Abreviatura Minerales | Letter Case | Minerals

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12. List of Mineral Abbreviations

Recommendations by the IUGS Subcommission on the Systematics of Metamorphic Rocks: Web version 01.02.07 Jaakko Siivola1 and Rolf Schmid2
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J. Siivola, Department of Geology, University of Helsinki, Finland R. Schmid, ETH-Centre, Zürich, Switzerland

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Introduction

This list contains abbrevations for 240 mineral species, series, subgroups and groups. It mainly follows the list published by Kretz (1983), critically reviewed and adapted to the current classification and nomenclature of minerals. 182 of the 192 abbreviations listed by Kretz have been accepted. 58 new abbreviations have been added, in part new mineral names, and in part names for groups of mineral species. Rules are given on how to expand the abbreviations to generate abbreviations for numerous other mineral names based on the same root term. The use of prefixes and suffixes with the mineral abbreviations is also explained

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Importance of recommended mineral abbreviations

The use of systematic compound names as recommended by the SCMR (Schmid et al., this vol.) requires all the mineral names to be given as prefixes to the structural root term. This may result in very long names. If the mineral names are replaced by abbreviations, the length of the terms can be reduced to more than the half. Also in phase diagrams, databases and for many other purposes mineral abbreviations are very helpful.

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Basis of the list

In 1983 Kretz published a list of mineral abbreviations, containing 192 entries. It has been widely accepted and its use is recommended by several journals (e.g. American Mineralogist). The SCMR proposes to adopt this list with the following changes. 1. Due to incompatibility with the list of mineral species in Mandarino & Back (2004), the four mineral names, carnegieite, fassaite (for ferrian aluminian diopside or augite), protoenstatite and thompsonite are removed. 2. Acmite (Acm) is replaced by aegirine (Aeg) 3. Cam and Cpx which currently stand for ‘Ca-clinoamphibole’ and ‘Caclinopyroxene’should simply stand for clinoamphibole and clinopyroxene. 4. Chrysotile (Ctl) becomes a group name comprising the polymorphs clino-, ortho- and parachrysotile (Cctl, Octl and Pctl).

www.bgs.ac.uk/scmr/home.html

uk/scmr/home. hydroxy-. Mg-Kt and Mg-Rbk. Farther names for groups or subgroups which are not found in Mandarino & Back (2004) but which were thought to be useful for field-based studies have also been included in the SCMR list (these are indicated in Table 12. c) Expansion of the abbreviations of Table 12. for example. para-. of course. in the case of the garnet example given above that Ca<Mg<Fe2 (grs<prp<alm). it is recommended that the mineral name and its abbreviation are written with a capital letter (e.1. 4B Rules for using the abbreviations a) Mineral or chemical component? Distinction made by using capital or lower case initial letters in the mineral name or abbreviation: If in a paper the same mineral name or mineral abbreviation is used for a natural mineral as well as for a chemical component (end member). Ab) and that lower case is used if the reference is to a chemical component (e.5. consist of compound names containing as a root term one of the names listed in Table 12.g. however.1 with the entry ‘New abbreviation’ in the second last column and with no entry in the last column). ‘pyroxene’ (Px). but a hyphen is placed between the element symbol(s) and the mineral name or its abbreviation. Fed. Ca-Cpx (Ca-clinopyroxene). Element symbols are not seperated from each other by hyphens.. mostly with three letters (three letters were used to avoid possible confusion with symbols for chemical elements.1.ac..1 by prefixes: The glossary of mineral names presented by Mandarino & Back (2004) contains many more mineral names than those present in Table 12. and if it is not evident which of the two connotations is meant.1 by specifying the chemical composition of a mineral: The chemical composition can be specified by placing chemical element symbols with a hyphen in front of the abbreviation: e. Mkt and Mrb are replaced by Fe2-Act.g. they should be arranged in order of increasing abundance. etc. Fts. Though longer. the same character and rank as names listed by Mandarino & Back (2004). albite.bgs. magnesio-. CaMgFe2-Grt (grossular-pyropealmandine garnet). Prefixing of chemical elements in front of mineral names or their abbreviations should follow the same rule as prefixing mineral names or mineral abbreviations in front of rock names (see below and Schmid et al. Fe2-Ts. The abbreviations Fac. ab). or ferro-. The list of names for minerals and mineral groups proposed by Mandarino & Back (2004) was examined and a number of prominent names for minerals and mineral groups were selected for use in the SCMR list (these new entries are indicated in Table 12. this vol. these abbreviations follow the general rules for using abbreviations as outlined below. in contrast to uncertified names encompassing all other names not given by Mandarino & Back. calcio-. and to allow sufficient flexibility for further abbreviations in the future). In other cases where it is evident that a mineral is meant. A large number of the Mandarino & Back entries. etc. Albite. modified by one or more prefixes such as clino-. These new names do not have. ortho-. ferri-.1 with the entry ‘Not mentioned …’ in the last column). lower case initial letters may be used for both the mineral name and its abbreviation.) that is. It is simple to create abbreviations for such names using the following www. Fe2-Ed. All of these additional names were given abbreviations. The valence of Fe (or other elements) may be indicated by Fe2 or Fe3.html . hydroxyl-. sodic-.g. b) Expansion of the abbreviations in Table 12. namely: ‘amphibole’ (Am). only 4 important mineral groups were given two letter abbreviations. ‘carbonate mineral’ (Cb) and ‘opaque mineral’ (Op). This means. The latter are here termed certified names.

clinoferroholmquistite is given as Fe2Chq. This rule makes the abbreviations Fac. etc. from the root name pyrophillite (Prl). f) Prefixing rock names with abbreviations for major minerals 1: Using mineral abbreviations for specifying that a major mineral (≥ 5% by volume) is present in a rock: If the mineral is an essential constitutent of that rock it is not mentioned. Example: am-grt pyriclasite. Fts. O + root name. magnesiohastingsite as Mg-Hs. CaMgFe2-Grt (grossular-pyrope-almandine garnet).. sodic-ferrogedrite as NaFe2-Ged.1 by suffixes: Suffixes may be added to the abbreviations. from the root name glaucophane (Gln). 2004). In order to make clear that this internal hyphen is part of the abbreviation and doesn’t separate two abbreviations.and hydroxyl. If it is not a certified name: add a space in front and after the abbreviation (or mineral name) in order to separate it clearly from the adjacent abbreviations.uk/scmr/home. Special case: an abbreviation within several others prefixing a rock name contains an internal hyphen.is given as Fe2.as Na-. NaFe2-Ged (Sodic-Ferrogedrite) or whether they are chemical modifiers additional to a name. the following is recommended: if the whole abbreviation with the internal hyphen is a certified mineral name. etc. Fed. d) Expansion of the abbreviations of Table 12. place the mineral names or the mineral abbreviations in order of increasing abundance in front of the rock name and hyphenate them (without a hyphen before the rock name). ferroglaucophane as Fe2-Gln. that is a rock with the essential minerals pyroxene (cpx and/or opx) and plagioclase. from the root name gedrite (Ged). They are indicated by the entry ‘expanded from …’ in the second last column of the table. etc. It is recommended to abbreviate these names as Aln-(Ce) and Aln-(Y). hydroxy. As an example: Allanite (Aln) is a mineral of the epidote group.rules: 1): replace clino by C. Some examples of expanded abbreviations following the rules b and c are already incorporated in Table 12. that is an amphibolite with plagioclase and amphibole in the amounts specified by its definition.bgs. hydroxyclinohumite as OH-Chu. from the root name chrysotile (Ctl).g. from the root name hastingsite (Hs). Ferro. ortho by O.as Fe3-.). magnesio. and add the letter without a hyphen directly to the root name. that is. ferripyrophillite as Fe3-Prl. 2) Use the symbol for the chemical element mentioned in the mineral name according to Mandarino and Back (2004) and place it with a hyphen in front of the root name or the qualified root name (e.html . replace it by the underscore character ( _ ) (see also paragraph e). If it is not an essential mineral then set it in front of the rock name (without a hyphen). www. If more than one major mineral is present. It may be considered as a type of mineral subgroup consisting of the mineral species Allanite-(Ce) and Allanite-(Y). para by P. and to use the hypen(s) in uncertified names that is. it might not be clear whether these qualifiers are an integral part of a certified mineral name (as listed by Mandarino & Back.as OH-. See also the following paragraph. calcio. for example.as Mg-. orthochrysotile as Octl. from the root name humite (Hu). NaFe2_Ged (Sodic_Ferrogedrite). CaMgFe2-Grt (grossular-pyrope-almandine garnet). ferri. sodic. Examples: from the root name holmquistite (Hq). and in addition garnet in an amount of ≥ 5%. for example. Garnet is more abundant than amphibole.as Ca-. Example: grt amphibolite. and containing garnet and amphibole both in amounts of ≥5%.1. parachrysotile (Pctl). Mkt and Mrb of Kretz redundant. The brackets around the chemical element symbols are necessary in order to distiguish the symbols from possible similar root names. e) Internal hyphenation of certified mineral names and their abbreviations: In some cases when prefixes or suffixes are added to mineral abbreviations.ac. as a memo for this kind of expansion. To remove this ambiguity it is recommended that the hyphen(s) are replaced by the underscore character ( _ ) when the abbreviation is part of a certified mineral name. C + root name.

uk/SCMR ). Mineral. the name of the series would be: ± ilm-rt. 5B Conclusion The value of mineral abbreviations depends largely on their consistent and frequent use.. The Mineralogical Record Inc. in contrast to major minerals. Am.or ± rt. Table 1. The SCMR hopes that the list presented here may find international acceptance. If in this series ilmenite is sometimes present as a minor mineral. but never together: ± grt or bt amphibolites.and ± gr-bearing bt-qtz-fsp gneisses. 6B References Kretz. or: bt-qtz-fsp gneisses ± ilm-rt. 2004. SCMR website ( www. but only if rutile is also present. bt-ttn-bearing cpx amphibolite represents a rock (an amphibolite) that contains: amphibole. The name of the series is: cpx amphibolites ± grt.. Fettes D.uk/scmr/home. Recommendations by the IUGS Subcommission on the systematics of metamorphic rocks. this vol. in amounts of 0 up to ≥ 5%: Example: Garnet in a series of cpx amphibolites. ilmenite and garnet then the form would be ± rt ± ilm ± gr-bearing bt-qtz-fsp gneisses.ac. USA. Arizona. this vol. The name of the series is: ± rt ± gr-bearing bt-qtz-fsp gneisses.).279. A systematic nomenclature for metamorphic rocks. If garnet and biotite may sometimes coexist: ± grt ± bt amphibolites. H H www. 68. Ninth Edition.html . 277 . For example. 1999. in amounts of < 5%: Example: Rutile and/or graphite in a series of biotite-quartz-feldspar gneisses. Tucson. Davis E..and ± gr-bearing. Another example: if either garnet or biotite occur in a series of amphibolites.bgs. or: cpx ± grt amphibolites (see definition of the symbol ‘±’ in Schmid et al.A. (1999): Fleischer’s Glossary of Mineral Species 1999. or: bt-qtz-fsp gneisses ± rt ± ilm ± gr-bearing. minor minerals (< 5% by volume) need not be implicit in rock names...or ± rt. Eighth Edition.. if they are thought to be critical (see ‘critical constituent’. Arizona. (1983): Symbols for rock-forming minerals.g) Prefixing or suffixing abbreviations for minerals only sporadic in a rock series. 1. J.A.. Mandarino. 2007.). This should be done using the form ‘mineral’-bearing.ac.bgs.E. Tucson. or: amphibolites ± grt-bt. and it is recommended to do so. Mandarino. USA. or: amphibolites ± grt or bt.. j) Prefixing minerals to rock names: For more information about the use of mineral prefixes and on how to deal with minor minerals (< 5%) see Schmid et al. h) Prefixing abbreviations for minor minerals in front of rock names: According to the SCMR rules for naming rocks. & Back. and Desmons J. M. The Mineralogical Record Inc. R. Schmid R. If there is no correlation with the presence of rutile.. plagioclase and clinopyroxene as major constitutents and titanite and biotite as minor constituents. i) Prefixing or suffixing abbreviations for minerals only sporadically present in a specific rock type or rock series. If garnet and biotite always occur together or are both absent: ± grt-bt amphibolites.. Harte B. or: amphibolites ± grt ± bt. But they may be mentioned. or: bt-qtz-fsp gneisses ± rt ± gr-bearing.2). How to name a metamorphic rock. both in amounts of 0 up to ≥ 5%.. J. (this vol. (2004): Fleischer’s Glossary of Mineral Species 2004. Schmid et al.

for Ca Not mentioned but useful as root name for the polymorphs clino-. whereas a natural Albite crystal may be abbreviated Ab.uk/scmr/home.html .bgs. In this list mineral names (not their abbreviations) are arranged in alphabetical order. Mineral name Abbreviation Name for: MineralGroup. The same abbreviations can be used for chemical components of the same name. ab for pure NaAlSi3O8.g. ortho. starting with a capital letter.1 Table 2. SubSpecies group or or Series component 0 1 0 1 Abbreviation (Name) in Kretz (1983) Term in Mandarino & Back (2004) or Mandarino (1999) Actinolite Aegirine Act Aeg Aegirine-augite Åkermanite (Akermanite) Albite Alkalifeldspar Agt Ak Ab Afs 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 Identical New abbreviation replacing Acm = Acmite not mentioned by Mandarino & Back (2004) Identical Identical Identical New abbreviation Not mentioned but useful for feldspar poor in an.but rich in or. e. If it is not evident whether a mineral or a chemical component is meant. chemical components may be written with small letters.ac.and parachrysotile Not mentioned but useful www.1.12.and ab-component Allanite Almandine Alumosilicate Amphibole Analcime Anatase Andalusite Andradite Anhydrite Ankerite Annite Anorthite Anthophyllite Antigorite Apatite Apophyllite Aragonite Arfvedsonite Arsenopyrite Augite Axinite Barite Barroisite Beryl Biotite Böhmite (Boehmite) Bornite Brookite Brucite Bustamite Calcite Cancrinite Carbonate mineral Carpholite Cassiterite Celadonite Celestine Chabazite Chalcocite Chalcopyrite Chamosite Chlorite Chloritoid Chondrodite Chromite Chrysocolla Chrysotile Aln Alm Als Am Anl Ant And Adr Anh Ank Ann An Ath Atg Ap Apo Arg Arf Apy Aug Ax Brt Brs Brl Bt Bhm Bn Brk Brc Bst Cal Ccn Cb Cph Cst Cel Cls Cbz Cc Ccp Chm Chl Cld Chn Chr Ccl Ctl 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 Identical Identical New abbreviation New abbreviation Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical New abbreviation Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical New abbreviation New abbreviation Identical New abbreviation Identical Identical Identical Identical New abbreviation Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical Not mentioned but useful Not mentioned but useful Clinoamphibole Cam 1 0 Cam = Ca clinoamphibole In this paper: Clinoamphibole (expanded from Am). Abbreviations of mineral names recommended by SCMR.

New abbreviation (expanded from Act) Fed.2 Clinoamphibole: Ca-Cam (expanded from Cam) New abbreviation Identical New abbreviation (expanded from Chq) Identical New abbreviation Identical Cpx = Ca clinopyroxene In this paper: Clinopyroxene (expanded from Px).bgs.html Hu Ill Ilm Jd Joe 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 Identical Identical Identical Identical New abbreviation . New abbreviation (expanded from Ed) New abbreviation (expanded from Hbl) Identical Fts.ac. for Ca Clinopyroxene: Ca-Cpx (expanded from Cpx) Identical New abbreviation Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical New abbreviation Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical New abbreviation Fac.uk/scmr/home. New abbreviation (expanded from Ts) Identical Identical New abbreviation Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical New abbreviation Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical New abbreviation New abbreviation Identical Clinochlore Clinoenstatite Clinoferroholmquistite Clinoferrosilite Clinoholmquistite Clinohumite Clinopyroxene Clc Cen Fe2-Chq Cfs Chq Chu Cpx 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 Not mentioned but useful Clinozoisite Coesite Cordierite Corundum Covellite Cristobalite Cummingtonite Deerite Diaspore Digenite Diopside Dolomite Dravite Eckermannite Edenite Elbaite Enstatite Epidote Fayalite Feldspar Ferro-Actinolite Czo Coe Crd Crn Cv Crs Cum Dee Dsp Dg Di Dol Drv Eck Ed Elb En Ep Fa Fsp Fe2-Act 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 Ferro-Edenite Fe2-Ed 0 1 Ferrohornblende Ferrosilite Ferrotschermakite Fe2-Hbl Fs Fe2-Ts 0 0 0 1 1 1 Fluorite Forsterite Gadolinite Galena Garnet Gedrite Gehlenite Gibbsite Glauconite Glaucophane Goethite Graphite Greenalite Grossular Grunerite Gypsum Haematite (Hematite) Halite Hastingsite Haüyne Hedenbergite Hercynite Heulandite Högbomite (Hoegbomite) Holmquistite Hornblende Fl Fo Gad Gn Grt Ged Gh Gbs Glt Gln Gt Gr Gre Grs Gru Gp Hem Hl Hs Hyn Hd Hc Hul Hgb Hq Hbl 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 Not mentioned but useful as a name for the series Fe2-Hbl – MgHbl Humite Illite Ilmenite Jadeite Joesmithite www.

bgs. New abbreviation (expanded from Rbk) New abbreviation (expanded from Sdg) Identical Identical New abbreviation Identical New abbreviation New abbreviation Identical New abbreviation New abbreviation Identical New abbreviation Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical New abbreviation Identical Identical New abbreviation Identical (expanded from Am) Identical Identical (expanded from Px) New abbreviation Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical New abbreviation Identical Identical Identical Not mentioned but useful Not mentioned but useful Not mentioned but useful Not mentioned but useful for the series Ab (an=0) – An (an=100) Potassicwww. New abbreviation (expanded from Ktp) Mrb. mostly Goethite Lizardite Löllingite(Loellingite) Maghemite Magnesiohornblende Magnesiokatophorite Lz Lo Mgh Mg-Hbl Mg-Ktp 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 Magnesioriebeckite Mg-Rbk 0 1 Magnesiosadanagaite Magnesite Magnetite Marcasite Margarite Marialite Meionite Melilite Merwinite Mica Microcline Minnesotaite Molybdenite Monazite Monticellite Montmorillonite Mullite Muscovite Natrolite Nepheline Norbergite Nosean Nyböite (Nyboeite) Olivine Omphacite Opaque mineral Orthoamphibole Orthoclase Orthopyroxene Osumilite Paragonite Pargasite Pectolite Pentlandite Periclase Perovskite Phengite Phlogopite Pigeonite Plagioclase Mg-Sdg Mgs Mag Mrc Mrg Mar Mei Mel Mw Mca Mc Mns Mo Mnz Mtc Mnt Mul Ms Ntr Ne Nrb Nsn Nyb Ol Omp Op Oam Or Opx Osu Pg Prg Pct Pn Per Prv Phg Phl Pgt Pl 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 Identical Identical Identical New abbreviation (expanded from Hbl) Mkt.ac.3 Johannsenite Kaersutite Kalsilite Kaolinite Kaolinite-Serpentine Katophorite K-feldspar Jh Krs Kls Kln Kln-Srp Ktp Kfs 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 Identical Identical Identical Identical New abbreviation (expanded from Kln and Srp) Identical Identical Not mentioned but useful for Alkalifeldspar containing more orthan ab-component Kieserite Kornerupine Kôzulite (Kozulite) Kyanite Laumontite Lawsonite Lazulite Lepidolite Leucite Limonite Kie Krn Koz Ky Lmt Lws Laz Lpd Lct Lm 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 New abbreviation Identical New abbreviation Identical Identical Identical New abbreviation Identical Identical Identical Not mentioned but useful for hydrous Feoxides.uk/scmr/home.html KMg-Sdg 0 1 New abbreviation (expanded .

"Protoenstatite" (Pen).ac.bgs. "Fassaite" (Fst) and "Thompsonite" (Tmp) from the list of Kretz (1983) are not included in this list.uk/scmr/home. because these minerals are not mentioned in Mandarino and Back (2004).4 Magnesiosadanagaite Potassicsadanagaite Prehnite Pumpellyite Pyrite Pyrochlore Pyrope Pyrophyllite Pyrophyllite-Talc Pyroxene Pyrrhotite Quartz Rhodochrosite Rhodonite Richterite Riebeckite Rutile Sadanagaite K-Sdg Prh Pmp Py Pcl Prp Prl Prl-Tlc Px Po Qtz Rds Rdn Rit Rbk Rt Sdg 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 from Sdg) New abbreviation (expanded from Sdg) Identical Identical Identical New abbreviation Identical Identical New abbreviation (expanded from Prl and Tlc) New abbreviation Identical Identical Identical Identical New abbreviation Identical Identical New abbreviation Not mentioned but useful for series MgSdg – KMg-Sdg and KSdg – KMg-Sdg Sanidine Sapphirine Scapolite Schorl Sepiolite Sericite Sa Spr Scp Srl Sep Ser 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 Identical Identical Identical Identical New abbreviation New abbreviation Serpentine Srp 1 0 Identical Not mentioned but useful for any fine grained colorless mica Not mentioned but useful for part of the minerals of the Kln-Srp group Siderite Sillimanite Smectite Sodalite Spessartine Sphalerite Spinel Spodumene Staurolite Stilbite Stilpnomelane Stishovite Strontianite Talc Taramite Titanite Topaz Tourmaline Tremolite Tridymite Troilite Tschermakite Ulvöspinel (Ulvoespinel) Uvarovite Vermiculite Vesuvianite Vivianite Wairakite White Mica Sd Sil Sme Sdl Sps Sp Spl Spd St Stb Stp Stv Str Tlc Tmt Ttn Toz Tur Tr Trd Tro Ts Usp Uvt Vrm Ves Viv Wrk Wmca 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 Identical Identical New abbreviation Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical New abbreviation Identical Identical New abbreviation Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical Identical New abbreviation Identical Identical New abbreviation New abbreviation New abbreviation Not mentioned but useful for any colorless mica Winchite Witherite Wollastonite Wüstite (Wuestite) Xenotime Zeolite Zinnwaldite Zircon Zoisite Win Wth Wo Wus Xtm Zeo Zwd Zrn Zo 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 New abbreviation Identical Identical Identical New abbreviation New abbreviation New abbreviation Identical Identical Remarks: The terms "Carnegieite" (Crn). www.html .

and could therefore be removed from this list too keep it short. In the column “Abbreviation (Name) in Kretz (1983)”: “expanded from …” means: The abbreviation is expanded from a root name already existing in this list according to the “Rules for using the abbreviations”.5 In the column “Mineral name”: Mineral names in brackets are written as we recommend it in case the font choosen is not able to produce the special characters in that name. It is recommended to replace the hyphen used in such abbreviations in certain cases by the underscore character “_” (see paragraph f). c and d.html .bgs.ac. www. The abbreviations are listed as examples for correct expansions of root names. paragraphs b.uk/scmr/home.

1 Table 2.ac. Abbreviation Mineral name Name for: MineralGroup.uk/scmr/home.bgs.12.html Ab Act Adr Aeg Afs Agt Ak Alm Aln Als Am An And Anh Ank Anl Ann Ant Ap Apo Apy Arf Arg Atg Ath Aug Ax Bhm Bn Brc Brk Brl Brs Brt Bst Bt Cal Cam Cb Cbz Cc Ccl Ccn Ccp Cel Cen Albite Actinolite Andradite Aegirine Alkalifeldspar Aegirine-augite Åkermanite (Akermanite) Almandine Allanite Alumosilicate Amphibole Anorthite Andalusite Anhydrite Ankerite Analcime Annite Anatase Apatite Apophyllite Arsenopyrite Arfvedsonite Aragonite Antigorite Anthophyllite Augite Axinite Böhmite (Boehmite) Bornite Brucite Brookite Beryl Barroisite Barite Bustamite Biotite Calcite Clinoamphibole Carbonate mineral Chabazite Chalcocite Chrysocolla Cancrinite Chalcopyrite Celadonite Clinoenstatite . List of mineral abbreviations arranged in alphabetical order. Subgroup or Series 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 Speciesor component 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 www.2.

bgs.html .uk/scmr/home.2 Cfs Chl Chm Chn Chq Chr Chu Clc Cld Cls Coe Cph Cpx Crd Crn Crs Cst Ctl Cum Cv Czo Dee Dg Di Dol Drv Dsp Eck Ed Elb En Ep Fa Fe2-Act Fe2-Chq Fe2-Ed Fe2-Hbl Fe2-Ts Fl Fo Fs Fsp Gad Gbs Ged Gh Gln Glt Gn Gp Gr Gre Grs Grt Gru Gt Hbl Hc Hd Clinoferrosilite Chlorite Chamosite Chondrodite Clinoholmquistite Chromite Clinohumite Clinochlore Chloritoid Celestine Coesite Carpholite Clinopyroxene Cordierite Corundum Cristobalite Cassiterite Chrysotile Cummingtonite Covellite Clinozoisite Deerite Digenite Diopside Dolomite Dravite Diaspore Eckermannite Edenite Elbaite Enstatite Epidote Fayalite Ferro-Actinolite Clinoferroholmquistite Ferro-Edenite Ferrohornblende Ferrotschermakite Fluorite Forsterite Ferrosilite Feldspar Gadolinite Gibbsite Gedrite Gehlenite Glaucophane Glauconite Galena Gypsum Graphite Greenalite Grossular Garnet Grunerite Goethite Hornblende Hercynite Hedenbergite 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 www.ac.

uk/scmr/home.ac.3 Hem Hgb Hl Hq Hs Hu Hul Hyn Ill Ilm Jd Jh Joe Kfs Kie Kln Kln-Srp Kls KMg-Sdg Koz Krn Krs K-Sdg Ktp Ky Laz Lct Lm Lmt Lo Lpd Lws Lz Mag Mar Mc Mca Mei Mel Mgh Mg-Hbl Mg-Ktp Mg-Rbk Mgs Mg-Sdg Mns Mnt Mnz Mo Mrc Mrg Ms Mtc Mul Mw Ne Nrb Nsn Haematite (Hematite) Högbomite (Hoegbomite) Halite Holmquistite Hastingsite Humite Heulandite Haüyne Illite Ilmenite Jadeite Johannsenite Joesmithite K-feldspar Kieserite Kaolinite Kaolinite-Serpentine Kalsilite PotassicMagnesiosadanagaite Kôzulite (Kozulite) Kornerupine Kaersutite Potassicsadanagaite Katophorite Kyanite Lazulite Leucite Limonite Laumontite Löllingite(Loellingite) Lepidolite Lawsonite Lizardite Magnetite Marialite Microcline Mica Meionite Melilite Maghemite Magnesiohornblende Magnesiokatophorite Magnesioriebeckite Magnesite Magnesiosadanagaite Minnesotaite Montmorillonite Monazite Molybdenite Marcasite Margarite Muscovite Monticellite Mullite Merwinite Nepheline Norbergite Nosean 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 www.bgs.html .

html .bgs.ac.4 Ntr Nyb Oam Ol Omp Op Opx Or Osu Pcl Pct Per Pg Pgt Phg Phl Pl Pmp Pn Po Prg Prh Prl Prl-Tlc Prp Prv Px Py Qtz Rbk Rdn Rds Rit Rt Sa Scp Sd Sdg Sdl Sep Ser Sil Sme Sp Spd Spl Spr Sps Srl Srp St Stb Stp Str Stv Tlc Tmt Toz Tr Natrolite Nyböite (Nyboeite) Orthoamphibole Olivine Omphacite Opaque mineral Orthopyroxene Orthoclase Osumilite Pyrochlore Pectolite Periclase Paragonite Pigeonite Phengite Phlogopite Plagioclase Pumpellyite Pentlandite Pyrrhotite Pargasite Prehnite Pyrophyllite Pyrophyllite-Talc Pyrope Perovskite Pyroxene Pyrite Quartz Riebeckite Rhodonite Rhodochrosite Richterite Rutile Sanidine Scapolite Siderite Sadanagaite Sodalite Sepiolite Sericite Sillimanite Smectite Sphalerite Spodumene Spinel Sapphirine Spessartine Schorl Serpentine Staurolite Stilbite Stilpnomelane Strontianite Stishovite Talc Taramite Topaz Tremolite 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 www.uk/scmr/home.

bgs.5 Trd Tro Ts Ttn Tur Usp Uvt Ves Viv Vrm Win Wmca Wo Wrk Wth Wus Xtm Zeo Zo Zrn Zwd Tridymite Troilite Tschermakite Titanite Tourmaline Ulvöspinel (Ulvoespinel) Uvarovite Vesuvianite Vivianite Vermiculite Winchite White Mica Wollastonite Wairakite Witherite Wüstite (Wuestite) Xenotime Zeolite Zoisite Zircon Zinnwaldite 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 www.ac.uk/scmr/home.html .

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