Safety Clearance for Electrical Panel

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Working Space around Indoor Panel/Circuit Board (NES 312.2): Exposed live parts to Exposed live parts to Exposed live parts on Not live parts( or Grounded parts (concrete, both sides Voltage grounded parts ) brick, and walls). Up to 150 V 150 V to 600 V 0.914 Meter (3 Ft) 0.914 Meter (3 Ft) 0.914 Meter (3 Ft) 1.07 Meter (3’6”) 0.914 Meter (3 Ft) 1.22 Meter (4 Ft)

Clearance around an Indoor electrical panel (NES 110.26): Description of Clearance Left to Right the minimum clearance Distance between Panel and wall Distance between Panel and Ceiling Clear Height in front of Panel>480V Clear Height in front of Panel <480V Clearance When Facing Other Electrical Panels < 480V The width of the working space in front of the Panel Headroom of working spaces for panel boards (Up to 200Amp) Headroom of working spaces for panel boards (More than 200Amp &Panel height is max 2 Meter) Headroom of working spaces for panel boards (More than 200Amp &Panel height is more than 2 Meter) Entrance For Panel (More than 1200 Amp and over 1.8 m Wide) Personal Door For Panel (More than 1200 Amp) Dedicated Electrical Space.

Distance (min) 0.9 Meter (3 Ft) 1.0 Meter 0.9 Meter 2.0 Meter 0.9 Meter (3 Ft) 0.9 Meter (3 Ft)

The width of Panel or 0.762 Meter which is Greater. Up to 2 Meter

Up to 2 Meter( If Panel height is max 2 Meter)

If Panel height is more than 2 Meter than clearance should not less than panel Height One entrance required for working space (Not less than 610 mm wide and 2.0 m high ) Personnel door(s) intended for entrance to and egress from the working space less than 7.6 m from the nearest edge of the working space Required Space is width and depth of the Panel and extending from the floor to a height

of 1.8 m (6 ft) above the equipment or to the structural ceiling, whichever is lower The door(s) shall open in the direction of egress and be equipped with panic bars, pressure plates, or other devices that are normally latched but open under simple pressure The work space shall permit at least a 90 degree opening of equipment doors or hinged panels

Clearance for Conductor Entering in Panel (NES 408.5): Distance (min) Description of Clearance Spacing between The conduit or raceways(including their end fittings) and Bottom of Enclosure Spacing Between Bottom of Enclosure and Insulated bus bars, their supports, Spacing Between Bottom of Enclosure and Non insulated bus bars Not rise more than 75 mm (3 in) above the bottom of the enclosure

200 mm

200 mm

Clearance between Bare Metal Bus bar in Panel (NES 408.5): Opposite PolarityMounted on Opposite Same PolarityWhere Held Voltage Free in Air Surface Up to 125 V 19.1 mm 12.7 mm 125 V to 250 V 250 V to 600 V 31.8 mm 50.8 mm 19.1 mm 25.4 mm

Live Parts to Ground

12.7 mm 12.7 mm 25.4 mm

Clearance of Outdoor electrical panel to Fence/Wall (NES 110.31): Distance (min) Voltage 600 V to 13.8 KV 13.8 K V to 230 KV Above 230 KV 3.05 Meter 4.57 Meter 5.49 Meter

Working Space around Indoor Panel/Circuit Board (NES 110.34): Exposed live parts to Exposed live parts on Exposed live parts to Not Grounded parts both sides live parts( or grounded Voltage (concrete, brick, and parts ) walls). 601 V to 2.5 K V 2.5 K V to 9.0 K V 9.0 K V to 25 K V 25 K V to 75 K V Above 75 KV 0.914 Meter (3 Ft) 1.2 Meter (4 Ft) 1.5 Meter (5 Ft) 1.8 Meter (6 Ft) 2.5 Meter (8 Ft) 1.2 Meter (4 Ft) 1.5 Meter (5 Ft) 1.8 Meter (6 Ft) 2.5 Meter (8 Ft) 3.0 Meter (10 Ft) 1.5 Meter (5 Ft) 1.8 Meter (6 Ft) 2.5 Meter (8 Ft) 3.0 Meter (10 Ft) 3.7 Meter (12 Ft)

Clearance around an Outdoor electrical panel (NES 110.31): Distance (min) Description of Clearance Clear work space: Not less than 2.0 Meter high(Measured vertically from the floor or platform) or not less than 914 mm (3 ft) wide (Measured parallel to the equipment). One entrance required for working space (Not less than 610 mm wide and 2.0 m high ) One Entrance at each end of the equipment.

Entrance For Panel (More than 1200 Amp and over 1.8 m Wide) Entrance For Panel: On Large panels exceeding 1.8 Meter in width Nonmetallic or Metal-enclosed Panel in general public and the bottom of the enclosure is less than 2.5 m (8 ft) above the floor or grade level

Enclosure door or hinged cover shall be kept locked.

Elevation of Unguarded Live Parts above Working Space (NES 110.34E): Elevation (min) Voltage 600 V to 7.5 KV 7.5 K V to 35 KV Above 35 KV 2.8 Meter 2.9 Meter 2.9 Meter + 9.5 mm/KV

Voltage

Working Space for Panel (Code Georgia Power Company): Exposed live parts to Exposed live parts to Exposed live parts on

Not live parts( or grounded parts )

Grounded parts (concrete, brick, and walls). 3.0 Meter 3.5 Meter 4.0 Meter 5.0 Meter 6.0 Meter

both sides

Up to 150 V 150 V to 600 V 600 V to 2.5 KV 2.5 KV to 9 KV 9 KV to 25 KV

3.0 Meter 3.0 Meter 3.0 Meter 3.0 Meter 5.0 Meter

3.0 Meter 4.0 Meter 5.0 Meter 6.0 Meter 6.0 Meter

Safety Clearance for Transformer:

Clearance from Outdoor Liquid Insulated Transformers to Buildings (NEC): Liquid Liquid Volume Fire NonCombustible (m3) Resistant Combustible Wall Wall Wall Less Flammable NA <38 m3 >38 m3 Mineral Oil <1.9 m3 1.9 m3 to 19 m3 > 19 m3 0.9 Meter 1.5 Meter 4.6 Meter 1.5 Meter 4.6 Meter 7.6 Meter 0.9 Meter 1.5 Meter 4.6 Meter 4.6 Meter 7.6 Meter 15.2 Meter 0.9 Meter 7.6 Meter 15.2 Meter 7.6 Meter 15.2 Meter 30.5 Meter

Vertical Distance

0.9 Meter 7.6 Meter 15.2 Meter 7.6 Meter 15.2 Meter 30.5 Meter

Clearance between Two Outdoor Liquid Insulated Transformers (NEC):

Liquid Less Flammable

Liquid Volume (m3) NA <38 m3 >38 m3

Distance 0.9 Meter 1.5 Meter 7.6 Meter 1.5 Meter 7.6 Meter

Mineral Oil

<1.9 m3 1.9 m3 to 19 m3

> 19 m3

15.2 Meter

Dry Type Transformer in Indoor Installation (NES 420.21):

Voltage Up to 112.5 KVA

Distance (min) 300 mm (12 in.) from combustible material unless separated from the combustible material by a heatinsulated barrier. Installed in a transformer room of fireresistant construction. separated from a fire-resistant barrier not less than 1.83 m (6 ft) horizontally and 3.7 m (12 ft) vertically

Above 112.5 KVA

Above 112.5 KVA with Class 155 Insulation

Dry Type Transformer in Outdoor Installation (NES 420.22):

Voltage

Distance (min)

Above 112.5 KVA with separated from a fire-resistant barrier not less than 1.83 m Class 155 Insulation (6 ft) horizontally and 3.7 m (12 ft) vertically Non Flammable Liquid-Insulated Transformer in Indoor Installation (NES 420.21):

Voltage Over 35KV

Distance (min) Installed indoors Vault (Having liquid confinement area and a pressure-relief vent for absorbing any gases generated by arcing inside the tank, the pressure-relief vent shall be connected to a chimney or flue that will carry such gases to an environmentally safe area Installed in a transformer room of fire-resistant construction.

Above 112.5 KVA

Above 112.5 KVA separated from a fire-resistant barrier not less than 1.83 m (6 ft) (Class 155 horizontally and 3.7 m (12 ft) vertically Insulation) Oil Insulated Transformer in Indoor Installation (NES 420.25):

Voltage

Distance (min)

Up to 112.5 KVA Up to 10 KVA & Up to 600V Up to 75 KVA & Up to 600V Furnace transformers (Up to 75 kVA)

Installed indoors Vault (With construction of reinforced concrete that is not less than 100 mm (4 in.) thick. Vault shall not be required if suitable arrangements are made to prevent a transformer oil fire from igniting Vault shall not be required if where the surroundingStructure is classified as fire-resistant construction. Installed without a vault in a building or room of fire resistant construction

Transformer Clearance from Building (IEEE Stand): Distance from Building (min) Transformer Up to 75 KVA 75 KVA to 333 KVA More than 333 KVA 3.0 Meter 6.0 Meter 9.0 Meter

Transformer Clearance Specifications (Stand: Georgia Power Company): Description of Clearance Distance (min) Clearance in front of the transformer 3.0 Meter Between Two pad mounted transformers (including Cooling fin) 2.1 Meter Between Transformer and Trees, shrubs, vegetation( for unrestricted 3.0 Meter natural cooling ) The edge of the concrete transformer pad to nearest the building 4.2 Meter The edge of the concrete transformer pad to nearest building wall, 3.0 Meter windows, or other openings Clearance from the transformer to edge of (or Canopy) building (3 or 3.0 Meter less stories) Clearance in front of the transformer doors and on the left side of the 3.0 Meter transformer, looking at it from the front. (For operation of protective and switching devices on the unit.) Gas service meter relief vents. 0.9 Meter Fire sprinkler values, standpipes and fire hydrants 1.8 Meter The water’s edge of a swimming pool or any body of water. 4.5 Meter Facilities used to dispense hazardous liquids or gases 6.0 Meter Facilities used to store hazardous liquids or gases 3.0 Meter Clear vehicle passageway at all times, immediately adjacent of 3.6 Meter Transformer Fire safety clearances can be reduced by building a suitable masonry fire barrier wall (2.7 Meter wide and 4.5 Meter Tall) 0.9 Meter from the back or side of the Pad Mounted Transformer to the side of the

combustible wall Front of the transformer must face away from the building. Horizontal Distance (mm) to padto buried HV to overhead mounted cable HV Line transformers 7.5 Meter 1.5 Meter 7.5 Meter 6.0 Meter 0.6 Meter 15 Meter 6.0 Meter 0.6 Meter 15 Meter 6.0 Meter 1.5 Meter 3.0 Meter 0.6 Meter 1.5 Meter 0.6 Meter 15 Meter 15 Meter Height of Antenna + 3.0 Meter

Description of Clearance Fuel tanks Granaries Homes Barns, sheds, garages Water wells Antennas

Clearance of Transformer-Cable-Overhead Line (Stand: Georgia Power Company):

Standard: New Zealand Electrical Code: Min Safe Distance between Buildings and Overhead Line:

Voltage 11 kV to 33 kV 33 kV to 66 kV 66 kV and Above

Pole 2 Meter 6 Meter 8 Meter

Tower 2 Meter 6 Meter 8 Meter

Min Safe Distance for excavation near Overhead Line:

Description of Clearance

From Pole (Min)

From Tower (min) 12 Meter 6 to12 Meter 6 Meter 6 Meter 9 Meter 12 Meter 2.2 Meter 5 Meter

Excavation in land more than 8 Meter 750mm depth Excavation in land up to750mm 2.2 to 5 Meter depth Excavation in land up to300mm 2.2 Meter depth Construction near 11KV to 33KV 2.2 Meter Line Construction near 33KV to 66KV 6 Meter Line Construction near 66KV and more 8 Meter Wire Fence near 1KV to 66KV 2.2 Meter Line Wire Fence near 66KV and more 5 Meter

Min Safe Distance for Tower Carin near Electrical Tower: Description of Clearance Distance (Min) Mobile Carin movement 4.0 Meter Tower Carin movement 4.0 Meter Carin movement 4.0 Meter Moving Activity above height of Tower 4.0 Meter Hedge Cutter movement 4.0 Meter Min Safe Vertical Distance above Railway Track:

Description of Clearance Earthed conductors Stay wires Conductors up to 33 kV Conductors above 33 kV to 220 kV Conductors above 220 kV.

Distance (Min) 5.5 Meter 5.5 Meter 6.5 Meter 7.5 Meter 8 Meter

Min Distance between two Conductors on Same Supports:

High Voltage Circuit Up to 33 KV Up to 33 KV 33 KV to 110 KV 33 KV to 110 KV More than 110 KV

High Voltage Circuit Up to 1KV More than 1KV Up to 1KV More than 1KV All

Distance between circuits(min) 1.0 Meter 1.2 Meter 1.5 Meter 2.0 Meter 2.5 Meter

Min Distance between two Conductors on Different Supports:

High Voltage Circuit Up to 1 KV 1 KV to 33 KV 33 KV to 66 KV 110 KV More than 220 KV Min Safety Distance from Electrical Apparatuses:

Distance (min) 0.6 Meter 1.2 Meter 1.8 Meter 2.4 Meter 2.8 Meter

Description of Clearance Passage In front of Metal Clad Switchgear (UP to HV) Passage In rear or side of Metal Clad Switchgear (UP to HV) Passage at any side of Metal Clad Switch

Distance (min) 1.0 Meter wide 2.5 Height 1.0 Meter wide 2.2 Height 0.8 Meter wide 2.2

gear containing Bare conductor (UP to HV)

Height

Min Approach Distance for Non-Competent Person near exposed Live Parts:

Voltage Below 110 kV 220 kV and above

Distance (min) 4.0 Meter 6.0 Meter

Min Approach Distance for Competent Person near exposed Live Parts: Voltage Distance (min) Below 1 kV 0.5 Meter 11 kV 22 kV 33 kV 66 kV 110 kV 220 kV and above 1.5 Meter 2.0 Meter 2.5 Meter 3.0 Meter 4.0 Meter 6.0 Meter

Standard: Western Power Company. Water Safely Clearance on Electrical Fires:

Voltage Up to 750 V 750 V to 15 KV 15 KV to 230 KV

Minimum distances between a nozzle producing a fog stream of fresh water and a live conductor 1.5 Meter 4.0 Meter 5.0 Meter

Minimum Approach Distance for Authorized Person: This is the minimum distance that must be maintained by a person, vehicle or mobile plant. Voltage Up to 1 KV Distance (min) 0.7 Meter

1 V to 6.6 KV 6.6 KV to 11 KV 11 KV to 22 KV 22 KV to 33 KV 33 KV to 66 KV 66 KV to 132 KV 132 KV to 220 KV 220 KV to 330 KV

0.7 Meter 0.7 Meter 0.7 Meter 1.0 Meter 1.0 Meter 1.2 Meter 1.8 Meter 3.0 Meter

Minimum Approach Distance for Ordinary Person: Distance (min) Voltage Up to 1 KV 1 V to 6.6 KV 6.6 KV to 11 KV 11 KV to 22 KV 22 KV to 33 KV 33 KV to 66 KV 66 KV to 132 KV 132 KV to 220 KV 220 KV to 330 KV 3.0 Meter 3.0 Meter 3.0 Meter 3.0 Meter 3.0 Meter 3.0 Meter 3.0 Meter 4.5 Meter 6.0 Meter

Minimum Approach Distance for Vehicle & Plant for Ordinary Person:

Distance (min) Voltage Up to 1 KV 1 V to 6.6 KV 6.6 KV to 11 KV Mobile Plant 3.0 Meter 3.0 Meter 3.0 Meter Vehicle 0.6 Meter 0.9Meter 0.9Meter

11 KV to 22 KV 22 KV to 33 KV 33 KV to 66 KV 66 KV to 132 KV 132 KV to 220 KV 220 KV to 330 KV

3.0 Meter 3.0 Meter 3.0 Meter 3.0 Meter 3.0 Meter 6.0 Meter

0.9Meter 0.9Meter 2.1 Meter 2.1 Meter 2.9 Meter 3.4 Meter

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