# Student ID: 17496575

Practical Report: Shearbox test

Soil Engineering

2

Objective: The objective of the shearbox test on sand is to determine the
ultimate shear strength parameters of the different soil samples taken
using the shearbox test.
Procedure:
 Measure the inner dimensions of the given shearbox and calculate
the volume, also weigh the empty box and note down the readings
 Loose sample: For the shearbox test on the loose sample the sand is
poured into the box evenly and gently until the brim of the box,
vibrations and other compaction causes should be avoided. Weigh
the soil sample and the box and take readings.
 Dense sample: For the shearbox test on the dense sample the sand
should be poured into the box and compacted using 25 blows of the
hammer provided. Weigh the soil sample and the box and take
 Transfer the shearbox to the loading frame and remove the screws
holding the upper and lower parts of the shearbox after the
appropriate normal loads have been applied. In this experiment we
are using normal loads at 5kg, 25kg and 50kg.
 Engage the clutch on the loading frame and switch the motor on.
 Record readings of the vertical dial gauge and proving ring for every
0.25mm of displacement in Datasheet 10, this should be done for
both loose sample and dense sample separately.
 Repeat the above the steps on different normal loads and different
soil samples.

3

Dimensions of box: 60.00 x 60.00 x 45.00
Volume: 162m³
Weight of empty box: 3.172 Kg
Weight of box with soil sample: 3.420 Kg

4
Datasheet 10: Loose Sample
Area of sample (mm²): 3600
Proving Ring No.: 47
Calibration constant (N/div): 2.344
Test #
Density of
sample
Horizontal
displacement

0.00
0.25
0.50
0.75
1.00
1.25
1.50
1.75
2.00
2.25
2.50
2.75
3.00
3.25
3.50
3.75
4.00
4.25
4.50
4.75
5.00
5.25
5.50
5.75

1
5
0.0015
Prov.
Ring
Division
0
15
15
20
26
29
32
34
35
36
37
38
39
39
39.5
40
40.3
41.3
41.8
42
42.5
42.5
42.9
43

2
25
0.0015
Vertical
Displ.
(mm)
0
-19
-20
-28
-49
-67
-78
-86
-91
-95
-99
-99
-99
-99
-99
-98
-94
-91
-88.5
-88.5
-85
-83
-77
-75

Prov.
Ring
Division
0
40
40
40
55
65
74
81
86
90
93
97
98
102
104
106
108
111
112
114
115
116
116.5
116.9

3
50
0.0015
Vertical
Displ.
(mm)
0
-15
-15
-15
-26
-41
-59
-72
-83
-93
-103
-110
-115
-117
-119
-124
-128
-130
-130
-130
-130
-130
-129
-129

Prov.
Ring
Division
0
30
52
69
81
91
97
103
107
109
111
114
116
119
120
122
124.5
127
129
130.5
133
134
135
135.5

Vertical
Displ.
(mm)
0
2
-3
-15
-28
-41
-51
-59
-62.5
-66
-69.5
-72
-73.5
-74.5
-75
-75.5
-76.5
-77
-78
-78.5
-79
-79
-79
-79

5
6.00

43

-71

117.2

-129

Graph: Horizontal Displacement VS Vertical Displacement

135.8

-79

6
1.2
1
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25

Datasheet 11: Loose Sample

7
Test No.
Normal Stress
Horizontal
Displ. (mm)

1
13.625
Shear
Stress
stress(KPa) Ratio

0.00
0.25
0.50
0.75
1.00
1.25
1.50
1.75
2.00
2.25
2.50
2.75
3.00
3.25
3.50
3.75
4.00
4.25
4.50
4.75
5.00
5.25
5.50
5.75
6.00

0
9.77
9.77
13.02
16.93
18.88
20.84
22.14
22.79
23.44
24.09
24.74
25.39
25.39
25.72
26.04
26.24
26.89
27.22
27.35
27.67
27.67
27.90
28
28

0
0.718
0.718
0.957
1.244
1.388
1.532
1.627
1.675
1.723
1.771
1.819
1.866
1.866
1.891
1.914
1.929
1.977
2.001
2.011
2.034
2.034
2.051
2.058
2.058

2
68.125
Shear
stress
(KPa)
0
26.04
26.04
26.04
35.81
42.32
48.18
52.74
56.00
58.60
60.55
63.16
63.81
66.41
67.72
69.02
70.32
72.27
72.92
74.23
74.88
75.53
75.85
76.11
76.31

Stress
Ratio

3
136.25
Shear
Stress
stress(KPa) Ratio

0
0.382
0.382
0.382
0.525
0.621
0.707
0.774
0.822
0.860
0.889
0.927
0.937
0.975
0.994
1.013
1.032
1.601
1.070
1.090
1.099
1.109
1.113
1.117
1.120

0
19.5
33.86
44.92
52.74
59.25
63.16
67.06
69.67
70.97
72.27
74.23
75.53
77.42
78.13
79.44
81.06
82.69
83.99
84.97
86.59
87.25
87.9
88.23
88.42

0
0.143
0.248
0.33
0.387
0.435
0.464
0.440
0.512
0.521
0.531
0.545
0.555
0.569
0.574
0.584
0.596
0.608
0.617
0.624
0.636
0.641
0.646
0.648
0.650

8
Graph: Horizontal Displacement VS Shear stress
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 1516 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26

Graph: Horizontal Displacement VS Stress ratio
2.5

2

1.5

1

0.5

0
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26

9
Datasheet 10: Dense Sample
Area of sample (mm²): 3600
Proving Ring No.: 130
Calibration Constant (N/div): 0.703
Test #
Density of
sample
Horizontal
displacement

0.00
0.25
0.50
0.75
1.00
1.25
1.50
1.75
2.00
2.25
2.50
2.75
3.00
3.25
3.50
3.75
4.00
4.25
4.50
4.75
5.00
5.25
5.50
5.75
6.00

1
5
1.713
Prov.
Ring
division
0
-17
34
63
77
85
95
104
110
119
120
120
118
115
112
108
105
101
98
95
94
94
92
91
91

2
25
1.713
Vertical
Disp.
(mm)
0
-15
-15
-15
-14
-9
-2
12
27
55
93
117
117
144
156
168
180
185
187
190
192
196
198
198
197

Prov.
Ring
division
0
86
139
165
200
236
278
304
345
374
406
438
472
485
488
480
462
434
400
377
356
352
352
350
349

3
50
1.713
Vertical
Disp.
(mm)
0
-47
-62
-63
-63
-63
-74
-74
-86
-81
-69
-53
-34
-9
20
47
70
81
96
105
111
115
118
121
123

Prov.
Ring
division
0
100
180
270
353
415
495
556
598
618
622
616
598
574
549
512
495
475
465
460
459
449
449
451
455

Vertical
Disp.
(mm)
0
-20
-19
-16
-15
-14
-10
3
22
46
75
105
136
163
187
208
221
231
236
241
245
247
249
251
251

10

Graph: Horizontal displacement VS Vertical Displacement
300
250
200
150
100
50
0
-50
-100
-150

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25

11

Datasheet 11: Dense sample
Test no.
Normal stress
Horizontal
Displ.
0.00
0.25
0.50
0.75
1.00
1.25
1.50
1.75
2.00
2.25
2.50
2.75
3.00
3.25
3.50
3.75
4.00
4.25
4.50
4.75
5.00
5.25
5.50
5.75
6.00

1
13.625
Shear
stress
(KPa)
0
-2.34
6.63
12.3
15.04
16.6
16.55
20.3
21.48
23.24
23.43
23.43
23.04
22.46
21.87
21.09
20.5
19.72
19.13
18.55
18.37
18.37
17.97
17.77
17.77

Stress
Ratio
0
-0.17
0.48
0.9
1.1
1.22
1.14
1.22
1.36
1.79
1.6
1.6
1.72
1.6
1.64
1.54
1.5
1.44
1.4
1.36
1.34
1.34
1.38
1.304
1.304

2
68.125
Shear
stress
(KPa)
0
16.8
27.1
32.2
39.1
46.1
54.3
59.4
67.4
73.0
79.3
85.5
92.2
94.7
95.3
95.7
90.2
84.8
78.1
69.5
69.5
68.7
68.7
68.4
68.2

Stress
Ratio
0
0.25
0.4
0.47
0.57
0.68
0.8
0.87
0.99
1.07
1.16
1.25
1.35
1.39
1.4
1.41
1.32
1.25
1.146
1.02
1.02
1.005
1.005
1.004
1.001

3
136.25
Shear
stress
(KPa)
0
19.5
35.2
52.7
68.9
81.0
96.66
108.57
116.78
120.68
121.46
120.3
116.78
112.09
107.2
99.98
96.66
92.76
90.80
89.83
89.63
87.68
87.68
88.07
88.85

Stress
Ratio
0
0.14
0.26
0.39
0.5
0.59
0.71
0.79
0.86
0.88
0.89
0.88
0.86
0.82
0.78
0.73
0.71
0.68
0.67
0.66
0.66
0.64
0.64
0.65
0.65

12

Graph: Horizontal displacement VS Shear stress
140
120
100
80

5 Shear stress (KPa)

60

25 Shear stress (KPa)
50 Shear stress (KPa)

40
20
0
1

3

5

7

9

11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25

-20

Graph: Horizontal displacement VS Stress Ratio
2

1.5

1

5 Stress Ratio
25 Stress Ratio
50 Stress Ratio

0.5

0
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23
-0.5