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Features

• • • • • • • •
Direct Supply from the Mains Current Consumption £ 0.5 mA Very Few External Components Full-wave Drive – No DC Current Component in the Load Circuit Negative Output Current Pulse Typically 100 mA – Short-circuit Protected Simple Power Control Ramp Generator Reference Voltage

Applications
• Full-wave Power Control • Temperature Regulation • Power Blinking Switch

Zero-voltage Switch with Adjustable Ramp T2117

Description
The integrated circuit, T2117, is designed as a zero-voltage switch in bipolar technology. It is used to control resistive loads at mains by a triac in zero-crossing mode. A ramp generator allows power control function by period group control, whereas full-wave logic guarantees that full mains cycles are used for load switching.

Rev. 4768A–INDCO–11/03

4 V Pulse amplifier R3 R4 100 kW 1 2 Ramp generator 8 5 7 Synchronization Supply GND 100 W C1 100 µF/ 16 V VM = 230 V~ MT2 MT1 Load 1000 W L T2117 N Pin Configuration Figure 2. Block Diagram with Typical Circuit. Period Group Control 0 to 100% D1 220 kW (250 V~) R2 (Rsync) R1 18 kW/ 2W -VS C2 2.2 µF/ 10 V R5 12 kW max 100 kW min R6 18 kW 3 4 + + 6 Full-wave logic Comparator Reference voltage 1. Pinning DIP8/SO8 RAMP CRAMP 1 8 VSYNC 2 T2117 7 GND OUTPUT POSIN 3 6 NEGIN 4 5 VS Pin Description Pin 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Symbol RAMP CRAMP POSIN NEGIN VS OUTPUT GND VSYNC Function Ramp output Ramp capacitor Non-inverting comparator input Inverting comparator input Supply voltage Trigger pulse output Ground Voltage synchronization 2 T2117 4768A–INDCO–11/03 .Figure 1.

Information regarding synchronous supply is provided at pin 8 via resistor RSync. pin 3 is inactive and connected to pin 7 (GND). A fire pulse is released when the inverting input of the comparator is negative (pin 4) with respect to the non-inverting input (pin 3) and internal reference voltage.T2117 General Description The integrated circuit T2117 is a triac controller for zero-crossing mode.6 V Final voltage Vmin Initial voltage Vmax -7. To maintain the lamp flicker specification. One can use internal reference voltage for simple applications.8 V t V1 -1. It is designed to control power in switching resistive loads of mains supplies. Figure 3. but also for applications with proportional band regulation (Figure 11 on page 9). Ramp voltage available at capacitor C2 is decoupled across the emitter follower at pin 1. The ramp function is used for open-loop control (Figure 4).6 V T 3 4768A–INDCO–11/03 . Pin 1 Internal Network T2117 1 R4 -VS Ramp control 2 C2 Figure 4. Threshold Voltage of the Ramp at VS = -8. see Figure 13 on page 11. In that case. the full-wave logic guarantees that complete mains cycles are used for load switching. To avoid a DC load on the mains. the ramp duration is adjusted according to the controlling load. A ramp generator with freely selectable duration can be performed by capacitor C2 at pin 2.

´ tp I P = ------------T where: VG IGmax Ip tp T = Gate voltage = Maximum gate current = Average gate current = Firing pulse width = Mains period duration Firing Pulse Width tp This depends on the latching current of the triac and its load current.6 V VM 2 sin æ w ´ --è 2ø = -----------------------------------------------------------------. Rsync.5 V – V Gmax RGmax » ----------------------------------. It can be limited by the gate series resistance which is calculated as follows: 7.5 ´ 10 A Rsync 4 T2117 4768A–INDCO–11/03 .– 49 k W -5 3. sin æ -----------------t p = --è w P 2 ø where IL VM P = Latching current of the triac = Mains supply. The firing pulse width is determined by the zero-crossing detection which can be influenced by the synchronous resistance. (see Figure 6 on page 5).– 0.– 36 W I Gmax IGmax . effective = Load power The total current consumption is influenced by the firing pulse width which can be calculated as follows: t pö .Triac Firing Current (Pulse) This depends on the triac requirement. IL ´ V Mö 2 .arc.

00 0. The series resistance R1 can be calculated as follows (Figure 7 on page 6 and Figure 8 on page 6): 2 V Mmin – VSmax ( VM – V S ) R1max = 0.01 10 100 50 P (W) 1000 10000 Figure 6. The supply voltage between pin 5 and 7 is limited to a typical value of 9.85 ------------------------------------.00 VMains = 230 V ~ tp (ms) 1.10 IL (mA) 200 100 0. P (R1) = ---------------------------2 I tot 2 R1 Itot = IS + IP + Ix 5 4768A–INDCO–11/03 . Synchronization Resistance 2000 VMains = 230 V ~ 1600 Rsync (kW) 1200 800 400 0 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 tp (µs) Supply Voltage The T2117 contains a voltage limiting funtion and can be connected with the mains supply via the diode D1 and the resistor R 1.5 V.T2117 Figure 5.. Output Pulse Width 10.

Maximum Resistance of R1 50 40 VMains = 230 V~ R1 (kW) 30 20 10 0 0 3 6 9 Itot (mA) 12 15 Figure 8. Power Dissipation of R1 According to Current Consumption 6 5 4 VMains = 230 V ~ PR1 (W) 3 2 1 0 0 3 6 9 Itot (mA) 12 15 6 T2117 4768A–INDCO–11/03 .where VM VS Itot IS Ix P(R1) = Mains voltage = Limiting voltage of the IC = Total current consumption = Current requirement of the IC (without load) = Current requirement of other peripheral components = Power dissipation at R1 Figure 7.

Parameters Pin Symbol Value Unit Supply current Synchrounous current Output current ramp generator Input voltages Power dissipation Tamb = 45°C Tamb = 100°C Junction temperature Operating ambient temperature range Storage temperature range 5 8 1 1.1) µA µs µs mA mV µA V VM= 230 V ~ Rsync = 220 kW Rsync = 470 kW V6 = 0 V 6 6 6 3.1 500 8. 6 2 8 -IS Isync IO -VI -VI ±VI Ptot Ptot Tj Tamb Tstg 30 5 3 £VS 2 to VS £7.0 10.3 mA mA mA V V V mW mW °C °C °C 400 125 125 0 to 100 -40 to +125 Thermal Resistance Parameters Symbol Value Unit Junction ambient SO8 Junction ambient DIP8 RthJA RthJA 200 110 K/W K/W Electrical Characteristics -VS = 8. 4 4 3.5 9.12 9. reference point pin 7. 3. 4 Input offset voltage Input bias current Common-mode input voltage 7 4768A–INDCO–11/03 .2 10. unless otherwise specified Parameters Test Conditions Pin Symbol Min.8 V.6 8.1 7. Tamb = 25°C. Unit Supply-voltage limitation Supply current Voltage limitation Synchronization current Zero detector Output pulse width Output pulse current Comparator -IS = 1 mA -IS = 10 mA I8 = ±1 mA 5 5 8 8 8 -VS -VS -IS ±VI ±Isync ±Isync tP tP -IO ±VI0 IIB -VIC 9.7 V V µA V mA 35 260 460 100 15 1 1 (VS .0 9. 4. Exposure to absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability. This is a stress rating only and functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated in the operational sections of this specification is not implied.T2117 Absolute Maximum Ratings Stresses beyond those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. Max. Typ.7 0.

I8 = -1 mA 1 1 2 -V1 -V1 -I2 1.2 14 1.5 . Power Blinking Switch with f » 2. reference point pin 7. Figure 1 on page 2 Period -IS = 1 mA Isync = 1 mA C1 = 100 µF C2 = 2.2 kW 100 nF/ 250 V ~ 270 kW VM = 230 V ~ 18 kW/ 1.8 V. Max.5 to 2.47 µF/ 10 V 47 µF/ 16V 8 T2117 4768A–INDCO–11/03 .6 20 2. unless otherwise specified Parameters Test Conditions Pin Symbol Min.6 7..0 8.Electrical Characteristics (Continued) -VS = 8. 2.5 W N 82 W 56 W 8 7 6 5 T2117 1 150 kW 2 3 4 110 kW 0.7 Hz. Unit Threshold internal reference V3 = 0 V 4 -VRef 1.2 7. Tamb = 25°C.5 s Final voltage Initial voltage Charge current V2 = -VS.4 V Ramp Generator.2 kW L 0.0 26 V V µA Applications Figure 9.. Typ. Duty Cycle 1:1.2 µF R4 = 100 kW 1 T 1. Power Range 0.

4 V T2117 N R(25) = 100 kW/B = 3988 --> R(15) = 159 kW.5 kW. R(35) = 64. 9 4768A–INDCO–11/03 . Power Switch L RL Load VM = 230 V ~ 56 W N VDR +5 V 8 7 6 5 18 kW 1.5 mA VI Figure 11.T2117 Figure 10.5 W 270 kW T2117 1 2 3 4 56 kW 47 µF/ 10 V 39 kW II ³ 1.2 µF/ 10 V C2 D1 220 kW (250 V~) R2 (Rsync) R1 R8 470 kW R4 100 kW 2 1 Ramp generator 8 Synchronization 5 7 Supply C1 VM = 230 V~ NTC B value = 3988 R(25) 100 kW R6 100 kW R5(1) 3 4 + + 6 Full-wave logic Comparator Pulse amplifier R3 100 W R9 150 W Rp 220 kW R7 130 kW Reference voltage 1. Temperature Control 15°C to 35°C with Sensor Monitoring L 18 kW/ 2W Load 1000 W 2. R5(1) determines the proportional range.

Room Temperature Control with Definite Reduction (Remote Control) for a Temperature Range of 5 to 30°C L 0.35 . 1.Figure 12.1 kW R7 1 R10 910 kW R9 12 kW C5 100 µF/ C4 12 V 47 µF 2 3 C3 4 12 kW R15 25 kW 10 nF NTC 33 kW R8 56 kW C2 1 µF C1 2...2 µF 10 T2117 4768A–INDCO–11/03 .5 kW R1 510 kW R5 R2 R3 IH = 50 mA N 62 W 680 kW 13 kW/2 W -DT R4 680 kW Load VM = 230 V ~ 8 7 6 5 R16 220 kW T2117 R6 9.

Two-point Temperature Control for a Temperature Range of 15°C to 30°C L 220 kW Load/1000 W VM = 230 V ~ 18 kW/ 1.5 W VDR N 56 W 8 7 6 5 220 kW (680 kW) T2117 1 2 3 4 500 kW (2 MW) 10 nF 68 µF/ 10 V 50 kW (200 kW) NTC 11 4768A–INDCO–11/03 .T2117 Figure 13.

Two-point Temperature Control for a Temperature of 18°C to 32°C and a Hysteresis of ±0.2 kW C2 150 nF R15 50 kW R4 39 kW C3 33 µF/ 10 V C1 ³ 68 µF/ 10 V 12 T2117 4768A–INDCO–11/03 .5 W Rsync 430 kW 200 kW T2117 D2 1 2 3 4 R6 27 kW 330 kW R5 R7 8.5°C at 25°C L D1 Load/400 W VM = 230 V~ R1 92 W N R3 8 7 6 5 NTC 18 kW/ 1.Figure 14.

3 0.58 0.77 7.64 1.4 max 0.47 4.8 9.48 7.44 7.8 8.62 8 5 2.8 max 6.5 min 3.36 max 9.2 technical drawings according to DIN specifications 1 4 13 4768A–INDCO–11/03 .5 1.T2117 Ordering Information Extended Type Number Package Remarks T2117-3AS T2117-TAS T2117-TAQ DIP8 SO8 SO8 Tube Tube Taped and reeled Package Information Package DIP8 Dimensions in mm 9.54 0.

81 8 5 0.10 5.8 3.7 0.Package SO8 Dimensions in mm 5.00 4.2 4.85 1.27 3.4 0.25 0.15 5.4 1.85 technical drawings according to DIN specifications 1 4 14 T2117 4768A–INDCO–11/03 .8 6.2 3.

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