You are on page 1of 2

Aven john B.

Natividad FR2 history


Teodoro Sandiko y Santa Ana (March 31, 1860 Pandacan October 19, 1939 San Juan) (sometimes Teodoro Sandico) was a Filipino lawyer and former senator of the Philippines. Sandiko played important roles in Philippine history when he held various posts in the Aguinaldo cabinet. After the revolution, he went through different positions in local government of Bulacan until he was elected to Philippine Senate in 1919. Sandiko was born in Pandacan, Manila on March 31, 1860 to Miguel Sandiko and Mara Paz de Santa Ana and was educated and finished Bachelor of Arts at the University of Santo Tomas. He also took two years of law but unfortunately he didn't finish it, instead, he opened a Latin grammar school in Malolos. His radical nationalist ideas irritated the colonial Spanish officials so he sailed to Hong Kong and then to mainland Spain where he continued his law school at the University of Madrid. He was not able to finish his course because he joined the Propaganda Movement in Spain. He managed La Solidaridad on February 15, 1889. When the truce of Biak-na-Bato failed, he joined the return to the Philippines with exiles in Hong Kong. In the Philippines, he held several positions in the revolutionary republic's Aguinaldo cabinet: Minister of Foreign Affairs, Colonel of the General State, and a brigadier-general of the army. When the Americans obtained Philippines after the Spanish-American War, Sandiko became an employee of the Office of the Provost Marshal General. While being employed to the Americans, he cabled secret and valuable information to Aguinaldo government. Sandiko was the alleged author of "Sandiko order", an infamous military instruction in 1899 by him as a general of the Aguinaldo, instructing Filipino soldiers inside American-occupied Manila to rise an insurrection against to United States rule and kill all whites in the city. The "Sandiko order" was actually an American propaganda to search for Filipino savagery against American sovereignty over the islands and as a casus belli to declare war against insurrection. In 1900 US elections, Theodore Roosevelt used this document to his vice presidential [1][2] candidacy as further justification to American occupation of the Philippines. Before the Philippine-American War erupted in June 1899, he resigned from office and became Aguinaldo's Minister of the Interior. After the assimilation of Philippine islands, he entered politics and was elected as the governor of Bulacan in 1906. He remained in office until 1909. In 1914 Nacionalista Party's left wing under the leadership of Sandiko bolted out of the party and established Partido Democrata Nacional or [3] the Democratas. In 1920, he became spokesperson of Kapatiran Magsasaka. From 1919-1931, he served as Senator to the 5th, 6th, 7th and 8th Philippine Legislatures representing the third senatorial district (present-day Bulacan, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga and Tarlac). In 1934, he was elected as the Second Vice President of the House of Representatives of the Philippines and was a delegate to the 1934-1935 Constitutional Convention for the drafting of the1935 Constitution. After retiring from public service, he became the manager of Katubusan and La Paz y Buen Viaje cigar factories. Sandiko died of heart attack on October 19, 1939

Jos Matanza Dizon (died January 11, 1897) was a Filipino patriot who was among those who founded the Katipunan that sparked the Philippine Revolution Dizon was born in Binondo, Manila and was married to Roberta Bartolom, who died in March 1876, eight months after giving birth to their daughter Marina. Dizon entrusted Marina to his sister Josefa Dizon Jacinto and her son Emilio Jacinto while he worked as an engraver in the mint in Manila. In April 1892, he was inducted into the freemasonic lodge founded by Pedro Serrano Laktaw. That same year, he founded the lodge Taliba in Trozo, Manila and served as its venerable master. He was also among the officers of the grand regional council that included Apolinario Mabini. Like many Filipino freemasons of that time, Dizon was among the original members of La Liga Filipina which Jos Rizal founded to push for reforms in the Spanish colonial administration of the Philippines. But Rizal was arrested on July 7 and deported to Dapitan in Mindanao. On the same day, Dizon and several fellow freemasons, including Andres Bonifacio, decided to establish the Katipunan with the radical aim of achieving independence through revolution. In May 1896, Dizon was part of the committee that the Katipunan formed to secure arms from Japan with the connivance of a Japanese ship captain. Three months later, however, the Katipunan was uncovered and Dizon was among the hundreds who were arrested for rebellion. Convicted by a military court, he was executed by musketry on January 11, 1897 along with Numeriano Adriano, Domingo Franco, Moises Salvador, Luis Enciso Villareal, Braulio Rivera, Antonio Salazar, Ramon Padilla, Francisco Roxas, Faustino Villaruel and Eustaquio Manalak. Also executed with the group were Lt. Benedicto Nijaga and Corporal Geronimo Medina, both of the Spanish army.

Add Teodoro Plata (died February 6 , 1897) was a Philippine hero who co-founded the Katipunan that sparked the Philippine Revolution against the Spaniards in 1896. His parents were Numeriano Plata and Juana de Jesus He finished the first foundation of learning Escuela Municipal and recorded he also attended even though he graduated up law. Ladislao Diwa is one of the founders of Katipunang along with Andres Bonifacio . Established on July 7 at 72 Azcarraga Street. He lives in Cavite. Deodato Arellano (July 26, 1844 - October 7, 1899) was one of the founders of the Katipunan that led to the beginning of the revolution in the Philippines. This publication is a bud