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330:038 Introduction to Electrical Power and Machinery Fall 2002

http://www.uni.edu/indtech/eiet

330:038 Introduction to Electrical Power and Machinery (3 cr.)


MW 10:00-11:50 a.m., ITC 6/10
Instructor: Dr. R. Pecen
Office ITC # 39 @273-2598 e-mail: pecen@uni.edu
http:// www.uni.edu/~pecen Office Hours: MTWTh: 2-2:50 p.m.
(You can also call or e-mail me and arrange extra office hours by appointment).

Textbook: Electrical Machines, Drives, and Power Systems, 5th Ed. by T. Wildi, Prentice Hall Publ.

Other References: National Electric Code (NEC) 2000 Handbook, 9th Edition, NFPA.
Electrical Power Systems, M. El-Hawary, IEEE Press.
Industrial Electricity, 6th Edition, Nadon, Gelmine, Brumbach, Delmar Publ.
Electricity 3 7th Ed.–Power Generation & Delivery, W. N. Alerich & J. Keljik, Delmar Pub.

Laboratory Manual: You need to purchase 330:038 Lab Manual from UNI Print Services (147 Rod
Library: 273-7722) after September 9, 2002.

Prerequisites: 330:037 AC/DC Theory (Introduction to Circuits).

Course Catalog Description: Single and polyphase circuits. DC machines, AC single and polyphase
synchronous and induction machines, power transformers. Introduction to power systems with
renewable energy sources. Lecture and lab.

Course Objective:
♦ To apply the theory of electrical machines “motors-generators-transformers” to the practical
industrial settings with appropriate drives and controls.
♦ To learn the theory of major stationary and rotating electrical machines operating on DC/AC and
their corresponding control systems.
♦ To establish the concepts of electrical power production, transmission, application, and the control
relating to the industrial and commercial setting.
♦ To learn fundamentals of the National Electric Code (NEC) requirements and Electrical Safety
Rules for electrical systems.
Computer Use: An interface motor control interface software package (Feedback 68-910) available
in motor control set-up in ITC 10 will also be used in laboratory projects.

Class Structure and Attendance: This is an important class and your attendance is highly
encouraged. Lectures, laboratory experimental projects, homework assignments, pop-quizzes, and a
design project with a final report will constitute the structure of the course. A make-up exam may be
given only in the case of documented physical illness (In this case, students must inform instructor at
least 24 hours before the exam).

Labs: There are regular scheduled labs for this course. You will buying your copy of the lab manual
from UNI Print Services in the second week of September. All laboratory project assignments must be
completed for your lab grading. Each student must write his/her own laboratory report. You must attend
and successfully complete the each lab. Lab reports will be due one week after the week of the lab
completed. Due to the limited number of lab setups, no make-up labs will be given. Please see the lab
report format sheet for a sample lab report.

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Electrical & Information Engineering Technology Program
Department of Industrial Technology - University of Northern Iowa
Dr. Pecen  2002
330:038 Introduction to Electrical Power and Machinery Fall 2002
http://www.uni.edu/indtech/eiet

Homework Assignments: Homework assignments will be collected and graded. No credit will be
given for late homework assignments (except documented physical illness). Students may work with
others on lab reports and homework assignments, however, submissions must consist of the students
own work, in accordance with departmental policies. Please work neatly, showing all calculations,
manipulations, plots and program files (if any) required reaching your solution.

Course Content: The tentative course content will include the following topics. Please note that
depending upon extra handouts, and homework assignment explanations, the following tentative
course content and its corresponding laboratory projects may be shifted slightly.

1. Fundamentals
♦ Systems of Units, Per-Unit System, Magnetism, AC Circuits, Phasors, Energy,
Harmonics, Mechanics.

2. Electrical Machines and Transformers


♦ DC Generators
♦ DC Motors
♦ Efficiency and Heating of Electrical Machines
♦ Active, Reactive, and Apparent Power
♦ 3Φ Circuits
♦ Ideal and Practical Transformers
♦ Special Transformers
♦ 3Φ Transformers
♦ 3Φ Induction Motors
♦ Selection and Application of 3Φ Induction Motors
♦ Equivalent Circuit of the Induction Motor
♦ Synchronous Generators
♦ Synchronous Motors
♦ 1Φ Motors and Stepper Motors

3. Electrical and Electronic Drives


♦ Basics of Industrial Motor Control
♦ Introduction to Power Electronics
♦ Optional: (Power Electronics Control of DC Motors)

4. Renewable “Wind/Solar” Power Generation and Instrumentation.

5. NEC and the articles pertaining to electric motors/control, installation, residential


wiring, transmission/distribution, SAFETY.

Design Project: All students are expected to complete an electrical power based project of interest.
The project may involve construction of an electrical system, design of an electrical machine control
system, design (and if possible implementation) of a solar/wind power system and instrumentation. It is
recommended that projects not necessarily be very large or very complex. The student should make a
decision early in the semester and arrange to discuss the project with the instructor. Each project will be
presented to the class with a report. This will include the following:

(1) A brief description and purpose of the project


(2) Plans, illustrations, schematic drawings, simulations, or other visual representations.
(3) A written summary of the activities performed to complete the project
(4) A discussion of fundamental principles needed to accomplish the project,
(5) Measurement (if used) Results and Conclusions
and finally if possible (for extra credit)
(6) The actual physical project implemented for a demonstration in the class.
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Electrical & Information Engineering Technology Program
Department of Industrial Technology - University of Northern Iowa
Dr. Pecen  2002
330:038 Introduction to Electrical Power and Machinery Fall 2002
http://www.uni.edu/indtech/eiet

You should submit a proposal of the project by Monday, October 28, 2002. All projects must be
approved by Wednesday, October 30, 2002. Students will be expected to present and submit their final
project reports in the class on the final week of the semester (Monday, December 9, 2002). The
literature review regarding the project should be documented, cited and supporting material should also
be included on the final report.

Grading: The final grade is based on the following requirements.

Mid-term Exam I 20%


Mid-term exam II 20%
Final Exam 20%
Laboratory Exp. Projects 15%
Class Project 5%
Homework Assignments 10%
Pop-Quizzes 5%
Class Participation 5%
Total 100%

Detailed Outline 330:038 Introduction to Electrical Power and Machinery Fall 2002
Week Date Subject Reading Assign./Notes
1 8/26, 8/28 Part I. Fundamentals (Systems of Units, Per-Unit System, pp 3-14,
Magnetism, AC Circuits, Phasors, Energy, Harmonics, Mechanics). pp 15-45
pp. 50-65
2 9/2 , 9/4 Monday No Class, Cont. to Part I + Part II. DC Generators pp 21-28, pp 71-93.

3 9/9, 9/11 DC Motors, η and Heating of Electrical Machines +Lab #1 TBA


4 9/16, 9/18 Active, Reactive, and Apparent Power + Lab #2 TBA

5 9/23, 9/25 3Φ Circuits + Ideal Transformers + Lab #3 TBA

6 9/30, 10/2 Practical Transformers + Special Transformers Lab #4 TBA

7 10/7,10/9 3Φ Transformers + 3Φ Induction Motors (IM) + Lab #5 TBA

8 10/14,10/16 Selection and Application of 3Φ Induction Motors + Midterm Test I on


Wednesday
Mid-term Exam I (ITC 6) on Wednesday, October 16
9 10/21,10/23 Equivalent Circuit of IM + Synchronous Generators + Lab #6 TBA

10 10/28,10/30 Synchronous Motors/1Φ Motors and Stepper Motors + Lab #7 Project proposals due on
Monday

11 11/4, 11/6 Part III. Electrical & Electronic Drives, Basics of Ind. Motor Projects approved on
Control + Lab #8 Monday
12 11/11,11/13 Intr. to Power Electronics (PE) + PE Control of DC Motors TBA
(optional)

13 11/18, 11/20 Part IV. Renewable “Wind/Solar” Power Generation and TBA
Instrumentation.
14 11/25 Mid-term II (ITC 6) on Monday, Thanksgiving Break Nov 27- Dec 1. Midterm Test II on Monday
15 12/2, 12/4 Part V. NEC and the articles pertaining to electric motors/control,
installation, residential wiring, transmission/distribution, & SAFETY. +
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Electrical & Information Engineering Technology Program
Department of Industrial Technology - University of Northern Iowa
Dr. Pecen  2002
330:038 Introduction to Electrical Power and Machinery Fall 2002
http://www.uni.edu/indtech/eiet

Lab #9
16 12/9,12/11 Project Presentations & Final Reports Due (Monday), Review on Wed.

17 Final Exam Monday, December 16, 10:00-12 noon, ALL chapters covered I wish Best Luck!

330:038 Introduction to Electrical Power and Machinery Fall 2002


Lab #1 Wed., 9/11 AC to DC Energy Conversion and Measurement of efficiency and :
power factor in a simple single-phase power system.
Lab #2 Wed., 9/18 Operating and Torque/Speed Characteristics of a DC Compound Lab Report #1 Due before
Machine connected as a Shunt Motor coupled w/ a DC Shunt Gen. Lab #2
Lab #3 Wed., 9/25 Open Circuit Characteristics of a DC Compound Generator Lab Report #2 Due before
Connected as a Separately Excited DC Generator Lab #3
Lab #4 Wed., 10/2 P, Q, S , Cos Ø Measurements in a 3 Ø (Y-∆ Connected) AC Power Lab Report #3 Due before
System Lab #4
Lab #5 Wed., 10/9 Power Factor Correction “Compensation” in a 3 Ø (Y Connected) Lab Report #4 Due before
AC Power System Lab #5
Lab #6 Wed., 10/23 1Ø Transformers: (1) Short Circuit and Open Circuit Tests (2) Lab Report #5 Due before
Voltage Regulation and Efficiency Measurement Lab #6
Lab #7 Wed., 10/30 3Ø Transformer Connections Lab Report #6 Due before
Lab #7
Lab #8 Wed., 11/6 Investigation of Harmonics due to Power Electronics loads in Lab Report #7 Due before
Industrial Plants Lab #8
Lab #9 Wed., 12/4 Renewable Energy Applications: Electrical Power Generation, Lab Report #8 Due before
Energy Conversion, and Instrumentation in a Wind/Solar Power Lab #9
System

"The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) provides protection from illegal discrimination for
qualified individuals with disabilities. Students requesting instructional accommodations due to
disabilities must arrange for such accommodation through the Office of Disability Services. The ODS
is located at: 213 Student Services Center, and the phone number is: 273-2676."

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Electrical & Information Engineering Technology Program
Department of Industrial Technology - University of Northern Iowa
Dr. Pecen  2002