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CONTENTS

Welcome They say it is the oldest profession. However,


unlike other professions, those involved in street
prostitution continue to face dangerous conditions, exploitation and abuse.
Government, police and community organisations are determined to address the
problem once and for all. In this issue we look at the ways in which those involved in
street prostitution are being helped to get out and what the Government and partner
agencies are doing to prevent the vulnerable from getting involved in the first place.
Many youngsters turn to crime and anti-social behaviour through boredom, a lack of
purpose and a lack of community cohesion. Sport and culture can help cultivate a sense
of pride and encourage team spirit. We find out what initiatives are in place to help
youngsters find their form and become great community players.
The Neighbourhood Watch scheme has proved highly successful in combating crime.
We show how police involvement contributes considerably towards this success and
highlight a range of community-focused projects that showcase its growing remit.

The Crime Reduction News team

Inside… Plus...
Special report 11-14
News Features
3 Tackling violent crime 9 Tough on the causes of crime
4 Latest crime statistics The Intensive Supervision and
Surveillance Programme nips
5 Business crime addressed
criminality in the bud
6 Blitz on alcohol abuse
16 Shark shooting
7 Attack on drug assisted rape The war against illegal money
8 Reward for informers lending hots up
22 NDC achievement awards 17 FRANK a winner
The winning campaign highlights the
risks and dangers of drug abuse
18 Giving them a sporting chance
Regulars Sport and culture give communities Prostitution
10 How to... and youngsters a stake in society
● Taking on street prostitution
...address domestic violence 20 Neighbourhood Watch
● Preventative measures
15 Comment Police and Neighbourhood Watch

Mentoring is key to crime prevention initiatives can crack community crime Profiles of those involved
● The way forward

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2 Crime Reduction News


NEWS

news
ALSO INSIDE BUSTING BUSINESS CRIME
DRUG ASSISTED RAPE STUDY
INFORMERS GET CASH INCENTIVE

Partnerships tackle
violent crime Strategy support and best practice:
NEWS
IN BRIEF
The breathalyser
● Set up a Practitioner Support Panel (PSP) to
review the local CDRP violent crime strategies.
that stops you
This will define strengths and areas for further driving
development and identify best practice
● The PSP will conduct one-to-one feedback
sessions with each CDRP
● Additional specialists will be linked to CDRPs
where particular violent crime challenges are
being addressed – for example, gun crime
● Cross-CDRP workshops will be conducted
where common problems can be addressed,
such as data analysis and alcohol licensing
● The PSP will conduct follow up workshops to
discuss progress against the violent crime plan New technology to
● PSP members are to be drawn from police and prevent drink-drivers
CDRP practitioners with experience on violent from using their cars has
crime issues. been launched by the
Department of Transport.
Enforcement support: As part of a research
● Focus on alcohol-fuelled crime as well as other project, volunteers are
A targeted violent crime programme has been launched to violence issues in each locality – for example, being recruited in
reduce volume violent crime and improve partnership street violence and domestic violence Birmingham and Bristol
working. The programme is managed jointly by the Police ● Focus on policing practices, incorporating to test an alcohol ignition
Standards Unit, the PM’s Delivery Unit, and the Violent lessons learnt from the summer enforcement lock to be fitted into cars
Crime Unit. It focuses initially on partnering with the campaign on alcohol misuse of convicted drink drivers.
Basic Command Units (BCUs) and Crime and Disorder ● Focus on engagement with key partners in The lock fits into the
Reduction Partnerships (CDRPs) with the largest volume each CDRP to strengthen their contribution car's ignition. The driver
of violent crime. They equate to about 25 per cent of the towards reducing violent crime and promoting must take a breath test
more serious violence in England and Wales. better ways of collaborative working before starting the car
The programme will use the experience of a range of ● Lessons learned at the end of each tranche and, if the alcohol level is
people, including the police and local authority will be fed into the following tranche (and too high, it will not start.
NETWORK PHOTOGRAPHERS, GETTY

employees, to work alongside these areas to reduce also other national-level work). If the pilot proves a
violent crime. It began last month with a first tranche of success, new legislation
13 BCUs/CDRPs, followed by further tranches planned Contact the Violent Crime Unit: could follow allowing
from April 2005. christopher.blairs@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk courts to use the locks
The two main arms of activity within the Tackling or the Police Standards Unit: as part of their drink-
Violent Crime Programme are strategy support and best irwin.turbitt@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk drive rehabilitation
practice, and enforcement support. simon.leach2@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk programmes.

Crime Reduction News 3


NEWS

CRIME
STATISTICS
Gun crime checked
THE CRIME RATE CONTINUES TO FALL ACCORDING TO BCS

C
rime in England and Wales fell seven per cent in
the third quarter of 2004 compared to the same
quarter last year, according to the British Crime KEY FIGURES
Survey. This continues a trend in significant falls in Total crime common assault, amount to actions
vehicle theft, burglary and robbery. Violent crime
dropped by six per cent.
 BCS crime is down seven per cent.
Police recorded crime is down five
such as pushing and shoving and
involves little or not physical injury
Although provisional figures for recorded firearm per cent. to the victim.
offences rose by three per cent in the 12 months to June
2004, the increase in gun crime has slowed over recent Domestic burglary Vehicle crime
years. This is attributed to tougher gun laws, support for  BCS fell by two per cent.*  Thefts of and from a vehicle
community engagement and effective police action  Police recorded crime fell 23 per cent. continue to fall.
helping to drive illegal guns off the streets. Provisional  BCS fall of 12 per cent.
figures also show a 15 per cent drop in firearm homicides Robbery  Police recorded vehicle crime
and a 10 per cent drop in the use of handguns. On the There continues to be a sustained fall of 18 per cent.
other hand, police recorded violent crime increased by fall in robbery, largely due to the
11 per cent largely due to increased reporting and Street Crime Initiative. Victimisation rate
recording of low-level thuggery, more willingness to  Police recorded crime fall of  The BCS shows the risk of being a
report sex offences and the effect of new sex offence laws 15 per cent. victim of crime remains historically
that came into force in May. low at 25 percent.
Violent crime
Working together  BCS fall of six per cent.* Alcohol accounts for around half of all
As part of the ongoing work to reduce gun crime, planned
New Year drug enforcement activity by the Home Office
 Police recorded violent crime
increase of 11 per cent.
violent crime. This was addressed
head on over the summer when the
and police, announced in September, will be focusing on Police recorded serious violence Government, police and partners
the four high gun crime police force areas: London, West and less serious violence have joined forces in a blitz on town
Midlands, Greater Manchester and Nottinghamshire, to increased – this may be due, centres, off licences and bars to target
tackle the link between guns and drugs. The crackdown in part, to the continuing effects alcohol fuelled crime and disorder
on drug dens will be expanded to ensure that new police of recording changes and a This successful campaign has
powers on possession of a firearm are used effectively. greater willingness of victims provided the Government and police
Statistics show that the risk of being a victim is at its to come forward. Much of what is with a blueprint for further work.
lowest level since records started in 1981. recorded as violent crime, such as *Not statistically significant, so stable

Campaign targets gun crime


The Home Office has made £2 million – and gun culture. A new website has been
cash seized from criminals under recycled designed as a one-stop shop for anyone
criminal asset laws – available to support working in the area of gun crime reduction,
anti-gun work. in the voluntary, public or private sector.
The Government Offices for the Regions The Home Office Gun Crime Section has
are using most of this cash for local projects, also run a poster campaign to highlight the
but £250,000 is being used for the second fact that tough new laws, introduced earlier
round of the Connected Fund. this year, are taking effect. Posters can be
The fund finances schemes such as down-loaded from the Connected website
mentoring projects, diversionary activities (see below).
to help young people break away from The campaign raises awareness among
gang culture, and work to support victims. young people that anyone caught illegally
The St Basils project in Birmingham, for carrying a prohibited gun will automatically
example, is using funding to work with be sentenced to at least five years in jail.
young gang members living in hostels in Carole Eniffer, Head of the Gun
Aston and provide them with mentoring Crime Section, said they had received
and education programmes. positive feedback from communities
The Connected programme is part of the about the campaign.
Home Office strategy to tackle gun crime Visit: www.connected.gov.uk

4 Crime Reduction News


NEWS

Campaigning to keep crime down


A campaign to highlight simple precautions to minimise the risk
of becoming a victim of burglary, car crime or robbery has been NEWS
launched by the Home Office. The 'Acquisitive Crime' Reduction
campaign began in November and features three new TV
IN BRIEF
commercials that use humour to dramatise the way in which
some people make life easy for criminals. Identity fraud
The advertisments are targeted at the regions which suffer the
A new Home Office
highest levels of acquisitive crimes. They are supported by radio,
website www.identity-
outdoor and press advertisements, which end with the strapline
theft. org.uk will tackle
'Keep it safe, keep it hidden, keep it locked'.
the growing problem of
● This is the first time the three acquisitive crime types have identity fraud. It explains
been brought together under one campaign, with a new crime how to keep personal
brand 'Let's keep crime down'. information safe, how to
● To research the campaign, the Home Office interviewed a get help and what is being
range of offenders as well as frontline police officers who done to tackle this crime,
deal with acquisitive crime on a daily basis. including proposals for
● The media budget has been split between the Crime and ID cards. It is part of a
Disorder Reduction Partnerships that account for over package of measures
80 per cent of acquisitive crimes, concentrating in London, designed to address the
the North, Midlands and Wales. problem that affects more
For further information contact: chris.kirby@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk than 100,000 people in
the UK each year.

Busting business crime Inside Justice


Enterprising directors are taking the initiative to Week 2004
drive down business crime. David Hopkins OBE Inside Justice Week –
(below), chairman of ADS, a small business in a series of events and
Stockport that designs and manufactures public activities held around the
address systems and induction loops for the deaf, country to ‘open up’ the
believes that businesses play a vital role in helping criminal justice system
build safer communities and that good community (CJS) to the public –
relationships bring business benefits. was heralded a success
‘Any business is part of a wider community and
has a role to play in maintaining a safe and
mutually beneficial environment,’ says David.
New Year amnesty in helping to raise
awareness of and

His company’s belief in community co-


operation has helped to create a culture in which
for dumped vehicles improve understanding
of the CJS. From 11-17
October, 40 local
local residents benefit from garden clearing for the A campaign to persuade local authorities and housing associations to Criminal Justice Boards
elderly, regeneration of the local environment and shift abandoned vehicles is being launched in January by ENCAMS, across England and
CCTV street surveillance. ‘We’ve positioned an the charity that runs the Keep Britain Tidy Campaign. Wales organised events
extra digital CCTV to monitor the street,’ says Building on the success of the take-back/collection schemes and activities, ranging
David. ‘In the event of a car break in or theft,
already up and running across England and Wales, the two-week from open court days,
local residents ask us for footage that can help
vehicle amnesty will see wrecks, reported by their owners, collected police cell visits and rides
the police.’ In return, locals look out for David,
for free and scrapped. in prisoner escort vans
alerting him to suspicious activity on his business
premises and reducing the risk of crime. ‘It’s such Although this initiative necessitates some financial outlay for through to mock trial
a simple theory,’ says David. ‘Businesses shouldn’t authorities, it is far less costly than the growing expense of events in local schools.
see themselves in isolation. removing and storing dumped vehicles. Almost 300,000 cars are Events in Warwickshire
They are part of a abandoned nationally every year, costing more than £23 million and Essex both attracted
community and to local authorities. over 1,500 visitors.
should work with To date more than a 100 local authorities and housing associations The event also gave
that community.’ have signed up to the campaign but more are still welcome. practitioners the chance
For information For further details email: enquiries@encams.org or to inform the public of
about business call 01942 612641 improvements being
crime, visit: made to the CJS and
www.crime ● Four new guides for the public: Neighbourhood Noise, Nuisance the importance of
reduction.gov.uk/ and Abandoned Vehicles, Dog Fouling and the Law and Fly-tipping their involvement and
business35. and the Law have been produced by ENCAMS. contribution in creating
htm The guides, which outline the law relating to the four issues and safer communities. It is
give advice on what can be done to solve each problem. can be found hoped that the event will
at www.encams.org.uk/information/publications.asp be repeated next year.
ALAMY

Crime Reduction News 5


NEWS

Schools to help cut


NEWS down on street crime
IN BRIEF The Street Crime Action Team at make young people more aware of an additional focus in areas within
the Home Office, and the charity robbery and reduce their risk of the Street Crime Initiative, with packs
organisation Crimestoppers, are becoming a victim. Campaign sent to all schools in these areas.
Quality streets planning to hold an anti-robbery material will include an assembly Contact: Jonathan.Rushton@
A new guide produced by week in schools in early January. The and lesson pack, which will be made homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk or visit the
ENCAMS, the Sustainable post-Christmas period generally sees available to all schools online, linked Street Crime Action Team website at
Communities Programme a rise in the number of robberies, so in to the citizenship module of the www.crimereduction.gov.uk/
Handbook, looks at a the return to school is a key time to National Curriculum. There will be streetcrime01.htm
variety of practical ways
neighbourhoods can
improve their quality of life.
The handbook encourages
communities to improve
Act may make new buildings more secure
their environment by Households with no security are, on average, nine times and window locks – in place when they are built.
growing vegetables,
more likely to be burgled, so ministers welcomed the The Office of the Deputy Prime Minister and the
reporting local polluters
and organising community
passing of the Sustainable and Secure Buildings Act, Home Office will soon be discussing what kinds of
clean-up schemes. which received Royal Assent in September. security requirements might be introduced with a range
Visit www.crime The Act, introduced as a Private Members Bill by of stakeholders including the police and fire authorities,
reduction.gov.uk/active Andrew Stunell MP in January, amends the Building Act manufacturers, the building industry and insurers.
communities71.htm. 1984 to, among other things, enable the introduction of There will then be a period of public consultation
Register for the building regulations that will further the prevention and before final decisions are taken. In the meantime,
Delivering Sustainable detection of crime. The new Act means that, in the future, ways are being sought to encourage the building
Communities Summit at it should become possible to require all new homes and industry to immediately improve security standards
www.odpm.gov.uk/summit dwellings to have good security measures – such as door in new and refurbished homes.

LAAs pave the way


A project, which could transform the
way in which Government works with
local authorities and their partners, is
to be piloted in 21 areas of the country.
Local Area Agreements (LAAs) will
help strengthen relationships between
central and local Government and
improve local performance. Key
features include:
● An agreement with local parties
setting out outcomes to be delivered

Blitz on alcohol ● outcomes based on local priorities


and national standards
● greater flexibility to use resources to

abuse to continue meet local requirements


● rationalising funding streams to
Police will build on the success of this officers carried out sting operations reduce bureaucracy
summer’s nation-wide blitz on alcohol- against more than 1,700 licensed premises. ● a bigger role for Government
fuelled violence by running similar They targeted over 4,000 troublemakers offices
operations during the festive season. with fixed penalty notices and confiscated ● encouraging joint action by partners
The summer campaign targeted alcohol from more than 9,500 adults and ● builds on community leadership role
alcohol-related disorder and underage juveniles. of local authorities.
drinking in 92 communities across the Copies of the Government’s alcohol Work is being taken forward in the
country. It was co-ordinated by the Home strategy can be found at Home Office and across Whitehall on
Office’s Police Standards Unit and the www.strategy.gov.uk/files/pdf/al04SU.pdf LAAs and on the Safer and Stronger
Association of Chief Police Officers, ● Devon and Cornwall Local Criminal Communities Fund.
PHOTOLIBRARY.COM

working with partners such as local Justice Board hosted a conference on alco- For more information visit:
authorities and trading standards teams. hol related crime and disorder in October. www.odpm. gov. uk/stellent/groups/
From the beginning of July to the end The keynote speaker was Solicitor General odpm_localgov/documents/page/
of August, police and trading standards Harriet Harman. odpm_locgov_029989.hcsp

6 Crime Reduction News


POLICE NEWS

Drive to combat
drug-assisted rape NEWS
A study aimed at highlighting the prevalence IN BRIEF
of drug-assisted rape is to begin in seven forces
around the country.
The six-month study is being carried out
BNP ban
under the auspices of the Association of The Association of
Chief Police Officers’ Steering Group on Chief Police Officers
Rape and involves the Metropolitan Police has introduced a policy
Service, Greater Manchester, Northumbria, preventing employees
Lancashire, West Midlands, Leicestershire from being members of
and Derbyshire constabularies. the British National Party.
The project will be managed via the This applies to all forces
existing Sexual Assault Referral Centres in the in England and Wales.
respective areas and awaits formal approval The policy states that no
from the Ethics Committee of the National member of the police
Health Service. The aim is to investigate all service may belong to
allegations of drug-facilitated sexual assault an organisation whose
thoroughly – even when the victim does not constitution, objectives
wish to proceed with a criminal complaint. or pronouncements
A thorough forensic analysis of all contradict the general
complaints of sexual assault will be under- duty to promote race
taken, specifically where the allegation involves equality. This specifically
drugs or alcohol being used to carry out the includes the BNP.
assault. Victims are being urged to make early Association President
complaints to police in an effort to increase the Chris Fox said: "We are
likelihood that forensic analysis is as accurate totally committed to full
as possible. compliance with the duty
Specially trained sexual offence liaison to promote race equality
officers will ask complainants for their established in the Race
consent to take part in the research. Once Relations Amendment
given, questionnaires will be conducted and Act 2000."
samples will be taken to form part of the study.

Building safer
communities Three-year plan for
Reducing crime and
anti-social behaviour,
confident communities
building safety, security
and stability in our The National Policing Plan for 2005-8, which sets out the
communities and Home Secretary’s priorities for the police service for the
protecting law-abiding next three years, has now been drafted and was published
citizens and families at the Association of Police Authorities Conference on
are the key drivers of a 24 November.
White Paper published The plan will concentrate on the strategic issues and key
by the Home Office on priorities for the police service and will provide the focus for
9 November. The focus forces and police authorities to engage with their communi-
of the paper. ‘Building ties about local priorities.
Communities, Beating This is the third National Policing Plan. It builds on the
Crime: a Better Police current agenda and drives forward the Government’s vision
Service for the 21st for policing in the next three years. The clear aim is to create
Century is about creating and maintain secure and confident communities.
a more responsive, citizen- This year’s Plan should be seen in the wider context of the
Correction, CRN September 2004
focused service and a Home Office Strategic Plan 2004-08 published in July 2004 The first sentence on page 9
customer service culture. and the White Paper published in November. Targeting prolific offenders should
have read: Home Office research
For a copy of the White For more information contact: narinder.tamana@ estimates that 5,000 prolific
offenders are responsible for one
Paper visit www.police homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk. For a copy of the National Policing
ALAMY

million offences, which equates


reform.gov.uk Plan for 2005-8 visit: www.policereform.gov.uk to 9 per cent of all crime.

Crime Reduction News 7


POLICE NEWS

Financial incentive for


street robber informers
A mock payslip has been distributed to Met commanders believe that street
500,000 addresses across London to robbers often carry out their robberies in
encourage the public to give more the area that they live. As a result of this
anonymous intelligence about street intelligence, the mailer will hit street
robbers to Crimestoppers. robbers and their associates (thereby acting
The Direct Mail Initiative, run jointly by as a mild disrupter), as well as neighbours
Crimestoppers and the Metropolitan and families who may wish to pass on
Police, is designed to appeal to people’s intelligence anonymously.
pockets by drawing their attention to the The campaign will by evaluated by the
rewards that could be gained by giving number of calls and intelligence received
actionable intelligence to Crimestoppers. by Crimestoppers and formal research
The mailer has been specifically sent to currently being undertaken by the Met.
postcode sectors identified by the Met as For more information contact Luke
having higher levels of street crime. Knight at luke.knight@met.police.uk

Championing citizenship at Chelsea FC


Key representatives from the individuals and local communities It will help delegates share police force in England and
police service will get together is routinely reflected in decision- effective citizen-focused policing Wales as well as police authority
at Chelsea Football Ground next making service delivery and practice with a particular and local criminal justice board
month (January) for a conference practice, is central to the focus on customer service representatives.
on citizen focused policing. Government's reform agenda. issues and the victims and For more information
Bringing about a citizen focused The conference, to be held on witness agenda. contact Detective
Police Service, in which an 12 January, is entitled Citizen Those attending will include Superintendent Mike Alderson
in-depth understanding of the Focused Policing, Customer citizen-focused champions at at: mike.alderson@homeoffice.
needs and expectations of the Service, Leadership and Change. Chief Officer level from every gsi.gov.uk

TOOLS A round-up
of crime reduction tools currently available

enabled a criminal element within the industry to dispose


of stolen vehicles. Despite the industry’s efforts to drive out this
element, less scrupulous operators still existed and regulation
was needed to make it harder for criminals to dispose of stolen
vehicles or become involved in serious organised crime.
It is possible for operators to get caught up in vehicle
crime unwittingly if they do not conform to the regulations
and keep full records. The regulations toolkit can be found at
www.crimereduction.gov.uk/mso01.htm

Facilitating Community Involvement


Facilitating Community Involvement: Practical Guidance
for Practitioners and Policy Makers highlights the fact that
Motor Salvage Operators Regulations there is no easy way to increase community involvement and
The Motor Salvage Operators Regulations 2002 were indicates that successful strategies should consider the local To order materials, visit
introduced under the Vehicles (Crime) Act 2001 to regulate context for each initiative, such as: www.crimereduction.co.
the industry. This decision stemmed from an earlier court ● previous history and patterns of community involvement uk/publicitycatalogue,
ruling that the Scrap Metal Dealers Act 1964 did not apply ● the characteristics of people targeted for involvement email homeoffice@
to motor salvage operators. ● controversial issues in the area such as a threat to a service. prolog.uk.com
It was believed that this lack of statutory regulation Visit www.crimereduction.gov.uk/activecommunities74.htm or phone 0870 241 468

8 Crime Reduction News


FEATURE

THE ISSP PROGRAMME COULD HELP


YOUNG OFFENDERS CHANGE THEIR WAYS

Tough on
the causes of crime
T
he majority of offences are committed by a
minority of hard-core offenders who often turn
to crime at a young age and, if not given the right
support, continue their offending behaviour into
adulthood. Initial findings of research, conducted by the
University of Oxford for the Youth Justice Board, reveal that
using a robust community programme that targets the most
difficult offenders in England and Wales can successfully
tackle the causes of offending.
The Intensive Supervision and Surveillance Programme
(ISSP) targets persistent young offenders and those who
have committed more serious offences and can be used with young people referred to the ISSP had “clearly been
young people on community sentences or on bail, or for deprived and damaged by their early life experiences”,
those in the second part of a Detention and Training Order. and that the ISSP teams were faced with a major challenge
It includes a variety of components such as assessment, close in addressing these young people’s underlying needs and
monitoring, education and training, tracking, tagging and their related offending behaviour.
restorative justice. By contrast, during the course of ISSP, virtually all young
people (97 per cent) were engaged in education or training,
Bringing structure and seven in ten took part in restorative justice to pay back
The report describes the programme, introduced three the harm they had done to the community. An electronic
years ago, as “highly intensive, combining supervision tag was used to enforce a curfew in 70 per cent of cases.
with surveillance in an attempt to ensure programme
completion and bring structure to young people’s lives.” Bold and imaginative
The report found that young people on ISSP had an The report found that ISSP helped to improve attitudes to
average of nearly nine recorded offences in the 12 months offending, to influence positive changes in self-perception,
before the start of the programme. The report says that the and to encourage young offenders to consider the effects of
crime on victims. It concluded that the introduction of ISSP
CASE STUDY
“has to be recognised as a considered, but none the less bold
and imaginative plan to manage the future behaviour of a
SAVING RYAN large number of our most problematic young people.”
Ryan, a 17-year-old convicted burglar was to directly challenge his belief and According to the report, there was a marked reduction in
from Norfolk says he turned to crime to value systems that cause his offending the frequency and seriousness of offending for young people
support his mother, a former drug user behaviour. Ryan has progressed well on the programme. It found that in the 12 months before
dependant on benefits. and reports from the Prince’s Trust are and after the start of ISSP the frequency of offending fell by
He was given an ISSP consisting exemplary. He is currently applying for 43 per cent and the seriousness dropped by 16 per cent.
of 37 hours per week of education, a carpentry apprenticeship. The Youth Rod Morgan, Chairman of the Youth Justice Board, says:
employment and training, Prince’s Offending Team is impressed with his “What we have seen is that the more entrenched offending
Trust training, indirect reparation, progress and commitment to the behaviour becomes, the harder it is to reform young
family support, and work on offending programme, and Ryan is now a valued offenders. This report shows that ISSP can make real
behaviour, victim awareness, substance member of the rugby team. inroads and start to turn young people around but also
misuse, and anger management. Ryan says: “The ISSP has been good highlights the need to intervene earlier in the lives of
The interventions were provided on a for me; it’s shown me that there’s more to young people to divert them from a life of crime.”
one-to-one basis at the Norfolk Youth life than hanging round street corners. It Rachel Lipscomb, Chairman of the Magistrates’
Offending Team. Three hours per week of has introduced me to the rugby club – I’ve Association, says: “Magistrates have found that ISSPs provide
inter-personal skills training and anger always wanted to play but never knew it offenders with a structured alternative to custody and real
management was delivered by a group existed. I have made new friends. It has support to divert them away from a life of crime.” crn
mentoring approach implemented by provided me with qualifications and
rugby training at a local rugby club. employment opportunities. I’d be stupid
 For a copy of the report go to www.youth-justice-
ALAMY

The overall objective of Ryan’s ISSP to offend again.” board.gov.uk/YouthJusticeBoard/

Crime Reduction News 9


HOW TO

Work with PCTs to reduce


domestic abuse
PRIMARY CARE TRUST HEALTH
PROFESSIONALS ARE WORKING
IN PARTNERSHIP TO HELP
VICTIMS OF DOMESTIC ABUSE

ealth professionals have a key role to play in

H offering information to women at risk of


domestic abuse. In April this year, Primary Care
Trusts (PCTs) were given responsible authority status
within wider Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnerships
(CDRPs). Within this partnership framework, they are
now taking a pro-active approach to reach women at risk
in an environment that can offer confidential support.

Pro-active thinking
To help health professionals recognise the benefits of
taking a pro-active approach, the Home Office has
recently published ‘Tackling Domestion Violence, the
Role of Health Professionals’, a concise and useful report
which aims to ultimately contribute towards challenging
domestic violence by providing excellent examples of
good practice and partnership working.
The report also identified three types of action needed
by the health sector to address domestic violence issues:
● improving availability of information on domestic
violence and services for those who experience it
● providing appropriate training for health professionals
● recognising domestic violence as a negative health
factor when carrying out health assessment.
Discussing domestic violence routinely can be Sixteen per cent
Supporting role successfully implemented at many levels of NHS services,
Sixteen per cent of violent crime is domestic abuse and including: general practice by a GP or practice nurse, of violent crime is
research shows that 30 per cent of domestic abuse either Well Women clinics, ante-natal appointments, A&E domestic abuse
starts or escalates during pregnancy. Ante-natal and minor injuries units. If abuse is disclosed, the health and research
appointments are, for example, crucial occasions during professional can follow a clear line of referal to specialist
which health professionals can raise the issues of support services where both legal and non-legal support, shows that 30 per
domestic violence in a sensitive way as part of a advice and information will be provided. cent of domestic
routine health assessment. Providing information routinely will be gradually abuse starts or
‘‘By offering all women support, information and rolled out across the NHS from April 2005. The
the opportunity to talk safely, health professionals can Government intends that this service will initially start escalates during
make a positive contribution to challenging domestic with pregnant women in the UK during their NHS pregnancy
violence,’’ says a Department of Health spokesperson. ante-natal visits and is setting up an advisory group to
‘We need to create an environment in which women feel decide how best to implement best practice in this area.
confident to disclose if they so choose. We must take A useful list of resources and further information is
responsibility for raising the issue in a sensitive way, included at the end of the report, providing a useful
letting them know the support is there and that expert source of reference to both professionals and victims. crn
help is available if required.’’
Of course, appropriate training must be provided  For a copy of Tackling Domestic Violence: the
and a training programme is now in place to help Role of Health Professionals, call: 0207 273 2084
health professionals recognise the signs and symptoms or email: publications.rds@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk
of domestic abuse and gain more expertise in addressing The report is also available online at:
ALAMY

this complex issue. www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/dprpubs1.html

10 Crime Reduction News


SPECIAL
REPORT Prostitution ALSO INSIDE: PREVENTATIVE MEASURES AND THE WAY FORWARD

Tackling street
prostitution
THE PROBLEM OF he devastating consequences of prostitution The Government has also published Guidance to

STREET PROSTITUTION
IS IN THE SPOTLIGHT
T will be met head on, says Home Secretary
David Blunkett. The Sexual Offences Act
2003 began the process of law reform with the
Partnerships on Handling Prostitution and Drugs.
The Home Secretary also announced his desire for a
review of prostitution in the Command Paper,
introduction of new offences and tough penalties Protecting the Public. Mr Blunkett said: "There are
AS THE GOVERNMENT for those who exploit anyone for the purposes of important tasks ahead of us and there are no easy
AND AGENCIES SEEK prostitution or pornography. But a number of answers or one single solution. We need to ensure
Government initiatives aim to examine all of the prevention, protection and support, and justice.
EFFECTIVE LONG- issues surrounding prostitution in detail. Prevention is key to alleviate the circumstances
TERM SOLUTIONS Paying the Price, a consultation paper, was that make young people vulnerable to coercion
published in July. It asks the public to join in the into prostitution. Protecting the vulnerable
public debate on this difficult and sensitive issue. also requires the prosecution of child abusers,
Views on policy and practice will pave the way traffickers and exploiters. The new offences and
for a co-ordinated strategy to reduce the harms tough penalties in the Sexual Offences Act 2003
associated with prostitution, both to those involved must be rigorously enforced.
and the communities in which it takes place. "However, enforcement must also be matched with
The consultation paper draws on the evaluation support for those trapped in prostitution. Providing
of 11 Crime Reduction Programme projects on a route out must be the best long-term solution for
What Works in Tackling Prostitution to determine those involved and for the communities that suffer
best practice in terms of support services. Findings from the nuisance and criminality associated with it.
have been published in the research study, Tackling Our ultimate aim is to create safer neighbourhoods
Street Prostitution: Towards an Holistic Approach. as well as better escape routes for those trapped." crn

 Update MORI conducting focus groups with residents of red-light areas in two UK cities to explore the impact
of street-based prostitution and evaluate proposed preventative measures||Criminal justice practitioners looking
REX FEATURES

specifically at the offence of loitering or soliciting and how best to route those involved in prostitution into effective
rehabilitation| |Home Office working with ECPAT/Children's Society National Youth Campaign to influence policy

Crime Reduction News 11


SPECIAL
REPORT

UNDERSTANDING THE CAUSES OF


PROSTITUTION IS KEY TO DELIVERING
PREVENTION MECHANISMS THAT
HELP WOMEN IN NEED

Preventative
measures
he ‘Tackling Street Prostitution: Towards an Holistic prostitution. Crucially, these abusive experiences feed

T Approach’ study discusses the findings from


11 Crime Reduction Programme (CRP) projects
tackling street prostitution across England and Wales.
into and further develop feelings of worthlessness and
lack of self-esteem. This is a key element in many women's
vulnerability to becoming involved in prostitution.
Part of the study focuses on how young people enter Many of the women interviewed talked about the
prostitution and how this might be prevented. The particular difficulties they had faced at school: because they
literature on the subject suggests that most of the men were in care; because they and their mother had moved
and women involved probably entered prostitution as area many times to get away from a violent partner or due
young people, under the age of 18 or 21. to other problems; bullying; or because they were using
Involvement in prostitution by young people tends to be drugs and alcohol at school. Unsurprisingly, given the
more hidden than adult women and, as a consequence, it is disruptions to their schooling, educational attainment for
difficult to ascertain the extent of their involvement, the women involved in prostitution was much lower than
although indications from various sources suggest that the the general population, with under two-thirds of women
numbers have increased in recent years. Figures derived interviewed obtaining no qualifications.
from police and Home Office statistics suggest that around Findings from the CRP projects suggest that young
2,000 young people are engaged in prostitution in the UK. people can be successfully diverted from behaviour and
This is likely to be a gross underestimate as they rely on the involvement in prostitution through early intervention.
number of individuals cautioned and arrested. Targeted interventions with dedicated workers to identify
Following the publication of ‘Safeguarding Children young people at risk are important, as is working within a
Involved in Prostitution’ by the Department of Health and multi-agency context.
the Home Office in 2001, children involved in prostitution Both parents and members of the community are
are increasingly treated as victims of abuse. The CRP data important in identifying and monitoring children and
PHOTONICA, GETTY

echoes the general findings of previous research on young people at risk. It's also important that agencies
childhood experience and entry into prostitution, which working with children and young people are able to
has found that child abuse and being in local authority identify those at risk and be fully aware of information
care may make young people vulnerable to entering sharing and referral procedures. crn

! Key points Benefits resulting from young people diverted away from prostitution include:
Enhanced quality of life | Enhanced emotional state including self-esteem | Enhanced physical state
including safety and bodily integrity | Enhanced life prospects| | Stabilisation or reduction of cost of criminal
| Stabilisation or reduction of cost of victim services | Stabilisation or reduction of cost of health
justice system|
services|| Stabilisation or reduction of cost of social-security payments

12 Crime Reduction News


CASE STUDY PROFILES OF
KIRKLEES SWEET THOSE INVOLVED
● Just over three-quarters
of the women (76 per cent)
had first become involved in
prostitution at the age of
21 or under.
● Just under half the women
(49per cent) had at least
one child.
● Most of the women from
each of the project areas
were white European
(83per cent).
● The majority of the women
were single (74 per cent).
One in five were co-habiting
with their 'boyfriend' or
'pimp' (20per cent) and only
The Kirklees project area includes work reach fruition. The project is a small proportion were
Huddersfield town centre, a region of evolutionary and we’ve learnt what married (3 per cent).
low income and high unemployment. we specifically can do in order not to ● Nearly all of the women
The Kirklees project, Sex Workers’ duplicate the work of other services. were currently using
Education, Empowerment and "It became evident that by working non-prescribed drugs
Training (SWEET), emerged from an with the women we would work with (93 per cent).
ongoing process, beginning in 1998, their children. Some children would ● Nearly a third of the women
in which concerned councillors, be with them, others with family had between one and five
residents, local agencies and members. We started to grapple with previous convictions.
individuals began meeting about the child-protection issues and soon ● The users' ages ranged
problems in the local red-light area. realised that the children were also between 17 and 80 years
The project aimed to deal with the our clients with their own rights. old, with a median age of 35.
chaotic nature of the lives of women ● Most of the users were in
involved in prostitution and to enable Young girls at risk full-time employment
them to exit, with the interventions "Older children — teens and (67 per cent) and the next
largely concerned with providing adolescents — felt safe talking to us, largest group were students
support. It soon became apparent so we started to develop ways that (12 per cent).
that work on prevention was they could speak to their own ● Most of the users were white
important to the project’s overall counsellors and key workers. By the European (58 per cent).
aims. As a result, by the second year, second year of the project we became ● Nearly half of the users
Kirklees had developed a Young Girls aware through referrals that young were married (47 per cent)
Diversionary Group for those girls at girls were at risk of exploitation." ● Nearly half of the users
risk of sexual exploitation and also a The project now provides advocacy were owner-occupiers
group for both sons and daughters of and support with a range of other (44 per cent)
Young people can be women involved in prostitution. services for children of adult sex
successfully diverted workers affected by issues. It does
from behaviour and Evolutionary process diversionary work one-to-one and Source: Appendix,Tackling Street
SWEET project co-ordinator Julia in groups with young people at risk Prostitution: Towards an holistic
involvement in Paine says, "We soon realised that of sexual exploitation on issues of approach.A total of 333 profiles of
prostitution through the exiting project would have to be self-esteem, sexual health, race women involved in prostitution were
early intervention extended to see the outcomes of our and gun crime. analysed by the University of Sunderland.

! Contact Paying the Price: A Consultation Paper on Prostitution www.homeoffice.gov.uk/docs3/


paying_the_price.html | Tackling Street Prostitution: Towards an holistic approach www.homeoffice.gov.uk/
rds/pdfs04/hors279.pdf | Guidance to partnerships on handling prostitution and drugs www.drugs.gov.uk/
NationalStrategy/Communities | What Works in Tackling Prostitution www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/
pdfs04/hors279.pdf

Crime Reduction News 13


SPECIAL
REPORT

The way forward


OUTREACH SERVICES AND STRONG SUPPORT CAN HELP PROTECT
WOMEN ON THE STREET AND BREAK THE CYCLE OF PROSTITUTION

CASE STUDY
MANCHESTER ACTION
FOR STREET HEALTH
Manchester Real Choices is giving women
in the city centre and Cheetham Hill areas
alternatives to prostitution. It provides an
outreach service to help women and offer
ongoing support, including information,
advice and referrals on sexual health,
benefits, debt, housing, training, education
and safety issues.
Two full-time project workers provide
one-to-one support for women who want
to leave prostitution, and newsletters are
produced to tell them about the services
and choices available.They also provide
fast-track referral to drug treatment.
number of themes emerged The profiles of the women involved in

A
Manchester has a history of inter-agency
from the evaluation of the five the five projects showed that most of them working in the area of prostitution. The
Crime Reduction Programme (69 per cent) were trying or had tried on Manchester Action on Street Health
(CRP) projects that had supported one or more occasion in the past to leave (MASH) night-time service came into
women involved in prostitution towards prostitution. Less than a third (31 per cent) existence in 1991, and the Manchester
exiting. The crucial support interventions had never tried to quit. If women didn’t Prostitution Forum was established in
are: outreach, drop-in services, one-to-one want to, nor felt ready to, exit prostitution, 1997. Women were familiar with the MASH
support and definitions of exiting. the support interventions worked as a van, which parked in one spot for a whole
Building up relationships between form of harm minimisation. evening and were response to the outreach
outreach workers and the women allows Definitions of ‘exiting’ ranged from workers because they were part of a tried
project workers to assess when a woman what might be termed ‘complete exits’ and trusted project.
seems ready to access one-to-one sessions where women have completely changed Graham Dobkin, MASH head of services,
during the day (as opposed to their usual their lifestyle, found alternative says: “The outreach workers operate
pattern of night working), and to begin the employment, education or state benefit across the city and cover beat areas
exiting process. Outreach also provides support and stabilised their drug use referring people on to different services,
harm minimisation for those who are not for a specified period of time, to the and slowly people are thinking of leaving
ready to exit, with the outreach workers exiting of street prostitution where [prostitution]. We’ve been going for 13
generally offering condoms, food, drinks women became involved in prostitution years and hope we have a good name
and information leaflets to the women. in off-street locations. crn among those working in the sex industry.
It takes time to build up that trust.”
The profiles of the women involved showed that most
of them were trying to leave prostitution  Manchester Action for Street
Health www.mash.org.uk

 key points Outreach is an important way of identifying and getting to know women involved in prostitution,
| Drop-in services are key to
gaining their trust and informing them about other interventions offered by projects|
enable women involved in prostitution to access drugs treatment, health-related services, counselling, support,
education and training| | One-to-one support enables projects to target the support to fit individual need

14 Crime Reduction News


COMMENT

Mentoring matters
Stuart Johnson, Head of Youth Offending Services for Tower Hamlets
and the City of London, believes mentoring is key to crime prevention

My large, multi-agency, multi- the young person as a mentor, such useful route into employment, too.
partnership team offers a range of as an uncle. Working with the Youth Targeted mentoring that takes in
professional disciplines to try to Advocate Programme (YAP), we use cultural needs and provides a specific
address the root causes of offending. this highly effective ‘wraparound’ service for a particular community can
Within that framework, a good approach to engage the significant be effective as each group presents its
mentoring system can really help adult, paying them to spend extra own concerns and worries. The beauty
youngsters break offending habits time with young person. YAP UK runs of using people from a particular
and look to a positive future. our Intensive Supervision and Support community is that the youngsters
Today’s social and case work Programme (ISSP). have a greater sense of trust and belief
professionals have high case loads that their problems will be understood.
and don’t have the opportunity to give For example, the Youth Justice
Boosting confidence
quality time to young people outside Board helps to fund the Brick Lane
Even our most aggressive young
of the office or the odd home visit. In Youth Development Association
addition, it’s more difficult to engage a offenders lack personal confidence. (BLYDA), a Bengali youth community
young person in a discussion across a They feel worthless and a nuisance, and project that delivers mentoring services
desk in an office – they feel stultified. that people are judging them. Mentors to Bangledeshi youngsters who are at
Volunteers and mentors can give can build a young person up and praise risk of offending. The reason we
that valuable time. Only by spending them for what they do well and for established this group was in response
time with a young person, sharing trying. Lots of our young people to findings that nearly all the young
their experiences and really getting to possess qualities that, if channeled people who committed street robbery
know them can you build up trust and properly, would make them world in 2002 were black or Asian – we could
help them relax and voice their feelings beaters. They are risk takers and focus on the 25 young offenders with
and concerns. The young people seem entrepreneurs, often with good the mentoring programme.
to repsond positively and respect the planning skills and tremendous Mentoring is also vital for
fact that a non-professional is determination. Through mentoring, youngsters upon release from custody.
motivated to help them. This we try to harness these skills and This is a crucial time – in those first
creates a unique relationship. energy in a positive way. few weeks, a young person may be
The key to mentoring success lies in Young offenders are becoming motivated to make a change and can
local non-professionals with a genuine increasingly territorial – they are so benefit from help and encouragement.
interest in helping young people. It’s afraid of their own communities – who They may also not have renewed old
important to have good listening might be after them, what harm might acquaintances who might lead them
skills and assessment skills. A sense of befall them – that they think the next back to a criminal lifestyle. The timely
humour and the ability to show respect neighbourhood will be even worse. The intervention of a mentor can help to
to young people are also important as thought of crossing to another part of break that cycle.
a lot of young offenders have never the city to go to college, for example, All our feedback indicates that
been shown much respect. It’s also may be completely hostile to them. young people put mentoring high on
important to engage someone who Mentoring can help them to overcome their list of things that have helped
understands the difficulties that these fears and feel safe and capable of them. The importance of this type
adolescents face. In this area, peer doing things on their own. of practical help should not be
mentoring and counselling is a very Mentors need training on substance underestimated.
powerful tool. misuse, education, behavioural, health
Another approach is to use a and leisure issues. Good training and
significant adult who is familiar with practical experience offers the mentor a

Young people respect the fact that a non-professional


wants to give their time and is motivated to help

 Contact For more information about mentoring, visit: www.yjb.gov.uk. Contact your local Youth Offending
Team to see what opportunities are available for volunteers and mentors in your area.

Crime Reduction News 15


FEATURE

LOAN
RANGERS
Practical advice for those
with debt problems is
relatively straightforward,
but the hidden world of
the loan shark feeds on
intimidation and fear.
Consumer Minister
Gerry Sutcliffe said: “Loan
sharks are criminals and
it is vital that we do not
allow their activities to
destroy the lives of

Shark
innocent people. That’s
why we are cracking down
on rogue lenders, and

shooting
taking action to get loan
sharks off our streets.”
In an effort to control
the burgeoning loan shark
business, the Government
is investing £2 million to
set up pilot projects.
NEW INITIATIVES ARE IN PLACE TO STOP Run by the Scottish
Illegal Money Lending
LOAN SHARKS CASHING IN ON PERSONAL Team and based in
DEBT. NIGEL STANLEY REPORTS Glasgow, one pilot scheme
is designed so people
throughout Scotland can
call a confidential free-

F
or many people, managing credit For the five per cent, this debt can be phone Crimestoppers
is part of the skill required to run a significant problem. The misery of helpline (0800 555 111) to
a household economy and gives debt can be compounded by the use of talk to a team of specially-
them the flexibility to arrange illegal loan sharks who provide easy trained enforcement
payments to suit their income. For access to funds but at significant cost officers from the Trading
others, credit management and keeping to the customer. The inability to pay the Standards Department.
on top of bill payments has become an spiralling cost of loan repayments often Information will be used
impossible task. Their debt increases leads to intimidation and threats of alongside undercover
month after month as the bills pile up, violence as repayment is demanded. operations to tackle
leading to loss of the family home, the the gangs.
breakdown of personal relationships Tackling debt Deputy Communities
and depression. Reputable credit lenders and the Minister Mary Mulligan
According to a Government report Government are taking the loan shark said: “Loan sharks
Tackling Over-indebtedness – Action problem seriously. The free debt advice operate in a culture of
Plan 2004, published in July, seven per sector, Government and the credit fear, and this project is
cent of households have levels of credit industry are working together to increase targeting resources
use associated with over-indebtedness and the availability of free debt advice to help directly at the criminals.”
“The misery 13 per cent are in arrears with consumer people deal with their debt problems. As A similar scheme
of debt can be credit or bill commitments. well as having access to free and easy-to- enables people in the
understand advice, consumers will be West Midlands to call a
compounded by Spiral of misery able to access a debt management confidential helpline
the use of illegal Although it has been calculated that overall programme so that outstanding debts number on 0121 693 1122.
loan sharks, credit card debt in the UK is in the region can be restructured for easier repayment. The team here will also
of £50bn, only five per cent is deemed to The Social Exclusion Unit has work with local agencies
which often leads be owed by ‘spiralling debtors’. The rest is a remit that covers financial as well as to improve financial advice
to intimidation owed by individuals with the employment social exclusion. As the ODPM bears and education available to
and financial assets to back up their debt, responsibility for local government, this ensure that people have
and theats of according to MORI Market Dynamics helps make provision for local debt access to the right credit
violence” who conducted the research in June. management programmes. crn products for them.

 Contact For Action Plan information, visit: www.dti.gov.uk/ccp/topics1/overindebtedness.htm |


For White Paper The Consumer Credit Market in the 21st Century visit: www.dti.gov.uk/ccp/topics1
/pdf1/creditwp.pdf |For National Debtline, visit www.nationaldebtline.co.uk or call free on 0808 808 4000

16 Crime Reduction News


FEATURE

THE CAMPAIGN TO HIGHLIGHT THE


RISKS AND DANGERS OF DRUG USE IS
GOING FROM STRENGTH TO STRENGTH

a winner say visitors


A
year after its launch, FRANK has already proved FRANK is set to build on this success with the launch of
a success according to a customer satisfaction several new initiatives:
survey. The campaign targets 11 to 21-year-
olds, and parents of 11 to18-year-olds and Talk about cannabis
focuses on class A drugs. It aims to ensure young people Testimonials from young people who share experiences of
understand the risks of drugs and know where to go for cannabis and how it affected them. It covers issues on
help. It also aims to provide parents with the confidence health, the law, mental health and even the munchies.
and knowledge to talk to their children about drugs.
The survey, in July, produced some encouraging results: Action Update
● 92 per cent of respondents were either very or fairly FRANK’s current Action Update focuses on business and
satisfied with the quality of support received from the workplace. It includes information on drug testing,
FRANK, which includes the helpline, website, campaign workplace initiatives, and how to develop a drug and
materials and the drugs.gov website and news items. alcohol policy.
● 63 per cent of respondents had used talktofrank.com
over two-thirds of them found the site easy to use and Talking not taking
the quality of content either very or fairly good. FRANK is pushing out messages about youth ‘tribes’ and
● 93 per cent of respondents are receiving the Action the pressure young people feel to fit in. Press releases have
Update packs with over half saying they are very useful. been sent to national and top regional press and youth and
● 53 per cent of respondents have used FRANK in their parenting magazines. Visitors to the FRANK website can
local activities and 95 per cent of them said that this take part in a quiz to find out which one of Frank’s tribes
activity had proved a success. they belong to.

NEW CASE STUDIES


RESOURCES OPERATION CRACKDOWN AND B:DAT
www.drugs.gov.uk has London calling On the cards would target vulnerable young
a range of materials Operation Crackdown, the The Stakeholder Awards were people aged between 11 and 16.
including 140 copyright- Metropolitan Police’s two-week launched to coincide with the first We wanted to convey messaging in
free images to use to advertising campaign, targeted anniversary of the FRANK campaign a clear and comprehensive way and
promote and market Londoners in affected areas, in May 2004. The winner of the be responsive to young people for
your agency, idea or specifically 16 to 24-year-old men national and Eastern region award whom numeracy and literacy are
latest news. who may be involved in or are on went to Bedfordshire Drug Action often an issue.
FRANK, in partnership the fringes of drug culture. Team (B:DAT) in partnership with “The local Youth Offending Team
with Drugscope, has The campaign focused on asking Hey Moscow design agency for their and Pupil Referral Unit helped devise
produced a series of individuals for information via Knockout Drugs card game for the game, which has been tested and
bilingual leaflets to help Crimestoppers on Class A drug young people. evaluated by young people, since we
communicate with ethnic dealing, and aims to generate The game, based on the popular wanted young people not to feel
minority communities. The intelligence and show the effects top trumps card trading game, is embarrassed about being seen with
leaflets are available in drugs can have on communities. designed to be fun and educational. or playing the game.”
eight languages with a Operation Crackdown featured Each card features a different drug James says the game creates
further three languages hard-hitting posters showing a and gives facts about its effects and debate about drugs between young
accessible as a download. drug user’s physical decline over a legal status. All the cards feature people and adults. “It’s a discussion
They can be ordered free 10-year period. It also featured FRANK as a source of further advice. starter, and we’ve found that our
from www.drugs.gov.uk/ advertorials on Choice, Kiss and B:DAT community development key messages are put across in
Campaign/Languages or XfM radio stations. In addition, officer, James Morley, says: “The 20 minutes.”
call 0870 241 4680 and leaflets, beer mats and flyers were game came out of a need to identify The game is to be launched on
quote BMECOMSTKT. handed out at nightclubs. a resource and education pack that a regional basis by Christmas.

 receive
Contact To find out more, visit www.drugs.gov.uk/campaign and www.talktofrank.com. Visitors must register to
campaign materials. Call the campaign support line on 020 7273 3833 or email FRANK@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

Crime Reduction News 17


FEATURE

Give them a
sporting chance
SPORT AND CULTURE IS GIVING COMMUNITIES A STAKE
IN SOCIETY AND MENDING RELATIONSHIPS REPORTS KATRIN LEVY

S
port and culture inspires audiences, brings not feel they had a stake in society, and that they were not
people together to take part in enjoyable activities receiving enough help to tackle their problems. This lack of
and encourages individuals to think about their hope and opportunity was compounded by the “total lack
role in the local community. That was just one of of contact” between different communities, which made it
the findings of the Engaging Communities through Sport all too easy for frustration to tip over into violence.
and Culture seminar held in March this year.
Around 100 people attended the seminar in Oldham Art Bright ideas
Gallery, which focused on how sport and culture can be However, while the report painted a bleak picture, even at
used to help mend some of the fractured relationships that time Cantle recognised that the young people in
between Britain’s different communities in parts of the area were the key to a brighter future. “The youngsters
Yorkshire and the North West. The choice of location is were really inspirational,” he says. “They gave me hope.”
significant. Oldham, together with Bradford and Burnley, On the back of the findings of the Cantle report, the
hit the headlines for all the wrong reasons in the summer Community Cohesion Cultural Practitioners Group was
of 2001, when growing tensions between the local ethnic founded, and it was their idea to hold a seminar looking
communities erupted into riots in the streets. at the role that sport and culture could play in bringing
the different communities together.
Trouble shooting The day was such a roaring success that the Department
Head of Government’s Community Cohesion Review for Media, Culture and Sport, together with the Home
Team, Ted Cantle, was brought in to examine the root Office’s Community Cohesion Unit, decided to publish
causes of the social unrest disturbance and The Cantle all of the key learning points from the Seminar to help
Report, published a year later, contained a number of other practitioners.
challenging recommendations for communities, councils The result is ‘Bringing Communities Together Through
PHOTONICA

and Government alike. Sport and Culture’, which takes readers through the process
The report highlighted the fact that the communities did of creating successful and sustainable community projects.

18 Crime Reduction News


CASE STUDY CASE STUDY
BRADFORD LARK IN
SPORT ACTION ZONE THE PARK
The Bradford Sport Action Zone wants to encourage Celebration is at the heart
inner-city residents to become and stay involved in of the annual Lark in the
exercise and sport. But instead of telling them what Park arts festival, held in
they should be doing, they’ve gone out and asked local Mercer Park, Clayton-Le-
residents what they would like and then worked with Moors, Lancashire. In two
them to make it happen. years, the number of
“One of our most popular projects is a mini-soccer volunteers running the
league that’s funded by the Football Association,” says festival has jumped from
Adrian Tolan, the zone’s manager. “On a Saturday 15 to 40, and the number
morning, we get more than 100 kids showing up for it of festival goers is rapidly
from both communities, both boys and girls. When we increasing as well.
started two years ago we had six teams, but now it’s Groups of people and
gone up to 15 teams and we’re planning to put on extra individuals of different
sessions in January, once Ramadan has finished.” ages and cultural roots
work together to explore
Professional training common ideas and have
The zone has also been instrumental in helping local fun. The festival has given
residents, who want to start up their own sporting the wider community a
activities, to obtain the necessary training. “We’ve just sense of pride, place and
worked with a group of 12 Asian dads who wanted to set belonging.
up a group for their children,” says Adrian. “We provide
health and safety training, ideas on session planning
and structures and also support for volunteers who
want to get more professional coaching qualifications.”
The zone covers a very large area and they spend as
much time as possible visiting local communities and
schools. “As soon as we’ve gone, they ring us up to ask
us when we’ll be coming back,” he says. “We get sent
thank-you letters from students all the time telling us
that they loved tag-rugby and wanting to know when
they can do it again.”
“The youngsters were really
inspirational. They gave me hope”
Ted Cantle

‘Know the community’ is one mantra that appears


again and again. But readers are also encouraged to consult
creatively, be honest and realistic about timing and results
and develop leadership from within the community.
It is all useful stuff, and will undoubtedly make it
much easier for readers and team leaders to create
successful projects that are of lasting benefit. However,
the publication’s real power lies in its stories. On page
after page, there are projects that, in a couple of years,
have succeeded in breaking down communal barriers
that have been in place for decades.
Nearly three quarters of participants on the Moving
Minds project, which brought museums and galleries
together with local communities and artists to stimulate
discussion about culture, migration and identity, said that
it had encouraged them to feel differently about other
people and have a greater awareness of other cultures and
communities. As the publication proves, sport and culture
really are bringing communities together. crn Culture club: sport brings Bradford youngsters together

 Contact |
To read the Cantle Report go to www.homeoffice.gov.uk/docs2/pocc.html|
The Bringing Communities Together Through Sport and Culture Booklet can be found at:
www.culture.gov.uk/global/publications/archive_2004/bringing_communities_together_booklet.htm

Crime Reduction News 19


FEATURE

Watch schemes
broaden their remit
A REPORT REVEALS THAT POLICE MAKE A SIGNIFICANT
CONTRIBUTION TO THE SUCCESS OF NEIGHBOURHOOD
WATCH SCHEMES, SAYS NIGEL STANLEY

N
eighbourhood Watches are an ideal way relations with the police have worked particularly well and
for active citizens to help ensure their encouraging police forces to put policy agreements in place
communities remain safe and secure. Since with local NW schemes.
the first UK scheme was founded in 1982, Urbecon found it difficult to gauge the precise impact
the number of active watch areas has grown considerably. of NWs but found they contributed significantly to
To bolster support for Neighbourhood Watch (NW) local social cohesion. NW activity, such as supplying
schemes, the Home Office commissioned a report from information to the police to help them obtain Anti-social
consultant Urbecon’s Crime and Community Safety Unit, Behaviour Orders (ASBOs), does help to tackle disorder
which reported back in April 2004. and yobbish behaviour. However, those involved in NW
The report’s recently-published findings indicate a schemes are not expected to become unpaid law officers.
network of NWs that are alive and well. Traditionally, The key benefits of NW schemes lie in identifying anti-
schemes have tended to be found in areas that have social activity through the effective information exchange.
relatively lower crime. The Government aims to support
and encourage those who live in high crime areas to set up Re-energised active citizenship
NW schemes. This should go some way to reducing crime Overall it was seen that a new model for NW was
in their communities. emerging, moving away from the traditional crime
Police support was found to be important to the success problem into areas such as broader community disorder
of a scheme and attitudes to NWs does vary between police and anti-social behaviour. With limited resources available
areas. It was found that there were no common policies and from central and local government, the most appropriate
procedures, and that police forces and Crime and Disorder way to deal with this is through a re-energised active
Reduction Partnerships (CDRPs) basically did what they felt citizenship, involving the local community.
was most appropriate to the area. As a result of the Urbecon report and to help bolster
Some schemes are starting to broaden their remit to support for NWs there is now a new mini-site (see
cover support for a wider social agenda including care opposite) offering support, advice, best practice
for elderly and vulnerable members of the community. information and a number of useful links. There is
In some instances, this has started to encompass also a wealth of information to assist new schemes and a
environmental care issues as well. forum for online discussion and information exchange.
NW schemes and associations are striving constantly to A new NW newsletter, Community Link, is due for
improve the ways in which they work with local police publication in December following a local pilot earlier
forces and ensure resources are used most appropriately. this year. There will be a crime reduction volunteer
This includes sharing best practice from areas where conference on 12 March 2005. crn

“The success of Neighbourhood Watch schemes was directly attributed to police


PHOTONICA

and Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnership involvement”

20 Crime Reduction News


TIPS TO CRACK
CHRISTMAS
CRIME
Christmas is a great time
of year enjoyed by many,
So, don’t let your
Christmas be spoiled
by crime. Our top
Christmas crime
prevention tips include:

● Mark expensive
presents, such as
electronic equipment,
with your postcode by
engraving or using a
UV pen

● Remember that thieves


will be on the look out
for presents – so don’t
leave them under the
Christmas tree in view
of the window

● Keep an eye out for the


vulnerable and elderly
people over the
Christmas period
CASE STUDIES
CALLING CARD GOING UNDERGROUND ● Remember to tell your
Bogus caller and doorstep crime is In some areas of the country, membership Neighbourhood Watch
upsetting to the, often, elderly victim. or support for a Neighbourhood Watch scheme that you will
Gwent police have created a ‘Nominated scheme is seen by a minority as a bad thing be away
Neighbour’ scheme. Residents are issued, and consequently members become targets
free of charge, with a bright yellow card for criminal repercussions. ● Buy some timer
directing callers to a neighbour who can Unfortunately, these are the areas that switches to turn your
verify the caller’s credentials. They can often benefit most from the presence of pro- lights, radio and TV
then telephone or accompany the caller active citizens prepared to assist the police. on and off
back to the house to support their identity. To address this problem, the Community
The card is never left on display, instead Watch Liaison Officer with Northamptonshire ● Remember to cancel
it is shown to the caller through a window Police has set up a number of covert the milk and papers
or from behind a door secured on a chain. Neighbourhood Watch schemes. while you are away
Following meetings in community houses,
co-ordinators that come forward are asked to
MESSAGE IN A BOTTLE sound out trustworthy neighbours that may
An example of broadening Neighbourhood wish to be part of the covert scheme.
Watch comes from Humberside. Here, The co-ordinator then gives the police
vulnerable residents who require regular the numbers of those involved but not their
medication can take part in a scheme details, to ensure that membership remains
called Data Link or Lifesaving in a Bottle. confidential. The co-ordinators are then fed
Sponsored by Boots plc and Smith & information that will be of use to Watch
Nephew, medication is placed in a promi- members, which they can disseminate
nently marked bottle inside a fridge with a among the covert team.
sign outside showing that it is present. If The surrounding area is still signposted
emergency services attend, they can as being subject to a Neighbourhood Watch
readily access important drugs and infor- scheme but individual members are not
mation, which could be vital in saving life. issued with window stickers.

 Contact The new Neighbourhood Watch mini-site, with links to Neighbourhood Watch sites throughout
the country, is at www.neighbourhoodwatch.uk.com

Crime Reduction News 21


NEWS

news
VOLUNTEER A ROUND-UP OF NEWS,
EVENTS AND ACTIVITIES FROM
THE VOLUNTARY SECTOR AROUND
THE COUNTRY

The Abbeyfield Festival Winners of the Mainstreaming


in Burngreave: winner, Award, Brighton & Hove
Community Cohesion award Division of Sussex police

Ashley Holland,
winner of the
Achievement
by a Young
Person award

NDC Achievement
Awards launched
he first ever New Deal for Communities children. Jeff Rooker, the Regeneration Minister, was on

T Achievement Awards were held in Birmingham at


the beginning of October, to honour a number of
individuals and organisations who have helped to make the
hand to present the winners with their awards, which
included a cash prize of £1,000.

rejuvenation of their neighbourhoods a reality. The awards Roll of honour


were created to celebrate the New Deal for Communities’ The other Achievement Award winners were: Eric Samuel
(NDC) many successes in tackling the symptoms and (Resident); Jean Beeley (Special Posthumous Personal
causes of deprivation – such as high unemployment and Achievement); Councillor Ian Greenwood (Elected
crime, run-down housing and environment, poor health Member); Ashley Holland (Young Person’s); John Barber
and a lack of educational qualifications. (Business Partnership); Middlesborough Borough Council
There were 18 winners in all. Bradford Trident won the (Best Supporting Organisation); Community Safety
prestigious NDC Partnership of the Year Award for creating Theme Group, Derwent (Crime Reduction); Doncaster
an ambitious living-street project. The aim was to boost Central NDC Partnership (Innovation); Facelift Project,
the community’s sense of pride and safety by installing a Bradford (Housing); West Ham and Plaistow Youth
pedestrianised walk-through, providing better lighting and Scheme (Youth); Aspire Recruitment Partnership
introducing other improvements to the environment. (Employment); Ron Wilkinson, community paramedic
Sussex Police won the Mainstreaming Award for their (Health); Believe to Achieve, Wolverhampton (Education);
work with NDC in East Brighton, where they have Debbie Clark, Next Link (Service Provider); and Abbeyfield
established a range of community safety initiatives. The Multicultural Festival, who won the Cohesion Award.
Sport Award went to Marsh Farm Sports Project in Luton,
which makes sport and other physical activities more  For full details of the awards, visit www.odpm.
accessible, particularly for women, young people and gov.uk/pns/DisplayPN.cgi?pn_id=2004_0232

“The aim was to boost the community’s sense of pride and safety by
installing a pedestrianised walk-through, providing better lighting”

22 Crime Reduction News


More citizens are shaping active Website will help
communities by volunteering communities swap ideas
More than half of people in England questioned as part of the 2003 A new website has been launched by the Home Office
Home Office Citizenship Survey reported that they are actively to provide Neighbourhood Watch co-ordinators – and
volunteering. Their contribution is worth an estimated £42.6 billion to anyone else who might belong to such a scheme – with
the economy. A report, Active Communities: Headline Findings from a range of useful information and resources. When
the 2003 Home Office Citizenship Survey, shows that the number of fully completed, the site will include a good practice
people, aged 16 and over, engaged in active community participation database, where visitors can find out what other
(ie volunteering and civic participation) rose by more than 1.5 million. schemes are doing, and an ideas exchange for sharing
“We’ve exceeded the target the Prime Minister set to get a million tips and swapping stories.
more people volunteering their time between 2001 and 2003, and we The site already provides visitors with everything
are on course to exceed the Home Office’s own target of raising they need to know about setting up or running a
volunteering by five per cent by 2006,” said Home Office Minister scheme or tackling the fear of crime in their local
Fiona Mactaggart. “The challenge now is to ensure that even more communities. And, as it sits within the Crime
volunteers are recruited by the sector and that our partnership Reduction website, other useful crime prevention
produces sustainable, long-term benefits for the public.” advice, training resources and discussion forums are
The report found that the biggest increase had occurred in informal just a couple of clicks away.
volunteering, defined as “giving
unpaid help to someone who is Fiona Mactaggart  For more information, visit:
not a family member”. Informal www.neighbourhoodwatch.uk.com
volunteering is popular with
people aged 16-24, 45 per cent.
By contrast, the figures for civic
participation, such as signing
petitions, attending public
Grants will help release
meetings or contacting a local
councillor, and formal volunteering
volunteer potential
remained relatively unchanged. Earlier this year, the Home Office announced that
the National Mentoring Network (NMN) and
 For guidance and training
packages visit: www.crime
Volunteering England had been awarded £800,000 to
develop a national mentoring and befriending body.
reduction.gov.uk “The main role of the new national body will be to
encourage organisations to use mentoring and
befriending as part of their support strategies,”

Futurebuilders ready for round two explained Steve Matthews, NMN’s quality and
standards manager. “This will include acting as a sign-
post pointing volunteers towards existing projects,
The second funding of 600 applications. and we are keen to and holding a database of all the mentoring projects
window for the £125 m “We’ve had quite a good encourage more and organisations out there.”
Futurebuilders Fund is set spread over our policy applications in these As well as creating a national database, NMN will
to open in the spring. areas,” says a Future- service areas.” be linking up with the Government’s ‘Do-It’ website,
Futurebuilders was builders representative. Applicants are told which matches potential volunteers to projects and
launched in the summer to “The largest number of within 20 working days positions in their local area. Announcing the grant,
boost the role that the applications have been for of applying whether Charities Minister Fiona Mactaggart said: “There are
voluntary and community health and social care, their project has made it many stories of how a mentor has helped someone
sector plays in the delivery followed by education and through to the next stage out of difficult circumstances. These grants will help
of public services. When training and support for of the assessment process. us to release the untapped potential for volunteering
the first funding window children and young in communities.”
closed in October, the fund people. Community
 Visit: www.future-
proved very popular and
received well in excess
cohesion and crime
have been less popular
builders-england.
org.uk
 Visit: www.homeoffice.gov.uk/n_story.asp?
item_id=1059 and www.nmn.org.uk

Crime Reduction News 23


EVENTS

dates
8 December
Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design
Location: Leicester
Conference aims: During the conference you will
learn: how crime and security interrelate with the
Previous issue
To obtain copies of back issues of CRN
call 0870 241 4680, fax 0870 241 4786 or
email homeoffice@prolog.uk.com
Please give your name, address and job title, as
environment; what crime prevention through well as specifying which issue you would like.
environmental design involves; the key principles
and techniques of crime prevention through
environmental design; designing in crime prevention a new or SEPTEMBER 2004
existing building/project; how to assess risk and conduct surveys. ● Race crime – creating an equal
For more information contact www.perpetuitygroup.com. society free from racially-
Alternatively, request an electronic copy by emailing motivated crime
training@perpetuitygroup.com ● Student victimisation –
or telephone 0116 221 7775 Lessons on how to keep
crime down on campus
● Violent crime – time to take
14 December
Managing School Security
a tough stance on violence
● Persistent offenders – new
Location: Leicester measures to break the cycle of
Conference aims to teach: the range of incidents crime among prolific offenders
and security threats currently facing schools;
Government and education authority initiatives and JUNE 2004
targets; how to determine, record and measure the ● Alcohol and crime – tackling
incidents and threats to your shool; how to conduct the rise in alcohol-fuelled
a risk assessment; how to plan and implement a street crime
security initiative in your shcool; what security measures are ● Partnership power – the
available; how to monitor and evaluate your security strategy. importance of working with
For more information contact www.perpetuitygroup.com. community partners
Alternatively, request an electronic copy by emailing ● Organised crime – tough
training@perpetuitygroup.com or telephone 0116 221 7775 new measures to stamp
out organised crime
● Women offenders – the
31 January – 2 February
Delivering Sustainable Communities
reduction of female
prisoners in focus
Location: Manchester
The Summit will explore progress in delivering MARCH 2004
new and regenerated sustainable communities ● Community empowerment –
since the publication of the Sustainable The importance of enabling
Communities Plan in February 2003. Among communities to confront crime
the subject categories are crime, law ● Anti-social behaviour – the
and punishment. latest tools and measures to
To register visit www.odpm.gov.uk/stellent/ combat anti-social behaviour
groups/odpm_communities/documents/page/ ● Child protection – How to
odpm_comm_030333.hcsp keep kids away from
Internet dangers

 Contact If you have been involved in a project that ● Technology – how it can make
the police ten times more likely to make an arrest
other practitioners could learn from, please get in touch.
Email us at: crimereductionnews@justcomm.net or
write to us at: Crime Reduction News, Back issues are also available online.
Visit www.crimereduction. gov.uk/crn.htm
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