Mobile Crane Inspection Guidelines Appendix C - Basic Crane Components In addition to reviewing the OSHA and American National

Standards Institute (ANSI) standards/requirements for mobile construction cranes, it is important that each inspector have a basic knowledge of crane components and their general purpose. The following is a list of basic crane components which should be included in any inspection. In addition to a description or purpose statement photographs are provided to help the inspector recognize each item. The list may not be inclusive, but is intended to be an aid .for an inspector who may not be a crane expert

Special attention shall be given to guarding of the swing radius when near buildings or other structures.be guarded or isolated Machine Guarding .1 All exposed moving parts such as gears. These manuals set forth inspection. The swing radius guarding is intended to simply be a warning device and not necessarily . and maintenance .3 personnel or other equipment from being struck by the counterweight.2 Manufacturer's operating and maintenance manuals shall accompany all mobile .Manufacturer's Operating Manual . operation. chains reciprocating or rotating parts are to .2 Swing Clearance Protection .3 High Voltage Warning Signs INSPECTION ITEMS .2 .criteria for each mobile crane and not generally available from any other source Manufacturer's Operating Manual .1 Machine Guarding INSPECTION ITEMS .4 The swing radius of the counterweight shall be established and guarded to prevent .1 hoisting equipment.

4 . There are no strength requirements associated with swing radius .slowly until contact is made and power for boom movement is stopped .each side and on the counterweight of the crane High Voltage Warning Signs .protection Swing Clearance Protection .a barricade guard rail.5 designed and installed in a manner to stop or shut off power to the boom controls.4 Boom Stops .3 High voltage warning signs shall be displayed on the exterior of the equipment on . The purpose of the boom stops is to prevent the boom from being raised to a point where the center of gravity is shifted to the rear of the crane causing the boom to fall backwards . shock absorbing. or hydraulic-type safety devices .from to lack of resistance and/or control of boom movement Boom stops can be inspected and checked for proper function by raising the boom very .5 Jib Boom StopsINSPECTION ITEMS .6 Boom stops are telescoping.

5 Jib stops are restraints designed to prevent the jib from being raised to the point that .continues Jib Boom Stops .6 Boom Angle Indicator .6 it overturns onto the boom sections.Boom Stops . shock absorbing. They may be either mechanical (activated by gravity) . Jib stops. designed to warn the operator that the jib load block has approached the point at which overtipping/overturning is possible if raising the load line .7 base section on a horizontal plane. are telescoping. hydraulic devices. like boom stops.8 Boom Angle Indicators are required to indicate the angle of the boom tip from the .7 Boom Hoist DisconnectsINSPECTION ITEMS .

determines load capacity and working radius Boom Angle Indicators .10 Anti-Two Block Devices are designed to prevent a hoist block and/or load from being .7 Boom Hoist Disconnects are designed to automatically stop the boom from hoisting . with a display readout in the cab.9 hoisted into contact with the boom tip by putting sufficient stress on the wire rope that it is either cut or stressed to the point that the line separates and the load falls onto .9 Power Controlled LoweringINSPECTION ITEMS .or electronic.8 Anti-Two Block Devices . Accurate readout of boom angle .8 when the boom reaches a predetermined high angle <Boom Hoist Disconnects</SPAN .

If a crane is out of level more than 1o it . It also can increase .9 All functions of hydraulic cranes feature "power controlled lowering". ANSI requires that all hydraulic cranes be equipped with anti-two .12 Leveling of the crane is extremely important.10 Leveling Indicator Devices . retract the cylinders or lower the hoist drum with the engine not running. This would apply to the boom lift and extension cylinder as well as the outrigger cylinders and .10 known as "holding valves" or "counter balance" valves. which prevent uncontrolled decent in the event of hydraulic pressure loss. Safety devices . To test the effectiveness of these safety devices.block devices Anti-Two Block Devices .someone or something.11 SheavesINSPECTION ITEMS . No movement should take place without hydraulic pressure Power Controlled Lowering .hoist drums. and can effect structural capacity.11 exerts a side load on the crane.

The wire rope anchoring to the drum should meet the manufacturers specifications and must not be "overspooled". The sheave's groove surface should be smooth and slightly larger than the wire rope being used.the sheave. sheave guards which prevent the wire rope from coming off . Be sure that all of these pins are in place Sheaves . with the rope fully spooled on the drum.13 winch mounting bolts should be checked. It should be checked with a sheave gauge to be sure it is the proper size for the wire rope being used.14 Drum lagging and flanges should be inspected for cracks or other deficiencies and . the drum flanges must extend above the top wrap of the .the load radius when the crane is rotated to another quadrant of operation Leveling Indicator Devices . Jib and Boom ExtensionsINSPECTION ITEMS .11 All sheaves should be checked for cracks. In other words.. Any undue movement of the drum on its bearings should be noted. grooving.13 Main Boom. or damage from two-blocking. . On most hydraulic cranes.12 Undue looseness in the bearing or bushing should be noted. are removable pins.12 Main Hoist and Auxiliary Drums .

Load Hooks and Hook Block . or .14 other deformities. bends. must be .functioning properly Main Hoist and Auxiliary Drums . special attention should be given to the topside of the boom where the extension sections exert an upward force.14 Hydraulic Hoses. or drum rotation indicators. All connecting pins and .15 tolerances. Fittings and TubingINSPECTION ITEMS . Wear pads should be adjusted properly or replace if necessary Main Boom.rope. Hooks and blocks should be .bolts should be checked. Jib and Boom Extensions 15. such as rollers. On hydraulic cranes.13 All components of the boom assembly should be checked for cracks.labeled as to their capacity and weight .16 Hooks should be examined to see if they are cracked or distorted beyond allowable . Any spoiling devices. No welding or heating should be done on hooks.

Hook swivels and sheave . . and tubings should be checked for leaking. be sure that the working pressure stamped on the hose is more than the .15 All hydraulic hoses.Connecting bolts on block cheek plates should be checked.16 Outriggers .17 Load Rating ChartINSPECTION ITEMS . swivels. Fittings and Tubing .18 Outrigger beams and housings should be checked for cracks or distortions.guards should also be checked Load Hooks and Hook Block .16 flexible hoses. The floats must have the . fittings. On . or pads. should be checked for damage.working pressure it will be exposed to Hydraulic Hoses.17 Outrigger floats.

Special attention should be given to standing rope.capacity to be securely attached to the outriggers.18 shall be accessible to the operator at his operating or work station. such as pendants.550(a)(7) are found. It should be determined that the wire .17 A durable load rating chart for the specific model and serial number of the crane . Outrigger beams should be marked to . corrosion.19 CabINSPECTION ITEMS . reduction in diameter. They include outside wire wear.19 1926. at the end fittings. or heat damage. distortion.indicate when they are fully extended Outriggers . warnings. All limitations.18 Wire rope . broken wires. specifications and safety data should be displayed Load Rating Chart .20 Wire rope should be removed from service when the conditions listed in 29 CFR .

unless designed to do otherwise. and type of construction for that particular crane and .rope is the proper diameter.20 OSHA.20 their function and free to return to the neutral position when released.19 The cab should be clean and free from clutter. Electrical and other warning signs should be posted in the cab. All glass must be safety glass with no cracks or . length.it should be spooled evenly on the hoist drum Wire rope . All controls should be labeled as to .distortions <Cab</SPAN . The seat should be securely attached and the cab door should open outward and operate smoothly. All gauges and warning lights should be operable and a fire extinguisher (at least 5-BC) should be mounted in the cab.gov ‫اوشا‬:‫المراجع‬ .