Biblia / Thet är / All then Helgha Scrifft / på Swensko

Folio, (30 cm x 18 cm x 13 cm), Collation Below, Jürgen Richolff, Uppsala, 1540-1541

e are pleased to offer an example of one of the great cultural treasures of Sweden and a truly historically important pu ble printed in 1541. The only complete Bible printed in Sweden in the entire 16th century and the first to contain the anslation of Luther's German Bible was pivotal in the establishment of the modern Swedish language. The translation rection of the Swedish Reform clergymen Laurentius Andreae (Lars Andersson, 1470-1552), Olaus Petri (1493-1552) a etri (1499-1573) with the blessing of King Gustav I or Gustav Vasa (1496-1560). The Bible's publication helped to c ith Rome and the central role of Lutheranism in Sweden which in turn strengthened his hold on power in a turbulent er mbitious typographical undertaking ever attempted in Sweden, the trio of clergymen enlisted the aid of the German pri 573). As noted in his exhaustive work Swedish Books 1280-1967 the scholar Sten G. Lindberg notes that the Lübeck b ppsala where he: brought new type material, the Teuerdanck Fraktur for headlines and a Wittenberg Schwabacher for the text, and more fferent sizes, thus introducing the typographical resources of the German High renaissnace into Sweden. He also broug ocks, mainly from Wittenberg, for the sumpttuous illustrations: an architectural title-frame, a cricifix, the arms of the R xt. Of these 7 are originals by Lucas Cranach the Elder and 4 by his pupils, 3 by Georg Lemberger and the rest copies tdorfer, the monogrammist AW and DS, and from Lemberger's series of Apocalypse-illustrations for the first Wittenber

eceding description the Bible presents an extraordinary collection of early 16th century woodcut illustrations, some of w ible also contains the first printed map in Sweden - the famous "Daniel's Dream Map" or "Wittenberg World" map. As ues throughout that we outline in this exhaustive summary, but overall there is much to commend the preservation of will make a cornerstone addition to any library, private or institutional.

work with the aforementioned "Daniel's Dream Map" woodcut which appears on leaf on the verso of leaf CIIII in the Bo

f page on the leaf) and is trimmed just beyond left neatline but is essentially complete. The woodcut, also known as t Martin Luther in 1529 and is generally attributed to the printer Hans Lufft (1495-1584). We find a rather basic Ptolema sts from King Belshazzar's dream from Chapter 7 of the book of Daniel. At upper right we see the first beast "like a lio a second, like to a bear, and it raised up itself on one side, and it had three ribs in the mouth of it between the teeth o upper left "a leopard, which had upon the back of it four wings of a fowl; the beast had also four heads; and dominion rrible, and strong exceedingly; and it had great iron teeth: it devoured and brake in pieces, and stamped the residue w t were before it; and it had ten horns. I considered the horns, and, behold, there came up among them another little first horns plucked up by the roots: and, behold, in this horn were eyes like the eyes of man, and a mouth speaking gr

rations, we first examine the contributions of the master Georg Lemberger (1490-1540). First we find his magnificent armour as well as the dress of the party as depicted. The image size is 22.5 cm x 15 cm (sheet size 28 cm x 18 cm). re not performing any repairs to the Bible as we suspect the purchaser will want to pursue full professional restoration

er's remarkable skill in the medium of the woodcut, with detail here rivalling that of early copperplate engraving. Note right:

he same size is Lemberger's imaginative portrayal of Job in dialogue with his three "friends" Eliphaz the Temanite, Bilda

athite while various calamities including "the fire of God which fell from the sky" wipe out Job's prosperity in the backgr

e find the parties in renaissance costume - these two Biblical portraits are rightly considered among Lemberger's finest

e woodblock for the title page of the Bible to Lemberger. While it is loose, torn, truncated, damaged and soiled its ver

Bible is a rarity.

ide the columns while the identity of the seated figures as angels is not evident at first glance given their corpulence an

nces in both Swedish and German scholarship attributing this woodblock to Lemberger we are not going to explicitly ch does NOT look like the masterful work of the Joshua and Job portraits by any stretch:

n of Adam and Eve after the fall - images depicting the couple wearing crude animal skins ("the Lord God made for Ad on in the era, as was the depiction of them wearing vines as in Hans Beham's 1530 woodcut. Here the rather oddly de

Arms of Sweden:

turn to the Apocalypse or Book of Revelation. In 1523 Lemberger made a series of small woodblocks illustrating the B

estament. The prints here are not (as is sometimes stated) those same woodblocks but copies thereof. Lemberger cu to his exacting standards in some cases, but the imagery is indeed Lemberger's and overall they are well executed. Th hallenge to compress so much bizarre imagery into the miniature format, never mind the limitations of the woodblock otos demonstrate but most of the image areas are reasonably well preserved. This visual account of the imagery of Jo of 16th century iconography. We begin our survey of the series with the vivid depiction of the visions in Revelation Ch

and I saw a star fall from heaven unto the earth: and to him was given the key of the bottomless pit. And he opened as the smoke of a great furnace; and the sun and the air were darkened by reason of the smoke of the pit. And there was given power, as the scorpions of the earth have power. And it was commanded them that they should not hurt th ut only those men which have not the seal of God in their foreheads. And to them it was given that they should not ki eir torment was as the torment of a scorpion, when he striketh a man. And in those days shall men seek death, and s them. And the shapes of the locusts were like unto horses prepared unto battle; and on their heads were as it were c d they had hair as the hair of women, and their teeth were as the teeth of lions. And they had breastplates, as it were sound of chariots of many horses running to battle. And they had tails like unto scorpions, and there were stings in th hurt men five months."

spirit into the wilderness: and I saw a woman sit upon a scarlet coloured beast, full of names of blasphemy, having se ple and scarlet colour, and decked with gold and precious stones and pearls, having a golden cup in her hand full of abo pon her forehead was a name written, MYSTERY, BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS AND ABOMINATION

horse that was red: and power was given to him that sat thereon to take peace from the earth, and that they should ki And when he had opened the third seal, I heard the third beast say, Come and see. And I beheld, and lo a black horse

nd I heard a voice in the midst of the four beasts say, A measure of wheat for a penny, and three measures of barley when he had opened the fourth seal, I heard the voice of the fourth beast say, Come and see. And I looked, and beho nd Hell followed with him. And power was given unto them over the fourth part of the earth, to kill with sword, and with with the beasts of the earth."

onder in heaven; a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and upon her head a crown of twelve s ained to be delivered. And there appeared another wonder in heaven; and behold a great red dragon, having seven he d his tail drew the third part of the stars of heaven, and did cast them to the earth: and the dragon stood before the wo d as soon as it was born. And she brought forth a man child, who was to rule all nations with a rod of iron: and her ch fled into the wilderness, where she hath a place prepared of God, that they should feed her there a thousand two hund hael and his angels fought against the dragon; and the dragon fought and his angels, And prevailed not; neither was was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world: he was cast out into the out with him."

e that spake with me. And being turned, I saw seven golden candlesticks; And in the midst of the seven candlesticks o the foot, and girt about the paps with a golden girdle. His head and his hairs were white like wool, as white as snow;

brass, as if they burned in a furnace; and his voice as the sound of many waters. And he had in his right hand seven s s countenance was as the sun shineth in his strength. And when I saw him, I fell at his feet as dead. And he laid his r me, Fear not; I am the first and the last: am he that liveth, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for evermore, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death.

spirit: and, behold, a throne was set in heaven, and one sat on the throne. And he that sat was to look upon like a ja ut the throne, in sight like unto an emerald. And round about the throne were four and twenty seats: and upon the sea ; and they had on their heads crowns of gold. And out of the throne proceeded lightnings and thunderings and voices: which are the seven Spirits of God. And before the throne there was a sea of glass like unto crystal: and in the midst full of eyes before and behind. And the first beast was like a lion, and the second beast like a calf, and the third beast gle. And the four beasts had each of them six wings about him; and they were full of eyes within: and they rest not da was, and is, and is to come. And when those beasts give glory and honour and thanks to him that sat on the throne ll down before him that sat on the throne, and worship him that liveth for ever and ever, and cast their crowns before Lord, to receive glory and honour and power: for thou hast created all things, and for thy pleasure they are and were

fifth seal, I saw under the altar the souls of them that were slain for the word of God, and for the testimony which the Lord, holy and true, dost thou not judge and avenge our blood on them that dwell on the earth? And white robes were hat they should rest yet for a little season, until their fellowservants also and their brethren, that should be killed as th

our angels standing on the four corners of the earth, holding the four winds of the earth, that the wind should not blow other angel ascending from the east, having the seal of the living God: and he cried with a loud voice to the four angel the sea, Saying, Hurt not the earth, neither the sea, nor the trees, till we have sealed the servants of our God in thei

ened the sixth seal, and, lo, there was a great earthquake; and the sun became black as sackcloth of hair, and the mo rth, even as a fig tree casteth her untimely figs, when she is shaken of a mighty wind. And the heaven departed as a s d were moved out of their places. And the kings of the earth, and the great men, and the rich men, and the chief capta man, hid themselves in the dens and in the rocks of the mountains; And said to the mountains and rocks, Fall on us, a

teth on the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb: For the great day of his wrath is come; and who shall be able to s

stood at the altar, having a golden censer; and there was given unto him much incense, that he should offer it with the he throne. And the smoke of the incense, which came with the prayers of the saints, ascended up before God out of th h fire of the altar, and cast it into the earth: and there were voices, and thunderings, and lightnings, and an earthquak

d themselves to sound. The first angel sounded, and there followed hail and fire mingled with blood, and they were ca part of trees was burnt up, and all green grass was burnt up."

ded, and as it were a great mountain burning with fire was cast into the sea: and the third part of the sea became bloo

creatures which were in the sea, and had life, died; and the third part of the ships were destroyed."

the horsemen were two hundred thousand thousand: and I heard the number of them. And thus I saw the horses in of fire, and of jacinth, and brimstone: and the heads of the horses were as the heads of lions; and out of their mouths


el come down from heaven, clothed with a cloud: and a rainbow was upon his head, and his face was as it were the sun book open: and he set his right foot upon the sea, and his left foot on the earth, And cried with a loud voice, as when a their voices. And when the seven thunders had uttered their voices, I was about to write: and I heard a voice from he

those things which the seven thunders uttered, and write them not."

two witnesses, and they shall prophesy a thousand two hundred and threescore days, clothed in sackc loth… And when ny, the beast that ascendeth out of the bottomless pit shall make war against them, and shall overcome them, and kill

the sea, and saw a beast rise up out of the sea, having seven heads and ten horns, and upon his horns ten crowns, an ich I saw was like unto a leopard, and his feet were as the feet of a bear, and his mouth as the mouth of a lion: and th y. And I saw one of his heads as it were wounded to death; and his deadly wound was healed: and all the world wond gave power unto the beast: and they worshipped the beast, saying, Who is like unto the beast? who is able to make w of the earth; and he had two horns like a lamb, and he spake as a dragon. And he exerciseth all the power of the first

the earth and them which dwell therein to worship the first beast, whose deadly wound was healed."

stood on the mount Sion, and with him an hundred forty and four thousand, having his Father's name written in their any waters, and as the voice of a grea t thunder: and I heard the voice of harpers harping with their harps… And there

abylon is fallen, is fallen, that great city, because she made all nations drink of the wine of the wrath of her fornication

d thrust in his sickle on the earth; and the earth was reaped. And another angel came out of the temple which is in he me out from the altar, which had power over fire; and cried with a loud cry to him that had the sharp sickle, saying, Th f the earth; for her grapes are fully ripe. And the angel thrust in his sickle into the earth, and gathered the vine of the

And the winepress was trodden without the city, and blood came out of the winepress, even unto the horse bridles, b six hundred furlongs"

f the temple saying to the seven angels, Go your ways, and pour out the vials of the wrath of God upon the earth. An here fell a noisome and grievous sore upon the men which had the mark of the beast, and upon them which worshippe

the sea; and it became as the blood of a dead man: and every living soul died in the sea. And the third angel poured ecame blood… And the fourth angel poured out his vial upon the sun; and power was given unto him to scorch men wi ed the name of God, which hath power over these plagues: and they repented not to give him glory. And the fifth ang gdom was full of darkness; and they gnawed their tongues for pain, And blasphemed the God of heaven because of th nd the sixth angel poured out his vial upon the great river Euphrates; and the water thereof was dried up, that the way unclean spirits like frogs come out of the mouth of the dragon, and out of the mouth of the beast, and out of the mouth g miracles, which go forth unto the kings of the earth and of the whole world, to gather them to the battle of that great gel poured out his vial into the air; and there came a great voice out of the temple of heaven, from the throne, saying,

stone like a great millstone, and cast it into the sea, saying, Thus with violence shall that great city Babylon be throw more at all."

ngs of the earth, and their armies, gathered together to make war against him that sat on the horse, and against his a that wrought miracles before him, with which he deceived them that had received the mark of the beast, and them tha of fire burning with brimstone. And the remnant were slain with the sword of him that sat upon the horse, which swo and all the fowls were filled with their flesh."

from heaven, having the key of the bottomless pit and a great chain in his hand. And he laid hold on the dragon, that housand years, And cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal upon him, that he should deceiv

thousand years should be fulfilled: and after that he must be loosed a little season."

of the seven angels which had the seven vials full of the seven last plagues, and talked with me, saying, Come hither,

ed me away in the spirit to a great and high mountain, and shewed me that great city, the holy Jerusalem, descend ing

iving a vision of Jesus with the apostle's traditional attribute of an eagle is also presented - the same block is printed w Bible:

ts in the Old Testament such as this scene of the angel staying the hand of Abraham as he prepared to sacrifice Isaac Cranach the Elder:

Aaron in priestly garb:

Jacob's Ladder:

The ark floats above the victims of the flood:

Pharoah's dreams from Genesis 41:



"And the Lord sent fiery serpents among the people, and they bit the people; and much people of Israel died."

Jacob and the angel:

"Joshua Fit the Battle of Jericho":

Samson wrestling the lion:

...and bringing down the Philistine temple:

the morrow morning, behold, Dagon was fallen upon his face to the ground before the ark of the Lord; and the head o his hands were cut off upon the threshold; only the stump of Dagon was left to him":

David and Bathsheba:

Death of Absalom:

A print by Lemberger of David with his harp:

A few of the woodcuts are rather... basic:

Series of prints related to the temple in Jerusalem:

Sadly we find truncation of the first page of Genesis:

Thus affecting this woodcut on verso of the creation of Eve - note windheads:

Throne of Solomon:

The New Testament title page reuses the block from the main title page but it is unfortunately truncated:

Thus affecting this block on verso, possibly by Cranach:

The four evangelists:

St. Peter:

ully: The Bible is 471 years old and obviously has myriad condition issues to be considered so bidders are cautioned t s. The binding (wood boards and leather) is in derelict condition, completely detached from contents with the spine tor n side margin which has resulted in some text loss of marginal summaries and minor but of course noticeable truncatio scattered inobtrusive very old manuscript notations throughout, some neat underlining and there is extensive pencil nu ere is some dampstaining and soiling throughout, variable and mainly to top margin, not severe and in some sections n is torn and truncated in several places and also loose and detached from contents. Woodcut on verso of title page cut Both woodcuts on this leaf are soiled. Following title page is a ten page foreword with Table of Contents for the Old T manuscript notations. This is followed by the Book of Genesis, the first page of which is torn and truncated as can be ev s hereafter securely bound. Scattered short tears to margins are present throughout. Pages 6/7 and 11/12 bound op he end of the Book of Genesis exhibit more pronounced textual truncation on side margin and have been reinforced wi

s 46-50 torn with truncations as can be evaluated in photos of full page woodcuts thereof. Book of Kings page 74 has m mispaginated but correctly bound in sequence. There is a sectional division in the Book of Psalms but both groups of b a similar division is present in Song of Solomon also sewn together. Page 3/4 in the Book of Isaiah severely torn and Page 104 in Book of Daniel (woodcut map) is loose; significant text loss to following page as well. In Apocrypha there . 1/2 10-12, 27, 32-35, 59, 82-88 and page 89 is lacking the upper third of text but it has been painstakingly replaced uncation to upper title page also affecting woodcut on verso as can be evaluated in photos. Page 2/3 upper section mi damage, internal tears, holes etc. with partial text loss to pp. 5-8, 11-20, 23-24, 34-40, 55-57, 131-142. The final twe ition, tattered with multiple tears and significant text loss and some loss to woodcuts as can be seen in photos. The fi s manuscript page which is also rather torn and tattered as seen in photo below. Several margins in this distressed se t loss as seen in photos. While our emphasis has been on the presentation of the woodcuts, following the Swedish col of representative photos of the pages to get a sense of condition ranging from good, average to distressed. Again, bi nd attendant text as well as the images presented thus far.

blyerts vanligt förekommande - Hårt skuren och med ofta förekommande textförlust i marginal - Diverse manuskriptan

tskador moisture, revor tears , lagningar

s 12 efter s 6 med viss textförlust or, revor, bild- och textförlust.

or och fuktskador or och fuktskador

or, fuktskador, s 74 större reva med viss textförlust vis felpaginerad

skador, bitvis hårt smutsad skador, revor, marginalskador skador, revor, marginalskador ador, revor extförlust

plett, fuktskador, revor örlust – damages w minor loss e förlust


ktskador (i andra hälften mer omfattande), marginalrevor samt div andra skador och lagningar – fecting woodprint verso i manuskript recto och 9 rader verso tförlust extförlust


rlust r med textförlust ador med viss textförlust defekter och reparationer med text- och bildbortfall Manuscript replacement for last page of Book of Revelation:

Partial page replacement in manuscript:

Text from Psalms:

Distressed pages from final section of Book of Revelation:

Most severe example of text loss:


Manuscript notations, soiling:

Some images showing examples of variation of text condition throughout:

Boards and spine in derelict condition:

ery woodcut present in the Bible and condition of each imprint can be evaluated accordingly. As the collation shows th uscript replacement but remarkably the Bible is essentially complete given these caveats. The condition of a 471-year-

bout what one would expect, and while this is by no means a "fine copy" given the outlined condition issues outlined h d benefit from professional restoration as well. In all a rare and historically important Bible that will make a cornerston

rage you to visit our other auctions on eBay.

udes insured shipment within continental United States. All other customers to pay actual shipping costs v buyers are wholly responsible for any applicable customs fees, duties or taxes upon receipt; these charges e. International buyers should verify what charges would apply to any resultant transaction with customs es are typically collected by the courier, e.g. FedEx, and are NOT additional shipping or handling fees.

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e advised that the terms engraving, lithograph, woodcut etc. as used in our auction descriptions denote a PRINT, i.e. an image printed on a sheet of paper, an e never offer reproductions. Please see our glossary for definitions of terminology used in our auction descriptions. We conduct our business in accordance w committed to complete customer satisfaction with every purchase. We encourage you to evaluate our eBay customer feedback as a convenient means of ga "Some to beautify their halls, parlours and chambers... liketh, loveth, getteth, and useth maps, charts, and geographical globes" - John Dee (1527-1608) "...Maps begin as dreams, pass through a finite life in the world, and resume as dreams again..," - Thomas Pynchon

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