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practice problems on Ohm's laws, equivalent resistance,

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CHENNAI CENTRE

Subject: NAME: Physics ELECTRICITY

FIITJEE

1. In a Bohrs model of hydrogen atom, the electron is pictured to rotate in a circular orbit of radius 5 1011 m, at a speed of 2.2 106 m/s. What is the associated with electron motion? 2. How many electrons flow per sec through the filament of a 220 V and 110 W bulb? 3. A wire has a resistance R. What will be its resistance if (a) it is doubled on itself (b) it is stretched so that (i) its length is doubled (ii) its radius is halved? 4. 1 m long metallic wire is broken into two unequal parts P and Q. Part P of the wire is uniformly extended into another wire R. Length of R is twice the length of P and the resistance of R is equal to that of Q. Find the ratio of the resistances of P and R and also the ratio of lengths of P and Q. 5. A uniform copper wire of mass 2.23 103 kg carries a current of 1A when 1.7 V is applied across it . Calculate the length and area of cross section. If the wire is uniformly stretched to double the its length; calculate the new resistance. Density of copper is 8.92 103 kg/ m3 and resistivity is 1.7 108 m . 6. (a) At what temperature would the resistance of a copper conductor be double of its value at 0o C ? (b) Does this same temperature hold for all copper conductors, regardless of shape and size? ( cu = 4 103 / 0 C ) 7. A carbon and an Aluminium wire are connected in series. If the combination has resistance of 30 at 0 0 C, what is the resistance of each wire at 0 0C so that the resistance of the combination does not 3 0 3 0 change with temperature? ( c = 0.5 10 / C And A = 4 10 / C ) 8. A potential difference is applied across the filament of a bulb at t=0 and it is maintained at a constant value while the filament gets heated to its equilibrium temperature. We find that final current in the filament is one sixth of the current drawn at t=0. If the temperature of the filament at t=0 is 20 0C and the temperature coefficient of resistivity at 20 0C is 0.0043 / 0C , find the final temperature of the filament. 9. If two bulbs of 25W and 100W rated at 220V are connected in series across a 440V supply, will both the bulb fuse? If not, which one? 10. Two tungsten lamps with resistances R1 and R2 respectively are connected in first in parallel and then in series in a lighting circuit of negligible internal resistance if R1 > R2 : (a) Which lamp will glow brightly when they are connected in parallel? (b) If the lamp of resistance R1 now burns out, how will the net illumination produced change? (c) Which lamp will glow brightly when they are connected in series? (d) If the lamp of resistance R2 now burns out and the lamp R1 alone is plugged in, will the net illumination produced change? 11. Two heater coils made of the same material are connected in parallel across the mains, the length and the diameter of one coil is double of the other. Which of them will produce more heat? FIITJEE

Chennai Centre. New No: 11, 29th Cross Street, Indira Nagar, Adyar, Chennai-20. Ph.64609556.E-mail:adyar@fiitjee.com.

CHENNAI CENTRE

Subject: Physics NAME: Electricity

FIITJEE

12. 30 C charges are flowing through a cross section of a conductor in 2 minutes. What is the current flowing through the conductor? 13. What is the current in the conductor when 5106 electrons flow in every 4 seconds? 14. A current of 0.4 A is established in a conductor. Find the number of electrons flowing in 1 minute in the conductor. 15. What is the potential difference between two points if 100 J of work is done to move 5C of charges between those two points? 16. What amount of work must be done to drive a charge of 20 C if the potential difference between two points if the potential difference between the points is 40 V?

17. The potential difference (V) - current (I) graphs for two different conductors are given as shown in the figure. Which of the two has a greater resistance than the other?

18.A current of 0.4 A flows through a 40 resistor. What is the potential difference across its ends?

19.What is the current drawn by 1000 resistor when connected to a cell, which sets up a potential difference of 2 V across the resistor?

20 The length of a copper wire is stretched in such a way that its area of cross section becomes half of its initial value. How does the resistivity of the change?

21 The resistance of a wire of certain material is 20. Find its new resistance if it is stretched to twice its length.

22 The resistance of a wire made of copper is 20. What is the resistance of another copper wire whose length is three times the length of the first wire, having the same area of cross section?

23 What is the amount of heat produced in a 10 resistor when a current of 2A flows for 5 minutes?

FIITJEE

Chennai Centre. New No: 11, 29th Cross Street, Indira Nagar, Adyar, Chennai-20. Ph.64609556.E-mail:adyar@fiitjee.com.

CHENNAI CENTRE

Subject: Physics NAME: Electricity

FIITJEE

24 What value of current flowing in 1000 resistor for 100 s will produce 40 J of heat?

25 It is marked 60W, 220V in an electric bulb. What does it mean? What is the resistance of the (filament) bulb?

26 What is power consumed by the bulb in the previous question if the potential difference of 110V is applied across it?

27 A 60W, 220V bulb and a 40W, 220V are connected in series and connected to 220V source. Which bulb glows brighter than the other? What is actual power consumed by each source?

28 Three bulbs of rating 40W, 60W and 100W are designed to work on 220V main. Which bulb glows brightly if they are connected in series across 220V power supply?

29 Ten identical bulbs, each rated 220V, 40W are used in parallel on 220V lines for 10hrs per day in the month of 30 days. How much will be power bill, if each unit costs Rs 5?

30. An electron revolves in a circle at a rate of 10 16 revolutions per second. Calculate the

equivalent current.

31. Find the Equivalent resistance across A and B in each of the following circuits.

FIITJEE

Chennai Centre. New No: 11, 29th Cross Street, Indira Nagar, Adyar, Chennai-20. Ph.64609556.E-mail:adyar@fiitjee.com.

CHENNAI CENTRE

Subject: Physics NAME: Electricity

FIITJEE

FIITJEE

Chennai Centre. New No: 11, 29th Cross Street, Indira Nagar, Adyar, Chennai-20. Ph.64609556.E-mail:adyar@fiitjee.com.

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