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CCIE Security Lab Exam v4.0 Checklist CCIE Security Lab Exam v4.0 Checklist Expansion of the Security Lab v4.0 Exam Topics Detailed Checklist of Topics to Be Covered Please be advised that this topic checklist is not an all-inclusive list of Cisco CCIE Security lab exam subjects. Instead, we provide this outline as a supplement to the existing lab blueprint to help candidates prepare for their lab exams. Other relevant or related topics may also appear in the actual lab exam. We would like to get your feedback please comment and/or rate this document. 1 System Hardening and Availability Implement, Optimize, Troubleshoot, IPv4/IPv6 Content Understanding Four Types of Traffic Planes on a Cisco Router (Control, Management, Data, and Services) Understanding Control Plane Security Technologies and Core Concepts Covering Security Features Available to Protect the Control Plane Understanding Management Plane Security Technologies and Core Concepts Covering Security Features Available to Protect the Management Plane Configuring Control Plane Policing (CoPP) Control Plane Rate Limiting © 1992-2012 Cisco Systems Inc. All Rights Reserved. Generated on 2012-06-05-06:00 1 CCIE Security Lab Exam v4.0 Checklist Disabling Unused Control Plane Services (IP Source Routing, Proxy ARP, Gratuitous ARP, etc.) Disabling Unused Management Plane Services (Finger, BOOTP, DHCP, Cisco Discovery Protocol, etc.) MPP (Management Plane Protection) and Understanding OOB (Out-of-Band) Management Interfaces Configuring Routing Protocol Authentication Route Filtering and Protocol-Specific Filters ICMP Techniques to Reduce the Risk of ICMP-Related DoS Attacks (IP Unreachable, IP Redirect, IP Mask Reply, etc.) Selective Packet Discard (SPD) MQC and FPM Types of Service Policy on the CoPP Interface Broadcast Control on a Switch Catalyst Switch Port Security IPv6 Selective Packet Discard Cisco IOS Software-Based CPU Protection Mechanisms (Options Drop, Logging Interval, CPU Threshold) The Generalized TTL Security Mechanism Known as “BGP TTL Security Hack” (BTSH) Device Access Control (vty ACL, HTTP ACL, SSH Access, Privilege Levels) SNMP Security System Banners Secure Cisco IOS File Systems Understanding and Enabling Syslog NTP with Authentication Role-Based CLI Views and Cisco Secure ACS Setup © 1992-2012 Cisco Systems Inc. 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Generated on 2012-06-05-06:00 2 CCIE Security Lab Exam v4.0 Checklist Service Authentication on Cisco IOS Software (FTP, Telnet, HTTP) Network Telemetry Identification and Classification of Security Events (IP Traffic Flow, NetFlow, SNMP, Syslog, RMON) 2 Threat Identification and Mitigation Implement, Optimize, Troubleshoot, IPv4/IPv6 Content Implementing RFC 1918 Antispoofing Filtering Implementing RFC 2827 Antispoofing Filtering Implementing RFC 2401 Antispoofing Filtering Enabling a TCP Intercept on a Router Enabling a TCP Intercept on the Cisco ASA Security Appliance FPM (Flexible Packet Matching) and Protocol Header Definition File (PHDF) Files and Configuration of Nested Policy Maps Classification Using NBAR Understanding and Enabling NetFlow on a Router Port Security on a Switch Storm Control on a Switch Private VLAN (PVLAN) on a Switch Port Blocking on a Switch Port ACL on a Switch MAC ACL on a Switch VLAN ACL on a Switch Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) Protection Using BPDU Guard and Loop Guard on a Switch DHCP Snooping on a Switch IP Source Guard on a Switch © 1992-2012 Cisco Systems Inc. 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Generated on 2012-06-05-06:00 3 CCIE Security Lab Exam v4.0 Checklist Dynamic ARP Inspection (DAI) on a Switch SeND for ND Protection IPv6 First Hop Security Disabling DTP on All Nontrunking Access Ports Concept of Proactive vs. Reactive Measures Knowledge of Protocols: TCP, UDP, HTTP, SMTP, ICMP, FTP Knowledge of Common Attacks: Network Reconnaissance, IP Spoofing, DHCP Snooping, DNS Spoofing, MAC Spoofing, ARP Snooping, Fragment Attack, Smurf Attack, TCP SYN Attack Understanding and Interpreting ARP Header Structure Understanding and Interpreting IP Header Structure Understanding and Interpreting TCP Header Structure Understanding and Interpreting UDP Header Structure Understanding and Interpreting HTTP Header Structure Understanding and Interpreting ICMP Header structure Understanding and Interpreting ICMP Type Name and Codes Understanding and Interpreting Syslog Messages Understanding and Interpreting Packet Capture Outputs (Sniffer, Ethereal, Wireshark, TCPDump) Understanding Different Types of Attack Vectors Interpreting Various show and debug Outputs Classifying Attack Patterns Using FPM © 1992-2012 Cisco Systems Inc. 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Generated on 2012-06-05-06:00 4 CCIE Security Lab Exam v4.0 Checklist Memorizing Common Protocol and Port Numbers Preventing an ICMP Attack Using ACLs Preventing an ICMP Attack Using NBAR Preventing an ICMP Attack Using Policing Preventing an ICMP Attack Using the Modular Policy Framework (MPF) on the Cisco ASA Security Appliance Preventing a SYN Attack Using ACLs Preventing a SYN Attack Using NBAR Preventing a SYN Attack Using Policing Preventing a SYN Attack Using CBAC Preventing a SYN Attack Using CAR Preventing a SYN Attack Using a TCP Intercept Preventing a SYN Attack Using the Modular Policy Framework (MPF) on the Cisco ASA Security Appliance Preventing Application Protocol– Specific Attacks Using FPM (e.g., HTTP, SMTP) Preventing Application Protocol– Specific Attacks Using NBAR (e.g., HTTP, SMTP) Preventing Application Protocol– Specific Attacks Using the Modular Policy Framework (MPF) on the Cisco ASA Security Appliance (e.g., HTTP, SMTP) Preventing IP Spoofing Attacks Using Antispoofing ACLs Preventing IP Spoofing Attacks Using uRPF Preventing IP Spoofing Attacks Using IP Source Guard © 1992-2012 Cisco Systems Inc. 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Generated on 2012-06-05-06:00 5 CCIE Security Lab Exam v4.0 Checklist Preventing Fragment Attacks Using ACLs Preventing MAC Spoofing Attacks Using Port Security Preventing ARP Spoofing Attacks Using DAI Preventing VLAN Hopping Attacks Using the switchport mode access Command Preventing STP Attacks Using the Root Guard or BPDU Guard Preventing DHCP Spoofing Attacks Using Port Security Preventing DHCP Spoofing Attacks Using DAI Preventing Port Redirection Attacks Using ACLs 3 Intrusion Prevention and Content Security Implement, Optimize, Troubleshoot, IPv4/IPv6 Content Understanding Cisco IPS System Architecture (System Design, MainApp, SensorApp, EventStore) Understanding Cisco IPS User Roles (Administrator, Operator, Viewer, Service) Understanding Cisco IPS Command Modes (Privileged, Global, Service, Multi-Instance) Understanding Cisco IPS Interfaces (Command and Control, Sensing, Alternate TCP Reset) Understanding Promiscuous (IDS) vs. Inline (IPS) Monitoring Initialization Basic Sensor (IP Address, Mask, Default Route, etc.) Troubleshooting Basic Connectivity Issues Managing Sensor ACLs © 1992-2012 Cisco Systems Inc. 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Generated on 2012-06-05-06:00 6 CCIE Security Lab Exam v4.0 Checklist Allowing Services Ping and Telnet from/to Cisco IPS Enabling Physical Interfaces Promiscuous Mode Inline Interface Mode Inline VLAN Pair Mode VLAN Group Mode Inline Bypass Mode Interface Notifications Understanding the Analysis Engine Creating Multiple Security Policies and Applying Them to Individual Virtual Sensors Understanding and Configuring Virtual Sensors (vs0, vs1) Assigning Interfaces to the Virtual Sensor Understanding and Configuring Event Action Rules (rules0, rules1) Understanding and Configuring Signatures (sig0, sig1) Adding Signatures to Multiple Virtual Sensors Understanding and Configuring Anomaly Detection (ad0, ad1) Using the Cisco IDM (IPS Device Manager) Using Cisco IDM Event Monitoring Displaying Events Triggered Using the Cisco IPS Console Troubleshooting Events Not Triggering Displaying and Capturing Live Traffic on the Cisco IPS Console (Packet Display and Packet Capture) SPAN and RSPAN Rate Limiting Configuring Event Action Variables Target Value Ratings © 1992-2012 Cisco Systems Inc. All Rights Reserved. Generated on 2012-06-05-06:00 7 CCIE Security Lab Exam v4.0 Checklist Event Action Overrides Event Action Filters Configuring General Settings General Signature Parameters Alert Frequency Alert Severity Event Counter Signature Fidelity Rating Signature Status Assigning Actions to Signatures AIC Signatures IP Fragment Reassembly TCP Stream Reassembly IP Logging Configuring SNMP Signature Tuning (Severity Levels, Throttle Parameters, Event Actions) Creating Custom Signatures (Using the CLI and Cisco IDM) Understanding Various Types of Signature Engines Understanding Various Types of Signature Variables Understanding Various Types of Event Actions Creating a Custom String TCP Signature Creating a Custom Flood Engine Signature Creating a Custom AIC MIME-Type Engine Signature Creating a Custom Service HTTP Signature Creating a Custom Service FTP Signature Creating a Custom ATOMIC.ARP Engine Signature © 1992-2012 Cisco Systems Inc. All Rights Reserved. Generated on 2012-06-05-06:00 8 CCIE Security Lab Exam v4.0 Checklist Creating a Custom ATOMIC.IP Engine Signature Creating a Custom TCP Sweep Signature Creating a Custom ICMP Sweep Signature Creating a Custom Trojan Engine Signature Enabling Shunning and Blocking (Enabling Blocking Properties) Enabling the TCP Reset Function Configure Cisco Ironport WSA Configuring WCCP Active Dir Integration Custom Categories HTTPS Config Services Configuration (Web Reputation) Configuring Proxy By-pass Lists Web proxy modes Application visibility and control 4 Identity Management Implement, Optimize, Troubleshoot, IPv4/IPv6 Content Understanding the AAA Framework Understanding the RADIUS Protocol Understanding RADIUS Attributes (Cisco AV-PAIRS) Understanding the TACACS+ Protocol Understanding TACACS+ Attributes Comparison of RADIUS and TACACS+ Configuring Basic LDAP Support Overview of Cisco Secure ACS How to Navigate Cisco Secure ACS © 1992-2012 Cisco Systems Inc. All Rights Reserved. Generated on 2012-06-05-06:00 9 CCIE Security Lab Exam v4.0 Checklist Cisco Secure ACS – Network Settings Parameters Cisco Secure ACS – User Settings Parameters Cisco Secure ACS – Group Settings Parameters Cisco Secure ACS – Shared Profiles Components (802.1X, NAF, NAR, Command Author, Downloadable ACL, etc.) Cisco Secure ACS – Shell Command Authorization Sets Using Both Per-Group Setup and Shared Profiles Cisco Secure ACS – System Configuration Parameters Enabling AAA on a Router for vty Lines Enabling AAA on a Switch for vty Lines Enabling AAA on a Router for HTTP Enabling AAA on the Cisco ASA Security Appliance for Telnet and SSH Protocols Using Default vs. Named Method Lists Complex Command Authorization and Privilege Levels, and Relevant Cisco Secure ACS Profiles Proxy Service Authentication and Authorization on the Cisco ASA Security Appliance for Pass-Through Traffic (FTP, Telnet, and HTTP), and Relevant Cisco ISE Profiles\ Using Virtual Telnet on the Cisco ASA Security Appliance Using Virtual HTTP on the Cisco ASA Security Appliance Downloadable ACLs AAA 802.1X Authentication Using RADIUS on a Switch NAC-L2-802.1X on a Switch © 1992-2012 Cisco Systems Inc. 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Generated on 2012-06-05-06:00 10 CCIE Security Lab Exam v4.0 Checklist NAC-L2-IP on a Switch Troubleshooting Failed AAA Authentication or Authorization Troubleshooting Using Cisco Secure ACS Logs Cisco Identity Services Engine Configuration and initialization ISE authZ result handling ISE Profiling Configuration (Probes) ISE Guest Services ISE Posture Assessment ISE Client Provisioning (CPP) ISE Configuring AD Integration/ Identity Sources ISE support for 802.1x ISE MAB support ISE Web Auth support ISE definition and support for VSAs Support for MAB in Cisco IOS Support for Web Auth in Cisco IOS Using the test aaa Command on the Router, Switch, or Cisco ASA Security Appliance Understanding and Interpreting the debug radius Command Understanding and Interpreting the debug tacacs+ Command Understanding and Interpreting the debug aaa authentication Command Understanding and Interpreting the debug aaa authorization Command Understanding and Interpreting the debug aaa accounting Command 5 Perimeter Security and Services Implement, Optimize, Troubleshoot, IPv4/IPv6 Content © 1992-2012 Cisco Systems Inc. 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Generated on 2012-06-05-06:00 11 CCIE Security Lab Exam v4.0 Checklist Initializing the Basic Cisco ASA Firewall (IP Address, Mask, Default Route, etc.) Understanding Security Levels (Same Security Interface) Understanding Single vs. Multimode Understanding Firewall vs. Transparent Mode Understanding Multiple Security Contexts Understanding Shared Resources for Multiple Contexts Understanding Packet Classification in Multiple-Contexts Mode VLAN Subinterfaces Using 802.1Q Trunking Multiple-Mode Firewall with Outside Access Single-Mode Firewall Using the Same Security Level Multiple-Mode, Transparent Firewall Single-Mode, Transparent Firewall with NAT ACLs in Transparent Firewall (for Pass-Through Traffic) Understanding How Routing Behaves on the Adaptive Security Appliance (Egress and Next-Hop Selection Process) Understanding Static vs. Dynamic Routing Static Routes RIP with Authentication OSPF with Authentication EIGRP with Authentication Managing Multiple Routing Instances Redistribution Between Protocols Route Summarization Route Filtering Static Route Tracking Using an SLA © 1992-2012 Cisco Systems Inc. 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Generated on 2012-06-05-06:00 12 CCIE Security Lab Exam v4.0 Checklist Dual ISP Support Using Static Route Tracking Redundant Interface Pair LAN-Based Active/Standby Failover (Routed Mode) LAN-Based Active/Active Failover (Routed Mode) LAN-Based Active/Standby Failover (Transparent Mode) LAN-Based Active/Active Failover (Transparent Mode) Stateful Failover Link Device Access Management Enabling Telnet Enabling SSH The nat-control Command vs. no nat-control Command Enabling Address Translation (NAT, Global, and Static) Pre & Post 8.4 NAT Objects Context-Aware firewall Identity Firewall Using ASDM and Cisco Prime Policy NAT Destination NAT Bypassing NAT When NAT Control Is Enabled Using Identity NAT Bypassing NAT When NAT Control Is Enabled Using NAT Exemption Port Redirection Using NAT Tuning Default Connection Limits and Timeouts Basic Interface Access Lists and Access Group (Inbound and Outbound) Time-Based Access Lists ICMP Commands Enabling Syslog and Parameters © 1992-2012 Cisco Systems Inc. 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Generated on 2012-06-05-06:00 13 CCIE Security Lab Exam v4.0 Checklist NTP with Authentication Object Groups (Network, Protocol, ICMP, and Services) Nested Object Groups URL Filtering Java Filtering ActiveX Filtering ARP Inspection Modular Policy Framework (MPF) Application-Aware Inspection Identifying Injected Errors in Troubleshooting Scenarios Understanding and Interpreting Adaptive Security Appliance show and debug Outputs Understanding and Interpreting the packet-tracer and capture Commands Cisco IOS Firewalls Zone-Based Policy Firewall Using Multiple-Zone Scenarios User-Based Firewall Secure-Group Firewall Transparent Cisco IOS Firewall (Layer 2) Context-Based Access Control (CBAC) Proxy Authentication (Auth Proxy) Port-to-Application Mapping (PAM) Usage with ACLs Use of PAM to Change System Default Ports PAM Custom Ports for Specific Applications Mapping Nonstandard Ports to Standard Applications Performance Tuning Tuning Half-Open Connections © 1992-2012 Cisco Systems Inc. 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Generated on 2012-06-05-06:00 14 CCIE Security Lab Exam v4.0 Checklist Understanding and Interpreting the show ip port-map Commands Understanding and Interpreting the show ip inspect Commands Understanding and Interpreting the debug ip inspect Commands Understanding and Interpreting the show zone|zone-pair Commands Understanding and Interpreting the debug zone Commands Cisco IOS Services Marking Packets Using DSCP and IP Precedence and Other Values Unicast RPF (uRPF) With or Without an ACL (Strict and Loose Mode) RTBH Filtering (Remote Triggered Black Hole) Basic Traffic Filtering Using Access Lists: SYN Flags, Established, etc. (Named vs. Numbered ACLs) Managing Time-Based Access Lists Enabling NAT and PAT on a Router Conditional NAT on a Router Multihome NAT on a Router CAR Rate Limiting with Traffic Classification Using ACLs PBR (Policy-Based Routing) and Use of Route Maps Traffic Policing on a Router Traffic Characterization Packet Classification Packet-Marking Techniques 6 Confidentiality and Secure Access Implement, Optimize, Troubleshoot, IPv4/IPv6 Content Understanding Cryptographic Protocols (ISAKMP, IKEv1 and © 1992-2012 Cisco Systems Inc. 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Generated on 2012-06-05-06:00 15 CCIE Security Lab Exam v4.0 Checklist IKEv2, ESP, Authentication Header, CA) IPsec VPN Architecture on Cisco IOS Software and Cisco ASA Security Appliance Configuring VPNs Using ISAKMP Profiles Configuring VPNs Using IPsec Profiles GRE over IPsec Using IPsec Profiles Router-to-Router Site-to-Site IPsec Using the Classical Command Set (Using Preshared Keys and Certificates) Router-to-Router Site-to-Site IPsec Using the New VTI Command Set (Using Preshared Keys and Certificates) Router-to-ASA Site-to-Site IPsec (Using Preshared Keys and Certificates) Understanding DMVPN architecture (NHRP, mGRE, IPsec, Routing) DMVPN Using NHRP and mGRE (Hub-and-Spoke) DMVPN Using NHRP and mGRE (Full-Mesh) DMVPN Through Firewalls and NAT Devices Understanding GETVPN Architecture (GDOI, Key Server, Group Member, Header Preservation, Policy, Rekey, KEK, TEK, and COOP) Implementing GETVPN (Using Preshared Keys and Certificates) GETVPN Unicast Rekey GETVPN Multicast Rekey GETVPN Group Member Authorization List GETVPN Key Server Redundancy GETVPN Through Firewalls and NAT Devices © 1992-2012 Cisco Systems Inc. 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Generated on 2012-06-05-06:00 16 CCIE Security Lab Exam v4.0 Checklist Integrating GET VPN with a DMVPN Solution Basic VRF-Aware IPsec Enabling the CA (PKI) Server (on the Router and Cisco ASA Security Appliance) CA Enrollment Process on a Router Client CA Enrollment Process on a Cisco ASA Security Appliance Client CA Enrollment Process on a PC Client Clientless SSL VPN (Cisco IOS WebVPN) on the Cisco ASA Security Appliance (URLs) AnyConnect VPN Client on Cisco IOS Software AnyConnect VPN Client on the Cisco ASA Security Appliance Remote Access Using a Traditional Cisco VPN Client – on a Cisco IOS Router Remote Access Using a Traditional Cisco VPN Client – on a Cisco ASA Security Appliance Cisco Easy VPN – Router Server and Router Client (Using DVTI) Cisco Easy VPN – Router Server and Router Client (Using Classical Style) Cisco Easy VPN – Cisco ASA Server and Router Client Cisco Easy VPN Remote Connection Modes (Client, Network, Network+) Enabling Extended Authentication (XAUTH) on Cisco IOS Software and the Cisco ASA Security Appliance Enabling Split Tunneling on Cisco IOS Software and the Cisco ASA Security Appliance Enabling Reverse Route Injection (RRI) on Cisco IOS Software and the Cisco ASA Security Appliance © 1992-2012 Cisco Systems Inc. All Rights Reserved. Generated on 2012-06-05-06:00 17 CCIE Security Lab Exam v4.0 Checklist Enabling NAT-T on Cisco IOS Software and the Cisco ASA Security Appliance High-Availability Stateful Failover for IPsec with Stateful Switchover (SSO) and Hot Standby Router Protocol (HSRP) High Availability Using Link Resiliency (with Loopback Interface for Peering) High Availability Using HSRP and RRI High Availability Using IPsec Backup Peers High Availability Using GRE over IPsec (Dynamic Routing) Basic QoS Features for VPN Traffic on Cisco IOS Software and the Cisco ASA Security Appliance Identifying Injected Errors in Troubleshooting Scenarios (for Siteto-Site, DMVPN, GET VPN, and Cisco Easy VPN) Understanding and Interpreting the show crypto Commands Understanding and Interpreting the debug crypto Commands Anyconnect VPN including DAP support MacSec (switch-switch, Host-switch) Wireless Security on AP and WLC EAP methods WPA/WPA-2 WIPS © 1992-2012 Cisco Systems Inc. All Rights Reserved. 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