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HEBREW CHRISTIANS FIGHT BEGININGS FOR THE GOSPEL OF JESUS
-Documentary Essay… to my mother,
Thaci Raisa Gherschovici
AMV Dessign / May 2010
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HEBREW CHRISTIANS FIGHT BEGININGS FOR THE GOSPEL OF JESUS...............................4 CHRISTIAN AND HEBREW (I)..........................................................................................................4 INTRODUCTION - HISTORY AND LEGEND..................................................................................4 CHAPTER I – PENTATHEUT.............................................................................................................6 C.I.1 THE BEGINNING....................................................................................................................7 C.I.2. SAINT STEPHEN DEACON................................................................................................13 CHAPTER II PERSECUTION BETWEEN BROTHERS..................................................................16 C.II.1. THROUGH HEBREW EVANGELISM..............................................................................16 C.II.2. WHO IS 'GOD'S PEOPLE'...................................................................................................18 C.II.3. THE HEBREW CHRISTIANS COUNCIL OF JERUSALEM...........................................20 CHAPTER III CONVERTING 'PAGANS' BY HEBREW CHRISTIANS.......................................22 C.III.1. RABBI SAUL CONVERTING..........................................................................................22 C.III.2. CHRISTIAN EVANGHELISM IN ROME........................................................................24 C.III.3. THE FIRST EVANGHELISATION OF PAUL APOSTLE IN CYPRUS.........................25 C.III.4. APOSTOLIC MISSIONS IN MACEDONIA AND GREECE...........................................27 C.III.5. CHRISTIAN INITIATION IN EFES SCHOOL.................................................................32 CHAPTER IV THE BREAK INNER THE HEBREW CHRISTIANS COMMUNITY IN JERUSALEM.......................................................................................................................................34 C.IV.1. ROAD TO JERUSALEM...................................................................................................34 C.IV.2. THE SAINT PAUL TRIALS.............................................................................................37 C.IV.3. ROAD TO ROME...............................................................................................................40 C.IV.4. THE ASH OF PHOENIX BIRD.........................................................................................42 C.V. COMPENDIUM OF HISTORICAL FACTS - HEBREW AND CHRISTIAN IN JERUSALEM.......................................................................................................................................44 CHRISTIAN AND HEBREW (II).......................................................................................................44 C.V.1 YEARS OF ROMANS OCCUPATION...............................................................................44 C.V.2. YEARS IN BYZANTINE OCCUPATION.........................................................................55 C.V.3. YEARS IN ARAB CALIPHATE OCCUPATION..............................................................56 C.V.4. YEARS IN CRUSADERS OCCUPATION........................................................................57 C.V.5. YEARS OF MAMELUKE OCCUPATION........................................................................58 C.V.6. YEAR OF OTTOMAN OCCUPATION – ZIONISM - COMING BACK GENESIS OF JEWS TO ERETZ ISRAEL.............................................................................................................59 C.V.7. YEARS IN BRITISH OCCUPATION.................................................................................61 ..........................................................................................................................................................64 C.V.8. YEARS IN ERETZ ISRAEL STATE..................................................................................64 AFTERWORDS: AUTHOR’S OPINION...........................................................................................67 VIDEO BIBLIOGRAPHY:..................................................................................................................70 BIBLIOGRAPHY:...............................................................................................................................71 2 / 73
VIDEO REFERENCES :.....................................................................................................................71 ABOUT AUTHOR...............................................................................................................................73
MOTTO: ‘GOD IS ONE; MANKIND MADE HIM MANY: ONE MOSAIC, ONE CHRISTIAN, ONE MUSLIM’ About... It is a text that presents facts happened two thousand years ago. In year 5, boiling between Judea revolt against Roman occupant, split between recipients and outcasts of fortune, the moral degradation and mesianism. Among insiders raises a Hebrew prophet: Jesus of Nazareth. He teach, by curing, miracles of God's love for all people, in the spirit of Essenes communities: work, life and faith together. Things practiced by the ancient Hebrew people, but unknown to other nations. It was the Hebrew apostles to lead our evangelism among Jews, to transgression The Ten Commandments, Torah and the Laws of Moses in adapted forms, accessible cultural level of the new non Jews followers. In a hundred years, the Hebrew Christians Communities came as messianic role, the stage of history, but the mission fulfilled. When Moses built A PEOPLE FOR A FAITH, Apostless has generated A FAITH FOR ALL THE PEOPLES.
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HEBREW CHRISTIANS FIGHT BEGININGS FOR THE GOSPEL OF JESUS
CHRISTIAN AND HEBREW (I) INTRODUCTION - HISTORY AND LEGEND
A three - the Gospel, called 'Luke’ with 'Acts of the Apostles', were originally one book, reference document on the origins of Christianity. In the years around 1150, the two parties were separated. The first part was included in the organic of the ‘New Testament’. It can be assumed that the reason that do not introduce the text 'Acts of the Apostles' in the ‘New Testament’ of the eleventh century that a theological motivation of the Crusades that were to be held was that Hebrew people are Crucified Jesus. Or that text describes the Hebrew Christian struggle for The Gospel of Jesus ... therefore was not included! This text will be integrated into the 'New Testament' in the eighteenth century. Title: 'Acts of the Apostles' is given after the Greek fashion, which give reports about ancient heroes: ' Acts of ... '(such as the campaigns of Alexander of Macedonia or Hanibal). The fact that the two works have the same author suggested the style and language used. Luke, belongingn to Hebrew Christian apostolic generation, has a realistic vision the religious conflict between Mosaic Jews and Hebrew Christians, generated by social and religious movement whose leader was Jesus of Nazareth. Originated from a family of Hebrew richest of Antioch (in Syria today). It was initiated in sacred medicine. Converted to Christianism under conduct of Apostle Paul (Rabbi Saul, himself to Yeschiva Rabbi1 Gamaliel the Elder, initiated in Mosaic Law). He will follow the missionary Paul route to Greece and Rome.
'Rabbi' was initiated in the mysteries of Mosaic Law, able to train others ‘to observe’ Mosaic Law (Law text interpretation).
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Amount key Lucanian text consists of the author's immediate participation in the latter part of the Missionary apostolic Hebrew-Christians. The apostle Luke isa fine analyst, able to identify the significance of key moments of the primary expansion of Christianity. In the 'Acts of Apotres' there is a rich cargo information showing the daily life and problems of large communities of Hebrew Christians in the Middle East and in the Mediterranean region. About Hebrew Christians from Jerusalem, are indirect reports on the activities Apostle Peter (p.9.32. - 11.18.) And Filip (p.8.4-40). Another segment of the history of Hebrew Christians movement is about Hellenistic Jews1. Override in Jerusalem after lapidary deacon Saint Stephen, they will be put to the Greek colonies in the continent and the Islands, the territory of Palestine and Syria. Become missionaries of the Gospel of Jesus and initiate the first expansion of the Christian Church. Thus, compact deacon Saint Stephen by fanatics of Sanhedrin2. The establishment of the Christian Church of Antioch (Syria) (p.6.1.-8.; 11.19.-30, 13.1.-3 ) opens the way to the Hebrew Christians Apostles to build communities outside Jewish Communities of Iudeea. In this first period of twenty-five years are receiving among the Hebrew Christians Communities members of other nations: A SIGN OF EXPANSION OF MORAL CONCEPTS MOSAIC BY RELIGIOUS EVANGELISM ACTION OF HEBREW CHRISTIANS. Center of gravity of the story text is about Paulian Missionary. Overall the work is a fresco of themes and arguments of first Christian approach. It also address: to Jews by mosaic comments of sacred texts, to Greeks by philosophical reflections of Hellenistic nature. For all, apostolic approach evokes the essence of the Christian mystery: a crucified Messiah, witness his resurrection and the call to conversion by Christian Baptism and the Eucharist mystery. The text was attacked that an apology of the Paulian Missionary. The fact is that Luke plays direct testimony about religious conflict between Mosaic Jews and the Hebrew Christian rites; branches of the same monotheist religions. The author relates the apostle Paul militancy, messages addressed to its mosaic co-religionists and to 'pagans', Roman knights, Roman justice and to the Roman Emperor (Cezar). Luke made a testimony, as a witness and participant in to setup them. Key ideas in the Lucanian text could be:
The Hellenistic Jews (from strong Jewish community in Greek cities and colonies, some of them, such as Rabbi Saul having Roman citizenship), that he lay deacons (diakonein -Acts 6.1., 6.3., 6.6.). 2 : the rabbi leadership collective of the Great Temple in Jerusalem. Superior court decision in Mosaic Temple of Jerusalem in what was regulations and court of civil and religious life of the Jewish Communities in Jerusalem and indirectly more or less of most communities of Palestinian territories and Small Asia; activity tolerated by the Roman occupants.
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The Faith in Revival of Jesus and his quality of 'Son of God'. The main arguments of the apostles against mosaic Rabbi, that denied
Jesus as Messiah, the harbinger of the prophets. The Missionary Acts of Apostles by facts, sermons and personal example, in the conversions to Christianity. Primary forms of Christian ritual practices. Issue of access to divine forgiveness; essentially common problem in all dogmatical of esoteric religion. Luke made a testimony, writing some facts from the beginning of Christianity, as a witness and participant in to setup them. In place of conclusion to this introduction, can give the example of Rabbi Saul conversion to the Gospel of Jesus, became Apostle Paul. In this single decision of a human drama we find the Jews convert to other religions, lasting two thousand years. The apostle James the young will continue to respect the Mosaic Law, but they point to Council of Jerusalem that ‘pagans’ will support the final request of a minimum of restrictions on converts to Christianism. Martyrdom of Saint Stephen deacon will break 'umbilical cord' that is tied to the Hebrew Christian its Mosaic Jews fellows. The Council of Jerusalem (48 year, from other sources 50 CE) will enshrine the principles of 'Divine Forgiveness' gospel through faith in Jesus. Will break the hold converted to Christianity by 'cut around' ritual and respect 'ad in' a severe Mosaic Law. But this was not true for devotees Hebrew Christians (they fully respect the old Mosaic laws). The to be underlined fact is the moment of rip between the two twigs of Hebrew Monotheism: the Mosaic and Christian. As a drive away 'brothers to brothers'. The Christian Hebrew Apostles will convert Christians among 'peoples idolatry', a phenomenon which will be continued after first century from non Hebrew Christians along 2,000 years: in the Euro-Asian borders, then the whole world. Initial divergence of theory and social in nature, between Hebrew, crhristians and mosaic, will lead to rupture of the Hebrew Christians and the Mosaic Community in reducing the share of Hebrew Christians. In approximately seven hundred years will appear Islamic monotheism. Although Jesus, the prophet Muhammad did regarded Moses as a predecessor. The ‘thrue followers’ have built HATE to prevent LOVE. Why ... in truth only God knows! Maybe religious Ecumenism unity under the sign of a moral belief in the existence of 'UNIQUE DIVINE' will give grace in the soul of those who are our shepherds, to overcome the mirage that deliver at a time in seclusion TO HOLD THE SECULAR POWER.
CHAPTER I – PENTATHEUT
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C.I.1 THE BEGINNING
In the Prologue of 'Acts of the Apostles' Apostle Luke is addressed to a comrade, Teofil (Jew in the Attic, switched to Christianity under Paul's conduct) summarizing in a few paragraphs (Acts p.1.1-2.6) one of the essential prophecy of Jesus Christ, after resurrection, and announcing the coming of the Holy Spirit Baptism. In simple words we communicate the essence of the Gospel message of Jesus. In the forty days that after Jesus resurrection. He communicate with the apostles on the Mount Olive trees (which guards the old city of Jerusalem), with the prophecies of what would happen, he asked his comrades to leave the city, to receive over few days 'Baptism by Holy Spirit': 'John the Baptist baptism given water, but you will be baptized in the Holy Spirit light over a few days' (Acts p.1.5.). Apostles still did not think to rupture between faith following people whose children were. They asked: 'The time has come to restore the Kingdom of Israel?’ The answer was: ' We can not to know when and when. But you will receive a Force: that the Holy Spirit, which will down on your beings. Then you'll be my witness, in Jerusalem, in all Judea and Samaria, just in all the world' (Acts p.1.7.). There are many previous viewing state, envisaged by the prophets and magus, every part of the earth. Viewing condition, known as 'the clear vision' is relative in India vedas books, find text entered in stone or papyrus by insiders from Memphis (Egypt), in his reports on Herodot predict polytheist cult and priests Eleusian from Delphi. To mention and those of the first biblical text ('Old Testament'). The explanation for the occurrence of clear-state vision is to briefly in the intensive use of brain resources through training and a great way of life, which take between four and fourteen years (depending on the stage reached by the start). He was, keeping the proportions, somewhat like a gymnast training for performance ... bewilderment that year watching Romanian Nadia Comaneci in parallel or beam is also the outcome and equipping native and a large number of hours of training done on devices. Years of deprivation compared to the life and joys of children her age. Result are similar: the maximum possible individual performance. I invite those willing to consult among each other and bibliography of this text. Jesus, like Moses, Pythagoras and Mohammed, are the Prophets. They have reached the ultimate maximum degree, by grace and training, and were meant to use this power, genetic and acquired, in moral and religious revival of the era in which they lived temporal destiny with a vision that will result and foreboding. So Jesus explained in a few words that Jerusalem as the place of departure and arrival, a mutation that will trigger a 'Gospel of Jesus'; major stages of history and the Christian apostles. But equally true is that without faith and
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tenacity of early Hebrew Christians missionaries, those who have followed the dedication, the prophets would have remained in the wilderness .... After fifty days crucifixion of Jesus, followers gathered in the precincts where there has been 'The last Supper’. They were Peter, John, Jacob, Andrew, Philip, Thomas, Bartomlomeu (Natanael), Matthew, Jacob (son of Alfei), The Zealot Simon, Judas (other than Iscariot Judas, who handed Jesus to the Roman troops, together with servants coming to Temple it captures). Together with them was Mary, Jesus mother and a group of followers. Followed Resurrection facts, well known, came news of Judas's suicide and replacement with Matthew. Barnabe, although it was not elected, will continue to tenaciously disciple of Jesus. Typical Hebrew Christians of the time was the absence of envy and pride. None of the twelve are not considered at best only among the twelve TO BE. At fifty days after Easter and Passion of Jesus Resurrection, a storm of noise that surrounded the building where they were. Strange phenomena took place: 'streams of fire' which is down from top of each apostle. Divine grace (in fact the Saint Spirit Baptism) come. The effect was observed on days that followed by city inhabitants. Not small it was surprising when each of them heard the words of the apostles: 'Resurrection news of Jesus' on his tongue. It is known as the apostles were simple people, not trained at schools near the synagogue. More: they talked about Jesus in Elamite, Arabic, Part. Preached the coming of Mesopotamia, Judea, Capadochia, Ponte Euxin, Libya, Rome. Temple higher response is that Peter and eleven other apostles, was the result of ... drink. In the crowd gathered in the courtyard of the Temple, recalls that nine coming to preach morning. Either Jews practicing Mosaic Law, are prohibited before a pray this morning beverages of any kind. Comment: What has been sent to Christians in the sacrament ritual. They explain the strange phenomenon with the message transmitted by Jesus on the Mount Olive trees: 'I will do that Meisanics times, My spirit to descend on the bodies. Be will prophesy, young people will have visions, old men will have thoughts. I will down on the Holy Spirit committed. I conjure mysterious signs on the sky and down to Earth. The sun will change the shadow and the Moon in the blood to come before the day of God - the Great Day. And everyone will invoke God's name will be saved'. (Acts 2.17.-21.) Apostle Peter say: ‘Then you remember how those present that the Sent of God, with grace of recover and true Mosaic faith was crucified by those same ethnic group, children of Israel's. But Yehoshua (Jesus) of Nazareth Resurrection is similarly as King David had his own vision of resurrection. In this approach was presented with a revelation: RESURRECTION.’ The first steps of Christianity, the apostles were referred to an ancient esoteric concept: RESURRECTION SOUL as a result of its passage through a long line of temporal existence, until one of the two possibilities: destruction in Hades – (Hell) or passage in a higher plan (called the Kingdom of God,
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Olympus, Heaven, Nirvana, etc.). A contemporary has a vague perception of the existence of this ancient myth. Prophts Hebrew people, among them Moses, David and Isaiah, I knew. History and presence of this myth in the esoteric texts now nine thousand years: the vision of Hermes Trismegistus (about whose existence we talk Shourée). His followers, priests of temples of Memphis (Egypt), and later Indian Rama Krishna, shared the inside on the last steps of initiation, mystery resurrection spirit into another biological body, throughout the existence of a number of which degrade HIGH or towards life without death. Pythagora you disclose eleuisan myth about goddess Psyhe. His disciples, took him in Greek colonies. One of the disciples, Zamolxe (the ancient Lord of Dac People, in the VII century before e.c.) has grown with death smile on the lips of those killed on the battlefield, confident in the next life will be rewarded for the courage and dignity. Moses, who was the first ‘Submitted’ (Mesaiah) of the ‘people of God’ was a Jew initiated in Teban temples (XIII century before the Christian era). Moses reveal Resurrection Mystery to the Jewish people on the way from Egypt to the banks of Jordan. The reason was to create a people for a religion. For Jewish tribes that have been conducted in the wastes of Sinai forty years between Nil Delta and Erihon (distance that would be gone in a few months). The aim being that the new born on this road to be educated and trained monotheist religion – to trust in ONE GOD - and the new spirit of moral and social laws of Moses, which in turn underlie the organization of human civilization for nearly three thousand years. If thirsty and hungry Jews had certainly a life ahead would be specifically waived in place at the present ... After Moses no Ahaaron (Aaron) or Iehoshua (Joshua) have not revealed the esoteric resurrection mystery. But he was perceived by some of the rabbi (Pharisee and Essenes) during the existence of Jesus. Gospel of Jesus will be the first to disclose the mystery of the occult as Resurrection mosaic pillar of faith. The prophet was crucified because that means final death of soul for insiders mosaic. Reappearance before his disciples was an acknowledgment of the mystery: 'The death of death to step on'. And explains such tenacity and virtue with which the first Hebrew Christians Resurrection filed testimony of Jesus, most often at the cost of life. Apostle Peter in his first lectures (and later Paul kept preaching in synagogues and in his letters) claimed between the unity and the Gospel of Jesus and the Old Testament. It was an attempt to persuade priests to accept testimony resurrection as proof of quality for Jesus to be Messiah. This was greeted with intolerance disguised to us today. But 'Love Divine' and hope in 'Life After' will force them to expand by followers of 'pagan world' throughout the hole mankind. In those difficult moments and that was not to be a possible consensus. Judean Kingdom, occupied by the Romans, divided his inside, was not an environment for theological 'cold' debate, with the objective of finding lines
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emerging between Hebrew: Mosaic insiders and Christians, because of three major conflicts: NATIONAL CONFLICT - Jew people opposed to a 'suicidal tenacity' (Emperor Adrian statement) Roman domination by frequent riots led by zealots. Another part of the Hebrew society, the richest, find a modus vivendi with the Roman occupation force. That create an internal split between followers of the two pathways. An example is the head of hostile, Jew Joseph Ben Matitahu, who taught the Romans the name being removed from people's history (the irony is that it becomes one of the historians cited for the Jewish life and Roman – Jew wars of that age, then under Roman Jhosefus Flavius). The 135 year bring to him the occupation of Jerusalem, Jews driving away from the city; Romans destroying buildings, rarely land with oxen and build a Roman city called Aelia Capitolina (century II c.e.). INTERNAL CONFLICT - It consists in the degradation of civil society and atomisation Hebrew civil solidarity based on wealth. The result was a series of riots against submitting an administrative nature that overlap tribute the Roman authority. For simple man coming of the Messiah, the incarnate Jesus, was not only echo the prophets Moses, David, or Isaiah, but a means to express rebellion of the people against castes and tribal administrative Judea and Roman authorities and bear money. It is almost superfluous to mention that then, as now, these conflicts have led to internal failures and a lack of unity, can be used by the Romans to maintain possession and finally destroy Judean state. RELIGIOUS CONFLICT opinionated at that time were three groups with different interpretations of the theological and practical aspects of the doctrine of religious mosaic. Saducees (Tzadokim) - surviving conservative branch of Leviticus, Tore requiring compliance with the letter, without any deviation. They claimed Dogma existence of a single (single life). Life Jew was driven by fear of breaking your mitzvot (commandments sacred), the punishment of God. They had at that time control Sanhedrin (religious decision-making forum of the Great Temple). Among them are the Caiphas High Priest in the time of Saint John the baptiser and then Jesus. Pharisees (Peruschim) were those who, in approaching the problems of 'Jew in the street', Tore practice teaching in a spirit of flexibility and adapt them to practical reality ( 'Oral use Torah'). They do not deny the Resurrection. Some of them such as Rabbi Nicodemus, Gamaliel the Young, have expressed in Sanhedrin to find a compromise with the Christian sect of Jews, both before and immediately after the killing of Jesus. Essenes (Hasidim) were the core of the esoteric body of Rabbinate Corpus. Their centers were open in Ein Gheddi (Ein Gedi) and Qumram near Death Sea and Nil Delta. Their egalitarian organization (life and property in common,
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mutual brothers of faith wherever they are, banning the practice of speculative activities, trade, military) will be taken over by the first Christian communities and Christian later monastic orders, regardless of rite. Among them would be those who have supported the material and logistic support missions preached of Jesus (the assumption is based on the observation that the Gospels are not mentioned many of those who have been hosts of the Apostles, which fits with the tradition of protecting links between members of the Essenes congregation). Claimed that their doctrine Resurrection myth and existence in time of several sent (Messiah). They, in various moments of the 'War on the children of light sons of darkness' come to the ' divine will '. Essenes, Saducees, Pharisees is constituted in the past councilor of Judeea Kings. Internal conflicts were not wiped out by now ... Internal fighting superpose to the final Israel State disintegration of the year 135. Making 'Spiritual State of Israel', by structuring its doctrinal and pragmatic, is initiated by Iohanan Rabbi Ben Zakai, to IASMINA (70). This organizational structure has enabled the survival of Spiritual disparate communities abroad Eretz Israel (Galut). Congress in Basel in 1897 was the beginning of Coming Back. Ended in 1948 with the founding of Eretz Israel State. In none of these moments has not been accepted as a Jew to the Hebrew adherent of Christianity. And to be fair ... for any other religion than Mosaic. After the first lecture of Peter begins to convert the Jews by Christian 'baptism with water' and Eucharist1. They did it almost ' three thousand souls’. The first Christian community in Jerusalem arises. Followers to respect the ritual Eucharistic; goods were made in common, mass and prayers were shared, and training to Apostolic School. They observe the tradition of organizing a type of Hebrew Essenes community. Love God and fear not, good neighbor and made no mercy, joy to learn alongside others in faith and not revel the 'elected' and made the first Christians to sell their assets, bringing in new material goods by the Hebrew Christians community. They continued to observe traditions, holidays and ritual commemorating Mosaic (of they not feeling apart) and to go to the Great Temple. The miraculous healing, realized by the Apostles, they reinforced the confidence in the way chosen. For example he recovery in a lame way to morning prayers in the Temple. In one day, when Peter and John go to the Temple morning prayer, a cripple from birth they stretched hand to receive the dole. Peter and the fixed intensity of his eyes while he told John: 'Look It's US!. Being unhappy and he raises his head on, always hand stretched. Peter continues to view with intensity when he says:
About CHRISTENING OR ADULT BAPTISM - 'Repent, and each of you will be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of sins' (Acts 2.38.). EUCHARIST - Hebrew, the first Christians 'home break bread '(Acts 2.46).
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'Silver and Gold I have not, BUT WHAT AM I give you: In the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth GET UP AND GO! "(Acts p.3.6.) Peter helped cripple stand up and feel that they are vigorous. Go through the Temple courtyard thank God. I see the faithful present crippled begging going on. That caused bewilderment among they are there. Peter and John going to the front gate Esplanada Solomon and addresses crowd there. The recent recalls how many of those close to death they asked Jesus. His Resurrection testimony is that lame that recovery through faith in Jesus and the Apostles invoking his name The words of Peter and John: 'People of Israel, why are amazed. Why we look like we have committed this miracle with our own forces or by the power of our prayer. God of Abraham, of Isaac and Jacob, the God of our fathers and the holy grace descended, glorifying him his servant, Jesus Christ, which linked you and renegade before Pilate; him when he wanted to liberate him. And you have accused the holy servant of God asking for life in exchange for an assassin [Barabas]. While to kill the Prince of Life. God resurrected from the dead. And through faith in His name, this man who you know, the invocation of the name only has played one you see on full health. ‘ (Acts p.3.12.-16.). He urges conversion among 'the People of God' quoting from Moses and Abrahaam. Encouraging to convert was accompanied by apostle with a quotation from Moses: 'God will send among you a prophet like me. Those he will not listen to this prophet will be excluded from among the people of God '. (Acts p.3.22.). He recalls Abraham prophets of globalization on people's faith in Hebrew Gospel of Jesus: 'In the name of this prophet, Son of God will be blessed all the families of the Earth'. (Acts p.3.25.). Meanwhile the crowd closely approaching Rabbi and the Temple guard. Apostles are arrested and brought before the Meeting Sanhedrin. They were asked which try mock their faith. Peter's response was, in addition to the arguments presented crowd, the motivation of faith in Jesus as the cornerstone of human salvation of the Jew people. Also there was the lame healed, vivid testimony to the words of Peter. Outside the world demanded their release. Apostles are released ... Measures inconsistent due on one hand by fear of riots, on the other speakers endorsed the Sanhedrin where Rabbi Gamaliel to urge caution. In the next period increase massively the number of entering the Hebrew Christians community. Increase its welfare. People brought the sick on the way apostles to heal. Convinced of the reality of healing, with Hebrew as Barnaba fortune selling their property, providing the money along with their reconversion. For the daily distribution of goods within the community the twelve apostles appointed seven deacons of the Jews from the Hellenistic space (diakonein - Acts 6.1., 6.3., 6.6.). Organizational success
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made rabbis or potentate, to panic. Grand Rabbi Caiphas asks to Apostles not to preach saying: 'Blood of Jesus will avenge all Israel'. The apostle Paul replies: 'Who must obey, God or people? " Rabbi response was: 'On God' Then apostle answered: 'God of our fathers raised Jesus in order to give the people of Israel the forgiveness of sins. We are witnesses' (Acts p.5.28. - 32.). Before a meeting in which the roar and threaten in a confused state, Rabbi Gamaliel requires that the prisoners be removed from the courtroom saying: 'WHEN THE FACTS COME FROM POWER OF PEOPLE, SHALL DESTRUCTION ITSELF; IF INDEED INSPIRED BY GOD IS NOT WILL YOU DESTRUCTION. ARE UNLIKELY TO BE IN CONFLICT WITH GOD '. (Acts p.5.34.). Apostles were beaten and were forbidden to preach in the name of Jesus.
C.I.2. SAINT STEPHEN DEACON
The Jews from the Hellenistic space were Hebrew from Jewish strong communities in Greek cities. Some of them, such as Rabbi Saul had Roman citizenship. In their synagogues we read and observe Torah Commandaments in Greek. They demanded that the Christian Gospel to be preached in Greek. When the apostles chose seven deacons for the practice of ritual in the Hebrew language similar to other territories. Not only in aramaic as practice in the synagogues. Were: Stephen, Philip, Prohor, Nicanor, Timon, Parmenas and Nicholas of Antioch. Saint Stephen the deacon prove the most inspired people and spread recovering deeds. Therefore extreme persecution mosaic focused on him. First they tried to to combat him at meetings and theological debates that took place in the Temple, the Sabbath 1. The most aggressive were the so called 'release' : the surviving Jews from Cirene, Alexandria, Cilicia, and made slaves of Pompei after occupation of Palestine (60 bce) and subsequently released by Caesar. In one of the debates began by commenting the Torah text, which appeared to be contrary teachings of Jesus. Unable to prove the theological plane, they incite the people of the meeting stone at it, because Stephen claimed prophets Temple destruction and disappearance Judean state, thus a big injury to Moses and God. Is brought before Sanhedrin. Rabbi Caiphas demand it to be justified. Before meeting Rabbi Stephen pronounce an indictment of bigotry and hypocritical faith in those (and any) time:
Day of rest and glorified God, which begins Friday at sunset and ends Saturday at sunset.
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'Brothers and parents, listen up: glory of God our father appeared Abraham from Mesopotamia, before being set in Canaan, and said: leave your country and go back to the country that you will show. Then he left Caldeea to Haran; there after the death of his father1. God called to the country you live now. Not given any property on this place, even so far as to put your foot. But promised to take him endow after death, even if it does not have children. God told his people that will live in slavery on earth and will be oppressed for four hundred years. Iisac transmitted the Convenant and ‘cut around’2 his son Jacob, and that on the twelve Patriarchs, his sons. The twelve Patriarchs they have sold their brother Joseph in Egypt, jealous on his grace. But God was with him, gave reprieve and wisdom with which Pharaoh made it up to the rank of governor of Egypt. Hunger included Hebrew home. Joseph had sent aid and recognized its origin before the pharaoh, brought his father Jacob and his family made up of seventy-five persons. After death the body was brought to Sihem plot. People has multiplied in Egypt. The Pharaons taken it in captivity. When he was born Moses, the beloved of God. He was trained in all of Egypt wisdom3. It was powerful in words and deeds. When he reached the age of forty years, he went where the people was his slave in Nil Delta. Here, seeing how one is mistreated4. Moses was a refugee from Madian5. Here's how they apostate Moses, who will save by using the Force and the mysteries of God, the country of Egypt, on the Dead Sea and the desert for forty years. WHO
Terah: Abraham father, in the city of Ur support their family making idol worship of Baal.
The Convenant by which God asked Abraham as a sign of the first Family of God, all men, including family slaves to 'cut around' (ritual practiced in both Hebrew and other Semitic peoples such as Arabs 3 As written by Schourée, Moses, as the adopted son of the sister of Ramses II, was sent to the initiation of fourteen years to Theban initiation School. It proved the best. Fear of not being chosen by the Great theban priests as heir to the throne of the pharaoh (Egyptian theocracy Pharaoh allowed the choice of another family, if so decided priests) he was appointed Grand Scribe and sent to inspect the territory of the Kingdom. 4 Schourée reported that it was about killing a Jew by a satrap (Egyptian officer). Moses took satrapy sword and killed him. From that moment he was liable to the death penalty, insiders as having one of the sacred commandments - not kill !, killing the Egyptian satrap. He was sent by God, BUT ITS BROTERS do not understood. Stop a two-day a quarrel between two of our, these said: 'Who made you judge? You want to kill me, as you killed yesterday the Egyptian?. (...) 5 Concordant the Schourée written Moses (named Horsasip yet), killing the Egyptian satrap had to undergo trial for murder divine. He is heading for a temple of Osiris, at the foot of the mountain Sinai: Madian, led by a high priest of Ethiopian origin: Jetro (to whose daughter would later marry). This will to accomplish the ritual of penitence. Then, back to life, will change its name to Moses = Rescue. There, on Mount Sinai God will reveal that it will lead to to come back in Egypt to free his people. God was revealed: 'I saw Suffering the slavery of MY PEOPLE THAT IS IN EGYPT. I heard his crays AND I AM TO descend for his Redemption. Now go, I SEND YOU IN EGYPT.
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WAS AT THAT PARENTS refused our Home Let's listen. Moreover, were the heart of slavery in Egypt when they celebrated the cult idols, dissatisfied with the prophet of God gave his people. He had told Aaron, his brother, the one who appointed Moses to lead the camp while he was on Mount Sinai to receive 'Tables of Law' (Ten Commandments) from divinity. 'Make us some goods to lead us: for that Moses, who was removed from the country of Egypt do not know what to do'. They made a golden calf and have offered sacrifices of animals.(...) David asked for divine pardon to build a residence for the God of Jacob. Solomon built it, but God lives in a housing made man as the prophet says: 'Heaven is my body and the earth is at my feet, what house you build, which will be the place of my rest? Is not my hand I did all this? Souls, hearts ‘not cut around’ ears, yet you are contrary to the Holy Spirit. So were the your parents, and so are you. What's your prophet was not persecuted by your parents? They killed those who predict the coming of the law, that you have betrayed and murdered. YOU, THE PEOPLE THAT RECEIVED THE LAW, BY MISTERY OF ANGELS, AND YOU NOT UNDERSTOOD IT. (...) Here I see the heavens opened and the Son of Man standing at God's right '. (Acts p.7.01. - 7.56.) Assembly of the temple, angry, led him out of the temple and kill him with stones. Rabbi Saul (the future apostle Paul) guarding killers clothes... It's hard to play other than Luke does, the atmosphere in those days that starts persecution by brothers to brothers. Recourse to the understanding of morality and Divine approach is replicated by intolerance and hatred of those moments: speech deacon Saint Stephen seem to a normal Jew today, coherent, even if no one agrees christianism with its mosaic fiber education. Any bona fide thinker will appreciate Dialectics form specific art in speculative discourse rabbi in general. Deacon St. Stephen in the depth of the dispute around the prophecies of Jesus concerning the disappearance of the Great Mosaic Temple and Judean state. It could be said some of the messages: St. Stephen finds past genesis and future Avatars of the people in Hebrew itself. The internal divisions and disobedience of their own prophets. Ritual acts are worthless as long as the believer is not the true faith. Whether you are Christian or Mosaic, or fear of Divine punishment, either in the belief that God loves coming back to Him through love of others and contrition. True devotee is pervaded by a spirit of faith. Otherwise, in vain you pray, observe the ritual, charity acts doing, how you hook your faithful, heart and soul remain in unbelief. Rabbi Saul was the one who led the persecution against Christians followers. It will convert to the Gospel of Jesus became the one who will teach and train new followers faith in the Middle East and Mediterranean coast.
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The fact that the crucifixion of Jesus and compact deacon Saint Stephen
were two horrible crime came to Rome. Tiberius Emperor (14 - 37) ordered him to Vitellius, of Syria, to remove the representative of Roman Jerusalem (Pilate) and the High Priest Caiphas. Tiberius not see any attempt to state security in the movement generated by 'a Jew prophet Christus', which could not be more than a specific product environment Judaic and tolerated as such. At 35 he even proposes a Senate bill that Christian worship should be declared 'legal' (allowed), wishing to prevent ambiguity that allowed the Jews as revenge against the Christians mosaic to be put under the protection of Roman Law. But Senate gives verdict: 'non legal esse Christianos' ...
CHAPTER II PERSECUTION BETWEEN BROTHERS
C.II.1. THROUGH HEBREW EVANGELISM
Christian community attract the attention and of insiders. Simon The Magician offers a large sum of money for the apostles Peter and John to reveal the secrets of apostle recovering acts. Peter anathema to threaten him because he wants to buy what can be achieved only through faith. Simon is not blameful (and he has asked forgiveness for this offer). As then and now life, trained or not, is oriented towards tangible things; easier or more difficult to obtain. Common sense, that of Simon is that anything can be achieved with money. Second sense, that of Peter and John, is that Divine Grace is obtained by Faith. The three-century sense, the concept is that God does not require the offering materials but compliance Divine Spirit, the Ten Commandments, through faith and repentance. Sacrifice in the Christian vision is to remove evil from the soul of every believer. Jesus (followed by seven hundred years after Muhammad), ask God near by, and THE SOUL. Simon The Magician shows that, being initiated in various Mystery spirit, with its own powers, training and intelligence are not yet discerning enough to understand the Christian esoterya, that to be assimilated by him own soul. Override in Jerusalem, Helenist Christian Jews, way to the Greek colonies on the continent and the Islands, the territory of Palestine and Syria. Become missionaries of the Gospel of Jesus and initiate the first expansion of Christian Church. Where is the apostle Philip baptise a high official of Queen Candace: Ethiopian eunuch. St. Philip went in one morning on the road that connect
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Gaza to Jerusalem. At noon, he came alongside a caravan glittering. It was led by the great keeper of the Ethiopian Queen Candace. Moving towards Jerusalem. Divine impulse leads him to ask officials to take with him. On the way, he says that Ethiopian read prophecies of Isaiah and he asks them to explain something about the Gospel of Jesus, who heard that it would be a 'sent', announced by the prophet Isaiah. Philip it relates to the Miracles of Jesus curing made about it Resurrection after being crucified and forces with which he and eleven other apostles were giving after the Holy Spirit to descend on their during fifty days after Resurrection, of Pentecost. Impressed Egyptian dignitary wants to become a devotee of Jesus. Philip he realizes that the meeting is not held up. On crossing the Jordan, he baptise with water, although he knew that the new emule belonged to a people 'to idol worshiper’. Immediately after the ceremony, Ethiopian finds that mysterious passenger was no longer beside him. In what concerns Philip, seen it on the road leading to Azot. Philip will continue his Missionary work in Samaria. It is followed by Peter and John, who will lay on us Jews baptized by Philip. Missionary develops Cesareea, Lidda, Giaffa, Antioch. Caiphas send most harsh Rabbis physically destroy these prolific Christian communities. Among its Rabbi Saul, who converted to Christianity, and after a dozen years after the episode on the Damascus road, Barnaba with, take the road of converting Greeks of the cosmopolitan metropolis of Antioch. Here is the first mention of name 'Christianus' (χρίστίαηοί)1. They opened numerous decisive conversions for the ‘no cut around’ baptism. The 'visibility' of the contract between Abraham family and God, in which the male part is 'cut around'. Considered a mitzvot (basic commandment), they constituted an infringement for many of the apostles new Christian Churche of Jerusalem. Apostle Peter calls the message - faith in the Gospel of Jesus is addressed to all nations (Acts 1.7. 1.14.). Hebrew Christians community in Jerusalem is going through a quiet period. Miraculous recovery made by Peter at Lida (a paralytic recover) and Iope (Bringing life to a moribund) reinforced faith followers. Start converting among Roman army, once the transition to Christianity Roman centurion Cornelius Family, Legion of 'Italy', in Cesareea. Centurion Cornelius was with his family a fervent proponent of the Gospel of Jesus. But it was not baptized in mosaic rit (cut around). So how to be baptized as Christian?!. In one morning, while he was praying an inner voice tells him: 'Send some trust men now to the Iope, and calls Simon, said Peter.' (Acts 10.15). Peter in turn two-day at noon is prayer for the vision: 'a large cloth, attached to the four corners, and descend
Cristianoi - Greek term appears in the' Acts' 11.26. , 11.28. Cristianus - Roman period, appears in Acts 11.26. αγίοί = agioi (Saints) - a period that defined Christians, appears in Acts 9.32. Kratistos: appellative given Teofil Luke's, which was part of the Roman knight class (in Latin egregius). In the early years along the Roman knight class adopted Christianity in good part.
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the vent is down to earth. In it were all kinds of animals and four-footed reptile on earth and birds of heaven. Take a voice said to Peter get up and eat ... Not God, replied Peter. Any time we ate something dirty or unclean. Voice has said: What God has purged not call foul. This was repeated three times. '(Acts 10.15,16). Peter meditate on the message of the Supreme Force, when the gate house some Roman soldiers asked him. They say that centurion Cornelius invited to his home with his attendants. A new opportunity for meditation and prayer to lighting what was done: a Jew was not allowed to step threshold to a 'goy' (unbeliever). Him decisions is to go and three-day start to Cesareea. Cornelius expected him with his family, a group of intimate and its slaves. Before entering Peter says: 'You know that it is absolutely forbidden to be a Judean and to form a close friendship with member of another tribe or to go to his house. But God called me to not think about being can be dirty or impure. So I was hard to answer your call. Now tell me why you called? "(Acts 10.28,29). Cornelius tells them about the vision were to call him. Strengthen the related belief that the apostle Peter to be baptized present. Assembly begins prayer along with him. At one point, like the Pentecost in Jerusalem, a veil of light is lower on the whole Assembly. Peter and his attendants, all Hebrew, notes that God, before he baptize them with water, descend baptism by the Holy Spirit (as done by the apostles of Pentecost) ON ALL IN enclosures: masters or slaves; cut around or not. Then say: 'We can refuse baptism by water on those who have received baptism by the Holy Spirit? "(Acts p.10.47.). All those are there, regardless of ethnicity or social status have been baptized with Water by apostle Peter. Coming back to Jerusalem, Peter has faced opposition from Hebrew Christians Apostles, to convert pagan people. They charged that it failed to comply strictly observed the Mosaic Law. The new convert, must be ‘cut around’ in advance. Always repeat the same slogan: 'We need them to be cut around and to impose the law of Moses.' Were joined by Jews and Christians of Antioch who claimed not to recognize the right to forgiveness of sins to those who were not cut around. There Barnabe and Paul converted to Christianity on the pagans who wanted to hug UNIC FAITH in God. It was the first conflict inside the Hebrew Christians Church. Brew time to eliminate this ambiguity and to transfer outside Jews strictly respect of rituals conversion to Christ: The Hebrew Christians Council of Jerusalem (50).
C.II.2. WHO IS 'GOD'S PEOPLE'
Cornelius, Roman centurion, with family, friends and intimate slaves were baptized in the Cesareea by Peter, as I reported above. Baptism in the name
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of God, for some not comply Mosaic rituals, seemed a sign of divine Hebrew, others something scandalous and unthinkable; outside Law. What will happen and: two thousand years the belief that they are. The bid was actually another: Who is God's people?. Tough question, which can not only deliver a working hypothesis, to be taken into account or not. To motivate us back to about 3000 years ago. Moses, the first great prophet of the faith in the spirit of Universal Single play in 'Genesis' ('Sepher Bereshit') the two concepts that define the ‘people chosen’. Who are they? 'God told Abraham: Let my promise keeping you and your seed after you all that is male between part I (...) will be ‘cut around ' BOTH THE SLAVE BORN IN YOUR HOUSE AND THE SLAVE THAT IS PURCHASED '. Where it first formed? 'People your family country give it the river of Egypt to the river Eufrat’. So 'God's People' began with a family through promise concluded Abraham with God. The first family of God DO NOT HAVE A PURE ETHNIC COMPOSITION HEBREW, including the slaves. They were also baptized by circumcision. Moses will bring tables Law (the Ten Commandments). Moses will develop the 'Leviticus' laws of social organization of this people. In 1300 years after Moses, the apostles, will establish a new concept of belonging to 'the People of God', for this to include nations ' to the edge of the earth ', as he asked Jesus into communion on the Mountain of the olive trees in Jerusalem. Paul will develop in the years of his missions, rules and hierarchy of the Christian communities. Over 700 years of, Mohammed will bring faith in God Single for Semite brothers (stepfather) of the Jews: Arabs. Review: 'Sarah, his wife born Abraham not place children (...). Then Sarah, his wife took Abraham a woman slave: Agar.(…) Agar was born Abraham his son, and son Abraham put on the Agar at birth, name Ishmael. (...) Sarah became pregnant in old age (...) and said it drive avay Agar and her son. (...) God told Abraham (...) do everything you ask Sara. (...) But the son Ishmael I will make a People because seed is yours. God was with the child who grew up (...) lived in the Paran and the kid take his mother took a wife from the Egyptians' (Genesis p.16. 1,3,5, p 21. 2,10,12,20,21 ). Sara baby is named Ishruel (Israel). Ishmael will be Patriarch Arab people. Gene is common to both peoples – Semitic gene. Interesting is the fact, reported by the apostle Luke, about stopping Paul's (the night vision) to preach Christianity in Small Asia area (where the Arabs lived), about which we speak in a following chapter. Which confirm the assumption that the people of God becomes universal once with the prophet Mohammed. Abraham, Moses, Jesus are Jews, Timothy is the Greek, Cornelius is the Roman, ... Muhammad is the Arab. Peoples are only THE SOURCE occurring OF 'THE CANDIDATE': from the simple faithful man or woman to the initiate. EVERYONE and their lives put under the sign of faith in God only. Whether his name is spoken: 'Iahve' 'God' or 'Allah'; in fact
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every respect their own promise concluded GOD. Once a year the Grand Rabbi of Jerusalem pronounce this ' IE-HO-VAU-HE '-' I am who I am Single ‘. Who uses this hypothesis? First it shows that people Judean twelve tribes is first formed in the true faith. The Hebrew Christians missionary opens up to other nations monotheist faith. Deep faith and not ethnicity, love of others, not suffering and richness, giving spiritual and not sacrifice the objects, beings and money: They are the sons of the 'people of God'. Baptism of the Apostles invalidated sentence mosaic doctrine as the only owner of the mystery of faith in a single God, but has not ruled it in any way! In a speech to the Apostles, in any text of the Christian Gospel. Neither the 'Koran' Muhammad not blame the Hebrew 'in corpore' but only those which have killed his own prophets ... It is true that, over two thousand years, were servants of the three denominations have urged to intolerance and hatred towards those among them who have deviated inland or to other monotheist faiths. Millions of martyrs of the three religions are testimony. But this is not 'the People of God' butonly… the people. Omar Kayam poet, philosopher and initiated, an Arab, saying : 'God is one, people made several’. Why? Indeed: God only knows ... Maybe the macrocosm of the millions of years, the size of ten thousand years (in which people will drive by themselves in God faith) is a small period.
C.II.3. THE HEBREW CHRISTIANS COUNCIL OF JERUSALEM
Year 50 (from other sources 48) represented a peak moment in which the dispute take place some time in the bosom of the Church of Jerusalem. Some claimed that the new Hebrew followers we must comply strictly with the Mosaic ritual, others choose for a minimum number of restrictions, given that the population of new followers who came had no preparation or training of youth in this respect. Training start any Jew from the age of three years in various forms, depending on the community that belongs to and not least the religious requirements of their families of origin and the possibilities of materials for parents. Participation in various forms of periodic Judaic education includes the study of Torah passages tailored to the age, contests for children with issues related to the assimilation of Jewish tradition. Sabbath meal is accompanied by songs and Bible stories, ancient dances, participation in job Sabbath, holidays and the celebration of the Temple, the choirs of different age, music bands, etc.. Adolescents participating in the job and are nominated alongside the adults, to read and comment text in 'Tora'. At 13 years - Bar Mitzvah the young Jew are confirmed, following an examination of learning in the presence of community members, in the synagogue, in teaching 'Tore' study and compliance behavior of worship in the Mosaic community. All this spiritual and community training create a habit of respect 'for themselves' Mosaic ritual restrictions. For those from other nations,
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obviously that was not on hand to observe strictly the ritual that has not been instructed to participate. The risk is to lose devout followers. They decided to assemble a council to Jerusalem for cutting dispute. Group 'traditional' formed of the rabbi who converted to Christianity, requiring strict compliance to mosaic ritual by neophyte, was headed by James the Young. The other group were part of Peter, John, Barnabe, Paul. Peter argued such a minimum of restrictions: 'Brothers, you know that the days of Lord chose me through you to get to pagans the Word and the Good News (Resurrection of Jesus.) So that they hug faith. God, you know deep down, testified in their favor because they have heart purified by faith. Why try to put against God, requiring disciples a yoke that our parents and we do not I could go? In fact the pardon of our Lord Jesus, we believe EXACTLY AS SAVE HER. (Acts p.15.10.) They continued to advocate and Paul, Barnabe. Narrating convert people of different nations and social conditions, of the true faith for which they gave evidence, regardless of rank or religion considered old. Finally got the word at Jacob the Young, as the leader of the Hebrew Christians Church in Jerusalem: 'Brothers, listen to me. Simon (the case of Simon Peter, apostle) speaks as of the beginning God has making people GAVE US HIS NAME. The prophets said: 'When will they return, I will rebuild David's work will be destroyed, I will rebuild the ruins and build, in order that all mankind to seek God, so that all nations should be enshrined My Name is why I that should not be required of those who converted pagans. Be required only to refrain from meat for sacrifices idol links illegitimate, not to consume meat from animals and suppress the blood. For in ancient times Moses has had in each town preacher they read in Synagogues Sabbath '(Acts p.15.10.). Was prepared ‘Epístle of Hebrew Christians Church from Jerusalem’ and were delegates who were to bring the knowledge established Christian Churches. Because this document is crucial to further development of Christians on the one hand and the relationship between Hebrew Christians and mosaic Jews, on the other hand, we give it full: 'Apostles, presbyter and brothers to brothers of people who are in Antioch, Syria and Cilicia, say Hi! Because I heard that some of us go without a commission from us, you have troubled souls through their speech, and you have shaken souls saying to cut around and kept the Law, us, after we have gathered all together with a plan, We found the way to choose some people and send them to you too with our sweethearts and Paul Barnabe, these people who put lives at stake, for our Lord Jesus Christ . For it seemed to him the Holy Spirit and to us, not to put you over any other weight than to be, ie: that you spared immolation idol things, blood, animal suppress, adultery, things that if you will your guard will be good to you. Be healthy! ‘ (Acts p.15.23.-29.).
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Are appointed to lead and explain Epístle: Silas, Barsabas, Barnabe, Paul. In the above I would add that Epístle marked the beginning of the end of Jewish-Christian Church of Jerusalem. Already tetrarch Herod Agripa I1 decapitated heads of Hebraic Christian church of Jerusalem moving through the arrest of Jacob the Great and Peter in the year 42. Peter miraculously escaped and fled to Jerusalem (Acts 12.17.). James the Great was beheaded. James the Young took over as the community. Isolated and marginalized by mosaic Rabbi Hebrew Christians are spread in the Jewish communities throughout the Roman empire in the next hundred years. They will then bear mistrust and intolerance of Christians, as the Hebrew, being of the people who killed Jesus. Hebrew Christians, and their communities will disappear of the Messianic Christian way. Dialectics of God we did not once acknowledge that any distance in the egg contains a revival. HOW? IN WHAT CONTEXT? WHO? – I DON’T KNOW.
CHAPTER III CONVERTING 'PAGANS' BY HEBREW CHRISTIANS
C.III.1. RABBI SAUL CONVERTING
Rabbi Saul was born in Tarsus. Date of birth is located, after different sources, between 5-10. The family was of noble rank, the tribe of Saul. His father was the merchant who had received Roman citizenship as a sign of cooperation with the imperial administration. Young Saul followed initiation school scholarship under the guidance of Rabbi Gamaliel. Become a member of the first rank of the Grand Temple Mosaic Sanhedrin. Take part aside from the reported persecution of 'sect Gospel of Jesus'. After his testimony, when he held compact deacon Saint Stephen, who was guarding the clothes of the killer. Request and receive approval of the Grand Rabbi Caiphas to persecute the Christian community of Damascus, where the leaves with a group of young rabbis: disciples and friends. On the way to Damascus comprises a bright light group, focus on Rabbi Saul. He falls face down in the road dust. A voice, that only he hears say: 'Saul, Saul ... Why persecute me? Who are you Lord? Ask the young rabbi terrified. I am Jesus the of Nazareth, whom you persecute him. Get up, come into town and tell you what to do '. (Acts p.9.6.). Saul go look skyward, but do not see anything. His fellows its related to the fear that their mentor is like a
Agripa I becomes King Philipia tetrarch of the region and Lisania in 37, 39 of the Galilee and Pereea, in 41 of Iudeea and Samaria. At his death (44) the territory will pass (in addition to a small territory around Cesareea attributed to Agripa II ) under the administration of a Roman procurator. After the defeat of the Jews by the Roman legions in the Roman- Iudaic war since 71, Palestine became Roman province.
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blind. They raised him from dust from the road and took him by the arms to Damascus. Rabbi stayed three days in fast black and prayer. He was initiated into the secrets that Law knew of vision loss is a sign of the Supreme Force. He knew that he must pray, to rue, to find out why and what the punishment would be. In the fourth day in, a Jew he is respected in the community of Damascus and fervent proponent of Christian sects in the city: Ananias. Get penitent shoulders and wondering if this man deserves punishment saved. 'God, I heard many people talking about the evil done by this man, your saints in Jerusalem. And now he came here, invested with all powers to the faithful on your chain '(Acts p.9.10.). Vision has a voice inside that says: 'Do it! For through it you spread the faith among pagan peoples, will convert the kings and the children of Israel. I myself will tell him that his suffering is the way in my name '. (Acts p.9.11.). Ananias received the grace to give the eyesight to Saul. After receiving its baptism with water. He stayed with him until he recover. It is assumed that in those days there were between two long dialogues learn Hebrew Gospel of Jesus. After he was able to walk, the first Sabbath, Saul enters in the Mosaic Temple of Damascus. Before the assistance begin by preaching the Gospel of Jesus and to submit testimony to the quality of the Messiah and crucified the prophet resurrection it. People ask: how? it is the persecutor of followers of Jesus! Everyone knew that the rabbi was talking to them now was the high priest sent to Jerusalem to kill the followers of Jesus in Damascus. Soon ... the mosaic bigots1 plan to killing him. Saul is saved by the disciples, remaining faithful. They pass over the middle of the night in the fortress wall of Damascus. After the return in Jerusalem Saul trying to get in touch with mentors Christian Community. But everywhere is greeted with suspicion and hatred, having normal reactions to his role with not much time before. It was his Barnabe to make bail for Saul, saying to Christians what happened in Damascus. However, the override, especially 'Christian hellenists' planned to kill him. The presbyters of Jerusalem Christian Community decide to send for a time in your hometown - Tars. Apostolic role of the person will change once the orientation and the name of Christianity (Rabbi Saul becoming the Apostle Paul), will be reported in what follows. His missionary journey takes place in Jerusalem, Antioch, Greece, to Rome and unverified on certain data in Spain. What happened in Damascus and have another meaning. Whatever the nature or explainable spent the non explainable Damascus moment of Paul life, we can not ignore that there has been a deep change in personality of a rabbi, long trained in the secrets of Mosaic Scriptures, Laws of the Torah. Saul's option to become a missionary of the Gospel of Jesus, will have a crucial role in evanghelisation of
Term designating followers intolerance to various interpretations of doctrine different from theirs, which they believe the only obvious and best. The equivalent term is 'fundamentalist'.
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the ‘pagan peoples' of the Mediterranean area in the next thirty years. Strength of character of the human tribe in Saul associated with esoteric energies invested, with the Holy Spirit through Baptism to cure people; grace its speaker and organizer of Christian forms of worship and ritual of the Christian communities to be set up, will all become real weapons. With them will face on the disparagers of its own tribe, the administrators of the Roman Empire, giving HOPE to those seeking a seat in front doubts of their spiritual life. Therefore, the size of its singular destiny, the way in which the 'bare hands' to face the best centers of religious power (in Jerusalem, Atioch, Athens, Rome) and then civil deserve pursued not only in the apostolic, but as a example of forced TO THE GENERATE A HUMAN BEING OFFERING.
C.III.2. CHRISTIAN EVANGHELISM IN ROME
The impact of Christianity in, Rome, is reported by Judean Josefus Flavius (Josefus Flavius in 'Jewish Antiques' - paragraphs 18, 89, 95). Tiberius Imperator (14 - 37) gave the Vitelius linked Syria to remove the Chief Rabbi of Sanhedrin, Caiphas, the murder of Jesus and Stephen, and Pilate's dismissal (as I said). The latter will be replaced by one Senator Marcel1. Perception was the result of what happened in Jerusalem: the lack of legality under Roman law, the process of 'Chrestus' and the actions to persecute the followers, including compact deacon Saint Stephen. Tertulian (Roman philosopher and historian, presents in 'Apologetico' paragraph 5.2.) Reported that Emperor Tiberiu proposed in the Roman Senate, a law which prevent any action against 'Christians'. He attributed this initiative first emperor of the recognition of the Christian cult. Senators were opposed because it is a religious movement 'autonomous' (without having a single ethnic) could lead to conflict and social unrest2. Decree of the Senate (Senate - consult) contains the words 'Non licit esse Christianos’. Emperor Tiberiu neutralize the consequences of the vote in the Senate arguing that it makes no distinction between ethnic 'Jews' and 'Christians', all are Hebrew. Tacit, senator and historian relates that in the year 42, at the beginning of the reign of Claudius (41 - 54) the wife of General Aulo Plauzziu (Leader of the legions who have undergone Brittany) Pomponia Grecina to convert to Christianity (Tacit argues that the under apostle Peter conduct). The result is that the General wants to withdraw from the family of corrupt Imperial Rome3. Clement the Alexandrin argues that many nobles and Romans knights
Senator Marcel is mentioned in a provenance apocryphal Asian document century II: 'The facts of Vericelli' that it would be hosted on the Apostle Peter in Rome. 2 it is clear that the 'deep' formulation can only be the fruit of an editor with an instruction of the Greek sophist or a Talmudic initiated. Incline to the opinion author of a two-variant. 3 A Christian inscription, in the ancient catacombs of St. CALIST name Pomponios Grekeinos; testimony of conversion to Christianity of an illustrious aristocratic families of
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were converted to messianic work of Peter and asked Mark to write his teachings of Apostle predicate. Have not missed the conversion from among the Jews of Rome. This causes irritation of mosaic Jews. They obtained the expulsion of Hebrew converting to Christianity from the Emperor Claudius (41 - 54), around 50. Aquila and Priscila , Hebrew Christians that Luke says they were expelled from Rome (Acts p.18.2.). Will be those who will meet Paul in Corinth in the year 51.
C.III.3. THE FIRST EVANGHELISATION OF PAUL APOSTLE IN CYPRUS
Antioch, capital of the province of Syria, was the largest of the three great Roman city of the empire. An excess of that number of inhabitants, only Rome and Alexandria. Here, the first step of Paul's apostolic mission are to convert and lead new followers. He was sent to twelve years after his conversion, by the Church of the apostles in Jerusalem. Barnabe accompanying him in this difficult mission among Greeks, convinced that the miracle of converting former Rabbi Saul will bear fruit. In Antioch evanghelised were the Jews and the Greeks. Paul and Barnabe switched to our evangelism of non Jews, with all opposition of the Hebrew Christian presbyters who could not reconcile with exemptions from the Law of Moses. Here is for the first time in use the 'Sect of Crestus' as a brand. Here Paul will build a strong community of Christian. Salamina is to start by preaching in the synagogue where the witness to tell the quality of the Messiah and Resurrected Jesus. He used arguments quoting text of Torah. This approach will be used by the apostle, among mosaics until the end of his days. In Paphos a magician Jew (Bar Jesus) trying to discredit the group's Paul before Sergius Paulus proconsul. Blindly to invocation of Paul: 'Man full of all guile and all malice, son of the devil, enemy of righteousness any stainless; not stop you to to defy ways of God?! Now here's the hand that God is against you: you will be blind and not see you until the sun for a while' (Acts p.13.10.). Amazing power of esoteric stream of what apostle of faith, many of the Roman officials entourage asking to be baptized. Paul continues to preach in the towns on Cretan coast. In one morning entered the synagogue of Antioch of Pisida. Was placed alongside the others, participating in prayer. At the end of the divine service, when the rabbi said the phrase 'Brothers, if you have something to say to encourage people, do it!' He stands with fist raised and little finger up1.refers to an important and central prayer in the Jewish prayer service. The central
Rome. The arrival of Peter in Rome is dated to year 42 by the Eusebiu 'Chronicle' : 'At the beginning of The Principality, Providence took the hand led Peter to Rome.' (After the Latin translation of Ieronim 1 Marker of belonging advocates speaking at Mosaic faith. Sign that is done, for example, when prayer said 'Kaddish'25 / 73
theme of the Kaddish is the magnification and sanctification of God's name) speaking: 'People of Israel and of those that you fear God listen! God of this people, the God of Israel chose our fathers and made to grow during his exile in Egypt. Then, using the Force was made to escape from slavery and forty years, he guided through the desert. Then blasting seven nations of Canaan on earth, he put in possession of their country, for four hundred years. After these things he gave to judges Samuel prophet. Then he requested a king. We gave to Saul, the son of Cis, of the Beniamin tribe. After he was removed, God gave David (...). Of the progeny that Jesus was born as the Messiah. John (John the Baptist) was prepared by the coming new administration Baptism. At the end of its mission, he said, WHO THINK I AM, I AM NOT, BUT HERE COMING AFTER MINE ON THE NOT WORTHY TO TOUCH SHOES. Brothers, your children of Abraham race and you the present, is sent to you this message. Moreover, residents of Jerusalem and the heads have reached their mosaic words prophets which were read every Sabbath. No reason to find (...), condemned him (Jesus) and asked him to Pilate to kill him. And everything as written by the prophets, they have descended from the cross and put him into the grave. But God has Resurrected him. Price several days he appeared to those who came with him from Galilee. They are his witnesses before the people. And we know to announce: the promise made to our parents (coming to Messaiah) to support children of God has reached a: the resurrection of Jesus. As is written in Psalms: You are my son, myself today I was born and I will defend. And God gave us through Resurrection and can not be questioned are those words: 'We will give you the holy things of David, those who are trustworthy. So are brothers, that through Him forgiveness of sins is announced. All the forgiveness that you can not get through the Law of Moses, through Him you can have. Please note you do not happen what is written in the prophets: 'Look people full of themselves. Be surprised not understand why and died for since the time that you will do work that you do not believe you any time, whether you would recite a somebody. "(Acts p.13.16.-41.) Impressed by the force of argument and how to support many of the meeting requested to meet again. On the next Sabbath, those who felt violated Mosaic faith, they have threatened and derision when again asked to speak. Paul says: 'I wanted to let you know you first word of God. Because we reject and do not consider worthy of eternal life, we will refer to pagans. For thus God said: 'I have made light of peoples, for you to go off message to the earth'. (Acts p.13.46.-47.) Paul continue evangelism pagan population out of the protests Hebrew 'fundamentalists'. They decide to kill him. Then one day you catch, you go to the edge of town and beat him bloody. Believe him dead they leave the body
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there. The news has spread and his attendants, who not scared went to see the body, but prayed for the dead thought. Divine force he kept alive. Paul recovering and one of its inter return during prayer for his soul. Attendants saw the sign in hand protection of Jesus. Last visited city in the island was Derbe. Here a large number of people, Hebrew or not, were converted to Christianity, forming a new Christian communities. Missionary group returns to Antioch, where Paul and Barnabe will organize and lead Christian Church until his departure for Jerusalem. Conciliation Judeo-Christian Church of Jerusalem took place, as different sources consulted, in 48 or 50. Here the two leaders of Hebrew Christians Evanghelism will establish a series of laws and procedures fundamental for Christianity. The Christians of Antioch: 'On the first day of the week were united to break the bread' (Acts p.20.7.). As you will find Luke to Troas in 57. So Sunday, the day of the Resurrection of Jesus, says that the Christian holiday while at Mosaic Jews feast day is Saturday. It first established ecclesiastical hierarchy. Defined the concept of a Christian prophet in the first rank as an apostle, with the mission to interpret its spirit by lighting the old scripts and hidden meanings of words in the future, and example facts of the Gospel of Jesus. 'Revelation by John' is one such example. The follower are presbytery who had intended to spread Christian credo, to evanghelize and to ensure the community of believers.
C.III.4. APOSTOLIC MISSIONS IN MACEDONIA AND GREECE
After Hebrew Christians Council of Jerusalem and a short stay in Antioch, Paul and Barnabe resume his missionary journey separately. Barnabe and John Mark come back in Cyprus. Paul, accompanied by Silas, will start second missionary route (50 - 52) who will be setting up community Filipium, Corinth, Athens. The first route will pass through Syria and Cilicia. Here they to Christianize, train and strengthen faith in those already Christians. Paul had intended to start a route missionary in Asia Minor. But in Misia town, a vision that is the way it stops. Stopping Asia at the borders, over seven hundred years will be the cradle of a new branch of trunk Faith in God Only, by the prophet Mohammed. It will recognize, in 'Qur'an' (The Islamic Holy Book) as a forerunner of its Abraham, Moses, Elijah, Jesus. Arabs will call God 'Allah'. There premise emerging diversity of the three branches of the same spiritual ‘People of God', wiped the shepherds 'fundamentalists' of the three religions, associating them with the concurrence of interests POWER worldly. Without taking into account the common esoteric vein: 'Old Testament', 'New Testament' and 'Qur'an '. He come back at Troas. A new vision is revealed to be a Macedonian what's his name on it. Embarking, with his attendants to Filipium, then the capital of Macedonia. During this journey, in Listros has elected a new disciple
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to be trained: Timothy. In order not to create dissension among its followers, the new emule has baptized first mosaic rite by circumcision, then it establishes with Christian baptism. It was a derogation from the Law of Moses that Paul, after a deep meditation, he did. Another incident was the arrest and closure in jail because they had released a young woman possessed of Shaman's trance. The arrest was made in the complaint that exploit the fair, get money from her ecstatic states. Prayers between two walls of the jail were accompanied by an earthquake, which shed premises in the dead of night. Doors were opened and the chains were broken. Scared that the inmates will run, prison guard he wanted to kill not to be held responsible by the authorities. Paul has said: 'Do not kill, we are all here’. Amazed, the man is to throw up, you take him home and care of injuries caused him to collapse the walls. Ask to be baptized together with his family ... A two-day strategist castle (Commander of the Roman city), impressed by the prisoners send a courier to announce that they are free. But Paul and Silas said that Roman citizens may not be released than a Roman. Then strategist comes personal to make this decision... Also on this road at Troas, joins a missionary group and Luke. That appears in the text, discreetly, by crossing the three-person at a two-person plural of. It is yet another proof of the parent Christian modesty. (Acts p.10.16.). After a brief stopover in Lida, arriving in Thessaloniki. The first way was the apostle, as already known, the synagogue in the city. Here again the Jews preach about the Good News of Jesus Resurrection, calling to be christened. It received the Christian bapteme of Jew Iason (Personality of the Jews in town). But the next day a group of Jews, in hysteria estate, him crawl on Iason to Roman authority. The reason was that some people who hosts'... have revolutionized an entire world (...) contrary of Caesar edicts, saying that there is another king, Jesus.’ (Acts p.17.6.). This ‘argument' will be repeated permanently, the crucifixion of Christ and until the Hebrew Christians as a distinct group in the Christian Church, before being ground to any military or civilian Romans. THIS DEFAMATION, IT SEEMS, MOSAIC FUNDAMENTALISTS, ABOVE THE TEN COMMANDMENTS ... In reality the Jews, early Christians, NOT JESUS ARGUED THAT THE HUMAN AUTHORITY. HE WAS THEIR SPIRITUAL KING OR MORE SIMPLY, SON OF GOD! The leaders of Jewish Communityes exploited the confusion of terms: king of the peoples (caesar) versus king of spirit (Jesus), the pride of the Roman ... any, to oppress them or even make them go of them as quickly as those who summon the Jews and others to a new form of spiritual existence and community organization: Mostly THROUGH MORAL CONCEPT OF MATERIAL WORLD. In order not to cause more persecution against Christians, Paul determine departure from Thessaloniki to Athens, taking with him a new follower: Aristarh. The next stop was the Bere. He studied here in the synagogue, the Holy Books together Hebrew Rabbis. They confirmed the accuracy of the texts
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cited by the apostle of Torah, of which confirmed the crucifixion and the coming of 'Son of Man'. Although those of Thessaloniki were sent to Hebrew like Jews enmity towards the Christian missionary Paul around, the community of Bere remained in decent limits. A number of Hebrew have asked to be baptized. Paul, Silas leaves on them to continue their preaching. He, along with Timothy bound for Athens. Spiritual center of Greek culture, Athens was established philosophical schools remaining after the 'golden four centuries' of Ellada: a Epicurians and Stoics. Athens was now a Roman province: in the Greek spirit which promoted Pithagora or Plato was only a shadow. But pride esoteric vestige Delphi makes cultivated Greeks 'enough ', unfathomable occult religious approach to the other source, including Christian. Therefore, after some debate, the Greek philosophers and were dragged around the Jews of Paul before Attic Areopag (The decision of the supreme Athenian democracy). Paul took the floor to defend his group, the right to manifest freely through faith in Athens: 'Athenian all conditions, we see as the most faithful of men. Going through your town, seeing your sacred monuments, I found one which was the inscription: 'Unknown God'. Well, that I love you without you know, I came to have him notice. God who made the world with what is in it, God of Heaven and Earth do not live in temples made by human hands, which he gave life to all beings (...). If a UNIQUE PRINCIPLE, He created species human living on the earth. If the fixed period and the area of human life, made it to makes people seek divinity; YOU FOUND BY SEARCHING. It is close to all of us. For us WE HAVE LIFE, MOVEMENT AND BEINGS. In fact some of you said: 'because we are of His race’. If we are kind of God we must not think divinity like gold, silver or stone processed through art or through the human genius. Here is that God wishes to make known the people that came the moment to expiate sins, for he has fixed a day for trial, giving the MAN we turn to for this and that gave everybody a proof of the undeniable fact that he Resurrected from the dead '(Acts p.17.22.-23.)1. This was the INITIATED MESSAGE, which the apostle Paul sent to Athenians. But that was not too ... whose. Areopag Assembly not considered him guilty for his beliefs and let them go. Only a few will follow the missionary. Among them and Dionisie the Areopagit, a future missionary. Misionary group go to Bere, take it and Silas going to Corinth, the capital of the Roman province Ahaia. People of various ethnic origins, adopted in most Roman citizenship. Business that bind port Corinth with all the Mediterranean, reaching Africa and Asia, attracting traders from all nations, giving the city a cosmopolitan character. Hebrew community in Corinth was very richest. And here, every Sabbath the Hebrew Christians around Paul went to his
Here Paul uses the same argument of 'Old Testament' how St. Stephen deacon in the last speech before his death: 'Heaven is my body and the earth is at my feet, what house you build, which will place My rest? Is not my hand I did all this? (Acts p.7.50.)
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synagogue. They comment togheter of Torah texts, trying to persuade them through their discourse is that Jesus 'Messaiah' prophesy and expected harbinger of Isaiah. In what concerns them the Greeks and those of other races, Paul tech them acquainted with the Law of Moses, giving them light and knowledge contained in the Gospel of Jesus. Chief Rabbi of synagogue, Crispus, was baptized. Most Jews were mistrustful1 The Greeks were such zealous foreign evangelize. Then one day, in response to abuse in utter meeting synagogue, Paul tear the clothes torn off him and said: 'Whether your blood to fall on your heads! In me are pure, and also will go to pagans '(Acts p.18.6.). Gesture disruption clothes are in the tradition of Hebrew esoteric role, MARKING A BREAK. One of the deep discontent that does. The expression 'YOUR BLOOD TO FALL ON YOUR HEADS!' Is not a mere threat or an invocation of revenge. Metaphor is divine punishment: TO PUNISH YOURSELF. Moreover, by the end of his days, Paul will continue to evangelize the Hebrew against psychosis created by cult fanatics mosaic, where everywhere he arrive. The incident reported above plays the tragic side of Missionary Jews and Christians in general of all the Paulian dimension of human datum regardless of race or religion of the Jewish tribe which originated. Therefore the struggle between officials and community and religious mosaic of Jews and the Christians, closely around the apostles was irreconcilable. Once out of the 'sons of Israel', Christianity no longer constituted a danger to mosaic Jews. Down through the centuries that followed, scholars, doctors, treasurer, etc… were in an infrastructure for cooperation with the church and Christian institutions. But not with the Hebrew Christians. And now that concern them, without hatred of ancient Jew. But now, the question pose by one Jew like: 'what does that mean?'. A kind of ... stryta-camel, and not blameful as people, and faith. If and when God wants you, our minds, of our survivors will to clarify otherwise. THE MERIT OF HEBREW CHRISTIANS THEN WAS TO HAVE HEBREW TENACITY AND BELIEFS IN JESUS TO BEGIN ROAD OF CHRISTIANITY. It is a fact, even if it is denied or sublimate. In the spring of 52 Jews hostile to Paul is going to face trial proconsul of Ahaia, Galion, arguing that it would be preached in the synagogue against the Mosaic Law. Paul has got to defend. Roman official issue saying:
Without being mentioned by Luke, a major matter of Jewish mistrustful it was crossing the same religion with “goimi” (‘pagans’). What the ordinary Jew, whether rich or poor, it meant to waive the attribute 'son of the Chosen People', which was so proud. The natural conversion of the Jews and non Jews in a place of Christian converting margin narrows among Hebrew. But ... he was ahead, even if painful for Hebrew Christians. They were aware of the strength of the Jews repudiation of the 'apostate'. So much admired for their sacrifice of personal and social major done to their faith to the Lord Jesus).
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'If it is a felony or a wrongdoing, I have received, Judea, as reasonable complaint. But because it is challenging words and name in your own law, we still see you! Let me be the judge in this case refuse! '(Acts p.18.14.). All they could make them angry was to him a devotee of Paul, Sostene (a rabbi turned to Christianity) and beat him before the court building. On completion of the mission of Corinth, Paul's group moved toward the place of departure: Antioch. On the way they stop at Ephesus. This is surrounded by the love of Hebrew Christians, which he prays to remain. Paul promises that it will return. Thus the end of his two mission among the 'pagans'. It noted that the election environment was beneficial Greek as a first step towards space outside Jewish. Significant is the fact that this 'territorial conquest ' was done in about two years, without arms, without the force of a religious oligarchies size of the mosaic in the back, or how the military was the Roman Empire. That's SOMETHING that Paul mobilize: belief strength, spiritual strength, the facts of its benefits. Numerical size and quality of conversion, even among the Jews, led those who wanted the killing missionary to be more careful in the practice of lynching in public. It was a period of flourishing communities Hebrew Christians outside Judeea. Had gained, for example, all Jewish communities receives aid sent Barnabe and Paul in time of famine in Judea (46 - 48, where other sources 48-50). Actually the real enemies of the faith we do not hysterical Jews who were kill on their Hebrew Christians outside the castle to stone him, BUT WHO, THEN AS NOW, HANDLING A SET Of EMOTIONAL STANDING BETWEEN THE PEOPLE, FOR THE MOMENTS OF ORDEAL. I will illustrate with the phrase 'Believe and do not look'. The supporters of the enlightenment treated as an engine ignorance. The Christian fundamentalists as motivation without subjecting conditions. For me that means the spirit and human destiny in the hands of God: Faith in him released from the stress you too many questions and uncertainties related to your destiny. Three views: two generators and emotional contradictions irretrievably. A three-to a 'simple' which anyway is not no harm no Enlightenment fundamentalists. In this sense tell you the words of a monk from Mount Athos, the cradle of Christian esoteric. He had the dream, the vision of running his life like a movie on the background of the azure Mediterranean Sea. Looking down the beach to see traces of steps: two pairs in the good times right, a couple of steps in the difficult moments. He knew that a pair of two-steps of Jesus was. Monk is addressed: 'God, in difficult moments that leave me? " The answer comes immediately: 'In tough times I went in my arms!.
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C.III.5. CHRISTIAN INITIATION IN EFES SCHOOL
After a short stay in Antioch, Paul is returned at Ephesus. Here he will initiate adepts in the Christian esoteric mysteries for three years. There will be initiated, among others Apollo of Alexandria and Epafras. They will be sent to evangelize and preach the Coloseens in Laodicium and Hieropolis. Training was intensive. It takes between eleven sixteen hours a day. Were included in both the initiation mosaic sacred texts, and the Gospel of Jesus. Disciples were ready to face a discussion of the Torah text, or to respond to questions of priests or philosophers atheist or polytheist. At the end of the training grant Paul elected by grace through faith and proved baptism by the Holy Spirit, which invested on the one with the gift to recover. Others have tried to do the same. Actually practice exorcism, the old traditions have people Jew. Those who tried were seven sons of Rabbi Sceva. But their Miracles were not done, although they have relied on Jesus. They were beaten and ousted those who have called them. Strength apostles made many priests of cult god Apollo to go along with the citizens whom they shepherd, to Christianity. Paul writes in this period Epistles to Corenteens, to Galateens (two of) to Filipeens. Departure from Corinth was marked by an incident. Jew Demetrius, a rich Jeweler and builder pagan temple, incite the workers against Hebrew Christians because they take the bread from their mouths. By converting pagans fallen drastically request for statues of gods and temples of arranging for their reverence. Immediate cause was ceasing construction of a temple for the goddess Artemis. The daggers were caught Gaius and Aristarh and dragged him into the city before Roman county chief. He asked Demetrius to submit a complaint to be based on criminal, according to Roman laws. Roman administration gave signs of neutrality in the internal Jewish conflict. Paul continues its way to first in Macedonia Filipium and then back to Ephesus to Troas. From that period dates of the two-letter to Corinteens. Among his attendants were Sopatros of Bere, Aristarh of Samos, Secundus of Thessaloniki, dober of Gaius, Timothy, Ticinius and Trofin. He wanted to review the closest his heart before taking the road to Jerusalem. Felt that there will ever see and he wanted to strengthen the faith and those who were disciples. Arrived in their middle and say: 'You know yourself and in what manner, the first day I walked in here I do not have ceased to serve the Lord with humility, with tears in the middle and evidence of hatred of Jews. You know how without rest we trained the public on each side, convincing the Hebrew and Greek to proceed TO GOD AND believe in Jesus our Lord. Now here is guided by the Holy Spirit, I'll refer to Jerusalem, but I know what will happen, although he warned me that I expected CHAINS and HATE. But I do not put a price on my life in front of goal
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to carry out my task which I received from the Lord Jesus: to make known my testimony in the Gospel and Divine Grace. I now know that my face may you see any time in the middle of all of you who have been and we announced the Kingdom (it's about 'Kingdom of God' where the 'People of God'). Therefore testify before you today: the blood is purified because you did not hesitate when I passed all the divine will. Be careful with yourself and all the flock which the Holy Spirit will mainly guards to guard the Church that God incarnate in his own blood son. I know that after my departure shall come among you afraid of wolves, which will not spare the flock and from among you will rise even people taking perverse discourses in order to make disciples to follow. Therefore be vigilant reminding you that for three years, day and night did not hesitate to engage each of you .. Now you leave custody to the Word of God and his grace which has the power to build and keep building heritage among all those sanctified. Money or things we took from nobody, you know that for my needs and my mates were sufficient these hands. At all times we showed that we must intervene to help the weak and to remember the words the Lord Jesus who said: 'IT IS MORE LUCKY TO GIVE THAN RECEIVED' (Acts p.20.18 .- 35.). He attended last prayer in common, then people will not ever see him with tears in eyes to ship. I reproduced this true testament because it includes several major meanings. The apostle Paul was a Rabbi initiated the teachings (as I mentioned at the beginning of chapter). He was trained at a level difficult to achieve, by Rabbi Gamaliel, because his native gifts, paved the Holy Spirit through Christian baptism. This shows the strength to see through time and through people. He was prophet of vision of what will happen to the Hebrew Christian Church, namely its dissolution. The uttered when they were not simple advice. He knew that power the Gospel of Jesus was no longer in Hebrew ethnicity, which began to preach, but in this simple phrase: 'IT IS MORE LUCKY TO GIVE THAN RECEIVED'. Second aspect is the period of 50 - 58: time to Ephesus where Paul actually made first school of Christian Initiation in the esoteric. Its reputation has made many scholars to go to Hebrew Christianity and come to train It shall keep the balance between 'faith of parent' and the evanghelisation all those who by faith are have shown that they are the followers of new religion, of any persuasion would have been. Paul was not at all sure that this consensus will be kept after his departure. They say this bluntly, and giving key: VIGILANCE IN FAITH, IN WORD AND DIVINE INSPIRATION OF EACH INITIATED CHRISTIAN. He knew how dangerous was the way to Jerusalem, BUT AS A SIMPLE SOLDIER OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH WILL GO LEAVING ALL THAT WAS BUILT , AS A ‘SOLDIER OF THE LORD '. It was the quality of the first
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Christian missionaries, the apostles from anonymous people, be they Hebrew or not! The four appearance, seemingly unbound by the words of Paul, is another vagary of human thinking. In the nineteenth century, Karl Marx defines a doctrine called ‘communist’. From an organizational point of view, the communist has a structure similar to that Essenes or Hebrew Christian communities. They followed the monastic communities and now Jewish kibutz of Eretz Israel State. Uttered by the apostle Paul, was told almost entirely, as ideas of Marx, Enghels to communist disciples. Living, working and property sharing, distribution as needed (not seen how you can get, but you give according to the needs of normal life: housing, food, training / education, healthcare, childcare and elderly) and the contribution each after being as many opportunities benchmark organizational types in the four communities mentioned. Why Marx and Enghels choice to repudiate Christianity? A 'competitor' competed hard... or thinking how a Mosaic Jew against the ancestral doctrine of Jesus, with all its roots in mosaic world … but not mosaic?!
CHAPTER IV THE BREAK INNER THE HEBREW CHRISTIANS COMMUNITY IN JERUSALEM
C.IV.1. ROAD TO JERUSALEM
The group that accompanied the apostle passes Cesareea, Rhodes and Tyr to go to Jerusalem, to celebrate Easter in the Temple (year 57, after other sources 58 ec). The signals received were not encouraging for. At Philip's house (one of the seven Greeks), a learned Hebrew Christian, named Agabus take seat in Paul's, its link with her hands and feet and said: 'Here's what he revealed the Holy Spirit: the man carrying the belt will be chained by Jews, when he arrives in Jerusalem and will give pagan hands (must be the Romans). Paul is asked to not continue their trip. His answer has: 'Why cry to me Break my heart. I'm ready to die for the name of Jesus ... MAKE THAT THE GOD WANT!' (Acts p.21.14). In Jerusalem is hosted by James the Young. After the first manifestations of joy to see again, the members of Christian community of town have a grudge that all Jews must to obey to comply strictly observed mosaic. They were advised him to undergo ritual purification, along with four other Hebrew that deviations from the Law of Moses. Ritual kept by Christians confess in before Easter, but the Hebrew meaning is the recognition of sin before the meeting in Temple. To show that is a true believer in Mosaic Law, Paul follow the seven days purification.
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In the eight-day, on Easter morning, the door to a group of Temple, originally from Asia Minor1 acused Paul. They cry: 'People of Israel's help! Here's the individual who preach everywhere and against all our people, against the Law and this place! And there was also brought Greeks into the temple to profane the ‘Holy Place' (Acts p.21.28). It was about Timothy. Paul, knowing the law, at first confirmed him in the Mosaic rite, with the later Christian baptism and baptism by the Holy Spirit. So it was a false reason, but for those who wanted public condemnation and murder of Paul does not count ... Gates of Temple are closed. Is preparing to stone Paul apostle, when a Roman military unit led by the Lisias Claudius from Roman Antonia fortress, situated in close proximity to the Temple, stop the execution. Asking what happened and getting confusing answers, the Roman decided to arrest Paul. Fort on the way to lots of killers who feel that their prey escape, heaven with rage 'death!'. Once inside the fortress, Paul is addressed in Greek to Claudius: 'Can I say a word?’. 'You know Greek? ... so you are not the egyptian who started riot with four thousand bandits in the desert' was his reply Lisias, confused with what my bee the leader of a Jewish anti Romans movement Sikkim. Paul asked to speak people gathered in front before the Roman stronghold. Paul raised his hand and he speaks in Aramaic. After relates what happened along the Damascus way, his convert to Christianity, (C.III.1) he says: 'In a day when I pray in the temple, I fell into bliss. I saw that the Lord said: Get up, get out of Jerusalem, and your testimony of Me. I replied: Oh, they know well how we went from synagogue to synagogue, throwing and putting in prison to be beaten by those who believed in you. And when was spilled blood of Stephen, your witness, I was beside myself for them and guarding their clothes. He then answered: GO, IS FAR THE WAY TO PAGANS TO SEND YOU' (Acts p.22.17.). Speech is interrupted at this time of partisan call back to the killing of tearing their clothes on2. The Tribune, to quiet the crowd, ordered that Paul to be beaten by the verge. Paul is addressed to Lisias, this time, in Latin. He says that he is a Roman citizen. Amazed, the commander revoked the order and replaced with heavy chains to prevent prisoner escape only ... We do not want to continue without providing the context and atmosphere of those days: the conflict in the bosom of the Hebrew Christians in Jerusalem.
They were so called 'free': the surviving Jews from Cirene, Alexandria, Cilicia, made slaves of Pompei after occupation of Palestine (60 b.c.e.) and subsequently released by Caesar. Of this group were and what they have on the stone St. Stephen deacon. Now were used as 'murderous hand' of leadings of Sanhedrin to kill the Apostle Paul. 2 Gesture disruption clothes are in the tradition of Hebrew esoteric role, marking a break between a Jew and what is happening is against his faith. One of the deep discontent that does.
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The apostle Paul, in the eight years he was away on his missions, to be aware that all members of the Christian Church in the city were loyal to mosaic Law, preserving ritual patriarch in his letter. Even if accepted by Epistole year 50 in Jerusalem those exceptions to the Jewish Law, does not allow them to expand to Hebrew Christian. The apostle Paul considered that the Gospel of Jesus is the only advocates of Christianity, of any persuasion would be so Christian baptism is sufficient that one of the primary principle of the convenant with God. More specifically, Paul Missionary converted Jew grant freedom to comply or do not see mosaic rules. So Paul has made penitence although it was outside the Christian Dogma. He did it to keep the unit inner Hebrew Christian communityes, those in Jerusalem and the 'outside'. Paul baptize Timothy him first in mosaic rite, before the administration of Christian baptism. For those Jews fundamentalists this 'detail' was not known. Ignorance to those who take part in a mass psychosis of hate and it determines have no connection with the arguments of common sense. For the simple reason that if it were so, these states of collective stupidity would not exist! Saving live apostle depended not only that the Roman garrison was in close proximity to the Temple. Roman auxiliary cohort was composed of locals mercenaries, as all troops were organized auxiliary empire. Lisias, as most of its soldiers was born in Judea. He became tribune paying heavy money to become a Roman citizen (strange custom of the past and our time). Hence astonishment when he learned that Paul was Roman citizen by birth, which for him prisoner mark noblesse of his family, not rebel sicar. He decided to protect it, to protect his rights as a Roman citizen - to be judged only by a Roman tribunal. Jews, Christians or not, it was implanted mentality 'People of God'. Initially this doctrine, training of Moses who followed him fourteen years in Sinai, and their children, led them to resist, surrounded by polytheist people, you cleanse and revive moral religion. This basic concept has remained attached to the Hebrew people unconscious. This sentiment has been used in some historical moments to justify religious intolerance by those who held power in the Jewish Communities ... Nothing new under the sun: the ‘mercenary' of purity of ‘faith’, of 'racial' or ‘doctrinal’ are found throughout history to all peoples. From the Christian inquisition to fascism, so called ‘communism’, and Islamic extremism in our times, just as examples. They were those who fought pitilessly against those who, like Apostle Paul, said: 'I WAS SENT TO BRING THE WORD OF LORD TO EVERYONE'. Those not accept the 'competition' for FREE converted. Their reaction, so to explain, sheds light on the sad fate of our fathers, and ours! Tragic context of the early break in captivity of Paul is among the Hebrew Christian communities two thousand years. Division within the group of 'Christian Patriarchs', will lead to loss of major role of Hebrew in Christian Missionary.
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Christian fundamentalism, after nine hundred years, the crucial period, will use the argument that time reported to accredit the idea of 'Jewish people's enemy of Christianity' Truth can be visible once the people at the time decided by God, but will be useless for million dead victims of religious or racial intolerance, 'the one hand or across the barricade’.
C.IV.2. THE SAINT PAUL TRIALS
A two-day, in order to elucidate what Paul is accused, respecting Roman custom, Claudius Lisias Tribune requires collecting Sanhedrin .. Apostle is brought, under guard weary Romans in Temple. Try to speak to Rabbi presents, Rabbi Ananias the Great slap Paul in the face. Worthy, Paul notes that the gesture does not consecrate the head of this people. Then develops his thesis belonging to religious Pharisees, which the majority of those present knew one. Immediately start a dispute between members of two religious parties: Pharisees and Saducees. The first said: 'We did not find anything wrong with this man. What does that take a spoken or an Angel Spirit '(Acts p.23.8.). How the dispute did not have lots to finish soon, tribune return in the fortress. The night that followed the revelation Paul is Holy Spirit: 'Courage, as you took my witness in Jerusalem, you go to Rome' (Acts p.23.11.). All while forty conspirator covenant do not eat, not drink until kill the Apostle. The plan is simple. To persuade the tribune to restore him before Sanhedrin and to kill in the middle of the meeting. Warned by a nephew, Paul sends it to Lisias to say what he has learned. Lisias decides to move Paul under strong escort in the capital of the province, Cesareea to be put under the protection of Roman Legatus of Judeea, Felix. Five days later, the great Rabbi Ananias, together with a delegation of Sanhedrin, which was part and lawyer Tertulius, go to Felix. Tertulius requires con be given to the court on the grounds because Paul caused disarray among them, subject to the Roman empire. Artifice to seek punishment of Hebrew by the site owners I've met those reported 1. Comment: Paul is defending in front of Felix and the delegation of Sanhedrin. It shows that strictly complied with the words of the prophets in the Holy Books These prophets of Isaiah: a series of visionary premonitions. In it are the quintessence of a future history of the people of Israel. Here are a few paragraphs, which would be made the basis for a possible debate in Temple:
In time, another moment will be celebrated in the nineteenth century, when Rabbi of Lithuania, Galicia, Germany and Russia will ask his followers arrest Bal Shem Tov (the initiator of the movement to revive faith mosaic, the movement called 'Hasidic') by Russian Empire ... And in that case the approach has not reached finality, the imperial view that we move as undermining the czar but as a internal problem of Jewish communities.
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Disappearance Judean state seen as a 'punishment of pride and vain ornaments' is described as follows: 'The inhabitants of Zion will fall his sword and Valor in war. Gates daughter Zion will creak and groan will and robbed, he sat naked on Earth '. (Isaiah C.3.25., 26.) 'The Leaders of this nation is going to mistake and lead them will die'. (Isaiah p.9.15) . 'Without me will go with the slaves left forehead and fall among those killed ...' (Isaiah p.10.4.) And suffering of the coming Messiah: 'I will shoot out of his Iesel strain and a sprig from the root of his will'. (Isaiah p.11.1.) 'Do not shout, nor will speak loudly and the market will not hear his voice. (Isaiah p.42.2) . 'But he took on our pain and suffering and our burden. And we reckon punished, beaten and tormented by God (...) was overdone, but its subject and has not opened his mouth was, like a lamb to be kill (...) that he wore with the many laws and the sinners gave life. (Isaiah p.53.4.-12.) Salvation of the people of Israel: 'Here you will call people you do not know and people that you did not have to run to you, the Lord your God and the Holy of Israel. (...) And because foreigners paste the Lord to love and name to serve the Lord and be His servants, all day watching the rest not to be impure and dwelling in My Promise '. (Isaiah p.55.5.-6). Real Lent: 'Do not you know that I love the Lent - says the Lord. Break chains injustice, untie jugulate links, please go on and break the jugulate them. Share with your bread the hungry, shelters to house the indigent, the empty take it and not hide from that of a tribe with you. '(Isaiah p.58.6.-8.) Prophecy in Agora silence was violated when the Jesus overturning stalls of merchants temple. Incidentally or not, this direct threat to the 'middle class' of Judea will be followed a week of his arrest and sentencing to death. Much more than a few examples would have been debated between devotees traditional pride and emotion that intolerance should not be included on opponents whenever you met ... or will meet. Paull accuse those who deny Resurrection of Jesus, 'sent' harbinger of Isaiah, to be deaf and blind to the words of the prophets. It recalls the behavior under mosaic Law of communities Hebrew Christians, to give material support to Jewish Communities in the years of heavy drought in Judea. As the Roman citizen Paul is saved it this time. Felix acting as a detention prisoner in Cesareea. After two years, the province's new Legatus: Porcius Festus, decide a new trial. Paul, in turn, ask to be sent to the imperial court.
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Meeting attended, along with the Romans, his old enemies and tetrarch Agrippa II with its sister Berenice. Festus brings him prisoner saying to send him to trial Caesar it must justify this gesture and does not know how to fit the crime committed by Apostle, how the Roman law we violation. So he put his trial Agrippa. Agrippa II is addressed to Paul: 'You are free to defend your cause’. Apostle Paul addresses the assembly consisting of Roman officials and Jews: 'Although I am accused of Jews, I feel happy king Agrippa, to exculpate me today in front of you. The more so as you're aware of all Jewish customs and controversy. Also please listen to me patiently. All my life I spent in the bosom of the people at Jerusalem; Jews know. They know me well and if they are to testify that I have followed the party of religion more strictly our Pharisee on. Now they are sued because of my hope in the promise made by God and our parents that the twelve tribes of our perseverance through faith in God, day and night, I expect fulfillment’. Paul reported the event on the Damascus road (C.III.1) and conversion to the Gospel of Jesus, then continues: 'That is so, King Agrippa, I am not rebellious in the divine vision. I on the contrary, people first of Damascus, Jerusalem and all Judea, then pagans, can testify. We grazing their souls to be forgiven of sins, bringing the way of the Lord, I realized that miracles were convinced. That is why the Jews tried to kill me in the Temple. Supported the protection of God, and I continued to this day to submit my testimony (on the Lord Jesus Resurrection). I confessed in front of the chip and the powerful, without saying anything beyond what the prophets and Moses said would happen. That Christ will suffer and that of dead Resurrected will announce LIGHT to pagan peoples' (Acts p.26.28.-32.). Governor Festus, deeply impressed by the content and the courage with which Paul sustained his plea, say him that attitude of dignity can lead to his condemnation by the king Agrippa. Paul its replies: 'I am not crazy but TALK in the language of truth and common sense. King ask me because he is also trained in Mosaic Mistery. I ask him to safety nothing that is foreign. For those relating NOTHING IN NOT lie! King Agrippa, believe in prophets? I know you belive. '(Acts p.26.25.-27.). The retort of the King coming immediately: 'One minute your reasoning and I'll convert' Paul its replies: 'What can be done, much or little, may God, not only you but all who hear me here, what will be myself, except for these chains. ‘ Agrippa stands and addressing the Assembly gives the verdict: 'This man in front of us did nothing that would merit the death or chains' (Acts p.26.28.-32.). The trial ends with the decision that the prisoner be sent to Rome to appear before the court of Roman Emperor.
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A few words about Agrippa II - th, the last king of the Jews. Appointed by the emperor Claudius. He tried to maintain a precarious balance decreasing extremist movements and the national unrest caused by major persecution against Christians. He suspend Hebrew Christians enforcement, practiced by his father. In Paul trial he demonstrated that it is not only a king but a Judean initiated without being Christian. He knew that choosing the path to true faith, to be sustainable, may not be imposed by force. Will be removed from the Jewish revolt in Jerusalem (66). The more light I'm the example of the wise and tolerant leader, who tried to introduce EFFECTS IN PEACE SOCIAL CONDITIONS, ETHNIC AND RELIGIOUS. Even if you do not succeed! Paul knew who speaks. He knew that their joint training Yeshiva to enable them to understand despite the adversaries present. First words addressed to the king were not courtesy but a recognition of the level of scholarship and teaching in mysteries of Torah of Agrippa. And so the last phrase of the speech: 'I know you think'. It was an initiative of the Christian approach to a meeting of 'deaf' because there was at least an 'ear to hear'. The final decision of King (the issue of chains of apostle Paul) was not implemented due to Sanhedrin opposition. Paul himself asked to be tried in Rome, the imperial court. We take the road of Rome and of the most prolific period of evanghelisation of non Jew people, the last of his life. Judea religious leaders could be satisfied. The main danger to their power over the people was removed from the Jewish. With the same tenacity specific breed will fight to remove from the community all those 'heretical', whatever the future of people Jew avatars. Ok or bad? That was it!
C.IV.3. ROAD TO ROME
Paul is shipped along with other prisoners on a ship, the Roman centurion Iustus of military cohort Augusta guarding him. That, impressed by the reputation and the wisdom that will allow faithful Jew that was shipped to sit next to him on a sea with a ship of Alexandria in the difficult winter period. With all the tips apostle to follow closely the line of coast, the captain is heading for Crete. Before you close the port strong pull a storm off the ship. After fourteen days without being able to orient by the sun, month, or stars, crew and people on the ship were frightened and hungry. They threw the first load, then everything on the boat are not necessary. Paul encouraged. They said that God sent a sign that none of those are on the boat will not happen anything wrong. In the fourteenth day he made bread miracle of Christ. He Shares Bread telling them to eat. There were two hundred seven tens and six people, witnesses and receiving .... The following day saw a landed. Master novice again, failed to ship a hook, before it dock. Cork were not being lost during an attempted escape of seamen. Soldiers have proposed that prisoners should be killed, not to escape once they arrived on shore. Centurion has opposed.
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They all came swimming to shore. It was the island of Malta. Locals welcomed him with kindness. Began to gather wood for a fire to warm in the winter days. Paul add briar and scrap wood in a row with them. A snake bit him. The natives who knew how poisonous these reptiles were considered gods sent, and saw him dead. Paul throw the snake in the fire and nothing is happen to him. When they believed to be a god ... For three months have been hosted by Publius, Roman governor of the island. The father was suffering from fever and dysentery, was dying. Asked the son, Paul is approaching head dying, pray long after that put your hands on its face. Man returns to his life and soon it made healthier. The news has spread to the island. All those suffering from any disease came and were reestablishment of an apostle. Respect for Paul does not have borders. As said on the ship during the storm: prisoners, soldiers, sailors, have gone missing anything. In the coming spring they went to Italy with a vessel that winters in Malta and arrived at Pouzzoli (Puteoli). Here Paul was greeted in many Christians1. Hosted both the guards and prisoners for seven days. Once in Rome, Paul was received with great joy and warm community of Christians Transtavere (neighborhood foreigners from the capital Roman Empire). Pending the imperial court, was left free to live here, having to be guarded by a Roman soldier. The apostle, as in other cases, first went to the synagogue, having contact with representatives of Jewish Communities from the city. Three days afterwards they come to its home. He tells what happened in Jerusalem and in Cesareea court. Rabbis them say they have received no news, what you watched, in Judea. They would like to hear in the synagogue has to say about Jesus and his Gospel. On the next Sabbath, the temple mosaic were close a number of scholars have Tore .. In front of them, Paul submitted testimony to the quality of the Messiah of Jesus, the Passion were concluded by crucifixion and Resurrection news. He spoke of the tasks realized what the apostles received from God Holly Spirit to carry the Gospel of Jesus among Jews and non Jews. Some have agreed with the assent of those reported in Tore light, others do not! Start a debate with strong accents and emotional histerya. Then Paul says: 'Well Holy Spirit said through the prophet Isaiah to your parents: Search on this people and tell them: YOU WILL HEAR WITH YOUR EARS AND YOU WIL NOT UNDERSTAND. YOU LOOK WITH YOUR EYES AND YOU WILL NOT SEE. For people my heart has been rocky. They hardly close their ears and closed their eyes not to see, as no understand their spirit to convert. I will heal me!. PAGAN LEARNED THAT HE WAS SENT WORD OF THE LORD. HER, AT LEAST WE WILL LISTEN TO ME!' (Acts p.28.26.-28.).
Roman Christian communities appeared in a two-half years of '30, many of the elite military knights (see C.III.2 Evangelisation in Rome
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C.IV.4. THE ASH OF PHOENIX BIRD.
Paul remain in Rome. Released from Imperial Court (headed by the prefect of Rome, Burro) will continue its mission in that city will become 'fortress eternal' part of Christianity. He will continue, directly or through Letters across the area where they were being or Christian communities in the Light of Jesus Gospel. In turn the authorities and Mosaic Jews will use any means to extinguish this Light. Nero, the Christian anti psychosis created step by step, which will culminate during the fire in Rome causes Christians Holocaust of Rome (Hebrew and non Hebrew). Occurred against the backdrop of a state of mind for Christians in Rome, since 62, inspired by Pomponia, Nero's wife and what obsequious entourage imperial deification clamp Imperator, spread into the people who do not understand those who do not run with them to the same source of rank. When they take for true that the set of fire in Rome (64) is made to the Christians, not by Nero. Peter and Paul are executed by order of Emperor (67). The place where is believed to have been executed is today Peter and Paul Basilica from Rome – Vatican State. Simeon, bishop of the Christian Church in Jerusalem will be killed in the year 107. Ignatius, bishop of Antioch will be the martyred in Rome. The last Hebrew Christian apostle, John, wil die in the year 117. Policarp will continue to gather around his Christian, Hebrew or not until the year 156. Between 130 - 135 Hebrew Christians are persecuted by Jews because of confrere not join the rebellion and the last war against the Romans. Defeated after legendary resistance in Massada (73), Beter (135) Jews would migrate in distinct communities, the whole world without a national homeland. Disaster will gather around the mosaic faith: Torah. Yohanan Ben Zakkai (71) established Yeshiva from Jasmina and The Council of Jasmina. Will develop a doctrine of 'SPIRITUAL STATE OF ISRAEL’. One thousand eight hundred ten years it will take until the issue of imposing their will by fighting: the Eretz Israel. Christianity will survive the fall of Rome and will grow as scope and organization, moving from alternative periods of tolerance and repression of the empire, until under Constantine the Great (312). Constantine the Great, in battle with Maxentziu (emperor of the Western Roman Empire) in 312 at Ponte Milvio, bid to put on the shields of his soldiers engraved monogram of Jesus (the cross in six parts). Win the victory although it was inferior in the number of soldiers. Will declare Christianity the official religion, established the Roman Christian Empire (312 - 604). In those days in the West was pope Silvestru I (306-312). Christianity became the state religion, in recognition of its penetrate in all peoples of the dying empire and his organizational unit.
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Christian Church will suffer first Big schism: the separation of the Church of Constantinople to the Rome. Excesses of power acquired by clergy will not cease to occur. Inquisition lead to excesses of intolerance Christian fundamentalism on us Christians hundred years. Jew people, 'the killer of Jesus’, having the first place in the list. Followed new splits of Christianity, as an expression of empowerment of new national or Christian Doctrines. Intolerance will have followed by death and horror in fundamentalism: fascist, communist and Islamic. EQUALLY MOMENTS OF A HUMAN AND SOCIAL PULL SEVERANCE AND SPIRITUAL, though in an orchestrated mockery of what God has given through his prophets people. Saint Luc led me often think of prophets words: 'Son of Man, you live in the middle of a case of willful, which eyes to see and not see, ears to hear and not hear, because they are a rebellious house. (Ezechiel p.12.2) All you urged me to enter and search, good and evil in the development of the facts of ancient times, reaching almost to live with the eyes of mind, was hope and belief that, once and once something is true of the prediction: 'Holy is the Lord God above me, because God anointed me to bring good news to those bastards. He sent me to heal the broken-hearted to hear liberation of slavery and to caught war prisoners forgiveness. (...) The smallest will be a thousand and the insignificant a powerful tribe. I the Lord will hasten the time for things' (Isaiah p.60.22). Can tell any man, any time of life or before they die. I have modest joy of being there in that humanity, good word of God, even if the people themselves. He expected that by the prayers addressed to God to change the world itself is useless. It takes effort everyone who truly believes in the miracle of its existence under the sign of faith in God, to fight to transmit around its equilibrium by words and good deeds as good. THEN ... AND PROPHETS COMING!
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C.V. COMPENDIUM OF HISTORICAL FACTS HEBREW AND CHRISTIAN IN JERUSALEM
CHRISTIAN AND HEBREW (II) C.V.1 YEARS OF ROMANS OCCUPATION
-63 Pompei consul, in an attempt to oppose Caesar establish its headquarters in Damascus. To ensure its food resources occupy Jerusalem and the entire kingdom Iehuda. Encouraged by that, Pharisees party call for the removal of the monarchy and restore the Jewsh state by Rabbi Assembly (Sanhedrin of Grand Mosaic Temple from Jerusalem). In agreement with these Pompei attacked Jerusalem and after three months of resistance between the walls of the Temple, Aristobul II is taken prisoner. Hirkan II (Horkonos) is called the autonomous prince under suzerainty of Rome. The name is changed from the kingdom Iehuda in Judea. -54 - 49 Consul Crasus leads first Roman campaign against the Partes. Through Jerusalem Temple rob him. Jews revolt. Is fighting for its long with asmoreen insurgents, led by the son of Aristobul II, Alexander. He was killed and 30,000 Hebrews of Galilee are sold as slaves. -51 -30 Consul Caesar conquers Egypt and declared the queen Cleopatra. -48 Struggle between Caesar and Pompei in deciding battle of Pharsalos. Pompei was killed. Nobles of the Jews that it supports the Caesar is remarkable Hirkan Antipater (Antipatros Horkonos). Caesar called him Etnarh of Judea. Hirkan with Roman legions made available defeat of the Jews close around Ezechias and falls with its legions in Jerusalem. Appoint his son Herod (Horodos) as governor of Galilee. He quell anti Roman Jewish revolts. -44 Brutus kill Caesar is in the Senate. Antonius is Imperator. In Judea, his opponents Hirkan revolting is poisoned (-43).
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-40 PartI occupies Judea. King called on Antigonous. Struggle taking place between officials Judea: it supports some of the Romans, on the other parties until the year (-38) when the PartI is defeated by the Romans. -37 Herod led Sosius 16 legions in Jerusalem and Judea unifies. He is appointed by the Roman Senate 'amicus et Socius Populi' (friend and ally Roman people). -31 Imperator Antonius is defeated by Octavianus Augustus in the battle of Actium. -31 - 14 Octavianus Augustus Emperor in Rome. Ally with winners is Herod. He is named new king of Judea. Kingdom is added, available to Octavian: Gaza and Ierihon port Jafa (Iaffo). Herod take and the rank of High Priest of the Temple. Follows a period of major construction of urban infrastructure and ports: Antipatros towns are rebuilt, Sebastos, Cesareea (so named in honor of Augustus Caesar). Ports are built in Cesareea and Antedon. It organized a network of irrigation in agriculture. Great Temple of Jerusalem is rebuilt (-20, -19). Herod revenge without mercy against those who oppose them. It will kill two of their sons: one of them after a revolt anti Roman (-12), the other shortly before death (4). The religious rivalry taking place in Sanhedrin between the three main religious groups Saduceees , Pharisees, Essenes. -27 Syria becomes imperial province headed by a Legatus. Judea under various dignitaries Romans: Quirinus (-12 -9, -4 4), Varus (-6 -4). Censuses conducted by the Romans, to know what we call now the tax base, have a strong resistance to 'middle class' of Judea, and the poor. 6000 Pharisee Rabbis refusing the oath of allegiance required by the Roman authority (supported by Saducees). The country is facing a revolt that will explode after the death of Herod. -7 John the Baptiser is born, son of Rabbi Zaharia and Elizabeth. Before Jesus, he will applying to Jews a baptism in water purification Jordan. -6 Birth of Jesus during a census in Bethleem. The Child is recognized as the Messiah to the shepherds Misrael, Stephen, Chiriac; and 3 Magus: Gaspar, Melchior, and Baltazar (leds by a 'star' to stall the born to Maria). At forty days it is confirmed (according to the Mosaic Law) in the Great Temple in Jerusalem by a priest (in the presence of the Orthodox faithful mosaic Simeon and Ana viewing, both come to Temple 'at the call of the Holy Spirit'). Simeon made prediction about future mission of the child and Baby pain her mother as it will in the future from it. Then addressed osana God has fulfilled that promise to keep alive until the coming of the Messiah, he now die happy to see that. Herod asked to be killed infants by two years, for fear that this child does not become a new Judas the Maccabee1 (it seems that two days after the
During the reign of Antiohus Epifanes (≈ -200) Greeks came to Jerusalem to worship the gods require. Resistance movement was initiated and led by Mathatias son John and his five sons, John said Gaddis, Simon said Thasos; Judas said Macabee, Eleazar said Abaron; Ionathan sayd Apphus. They freed the lands of Jerusalem and the Jews driving out 45 / 73
departure of Joseph, Mary and Jesus of Bethleem). Comment: Family of Jesus refuge in Egypt, in the Nil Delta. 4 King Herod died. Arhelaus his son is appointed by Herod as a survivor. Roman Senate decided dividing the Judeea kingdom into three provinces: Herod Antipas received Galilee region and Perea; Arhelaus Judea and Samaria, Philip (son of Cleopatra and Antonius) receives Bethany, Traconitida, Auranitida and Ituria (Paneas). Philip expand Betsaida and Cesareea cities. Is sent to Jerusalem Sabinus, as procurator of the imperial goods to make an inventory of resources kingdom. Census done by the Romans and Jews servants determined revolt of population, supported by part of a rabbis. To configure a anti Roman resistance, to issue, under the leadership of Iehuda galilean Rabbi and Pharisee Sadoc. Sabinus called legions to restore 'pax Romana'. Thousands of Jews are crucified in the year 6. 5-30 5 Birth of Saul of Tarsus (located between the various sources 5 -10). From a noble Judean family, which is granted Roman citizenship, he will be trained to become rabbi at Yeshiva of Gamaliel the Elder of the Tarsus. As the youngest member Sanhedrin will notice in the persecution against Hebrew Christian communities. Will participate directly in the murder deacon Saint Stephen. Converted to Christianity, under Paul name, will develop Missionary Gospel of Jesus, between Hebrew and non Hebrew in area of Middle East and Mediterranean zone. 6 Judea declared the province is headed by a Roman procurator. Arhelaus is in exile in Galia. Quirrinus appointed procurator start inventory Arhelaus kingdom goods. Continuous uprisings led Iehuda and Sadoc. They are appointed by the Romans 'zealots'. Family of Jesus return from Egypt to Nazareth. Support by Joseph being a carpenter handicraft, which we will learn and Jesus. In the Easter holidays, the young Jesus will dazzle Temple Rabbis of deep penetration by the teachings Tore. 6 Ann (Hanan), is called Great Priest of the Temple. 14 Romans killed emperor Augustus. Was elected emperor Tiberius (14 - 37). Will be contemporary with the birth of 'Sect of Crestus' and repression of
of Judeea Greek and Hebrew that those with occupant destroying altars and gods throughout his kingdom stretched Iehuda. Follows years of heavy fighting against Jews being mobilized troops have reached hundreds of thousands of soldiers. Takes place and a siege of Jerusalem. Because of rising report Greeks in Antioch retire. Another general Nicanor is defeated in battle at Bethoron. Until the latter Maccabees will initiate an alliance with the young Roman Republic. In -146, the Romans occupying Greece. The state will benefit Judean independence between -142 and -63. Herod's fear was that the anti-Roman movement not find a leader like Maccabees. ' makabim ' in Hebrew means' one who strikes', in Greek 'one who fights’.
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Hebrew Christians by Mosaic Jews. He treat the disputes as an internal Mosaic Law problem. He only punish fact against Roman Law. 17 Due to the sharp opposition to the Romans in Sanhedrin, Valerius Gratus replaces Ann Iosef with Ben Caiphas (17 - 37). 26 Pontius Pilate is appointed procurator of Judea. He will defend Rome politics exploiting rivalries inside the oligarchies of Jews in Jerusalem; between Caiphas, Herod Antipa, Philip. He will fight for annihilation of revolt movements led by zealots. He gives verdict crucifixion of Jesus, at the request Sanhedrin (30). 27 John the Baptist is arrested (after he baptized Jesus in Jordan River water). Will be beheaded at the insistence wife of Herod Antipa. In detention he continue to condemn as immoral wanton morals of the royal circle. Subsequently, all follower of Jesus will take the baptism with water AS FIRST FORM OF RECOGNITION as a proponent of a community of Christians. John will be sanctified by the Christian Church of Jerusalem as the name 'Forerunner'. 28 Prophet Jesus mission starts, first in Judea and Galilee. Evangelism is equally address the needs of people through the miracle of curing the body, the spirit and moral parables. It unlocks a Hebrew faithful God who loves man as man should love sow. Also defined access to 'life then' and 'Doomsday' as criteria for evaluating the behavior of each link with God is ending a life time. As a reorganization of civil life he expected a community of Essenes manner (goods in common, in helping community members, eliminating animals sacrifices; only 'gift' is daily repentance for mistakes and giving spirit to be judged by divine kindness ). Its Mesianic works will generate a polarization of the poor and those dissatisfied with the Roman - Jewish administration acquiring, in 29-30, the movement bring accents of passive revolt. 30 Jesus is crucified on 14 Nissan, during the Easter holidays (as other springs in the 33) being charged by the Roman Jewish oligarchs as a social reformer and religious dangerous. 30 - 50 30 - 35 Formation of the first large community of Hebrew Christians in Jerusalem and Judea. Confrontation with the Jews in the Grand Temple. 32 Compact deacon Saint Stephen. Departure 'Hebrew Hellenistic Christians' in communities outside Judea (Antioch, Bere, Tarsus, etc.). 32 Converting Rabbi Saul on the Damascus road. Will be withdrawn in Tars (approximately 12 years) to not be killed by fundamentalist Jews and the Hebrew Greek Christians (for participation to compact of Stephen). 33 Emperor Tiberius related Syria Vitelius to remove the Great Rabbi Caiphas and his representative of Rome Pilate, being replaced by Senator Marcel. About Senator Marcel is said to have become a Christian follwer, after some documentary sources it would be hosted Apostle Peter in Rome. The information is provided by Francesco Paolo Rizzio, as contained in 'Facts of
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Peter', the end of the century II, translated into Latin under the title 'Facts of Vericeli'. 33 - 43 Conversion of Roman citizens (especially among soldiers and Roman knight) to Christianity, following Apostle Peter. 35 Roman Emperor Tiberius asked the Senate to issue a law that would declare that to be Christian is legal. Senate decide by 'is no legal to be Christian’. 37 - 41 Imperator Caligula in Rome. Agrippa I becomes King of Judeea Philipia and Lisana regions. In 39 of the Rome receives Galilee and Perea, in 41 Judea and Samaria. Will obtain from the emperor Caligula to be repeated rituals mosaic and wearing the sacerdotal togs of rabbi in the Grand Temple. It will make the body with the Sanhedrin to behead the Christian Church of Jerusalem. He will destroy the independence movements of the Jews against Roman domination. 41 - 54 Claudius Imperator to Rome. We confirm Agripa I to be the king of Judeea. It will be hostile to Christianity, among both the Jews and especially the Christian expansion of its military and political elite in Rome. 42 Claudius blame the transition to Christianity of aristocratic family Aulo Plauzio and his wife Pomponia Graecina. 42 Agripa I arrest the leadership of the Church in Jerusalem for Easter. Peter manages to miraculously come out of prison. James the Great is beheaded. Jacob the Young leadership of the Christian community in Jerusalem. Peter will continue to leave Jerusalem apostolic mission. The presence of Peter in Rome is located in 42, where Eusebius say: 'At the beginning of The Principality, Providence took the hand and led Peter to Rome’. (Chronicle 2,14,6). After other documentary sources in 48-49. 44 Agrippa I dead. 44 - 52 Judea led by Roman procurators: Cuspus Fadus (44-46), Alexandrus Tiberius (46-48), Ventidus Cumanus (48-52). 48 - 50 Apostolic first mission of Saul (Apostle Paul) and Barnabe in Syria (Antioch) and Cyprus (Pisida of Antioch, Listros and Derbe - where Saul will take the name apostle Paul). 49 Street disorders caused by conflicts between Hebrew Christians and Mosaic Jews in Rome. The emperor gives an edict that the Jews are Christians turn out in Rome. 49 - 50 Starts developing Mark's Gospel, (with Peter preaching in Rome, at the request of Roman Christian knights). 50 - 80 50 The Meeting Christian Church of Jerusalem. Church leaders discuss how to meet our new followers Hebrew Christian Law. Epistle issued from Jerusalem that the peoples of other rites than mosaic may convert to Christianity being exempted from the strict observance of Mosaic Law. Among others they were not obliged to cut around to be christian baptised or observe
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strict food rules (prohibition to food 'dirty', defined in Judaic Laws). It is not forbidden to enter the homes of another religion or to receive them as guests. The only requirements were to receive baptism of water, not to sacrifice or sacrifices to gods, to respect the Ten Commandments, to refrain from consumption of animal blood or strangle. These exceptions were not applicable to Hebrew Christians. They must also comply Mosaic Law. 50 - 53 A second apostolic mission of Paul in Macedonia (Filipium) and Greece (Thessaloniki, Corinth, Athens, Ephesus). Here, the group receives a missionary among insiders first disciple 'impure' ethnic. This is Timothy, from Listros. For not violate the position of insiders Hebrew Christians, he is baptized in the Mosaic rite. After that Christian water baptism and by the Holy Spirit. Activity intense of missionary group do not experience serious difficulties from the Romans. The opposition of mosaic Jews is directly or indirectly by inciting the local population. 52-60 Felix Antonius becomes procurator of Syria (and Iudeii). He bring Drusila on the wife, sister of Agrippa II. We quell the revolt of zealots. He will condemn to death in 58, the Grand Priest Ionathan (active participant in the movement for independence of the Jews). 53-57 The third mission of Paul in Greece (Corinth and Ephesus). Establishment of School of Christian Initiation of Ephesus. In 57, to the Tarsus, Luke mentions first time eucharistic Sunday ritual in the Christian community. 54-68 Imperator Nero in Rome. He called on Agrippa II King in Galilee, Perea and Inspector of the Great Temple. 57 Easter at Jerusalem, Paul tries to eliminate disputes in the community of Hebrew Christians. Attacked in Temple of a group of Jews to be stone. Is saved by the Roman garrison. Centurion Lisias send him in Cesareea to procuratore Felix, to protect Paul of the intention of Sanhedrin to kill him. He remain in detention two years. 59 Trial of Paul before King Agrippa II takes place in Cesareea. As is Roman procuratore Festus and the delegation of Sanhedrin. Decision favorable to Paul made by the King is not agreed by the Grand Rabbi Ann. Paul ask to get sent to the trial court of Imperial Rome, which reaches 60. 62 Prefect of Rome, Burro declare no guilty the apostle Paul. Evangelical mision of Paul in Rome (60 - 67). 62 Nero says deification compulsory throughout the empire. Track those who are not complying (Greeks Stoics and Christians). Mosaic Jews in Rome use all means (including goodwill of Jews Nero's wife, Pomponia) to generate an atmosphere of suspicion and hatred against Christians in Rome. 64 To describe a fire that is recorded in his poetic, Nero organize arson Rome. After declaring guilty on Christians. Procuratore Rome, Tigellinus organize the mass arrest of Christians, killing them in the Amphitheatre of Rome. Nero provides for massacres its own gardens.
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66-73 Judean against Roman domination seven years revolts. Jews revolt is the climax of rebellions were conducted since the beginning of the century, after Herod's death (4). Jerusalem is released by the common people and a rabbis. Cestius Gallus mobilize Legion XII and other cohorts to attack Jerusalem. Jews defeated Romans in the Sucot day (the feast of tents). Judea is declared independent. It forms a 'Insurrectional Government' composed of 70 members. The Jews formed three armies: the Jerusalem is led by Iosef Gurion and the Grand Rabbi Hanaan; of Edomits region led by Iehosuah Ben Tzefafa and Eleazar Ben Hnani; of Galilee led by Josef Ben Matitahu. There were a total of 100,000 warriors. Nero designate on Titus and Vespasian, the head of 600,000 troops to attack Judeean troops. The Romans landed at Accra (Acco) that you conquer. Galilee troops are defeated and Gen. Joseph Ben Matitahu is given (to be considered Hebrew traitor and his name will be removed from the history of the Jews, but will remain in history as Josefus Flavius on his 'War of the Jews'). In 70 Titus takes Jerusalem. Grand Temple is torched. It will remain only 'Complaints Wall' until today. Jews resist the various divisions. Struggle taking place inside the camp followers of the Jews in peace with the Romans and zealots of John Gishala. Simon Bar Giora manages to form an army and attacked Jerusalem but internal divisions made the Jews to be again defeated. Last fall retrenchment will be Massada, defended by Eleazar sikars. In year 73, of Easter, all defenders with their families will be suicide. Jews are sold as slaves or killed in the battles of gladiators in Syria. Some of the youngsters are enrolled in the Roman Legion 'Macedonica' (which will go on land Oltenia - Romania). Mosaic Temples are now Roman temple. Bar Giora was killed during celebrate triumph of Vespasian and Titus in Rome. The period is marked by the emergence of messianic texts in Hebrew. 'Revelation by John' for Christians (To Patros, in Greece); 'Mishna' and 'Zohar' Jews for Mosaics. Mosaic Rabbis under the leadership of Rabbi Ben Zakai and Gamaliel of Iavne (70) formed on Iavne (Iasmina) a yeshiva who are trained for resistance by the concept of 'Spiritual Hebrew State’. People are not united by the unity of territory but THROUGH IN THE UNIT. Hebrew Christians refuse to join the Jew insurgents. 67 Apostles Peter and Paul martyred at Rome. 68 Nero to commit suicide, Galba Imperator. 69 - 79 Vespasian Imperator. Vespasian and Titus will cease persecution against Christians, and in view of their refusal to join insurgents Jews. Crossings take place to Christianity in imperial family (Flavius Sabinus, Vespasian's brother). Fact mentioned in Flavius Josefus ‘Jews wars’. Propitious time for the development of the Christian Church in Rome. 81 - 284 81 - 96 Domitian Imperator. Repression of the Christian church in Rome. Domitian would seek to destroy the existence of Christianity among Roman
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knights and Roman aristocracy for revival of the faith in Romans goods. 97 - 105 Papa Evarist in Rome. 96 - 98 Nerva Imperator; 98-117 Traian Imperator. Will complete the expansion of empire in SouthEastern Europe and Asia Minor. Conquer Armenia, Assiria, Mesopotamia, Dacia. Christians Roman policy is more relaxed. Jerusalem is partly repopulated with Hebrew Christians, loyal to the empire. Place internal struggle and rebellion in Judea. Following a rebellion of the Jews, Simeon (who replaced James the Young at the head of the Church of Jerusalem) was killed in 107. His place is taken by John of Ephesus (107-117). Ignatius of Antioch (presbyter of Antioch Church) is taken to be torn by animals in Amphitheatre of Rome (110). Policarp will lead Christian Communities, to 156, as bishop of Smirna. 105 -115 Pope Alexander in Rome. 117-138 Publius Aelius Hadrianus Imperator. Eufrat on boundary sets, make peace with the Parti. A rebellion of the Jews of 117 is defeated by Roman troops led by Lucius Quietus. As it becomes the Legatus of Judea. Hadrianus was a great admirer of Greek culture. Expected to unify the empire by cultural synthesis with the Greek. Wanted to build a cultural commercial and civic consensus through the Roman Empire. Between 128-138 will establish residence in Athens. 115-125 Pope Sixt I in Rome, 125-136 Pope Telsefor in Rome. 127 The participation of Jews in a revolt in Egypt, Hadrianus decides liquidation of Judaism, starting with the Mosaic baptism ban During 130 year visit Jerusalem and decide to rebuild the city acted as a Roman city, called Aelia Capitolina. The Mosaic Temple to be rebuilt and dedicated to Jupiter. 132 After two years of preparation, the Jews begin their last war against Rome. Rabbi Akiva is called Ben Simon Koshiba 'Messiah' with name Bar Kohba (Son of Star), and military leader of Judea. Garrison led by Tinus Rufus and reinforcements from Syria are defeated; Jerusalem is liberated. The Jews punish the Hebrew Christians who do not join the movement against Romans. Imperator called legions of Brittany, led by Iulius Severus and leadership campaign. It first conquered Galilee. In the year 134 is conquered Jerusalem. After a long resistance and destroy fifty of fortified towns. The last citadel is Beter (135), where he dies and Bar Kohba. The Jews will hold an in caves at the Dead Sea (Ein Ghedi). Tinius Rufus will rebuild Jerusalem as a Roman city called Aelia Capitolina. The temples of Jupiter, Junona, Minerva will be built on the ruins of the Great Temple. The Aphrodita Temple is situated on Golgotha, and theTemple of Zeus in Garizim, Temple of Adonis in Bethleem. 135-155 The last Hebrew Christian Community is dispersed in Cisiordania and Syria. Will appoint Ebionites (The poors) and will adopt the 'Gospel of Jews'. Not recognized Jesus as Messiah and texts contained in Paul epistles.
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136 -140 Pope Igniu; 140 -155 Pope Pius I 155 - 166 Pope Ancient in Rome. 150 Iehuda Bar Ylai of Usha form a nine Yeshiva in Tver. 155 Policarp of Smirna martyred. 162-180 Marc Aureliu Imperator. Give “Kaima Dogma” (New Decrees) against Christians because of the heretical Christian movement of Montanism. it was an early Christian movement of the early 2nd century named after its founder Montanus. Movement appears in Frigia (160). Called 'New Movement Prophecies' (Tertulian was himself montanist), has a spirit of devotion, ascesis recommends, intolerance against pagan practices and have a strong spirit against the Roman state. They opposed, Christians: Melitone, Atenagora, Apollinnare; who demand the loyalty of Christians to the Roman. Marc Aureliu will respond by issuing ‘Kaima Dogma’: the pursuit and persecution of Christians who do not comply with state laws. Peak is reached at Lyon, where thousands of Christians are killed. The Christian Church, is due soon revive his Irineu priest. 193-211 Septimiu Sever Imperator. Relax anti-Jewish policy; also cancels persecution against Christians. It advocates religious syncretism (the coexistence of religions). Appoint a chairman (Nashi) to the Jews of Tver. Nashi will be Iehuda Bar Ylai. In 212 the Jews will be given Roman citizenship (along with all peoples under the empire.). In Jerusalem the Jews returned from other territories. The most significant in number, is the back of Babylon from Persian persecution (212-241). Is also deemed to mosaism the Tadmoreens, after its defeat by the Romans (273). Papacy in Rome until the fall of the EasternRoman Empire.:
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C.V.2. YEARS IN BYZANTINE OCCUPATION
284 - 638 Roman Empire is divided between Diocletzian (the West) and Maxentziu (the East). 311 At the end of life, Galeriu Imperator establish religious tolerance for Christians. 306-337 Constantin Maximus Imperator. 312 Constantin Maximus beat Maxentziu in the Ponte Milvio (on Tibru) under the sign of Jesus (the cross in six parts). 314-335 Silvestru Pope in Rome. 324 Constantin Maximus Beat Liciniu in the Orient. Legions of Christian soldiers participating in the release of Anatolia. Constantine declares Christianity the state religion. Start-Christian Roman empire. Empire capital is set to Constantinople. Palestine and Jerusalem under Hebrew Christians. They adopted Greek toponymies. Calvary Holy Church is built on tomb of Jesus. Hebrew Christians repopulates Jerusalem. Wall Complaints remain under the jurisdiction of the mosaic community. 325 First Ecumenical Council in Niceea. Define criteria for membership of 'Catholica Eclesia': Acceptance of fundamental thesis: 'Jesus is the Son of God, Light from Light, true God from true God, created not generated, unitary with the Father '. Order Episcopal seat: Rome, Alexandria, Antioch Area of jurisdiction of the three bishops worldwide, including patriarchates. Easter date determined by mutual agreement (not observed due to calendar differences between East and West). Celibate cleric (which will not only live mothers and sisters). 351-353 Uprising of the Mosaic Jews from Jerusalem. Localities Tver, Tzipori andi Bet Gallus are demolished. Jerusalem city remains open to both religions; be visiting holy places. Christians missionaryes Ilarion and Hariton urges building churches and monasteries throughout Palestine. 363 Starts the confrontation between Romans and Persia. Upsurge of Constantz II defeated. 363 - 375 Valentzian Christian Imperator. Develops Christian Bishopric of Milan under the leadership of Bishop Ambroziu (347-397). Reduces the influence of the papacy in Rome. Up to 392 a troubled period in the West, after which became Teodosiu Imperator. His intention is to keep his empire through Christian faith and its institutions. An incident illustrates the degree of intolerance which had Christian clergy to the people of first Christians. In the
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year 387, at Callinico town on the bank of Eufrat, Christians are fanatic torched a synagogue. Emperor Teodosiu I, although a Christian, asked the bishop of Milan, Ambrosiu, to rebuild the synagogue with the money of episcopate. Bishop of Milan, Ambrosiu, he writes: 'It will therefore be a temple of the witouth low Jews built at the expense of the Church'. (Ambrosia Letter 74) 451 Great Christian schism. Separation church: Church of Rome (Catholic), Church of Constantinople (Orthodox). Bishop Juvenal (in Jerusalem) joins the Church of Constantinople, but most Hebrew Christians join mosaic communities of Samaria. Remain a minority Christians in Jerusalem. 476 Fall of West Roman Empire. 527-565 Emperor Justinian. Will restore dominance Orthodox Christians in Jerusalem. The return of Mosaic Jews will be limited. 614 Mosaic Jews of Galilee and Nazareth joins Persia help them occupy Jerusalem. Mosaic clergy will trigger a widespread persecution against the Christian population. Will be demolished many churches. Zaharia priests and Christians are fled from town. 627 Peace between Persans and Byzantines. Return Orthodox clergy is made by a procession led by Emperor Heraclius. Orthodox clergy fleed the mosaics. 638 Arab Caliphate, takes Jerusalem and Palestine.
C.V.3. YEARS IN ARAB CALIPHATE OCCUPATION
638 - 1099 625 Arab Expansion approaching Palestine. Army, organized Prophet Mohammed, is regarded with fear by the population. Hebrew, Christian and Pagans, also send their delegations with gifts for the "Protection Act" (firman). Start fighting among Arab armies and legions Byzantine (632-638). The latter are forced to leave Syria and Palestine after the battle to Bet Shen (635) And Iarmuk Valley (636). In 638 Jerusalem is occupied by Muslim troops. Byzantine commander of troops leaving the city apart from its leadership Christian bishop Sofronie. It teaches city qualifying Omar. Provide compliance with the Treaty concluded religious tolerance and a certain practice in three denominations: Mosaic, Christian and Muslim. Territory would be conquered by the Arabs called him 'Falastin'. Due to the lack of consonant 'P' in Arabic vocabulary. 661 The Caliph Muawaia it takes Jews allies in city. Will support their colonization in Lebanon and gives the city leadership. It built the Great Mosque of Omar Temple on the ruins of Great Mosaic Temple. Mosquees are built throughout Palestine. 717 The Caliph Omar II established a regime of religious terror. He begins with fiscal measures such as tax ‘per capita’ (of the Muslim infidel). Continue with other restrictions. Were not Muslims were not allowed to build or repair church
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or synagogue. Not allowing its formal procession or ritual to show signs of worship (Cross, Star of David, flags, icons, etc.) in public places. Were not allowed to prevent relatives to convert to Mohammedanism. Were not allowed to adopt habits Muslim, to attend the Muslim holidays. Were not allowed to build houses higher than the Muslims. Strangely similar to those applied in the history of other regimes intolerant or xenophobic, religious based or not inquisition, fascism, communism, etc. The caliphs of Abas dynasty made distinctive clothes for non Muslims. Jews required to wear yellow hats, the Christians blue hats, and other godless red hats. Place campaigns forced to pass Mohammedanism. Due determined opposition, both the Mosaic and Christians (which start a mass exodus from Jerusalem, for not to renounce at your faith) the Muslim stop forced conversion. Those who accept will be the first public office. It will make some wealthy Jewish family members (and much less Christians). They will constitute a factor in the support infrastructure of the Muslim. They practice they mosaic religion in great secrecy. Holy Sepulcher Church is demolished. Christian communities in Palestine are grouped in Jerusalem, Tver, Bethleeem, Nazareth and marine localities. Communities Jews are divided into Galilee, Neghev and Jerusalem. 998 Bedouins tribe of Tay are appointed to govern Palestine on behalf Caliphs. They are declared independent. Follows a period of civil wars, the came of crusaders. Phenomenon that will diminish the economic, local communities and leading to a decrease in the number of people ousted Palestina. They wil be fleed by Crusaders.
C.V.4. YEARS IN CRUSADERS OCCUPATION
1099 - 1291 1096 The Christian Kingdoms, form an alliance (which will lead to the formation of the Roman-German Empire), under the spiritual leadership of the papacy, its expansive force channels under the banner of Holy Grave issue. Starting first Crusade. Bands of mercenaries led by nobles Francs moving to Jerusalem. In their practical extermination of non Christians. In the case of Jewish communities encountered. Religious argument (Hebrew people come to him be killed Jesus) was facing. Jesus was killed, as we know, saw the oligarchs of Mosaic Sanhedrin and those Jews in Jerusalem, exciting the great mosaic of clergy then. Mask the fact that without the apostles Hebrew Christians, Christian peoples would not have been a Christian .... It was the period in which, for example Lucanian text 'Acts' will be 'hidden' by the Christian clergy . It was naturally the argument as 'comes' Hebrew people would not have had arguments.... Real reason was more prosaic: robbery Jews who were riches. Method will apply to almost nine hundred years. Is the struggle for Jerusalem. Judea 30,000 fighters are defending
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desperately and with heroism. Most are the siege. On July 15 the city is conquered. Those caught are sold as slaves to nobles Christians. Others withdraw from Judea to Aschkelon where resistance will continue until 1153. Communities Christians has taught their area without a fight. Crusader period left many within the Palestinian Christian churches, monasteries and forts, whose traces are found today. Many of them were turned into the mosque. Communities in Judea were grouped in rural area because crusaders here have not killed people with needed agricultural products for their troops. Jews were treated like Christians. With few exceptions they forbade the establishment in Jerusalem. Thus a group of 300 practicing rabbi fervent of mosaic cult, in France and England, are entitled to live in Jerusalem (1210-1211). Communities than are Hebrew are Aschkelon, Accra and in Galilee. Locals, be they Christians or Jews, practice agriculture, small trades. Godefroy de Bouillon is proclaimed King of Jerusalem. Franc noble Tancred become Prince of Galilee. Christian kingdom established is called 'David Regnum' and some acts 'Israel'. He stretched from Mount Hermon and Damascus in the North to the South port Eliat. 1177 Alliance between Egyptians, Syrian, Iraqi (led by Saladin - Ṣalāḥ ad-Dīn Yūsuf ibn Ayyūb), as opposed to two of the crusade, succeeded to occupy Gaza. The two crusade stop face to Damascus. 1191 A thre crusade, led by Richard the Plantagenet ( 'the Lionheart') and Philip August, succeeds to the Alliance to reconqer Arab port and fortress Accra. Disagreements have arisen between leaders of the army that they are Christian does not assert a foil escape the Arab troops. Peace is concluded with Saladin that allowed free access to centers of worship in the Arab area. 1229 A six is a crusade led by King Friderich II. Reconquer Jerusalem is not struggling, as cities Lud, Ramala, Tzipori, Nazareth. Following the Treaty of Iaffa Temple Mount remains in possession Saracens (he was the Mosque of Omar). Crusaders will resist until the arrival of Mameluke (1291).
C.V.5. YEARS OF MAMELUKE OCCUPATION
1291 - 1516 1516 Mamelukes win crusaders at the battle of Accra. Restore the Muslim organization on autarchically. Palestine is thus isolated from the Christian kingdoms. It is forbidden to enter Christian monks, for fear that will come along with their Christian faith. Mamelukes allow the return of the Jews. This phenomenon will increase by Salv Conduct of the Vatican (1488) that the Jews persecuted by the inquisition for faith can go to Palestine. Thus begins a movement of human return of Jews in Palestine. It will take, with variations in intensity, until the twentieth century. Instead Christian communities will diminish, while more on the current Lebanon (Maronites Rite). Mameluke domination ends once the Ottoman invasion.
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C.V.6. YEAR OF OTTOMAN OCCUPATION – ZIONISM COMING BACK GENESIS OF JEWS TO ERETZ ISRAEL
1516 - 1917 1516 Ottoman Empire troops occupy Palestine and Egypt, following the Battle of Debek. 1481-1512 Baiazid Ilderim Sultan. Return large groups of Hebrew Rite Sefard (after 1492, when they were cast out by decree of King Philip of Spain and Isabela, pressure of Christian Jesuits led by Savonarola). 1700-1777 Becomes a wave of Hebrew askenazi come from Poland, following antisemitic oppressions. Ottoman Power seeks to support Christian emigration and implantation of communities composed of Serbs, Bulgarians and Greeks. The method was to pay toTurkish treasury important amounts of money for that which has kept the Christian faith to become a 'obedient' of Austria, England or France. Thus had the opportunity to practice the cult of Christian (Catholic, Orthodox or Protestant) and to exercise a profession to ensure existence. Christians living in settlements around the religious, who were. 1789 French Revolution gives equal rights to all citizens, including Jews from communities under French jurisdiction. First Sanhedrin of the Jews in Modern Times (1805) is held in Paris. 1830 – 1850 To start ALYA - Top Return movement in the realm of Jewish people, following the call Rabbi Yehuda Solomon Alkalay (rabbi of a small mosaic community Sefarde1 near Belgrade) and Rabbi Zvi Hirsch Kalischer (Askenazy2 rabbi from Germany) to active organizational, logistic (financial) and educational actions for the return to the 'promised Land'3. Unlike the practice rabbi to pray that Iahve (God) to give him back to the ‘Holly Land’,
Sephardic Jews are Jews rite Spanish. They were installed in Spain after having been driven out of Judea: first deportation took place in 70 and after cancellation State Jew by Roman army (134-135). Dispersal area was along the territories bordering the Mediterranean Sea. They were installed in Spain along with installation Arab caliphate (eighth century). Were expelled from Spain in 1492 (Decree of the Alhambra, given by Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand, at the urging of Jesuit Bishop of Francesco de Loyola ) and later from Portugal. They emigrated to North Africa, Italy, the Middle East, the Balkan Peninsula and in southern Romania, then in England, Holland and America (the first community established around ‘Kahal Zur Israel Synagogue’ the state of Pernambuco Brazil). They talked Ladino or Judeo-Spanish language (dialect based castilian). 2 Ashkenazi Jews having been driven out of Judea: first deportation took place in 70 and after Israel's destruction by Roman army (134-135), have emigrated to western and central Europe, especially in Germanic countries. Since the first centuries of first millennium AD. In the Middle Ages, they migrated to Eastern Europe. Ashkenazi Jews using Yiddish (Germanic idiomatic) and the Hebrew / Aramaic: the practice of religion, speech and rabbinical Everieşti more distant relationship with communities. 3 to see video on the Adress : http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZeJ3USc9Mcs
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they advocate for the Return of the Jews in Palestine, with the support of all Jewish Communities of Galut (Hebrew Diaspora). The followers number increased. They lead these ideas in the communities of origin. Among them is the grandfather of Theodor Herzl, the Budapest Community Hebrew banker. This grandson will dedicate his life and family fortune practical realization of this goal, achieving clotting Movement of the Jewish Return around the World Zionist Congress in Basel (1897). 1850-1914 Actions of individual Hebrew aristocrats for Return. Development Zionist movements in European countries and the U.S. becomes the engine and main sponsor (the organization of Joint) of various stages of Return. National consciousness develops Jewish communities in Europe based on two social vectors: 1. Sequence of two states of mind in the communities in Europe: integrating the majority of Jews, and to organize resistance to the manifestations of intolerance and anti-Semitism from the Christian population. How this sequence have different times in different European countries, including the Russian Empire, Jewish communities were in a continuous search for solutions. 2. Formation of national consciousness. Jews rally around the Mosaic Faith and willingness to Return in 'The Holly Land’ to rebuild his country: Eretz Israel. A large number of immigrants have taken the road to America (where, no more than 70 years and will come before the main financial support of the Joint). Another initiative was magni Jew Moritz de Hirsh (finance, among others the construction of railways in the Balkans and East) to send 7,000 Russian Hebrew poverty in Argentina. Banker Rotchschild funds directly (1870 -1910) the creation of compact settlements in Palestine. 1897 Basel (Switzerland): the first World Zionist Congress, initiated by Theodor Herzl1. From a family of bankers in Budapest, graduated the faculty of law in Vienna, will enter into journalism. As press correspondent in Paris, participating in the disputations caused by ‘Dreyfuss Affaire’, during ten years in France. This makes him see that the only solution is the active Return of Jews in Israel. Write a document that will become first manifest of Zionism: 'Der Judenstaat' (Hebrew State) advocating the establishment of a modern Hebrew State, with equally rigts for all the people and religiously tolerant. Contact Hebrew bankers (Hirsh, Rotchschild) without success due to his and their prides (Rotchschild said in derision, not see how Israel would recover with 100,000 'Schnorrer'-bitter). Will contact the Bismark and the German Emperor Wilhelm II, the Turkish Sultan (in two trips, visiting Jewish settlements in Palestine). The Sultan propose unlimited Return of Jews from
to see video on the Adress : http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jvc549hFb1E
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their lands in exchange to cover the huge deficit of Ottoman empire treasury. Great Hebrew bankers in Europe do not support him. Will be put to youth movements (Chovevei Zion) to nationalist intellectuals Hebrew to Jews of middle class in all European countries. Efforts are paved by the Jewish Zionist Congress in Basel - Switzerland (1897). Defined direction of action (organizational, financial, religious, cultural) for The Return. While the organization will take the name 'World Congress Hebrew’. The Return will continue both in Hebrew youth volunteering in Europe and the emigration of families from areas subject to anti semitic movements (Russia, Galicia, Lithuania, Poland, Belarus), or the revolutionary movements in Russia (1905). 1917 - 1918 On entering English troops (led by general Allenby) in Palestine people, comprising 560,000 of Arabic, Hebrew 55,000 lived in an area of arid and impoverished Turkish administration, the war and blockade. Hebrew and young families come to cultivate land in Israel. Alya of Jews extends from urban to rural areas. New returned Jews resumed agricultural occupations in very heavy conditions draining swamps, to making face to food lack and diseases (malaria in particular). Note that the first Hebrew immigrants who have established agricultural settlements in arid areas were those of Romania (led by David Moshe Iancovici). Followed those in Yemen (1882), Russia (bilumilii, since 1903), Ukraine and Bessarabia (the ‘Har Halutz’ pioneers, 1905-1925). The latter will form the first community village, similar to the first Christian communities, forms of organization with an obvious resemblance to the Essenes model of Jesus. The first was Dgania kibutz (established at the initiative of Joseph and Miriam Baratz).
C.V.7. YEARS IN BRITISH OCCUPATION
1917 - 1948 1918 In January, after the Balfour Declaration at the time the League of Nations in Geneva, the contacts between the representatives and leaders of the Zionist Movement (Hebrew Nationalist Movement, the Congress following the Basel -1886. The goal was her on the Jewish Return ancient Israel, to restore their national home, putting an end wanderings and persecutions - the minority - in foreign countries) and Pan Arab (Motion training nationalist Great Arab State - which would have included the current territory of Iran, Iraq, Saudi Arabia , Iemen, Palestine, Syria, Sinai, initiated by the Emir Hussein, early twentieth century, with the mentor on Lord Lawrance military advisers and English). 1918-1919 negotiations between President Hebrew World Congress, Chaim Weitzmann (leader Zionist World Congress, one of the first members of the youth organization in Berlin Chovevei Zion (Those who love Zion's - years
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1870 - 1880 - which militate for the practical Return in Israel), mainly negotiator between 1918 -1948; first President of Israel after May 1948) and Emir Feisal - leader of the future of Saudi Arabia, tended by an 'Alliance Semitic' interests. but England and France have blocked this unique moment of possible cooperation, resulting in a war 'between the cousins' which lasts until now. In the summer of 1918, Chaim Weizmann is a meeting at Akaba, the Red Sea port in the Sinai peninsula, with Feisal (emir's son Hussein and a leader of the Arab revolution in the first World War). He argues that an alliance of peace negotiations in the Paris. Feisal hopes to support the Zionist backstage fight that went to French diplomacy with control of Syria territory. Climax (positive) appears in December 1918, at a luncheon given by Lord Rotchschild. Feisal says here (as notes of T. E. Lawrence, his advisor) 'No Arab can be suspicious of nationalism of Jews. I say Welcome Home and we will cooperate with them in the Arab countries' (Arab state, according to Feisal's including Palestine, in whole, to establish a form of autonomy granted to the Jews in this state). Signed a Joint Declaration which sets out the principle directions of the relationship between Arab and Zionist movement. Emirati condition was that it remain secret until the Arab state independence, and in compliance with articles and conventions of both parties. Interesting is the presentation from beginning protocol: 'Royal Majesty to Emir Feisal, representing and acting on the Arab Kingdom of Hejaz, and Dr. Chaim Weizmann, representing and acting on the Zionist Organization, on behalf of common racial origin and ancient ties between people of Arab and Jew, and that achieving the best way to achieve national aspirations is through close collaboration in the development of Arab countries and Palestine, we want to confirm understanding between the two parties, the following items ... ' On what happens now or not to believe that there was such a statement ... Ensure free Jewish emigration and settlement in the territory of Palestine. Mutual guarantees of safety in the Arab and possessions, and financial support, technological assistance, to the Hebrew for the economic development of the Arab population in Palestine. A week later the Zionist Arab agrees with the several essential requirements: Haifa Port area will be free for both parties; Akaba port becomes free. On 6 February 1919 Emir Feisal, advocated in his speech before the Peace Conference in Paris, seeking independence Arabia, states the agreement and a guarantee for Palestine: enclave of 'Zionist Hebrew.’ Feisal was his hope that support Weitzmann total Arabs in their dispute with France for the Syrian coast, forming a Semitic Alliance.
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Chaim Weitzmann was dependent on English politics, which had the only Middle East division between England and France, as so-called 'Seats' which provide the power and oil resources. Both major powers did not want a strong Arab State, the majority owner of the oil fields. In short the Roman 'Divide et impera' has not been exceeded by our Zionist Movement. Weitzmann advises the Arab does not interfere with the French coast in the Syrian issue. In the summer of 1919 Feisal interrupt meetings with the Zionist leaders. He say to Hebrew emissary bear direct negotiations with the Palestinians and Arabs in the fall of 1919 cut off all negotiations with the Zionist Jews. Treaty remains secret, we are many years that any of the Arab leadership, not the Hebrew. Since autumn 1919, coincidentally or not, start the Arab revolt in Palestine. Yisuv (Hebrew settlements) are attacked, slaughtered hundreds of Hebrew. English reacts poorly, having regard to the future interests of the British Mandate in Palestine. In these circumstances the Commission to draw up in San Remo (1920) Map British mandate in Palestine1. Sets a natural boundary between Hebrew and Arabs: Jordan. Between Jordan and the Mediterranean Jews, from Jordan to the Arabian Peninsula Palestinians. So the problem of separation of the two communities was solved for both parties, one side and other side of the Jordan river. 1920-1948 Palestine under British mandate. Jews face Arab riots and British interests in the area. The British wanted to maintain their sphere of influence the new Saudi Arabia, as well as privileged access to oil resources in Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Iran, Kuwait, the Persian Gulf. Therefore of Arab riots in Palestine was a sign that the 'special relationship' between British and the Zionist Movement had to be temperate. As a result, since 1922, receiving Hebrew in Palestine is limited to 50.00075.000 for year. More: the desire to establish a buffer state with Saudi Arabia to the United Kingdom formed the West Jordan: Jordanian State (led by the Crown Hachemites family fair, which will support economic, modern and train under the leadership of the English General Glubb). So the Palestinians part for no longer exists. The subsequent wars between the Arabs and the Hebrew are for the Jewish part of land. 1939-1945 Jewish Holocaust in Europe. The ban by the British immigration will increase enormously the number of victims. There are organizations that bring illegal groups of Hebrew in Israel and in Jerusalem organized attacks against the British army2.
to see video on the Adress : http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vm8jiRDCBE4 to see video on the Adress : http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VJZal1-MGb4
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C.V.8. YEARS IN ERETZ ISRAEL STATE
1948 - 2005 On 15 May 1948, with the British withdrawal, Ben Gurion declared the independence of the State of Eretz Israel. In the same night starting confrontations; first Arab-Israeli War, ended by armistice on 20 July 1949. Following the confrontation will continue until today. In terms of the religious Jewish State is tolerant but reluctant to remember the Jewish origins of Christianity. From the information I have (1994), in Jerusalem there is a community of Hebrew Christians around 3,000 people from mixed marriages. Is not good seen by the mosaic Rabinate. There is also the home of Palestinian Christians (Maronite Church, like the Christians of Lebanon), especially in Bethleem, Ramala in Cisiordania. At present there are few current pro Jewish origin of Christianity. Mention of the Messianic Jews. Messianic Judaism is a religious movement whose adherents claim that Jesus of Nazareth (the Hebrew name 'Yeshua') is, on the one hand, the Jewish Messiah Revived, on the other hand, having a divine origin. In 1993 there were 160,000 adherents in the United States and 350,000 worldwide. In 2003 there were about 150 messianic synagogues in the United States and about 400 in the world. Messianic Jews are considered practicing authentic notice of Tore and Culture band Judas. Messianic Judaism is considered by Jews of Mosaic Rite, as all Christian rites, as a form of Christianity. Messianic Judaism was formed in Sec. XIX. Hebrew congregation of Christians were formed first in England. It was founded by 41 Christian Hebrew as' Beni Abraham. It was a form of Christianity with 'background' Judaic. In 1866 take being 'Jewish Alliance – Christians’ in Britain, whose branches are found today in Europe and the United States. Taken in 1915 being the International Alliance of Jewish - Christian in America ( 'The Hebrew-Christian Alliance of America' - HCAA). In 1925 to form the International Alliance of Jewish - Christian ('The International HebrewChristian Alliance' - IHCA). Messianic Judaism is reviving by Martin Chernoff (Chairman HCAA). In 1975 HCAA becomes Messianic Alliance of America ( 'Messianic Jewish Alliance of America' - MJAA), which dissociates congregation is lower (such as the Messianic Israel Alliance, First Fruits of Zion, and the Coalition of Torah Messianic Congregations observed). Messianic Judaism is the theological study of God and Scripture from the perspective of it. Are canonical Old Testament, New Testament as a text inspired by God, St. Paul Epistolele considered fully congruent with Messianic Judaism (rejected by some congregation as canonical). Canonical texts are: Torah, Nevi'im, Ketuvim, the Gospels Matthew, Mark, Luke and John, Acts
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(Luke), Epistolele John, Peter and Paul addressed the Jews, Revelation (book of the New Testament). Fundamental Doctrine: God - Belief in God (Eloh) Bible omnipotent, omnipresent, eternal,¬ creative, and infinitely benevolent. Yehshua (Jesus) Messiah – Judean – ‘Messiah as' YHVH '(YE Ho Vau He) incarnate' the meat 'and spiritual savior. Written Torah - Torah (Pentateuth), The Five Books of Moses are considered -for full convenantl with divinity. It is believed that Jesus preached and reaffirmed faith in the Torah. 'Be of Israel' have been, are and will remain a people of God, part of his Divine Plan premature replacement of any kind by the Church of Divine Plan. Bible -Tanakh and apostolic Writings (B'rit Chadasa ') are of divine inspiration to Messianic Jews. Eschatologia - Messianic Jews are followers of the following beliefs eschatologice: Day End, Second Coming of Jesus as a triumphant Messiah, the rebuilding of Israel, the rebuilding of the Third Temple, Revival of dead (and Jesus Revived)-Shabat The millennial (Jesus reign over a world with the Paradise). Law ORAL - Oral use Torah in the Talmud, observed Jewish Law and traditions of Halaka. There are no many converting followers. These are rare and the result of spiritual identification with Messianic Judaism, proved long and pursued the aim at the target. They believe children of Israel coming back spread among 'nations' as when Jesus come back. Maintain compliance with the 613 Mitzvot - links. We are against animal sacrifice or Hebrew (are summoned Rabbi Akiva and Rabbi Tarfon: 'if it was in sanhedrin, nobody, no date can not be killed' (Mishnah Makot 1:10). It condemns the indirect reference to his death Jesus, Stephen, and other Hebrew Christians, over time by Sanhedrin. Practicing Torah laws lead to Sanctifify, not to save; attributed only to the Messiah. Both Paul and Jesus have complied fully headquarters Torah. 'Do not think that I came to destroy the Law but to fulfill "(Matthew 5:17-19 17). Paul (which I often call his name with the Jews: Sha'ul) remained a faithful Pharisee Judean, disciple of Gamaliel the Elder, until his death, a continuously observed the Jewish laws and traditions. Contained in the concept 'New Perspective on Paul' have great significance in Messianic Judaism. A recommendation Conciliation Messianic Rabbi of the Jews is compliance of Jewish holidays, the Sabbath, dietary rules.
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A main objection to Jews vs. Messianic Jews consists in that, even if it is Messianic Judaism, Yehshua (Jesus) is not the Messiah. Messianic Jews are not recognized as in Eretz Israel and can not use Jewis right to make alya in the State of Israel. Jews 'Orthodox' movement regarded as a betrayal, a subversive form of apostasy, worse than any form of Christian rite expressed open. According to a quote from the Central Conference of American Rabbis (2008) 'For us, the Jewish community, anyone who claims that Jesus is his savior is no longer Jew and an apostate. They are placed outside the Jews. Whether you are called Christians or 'fulfilled Jew', 'Messianic Jew' or in any way is irrelevant. For us it is clearly a Christian’. In this Compendium of Facts selectively hide an implicit question, as the title made famous in a novel about the early Christians of Polish Senkievici 'QUO VADIS DOMINI?.
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AFTERWORDS: AUTHOR’S OPINION
This writing is intended to be a of documentary essay about two millennia ago facts, focused on the role of Hebrew Christians Communities in the fight for the Gospel of Jesus. Approach has some targets: Role played by Hebrew Christians in the first hundred years of Christian Missionary. Evolution and destruction of Hebrew Christians communities. Presenting a summary of certain historical moments during the life of Hebrew Christian Communities in Jerusalem. I do it because Gospel of Jesus and The Hebrew Christians Apostles misionary made a mutation of reference with the spiritual 'engine' THE HOPE. This time, the message sent by the early Hebrew Christians (the apostles) were given to people of 'Jerusalem and all Judea and Samaria and to the edge of the earth'. (Acts p.1.8.). Exactly: A CREDO IN ONE GOD FOR ALL PEOPLES. Phenomenon is comparable to that made Moses, with a thousand two hundred years before that time. Moses, the great Egyptian initiated in Teba (under the name Horsasip) is completed outside Egypt intended to create 'A PEOPLE TO A RELIGION'. Pithagora, about seven hundred years after he brings light of the same truths of initiation in the run Theban to Hellenistic area, to the Cult of Delphi. Ends its existence burned in an uprising of the 'Democrats' Greek colony of Croton (the island on the coasts of Italy). A disciple of his doctrine Zamolxe will mentor the Dacian territories. Plato would be the doctrine that will implement the following four Hellenistic 'golden ages' of space by Greek leaders as Pericle and Alexander the Great. Jesus, formed in the same esoteric sources, preserved by the Essenes Jews to the Death Sea on the coast and in the Nil Delta, extrapolated 'People of God' from the Jewish people at ‘all nations'. It wiped out by crucifixion. Apostles will go, and spread word Gospel outside his 'chosen people'. The desire to write started a few observations that I have seemed strange: A nation at Hebrew, in combat with an empire (Roman) and led by a tribal and religious caste divided between the fight for its own sake or for national independence, was awaiting a 'Messaiah’ a Sent who SAVE THE JEWISH PEOPLE'.
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People expect the Hebrew Messiah coming with forced supernatural, as Moses, or as reported Ezechiel power of God came to help people in Judea 1. There he believe that Jesus, endowed with the miracle of grace to recover , should escape from human punishment (to be crucified). Then when they saw the arrest as any of them, after they received as a King in Jerusalem they have left him. Beghin a millenary struggle between peoples who worship and believe in the same vein esoteric FAIT TO ONE GOD: whether Christian or Mosaic, more than seven hundred years followers Islam. Long line of Christian martyrs, from the Hebrew by ethnicity, were cleanminded people in their everyday lives. As martyrs, Hebrew mosaics were righteous in their faith in God, just as Palestinians believers in God - Allah is still a people in exile of the times we live ... I WONDER: ONLY BECAUSE GOD HAS DIFFERENT NAMES?! WHY the Unity through faith in a UNIQUE GOD is a single island in a sea of IGNORANCE and HATRED?!. One possible answer is that the PRIDE OF POWER, of any origin would not want to be a free and full understanding of this esoteric common vein. Why? Because it still does not know HOW MANAGE IT! Oligarchies privileges of any kind were off with no spiritual freedom through self of each man, because no one can control, to govern its use. Therefore POWER may always used an effective instrument of disunion: IGNORANCE, and FANATICISM. Being a Jew as a mother, a Christian by baptism, can not simply quote the Hebrew historian Shlomo Laish about tumultuous destiny of the Hebrew people: 'We thank here to emphasize one fact that it seems to apply to all questions and others that occur in our minds. An objective response which resisted all time, which was set out with thousands of years before us by a non Jew. Response of prophet Balls The Madianite2 gave to Balak king of Moabit, when invited to curses tribes of Israel, out soon in slavery Egyptian: 'IS A PEOPLE ALONE, WITHOUT NEGLECT OTHER TRIBES' (Numerii23.9.)’. I would only add: sometimes not by its own sons. That said the prophet indeed was a formidable instrument for the conservation of Jewish traditions: the ‘returned son’ is received with
'I looked and behold it came from north a all of a sudden wind, a cloud thick, and a bundle of fire, which spread around a bright light. (...) Everything is in the middle saw four living creature (...) Each of them had four faces, and each had four wings (...) their wings were attached to one another. And when they are not back in any part, but each went straight. ‘(Ezechiel p.1, 5,6,9). 2 : Priest of the Temple of Madian, at the foot of the mountain of Sinai, where Moses and retired three thousand years, to atone for murder have killed an Egyptian satrap subsequently developing here 'Sepher Bereshit' - 'great book', getting his message God to free the Hebrew people from Egypt and it leads to the river Jordan to put him in possession of 'Holy Country'
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warmth and respect. He who shall not return to traditional vein mosaic neither name is mentioned. This is the core of intolerance, while the survival of Jewish communities. Beyond this fact we tried to establish a reason. How ridiculous is the human response to God's kindness. Or more specifically: HOW PEOPLE SUCCESS TO DESTROY THEM IS PASSED BY THE PROPHETS. Text 'HEBREW CHRISTIANS FIGHT BEGININGS FOR THE GOSPEL OF JESUS' (Romanian Version) was started in 1992 in a time when trying to understand myself. He was doing a man who, angry at their own misunderstanding of life, take the pen to write, as a peasant and his digging is going to dig in the garden or field as to forget the troubles of day. For years, the text was rewritten several times, has enriched the area of ideas, A process which was almost independent of the personal life, but that brought me and now an inner peace and happiness: to be a Hebrew Christian. May be for an Jew mosaic ... almost certainly, this concept is a strange thing. From their point of view it means: that people never accepted, through its representatives, deviations from the fundamentals of religious mosaic. And it is normal: this way of thinking has maintained for almost two millennia cohesion in galut1. With all respect for this tradition, and success in 1948 by establishing the Eretz Israel State, yet still have a duty: to recognize Jehosuah - Jesus as the Christians say, a man who truly honor, honor and kindness to the Jewish People. Addenda Processing we used the text versions of the Bible and various historical sources. It was not my interest or to discuss differences. I followed the sequence of facts which would justify the request text. Mesaros - Anghel Vasile (january 2009 – may 2010)
Diaspora - dispersion throughout the mankind of the tribes of Israel.
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1 Mesaroş – Anghel Vasile " HEBREW CHRISTIANS FIGHT BEGININGS FOR THE GOSPEL OF JESUS “- Documentary Essay Link Adress: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d1MZBCNsayA 2 Mesaroş – Anghel Vasile " ZIONISM APOSTLES - MOMENT OF ZIONISM (I)” Documentary Essay Link Adress: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GCjWIEsYQ1I Mesaroş – Anghel Vasile " THE BEGINNING OF HEBREW FIGHT FOR THE RETURN IN ERETZ ISRAEL - MOMENT OF ZIONISM (II)" - Documentary Essay Link Adress: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hi0jPzA_aFA Mesaroş – Anghel Vasile "SAN REMO CHART 1920 HOPE MISSED AN SEMITIC ALLIANCE - MOMENT OF ZIONISM (III)” - Documentary Essay Link Adress: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vm8jiRDCBE4 Mesaroş – Anghel Vasile "HEBREW ORGANIZATION FOR SELF DEFENCE IN PALESTINE (YISHUV) - MOMENTS OF ZIONISM (IV)” - Documentary Essay Link Adress: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VJZal1-MGb4 Mesaroş – Anghel Vasile " HEBREWS, CHRISTIANS, MUSLIMS IN JERUSALEM – COMPENDIUM OF HISTORICAL FACTS” - Documentary Essay Link Adress: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PFvWHuseZ2c Mesaroş – Anghel Vasile " ANCIENT MOSES SOCIAL LAWS” - Documentary Essay Link Adress: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jEsLBw6mi1c Mesaroş – Anghel Vasile "ANGELO RONCALLI - POPE JOHN AL XXIII LIFE MOMENTS” Documentary Essay Link Adress: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BshDOnkB6wY Mesaroş – Anghel Vasile "TWO KNIGHTS OF REVELATION TWENTIETH CENTURY: NICOLAE BALAN AND ALEXANDRU SCHAFRAN” - Documentary Essay Link Adress: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ghbFMay75KU
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'Acts of Apostle' 'Old Testament' 'Works' vol II 'Golden Words' 'Great Prophets of Ancient' 'Initiation Stages' 'History of Israel' 'Church in the first centuries'
Author, publisher, publishing year
Apostle Luke, 'Old Testament' ***
Plato Encyclopedic Scientific Publishing Bucharest 1976 Fabre d'Olivet Publishing House de la Ville, Paris 1873 Eduard Schourée Publishing House Gallimard, Paris 1923 Rudolph Steiner Publishing Princeps Iasi 1993 Moshe Maur Tel Aviv 1975 Fracesco Paolo Rizzio Publishing House Serafim Roman 2002
VIDEO REFERENCES :
Mesaroş – Anghel Vasile " ÎNCEPUTUL LUPTEI EVREILOR CREŞTINI PENTRU EVANGHELIA LUI IISUS” - Eseu Documentar Adresa link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JerGTHdcsAc Mesaroş – Anghel Vasile "APOSTOLI AI SIONISMULUI - Clipe de Sionism (I)” - Eseu Documentar Adresa link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vRF-FhCmHeA Mesaroş – Anghel Vasile "ÎNCEPUTUL LUPTEI EVREILOR PENTRU REANTOARCERE - Clipe De Sionism (II)” - Eseu Documentar Adresa link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V3zWCh2fThY Mesaroş – Anghel Vasile " HARTA SAN REMO 1920 O ALIANŢĂ SEMITICĂ RATATĂ - Clipe de Sionism (III)” - Eseu Documentar Adresa link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kUdHj4ENDew Mesaroş – Anghel Vasile " ORGANIZAŢII EVREIEŞTI DE AUTO APĂRARE ÎN PALESTINA (YIŞUV) - Clipe de Sionism (IV)” - Eseu Documentar Adresa link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5EKMsrVk1cc Mesaroş – Anghel Vasile "BREVIAR DE FAPTE ISTORICE - EVREI CREŞTINI ŞI MUSULMANI LA IERUSALIM” - Eseu Documentar Adresa link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s5_9hfzID74
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Mesaroş – Anghel Vasile " LEGILE SOCIALE ANTICE ALE LUI MOISE DIN 'DEUTERONOM' ” - Eseu Documentar Adresa link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jEsLBw6mi1c Mesaroş – Anghel Vasile " ANGELO RONCALLI - PAPA IOAN AL XXIII CLIPE DE VIAŢĂ ” Eseu Documentar Adresa link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jEsLBw6mi1c Mesaroş – Anghel Vasile " DOI CAVALERI AI APOCALIPSEI SECOLULUI XX NICOLAE BĂLAN ŞI ALEXANDRU ŞAFRAN ” - Eseu Documentar Adresa link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZD0ZszzQ0iE Mesaros Anghel Vasile Volumul I ‘LUPTA EVREILOR CREŞTINI PENTRU EVANGHELIA LUI IISUS' / 2011 Adresa Video Text Audio Integral: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rkIVOmEJA5g Mesaros Anghel Vasile Volumul II ‘EVREI, CREŞTINI ŞI MUSULMANI LA IERUSALIM’ / 2011 Adresa Video Text Audio Integral: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hTxIAZh0p0Y Mesaros Anghel Vasile Volumul III ‘EVREI ŞI CREŞTINI – FAPTE’ / 2011 Adresa Video Text Audio Integral: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O4QvaSJAL_Y
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‘Dumnezeu este Unul, Oamenii l-au fãcut mai mulţi: Unul Iudeu, Unul Creştin, Unul Musulman’. ‚God is ONE; mankind made him many: One Mosaic, one Christian, one Muslim’.
Profile Name: Vasile Mesaroş – Anghel Proffession: IT Trainer Studies: University of Bucharest–Mathematics (1971) System Analyst - Post university Study - CEPECA (1975) Motivation: Documentation of issues that I was concerned, over the past years.
For links to other works: Insert text on GOOGLE: mesaros anghel on net Select the site-ul: http://www.cartiok.ro/doc/35761886/adresses-mesaros-anghel-works-on-netadrese-postari-pe-net-channels E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
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