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AYURVEDA CONCEPTS Diseases Ayurveda Basics Dhatu Doshas Mala AHAR VIHAR Chyavanaprasha Ayurvedic Rasayanas Pippali Rasayana Rasayana Therapy Triphala Rasayana ASHTANG AYURVEDA Agada Tantra Kaumara Bhritya Graha Chikitsa Rasayana Chikitsa Kayachikitsa Shalakya Tantra Shalya Chikitsa Vrishya Chikitsa PANCHAKARMA TREATMENT Purification Therapy Basti Karma Nasya Karma Raktamoksha Therapy Vamana Therapy Virechana Therapy PRASUTI TANTRA Fetal Development Menopause Post Partum Disorders Garbhini Vyakaran PRAKRUTI & VIKRUTI Prakruti Sharirik Doshas Vikruti Ayurveda Basics
NIDAN Ayurveda Pareeksha Pratyaksha Darshana Anumana Sparshana PERSONAL HYGIENE Public Svasthavrtta Ritucharya Ayurvedic Diet Science of Ayurveda Tripods
AYURVEDIC HERBOLOGY Effects of Ayurvedic Herbs Types of Ayurvedic Herbs Significance of Ayurvedic Herbs Properties of Ayurvedic Herbs
KAUMARBHRUTYA Child Care Importance of Breast Milk Child Diet Dhatri Baby Teething
PRINCIPLES OF AYURVEDA Bhaijasya Kalpana Ayurvedic Prakruti Rasa Shastra Shalakya Tantra
DINCHARYA Ancient Daily Regime Modern Dincharya
I. AYURVEDA CONCEPTS
Ayurveda is a vast medicinal science. It is said to have been originated in India about 5000 years back. Unlike other medicinal systems, Ayurveda focuses more on healthy living than treatment of diseases. The main concept of Ayurveda is that it personalizes the healing process. According to Ayurveda, the human body is composed of four basics-the dosha, dhatu, mala and agni. There is immense significance of all these basics of the body in Ayurveda. These are also called the Mool Siddhant or the basic fundamentals of Ayurvedic treatment. Basic Concepts Of Ayurveda i. Dosha : The three vital principles of doshas are vata, pitta and kapha, which together regulate and control the catabolic and anabolic metabolism. The main function of the three doshas is to carry the byproduct of digested foods throughout the body, which helps in building up the body tissues. Any malfunction in these doshas causes disease. ii. Dhatu : Dhatu can be defined, as one, which supports the body. There are seven tissue systems in the body. They are as Rasa, Rakta, Mamsa, Meda, Asthi, Mjja and Shukra which represent the plama, blood, muscle, fat tissue, bone, bone marrow and semen respectively. Dhatus only provide the basic nutrition to the body. And it helps in the growth and structure of mind. iii. Mala : Mala means waste products or dirty. It is third in the trinity of the body i.e. doshas and dhatu. There are three main types of malas, e.g. stool, urine and sweat. Malas are mainly the waste products of the body so their proper excretion from the body is essential to maintain the proper health of the individual. There are mainly two aspect of mala i.e. mala and kitta. Mala is about waste products of the body whereas kitta is all about the waste products of dhatus. iv. Agni : All kinds of metabolic and digestive activity of the body takes place with the help of the biological fire of the body called Agni. Agni can be termed as the various enzymes present in the elementary canal, liver and the tissue cells.
Disease is defined as the state of mind wherein a person experiences discomfort, pain and injury. Fundamentally, a disease is caused by the imbalance of the three doshas - Vata, Pitta and Kapha. However, the diseases are also categorized into those that can be cured and the one that cannot be cured by Ayurvedic treatment. Moreover, the texts of Ayurveda suggest that diseases are also classified according to the underlying cause - whether it is psychological, physiological or an external factor. In this article, we have briefly discussed the various types of diseases, as suggested by Ayurveda. Types Of Ayurveda Diseases i. Samanyaj Vyadhi: Samanyaj vyadhi arises when there is an imbalance of one or all the Doshas. It is caused due to disequilibrium of any one, two or three Doshas. For instance, Anemia can be caused due to the disequilibrium of either of Vata, Pitta or Kapha Dosha or all of them. ii. Nanatmaj: This disease is caused due to disequilibrium of one particular Dosha. Some of the most common nanatmaj vyadhis are grudhrasi (sciatica), Kamala (jaundice), Medorog (obesity), each being caused due to the vitiation of Vata, Pitta, Kapha Doshas, respectively. iii. Agantuj: Agantuj vyadhi occurs, when the patient suffers from a disease that is cause due to the
entrance of a foreign body, into the system. iv. Nijroga: A person suffers from nijroga vyadhi, when all the three Doshas become imbalanced. v. Manas: A person tends to suffers manas vyadhi, when the Doshas interfere with the functioning of his/her nervous system. vi. Sadhya: Diseases that can be cured are often referred to as sadhya, in ayurveda. Sadhya is further divided into following two categories - Sukhasadhya and Kruchchhasadhya. Sukhasadhya refers to diseases, which are easily curable within a short span of time. On the other hand, Kruchchhasadhya are those diseases, which are curable with difficulty. vii. Asadhya: Asadhya, as the name suggests, is exactly opposite to sadhya. A disease is referred to as asadhya in Ayurveda, if it is incurable. Asadhya is further divided into two categories - Yapya and Anukarma. In yapya, the treatments or remedies applied afford relief to the patient, but within a short span, relapse again. Such type of disease can be controlled only at the time of medication. On the other hand, Anukarma is irredeemable, that is, remedies applied to it, in no way, give relief to the patient. viii. Aadi- Bala Pravritta: Genetically predisposed diseases are often referred to as Aasi-bala pravritta, in Ayurveda. ix. Janma- Bala: The congenital diseases are known as janma-bala in Ayurveda. x. Sanghata-bala: If the disease is traumatic, then it is referred to as sanghata-bala in Ayurveda. xi. Kala - Bala: The seasonal or time linked diseases are referred to as kala-bala in Ayurveda. xii. Daiva -Bala: It is a popular belief that people also suffer from the possession of demons or Gods. Such diseases also find place in Ayurveda. They are known as daiva-bala. xiii. Svabhava -Bala: Certain diseases occur due to the natural changes in the body of the person. If a patient incurs such a problem, then he/she would be suffering from a disease, known as svabhava- bala in Ayurveda. xiv. Nija: In the texts of Ayurveda, the endogenous diseases caused due to disorder in Doshas are referred to as nija. xv. Agantuja: Injuries may be the prime reasons for the occurrence of diseases. Such diseases, caused by external reasons (injuries in this case) are known as agantuja, in Ayurveda. xvi. Sharirik: Certain physiological disturbances may be prevalent in a person, if he/she is suffering from a disease. In such a case, the disease would be referred to as sharirik. xvii. Manasik: Manasik diseases are exactly opposite to sharirik diseases. According to the texts in Ayurveda, a person is said to be suffering from manasik disease, if he/she is affected by psychological disturbances.
2. AYURVEDA BASICS
Ayurveda is an ancient medicine system of the Indian subcontinent. The word Ayurveda has been a conjugation of two Sanskrit words ayus, meaning 'life' and veda, meaning 'science', thus ayurveda literally means the 'science of life'. Unlike other traditional medicinal systems, Ayurveda is more focused on simple and logical therapies. It is in fact a set of practical and simple guidelines for long life and good health. The basic feature of this medicinal therapy is the internal harmony of various body parts as well as body’s harmony with the surrounding nature and environment. Ayurveda is contemporary times is recognized by the western world to be a form of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM).
The Origin The existence of Ayurvedic medicinal therapy can be traced back to the origins of Vedas- Atharveda in particular. It is said that the Sushruta Samhita, the main text book of Ayurvedic medicine system written by famous Vaidya Sushruta appeared during the 1st millennium BCE. The other famous book for Ayurvedic studies is ‘Charak Samhita’, the one written by another famous Vaidya of ancient India, Charak. It is said that in ancient era, Ayurveda was one of the most advance medicinal therapies with the prescribed treatment for complex ailments like angina pectoris, diabetes, hypertension, stones as well as surgeries like plastic surgery, cataract surgery and anal fistulas. The Branches Unlike other traditional medicinal therapies, Ayurveda believes in specialized treatment. It branches itself into eight different categories to deal with eight different kinds of ailments. The Kaaya cikitsaa, Baala cikitsaa, Graha Chikitsa, S`aalakya tantra, Agada tantra, Rasayan Tantra, Vajeekarana cikitsaa and the S`alya tantra are the eight different branches of Ayurveda dealing with internal medicine, pediatrics, psychiatry, treatment of head and neck, toxicology, rejuvenation therapy, reproductive medicines and surgery. Practical Guidelines Other than mere treatment of ailments, Ayurveda also suggests practical guidelines for living healthy. It asks for striking balance between three substances: wind/spirit/air, phlegm, and bile, each representing divine forces necessary for a healthy body, mind or soul. Ayurveda also suggests consumption of right kind of diet. The suggestions for diet in Ayurvedic texts range from preparation and consumption of food, to healthy routines for day and night, sexual life, and rules for ethical conduct. Ayurveda stresses on moderation in food intake, sleep, sexual intercourse and the intake of medicine. Most of the time, Ayurveda suggests the use of vegetable drugs; however the use of animal product and minerals in the ayurvedic treatment are also not uncommon. Hundreds of vegetable drugs like cardamom and cinnamon are used in the treatment of various kinds of ailments. Animal products like milk, bones and gallstones and minerals like sulfur, arsenic, lead, copper sulfate and gold are also used in ayurvedic medicines.
Dhatu are basically the body tissues which are responsible for the functioning of the systems and organs and the structure of the body. Each of the Dhatus is built out of a previous one and they develop on the nourishment that comes from the digestive system. They are basically the result of the
action of catalysts that convert one tissue to another. The sole purpose of metabolism is to assemble proper ‘Dhatus’ together in synchronization with which they carry out their role as the field of physiological activity.
Seven Dhatus Of Ayurveda Dhatu is originally a Sanskrit word which means ‘that which enters into the formation of the body’; the root Daa means ‘support’ or ‘that which bears’.It is thus said to be the the base of growth and survival. According to Ayurveda, there are seven basic types of dhatus in a human body. These seven basic dhatus are composed of five mahabhutas. These dhatus remain inside the human body in a proper equilibrium so that the body can function properly. It is said that any kind of disturbance or imbalance in their equilibrium causes ailments and diseases. The seven dhatus are as follows: i. Rasa (Plasma) : Rasa literally means ‘sap’ or ‘juice’. The primary function of ‘Rasa’ is to strengthen ‘rakta’ (blood) and provide nourishment. Basically, the tissue fluids consist of lymph and blood plasma. Accessory tissues are the breast milk and the menstrual blood. ii. Rakta (Blood) : Rakta Dhatu is said to be constituted from the metabolic refinement of the Rasa Dhatu. The primary function of the Rakta Dhatu is the nourishment of the body. It is also said to be the preserver of life. iii. Mansa (Muscles) : It is formed from the rasa and rakta dhatu and said to be the basic cover of bone and structure of body. iv. Meda (Fat) : Meda Dhatu are the finer part of the mansa dhatu that are also known as fatty tissue. They keep the lubrication between the various body organs and help the body in maintaining right internal temperature. v. Asthi (Bone) : Asthi i.e bones are the finer essence of the Meda Dhatu, which are converted into the most solid form of the Dhatus. They give the basic structure to the body. vi. Majja (Bone marrow) : Majja is the finer essence of the Asthi Dhatu. It is basically a semi- solid substance, yellow and red in color. Its primary function is filling the bone. It is also found inside the brain and spinal cord. vii. Shukra (Reproductive fluid or Semen) : Sukra is produced from the most refined essence of the Bone Marrow. It is the cause of Ojas, which is actually the essence of all the seven Dhatus. The Shukra is responsible for vitality and energy of the body.
Doshas play a vital role in the basic foundation of Ayurveda. They are responsible for coordinating and directing all the substances and structures of the body. According to Ayurveda there are three vital principles, which regulate and control the biological functions of the body. They are known as Vata, Pitta and Kapha. They are the subtle forms of the three bhutas -air, fire and water. It is very important
Pitta controls digestion of food as well as conversion of light rays that fall on the retina to electric impulses. Pitta controls emotion like anger. pitta dosha and kapah doah. Pitta controls digestion of food. These are known as Mala due to its principle property of Malinikaran i. Vata dosha is said to initiate all forms of activity and motion in the body.vata dosha. assimilation and reaction. 'Pitta' reflects the dynamics of youth. then 'kapha' on the contrary is potential energy. Vata dosha is the basis of all the communication process in the body. 'Kapha' abnormalities lead to respiratory disease.e. Kapah Dosha : Kapah dosha is the third important part of dosha. are invariably connected with life as it is found that the dead body and the other inanimate objects have none of the three doshas. If 'vata' is kinetic energy. weakness and lethargy. the only . Factors that create a balance between the tridoshas are healthy diet. heavy and moist. Purish (stool). The quality of Pitta dosha' is most predominant during youth and adulthood. As all of three doshas have their own significance and qualities. it is responsible for hunger.doshas and dhatus. i. based on both anatomy and body function. Kapha is the principle of water and earth and is thus. transportation and electromagnetic activities are controlled by vata. iii. According to Ayurveda. These are also known as Dushya as these tend to be influenced to cause pathology or disease by imbalanced doshas. 5. Mutra (urine) and Sweda (sweat) are considered as main excretory product of the body.to maintain a proper balance between the three as any disturbance or imbalance in their equilibrium can lead to several kinds of ailments and diseases. Pitta Dosha : Pitta dosha is responsible for all types of transformations in the body. It is responsible for perception. which are contrary to each other. Toxification. fine digestion. regular exercise. feeble mindedness. There are mainly five types of pitta dosha. ii. Three Doshas Of Ayurveda The three doshas in Ayurveda . MALA Mala are the substances or waste matter to be thrown out of the body. and elimination of toxins. It is the cohesive energy in the body and it smoothes out problems and provides support when needed. They are actually by products formed as a result of various physiological activities going on in the body. Malas are the third in the trinity of the body after the other two. a balance between all the three of them is required so as to maintain the equilibrium. appetite and thirst. It is mainly associated with the chemical reaction and changes taking place in the body. The functions of pitta are more physical compare to vata. fear and boldness. Vata Dosha : Doshas are referred to as 'dynamic energies' and out of all three 'vata dosha' is specified to be kinetic energy. All the motions. It is said that carbohydrates and fats can increase 'kapha' There are five types of kapha dosha. It acts as a network of communication from tissue to tissue and cell to cell.
In human body. They are the waste product of the human digestive system. Sweda (Sweat) : Sweating or Perspiration is known as Sweda in the terms of Ayurveda. Three Forms Of Mala i. Many times the causes may be external. the diagnosis and treatment of disease is always individual to each patient. it is known as a highly accurate and personalized method of analyzing diseases. burning sensation of body or reduced body temperature. with a mucus coating. Ayurveda thus believes not only in the treatment of the physical aspect of the disease but completely eliminating the disease. The causative factors of diseases can be the food. life style or daily activities. flatulence. It is basically a fluid that comes out of skin pores and primarily consists of water as well as various dissolved solids. It is basically a means of thermoregulation in human body. dhatus and malas is Aarogya (good health or disease free condition) and their imbalance causes ill health or disease. life style or other activities. influenced by diet and health. then metabolic process would be impaired ultimately leading to the formation of malformed tissues. Any imbalance like increased or decreased urine can lead to problems like urinary infections. whether internal or external. To give permanent relief the root cause of the disease has to be eliminated. As Ayurveda treats according to the constitution of an individual. Diagnosis is to find out the root cause of a disease (Nidan).e. Normally stools are semisolid. They vary in appearance from person to person depending on the state of the whole digestive system. Any discrepancy caused in its normal process of defecation can lead to constipation. So. Factors affecting your health could be your diet. Unless the proper diagnosis is not done it is difficult to provide medicine and cure the disease.balanced condition of doshas. In Ayurveda. It is actually a liquid waste product of the body secreted by the kidneys through a phenomenon of filtration from blood. kidney stones. pitta and kapha. there needs to be an appropriate segregation of essence of ingested food and waste product and excretion of the waste matter on appropriate time for maintaining health. All causative factors of disease. vata. Mutra (Urine) : Urine is another important excretion from the human body.e. skin infections. a result of defecation. essence of ingested food and waste products are constantly formed. diarrhea. heaviness or pain. beneficial products that nourish tissues. Malas are actually the waste products of the body and their proper excretion from the body is essential. II. Significance of Mala As a result of metabolic processes being carried out in the body. irritation. ii. If waste products are not being formed besides the essence i. NIDAN Diagnosis is a very vital aspect of Ayurvedic treatment. All diseases are caused by aggravation of the three doshas i. directly or indirectly create an imbalance (increase or decrease) in these doshas first and only then do the symptoms of the disease manifest. so that the proper health of the individual can be maintained because if the waste products are not thrown out they can toxify. The Nidan or the . abdominal pain and various bladder disorders. iii. Any imbalance in sweat production can lead to itching. It is not always necessary that the root cause is internal. it is excreted through the urethra. Purish (stool) : Purish or Stool are human feces.
egg plant. • Travelling too much by any means of transportation. beans. frozen food and micro waved cooked • Exposure to sound pollution • Too much exposure to television and computers or any electric gadgets • Indulging more in sexual activities • Excessive physical labor like sports • Taking too much medicinal. recreational and stimulating drugs.solution of the disease is done in accordance with the doshas. broccoli. cauliflower. • Exposure to sun and heat also increases pitta. mushrooms and raw foods. Diagnosis of Doshas Vatta There are various factors responsible for increasing vata: • Excessive intake of food like cabbage. oily and fried foods. spinach. ice creams. meats. dry fruits. fats. sprouts. coffee. • Untimely sleeping hours or late nights • Too much eating of junk food. and onions. alcohol and excessive smoking increase pitta in the body. AYURVEDA PAREEKSHA . • Eating of hot and spicy food • Too intake of chillies. tomatoes. Symptoms: Some of the symptoms caused by excess of pitta in the body are: • Hyperacidity • Skin diseases • Burning sensation • Fever • Infections • Ulcers And Liver disorders Kapha There are various factors responsible for increasing Kapha: • Eating too much sugars. dairy products and nuts • Sleeping during day time and less of physical activities Symptoms: Some of the symptoms caused by excess of kapha in the body are • Asthma • Cough and cold • Congestion in the chest • Anorexia • Obesity 1. Symptoms Symptoms caused by excess of vata in the body are: • Joint Pains • Constipation • Dry Skin • Loss of Memory • Palpitation insomnia • Stiffness of muscles • Weight Loss • Migraine • Vertigo • Tremors Pitta There are various factors responsible for increasing vata: • Drinking too much tea.
The three steps are then elaborated in two ways . check up of the patient is done by this test considering ten factors and in the Ashtasthana Pareeksha. Prasnam : It is the stage of interrogation where the patient is asked about his ailments and the symptoms that he is observing on a daily basis.Dasavidha Pareeksha (tenfold examination) and Ashtasthana Pareeksha (eightfold examination).g.Ayurveda is a very logical science based on basic scientific principles. hard working. a patient body can only be said to have recovered from the disease if the root cause of the ailment is eliminated and the body of the patient starts functioning normally. suppression of the disease is not the way to cure an ailment. To find out the root cause of a disease in Ayurveda. • Satvam. Ayurveda focuses on finding the reasons of the underlying symptoms.The natural Thridosha constitution of the body • Vayas -Age of the patient. the check up of the patient is done by this test considering eight factors. Darsanam : It is the stage of inspection and observation. It is done in order to synchronize the observation of the doctor with the feelings of the patient. It is a three stage phenomenon where every possible causative aspect of the ailment in the patient’s body is examined. Dasavidha & Ashtasthana Pareeksha Apart from this threefold examination the patient is also put to further detailed examination at times in order to find out all the possible causative elements behind the ailment. In this stage various factors like age and other physical characteristic of the patient is thoroughly examined. Dasavidha Pareeksha (Tenfold Examination) • Dooshyam. the observation of the patient. The science of Ayurveda doesn’t only depend upon the symptoms as told by the patient rather it believes in a thorough examination to find out the root cause of the ailment in the patients body.Nature of food (e. Percussion and Auscultation are three different ‘sparsanam’ techniques.: smoking. vegetarian or non-vegetarian) Ashtasthana Pareeksha (Eightfold Examination) • Nadi-Pulse .General and personal habits of the patient e.Regarding the structural and functional abnormalities of the body • Desham -Geographical situation of the place where patient lives (eg: marshy) • Balam -Physical strength • Kalam.e. Thus. Sparsanam : It is the stage where the observation is done through touch method. day sleeping etc.Psychological strength of the patient • Sathmyam. The examination of a patient is divided into three folds and this is referred as ‘rogi pariksha’ i. iii. Palpation. there are certain few examinations that are mandatory to be conducted. ii. instead of finding methods to suppress the symptoms. The three stages are as followsi. In the Dasavidha Pareeksha (tenfold examination). • Aharam.g. According to Ayurveda.The season and climatic conditions • Analam -The digestive system of the patient • Prakrithi.
Pratyaksha (Observation) Pratyaksha is the stage of direct observation. More than healing a particular disease through external means. it focuses more on eliminating the root cause of the disturbances so that the body can regain its normal strength and endurance to function properly. etc. looking into the saying of seers in authoritative classical and other texts. The other observation is that of disease to find out its intensity and seriousness. The Stage After Pratyaksha .Anumana (Interference) It is the stage where inferences are drawn out the visible and described symptoms of the patient. any ayurvedic practitioner goes through a three stage thorough examination of the patient’s body to find out symptoms and discrepancy that the patient body is exhibiting. breathing pattern. The threefold examination or trividh pariksha is carried out in systematic stages like . Types Of Pratyaksha (Observation) There are two types of Pratyaksha (observation) done . It is then helpful in drawing logical and clear reasons behind the ailment. Here are the two steps of observation. Here the doctor checks the discrepancies in the patient’s body through direct methods of observation. variations in the patient's voice or any other sounds that may be observed in any part of the body. The Stage Before Pratyaksha . He checks the pulse.• • • • • • • Moothram-Urine Malam -Faecal matter Jihwa.Tongue-taste Sabdam -Voice and speech of the patient Sparsham-Touch. Before prescribing any treatment for any kind of symptom.the observation of patient and the observation of the disease.Prashana (Questioning) It is the stage where the doctor questions a patient about the symptoms of the ailment he is suffering and his basic routine. Pratyaksha and Anumana. shape. so that one can draw a logical inference based on scientific principles. PRATYAKSHA Ayurveda is a very logical medical science based on the basic principles of body mechanism and organ functioning.e. The observation of the patient is done in order to find out the visible symptoms of ailment in his body. the healthy or diseased look of the body. muscular. • Ears -Intestinal sounds. The body of the patient is thoroughly examined in order to find out what is wrong with the body of the patient and to what extent has the body been gripped by the disease. • Nose -Abnormal or normal odor of the body. eg: lean. It also includes the stage of Aptopadesh i. proportions and the luster.General body build. The second of these three stages ‘Pratyaksha’ is the method of direct observation. skin color. nails and hair of the patient. It is done in order to find out a way to lead the examination procedure. the sounds of the joints and the finger knuckles. Observation of Patient • Eyes -Color. . heart beat.Prashana. 2. skin and tactile sense Drik -Eyes and vision Akrithi.
the result derived can’t be true. the observation of the disease was done through Ayurvedic tests and experiments. It is derived from the first triad described in Trividh Pariksha for the assessment of diseases. • Dryness or excessive oiliness of skin and hair. • Nails-its brittleness and color • Weight Some Rules There are certain rules and regulations regarding the assessment of disease in Ayurveda. It is actually the first method of clinical assessment. It is a way of assessing the nature of the disease through different tests and examination. It has several prescribed to various complex ailments that do not find solution in any other modern medical sciences. swelling roughness or dryness. The doctor then on the basis of the discrepancies from normal body conditions determines the problems in the body of the patients. ANUMANA Ayurveda is a very vast medical science. • Examination of the patient should be the only concern of the physician. Thus. the person is totally assessed by the physician and the following things are noted: • Age • Symptoms of the disease • Strength and Stamina of the body • Color of the skin • Shape of the body. Factors For Inspection In order to determine the kind of ailment patient is suffering from and to determine its intensity and seriousness. • The patient should be relaxed and at ease. Methodical investigation and logical decision are the foundation of this science of medicine. • Assessment should be done from head to toe. The correct interpretation of these facts and systematic reasoning based on them.Touch -Normal or abnormal feel of the body. 4. hygiene and state of the patient are various important factors and should be in an ideal state during the examination. Observation of Disease Observation of ailment is done through prescribed tests related to the body symptoms. • 3. Ayurveda in present times also gives due recognition to the pathologic and other related test to find out the problem in a patients body by using direct means of examination. a very detailed diagnosis of the disease is necessary. While inspection of the body he looks out for those factors which can give him a clue about the disease. That is why factors like light.color. • The microscopic pathological investigations done now-a-days can also be included under inspection. It is said that until the examinations are done in a correct atmosphere. He figures out two to three possibilities and cross checks them in order to test his hypothesis. while examination of the patient the factors mentioned below must be kept in concern• Assessment should be done as far as possible in sunlight because the inference drawn in artificial light can be wrong. softness of the skin. • The place should be clean and calm. According to Ayurveda the fundamental cause . • Certain points that are instructed by the physician prior to the examination like being ‘empty stomach’ or ‘after having first meal’ should also be religiously followed. A careful inquiry and thorough physical examination of the patient concerning his constitution and illness are the prime factors necessary to elicit all the data of the case. Earlier. temperature of the body. • Eyes . In this method. DARSHANA Darshana in Ayurveda means complete inspection of the body. It is believed that slightest of discrepancy in the assessment can lead to a completely wrong treatment. are essential to arrive at the accurate diagnosis and prognosis and to decide the right line of treatment. features etc.
The threefold examination. Prashana It is the stage in which the doctor questions the patient about his problems. which is carried out by the three methods. Linga and Lingi has Samya relation (Intimate relation). • Understanding by the purposeful nature of action. By the means of Linga (property). This is the stage where physical evidences are collected in order to support the patient statements or checking out details beyond the patient’s explanation. • Anger from the actions of violence. There is a wide range of methods in Ayurveda to assess diseases based on their constitution and then prescribe the suitable treatment. Anumana The third and the most important stage of the examination is Anumana. The medical practitioner uses various indirect factors to diagnose the disease like for example: • Strength is determined by capacity for exercise. • Pleasure from the sense of satisfaction. ailments and symptoms. • Mind by the power of concentration. Methods of Anumana Anumana is the anticipation of living beings i. meal he intakes. any outer scars or wounds etc. his physical activities and several other question that can help the doctor understand the state of the patient and the root causes behind it. It is basically the objective examination of the patient by indirect or inferential methods. • Joy by exhilaration. consists of investigation.of diseases is imbalance of the three doshas . • Infatuation by the lack of understanding. • Grief by despondency. • Passion by the strength of attachment. Read on to explore more about the stages of ailment investigation in Ayurveda. The goal or purpose of investigation is to obtain a dear conception of the status of one's bodily strength including resistance (bala pramana). Two Stages Preceding Anumana i. Two important things are considered Lingi (matter) and Linga (property). measuring the intensity of breathing. the situation where the perceived knowledge is beyond the judgement of our senses we anticipate.e. . Pratyaksha It is the direct objective examination of the patient by direct methods like checking the pulse. • Sense organs by their clarity of perception. He enquires about his daily routine. ii. size and state of stomach. or trividh pariksha as it is called. Pitta and kapha. The state of balance or equilibrium between these three doshas in the body is called health and the state of imbalance or disequilibrium is disease. He also asks about the period since the patient is suffering from the aliment.Vata. the lingi is identified. his accurate pathological condition (dosha pramana) and one’slife term (ayu pramana).
There are different stages of diagnosis of disease. which sometimes cannot be understood by inspection. or trividh pariksha as it is called. the skin carries out this examination. The three-fold examination. SPARSHANA In Ayurveda. coldness. Pulse reading. finger test over the eye balls to assess the intraocular pressure.e.. darshana (inspection) and prashna (interrogation). the physician is required to ask the patient all the necessary questions in order to treat him/her properly. clamminess. The cognitive organ of touch i. Sparshana (Touching / Palpation Method) Sparshana is one of the methods from the first triad described in Trividh Pariksha for the assessment of diseases. symptoms. color and shape of the body. the cause may be outside the body. consists of sparshana (palpation method). in ayurveda. the root cause of a disease need not necessarily be inside the body. To get detailed information about each step of the three-fold examination. it is the method through which the medical practitioner comes to know of the nature of the disease externally. The factors. the diagnosis and treatment of disease is always based on the constitution of an individual or on an individual basis. intolerance to touch. Contrary to the popular belief. The patient is assessed for any enlarged or shrinked body parts. the medical practitioner examines a person by touching. in this. In this method. The five method of diagnosis is called nidan panchak. hotness.Darshan (Visual Observation) The first method of clinical assessment in ayurveda. it is known as a highly accurate and personalized method of analyzing every kind of diseases. The factors understood by palpation are: • Reflexes • Rigidity or softness of different organs • Temperature of the body • Texture of the skin • Swelling and tumor • Flatulence and ascites • Stages of different wounds and ulcers Stage After Sparshana . palpation and percussion of ascitis qalodara are tools for diagnosis. eight-fold examination and tenfold examination.5. palpation of glands and tumor (gulmalgranthi).Prashna (Questioning) An important aspect of the whole diagnosis process. are better known by palpation. dryness. These questions at times are very . As such. Many a times. read through the following lines. In ayurveda. dryness or excessive oiliness and color and features of eyes. Stage Before Sparshana . blood pressure monitoring. The essential element in this type of treatment is to find out the root cause of the disease. temperature reading. for assessing the specific symptoms there are three-fold examination.
Interrogation is basically of two types . the principles of healthy lifestyle which include a proper routine regarding ahar. Swasthavritta mainly emphasizes on following a proper routine regime as well as seasonal regime. we can sum up Swasthavritta as an ideal lifestyle for a human being. strict and staunch regulation of the charyas. the right ways of living i. Public Svasthavrtta is a very important subject in ayurveda. Ayurveda defines the healthy state as: 'A person. whose somatic and psychic humors are in equilibrium. Swasthavritta also prescribes Sadvritta. habitat etc • Progress of the present complaint • Any specifications regarding the disease Specific Interrogation • Profession • Financial status • Addictions. Ayurveda also emphasizes on an ideal method of healthy living. 1. PUBLIC SVASTHAVRTTA In olden days. Instead. Other than these two. Thus. diabetes. Apart from prescribing treatment to various chronic and complex diseases. digestion is uniformly healthy. with normal functioning of the fundamental tissues of the body and body wastes. cognitive organs and the mind. the Rishis initiated the science of ayurveda for the general awareness of the public. habits.e. social. there is no magical remedy or short cut for healthy living. one’s body is regarded as a temple and thus. epilepsy etc • Individual history . It is actually the crux of Ayurvedic living. accompanied by the processes of the soul. the observance of personal. Attempts were made on a large scale to . age and address of the patient • Sex • Profession • Present complaint • Duration of the complaint • History of the previous illness • Family history for diseases such as hypertension. kala (Season) and desha (Habitat) are the only ways for healthy living. is said to be a healthy person. In Ayurveda. A special section of Ayurveda. religious. Healthy Living & Ayurveda According to Ayurveda. moral. PERSONAL HYGIENE Ayurvedic Approach to Healthy Life Ayurveda is not only a medical science but also a way of healthy living. vihar and achars based on hetu (Material cause).' The principles of maintaining a proper well being of the body and mind are two-fold. following good mental. diet and habitat • Congenital anomalies • Hereditary diseases • Previous history of any diseases • Psychological abnormalities • Pediatric problems III. ’Swasthavritta’ which literally means 'the regime of abiding in one's own nature' is an individual’s guide to the path of healthy and long life. swasthavritta deals with the science of health and the code for a healthy conduct.general and specific questioning. General Interrogation • Name. several ways are prescribed for keeping it healthy and young life long.beneficial as they enhance the treatment or diagnosis procedure.addictions. first the consumption of diet and second. personal and moral conduct. seasonal and spiritual conduct.
prostrating one-self several times. body and soul. .apply the knowledge of ayurveda and collect medicinal substances to be used in days of scarcity. which are the cause of all types of mental worries. and Veda means Knowledge. Its principles are universal. and recommends many helpful suggestions for how we can adapt our lifestyle to stay balanced in each season. The Mental Svasthavrtta is a very important aspect not only in the case of an individual. balanced life. it is important to make our body immune enough to adjust to those changes and adapt itself accordingly. By connecting mind. The method imbibes a sense of confidence in an individual. Pranipatagamana. mainly caused by diseases. Ayurveda & Spiritualism Daivavyapasraya The term Daiva has been used with respect to the sense of karmas. Ayurveda made the suggestions person specific because one lifestyle or diet cannot suit everybody as people have different constitutional make up.e. making his/her optimistic and positive. • Mantras/ chanting hymns • Specially qualified medicinal stones and charms • Religious and auspicious practices of worship • Offerings to superhuman beings • Offerings to Fire-God by way of sacrifices • Services of vows • Donation to worthy men in atonement of the wrong done by the donor • Observance of fasts and rites • Svastyayana i. The existence and well being of a person depends largely on the continuous adjustments and interactions with the external and internal factors of the environment. To get detailed information about the two parts of treatments. The authorities of ayurveda. Ayurveda also offers spiritual and mental treatments for ailments in which no physical relief can be offered.e. The treatments consist of two parts: Daivavyapasraya and Sattvavijaya. i. It recognizes the intimate relationship between the individual and the environment. before the-deities. It is basically achieved through methods of propitiation of supernatural elements through which one can maintain emotional and optimistic balance of mind. but also in that of public. Ayurveda recognizes that seasonal changes have a profound effect on our health. for several days. months and years. Ayur means Life. declare it their business to solely relieve the public in distress. through the medium of blessings solicited from worthy and pious human beings who are supposed to be mediators. Ayurveda focuses on living in tune with nature. Ayurveda strives to improve harmony and happiness in an individual. seasonal regime (Ritucharya) and a wholesome diet. RITUCHARYA Ayurveda is comprised of two words. As we know that the climatic and seasonal changes have an important effect on the health of a person. They consider this to be their religious duty. invocation of favors of supernatural beings. Thus. Sattvavijaya Sattvavijaya helps to control the desires for unnecessary worldly objectives. browse through the following lines. Ayurveda emphasizes on the maintenance of good health through a balanced daily routine (Dinacharya). as a general rule. which are related to our previous life. per day. Ayurveda deals with how to live a healthy. 2.
rain. For example. food habit. In such extreme conditions one may be freeze to death or die of sunstroke. 3. According to Ayurveda. bitter. The central teaching of Ayurveda is that in order to optimize your health you must clear the accumulation of the doshas from your system. Any increase in the doshas can cause illness. AYURVEDIC DIET Ayurveda is a very vast and ancient medical science. one should avoid sunlight.Seasonal Regime in Ayurveda According to Ayurveda the constitution or dosha of the body and the seasons are intimately related. cold and light items that pacify pitta should be taken. and meat. There are various environmental factors like temperature. humidity. The diet mainly consisting of sweet. clouds and atmospheric pressure and sunlight etc that affect our health. eat less of fat food. Winters You must have noticed that when the temperature is extreme cold or extreme hot then there are maximum cases of illness. region. physical stamina. salty and pungent foods. should also be avoided. cold and wet it increases these qualities in your body. The daily and seasonal regime should be modified according to the age. sleeping during daytime and the eastern winds. sex. Unlike other medical sciences. catarrh and colds in winter. Hence there is an increase in mucous. Ayurveda focuses more on the healthy living and well being. as digestive power is weak. there are positive and negative attributes of diet. Sour. Ayurveda . One remains comfortable in temperature between 60º f and 76º f and humidity range of 40-70%. Hence one should restrict the food intake in this season. as they tend to increase pitta. It is better to take as much as fluids as possible. Light diet and less oily food are advised. Ayurveda emphasizes on consuming right kind of diet which is healthy and nutritious. Since. instead of focusing on treatment of any particular disease. One should not follow this regime mechanically but should try to understand the meaning and purpose behind it. Cold food items should be taken to counteract the effect of the hot season. The strength and digestive power are poor in summer. For healthy living. the body tries to maintain its internal temperature mainly by shivering when it is too cold and through perspiration when it is too hot. our outer environment influences our inner world. Monsoon In the monsoon all the three doshas are vitiated. mental health and condition of health. digestive power. oil. when the air is damp. wind. In extremes of weather below / beyond these ranges. Summer In summer season. Our health is affected by the qualities of the climate we live in.
Life according to Ayurveda is a proper combination of healthy senses. It is said that whatever food we eat affects our mind in accordance with its basic quality. uniformly healthy digestion. philosophy. Unlike other ancient medicinal sciences. • Difference in the time while consumption of two different kind of food items. For achieving a healthy set up of life’s senses. Ayurveda has specialized branches and sections targeted at every possible level of life. Ayurveda does not simply focuses on getting rid from a physical disease rather it believes in bringing out ideal physical and mental traits. It is a holistic science which comprises of both practical and scientific information on various subjects beneficial to mankind like health. there is no specific diet which can be said to be ideal for every human body.proper and improper combinations as suggested by Ayurveda • The quantity of a particular food that is healthy to intake. cognitive organs and the mind. If skipping meal becomes a regular phenomenon it can lead to chronic hyperacidity. Ayurveda has categorized food into three types based on its basic quality-the Satvic or spiritual quality. gastritis and duodenal ulcers. which are necessary to carry out the basic activities of digestion and metabolism. • Drinking of water between meals should be avoided. with time. it covers the diet factor in depth. accompanied by the enlightenment of the soul. normal functioning of the fundamental tissues of the body and body wastes. body and soul and the aim of Ayurveda is to provide a completely healthy body to every human being with a perfect somatic and psychic humors equilibrium. the origin of which can be traced back to the Vedas. • The places and climatic condition where the food is grown prepared and consumed. fats and carbohydrates. Ayurveda does not only deal with treatment of diseases but also prescribes a healthy way of life. but something. 4. SCIENCE OF AYURVEDA Ayurveda is an ancient Indian medical science. Satvic food is enriching and elevating while Rajasic food has a basic tendency to provoke man to a materialistic and selfish way of living. Types Of Food Diet is considered to be vital for a human body as it provides the basic nutrients. Apart from its eight branches Kaaya chikitsaa. astrology and engineering. • Eating in excess and before the normal time and interval may lead to indigestion. which leads to a devilish streak in a person. which serves as a source of energy for mind and soul. • Use of artificial flavors. • Awareness of the alterations that might takes place in its nutritional value. there are certain other factors that are mandatory to be inculcated in your food habit if you want to remain healthy and active for a long time. • Consuming less fluid that required also leads to indigestion and acidity. In Ayurveda. • The effects of combining foods . No Single Diet Though different kinds of diet are suggested in Ayurveda. Good Food Habits Other than what you intake. • The effect of consuming the food in a particular season. Some of them are given below• Skipping meal is one habit that should be strictly avoided as it strains your digestive system. Baala chikitsaa. chemicals. Ayurveda calls for striking an internal harmony of various body parts as well as achieving body’s harmony with the surrounding nature and environment. It is because every human being has a different body structure and digestive system. mind. food is considered not only as mixture of the basic ingredients like proteins. There are various factors that need to be kept in mind while working out the ideal diet for every individual as it will be distinctly different based on the person's specific constitutional characteristics. preservatives and colors. obesity. Rajasic or active quality. and Tamasic or material quality. vitamins. Tamasic food is one. . and anorexia.deals with a holistic approach to healing. However there are certain points given below that you must keep in concern while consuming any food: • Nutritional quality of the food and benefits of in taking it.
tablets. Diet : We are what we eat. Agada tantra. food (Ahar). However. It says that though there is no ideal diet or ideal regime for every human being in general as the need. Panch Karma means five types of actions or techniques or treatment. use it to the extent you can. 5. Panch Karma therapy is also used as a treatment in many diseases. So. The science of Ayurveda is immensely elaborate and detailed. act accordingly. Ayurveda other than treatment of an ailment also focuses on the lifestyle and daily routine of an individual. the nature and the demand of energy varies from individual to individual.Graha Chikitsa. which are applicable to one and all. you treat your body like a donkey. prepared from natural herbs. iii. As the wastes are eliminated from the body the person becomes healthy. it describes certain guidelines for in taking food that are nutritional and fresh and emphasizes on avoiding extra oily and heavy food. Sexual promiscuity . can't you give your over used body time to recover from the stress and strain? Happiness and sorrow. Panchkarma is a purifying therapy to enhance the metabolic process through food and herbal medicines. plants and minerals. It is thus vital to have a regular systematic food and sleeping habit so that the body has a regularized automatic system of maintenance.for all you know your body might just reject them. Ayurveda in detail describes about all the possible causative reasons for defection in any of the sections of the normal course of life and also prescribes about various ways for eliminating the root cause of the ailment so that there is no further possibility of any other kind of complications or side effects. knowledge and ignorance. medicated oils etc. how much to eat and how to eat. it is only the combination of several factors that renders a substance unfit for consumption for a particular individual while the same substance might be absolutely palatable and digestible and in fact. good for the health of another individual. it also stresses on moderation in food intake. which is an individual’s guide to the path of healthy and long life. however good it may be. sleep (nidra) and brahmacharya (controlled sex) are regarded as the three pillars or tripods of healthy living. This practice of celibacy along with a proper daily regime not only promotes life and preserves health but also give enrichment to the soul and other cognitive organs and the mind. Though there are concepts of generalized diets. sleep. decoctions. will become toxic and harmful to the body. When you give your overheated car time to cool off. sexual intercourse and the intake of medicine in its individual sections. Apart from general guidelines on healthy living. growth and wasting. It mainly relies on herbal treatment that mainly comprises of of powders. It is even mandatory to maintain a balanced sex life and avoid extra indulgence worldly life. The second important point to be noted that whatever the substance. keeping in mind the higher goal of eternal happiness. One important principle in Ayurveda is that ‘there is nothing in the world which is not a good food’. it is essential to know what to eat. The popping of all the vitamin pills in the world is not going to make you healthy . Timely and moderate eating habits will serve you well. Ayurveda says that it is the individual who knows best what suits his body and mind and he should thus. if taken in excess. Vajeekarana chikitsaa and the S`alya tantra for dealing with eight different kinds of ailments. Ayurveda also has ’Swasthavritta’. is certainly possible. and finally are an exhausted person when you have the comforts. ii.all are dependent on sleep. life and its cessation . Given below is the description of the three pillars or tripods of healthy livingThree Tripods In Ayurveda i.but a restrained sexual life. S`aalakya tantra. regular sleeping habits and controlled indulgence in sex because as all this ensures long and healthy life. Sleep : Give your body sufficient rest and find out what a different person you are! In pursuit of all the material benefits and comforts. strength and weakness. when to eat. TRIPODS In Ayurveda. virility and impotence.Celibacy Total abstinence from sexual activity may not be possible for ordinary mortals . Rasayan Tantra. It is important for our body to be adjusted to timely intake of good quality and proper food. It also prescribes the practice of yoga for maintenance of all the vital organs of the body. Ayurvedic treatment is also different from the treatment of other traditional medicine therapies.
So. This specialized branch recognized direct links between the physical and mental health of an expecting mother and that of her progeny. It is therefore very important to take care of your sexual health apart from other factors like diet and sleep. Kashyap Samhita describes the natural ways to build up the power of immunity in children. This branch mainly deals on prenatal. the great physician. is especially dedicated to the good health of children. In Kaumarbhrutya. Referred to as 'snehana'. Since ages. regimen. Apart from increasing immunity. IV. nutrition and conduct for women during and after delivery. oil massage is one of the best ways to take care of the overall health of the infant. the mouth of the children. Vajeekarana chikitsaa. intelligence and constitution. According to Kaumarbhrutya. medicated bath is quintessential to maintain overall health of the newborn. He even mentioned about a technique called punsanvan vidhi for having a child of one's desired gender. and the best way to serve the purpose is to spend quality time with the little ones. S`aalakya tantra. Rasayan Tantra. Moreover. S`alya tantra and Baala chikitsaa or Kaumarbhrutya. Psychological Care Apart from physical care. Since children's skin is more permeable than adult's skin. one of the eight branches of Ayurveda. Graha Chikitsa.should be addressed. is the first therapy that newborns should receive after birth. This would ensure development of a confident and wise adult. in order to protect their children from diseases. In the following lines. It covers all aspects of child growth from the neonatal phase to adolescence including treatment for problems at every stage. This branch of Ayurveda also consists of recommendations of particular diet. especially after breastfeeding.fear of dark and loneliness . oil specially formulated for children. KAUMARBHRUTYA Ayurveda is a very vast science and it is divided into eight different branches namely Kaaya chikitsaa. This branch of Ayurveda is beneficial for every mother and her child. The natural fears of the kids . The duty of the parents is to protect their children from emotional traumas. A large number of people are now resorting to herbal Ayurvedic medicines and tonics. Ayurvedic preparations have been used in order to build a healthy body and sharp intellect. basic hygiene is necessary to shield the child from diseases and infections. Physical Care Instead of using vaccinations. advanced is this science that thousands of years back Charaka. natal and postnatal care in addition to gynecology and obstetrics. it is important for the mother to attain perfect health so that she can feed her child. With special emphasis on baby care. Therefore. Clean clothes. it is very important to take care of the psychological aspects pertaining to children. CHILD CARE 'Kaumarbhratya'. Kaumarbhrutya is one of the eight specialized branches of Ashtang Ayurveda that mainly focuses on the pediatrics issues. Apart from oil massage. as they grow older.leads to various diseases. should be cleaned. One should avoid frightening the child and should maintain a pleasant atmosphere at home. it is suggested to make use of herbs with the massage oil. The Ayurvedic Approach . 1. there are detailed descriptions of mother and child care. Apart from gynecology and pediatrics. this branch also meticulously deals with the problem of infertility. All the fears and insecurities of the children should be banished. Ayurveda emphasizes on the use of certain tonics and medications that can develop immunity power. through the branch of Kaumarbhrutya described the growth and progress of fetus in minute detail. The best way to develop immunity and maintain vitality in children is oil massage. Massage with bala taila. right from infancy to adulthood. bedding and proper handling of the baby are also part of Ayurvedic childcare. intelligence in the children and shield them from various kinds of diseases. Agada tantra. we have provided information on Ayurvedic childcare. snehana increases the mental capacity of the child.
.the building blocks of proteins . In Ayurvedic texts. • Breast feeding reduces the chances of infection and increases the immunity of the baby • Breast milk contains vitamins. • Formula-fed children are likely to become obese. due to the myriad health benefits associated with it. such as ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. • Breast milk is rich in lymphocytes and macrophages.While physical and psychological care is quintessential. Moreover. 2. • The hormone prolactin. Significance Of Breast Milk • According to Ayurveda. • Studies suggest that the amino acid trptophan present in breast milk helps the baby to acquire sound sleep during the night time. • Breast feeding plays a pivotal role in preventing various kinds of digestive diseases in the infant. IMPORTANCE OF BREAST MILK Breast milk is the first nutrient to an infant. breast milk is termed as nectar. which is one of the motives of Ayurveda. which can be easily absorbed by the infant better than any other source of the mineral. because it is considered the most divine way to show love to a newborn. • The immunoglobulins (antibodies) present in the breast milk protect the baby from upper respiratory infections and gastro intestinal infections. On the other hand. the secretion of milk from breasts is beneficial for both the mother and the child in a number of ways. when consumed on a regular basis. it is free from all possible sources of contamination. like Chyavanprasha. as prescribed by the Ayurvedic doctor. This is the reason why breast fed babies stay healthier than their formula fed counterparts. nursing helps create a strong emotional bond between a mother and her newborn. such tonics enhance the intelligence and concentration power of children. when it is mixed with a paste of brahmi (Centella asiatica) and sankhapuspi (Convolvulus pluricaulis) and given with ghee and honey. In Ayurveda.present in breast milk are well balanced for the baby. functions as a natural tranquilizer for the mother and baby alike. It is the newborn's privilege and the mother's pleasure to breast feed her baby. which aid the baby's digestion. Although the tonics do not form the main requisite for the health of the growing children. These proteins aid the proper functioning of the baby's intestinal tract. particularly in Samhitas. • Breast milk is a rich source of iron. breastfeeding is the easiest and the healthiest way to feed a newborn. • Breast milk promotes the overall health of the baby. as the milk is rich in nutrients. through which the infant recognizes his/her mother. Moreover. Ayurvedic scholars have praised the importance of breast milk. Certain tonics and rasayans. • The amino acids . they can be taken as supplements. • Since mother's milk is available at the optimum temperature that is most suitable for the infant. certain Ayurvedic tonics and vaccinations would add to the good health of the children. It should never be avoided. minerals and enzymes. Gold (Svarna) bhasma can act as a good medicine for children. which protect the newborn against intestinal inflammation. Childhood cancers are also prevented by breast feeding. the descriptions of tonics and various types of medications are given in a detailed manner. Breastfeeding is prerequisite for the growth of the newborn. those fed with breast milk are less likely to be obese at their teenage. It adds to the power of immunity of the children. Termed as lactation. are commonly prescribed by Ayurvedic practitioners. Read on to know the importance of breast milk in Ayurveda. when they reach the stage of adolescence. responsible for the production of breast milk.
Ideal Children's Diet in Ayurveda According to Ayurveda. easily digestible vegetarian food to a child in order to keep his digestive system strong and healthy forever. salt. the initiatives to live healthy should be taken right from the prenatal phase and that is why Ayurveda emphasizes on the proper care and well being of a kid right from the phase of conception. CHILD DIET Ayurveda is a kind of medicinal science that focuses more on healthy living than treatment of diseases. which are being used to build a healthy body and sharp intellect right from the time of infancy for thousands of years. Unfortunately there can be health problems. According to Ayurveda. Liquid diet made with husk-free and well washed sali or sasti rice (especially old rice). Warm touch and cuddle of his/her mother develops a kind of assurance in his/her mind that he is well cared and protected. loving and caring wet nurse as she will also develop a psychological connection with your child. then grapes (mrdvika) with honey and ghee (ghrta) are an ideal remedy. a famous physician suggested that it is better to employ two wet nurses so that they can feed their own babies adequately. Even as he/she grows. kodrava herb can also be mixed to this electuary. The powders (flour) of wheat and barley can also be given according to congeniality. this factor is now considered as a myth as doctors say that the mixture of milk with different qualities can upset the baby. oleaginous substance is beneficial. Health problems in children can be easily controlled by herbal preparations suggested by Ayurveda. however. If the mother does not have enough breast milk or if she is sick or her milk is grossly vitiated. in that case wet nurse would or dhatri would be required. before employing a wet nurse for your baby you must ensure the health and other vital factors because her milk has direct connection with the development of your kid. Also. 4. Proper diet is the gateway to good health. . The child should be given good and nutritious substance from the beginning to make the base of his health strong. You should look for a homely. which undermine the natural breast-feeding process. As the child grows in a very rapid speed in the initial few months after sometime he requires food items beyond mother’s milk. Balance of Vata. mixed with oleaginous substances and salt is ideal. Not only this. It is an ideal diet for a newly born and contains enough nutritive substance to take care of his nutritional requirement as well as sufficient enough to fulfill his gastrointestinal requirements. According to Ayurveda. It is an ideal diet for the newborn child and a newborn child does not need anything beyond it in first few weeks of his birth. The most important aspect of pediatrics or childhood is growth and development. If the child is having pitta constitution.3. Kaumarbhrutya is one branch where there is a very clear description about fine upbringing of a child right from birth to the age of sixteen. many are employed allowing mothers freedom to work or pursue a lifestyle choice. In the beginning a child must be fed with the breast milk at proper intervals so that the child develops proper health and immunity. Ayurveda thus emphasizes on feeding healthy. immunity and nurturing required for growth and development. Hot electuary or items cooked with vidanga herb. Pitta. Ayurveda has special focus on children. the corner stone of good health can be achieved in early childhood. breast milk has no substitution for a new born kid. and Kapha energies. It is said that the mother’s first milk is helpful in giving immense immunity to a child. Vagbhata. After a few months. Breastfeeding is a feature of our human design whereby newborn babies get the nutrition. In some cultures wet nurses were slaves or as today. It is said that this branch consists of tips. In the eight specialized branches of Ayurveda. breast feeding is also a way to make a child emotionally safe and secure. the diet should consist of wholesome food for the proper development of the child. for initial few months a child requires nothing except breast milk. For kids suffering from diarrhoea. as they are the parameters of health and disease. It is better to employ a wet nurse as no other milk can be compared with mother's milk for proper growth and development of the child. a healthy body has lots of immunity to over come the problems caused by some foreign element and that is why instead of focusing on the treatment or cure of a disease one should focus on developing the immunity in the body as well as healthy regulation of body organs. DHATRI Mother’s milk is considered to be mandatory for a newly born.
The rate and order of emerging teeth also varies from baby to baby. Adult teeth. so it may be a good idea to give them a wipe with gauze once a day. do not cause anything like the same discomfort. teething gives a really difficult time to both babies and parents as for a kid it’s an exceptionally painful process and they get badly irritated throughout the phase. 5. It is also said that providing teether is also helpful in these stages. One such treatment is using dilute one drop of clove oil in 1-2 tablespoons of safflower oil. Here are few other qualities that you should look for in the wet-nurse you employ for your kid• Middle Aged . • At about 18 months will be a good time to start using a toothbrush on your baby's teeth. Teething Problems Most of the time. and may have trouble sleeping. For the first year there is no need to brush the teeth. and the last teeth to show them selves are usually the second molars. drool. • When your baby turns 3. or gel filled teething ring. dip your clean forefinger in this mix and gently massage the affected area to relieve sore gums. Sore and inflamed gums. • She should have a caring nature • She should not be on any prescribed medicine • She should not be suffering from communicable diseases. You will have to do this for him for the first few times.Qualities of Wet-Nurse : Physical and psychological status of wet-nurse should be taken in consideration as they influence quality and quantity of milk. this may vary from kid to kid. but according to medical practitioner it is not the case it is more likely that they have caught a bug at the same time. you should make an appointment with a pediatric dentist for a check up. Give him/her something cold to chew on. Teething Remedies There are some very effective natural remedies prescribed in Ayurveda for the teething pain in kids. like babies suffer from fevers or diarrhea. They will want to bite on hard objects. . be affectionate and interested in the welfare of the baby. perhaps at bedtime. The early symptoms of teething include drooling. not only so that they can learn how to brush their teeth correctly. Gently massaging the teeth with one finger is also helpful in relieving the pain. All the milk teeth of the late come up by the age of 21/2 years usually. which start to nudge through from the age of six or seven. but it is important to keep them clean. around about 2 years old. BABY TEETHING A newly born child is sans several features that develop later on in his process of development throughout his life. which may be as early as 3 months old. Usually. swollen red gums and a fair amount of pain. It is a common believe that teething causes illness. and increased irritability are also signs of teething. and more prone to nasal congestion and ear infections. A teething baby will be more restless than usual. The coming of teeth or teething is one such feature that normally starts at around 5-6 months in a child. This process if repeated for 2-3 times a day gives a lot of relief from pain. However. the first tooth that usually starts to pop out is the lower central incisor. as in some kids the process of teething starts very early where as some take a little more time. a low-grade temperature. but also because they probably won't have the concentration and dexterity to brush them self. such as a plumb. or a cold washcloth.because very young woman does not have any affection for child and old woman can not withstand troubles (the latter's milk is also not much nutritious) • She should be humble or modest • She should be extremely patient by nature • She should be able to produce ample amount of breast-milk • She should be over-cautious • She must be an expert in nursing • She must be clean and hygienic • She should have a good character. Dental Care for Babies • It is important to keep your babies teeth clean.
memory power. the doshic tendencies. Pippali rasayana. because it promotes proper digestion. CHYAVANAPRASHA A pivotal part of Ayurveda. the rasayanas (vitalizers) help a great deal in replenishing the vital body fluids that are necessary for smooth functioning.V. food should be consumed only after the digestion of the previous meal. appetite and the right manifestation of the natural urges.Chayavanaprasha. The effect of right and wrong type of diet is clearly mentioned by the Ayurvedic practitioners. 1. is the one wherein the key ingredients are herbs and . That is the reason why Ayurveda is referred to as a holistic alternative science. Triphala rasayana and Shilajita rasayana. the Chyavanaprasha is the most popular and widely used Ayurvedic rasayana. Ingredients Of Chyavanaprasha A number of recipes are formulated for the very popular rasayana . such as their age. Intelligence. This helps people to have an idea about what to eat and the right way of eating food. when it comes to consumption of food. studies conducted by Ayurveda practitioners also suggest that one should follow some basic rules. Go through the following lines to know more about the very popular Ayurvedic rasayana Chyavanaprasha. Some of the common rasayanas prescribed by Ayurvedic practitioners include Chyavanaprasha. The practitioners of the 'Science of Life' (Ayurveda) suggest that the diets for people are individualized. Available in a number of brands. youth and luster are also enhanced by rasayanas. which insists that all the six tastes should be included in each main meal that you eat. based on many factors. the strength of body tissues and digestive fires and the level of ama (toxins) in their body. Apart from a wholesome diet. adopted by a number of brands. gender. This is the reason why Ayurveda is considered the complete system of healthcare. for promoting good health. One of the most popular recipes. AHAR VIHAR A balanced diet is one of the key Ayurvedic tools. According to Ayurveda. Ayurveda is the complete health guide. since ages.
AYURVEDIC RASAYANAS The rejuvenator group of herbal medicines in Ayurveda is termed as 'Rasayanas'. Chyavanaprasha holds special significance in Ayurveda. From children to adults to old people. The rasayana enhances fertility. the Indian ginseng. which is free of diseases. The rasayana promotes a healthy and long life. Through experimental and clinical studies. It holds supreme position among the rasayanas. All these ingredients are blended in a base of ghee (clarified butter) and honey. The anti-oxidant properties of Chyavanaprasha help the body to act against the ageing process thereby helps one maintain youthfulness. which are good for health. 2. at moderate doses. Shilajit Rasayana Consumption of Shilajit Rasayana can be beneficial for the pancreas. Traditionally. debilitated persons and those suffering from pestoral lesions can also be benefited with the consumption of the rasayana. The sense organs are sharpened due to the regular consumption of Chyavanaprasha. from children to adults. it has been proved that Rasayanas are beneficial for the health in myriad ways. Chyavanaprasha increases the body's desire for sex. Rasayanas in Ayurveda Ashwagandha Rasayana The key ingredient of Ashwagandha Rasayana is ashwagandha. which are one of the key ingredients of Rasayanas. pippali. Triphala rasayana. Tubercular patient. if it is recommended by an Ayurvedic practitioner. Shilajatu and Achara rasayana. prescribed for different age groups. Chyavanaprasha is especially beneficial for asthma patients and those suffering from dyspnea. diseases of urine and semen and disorders of speech. They are great stress busters. tremors and even drug addiction can be cured by Vacha Rasayana. about 20 to 80 ingredients are used to prepare the rasayana. heart diseases. When consumed according to the recommended dose. cramps. One of the chief ingredients of Chyavanaprasha is amla (Indian gooseberry). Pippali rasayana. Importance Of Chyavanaprasha As a rasayana. The herbal supplement improves digestion and ensures better metabolism. It is beneficial for enhancing the pranic energy. It serves as a tonic to boost energy.spices. keeps the menstrual cycle to repeat itself on the right time and helps one to overcome the difficulties of constipation. It also tones the muscles and enhances the protein synthesis effectively. The herbal medicine has a very soothing and harmonizing effect on the body. Benefits Of Chyavanaprasha Chyavanaprasha is beneficial for the health in a number of ways. It ensures good pancreas and spleen health and helps purify blood. immunity. Chyavanaprasha can be consumed by all. memory power. It increases strength as well. there are some other rasayanas. Read on to know more about the common Ayurvedic Rasayanas. It can be consumed to reduce fatigue as well. gout. This is primarily because it is one of the very popular rasayanas. It also reduces anxiety and dizziness. vigor. fever. healthy hair and helps the body to absorb calcium. which is the reason why Rasayanas like Chyavanaprasha and Pippali Rasayana are recommended for people of different age groups. cardammon. makes the skin exude its natural glow and radiance and fights dermal bacterial infection too. thus serving as the right medicine for married couple. The micronutrients. It improves skin complexion. People suffering from headache will find consuming the rasayana as beneficial. because they improve health. If used in the proper way. clarified butter and rice syrup. are beneficial to the body. Vacha Rasayana Prepared by mixing herbs and spices in a base of honey. Vacha Rasayana is a herbal supplement. Ashwagandha Rasayana can help the body rejuvenate the reproductive organs and help in revitalizing action on the nerves and the bone marrow. Apart from the very popular Chyavanaprasha. The rasayana can be consumed as a food supplement. Other ingredients include ashwagandha. In addition to this. It is believed that spasms. vitality and longevity of life. thereby helps strengthening the bones and teeth. nutmeg and cinnamon. which provides mental harmony and peace of mind. it promotes the growth of thick. People looking for weight loss remedies can find . as it is the elixir of Rishi Chyavana.
Drug addiction can be controlled by consuming the rasayana. because it cleans the shrotas that transport nutrients and help in the removal of wastes from the body. 3. Read on to know more about Pippali Rasayana. The herbal medicine soothes the nerves in order to improve the quality of sleep at night. anger. It is one of the highly prized herbal medicines in Ayurveda. piles and anemia. sometimes. The regular consumption of Brahmi Rasayana (as per the recommended dose) can help one acquire more concentration and intelligence. assimilation disorder. It is similar to black pepper in terms of taste. • It is beneficial in enhancing digestion. One can stay away from common cold and various kinds of allergies. A number of health benefits of long pepper are found in Pippali Rasayana as well. and improve the quality of sleep during night. Pippali is beneficial for cold and cough related diseases. In addition to this. The Rasayanas are usually prescribed by Ayurvedic practitioners. formulated to serve as a longevity enhancer. Primarily cultivated for its fruit. assimilation and metabolism of food. It is also beneficial for increasing Haemoglobin. pippali is one of the most powerful Rasayana herbs. Traditionally. it consists of Piper longum and Butea monosperma (palash). restlessness and impatience. also referred to as 'Javanese'. It is often combined with ginger and black pepper to form the famous Trikatu (Three Spices). Benefits Of Pippali Rasayana • According to the studies in Ayurveda. a 'wonder mineral' obtained from the rocks in the lower Himalayas. spices. PIPPALI RASAYANA The traditional Ayurvedic Rasayanas are formulated to serve as vitalizers or rejuvenators. The key ingredient of Shilajit Rasayana is shilajit. . • Pippali Rasayana is considered pivotal for the purification process in the body. the rasayana improves blood circulation and helps the purification of blood. clarified butter and honey. It ensures better metabolism and digestion. largely. • Pippali rasayana has traditionally been used in the treatment of chronic dysentery and worm infestations. the long pepper is dried and used as a spice and seasoning. • It can cure hiccups. It is believed that the rasayana can also be used to treat acne. depending upon the age and health requirements of the person consuming it. Pippali Rasayana is the one of the most popular medicines.the rasayana effective. pippali is beneficial for health in a number of ways. They are prepared by combining different herbs. Brahmi Rasayana Brahmi Rasayana is an Ayurvedic herbal supplement that concentrates at reducing stress levels. Guduchi Rasayana It is believed that the consumption of Guduchi Rasayana on a regular basis (as per the recommended dose) can help enhance the body's immune system. The rasayana is believed to reduce psychic disturbances.Pippali Pippali (Piper longum) is called the Indian long pepper. The key ingredient of Pippali Rasayana. depression. provides great relief from cough and throat infections. The Key Ingredient . • The rasayana can be used to treat irregular fever. Among the Ayurvedic Rasayanas (vitalizers). • The consumption of Pippali Rasayana. on a regular basis. by consuming Guduchi Rasayana.
thereby making it healthy. The person follows a prescribed diet. Vatatapika While performing the vatatapika method of rejuvenation therapy.the Rasayana . he/she consumes the rasayana. it is beneficial to increase the . Apart from promoting good health. the person is given different types of Ayurvedic herbal preparations. A special type of cottage is constructed for the purpose. wherein the individual is treated. which brings out another attribute of rejuvenation therapy . Moreover. the person has to stay indoors. who cannot stay at an Ayurvedic clinic for a long time. the sick.• • • The medicine provides better circulation of blood and enhances the immune system.it tranquillizes the human mind. strictly. The practitioner might prescribe Rasayanas. as prescribed by the practitioner. 3. the person has to undergo Panchkarma therapy (detoxification of body). Kutipravesika While acquiring the treatment of kutipravesika. as prescribed by the Ayurvedic practitioner. Two Different Forms Of Rasayana Therapy i. RASAYANA THERAPY The treatment done for the rejuvenation of body and soul is termed as Rasayana therapy (rejuvenation therapy) in the Ayurvedic text books. It can cure many diseases that are otherwise hard to find treatment for. It helps in detoxifying lung and kidney and cleaning the lymph glands. Read on to know more about rejuvenation therapy. the hungry. People suffering from nausea and congestion can find the consumption of Pippali Rasayana as beneficial.are administered for rejuvenation therapy. Vatatapika can be opted for even without undergoing the Panchakarma therapy. the poor and the disabled. elaborate arrangements are done. In the meantime. while undergoing kutipravesika. according to the specific needs of the patient. Benefits Of Rejuvenation Therapy The benefits of rejuvenation therapy are manifold. The therapy is aimed to promote good health and helps a great deal in increasing the longevity of life. One of the most common Rasayana is Chyavanaprasha. texture. one comes closer to the spiritual aspects of life and helps the society. the therapy prevents the process of ageing and makes an individual free from any disease during an old age. Special drugs . A number of studies suggest that rejuvenation therapy is effective in improving the skin complexion. The rasayana improves lung health. This treatment suggests that the person should take the medicines at dawn on an empty stomach. This treatment is especially suitable for those. Rejuvenation therapy enhances the energy and the person's mental and physical capabilities. ii. To perform kutipravesika. It is believed by acquiring the treatment. It improves the overall health of the person undergoing the treatment. in modulating the voice and in increasing the sensing capacity of the sense organs. Before taking this form of rejuvenation therapy.
equally balancing for Vata. The skin looks youthful and radiates its natural glow.it is beneficial for all skin types. one of the three ingredients in Triphala. after the person undergoes the rejuvenation therapy. It can also be said that the consumption of Rasayana prevents diseases related to the functioning of liver. makes an excellent skin tonic. Triphala nourishes the skin. suvarna (gold). • The Rasayana creates a balance in the cholesterol level.concentration and memory power. Amla (Indian gooseberry).an important nutrient that helps enhance skin clarity and brings dull. thereby helping the prevention of urinary tract diseases. opting for Triphala Rasayana would be the best bet. This ensures that the liver. when the person opts for rejuvenation therapy. the finest product of digestion that prevents the occurrence of many diseases. tavakshir (East Indian arrowroot) pippali (long pepper). Thus. TRIPHALA RASAYANA Triphala. It is one of the most popular Ayurvedic medicinal herbs. saindhava (long salt). which is one of its main functions. ghee or sugar. by removing ama from the fat tissue. stays healthy. prescribed by a number of Ayurvedic practitioners. . • The Rasayana is especially beneficial for eyes. in equal quantity. Optimum strength of the body is assured by the Rasayana therapy. Triphala also contains calcium . Benefits Of Triphala • Triphala Rasayana is beneficial is promoting ojas. creates luster and make the skin exude its natural glow and radiance. The three fruits contained in Triphala are Amalaki (Indian Gooseberry). it is beneficial for people. Since Triphala is tridoshic . both directly and indirectly. one of the important parts of the body. • The medicine also helps the management of weight. In case one has problems in eye sight. tired skin to life. who want to loose weight. relieving it from anxiety. • It also strengthens and cleanses the liver. Pitta and Kapha . Apart from the rich source of Vitamin C. thereby promoting longevity of life. A higher resistance to diseases is built into the body. is the richest known natural source of Vitamin C. It brings calmness and de-stresses the mind. vacha (Acorus calamus) with either honey. depression and stress related problems. and each one of the loha (iron). • It nourishes both the body and the mind. Triphala Rasayana is very much beneficial for adults and children alike. Preparation Of Triphala Rasayana Triphala Rasayana is usually prepared by mixing triphala with equal quantity of madhuka (mahua tree). Therefore. Triphala literally means 'three fruits'. and Bibhitaki (Beleric Myrobalan or Terminalia bellerica). • It helps in the purification of urinary tract. 4. the well-known traditional Ayurvedic formulation. Haritaki (Indian Gallnut or Terminalia chebula).
Know the effects of herbs in Ayurveda and their usage. They are effective in combating diseases. they are also used to strengthen the immune system. while others have affinity for a specific system or organ of the body. The herbs used in Ayurvedic are different from each other. Triphala Rasayana is helpful in pacifying Kapha and Pitta. strong and toxic. Specific emphasis is given on the preparation and storage of herbs. • Apart from strengthening the immune system.• • • • It enhances the thirteen agnis (digestive fires). If taken on a regular basis. • Herbs can be used as preventive medicines as well. the Rasayana can be a powerful anti-aging medicine. when taken according to the recommended doses. energetic and therapeutic values without causing reactions or toxic effects. obesity will find the consumption of Triphala Rasayana as beneficial. Sometimes. Unani Tibb and Western conventional medicine and is actively encouraged as an inexpensive alternative to drugs. because they have nutritive. 1. The science of life . which contribute to their medicinal quality. herbs have been known to help relieve aches and inflammation. if taken according to the prescribed doses. VI. They also help as an appetizer. the herbs can also give a boost to the system. because very less or no side effects are associated with them. in terms of a number of factors. Benefits of Ayurvedic Herbs • Herbs in Ayurveda help a great deal in proper absorption and digestion of food. heat. while others are categorized according to their medicinal value. The Ayurvedic rishis in the ancient times used herbs and mixed them with other herbs to create medicines that could treat many deadly diseases. free of diseases. which have a healing energy. as it has no side effects and after-treatment complications.Ayurveda . in the following lines. nourish and rebuild on a cellular level. Diseases such as fatigue and anemia can be effectively cured by the regular consumption of Triphala Rasayana. Ayurveda and its herbal treatment flourishes side by side with Homeopathic. followed since the ancient period.the science of life. Herbs have a unique flavor and intoxicating aroma. The treatment of Ayurveda is based on Indian herbs. infection. . EFFECTS OF AYURVEDIC HERBS A number of herbs are used as medicines in Ayurveda . Some herbs are used as general tonic to clean. Herbalists mainly use mild herbs. Today. A number of herbs vary according to their taste. There are mainly three different categories of herbs: mild. Use of herbs is regarded as the friendly way of treatment.has focused on the use of herbs as to lead a healthy life. Since ages. when Indian sages used herbs for curing a number of diseases. They produce very few or no side effects. Ayurvedic herbal treatment is one of the most natural ways of curing a disease. we have given detailed description of the medicinal and herbal properties of Ayurvedic herbs. AYURVEDIC HERBOLOGY The science of Ayurveda is a unique holistic system. based on the interaction of body. The herbs used in Ayurveda have diverse chemical formation. In this section. People suffering from skin inflammation. especially the main digestive fire in the stomach. That's why it is regarded as the most safest and inexpensive healing. Some of them proved to be elixirs. mind and spirit.
Morphology and Life Span Of Herbs (Dravya) • Sthalaj . • The effects of herbs can differ. fresh herbs. Ayurvedic herbs can provide nourishment and support to the body. liniments. Spyrogyra. e. when people were not familiar with allopath and other forms of treatment and resorted to the herbs and Ayurvedic medicines that were available.g.Plants that grow on other trees but do not depend on that tree for their nutrition. dizziness. free of diseases. e. e. which may include water. Haritaki. • Studies in medicinal science suggest that Ayurvedic herbs can also treat deadly diseases like cancer. It is also found that herbal treatment is an effective alternative to allopathic medicines.Plant that dwells on another tree and obtains its nutrition from its host. A dravya is said to be of a particular mahabhoota if it forms a major constituent of the dravya. flower essences and essential oil dilutions. according to action on doshas and according to their use. The Ayurvedic herbs can be classified into five types: according to origin. • Vruksharuha (Epiphytic. TYPES OF AYURVEDIC HERBS Ayurveda is the ancient science of life. such as the skin. • Vrukshadan (Parasitic) . ghee and milk. depending upon the media of ingestion. which are effective in curing a number of diseases that are otherwise difficult to get rid of. Amalki etc • Jalaj (Aquatic) . such as the heart. There are five types of dravyas: • Parthiv • Apaya • Taijas • Vayaveeya • Akasheeya Classification As Per Habitat. lotions. muscular problems. • When a person is undergoing treatment for some chronic diseases. pastes or body wraps. oil. Application of the herbs on the skin is the common way to treat such problems.Plant and trees that grow on land. Lotus. wounds. Family. if their medicinal properties are intended to affect the important internal organs of the body. AIDS and autoimmune disorders. lungs. The Ayurvedic rishis in the ancient times have discovered the medicinal use of many herbs. according to habitat. honey. The herbs have been in use since the ancient times. liver. to cure such conditions. certain herbs are more desirable to be ingested. In this article. viruses or suffering from any kind of bacterial infection. living on the surface of trees) .g. • Joint problems. • The herbs used to cure internal organs of the body are ingested using different media. massage oils. ointments.In case a person is attacked by flu. we have discusses about the different kinds of Ayurvedic herbs. • Herbs taken externally are often in the form of essential oil blends.g. For instance. according to various actions. • 2. How To Use Herbs Internal Usage • Some of the most common internal forms of herbal medications include encapsulated herbs. kidney etc. Classification As Per The Action On Doshas . Rasana. Different media have their own unique effects on the body of the person consuming them. External Application • The external applications of herbs are intended to treat symptoms on or near the surface of the body. cuts and other skin diseases can be effectively cured by the external herbal treatment.Plants that grow in water. Different Kinds Of Herbs In Ayurveda Classifications As Per Origin Dravyas are constituted by panchamahabhootas (five elements). which aims to promote a healthy lifestyle. then the Ayurvedic practitioners usually prescribe herbs that are mixed with other herbs or consumed individually.
burdock. Go through the following lines to learn all about the importance of herbs in order to lead a healthy. Most of the Ayurvedic herbs. thereby reducing conditions such as fever. barberry. sandalwood. thereby increasing the taste of the meal. Classification As Per The Use Of Herbs • Aushadh dravya (drugs) • Ahar dravya (diet) . bayberry. Other aromatic herbs such as cloves. herbs such as marshmallow root and leaf are used. thus formulated. safflower and brihati are recommended by Ayurvedic practitioners. The Ayurvedic treatment is entirely based on herbs. red clover. certain herbs improve the immunity of the person. sandalwood and cinnamon are also great astringents. which are otherwise considered incurable in other systems of medicine. sandalwood. experimented with herbs to arrive at accurate conclusions about the efficacy of different plants and herbs that have medical value. Sandalwood is especially used in arresting the discharge of blood. which have certain medicinal value or property. • Certain aromatic herbs like cardamom and coriander are renowned for their appetizing qualities. • Since ages. They conducted thorough study about the same. In the ancient times.Dravyas. • Certain aromatic plants such as aloe. cinnamon. peaceful and disease-free life. which act against poisonous matter from animals such as snake. Herbs such as ginseng. Importance Of Herbs in Ayurveda • Many herbs are used to alter or change a long-standing condition by eliminating the metabolic toxins. They are helpful in destroying infection as well. They serve as digestives and condiments for the food as well. This is the reason why Ayurveda is growing in popularity across the globe. which equate the vitiated dosha without purifying the doshas or disturbing the equilibrium • Kopan . Turmeric is widely used as a home remedy to heal wounds and cut. myrrh. black pepper. mucus etc. peppermint and turmeric add a pleasant aroma to the food. • 3. which vitiate the doshas in equilibrium • Swasthahita . Indian sages have been using antivenomous herbs. • Apart from being aromatic. . • An important medical property of herbs is to serve as antiseptic. sandalwood. The Ayurvedic herbs that have medicinal quality provide rational means for the treatment of many internal diseases. They serve as antacids.C. aloe. certain antipyretic herbs such as black pepper. harmful microbes and bacteria. prevalent in India since 2000 B. • In order to neutralize the acid produced by the stomach. chitrak and gokshura are commonly used antiseptic herbs that are high in their medicinal value. The bitter taste of such plants reduces toxins in blood.Dravyas which have a tendency to increase or decrease vatadi doshas but do not produce vitiation of these doshas in a healthy person. • To reduce fever and the production of heat caused by the condition. the Indian sages believed that Ayurvedic herbs are one-stop solutions to cure a number of health related problems and diseases. The healthy gastric acid needed for proper digestion is retained by such herbs. Also known as 'blood cleansers'. are free of side effects or reactions. and safflower are known for their alterative property. which are used to heal wounds. • Antibiotic herbs like turmeric are useful in inhibiting the growth of germs.Dravyas. turmeric.Shaman . golden seal and chirayat are used as mild tonic. sores and boils as well. Aloe. SIGNIFICANCE OF AYURVEDIC HERBS Ayurveda is the traditional medicinal form.
The three of them are used for different kind of ailments specified below: • Vaisheik Gunas –Herbs related to the sensory organ • Samanya Gunas – Herbs related to general ailments • Atma Gunas . certain herbs like camphor. clears the outlets of the system. and selects herbs or prepared herbal formulas to harmonize the influences and correct the physical imbalances. Some of these herbs are very rare and thus very expensive. PROPERTIES OF AYURVEDIC HERBS Ayurbveda is a vast and ancient medicine science. aloe. It is important for the Ayurvedic practitioner to know. All the Ayurvedic medicines are prepared by using these herbs in prescribed quantities. Therefore. wild cherry and cloves are also expectorants. Classification of Herbs Based on their characters they are classified into three main groups. digestive. cayenne. Certain cough syrup ingredients like ginger and cloves are known for their expectorant property. Ayurvedic herbs are categorized according to their herbal properties and functions. Sour: Carminative. accumulates excretions in the system. strengthens the body. guggul and gotu kola are used as stimulants. They are termed as vulnerary herbs. and purifies the rasa and the blood. which promotes the thinning and ejection of mucus from the lungs. fennel. Each herb has its own property and thus used for specific disease and its treatment. peppermint. In order to increase the activity of a system or an organ.• • • • • • • Ayurvedic practitioners recommend calmative herbs. turmeric. The Ayurvedic treatment is largely based on the natural elements and herbs. Herbs serve as tonic. golden seal. katuka. one can determine the prevalence of each of the physical manifestations of the doshas (and the degree of influence exerted by the non-material aspects of each of the doshas). myrrh. produces softness of all the structures of the body . So it is important to know the details of the herbal properties so that it can apply for a specific treatment area. they are used as cardiac stimulants. Salty : Purifies tissues. calamus. which herb is to be used for a particular disease so that by analyzing the symptoms and constitution of the patient. which destroys disease causing germs. separates impurities. heals wounds and ulcers. coriander. Herbs such as Chamomile. 4. Certain herbs have disinfectant property. cinnamon. marshmallow and licorice can effectively treat a fresh cut and wound. ajwan.Herbs related to the soul Properties of Herbs in Ayurveda It would be amazing for you know that the taste of the herb says much about the properties of the herb. Cardamom. They are often used as sedatives. A single herb may have multiple properties and one specific property may be present in many herbs. Given here are the effects of each of the taste groups: Sweet: It improves the complexion. A wide variety of herbs including guduchi. trachea and bronchi. Arka. and spearmint. relaxing. cardamom. eucalyptus. which provide a soothing effect to the body. basil. ginger. gudachi and katuka are the examples of disinfectant herbs. digestive and accumulates secretive impurities (waste material that is secreted) in the tissues to aid elimination. The basic principle of Ayurvedic treatment is to cure the causative element of the disease from its root instead of suppressing its symptoms. They can also be nutritive and rejuvenative. barberry and bala are used as tonics or chief ingredients of a tonic. based on the characteristics of the herbal materials. They also inhibit the growth of pathogenic microbes that cause communicable diseases. Honey. causes the body to lose tone (relaxes it). chrysanthemum. and turmeric are helpful in promoting good blood circulation. The properties of herbs and effects of the doshas are taken into account in designing the Ayurvedic herb formulas.
fat. semen. urine. and purifying. which focuses on the care that needs to be taken after the birth of the baby. Information on what to feed and the right way of feeding the baby is also provided in Ayurveda. the science of life. and reduces obesity and excessive moisture. appetizing. perspiration. prevents obesity. In the following lines. digestive. and reduces the quantity of feces. is a traditional system of medicine. forms one of the main branches of Ayurveda. we have discussed about fetal development. It brings in happiness to the motherto-be and leaves her with personifications about what her child would be like. purifies the body. diminishes formation of milk. VIII . PRASUTI TANTRA Ayurveda. Peadiatrics is another important branch in Ayurveda. the symptoms and remedies of menopause are also discussed. marrow. which is called garbhini paricharya. and pus Astringent: Heals ulcers. The development of the fetus brings in changes in her physical and mental health. Garbhini paricharya has given a detailed description of ahar (nutrition). and fat Bitter : Separates the doshas. 1. Ayurveda also states the ideal guidelines to be followed during pregnancy and the most appropriate time of conceiving a baby. In Ayurveda. in a number of ways. lifestyle and thought process of the pregnant woman directly affect the development of the fetus. checks all discharges. fetal development and parenthood. Health problems pertaining to the mother and the growing womb as well as dietary recommendations find prominent place in a number of texts of Ayurveda. Prasutitantra. if followed during pregnancy. While carrying the child in her womb. she needs to learn many things regarding pregnancy. that is the obstetrics and gynecology section. Apart from the specific emphasis on the three factors. . will lead to a complication-free delivery.Pungent: Increases digestive power. improves secretion of breast milk. In our related section. the nutrition. According to Ayurveda. separates impurities from tissues. causes relaxation of the ligaments and of the system in general. It has suggested a very good protocol for that. vihar (life style) and vichar (thought process) to be followed by a women during pregnancy. from the day one after she breaks the 'good news'. the medications to be followed during the time of pregnancy are also given in some Ayurvedic texts. FETAL DEVELOPMENT Pregnancy brings an enormous change to a woman's life. Ashtang Ayurveda deals with eight branches of Ayurvedic treatment. apart from pregnancy. It is believed that the Ayurvedic methods or practices. foetal development is described comprehensively.
both physically and mentally.estrogen and progesterone (among others). The science of life also suggests that pregnant women should avoid habits. From the time of conception until the zygote is attached to uterus. the fetal development is directly affected by her. which serves as a single drug recommended throughout pregnancy. circumstances that provoke unnecessary stress and tension in the body. it is suggested to take advice of an authorized Ayurvedic practitioner. The development of foetus depends totally on mother's health. Everything a mother experiences . the nutrition is indirectly supplied to the fetus. This way. the transition is often associated with the process of aging in women. both at the physical and mental level. Menopause in Ayurveda Ayurveda says that menopause is not a disease. it is said that a woman needs to have a sound mind and be in good physical condition. for the mother. because such habits directly affect the growth of the child.vata dominated menopause. which are not beneficial for her health. The growing fetus gets all the nutrition from the umbilical cord connected to it. Menopause is defined as the culmination of woman's monthly menstrual periods and ovulation.Fetal Development In Ayurveda According to Ayurveda. Charaka. The combination of the herbs is different for different month and may depend upon the physical health of the pregnant woman as well. in order to impart stability to the unborn child. but a natural transition in women that occurs at the age of 45-55 years. says that the fetus obtains its nourishment from rasa that is supplied by mother. The nourishment of the fetus depends upon all the six factors of conception. a woman undergoes a number of changes. The herbs are generally prescribed for the physical and mental development of the fetus as well as to ensure good health of the mother-to-be. In Ayurveda. One of the natural transitions experienced by every woman. as well as triggers symptoms related to the physical change. Typically. there are three types of menopause . use of appropriate diet and lifestyle of the pregnant woman. One of the most common herbal medicines is Sida retusa. The recurring anxieties of the mother about pregnancy are unknowingly passed onto the unborn child. MENOPAUSE Right from her period of adolescence. While consuming any such drug.whether it is pleasant thought or a negative one. The natural transition brings in a number of changes in the hormonal composition of the women. She should avoid situations that create anger and frustration. one of the renowned Ayurvedic texts. pitta dominated . 2. according to Ayurveda. the symptoms of menopause experienced by some women are often similar to the symptoms. Her body starts producing lesser amounts of the hormones . which in turn is attached to the rasvaha nadi (maternal part of the placenta) of the mother. As per Ayurveda. the gradual and proper development of foetus is most important for the child's health. Ayurvedic practitioners prescribe herbal concoction of three to four herbs. who has attained the menstrual cycle. when the Vata dosha rises and upsets the normal balance of the body. Since aging is a 'Vata' predominant stage of life. Go through the following lines to know what menopause is. the pregnant women should indulge herself in gentle leisure activities for relaxation and calmness. is menopause. to consume in every month of pregnancy. the nutrition depends on the nutritive parts carried by sperms and ovum. During the crucial stages of foetal development. One should never underestimate the power of transferring these emotions into the make-up of the unborn child.
and spiritual resources needed to carry her though all the demands of family life. anxiety and insomnia. With proper guidance and simple lifestyle changes. POST PARTUM DISORDERS According to many doctors. Ayurvedic Remedies Most of the women are unaware of the right kind of treatment. and Ashwagandha. With proper care. women with Pitta-type symptoms are often angry and suffer hot flashes. In addition to this. the Vata-type menopausal symptoms include depression. Some of the examples are Aloe gel. there still exist some common symptoms of menopause. Various Ayurvedic herbs can be used during the period.menopause and kapha dominated menopause. These herbs. Kapikacchu. chronic reproductive problems and even arthritis. which should be done during menopause. 3. The type of treatment depends upon the dosha in which the woman's menopausal symptoms are manifesting. The next most important time is the 42 days after childbirth. If she is carefully nurtured. On the other hand. the herbs prescribed for the same can regulate the hormones and calm the emotions. irritability or baby fussiness and postpartum depression. This suggests that each type of menopause needs different treatments to be administered. such endocrine disorders. Shatavari. the science of life. weight gain and feelings of mental and physical heaviness. she and the baby would benefit by avoiding most common health disorders associated around this time such as colic or other digestive problems. to a great extent. can relieve the symptoms of menopause. nutritional supplements and exercise. excessive weight loss or gain. The first one is marriage. After the baby is born. diet. which traditionally meant she left her home to live with her husband's family. However. the post partum disorder is not a very serious problem and can be ignored. However. the present statistics reveals the fact that the number of postpartum depressed women are increasing in number in both developing and developed countries in the world. Postpartum Disorders & Ayurveda Ayurveda. For instance. without feeling depleted. they can easily avoid most of the unpleasant side effects of menopause. which are experienced by women. emotional. the mother and newborn are completely detached from daily affairs and chores for two to six weeks. offers a detailed therapeutic routine as to how should family members care for a postpartum mother and the importance of such care. Saffron. if taken in milk decoctions. and the last one is menopause. The 42-day after child birth is a very crucial period. Ayurveda acknowledges that there three very important times in woman's life. a mother would also deepen and gain the mental. The care given at this time enables a woman to serve her family and community from a deep developed internal resource. . insomnia. which can help a great deal in strengthening and rejuvenating the female reproductive system. Common Symptoms Of Menopause • Anemia • Burning and increased frequency of micturation • Excessive hair fall • Feeling of intense heat in the body on some occasions • Irregular menstrual periods with excessive or scanty bleeding • Irritable nature • Joint pain • Oedema • Profuse sweating at night • Sleeplessness • Vaginal dryness and itching • Weakness Effects Each type of menopause has different symptoms. Lots of health problems. start to take seed in this postpartum time. Kapha type menopause symptoms include listlessness.
This would mean avoiding all housework and driving around. • Most importantly. Remember. Even limit guest visits in number and time they stay. According to ayurveda. The development of the foetus in the uterus is described under Garbhavakranti. 4. Special care needs to be taken during the time of pregnancy. very soupy and moist in consistency. Use lots of sesame oil. not processed. loved and cared for. one of her feet is considered to be in this world and the other in the world of Yama (the god of death). served warmed. cinnamon and garlic (roasted only). • Make sure that the dishes prepared include digestive spices. behavior and mental activity (ahar. Upasthita Prasava (Second Stage). who are willing to bring mom yummy and easy to digest foods everyday. basil. This would mean that a person should be appointed to massage the twosome with sesame oil. GARBHINI VYAKARAN Ayurveda describes the general management of pregnancy under Garbhini Vyakaran. achar and vichar respectively). crunchy foods. environment. but also for you to remain healthy. no matter how awkward it may feel for her. ginger. fenugreek. the woman is advised to follow certain rules and guidelines.Prajayini (First Stage). radiant and well nourished baby. • Make sure mother and baby are warm. to help you make the new mother and bay feel special. Any disease occurring in a pregnant woman should be treated with drugs that are mild in action. From the moment the pregnancy is confirmed. In the following lines. The best bet would be to let the mother and child stay warm indoors. and special regimens are prescribed for each month under Garbhini Paricharya. life events. So. such as cumin. to ensure the health of both baby and mother. and feeling loved. turmeric. In ayurveda. caraway. Foods need to be fresh. • Ayurveda emphasizes mainly on the proper diet regime during this time. raw vegetables' dry. physically strong. she is likely to be affected by one or more of the 64 ailments listed in the Garbhini Vyakaran. white sugar. daily. • Avoid eating meat for at least two weeks. Until the placenta is delivered. Panchakarma (detoxifying procedures) should not be advocated. Many factors play a role including genetics. the delivery of the child is not considered complete. in case the woman undergoes a surgerical delivery. activities. The general rule is to take greater care during the first three months of pregnancy and after the completion of the seventh month. oily. compatible and safe to the foetus. at minimal efforts. . the best bet would be to follow all the strict regimens for not only to deliver healthy. too many beans (including tofu) and too many eggs. Soup stocks are okay. clove. it is believed that when a woman is in her last stage of pregnancy. assure mom that it is okay for her to take this time to receive so much love and support. Ayuvedic Postpartum Healing Tips • Encourage mothers to do as little as possible for 42 days (or as long as she can). loved and care. we have listed effective ayuvedic postpartum healing tips. it also discusses the diseases in pregnancy and their treatment and so on. and certain thinking patterns that affect a person's reaction to events. Do not binge on caffeine. According to Ayurveda there are four stages of labor . there is no single cause for post partum problems. mustard seed. olive oil or ghee internally. Apart from listing the basic rules for diet. medical conditions. Make her feel special. Prajayi Syamana (Third Stage) and Apara Patana (Fourth Stage).Ayurveda has perfect remedy for the postpartum disorders. Listing some easy to do tasks such as laundry or cleaning of the dishes would be a good way of getting the tasks done. vihar. except basti (enema) and pichu (tampon) in the eighth and ninth months of pregnancy. Keeping visits to fifteen minutes is good. • Create a food tree of friends and nearby family.
during ancient times. Being well dressed goes a long way in deciding your mood for the day. diarrhoea and retention of urine. BHAIJASYA KALPANA Bhaisajya Kalpana is one of the most important branches in ayurveda. Ayurveda has propounded a few basic doctrines. This creates an environment for purifying your body naturally. anaemia. • Tight clothes and belts are strict no-no. In this section. try to avoid. is named as Bhaisajya Kalpana. the human body is not considered just as a mass of organs. procurement. etc. The term Bhaisajya Kalpana consist of two words -Bhaishajya stands for 'medicine' and Kalpana means 'forms'. anger. • Sitting on a hard surface for a long time is not beneficial. • Though traveling is permitted. Purusha . which are caused because of the pregnant status of the woman. enabling you to regain natural resistance from diseases and attain good health. processing. the basic principle of Ayurveda has managed to remain the same. anorexia. In order to explain the functional complexity of human body.the spirit or soul. both at physical and mental level. All ayurvedic studies conducted on herbal and holistic medicine. sleep under a roof in a clean environment. • Bending or lifting heavy objects is objectionable during pregnancy. • Every day wear neat and clean clothes. are evaluated and described. but the complex mechanism' of myriad functions taking place. preparation and application. seven Dhatu (tissues) and Mala (metabolic end products) which are in equilibrium. . Pregnancy Care In Ayurveda Do's • It is very important for the mom-to-be to be in a cheerful and happy mood always. horror or agony. unless in an emergency. • Do not overeat or fast. • Do not watch anything on TV or read a book that revolves around feelings of sorrow. Each of the diseases has their specific treatments mentioned elaborately in Ayurveda. together with Atma . Susruta Samhita and Astanga Hridaya. • Lastly. which deals with the various forms of medicine. systems and tissues. These diseases are peculiar to pregnancy and are called garbhopadravas. VIII. which deals with awareness of drugs. were followed from the fountainhead of the two principle Ayurvedic schools. • Beholding natural urges. but if it’s a rough road. we deal with the different principles of Ayurveda. which eliminates all toxic imbalances from your body. • Avoid alcohol and do not binge on dry or stale meat. but to the person as a whole. juice. The School of Physicians (Atreya) and the School of Surgeons (Dhanvantari) epitomized the eight main areas of Ayurvedic studies and specialization. go for simple clothes.Charaka Samhita. Don'ts • Excessive sex in the early or late stages of pregnancy. The human body is more complex than any other form of life as on date. is wrong and should not be done. i. • Instead of putting complicated designer wears. in ancient India.the human body is the aggregate of 25 elements. sleep at night and stay awake during day time. fever.Garbhopadravas (Common Diseases During Pregnancy) Ayurveda also describes certain diseases. In it.e. In existence for thousands of years now. including identification. 1. Hence this branch. oedema. such as syrups. • Sleep pattern followed should be a normal one. They are . tablet. vomiting. PRINCIPLES OF AYURVEDA Ayurveda represents the ancient Indian art of healing. powder. These doctrines visualize the functional units of the body to be formed by three Dosha (humours).nausea. One of the most important principles of Ayurveda treatment is that the treatment given is not only to the ailments or the affected parts. The details of these eight branches of this natural alternative medicine are present in the three ancient Ayurvedic texts .
In actuality. the greatest importance is given to the Bhesaja because to treat the disease successfully. Importance of Prakruti Knowing our prakruti is helpful as it not only helps us know our self better but also helps us in getting rid of diseases. pitta or kapha predominant) . Talking about the constitution of a person. vishesh gunantardhana (adding or generating special property) • It makes the medicine durable • It makes the medicine palatable. 2. Prakruti is an important decisive factor for evaluating an individual's status of physical constitution as well. • As per the severity of the disease it helps the adjustment of dosha • It makes the medicine as per need of patient and disease. by keeping the drugs with certain Bhavana dravyas for specific times. states that the basic constitution of a human being is determined at the time of conception. without the assistance of aousadhas or Bhaisaj. there are three basic types .Vata constitution. Every individual has a unique combination of these three doshas. which is determined on the basis of three doshas. Importance of Bhaijasya Kalpana • It increases the potency of medicine by sanskar i. PITTA and KAPHA. It has described various procedures like addition or depletion of certain drugs. he should have the complete knowledge about Bhesaja. no branch of Ayurveda can exist singularly. If the physician has a good knowledge of Bhaisjasya Kalpana. the seven body types and the characteristics of VATA. Factors Determining Prakruti • Sukra-Shonit Prakruti (Condition of sperm-ovum) • Kala-garbhasaya Prakruti (Condition of uterus) • Matu-ahar Prakruti (Food regimen adopted by mother. In Ayurveda. The term Prakruti is derived from Sanskrit word that means. Prakruti is the physical and psychological constitution of the individual. • It removes the toxic effect of medicine by shodhana karm. It helps in understanding certain important physical and mental characteristics. 'creativity' or the first creation'. Bhaisjasya Kalpana includes complete knowledge of drugs including the basic principles of drugs. there are seven body types. • Mono types (vata.e. a physician should have good quality of drugs and for that. during pregnancy) Types of Prakruti Basically. One of the very important concepts of Ayurveda is that one's basic constitution is fixed throughout his lifetime. according to Ayurveda. This constitution is called Prakruti. 'nature'. we have provided detailed information about the factors determining prakrati. Pitta constitution and Kapha constitution and their combinations. In the following lines. he can treat the patient in a better manner. AYURVEDIC PRAKRUTI Ayurveda.
but have a tendency to spend money on trifle things. KAPHA Physical Quotient Boasting of a thick. i. On the other end. Big and sparkling teeth are another feature you cannot miss when you are in the company of a KAPHA individual. The eyes are mostly in blue or light brown or black in color. joy and vitality define the characteristic of such individuals. in this body type. Mental Quotient Such individuals are mostly calm and considerate and have an utmost caring and compassionate nature. Ambitious and confident. jealous and aggressive by nature.People under this body type have a well developed build and often boast of muscular limbs and a stable gait of medium speed. pitta and kapha in equal proportions) Characteristics Of Body Types : i. ii. freedom. chyle or lymph and "Rasanaat Sarva dhatuunam Rasaityabhdhiiyate" is for material which is capable . RASA SHASTRA Historically. the eyes are small. There is a yellowish tint in the teeth. pale or white skin. Facial Quotient Individuals in this body type usually have a large. Facial Quotient They usually have a long and angular face. PITTA Physical Quotient . are usually alert and attentive and have high concentration powers. such individuals have large. kapha-vata) Equal types (vata. dark brown or grey in color. 3. They have a small mouth. "Rasati shariire aasu prsarati it Rasa" meaning juice. The lips and mouth are moderate in size. They usually have a strong tree-trunk neck and thick. more than 2500 years ago. under the transportation system of the body like plasma. long limbs. light grey or hazel color. with a non. The neck is proportionate to the body. While the nose is small and narrow. iii. • • Mental Quotient Individuals. with an underdeveloped chin. warm and lustrous. Rasa Shastra or 'Vedic Chemistry' is an offshoot of Ayurveda that was developed around the period. with dull luster. narrow or tight lips. oily. narrow or sunken. when Buddha existed. They usually have a fair skin type that is soft.Dual types (vata-pitta. in light blue. courage and enthusiasm oozes out of such individuals. with generally thin. protruding. Facial Quotient Such individuals usually have a heart shaped face. They have a large mouth with full lips.muscular build."Rasyate aaswadyate iti rasa" which stands for taste. They have thin and bony limbs and a quick gait. tenderness and contentment. or broken. The neck is thin and scrawny. "Rasati aharahargachhati iti Rasa" that stands for the first material formed after digestion or liquids. individuals in this category have a sense of being nourished and portray stability. with a protruding or pointed chin. generosity. They are restless and have weak memories.e. With a developed sense of responsibility. Patient and faithful. Mental Quotient People under this body type are creative and artistic and tend to overindulge in pleasures. well-developed build. rounded and full face with highly attractive eyes. The average body temperature is generally cold. set in receding gums. darkish and cool skin type. they may get irritable. Teeth are usually irregular. they can take decisions and organize affairs well. They are spendthrift. Enthusiasm. They have pointed nose that is medium sized and average sized eyes. RASA has several meaning attached to it . with thin. VATA Physical Quotient Such people are either very tall or very short. pitta-kapha or. Derived from Sanskrit.
heart and stomach. grinding. upadhatu. diagnosis and curative procedures of the diseases pertaining to the head. this branch of Ayurveda is often called 'urdhvanga chikitsa'.Alchemy and Rasayana. Minerals . oven treatment. maharasa. mineral or a natural product directly or as a formulation. it produces feelings of well being while expelling all doshas from the body. Therefore. Talking about silver. SHALAKYA TANTRA A special branch of the Ashtang Ayurvedic tree. to produce special formulations. Rasashastra can be described as ayurvedic pharmaceutics. specifically via mutra and mala (urine and stool). This means they are able to carry the herbs mixed with them faster to the desired site and start the action immediately. when properly prepared. helps in the rejuvenation of the mind and body. minerals also have their own Rasa. by shalakya tantra. mixing. is known not only to balance all the three doshas. which deals with the drugs of mineral origin. and so on. 4.Its Properties After classifying mercury as the rasa (after which this branch has been named). Mercury . After performing the desired action. It is used as vrisya (aphrodisiac). minerals and gems into dhatu. uprasa. properties and their therapeutic uses. Silver is known to give strength to the brain. There are two main categories of Rasa Shastra . the alchemic scientists (Raja Siddhas) state that.of lick and digest all metals. to inculcate the therapeutic properties in the minerals. vrana sodhana and ropana (wound cleaner and healer). barring a few exceptions. Rasa shastra essentially describes the use of metals. on the other hand. and krimighna (antimicrobial). respectively. This science is often referred to as 'alchemy' and the resultant medications are called rasas. snigdha (anointing). minerals and poisons. Since the treatments are confined to the portion of the body above the neck. Shalakya tantra encompasses the treatment for the diseases affecting the body parts located that are above the neck. Ayurvedic chemists have evolved various procedures like sublimation.Their Properties As herbs have their own Rasa. according to the shalakya tantra. Mercury nurtures the body parts and also enhances the strength of the eyes. give a firm physique. churning. are contained in organo-metallic compounds that work as carriers (yogavahi). lips and throat. characteristics. everything should be first purified/detoxified (Shodhana) and then must be converted into bhasma (ash). Speaking of Lapis lazuli. controlled heat incineration. which helps in combating acute conditions or serious diseases. Nasa shalaka and mukh shalaka are the names given to the treatment of nose and throat. mercury. Conventionally. a stable mind and avert diseases and old age. More aptly. gems. ratna. for which many specific types of yantras (instruments) are designed. bhasmsas are eliminated through our excretory systems. it is kasaya (astringent) and amla (sour). processing techniques. the ancient chemists classified the other metals. Shalakya Tantra In Ayurveda Treatment of the eye using shalakas is termed as netra shalaka. there are about 72 diseases pertaining to the eyes. The Ayurvedic texts of Sushrut Sanhita. the word shalaka means a rod or a probe. Bhasmas act as catalysts and increase the bioavailability of the herbs to the cell. A number of methods are formulated for the treatment of the organs of the body. sadhrana rasa and sudha varga. This reveals that the branch of the science of life deals with the causes. These bhasmas. ear. in the same way. The nose can be affected by as many as 18 diseases. For instance. eye. snigdha (oily) and laghu (light) in guna. gold is madhura (sweet) and kasaya (astringent) in rasa. their varieties. Rasayana. Here in this article. whereas the ears are prone to 25 different kinds of ailments. rasayana (rejuvenative). upratna. It acts as an antimicrobial and antipyretic. or lighter forms of metals. According to the texts. and madhura (sweet) in vipak. Charak Sanhita and Ashtang Hruday have given detailed description of shalakya tantra. nose. which mainly comprise of metallic ashes called bhasmas. This is achieved by controlled/sustained heat incineration again and again. while the lips are easily . whereas a probe of the ear is referred to as karma shalaka. In Sanskrit. but also to impart a soothing effect to the body. balya (tonic). sita (cold) in virya. it is meant that the treatment would be done using rods or probes in order to apply medication to the affected parts of the body. we have discussed about shalakya tantra. While alchemy is involved in turning mercury into gold. improving body complexion and controlling the wastes of the body tissue. When it comes to using any metal.
abscesses and cysts. Therefore. It has been a popular and influential system of medicine in entire South Asia.Gerentorology • Vrishya chikitsa.Rasayana.Psychiatry • Urdhvanga chikitsa-Treatment of eyes. ears.Bhoot Vidya . aphrodisiacs and surgery as the branches of any medicinal science. migraine. but also with the follow-up treatment. AGADA TANTRA . being a vast science is divided into eight branches. above the neck. Apart from the various types of diseases. throat and head.Agad Tantra -Toxicology • Jara chikitsa. Shalakya tantra finds remedy for all such diseases. for the removal of tumors. the medicinal art have been categorized under branches that deal with psychiatry. then the simple home remedies mentioned in shalakya tantra will prove useful. toxicology and gerentorology separately. The home remedies have been widely used. Like any other modern medicinal therapies. meaning 'life' and veda. Ayurveda believes in specialized treatment for different body parts. Ayurveda is said to be a fully developed medicinal art with a number of unique and exclusive medicinal therapies and surgical procedures for the treatment of various ailments and diseases. If you are suffering from certain common problems like excess deposit of wax in the ear. some surgical techniques are also described in the Ayurvedic texts. ayus.susceptible to 11 types of diseases. Ayurveda is the first ever medicine system to categorize pediatrics. List Of The Eight Branches • Kayachikitsa -Internal Medicine • Shalya chikitsa -Surgery • Bala chikitsa. throat and head • Damstra chikitsa.vajikarana. a Sanskrit word comprises of two words. IX. tested and proven effective. nose. meaning 'science'. It is a system of traditional medicine with its origin in the Indian subcontinent. Thus. in order to ensure that the disease is uprooted and eliminated. The most influential of these Ayurveda literatures has been the Sushruta Samhita and the Charaka Samhita. shalakya tantra is not only concerned with the immediate treatment of the ailments.Aphrodisiacs 1. Eight Branches Of Ayurveda Ayurveda.Pediatrics • Graha chikitsa. ASHTANG AYURVEDA Ayurveda. treatment of eyes. Moreover. The earliest literature of this traditional medicine system is said to have appeared during the Vedic period in India. nose. throat infection. thus ayurveda in literal sense means the 'science of life'. internal medicine. Different and effective ways to remove the foreign bodies from the regions above the neck are also enlisted in shalakya tantra. dryness of the eyes. shalakya tantra proves to be one of the most effective methods of treating the ailments related to the upper portion of the body. which are collectively called as Ashtang Ayurveda. ears.
Branch Of Ayurveda Agada tantra or toxicology is a branch of Ashtang Ayurveda. birds. Agada tantra. According to Ayurvedic science.the Natural poisons and the Artificial poisons. Apart from the rules and regulations of healthy existence. insects etc. vegetables. It deals with a wide range of natural toxins originating from wild lives like animals. the great saint and medical practioner. The students of the Kashyapa School of toxicology later became royal vaidyas (doctors) in various kingdoms and were meant to protect the members of the royal families from being poisoned. The eight different branches of this traditional medicinal therapy are Kaaya chikitsaa. there should be proper balance between the inner constituent elements of the body for a healthy existence. S`alya tantra and Baala chikitsaa. scorpions. Even now the traditional practice of toxicology is done by different families of Vishavaidyas (poison doctors) who claim to be specialists in toxicology in various parts of Indian subcontinent. mercury. the life science with eight branches. the three samhitas described about this branch of toxicology. plants including herbs (belladonna. deals with various methods of cleaning the poisons out of the body as well as recommends antidotes for particular poisons.e.) and artificial poisons prepared from poisonous drugs. ruby and poisonous minerals like lead and mercury are few of them. Artificial poisons are the invented poisons which are prepared by combining different kinds of animate and inanimate poisons. Rasayan Tantra. One of these branches is the Agada Tantra.). also known as Vriddhakashyapa. Inanimate poisons or the Staavara comprise of poisons that have plant origin and toxic minerals. 2. also include the description and disadvantages of food of opposite qualities. S`aalakya tantra. Ayurvedic science is so elaborate and vast that it is divided into eight branches of Ayurveda and each branch is specialized in a particular treatment. The science of Ayurveda is divided into eight different categories in order to clearly demarcate the treatment of one ailment from another. Graha Chikitsa.. precious stones like diamond. which was founded and run by Kashyapa. This branch also deals with air and water pollution. .Ayurveda is oldest medical science known to mankind and mainly aims at healthy living and long life unlike other medical science which simply focus on the treatment of ailments and diseases. insects etc. also deals with surgery and several complex ailments. arsenal etc. The tradition of Agada tantra practice is very ancient. The natural poisons are classified as inanimate (Sthaavara) and animate (Jangama). This branch of Ayurveda also has information regarding fatal doses of various poisons. Vajeekarana chikitsaa. That is why the science of Ayurveda is often referred as Astang Ayurveda i. minerals (leads. There are also descriptions of certain poisons that are used as medicines after proper processing and quantification. worms. as the Aganda Tantra is popularly known. They were at times also used to administer poison to their king’s enemies. aconite etc. KAUMARA BHRITYA Ayurveda is a very elaborate and vast medicinal science. metals or metal ores that are found inside the earth. It deals with several kinds of complex ailments and surgeries. It originated from the school of toxicology. There are two types of poisons that have been described in the Agada tantra. which includes the science of poisons. Animate poisons or Jangama consist of the venoms of animals like snakes. Damstra or Visha chikitsa. drugs and food causing chronic poisoning symptoms. Apart from the above mentioned poisons. which are basically the causes of various dangerous epidemics.
its causes and treatment methods. Vajeekarana chikitsaa. Graha Chikitsa Ayurveda is an ancient medicinal science. bacteria that are not visible to naked eye. The detailed explanation of the procedures and methods of Bal Chikitsa or Kaumara Bhritya can be found in the classical writings of Vagbhata. Rasayan Tantra. nourishment and conduct for women before. Diseases Of The Mind Graha Chikitsa is mainly concerned with the diseases acquired or inherited from apparently unknown causes. the Graha Chikitsa is considered to be unique because it deals with psychiatric treatment. the Charaka Samhita and Sushruta Samhita tell in detail about the Balachikitsa as well as prenatal. Ashtanga Samgraha and Ashtanga Hridaya. which can be caused by super natural forces or invasion of some evil spirit. Baala chikitsaa and Graha Chikitsa respectively. Agada tantra. purification and bettering of mothers' milk. Kaumarbhritya as a science of pediatrics includes minute details of various disorders concerning children's health such as gastrointestinal diseases. it can be . S`aalakya tantra. Some experts say that ‘bhuta’ means ghosts and similar bad spirits who cause abnormal psychological conditions. Different experts have explained the word bhuta differently. rickets other than midwifery.Bala Chikitsa is also known as Kumaraya Bhritya and it deals with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases related to Pregnancy. postnatal baby care as well as different ailments under the branch of gynecology. strives for well being of a kid right from its conception. during and after delivery. Even. this branch of science also thoroughly deals with the problem of infertility. Other than gynecology and pediatrics. 3. intelligence and constitution. It deals with the art of nursing and healthy bringing up of infants. childbirth (delivery) and diseases of children (Pediatrics). Apart from this. it has also gained popularity in the western world and is considered to be a form of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). It even consists of minute details of a technique called punsanvan vidhi for having a child of one's desired gender. The branch of kaumarabhritya is a comprehensive study about the prenatal. any characteristic deficit traits as well as the influences of malignant stars and spirits on an infant. It is divided into eight different branches that deal with eight different kinds of treatments. natural and post birth care tips. It has recommended specific diet. routine. This branch is not only concerned about the physical health of mother and child rather it also deals with the mental and psychological requirements of a mother and her newly born child. In contemporary times. Others say ‘bhuta’ represents microscopic organisms such as virus. It originated in the Indian subcontinent about 5000 years ago and is considered to be one of the most advance medical therapies existing in the world till now. This science of gynecology and pediatrics also describes the growth and progress of fetus in minute detail. It gives various natural and herbal remedies to the regular ailments of a newly born kid. It has been very clearly mentioned that the perfect health of a mother is mandatory for a healthy upbringing of child. This branch of Ayurveda with an aim to achieve a healthy and disease free society. Kaumarabhritya despite being an ancient science has documented that the mental and physical state of the mother has direct effect on the health of the child. teething disorder. The eight different branches of the Ayurveda are the Kaaya chikitsaa. Out of these eight. In modern terminology. it also describes an ideal diet for a newly born to 16 years old kid. This branch of Ayurveda specifically deals with the diseases of mind or psychic conditions. S`alya tantra.
milk. diet. Amalaki. According to Ayurveda. 4. chitraka are few out of the long list of herbs that are called rasayanakar. Rasayana-chikitsa basically boosts the ojas (vital force of life) and the immune system. Rasayana improves the metabolic activities and results in best possible biotransformation. Jara Cikitsa or Rasayana Tantra is the rejuvenating therapy. the patient is isolated from his/her routine life and is kept in a kuti (hut). It rejuvenates the tissues of the body giving the person undergoing the treatment a young look. punarnava. health. This branch of Ayurvedic science mainly tries to explore the unknown and the hidden facts of particular diseases. through herbs like guggulu. due to aging or diseases. digestion and metabolism through bhallataka.physiology of these disorders is to be extensively researched. and so on Types Of Rasayana Chikitsa The first type of Rasayana Chikitsa is mainly for people. It prescribes treatment for repairing wear and tear of the body. tulsi. habits. The Jara chikitsa regime comprises of a very strict diet. As the people of ancient era were believers of super natural powers and evil spirits. complexion. In addition to this herbs. Pitara. It includes longevity. sex. It also claims at holding back the process of aging. In the process. • By promoting the capability of srotas or microcirculatory channels in the body. RASAYANA CHIKITSA Rasayana Chikitsa is the branch of Ayurvedic science. strength of body and senses. which is . where rajas (passion) and tamas (ignorance) are supposed to be the contributing factors. In most cases illness is caused by the disturbance of mind.considered as idiopathic diseases in which the exact cause of disease is unknown. who undergoes this therapy seriously. This branch of Ayurveda deals basically diseases like insanity. Gandharva. This branch of Ashtang Ayurveda aims at achieving a long and healthy life. who cannot dedicate long hours and are short of both enthusiasm and effort. In short Rasayana chikitsa is rejuvenation of the soul. Pishacha. ashwagandha. disease free and vigorous life to the person. these psychiatric diseases are a result of the affliction from the Deva. glow. rather than just curing diseases. the patient’s age. which are directly not visible and have no direct explanation in terms of tridosha. these days the problems and ailments dealt under the Graha Chikitsa or Bhut Vidya can be related to modern psychiatry. ghee. Rakshasa. patients generally undergo a dietary change and also a change in their regular lifestyle. Naga and other demons or evil spirit. epilepsy. Rasayana provides spiritual aid to the body as well. haritaki. which deals with various aspects of preventive health care. In such a therapy. etc • By improving agni i. pippali etc.e. thereby bringing the body out of its state of natural or man made loss. thereby promoting nutrition. Three Modes Of Rasayana Rasayana basically promotes the nutrition through three modes. Yaksha. Bhuta Vidya deals with the causes. The second type is a more complicated process and involves total reformation of the body. prakruti (constitution). However. The concept of Ayurveda also believes in the past karma or deeds as a causative factor of certain diseases. which promotes rejuvenation in a healthy person and cures the disease of an unhealthy person. living conditions and diseases acquired in the past and also present state of the body. They are: • By directly enriching the nutritional intake of the body through increasing the consumption of satavarai. so that they continue their routine life simultaneously. improved memory. this branch of ayurveda was named the same. given in the therapy. The philosophy of Ayurveda is to establish good health. Bhuta Vidya mentions the use of various disinfectant plants under the title of 'graha vidya dravya' for fumigation to make the atmosphere germ free. Such types of patients are given a short package of rasayana. The Rasayana medicines are believed to have aphrodisiac qualities as well. trifala. The medicines. as it helps to bring life back to normal. Rasayana is an active step towards achieving this philosophy. generosity. are carefully chosen. use of mantras and yogic therapies like meditation and pranavama to pacify the psychological disturbances of a patient. youthfulness. Rasayana chikitsa helps a person to maintain good health or to establish impaired or lost physical or mental health. bearing in mind. Not only physical and mental. The exact patho. Asura. brungaraj. It provides a long.
which delves deep into ascertaining the root cause of the illness. As it is known that energy can neither be created nor can it be destroyed. diagnosis. It is believed that when the person comes out of the kuti. through special forms of emesis. Kaya Chikitsa mainly deals with the diagnosis and treatment of a variety of general diseases. such as skin disorders.plasma. The Treatment There are six stages of the development of disease are enumerated as aggravation. In short. Ayam and vyayam. rheumatoid arthritis and many other disorders. The concept of Kaya (Agni) is unique and is responsible for bio. prevention and treatment of diseases that are located above the neck region such as the head. marrow and reproductive fluids. which means probe. In the process. fat.specially designed for rasayana-chikitsa. this method mainly deals with reversing the disease path from its manifestation stage. The whole lifestyle of the person is continuously monitored. The word can be broken into two parts . It is responsible for all types of problems in and around the head. which is mainly concerned with the treatment of the body. According to Ayurveda. In kayachikitsa. The entire Ayurvedic therapeutics is based on the concept of Agni. it is the first branch of Astanga Ayurveda or eight-branched Ayurveda that deals with general medicine. overflow. relocation. tuberculosis. the body is purified and cleansed from the vitiated dosha to achieve the state of homogenizes and happiness. All the old tissues are replaced by new and lively tissues. One of the significant methods of treatment under kayachikitsa is panchakarma. The name of the branch is so called because of its excessive use of 'Shalaka'. purgation and enema. To prolong the youthfulness of the body. Kaya provides the necessary energy for all bodily activities. In South India. the human body is made of seven types of dhatu or tissues structures . This imbalance caused in the three doshas of vata-pitta-kapha is sometimes. yogasadhana and gati are some of the vital components that are included in an ayurvedic treatment. The term kaya kalpa is principally defined as the renewal of body. which is utilized by the cells. The energy provided is derived from the food we eat and the air we breathe. through panchakarma. caused by the mind and occasionally by the body's dhatu (tissues) and mala (toxin deposits). Coming to kayachikitsa.Kaya Kalpa Another unique aspect of kayachikitsa is rejuvenation also known as kaya kalpa. Kayachitikitsa is the branch of herbal and holistic medicine. In this procedure. bone.transformation. kayachikitsa applies several physical and mental disciplinary methods with special medicinal preparations. prognosis. the person undergoes a change in the lifestyle. the branch is also known by the name . Shalakya Tantra deals with the etiology. accumulation. According to this natural treatment. clothing and sometimes even residence. 6. his/her body is completely rejuvenated. It is then that the kayachitikitsa branch of ayurveda comes to assistance. Some of them are . there is always an opportunity to stop the disease at each stage. wherein kaya means 'body' and chikitsa means 'treatment'. various types of therapies and purification or detoxification methods. nose. Rejuvenation . In human body. muscle. back into to its site of original development. The biological system of the body transforms this energy to one. build up in a new site and manifestation into a recognizable disease. which includes change in food. under the observation of an ayurvedic specialist. there are different types of probe that are included. In Shalakya Tantra. to rebuild the body's cells and tissues after the initial process of detoxification. The therapy can be termed as the reincarnation and reinvigoration of the soul. eye and throat.Urdhwang which means the body parts above the shoulder and Chikitsa which signifies treatment. Charaka Samhita is the most important scripture on kayachikitsa. The total treatment procedure is called Kaya Chikitsa (or internal medicine). the body of a person is product of the constant psychosomatic interactions and diseases caused are due to the imbalance caused in the trishods of the body. ear. It discussed the basic principles of treatment.Urdhwangchikitsa. diabetes. KAYACHIKITSA Ayurveda is the holistic approach. 5. blood. Shalakya Tantra One out of the eight branches of Ayurveda. thereby preventing its full manifestation.
we have become aware of the thousand of years ago sophisticated methods of surgery that were practiced in India. The name of the sage-physician. when the problem is beyond just medicinal repair. surgery was principally pioneered by Ayurveda. Susruta was the first surgeon to develop cosmetic surgery in ayurveda. the instruments in use were crude (because of the materials used) and their use was painful. Sushurut Samhita and Ashtang Samghrah. 18 diseases of the nose. describes detailed information about the pre-operative . also recommended for Shalya Tantra for the treatment of certain diseases. conjunctivitis. Diseases Approximately 72 diseases of the eye are discussed by Sushrut Sanhita. also mention the methods regarding the general care of the eye and ENT structures. Surgeries such as hinoplasty and auraplasty have also been mentioned in the texts for cosmetic reasons. such as dryness of eye. Susruta. which are being successfully administered even today. 1 disease of the lymph glands. Gandamala (enlarged lymph nodes). 11 diseases of the lips. as in modern science. where kayachikitsa will fall short. Mul. 8 diseases of the palate. Susruta and Astanga Hridaya. migraine and mouth ulcers etc.Charaka. Shalya tantra should be used. the three samhitas . Diseases Treated According to Susruta.probe of the eye (netra shalaka). fracture of bones. pterygium. Charaka. The books mainly deal with treatment of different types of conjunctivitis and glaucoma. but also be beneficial in situations. Charak Sanhita and Ashtang Hruday. Charak Samhita. Another major draw back of Shalya tantra was lack of proper aseptic precautions during the earlier days. which required immediate attention such as hemorrhoids. Talking about the eyes. recommend simple home remedies for minor problems. 6 diseases of the tongue. In addition to this. Textual Reference The process of Shalakya Tantra includes different techniques that are applicable for the treatment of all the problems. along with surgical procedure of the removal of cataract and cosmetic surgery such as rhinoplasty and auroplasty (repair of traumatized nose and ear). pre-glaucomatic condition and glaucoma and diseases of the iris/pupil. but also deals with general aspects. Apart from the above mentioned complicated problems and of treatment. His surgical treatment for trichiasis can be reckoned with some of the modern operative techniques used for this eye disease. internal and external injuries. The three books. The treatment would not only give faster relief to the ailing person. bladder stones. wax in ear. The branch is not just revolved around the problem and the treatment. including surgical procedures for cataracts. of the throat (mukh shalaka) and of the lips (oshta shalaka). In cases like. Mutravaodh (retention of urine) and stanarog (breast diseases). The original text of Susruta has a detailed discussion of the exhaustive range of surgical methods. Arbuda (abscesses. Ashmari (stones). probe of the nose (nasa shalaka). probe of the ear (karna shalaka). SHALYA CHIKITSA In the ancient India. the best-known physician of Ayurvedic medicine. is synonymous with surgery. it describes the structure of the eyes in a way that all the intricate things are also dealt with. Topics of intestinal obstructions. Shalakya Tantra has listed 25 diseases of the ear.vyadhi (hemorrhoids). In addition to this. The long foreign rule in India and lack of promotion stalled the progress of Ayurvedic surgery in the middle of the second millennium. The main aspects of Shalyakya tantra is described in the ancient ayurvedic texts such as Sushrut Sanhita. 18 diseases of the throat-pharynx-larynx and 8 diseases of the oral cavity. From his treatise Susruta Samhita. 7. 23 diseases of the teeth. Shalya tantra is best suited. which is inclusive of methods on how to deal with various types of tumors. cysts). and the use of dead bodies for dissection and learning were taught and practiced in ancient India. Gud-bransh (prolapse rectum). Procedures In this branch of ayurvedic treatment. Shalya Chikitsa is a significant branch of Ayurvedic science. complications during pregnancy and delivery and obstruction in intestinal loop.
Aswagandha. which suggests that it is a comprehensive system of knowledge and practices to purify the body of toxins and restore it to balance with the law of Mother Nature. marma's (significant points) and also about anesthesia. Targeted at improving the sexuality of an individual. Vajikarana is mainly concerned with therapies concerning specific remedies for male infertility and impotence as well as female infertility. Apart from prescribing a lot of effective formulations to provide nutrition to enhance the quality of these vital body fluids.procedures. are Vamana. broad leaves and other such natural materials. because this could give fast relief as compared to the slow process of recovery from medicines or herbs. Charaka. For ligatures a creeper i. PANCHAKARMA TREATMENT Ayurveda emphasizes preventative and healing therapies. The therapies deal with stress related problems and the toxins that may trigger an ailment. With the help of the treatment. The method involves Kayaseka. which means the medicine or therapy by which a man becomes capable of copulating with a woman. The use of various surgical instruments is also described in the Susruta Samhita for the treatment. this aphrodisiac therapy aims at promoting the quality of the germinative tissues of an individual and is used to treat impotency and increases vitality. Along with this. Panchakarma is Ayurveda's one of the ancient and important purification and detoxification treatments. at the same time. in addition to a healthy body. It tells us how to achieve longevity and live a life that is free of diseases. Basti and Raktamoskshana. these induce an immediate sense of pleasurable excitement. In Sanskrit. in his great Ayurvedic classic writing Charaka Samhita. The treatment of Shalya Tantra was popular. the instruments described were mainly made from stone. branches of trees. Dhara. It helps increase the will power. yantras (blunt instruments) and sutures (stitches) used in the surgery. Vrishya Chtikitsa also helps in nourishing the body of the person. post-operative procedures. Hence.e. mind and soul. 9. the strength and stamina of the individual also enhances. general procedures. The five therapeutic means of eliminating toxins from the body. Apart from being a healing system. Apart from being good aphrodisiacs. a climbing plant was also sometimes used. The shukra dhatu has a direct link with ojas or the immunity of the body. vajikaran prescribed the therapeutic use of various aphrodisiacs and tonic preparations for enhancing the vigor and reproductive capabilities of men that also strengthens other body tissues (dhatus) like muscles. Nasya. it is a science that tells us the art of appropriate living. Instruments Used In Shalya tantra. the word 'Panchakarma literally means "five therapies". states the use of aphrodisiacs as mentioned in ayurvedic therapies enhance one's potency. by taking in herbs or herbal combinations that have aphrodisiac properties. it also describes the types of bandages. fats. The herbs and treatments are aimed at improving the condition for both men and women. it has been specifically emphasized to lead a highly disciplined life. the individual is follows a Ayurvedic directions strictly. Some of the Ayurvedic aphrodisiacs that give extra sexual power to couples and enable them to give birth to healthy children are Shilajit. In this therapy. and so on. VRISHYA CHIKITSA Vrishya Chtikitsa is a branch of Ayurveda that explains the art of producing healthy progeny for the creation of a better society. Navarakkizhi treatments and consumption of certain aphrodisiac medicines. X. Diseases. Vrishya Chtikitsa is also known as Vajikarana. wood. bones and blood. even in an ageing person. Virechana. along with increased fertile seminal secretions. celibacy is essential for good health. which constitute the Panchakarma. shastra (sharp instruments). As per the Vrishya Chtikitsa. Vrishya Chtikitsa branch of Ashtang Ayurveda states the reason for sexual inefficiency and directs the use of several aphrodisiac herbs and minerals to enhance the vitality. which requires instant treatment in those cases shalyachikitsa was the best method. Mucuna Pruriens (naikkurana). intellect and memory. along with myriad methods of purification and rejuvenation of the body. they concentrate . It deals with various diseases like infertility and conditions relating to weak shukra dhatu or the vital reproductive fluids of the body.
if the person doesn't follow a special detoxification diet. The treatment involves the introduction of medicinal substances. • People suffering from constipation would find the treatment beneficial. kidney. diabetes. Go through the following lines to get information on different types of Basti karma and the benefits of the treatment. distention. backache. This is . obesity. we have provided comprehensive information on Panchakarma therapy and its significance in Ayurveda. thereby ensuring a good health. while the mild treatment works on the superficial level of dhatus. 1. Types Of Basti Karma Aasthapan Basti / Nirhua Basti (Decoction Enema): This type of treatment is predominantly used to treat arthritic conditions and nervous disorders. Basti karma concentrates on the elimination of the loosened vata dosha out through the rectum. constipation. The medication techniques used for the treatment are known as enemas. herbal oils and decoctions in a liquid medium. Warm oil with small amounts of decoction is used in Anuvasan Basti. Basti karma can be adopted to people in order to rejuvenate the body. Both the treatments are beneficial for the body. Anuvasan Basti / Oil Enema: Anuvasan Basti is used to treat the people who are not recommended to opt Nirhua Basti treatment. bleeding from rectum. vomiting and hyperacidity can also be cured by Basti karma. This type of Basti karma is not suitable for malnourished and weak people or those suffering from tuberculosis. PURIFICATION THERAPY BASTI KARMA One of the main procedures of Panchakarma Chikitsa. • The strong treatment penetrates deep into the dhatus. sexual disorders. Herbal concoctions made of sesame oil are generally used for the purpose. • Secretions in the colon are promoted by Basti karma. along with the treatments. it can remain ineffective. Vata disorders can be effectively cured by Basti karma. Similar to western enemas. anemia and jaundice should stay away from Anuvasan Basti. • The palliative treatment helps the colon expel them. ascites. dysentery. In this section. such as. If administered properly. People suffering from piles. skin diseases and asthma. obstruction of urine. the Basti karma increases colonic peristalsis. pain in the neck region. Basti karma is an effective treatment that has very few or no side effects on the body. Benefits Of Basti Karma • Basti karma is highly beneficial in cleansing and detoxifying the body. barring the exceptions. stools and flatus. This is because vata is predominantly located in the colon and bones. The treatment rejuvenates the body. intestinal obstruction. Therefore. chronic abdominal pain. producing rapid elimination of the feces. diarrhea and severe anemia.on creating a balance between the doshas (energies that govern all biological functions). amenorrhoea and infertility. Although Panchakarma is a highly effective therapy. provide strength and longevity. According to Ayurveda. cough. the enemas are not suitable for people suffering from shortness of breath. Herbal decoction and small amounts of oil are used to treat the ailments. because it promotes the liquefaction of ama and mala (waste products) in the colon. peritonitis. Warning Proper administration of Basti karma is quintessential to gain the benefits of the treatment. Common cold. into the rectum of the person. intestinal worms.
thereby improving the process of oxygenation (prana). shatavari ghee. fear. heaviness in the head. cold. nasal congestion. a therapy of Panchakarma. It is mainly administered to treat pitta-type disorders such as thinning of hair. In case of the person is suffering from heaviness of eyelids. which has a direct influence on the functioning of brain. the karma. Since nose is the gateway of the head. Pradhamana nasya is mainly used to treat kapha types of diseases such as headaches. dryness of voice. dry nose. The therapy is beneficial if done on a regular basis. • The therapy enhances the activity of sense organs and protects the person from diseases pertaining to head (urdhwanga) • Early aging process is effectively prevented by the regular administration of Nasya karma Types Of Nasya Karma • Pradhamana (virechan) Nasya (cleansing nasya): In this type of Nasya karma. Parkinsonism. sinusitis. Chronic diseases such as cervical lymph adenitis and tumors can also be treated by Pradhaman Nasya. then the person may experience spasmodic pains. drowsiness. if not done properly. nervousness. attachment. burning sensation. Studies suggest that it is beneficial to cure vata-type headaches. dry sinuses and loss of sense of smell. ashwagandha ghee and medicated milk to cure vata disorders. NASYA KARMA One of the Panchakarmas mentioned in Ayurveda. it causes anorectal inflammation and ulceration. greed and lust can be effectively treated by the therapy. dizziness and emptiness. herbal medicated decoctions. Epilepsy. blockage of stools and flatus. anorectal itching and pain. . When the therapy is incomplete. fissure. It also prevents the early graying of hair and bear. Read on to know more about Nasa karma. sticky eyes and hoarseness of voice due to sticky kapha. nose and ear healthy. anorexia. salt. conjunctivitis and ringing in the ears. The therapy cleanses and opens the channels of the head.because. oils. Nasya therapy is a process wherein the drug (herbalized oils and liquid medicines) is administered through the nostrils. because it keeps the eyes. leads to a number of complications. Negative thoughts can be banished by undergoing this treatment. migraine headache. stiffness in the neck. • Shaman Nasya (Sedative Nasya): Sedative Nasya is used according to which dosha is aggravated in the human body. anxiety. and muscular cramps. inflammation of the nasal mucosa. Bruhana Nasya would be the best bet. bursitis. If the treatment is given in excess. Generally. teas and medicated oils are used as the medicine in this type of Nasya karma. Some skin diseases are easily treated by this type of Nasya karma. 2. dry powders (rather than oils) are blown into the nose with the help of a tube. weakness. • Bruhana Nasya (nutrition nasya): This treatment uses ghee. • Navana Nasya (Decoction Nasya): This type of therapy is used in vata-pitta or kapha-pitta disorders. Powders such as brahmi are traditionally used in this therapy. the therapy is highly effective in curing a number of diseases pertaining to the head. Decoctions and medicated oils are poured through the nostrils of the person undergoing the treatment. if it is performed systematically. Benefits Of Nasya Karma • Nasya karma ensures the proper and healthy growth of hair.
Raktamoksha is performed to eliminate the toxins from the bloodstream through the gastrointestinal tract. • Pratimarshya (Daily Oil Nasya): This type of therapy is administered by dipping the clean little finger in ghee or oil and inserting into each nostril. Diseases Treated Under Nasya Therapy • Aphonia • Bronchitis • Cataract • Catarrh • Chronic coryza • Coryza • Diseases of mouth. Literally meaning Blood Letting. hemochromatosis and gout can also be cured by applying the blood letting therapy. such as urticaria. spleen. edema. rash. For instance. ear. thus giving way to various pitta-genic disorders. Since pitta and blood are closely linked to each other. chronic itching and hives. Barring a few exceptions such as people suffering from anemia. eczema. which may not be disease. teeth and jaw • Tetanus • Tonsilitis • Toothache and other tooth disorders • Uvulitis. nose. • 3. if a small amount of blood is extracted from the vein.Marshya Nasya (Ghee Or Oil Nasya): This type of Marshya Nasya karma makes use of ghee/oil. Enlarged liver. hence administered to treat disorders pertaining to skin. By doing this. The therapy is administered for a particular reason. Procedure The disintegration of red blood cells in the liver leads to the formation of pitta. painless and highly effective form of Panchakarma. weakness or those who are too young or too old. the nasal passage is lubricated and given a gentle massage. neck. the deep nasal tissues are opened up. Raktamoksha entails the refinement of blood. After inserting the clean finger (dipped in ghee or oil) into the nostril. but a condition of uneasiness arising from a particular disease. stress can be released to a great extent. a lot of tension can be relieved that was created by the pitta-genic toxins . increase in pitta causes toxicity in the blood. leucoderma. In such cases. By doing Pratimarshya on a regular basis. everybody can opt for Raktamoksha therapy. any imbalance between the two can cause diseases related to blood. scabies. Here comes the use of Raktamoksha therapy. RAKTAMOKSHA THERAPY Raktamoksha therapy is one of the Panchakarmas of Ayurveda. The therapy develops the immune mechanism in the blood system by stimulating the antitoxic substances in the blood stream. acne. It is a safe. eye and head • Diseases of the eyelid • Dryness Of The Nose • Facial Paralysis • Frozen Shoulder • Hemi Crania • Hoarseness of voice • Hysteria • Migraine • Multiple Sclerosis • Parkinsonism • Seminal disorders • Shoulder pain • Sinus Congestion • Sinusitis • Stammering • Stiffness in the head.
4. wheezing and breathlessness. Thus. the blood vitiated by pitta is extracted efficiently. Diseases Treated By Raktamoksha Therapy Raktamoksha Therapy is performed to treat a number of diseases including abscess. • Alabu: Blood vitiated by kapha can be extracted by Alabu. Raktamoksha therapy cures a number of blood-borne diseases. By doing this. in an effort to eliminate them from the body. another form of Raktamoksha therapy. Know more about Vamana therapy by going through the following lines. Waste products (vitiated dosha) are eliminated through the upper gastrointestinal tract. Anushastra Prayoga • Jalouka Prayoga: During Jalouka Prayoga. kapha aggravating foods such as basmati rice and yogurt with salt are given to the patient. People suffering from Leucoderma and piles are often suggested to opt for Raktamoskha therapy. gout. Two Types of Raktamokshan Therapy Shastra Prayoga • Pracchana: In order to drain the accumulated blood from a particular point of the body. which is a medicated emesis therapy. in order to . heat is applied to the chest and back. • Ghati Yantra: If the vitiated blood has settled in different layers of the skin. as it comprises of tikshna and ushna gunas. if they are suffering from syncope and ulcer. VAMANA THERAPY The kapha toxins accumulated in the body and the respiratory tract are effectively removed by Vamana. After vomiting. Vamana is therapeutic vomiting. People with high imbalance of kapha are given this type of treatment. Sira Vedhana is devised whenever vitiated blood circulates in the body. leech is applied to extract deep-seated blood. Various Ayurvedic practitioners suggest people to opt for Raktamoksha therapy. eczema. Moreover. It is learnt that various types of skin diseases can be easily cured by proper administration of Raktamoksha therapy. the process of blood letting stimulates the spleen in order to produce anti-toxic substances that can help the stimulation of immune system of the body. • Sira Vedhana: Also termed as Venepuncture. one of the five therapies of Panchakarma in Ayurveda. then the best bet would be to administer Ghati Yantra. During the treatment. which loosens and mobilizes the toxins. which in turn provides relief from congestion.prevalent in the blood. in the morning. Objective The objective of Vaman therapy is to induce vomiting in the person to get rid of the mucus that causes excess kapha. herpes and jaundice. Thereafter. Pracchana is administered. • Sringa: Sringa or horn is used to extract the blood vitiated by vata. The vitiated kapha are eliminated through the mouth. the sinus is cleared.
Latest studies in the field of medical science suggest that certain symptoms of asthma can be cured by this highly effective form of Panchakarma. colon. licorice. the vitiated doshas are eliminated through the rectum. In fact. The patient is also given certain herbal cigarettes to smoke. sinus problems. the patient is subjected to Oleation first. defecate. loss of appetite and lymphatic obstruction can find this therapy beneficial. A drink made by mixing madanaphalam. develops a clear voice and good appetite. One of the therapies of Ayurveda. A light and warm diet is prescribed for the patient. If vamana is administered properly. Consumption of the drink triggers vomiting in the patient. which cleanses the Pitta and purifies blood. certain factors like body and mind constitution. The gastro-intestinal tract is also cleansed by Virachana therapy. This is followed with the internal administration of ghee treatment and a steam bath. However. fever. In addition to this. Some of the herbs . Procedure While performing the Virechana karam. People suffering from edema. Lightness in the chest is often experienced after undergoing the therapy. During the procedure. All the symptoms of congestion vanish away after the proper administration of Vamana therapy. Health Problems Treated By Vamana Therapy Vamana Therapy is suitable for treating a number of diseases including anemia. Nausea and food poisoning are effectively cured by Vamana therapy. mind and soul. a medicated steam bath is performed for three days. epilepsy. chronic indigestion. skin diseases. while opting for Virechana karma. it is strictly recommended that the natural urge to urinate. honey or calamus root tea is given to the patient. a day before starting Virechana karma. then Fomentation. emphasizes on the adoption of a number of preventative and healing therapies. Herbs Used For The Therapy Virechan therapy aims at cleansing the sweat glands. the person feels relaxed and able to breathe freely. VIRECHANA THERAPY Ayurveda. which can purify and rejuvenate the body. without undergoing the Vamana therapy that precedes Virechana. In case of repeated attacks of tonsillitis. which is followed by Emisis and Samsarjana Karma (post operative). This treatment is usually administered for three days after Vamana treatment. The Treatment Virachana therapy is defined as the medicated purgation therapy. One of the types of Panchakarma is Virechana. mental condition should be considered. After performing Vamana therapy. If vomiting doesn’t occur spontaneously. The medicinal form of science is not just a healing system. It aims at increasing the longevity of people of all ages. The drugs used for the purgation therapy are vitiate the doshas and bring them into the abdomen. healthy and disease-free living.liquefy kapha. the science of life. liver and spleen. sneeze and cough should not be suppressed. a purification therapy. The person thinks clearly. small intestine. then it is induced by rubbing on the tongue. the patient should take rest and not consume heavy food. Salt or cardamom may also be added to the medicated drink. age of the person. after the kapha is liquefied. Thereafter. 5. The internal Oleation is followed for three to seven days. by clearing the toxins from the body. Virechana can be administered directly after purvakarma. Procedure The patient feels better after vomiting for four to eight times. Panchakarma encompasses five treatments that can prevent and heal a number of diseases. which serve as laxative. but also an art of appropriate. A number of herbs are used for the treatment. most of the Ayurvedic practitioners suggest to opt for Vamana therapy. Fasting is highly recommended immediately after Vamana therapy. kidneys. but its duration may vary from case to case. stomach. cough and cold. The treatment concentrates on the toxins that are accumulated in the liver and gall bladder. Certain chronic diseases like diabetes can be treated by this therapy.
It helps in deciding the ideal lifestyle and therapeutic regimen for an individual. physical constitution or disposition of a person. goiter. PRAKRUTI & VIKRUTI According to Ayurveda. castor oil. In addition to these. Thus. Cow's milk. This proves beneficial for the patient. chronic fever. salt. and Kapha which is present in the individual at the time of conception is maintained throughout his lifetime. Virechana karma aims to eliminate doshas from kidneys. gastrointestinal problems and constipation can be effectively cured by Virechana therapy. Prakruti could be of seven types out of which the three main types are vata. jaundice.’ or ‘basic trait’. bran. Pitta and kapha as their basic constitution or Prakruti. XI. A body sans any kind of Vikruti is said to be absolutely healthy and fit. the state of doshas. Prakruti is the science of nature which determines the innate character. abdominal tumors. lepracy. Health Problems Treated By Virechana Therapy Virechana can treat a number of health problems and uproot them. bala (strength of the patient and disease) and symptoms of the individual is determined. headaches. For treating vikruti. dandelion root and psyllium seed. it can be termed as the stage of Vikruti. flaxseed husk. Different persons can have different combination of Vata. Read to explore more about ‘Prakruti’ and ‘Vikruti’. asthma.preferred by majority of Ayurvedic practitioners include senna. In simple terms. which is totally different from each other. lungs and sweat glands. Skin diseases. which is otherwise not possible by Vamana karma. it is the abnormal or the diseased state. ‘Prakruti’ means the physical constitution of a person and ‘vikruti’ means the state of disease. the therapy is administered to treat diabetes. That is why. raisins and mango juice are also used for the treatment. Meaning of Vikruti Vikruti. ‘nature. Meaning of Prakruti The term Prakruti is a Sanskrit word that literally means. he/she is recommended to follow a restricted diet. irritable bowel syndrome. gout. so that they do not occur again. An Example . desha (habitat of the person and kala (seasonal time). two people react differently when exposed to a similar situation. The combination of Vata. worms. Pitta. elephantiasis and gynecological disorders. reason or etiology of the disease. on the other hand is the discrepancy that makes our body different from a normal or healthy constitution. the state of the dushyas (the dhatus that are vitiated by the dosha). piles. Depending on the predominance of a single dosha. or different permutations and combinations. When the laxatives are consumed by the patient. Any kind of abnormality or Vikruti in the body can lead to complications in the normal regulation of body functions and thus lead to any serious complication or disease. When the doshas of the body are not in perfect equilibrium. according to Ayurveda everyone is unique and each one of them has a distinct body constitution. prune. pitta and kapha whereas Vikruti has several types and can be determined only through thorough examinations.
pitta or kapha and thereby relate ourselves as a composition of the great elements of the universe. it does not change much so long as the person is healthy. Ayurvedic Body Constitution According to Ayurveda. When healthy. just as our blood group does not change ever. When we are sick or catch a cold.4oF. physical constitution or disposition of a person. an elaborate study of the patient’s character was done and his lifestyle and food habits were observed closely. our present temperature may be considered as Vikruti. but will come right back to the normal if we are healthy. which can be regarded as our Prakruti. the Ayurvedic treatments for varied diseases. prakruti of every individual can be determined. We may take medicine to bring the body temperature back to the normal range. The effect of various diseases on an individual depends on the body constitution or ‘Prakruti’ of a person. This basis physical and mental trait was then termed as ‘Prakruti’. For this. Pitta and Kapha. Based on the constitution or combination of these doshas. Although different persons can have different base temperatures. which are present in all living beings with the only difference being the degree of interaction of the doshas. Each dosha has a dominant element in them like the main element in Vata is Air. Unlike other ancient medical sciences. This indicates that we are sick or outside our normal base condition. the science of Ayurvedic healing is not simply based on assumptions and probabilities rather based on logical examinations and tests. varied formulations. With the changing social and cultural environment our behavioral aspect also gets affected but the most important fact is that our basic constitution remains constant throughout our lives. daily regime. our body temperature will go up. So much developed was the Ayurvedic science thousands of years back that the Ayurvedic practitioners used to diagnose or determine the prakruti by simply observing the patient and his activities. which means innate character. we maintain an average body temperature of about 98. The diagnosis before the Ayurvedic treatment was not simply logical but also very elaborate. PRAKRUTI Ayurveda is an ancient medical science yet it is based on so much of scientific logics that it is amazing to see that such an advance medical science existed thousands of years ago in the Indian subcontinent. Also. In analogy to Ayurveda. plays an important role in comprehending the physical and mental characteristics. It was not aimed at simply finding out immediate causative factors of an ailment rather a detailed and root cause of the defect lying inside the patient’s body. because Vikruti means the state of disease. These three are the dynamic forces. Prakruti. 1. Pitta is Fire and Kapha is Water. etc are also all based on the body constitution of a person.The concept of Prakruti and Vikruti can be illustrated with reference to our body temperature. health recipes. It is inculcated in the basic body constitution and character of an individual. All this was done in order to find out the basis physical and mental trait of a person so that the disease can be determined as well as the treatment to it can be prescribed in accordance. So it is important to understand the Prakruti and Vikruti of our body. Even the . When we go outside on a winter day. Once the ‘Prakruti’ or basic constitution of a person is determined it is very easy to suggest him any kind of treatment. Evaluation of Body Constitution Our constitution or ‘Prakruti’ is a combination of the three doshas namely Vata. our body temperature may go down slightly. similarly we identify ourselves as vata.
the basic trait of a human nature reveals much about the ‘sharirik dosha’ of a person. The doshas are Vata.diet and lifestyle of an individual should be regulated in accordance with his ‘Prakruti’ so that one can avoid all possible causative elements of any kind of ailment and live a healthy long life. Pitta. Pitta and Kapha are the subtle forms of the three bhutas -air. Three Sharirik Doshas According to Ayurveda. Significance of Doshas According to Ayurveda. pitta and kapha -emerge to take up the physiological functions and as the soul leaves the body the three doshas also get away. The lifestyle. There is a description of such circumstances in Ayurveda and it has been said that the root cause behind such disease are the imbalance in the ‘Sharirik Doshas’. Vata. the three doshas -vata. According to Ayurveda. all the motions. 2. Evaluation of Doshas Evaluation of these ‘doshas’ can be easily done in a human body if it is observed closely. The three doshas are also invariably connected with life as it is seen that the dead body and the other inanimate objects do not have any of the three doshas. transportation and electromagnetic activities are controlled by ‘Vata’. and Kapha. These doshas regulate all physical and psychological behaviors. from basic cell structure to the most complex mental functions. if not handled properly and not given adequate rest. When the Doshas fall out of balance. the diseases may manifest. The emergence of lifestyle diseases are the result of the brutal. Like a machine. Ayurveda seeks to return the doshas to and maintain them at their natural balance in our individual constitution. ‘Pitta’ represents fire principle and as such is concerned with process of conversion. it also prefers to work under favorable circumstances and for a limited period of time so that it does not wear out soon. The theory of the three doshas is the crown jewel of Ayurvedic science and cornerstone of its diagnostic and treatment modalities. consumption and other chemical changes taking place in the living body and last but not the least. it is impossible to remain healthy forever. doshas are of vital importance because they are responsible for coordinating and directing all the structures and substances of the body. unorganized and hectic lifestyle people follow these days. the diet chart. However. it can give up any time anywhere. fire and water in a human body. It proves that tridoshas are invariably connected with life. Knowledge of the doshas and their functioning give us the understanding of the intelligence that commands the dhatus (body tissues) and malas (waste products) and gives the body its vast functional capability. considering the hectic lifestyle and the inhumane pressure that people suffer these days. SHARIRIK DOSHAS Human body is very much like a machine. there are three primary energies or doshas in a human body. It is thus very important for these ‘doshas’ to remain in a healthy state of equilibrium. It is said that as the prana (soul) enters into the material body. ‘Kapha’ is the principle of water and thus every living cell is pervaded by it in order to perform their functions. the sleeping pattern. .
The body temperature may drip on chilly winter conditions. our present temperature may be termed as Vikruti. What Is Vikruti Vigyan? The knowledge gained by scrutinizing the causes and symptoms of a disease. While diagnosing our physical condition. This is simply because if the diagnosis is not correct. While treating a disease. In such a situation. then the treatment would not yield the desired results. ELEMENTS OF AYURVEDA . then a person suffers from any form of disease. In Ayurveda.3. It is easier to cure Vikrutijanya vyadhi than Prakrutijanya vyadhi. a physician considers the reason or etiology of the disease. the first step that Ayurvedic practitioners take is determine the Prakruti and Vikruti. if we are jogging on a hot sunny day. whereas the normal body temperature may be termed as Prakruti. It is said that the Vikruti Vigyan should be accurate in order to treat the disease of a person. VIKRUTI The adnormal state or the diseased state of the body is termed as Vikruti in Ayurveda. on the other hand. The science of life states that if the doshas of the body are not in equilibrium. then he is treating the Vikruti of the person. if we are sick. the capacity of digestive fire. Ayurveda says that the Vikruti of a disease is further classified into two types .6 degrees Fahrenheit). then the body temperature may slightly increase. immunity and age of the person is called Vikruti Vigyan. Generally. Example The concept of Vikruti can be best illustrated with reference to the human body temperature. Prakruti. The difference between Prakruti and Vikruti would help us figure out. if we are healthy. then we would have to take medication to bring back the body temperature to normal. the latter being more perused. if a doctor is treating a particular disease of a person. depending upon the physical conditions of the body as well as the atmosphere. whether or not any medical intervention is required. The temperature may vary. Although the normal human body temperature fluctuates due to hot or cold conditions. when we are suffering from sickness such as fever and cold. On the other hand. bala (strength of the patient and disease) and symptoms. is the normal state of mind and body. In simple words. kala (seasonal time). Read on to know more about the concept of Vikruti. the state of the dushyas (the dhatus that are vitiated by the dosha). The temperature of the body may also shoot up.Prarutik disease and Vikrutik disease. desha (habitat of the person and the place of the disease). the normal temperature of a healthy human body is 37 degrees Celsius (98. we would pick right back up to the normal. both Prakruti and Vikruti form a significant part. the state of doshas. XII. For instance.
According to Ayurveda. DINCHARYA In Sanskrit. water. permanence and rigidity. air is the prerequisite for fire to burn. This reveals that the ancient medicinal form of Ayurveda is closely related to Mother Nature. it is believed that space accepts love. Talking about human being. In human body. Air is also the basic element of Ayurveda. which is the basic requisite for one's survival. space is the considered as the vessel that receives all impressions. which is the basis for all energy transfer reactions. Fire has the power to change the state of any substance. It is the receptivity and non-resistance to what is true. Space is everywhere and touches everything. The body temperature is also regulated. All matter exists in space. which serve as the building blocks of life. It is believed that the pancha bhutams should be balanced. Based on the cycles of vata. . the word 'dincharya' means daily routine. Existent without form.Ayurveda is the most ancient and traditional science. Ether : Ether is described as the space. whose basic principles deal with the natural way of living a healthy life. Fire : In order to convert solids into liquids. Ayurveda believes that every living creature in the universe is made up of the five elements. which is provided by fire. stability is the prerequisite for leading a healthy life. as the manifestations of the earth. to gas and back again to the original state. everything happens. another element of Ayurveda. ii. iv. our daily routine should be divided into morning. teeth. Water : The liquid state is represented by water. Water is a form without stability. fire. air is indirectly required to produce energy. air and ether. It basically revolves the five basic elements (pancha bhutam) of existence . Life doesn't exist without these five elements. Basic Elements Of Ayurveda i. one should follow the dincharya in order to lead a healthy and disease-free life. XIII. it is written that a person should wake up two hours prior to the sunrise. fluids including our blood and lymph move between our cells and through our vessels. two cycles of change pass through the human body. Within the human body. In the Ayurvedic texts. Talking about the human body. in which. a number of natural calamities such as flood. which is focused by Ayurveda. iii. fire creates impulses of nervous reactions and even our thought process. air is present in the form of oxygen. Ether is the distance that separates matter. cells and tissues. In the heart. if he/she is not suffering from any diseases such as fever or diarrhea. Air : One of the forms of the pancha bhutam . Earth : Earth represents the solid state of matter in the planet. Earth is regarded as a stable substance. noon. Pitta. a certain amount of power is required. which when disrupted. dinner and bedtime. In addition to water. Everyday. converts food to fat and muscle. pitta and kapha.is mobile and dynamic. cyclone and earthquakes occur.earth. or Kapha predominance. the very important liquid that is required for smooth functioning. The pancha bhutams are also called the five basic elements in Ayurveda. including humankind. thereby providing us the energy required. It symbolizes stability. The human body consists of bones. fire is present in the form of energy that binds atoms together. evening/twilight. Water is the prerequisite for the survival of living creatures. v. In addition. each bringing a Vata.air . About 70% of human body is made up of water. Talking about the human body.
it is highly recommended by Ayurvedic physicians. we must have good health. The daily routine includes . people who stick to the daily routine are more fit than those. we must have good health. Exercise in the morning. Modern Dincharya The Ayurvedic classics give us detailed descriptions of how to maintain a healthy and disciplined lifestyle. din means 'day' and Acharya means 'to follow').dharma (virtuous duty). Charaka has given a comprehensive and detailed account of the mode of living and rules of good conduct to be followed if we want a good. just after the massage. In addition to this. the Ayurvedic practitioners have formulated a dincharya (in Sanskrit. which may decrease if the prescribed good conduct is not adhered to. one should consume nutritious meal. Ayurvedic dinacharya is recommended for everyone. Ancient Daily Regime The Ayurvedic classics give us detailed descriptions of how to maintain healthy and disciplined lifestyle.Very young. which may decrease if the prescribed good conduct is not adhered to. After bathing. The ancient medicinal form suggests that in order to achieve the fourfold objectives of life . followed by a through cleaning of the senses . kama (enjoyment) and moksha (salvation). Dinner should consist of a light meal. According to dincharya. Therefore. the average span of life for human beings is one hundred years. helps rejuvenate the body and soul. one should sit back and relax. According to the latest studies in the field of medical science. one can ensure a healthy life. healthy and happy life. one should head towards the dining table for breakfast. the day should be kick-started by eliminating the colon and the bladder. It is believed that the daily routine (dincharya) is formulated to merge the daily cycle with the natural cycle of the Sun. the person's body is purified and detoxified. By following the dincharya of Ayurveda. kama (enjoyment) and moksha (salvation). The day follows by activities like studying. After working for the day. During the lunch. It is said that dinacharya reduces the stress level to a great extent. who do not have a particular time to perform their everyday activities.ears. artha (wealth). very old and young age. According to the science of life. but this may decrease if the prescribed good conduct is not adhered to. working or traveling. According to the science of life. Before going to bed. because a number of health benefits are associated with it. barring a few exceptions like sickness. twilight is the time to offer evening prayers. The ancient medicinal form suggests that in order to achieve the fourfold objectives of life . Moon. The average span of life for human beings should be one hundred years. To serve the purpose.dharma (virtuous duty). eyes. artha (wealth). This should be followed by an oil self massage. Though it is difficult to follow a stringent dinacharya in this fast moving life. very old and sick people are some of the exceptions. Earth and other planets in the Solar System. mouth etc. the average span of life for human beings is one hundred years. Modern Dincharya The Ayurvedic classics give us detailed descriptions of how to maintain a healthy and disciplined lifestyle. The dinacharya makes one to lead a healthy and disciplined life.
which is a balance between the day and the night. Be sure not to skip your breakfast. you would be studying. . This is the reason why many people show the signs of aging at a very young age. xi. for five minutes. say. Twilight : Twilight is the special time. iii. swim or whatever that provides exercise to your muscles. ten minutes. ix. Sit back and relax. to defecate. Kick-start the day with a healthy breakfast. you are actually poisoning yourself slowly. but you may opt for a shower in cold water as well. xiv. as recommended by Ayurveda. you should have a sound sleep of 6 to 7 hours. scrape your tongue and floss your mouth. Ayurveda Rishis suggest that the ideal time to wake up is during the 14th period. Clean Yourself : After emptying your colon and bladder. xiii. This is primarily due to the fact the sattva in the air is at its maximum during the time. you will be able to get the optimum amount of energy needed to stay active until the next meal. Gargle with warm water. it is the time to relax. Peep through the window to see what life is beyond the four walls of your home. The Ayurvedic Rishis have cited dincharya as the healing force. meditations should be carried out during twilight. Take A Bath : Bathing is inevitable in the dincharya. In fact. Since this is the main meal of the day. a self massage. Barring a few exceptions like very young or old people. it is the time to have your lunch. This is the reason why many Ayurvedic texts consist of the dincharya for an average adult. we have provided description about the daily routine in Ayurveda. To serve the purpose. This helps proper digestion of food. Therefore. doing work at your workplace or traveling. Wash your eyes with rose water and ears with water. In this article. Supper : Ayurveda rishis used to have supper is between 6 pm and 7 pm. After having lunch. which is about two hours prior to dawn. By doing this. Brush your teeth. with moderate calorie intake. starting from the sunset (of the previous day) to the sunrise of the following day. parents with small children and people suffering from fevers or diarrhea.all aspects of regimen and diet. it is suggested to go for a little walk. Daily Routine In Ayurveda i. After six to seven hours of breakfast. Therefore. However. the night time is divided into 16 periods. if you wait to eliminate the waste from your body. After the dinner is over. bathing increases the digestive fire.30am to 5am. with minimal quantity of calories and maximum nutrients. viii.the exercises would provide one with the much needed energy and activeness for the day. increases the concentration power and builds the energy needed for the rest of the day. you should take a moment to see your true nature. Spend some quality time with your family. ii. tai chi. It is still advisable to have dinner before you exhaust completely. Before trudging into the dining hall. take a short stroll outside your home and soak up the good vibes. fifteen minutes. xii. it is always suggested not to wait until later in the morning or during the day. Wake Up : In Ayurveda. simple exercises would make a huge difference in one person . After Waking Up : Right after you wake up to start the day. v. Exercise : Vyayama or exercise is an important part of dincharya. stronger than any other curative medicines. Not strenuous though. say. This is the time to calm your system down. Read a book or listen to soothing music. Lunch : Until noon. Give An Oil Massage : Dryness in the tissues of the skin is a major part of aging. take a walk for a short while. every one should wake up during the designated time. a walk. x. to stay healthy and happy. Go To Bed : After having dinner. Typically. say. Evening prayers. it is not practical in this fast moving life. the morning abhyanga rejuvenates the skin and nurtures your mind and soul. it is the time to clean yourself. because it is the best time to see your Self. it is the most fresh and pure time of the entire day. vii. Breakfast : Your breakfast should be light. because it is the first meal of your day. Therefore. In fact. you need to eat a nutritious lunch. Eliminate : One of the first things to do after waking up is to empty your colon and bladder. Meditate : Meditation refreshes the mind. Apart from cleaning your body. abhyanga or oil massage is highly recommended. around 4. iv. Warm water baths are usually suggested. Physical exercise can be yoga. sit in peace for a little while. By cleaning your senses. Start your day thereafter. you would be prepared for the day. You may also use quarter cup of herbal tea for the purpose.
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