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SAUDI ARAMCO

HVAC CALCULATIONS
FOR
SWITCHGEAR BUILDING SABKHA 113
SHAYBAH
PREPARED BY:

GULF CO-OPERATION SYMBOLS CONT. CO. LTD


AL-KHOBAR, SAUDI ARABIA
OCTOBER 2012

12 October 2012

Issued for 100% Review

REV

DATE

STATUS

WRITTEN BY
(Name)

CHECKED BY
(Name)

APPROV./AUTHOR. BY
(Name)

DOCUMENT REVISIONS

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PETROCON ARABIA LIMITED

TABLE OF CONTENTS

ITEM NO.

TITLE

PAGE

1.0 HVAC DESIGN DATA........................................................................................................................... 2


2.0 BUILDING HEAT LOAD CALCULATION..............................................................................................3
3.0 COOLING AND HEATING LOAD CALCULATION RESULTS............................................................10
4.0 AIR CONDITIONING UNIT SELECTION..............................................................................................11
5.0 ELITE CALCULATION......................................................................................................................... 11
1.0

HVAC DESIGN DATA

1.1

DESIGN CONDITIONS:
Location

Shaybah, Saudi Arabia

Latitude / Longitude

22 21' North / 54 03' East

Elevation @ mean sea level

230 ft

Mean Daily Range

22 oF

Prevailing Wind Direction

from North North East - (NNE)

Wind Velocity 3-sec gust

90 Mph

Cooling Load Calculations in accordance with SAES - A 112 & SAES-K 001:
OUTSIDE DESIGN CONDITIONS
WHOLE BUILDING
CONDITION

SUMMER
O

DB F

MEAN
COINCIDENT
WB OF

WINTER
DB OF

CONDITION 1
SAES-K-001
Sect. 4.2.1.4

115

70

50

CONDITION 2
SAES-K-001
Sect. 4.2.1.5

100

73

50

INSIDE DESIGN CONDITIONS

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Room Name

Temperature
O
F

Relative Humidity
%

Switchgear Room

75

50

Mechanical Room

75

50

Battery Room

72

50

2.0 BUILDING HEAT LOAD CALCULATION


2.1 EXTERNAL HEAT LOAD
2.1.1

ROOF OVERALL HEAT TRANSFER COEFFICIENT - "U" VALUE (GROUND FLOOR)

MATERIAL CONSTRUCTION
(FROM OUTDOOR TO INDOOR)

THICKNESS
(t)
mm (in)

CONDUCTIVITY
(k)
BTU-in
F-ft2-hr

RESISTANCE
(R)
ft2-F-hr
BTU

Outside Surface Resistance

0.250

EPDM Membrane

1.50 (0.059)

1.10

0.053

Rigid Insulation

100 (4.000)

0.20

20.000

Lightweight Concrete

50 (2.000)

3.70

0.540

Concrete Roof Slab

200 (8.000)

13.50

0.590

Inside Horizontal Surface Resistance

0.920

TOTAL RESISTANCE

22.353

Notes:
a.)
b.)

Values were obtained from ASHRAE Fundamentals 2001 (IP) Edition, Chapter 29 Table 22.
The roof layer details are taken from Architectural drawings.
Solving for Roof U - VALUE:
Resistance

t/k

U - VALUE

1 / Total Resistance

U - VALUE

= 1 / 22.353

0.045 BTU / hr-ft -F

Adding 20% for non ideal field condition:


Total U-Value = 0.045 + (0.045 x 0.20)
= 0.054 BTU / hr-ft2-F

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SAES-N-004, Para. 4.4: The overall heat transmission coefficient (U-factor) of insulated roofs, walls,
partitions or floors shall not exceed 0.568 W/(m K) or (0.10 Btu/h ft F). Therefore, calculated Roof Ufactor of 0.054 Btu / hr-ft2-F is within limit.

2.1.2

WALL OVERALL HEAT TRANSFER COEFFICIENT - "U" VALUE

MATERIAL CONSTRUCTION
(FROM OUTDOOR TO INDOOR)

THICKNESS
(t)
mm (in)

CONDUCTIVITY
(k)
BTU-in
F-ft2-hr

RESISTANCE
(R)
ft2-F-hr
BTU

Outside Surface Resistance

0.250

CMU Wall

250 (10.000)

7.72

1.295

Batt Insulation

89 (3.500)

0.32

10.938

Gypsum Board

16 (0.630)

1.11

0.568

Inside Vertical Surface Resistance

0.680

TOTAL RESISTANCE

13.731

Notes:
a.)
b.)

Values were obtained from ASHRAE Fundamentals 2001 (IP) Edition, Chapter 29 Table 22.
The wall layer details are taken from Architectural drawing.
Solving for Wall U - VALUE:
Resistance

t/k

U - VALUE

1 / Total Resistance

U - VALUE

= 1 / 13.731

0.073 BTU / hr-ft -F

Adding 20% for non ideal field condition:


Total U-Value = 0.073 + (0.073 x 0.20)
= 0.088 BTU / hr-ft2-F
SAES-N-004, Para. 4.4: The overall heat transmission coefficient (U-factor) of insulated roofs, walls,
partitions or floors shall not exceed 0.568 W/(m K) or (0.10 Btu/h ft F). Therefore, calculated Wall
U-factor of 0.088 Btu / hr-ft2-F is within limit.

2.2 INTERNAL HEAT LOAD


2.2.1 LIGHTING HEAT LOAD
GROUND FLOOR
SI No.

Room Name

Room
No.

Quantity

Lighting
Fixtures,

Ballast
Factor

Total
Lighting

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Switchgear Room

Mechanical Room

Battery Room

watts

20%

Wattage
watts

33

2 x 36

1.2

2851

2 x 36

1.2

96

2 x 36

1.2

691

2 x 36

1.2

96

2 x 36

1.2

346

2 x 36

1.2

96

Wattages/Unit

Total
Watts

45032

45032

NOTE: The lighting wattages are taken from Electrical lighting layout drawings.

2.2.2 EQUIPMENT HEAT LOAD


Zone
No.

Room Name

Area, ft2

Quantity

Switchgear Room

See Tabulation 1

Mechanical Room

All

2500

2500

Battery Room

All

800

800

Tabulation 1
SI
No.

Equipment Description

Tag No.

Qty

Wattages /
Total Watts
Unit

13.8 KV, 3-PHASE SWITCHGEAR

B57-SG-301

8515

8515

13.8 KV, 3-PHASE SWITCHGEAR

B57-SG-302

8515

8515

13.8 KV, 3-PHASE SWITCHGEAR

B57-SG-303

14300

14300

480V CONTROL GEAR

B57-MCC-001

3500

3500

480V CONTROL GEAR

B57-MCC-002

3500

3500

LOAD SHARING GEN. CONTROL PANEL

1200

1200

BATTERY CHARGER

B57-BC-001

656

656

BATTERY CHARGER

B57-BC-002

656

656

10

BATTERY DISCONNECT SWITCH

B57-SW-004

150

150

11

FIRE ALARM PANEL

B57-FACP-001

300

300

12

125VDC POWER PANEL

B57-DCPP-001

300

300

13

ANNUNCIATOR

B57-ANN-001

150

150

14

208/120 VAC POWER PANEL

B57-PP-001

120

120

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15

208/120 VAC POWER PANEL (HEATER


PNL)

16

B57-PP-002

120

120

208/120 VAC MAIN DIST. PANEL

B57-MDP-001

500

500

17

45 KVA DRY TYPE TRANSFORMER

B57-XFR-002

1685

1685

18

LIGHTING PANEL

B57-LP-001

100

100

19

15 KVA DRY TYPE TRANSFORMER

B57-XFR-001

665

665

20

4-POLE MANUAL TRANSFER SWITCH

B57-MTS-001

100

100

TOTAL

45032

SWITCHGEAR HEAT DISSIPATION CALCULATION:


1) 13.8 KV, 3-PHASE SWITCHGEAR, B57-SG-301

Panel Number
101
102
103
104
105

Heat Loss in Watts


Circuit Breaker
Relaying &
Qty.
1200 Amps Breaker
Control
1
675
330
1
675
330
1
675
330
1
675
330
1
675
330

Vertical
Bus
410
410
410
410
410

Cross Bus
288
288
288
288
288
TOTAL

Total Heat
Loss (watts)
1703
1703
1703
1703
1703
8515

2) 13.8 KV, 3-PHASE SWITCHGEAR, B57-SG-302

Panel Number
101
102
103
104
105

Heat Loss in Watts


Circuit Breaker
Relaying &
Qty.
1200 Amps Breaker
Control
1
675
330
1
675
330
1
675
330
1
675
330
1
675
330

Vertical
Bus
410
410
410
410
410

Cross Bus
288
288
288
288
288
TOTAL

Total Heat
Loss (watts)
1703
1703
1703
1703
1703
8515

3) 13.8 KV, 3-PHASE SWITCHGEAR, B57-SG-303

Panel Number
101
102
103
104
105

Heat Loss in Watts


Circuit Breaker
Relaying &
Qty.
1200 Amps Breaker
Control
2
675
330
1
675
330
1
675
330
1
675
330
330

Vertical
Bus
410
410
410
410
410

Cross Bus
288
288
288
288
288

Total Heat
Loss (watts)
2378
1703
1703
1703
1028

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106
107
108

1
1
2

675
675
675

330
330
330

410
410
410

288
288
288
TOTAL

1703
1703
2379
14300

Note: See below reference for heat dissipation.

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2.3 RATES OF HEAT GAINS FROM OCCUPANTS


The rates of heat gain from occupants of conditioned spaces are in accordance with ASHRAE
Fundamentals Handbook, 2009 Edition Chapter 29 Table 1. The rates of heat gain for this facility
used on the calculation are as follows:
Type of Activity :

Seated, very light works

Sensible Heat Gain

250 Btu/Hr

Latent Heat Gain

200 Btu/Hr

2.4 NUMBER OF OCCUPANTS


Zone
No.

Room Name

Room
No.

Area,
ft

Number of Occupants
in Accordance with
ASHRAE
Layout
Std. 62

Number of
Occupants
Used

Switchgear Room

2079

Mechanical Room

581

Battery Room

346

2.5 OUTDOOR AIR REQUIREMENTS

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a. The outdoor air requirement for ventilation is in accordance with ASHRAE Std. 62, Table 2. The
number of occupants is accordance with architectural furniture layout.
Zone
No.

Room Name

Area,
ft

No. of
Persons

Quantity

Outdoor Air
Requirements,
CFM

Outdoor
Air Used,
CFM

Switchgear Room

2079

2AC/Hr

1247

1247

Mechanical Room

581

Direct

100

100

Battery Room

346

Direct

606

606

TOTAL

1953

Since Switchgear Building is UNMANNED, No Outside Air Required due to Occupants.


However, Outside Air shall be provided to Maintain Pressurization in order to prevent ingress of sand, fumes,
dusts, etc.

b. In accordance with SAES-K-001, Section 4.4.11.2(a), the minimum amount of outside air shall equal
the greater than 5% of supply air plus all exhaust air.
Based on cooling load calculation:
Total supply air

12,385 CFM

Exhaust air (CFM):


Battery Room

606 CFM

Outside Air

(0.05 x 12,385) + 606

Outside Air

1,279 CFM

The ventilation air (1,279 CFM) as per SAES-K-001, Section 4.4.11.2(a) is less than the
ventilation air from above Table (1,953 CFM), therefore 1,953 CFM outdoor air for ventilation
will be used.

3.0 COOLING AND HEATING LOAD CALCULATION RESULTS


3.1

The designed cooling loads for the whole system are as follows:
A) CALCULATION 1 (CONDITION-1) is in accordance with SAES-K-001, paragraph 4.2.1.4, cooling
load calculated with the Summer Design Dry Bulb and Mean Coincident Wet Bulb temperatures at
2.5% exceedance.
Total Cooling Load

342,016 Btu/hr

Sensible Cooling Load

342,016 Btu/hr

Supply Airflow

12,386 CFM

Outdoor Airflow

1,953 CFM

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Temperature Entering Dry Bulb

81.52 F

Temperature Entering Wet Bulb

63.85 F

Temperature Leaving Dry Bulb

56.00 F

Temperature Leaving Wet Bulb

55.47 F

Total Cooling Required with Outside Air

28.50 Tons

Total Heating Required with Outside Air

63,973 (18.7 kW

B) CALCULATION 2 (CONDITION-2) is in accordance with SAES-K-001, paragraph 4.2.1.5, cooling


load calculated with the Summer Design Wet Bulb and Mean Coincident Wet Bulb temperatures at
2.5% exceedance.
Total Cooling Load

322,936 Btu/hr

Sensible Cooling Load

297,558 Btu/hr

Supply Airflow

11,960 CFM

Outdoor Airflow

1,953 CFM

Temperature Entering Dry Bulb

78.80 F

Temperature Entering Wet Bulb

64.46 F

Temperature Leaving Dry Bulb

56.00 F

Temperature Leaving Wet Bulb

55.47 F

Total Cooling Required with Outside Air

27.29 Tons

Total Heating Required with Outside Air

63,973 (18.7 kW)

4.0 AIR CONDITIONING UNIT SELECTION


The selection of air-cooled condensing units is in accordance with SAES-K-001, Section 4.2.1.7. The
summer design dry bulb temperature at 1% exceedance and the following shall be used:
a. The summer dry bulb temperature at 1% exceedance + 10 F for facilities within Plant areas.
b. The summer dry bulb temperature at 1% exceedance + 5 F for facilities located in areas other
than plant areas.
Location

Summer Dry Bulb Temperature :

Shaybah (outside Plant areas)


117 F + 5 F = 122 F

5.0 ELITE CALCULATION

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