Historical Origins of Borobudur Temple

Borobudur temple is located in the historical village of Borobudur, Magelang regency, Central Java. This temple is the second largest Buddhist temple after Ankor Wat temple in Cambodia and belong to one of the seven wonders of the world. There are several versions of the origin of the name of this temple. The first version says that the name comes from the Sanskrit Borobudur is "bara" which means "temple or monastery" and "beduhur" which means "high / above". The second version says that the name Borobudur History is likely to come from the word "sambharabudhara" which means "mountain slope terraces". The third version is interpreted by prof. Dr.. Borobudur Poerbotjoroko explains that the word comes from the word "bhoro" which means "monastery" or "dorm" and "budur" which means "above". Poerbotjoroko opinion is corroborated by Prof. Dr.. W.F. Stutterheim who found Bodorbudur means "monastery on a hill". Meanwhile, yet another version proposed by Prof. J.G. de Casparis based Karang Tengah inscription, says that Borobudur comes from the word "bhumisambharabudhara" which means "a place of worship for the ancestors". Still based on Middle Reef inscription and coupled with the inscription Kahuluan, JG de Casparis in his dissertation in 1950 said that the history of Borobudur Temple was established by King Samaratungga estimated from the dynastic Sayilendra circa Sangkala Sagara kstidhara sense or Çaka year 746 (824 AD) and can be solved by a new daughter named Dyah Ayu Pramodhawardhani in about the year 847 AD. Making this temple according to inscriptions Klurak (784 M) assisted by a teacher from Ghandadwipa (Bengalore) named Kumaragacya and a prince from Kashmir named Visvawarma. Other Versions Historical Origins of Borobudur - Borobudur temple is one of the famous tourist attraction in Indonesia, which is located at Borobudur, Magelang, Central Java. Borobudur Temple was founded around the year 800 AD by early Buddhists Wahayana. In the history of Borobudur temple, there are various theories that explain the origins of the name Borobudur temple. One of them states that the name comes from the word Borobudur possibility Sambharabhudhara which means "mountain" (bhudara) where the slopes are located terraces.

In addition there are some other folk etymology. Suppose that the word comes from the greeting Borobudur "the Buddha" is due to a shift in sound to Borobudur. Another explanation is that the name is derived from two words "coal" and "beduhur". The word bara said to have originated from the word monastery, while there are also other explanations where the coal comes from Sanskrit which means temple or monastery and beduhur meaning is "high", or to remind the Balinese language means "above". So the point is a monastery or hostel located on high ground.

Historian J.G. de Casparis in his dissertation for a doctorate in 1950 argued that Borobudur is a place of worship. Based on the inscription Karangtengah and Kahulunan, Casparis estimate Borobudur founder of the dynasty was the king of Mataram dynasty named Samaratungga, who do construction around the year 824 AD

The giant new building could be completed at the time of her daughter, Queen Pramudawardhani. Borobudur Development estimated take half a century. In Karangtengah inscriptions also mentioned about the bestowal of land sima (tax-free land) by CR? Kahulunan (Pramudawardhani) to maintain Kam? L? N is called the Bh? Misambh? Ra. Kam term? L? N is derived from the word meaning first place origins, sacred building to honor the ancestors, probably the ancestors of the dynasty Sailendra. Casparis estimates that Bh? Mi Sambh? Ra Bhudh? Ra in the Sanskrit language meaning "Mount of the set of ten levels boddhisattwa virtue", is the original name of Borobudur.

The layout of this temple is located in the hills above the village of Borobudur, Mungkid, Magelang or 42 miles of the city of Yogyakarta. Surrounded Hill Manoreh stretching from east to west. While in the east there is Mt Merapi and Merbau, as well as the west side there Gunumg Sindoro and Sumbing.

It takes no less than 2 million blocks of andesite, equivalent to a square 50.000m to build the temple of Borobudur. The overall weight of the temple to reach 3.5 million tons. Like most buildings of the temple, Bororbudur have 3 parts of the building, the legs, and upper body. Foot building called Kamadhatu, which tells the story of consciousness filled with lust and animalistic traits. Then Ruphadatu, which means a level of human consciousness that is still bound lust, material and shape. While no longer bound Aruphadatu lust, material and shapes depicted in the form of an empty stupa. This can only be achieved with the desire and emptiness

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