This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
(Cumming and Huse. Technologies consist of widespread patterns of conceptual and material practices embodying and deploying specific strategic meanings and values (Hershock. Finally it explains about the use of modern technologies and electronic resources to achieve and analyze the relevant data in relation to HR matters. in the way organizations are designed and structured and run their business in socioeconomic and political issues and solutions. engaging and enabling the organization and implementing and sustaining the changes that team or organization are supposed to go through to ensure change successfully happens and stick up. analyzes the effects of technology in organizational development and evaluates implication of technologies for the workers management in organization. 2005). Sociotechnical perspective focuses about redesign of jobs around the technology. So every single change is driven by the power of new technology that brings about newness in work practices as such Information Communication Technology has totally replaced the manual work in Universities for an instant. Today technology has become an engine to ensure an effective and efficient work practices. Political perspective assumes designers need to manage the technology for users (Milliward. Change theory of Kotter. Technology is the method of application of an art or science as opposed to mere knowledge of the science or art itself. However Change is an constant process. occurs elsewhere in the physical environment. Of the different theoretical perspectives of technological changes. Introduction This piece of work primarily examines the theories of change in terms of designing and implementation of new technology in the workplace. 1989). and a change agent for organizational development.New technology at work 1. 2|Page . 1999). Rational theory assumes that designers should know about the problems which users may face with the systems. (2002) suggests there are eight critical steps under three main processes such as creating a climate for change.
It is argued that technology began with crafts. (1951) assumes change as a three stage processes as unfreezing. Thus theories of changes play pivotal role in successful designing and implementation of new technologies at work in organization because change is always difficult process however imperative and it ever goes through transition stage facing deep resistance. fast working practices and turned up the whole globe as a village as its strengths. new technology has some drawbacks such as replacement of workers. 2003). the way and behavior of life in the factory (Boreham. As a result it has brought about in machinery life. As suggested by labour process theory. However. innovation of new technologies has always been gearing up the process of change in organization and ways of living. To manage the changes. etal. Technological innovation brought about the commanding machinery of mass production as a code of law governing. hit low point for satisfaction of work with mass production. So Braverman theory concludes technology has the power to incite change however that change is directed by the power of capital to the work process as its ends. The theory of technological determinism assumes that style of formal work and management of organization are mainly determined by technology. The work satisfaction and process is determined primarily by structural differentiation related to ongoing technological changes. changing and refreezing.. It tells science and technology are not only neutral productive forces but also imprinted with social relations of control and ownership in the capitalist labour process (preece. Technological innovation is only the key to unlock the door of new age by developing different ways of production.However change model of Kurt Lewins. fragmenting and standardizing work are remained at the heart of managerial practice at present that the methods provides capital a powerful tools to control new work process and deskill expensive craft labour. unwanted 3|Page . In this way. the change theories and the different perspectives on technological change provide a cutting edge idea to design and implement the technologies at work. 2008). however it gets back to relation of greater skills and autonomy as technologies. working practices and behavior and ways of living. fast growing economies. taylorist methods as measuring..
It assumes ICT enables new ways of searching. directing and further organizational planning (Lucey. The theoretical framework refers to the system consisting of the essential procedures required for the maximum exploitation of available resources. teaching. Figure 1.physical economic and physical loss. system errors etc.3.1 HR portal adapting to the user 4|Page . Because the prime resources of an organization are skilful motivated and wealthy personnel and professional excellence is a critical strategic factor for the success of organization. 2005). ensuring efficient human resource practices and development of people so far. Increasing use of HR portal is a process of applying systematic procedures to provide appropriate information evenly in all layers of management regarding all functions based on the external or internal sources of data. theoretical framework on the program components explains the diffusion. aiming to support the management in order to take timely and effective decisions for controlling . producing and sharing knowledge and information (Laakso-Manninen & Viitala 2007). Similarly. knowledge and competence frameworks defines the different perspective of information management and knowledge management. Of many frameworks. The application of the following type HR portal can be the milestone to ensure employee’s efficiency in organization. Even though there is great potentiality of technological innovation in boosting up worlds economy and advancing civilization etc. efficiency and integration of technology that will ultimately constitute a specific focal point and order in the conduct and design of programs with the four main components in organization as shown in the figure below.
The use of new technology enhances the individual performances and organizational management as well because it supports to carry out the tasks and responsibilities efficiently.Source: Ziellinski. The application of new technologies and practices opens the doors of opportunities for both employees and organizations. (2010) Thus Information communication technology is a breakthrough in bringing about a radical change in traditional manual working system and management of information system in an organization. Technology. 2010). It 5|Page . is the integration of communication system and computer application which supports the various administrative procedures in the organization. in terms of business. It evolves constantly and required for the successful business (Luke. Thus the framework of information systems is solely developed to manage the information effectively and by which to efficiently support risk management and the decision making process of executive and mangers by allowing access to the relevant information to meet the strategic goals of organization.
The employee should be trained and equipped with every new technological change to achieve the strategic organizational goals which enhance their competencies against other rivals. and can explore other relevant innovations for best use. Similarly the use of technology ensures the accuracy. It is the authentication of change however it might take long time. It definitely produces the satisfaction tremendously and motivates to perform the responsibilities better way. 2007) identifies three different stages of changes as human responses: Unfreezing. Freezing is the stage which attempt to establish the norms and value of change in the organization and its workforce. coaching and orientation. The practitioner and organization can examine the technology whether it is viable and appropriate to use or not.reduces the cost of goods and services and takes less time to complete. Transition is the stage of change adoption which includes proper training and developments. Technology is convenience in operational process and gives the opportunity to complete the task in a speed and collectively/multitask. updates the information and enhances effective relationship with all stakeholders. Unfreezing is the stage of preparation against the change with mentally and physically. The Lewin’s change model is based on the approval/adoption of change by all stakeholders in the organization and takes a longer process however it is difficult to say that all technological changes in the organization results positive impacts to different stakeholders and organization also require a short term strategic change/application of technology to achieve competitive advantage. Transition and Refreezing. 6|Page . extends the access widely. Lewin in (Robins.
The training and development regarding technology enhances skills. level of furnishing and execution of responsibility. performance measurement. The application of new technology and resource plays a crucial role in the growth of organization both in short term and long term. reduces the operational cost. mentoring. efficiencies 7|Page . maintain and manage the changes in the work place of organization because different processes activities and measurement (Training and developments. Walker (2001) observes the requirement of technology in the human resources to achieve the organizational goals and objectives in both current and future business: Technology helps managers in deploying the employee efficiently. assess the need and offer the proper training and development to them. provides the required information faster and better evaluation of individual performance of employee. These process and practices definitely helps to embrace the technological and management change to the employee in the organization. seminars and interactions. and promotion) are performed. and its human resource must be equipped and trained with these tools which enhance the strength and efficiencies of employee in the organizations. Modern technologies and resources supports to measure the performance of individual employees both regularly and periodically: target meeting.This AKDAR model deals with change management practically. increases the productivity. The above mentioned points/terms definitely support to adopt.
and confidence of employee which eventually increases the productivity. More recently. E-library and Open University. In the recent time all the academic materials and resources are produced and used from the electronic procedure: Online/internet surfing. Encyclopaedia Britannica publisher is also going through online/electronically closing its hard copy publications. followers and their instructor. The application of new technology offers the real and convenience learning opportunities of better task performance to the academic students. The new technologies have increased more access to resources to its followers/practitioners. Even the academic institutions tend to supply and use their data and information electronically. The new technology has helped to expand the education and knowledge across the remote lands and developing countries through E-Learning. and exchanging knowledge and experiences. . 8|Page . Similarly the application of new technology is mandatory for students and academic followers. Modern technologies are the crucial instrument in effective and instant dissemination of information.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.