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The English language originated in the British Isles, which were inhabited by tribes called the Celts until

about 450 A.D., when they were invaded by other tribes from mainland Europe. These tribes were the Jutes, the Saxons, and the Angles. All three tribes shared a similar language from the mainland. This language was Germanic, and it was called anglisc, often spelled englisc. The language evolved with each invasion of England. The invasion of the Normans in 1066 mixed French with their English, as France was made the national language for a time. As a result of the blending of other languages with English, there are many different dialects associated with different regions. That means that there are many different spellings, pronunciations and even meanings for words. The three original invading groups, the Jutes, Angles, and Saxons, had 4 different dialects throughout the isles: Northumbrian in the north, Kentish in in the southeast, West Saxon in the southwest, and Mercian in the middle. After the Norman invasion, the five major dialects were Northern, East Midland, West Midland, Southwestern and Southeastern.Nowadays one particular dialect called the BRP (meaning British Received Pronunciation) is recognised as the standard form of British speech. However there are still major differences in Northern, Midland and Southern accents. English was brought to America with the settlers in the seventeenth century. Immigrants from other countries to America learned English when they settled, but added their own twist to the language, producing some difference in dialects of the Eastern and Western hemisphere English-speakers. Also contributing to this was the new vocabulary needed for things that existed in America and not in England, the new spelling rules developed by Noah Webster, and the difference in pronunciation of words. In America, there are different dialects in certain regions, largely because of the home countries of the people who originally settled those areas. New England was settled mostly by people from southeast England, and has its own dialect. Another dialect can be found in the Southeast. About half the settlers of southeastern America came from southeast England, others were deported prisoners, refugees and indentured servants. The Middle Atlantic dialect came from settlers from north England, Ireland, and Scotland. They were mixed in with German, Dutch, and Swedish settlers. When it became open to settlers, people from all three of these areas moved West, creating the dialect we see there.