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Total Station Dr. Maher A. El-Hallaq Lecturer of Surveying The Islamic University of Gaza • • • • • • • • • • Introduction. Parts of a total station. Total station set up. Coordinate calculation. Total station field techniques. Standard measurements. TopSurv Settings and job creation Mapping and stake out. Resection and COGO. Data transfer and conversion Contents Introduction • Transits and theodolites were commonly used. • Recently, total stations has replaced all instruments. • Total station can accomplish all tasks much more efficiently. • In addition, they can also measure distances accurately and quickly. • Furthermore, they can make computations with angle and distance measurements. • They can display the results in a real time. • They are used for all types of surveys. Introduction Total station = theodolite + built in EDM + built in data collector + microprocessor Introduction Measures and Records: Horizontal Angles Vertical Angles and Slope Distances Calculates: Horizontal Distance Vertical Distance Azimuths of Lines X,Y,Z Coordinates Layout etc. Parts of a total station Parts of a total station Parts of a total station Parts of a total station Handling a total station Total station set up Should be centered over the survey point. Should be leveled. - bull’s-eye bubble for preliminary leveling - one plate bubble for precise leveling Total station set up ‫اﻟﺸﺎﺷﺔ اﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺠﻬﺎز‬ Horizontal Coordinate (x,y (x,y) x,y) xk = xi +dik sin αik yk = yi +dik cos αik Vertical coordinate z v hB = hA + HI + S sin v - HT ‫واﺟﻬﺔ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪TopSURV‬‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎت ﻣﺸﺮوع ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ اﻟﺮﻓﻊ اﻟﻤﺴﺎﺣﻲ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﺷﺔ ادﺧﺎل ﻧﻘﻄﺘﻲ اﻻﺣﺘﻼل و اﻟﺨﻠﻔﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﺷﺔ اﻟﺘﻘﺎﻃﻊ اﻟﺨﻠﻔﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻮﻗﻴﻊ اﻟﻤﺴﺎﺣﻲ ‪Stake out‬‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻮﻗﻴﻊ اﻟﻤﺴﺎﺣﻲ ‪Stake out‬‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻮﻗﻴﻊ اﻟﻤﺴﺎﺣﻲ ‪Stake out‬‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻮﻗﻴﻊ اﻟﻤﺴﺎﺣﻲ ‪Stake out‬‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻮﻗﻴﻊ اﻟﻤﺴﺎﺣﻲ ‪Stake out‬‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻮﻗﻴﻊ اﻟﻤﺴﺎﺣﻲ ‪Stake out‬‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻮﻗﻴﻊ اﻟﻤﺴﺎﺣﻲ ‪Stake out‬‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻮﻗﻴﻊ اﻟﻤﺴﺎﺣﻲ ‪Stake out‬‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻮﻗﻴﻊ اﻟﻤﺴﺎﺣﻲ ‪Stake out‬‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺎب ﻣﺴﺎﺣﺔ ﻣﻌﻴﻨﺔ ‪Area‬‬ THANK YOU Questions