You are on page 1of 18

Complete: (Simple Present / Present Continuous / Simple Past / Past

Continuous / Present Perfect / Past Perfect / Future / Conditional)


1. He ...................... (work) hard on his book for some time and ......................... (finish) it at last.
2. ........................... (you / listen) to what I am saying? ................................. (you /
understand) me?
3. What would you prefer, tea or coffee? I .............................. (have) some tea.
4. He .............................. (watch) TV when his friend ................................. (arrive).
5. The Jones family ................................. (swim) in the sea when it .......................... (begin) to rain.
6. When he ........................... (leave) he ............................. (realise) he .......................... (forget) his wallet.
7. I am very tired. I.............................. (not sleep) for three days.
8. She .......................... (talk) to her neighbours when the baby ............................. (begin) to cry.
9. I .............................. (know) the family for a very long time.
10. Where ................................ (you / go) for a holiday last year?
11. He ................................. (walk) very quickly when I ........................... (see) him yesterday.
12. When I ............................. (meet) them in the street, they ......................... (go) to the cinema.
13. Mother ................................ (just / go) to the market; John ............................ (see)
her a minute ago in the main road as he ................................. (come) home from school.
14. Can you make less noise? I .......................... (try) to concentrate.
15. I ............................... (telephone) as soon as they arrive.
16. I ............................... (buy) a motorbike when I am sixteen.
17. Whats the matter? Why ............................ (you / cry)? Because I ..................... (lose) my purse.
18. I ............................ (not leave) Paris since we ........................... (visit) you three years ago.
19. Helen ............................... (just / find) a new flat. She ............................... (move) in tomorrow.
20. Just as I ............................. (get) on the bus I realised I ............................... (forget) my dictionary.
21. Henry ............................... (interview) hundreds of girls but he ........................... (not choose) a new secretary yet.
22. Bob will go to the university when he ............................ (finish) the military service.
23. A new block of flats ..................................... (now / build) in front of the hospital.
24. How long .................................. (you / live) here? - I .............................. (live) here all my life.
25. Since when ................................ (you / have) that new car?
26. He ............................ (feel) very ill yesterday, so I ............................. (tell) him to go to the doctor.
27. We .............................. (not live) in England for the last six years.
28. She ............................. (just / come) and she .................................. (see) you in five minutes.

I write books.
_____________________________________________ (two year ago)
_____________________________________________ (since I can remember)
_____________________________________________ (in the future)
_____________________________________________ (now)

1. I buy a house.
Present Simple (NEGATIVE) _______________________________________________
Past Simple __________________________________________________________
Past Continuous (Neg) __________________________________________________
Present Perfect (INT) __________________________________________________
Past Perfect _________________________________________________________
Present Continuous ____________________________________________________
Conditional _____________________________________________________
Future (NEG)_______________________________________________________

1. I don't have enough money. I don't buy a new video camera.

If ______________________________________________________________________________
2. He doesn't invest much. He is not a successful manager.
If ______________________________________________________________________________
3. You don't give up drinking. You don't feel well.
If ______________________________________________________________________________
4. I don't do my homework. I don't know how to do it.
If ________________________________________________________________________________
5. You miss the lesson. The teacher reprehends you.
If __________________________________________________________________________________

1st Conditional
1. I dont talk to John because he doesnt apologize.
If _______________________________________________________________________________
2. He doesn't help you because you don't ask him.
If ________________________________________________________________________________
3. You don't get the best seats because you don't arrive early.
If ______________________________________________________________________________
4. He makes mistakes. He is not promoted.
If _______________________________________________________________________________________
5. Peter wants to go to the match. He goes alone.
If __________________________________________________________________________________

2nd. Conditional
1. I don't buy a new video camera because I don't have enough money.

If ________________________________________________________________________________
2. He doesn't invest much, that's why he is not a successful manager.
If ________________________________________________________________________________
3. You don't give up drinking. You don't feel well.
If _______________________________________________________________________________
4. I don't do my homework because I don't know how to do it.
If ________________________________________________________________________________
5. He only did that because you pushed him.
If _________________________________________________________________________________
6. The dog didn't bite the girl because the owner stopped it.
If _________________________________________________________________________________
7. You missed the lesson. The teacher reprehended you.
If ________________________________________________________________________________

3rd conditional
1. You didn't arrive early. You missed the train.
If __________________________________________________________________________________
2. I didn't hear the weather forecast. So, I didn't bring the umbrella.
If _______________________________________________________________________________________
3. You spent the night at the pub. You didn't study much.
If ____________________________________________________________________________________
4.You didn't take your raincoat. That's why you got wet.
If ___________________________________________________________________________________
5. She didn't give you a box of chocolates because she didn't know it was your birthday.
If ____________________________________________________________________________________
6. You didn't spend he holidays with us, that's why you didn't enjoy yourself a lot.
If __________________________________________________________________________________

1. If you dont read your messages, you wont receive e-mail greetings.

Unless _____________________________________________________________
2. If we didnt walk faster, we wouldnt get there in time.
Unless _______________________________________________________________
3. You wouldnt get the best seats, if you didnt arrive early,
Unless_________________________________________________________________

5. Ill stay at home if the weather doesnt get better,


Unless ______________________________________________________________________
6. If you dont read your messages, you wont receive e-mail greetings.

Unless ______________________________________________________________________
8. If you didnt arrive early, you wouldnt get the best seats.
Unless___________________________________________________________________________
9. If you dont try harder, youll never succeed.
Unless ___________________________________________________________________________
10. If the weather doesnt get better, Ill stay at home.
Unless ___________________________________________________________________________
11. You wont arrive on time if you dont hurry.
Unless___________________________________________________________________________
12. This theatre will close if they dont get a subsidy.
Unless ___________________________________________________________________________
13. If they hadnt lent me the money, I wouldnt have bought the house.
Unless ___________________________________________________________________________
14. You dont come with me. I wont go to the party.
Unless ___________________________________________________________________________
15. If I don't have to work late, I'll see you tomorrow.
unless I ___________________________________________________________________________
16. If she doesn't ask me, I will not tell Sue what you said.
Unless ____________________________________________________________________________

1. Quando ______________________

6. Quanto _______________________

2. Onde ________________________

7. Que idade _____________________

3. Como _______________________

8. Qual/O qu ____________________

4. Quem ______________________

9. Que horas ______________________

5. Quantos _____________________

10. Porqu _________________________

1. A lot of people learn English because they want to study in England.


__________________________________________________________________________
2. He lifted me up because he wanted me to see what was happening.
__________________________________________________________________________
3. Try to write clearly. That way you will avoid being misunderstood.
___________________________________________________________________________
4. What do I need to know, if I want to be a good doctor?
____________________________________________________________________________
7. The houses were knocked down to build car parks and office blocks.
____________________________________________________________________________
8. I sat next to the window, because I wanted to see what was going on.
____________________________________________________________________________
10. I waved my arms. I wanted them to see me.
_____________________________________________________________________________
11. He wanted the report early, because he wanted to discuss it with his colleagues.
_____________________________________________________________________________
12. We take a telescope. We want to see the birds without getting closer.
-_____________________________________________________________________________
13. Ill fasten the donkey, because I dont want it to escape.
______________________________________________________________________________
14. She left her address. She wanted us to forward her letters.
_______________________________________________________________________________
15. He wears a disguise. He doesnt want his friends to recognise him
_______________________________________________________________________________

1. This is the story of a man. His wife suddenly loses her memory.
___________________________________________________________________
2. We often work in groups. It is a stimulating experience.
___________________________________________________________________
3. John was tired and wanted to stop. He had been driving all day.
___________________________________________________________________
4. The firm is sending me to New York. I work for this firm.
___________________________________________________________________
5. Mr Smith said he was too busy to speak to me. I had come specially to see him.
___________________________________________________________________

6. Any man should be sent to prison. He commits crimes against nature.


___________________________________________________________________
7. The children refused to obey. This made the baby-sitter very angry.
___________________________________________________________________
8. The man was sitting at the desk. I had come to see this man.
___________________________________________________________________
9. This is the student. I gave a lift to him this morning.
___________________________________________________________________
10. Aberdeen is a nice town to visit. It is in Scotland.
___________________________________________________________________
11. Mr Walkins has just retired. I saw him at the cinema yesterday.
____________________________________________________________________

1. Although he speaks English very often, he speaks it badly.


In spite of ......................................................................................................................
2. Although he is determined, he wont succeed.
In spite of ................................................................................................................. .....
In spite of his ................................................................................................................
3. Although he is very ambitious, he is loyal and honest to his colleagues.
In spite of ......................................................................................................................
In spite of his ............................................................................................................. ...
4. Although he tries so hard, he always makes mistakes.
In spite of .................................................................................................................... ..
5. Although her father had a negative opinion on the subject, she didnt give it up.
In spite of her ................................................................................................................
6. Its hard work but I enjoy it.
Although .................................................................................................................... ...
7. The work was difficult but at least it was interesting.
In spite of ................................................................................................................. .....
8. In spite of disliking him, we ought to help him.
Although .......................................................................................................................
9. In spite of doing well at school, Ann couldnt find a job.
Although .......................................................................................................................
10. Despite all my careful plans, a lot of things went wrong.
Although .......................................................................................................................

1. Retired people seldom protest or demonstrate.


Seldom ...................................................................................................................... ...............
2 . I hardly knew where I was.
Hardly ...................................................................................................................... ...................
3. Youngsters have rarely been given good job opportunities.
Rarely .........................................................................................................................................
4. As soon as he got the job, he gave his wife a present.
No sooner ....................................................................................................................................
5. I have seldom seen such a crowd of people.
Seldom ...................................................................................................................... ..................
6. He never intervened in the discussion and he was not asked to, either.
Never ....................................................................... and neither ................................... .............
7. If he had seen her, he would have recognised her.
Had ......................................................................................................................... ....................
8. She has never succeeded.
Never ..........................................................................................................................................
9. Parents know little of what goes in their childrens minds.
Little ............................................................................................................................. ..............
10. The laws will under no circumstances be changed.
Under no circumstances .............................................................................................................
11. The bus arrived just as I had waved for a taxi.
No sooner ................................................................................................................... ................
12. I am not questioning your taste. This is only my opinion.
In no way ................................................................................................................... ................
13. This is the first time I have tried skiing.
Never ....................................................................................................................... ...................
14. The firemen arrived shortly after the neighbours dialled 999.
Hardly ........................................................................................................................................

S. Present

He writes a letter.

A letter is written by him.

Pres. Cont.

- He is writing a letter.

A letter is being written by him.

S. Past

He wrote a letter.

A letter was written by him.

He has written a letter.

A letter has been written by him

Pre. Perfect
Past Cont.
Future

He was writing a letter.

A letter was being written by him

He will write a letter.

Conditional

A letter will be written by him.

He would write a letter.

A letter would be written by him.

1) People think that the new prime minister is a good speaker.


It is

The new prime minister

2) They report that the suspended gunman is in custody.


The suspended

It is

3) People don't expect that the new party will win the election.
It isn't

The new

4) The police say that the principal is at large.


It is
The principal

.
.

5) The detective knows that the robber has left the city.
It is
The robber

.
.

6) People believe that giving encouragement is important at work, too.


It is

Giving encouragement

7) They told us that Charles drank too much at the party.


It was

Charles

Rephrase the sentences to make them more formal.


1) People know that drug addiction is dangerous.
It is

2) They believe that the lunch will be delicious.


The lunch is

3) They think that the children are at school.


The children

4) People said that the robbery lasted half an hour.


It is

5) People acknowledge that he is talented.


He is

6) The newspapers reported that he won the jackpot.


He was

7) They think that your tea is too sweet.


It is

8) Everybody says the old bridge will collapse.


The old

Rewrite the sentences. Look at the examples.


1) It is said that the thief stole several wallets.
The thief is said to have stolen several wallets.
2) People think that the pigeons carry a lot of diseases.
It is thought that the pigeons carry a lot of diseases.
3) Sarah is known to be the prettiest girl in the class.
It is

4) It was understood that he got divorced.


He was

5) Amy Winehouse was reported to have died.


It was

6) It is acknowledged that she is a talented painter.


She is

7) The Sun was believed to move round the Earth.

______
______
______
__
______
______
______
__
_____
_____
_____
____

Read the text and do the tasks that follow.


American Teens: Stupid or Spoiled?
I hadn't been to Europe for close to a year, and have to admit I was surprised, even inspired by the speed with which young
people are upgrading their handheld wireless devices over there. As I strolled the streets of London neighbourhoods, I saw kids
taking photos, shooting video, sending real email (not just text messages or sms, but genuine internet mail), and even moblogging, nearly everywhere I looked.
These just weren't the wealthy kids in the posh areas, but real people from a fairly wide variety of socio-economic and cultural
backgrounds. It seemed to be that a majority of people under forty, and nearly everyone under 20, was sporting a fairly new
and fully featured mobile phone.
Rather than bemoan the rampant (perhaps American-born) consumerism that may have contributed to English youth's rapid
uptake of new cell phones, I chose instead to explore the factors motivating all this handset replacement. Why do they want
the latest models? Style? Do they all love cell phone games? The ability to check sports scores from the street? Why must
they send photos to one another with so much urgency that it requires always-ready wireless access?
The answer occurred to me as I wandered the Knightsbridge district in search of a place to check my email. There were no
Internet cafes. My friends in South Kensington happened to own a computer and a very expensive and unstable connection.
Unlike the United States, local phone calls in the UK actually cost money - a lot of money.
In such an environment, a highly functional cell phone is not a luxury gadget, but a primary access point to the net. It's not seen
as just another gadget to go along (and ultimately dock) with the PC, digital camera, mp3 player, web cam, and game console. It
is to serve as all these things, all by itself.
In America, where consumerism still does run rampant, old PC's are stacked in people's closets, and landline access is cheap, or
even free. Access is plentiful.
That's why reluctance of America's youth to dish out two or three hundred dollars on the latest Samsung camera phone or
Sony mp3-capable handset may be incorrectly attributed to their lack of sophistication with wireless handheld devices. And it's
certainly not a low appetite for digital services, messaging, music, and authoring. America's youth are among the world's most
avid consumers and users of gaming consoles, email, mp3's, video editing, and web blogs. It's not their lack of technological
sophistication that keeps American teens from investing in souped-up cell phones; quite on the contrary, it's their access to
technologies that are superior for each of these tasks. They play games on a Playstation, listen to mp3's on an iPod, send
messages using a real keyboard, shoot pictures with a camera, and edit video on a computer.
It's not that American kids don't have cell phones. They do. It's just that they don't have the same need to use their phones
for activities that are already being satisfied better elsewhere.
Even if they don't prove to be eager handset upgraders, America's youth will still rack up airtime on the cell phones they
already have. They're just going to do it the old fashioned way: talking.
By Douglas Rushkoff, Fri Oct 17, 2003
1 - Tick the option that best completes each sentence:
In London, the author was

A)

... astonished by how fast people used the latest technology on mobile phones

B)

... terrified by the use new technology.

C)

... surprised by the amount of people using mobile phones.

2 - The author also realised that the majority of users


A)

...were from high-class areas.

B)

... came from a wide scope of social and economical classes.

C)

... were very wealthy.

3 - Faced with these high levels of advanced technology use, the author decided to
A)

... find out why Americans dont do the same.

B)

... determine the reason why this has taken place in Britain.

C)

criticise British consumerism.

4 - The main reason why most British own a highly functional cell phone is that
A)

... the phone is considered an interesting gadget.

B)

it offers a good way to communicate with others.

C)

it provides fast access to the net as well as other features.

5 - Select the correct alternative:


Why is Internet access so easily found in America?
A)

Internet access is easy simply because they have better computers.

B)

Landline access is easily available at a very reasonable cost if not free.

C)

Its easily found because there are a lot of access points.

6 - How does the text describe American teens as technology consumers?


A)

The text describes American teens as extremely eager consumers of technology.

B)

They are described as not having a great appetite for technological advancements.

C)

American teens are viewed as reluctant users of technology.

7 - What explanation is provided by the text to account for American teens attitude towards acquiring a sophisticated
top-of-the-line mobile phone?

A)

American teens simply dont like mobile phones.

B)

Teens dont have the technological sophistication to acquire a high-tech mobile.

C)

American teens have access to other technological means to perform the same tasks better so they dont

require a sophisticated mobile.


8 - According to the text, for what does an American teen use its mobile phone?
A)

Americas youth will mainly use its mobile phone to access the net.

B)

Teens will use mobile phones primarily to speak to each other.

C)

They will use cell phones to satisfy their needs.

9 - Determine to what the words given below refer to. Tick the correct option:
they (l. 12 )
A)

Americans

B)

Cell phones

C)

English youth

10 - it (l. 15 )
A)

Send photos to one another

B)

Urgency

C)

Wireless access

11 - it (l. 21 )
A)

Gadget

B)

Net

C)

Cell phone

12 - their (l. 31 )
A)

Samsung camera phone and Sony handset

B)

Wireless devices

C)

Americas youth

13 - Chose the alternative that adequately explains the meaning of the given word or expression:

. fully featured mobile phone. (l. 8/9 )


A)

A highly advanced mobile with a wide variety of functions.

B)

A standard mobile phone for full use

C)

A mobile phone that can take photos

14 - bemoan the rampant consumerism (l. 10 )


A)

Study the motives that explain consumerism

B)

Complain about the ever rising consumerism

C)

Explain why consumerism is decreasing

15 - will still rack up airtime (l. 39/40)


A)

They will still spend a certain amount of time talking on the phone

B)

They might spend some air on the phone

C)

They should use the air to talk on the phone

1 - GRAMMAR
Rewrite the sentences given without changing the meaning they convey. Select the correct alternative to complete the
new sentence.

1.1 - If English youth doesnt buy high tech mobiles, they will continue to have poor access to the net.
Unless English . access to the net.
A)

... teens dont buy mobiles, they will have bad ...

B)

... youth buys high tech mobiles, they will continue to have poor

C)

... youth bought high tech mobiles, they will continue to have ...

1.2 - Why do they want the latest models?


The author wondered .. models.
A)

why did they wanted the latest

B)

if they wanted the latest

C)

why they wanted the latest

1.3 - English teens need to have a highly advanced mobile phone in order to access the net and perform other
functions.
English teens need to have a highly advanced mobile phone so that .. functions.
A)

they can access the net and perform other

B)

access the net and perform other

C)

accessed the net and performed other

1.4 - We may attribute American teens reluctance in buying high tech cell phones to their lack of sophistication.
American teens reluctance . sophistication.
A)

in buying high tech cell phones may attributed to their lack of

B)

in buying high tech cell phones be may attribute to their lack of

C)

in buying high tech cell phones may be attributed to their lack of

1.5 - Although they arent eager cell phone users, American teens will still use the phones they already have.
Despite .. will still use the phones they already have.
A)

not being eager cell phone users, American teens

B)

of not being eager cell phone users, American teens

C)

they arent eager cell phone users, American teens

1.6 - Cell phone users want a high tech device will spend huge amounts of money to buy it.
Cell phone users . to buy it.
A)

when they want a high tech device will spend huge amounts of money

B)

which want a high tech device will spend huge amounts of money

C)

who want a high tech device will spend huge amounts of money