You are on page 1of 6

:T

@4
'1Lz --
n, zav, \Y<t .- c , L
hL :+ff 2-5.O
-/

r SD

7YT
g
LOT

LT
Ma n
I l^g
?>
=
l-v " J - F 1 g 0 _ a "L
I
€j
zx-t)
Y' 49 = - btl r( -
--
y : o"rpF
LF
zv
nb7 = ry
!'\ ,, ^ = +- ' * = o-u'>
"re
""-
vq
,--
,6r
I = O , V+ LI
nkg=.A
T-
E+ 4K 'e
{5 , o,A g\9
z6
o b * ,= 2ol A = c'Y'.
o,v>
/tLg@ = l'

ns q = Z )
)6 - >

f\t,4
=
fr z ) a 0T g'{-n6+lny1
l\ (l
U-

C I,bf O . V"q: c 0 , L+7* , i


Nq q ,6lyy f to*Z
t.,
nr1 (r,u*,**v\V(e/ wq
tl .qY rfM (ru)
,7-2.t
?t n, Whr")
M = loq"f
-

h.lt =

tqs

t Irl

is
'Wr=
6ooodtt,
'
Yd"n
q*oj,>
tl(x) (ooo)
Wf= +1- lt tr<.N
)a
Vv\
*,lkd'
fv
f/
23'

\^
k^AUt fzz
8,
fY
t ozu 2 t Uq'UJ *t,,7

C
1 rv\ t( ,'n k-il

4z u Cogz) : Ft
r-
+L. rz3
{n'
F e Q+'84 L-t'/
tz9

F,*Ub \r-tttt
FL . 13

rY x v L(, @ \C J

Y +\ -a'
+ + ,v4

or-at
t \, 2j r'-(Fo.r+tr"+e)
e v+'zz+ +z'13) ) .? LN
--
.t-- 9
tiz , '-( E.rg + F,r*g)
= -( l;'i, l lr'31)

, a'4'W
"-'----

':''
lg- | t r

v
,
t{L /'-lv fl :
L
t7r:0 n(*
Iz]
- 49/
No 5q' k/t,
- /
t
rll
l''.1q \ 0r,%lr'
\)

N',-'{ t f : Kl4
1,,
\\3 - 4t lo, T{l
!<-a
= h T + ,+k'

q +v b'--q
7q 91'rt

\.v(v 4 = -b,
-..{1.->,Vk
\,vt9q -- -
q,a
-Lf4'QL
A
3 e/t 6lt' Ll ) Sr . 9 , --- l7-o1,7 I {f^^
' v
lhld 3 ^'^) rn
l,/ fl -l
$ l trtv
f f rU

ll"U g orAA t q \- a
b)
' 2 = >q
t u a t+ q 0 - Lfr,Ezr
,furl 12_ ' t r '- - r f

*
4tJt all
vt-\l b b lO b
fu
lorar
q+b -a +br: 'l l.'YYtq1 b
I Y.t I W"
b tl.:.{l$i
o\ cL/-
I
an/ t\W
1n,?& ^
A L2^-'/bnrqif ,
v9 I
<' l
412 Theoryof Machines
GearTrains 413

turns loosely on the hub ofgear C. Shafts PROBLEMS


51 and 52 form the rear axle to which are
fixed the rear wheels of the automobile. ,&uu wplcyclicgear consistsrofa pinion, a whcel of 40 teeth and an annulus with
Gears C and D are keyed to the,shafts Sr llfilsrmternalteeth concentric with the wheel. The pinion gears with,the wheel
rwuil" nheaanulus. The arm that cariieg theaiis of the pinion rotates at 100rpm.
and 52 respectively. C and D rgear'with
M"'meannulus is fxeil, find the speed,ofthe wheel; if wheer is flxed, find the
equalbevel pinions E and Fwhich are free rwreedof the annulus,
to rotate on their respective axes."The
wheel B carries tvi'obrackets that supporb flm,um gear
ryicyclic shown
inFig.11.?,
rhepirch iri"';i##rl
the bearings for gearsE and F. ,*"ir$t' be approximat,aty:szl mm,and thermodule "rr"",ui*fl'"?##i
6 mm. when the annulus is
When the automobile moves,in a jffiLiEaar]', the thrc.e-armedspider makes one revolution for
weryfive revolu-
straight path, the bevel pinion A drives :,uss cf the wheel s. Find the number of teeth for aII the wheels arid exact pitch
the wheel B. The whole differential acts 'unce djameter of the annulus. If a torque of B0 N.m .is applied to the shaft
as one unit and rotates with the bevel mnu:yi.ngS, determine the fuing torque of the.annulus.
wheel B so that the wheels C and D rotate (ts = 74, Tp = 27, Trt = 56; 120 N.m)
with the same speed and in the same iffim,ernninea suitable train of wheels to satisfy the requirements of a clock, the
direction asB. There is no relative motion luuumrutehand of which,isfxedto a spindleandthehourhandto a slewe rotating
ffih**d.*
on the same spindle. The pitch is the same for an the wheels and each
betrveen gears C and D, and E and F.
Fig.11.19 witM has at least 11 teeth. The total number of teeth should be as small as
Gears E and F also do not rotate about
grumm{hle.
their own axesl They act just like keys to
transmit motion from B to C'-andD. Thus C and D, which are keyed to the 'grtrine
pinionS (Fig.t t;8)has15teeth,andis fxed to !i;!f"::#f:i{l
shafts that carry the wheels rotate at the same speedas B. rmLsoreel
P bas 20 teeth and gears with s and also'gtdly
with a fixed annulus wheel A.
When a turn is taken, E and F'rotate about tliriir own axesand the system l$he,piaionC has l5,tcteth,andis fxed to the wheel P C,gearswith the annular
works as an epicyclicgear giving two outputs at C and D with one input at B. D, which is kqyed to a machine shafl P and c can rotate togcther on a
'nrftnee'l
Prepare a table as below: puun carried by an arm which rotates about the shaft on which s is fixed. Find
=e of thc machine shaft,if the motor rotates at 1000 rpm.
"peed
(3,7.5.rpmin the same direction as S)
Action C/Sr D/Sz E/F 0m.,en epicyclicgear (Fig. 11.7),thewheelA has also external teeth and is driven
@ a piaion B. Number ,of teeth on,.S = number of teeth on B -- one fourth of
B f ix ed .C + 1 re v . -1 T" mmlmberof teeth ctnA. The wheel A has same number of teeth internally and
TE ec.ernally,
f,erermine the specdof the driven shaft fxed to the arm a, when B makes 600
ii Bfixed,C+rrev. Tc += in the same dirc'ction ass whose speedis 400 rpm. AIso find the speedand
t TE\
ailmestioa
lmnm
of rotation ofB if the driven shaft rotates at the samespeedas above
in the oppositc direction.
li. (40 rpm in a direction oppositeto S;200 rpm in directionof S)
ri Addy y+x y-x
:i
il
kr*"
TE
-€lrre 11.20 shows
traln known as Ferguson's
an cpicyclic

,trarador The gears have number


,.ldtcreth as indicatcd. Gear 1 is
With reference to the above table, it is seen that the speed of B is the
acu"tito the frame and is station-
arithrneticalmean of the speedsof C andD, becausey= {(/ + i + Q - x)) 12. aa-.The arm a and the gears2 and
This shows that while taking a turn, if the speedof C decreasesthan that of ;H,a-refree to rotate on the shafts.
B, there will be a correspondingincreasein the speedof D. T:e pitch circle diamcters of all
;unethe same so that the planet
guerP mesheswith them all. Find
llile aumber of rcvolutions ofgcars