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Jawab semua soalan.

1. An experiment was carried out to determine the freezing point of liqiud X. A boiling tube
contain molten X at 95 oC was allowed to cool in a conical flask to room temperature.The temperature of
X was recorded every 30 seconds intervals.
Figure 2 shows the reading of the thermometer for this experiment.
Satu eksperimen telah dijalankan untuk menentukan takat beku cecair X. Satu tabung didih yang
mengandungi leburan X pada suhu 95 oC diletakkan kelalang kon dan dibiarkan menyejuk dalam keadan
suhu bilik. Suhu direkod setiap 30 saat.

FIGURE 2

[ 3 marks ] (b) On the graph paper below. draw the graph of temperature against time for the cooling of X. Pada kertas graf di bawah.(a) Record the temperature at each time interval in the spaces provided in Figure 2. Catatkan bacaan suhu bagi setiap sela masa dalam ruangan yang disediakan dalam rajah 2. lukiskan graf suhu melawan masa bagi penyejukan X [ 3 marks ] .

............ Terangkan mengapa.................................................................................... Expalain why..... ........................................... ..................................................................... determine the freezing point of X........................................ Show on the graph how you determine this freezing point....................................................................................................... ... [ 3 marks ] (f) Why was the boiling tube placed in the conical flask during the cooling process? Mengapakah tabung didih diletakkan dalam kelalang kon semasa proses penyejukan? ................(c) On the graph in (b)............................................................................................................................................................... Pada graf di(b) tentukan takat beku X....................................................................................................................................................... ............................................................................................... ................ [ 3 marks ] (d ) How does the graph in (b) show the freezing point of X ? Pada graf di(b) bagaimanakah ia menunjukkan takat beku X...................... Suhu X tidak berubah dari saat ke 90 hingga saat ke 150 semasa process penyejukan........................................................ [ 3 marks ] The following is information about substance X................ Tunjukkan pada graf bagaimana anda tentukan takat beku..... Mudah terbakar ......................................................................................................................................... ............................................................................... Maklumat berikut ialah tentang bahan X • • • Solid at room temperature Pepejal pada suhu bilik Melting point is 80 0C Takat lebur ialah 80 0C Highly flammable.................... ........... [ 3 marks ] (e) The temperature of X did not change from the 90th second until the 150th second during the cooling process.........

……………………………………………………………………………………………… [ 1 mark] (d) Draw the arrangement of particles of substance X at 40 0C and 900C respectively. a boiling tube containing solid X is heated using a water bath until its temperature is above its melting point. tabung didih yang mengandungi pepejal X dipanaskan menggunakan kukus air sehingga suhunya di atas takat lebur. a) Draw and label a diagram of apparatus that is used in the experiment. In an experiment to determine the melting point of substance X.2. Lukiskan susunan zarah bagi bahan X pada suhu 400C and 900C masing-masing. 40 0 C 90 0 C [ 2 marks] . Dalam satu eksperimen untuk menentukan takat lebur bagi bahan X . Lukis dan labelkan gambar rajah susunan radas yang digunakan dalam eksperimen itu [ 2 marks] b) What is meant by melting point? Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan takat lebur? ……………………………………………………………………………………………… [ 1 mark] (c ) What is the purpose of using water bath in the experiment? Apakah tujuan menggunakan kukus air dalam eksperimen itu.

Tandakan pada graf untuk menunjukkan takat lebur bahan X. ……………………………………………………………………………………………… [ 1 mark] .(e) Sketch a graph of temperature against time during the heating. Cadangkan nama bahan X. [ 3 marks] (f) Suggest the name of substance X. Mark on the graph to indicate the melting point of substance X. Lakarkan graf suhu melawan masa semasa pemanasan.