’s what they were intended for.
ONTREAL–Even before
the core Conservative nar-
rative on the Afghan detainees
succumbed to lethal friendly fire
from Canada’s top general, Ste-
phen Harper’s government was
losing the credibility battle.
According to a CBC-EKOS
poll completed earlier last
week, a majority of Canadians
already did not buy the govern-
ment’s assertion that it did not
overlook the strong possibility
the prisoners Canada was hand-
ing over to the Afghan authori-
ties would be tortured.
That makes the detainee issue
one of this government’s biggest
public relations flops since it was
caught off guard on the environ-
ment in the fall of 2006.
But that is not to say that any-
one on Parliament Hill believes it
could lead to a snap election. The
government is hoping the storm
will blow over during the Parlia-
mentary break. But even if it flares
up again in the new year, few oppo-
sition strategists believe it will reso-
nate loudly at the ballot box.
That is not a judgment on the
seriousness of the detainee mat-
ter but rather a reckoning of the
fact that governments are usu-
ally defeated on issues of a more
bread-and-butter variety.
But while it may not deter-
mine the eventual fate of the
Conservative government, the
detainee issue does offer the
opposition parties and, in par-
ticular, the slow-learning Liberals
useful lessons as to how to finally
make the minority Parliament
work to their advantage.
The first is that the absence of
an imminent election threat gives
opposition attacks more, rather
than less, edge. That may seem
counterintuitive but the reality
is that the substance of a policy
debate is more likely to be lost
in the shuffle of the horse-race
speculations that attend a loom-
ing make-or-break Parliamentary
showdown than the opposite.
It is no accident that the NDP’s
policy prescriptions have enjoyed
significantly more attention since
the party stopped opposing the
government on principle on every
confidence issue. By the same
token, one of the most durable
hits the Harper government has
endured to date was inflicted in
its early days on climate change
and at a time when the Liberals
were leaderless and an election
was clearly not in the works.
Another lesson is that over
time a policy-based critique of the
government trumps tabloid-style
The past four years have fea-
tured a lot of the latter and not very
much of the former as an immoder-
ate Liberal appetite for quick hits
made for an official opposition with
a short attention span.
While a daily dose of real or
imagined scandals keeps the
adrenaline flowing in the Commons,
its main effect outside the Parlia-
mentary bubble is to shift the chan-
nels from issues that involve the
managerial competence of the party
in power to infomercials about the
collective failings of politicians.
And then, while the current
Prime Minister has a well-deserved
reputation for pushing back aggres-
sively when under attack, Harper
has—in this—been empowered by
a weak-kneed Liberal opposition. It
promptly turned to JELL-O under
pressure on issues ranging from
last year’s coalition to consecutive
extensions of the Afghan deploy-
ment and, even, its own carbon tax.
Finally, a key feature of the
dynamics of the Parliamentary
debate over the detainee issue
has been the competence of the
opposition critics that have been
spearheading it. As a group, they
have offered a more informed and
a more thoughtful performance
than the Conservatives the gov-
ernment lined up against them.
To sum up: the opposition raised
its game; the government did not,
and enough Canadians took notice
to potentially make this end-of-ses-
sion debate a watershed moment in
the life of the minority Parliament.
Chantal Hébert is a national
affairs writer for The Toronto Star.
The Hill Times
Better access for all Canadians
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Government losing
credibility battle on
Afghan detainees
While the current Prime Minister has a well-deserved
reputation for pushing back aggressively when
under attack, Stephen Harper has—in this—been
empowered by a weak-kneed Liberal opposition.
BY chantal hébert
Photograph by Jake Wright, The Hill Times
Watershed?: Prime Minister
Stephen Harper’s government’s
handling of who knew what
and when on the Afghan
detainee torture issue could be
a watershed moment in this
Parliament, says Chantal Hébert.
ORONTO—Many political
statements are about as sincere
as the epitaphs on tombstones. If
you believed everything you read
on some tombstones, you’d think
none of the s.o.b.s in this world
ever died.
Of course in life—as in politics—
the reality is different and you have
to be very careful about distinguish-
ing fiction and reality.
According to some, what I
wrote in my column last week in
The Toronto Star was “fiction.”
All right. This time I want to
write something that is real and
not “a fiction of my own device.”
First, the Liberal Party of Can-
ada is solidly united behind the
leader Michael Ignatieff, just as it
was united behind Stéphane Dion,
Paul Martin, Jean Chrétien, John
Turner, and Bob Rae. I know, Rae
has nothing to do with it, but let’s
give him some latitude.
Anyway, back to the past and
Ignatieff’s plan for the holidays.
He is going to spend Christ-
mas holidays travelling through-
out Canada where he will be
cheered by thousands of enthusi-
astic supporters.
According to my very unreliable
sources, Ignatieff will start his tour
in Toronto where, on Christmas
Eve, he’s going to be the guest of
Ian Davey’s and they will celebrate
Peace on Earth and the arrival of
their Messiah, Peter Donolo.
Then on Christmas Day the
Liberal leader will be at St.
Michael’s Cathedral in Toronto
to attend the special mass and
he will be the altar boy along
with his roommate Rae. Together,
they will welcome the Saviour.
I’ve been told, however, that on
Christmas Day, Donolo will not
be in Toronto but in Bethlehem.
Before going to Montreal, Igna-
tieff will pay a visit to Pollara, the
Liberal Party’s pollster. There he will
have a special meeting with Santa
Claus who will brief him on the
latest poll. He will be told that he’s
leading the pack with more than 50
per cent of the popular vote while
Stephen Harper’s Conservatives
will be quickly losing ground and
reduced to single digit numbers.
There’s also bad news for the Bloc
Québécois of Gilles Duceppe and
Jack Layton’s NDP who will get
only 15 seats in Quebec in the next
election. At the end of the meet-
ing with Santa Clause, Michael
(Scrooge) Marzolini will conclude
the presentation by reminding Igna-
tieff about a small detail: the margin
of error in that poll is 150 per cent,
give or take. Sure, it’s a bit wide, but
still very encouraging.
Ignatieff will then travel to
Montreal where he will spend
New Year’s Eve with hundreds
of thousands of supporters at
a trendy pizza parlour in St.
Leonard. The event will be coor-
dinated by one of his most loyal
MPs in Quebec, Denis Coderre.
For New Year’s Day the leader
will have a more private engage-
ment as a guest of Dion’s family
to enjoy a special dinner person-
ally prepared by Janine Krieber
because she has very fond mem-
ories of Ottawa, Ignatieff and
the Christmas holiday of 2008.
She will try to reciprocate with
the same warmth, kindness and
I’ve been told that his original
plan was to travel out West for the
epiphany but, according to the same
source, it appears he had to cancel
the trip because he couldn’t find
Three Wise Men to travel with him.
I now know that his trip to the
West has been postponed until
the Vancouver Olympics start. His
participation will be special and
I’ll tell you why in a moment.
So, with his trip out West post-
poned, the tour plan has been
Luckily, because the Liberals
are always very well-organized,
they have a plan ‘B.’ For the
epiphany Ignatieff will go out
East where he can count not
on three, but six “wise men,”his
MPs in Newfoundland. He will
take the opportunity to talk to
them about the next vote on the
upcoming federal budget in the
afternoon of Jan. 3. The meet-
ing was supposed to take place
in the morning of Jan. 2 but it
was postponed because the six
Liberal MPs told Ignatieff that
before making any commitment
they had to talk to the Premier of
Newfoundland Danny Williams.
And the provincial leader was
available only the morning after.
So, let’s go back to Vancouver
As we all remember, last year
at this time, many Liberals and
journalists, including myself,
believed that Ignatieff was so
powerful he could walk on water.
After a year, many have realized
that he has some problems staying
afloat so Ignatieff’s chief money
man, Rocco Rossi, has organized a
fundraiser to raise enough money
to hire an instructor who can teach
Ignatieff at least how to swim. At
this point, Warren Kinsella’s peace
room (it’s Christmas) decided that
a Liberal leader will not just learn
how to swim but has to win a gold
medal at the Olympics. So, they
have all decided that Ignatieff will
spend the months of January and
February learning how to swim,
not only in water, but also in every
other element he might find him-
self surrounded.
This is my honest truth about
what’s going on in Ottawa (if you
don’t believe me read a column
last week from, I believe, an
Ottawa Sun columnist who says
more or less the same) and I’m
sure that Ignatieff will be a gold
medalist in Vancouver and the
next prime minister of Canada.
Of course, if you want other
details, I’m available for a drink
at the Chateau Laurier. Merry
Angelo Persichilli is politi-
cal editor at Corriere Canadese,
Canada’s Italian-language daily
newspaper based in Toronto.
The Hill Times

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Sometimes, it’s stranger
than fiction in Ottawa
In life, as in politics, you have to be very careful
about distinguishing between fiction and reality.
BY Angelo
TTAWA—It should come as no
surprise that the federal govern-
ment has canned a proposed promo-
tional campaign for the 2010 Vancouver
Olympics and Paralympics. Instead, a
proposed $10-million is to be invested in
H1N1 prevention.
Most Canadians won’t lose any sleep
over the loss of advertising. The impor-
tance of sporting activity pales in com-
parison to a world pandemic. At least, that
was the explanation of Minister of State
for Sport Gary Lunn, the point man on the
government’s cancellation.
The pandemic is easy cover for a gov-
ernment looking to shave advertising dol-
lars from a ballooning budget.
Little has been said of how the gov-
ernment ordered twice as many flu vac-
cines as necessary, and is shopping for
an international donor recipient to justify
the excess.
But the Olympic spending cut had
nothing to do with the pandemic. Instead,
it was implemented to pare down the bal-
looning bottom line of government spend-
ing on advertising.
The priority of Olympic messaging
pales in comparison to the marketing of
the vaunted Canada (read Conservative)
Economic Action Plan. That is the cam-
paign that keeps on giving.
Just days before cancelling Olympic
advertising, the Prime Minister’s own
office received a $1.3-million from the
supplementary estimates to swell com-
munications staff budget by $1.7-mil-
lion. That sum was in addition to an
extra $1-million in logistical support for
prime ministerial announcements and
By all accounts, the Prime Minister
will spend at least four times as much
advertising his economic policies as
he would have invested in the Olympic
Games advertising. The comparison pro-
vides a pretty stark reminder of Stephen
Harper’s political priorities.
As a tactician, he is brilliant. He plays
wedge politics like a Stradivarius.
His focused communications plan also
yields low-lying fruit. In the early days,
his five-point plan reminded Canadians
that a government focused on specific
results was actually going to be able to
achieve them.
But three years into this Conservative
government’s minority, Canadians remain
unconvinced about the government’s
long-term agenda. Where is the vision?
The Olympics would have been a won-
derful opportunity to promote Canadian
identity and shared values. But these eso-
teric ideals are not on Harper’s agenda.
The sport minister may have been the
messenger, but the prime minister is in
direct control of every communication
dollar. And if the spending doesn’t fit into
his narrow view of the role of govern-
ment, it gets axed.
It is pretty tough to be lofty about
advertising. After all, its primary purpose
is to convince people they need, want,
support something that they may other-
wise not have desired.
But there is such a thing as nation-
building. The Olympics and Paralym-
pics provide governments a chance to
showcase their country to the world and
to showcase their athletes to their own
In the 21st century, it is tough creating
a sense of common identity in a country
crossing six time zones, sharing two offi-
cial languages and multiple cultures.
Fifty weeks of the year are spent com-
plaining about regional divisions and
how one part of the country is somehow
being mistreated by the rest.
The one exception to that rule is when
we come together in honour of sport.
In Canada, this will be the third home-
grown Olympics in my lifetime. First was
the magic of Montreal. We are still bitch-
ing about the effervescence of Mayor
Jean Drapeau, who hosted the Olympics
in the pre-television deficit era. But his
Olympic-sized dream proved that Canada
could compete on the world stage with
the best.
Then came the inspiration of Calgary
in 1988. Who can forget the optimism
of British ski-jumper Eddie the Eagle
or the novelty of a Jamaican Bobsled
team? Truth is stranger than fiction and
the sledders actually provided the plot
for a hilarious John Candy movie on the
Olympics and Paralympics are the
stuff of legends, the glue holding a
country together in the tough times.
Every week we are bombarded by mul-
tiple government images of ministers
in flak jackets and the prime minister
touring another military facility. Is it
any wonder that Canadians are feel-
ing pessimistic about our place in the
Why not invest a little in the moments
that only come once in a generation?
Great sporting events create unparalleled
opportunities for citizens to set aside
regional differences and linguistic griev-
We are still celebrating the Paul Hen-
derson winning goal in game seven of the
great 1972 Canada-Russia hockey series.
We have already forgotten about last
month’s economic action plan announce-
ments. Why not invest in some advertis-
ing with staying power?
Sheila Copps is a former Jean Chré-
tien-era Cabinet minister and a former
deputy prime minister.
The Hill Times
Eighty-seven percent of our readers say Embassy Reports and Policy
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Published every Wednesday since April 28, 2004.
* Pollara market research survey 2007
anadians have long defined themselves as hewers of wood and drawers of water. The country’s abundance of
natural resources have provided the basis for its prosperity. But in an increasingly competitive world where
labour is cheap, commodity prices fluctuate unpredictably and natural resource reserves are becoming more scarce,
ensuring a vibrant knowledge-based economy with high value-added products is increasingly important.
Clean energy and technologies, aerospace, agri-food products and health sciences are among Canada’s emerging sectors.
But there are challenges, including ongoing issues with bringing new products to market, science and technology funding
and credits, and copyright issues. These and more will be explored in Embassy’s first special of the new year.
Emerging Sectors
Issue Date: January 27, 2010 • Booking Deadline: January 22, 2010 (Noon, Ottawa Time)
For more information or to reserve your advertising space in this issue, contact
Embassy display advertising at 613-232-5952 ext. 213
Harper plays
wedge politics
like a Stradivarius
By all accounts, the Prime Minister will spend at least
four times as much advertising his economic policies
as he would have invested in the Olympic Games
advertising. As a tactician, he is brilliant.
BY sheila copps
Harper’s in charge: Prime Minister Stephen Harper and Sports Minister Gary Lunn. The sport minister
may have been the messenger, but the prime minister is in direct control of every communication
dollar. And if the spending doesn’t fit into his narrow view of the role of government, it gets axed.
Photographs by Jake Wright, The Hill Times
ou have to have loyalty [in
politics, retiring Senator
Marcel Prud’homme said ]. I’m sad
because I’ve seen so many fights
[the Trudeau to the Martin eras]. …
If you willingly, freely, voluntarily
join a party, there’s a program, and
you have to defend the program,
but that should not stop you from
commenting on events of the day
when you may totally disagree
with the position of your party,
remaining very loyal to your party,”
(The Hill Times, Nov. 30, 2009).
Considerable recent evidence
raises questions about the extent
of loyalty in politics at the higher
reaches of federal parties. Consider
the following: (i) the recent conflict
in the Quebec wing of the Liberal
Party resulting in the resignation
of and “bomb”thrown by Liberal
MP Denis Coderre, (ii) the cases of
party switching by MPs—usually
to get a cabinet post (examples:
Belinda Stronach and David Emer-
son); (iii) some Maritime MPs broke
ranks and refused to support the
Liberal Party’s position on what
was a matter of confidence for
the Harper government; (iv) the
author of a recent book suggests
that Prime Mister Harper is not a
man who makes much of an effort
to engender loyalty in his closest
advisers and operatives (see below);
and (v) some Liberal MPs are said
to be considering deposing leader
Michael Ignatieff, who has had the
job for a year (Angelo Persichilli,
The Toronto Star, Dec. 6, 2009).
The focus of this piece is on
the loyalty of MPs, party activists,
and ordinary volunteers to the
party leader—and his/her loyalty
to them. As will become clear,
loyalty is a two-way street. Lead-
ers ignore this point at their peril.
A widely praised virtue
Loyalty in many contexts is a
widely-praised virtue. Abraham
Lincoln said, “Stand with anybody
that stands right, stand with him
while he is right and part with
him when he goes wrong.”Samuel
Goldwyn said, “I’ll take 50 per cent
efficiency to get one hundred per-
cent loyalty.” And Yossi Shain in his
The Frontier of Loyalty argued that,
“Loyalty is an asset, independent
and scarce, parceled out among
different contestants for power. No
ruling government or non-ruling
group enjoys absolute loyalty—no
contestant can have the whole pie.”
Party leader’s position
One cannot assess the matter
of loyalty to and by party lead-
ers without appreciating the key
characteristics of the leader’s posi-
tion. The leader has to be elected.
Leadership contests are infrequent
and tend to be expensive—mean-
ing it is common for all the con-
tenders to end up with significant
debts. Leaders are subject to
formal periodic reviews, but their
support is measured in at least
monthly scientific polls that are
published in the news media.
The leaders of the two con-
tender parties (Liberal and Con-
servative) are under the spotlight
and microscope of the omnipres-
ent news media (although this is a
symbiotic relationship). The focus
of most stories is on intra- and
inter-party conflicts, the horse-
race thing, gaffes, scandals, and
criticisms of rival leaders. Little
space/time is devoted to the lead-
er’s position on policy issues
The leader has a small number
of employees—those at party HQ
and those in his Parliamentary
office (whose salaries are paid by
taxpayers). The vast majority of
the persons led by the leader are
volunteers. They come in several
varieties: senior activists (and
political junkies) who provide
valuable services to the party and /
or the leader on an ongoing basis.
Then there are the more numerous
volunteers who operate at the local
level. Some run the local constitu-
ency office and tend to do so for
years at a time; many more pro-
vide the grunt labour for election
campaigns and many of them are
friends, contacts, of the candidate.
Their loyalty is primarily to the
candidate—but some focus on the
party (and for some, it is to a set of
ideas that have their loyalty). To
engender loyalty, the leader has
few tools beyond his leadership
skills. The leaders of the con-
tender parties have the prospect of
patronage (see W.T. Stanbury, The
Hill Times, Sept. 7, 2009).
Westminster model
Canadian politics is highly lead-
er-centric. This is more than ego—it
reflects the fact that enormous
power is concentrated in the hands
of the PM. That is part of the West-
minster model which has gradually
morphed into what Prof. Donald
Savoie calls “court government.”
Under the Westminster model,
loyalty in a limited sense is
“enforced”by means of the institu-
tion of party discipline. It is central
to the design and functioning of
that form of political organization.
Under it, MPs are, in effect, the
local franchisees of their party. The
relationship between a party leader
and his MPs is primarily—but
certainly not entirely—a “business”
one. It is about a shared endeavour
to get the party into power—and
to ensure that as many incumbent
MPs also get re-elected.
Nature of loyalty
People have multiple loyalties
(family, friends, employer, church,
country…). The quality of loyalty
to each is somewhat different.
Some loyalties change in the
sense that old ones are dropped
(or fade), and others are adopted.
Existing loyalties change with
new circumstances, e.g., marriage,
children become adults.
Sustained loyalty is reciprocal.
The party leader also needs to be
loyal to his MPs, his staff, and to the
membership. However, in the era of
what Reg Whitaker calls “The Virtual
Party,”the leader lavishes his loy-
alty on the cadre who helped most
in getting him the job (pace Ian
Davey), and those who are expected
to make him PM. More generally,
the great Canadian scientist Hans
Selye observed: “Leaders are leaders
only as long as they have the respect
and loyalty of their followers.”
Behind loyalty is the powerful
norm of reciprocity. It means that
I will stick with you during your
difficult times because you have
helped me through mine—or I
expect that you will do so. Loyalty
in good times is almost automatic—
a matter of narrow self-interest.
It seems sensible to distinguish
three bases for loyalty (although in
many cases they are mixed). The
first is based on rational calcula-
tion. By being loyal through tough
times, the expected benefits will
exceed the costs—and the expected
benefits of switching one’s loyalty
are less than the expected costs.
Second, loyalty may be based pri-
marily on emotion—the feelings
created by friendship, shared tri-
als and triumphs, and admiration/
respect for the person to whom one
is loyal. Here, feelings of loyalty
may even survive a conspicuous
lack of loyalty from the other per-
son. In a sense, loyalty is an act
of faith. Third, there is loyalty to
a set of ideas or ideals. It is what
explains the often fierce devotion of
some intellectuals to communism—
a devotion impervious to any
amount of evidence to the contrary.
Loyalty is the antithesis of
opportunism. Loyalty, however, is
not unquestioning agreement either
with a friend or a political leader.
An alliance of convenience
among a determined group of
opportunists is far from loyalty.
Just ask Robert Plamondon about
Stephen Harper’s relationship with
his inner circle. “There is a place
for loyalty in politics, but I think
that with this Prime Minister, it’s in
short supply and that he has been
tough and he’s governed within his
party, within his caucus, sometimes
with fear and intimidation and he
hasn’t been afraid to lose people.
That works, because you know
if you fall out of favour, it could
be terminal and you are going to
govern yourself accordingly. But,
when the guy at the top, if all of a
sudden he is in a position where he
needs that respect and that loyalty
and he needs goodwill, then hav-
ing not offered it in return, Stephen
Harper is at some risk that, as you
say, if he is the commander of a
sinking ship, not everyone will go
down with him,”(quoted in The Hill
Times, April 6, 2009).
Cultivation of loyalty
It is rational for a party leader
to cultivate loyalty among his
cadre and even a wider circle of
supporters. The main reason is the
endemic high level of uncertainty
that characterizes life in the politi-
cal; arena. Loyalty provides a sort
of insurance policy when things
go bump in the night. One’s sup-
porters are there to help adjust to
the slings and arrows of adversity.
Together we are stronger and can
accomplish more. It is not much
more complicated than that.
But how can a leader cultivate
loyalty in his supporters? Here are
some ways: No. 1: Be loyal to them.
Former chief of staff to president
Ronald Reagan, and CEO of Mer-
rill Lynch, Donald T. Regan, put it
this way: “You’ve got to give loyalty
down, if you want loyalty up.” Pay
attention to their needs, fears, and
aspirations. Do what is possible to
help them realize their goals. Tell
them you rely on them (which you
must do)—and delegate author-
ity to them to do assigned tasks.
Never evade the responsibilities
of leadership. The principle is—a
leader can delegate authority, but
not responsibility. The errors of
subordinates (but not their crimes)
are those of the leader. Reward
good performance. Gently correct
unsatisfactory performance. But
recognize that it may be neces-
sary to relieve some supporters of
the tasks assigned to them for the
greater good of the whole. Keep
your ego in check. There is no end
of good a leader can do if he leaves
the credit to others. Indeed, he
should make an effort to see that
credit goes to the worker bees. Real
leaders do not need to hog the spot-
light. Lead by example—from the
front. Courage is a powerful source
of inspiration for supporters. Just
read the chronicles of Julius Caesar
in leading Roman armies.
Having said all this, I am
mindful of the words of Maurice
Franks: “Loyalty cannot be blue-
printed. It cannot be produced on
an assembly line. In fact, it can-
not be manufactured at all, for its
origin is the human heart—the
centre of self-respect and human
dignity. It is a force which leaps
into being only when conditions
are exactly right for it—and it is
a force very sensitive to betrayal.”
Party leader’s problem
The leaders of the two contend-
er parties have a core problem,
however. The skills of supporters
needed to win a leadership race
may well be different than those
needed to run the party leader’s
office in Ottawa. And other skills
are likely to be needed to win
power in a general election. Then,
governing skills are different from
campaigning skills. Thus, it is
essential for a party leader to find
ways of fairly rewarding supporter
without giving them jobs in the
next stage of development.
Limits of loyalty
The limits of loyalty to a party
leader are stretched or possibly bro-
ken in one or more of the following
circumstances: A leadership contest
causes a rift among contenders and
their supporters. The leader adopts
a policy with which the member
disagrees most strongly. The leader
fails to live up to the commitments
made to members or MPs (and not
due to exogenous changes). Some
MPs no longer believe that the
leader has a reasonable chance of
getting into power. Thus they want
another leadership contest to find
a new leader with better prospects.
One or more of the leader’s senior
staff no longer treat an MP, or
important volunteer with respect—
and are not reproved by the leader.
The leader is seen as treating his
staff in inappropriate ways—ones
unlikely to inspire their efforts and
loyalty. In Death of a Salesman,
Arthur Miller put it this way: “A man
is not an orange. You can’t eat the
fruit and throw the peel away.”
Loyalty can become dysfunc-
tional in certain circumstances—a
point hinted at by Neil Kinnock,
one time leader of the Labour
Party in Britain, but never PM:
“Loyalty is a fine quality, but in
excess it fills political graveyards.”
Winston Churchill made a simi-
lar point this way: “The loyalties
which center upon number one
[party leader] are enormous. If
he trips, he must be sustained. If
he makes mistakes, they must be
covered. If he sleeps, he must not
be wantonly disturbed. If he is no
good, he must be pole-axed.”
W.T. Stanbury is professor emer-
itus, University of British Columbia.
The Hill Times
Loyalty to and
by party leaders
Loyalty is a two-way
street. Leaders ignore
this point at their peril.
He gets by: Prime Minister Stephen Harper, pictured in his now illustrious NAC
appearance in October, singing and playing the piano to the Beatles’ song With
A Little Help From My Friends. Loyalty is a widely-praised virtue in politics.
Photograph by Cynthia Münster, The Hill Times
ORONTO—Canada’s long-
gun registry helps to save
lives, protect communities, and
prevent crime. It is an impor-
tant public safety resource that
our police use every day in the
important work they do.
This fall a federal private
member’s bill to eliminate
Canada’s long-gun registry has
been working its way through
Parliament and will soon be con-
sidered by a House of Commons
committee. As a government that
is doing everything in its power
to stop the agony caused by gun
violence, Ontario urges all federal
Members of Parliament to support
public safety and stop the bill.
Before a police officer knocks
on a door, they want and need to
know whether the person behind
that door owns a gun. The gun-
registry provides police with that
valuable and sometimes life-saving
knowledge and is one of the rea-
sons why police support keeping it.
Bill Blair, chief of the Toronto
Police Service and president
of the Canadian Association of
Chiefs of Police, estimates police
in Canada check the gun registry
more than 10,000 times a day and
that since the gun registry was
created in 1998, police have used
it over seven million times.
Recently, the registry helped
Toronto police uncover a stash
of 58 unregistered firearms,
including a machine gun and
submachine gun. This is just one
example of many that underlines
the value of the gun registry.
The gun registry has provided
over 7,000 sworn statements to sup-
port the prosecution of firearms-
related crime. These documents
help support the arrest of criminals,
often before they commit violence.
They can also support the seizure
of illegal guns, disrupt gang activ-
ity, and help prevent theft, violence
and home invasions. If this infor-
mation disappears, judges and
justices of the peace will have less
information before them, which
will mean less support for arrest
and search warrants that police
need to keep our communities safe.
Support for the gun registry is
not limited to the McGuinty gov-
ernment and police. In the past
12 years, eight Ontario coroner’s
inquests have made recommen-
dations to the federal govern-
ment calling for gun licensing
and registration.
It is important that we track
guns in order to know where
they are. But the federal govern-
ment’s repeated extensions to the
amnesty on long-gun registration
means that every year the data-
base becomes less comprehen-
sive and reliable. The amnesty
needs to end to ensure police
have access to the strongest,
most reliable database possible.
The gun registry allows us
to trace the origins of guns. It
allows us to ensure that all gun
owners in Canada are acting
responsibly by storing their guns
safely and using them appropri-
ately. When guns do get into the
hands of criminals, the registry
helps us deal with them by iden-
tifying the guns as illegal. The
result is increased public safety.
As Canadians, we must
ensure that we have the best laws
in place to allow us to prosecute
those who do us harm. In addi-
tion, we must ensure that the
necessary supports are in place
to support those who are victim-
ized by violent crime. The gun
registry helps to prevent crime
and prevent victimization.
The gun registry does not
deny long gun ownership. It only
asks that you register. We register
our pets, why not our guns. As
we mark the 20
of the terrible tragedy at Ecole
Polytechnique and the loss of 14
female students, it is dishearten-
ing that the federal government
is moving to eliminate the gun
registry at the same time.
Now is the time for all who
believe in a safe society, all who
believe in preventing gun violence,
to speak with one loud, clear, reso-
lute voice. Stand up for safe com-
munities. Keep the registry.
Canada’s long-gun registry
protects public safety, don’t
pass private member’s bill
Before a police officer knocks on a door, they want
and need to know whether the person behind that door
owns a gun. The gun-registry provides police with that
valuable and sometimes life-saving knowledge and is
one of the reasons why police support keeping it.
Justice file: Canada’s federal Justice Minister Rob Nicholson, pictured. Ontario’s
Attorney General Chris Bentley, meanwhile, says the long-gun registry should not
be scrapped and is urging all federal MPs to vote against getting rid of it.
BY Ontario Attorney
General Chris Bentley
Photograph by Jake Wright, The Hill Times
n my military law practice, I
occasionally run across a com-
pelling case begging for justice
and equity for which there is no
apparent legal solution. This is
because, inter alia, the law of lim-
itations or some other legal prin-
ciple or doctrine acts as a barrier
to a court appearance or other
judicial outcome. Not surpris-
ingly, when this happens, the file,
by its very length and complex-
ity, defends itself against the risk
of being read or studied further
by anyone, whether the media, a
politician, or an ombudsman.
I have had one such experience
two years ago when, with much
chagrin and frustration, I had to
decline acting for Lt.-Col. Sean
Dennehy recommending instead
that he turn over to the DND/
CF Ombudsman the realities and
truths of his claim’s existence. I did
so because, I believed that, by vir-
tue of his open-ended mandate, the
ombudsman can call upon a whole
arsenal of powerful equitable rem-
edies. I was mistaken. This turned
out to be an exercise in futility.
Refusing to surrender to his
plight or to counsels of hopeless-
ness, Dennehy’s cry for justice
still begs for a solution. I believe
that his experience is not unique.
It is, in many ways, illustrative of
problems faced by some of our
contemporaries, as well as, the
habits of mind inherent in our
institutions, whose very purpose
should be to find remedies to
man-made problems. This gives
me cause for concern since I
expect that as soldiers are repa-
triated from Afghanistan there is
likelihood that there will be more
of such claims which will fall
between the cracks and will need
to be resolved in a novel manner.

A cry for justice
Dennehy, a quiet, gentle and
elegant man of 71, was once
deployed as a civilian employee
at NATO headquarters in Brus-
sels where he was tasked with
ensuring that Canada receives
critical logistical support dur-
ing the Cold War in the event of
armed conflict. He served there
between 1979 and 1988. Prior to
his re-engagement with the Cana-
dian Forces in 1988, he visited
National Defence headquarters
where he was assured by Crown
officials that his NATO service
was portable back to Canada and
that it would count towards his
Canadian Forces annuity. Act-
ing on this information, Dennehy
moved back to Canada and com-
pleted his service in the Canadian
Forces. On retirement in 1991, his
pension was based on 24 years of
military service with further ser-
vice as a civilian with NATO. It
was certified by Crown officials at
around $50,000 annually.
During the second year of his
retirement, Dennehy’s world was
turned upside down. Suddenly,
he was informed that his pension
would be reduced forthwith to
approximately $18,000. That’s a
difference of $32,000 per year. He
was also told that government
would ‘claw back’ 17 months
worth of overpayments.
There is no dispute about these
facts. They were later admitted by
government during their defence
against a civil suit for negligent
representation. The government
admitted that Crown officials
misinformed Dennehy and as a
result of their erroneous advice his
pension was sharply reduced by
63 per cent and the overpayments
were clawed back. Furthermore, in
an abundance of transparency and
simple humanity, in a letter dated
Nov. 23, 2000, a senior counsel at
Justice Canada declared: “Mr. Den-
nehy received incorrect and inac-
curate information from Crown
officials regarding the transferabil-
ity of his NATO pension rights.”
Eventually, Dennehy agreed to
a settlement of an amount much
less than the pension amounts
promised and which he reason-
ably expected to receive from
the Crown. He is now fighting to
recoup his remaining losses to put
him in a position where he would
have been in had he received his
pension as initially advised and
paid by the Crown.

The ombudsman
Occasionally, our judicial and
administrative system overlooks
the humanity of a particular
situation if, for no other reason,
than the fact that it is bound by
the strict and fair application of
regulations and rules which do not
permit variations to accommodate
unique circumstances. Not surpris-
ingly, this sometimes results in
inequitable situations. When this
happens, people, not cases, fall
between the proverbial cracks. It
is partially for this reason that,
in Canada and elsewhere, pub-
lic institutions increasingly rely
on the operation of ombudsman
organizations to provide a sort of
a safety net for these unfortunate
folks because their primary mis-
sion is to promote fairness and
equity. It is also an informal non-
judicial resource built on the prin-
ciples of independence, impartial-
ity and administrative efficiency.
Conceptually, an ombudsman
acts as a trusted intermediary
between an organization and,
usually, an individual, concerning
improper activities perpetrated
against an individual, or in some
circumstances, against a particu-
lar group. To do so, the ombuds-
man needs in great abundance
two qualities above all others:
leadership and an acute sense of
justice. This coupled with finesse,
resourcefulness and an indomi-
table will to surmount systemic
obstacles or other barriers, includ-
ing the sheer passage of time.
In response to the urgent
recommendation by the Somalia
Commission of Inquiry to create
an independent inspector general,
in 1997 National Defence estab-
lished three “ombudsman-like”
civilian oversight organizations:
the Canadian Forces Grievance
Board; the Military Police Com-
plaints Commission and the DND/
CF Ombudsman. What is of note
is that none of these organizations
have order-making powers. Their
investigations lead to recommenda-
tion, the implementation of which
remains at the mercy of Defence
and military officials. To makes
matters worse, in the very recent
past, each of these organizations
has been militarized which means
that Canada has lost the only effec-
tive civilian oversight capability
into some critical aspects of our
military and its modus operandi
and these organizations have lost
any surviving iota of institutional
independence from DND/CF.
DND/CF Ombudsman
On the positive side, the first
two incumbents into the posi-
tion of the DND/CF Ombudsman,
André Marin and Yves Côté, who
were drawn from the civil society,
proved to be most able to think
outside the box created and main-
tained by law, regulations, cus-
toms and traditions. For instance,
through their investigation of
PTSD, they facilitated the changes
in views and perceptions of those
suffering from PTSD. After all,
it is not that long ago, that those
hidebound by regulations labelled
PTSD sufferers as lacking moral
fibre. Another example of effective
investigations is the case of war-
rant officers who, on course and
away from their units, were denied
meals and travel funds. That too
was corrected. And, a settlement
was reached with Squadron Lead-
er (Retired) Clifton Wenzel who
was faced with a refusal by the
Defence bureaucrats to provide
him with an annuity for his most
gallant wartime service. These and
other solutions to problems cre-
ated by strict adherence to regula-
tions were brought about by an
ombudsman and staff who relied
on bold leadership to ensure that
justice was done in an informal,
and non-adversarial manner, using
their powers of investigation, per-
suasion and recommendation.
In other words, these two
ombudsmen thought outside the
box of regulations which had
produced an inequitable situation
from a legal perspective and which
did not right the wrong commit-
ted. They saw a complaint as an
opportunity to improve the ser-
vices offered by an institution by,
focusing not on regulation, but on
finding a way to “put things right.”
Both recognized that strict adher-
ence to laws or regulations or cus-
toms cannot and must not be a bar
to an investigation or to the search
for an equitable solution.
Obviously, the new military
ombudsman, retired Maj.-Gen.
Pierre Daigle, R 22e R, has huge
shoes to fill. A task which will not be
made easy by the fact that, contrary
to his two predecessors, Daigle has
no legal training and, by virtue of
his previous service and rank level,
is perceived, at least presently at the
beginning of his mandate, as a bona
fide member of the military estab-
lishment. This perception, therefore,
will likely continue until he has had
an opportunity to “make his mark,”
so to speak.
From the beginning, I believed
that Dennehy was a case tailor-
made for the ombudsman. I also
believe that it cries for equity and
fairness. One would have thought
that, as a retired CF officer enti-
tled to a CFSA annuity, the new
Ombudsman would have been in
an ideal position to appreciate Den-
nehy’s vulnerable financial position.
Yet, last month, after a 19-month
investigation, it was the acting direc-
tor of investigation, not the ombuds-
man, who informed Dennehy, in a
laconic two-page letter, that his com-
plaint could not be investigated and
that the file had now been closed on
the basis that a settlement had been
reached between two parties in a
legal action. This to the detriment
of a man who devoted his life to the
military and to the service of this

If Dennehy were to be seen as a
test case on how the new ombuds-
man will be handling complaints,
given the current and growing level
of stress and fatigue in our military,
particularly in the working ranks,
mostly as a result of their prolonged
deployment in Afghanistan, we may
have cause for concern. Over the
past decade, our soldiers have relied
on the ombudsman to personally
assist them with their problems and
to act as an articulate and passion-
ate advocate to bring justice, equity
and fairness; even if his suggested
outcomes were in opposition to
“tried and proven”answers provided
by the NDHQ staff. In the case at
hand, I think that Dennehy’s plight
deserved, as a minimum, a personal
response from the ombudsman
himself. It seems obvious that this
did not happen and hence this will
make Dennehy’s fight from this
point forward even more difficult, if
not plainly impossible, because the
ombudsman is truly the platform of
last resort.
An ombudsman’s function is
to resolve conflicts with flexibility,
imagination and, more often than
not, in a precedent-setting manner.
In other words, an ombudsman
must find a way! Why? Because an
ombudsman possessing vision and
the ability to think and to operate
‘outside the box’ must see a com-
plaint as an opportunity to improve
services provided by the particular
institution. It must also see it as
an opportunity to promote open
and accountable government and
to enhance the public confidence
that government institutions are
respecting the principles of fair-
ness and equity. In fact, even when
a complaint is not supported, it
presents the ombudsman with an
opportunity to personally review
policies and procedures to ensure
the highest standard of equity and
fairness; a very noble objective.
The Hill Times
BY Michel W. Drapeau
As the last resort, DND/CF’s
Ombudsman’s intercession
is crucial for soldiers
As soldiers are repatriated from Afghanistan, there
is likelihood that there will be more grievance
claims which will fall between the cracks and will
need to be resolved in a novel manner.
The defence files: Canada’s Defence Minister Peter MacKay.
Photograph by Jake Wright, The Hill Times
espite the economic reces-
sion, 2009 has been a record-
setting year for wind energy in
Canada. Through November,
Canada’s wind energy industry
had already passed three major
milestones: a new record for
annual installations (781 MW —
representing $1.8-billion in invest-
ment), breaking of the 3,000 MW
threshold for total installed capac-
ity, and operating wind farms
in every province for the first
time. In fact, wind turbines now
generate enough electricity to
power close to a million Canadian
homes. Unfortunately, 2009 will
also mark another milestone—the
premature end of federal govern-
ment support for the deployment
of wind energy and other clean
renewable electricity sources.
Every Canadian province is
now working to significantly grow
investment and jobs associated
with new emissions-free renew-
able electricity. The federal gov-
ernment has historically been a
critical contributor to such efforts.
In January 2007, it launched the
ecoENERGY for Renewable
Power program to stimulate the
deployment of 4,000 MW of new
renewable electricity generation
by March 2011. By providing a one
cent per kWh production incentive
for a 10 year period, this program
has helped projects obtain value
for their environmental benefits
in the absence of a carbon pricing
mechanism that would allow the
market to play that role in Canada.
The ecoENERGY program has
been an enormous success and has
played a particularly important
role in these challenging economic
times. It has been so successful
that it will fully allocate its funding
and meet its target before the end
of 2009, more than a year ahead of
schedule. Unfortunately, the feder-
al government has made no com-
mitment to renew this program or
replace it with an alternative that
can provide continued financial
support until a fully functional
carbon market is in place. As of
January 2010, new renewable elec-
tricity projects will no longer be
able to seek such support from the
federal government.
As new sources of renewable
electricity are seen to be an essen-
tial component of most countries’
greenhouse gas emission reduc-
tion strategies, it is both ironic
and disappointing that the major
federal support program for the
development of clean and climate-
friendly renewable electricity
supply is being abandoned just as
Canada participates in global cli-
mate change talks in Copenhagen.
While the federal government
is looking to pursue a common
approach with the United States
on climate change issues, the
gap between U.S. and Canadian
wind energy policy is significant
and widening. As ecoENERGY is
shutting down, the U.S. economic
stimulus package is providing
billions of dollars to support
deployment of new wind energy
production and wind turbine
manufacturing facilities over the
next few years. It is also working
to put in place a national renew-
able electricity standard that
will provide further impetus for
renewable energy development.
In the short-term, projects that
managed to secure commitments
under the current ecoENERGY
program will proceed in 2010, but
the uncertainty about future fed-
eral policy has already led some
international companies to shift
their future investment away from
Canada to the United States, while
a number of American developers
are now pulling back from Canada
and refocusing on the U.S.. Even
Canadian companies are, for the
first time, aggressively exploring
new opportunities south of the
border instead of at home. With
the federal government poised to
end its support for new renewable
electricity development in Canada,
investors are turning to the greater
policy certainty, stability and sup-
port found in the United States.
The federal government must
act quickly to avoid a flow of wind
energy investment and jobs from
Canada to the U.S.. It must either
renew ecoENERGY or put in place
an alternative mechanism that
provides value for wind energy’s
environmental benefits until a fully
functional carbon market is in place.
While this will not close the current
policy gap with the United States,
it will help to narrow it. Investors
are making decisions every day. A
clear signal is needed soon that 2009
will not spell the end of the federal
government’s support for renew-
able electricity deployment. If not,
Canada’s share of North American
wind energy investment will fall
and a significant economic develop-
ment opportunity will be lost to the
United States.
Robert Hornung is president
of the Canadian Wind Energy
Association and represents the
interests of more than 450 mem-
bers in the industry.
The Hill Times
TTAWA—The announcement
that the CRTC was seeking
more public input on a wider
range of broadcasting issues than
the so-called “ local television
tax”itself is a clear sign that the
commission has finally deduced
that the dimensions of the prob-
lem go well beyond the assess-
ment of which set of players is
less malodorous to the Canadian
public. This is possibly bad news
for the cable and satellite team
that hoped that their opposition
to fee hikes would cast them in
the unlikely role as consumer
champion. It might also be a
stickler for Heritage Canada
Minister James Moore. While his
order for the CRTC review may
have been an attractive sound
bite, he will likely have trouble
closing the box of consumer
discontent with the industry and
its oversight that the review has
now opened.
For most of this decade, the
CRTC has followed a pattern of
leadership by amnesia in the over-
sight of the broadcasting industry.
It has expected that, given more
latitude, its regulated entities
would eventually achieve the com-
mission’s public mandate, despite
past disappointing performances.
By calling now for comment on
broad issues such as affordabil-
ity, availability, choice and the
business plans of the players, the
CRTC has effectively acknowl-
edged that market forces are not
strong enough to protect consum-
ers. More importantly, its agree-
ment with the cable and satellite
distributors to virtually ignore cus-
tomer price and choice concerns if
content rules were observed, has
become unravelled. It has come
apart because the distributors
decided to put the commission in
the public firing line in the scram-
ble for cash by local television and
the attempted resolution of the
same by the regulator. This turn
of events could actually be good
news for customers, as well as for
the achievement of overall nation-
al broadcasting objectives.
What Canada needs for this
industry is a regulatory policy
that makes cable or satellite
distributors offer a basic service
that is just that: small, basic and
affordable. It needs the commis-
sion to cost and cap basic service
and stop cable and satellite com-
panies from cramming in more
channels, frequently owned by
them, to force up subscriber rev-
enues. All channels in basic ser-
vice should be treated the same in
terms of carriage fees. In fact, the
commission might do well to first
set an affordable rate for basic
service and let the players negoti-
ate carriage fees around that rate.
In the process, the ramifica-
tions of the planned elimination of
over the air analogue broadcasting
in 2011, now used by some four
million Canadian television view-
ers, could be lessened by having
a low cost basic service television
distribution option. Distributors
may have to come up with more
competitive bundles and prices
to flog channels that formerly
enjoyed a basic service sinecure.
And local television networks,
guaranteed equal treatment with
cable owned channels, would
also have to be content with a fair
share of the smaller pie.
Such moves would represent a
genuine revolution to an industry
regulated with legislation and a
mentality appropriate to an era
when television antennas still dotted
Canadian skylines. The Broadcast-
ing Act does not mention the word
“consumer”or “reasonable rates.”
Heritage Canada has routinely
blocked legislative changes to per-
mit funding of consumer participa-
tion in broadcasting proceedings,
despite the evidence that the result
of the practice has enabled Cana-
dians to enjoy some of the world’s
lowest local telephone service rates.
(This, by the way, contrasts with our
dismal performance in Canadian
unregulated cable, wireless and
broadband services when compared
with most developed countries.)
In fact, the prospect of the
representation of public consum-
er interests potentially competing
with Heritage Canada’s tradi-
tional industry concerns is vastly
unappealing to its bureaucracy,
though it is subsidized indi-
rectly by subscriber fees. Despite
Moore’s claims that his depart-
ment “puts consumers first”an
online review of Heritage Cana-
da’s strategic outcomes, its orga-
nization, and described activities
shows that “putting consumers
first”is a well-hidden objective. A
CRTC plea for Heritage Canada
funding of consumer representa-
tion in the current proceeding
was, of course, ignored.
The official scrutiny of the cable
and satellite industries has been a
half-way house of public regulation
since its inception. The operating
assumption that consumers could
look after themselves has been
challenged by the very success of
these regulated businesses. Their
services are now regarded as
important and meaningful to Cana-
dians in a way that would have
been unimaginable 40 years ago. It
is time for policy-makers and regu-
lators to step away from the past
collegial and desultory supervision
to deliver a framework that is really
responsive to consumer needs.
Michael Janigan is executive
director and general council at
the Public Interest Advocacy
Centre in Ottawa.
The Hill Times
New renewable electricity projects no longer
eligible for federal government support
Television spat now shows
promise for consumers
It is both ironic and disappointing that the major
federal support program for the development of clean
and climate-friendly renewable electricity supply is
being abandoned just as Canada participates in global
climate change talks in Copenhagen.
It is time for policy-makers and regulators to step away
from the past collegial and desultory supervision to deliver
a framework that is really responsive to consumer needs.
What’s on TV: CRTC chairman Konrad Von Finckenstein, pictured on the Hill.
Photograph by Jake Wright, The Hill Times
The big TV networks recently threatened to not only black out their signals but to require
cable and satellite companies to black out U.S. signals as well, effectively preventing
Canadians from receiving the most popular TV shows. But this isn’t the first time the
networks have resorted to threats and bullying tactics in an attempt to secure a massive,
multi-million dollar bailout.
Over the past year, they’ve consistently threatened to shut down local TV stations, claiming
they just can’t afford to support local TV. At the same time, however, they’ve somehow
managed to increase their spending on expensive U.S. programming by 75% over the past
8 years, to the tune of $775 million in 2008 alone.
This recent threat to black out programming is clearly aimed at the public at large and the
message is clear: pay up or else. What once was referred to as a TV Tax has begun to sound
more and more like a ransom.
Does that sound like the big TV networks
have the public’s best interests at heart?
“Pay us or U.S. TV signals
will be blocked at the border.”
ANCOUVER, B.C.—Be careful what
you wish for, the contemporary adage
goes, or you might just get it. So too might
go the refrain for the global economy, as
was revealed in “ ‘Cheap stuff a destabiliz-
ing force in the world,’ the greenhouse gas
of our troubled economy, says hot young
author Laird,”in the Nov. 16 issue of The
Hill Times and the Q&A with Gordon Laird,
author of The Price of a Bargain: The Quest
for Cheap and the Death of Globalization.
His arguments echo those of economist
Jeff Rubin in Why Your World is About to
Get a Whole Lot Smaller Oil and The End
of Globalization. Once the cost of oil need-
ed to power trans-oceanic container ships
exceeds Asia’s low-wage manufacturing
advantages, trade conducted over long
distances will eventually grind to a halt. In
the longer term, this isn’t good news for
Canada, since most of our exports to Asia
involve heavy bulk cargo.
So one might reasonably ask: Did
Ottawa’s political elites anticipate the pos-
sibility of such a scenario? If the amount of
money being poured into projects like the
Pacific Gateway initiative is any indication,
the short answer is no. But this comes with
many layers. As with most economic deci-
sions whose origins are born in “high level”
political policy-making, there are many
behind-closed-door political considerations
that rarely come to public light.
One such layer may come as some-
thing of a surprise to those who believe
public transparency is one of the guiding
principles of public policy making. In fact,
when tens of millions or even hundreds of
millions of public dollars are at stake, the
process can be anything but transparent.
Of course some of this is for very good
reason. Competitive bids for large govern-
ment contracts by corporations require
One of the most under-reported, under-
scrutinized areas of national political report-
ing today are the corporate contributions
made to provincial political parties, and their
individual candidates. Just as major real
estate developers have long been known to
back the campaigns of municipal politicians
who think as they do, it would be naïve not
to wonder whether something similar might
also be taking place at the provincial level
due to major infrastructure projects. As to
which corporate enterprises might have a
vested interest in such projects, one need
only ask: to whose benefit? In British Colum-
bia, accusatory fingers are most often aimed
at members of the local chambers of com-
merce, big civil engineering firms, construc-
tion companies, and last but by no means
least, the big law firms that confidentially
handle the affairs of such clients.
But let’s be clear. Unlike their federal
counterparts, provincial political parties
are not prohibited from receiving cor-
porate donations. It’s entirely legal. But
given what’s at stake—as both Laird and
Rubin pointed out—we should be keenly
aware of the risks. Among the risks is
that provincial parties will remain more
financially “incented”by private corporate
interests in the short-term than the public
interest in the long-term, especially if they
can get away with it. As ever, the problem
is money, for money talks, especially when
it can translate into the means needed to
both attain and retain political power.
And in B.C., this may be especially wor-
risome because many federal Liberals and
Conservatives belong to the B.C. Liberal
Party—an unofficial amalgam of the two
that arose purely for practical marketing
reasons after the B.C. Social Credit Party
collapsed following Bill Vander Zalm’s term
in office, and the NDP rose to power. In
other words, the same networks of people
can wear one of two distinct political hats
depending on what the circumstance
requires. Problem is one of those hats can
and does receive funds from the corporate
sector. Those who have long worked the
carnival circuit have a name for it—the
shell game. First you see it. Then you don’t.
But that’s not all. Thanks to the asym-
metry in the funding of federal versus
provincial parties, over the last five years
the fulcrum of political power in Canada
has been slowly moving out of Ottawa and
is taking up residence in those provinces
where energy resources play a major role
in their economies. Policy translation? As
long as big oil interests can provide fund-
ing to provincial parties, one can expect
maximum resistance toward the tough
reforms needed to reduce CO2 emissions,
like carbon pricing—the very option Laird
says we’ll need to get out of the economic
pickle we’re in.
Yet if more and more of Canada’s pub-
lic policy machinery falls into the hands
of private profit-making interests through
the back door of provincial political party
funding, this simply won’t happen. Is that
what we really want? Do we want a cor-
porate plutocracy akin to that found in the
U.S., a land that boasts the best democ-
racy money can buy and an economy on
the skids to match?
If our country ever hopes to be able to
prioritize the type of rational long view
policies to which Laird refers, then federal
politicians must lock the provincial party
back door through which corporate inter-
ests have already entered our national
political home uninvited. But if this kind of
political shell game is allowed to continue,
all of us will likely lose in the end because
the damage to the longer term sustainabil-
ity of our economy will be enormous.
Paul H. LeMay is a Vancouver-based
member of the Liberal Party of Canada,
and a former special assistant to the late
Liberal Senator Sheila Finestone.
The Hill Times

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Globalization: Gordon Laird, author of The Price of A Bargain: The Quest for Cheap and the Death of
Globalization. Paul LeMay says he’s concerned that Canada’s public policy machinery is falling into
the hands of private profit-making interests through provincial political parties.
Stop political shell game or public policy
As long as big oil interests can provide funding to
provincial parties, one can expect maximum resistance
toward the tough reforms needed to reduce CO2
emissions, like carbon pricing—the very option Laird
says we’ll need to get out of the economic pickle we’re in.
ith the funding received through the Government
of Canada’s Knowledge Infrastructure Program,
Concordia University will expand its groundbreaking research
in environmental genomics, solar energy, environmentally-
friendly building practices, exercise science and specialized
physical therapy.
This funding enhances our leadership in these key areas, and
contributes to the greater economic development of Montreal,
Quebec, and Canada—an endeavour we are very proud
to be a part of.
We thank the Government of Canada for its generous support.
Thank you
ceedings, as well as House committees, and
Senate committees are all broadcast on CPAC.
But as far as broadcasting the Senate Cham-
ber, Sen. McCoy said the discussion in committee
right now is centering on whether television is
the way to go, or whether it’s an old-fashioned
medium that should be bypassed altogether.
Sen. McCoy maintains a blog to shed some
light on the issues she works on as a Senator
and said some of her colleagues have begun
to do the same. She said the Senate is not up
on the plethora of communications tools that
are available, and something as basic as mak-
ing the Senate’s website more user-friendly so
that citizens can more easily access archived
committee proceedings would be a step in the
right direction.
Some Senators on the committee have raised
concerns about television not being interactive
enough in that someone watching Chamber or
committee proceedings doesn’t get the full pic-
ture just by flicking on the TV at any given time.
CPAC president Colette Watson, who testi-
fied before the committee on Oct. 20, said it
would be more expensive to put the Senate
proceedings on TV because it would require
a transmission facility for a satellite. Ms.
Watson said depending on what the Sen-
ate decides to do it could cost $3-million to
$8-million, and there would also be additional
unspecified costs associated with wiring a
Chamber that is 143 years old. If the Senators
decide not to put the Chamber proceedings on
television and broadcast on the web instead it
could be done for as little as $1-million.
She said CPAC viewers are not keen on the
“antagonistic drama” that often plays out in
the House of Commons, particularly in Ques-
tion Period, and televised committees are often
more informative and viewer-friendly. The daily
Question Period, which is the most important
part of House proceedings for ministers, MPs,
and journalists, and where news shows often
take snippets for reports, is one of CPAC’s least-
watched programs; its audience has declined
by 90 per cent in less than a decade.
“When I took over in 2001, the average audi-
ence for Question Period was about 150,000 to
200,000, depending on the debate or the time of
the Parliamentary season. Beginning in winter
2006, at the height of the Gomery Inquiry—I
may have the dates wrong—the ratings started
to slide significantly, and they have been on a
considerable slide since then. We have gone
from an audience of 200,000 in 2001 to 75,000 in
2004, and today it hovers at around 20,000,”Ms.
Watson told the committee.
Although she noted that part of the decline
in audience share is due to the fact that CTV
Newsnet, as well as CBC started airing part
of Question Period, she attributes the bulk of
the dropping off in interest to viewers being
turned off by the hyper-partisanship that often
dominates House of Commons proceedings.
Historically the Senate has been less partisan
than the House, but some Senators say it’s
become more political in recent years.
Sen. McCoy said the committee would
continue to study the issue into the new year
and then present their recommendations to
the Senate before making a final decision.
The Hill Times
But Senators say TV could be
passé as House’s Question
Period ratings tank.
Continued from Page 1
magine: someone from the gov-
ernment comes to your door. It is
your workplace, but it may also be
your home if you happen to have a
home office. They search and seize
your computers, your files and
anything related to your business,
including the goods that you sell or
produce. They can do this without
your permission and without giving
you prior notice or warning. They
can hold on to these goods long
enough to disrupt your business
and ruin your livelihood. There
are no means for preventing this:
no judicial review, no recourse for
action, no due process.
Have you committed a heinous
crime? No, if you had, it would
be the police at your door and
they would have to get a war-
rant issued by a judge to have the
right to come on to your private
property and take possession of
your goods. Have you already
been found guilty of a crime?
Nope, there is only a suspicion by
bureaucrats, not backed by any
judicial or scientific review, and
there’s nothing you can do about
it and no one you can go to until
well after the fact.
Flashback to an eastern bloc
country at the height of the cold
war? No, this is Canada in the
Are you a drug smuggler, porn
producer or human trafficker?
Wrong again: you are someone
who, as an occupation, makes or
sells ordinary consumer goods to
Canadians and you may be com-
pletely innocent of any wrong doing.
The folks at your door demanding
entry are not even trained police,
they are Health Canada inspec-
tors—and the only thing you can
do about it is to complain to other
Health Canada bureaucrats.
Last week the Standing Senate
Committee on Social Affairs, Sci-
ence and Technology completed
its review of the highly-touted
Bill C-6, the Canada Consumer
Product Safety Act (CCPSA).
The CCPSA is a long-awaited bill
intended to replace consumer
safety legislation that has not
been updated in Canada for more
than 40 years. Given the changes
in trade and consumer trends in
this time span, with increased glo-
balization and complex and con-
voluted supply chains, the update
is welcomed—and even overdue.
At its heart, the CCPSA has
honourable goals, which is why it
passed the House with cross-par-
tisan support and flying colours. It
prohibits the manufacture, sale or
promotion of consumer products
that pose an “unreasonable danger
to human health or safety,”it pro-
hibits false or misleading labelling
or advertising of products as it
relates to health and safety, it insti-
tutes mandatory reporting of inci-
dents for goods that have caused
serious harm or death, it provides
an increase in fines and penalties
for those who break the rules, it
enhances systems to ensure quick
product identification and recall
should that be necessary, and
much more.
In all, the CCPSA strives to
ensure that Canadian consumer
goods are safe, and if they prove
not to be, that they will be quickly
and efficiently withdrawn from the
market. Who can argue with that?
Unfortunately, embedded in
the minutiae of the legislation are
disturbing new powers given to
bureaucrats that, in its present
wording, would go against the tra-
dition of common law in Canada:
the right to judicial review and
due process, for example. It is
these powers that some members
of the Senate are rightly con-
cerned about—and not the heart
and body of the CCPSA itself.
For this reason, the Senate com-
mittee last week voted to amend
the legislation to mitigate these
powers without taking the teeth out
of this important new bill. This is
the job of the Senate after all: the
Chamber of Sober Second Thought.
The Senate has the time, resources
and expertise to carefully review
our legislation before it becomes
law and make recommendations
to the House, which may choose to
heed our advice or not.
The crux of the matter is this:
do we need to rescind our long-
established rights and freedoms
in the name of safety? No. This is
a false choice. Everyone wants a
safe world for their families, but
let’s not give up some hard earned
rights and freedoms to get there.
As Shawn Buckley, a lawyer rep-
resenting natural health product
companies has argued of Bill C-6,
“Have consumer products sud-
denly become so dangerous that
we have to give up fundamental
freedoms to protect ourselves, and
are we more safe giving the state
free range over our property?”
Health Canada is granted
extraordinary powers in this bill,
and, in the words of Liberal Sen-
ator Joseph Day, “Health Canada
has overreached themselves.”
Senate amendments are not
playing partisan games or dimin-
ishing the need for improved
safety mechanisms for consumer
products. Quite the opposite: the
Senate committee amendments
highlight some serious concerns
over broad definitions of risk in
the bill, and emphasize the need
for judicial oversight and inde-
pendent appeal processes—all
proud Canadian traditions few of
us would want to lose.
Frankly, it is surprising that Con-
servatives are supporting this bill
so uncritically, given that they more
generally tend to resist unchecked
bureaucratic powers and unwar-
ranted government intrusion into
private business matters—precisely
what CCPSA would enable.
Let’s stop criminalizing our
world. We should resist the urge
to live in a totally controlled, and
controlling, society. Let’s make
our world safer, by all means. But
let’s not lose our rights and free-
doms along the way.
Elaine McCoy is an independent
Progressive Conservative Senator
from Alberta. She previously
worked as a lawyer and was the
former labour minister in Alberta’s
Peter Lougheed government. She
live blogged the Bill C-6 hearings at
The Hill Times
TTAWA—On Dec. 4, Statis-
tics Canada announced an
increase of 79,000 jobs, with the
increase largely in the service
and education sectors. In late
November, Bombardier laid off 715
workers, and then a few days later
American CEOs said they have few
plans to hire. One step forward, one
step back. Two steps forward.
Most economists agree that
the recession of the last 13 months
has bottomed out. For now. The big
concern is whether we will improve
a bit and then go right back down:
the “W”scenario, where the graph
which came crashing down goes
up a bit and then goes back down
before it really goes up. Or is it the
“U”scenario? Down for a while
before it goes back. Sadly, we can
agree it’s not the “V”scenario, the
sharp decline followed by a sharp
The talk of better times ahead,
however, does get that other 800-
pound gorilla on our backs—skills
shortages. Until the summer of
2008, that was the biggest threat
to economic growth in Canada.
Not enough people with the right
skills to take things forward.
While the shortages were most
acute in British Columbia, Alberta
and Saskatchewan, they were
present in the rest of the country
even in areas where there was
notable unemployment. (Through
the recession, they remained most
pronounced in Saskatchewan.)
The recession gave us a hiatus
from that fear, but employers are
beginning to worry about that
shortage again. It’s not that unem-
ployment is over. In fact many
economists are talking about a job-
less recovery, where several indica-
tors improve, but unemployment
remains high. The shortages come
in because it is the specialized areas
that need people and often they are
the ones to kick-off growth projects.
Back in April 2008, the Com-
mons Standing Committee on
Human Resource and Skills
Development issued their seminal
report, “Employability in Canada:
Preparing for the future.”One of
the few committees that works
really well together, this group
came up with 70 clear recommen-
dations about how Canada as a
country can deal with the increas-
ing skills shortages. Appropriately,
the committee is chaired by the
“skilled”Conservative MP Dean
Allison who has been able to deal
with substantive issues around the
all-party table. He got his stron-
gest cooperation from Liberal MP
Mike Savage, the capable Liberal
critic for HRSDC, as well as sev-
eral other members including the
New Democrat MP Denise Savoie,
Bloc Québécois vice chair, Yves
Lessard and fellow Conservatives,
Lynne Yelich (now minister of state
for Western Economic Develop-
ment) and Mike Lake (now Parlia-
mentary secretary for Industry).
To the credit of these MPs,
skills development has not become
a wildly partisan issue over which
the government will survive or fall.
It’s one of the fora where MPs can
work together to advance an agen-
da—that’s not to say it’s all peace
and love, but it’s not bad.
While the report was issued with
some sense of urgency, the reces-
sion has given us all an extra year or
two, at the most, to get things done.
By “us”I mean governments, busi-
ness, labour, post-secondary educa-
tion, sector councils, apprenticeship
programs and most of all—the rest
of us ordinary souls. Adults upgrad-
ing their education and skills. Young
people going into education and
training for the jobs of tomorrow.
The report’s recommendations,
not all of which were unanimously
endorsed, called for: increased
federal-provincial cooperation on
skills development developing Can-
ada’s human resources planning
capability by expanding the sector
council model mobility assistance,
according to the federal-provincial
“Agreement on Internal Trade,”
and a pan-Canadian approach for
assessing and recognizing creden-
tials, especially foreign credentials,
a coherent pan-Canadian adult
learning strategy, despite federal-
provincial jurisdictional issues,
facilitating increased employ-
ment of older workers and work-
ers with disabilities.
The federal and provincial
governments have been acting on
several of these issues and most
recently, federal ministers Diane
Finley (HRSDC), Jason Kenney
(Citizenship and Immigration) and
Ontario minister Michael Chan
(Citizenship and Immigration)
announced the new “Pan-Canadian
Framework for the Assessment and
Recognition of Foreign Qualifica-
tions”developed jointly by the fed-
eral and provincial governments. It
commits that foreign-trained work-
ers who submit an application to
be licensed or registered to work in
certain fields will be advised within
one year whether their qualifica-
tions will be recognized.
During the downturn, most
employers did all they could to hang
on to their high skilled and highly-
educated employees having learned
the hard lesson of the previous five
years. Given that they are concerned
about the issue again, it is likely
because the problem is upon us
again. The problem is far from over
and the solutions require a projet
de societé that all governments and
institutions work on together. And
for those currently unemployed,
training and education is the best
thing one can do with downtime.
The Hill Times
BY progressive
conservative Senator
Elaine McCoy
Let’s stop criminalizing our world
HRSD Committee’s
agenda is coming
back into vogue
Question: Do we have chronic unemployment
or do we have a skills shortage? Answer: We
have an oxymoron. We have both.
BY Andrew Cardozo
Human Resources Minister Diane Finley.
Photograph by Jake Wright, The Hill Times
The Hill Times and Embassy’s 2010 editorial and advertising calendar.
Plan your advertising now to target Ottawa’s most influential readers all year round.
Calendar 2010
Health Policy Briefing
sJanuary 18
(The Hill Times)
Back to Parliament
sJanuary 20 (Embassy)
sJanuary 25 (The Hill Times)
Canada’s Emerging
Sectors Policy Briefing
sJanuary 27 (Embassy)
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The Hill Times Top 100 Lobbyists List
sFebruary 1
Transportation Policy Briefing
sFebruary 8 (The Hill Times)
Embassy Report on Education
sFebruary 17
Technology Policy Briefing
s February 22 (The Hill Times)
Embassy Report on Canada & the
Global Economy
sMarch 10 (Embassy)
Climate Change Policy Briefing
sMarch 15 (The Hill Times)
40 Influencing Foreign Policy
sMarch 24 (Embassy)
Canada & The Arctic Policy Briefing
sApril 14 (Embassy)
Environment Policy Briefing
sApril 19 (The Hill Times)
Sexy & Savvy Survey
sApril 26 (The Hill Times)
Natural Resources Policy Briefing
sMay 3 (The Hill Times)
National Security, Emergency &
Disaster Management
sMay 5 (Embassy)
Terrific 25 Staffers List
sMay 10 (The Hill Times)
Defence Policy Briefing
sMay 31 (The Hill Times)
Water and Oceans
sJune 2 (Embassy)
sJune 7 (The Hill Times)
Embassy’s Sexy and
Savvy Survey
sJune 9
Agriculture Policy Briefing
sJuly 12 (The Hill Times)
Embassy’s Party Guide
sJuly 14 (Embassy)
Business & Borders
sJuly 21 (Embassy)
Environment Policy Briefing
sAugust 11 (Embassy)
Green Energy & the Economy
Policy Briefing
sAugust 16 (The Hill Times)
Welcome to Canada
sAugust 25 (Embassy)
Embassy Report on Education
sSeptember 8 (Embassy)
Back to Parliament
sSeptember 15 (Embassy)
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Biotechnology Policy Briefing
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Embassy’s Top 20 Books
sOctober 6 (Embassy)
Technology & Innovation
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Ontario & the Gobal Economy Report
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Energy Policy Briefing
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All Politics Poll
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100 Most Influential List
sDecember 20 (The Hill Times)
nfluence can be defined in sim-
ple terms as determining who
leads as opposed to who follows.
Political insiders say “influ-
ence”means the “ability or oppor-
tunity to persuade, motivate or
guide those with power.”Others
say it’s the “ability to have your
voice heard in the right places to
potentially play a part in shaping
Whatever the definition,
there’s no denying that influence,
especially in official Ottawa,
comes in many different ways,
whether it’s being at the centre of
the levers of government, or qui-
etly influencing the scope of the
national political agenda from
the outside.
After consultations over the
last month with government
insiders and well-informed politi-
cal players, The Hill Times pres-
ents its third annual list of the
Top 100 Most Influential People
in Government and Politics in
Ottawa for 2010.
Transport Minister
John Baird
Mr. Baird is the go-to person
on almost everything high-profile
that the government needs to
either promote or deflect. He’s
responsible for distributing
most of the $40-billion stimu-
lus package for infrastructure
projects and recently has taken
up answering questions on the
government’s handling of Afghan
detainees. He chairs the Cabinet
Committee on the Environment
and Energy Security and also is
a member of the Cabinet Com-
mittees of Priorities and Planning
and Economic Growth and Long
Term Prosperity. He’s considered
a leadership candidate, and could
be shuffled into a more high pro-
file position in the next Cabinet
shuffle. He’s a pit-bull with politi-
cal stamina.
Foreign Affairs Minister
Lawrence Cannon
As Foreign Affairs Minister,
Mr. Cannon is working on some
of the most important interna-
tional files such as Canada-U.S.
relations and Canada’s mission
in Afghanistan. Mr. Cannon is
vice-chair of the powerful Cabi-
net Committee on Priorities and
Planning and a member of the
Cabinet Committee on Afghani-
stan and Foreign Affairs and
Quebec Premier
Jean Charest
Mr. Charest leads a major-
ity government in a province
which has 75 seats in the House
of Commons, the second highest
number of seats in the country.
He ran unsuccessfully in 1993,
but he is still today seen as a
potential future leader of the
Conservative Party.
Industry Minister
Tony Clement
Neither colourful or contro-
versial, Mr. Clement chairs the
Cabinet Committee on Economic
Growth and Long-term Prosper-
ity, which is responsible for con-
sidering “sectoral issues including
international trade, sustainable
development, natural resources,
fisheries, agriculture, transport,
infrastructure and communities
and regional development, as well
as longer-term matters concern-
ing Canada’s economic growth
and prosperity.”He has been a key
member of Cabinet who’s leading
the recovery through the econom-
ic downturn.
International Trade
Minister Stockwell Day
Mr. Day chairs the Cabinet
Committee on Afghanistan and
is a member of the influential
Cabinet Committees on Priori-
ties and Planning and Economic
Growth and Long-term Prosper-
ity. He’s known as an effective
minister, is the lead on several of
the new free trade agreements
which the government has made
a priority, and is considered a
potential leadership candidate.
Bloc Québécois Leader
Gilles Duceppe
In a minority Parliament, the
government has to work with
all parties in order to pass leg-
islation. As the leader of a party
with 48 seats in the House of
Commons, Mr. Duceppe can help
boost or break the Conservatives.
Continued on Page 25
Lawrence Cannon
Tony Clement Lisa Raitt
Gilles Duceppe
Stockwell Day
John Baird
Jean Charest
Jay Hill Doug Finley
Marc Garneau David Smith
Jim Flaherty
Stephen Harper

Photographs by Jake Wright and Cynthia Münster, The Hill Times
Conservative Senator
Doug Finley
Campaign strategist and
backroomer, he was recently
appointed to the Upper Cham-
ber, after running the Conserva-
tives last two election campaigns
as the party’s director of politi-
cal operations. Sen. Finley is
married to Human Resources
Minister Diane Finley, and has
Prime Minister Stephen Harp-
er’s confidence. He’s expected to
work on the governing Conser-
vatives’ next election campaign
as well.
Finance Minister
Jim Flaherty
Mr. Flaherty is one of only
a handful of ministers who has
held the same portfolio since
the Conservatives took power
in January 2006 but with an
expected Cabinet shuffle coming
up, he could be moved. As the
Finance Minister, he is respon-
sible for a $230-billion budget
and is the lead political figure
on guiding Canada’s recovery of
the global economic downturn.
He sits on the very influential
Priorities and Planning Cabinet
Committee and is considered a
leadership candidate.
Liberal MP Marc Garneau
Insiders say Mr. Garneau is
the future of the Liberal Party.
Quiet and understated, his role
as the industry critic and as Que-
bec lieutenant gives him a large
platform to influence in various
ways. He is also a trusted adviser
to Liberal leader Michael Igna-
tieff because of his quiet loyalty
and being a responsible member
of the official opposition.
Prime Minister
Stephen Harper
Mr. Harper is a “master strate-
gist.”Nothing happens without
him knowing about it and as the
Prime Minister, he’s obviously
the most powerful and most
influential person in Ottawa.
Government House
Leader Jay Hill
As the government House
leader, Mr. Hill is well-versed
in the arcane House standing
orders and is able to use them to
the government’s advantage to
influence the legislative agenda
with the government’s priori-
ties. He is a long-time Harper
supporter and a trusted minis-
ter who is the vice-chair of the
powerful Cabinet Committee on
Liberal Leader
Michael Ignatieff
As the leader of the Official
Opposition, Mr. Ignatieff holds
a significant influence on the
national political agenda, despite
his current troubles. He leads a
party with 77 seats in the House
of Commons and 51 in the Senate.
Citizenship and Immigration
Minister Jason Kenney
Mr. Kenney is seen as being
an effective minister since
being promoted last year. He
has been the lead for the gov-
ernment on priorities such as
ethnic community outreach,
new visa rules for immigrants,
as well as the a new citizenship
guide. He is a shrewd strategist,
a loyal Harper supporter and a
regular spokesperson on issues
affecting the government which
aren’t necessarily related to his
portfolio. He too is a party pit-
bull with political stamina.
NDP Leader Jack Layton
Mr. Layton leads the smallest
party in Parliament, but with 37
MPs, can’t be counted out. He’s
been effective in the past in mak-
ing deals with governing parties
to keep their governments afloat,
and is influential because the
Conservatives need support from
at least one other party to pass
legislation during this minority
Defence Minister
Peter MacKay
Mr. MacKay holds one of the
highest-profile jobs in this gov-
ernment, especially now with
the Afghan detainee issue reap-
pearing in the media. He chairs
the Foreign Affairs and Secu-
rity Cabinet Committee and
is a member of the powerful
Priorities and Planning Cabinet
Committee as well as the Cabi-
net Committee on Afghanistan.
He could be shuffled to a new
post in an upcoming Cabinet
Ontario Premier
Dalton McGuinty
As premier of the largest
province in the country, Mr.
McGuinty is a critical player on
the national scene for economic
and political reasons. His profile
has been heightened recently
because of the HST debate in
Ontario and federally.
Conservative MP
Ted Menzies
Insiders say Mr. Menzies is
the de facto Tory caucus leader
who is a shoo-in for Cabinet,
were it not for him being from
Alberta when there’s already a
handful of Albertans in Cabinet.
As the Parliamentary secretary
to the finance minister, he is a
strong performer in Question
Period when his boss is away,
and is very knowledgeable on
finance and trade issues.
NDP deputy leader
Thomas Mulcair
Mr. Mulcair is seen as an influ-
ential player because of his vis-
ibility, outspokenness and knowl-
edge of all his files. His profile is
heightened because he’s the only
elected NDP MP in Quebec in this
Parliament and he’s considered a
future leadership candidate.
Justice Minister
Rob Nicholson
There are currently 14 bills
crime and justice bills on the
Order Paper in Parliament, and
Mr. Nicholson is the lead. The
government’s priority on justice
issues and legislation make Mr.
Nicholson a key player in this
government. He sits on the pow-
erful Operations Cabinet Com-
mittee and is the vice-chair of
the Cabinet Foreign Affairs and
Security Committee.
Environment Minister
Jim Prentice
Mr. Prentice chairs the Opera-
tions Cabinet Committee which
“provides the day-to-day coor-
dination of the government’s
agenda, including issues manage-
ment, legislation and House plan-
ning and communications.”As
one insider said, “if Mr. Prentice
doesn’t put it on the agenda, it
goes nowhere.”Mr. Prentice also
sits on the powerful Priorities
and Planning Committee as well
as the Environment and Energy
Security Cabinet Committee.
He’s been front and centre in
effectively communicating the
government’s environmental
stance, raising his profile sub-
stantially in the last year. Mr.
Prentice could be moved to a
more high-profile portfolio in a
Cabinet shuffle. No matter where
he goes, he has influence.
Liberal MP Bob Rae
Mr. Rae is considered number
two in the Liberal caucus, fol-
lowing, of course, the leader. He
has been a forceful and strong
opponent during Question Period
for the Liberals and knows his
foreign affairs files very well. Mr.
Rae’s an influential player in the
Liberal Party of Canada.
Natural Resources
Minister Lisa Raitt
Ms. Raitt has had to weather
three dicey political storms that
could have been career-ending,
however, she’s survived the iso-
tope crisis, the briefing binder,
and the tape recorder fiasco, and
has come out as one of the more
capable ministers who knows
her files and is trusted to do a
good job. She sits on several key
Cabinet committees such as Eco-
nomic Growth and Long-Term
Prosperity and Environment and
Energy Security.
Conservative MP
James Rajotte
Mr. Rajotte is popular on all
sides of the House and is a loyal
Harper supporter which gives
him clout within the party. As the
House Finance Committee chair,
he also wields influence when it
comes to pre-budget consulta-
tions and is considered a shoo-in
for Cabinet, if only he was not
from Alberta.
Liberal Senator
David Smith
Sen. Smith has been a top
Ignatieff supporter and is a trust-
ed backroomer who has deliv-
ered success for the Liberal Party
for decades. He is one of the top
political advisers and confidants
after years at the political game.
Indian and Northern Affairs
Minister Chuck Strahl
One insider said Mr. Strahl is
not the most powerful minister,
but is very well-respected among
the Conservative caucus and his
peers and “respect is a currency.”
He is a trusted minister who
knows his file extremely well and
was a key player in last year’s
apology to aboriginal victims of
the residential schools.
Peter MacKay Rob Nicholson
Jack Layton
Dalton McGuinty Chuck Strahl
Tom Mulcair Bob Rae
Michael Ignatieff
Jason Kenney
James Rajotte Jim Prentice

Continued from Page 24
Continued on Page 26
Photographs by Jake Wright and Cynthia Münster, The Hill Times
Conservative Party
Director of Political
Operations Jenni Byrne
Ms. Byrne took over Doug
Finley’s job after he was appoint-
ed to the Senate in August. Her
previous job as PMO director of
issues management cemented the
PM’s confidence in her and she’ll
now be running the Conservative
Party’s election campaign, along
with Sen. Finley.
Liberal Leader Chief of
Staff Peter Donolo
Mr. Donolo is a veteran politi-
cal strategist and most recently
the executive vice-president and
partner of The Strategic Counsel
in Toronto. Liberal Leader Michael
Ignatieff hired Mr. Donolo to shake
things up in the OLO because of his
successful and extensive experi-
ence in political communications
during the Jean Chrétien era. He
is Mr. Ignatieff’s closest adviser,
which makes him influential in
shaping the political scene.
PM’s Chief of Staff
Guy Giorno
As the chief of staff to the Prime
Minister, the low-profile Mr. Giorno
is the most powerful political staffer
on the payroll in the Harper govern-
ment. Also, he is the chief political
strategist and adviser to the Prime
Minister. Despite last year’s political
debacle during the coalition crisis,
he has a reputation as a smart politi-
cal adviser and strategist.
PMO Director of Issues
Management, Priorities and
Planning Jasmine Igneski
Ms. Igneski has been a loyal
Harper supporter and has risen
through the ranks from policy
adviser in John Baird’s office and
now to her current position, previ-
ously held by Jenni Byrne. Ms.
Igneski’s job is to craft strategy to
deal with issues facing the govern-
ment on a daily basis, where she is
very influential in shaping not only
how the government responds to
the news of the day, but shapes the
agenda as well. She is also the link
between the party’s headquarters
and the Prime Minister’s Office.
Transport Minister Chief
of Staff Chris Froggatt
Mr. Froggatt co-chairs the
weekly chief of staff meetings
with PMO Chief of Staff Guy
Giorno, and has been respon-
sible for several of the staffing
shakeups in ministers’ offices
in the last year, making him an
influential player in O-town. As
the Transport Minister’s chief of
staff, he also helps to oversee the
$40-billion stimulus fund.
Conservative Resource
Group Executive Director
Gary Keller
Mr. Keller, who was recently
the chief of staff to the Chief
Government Whip, is the new
executive director of the caucus’s
research bureau. This is the team
that provides support on every-
thing from House speeches, MPs’
statements, QP questions, press
releases, “Ten Percenters,”com-
mittee work and partisan policy,
political research on other parties
and digging up dirt on other party
leaders and their caucuses. As the
executive director, Mr. Keller has
the ability to influence what goes
on the public and political agenda
of the day.
Bloc Québécois Leader’s
Chief of Staff
François Leblanc
In the current dynamics of the
minority Parliament, Mr. Leblanc
wields significant influence as
chief of staff to the third-place
party that has to prop up the
Conservative government.
NDP Leader’s Chief of
Staff Anne McGrath
Holding the positions of party
president and the chief of staff to
the leader, Ms. McGrath is the top
political aide to Mr. Layton. In the
current minority Parliament, she
has influence in helping to set her
party’s agenda and whether NDP
members will support the Conser-
vative government.
Principal secretary to the
Prime Minister Ray Novak
Mr. Novak, has been a close
assistant to the Prime Minister since
he won the Canadian Alliance lead-
ership and is one of a few staffers
who has the most access to his boss.
Executive Assistant to Grit
Leader Jim Pimblett
Mr. Pimblett, formerly known
as former prime minister Paul
Martin’s “wallet”because he was so
close to him, will be one of the two
closest people to Liberal Leader
Michael Ignatieff. His time in the
PMO was “high pressure and high
performance”giving him the nec-
essary experienceand he’s to be
a part of the caucus’s day to day
Liberal Party National
Director Rocco Rossi
Mr. Rossi’s fundraising exper-
tise is widely respected. His
influence comes from how he
performs as a fundraiser, which
of course, if successful could
influence the outcome of the next
PMO Associate Director,
Communications, Press
Secretary and senior Que-
bec adviser Dimitri Soudas
Since the departure of former
communications director Kory
Teneycke, Mr. Soudas has taken
on a higher profile as the Prime
Minister’s spokesperson. He has
enormous access to Mr. Harper,
and is a key strategist in the PMO.
Chief of Staff to Finance
Minister Derek Van Stone
The chief political aide to
Finance Minister Jim Flaherty is
one of the select few Conservative
aides who played an important role
in the preparation of last year’s
budget and $40-billion stimulus
fund. Mr. Van Stone wields influ-
ence by being close to Mr. Flaherty.
Canadian Chamber of
Commerce president and
CEO Perrin Beatty
The CCC bills itself as “Cana-
da’s largest and most influential
business association”which is
“the primary and vital connection
between business and the federal
government.”With 300 chambers
of commerce which make up its
membership representing 175,000
Canadian businesses, Mr. Beatty is
a powerful and influential player.
Hill and Knowlton president
and CEO Michael Coates
Mr. Coates heads up one of the
most influential lobby firms in the
country, and is a close friend and
adviser of the Conservative Party.
He’s also played key roles in recent
federal elections, such as debate
prep for the Prime Minister and is
expected to do so again in the next
election. He counts Bell Canada,
SNC Lavalin Nuclear Inc. and
Merck Frosst among his clients.
Canadian Association
of Petroleum Producers
president David Collyer
As the CAPP president, Mr.
Collyer has the government’s
ear as energy and environmental
issues play a large role on the
political agenda today. Mr. Collyer
is a former president and country
chair of Shell Canada, and has
been a vocal advocate for “respon-
sible”climate change policy which
balances the economy and the
environment, which is the govern-
ment’s strategy when it comes to
environmental policy.
Paul Desmarais Sr.
Mr. Desmarais is the former
chair and CEO of Power Corpora-
tion and sits on the advisory board
of the Carlyle Group, a Washington,
D.C.,-based global private equity
investment firm with more than
$84.5-billion of equity capital. He
counts former prime ministers
Brian Mulroney and Jean Chrétien,
former U.S. presidents George
H.W. Bush, George W. Bush and
French President Nicolas Sarkozy
as friends which increases his
domestic and international clout.
Canadian American Business
Council Executive Director
Maryscott Greenwood
With Canada-U.S. relations
high on the priority list for this
government, Ms. Greenwood will
play an influential role in shaping
the agenda for the business com-
munity, especially when it comes to
“Buy America”and climate change
issues. She is based in Washington,
D.C., but insiders say she is also
a staple of the Ottawa Hill com-
munity. Prior to joining the CABC,
she was chief of staff at the U.S.
Embassy in Ottawa for four years.
Summa Strategies
President Tracey Hubley
Ms. Hubley has been a suc-
cessful defence and procurement
lobbyist for years and counts
Avcorp Industries Inc., Magna
International Inc., Boeing Global
Sales Corporation, Navistar
Defense and several other aero-
space firms as her current clients.
She’s been influential in advising
the government on its billions of
defence dollar contract spending.
Canadian Bankers
Association president
Nancy Hughes Anthony
Ms. Hughes Anthony repre-
sents Canada’s 54 banks, foreign
subsidiaries and branches. With
the government’s various moves
to make changes to the banking,
debit and credit card systems,
Ms. Hughes Anthony has an even
larger role to play, especially in
helping to aid the recovery of the
global economic downturn.
Canadian Council of Chief
Executives president and
CEO John Manley
Mr. Manley spent 16 years
as a Liberal MP, including 10
years as a high-profile Cabinet
minister. Prior to joining the
CCCE, whose members’ assets
total more than $3.5-trillion, the
government called on him to
serve as the chair of the panel on
Canada’s future in Afghanistan.
He has close ties to both the Lib-
erals and the Conservatives and
he’s an influential asset to the
CCCE when it advocates on fis-
cal, taxation, trade, energy, and
environmental issues.
Continued from Page 25
Continued on Page 27
Rocco Rossi
Gary Keller Anne McGrath Guy Giorno Jenni Byrne
Chris Froggatt
Ted Menzies

Photographs by Jake Wright and Cynthia Münster, The Hill Times
Deputy chair of TD Bank
Financial Group
Frank McKenna
The former popular premier
of New Brunswick and Canadian
ambassador to the U.S., Mr. McK-
enna is one of the most prominent
Liberals in the country. He is well-
respected for his judgment on both
economic and political issues.
Canadian Manufacturers
and Exporters President
Jayson Myers
Insiders say Mr. Myers is a quiet
but strong mover and shaker who
is liked by members of both the
government and the opposition. He
continues to have a presence on
issues such as taxation, internation-
al trade, and the environment.
Earnscliffe Strategy Group
Principal Geoff Norquay
Mr. Norquay’s top profile as
a successful lobbyist comes from
his long history with the Conser-
vative Party, starting with Brian
Mulroney’s PMO where he worked
as an adviser and then as the com-
munications director in Mr. Harper’s
OLO. He is currently registered for
10 clients including Microsoft, Astral
Media and Canada’s Research-
Based Pharmaceutical Companies
Rx&D. He is also registered to lobby
for Globalive Wireless Management
Corp., which is spearheading the
lobby effort in Canada for more
wireless competition.
Summa Strategies
VP Tim Powers
Mr. Powers is a long-time,
trusted and high-profile Conserva-
tive who is well-connected to the
party and senior PMO officials. He
started blogging for The Globe and
Mail last year, which has height-
ened his profile and does the polit-
ical talk show circuit weekly.
Crestview Public Affairs
Co-founder Mark Spiro
Mr. Spiro is a “brilliant mind”
who was a key adviser and top
organizer on the federal Conserva-
tives’ recent electoral successes. As
one of the Conservatives’ pollsters,
he focused on helping the party
win several of the swing ridings
in the last election to increase
their seat count in the House of
Commons by 20. He has the ear of
many senior government officials
and top political players.
Deputy Minister of
Transport, Infrastructure
and Communities
Yaprak Baltacıolu
Ms. Baltacıolu was appointed
Transport DM in July, during the
height of the $40-billion stimulus
spending for infrastructure proj-
ects. She is not a stranger to high-
profile positions, as the former
Agriculture DM during the listerio-
sis crisis which cemented the Prime
Minister’s confidence in her. She
also spent four years at the PCO as
the assistant secretary to the Cabi-
net (Social Development Policy)
and then as deputy secretary to the
Cabinet (Operations) where she
provided strategic advice and sup-
port to the PM and Cabinet. She’s
married to Defence deputy minister
Robert Fonberg and The Globe and
Mail recently described them as
Ottawa’s “power couple.”
Chief Public Health
Officer David Butler-Jones
Dr. Butler-Jones has been the
lead public servant on the H1N1
influenza breakout, coordinating
efforts with Health DM Morris
Rosenberg on a federal-provincial-
territorial response to the pan-
demic. He’s been influential in the
government’s communications
strategy on preventing contraction
of the flu and lessening its impact
on the general population.
Bank of Canada
Governor Mark Carney
Mr. Carney is responsible for
the monetary policy in Canada,
which, during a recession is
extremely important. He declared
that Canada was in a recession
early this year and took steps to
stimulate the economy by lowering
interest rates, significantly influenc-
ing Canada’s economic recovery.
First Secretary and Liaison
Officer, Intelligence Office,
Canadian Embassy in Wash-
ington, D.C., Richard Colvin
Mr. Colvin blew the whistle on
an international story by announc-
ing that Canadian soldiers know-
ingly transferred Afghan detainees
to the Taliban who would then
torture them. During his 15-year
diplomatic career, he was posted to
Afghanistan in October 2007 where
was head of the political section and
chargé d’affaires. His knowledge of
events is sure to influence the fed-
eral political scene as the opposition
charge they will not let up on the
issue for at least the next year.
Secretary to the Treasury
Board Michelle d’Auray
Wayne Wouters previously
held this post, but promoted Ms.
D’Auray to the position when he
was appointed the PCO Clerk’s
position in July, showing confi-
dence in her abilities to provide
advice on policies, directives,
regulations and program expen-
ditures as the top bureaucrat at
the Treasury Board Secretariat.
Superintendent of Financial
Institutions Julie Dickson
Ms. Dickson is Canada’s “most
powerful woman in Canadian
banking,”according to The Globe
and Mail, and has been influential
in keeping the country’s banks
from going under during the glob-
al economic recession. Insiders
say she is quiet but smart and the
banks respect her. She also has
the confidence of the government.
Natural Resources Deputy
Minister Cassie Doyle
Ms. Doyle brings years of
knowledge and expertise to the
Natural Resources Department at a
time when energy and the environ-
ment are high profile public policy
issues. She is a loyal public servant
who is able to effectively carry out
the government’s agenda.
Foreign Affairs Deputy
Minister Leonard Edwards
Although foreign affairs is
seen as not being a top priority
for the government, the govern-
ing Conservatives are actively
engaged in a number of for-
eign affairs initiatives such as
free trade agreements and, of
course, the Afghanistan war. Mr.
Edwards has more than 30 years
of international experience and
wields influence because he is
responsible for working on a
number of files that cross depart-
ments, such as National Defence
and International Trade.
RCMP Commissioner
William Elliott
Although some insiders say the
RCMP is a “mess”at the moment
and Mr. Elliott’s influence has
declined in the last year, by vir-
tue of his position, he’s still an
important player because he has
the ability to influence everything
from national security, domestic
intelligence and justice policy.
National Defence Deputy
Minister Robert Fonberg
With Canada’s involvement
in Afghanistan and the Con-
servative government making
national defence a top priority,
Mr. Fonberg’s significant experi-
ence allows him to influence the
agenda. He will have to handle
the controversial Afghanistan
detainee torture issue but with
his extensive experience in the
senior ranks of government,
insiders say he’ll be able to
perform well. He and his wife,
Transport, Infrastructure and
Communities Deputy Minister
Yaprak Baltacıolu, are consid-
ered Ottawa’s “power couple”for
holding two of the largest portfo-
lios for this government.
Auditor General
Sheila Fraser
She hasn’t had as explosive
a report as when she discov-
ered the Liberals’ sponsorship
scandal, but Ms. Fraser releases
two in-depth reports a year on
value for money or program
effectiveness in various gov-
ernment departments which
almost always impact the federal
political agenda and future policy
Finance Deputy Minister
Michael Horgan
Insiders consider Mr. Hor-
gan, former executive direc-
tor for the Canadian, Irish and
Caribbean constituency at the
International Monetary Fund in
Washington, a “genius”who was
tapped to rebuild the Finance
Department’s reputation which
has recently taken a “beating.”
As Finance DM, he will be in
charge of the relatively small, but
central and uniquely influential,
policy-oriented department, with
a staff of about 765 people. The
Finance DM is informally called
a “super deputy”in normal times,
but given the current economic
climate in which Canada is trying
to come out of a recession and
fight a deficit, the position is key.
PCO Deputy Secretary to
the Cabinet, Operations
Daniel Jean
Mr. Jean’s responsible for
providing advice to Cabinet on
policy and operational issues
and manage Cabinet’s decision-
making system, which, by the
very nature of his job title makes
him an influential player in the
government’s operations.
National Security Adviser
to PM and Associate
Secretary to Cabinet
Marie-Lucie Morin
Ms. Morin, a former diplomat
and former DM of International
Trade, is considered an effective
and smart public servant whose
influence comes from being num-
ber three in the PCO hierarchy
in her role as the associate secre-
tary to Cabinet, and as the Prime
Minister’s top adviser on national
security issues.
Continued from Page 26
Continued on Page 28
Geoff Norquay Frank McKenna
John Manley Tim Powers
David Jacobson
David Butler-Jones
Richard Colvin
Gary Doer

Photographs by Jake Wright and Cynthia Münster, The Hill Times
Chief of Defense Staff
General Walter Natynczyk
Mr. Natynczyk has been a
loyal soldier and public servant
and is far less outspoken than his
predecessor, but with Canada’s
engagement in Afghanistan and
the Conservatives’ priority to
increase military spending and
defence procurement, he is a
leading and influential player
in ensuring the government’s
“Canada First”defence policy
Parliamentary Budget
Officer Kevin Page
Mr. Page has 25 years of
experience in the public service,
including years in the Depart-
ment of Finance, Treasury Board
and the Privy Council Office.
He’s become a thorn in the gov-
ernment’s side, but he was hired
to “ensure truth in budgeting”
and that’s what he’s doing. He’s
been influential in the media
which forces the government to
respond, and he’s pushing for his
budget increase, despite all the
odds against him. There are a lot.
Heath Deputy Minister
Morris Rosenberg
Mr. Rosenberg has been the
DM of Health since December
2004, and his experience in the
public service has helped him to
successfully influence the man-
agement of the H1N1 flu pan-
demic. He’s worked with Chief
Public Health Officer David But-
ler-Jones to organize a federal-
provincial-territorial response to
the pandemic.

PCO Deputy secretary to
Cabinet, Legislation, House
Planning and Machinery of
Government Yvan Roy
Mr. Roy manages legislation,
House business, and the machin-
ery of government to ensure
everything is running smoothly
and is the closest person to PCO
Clerk Wayne Wouters.
Environment Canada Deputy
Minister Ian Shugart
Although the Environment
does not appear to be a huge
priority for this government, Mr.
Shugart is the lead on the envi-
ronment and energy portfolio,
especially in Canada-U.S. talks
on both issues.
PCO Clerk Wayne Wouters
Mr. Wouters has been in this
job for only half a year, but his
almost three decades in the civil
service in several departments
and in top positions, gives him
the experience, knowledge and
authority to influence not only
how the bureaucracy is run, but
also how the government runs.
As the top public servant, Mr.
Wouters is essentially the DM
for the Prime Minister. He is the
most powerful bureaucrat in the
land and is the PM’s most influ-
ential adviser.
CBC’s The National’s At
Issue Panel
Maclean’s national edi-
tor Andrew Coyne, Decima
Research’s Allan Gregg and The
Toronto Star columnist Chantal
Hébert make up CBC’s must-
watch At Issue panel, which
garnered 760,000 viewers last
season. The 13-minute segment is
watched by political junkies and
insiders, as well as top decision-
makers who tune in to hear
the provocative and thoughtful
insight into the week’s top politi-
cal stories.
Canwest reporter David Akin
Mr. Akin was one of the first
reporters to regularly blog about
the day’s political news, which
has influenced the wave of politi-
cal reporters’ blogging in and
around Parliament Hill. He’s
often the first to break stories on
his blog, which has a strong fol-
lowing, and he’s at the forefront
of the use of new web technolo-
gies such as Twitter and Face-
book to tell political stories.
La Presse bureau chief
Joel Denis Bellavance
Mr. Bellavance is one of a
few reporters on Parliament Hill
who “has the pulse of Quebec”in
Ottawa. He often breaks stories
and can be seen on television
giving thoughtful insight into the
politics of the day, which political
insiders pay careful attention to.
Le Devoir reporter
Hélène Buzzetti
Ms. Buzzetti has been on the
Hill for several years. She has
good contacts, she gets scoops
and the English media often
chase her stories. Her stories
are must-reads for anyone who
wants to follow not only what’s
going on in Quebec, but also the
national scene.
CTV Power Play
host Tom Clark
Coming from Washington,
D.C., Mr. Clark has been on the
Hill for little less than a year with
his supper-hour Power Play show,
and has established himself as
one of the top must-watch politi-
cal shows in town by politicos of
all stripes. He had big shoes to
fill, but as an experienced and
trusted broadcaster, he’s stepped
into his own by asking tough
questions of the top political
players and generating a buzz
with the stories he highlights on
his show.
Toronto Star senior writer
Susan Delacourt
Ms. Delacourt has covered
Parliament Hill for more than
20 years and is currently act-
ing Ottawa bureau chief for
Canada’s largest circulation
daily newspaper. She’s created
a web niche for herself with a
large following on her popular
Star blog on which she offers
insightful commentary about
the day’s political happenings.
Top political players and other
media carefully watch and often
follow her lead.
La Presse columnist
Alain Dubuc
Mr. Dubuc is a veteran jour-
nalist and columnist who’s been
watching Quebec and federal
politics for more than 30 years.
He’s a National Newspaper
Award-winner who is read by
top political players and govern-
ment officials.
CTV Ottawa bureau
chief Bob Fife
Mr. Fife has been covering
federal politics since 1978 for a
variety of news organizations
and is now the influential Ottawa
bureau chief for CTV. He’s a
workaholic who regularly breaks
national stories and is well-con-
nected to government sources.
Toronto Star, Le Devoir,
The Hill Times columnist
Chantal Hébert
Ms. Hébert is respected
among politicos, insiders and
government officials for her
straightforward, insightful, well
written and factual columns.
She’s reported on and observed
politics since 1975 and is the win-
ner of the Public Policy Forum’s
Hyman Solomon Award for
Excellence in Public Policy Jour-
nalism. Her words are serious
business and have the power to
influence the national political
and media agenda.
Globe and Mail
Ottawa bureau chief
John Ibbitson
Before becoming the paper’s
Washington bureau chief, Mr.
Ibbitson covered federal politics
with insightful and insider col-
umns. He’s back as the Globe’s
Ottawa bureau chief and has
been setting the media and politi-
cal agenda while contributing
to the Globe’s newsroom blog
which is updated several times a
day and is closely followed.
National Post columnist
John Ivison
Mr. Ivison has been on the
Hill for almost a decade and is
well-connected to the top politi-
cal players. It also helps that his
wife, fellow Post reporter, Julie
Smyth, walks regularly with
Prime Minister Stephen Harper’s
wife, Laureen, and their children
go to school together. His column
is a must-read for those who fol-
low the federal political scene
Halifax Chronicle-Herald
Ottawa bureau chief
Stephen Maher
Mr. Maher covers federal
politics from an Atlantic Canada
angle, but has made a name for
himself in national reporting by
breaking several major stories
which other national reporters
have closely followed. He has a
presence among all MPs, govern-
ment, backbenchers, opposition
and the like, often getting scoops
and influencing the national
Calgary Herald, National
Post columnist Don Martin
Mr. Martin, as one insider
described him, is the “statesman”
of political columnists. He has
been covering politics for three
decades and is a trusted colum-
nist who has good contacts in all
parties. He is often the first to
break stories through significant
scoops and is an influential play-
er in setting the media agenda.
Political insiders always want to
hear what he has to say.
Globe and Mail columnist
Lawrence Martin
Mr. Martin has been report-
ing on and observing the Hill
for years, offering thought-
provoking and intelligent com-
mentary on some of the largest
issues facing the country, mak-
ing his column a “must read” for
anyone who follows the nation-
al political scene.
Continued from Page 27
Continued on Page 29
Wayne Wouters Walter Natynczyk
Kevin Page Hélène Buzzetti Chantal Hébert David Akin
Stephen Maher Joel-Denis Bellavance
Bob Fife Dimitri Soudas

Photographs by Jake Wright, Cynthia Münster and Jeff Davis The Hill Times
Political satirist
Rick Mercer
Mr. Mercer continues to
influence the political agenda by
shaping public opinion through
his satire. He has a strong televi-
sion following and offers a dif-
ferent perspective of the day’s
top stories that many political
insiders and decision makers
take note of.
National Newswatch
founder Will LeRoy
Mr. LeRoy has made Nation-
al Newswatch the go-to news
aggregator for all things and
people political. Stories that
go viral on the internet and set
the agenda are often first seen
Reporters check the website
multiple times daily to see if
they’ve missed a top story and
lobbyists, top government offi-
cials and, of course, other media
look to it as a source of reliable
information. It’s hot.
CTV Question Period
host Craig Oliver
Throughout his 50-year
career in journalism, Mr. Oliver
has built a solid reputation for
journalistic excellence. Because
of this, he’s not only respected,
but trusted among the politi-
cal players, other media and
viewers for his thoughtful and
insightful views.
CBC blogger
Kady O’Malley
Ms. O’Malley is an experi-
enced Hill reporter who has
emerged as the “live blogging”
queen. She has created a niche
for herself and has a large fol-
lowing of not only Hill denizens,
but the general public and pub-
lic servants. As one insider said,
her live blogging of certain com-
mittees or political events are
the only way some people follow
the federal political scene, espe-
cially from afar, which gives her
an influential platform.
Corriere Canadese, The
Hill Times and The
Toronto Star columnist
Angelo Persichilli
Mr. Persichilli’s columns
appear in Canada’s largest
circulation daily, The Toronto
Star, and Parliament Hill’s
influential weekly, The Hill
Times. He has a large reader-
ship and has close connec-
tions to both the governing
Conservatives and the Lib-
erals, often getting scoops
which shape the federal polit-
ical scene.
Canadian Press bureau
chief Rob Russo
The Canadian Press’s slo-
gan is “Canada’s Trusted News
Leader,”which suitably fits. CP
is often the first news agency
to break stories. As its bureau
chief, Mr. Russo is responsible
for setting the day’s news agen-
da, which makes him influential
in shaping the federal political
Globe and Mail senior
reporter and CTV Question
Period host Jane Taber
Ms. Taber has been on the
Hill covering federal politics
since 1986 and is very plugged
in to official Ottawa. Her new
web presence on The Globe’s
website has heightened her
profile and she often breaks
stories on her Ottawa Note-
book blog.
Sun Media columnist
Greg Weston
Mr. Weston writes for the
largest media chain in the
country, giving his “must-read”
column a significant platform
and readership. He often “drops
bombs”in his well-written and
well-argued columns which
political observers and insiders
take note of regularly.
Canadian Ambassador to
the U.S. Gary Doer
Mr. Doer was one of the
most successful provincial
premiers before quitting elect-
ed politics for the diplomatic
circuit. Prime Minister Ste-
phen Harper appointed him
recently as Canada’s ambas-
sador to the U.S., an impor-
tant role in today’s political
environment of heightened
Canada-U.S. relations.
University of Calgary
professor and pundit
Tom Flanagan
Mr. Flanagan was once a
close adviser to Prime Minister
Stephen Harper, which makes
his critical eye on the govern-
ment even more noteworthy. His
columns which can be found
often in The Globe and Mail
influence the national political
scene, as reporters often follow
his ideas as stories, and the gov-
ernment must react.
Former chief of defence
staff Rick Hillier
Since leaving the Cana-
dian federal bureaucracy as
the top soldier, Mr. Hillier has
kept himself in the spotlight
by writing books and join-
ing charitable organizations.
He’s back in the spotlight
now because of the contro-
versy surrounding the Afghan
detainee torture and what
Canada’s role was exactly.
As Canada’s top soldier in
Afghanistan, he likely knows
more than what’s publicly
available and he could influ-
ence any future probe or inves-
tigation into the allegations.
U.S. Ambassador to
Canada David Jacobson
Mr. Jacobson has been in
Ottawa for two months only,
but by virtue of his position, is
already an influential player
on Canada’s political scene.
With Canada-U.S. relations
growing to include significant
issues such as “Buy America,”
the war in Afghanistan, a
North American cap and trade
system, and an economic
recovery, Mr. Jacobson will
play an important part in all
bilateral discussions.
Supreme Court
Chief Justice
Beverley McLachlin
Chief Justice McLachlin’s
rulings are obviously looked at
and listened to carefully and
are able to influence future laws
Parliamentarians make.
Canadian Ambassador to
China David Mulroney
Mr. Mulroney’s influence
comes in two categories. As the
former head of the Afghani-
stan Task Force, he’s also likely
to know more than what’s
publicly available. If there’s
a probe or inquiry into the
events surrounding the Afghan
detainee torture, his comments
could influence the outcome.
Secondly, the Prime Minister
has put Mr. Mulroney into a
key position to negotiate with
China as Canada focuses on
building trade relationships
with emerging economies.
Nanos Research president
and CEO Nik Nanos
Top political players care-
fully look at Mr. Nanos’ work
because of its pinpoint accuracy
and insight. He can often be
seen on political talk shows
and quoted in news stories for
his trusted take on the federal
political scene.
The Hill Times
1. Transport Minister John Baird
2. Foreign Affairs Minister Lawrence Cannon
3. Quebec Premier Jean Charest
4. Industry Minister Tony Clement
5. International Trade Minister Stockwell Day
6. Bloc Leader Gilles Duceppe
7. Conservative Senator Doug Finley
8. Finance Minister Jim Flaherty
9. Liberal MP Marc Garneau
10. Prime Minister Stephen Harper
11. Government House Leader Jay Hill
12. Liberal Leader Michael Ignatieff
13. Citizenship and Immigration Minister Jason Kenney
14. NDP Leader Jack Layton
15. Defence Minister Peter MacKay
16. Ontario Premier Dalton McGuinty
17. Conservative MP Ted Menzies
18. NDP Deputy Leader Thomas Mulcair
19. Justice Minister Rob Nicholson
20. Environment Minister Jim Prentice
21. Liberal MP Bob Rae
22. Natural Resources Minister Lisa Raitt
23. Conservative MP James Rajotte
24. Liberal Senator David Smith
25. Indian and Northern Affairs Minister Chuck Strahl
1. PMO Director of Political Operations Jenni Byrne
2. Liberal Leader Chief of Staff Peter Donolo
3. PM’s Chief of Staff Guy Giorno
4. PMO Director of Strategic Planning Jasmine Igneski
5. Chief of Staff to Transport Minister Chris Froggatt
6. Conservative Resource Group Executive Director Gary Keller
7. Chief of Staff to Bloc Québécois Leader François Leblanc
8. NDP Leader’s Chief of Staff Anne McGrath
9. Principal secretary to the Prime Minister Ray Novak
10. Executive Assistant to Liberal Leader Jim Pimblett
11. Liberal Party National Director Rocco Rossi
12. PMO press secretary and senior Quebec adviser Dimitri Soudas
13. Chief of Staff to Finance Minister Derek Van Stone
1. Canadian Bankers Association president Nancy Hughes Anthony
2. Canadian Chamber of Commerce president and CEO Perrin Beatty
3. Hill and Knowlton president and CEO Michael Coates
4. Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers president David Collyer
5. Power Corporation Chair and CEO Paul Desmarais Sr.
6. Canada U.S. Business Council executive director Scotty Greenwood
7. Summa Strategies President Tracey Hubley
8. Canadian Council of Chief Executives president and CEO John Manley
9. Deputy chair of TD Bank Financial Group Frank McKenna
10. Canadian Manufacturers and Exporters president Jayson Myers
11. Earnscliffe Strategy Group Principal Geoff Norquay
12. Summa Strategies Vice-President Tim Powers
13. Crestview Public Affairs Co-founder Mark Spiro
1. Deputy Minister of Transport, Infrastructure and Communities Yaprak Baltacıolu
2. Chief Public Health Officer David Butler-Jones
3. Bank of Canada Governor Mark Carney
4. First Secretary and Liaison Officer, Intelligence Office, Canadian Embassy in
Washington, D.C. Richard Colvin
5. Secretary to the Treasury Board Michelle d’Auray
6. Superintendant of Financial Institutions Julie Dickson
7. Natural Resources Deputy Minister Cassie Doyle
8. Foreign Affairs Deputy Minister Leonard Edwards
9. RCMP Commissioner William Elliott
10. National Defence Deputy Minister Robert Fonberg
11. Auditor General Sheila Fraser
12. Finance Deputy Minister Michael Horgan
13. PCO Deputy Secretary to the Cabinet, Operations Daniel Jean
14. National Security Adviser to PM and Associate Secretary to Cabinet Marie-Lucie Morin
15. Chief of Defense Staff General Walter Natynczyk
16. Parliamentary Budget Officer Kevin Page
17. Health Deputy Minister Morris Rosenberg
18. PCO Deputy secretary to Cabinet, Legislation, House Planning and Machinery of Gov-
ernment Yvan Roy
19. Environment Canada Deputy Minister Ian Shugart
20. PCO Clerk Wayne Wouters
1. CBC The National’s At Issue Panel Chantal Hébert, Allan Gregg, and Andrew Coyne
2. Canwest reporter David Akin
3. La Presse reporter Joel Denis Bellavance
4. Le Devoir reporter Hélène Buzzetti
5. CTV Power Play host Tom Clark
6. Toronto Star reporter/columnist Susan Delacourt
7. La Presse columnist Alain Dubuc
8. CTV Ottawa bureau chief Bob Fife
9. Toronto Star, Le Devoir, The Hill Times columnist Chantal Hébert
10. Globe and Mail Ottawa bureau chief John Ibbitson
11. National Post columnist John Ivison
12. Chronicle-Herald Ottawa bureau chief Stephen Maher
13. Calgary Herald, National Post columnist Don Martin
14. Globe and Mail columnist Lawrence Martin
15. Political satirist Rick Mercer
16. National Newswatch’s Will LeRoy
17. CTV Question Period host Craig Oliver
18. CBC blogger Kady O’Malley
19. Corriere Canadese, The Hill Times and The Toronto Star columnist Angelo Persichilli
20. Canadian Press bureau chief Rob Russo
21. Globe and Mail senior reporter and CTV Question Period host Jane Taber
22. Sun Media columnist Greg Weston
1. Canadian Ambassador to the U.S. Gary Doer
2. Pundit and University of Calgary professor Tom Flanagan
3. Former chief of defence staff Rick Hillier
4. U.S. Ambassador to Canada David Jacobson
5. Supreme Court Chief Justice Beverley McLachlin
6. Canadian Ambassador to China David Mulroney
7. Nanos Research president and CEO Nik Nanos
—Compiled by Bea Vongdouangchanh
Continued from Page 28

Gauthier dies after 40
years in public service
Former tough-as-
nails Liberal MP and
retired Senator Jean-
Robert Gauthier, pic-
tured, died on Dec. 11
in Ottawa after a long
illness. Mr. Gauthier,
who was nicknamed
“J.R.”when he served
as the federal Liber-
als’ whip from 1984 to
1990 and House leader
from 1990 to 1991, ran
unsuccessfully for the House Speaker’s
job in 1994, but lost by one vote to Gib
Parent. Mr. Gauthier represented the
Ottawa-Vanier riding from 1972 until he
was appointed to the Senate by then-
prime minister Jean Chrétien in 1994. He
retired on his 75
birthday 10 years later.
Mr. Gauthier was a vocal advocate for
Ontario francophones.—The Hill Times
Globalive allowed to enter
Canadian cellphone market
Industry Minister Tony Clement took
the rare step of overturning the CRTC’s
decision to reject an application from
Globalive because it did not deem the
company to be sufficiently Canadian
owned. Using the same law, the Cabinet
found that while the shares may have
been majority foreign owned, the own-
ership structure was sufficiently Cana-
dian—and this should result in more con-
sumer choice and maybe better prices.
This is a major blow to the protection-
ist and cosy world that the commission
ensures for those titans of free markets,
Rogers, Telus and Bell, our only three
national cell phone providers. (Over-
turning is rare, and it’s worth noting
that almost all commissioners have been
appointed by the current Cabinet.) Two
issues need to be watched now: will the
new company actually offer cheaper ser-
vices or will it simply rise to what appear
to be very similar prices by the big-three?
Is this more relaxed approach to foreign
ownership in telecommunications going
to leak over to the broadcasting world,
where culture is the main product?
—Andrew Cardozo
A Big Dys: Electoral Expert names
Canada the most dysfunctional
Western democracy
Canada has replaced Italy as the most
dysfunctional Western democracy, says
Henry Milner, a Canadian expert on elec-
toral systems. Mr. Milner expressed his
views about Canada’s fall into political
instability in an article titled “The New
Italy”in the latest issue of Inroads: The
Canadian Journal of Opinion.
“Political science undergraduates used
to learn about Italy as the model of dys-
functional political institutions, character-
ized by frequent elections and constant
uncertainty under minority governments
at the mercy of shifting political allianc-
es,”writes Mr. Milner.
He continues on that Canada used to
be predictable and uninteresting to the
rest of the world, but since the arrival of
the Bloc Québécios and the merging of
the Reform and Canadian Alliance parties
with the Conservative Party, the excep-
tion has become the rule.
“It seems, finally, to have become a
matter of conventional wisdom that we
are stuck with minority governments and
the instability that goes along with them,”
Mr. Milner writes.
Mr. Milner is a co-publisher of Inroads
as well as a professor at the University
of Montreal and a visiting professor at
Umea University in Sweden.
The electoral expert advocates for
Canada to adopt a system of proportional
representation (PR) similar to that of Ger-
many or New Zealand.
“It is possible to debate the overall
merits of PR,”says Mr. Milner, “but there
can be no question that it is better suited
to minority government than our current
system.”—Yael Berger
Copenhagen agreements should
protect Arctic, says Inuit Leader
Inuit Tapiriit Kana-
tami Leader Mary
Simon, pictured, says
any agreements made
at Copenhagen must
address ways to pro-
tect the Arctic and
recognize the damag-
ing effects of global
warming in the North.
Ms. Simon said she
wants special consid-
eration and funds for
communities at risk,
such as the Inuit popu-
lations in Canada. The Commonwealth
counties announced last week they will
put $10-billion towards greener adapta-
tions, but Ms. Simon said G20 countries
should invest at least double that amount.
She also advocates for more money to be
invested by 2020.
Ms. Simon is joining Environment
Minister Jim Prentice and the other
Canadian delegates at the summit in
“I will be attending in two capacities,”
she said. “First, to advocate on behalf of
Inuit in Canada, and second, to advise
Minister Prentice on the measures needed
to combat climate change in the Canadian
Mr. Prentice announced on Dec. 10
that Canada’s targets will follow the cap
and trade system in accord with the Unit-
ed States, and will use “absolute caps”to
put a price on carbon to reduce pollution
and emissions.
Ms. Simon said she doesn’t want to
look at Canada’s targets in a vacuum.
She said she wants to see how effective
Canada’s targets will be within a global
reduction strategy, after all countries have
declared their targets in Copenhagen.
“We need to change the language of
the debate from what cannot be done to
what must be done,”said Ms. Simon. She
says Inuit communities are in immediate
danger from rising temperatures and cli-
mate change, but this is a global concern
because everyone has contributed to the
problem and everyone will suffer the con-
sequences.—Yael Berger
Lu Korte
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Politics Page Photographs
Canada’s place in the world: Industry Minister Tony Clement delivered a speech at the Canadian
Club on ‘Canada’s Place in The World,’ at the Chateau Laurier Hotel on Dec. 8 in Ottawa.
Snow in Ottawa: It came in like a lion last week on Parliament Hill. MPs are gone until Jan. 25.
What’s up doc: Senators, MPs, and journalists
flocked to the Diabetes Day clinic on the Hill,
including former heart surgeon Wilbert Keon.
Ellen Malcolmson
Tory Sen. Wilbert Keon
Global’s Kevin Newman
Sen. Keon
Industry Minister Tony Clement
Jim Armour and Kory Teneycke
Kim Furlong Tory MP Dean Del Mastro
Steven Hogue
National Post
John Ivison
The scene at the Chateau Laurier Hotel
It’s snowing on the Hill The light is on in the PM’s office
he last week of the Canadian Parlia-
ment in the first decade of the 21

century did not disappoint. Fuelled by the
fury of the Afghan detainees scandal, the
ever-present and endlessly entertaining
turmoil of the Liberal Party and many a
Christmas soirée, in the last bit of 2009 the
good people of the Parliament Hill com-
munity proved they don’t need election
speculation to make this place interesting,
and fun.
Things got started at a party for the
Conservative Aboriginal Caucus, hosted by
Winnipeg MP Rod Bru-
inooge in his West Block
office. Mr. Bruinooge is
the chair of the Aborigi-
nal Caucus, which also
includes Health Minister
Leona Aglukkaq, Rob
Clarke, Shelley Glover,
and Senators Patrick
Brazeau, and Gerry St.
Germain. The event was
well attended by staff-
ers, media, MPs, Sena-
tors, Cabinet ministers,
and chiefs from all over
Canada. It featured an
excellent food and drink
spread, including a bar
staffed by Spirits Canada,
which provided guests
with a host of tasty bever-
ages, including specialty
martinis and zesty moji-
tos. Mr. Bruinooge said
there are a lot of distillers
in Manitoba, including
the quintessentially Cana-
dian (and inarguably
delicious) Crown Royal
whisky, so he likes to pro-
mote the industry.
Mr. Bruinooge was particularly proud
of the cupcakes, provided by Isobel Cup-
cakes, which is located in Ottawa. He told
a few guests if they weren’t the best cup-
cakes they ever had he would buy them
dinner. Party Central grabbed one on the
way out and can attest that he probably
didn’t have to buy too many dinners.
After leaving West Block, Party Central
boarded one of the Parliament Hill shuttle
buses that were transporting people up
Sussex Drive to the palatial Delegation
of the Ismaili Imamat, which is located
between the Lester B. Pearson Building and
the Saudi Arabian Embassy, and is owned
by the Aga Khan Development Network.
The House Speaker’s Office and the folks
at the delegation hosted a reception for the
‘Quilt of Belonging,’ a 120-foot long textile
mosaic that “recognizes Canada’s diversity,
celebrates our common humanity and pro-
motes harmony among people.”And there
were also wine and hors d’oeuvre.
Wednesday evening was the Liberal
Christmas party, which was a good place to
reflect on all that can happen in one year
in politics. At last year’s holiday bash, held
Dec. 15, Leader Michael Ignatieff, benefit-
ing from the aborted coalition of his prede-
cessor Stéphane Dion, had been in the top
job for exactly one week, and one Liberal
described the mood in the party as “cau-
tious and exhausted happiness.”
Many Liberals thought they would be
celebrating Christmas in the Langevin
Block by this time, and while that pos-
sibility is as remote as ever the mood this
year could be described as exhausted and
unhinged jubilation to be still in one piece.
Yes, while the former natural governing
party has had a damn rough go of it lately,
they deserve plaudits for
never losing their joie de
Around 800 Grits,
mostly MPs and their
staff from Ottawa
and from the ridings,
crammed into the
Crowne Plaza hotel for
a night of dinner, danc-
ing, and lots and lots of
drinking (there was a
cash bar, but they didn’t
care). When Mr. Ignati-
eff took to the podium
he received a standing
ovation and a thunder-
ing “Michael, Michael”
cheer, and proceeded to
give a very non-cerebral,
crowd-pleasing, and
brief speech.
He thanked the unseen
and long-suffering staff-
ers who “make sure
that every hair on Geoff
Regan’s head is in place,
the people that tell Hedy
Fry that leopard skin leo-
tards are still in style, all
the great people that manage to keep every-
one sober until 3 p.m. Newfoundland time.
And all those people of a particular crowd
who group around a particular Member of
Parliament and manage to get any work
done at all because he’s just so dreamy, I
mean Justin Trudeau.”He also paid tribute
to fallen Grit warriors Jerry Yanover and
Richard Wackid, and concluded by giving a
toast to the Liberal Party.
Liberal MP Rob Oliphant, an Angli-
can minister, said a touching pre-dinner
prayer, while clad in a kilt. The Scottish
kilt-wearing tradition is to go without
undergarments, although Mr. Oliphant
said he aired on the side of caution and
opted for the undies. Justin Trudeau wore
a kilt to last year’s Christmas party and
claimed he went commando, although it
was rumoured that his diligent and pro-
tective staffer, Louis Alexandre-Lanthier,
insisted at the time that he break with tra-
dition and wear underwear.
At around 10 o’clock partygoers headed
down to the Byward Market for an after
party at The Drink, where Liberals drank to
better times ahead until the wee hours.
The Hill Times
The Tory aboriginal caucus served up the holiday spirit
and some delectable cupcakes, and the Liberals might
be tired but they’re upbeat as ever
The last week of Parliament for
2009 was one to remember, and no
one missed the election speculation
Party Central Photographs
Retired Independent Senator Marcel
Prud’homme and Senate Speaker Noël Kinsella
The Quilt of Belonging
Romanian Ambassador Elema Stefoi,
Croatian Ambassador Vasela Korac, and
House Speaker staffer Anthony Carricato
Liberal staffer Matthew Rowe and Liberal Senator Mobina Jaffer
Conservative Senator
Consiglio Di Nino
Conservative Senator Gerry St. Germain and
MPs Shelly Glover and John Duncan
Justice Minister
Rob Nicholson
Natural Resources
Minister Lisa Raitt
Global TV reporter Jacques Bourbeau and
Tory MP and host Rod Bruinooge
Conservative MPs Chris Warkentin and Nina Grewal
First Nation Christian Leader Kenny Blacksmith and Mr. Bruinooge
Conservative Senator
Patrick Brazeau
The cupcakes
The scene at the Conservative
Aboriginal Caucus Christmas Party
Bloc MP Nicole Demers
Immigration Minister
Jason Kenney
Drinks at the Tory Aboriginal
Caucus Christmas Party
ep, there’s definitely more to politics
than dirty old partisanship which is
why CPAC created its new show, On the
Bright Side.
Hosted by CPAC reporter Glen McIn-
nis, Puneet Birgi and Heather Seaman, the
show which was launched in the fall, looks
at the many positive events that [really
do!] happen in federal politics and on Par-
liament Hill.
Colette Watson, president and general
manager of CPAC, said there is more to
politics than Question Period.
“MPs and Senators work really,
really hard and most of the time what
Canadians, at large, get to see is what
went wrong. We’re hoping to show
some of the other stuff,” Ms. Watson
Since it debuted on Sept. 20, the
show has broadcast stories on The
Hill Times’ 20
anniversary party, the
MPs’ fitness club on the Hill, the new
all-party arts caucus, a soccer game
between MPs and the Hill media, and
many others.
Mr. McInnis, 43, who has been with
CPAC for nine years, said the soccer game
was a fun story to cover. He also played.
“They throw all the political stripes aside
and concentrate on things that are of com-
mon interest,”he said, adding “I didn’t
score, at all actually. I was pretty useless,
but I still had fun.”
The former host of CPAC’s Outburst,
Mr. McInnis said his old show was
interesting because he got to talk to
people on the street but said he likes On
the Bright Side because he’s back on
the Hill.
He was born and raised in Glace Bay,
N.S., and spent many years working in
Nova Scotia and in Calgary before coming
to Ottawa.
Mr. McInnis still finds time to play in
two bands, Kilbride, which plays at NDP
MP Peter Stoffer’s (Sackville-Eastern
Shore, N.S.) annual All Party Party, and
Big Slick, a rock band with some East
Coast flare.
“Glen is all about positive stuff. He
likes to get out and just interact with
Canadians who aren’t involved with poli-
tics,”said Ms. Watson.
Ms. Seaman, the show’s Toronto-based
contributor, who also works for Rogers
and has worked for 680 News, CHUM
radio and the A-channel in the past, said
she’s the go-to person in Toronto, and
mostly focuses on what MPs are doing in
their ridings. She said it’s been an uplift-
ing experience to look at the cooperative
side of politics.
Ms. Birgi, who recently graduated from
Carleton University in public affairs and
policy management, said she had no previ-
ous journalism experience but has a love
for politics.
“I was in the elevator with Justin
Trudeau the other day and I just kept
telling myself, ‘Oh my God, oh my God,
stay calm.’ It’s almost like meeting Justin
Timberlake,”Ms. Birgi said. She said she
has a lot of fun working on the Hill and
said meeting MPs is a lot like meeting
Ms. Watson said she brought Ms. Birgi
on the show to give a youthful and fresh
“When I’m thinking of ideas for the
show I ask myself, ‘What would my friends
want to see?’ ”said Ms. Birgi.
Mr. McInnis said he has no problem
finding story ideas that focus on the
“Bright Side.”He said MPs from differ-
ent parties put their differences aside and
cooperate more often than people would
think. He said these stories have been
under reported and there is a need to tell
the positive side.
“We just focus on the positive things
that are happening on Parliament Hill,”
he said. It’s an unorthodox approach to
political reporting, but it’s getting good
reviews,”he said.
NDP MP Megan Leslie (Halifax,
N.S.) said a CPAC camera crew fol-
lowed her for the day in her riding
recently and she thought it was a great
idea. She said it’s a nice chance for
people to see what goes on beyond
Question Period.
“Everyone wants to talk to me about
Question Period and I keep saying to
them it’s only 45 minutes,” said Ms. Les-
lie. “Yes it’s appalling, yes it’s an affront
to democracy what’s happening in
there, but it is only 45 minutes. There’s
a lot more to what we do than those 45
Declared Ms. Leslie: “They got to come
on HMCS Sackville with me to go for
the veterans’ lunch and they came for an
unveiling of a statue and talked to some of
my constituents.”
On the Bright Side airs Sundays at
8:30 p.m.
Ms. Watson said CPAC still has their
usual political shows for tough questions
and covers Question Period and more par-
tisan politics, but she said “we just thought
once a week on Sundays let’s focus on the
good stuff.”
Mr. McInnis said he is happy to be
working on the show, telling stories about
MPs that wouldn’t otherwise be told and
showing a perspective that often gets over-
“Deep down, when the cameras are
off, at the end of the day, these people
really do have a certain amount of
respect for each other and they like each
The Hill Times


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CPAC’s new show
looks at sunny
side of politics,
for a bright twist
Behind the scenes of the House’s politically partisan
Question Period, MPs actually do work together sometimes.
Cheer up, people: CPAC’s On the Bright Side’s hosts Puneet Birgi, Heather Seaman, and Glen McInnis.
Photograph courtesy of CPAC
INGSTON, ONT.—Political
history junkies can look for-
ward to a banner year of anniver-
saries to celebrate across the Hill
and afar in 2010.
Naturally, the year begins
with the annual celebration of Sir
John A. Macdonald Day on Jan.
11. As always, my own adopted
city Kingston (Scarborough, of
course, being my hometown), will
be the headquarters. The City of
Kingston, building on its Sir John
A. Macdonald Walking Tour, In
Sir John A’s Footsteps!, which
attracted people like former
prime minister Jean Chrétien,
NHL broadcasting legend and
hometown Senator Hugh Segal
to lending their voices for read-
ings of the tour (found online at
the City of Kingston’s website),
has promised to unveil a “surprise”
at the annual noon ceremony at
Sir John’s statue in the city.
For those wondering why
Chrétien would lend his voice
to a tour celebrating Sir John A.
Canada’s greatest Tory, it should
be remembered that Chrétien also
celebrates his own birthday on
Jan. 11. Chrétien will in fact be
turning 76 on this date in 2010.
History buffs will recall that Sir
John A. himself was 76 when he
fought and won his last campaign
as PM in 1891. No word if Mr.
Chrétien will be making a come-
back attempt in 2010 to assist his
troubled party in light of this.
January also marks the 75

anniversary of Tory R.B. Ben-
nett’s famous Bennett New Deal
radio addresses. Bennett shocked
friend and foe alike in taking to
the airwaves in January of 1935
and outlining a series of radical
reforms placing him very much on
the progressive wing of Canadian
history. One can only hope that
Canadian broadcasters use this
anniversary to reacquaint listeners
and students especially of a time
when radio played such a key role
in political discourse in Canada.
And continuing with R.B.—
who, by the way, still doesn’t have
a statue in his honour on Parlia-
ment Hill which is inexcusable—
one of his anniversaries in 2010
should be one that all present-day
Conservatives embrace. It will be
80 years ago this coming summer
that R.B., who represented Cal-
gary in the Commons like today’s
Prime Minister, Stephen Harper,
won a smashing majority victory
over Mackenzie King and his Lib-
erals in the 1930 general election.
Me thinks that the Tories of
today should have a grand dinner
in R.B.’s honour in 2010 to mark
this victory by their party and past
leader. Come to think of it, such an
event would also be a perfect time
for Bennett’s statue for Parliament
Hill to be announced.
And still the Tory anniversaries
keep coming in 2010! It will be 90
years ago, again next summer, that
one of the greatest Parliamentar-
ians to ever grace Parliament Hill,
Arthur Meighen, became prime
minister. He took over, of course,
from Sir Robert Borden in 1920.
The year 2010 will also be the 50

anniversary of Meighen’s death
and like Bennett, he too lacks a
statue on Parliament Hill. This is
another unforgivable slight to the
memory of a former prime minis-
ter and also should be rectified in
the New Year.
Of course, no Tory can forget
John Diefenbaker. Well, it will be
50 years ago that Dief the Chief’s
cherished Bill of Rights became
law. All Canadians, of all parties,
should embrace that anniversary.
For the Liberals, again in
opposition today, 2010 affords
them the opportunity to honour
one of their greatest, Lester B.
Pearson. It was in September 1960
that Mr. Pearson gathered a stel-
lar list of thinkers here at Queen’s
University for the famed Kings-
ton Conference. By doing so, Mr.
Pearson and his team were able
to lay the intellectual groundings
of what became one of the most
activist governments in Canadian
history—the Pearson ministries
between 1963 and 1968.
Let the celebrations begin!
Veteran Hill Times Political His-
tory columnist Arthur Milnes, who
served as research assistant to for-
mer prime minister Brian Mulroney
on his 2007 Memoirs, is a Fellow of
the Centre for the Study of Democ-
racy at Queen’s University.
The Hill Times
TTAWA—I wish I could
shadow history Prof. Yale
Templeton for a day for amuse-
ment. You thought history pro-
fessors were boring generally?
Yale Templeton would probably
be the most boring human being
you’ve ever met. His students’
comments at RateMyProfessor.
com include “Recommended for
anyone with insomnia,”and “Pro-
fessor Templeton should have
given up lecturing when he died.”
Templeton passed his exams
at Cambridge without any origi-
nal thought. But by memory he
could footnote all of his facts
with the author, title, edition,
place, and date of publication,
and page number. His teachers
thought he was a genius.
He plods over inane Civil
War statistics. He is collecting
“all evidence available”for a
scholarly article on the inci-
dence of poisonous snake bites
at Confederate military hospi-
tals. Very serious stuff.
Unfortunately, I can’t shadow
Templeton, a professor of history
at an “unnamed”university in
Toronto, because he is the central
character in Michael Wayne’s new
satirical novel, Lincoln’s Briefs.
And it is Templeton—the polar
opposite of Indiana Jones—who
stumbles upon Lincoln’s secret-
coded briefs hidden in Northern
Ontario. The briefs show that
Abraham Lincoln was not assas-
sinated, as traditionally thought.
In an elaborate scheme, Lincoln
faked his death to run away to a
remote region of Northern Ontar-
io, where he could live a peaceful
life on a secret commune and
pursue, in safety, his desire to be
a transvestite. Yes, Lincoln was a
So when Templeton haphaz-
ardly exposes Lincoln’s secret
in his introductory history class,
roaring headlines appear in the
national media, and the story
becomes a sensation. The Toronto
Sun recruits one of Templeton’s
female students as a sunshine girl.
From suspension from the
university to being tracked by
the CIA, the wholesome Temple-
ton is led through a series of
adventures that teach him a
little something about life—and
set up, as you can imagine—a
series of comedic situations.
What a premise for a book.
And it reads like it was penned
by a comedian—not a professor.
Michael Wayne is a history profes-
sor and an expert on American
slavery and race relations at the
University of Toronto. He is the
author of the prize-winning book,
The Reshaping of Plantation Soci-
ety: The Natchez District, 1860-80.
For full disclosure, he is also a
former professor of mine. I took,
I think, every one of his African
American history courses during
my undergraduate studies at the
University of Toronto. He’s the
only professor from those days
who I still keep in contact with.
At the time, I never expected
him to write a wild satire like
this. But who did. His courses
were serious stuff. We talked
about the black construction of
race, the white construction of
race, slavery, Reconstruction,
civil rights, and much more.
Then again, I just learned
that some years ago he also co-
authored a children’s musical
comedy called Barkadoodle: Or
Can Lillian Finsterwald, Age 8,
Save the Galaxy? And during my
undergrad I recall him telling me
quietly, during a conversation
about Richard Pryor, that he was
the son of the late Johnny Wayne
of Wayne and Shuster fame.
Remember “Star Shtick”?
That must be where Wayne
gets his gift for comedy. That,
combined with his first-hand
view of university life, provide
for both hilarious and some-
times biting satire about the
adventures Yale Templeton.
The book is filled with a wide
range of memorable characters,
from Butterworth, who is pursu-
ing a new, $3-billion fundraising
campaign just when Templeton
embarrasses the university, to
CIA agent Bobbi Jo Jackson, who
Templeton unwittingly foils with
his story about Lincoln and his
charming love for historical facts.
The characters are clever.
But it’s Wayne’s knack for comic
irony, puns and double enten-
dres that makes this book so
much fun to read.
For example, Templeton’s
mother never imagined that his
father “would be shot in a mug-
ging,”writes Wayne, describing
the unexpected death of Temple-
ton’s father. “But then neither
she nor anyone else who knew
him had been aware he was
down in Harlem mugging wel-
fare recipients on those days he
forgot to take his medication.”
It’s the kind of stuff that a his-
tory professor—and son of the
Mr. Spoof of “Star Shtick”—would
come up with. It’s like it was writ-
ten for TV or film. I can already
see the movie script for a madcap
comedy starring Leslie Nielsen as
Yale Templeton. This is good, hon-
est—and funny—Canadiana.
The Hill Times
Great Emancipator
was a woman in a
man’s body, really
Michael Wayne’s new novel, Lincoln’s Briefs,
is both a hilarious and sometimes biting
satire about the adventures Yale Templeton.
BY Simon Doyle
Save the date: Sir John
A. Macdonald Day, eh
Next year, remember to celebrate our past prime ministers’ birthdays. Just do it.
BY Arthur Milnes
The PM club: Former prime minister Jean Chrétien shares his birthday with Sir John A. Macdonald, arguably Canada’s
greatest prime minister ever. Mr. Chrétien will be 76 on Jan. 11, Sir John A. Macdonald Day. Remember to celebrate.
Photograph by Cynthia Münster, The Hill Times
Southwest, Alta.) likes good foot soldiers
and Ms. Hoeppner, whose been aggressively
toeing and repeating the party line on a vari-
ety of issues, is one good Harper foot soldier.
“Mr. Harper seems to like his good little
soldiers who don’t ask any questions, who
don’t do their independent homework to
verify that when they get up and make
statements, they’ve actually got their facts
behind them and who completely resist
ever admitting that they made a mistake,
that’s the kind of soldier Mr. Harper likes in
his caucus, so I think Ms. Hoeppner has a
great deal of potential,”she said.
Ms. Hoeppner, 45, was first elected in
2008 by 17,662 votes to represent the mostly
rural Manitoba riding of Portage-Lisgar.
It was has been a Reform, Canadian Alli-
ance, and Conservative riding since it was
formed in 1997. Prior to getting elected, she
was a Conservative party organizer and
the Manitoba campaign manager for Mr.
Harper’s leadership run in 2004. She previ-
ously also worked in the financial planning
industry as well as ran her own political
consulting firm. She rose to prominence
recently when her private member’s Bill
C-391, the Repeal of the Long-gun Registry,
came up for debate and a vote in the House.
The bill was controversial because people
on both sides of the debate are passionate
and emotional about it. Conservative MP
Garry Breitkreuz (Yorkton-Melville, Sask.)
introduced a similar bill several times but it
never passed and it was recently withdrawn
to allow space for Ms. Hoeppner’s bill, which
is more straightforward and simply proposes
to scrap the registry which the Jean Chrétien
Liberal government created in 1996. Only the
Bloc Québécois voted en masse against it,
and enough MPs from the NDP and Liberal
parties voted for it that it passed second read-
ing and is now at committee for further study.
The Conservative Party fully supported
the bill, despite a similar government-spon-
sored bill on the Order Paper in the Senate
which has never been debated and is still at
second reading. The Conservatives used the
vote on Ms. Hoeppner’s bill in early Novem-
ber to run a series of radio ads in 17 oppo-
sition-held rural ridings overtly pressuring
the MPs to vote for it. According to observ-
ers and a top source in the Conservative
party, it was also a “chance to remind voters
of this in the next election campaign.”
NDP MP Megan Leslie (Halifax, N.S.),
who was also first elected in the 2008 elec-
tion, said that having worked on her own
private member’s bill she has discovered
how difficult it is to prepare one and to just
come up with a ready-made bill to supplant
Mr. Breitkreuz’s is suspicious.
“She said in the media that she doesn’t
own a long gun herself. Is this really that
pressing an issue for her?” Ms. Leslie said.
“I’m not trying to put together a conspiracy
theory at all but I question what is going on
generally within the Conservative caucus.”
Government House Leader Jay Hill
(Prince George-Peace River, B.C.) told The
Hill Times previously that the party had decid-
ed to use a private member’s bill to advance
this issue that he described as a “motherhood
or bedrock Conservative policy,” because it’s
the most successful way of getting legislation
passed as parties don’t generally whip their
votes on private members’ bills.
Ms. Hoeppner declined an interview
request, but Conservative MP Shelly Glover
(Saint Boniface, Man.) told The Hill Times
the long-gun registry is an important
issue for Ms. Hoeppner as a rural MP. Ms.
Hoeppner’s early date in the private mem-
ber’s business lottery made it convenient
for her to introduce the bill.
During an S.O. 31 Member’s Statement
on Nov. 4, the day the House voted to send
her private member’s bill to committee, Ms.
Hoeppner decried the long-gun registry as not
having done what the Liberals said it would,
which is to crack down on criminals. “Instead,
it has targeted hard working farmers, hunt-
ers, sports shooters and aboriginals,”she said.
“It is time that we in the House do what our
constituents have asked us to do and we end
the wasteful and ineffective long gun registry.”
The day before the vote, during a scrum in
the House of Commons foyer, Ms. Hoeppner
also said scrapping the registry would save
taxpayers money. “I mean, it cost $2-billion to
actually create the registry,” she said, adding
that there is an estimated 20 million other
long guns in Canada that still need to be reg-
istered. “The database has to be cleaned up.
So I think the cost would be quite high.”
The reporter noted, however that the $2-bil-
lion is already spent and could not be returned,
to which she replied: “But that policy’s bad poli-
cy and I think if it’s conceptually flawed a lot, it
needs to be changed and it needs to be changed
to actually benefit law abiding citizens.”
Pollster Chris Adams, vice-president of
Winnipeg-based Probe Research Inc., agreed
with Ms. Glover’s assessment. He told The Hill
Times that Ms. Hoeppner represents a socially
conservative part of Manitoba “so she probably
feels fairly safe if she expresses certain views
that might not be considered mainstream views
from the normal, central Canadian press.” He
said Ms. Hoeppner being a woman helps the
optics of presenting a gun-related bill.
“I think Candice Hoeppner is speaking
from what she’s always believed and from
what her constituents strongly believe and
I’m sure they’ve voiced their views on this
many times,”said Mr. Adams.
“Candice Hoeppner’s position on this
really reflects what is a long-time position
of non-urban voters in Manitoba and if you
look at our [NDP] Member of Parliament for
Churchill, Niki Ashton, she has in fact spoken
against the gun registration as well, which
isn’t really the position of her party. I don’t
think they are being clever on their position, I
think they are representing the core feelings
of rural Manitobans,”said Mr. Adams.
Opposition MPs were incensed recently
when Ms. Hoeppner was prominently featured
in a government-organized memorial for the
anniversary of the Dec. 6 École Polytech-
nique shootings in Montreal, calling it hypocriti-
cal and an insult to the victims and their families.
Liberal MP Hedy Fry (Vancouver Centre,
B.C.), chair of the Status of Women commit-
tee (of which Ms. Hoeppner is vice-chair) said
she spoke with Suzanne Laplante-Edward,
the mother of one of the victims, and she told
her she was appalled that the memorial to
her daughter was hosted by “someone who’s
destroying the legacy in the gun registry.”
Ms. Glover, a Winnipeg police officer on
a leave of absence, has been very outspo-
ken in support of Bill C-391. She said that
opposition parties are politicizing a tragedy
that would not have been averted, had the
gun registry been in place at the time.
Although they are both rookie MPs,
Ms. Hoeppner’s longtime involvement with
politics means that she knew more of the
inside workings of party politics and was
able to show Ms. Glover the ropes, she said.
Ms. Glover said she was “appalled” by
suggestions that Ms. Hoeppner is her par-
ty’s puppet.
“That is so disgusting, to have another
woman, when we represent a small portion
of women in politics, for another woman to
attack a woman and call her something like
that is disgusting,”said Ms. Glover.
The Hill Times
101 Sparks Street
Where the real work of Parliament gets done
We would like to host and
serve your cocktail
parties & special events.
Great food and beer on tap.
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Tories’ Hoeppner
face of long-gun
registry repeal
Rookie Tory MP Candice Hoeppner pushes end of long-gun
registry and anti-Israel attacks against Liberals.
Continued from Page 1
Here she comes: Rookie Conservative MP Candice Hoeppner has become the governing party’s new
face against the long-gun registry and she has also spoken on a number of controversial party issues.
Photograph by Cynthia Münster, The Hill Times
Conservative circulars as well as those
being distributed by at least one other
party, the NDP, are directly aimed at sway-
ing voters for the next federal election.
Conservati ve MP Peter Gol dri ng
(Edmonton East, Alta.) said the research
group, which falls under Government
House Leader Jay Hill’s (Prince George-
Peace River, B.C.) responsibility in the
bylaws that govern spending for all party
officers in the Commons, is the contact
point when MPs are asked to sponsor mail-
ings of the so-called Ten Percenters.
“I know when we’re signing off on sheets,
it’s through the CRG,” Mr. Goldring said in
an interview about the circulars, which came
under intense scrutiny before the Commons
adjourned for the Christmas break.
The House Affairs Committee held a
stormy meeting over a Conservative Ten
Percenter Commons Speaker Peter Millik-
en (Kingston and the Islands, Ont.) ruled
had breached the privileges of Liberal MP
Irwin Cotler (Mount Royal, Que.) because
of its suggestion he was anti-Semitic and
Mr. Goldring declined to comment
directly on the circular distributed in Mr.
Cotler’s riding, but said he believes rules
governing the flyers should be amended to
moderate the overtly political tone and con-
tent that has creeped in over the past few
years, including recent NDP flyers he said
he believes are targeting him for electoral
“I get an awful lot of Ten Percenters
from the other parties, and particularly
from the NDP in Edmonton East, they’re
kind of targeting,” said Mr. Goldring. “I
do believe that we could have it in a little
more moderation, but the rules allow it
that way. I would not have a problem with
rules tightening up a bit.”
Asked about the circular in Mr. Cotler’s
riding, which linked the Jewish MP to a
conference in Durban, South Africa that
took on anti-Semitic and anti-Israel over-
tones, Mr. Goldring said: “I just don’t know
enough about it to be able to say one way
or the other, other than that you try to have
Ten Percenters that don’t go into real con-
troversial areas, at least I do.”
He added: “By and large the people in
the ridings, they really want something
that is informative for them, maybe help-
ing them to understand what the govern-
ment is doing, and its policies and prin-
ciples that you don’t ordinarily get out of
the newspapers.”
Mr. Goldring’s comments about the role
the Conservative caucus research group
plays in the government attack flyers is
revealing, following statements NDP MP
Peter Stoffer (Sackville-Eastern Shore,
N.S.) made about Conservative Ten Per-
centers in his riding that falsely claimed
he had supported the federal gun registry.
Mr. Stoffer told the Procedure and House
Affairs Committee the Conservative MP
who sponsored the flyers, Maurice Vel-
lacott (Saskatoon-Wanuskewin, Sask.),
said after apologizing for them that he had
not taken part in their design. Mr. Velacott
and other MPs whose names appear on
the flyers must nonetheless authorize their
Mr. Stoffer told the committee he
wanted an apology from the Conservative
backroomers who prepared the docu-
ments, since they must have been aware
of his long history opposing the registry.
All parties take part in the Ten Percenter
program, named for the rule that allows
any MP to send flyers to 10 per cent of
the households in any other riding, and it
is likely the research groups in the other
parties also take part in the scheme. Each
of the other research groups also receive
public funding through the Commons
Mr. Cotler told the House Affairs Com-
mittee the flyers distributed in his riding
under the name of Treasury Board Presi-
dent Vic Toews (Provencher, Man.) were
aimed at influencing the electoral choice
for Jewish voters. Partly because of that, he
demanded that Mr. Toews or the Conserva-
tive Party repay the Commons for the cost
of the distribution.
“The flyer was in the format on an elec-
toral option,” he said, noting the circular
included a photograph of Prime Minister
Stephen Harper (Calgary Southwest, Alta.)
and what appeared to be an electoral ballot
with the names of all the major party lead-
ers, including Green Party Leader Eliza-
beth May.
“Constituents were asked to mark their
electoral choice in respect of the parties,”
Mr. Cotler said. “I want to suggest to you
that the sending of such a flyer in the form
of an electoral solicitation outside the
framework of an electoral writ is, in my
view, an inappropriate use of the flyers.”
Mr. Goldring expressed a similar view,
saying the NDP flyers being circulated
in his riding promote the election of Ray
Martin, the former leader of the Alberta
NDP who is attempting for the third time
to be elected to the House of Commons.
“That’s exactly why the NDP are targeting
Edmonton East. They’re preparing for the
next election and Ray Martin was a former
provincial NDP leader and they’re creating
a bit of a re-name recognition for him.”
Liberal MP Joe Volpe (Eglinton-Law-
rence, Ont.) was also targeted by the same
Conservative flyer that circulated in Mr.
Cotler’s riding. Like Mr. Cotler’s riding,
Mr. Volpe’s riding includes a large Jewish
Mr. Volpe said Commons bylaws stipu-
late MPs cannot be “overtly partisan” with
the Ten Percenters and other literature they
circulate as MPs. “Well, you can’t get more
partisan than putting on your logo [the fly-
ers in Mr. Volpe’s riding and Mr. Cotler’s
contained the 2006 Conservative election
slogan: Stand Up For Canada] and party
The House Affairs Committee has set a
deadline of Jan. 15 for all parties to submit
names for a list of witnesses in Mr. Cotler’s
privilege complaint, which could prove to
be one of the most controversial inquiries
the rules committee has yet undertaken.
The Hill Times
The Spin Doctors by The Hill Times
“Do you agree with the 23 former ambassadors
who say the government’s attacks on the
credibility of diplomat Richard Colvin threatens
to create a chill over Canada’s foreign service?”
Mike Storeshaw
Conservative strategist
“I have no doubts about the
professionalism and qualifi-
cations of Canada’s foreign
service. Their reputation
in the world is first-rate,
and they do a fine job of
advancing Canada’s inter-
ests. I don’t believe that
reputation, on the whole,
stands to be damaged by the
fact that one individual’s tes-
timony about serious matters
in Afghanistan is being held
up to equally serious scrutiny.
“My view, frankly, is that
the high level of professional-
ism for which our foreign ser-
vice is known would lead all of
its members to understand that
allegations as grave as those
involving torture deserve to be
viewed critically at all levels.
“The government has not been the only
party to take this necessarily critical view of
Richard Colvin’s allegations, and find that
they required more hard evidence to be seen
as absolutely credible. Senior officials like
David Mulroney and senior military person-
nel like former chief of defence staff Rick
Hillier have raised serious questions about
the allegations made. They have strenuously
refuted any suggestion that Canadians in
Afghanistan have ever acted in a way that
has been anything less than in full compli-
ance with international law.
“The questions that have been raised
about Mr. Colvin’s allegations have been
fair, and contrary to some of the mythology
around this situation, they have not attacked
him personally or cast aspersions on his
character or competence. They have simply
pointed out that there does not seem to be a
solid basis of facts to substantiate allegations
of a sustained pattern of likely torture of
detainees transferred by Canadi-
ans to Afghan authorities.”
Greg MacEachern
Liberal strategist
“ ‘Excessive and needlessly inflam-
matory’: while no one around Ottawa
might confuse columnist Don Martin
with a member of the diplomatic corps
(and Don, that’s not a shot, really) that’s
how he described Defence Minister Peter
MacKay’s attacks on Richard Colvin
last week.
“So add that view to the
growing list of former ambas-
sadors who think the govern-
ment’s approach was offside,
and a chief of defence staff’s
bombshell of a public con-
tradiction of the govern-
ment’s position and ask
yourself: will the chill stop
at the Foreign Service?
Make that a strong frost
rather than a chill, and one
that extends to the public
sector, as the treatment of
Linda Keen demonstrated.
Unfortunately, if the result
of this chill is that fewer
Canadians pick public
service as a career option,
we’re all the lesser for it.”
Karine Sauvé
Bloc Québécois
“The letter from the 23
ambassadors shows just how
disgraceful the Harper govern-
ment’s attempt was to discredit
Richard Colvin over the issue
of Afghan detainees. The gov-
ernment smeared Mr. Colvin
by implying that he was exag-
gerating, even lying. It has since
transpired that Mr. Colvin was
telling nothing but the truth. Just
recently the army chief of staff
confirmed that, in May of 2006,
detainees whom Canada had trans-
ferred to the Afghan author-
ities were indeed tortured.
“We must not forget that
diplomats are their govern-
ment’s eyes and ears abroad. If we respect
them to even the slightest degree, we must
attach a certain credibility to what they tell
us. They are the ones on the ground, after all.
For purely political reasons the Harper gov-
ernment preferred to close its eyes
to the situation for years, and
now the whole issue has smacked
it in the face. How long do we
have to wait for the resigna-
tion of Defence Minister Peter
Karl Bélanger
NDP strategist
“Stephen Harper’s people have two
aims here. First, deflect dangerous
truths. Second, absolutely scare the
snot out of other whistleblowers. They
thought they could do it by carpet-
bombing a man’s credibility with low
blows. Blows so low that the ranks of
ex-ambassadors defending Colvin could
reach 50 this week.
“The Conservative anger machine
has gone too far this time. In Colvin,
they’ve targeted someone who’s so
respected that he’s serving, even now,
as the secretary and liaison officer in
the intelligence division at the Canadian
Embassy to the United States of Ameri-
ca. The Conservatives’ attack strategy is
collapsing because it takes Canadians
for fools—they know who to believe.
“This government’s
whole approach to the
detainee debacle is unrav-
elling. Defence Minister
Peter Mackay has on nine
separate occasions told the
House of Commons that
there’s no evidence that
transferred prisoners were
tortured—even as the entire
country was shown evidence
of torture.
“Enough is enough. Each
day this episode is left to fes-
ter makes it that much harder for Canada
to regain its respect on the world stage.
The minister needs to resign. New Demo-
crats were the first to call for a public
inquiry to uncover the truth for all Canadi-
ans to see, and clearly, a public inquiry is
needed, more than ever.”
Tory research group
produces controversial
attack flyers: MP Goldring
Tory MP Peter Goldring says the rules governing the flyers
should be amended to moderate the overtly political tone
that has creeped in over the past few years.
Continued from Page 1
19 FAIRFAX AVENUE $899,000
Immaculate 4 bedroom, 4 bath home, L/R,
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Near Parliament Hill: redecorated, 4 bed-
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dining room, extra large patio door.
Great for entertaining. Irrigation System
A must see. Phoenix Ridge, Manotick.
ROCCO CRUPI, 613-762-9447 or 613-
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beautiful landscaping and an incredible
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year @$6000/month. For more details
contact: Gil Charles, Remax Vision (1990), 613-612-
9609,for pictures; http://lesieurtechnologie.
Original Seigniory Club log cabin adjacent to
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round very charming and comfortable home.
Fernande Sirois Royal LePage 819-246-1000
5 star gated condo by Urbandale. 1,839
sq. ft. 2 bedrooms, 2 baths, open concept
living/dining rooms, corner solarium, exotic
African hardwood, marble floors and granite
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of the tennis courts, 24 hr. security, fitness
centre, pool, tennis, team room, party room,
outdoor BBQ area. This unit comes with 2
underground parking spaces. Without a doubt
one of the cities more desirable addresses!
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Ali, Sadia Ali Realty Corp., Brokerage
Executive Rentals ranging from $2600
t o $20, 000 per mont h. Tor ont o
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Moore Park, Rosedale, Forest Hill and
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Fully furnished Executive 2BD, 2BTH +
Den for rent in 5 Star Condo in the Heart
of the Byward Market. Corner suite with
1.262 sq ft, 9’ ceiling. floor to ceiling
windows, hardwood, granite, balcony,
stunning views, valet parking, security,
9,000 sq ft Byward Market Terrace, and
much more. Please call Catherine Mullen
2 bedroom/2 bathrooms, Jacuzzi ,
hardwood floors, washer/dryer, Amazing
view to Parliament Hill and Downtown
Ot t awa $1600/mont h Avai l abl e
January. Call: 204-955-5620
Prestigious new building with fantastic view
& location. Two bedrooms, 2 full bath-
rooms, 6 appliances, indoor parking, central
air conditioning, deck, available immedi-
ately, 613-727-1400
Luxurious 1 Bedroom at(http://www.charles- in Ottawa. TV, Internet
included. Unfurnished, $1450, Furnished,
$2000 + Hydro. Parking available $150.
Minimum1 year lease. 613-286-5897
2 bedroom condo apt. Deluxe build-
i ng, al l ameni ti es. $1350/month,
all inclusive. Unfurnished or Furnished
(Negotiable). 613-221-9400
Hardwood and ceramic throughout. 2
bed/2 bath, Indoor pool, jacuzzi, sauna,
gym, games room, party room, A/C,
in-unit laundry, locker, parking $1600.
Call Josy 613-422-4317
Beautiful 2 bedroom apartment. Centrally
located. Minutes to downtown, univer-
sities and 417. Bus stop within 300
metres. $1050/month incl. 4 appliances,
parking, water and gas. Hydro extra. 613-
Luxury 2 bedroom + den, 2 bath, large
terrace, underground parking. Near
Governor General Residence. $2300.
Can be furnished or unfurnished, one
bedroom + den, 1.5 bathrooms, AC, 12
foot ceilings, hardwood & slate through-
out, 6 appliances, available immediately.
Beautiful one bedroom + den condo
° Hardwood floors ° Open kitchen w
Grani te/Stai nl ess Steel ° In- Sui te
Laundry ° Extra Storage ° Indoor park-
ing ° $1450 613-725-2541
Furnished and unfurnished rentals in pre-
mier Ottawa condo addresses. Walking
distance from Parlaiment, DFAIT, NRC and
all the Capital’s core destinations. 700
Sussex, 200 Rideau, 40 Landry. Charles
Sezlik, Sales Rep. Prudential Town Centre
Realty Inc. 613-744-6697
Furnished Condo, 3 bedrooms, bright
and sunny, beautifully decorated. Call
Elegant, quiet and beautiful 1400 sq. ft.
condo with river-view, 2-bdrms, 2 baths, 6
appls, fireplace, inside parking, A/C, large
windows. Only 10 minutes from downtown
& 5 from Gatineau Park. It is a definite
MUST SEE!! $ 1,400. 613-290-6139
Mondrian. Brand new, spectacular, all
glass, 2 bedrooms, balcony, pool, gym.
$2200. 613-298-6828
MONDRIAN - Stunning brand new open
concept condo. 2 bedrooms, 2 baths,
large balcony. $2000. 613-292-6185
2 bedroom condos in a newly-built pres-
tigious building • Exceptional view of
Parliament and the Outaouais River •
Wood & ceramic floors • 6 appliances •
Gas fireplace • Large balcony • Elevator
• Near Champlain bridge, Gatineau Park,
bicycle path, & buses • from $1400.
Mar ti ne Br unet, Royal LePAGE La
Renaissance, 819-360-6631
Heat, hydro, parking included, in unit
laundry, floor to ceiling windows, hard-
wood, breathtaking unobstructed views,
52 ft balcony. $2200 see id
166543073. 613-875-7929
Luxurious condo at Monsarrat I, 2 bedrooms,
2 baths, 5 new stainless steel appliances, cen-
tral air, indoor parking, 2 min. of Champlain
Bridge, 1 350$ plus utilities, 819-962-6515
2 bedroom, air conditioning, newly
renovated, 5 appliances, indoor parking
& hardwood floors. Available. $1500/
month. Call Debbie at (613)852-7903.
3 bedroom + den, fireplace, ensuite
laundry, LG living/dining with hardwood,
private rooftop deck, in Heritage building
downtown. $2500/month. The Tiffany
Apts. Call 613-238-4244. www.para-
Spacious, light filled 2 bedroom, 2 bath-
rooms. Very large living- dining entertain-
ment area, heritage windows, big-bright eat-
in kitchen, large master bedroom, generous
closet space and en- suite bathroom. Guest
bathroom with jacuzzi. Second bedroom
study. Secure quiet building. Parking & stor-
age. $2,500 plus utilities. 613-241-3555.
Loft style, 1 bedroom condo above
Bridgehead, 800 sq. feet, bright corner-
unit, hardwood, granite, 6 appliances,
large walk-in closet, additional storage.
$1600/month – includes heat, a.c,
secure indoor parking. Available Feb.1st
or March 1st. 613-291-3551
Beautiful 3 Bedroom, 2.5 Bath, Quiet
end unit, Hardwood floors, Garage,
Available Nov 1, $1750.00. 613-288-
Executive Town House. Can be fur-
nished (+$250), 2 Bedroom + Den, 5
Appliances, Gas Fireplace, $1950 613-
Executive Town House, lovely, spacious,
end unit. 3 br, 2.5 bath, gas,appl, Imm.
$1600.00, 613- 288- 1500 www.
Lovely 4 Bedroom, 2.5 Bath, Available
Dec 11 thru July 31, $2200, 613-288-
3 bedroom, 2 bath, hardwood & ceramic
throughout, Available Immediately, 613-
Location!!! Tennis club, park & bicycle
path. 2 Storey 3 bedroom plus finished
basement with 3pc bath, den/bedrm
and gas fireplace. Garage. Fenced yard.
5 appliances. Available immediately. Pina
Alessi, Broker, Royal LePage Performance
Realty, Brokerage, 613-733-9100
Stunning, 3 bedrooms, 3.5 bathrooms,
6 appliances, central air conditioning,
finished basement, available November
1, 727-1400,
Charming quiet 3 bedroom house. Full
kitchen, washer/dryer. Free Wi-Fi, patio
with BBQ. Fully Furnished with all ameni-
ties. Weekly & monthly rentals. 1-613-
Large 3 storey, 4 bedroom 2 bath home
with 5 appliances, finished basement,
patio, garage and hardwood floors.
Available January. $2,375 + utilities.
Charming 4 bedroom/3 bathroom. Double
garage, beach access. $2200 + utilities., 613-799-9191
Near Parliament Hill: redecorated, 4 bedrooms,
3 baths, garage, fireplace, a/c, all amenities.
Stunning 3+1bd/3bth newly renovated
house. Ensuite bathroom, walk-in closet,
finished basement, new granite kitchen,
fireplace, family, living & dining rooms.
$1995/month plus utilities. Available
February 1st. Unfurnished. 613-863-7863.
Available immediately. 2 bedroom home
on beautiful Bell Lake. Only 5 minutes from
Wakefield (30 minutes from Ottawa). Fridge,
stove, dishwasher, wood stove, small pedal
boat included. Suitable for single person or
couple only. References required. $750.00
per month plus utilities. Call Bob at 819-459-
3391. See the following link for more pictures;
Lovely 4 Bedroom, 2.5 Bath, Available
Dec 11 thru July 31, $2200, 613-288-
Bungalow. 4 beds + 2 full baths.
Ceramic/hardwood floors. Minutes to
schools/bike paths. 5 appliances. First
and last. Dec.1. $1,600 + utilities. email: 33kay- 613-741-1046
Detached - fully renovated, 3 bedroom, finished
basement, office, rec room. Strip hardwood, 6
appliances, large fenced yard. Window cover-
ings inc. Alarm. $1800 + utilities. 613-255-
Victorian home located on a quiet street
in Sandy Hill. Walking distance from the
capital’s core destinations. This lovely
home offers unique heritage details & is
decorated in period style. Boasting enter-
tainment sized principle rooms as well as
4 + bedrooms makes it an ideal urban
family home. Book your visit today!
$2300/mth. Charles Sezlik, Sales Rep.
Prudential Town Centre Realty Brokerage
Inc. 613 744 6697.
Very central close to shops, transit. 4
bedrooms; 1.5 bathrooms. Renovated
kitchen. Central air. Six appliances.
$1,885. Kijiji Ottawa ad #171607351.
Call 613-299-7185.
$1975 3 bedrooms, very central, a block
away from the Rideau Canal. Five min-
utes walk to the Glebe. Bright, spacious
and clean, two top floors. Large master
bedroom, 6 appliances, deep ergonomic
bathtub. Hardwood. Huge deck in the
back shaded by trees. Gas central heating.
- Personal parking spot (fee). Available
Dec 1st. For mature tenants with good
references. Isabelle 613-601-7125
2 luxurious apartments, 2-3 bedrooms,
2 stor ys each, in Victorian house.
Walking distance from Parl. and gov.
buildings. 2000 $, incl. heat. + parking.
1+bedroom, 1,000 sq ft, spacious heri-
tage, park, renovated, granite, hardwood,
5 appliances, deck, BBQ, includes park-
ing, $1,350 + utilities, Feb. 1, 2010.
boroughapt CALL 613-247-8260
0043 1 BEDROOM
The elegant Juliana is discreetly nestled
along the west edge of downtown where
Bronson and Queen intersect. The build-
ing offers large air conditioned suites
not found anywhere else in the City.
Large balconies with panoramic views
of the Ottawa River and Gatineau Hills.
Within minutes of The Parliament. Must
be seen. From $1435. Call for view-
ing at 613-688-2222 or visit www.
Available for immediate occupancy,
$949 utilities included + A/C. Ask about
our bonus! Call 613-238-6783 or 613-
0044 2 BEDROOM
I n dupl ex, near Par l i ament Hi l l .
Hardwood, private deck, 5 appliances.
$1275 includes parking, heat, hydro,
Bell ExpressVu. Available Jan. 1. 613-
Rent a renovated & furnished 2 bed/2
bath condo for $1950/m. Gourmet
kitchen! Hardwood floors, 3pc ensuite,
indoor parking. Heat, Hydro, Water
included! Cindy Branscombe, Royal
LePage Team Realty 613-552-2345.
0045 3 BEDROOM
Spacious 3 bedroom penthouse suite located
just a short stroll from Government House.
Suite has large rooms and unobstructed
views overlooking downtown Ottawa and the
Gatineau Hills. Enjoy living in one of Canada’s
most prestigious neighbourhoods. Must be
seen! Call for viewing 613-688-2222.
Spacious, quiet, 3- bdrm luxury unit,
hardwood and large windows, ensuite
and full bathrooms, 5 appliances, deck
and yards, includes heat, water and 2
parking spaces, $1,650, call 613-521-
New Executive Condo from Immediate –
April 30th. 1 bedroom with den, full office
and balcony, 2 bath with walk-in shower,
maple hardwood and ceramic floors.
Panoramic view from 12th floor facing
south-west. Internet, cable, movie chan-
nel and local phone included. All inclusive
(linens, dishes, silverware etc). Superior
building amenities—lounge with library,
roof top terrace, exercise room. Asking
$2650 negotiable. 613-878-4748.
Downtown executive home, fully furnished
with good taste, quality furniture and art
work. 3 bedrooms, 3 baths, entertaining
size living room with wood burning fire-
place, separate dining room, family room,
attached garage, 3 balconies overlooking
the Canal. Excellent condition with recent
renovations. Walk everywhere. Enjoy
all Canal activities from your balconies.
Superb location! $3,200 plus utilities.
Immediate 613-232-3648
December 1st. All inclusive/equipped fur-
nished 2 bedrooms Executive Condo. 2
bathrooms. 3 Balconies. 24/7 security,
indoor pool, gym, 2 parking spots. Short
or long term lease. 613-808-2870.
Executive 2 bedroom furnished, all inclu-
sive. Internet, cable, Tel, Parking. 24/7
security + pool. 613-297-6074
470 Laurier – 2 Bedroom, 1.5 Bath,
Fully Furnished, Utilities, Cable, Telephone,
HS Internet, Biweekly Cleaning, Parking.
4 Blocks to Parliament, Walk to Market,
Glebe, Elgin, Tunney’s. Flexible lease terms.
Contact Ranyani Perera 613-744-8756.
Beautifully furnished, 2 bedrooms, 2 bath-
rooms, fireplace, central air, gas stove, and
more. $2100 all inclusive. 613-299-4445.
Bright, furnished art deco apartment to share;
10 min walk to Parliament Hill; hardwood
floors, balcony; avail Jan 1; $575 includes
heat, hydro, internet. 613-567-1495
Fully equipped modern home to share.
Gourmet kitchen, fireplace, private bath,
indoor pool, gym, squash. Professional.
$900/month all inclusive. 613-322-2185.
In executive home; walk to Rideau
Tennis club; 10 mins from Parliament
Hill; facing park; parking; private bath;
$1000; (613) 842-8793.
Lots with plans and permits. $50,000
each. 613-266-6886
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Complete the grid so that every row, column
and 3x3 box contains every digit from 1 to 9
inclusively. Solutions will appear next week.
Lu Korte
Sales Representative
Strategic Counsel.
Wise Moves.
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the economic stimulus package, are not
scrutinized as closely as they should be,
despite the fact that they’re becoming
increasingly expensive, says Canada’s
Parliamentary budget officer.
“I think very few Parliamentarians
know how much money is spent on com-
pensation in the federal government,” Par-
liamentary Budget Officer Kevin Page told
The Hill Times last week.
The federal government paid out
$34.9-billion in salaries and benefits to pub-
lic servants in the 2008-2009 fiscal year, rep-
resenting 13 per cent of the $258.6-billion
total budget. It’s an expense that has been
steadily increasing over the past decade; in
1999-2000 it cost $19.8-billion and has been
growing at a rate of about $3-billion a year.
Mr. Page said this is an area of federal
spending that has been somewhat ignored,
and should be looked at more closely by
the House of Commons Public Accounts
Committee, or an estimates committee.
“I think you’d want to ask yourself, ‘Is
the public service, in relative terms, more
expensive today than it was five or 10 years
ago, and can you justify it? And what does
the wage bill look like in the federal public
sector versus the provincial sector?’ If you
were to compare compensation for public
servants, how does it compare with their
counterparts in the private sector? … The
question is when was the last time we had
real scrutiny by the Public Accounts Com-
mittee or an estimates committee on that
type of very important function,”he said.
Last year the Canadian Federation of Inde-
pendent Business released its “Wage Watch”
report, in which it found that government
and federal public service workers earn on
average eight to 17 per cent more than people
in the private sector with similar jobs. And
when benefits are factored in the gap between
public and private swells to as much as 30 per
cent. Although others have argued the CFIB’s
numbers are inflated and the gulf between
levels of compensation in the public and pri-
vate sectors can in part be explained by better
pay equity between men and women, as well
as between immigrants and non-immigrants
who are employed by the federal government.
Another factor that is inflating the cost
of the federal public service is so-called
“classification creep,” whereby manag-
ers are reclassifying jobs and increasing
entry-level employees’ salaries in order to
remain competitive with the public sector.
There are no numbers on how prevalent
classification creep is in the public service.
One major challenge to tracking federal
civil servants’ compensation and other pro-
gram expenditures are so-called “horizon-
tal costs,”meaning that often in the federal
government individuals work on a number
of different files at one time, and public
servants’ salaries run across all the federal
departments, said David Shepherd, a pub-
lic policy professor at Carleton University.
“It’s difficult to be transparent about that
because public servants work on multiple
things all at the same time. So unless you say
to a public servant, ‘Listen, on a daily basis give
me a sense of how much time you’re spending
on this, that, and that,’ it’s very difficult to get a
sense of just how much of their time is going
into specific projects. You can even have public
servants who are working on multiple pro-
grams, so that’s an even higher order,”he said.
Another area Mr. Page said is lacking in
adequate transparency and accountability
are the annual transfers the federal govern-
ment gives to the provinces for things like
health care and equalization payments. Fed-
eral-provincial transfers totaled $46.5-bil-
lion in the 2008-2009 fiscal year, which was
about 18 per cent of the total budget.
The 2009 budget, which included an eco-
nomic stimulus package that doled out bil-
lions in infrastructure funding, was an oppor-
tunity to bring about more transparency in
how federal money is spent. But because the
infrastructure fund requires cost-sharing with
provincial and municipal governments, much
of the responsibility for monitoring where the
money goes and its effectiveness in helping
the economy was devolved after the funds left
the federal coffers, said Mr. Page.
In the last five years there’s been a
marked increase in the amount of informa-
tion that is available on government spend-
ing for everything from contracting expen-
ditures, to lunches public servants charge
to their expense accounts. But in order to
get more meaningful transparency in the
public sphere opposition Parliamentarians
should be more proactive in pressuring the
government to provide the kind of informa-
tion they want made available, said Univer-
sity of Victoria Professor David Good.
Prof. Good, who worked in the public
service for 30 years, including 15 years as an
assistant deputy minister, and is the author
of the book The Politics of Public Money:
Spenders, Guardians, Priority Setters, and
Financial Watchdogs Inside the Canadian
Government, said the government should
also anticipate some of the areas that Parlia-
mentarians and citizens are going to want
to know about and take steps to collect and
publicize that information.
He cited the federal government’s deci-
sion not to track how many jobs, both
direct and indirect, were created by the
economic stimulus package as an exam-
ple of information that should clearly have
been available to Parliamentarians and
the public in assessing the effectiveness of
the federal infrastructure fund.
“Government has a responsibility to do
an assessment and to publish an assessment
of what they expect the jobs are going to
be, both direct and indirect jobs. And that’s
always difficult to measure; there are differ-
ent views on that from economists, different
methodologies are used for that, but I would
expect that to be done. But not only should
they do it, it should also be assessed clearly
by the PBO, it should be assessed by inde-
pendent think tanks and banks, academic
and research groups, so that you can get a
better idea of what actually is the impact
of these expenditures. Particularly when
the government said very clearly that their
objective was to create jobs,”Prof. Good said.
The Hill Times
Federal expenditures
require greater scrutiny
from Parliament, says
budget watchdog Page
MPs should be paying more attention to compensation to public
servants, transfers to provinces, and stimulus spending.
Continued from Page 1

Ontario Liberal Senator Milne
retires from Upper Chamber
Liberal Senator
Lorna Milne, pic-
tured, (Peel County,
Ont.) is retiring this
week after a long
career in the Senate.
“I’m looking for-
ward to getting back
to my life, I’ve been
away from it for 15
years now,”she said.
Sen. Milne was
summoned to the
Senate by Jean
Chrétien in 1995.
She served on the
Senate’s Legal and Constitutional Affairs
Committee and on the Senate’s Energy,
the Environment and Natural Resources
Committee. She was also chair of the Sen-
ate’s Rules, Privileges and the Rights of
Parliament Committee and president of the
Canada-Europe Parliamentary Association.
Sen. Milne’s work in the Senate includes
legalizing hemp as a crop in Canada and
encouraging the release of the historic
post-1901 census records, which she says
took her seven years.
Sen. Milne said she has some advice for
new Senators. “Do not feel that you have
to obey the orders that you’re getting,”she
In retirement, Sen. Milne said she hopes
to get back into writing and has always
been interested in genealogy. She wants
to write about Agnes Macphail, the first
woman elected to the House of Commons.
Sen. Milne’s husband Ross’s father was
Macphail’s second cousin.—Yael Berger
MPs, Senators check out
Diabetes Day on Hill
A prick, a
squeeze and a turn.
That’s all it took for
Members of Parlia-
ment, Senators and
Parliamentary staff
to check their risk
for developing type
two diabetes on
Monday at Diabetes
Day on the Hill.
Conservative Sen-
ator Wilbert Keon,
pictured, the former
heart surgeon, came to the Diabetes Risk
Assessment Booth to check his risk and
said “it’s very worthwhile”for the public to
assess their risk to avoid many of the com-
plications associated with diabetes.
Community health workers and advo-
cates from the Canadian Diabetes Associa-
tion were on hand to do quick tests and
evaluate results.
Sen. Keon noted that the government
must “pull out all the stops”when it comes
to reducing the negative effects of diabe-
tes, which he called “devastating.”
Ellen Malcolmson, president and CEO
of the Canadian Diabetes Association,
attended the event. “Our goal here today
is to raise awareness of the seriousness
of diabetes and how many Canadians are
affected and how much it costs our health-
care system,”she said. “We know that the
rate of diabetes has doubled since 2000,”
said Ms. Malcomson. “The costs of diabetes
are also doing the same thing.”
Ms. Malcomson said the Canadian Dia-
betes Strategy and the Aboriginal Diabetes
Initiative are expiring in 2010. She said the
CDA wants to make sure those two initia-
tives are renewed and wants to see the
government spend more than the current
$56-million a year on diabetes preven-
tion.—Yael Berger
CCCE President D’Aquino joins NPSIA
One of Canada’s
most influential public
policy experts, Thomas
D’Aquino, pictured,
is the newest visiting
professor at the Nor-
man Paterson School
of International Affairs
at Carleton University.
Mr. D’Aquino, the out-
going chief executive
and president of the
Canadian Council of
Chief Executives, specializes in the areas
of public policy and business.
Jodi White also recently joined NPSIA
as a senior research fellow. Ms. White is
the former president of Ottawa think-tank
Public Policy Forum and chief of staff to
former prime minister Kim Campbell.
—Yael Berger
Canadian Democracy Centre should
be arm’s length says panel
A Parlia-
mentary advi-
sory panel on
released its
report on
the creation of a new Canadian centre for
advancing democracy, recently.
The report is called “Advancing Can-
ada’s Role in International Support for
Democratic Development.”It offers several
recommendations for Steven Fletcher,
minister of state for Democratic Reform.
Mr. Fletcher is responsible for the creation
of the agency following the commitment
made by the Prime Minister in the 2008
Throne Speech.
The recommendations include the
creation of an independent, non-partisan
agency to “support the process of democra-
tization by helping to establish or strength-
en pluralistic democratic institutions,
particularly political parties, in countries
where they are absent, or in need of fur-
ther encouragement and development.”
Thomas Axworthy, pictured, chair of
the panel, said the new agency should be
at arm’s length from the government. “We
see the new centre more as an agent of
Parliament than the executive because it
needs more freedom than DFAIT or CIDA,”
said Mr. Axworthy.
There is a bit of a debate on the location
of the centre. “There is a strong case for
Ottawa but an equally strong one for out-
side the bubble,”said Mr. Axworthy. “The
Asia Pacific Foundation has done very well
in Vancouver.”
While being in Ottawa offers greater
access to Parliamentarians, operating out-
side the nation’s capital might give the cen-
tre more freedom and greater influence.
Mr. Axworthy said no matter the loca-
tion, Parliamentarians will still have an
important role to play by nominating mem-
bers of the board and through an agency
roster of former MPs and activists willing
to work abroad. The report recommends an
annual budget of between $30-million and
$70-million and also recommends that the
agency be selective with the countries they
choose to help.
Countries on the table include Cuba,
Honduras, Haiti, Afghanistan, Lebanon
and Ukraine. The report recommends
focusing funds on countries that are not
currently in conflict to avoid depleting
funds on security. Other criteria include a
strong tie to Canada, a large diaspora in
Canada and some democratic institutions
already in place. Priority will be given to
Commonwealth countries and countries in
La Francophonie. —Yael Berger
House Breaks for Holidays—The House
of Commons will break for the Christmas
holidays. It will resume sitting on Jan. 25.
Ottawa Leadership Luncheon—Car-
leton University presents an Ottawa Lead-
ership Luncheon with Thomas D’Aquino.
Dec. 14, 11:30 a.m.-1:30 p.m., $40. Rideau
Club, 99 Bank St., 15th floor, Ottawa, Ont.
Contact: Heather Theoret, 613-520-4047 or
Moncton-Riverview-Dieppe FLRA
Holiday Party—Liberal MP Brian Murphy
(Moncton-Riverview-Dieppe, N.B.) invites
the public to share some holiday cheer at a
holiday party. Dec. 14, 5 p.m. Capitol The-
atre, 811 Main St., Moncton, N.B. Contact:
Julie McSorley at 506-229-0363.
Handel’s Messiah—The National Arts
Centre Orchestra performs Handel’s sea-
sonal classic Messiah. Dec. 15 & 16, 7 p.m.
$54-$89. NAC, 53 Elgin St., Ottawa, Ont.
Prime Minister Stephen Harper’s
Media Christmas Party—The PM and his
wife, Laureen Harper, will host a Christmas
Party on Dec. 15, 6:30 p.m.- 8 p.m., 24 Sus-
sex Dr., Ottawa. Invitation only.
Celebrate The Season with NDP MP Glenn
Thibeault—Celebrate the season at a holiday
party with NDP MP Glen Thibeault (Sudbury,
Ont.). Dec. 16, 7 p.m.-10 p.m. Royal Canadian
Legion, 1553 Weller St., Sudbury, Ont.
Bluesky Strategy Group’s Holiday Party—
By invitation only. Dec. 17, 5-7 p.m. Jazz’oo
European Bar & Lounge, 132 Sparks St., Otta-
wa. RSVP to
Research Working Group on Retirement
Income Adequacy—Provincial and territorial
finance ministers will meet to receive the report
of the Research Working Group on Retirement
Income Adequacy.The first meeting of this
group was held on July 22, 2009, in Calgary and
participants agreed to a work plan, which will
culminate in a report to ministers. Dec. 17 & 18.
Whitehorse,YT. 613-996-7861
OCRI Government Opportunities—Join
guest speaker Kishore Swaminathan, Accen-
ture Technology Labs, for a talk on “Technol-
ogy Vision for the Next Three to Five Years.”
Presented by OCRI. Dec. 18, 7:30 a.m. $40-
$80. Ballroom C, Crowne Plaza, 101 Lyon St.
N. 613-828-6274 ext. 249 or
The Good News of Christmas—The Met-
ropolitan Bible Church invites you to its annual
holiday concert,“The Good News of Christmas.”
Dec. 18, 7 p.m. Dec. 20, 6 p.m.The Metropolitan
Bible Church, 2716 Prince of Wales Dr., Ottawa,
A Vinyl Café Christmas Tour—Join Stu-
art McLean, one of Canada’s most beloved
storytellers and host of the CBC Radio’s
Vinyl Café, for an evening of fun. Dec. 19, 8
p.m. & Dec. 20, 2:30 p.m. $52.50. Southam
Hall, NAC, 53 Elgin St.
Michael Marzolini to Address Eco-
nomic Club—Chairman and CEO of Pollara
Michael Marzolini will give a talk to mem-
bers of the Economic Club of Canada. Jan.
6, 7:30 a.m. $79. The Sheraton Centre, 123
Queen St.
Sherry Cooper to Address Canadian
Club—Dr. Sherry Cooper, BMO Financial
Group, will address members of the Cana-
dian Club of Ottawa at a luncheon today. 12
p.m. $40 members; non-members $50. Ball-
room, Fairmont Chateau Laurier, 1 Rideau
Parliamentary Business Seminar—The
Canadian Study of Parliament Group (CSPG)
hosts a Parliamentary Business Seminar “Fol-
low the Money: Understanding the Federal
Budgetary Cycle.”Jan. 13, 8:30 a.m.-12 p.m.
Room 200, West Block, Parliament Hill. For
more information and to register, please call
613-995-2937 or visit
Liberal Party of Canada Thinkers Con-
ference—The Liberal Party of Canada will
convene a policy renewal gathering in the
form of a “Thinkers”conference. Details
TBA. Jan. 14-16. Montreal, Que.
Taste of the Arctic Fundraiser—To
launch the 2010 Year of the Inuit, a fundraiser
“ A Taste of the Arctic: a Celebration of Inuit
Culture”will be held for the Arctic Children
and Youth Foundation. Presented by Inuit
Tapiriit Kanatami. Jan. 14. National Gallery of
Canada, 380 Sussex Dr.
86th Canadian Conference—This event
is for presidents, CEOs, ministers and deputy
ministers and provides them with a forum to
discuss top issues with other leaders. By invi-
tation only. Jan. 14-16. Chateau Montebello,
Montebello, Que.
Parliamentary Associations—The
Canadian Delegation to the Organization
for Security and Co-operation in Europe
Parliamentary Assembly will travel to the
Ukraine for an Election Observation Mis-
sion. Jan. 15-18. For more information,
please visit
How Global Asia will Redefine Western
Canada—Join CIC Victoria for a talk with Paul
Evans, Director, Institute of Asian Research,
UBC. He will discuss “How Global Asia will
Redefine Western Canada.”Jan. 20, 11:30 a.m.-
1:30 p.m. For more information, email victo-
The World in 2015: Implications for
Canada—This two-day interactive conference
will look at the principal issues, players, crisis
generators and governance in five years’time.
Speakers from Canada and abroad will provide
a fresh prospective and consider what it all
means for Canada. For more information, email
Parliamentary Associations—The Cana-
da-Europe Parliamentary Association travels
to London, England and Strasbourg, France
for a Meeting of the Economic Affairs and
Development Committee of PACE and the
First Part of the 2010 Ordinary Session of
the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council
of Europe. Jan. 21-29. For more information,
please visit
House Returns—The House of Com-
mons resumes sitting after the holidays.
Parliamentary Associations—The
Canadian NATO Parliamentary Associa-
tion travels to Washington, D.C. and Florida
for a meeting of the Defence and Security
Committee. Jan. 25-29. For more informa-
tion, please visit
Conservative Caucus—The federal Con-
servatives meet Wednesday mornings for
their caucus meeting at 9:30 a.m. in Room
237-C Centre Block, when the House is sit-
ting. For inquiries, please call Eric Duncan at
613-992-7381. The chair of the national Con-
servative caucus is MP Guy Lauzon.
Liberal Caucus—The National Liberal
Caucus meets Wednesdays in room 253-D
Centre Block when the House is sitting. For
more information please call Caucus chair
Anthony Rota at 613-995-6255.
NDP Caucus—The federal NDP meets
Wednesdays in Room 308 West Block, 9 a.m.
For more information, please call senior press
secretary Karl Bélanger at 613-720-6463. Caucus
meets Wednesdays when the House is sitting.
Bloc Caucus—The Bloc Québécois
meets Wednesdays at 9:30 a.m. in Room 209
West Block when the House is sitting. For
more information call the leader’s press
secretary Karine Sauvé at 613-947-2495.
Parliamentary Associations—The Canadi-
an Branch of the Commonwealth Parliamen-
tary Association will attend the International
Parliamentary Conference on Peacebuilding:
Tackling State Fragility, in London, England.
Jan. 31-Feb. 6. For more information, please
Shawn Atleo to Address Canadian
Club—Shawn Atleo, National Chief, Assem-
bly of First Nations, will speak to members
of the Canadian Club at a luncheon today.
Feb. 9, 12 p.m. $40 members; non-members
$50. Ballroom, Fairmont Chateau Laurier, 1
Rideau St.,
Parliamentary Associations—The
Canadian Branch of the Commonwealth
Parliamentary Association holds its AGM in
Ottawa, Ont. Feb 9. For more information,
please visit
GG to Open Vancouver 2010 Olympic
Games— Governor General Michaëlle Jean
will officially open the Vancouver 2010 Olympic
Games.Vancouver, B.C. Feb 12. 613-957-5555
Nuclear Policies—CIC Victoria wel-
comes guest speaker Louise Frechette, for-
mer DM of Defence and Deputy Sec. Gen
at the UN, and now at CIGI, will discuss
her work on nuclear policies. Feb. 17, 11:30
a.m.-1:30 p.m. For more information, email
Ambassador David Jacobson to Address
Canadian Club—U.S. Ambassador to Canada
David Jacobson will address a members-only
luncheon today. March 9, 12 p.m. $40 mem-
bers. Ballroom, Fairmont Chateau Laurier, 1
Rideau St.,
G8 Foreign Ministers Meeting—Minister
Lawrence Cannon will host the March 2010
G8 Foreign Ministers Meeting. March 29-30.
Chateau Cartier, Gatineau Que. 613-995-1874.
2010 G8 Summit—The 2010 G8 Summit
is held at the Deerhurst Resort, Huntsville,
Ont. June 25-27. 613-293-3259.
2010 Energy and Mines Ministers’ Confer-
ence—The 2010 Energy and Mines Ministers’
Conference will be held in Québec City, QC.
G20 Summit—A G20 Summit will be
held in Seoul, Korea. More details to come.
The Parliamentary Calendar is a free list-
ing edited by listings editor Alia Heward who
can be reached at 613-232-5952, ext. 200. Infor-
mation regarding political, cultural and govern-
mental events should be sent to alia@hilltimes.
com with the subject line ‘Parliamentary Calen-
dar’ by Wednesdays at noon. Our fax number is
613-232-9055. We can’t guarantee inclusion of
every event, but we do our best.
The Hill Times
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INFANT MORTALITY: Nigerian Health Minister Babatunde Osotimehin, pictured on Dec. 3 in the Aboriginal Committee Room for the
Interparliamentary Union Committee meeting, where MPs were told that in 2008, outside the developed world, more than nine million children
died before they reached five years of age and 536,000 women died from causes related to pregnancy and childbirth. Canadian MPs were asked
to support the Millennium Development Goals established by the United Nations for the upcoming G8 and G20 meetings in Canada in June 2010.
G8 AND G20: Liberal MP Bob Rae, pictured, also at
the Interparliamentary Union Committee meeting on
Parliament Hill.
Photographs courtesy of the Interparliamentary Union Committee
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