MATHEMATICS

568-536




Summative Exam







Guide









Secondary 5






Mathematics 568-536 Guide Page 4


1
2
3
4
5
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7
8
9
10
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12
13
14
/4
15
/4
4. CORRECTION KEY


Section A

Questions 1 to 13 4 marks or 0 marks

C

A

D

D

A

C

B
D

B

C

D

A

C




Section B


Rounded to the nearest tenth v u + is 16.6.



4 marks or 0 marks

Rounded to the nearest hundredth, the Z-score is -0.74.

4 marks or 0 marks
Mathematics 568-536 Guide Page 5


INSTRUCTIONS FOR SCORING THE ANSWERS
TO DEVELOPED-RESPONSE QUESTIONS

1. Unless otherwise indicated,* the marking scale on the following page will be used to grade the developed-
response questions in the examination. Adherence to the scale will help ensure equity for all students who
write the examination.

2. Analyze each student's work carefully and then evaluate it according to the criteria defined below.

3. Students who do not show their work will be given no marks for a correct final answer.


Definition of the Terms Found in the Marking Scale

Appropriate method
A logical procedure that makes it possible to solve the problem.

Partially appropriate method
A procedure that will not solve the problem, but which shows that the student understands some aspect of the
problem.

Inappropriate method
A procedure that will not solve the problem and which shows that the student has absolutely no understanding of the
problem. Students who do not show their work are deemed to have used an inappropriate method.

Correct application of operations and relations
The student made no mistakes in applying the chosen operations and relations.

Clear written information
The information must be:
• presented using correct language,
• complete,
• legible.

When the written information is clear, the scorer understands exactly what the student has done.

*Note: For question 16, use the specific marking scale provided in the correction key.

MARKING SCALE
Partially appropriate
no
no
no
no
yes
yes
yes
yes
Inappropriate
Appropriate
Is the method
• appropriate
• partially appropriate or
• inappropriate?
Did the student apply the
operations and relations correctly?
Is the written
information clear?
Is the written
information clear?
Did the student apply the operations
and relations correctly
and
is the written information clear?
Mark(s)
4
3
3
2
2
1
0

Mathematics 568-536 Guide Page 7


16
/4

Section C

Example of an appropriate solution


cot P + tan P

= cosec P sec P

P sin
P cos
+
P cos
P sin





P cos P sin
P
sin
+ P
cos
2 2





P cos P sin
P
sin
+ P
cos
2 2





cosec P sec P



Marking scale


Appropriate method

2 marks



Inappropriate method

0 marks



Correct use of operations and relations
1 mark

Clear communication
1 mark






4 marks, 3 marks or 2 marks




0 marks
Mathematics 568-536 Guide Page 8


17
/4 Example of an appropriate solution

2cos
2
x − 3sin x − 3 = 0
2(1 − sin
2
x) − 3sin x − 3 = 0
2 − 2sin
2
x − 3sin x − 3 = 0
-2sin
2
x − 3sin x − 1 = 0
2sin
2
x + 3sin x + 1 = 0
(2sin x + 1)(sin x + 1) = 0
2sin x + 1 = 0 sin x + 1 = 0
2sin x = -1 sin x = -1
sin x =
2
1 -


x =
6

,
6
11π
x =
2




Answer The values of x in the domain are
6
11π
and
2

.
Mathematics 568-536 Guide Page 9


18
/4
Example of an appropriate solution

x: number of supervisors
y: number of staff workers











Constraints : x ≥ 0, y ≥ 0
x + y ≤ 30
x + y ≥ 18
x ≥ 6
x ≤ 14
y ≥ 8
y ≤ 2x

2
2
x
y
(10, 20)
(14, 16)
(14, 8) (10, 8)
(6, 12)


Vertices of polygon of constraints: (10, 8) ⇒ 10(3500) + 8(1500) = $47 000
(6, 12) ⇒ 6(3500) + 12(1500) = $39 000
(10, 20) ⇒ 10(3500) + 20(1500) = $65 000
(14, 16) ⇒ 14(3500) + 16(1500) = $73 000
(14, 8) ⇒ 14(3500) + 8(1500) = $61 000

The minimum cost is $39 000.


Answer The town should hire 6 supervisors and 12 staff workers in order to minimize its costs.
Mathematics 568-536 Guide Page 10


19
/4 Example of an appropriate solution

Let t: time after 1995 (years)
V(t): value of the car ($)

V(t) = 17 500(r)
t
where r is the rate at which the value declines and
10 000 = 17 500(r)
3

0.5714285 = (r)
3

r ≈
3
428 0.571
r ≈ 0.83

When V(t) = 5000

5000 ≈ 17 500(0.83)
t


500 17
5000
≈ (0.83)
t


( ) 0.83 ln
500 17
5000
ln J
J
`
'
(
|
≈ t
t ≈ 6.72


Answer The value of the car falls below $5000 when it is 6.72 years ≈ 6 years 9 months.

Note 3 marks for an answer of 6 years 7 months.
Mathematics 568-536 Guide Page 11


20
/4
21
/4
Example of an appropriate solution


Since width of rectangle is 60 cm,
minor axis measures 60 cm. So b = 30 cm.


If c represents distance between centre and focal
point, then c + 20 equals the length of the semi-
major axis, a.



. .
20 cm 20 cm
60 cm
F
1 F
2

Solving for c: a
2
= b
2
+ c
2

(c + 20)
2
= 30
2
+ c
2

c
2
+ 40c + 400 = 900 + c
2

40c = 500
c = 12.5

Therefore length of plywood is 2(c + 20) = 2(12.5 + 20) = 65

Area of plywood: 65 × 60 = 3900


Answer Rounded to the nearest cm
2
, the area of the plywood is 3900 cm
2
.


Example of an appropriate solution


x
2
= 4py, sub in (4, -3)

p = m AD =
3
4 -


x
2
=
3
16 -
y, let x = 0.6

y = -0.0675

Therefore, m ED = (-0.0675)
3
4 -
− = 3 1.2658
D
C(4, -3)
E
B(0.6, y)
A(0, 0)
Cable

Triangle DEB is right angled. Therefore, m DB =
2 2
) 3 2658 . 1 ( 6 . 0 + = 1.4 m


Answer Each cable is 1.4 m in length.
Mathematics 568-536 Guide Page 12


22
/4 Example of an appropriate solution

(4, 13)
(x, 11)
(0, 5)
x-axis
y-axis



The square root function must be in the form: y = a x + k

Substituting (0, 5) we get: 5 = a 0 + k So k = 5

Substituting (4, 13) we get: 13 = a 4 + 5 So a = 4

So the function is: y = 4 x + 4

At the ring, y = 11 11 = 4 x + 5 So x = 2.25


But 2.25 represents the radius of the gold ring in centimetres.

So the circumference is: C = 2π (2.25) ≈ 14.13 cm

Therefore the gold ring will cost: 14.13 × 2 = 28.26 cents.

Answer Rounded to the nearest cent, the cost of the gold ring is 28 cents.

Note Do not deduct any marks if the student wrote 29 cents.
Mathematics 568-536 Guide Page 13


23
/4
Example of an appropriate solution


Triangle ABD is a right triangle.

) AD (m
2
= 17
2
− 15
2
= 64 (Pythagorean Theorem)

therefore AD m = 8 cm


A
B C
D
O


Triangle ABC is a right triangle.

) AD (m
2
= BD m × DC m
8
2
= 15 × DC m
6 4.2 = DC m

(Inscribed in a semi-circle with diameter as base)

(Height of a right triangle is mean proportional to
segments of base)

Therefore diameter of circle is 15 + 6 4.2 ≈ 19.267cm.

Radius is 19.267 2 ≈ 9.633 cm


Area of triangle ABC ≈ (19.267)(8) 2 = 77.068 cm
2



Area of semi circle ≈
2
) (9.633
2
π
≈ 145.762

Area of shaded region ≈ 145.762 − 77.068 cm
2
= 68.694...


Answer Rounded to the nearest cm
2
, the area of the shaded region is 69 cm
2
.
Mathematics 568-536 Guide Page 14


24
/4
25
/4
Example of an appropriate solution

Circumference = 2 × (4 + 7) = 22 cm

Diameter BD =
π
22
≈ 7.0028 cm

Measure of angle D
22
4
360
ACB m

°


2
ACB m
D m


m ∠D ≈ 32.73°

Note m ∠A = 90° (angle in a semi-circle)

So sin D =
BD m
AB m
and cos D =
BD m
AD m


Hence cm 3.786 D sin BD m = AB m ≈ ×

and cm 5.891 D cos BD m = AD m ≈ ×

A
C
D
4 cm
B
7 cm

Area of triangle ABD = 0.5 ×
2
cm 11.169 AD m AB m ≈ × .

Answer The area of triangle ABD is about 11.2 cm
2
.

Note Measure of angles may also be calculated in Radian Measure.


Example of an appropriate solution

From the calculator, or otherwise:

Western High School:
Mean ≈ 76%. Standard deviation = 6.615…
Andy's mark: 0.62 × 6.62 = 4.104
76 + 4 = 80%

Eastern High School:
Mean ≈ 70%. Standard deviation ≈ 7.69
Susan's Z-score: 1.30
7.69
70 80




Answer Susan's application should be reconsidered because even though she and Andy both scored 80%,
Susan's Z-score is higher.










MATHEMATICS

568-536




Summative Exam







Question Booklet










Secondary 5





Mathematics 568-536 Question Booklet Page 1


INSTRUCTIONS


1. If a completed student identification sticker has been provided, place it in the appropriate space on
the cover of the answer booklet. The sticker may already be in place. If no sticker has been
provided, fill in the information requested.


2. Answer all questions in the answer booklet.


3. Each question is worth four marks.


4. You have 3 hours to complete the exam.


5. Graph paper and the following instruments are allowed: ruler, compass, set square, protractor and a
scientific calculator, with or without a graphic display.


6. You may refer to the list of formulas included in this booklet. The use of any other source of
reference material is strictly forbidden.


7. At the end of the exam, hand in the Question Booklet and the Answer Booklet.



Note The period is used as the decimal marker.
Figures are not necessarily drawn to scale.
Mathematics 568-536 Question Booklet Page 2


List of Formulas




Quadratic Function
General form: f(x) = ax
2
+ bx + c
Standard form: f(x) = a(x − h)
2
+ k
where a ≠ 0

a 2
b -
h and
a 4
b 4ac
k
2


a
k -
h
1
+ x and
a
k -
h
2
− x
f(x) = 0 if
a 2
ac 4 b b -
2
1
− +
x
and
a 2
ac 4 b b -
2
2
− −
x
Mathematics 568-536 Question Booklet Page 3



Trigonometry
θ
θ
cosec
1
sin
1 θ cos θ sin
2 2
+
θ
θ
sec
1
cos
θ sec 1 θ tan
2 2
+
θ
θ
cot
1
tan
θ cosec 1 θ cot
2 2
+
In a triangle,
¾
C B A sin
c
sin
b
sin
a

¾ A cos bc 2 c b a
2 2 2
− +
A
B
c
b
a
C



Statistics
Population Sample
Standard score = Z score =
σ
µ −
i
x
Standard score = Z score =
s
x x
i


Standard Deviation =
( )
n
x
i ∑
µ −
2
Standard Deviation =
( )
1
2



n
x x
i

Mathematics 568-536 Question Booklet Page 4


1
2
SECTION A This part of the exam comprises questions 1 to 13.

In the Answer Booklet, shade the letter which corresponds to your answer.

A customer at a framing shop wanted to buy a rectangular frame for a painting. These were his
requirements:

The length of the frame is at least 3 times the width.
The perimeter of the frame must be less than or equal to 200 cm.
The width of the frame is at most 30 cm.

Which system of constraints represents this situation?

Let: x: width y: length

A)

x ≥ 0
y ≥ 0
x + y ≥ 200
y ≤ 3x
x ≤ 30

C)

x ≥ 0
y ≥ 0
2x + 2y ≤ 200
y ≥ 3x
x ≤ 30

B)

x ≥ 0
y ≥ 0
x + y ≤ 200
y ≥ 3x
x ≥ 30

D)

x ≥ 0
y ≥ 0
2x + 2y ≥ 200
y ≥ 3x
x ≥ 30



Which of the following is the inverse of: f(x) = 3 x + 8, x ≥ ≥≥ ≥ 0?

A)
f
-1
(x) =
J
J
`
'
(
| −
3
8
2
x
, x ≥ 8

C)
f
-1
(x) =
3
2
x
− 8, x ≥ 8

B)

f
-1
(x) =
3
) 8 (
2
− x
, x ≥ 8

D)

f
-1
(x) =
9
2
x
− 8, x ≥ 8
Mathematics 568-536 Question Booklet Page 5


3
The graph of a function is shown below.

1 2 3 4 6 8 -1 -2 -3 -4 -5 -6 -7 -8
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
7 5
-1
-2
-3
-4
-5
-6
-7
-8
0
x
f(x)

Which of the following equations describes the function shown in the graph?

A)

f(x) = -3[2(x − 1)] − 1

C)

f(x) = - 1 1] [
2
3
− − x

B)

f(x) = -3[-2(x − 1)] − 1

D)

f(x) = - 1 1) (
2
1
- 3 −
]
]
]

− x
Mathematics 568-536 Question Booklet Page 6


4
5
6
Given the function f(x) =
1 2
3 + 4
− x
x
.

What are the coordinates of the point of intersection of its vertical and horizontal asymptotes?


A)

J
J
`
'
(
|

4
3 -
,
2
1


C)

J
J
`
'
(
|

4
3
,
2
1


B)

J
J
`
'
(
|
0 ,
2
1


D)

J
J
`
'
(
|
2 ,
2
1



If f(x) = 3
(x − −− − 9)
and g(x) = log
9
x, what is (g o f)(x)?


A)

(g o f)(x) =
2
1
(x − 9)

C)

(g o f)(x) =
9 log
9 − x


B)

(g o f)(x) =
3
1
(x − 9)

D)

(g o f)(x) =
3
9) ( log
9
− x



Given log
2

J JJ J
J JJ J
J JJ J
` `` `
' '' '
' '' '
( (( (
| || |

8
2
b
a
, where (log
2
a = x) and (log
2
b = y), which one of the

following expressions is equivalent?

A)

3x
2
− y2
1


C)

2x
2
y
− + 3

B)

3x
2
y2
1


D)

x
2
y − + 3
Mathematics 568-536 Question Booklet Page 7


7
Which of the following is true for 1
3
cos 2 ) ( − J
J
`
'
(
| π
+ x x f ?


A)
It increases on
]
]
]

π π
3
2
,
6
and decreases on
]
]
]

π π
6
7
,
3
2



B)
It decreases on
]
]
]

π π
3
2
,
6
and increases on
]
]
]

π π
6
7
,
3
2



C)
It increases on
]
]
]

π π
6
,
3
-
and decreases on
]
]
]

π
π
2 ,
3
5



D)
It decreases on
]
]
]

π π
6
,
3
-
and increases on
]
]
]

π
π
2 ,
3
5


Mathematics 568-536 Question Booklet Page 8


8
A graphic artist is using a computer to create a cartoon figure. The figure is shown in the Cartesian plane
below.

P
1 P
2
y
x



The two eyes of the figure are circles and the equation of the circle with diameter
2 1
P P is
0 = 320 + + 36 +
2
2
y x
x


The face of the figure is an ellipse. The point P
1
corresponds to a vertex of the ellipse and the point P
2

corresponds to a focus.

Which of the following is the equation of the ellipse?


A)

1
772 576
2
2
=
y
+
x


C)

1
656 400
2
2
=
y
+
x


B)

1
380 576
2
2
=
y
+
x


D)

1
144 400
2
2
=
y
+
x

Mathematics 568-536 Question Booklet Page 9


9
10
The logo of a graphics company is shown in the
diagram on the right. The logo is a rectangle
divided by a parabola.
In designing the logo, the company used the
equation

y
2
= 50x

to draw the parabola.

The rectangle is labeled ABCD. Side AD is on
the directrix of the parabola and its focus is on
side BC.
Focus
A
B
C D

To the nearest unit, what is the length of side BC of the rectangle?


A)

25 units

C)

71 units

B)

50 units

D)

100 units




Given that u and v are vectors, which of the following is NOT a vector?


A)

v + u

C)

v u •

B)

v u −

D)

) + 2( v u
D
i
r
e
c
t
r
i
x

Mathematics 568-536 Question Booklet Page 10


11
12
In the scalene triangle XYZ on the right, segment YW
bisects angle XYZ.


Which of the following statements is TRUE?
X
Y
Z
W



A)

1
1
=
WZ m
XW m


C)

XZ m
XY m
=
XY m
XW m


B)

WZ m
YW m
=
YW m
XW m


D)

YZ m
XY m
=
WZ m
XW m



In the figure below, the central angle BOD measures 10° and angle OBE measures 30°.
0 A B C
D
E
10° 30°


What is the measure of angle ACE?


A)

25°

C)

40°

B)

35°

D)

70°
Mathematics 568-536 Question Booklet Page 11


13
The correlation coefficient of the distributions represented by the following scatter plots are
approximately -0.81, -0.50, 0.53 and 0.93, but not in that order.

Which scatter plot represents a distribution whose correlation coefficient is about 0.53?


A)



C)



B)



D)


Mathematics 568-536 Question Booklet Page 12


14
15
SECTION B This section of the exam comprises questions 14 and 15.

Write the answers in the appropriate space in the Answer Booklet.


Given vectors u and v where:

AB = u with A(-5, 7) and B(3, -5)
3) (6, = v

Find + v u . Round your answer to the nearest tenth.




A biologist collected 20 samples of a variety of fly and recorded the wing span of the flies in
centimetres. The wing spans are recorded in the list below.


1.60

1.65

1.71

1.80

1.82

1.85

1.92

1.97

2.13

2.15

2.29

2.42

2.47

2.47

2.55

2.61

2.68

2.76

2.89

2.91


The approximate mean of the lengths is 2.23 cm and the standard deviation is 0.42.

Rounded to the nearest hundredth, what is the Z-score of a fly with wing span 1.92 cm?
Mathematics 568-536 Question Booklet Page 13


16
17
SECTION C This section of the exam comprises questions 16 to 25.

Each question is worth 4 marks which will be allotted on the basis of the following
criteria:
• the appropriateness of the method you used to solve the problem,
• the accuracy of your calculations,
• the clarity of the written information.

You will be given no marks for a correct final answer if you have not shown your
work.

Graphs or tables produced using a graphing calculator must be presented in the
Answer Booklet so that the scorer clearly understands exactly what you have done.



Prove that the following expression is an identity:

cot P + tan P = cosec P sec P




Find all the solutions of the equation 2cos
2
x − 3sin x − 3 = 0 such that

x
] ]] ]
] ]] ]
] ]] ]



π ππ π
π ππ π
∈ ∈∈ ∈ 2 ,
2
3
. Give your solution in radian measure.
Mathematics 568-536 Question Booklet Page 14


18
19
The city council of a town wants to minimize the cost of staffing its recreation centres in the summer
months. The council has determined that supervisors will be paid $3500 for the summer and staff
workers will be paid $1500 for the summer.

The council wants to hire its employees using the following constraints:
• The maximum number of employees for its centres is 30 and the minimum is 18.
• The council also wants to hire at least 6 supervisors but no more than 14 supervisors.
• It wants to hire at least 8 staff workers.
• The number of staff workers must be at most twice the number of supervisors.

How many staff workers and how many supervisors can the town council hire and minimize its
costs?




When Jennifer bought a new car in 1995, she paid $17 500. In 1998 the value of her car had fallen to
$10 000. She decided that she would sell her car when the value fell below $5000.

Assuming the decline in the price of a car is modelled by an exponential function, how old will
Jennifer's car be when its value falls below $5000? Round your answer to the nearest month.
Mathematics 568-536 Question Booklet Page 15


20
21
A carpenter places two nails on a rectangular piece of plywood as illustrated in the diagram below.
Each nail is placed 20 cm from each of the smaller edges. The smaller edges are 60 cm in length.

The carpenter uses these two nails as focal points to draw the largest ellipse possible on the rectangular
plane.
.
20 cm
20 cm
60 cm
F
1
.
F
2


Find the area of the rectangular piece of plywood.

Round your answer to the nearest cm
2
.



As shown in the diagram below, a light is suspended at the focus of a parabolic arch by two cables of
equal length. The arch is 8 m across at its base and 3 m high. The cables are attached 1.2 m apart.

8 m
3 m
1.2 m
Cable Cable


Find the length of each cable to the nearest tenth of a metre.
Mathematics 568-536 Question Booklet Page 16


22
A new glass has been designed by rotating part of a graph of a square root function about the axis
containing the stem of the glass. (Assume the width of the stem to be zero.)

As illustrated in the diagram, the diameter of the lip of the bowl is 8 centimetres. The glass stands
13 centimetres in height and the top of the stem of the glass is 5 centimetres high.

A decorative gold ring is to be painted around the bowl 11 centimetres from the bottom of the glass, at a
cost of 2 cents per centimetre.


Gold Ring
Stem
13 cm
11 cm
5 cm
8 cm
Base
Bowl
Lip



How much will it cost to paint the gold ring around the bowl?

Round your answer to the nearest cent.
Mathematics 568-536 Question Booklet Page 17


24
23
Triangle ABC is inscribed in semicircle with centre O.

BC is a diameter and BC AD ⊥ .
BA m = 17 cm
BD m = 15 cm
A
B
C
D
O

Rounded to the nearest cm
2
, what is the area of the shaded region?


Triangle ABD is inscribed in the circle with centre C which is located on segment BD. The arcs AB
and AD measure 4 cm and 7 cm respectively.

A
C
D
4 cm
B
7 cm


Find the area of triangle ABD.

Answer to the nearest tenth of a centimetre.
Mathematics 568-536 Question Booklet Page 18


25
Susan is a student at Eastern High School. Although she felt her mark in Math 536 was excellent, she
was not accepted into the CEGEP course of her choice.

Susan's friend Andy is a student at Western High School and obtained the same mark as Susan. Andy
informed her that his Z-score at Western High School was 0.62.

The Math 536 end-of-year results for their respective schools are shown in the charts below.


Results in Math 536 at Eastern High
School



Results in Math 536 at Western High
School

56, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 65, 65, 66, 67, 68,
70, 70, 71, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 79, 80,
81, 83, 85



63, 65, 67, 69, 71, 71, 72, 74, 75, 75, 77, 77,
79, 79, 80, 81, 82, 84, 84, 85, 87


Believing that the tests and marking in Eastern High School had been more difficult than in Western
High School, Susan requested that the CEGEP reconsider her application.

Explain how Susan could justify her request to the CEGEP.

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