a documentation on PAPER BATTERY

A SUPER CAPACITOR

Submitted by:

SAURAV KUMAR JHA [roll:09108003090] sandeep kumar [roll:09108003086]

This technology can also be used in supercapacitors. the Ann and John H. along with postdoctoral research associates Shaijumon M. A German healthcare company called KSW Microtech is already using the battery to power monitoring of the temperature of blood supplies. Broadbent Senior Constellation Professor of Biocatalysis and Metabolic Engineering at Rensselaer. Paper batteries are thin. Senior research specialist Victor Pushparaj. Ajayan. a research team at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (led by Drs. energy storage. flexible and environment-friendly. Pulickel M. Development The creation of this unique nanocomposite paper drew from a diverse pool of disciplines. including health care to power tiny medical diagnostic equipment and even drug delivery transdermal patches. Their functioning is similar to conventional chemical batteries with the important difference that they are non-corrosive and do not require a bulky housing. professor of chemistry with a joint appointment in materials science and engineering) developed the paper battery. and chemistry. There are many uses for this new technology. Ashavani Kumar. It incorporates nanoscale structures to act as high surface-area electrodes to improve the conduction of electricity.INTRODUCTION A paper battery is an ultra-thin electric battery engineered to use a spacer formed largely of cellulose (the major constituent of paper). allowing integration into a wide range of products. and Saravanababu Murugesan. Other co-authors include research associate Lijie Ci and Rensselaer Nanotechnology Center Laboratory Manager Robert Vajtai. Manikoth. requiring expertise in materials science. professor of materials science and engineering. 1|paper battery . were co-authors and lead researchers of the project. Robert Linhardt. In August 2007. and Omkaram Nalamasu.

sweat and urine) • Separator: Paper (Cellulose) 2|paper battery . as well as naturally occurring electrolytes such as human sweat. According to Pushparaj ―It‘s a way to power a small device such as a pacemaker without introducing any harsh chemicals – such as the kind that are typically found in batteries — into the body. Researchers used ionic liquid. would mean that there‘s nothing in the batteries to freeze or evaporate. Ionic liquid. as the battery‘s electrolyte.‖ CONSTRUCTION & STRUCTURE A very brief explanation has been provided.This cellulose based spacer is compatible with many possible electrolytes. and urine. potentially allowing operation in extreme temperatures. bio electrolytes like blood. blood. Naturally occurring electrolytes might allow more biocompatible batteries. essentially a liquid salt. • Cathode: Carbon Nanotube (CNT) • Anode: Lithium metal (Li+) • Electrolyte: All electrolytes (incl. which contains no water.

• Next. among other things) infused with aligned carbon nanotubes.The process of construction can be understood in the following steps: • Firstly. a common Xerox paper of desired shape and size is taken. as well as a supercapacitor‘s quick burst of energy. This paper battery is then connected to the aluminum current collectors which connect it to the external load. by conformal coating using a simple Mayer rod method. • The working of a paper battery is similar to an electrochemical battery except with the constructional differences. The nanotubes act as electrodes. steady power output. 3|paper battery . the specially formulated ink with suitable substrates (known as CNT ink) is spread over the paper sample. the paper battery integrates all of the battery components in a single structure. allowing the storage devices to conduct electricity. making it more energy efficient and lighter. • A thin lithium film is laminated over the exposed cellulose surface which completes our paper battery. • The strong capillary force in paper enables high contacting surface area between the paper and nanotubes after the solvent is absorbed and dried out in an oven. While a conventional battery contains a number of separate components. The paper battery is designed to use a paper-thin sheet of cellulose (which is the major constituent of regular paper. The battery will currently provide a low.

says it can also double as a capacitor capable of releasing sudden energy bursts for high-power applications. But the ambition is to produce reams of paper that could one day power a car.Paper battery offers future power They have produced a sample slightly larger than a postage stamp that can store enough energy to illuminate a small light bulb. 4|paper battery . Professor Robert Linhardt. which stores energy like a conventional battery. of the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. The team behind the versatile paper. said the paper battery was a glimpse into the future of power storage.

Leakage: In case of leakage the chemicals release may be dangerous but no such toxic chemicals are used in paper batteries. such as toxic metal pollution e. Secondary batteries can be recharged but they have very short life time. paper batteries overcome both problems.c while paper batteries can be easily decomposes without any harm. 5|paper battery .Limited Life Time: Primary batteries ‗irreversibly‘ transform chemical energy to electrical energy. Environmental Concerns: The wide spread use of batteries has created many environmental concerns.t.

The techniques and the set-ups used in the production of Carbon Nano tubes are very expensive and very less efficient. 2. When inhaled. Thin-film cells can be stored for decades. 5. Paper batteries have low strength they an be ‗torn‘ easily. LIMITATIONS 1. thin and flexible. their interaction with the microphages present in the lungs is similar to that with asbestor fibers.5V. It can generate a voltage of 1. Hence may be seriously hazardous to human health. Applications 1. 3. Paper batteries are rechargeable.ADVANTAGES 1. 3. 4. 4. The paper batteries would be ideal for use in automobiles. It is disposable with household wastes. Used in electronic games and entertainment devices. 2. Disposable medical devices: Single use delivery and diagnostic devices could have power paper incorporated in to their construction to allow for sensors and smart labels. Paper battery is cheap. 3. 6|paper battery . 2. Smart Cards and Tags: Power papers can be laminated onto smart cards and other micro devices and replace ordinary tickets and tags. aircraft and even boats because of their light weight.

“We’re not putting pieces together — it’s a single. and the electrolyte is soaked into the paper. The end result is a device that looks.” said Linhardt. integrated device.” he said.CONCLUSION The spacer is an integrated combination of spacer. 7|paper battery . and electrodes.” It can be used as a high energy source as well as super capacitor. feels. “The components are molecularly attached to each other: the carbon nanotube print is embedded in the paper. but it’s made in a very intelligent way. and weighs the same as paper. “It’s essentially a regular piece of paper.

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