" Shew its wonderful things in Thy righteousncss, God of our Salvation, Than That art the Hope of all the ends of the earth, and of them that remain in the broad sea . . . who stilleth the raging of the sea, and the noise of his -waves, and the tnadness of the people. Thou crownest the year with Thy goodness." — PsALM Ixv. 5. 7, 12. THIS very beautiful Psalm has three principal divisions in it, viz., the first four verses, which describe the thoughts and feelings with which all people should approach God. ext, the fifth to eighth verses, which refer to God's mighty acts and Providence in the world of nature and of men ; and, thirdly, the verses after the eighth are a special thanksgiving to God for sending an abundant rain in a dry season, and making the land to abound in corn and cattle. The occasion of this Psalm appears to have been the close of some year of great trouble, scarcity, and

I06 PSALM LXV. "war. Some great national convulsions had taken place, and great distress by sea and land, which were all now happily ended, and peace, and plenty, and prosperitj' were restored to Israel. We may conclude from the second verse, " Thou That hearest prayer, unto Thee shall all flesh come," that these troubles and dangers had been the subject of special prayer with many in Israel. And now, when those prayers were heard and answered, this Psalm was their tribute of Praise to God for the restoration of peace, safet}^, and an abundant harvest. It is a matter of doubt when exactly to place the date of this Psalm. If it is rightly attributed to David, we may suppose the occasion to be the year in which the land was released from the three years' famine sent upon Israel in punishment for Saul's

cruelty to the Gibeonites, as told us in 2 Sam. xxi. "We are told there that "David enquired of the Lord, and the Lord answered him ; " which gives a meaning at once to those words, "Thou That hearest prayer." But by some the date of this Psalm is placed later by three hundred years, and is attributed to the reign of Hezckiah, when Sennacherib's army was destroyed in one night, and Jerusalem was delivered, and an abundant Harvest was promised to the land, as Isaiah describes (chaj). xxxvii. v. 30.) The fulfilment of that promise would be an exact occasion for the use of all the latter part of this Psalm. But

ASLEEP A D U DISTURBED. 10/ whichever date may be the true one — David's reign or Hezekiah's — the Psalm is a memorable instance of what we should especially notice in almost all Psalms, viz., how it attributes every event which happens, little as well as great, by sea or by land, to God's Providence and ordering. It is this which so much makes the whole Book of Psalms so precious to us all. They are a tribute from man to the goodness and care of God over all His works : as when it says, " What is man that Thou art mindful of him : or the son of man that Thou so regardest him?" "Who is like unto the Lord our God, That hath His dwelling so high, yet humbleth Himself to behold the things that are in Heaven and earth." In the Bible version God is here called in beautiful language, " the confidence of all the ends of the earth, and of them that are far off upon the sea " — " Which stilleth the noise of the seas, the noise of their waves, and the tumult of the people." " Thou crownest the year with Thy goodness." These words lead us easily to think of the little boat on the lake of Gennesaret, when the great and sudden storm arose, and the waves beat over it, and it was in jeopardy, but Christ lay asleep in the hinder part of the vessel, tired out with the work, and

teaching, and strain ujjon mind and body of the day now past and over. But at one word from Him the

I08 PSALM LXV. waves dropped and the wind ceased, and "there was a great calm." And surely, my brethren, these words of my text do come home to us at this moment, especially these last, " Thou crownest the Year with Thy Goodness." "We have lately parted, as it were, with an old friend, and have to associate ourselves with a new one — with the future rather than the past. The threshold, is crossed, and the door closed behind us. How full is last vear, and everv year, if we would but view all things aright, with blessings to us all. So few of us realise all, and even much of v»'hat we have to be thankful for, until it is lost. Who thinks much of his daily health, of his daily food, of his home and his friends, the peace and quiet and safety we enjoy by night and by day, and of all the thousand little incidents of happiness, and of immunity from ills which surround us day after day ? It is a great blessing that we at least end the old year and begin the new at peace with all nations. Amid all the wars and rumours of wars which have filled our minds and our ears for so many months past, let us bless God that hitherto we have not been called upon either to defend our own land from hostile attack, or to take active part in a distant and threatening quarrel. j ^or have we had disturbances at home. How much have we heard of the sufferings of others far from our own happy land r Why should they suffer so much and

SPARE MA Y FOR THE FEW. IO9 we be spared? Why should [other lands be visited with sword and tumults while we escape? If we know anything of the sins, vices, and wickedness which are so common in our land — in our own parish : when I hear, as I have done from an eye-witness, from

one who was in the terrible railway collision only ten days ago, that numbers of those who escaped were smoking, drinking, and swearing in the very same room where the dead and dying and injured were lying, without one thought of God's goodness in having spared them both life and injury, nor concern for others than themselves, why should it be, that it is still true to us and our land "Thou crownest the year with Thy goodness ? " Is it that God deals with us as He promised Abraham that He would deal with the guilty cities of Sodom and Gomorrah? "If I find in Sodom fifty righteous within the city, then I will spare all the place for their sakes." (Genesis xviii. 26.) If it be so, let such a thought stir us up to try to become holier and better Christians than we are. "By this shall all men know that ye are My disciples, if ye have love one to another." We can place, brethren, no limit upon the fact, how far the welfare of most depends upon the few who really give themselves to God in heart and life. Has not God made it an actual law in His dealings with our world, "that He will visit the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth

no PSALM LXV. generation of them that hate Him, but will show mercy unto thousands — thousands — in them that love Him and keep His commandments." This is a great incentive to a holy life. It is not only that we ourselves have a special blessing to hope for and look for from it, but there is this also, and it is our greatest happiness in life, that we never know how far or how widely we may affect and promote the good and the happiness of others. If there is one thing which may and should make life dear to all of us, it is surely this, that we be allowed to do some good in our generation, and that others who know us not, nor have ever, it may be, heard our name, may rise up and call us blessed. Thus it is true that our own good is best of all promoted by our regard for others — in doing, or at least trying to do, good to others — in forgetting self in the interests and welfare

of others. Let us not be discouraged by any apparent failure in this. It is S. Paul who says of himself, ** Though the more abundantly I love you, the less I be loved." Let us look for our reward not here but in a higher and better world. othing will so astonish God's people in the Day of Judgment, as to find how God has noted and remembered every little thing that we have ever done for one another. The commonest events of our humble, obscure, every-day life — the cup of cold water only — the one kind word — the forgetfulness of self in and for others' sakes — these are our

REMEMBER THOSE AT SEA. Ill treasures, going before us to Heaven, let tlie world regard them as they may. And so I would ask you, from the first verse of my text and from this season of wintry storms and tempests of which we nowadays read so often and so much, in your daily prayers to remember "all who travel by sea or land," especially those who " are afar off upon the seas," as the Psalm words it. We are a maritime nation above all people. It is that little silver streak of twenty miles of sea which is our country's first and special protection, and saves us at this moment from a military conscription, which would otherwise be enforced. Our ships traverse all seas, they are scattered all over the world ; the number of shipwrecks which are registered are never less, and often far exceed in one year, an average of three for every day all the year round. It was but a few years since that the finest and newest vessel in the Royal avy suddenly turned keel uppermost and sank to the bottom with some five hundred and sixty souls on board ; since that another of those same great iron vessels upon which the protection of our country, humanly speaking, so much depends, sank from a collision with a sister ship off the coast of Ireland. And day by day, especially when great storms arise, of which we so often read, one vessel after another is lost with all, or most, on board. Let us then not forget to commend all persons and property at sea to God's care and goodness in our daily prayers.

112 PSALM LXV. One Psalm teaches us so beautifully tliat it is He "Who bringeth them unto the Haven where they would be," and in the words of my text, God is addressed thus, " Thou that art the Hope of all the ends of the earth, and of them that remain in the broad sea." I would commend to your prayers and thoughts the thousands of brave men, whether sailors, merchants, or travellers, both men and women, whose lives are every day exposed to storms and tempests at sea. We begin this year peacefully at home, let us think of them who are afar off upon the seas. Let us remember in our prayers those who are at strife and war, or in suffering of any kind. Let us remember the widows, the fatherless, and the desolate at home. We begin this new Year in many waj^s happily and thankfully, let us try to live throughout its every day that we may hope to say once more at its close, O Lord, "Thou crownest the year with Thy goodness."



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