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APPENDIX C--54I Appen6ix c-2o, (CnnNn Co') (I/D)-oE vARIous vALvEs AND FITTINGS LENGTHrN prpE DIAMETERS EeuTvALENT

REpREsENrArrvE

Description Globe valves Conventional With no obstruction in flat, bevel,or plug type seat-Fully open With wing or pin guided disk-Fully open Y-pattern (No obstruction in flat, bevel,or plug iype seat) from run of pipe line-Fully open With stem 60 degrees from run of pipe line-Fully open 45 degrees With stem Angle valves Conventional With no obstruction in flat, bevel,or plug type seat-Fully open With wing or pin guided disk-Fully open Gate valves Conventionalwedgedisk, double disk, or plug disk Fully oPen oPen Three-quarters One-half oPen One-quarterqPen Pulp stock FullY oPen Three-quarters oPen One-half oPen One-quarteroPen Conduit PiPeline-FullY oPen Check valves swing--O.5 f -Fully open Conventional Clearwayswing--{.5t-Fu1lY oPen open Globe lift or stop-2.0t-Fully open stop-2.0f-Fully or lift Angle In-[ne ball-2.5 vertical and 0'25 horizontalt-Fully Foot valveswith strainer With poppet lift-type disk-0.3f-Fully disk-0.4t-Fully With ieather-hinged

EquivalentLength in Pipe Diameters (LID)

340 450

175 745

145 2W

IJ

35 160 900
tt

50 260 l2w

open

135 50 Sameas globe Sameas angle 150

open open

420
t)

Butterfly valves(6-inch and larger)-Fully open Cocks Straight-through Rectangularplug port area equal to lWl of pipe area-Fully open

2A

t8

Three-waY (fully open) Rectangularplug port area equal to 80/" of pipe area through straight Flow Flow through branch

44 140

ends' facesor f""" .qrf"alent length is equal to the length betweenflange - ^ --weiding flow to lift disk fully. sufficient to provide valve (psi) aJross drop t Minimum calculatedpr".r,ri.

i42--pRrNcrpr,Es

oF uNrr opERATroNs Equivalent Length in Pipe Diameters (LID)

Appendix C-2a.-C ontinue d.

Description Fittings 90-degreestandard elbow 45-degree standardelbow 9Gdegree long radius elbow 90-degree streetelbow 45-degreestreet elbow Squarecorner elbow Standardtee With flow through run With flow through branch Close pattern return bend

30 l6 20 50 26 57 20 60 50

Appendix C-2b.

REsIsTANcEDUE To sUDDENENLARGEMENTs AND coNTRACrroNs. (cnann co.)

r__J--Tdt-

T--1_____r_
Suddenenlargement f .i l z

do

r= lr- * l
L

"21

'6

d,1/d2

Appendix C-2c.

REsrsrANcE DUE To prpE ENTRANcE AND Extr. (cuNB

co.)

I
I

I I
I I( = 0.50 Sharpedged

I
I

\_
I X = 0.O4 @unded sofance

-T.I I< = 0.7a


prcjeling ptpe

K = 0.23 Sligdtrcunded entaance

I
t r = 1.0
Sharpextt

--r
I

I tr =1.0
Rounded exI

r = 1.O
Prcicting ptpe exit

I
I
i l

APPENDTXc_543

Appendix C-2d.

EeuTvALENTLENGTHS -L .lNo I/D LlDt 2000

K. (cnaNr co.) CoEFFTCIENT aNo REsIsTANcE L 10000 8000 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000

1000 900 800 700 600 500 400

l6

t6 300
t4 t2

,10
o o

10
Y

E
,6 o

100 g cnd
-" no tr iD

s6 .g qt '6A
6-

1oo3
90d RO6
bu o
Fn
c

6 5
^
J.2

o o

+v =/ 30 ^^/N

b0 /' c a,t' F
-!

'a o5
g/
oi g

6
.: U

o o c .o o '6 c

40

t.
H/

3.u
_

tu,/ 6/'

o c c-

4/

.^i

/ / ./ ,/
,.'

6 5

22

20

,/t

/./
1U 9 8 6 5
1.0- - - - .t- -

rz
t7 4

0.8 0.6 0.5 0.4


U.J

1.0 0.9
u.6

0.7
u.o 0

0.2
YWIILY 0.40.60.81.0 lAll 2 3 vlllltt'-tttttt 4 6 810 20 30 3

Insidediameterof pipe, inches _ l)e)s .\a_ I.I* 40 PiPesize, inches Schedule

llllllllllllllllllll

Problem: Find the equivalent length in pipe diameters andrfeet of Schedule40 pipe, and the resistancefactor K for l-, 5-, and 12-inchfully opened gate valves.

Solution L' 5' l2' Valve Size 13 13 13 Equivalentlength,pipe diameters 1.1 5.5 13 Equivalentlength,feetofSch.40pipe 0.30 Resist.factorK,basedonSch.4Opipe 0.20 O.l7

I Refer to App' C-2a | | Douedlines | onchart