Basic Mechanics

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Basic Mechanics

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1

Rod AC is supported by a pin and bracket at A and rests against a peg at B. Neglecting the effect of friction, determine the reactions at A and B when a = 20 cm. A a B .50 m

C 60 N .25 m

Guide : Assuming that the rod AC can be treated as a rigid body. There are

2 unknowns reactions at A and B. Use sine law.

1

.50 m

C 60 N .25 m

2 C 1 tan = 1 2

Give : a = 20 cm Determine : reactions at A and B Assuming that the rod AC can be treated as a rigid body.

600 N

= 26.57o

300 N 600 N

B = 26.57o

300 N

A=B=

Conclusion

A = B = 670.7 N

Determine the reactions at B and D.

D 80 N A 250 mm

75 mm

90 mm

C B

60 mm

through C and D. Assuming that the member ABC can be treated as a rigid body. There are 3 forces acting on it, reactions at B, C and 80 N at A. Use equilibrium equations MB = 0 and Fy = 0.

75 mm

90 mm 160 mm C 80 N 60 mm B

45o

RD

45o

C A

60 mm B RB

250 mm 160 mm 90 mm Determine : RD and RB 250 mm CD is a 2-force member line of action of reaction at D must pass through C and D. 1 60 + 160 = tan ( ) = 41.35o Assuming that the member ABC can be 250 treated as a rigid body. There are 3 forces acting on it, reactions at B, C and 80 N at A. Construct mathematical model and solve equations + MA = 0: + Fy = 0: 80(250) + RD sin45(90) - RD cos 45 (60) = 0 -80 - RD sin 45 + RB sin 41.35o = 0 RD = -942.8 N RB = -888.0 N -----(1)

-----(2)

6

Conclusion

RD = 943 N 80 N

45o

160 mm

C A 160 mm

41.4o

60 mm B RB = 888.0 N

90 mm

250 mm

A slender rod of length L = 200 mm is held in equilibrium as shown, with one end against a frictionless wall and the other end attached to a cord of length S = 300 mm.Knowing that the weight of the rod is 10 N, determine (a) the distance h, (b) the tension in the cord, (c) the reaction at B. C S h B

Guide : Assuming that rod AB can be treated as a rigid body. There are 3

forces acting on it,tension force by cable at A, reactions at B and its weight at middle of span . Use equilibrium equations Fy = 0 and Fx = 0.

8

Define the state of the problem C S h B Assuming that rod AB can be treated as a rigid body. There are 3 forces acting on it,tension force by cable at A, reactions at B and its weight at middle of span .

Construct mathematical model and solve equations ACE: (2h)2 + (AE)2 = S2 ABE: h2 + (AE)2 = L2 eq.(1)-eq.(2) : 3h2 = S2 - L2

( S 2 L2 ) h= 3 (300 2 2002 ) = 129.1 mm h= 3 2h 2(129.1) ACE : cos = = = 0.8607 S 300 = 30.609o

D T

9

D T = 11.6 N

10

A uniform rod AB of length 2R rests inside a hemispherical bowl of radius R as shown. Neglecting friction, determine the angle corresponding to equilibrium.

B 2R A C

acting on it, W, RA and RB.RA and RB are intersection, RA passes through O and RC is perpendicular to rod. Set : cos 2 = 2 cos2 - 1.

11

D A

R 2 A

O G W

B C RC

Determine : for equilibrium Assuming AB can be treated as a rigid body. There are 3 force acting on it, W, RA and RB. The RA and RB are intersection on the circle, RA passes through O and RC is perpendicular to rod.

(AE) cos 2 = (AG) cos (2R)cos 2 = (R) cos set : cos 2 = 2 cos2 - 1 4 cos2 - 2 = cos 4 cos2 - cos - 2 = 0 cos = 0.84307 cos = -0.59307 = 32.5o = 126.4o (discard)

12

Conclusion

O G

B C RC W

A RA

32o

13

Review 4.6

The frame ACD is hinged at A and D and is supported by a cable which passes through a ring at B and is attached to hooks at G and H. Knowing that the applied force P is 1 kN, determine the tension force in the cable.

0.35 m

0.875 m

H

0.925 m

O

0.75 m

A x

0.5 m

B

0.5 m

C P

D

0.75 m

ACD can be treated as a rigid body. Draw FBD of it , the forces acting on the FBD are reactions involving 8 unknowns, namely, the force TBG and TBH exerted by the cables, 3 force components at A and D. Use equilibrium equations : MAD = uAD. [( rAC x P) + ( rAB x TBH ) + ( rAB x TBG )] = 0

14

0.35 m

0.35 m 0.875 m

G H

TBG

0.875 m

H

0.925 m

0.925 m

O

0.75 m

O

TBH

A x

0.5 m

A y x

0.5 m

0.75 m

B

0.5 m

C P

D

0.75 m

B

0.5 m

D

0.75 m

Give : P = 1 kN Determine : TBG and TBH Assuming that frame ACD can be treated as a rigid body.

1 kN k

Construct mathematical model MAD = uAD. [( rAC x P) + ( rAB x TBH ) + ( rAB x TBG )] = 0

15

0.35 m

z

0.875 m

d BH = (0.375) 2 + (0.75) 2 + (0.75) 2 = 1.125 m

TBH =

H

0.925 m

TBG

O

0.75 m

TBH

x A

0.5 m 0.5 m

Solve equations uAD = (_ .6 i + 8 j) rAB = (0.5 m ) j rAC = (1.0 m ) j

TBG =

C P

D

0.75 m

=0

16

Conclusion

0.35 m

z

TBG = (1.34 kN) (_ 0.4 i - 0.5 j + 0.92 k) 1.12

H

0.925 m

A x

0.5 m 0.5 m

C P

D

0.75 m

17

Review 4.6

A 200x250-mm panel of mass 20 kg is supported by hinges along edge AB. Cable CDE is attached to the panel at C, passes over a small pulley at D, and supports a cylinder of mass m. Determine mass of cylinder if = 30o. Guide : Assuming that plate can be y treated as a rigid body. Draw FBD of it , There are 8 forces acting on it, the 0.2 m weight of plate W, the force T exerted by the cable, and reactions involving 6 unknowns, namely, 3 forces D components at each hinge. To eliminate B x the reactions at hinge from the 0.1 m computations, we express that the sum of the moments of the forces about AB x E A is zero (MAB = 0).The forces reactions m is zero because there has not r can find C 0.125 m T next assuming cylinder can be treated as a particle F = 0 can find m. 0.125 m 0.2 m

18

D B x 0.1 m E C

30o

A 0.125 m 0.125 m

x m

z 0.2 m

Assuming that plate can be treated as a rigid body. Draw FBD of it , There are 8 forces acting on it, W, T and reactions involving 6 unknowns, namely, 3 forces components at each hinge. To eliminate the reactions at hinge.

19

y

0.0866 BG = 0.05i j + 0.125k

0.2 m B (0, 0, 0) D (0.2, 0.1, 0) B W A z 0.125 m 0.1 -0.1732 C (0.2sin30o, - 0.2cos30o, 0.125) 0.05 -0.0866 G (0.1sin30o, - 0.1cos30o, 0.125) Construct mathematical model and solve equations 0.2 m

M AB = 0 : ( BG W ) + k ( BC T ) = 0 (1) k

D x 0.1 m T G C 0.125 m x

W = ( 20 9.81) j = 196.2 j + 0.2732 0.1i j 0.125k CD T = T( ) = T( ) CD 0.1759 ) ( 196.2 0.0866 BG W = (0.05i j + 0.125k j) ) 9.81k = ( 24.53i

) 0.1732 BC T = (0.1i j + 0.125k + 0.2732 0.1i j 0.125k T( ) 0.1759 ) + 0.1421 = T (0.0711i j 0.2538k

( BG W ) + k ( BC T ) = 0 M AB = 0 : k

20

mg

Or use determinant

( BG W ) + k ( BC T ) = 0 k

( BG W ) + k ( BC T ) = 0 M AB = 0 : k

Conclusion

21

A

0 0 1 T =0 0.1 0.1732 0.125 0.1759 0.1 0.2732 0.125

30o

G C

z 0.2 m

-9.81 + 0.2538T = 0

T = 38.66 N

The 50-kg plate ABCD is supported by hinges along edge AB and by wire CE. Knowing that the plate is uniform, determine the tension in the wire. y 240 E 400 400 A D z 200 480 C Dimension in mm x H B 200 240 Guide : Assuming that plate ABCD can be treated as a rigid body. Draw FBD of it , There are 12 forces acting on it, the weight of plate W, the force T exerted by the cable, and reactions involving 10 unknowns, namely, 3 forces components and 2 moment components at each hinge F and H. To eliminate the reactions at F and H from the computations, we express that the sum of the moments of the forces about AB is zero (MAB = 0).The forces reactions is zero because there has not r and moment reaction is zero because dot product is zero.

22

Define the state of the problem y 240 240 E 400 400 A D z 200 480 Given : m = 50 kg Determine : T C x H B 200

Construct physical model y 240 240 E 400 400 A D z 200 -Wj 480 C x T G H B 200

Assuming that plate ABCD can be treated as a rigid body. There are 12 forces acting on it, the weight of plate W, the force T exerted by the cable, and reactions involving 10 unknowns, namely, 3 forces components and 2 moment components at each hinge F and H.

23

M AB = 0 : (r AE T ) + (r AG W ) = 0 (1) AB AB

+ 600 CE = 240i j 400k T =T CE = 760 mm

Substitute in Eq.(1) :

5 5 12 0 12 0 1 T + 240 100 200 = 0 240 + 400 0 13 13 760 240 600 400 0 490.5 0

T = 372.78 N

24

Conclusion

) + 600 (240i j 400k T = (373 N ) 760

240

25

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