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# SREEKAVITHAENGINEERIG COLLEGE

EEE Department – EM-II LAB

Experiment No: 6 1 of 6

III/IV EEE (I Semester)

Page

V- CURVE & INVERTED V - CURVE FOR 3-Φ SYNCHRONOUS MOTOR Aim: To draw the ‘V’ & inverted ‘V’ curve of three phase Synchronous Motor.

Apparatus: S.No.
1. 2. 3. 4.

Meter
Voltmeter Ammeter Ammeter Tachomete r

Range
0-600V 0-10A 0-2A 0-10,000RPM

Type
MI MI MC Digital

Quantit y
1 1 1 1

Name Plate Details: KVA Volts Amps RPM Hz : : : : Three Phase Synchronous Motor 5 HP EXTN Volts 415 volts. Amps : : 6.2 Amps. 1500 50 : 220. 1.5A.

Circuit Diagram: -

Lab In Charge

HOD, EEE

If the excitation is such that back emf is grater than applied voltage is called over excitation i. Its angle θ with ER (resultant voltage) is fixed by stator constant i.e.e. the motor pull-out torque is also reduced in proportion. I cos Φ = OA will remain constant. If the excitation is such that back emf is equal to applied voltage called 100% excitation i... If the excitation is such that back emf is less than applied voltage is called under excitation i..f... will decrease so that power component of I i. is increased but its power factor is decreased (Φ has increased). In fact. but wattles component I sin Φ is increased. when Eb = V.e. We note that the magnitude of I. Incidentally. as excitation is decreased. Hence. the resultant voltage vector ER is pulled anti-clockwise and so is I. when Eb <V. the locus of the extremity of current vector would be a straight horizontal line as shown. Hence. I cos Φ remains the same as before.e. Hence.e.SREEKAVITHAENGINEERIG COLLEGE EEE Department – EM-II LAB Experiment No: 6 2 of 6 III/IV EEE (I Semester) Page Theory:Consider a synchronous motor in which the mechanical load is constant (and hence output is also constant if losses are neglected). It is seen that now Lab In Charge HOD. hence the power component of I i. Because input as well as V are constant. The armature current I lags behind V by a small angle Φ.e. I will increase but p. EEE . ER is advanced clockwise and so is armature current (because it lags behind E R by fixed angle θ). when E b >V. tan θ = Xs / Ra.. it may be noted that when field current is reduced.

is unity. the p. is unity. p.e. motor runs with leading p. it has minimum value corresponding to a certain excitation. (ii) For the same input.f.f. It may also happen for some value of excitation. At that time. The curve showing variation of p.SREEKAVITHAENGINEERIG COLLEGE EEE Department – EM-II LAB Experiment No: 6 3 of 6 III/IV EEE (I Semester) Page motor is drawing a leading current. and with lagging p. In between. The current has large value both for low and high values of excitation (through it is lagging for low excitation and leadings for higher excitation).f. In between. Lab In Charge HOD.. It would be noted that minimum armature current corresponds to unity power factor. the current drawn by the motor would be minimum. Two important points stand put clearly from the above discussion: (i) The magnitude of armature current varies with excitation. when under-excited. with excitation looks like inverted ‘V’curve. armature current varies over a wide range and so causes the power factor also to vary accordingly.f. When overexcited. EEE . The variation of I with excitation are known as ‘V’ curves because of their shape. that I may be in phase with V i.f.

Note down the nameplate details of motor. The motor starts as an induction motor. Lab In Charge HOD. the armature current is noted and the corresponding power factor is calculated. 7. 5. Connections are made as per the circuit diagram. Give the excitation to the field for making it to run as the synchronous motor. 2. 4.SREEKAVITHAENGINEERIG COLLEGE EEE Department – EM-II LAB Experiment No: 6 4 of 6 V A ER I Φ O Eb B Eb = V B Eb < V ER θ Φ V A I III/IV EEE (I Semester) Page V I A Φ θ O Eb B Eb > V B Eb > V ER θ V A Φ= 0 O Eb θ O Eb ER Procedure: 1. Switch on the supply by closing the TPST Switch. 3. By adjusting the Autotransformer from minimum position to maximum position. EEE . 6. The same process has to be repeated for loaded condition. For various values of the excitation current. the rated supply is given to the motor.

No If . Later the motor is switched off and graph is drawn. (Amp) W1 (watts ) W2 V1 I1 (watts (volts (Amp) ) )  W − W2  φ = tan −1 3  1   W1 + W2  Cos Φ Calculations:  W − W2  φ = tan −1 3  1 = W + W  1 2  Cos Φ = Graph: - Lab In Charge HOD. EEE . (Amp) W1 (watts ) W2 V1 I1 (watts (volts (Amp) ) )  W − W2  φ = tan −1 3  1   W1 + W2  Cos Φ With Load:S.No If . Observations: Without Load:S.SREEKAVITHAENGINEERIG COLLEGE EEE Department – EM-II LAB Experiment No: 6 5 of 6 III/IV EEE (I Semester) Page 8.

Note down the readings without parallax errors. Lab In Charge HOD. EEE .SREEKAVITHAENGINEERIG COLLEGE EEE Department – EM-II LAB Experiment No: 6 6 of 6 III/IV EEE (I Semester) Page Precautions: 1. Connections should not be loose. 3.V curve & inverted V curve for synchronous motor is obtained. The motor should be started without any load. Result: . 2.