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EVENTS

crn

MAR 2005
dates
10-11 March
Violence Prevention: from global perspectives
to national action
Location: Liverpool
This major conference, sponsored by the World Health
Previous issue
To obtain copies of back issues of CRN
call 0870 241 4680, fax 0870 241 4786
or email homeoffice@prolog.uk.com
Please give your name, address and job title, as
crime reduction news

Organization and the Violence Prevention Alliance, aims to well as specifying which issue you would like.
promote a multi-agency approach to violence prevention in
the UK. It brings together international and national BEST SUPPORTING ROLE
expertise on a wide range of violence prevention issues.
For further information visit www.preventviolence.info DECEMBER 2004
● Prostitution in focus – finding
Sexual Assault Referral
or call Andrea Hutchinson on 0151 231 4387
solutions to help those involved Centres in focus
in prostitution
15 March ● ISSPs – Intensive Supervision
The Future of Policing: Exploring the
Extended Police Family
and Surveillance Programmes
get tough on causes of crime
THE SPECIALISTS
Location: University of Leicester ● Sporting chances – giving Pushing the boundaries
This conference will focus on the implications of such the youngsters a stake in their
expanding police family, looking at issues such as: the level community through sport of science and technology
of police control; the role the extended police family ● Illegal money lending – tough
partners; use of skills and effective partnerships; the role of measures take the loan sharks
the private security industry. For more information to task
call 0116 2217775, email conferences@perpetuitygroup.com
SEPTEMBER 2004
● Race crime – creating an equal
5 April
Community Cohesion: 1005 and Beyond
society free from racially-
motivated crime
Location: Savoy Place (IEE), London ● Student victimisation –
This one-day conference will examine the Government- Lessons on how to keep
wide Community Cohesion and Race Equality strategy and crime down on campus
the implications of other key developments. It will also ● Violent crime – time to take
consider the development of effective relationships a tough stance on violence
between national and local government. For more ● Persistent offenders – new
information contact www.neilstewartassociates.com/se166 measures to break the cycle of
crime among prolific offenders

7 June
Meeting Drug Treatment Needs: Innovative Strategies
JUNE 2004
● Alcohol and crime – tackling
for Quality, Accessible Services the rise in alcohol-fuelled
Location: London street crime
Drug treatment agencies, healthcare professionals, Drug ● Partnership power – the
Action Teams, commissioners and service providers will importance of working
convene to look at innovative strategies to reduce drug with community partners
addiction and improve treatment. Call 020 7324 4330 ● Organised crime – tough
or email nicole.jackson@neilstewartassociates.co.uk new measures to stamp

Looking ahead
out organised crime

 Contact If you have been involved in a project that ● Women offenders – the
reduction of female
other practitioners could learn from, please get in touch. prisoners in focus
Email us at: crimereductionnews@justcomm.net or
write to us at: Crime Reduction News,
76-80 Southwark Street,
Back issues are also available online. Tackling drugs: cleaning up communities and
Visit www.crimereduction. gov.uk/crn.htm
London SE1 0PN helping offenders face a drug-free future
CONTENTS UPDATE

Welcome Drugs destroy the lives of users, cause crime


and fear of crime in local communities and
undermine the very fabric of society. It is a global problem that requires tough
international and domestic law enforcement while effective practical solutions are
needed to help users break the destructive habit and communities feel safe. In this
issue’s Special Report we look at the strategies that are in place to tackle drugs and
find out how Drug Testing and Treatment Orders are helping users rebuild their lives.
update
ALSO INSIDE CRIME & DISORDER ACT REVIEW, INTELLIGENCE-LED POLICING
OPERATION CRACK DOWN, AIRWAVE RADIO TECHNOLOGY

Victims of sexual crimes need help to rebuild their lives, too. We hear how the safe
and supportive environment of Sexual Assault Referal Centres (SARCs) is helping
victims face up to their ordeal and bring perpetrators of crime to justice.
In addition, we look at the effective campaigns that are helping youngsters enjoy the
Securing a safer
freedom of mobile phone technology without falling victim to crime and hear about
the cutting-edge work of the Police Scientific Development Branch who help to crack
crime and keep frontline officers one step ahead of criminal activity.
night-time economy NEWS
IN BRIEF
LDMs improve
communication
The Crime Reduction News team Four local delivery
managers were appointed
last spring to improve the

Inside… Plus...
working relationship
between the Home Office
and agencies in four key
areas around the country.
Angela McGuiness

News Features Special report 11-14 (Bradford), Amobi Modu


(Nottingham), Louise
3 Protecting the night-time economy 8 Leading the way Dominian (Hammersmith
and Fulham) and Linda
4 Cleaner, safer communities Sexual Assault Referral Centres Derrick (Manchester and
help victims of sexual crimes
5 Cartoon thieves in PR campaign Salford) spend half of their

6 Sustainable Communities Award


16 Taking stock time in their areas, working
with the agencies that are
A Yorkshire community strikes
7 Operation Crackdown back to prevent cattle rustling
connected to Home Office
projects, such as the police,
8 SOCA takes shape 17 Back to the beat local authorities, the
voluntary sector and crime
22 Volunteering update Effective neighbourhood policing
and disorder reduction
18 We have the technology… partnerships.
How cutting-edge technology is “An important part of it is
communicating better,” said
helping to crack crime
Regulars 20 Safe and sound Tackling drugs The recent extension of late-night drinking laws has The key points give wide-ranging advice, such as
Greg Dyche, the former
project manager. “The
10 How to... Targeted mobile phone initiatives ● Cleaning up communities, improving lives
brought the problem of alcohol-related disorder and using dispersal orders for areas where there are communication needs to
...reduce robbery crime to the public arena, provoking strong reactions persistent anti-social behaviour problems and also go in both directions.”
are helping youngsters stay safe
● Tough new laws and Government action A fifth local delivery
15 Comment 21 A boost for safer communities
from communities and officers on the front line. targeting patrols of Special Constables, CSOs and
manager is being appointed
Counselling helps to prevent ● Long-term solutions to stop reoffending To address the issue, the Home Office announced a wardens at peak demand. It also advises discouraging to work on various Home
New How to Guides and Academy days
drink-related offending ● Case studies of users seeking help
consultation on Responsible Drinking (see www.home premises from running happy hours and irresponsible Office and Office of the
get tough on troubled town centres
office.gov.uk/docs4/consult_alcohol.html), which drink promotions, and says regular visits to licensed Deputy Prime Minister
will result in the introduction of new powers to crack premises running regular promotions like this projects with agencies in
East Lancashire.
down on alcohol-related offences. Conclusions from should be carried out. For more information on A conference was held
FOR SUBSCRIPTIONS TO CRN SEND YOUR NAME AND ADDRESS BY EMAIL: CRIMEREDUCTIONNEWS@MMCLTD.COM
the consulation process are now being drawn and tackling alcohol-related crime and disorder see the last month to bring the
POST: CRN, PO BOX 102, ALDERSHOT, HAMPSHIRE GU12 4GX FAX: 01252 669670 FOR BACK ISSUES CALL: 0870 241 4680 night-time economy (NTE) guidance will be report Violent Crime – Tackling Violent Crime in managers, Home Office
published at the end of March. the Night-Time Economy at staff and representatives
MANAGING EDITOR LUCY RYAN SUB EDITOR MARY COOCH TEL 020 7324 8089 EMAIL CRIMEREDUCTIONNEWS@JUSTCOMM.NET To help practictioners tackle the problem the Home www.policereform.gov.uk/psu/index.html. from the different agencies
ART DIRECTOR STEVEN PRICE PRODUCTION MANAGER LOUISE MUSTOE ASSOCIATE EDITOR (HOME OFFICE COMMUNICATION in the four areas up to date
Office has also produced a series of key points to help For copies of Lessons from the Summer 2004 on what has happened so
DIRECTORATE) LOUISE BROWN PUBLISHED FOR THE HOME OFFICE COMMUNICATION DIRECTORATE JUST 76-80 SOUTHWARK
STREET, LONDON SE1 0PN WWW.JUSTCOMM.NET crime and disorder reduction partnerships tackle Alcohol Misuse Enforcement Campaign email: far and what the plan is for
NETWORK

crime and disorder problems. amec@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk the future.


ALAMY

2 Crime Reduction News Crime Reduction News 3


UPDATE UPDATE

CRIME Crime keeps falling NEWS


STATISTICS BCS FIGURES REFLECT LONG-TERM TREND IN BRIEF
A better deal
rime in England and Wales continues to fall, KEY FIGURES for victims
C according to the latest findings of the British Crime
Survey published in January. The survey reports
that the the risk of being a victim of crime, at 25 per cent, 
Total crime
BCS crime is down 11 per cent.

Gun crime
Fall of five per cent in serious injuries.
Something to shout about and witnesses
Measures to encourage


is the lowest in more than 20 years. Overall, crime fell by Police recorded crime is down six Fall of nine per cent in threats. The Home Office’s Acquisitive Crime Reduction Campaign saw actors victims and witnesses to give
11 per cent in the year ending September 2004, compared per cent.  Fall of 15 per cent in use of handguns. dressed up as cartoon thieves hammering the message home at railway evidence at court were
with the previous year. Police recorded crime figures  Increase of five per cent in overall stations during morning and evening rush hour. Using megaphones announced by Constitutional
Affairs Secretary Lord
dropped six per cent in the period July-September 2004 Domestic burglary firearms offences. they urged commuters to keep the temptations of newly acquired
Falconer in December.
as compared with the same quarter in the previous year.  BCS fell by ten per cent.* Christmas presents (mobiles, laptops, iPods, etc) hidden. The activity They include ensuring that
 Police recorded crime fell 23 per cent. Vehicle crime was focused in the ten Street Crime Initiative Areas. by 2008 all Crown Court
Encouraging results  BCS fall of 14 per cent. The leaflet that supports the Acquisitive Crime Reduction Campaign, buildings and 90 per cent of
magistrates’ courts have
The drop in crime figures is part of a long-term trend that Robbery  Police recorded vehicle crime ‘Keep it Hidden. Keep it Safe. Keep it Locked’, is available to order, free
separate witness facilities
began in the mid-1990s. Violent crime, for example, has  Police recorded crime fall of fall of 17 per cent. of charge. It contains advice and tips on how to reduce the risk of
for victims and prosecution
fallen 36 per cent since its peak in 1995. Police recorded 18 per cent. robbery, burglary and vehicle crime. For copies telephone Prolog on witnesses. Video links will
violent crime increased by six per cent over the last year, Victimisation rate 0870 241 4680, quoting ACR1 or ACR1W (Welsh version). also be made available to
reflecting the better recording of domestic violence, sex Violent crime  The BCS shows the risk of being a 75 per cent of magistrates’
offences and ‘low level’ thuggery and the police service’s  BSC fall of nine per cent.* victim of crime remains historically courts and increased to 27
in Crown Court centres.
increased compliance with new recording standards.  Police recorded increase of low at 25 per cent. The use of special measures
There was a five per cent drop in serious injuries caused six per cent. such as video links to protect
by firearms, and a 15 per cent fall in the use of handguns.
However, firearms offences rose by five per cent.
There have been significant
changes to the way violent crime
*Not statistically significant, so stable
Taking crime in hand New offence witnesses in anti-social
behaviour cases will also
Home Office Minister Hazel Blears was encouraged
by the latest figures that show a continuing reduction in
is recorded by the police, with
recording changes in 2002 adding
As part of the Acquisitive Crime Reduction campaign a life-size now in force be extended. The propopals
form part of a broader
mock ‘hand’, was distributed to three million households in 15 high Strategic Plan for Criminal
crime levels and the fear of crime in local communities: 23 per cent to recorded crime burglary areas in January 2005. The impactful style is designed to From March, causing or allowing Justice.
“We know from recent research from business crime figures. Much of what is recorded be a novel way to alert householders to the potential threat of the death of a child or vulnerable For more information visit:
and youth victimisation that patterns of crime reflect as violent crime involves little or thieves ‘fishing’ keys and other valuables through letterboxes adult is an offence under the www.dca.gov.uk/dept/
patterns shown in the British Crime Survey and that the no physical injury to the victim. and to highlight the importance of keeping your home secure. Domestic Violence, Crime & strategy/index.htm
Government’s prolific and priority offender strategy is In response to interest from Crime Reduction Officers (CROs) Victims Act. This new offence
targeting the offenders that cause the most damage to and other regional stakeholders, further copies of The Hand for will ensure that those
their communities.” CROs and crime reduction practitioners are being printed to use co-accused of the death of a
Sustainable
in local door-to-door campaigns. From 11 March copies will be
available from Prolog on 0870 241 4680 (code ACH).To access
child or vulnerable adult do not Communities
escape justice when they remain
Acquisitive Crime Reduction campaign resources visit
silent or blame each other. Awards 2004
www.crimereduction.gov.uk/letskeepcrimedown
CDA review By taking action in this
area the Government aims to
Projects and initiatives
which demonstrate active
In November 2004, the Government provide a valuable enforcement community involvement and
announced a formal review of the tool to ensure offenders can be contribute to making local
communities better places to
partnership provisions of the Crime and brought to justice. This will help live and work have been
Disorder Act 1998. The key aim was to make to raise public confidence in the acknowledged in the Deputy

Cleaner, safer CDRPs the most effective possible vehicle


for tackling crime, anti-social behaviour and
justice system.
Diana Symonds of the Home
Prime Minister’s Award for
Sustainable Communities.
communities substance misuse in local communities.
The review was carried out jointly with
Office Criminal Policy Unit said:
“The new offence establishes
This year saw a record 256
nominations and Deputy
Prime Minister John Prescott
A raft of measures to clean up local and anti-social behaviour make people the Association of Chief Police Officers, the a new criminal responsibility said the nominations were of
communities and tackle anti-social feel ill-at-ease and unsafe. Association of Police Authorities and the for members of a household a “very high standard”.
behaviour was set out by the Government Margaret Beckett, Minister for the Local Government Association, with where they know that a child The winner, Grange
Park Community Project
in December during the second reading Department of the Environment, Food and substantial stakeholder involvement or vulnerable adult is at in Blackpool, was
of its Clean Neighbourhoods and Rural Affairs (Defra) said that the measures throughout. Over 450 stakeholders, significant risk of serious announced at the Delivering
Environment Bill. The Bill is an important were in response to requests from local practitioners and local delivery partners harm. It will help to ensure Sustainable Communities
part of the Government’s plan to create communities. “This is a practical Bill that attended four workshops held in that offenders who remain Summit in Manchester
in February.
cleaner, safer and greener communities. was brought forward following requests Birmingham, Cardiff, London and Sheffield. silent or blame each other
For more information
Low-level offending, such as the daubing from local authorities, and will go a long Home Office Ministers will be considering do not escape justice.” about the awards and the
of graffiti, creates neighbourhoods which way to help them and other agencies tackle the review’s conclusions in early February. The offence will carry a winning projects visit:
become run down and these areas often fall the problem.” Visit: www.defra. gov.uk/ For more details, please see www.crime maximum sentence of 14 www.odpm.gov.uk/awards
victim to more serious crime. Dereliction news/latest/2005/localenv-0107.htm reduction.gov.uk/partnerships60.htm years’ imprisonment.
ALAMY

4 Crime Reduction News Crime Reduction News 5


POLICE UPDATE POLICE UPDATE

Operation Crack Down NEWS


IN BRIEF
At the beginning of January, the Association powers were first introduced in January 2004.
of Chief Police Officers and the Home Office As part of their operations against local class A
Making an began a new, joint, three-month campaign to
reduce the number of crack houses operating,
drug markets, police have enhanced powers to
seize the assets of drug dealers. Firearms, where
Citizen Focus
Conference
IMPACT on bring more class A drug suppliers to justice
and reduce the number of illegal firearms on
the streets.
they feature as part of the local drug market, will
be seized and those in possession of firearms face
tough penalties.
Improving customer service
and the experiences of

intelligence-
victims and witnesses were
The Anti-Social Behaviour Act 2003 gave police Police will be distributing information leaflets the key themes of the first
new powers to close crack houses, bringing an end among local communities where they have closed national Citizen Focused
to the anti-social behaviour that communities premises and carried out drug raids to reassure Policing Conference held in

led policing suffer where they exist. Operation Crack Down


builds upon successful use of the powers so far
and drives home the message that drug dealing
them that they are taking tough action against
drug dealing in their area.
London on 12 January 2005.
The event brought together
more than 300 delegates
from police forces, police
The IMPACT Programme – a joint approach by on existing systems such as the Violent and As IMPACT evolves, officers will be able to and activities associated with it will be challenged authorities, local Criminal
the Home Office, ACPO and the Police Sex Offender Register (ViSOR) and the Police search on objects (including vehicles, phone at every opportunity. Justice Boards, Crime and
Information Technology Organisation (PITO) – National Computer (PNC), as well as local and numbers and property), locations and events The new powers enable police to serve notices Disorder Reduction
Partnerships and local
is paving the way for accessible, intelligence-led regional information systems. It will also support (such as crimes and incidents) from all force against a crack house or drug den that restricts use authorities from across the
policing in England and Wales. the National Intelligence Model and Information and national systems, using a range of tools to of the premises to the owner and residents only. UK. Speakers included Home
IMPACT (Information Management, Systems Strategy for the Police Service (ISS4PS). support intelligence-led policing – searching, Following a court hearing, held within 48 hours, Office ministers Hazel Blears
Prioritisation, Analysis, Co-ordination and This first stage began in January 2005 with a analysis, tasking, briefing, de-briefing and data the premises is sealed and treatment and other and Baroness Scotland, ACPO
President Chris Fox and
Tasking) is designed to deliver on key pilot of the National Nominal Index (NNI) – a management. The full IMPACT capability will help is offered to vulnerable residents and those
Association of Police
recommendations made by last year’s Bichard ‘technology demonstrator’ that provides a way be made available progressively between 2005 who used the premises for drug use. Over 150 Authorities Chairman,
Inquiry, offering a range of capabilities that of searching an index of local systems and other and 2007. crack houses have been shut down since the Baroness Ruth Henig.
contribute to a national IT infrastructure and forces’ systems to identify where information on To find out more visit the PITO website Delegates took part in a
nationwide intelligence-led policing. It builds an individual is held. www.pito.org.uk workshop on the National
Quality of Service
Commitment and discussed
Bureaucracy-busting ideas wanted the ways in which the

TOOLS A round-up Officers and police staff are being encouraged to


come up with more ideas and suggestions about
you’ll find a template for the awards which
you will need to fill in and return. All
commitment was being
implemented.

of crime reduction tools currently available how to beat bureaucracy for this year’s the suggestions we receive will be
‘Bureaucracy Busting Awards’, sponsored by the considered by the Police Federation
Home Office and the Police Federation. and the Home Office. If accepted,
If you’ve got a bright idea that will help to cut they will then be put forward to the
Small business crime Domestic violence down on paperwork and inefficient working judging panel to be considered for an
Tackling crimes against small businesses: Developing Domestic Violence Strategies – A Guide for practices and put more officers back on the award. The closing date for suggestions
Lessons from the Small Retailers in Deprived Partnerships helps partnership authorities develop streets, visit www.policereform.gov.uk. There, is 31 March 2005.
Areas Initiative draws on evidence from the strategies to tackle, monitor and evaluate domestic
Small Retailers in Deprived Areas (SRDA) violence, giving examples of good practice and suggesting
initiative to provide guidelines for practitioners how partnerships might be co-ordinated. For a copy, visit:
working to increase the
security and viability of small businesses.
www.crimereduction.gov.uk/domesticviolence46.htm
Forces tune in to Airwave technology
The SRDA was established in 2001 and The new Airwave digital communication service emergency service use, the Airwave service is not
provided £15 million funding in a three-year
Victims and witnesses update will signal a new era of reliable and effective a simple replacement for the older radio systems.
programme to strengthen the security of This year sees improvements to victim and witness care police communication. Costing an estimated It provides secure communication through an
small businesses in 10 per cent of the most throughout the Criminal Justice System. The Victim and £2.3 billion, Airwave is one of the largest encrypted digital network, vastly improved area
deprived wards in England and Wales. Witness Delivery Toolkits build on The Victim and Witness national police radio system in existence, coverage and sound quality and the ability to
In total, over 12,500 businesses received Delivery Plan, distributed in October 2004, setting out how and technologically highly advanced. send data as well as voice transmissions.
assistance under the scheme. It offers key practitioners will be expected to work towards the targets The rollout of Airwave to all forces in For example, officers are able to access records
good practice lessons on a wide range of of the forthcoming Victims Code of Practice. The Delivery England, Wales and Scotland by the end of April held on the Police National Computer and the
2005 is a key milestone in the National Policing Scottish Criminal Record Office while away
areas including: Toolkits have been developed by Victims Unit to support
Plan 2004-07 and supports the aims of the Police from the station. In time Airwave will also
ALAMY; PITO/THAMES VALLEY POLICE

• Targeting – a problem-solving approach practitioners and Local Criminal Justice Boards.


Science and Technology strategy 2004-09. The allow officers across the length and breadth
• Business involvement The Victims Code of Practice and Code of Practice 'Rough To order materials, visit
rollout has been managed by the Police of Great Britain to communicate directly with
• Thinking through interventions Guide' will be published in December 2005, replacing the www.crimereduction.co. Information Technology Organisation (PITO) each other across force boundaries.
• Implementation Victims Charter and giving victims statutory rights for the uk/publicitycatalogue, and the mobile telecommunication supplier Previous police radio networks were based
• Sustainability and ongoing support first time. For more information, contact your LCJB Victim email homeoffice@ Airwave mmO2. on individual forces and officers could not
To obtain a copy, visit www.crime and Witness Lead Officer, or Patsy Holland in the Victims prolog.uk.com Based on the European TETRA (TErrestrial communicate with their counterparts on the
reduction.gov.uk/business39.htm Unit on 0207 273 2375 or phone 0870 241 4680
ALAMY

Trunked RAdio) standard designed for other side of the force boundary.

6 Crime Reduction News Crime Reduction News 7


FEATURE NEWS

Leading the way with


SARCs support we did when we began our service in 1986 was to find a
specialist team of doctors that included dedicated female
doctors that were committed to this type of work.”
Getting the right staff only provided a partial solution.
Building evidence
Another key component of the success of SARCs is their
emphasis on providing victims with information and
giving them choices at every step of the way. Current
SARCs provide a
‘one-stop shop’ for
victims, offering all
SEXUAL ASSAULT REFERRAL CENTRES HELP VICTIMS COPE WITH The next problem was finding an appropriate location estimates suggest that just 15 per cent of rapes and sexual the advice, support,
PHYSICAL AND EMOTIONAL TRAUMA AND CREATE A SECURE where victims could be taken for their medical assaults are being reported to the police. Often, victims counselling and
ENVIRONMENT FOR THE GATHERING OF FORENSIC EVIDENCE examination. “We basically ended up going wherever are initially too traumatised, or can’t face the prospect
the doctors told us to, so sometimes it was the hospital of having to relive their ordeal in court.
medical attention
and sometimes it would be a police station,” says Jackie. As a result, many SARCs are equipped to take forensic that they need

I
n the initial hours and days after a rape or sexual “Apart from increasing the trauma for the victim, evidence anonymously, without requiring victims to report
assault, the majority of victims are barely function- this also led to a number of cross-contamination the crime to the police. Shell-shocked victims receive the
ing. Many victims are so shocked or numbed by their issues with the forensic evidence, because frequently care and counselling they need, while the forensic evidence
ordeal, they are often unable to cope with getting the medical examinations weren’t conducted in a is on file and can be used to secure a conviction in the
themselves dressed or making a meal, let alone reporting sterile environment.” event that the victim reports the crime in the future. This
the offence to the police. In 1991, REACH – which runs two SARCs in ‘anonymous’ evidence can also help police to build up a
Yet what happens in the initial hours after an attack Northumbria – finally acquired enough funding for its picture of serial rapists, even where all of the victims
can make all the difference in securing a conviction, and own dedicated centre. Now, if someone has been the victim aren’t officially reporting their attacks – Antoni Imiela,
also in minimising the trauma and distress felt by the of a rape or sexual assault, there is no doubt about where the M25 rapist, was caught and convicted in this way.
victim and their family. they should go or what should happen. “Northumbria has very good convictions statistics
That’s where Sexual Assault Referral Centres (SARCs) for rape compared with many other areas,” says Jackie.
come in. SARCs provide a ‘one-stop shop’ for victims, Partnership power “I put that down to the fact that we have SARCs here
offering all the advice, support, counselling and medical Local partnerships are crucial to the success of these that are providing a very good level of care.”
attention that they need. centres. As well as being the place where police take victims There are currently just 13 centres in the UK, with
A recent Home Office report on SARCs concluded of rape to, victims are refered to SARCs by health services most SARCs being funded through local agreements
that as well as providing victims with a very high standard and voluntary sector organisations. between the police and health authorities. But the
of care, the provision of a dedicated site for rape victims “These centres provide a consistent service to victims,” demand is certainly there, and the Government would
also led to a high standard of evidence gathering and says Jackie. “People have different needs at different times. like to see more SARCs being set up in the future.
forensic reports. In the immediate aftermath, they may need medical care, To this end, central government is providing some
Jackie Clark, manager of the Rape Examination Advice STI screening, emergency contraception, counselling, funding for 2005-2006 to help local areas, agencies and
Counselling Help (REACH) centre in Newcastle, is not forensic examination and legal advice. But if they are barely CDRPs to set up and run a new SARC, or enable existing
surprised. “Before the creation of our SARC, it was functioning, they might also need help to get some shop- SARCs to expand their services.
absolutely dreadful,” she says. “Rape victims would come in ping in or to take their kids to school. Because we have “In Newcastle, we’re getting referrals from all over the
and we’d be scrabbling around trying to find a doctor with good links with the local authority, health services and country,” says Jackie. “In many cases, I don’t know where
the specialist skills and sensitivity we needed. There were police, we can ensure that whatever they need, we can find to send them because if a service isn’t there, you can’t refer
also issues about getting female doctors. So the first thing a way to provide it.” people on to it.” SARCs clearly have a vital role to play. crn

WORKING TOGETHER TO HELP VICTIMS


When St Mary’s in Manchester and children over the age of 11. The Home Office provided the
was established in 1986, it was the The Rowan Centre in Walsall, centre with a grant to help with
first centre of its kind to provide West Midlands first opened its start-up costs.
co-ordinated forensic, counselling doors for business in June 2004. While the police fund any
and medical aftercare service to The centre is run on a day-to-day forensic examinations, counselling
victims of rape and sexual assault. basis by staff from CRISIS POINT, services are provided by CRISIS
It also provides support through the a local counselling organisation, POINT volunteers. The centre also
criminal justice process. To date, the and is being funded by CRISIS POINT, operates a 24-hour fast-track system
hospital-based centre has provided Walsall Teaching PCT, the Police into the nearby clinic where victims
services to around 9,500 people, and the Safer Walsall Borough can be screened for pregnancy or
including men, women of all ages Partnership Board. sexually transmitted infections.

 Contact For more information visit www.homeoffice.gov.uk/crime/sexualoffences/referralcentres.html||For


details of the Home Office report into the work of SARCs visit www.homeoffice.gov.uk/docs4/max_potential.pdf
CORBIS

8 Crime Reduction News Crime Reduction News 9


HOW TO

A multi-faceted approach
There is no single way to reduce robbery as the
SPECIAL
REPORT Tackling drugs
offence can vary quite considerably. The response
ALSO INSIDE: TOUGH MEASURES AND BREAKING THE CYCLE OF CRIME
will need to differ too.
“For instance,” says the guide, “robberies occurring
in or around commuter trains or buses at night require
a wholly different response to those involving school-
aged children in the late afternoon. Identifying these
different sub-sets of the robbery problem is therefore POSITIVE ACTION
crucial in developing an effective and sustainable
response to the problem.” ● Between April 2002 and
To reflect this, the guide is divided into a number of December 2003, 26,079kg
different parts offering best practice and advice on: of cocaine and 11,044kg of
● student robbery heroin were seized and
● robbery of school-aged children over 330 organised crime
● robbery at cash machines groups disrupted.
● public transport and street crime ● Over 50,000 more people
● robbery and problem drug use are in drug treatment. The

Reduce ● bag snatches from elderly women


● commercial robbery
● mobile phone robbery.
drug treatment workforce
has expanded to 9,000 – an
increase of 50 per cent since

robbery
Marcial also points out that the perpetrators of 2002. Waiting times are at
robbery fall into two categories – young people their lowest ever.

Investing in a
committing robbery against their peers and adults ● Drug related deaths are
resorting to robbery to fund drug use. This will also down by 4 per cent between
determine how each individual crime should be 2001 and 2002 and are
tackled effectively. now at their lowest level
A GOOD PRACTICE GUIDE ON HOW CRIME since 1998.

PREVENTION PRACTITIONERS CAN


REDUCE ROBBERY HAS BEEN PRODUCED
BY THE ACQUISITIVE CRIME TEAM
Problem-solving approach
Any work to tackle robbery should have a strong
problem-solving approach which needs to start with
an accurate definition of the problem.
All efforts should be consistent with the National
Intelligence Model. The guide includes a street crime
drug-free future ● Crime, and the fear of
crime, has fallen. Between
April 2003 and June 2004,
there was a fall in England
and Wales of 12.9 per cent
in recorded acquisitive

R
problem-solving checklist to take you through the educing the harm caused by illegal drugs is one of the Government’s crime, to which drug-

P
roblem-solving street crime – practical lessons various stages: top priorities. Since 1998 and the launch of the National Drug Strategy related crime makes a
from the Street Crime Initiative is a recently ● From scanning to analysis there have been considerable successes thanks to a raft of initiatives and significant contribution.
published guide which has been specifically ● From analysis to response programmes supported by £1.5 billion of government funding. Illegal ● Focusing efforts
designed to be user-friendly and to provide the latest ● From response to assessment drugs are being seized and dealers tackled. Class A drug misuse by young people against Class A drugs by
information and best practice needed to reduce robbery. ● From assessment to lesson-learning. has stabilised, over 50,000 more people are in treatment and waiting times are reclassifying cannabis.
Marcial Bóo, head of the Acquisitive Crime Team, says down. Drug-related crime is falling. However, much more needs to be done. Arrests for cannabis
he hopes the guide will be the first port of call for anyone The importance of evaluation The harm caused by taking drugs must never be underestimated. It damages possession have fallen
who has a particular problem with robbery and who wants Making sure you carry out an evaluation of any the health and ruins the lives of individuals; it undermines family life; it turns by 30 per cent since
to know the best way of dealing with it in an effective way. initiative is important in order to improve future law-abiding citizens into criminals who steal to fund their habits, including reclassification, enabling
“I hope this document will become a reference bible for the work. Previous mistakes can be avoided and truly from their own parents and family. The costs to society are enormous. police time to focus on
next two to three years on how to reduce robbery. effective work can be recognised. Tackling drug misuse is a challenge at both a worldwide and at a local Class A drugs.
“It collects best practice from around the country and Just as there may be work for which unwarranted community level. It is a complex problem and requires integrated solutions ● The Drug Interventions
has all that we know about how to tackle robbery. claims are being made, so it is likely that effective and and co-ordinated delivery of services involving education, health and social Programme is now in place
“It should be an invaluable fund of knowledge and innovative work is currently going unacknowledged care, intelligence and enforcement, and economic policy. in 66 high crime areas. This
expertise for frontline staff.” because evidence for its usefulness has not been Throughout March 2005, Ministers, government officials and leading means 5,000 offenders
The guide has been sent out to police forces and properly assembled. practitioners are all joining together to run a unique set of events in regions being tested each month for
other organisations, and workshops have been held in Projects and their evaluations need to be written across the country. The events will be a first rate source of the latest best Class A drugs and, over
a number of locations to offer help and advice as to the up and written in a truthful way, stressing both practice, policy development and information exchange on delivering the 1,500 offenders a month
best way of using the guide. There are several key areas achievements and difficulties in order to make drug strategy. A few places are left – see below for booking details. entering treatment.
of the guide which stresses the need for several approaches them credible. It can also help to have your findings
to tackling robbery. reviewed by a colleague or peer to guard against errors. crn
 9Update Tackling Drugs, Changing Lives events are being run regionally (Cambridge, 8 March; London,
March; Manchester, 14 March; Harrogate, 17 March; Birmingham, 21 March; Newcastle, 23 March). Events are
 Contact To download a free copy of the guide Problem-solving street crime – practical lessons from the Street free and offer the opportunity to get up to speed in what is working locally, put questions directly to Government
Crime Initiative go to: www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/streetcrime_04.html and help shape future priorities.To book, call 0207 261 8400 or email homeofficeevents@coi.gsi.gov.uk
CORBIS
GETTY

10 Crime Reduction News Crime Reduction News 11


SPECIAL
REPORT

In the spotlight:
drug-misusing offenders
EARLY INTERVENTION CAN HELP YOUNGSTERS AT RISK

T
he Drug Interventions Programme is a critical A key strand of the Government’s Updated Drug Strategy
part of the Government’s strategy for tackling 2002 is to prevent today’s young people from becoming
drugs. Until September 2004, it was known as the tomorrow’s problematic drug users. The Drug Interventions
Criminal Justice Interventions Programme. It Programme’s pilots for young people contribute at various
began as a three-year programme to assist drug-misusing points of the youth justice system: identifying children and
offenders out of crime and into treatment. The programme, young people who have, or are at risk of developing,
EXTENDING THE DRUG INTERVENTIONS believed to be a world-first, involves criminal justice and substance misuse problems; assessing their needs; and
treatment agencies working with other services to provide a directing them to support and treatment services. The
PROGRAMME AND NEW POLICE POWERS tailored solution for adults, particularly those who misuse pilots for children and young people are designed to give a
WILL HELP TO KEEP DRUGS IN CHECK Class A drugs, who commit crime to fund their drug misuse. child or young a person-centred and holistic approach to
Special measures for young people are being implemented. their problems.

Tough new measures Delivery at a local level is through Drug Action Teams,
using integrated teams with a case-management approach to
offer access to treatment and support. This begins at an
offender’s first point of contact with the criminal justice
system through custody, court, sentence and beyond into
resettlement. Key partners to the Home Office are the
Education is a key weapon in the campaign against
drugs. Blueprint is a Home Office research programme
designed to evaluate the effectiveness of school-based
drug education. It involves five specially-devised lessons,
supported by work involving parents, the community,
health workers and the local media. The programme is

N
ovember 2004 saw the The package of measures includes ● Making dealing near a school or criminal justice agencies such as the police, prisons, being delivered in 23 schools, with a further six acting as a
Government announce provision for the expansion of routes using children as couriers an probation officers and the courts, along with the comparison sample, in the North West and East Midlands
an ambitious programme into treatment for vulnerable young aggravating factor for sentencing Department of Health, the National Treatment Agency of England. Full results of the research will be available in
KEY FACTS of action to crack down people by requiring young offenders so drug dealers found guilty of this and treatment service providers and those who provide 2007, although the intention is to use the experience of the
further on the harm that drugs to attend drug treatment as part would face a tougher penalty linked services such as housing and job-seeker support. programme to inform practice in the interim.
● Burglary, robbery and cause to individuals, families and of a community sentence. The ● Issuing a drug counselling
vehicle crime fell by communities. Its report, ‘Tackling Government’s Drug Interventions order along with an anti-social
12.9 per cent between Drugs. Changing Lives. Keeping Programme, which already sees behaviour order to deal with
April 2003 and June Communities Safe from Drugs’, more than 1,500 offenders entering drug-misusing adults.
2004. Drug-related outlines a renewed drive to tackle treatment each month, will be In addition, Operation Crack
crime contributes to the scourge of Class A drugs and expanded to 32 new areas from April Down, a joint three-month campaign
RESTRICTION ON BAIL OVERVIEW
these crimes. shows the progress made since the 2005, so that by 2008 around 1,000 spearheaded by the Home Office and
● Some 10,000 offenders Government published its drug offenders will be entering treatment Association of Chief Police Officers, is The Restriction on Bail provision was any follow-up treatment proposed. ● Treatment is not a soft option: drug-related
entered treatment strategy in 1998, updated in 2002. each week through this route. targeting crack houses, drug dealing introduced under Section 19 of the The provision has been piloted community orders imposed by the courts
through the Drug Prime Minister Tony Blair also These measures will be supported and the supply of class A drugs, and Criminal Justice Act 2003. in Nottingham, Salford and Manchester. usually involve a strict monitoring regime.
Interventions announced tough measures to tackle by new legislation including: helping to reduce the number of This provision amended the Bail The provision has now been ● Treatment should be based on an assessment
Programme in the drug dealers and offer more support ● Giving police powers to test for illegal guns on the streets. Act 1976 by reversing the presumption extended to cover up to 45 new of needs, with a wide range of evidence-based
first 18 months of the to users. The Prime Minister said that drugs on arrest for trigger offences The campaign builds on the new of bail for defendants who test positive Drug Action Team areas by April 2005. treatment responses such as methadone
programme (April 2003 the measures aim to break the link rather than charge, so that more powers extended to police to tackle for specified Class A drugs, and who Eleven of these went live in January: prescribing, counselling and group work.
to December 2004). between drugs and crime. people who commit crime to drug dens under the Anti-Social fulfil the other necessary conditions Nottingham County, Wirral, Oldham, ● Measures for children and young people cover
● Crime is falling faster “If you are a drug addict engaged finance their drug habit can be Behaviour Act 2003. Since the powers for the provision to apply. Tameside, Trafford, Liverpool, a wide spectrum. This ranges from prevention
in the areas with the in crime, you will be offered a way directed into treatment were introduced in January 2004, The provision provides an Newcastle, Bradford, NE Lincolnshire, and early intervention for those at risk of
Drug Interventions out through treatment and help. If ● A new evidential presumption that more than 150 crack houses have opportunity for drug-misusing Sefton and Doncaster. escalating problems of substance-related
Programme, such as you refuse that offer, it will be made those caught in possession of more been shut down, sending a clear defendants to engage in treatment, Across the three pilot areas only 20 offending to more intensive work with
CORBIS

Bradford where crime more difficult for you at every stage drugs than reasonable for personal message to communities that drugs by restricting access to court bail if defendants were remanded in custody individuals who have complex problems
has fallen 33 per cent. in the criminal justice system.” use are guilty of intent to supply will no longer be tolerated. they refuse a drug assessment and for breaching the provisions. related to substance misuse and crime.

 Contact ‘Tackling Drugs. Changing Lives. Keeping Communities Safe from Drugs’ is available at:  Contact A website for young people offering information and advice about drugs and their effects is at
www.drugs.gov.uk/ReportsandPublications/NationalStrategy/1101307094 www.talktofrank.com. The website offers free, confidential information by phone and email

12 Crime Reduction News Crime Reduction News 13


COMMENT

SPECIAL
REPORT
Counselling schemes
help alcohol offenders
Professor Douglas Sharp, Director of the Centre for Criminal Justice Policy and Research
at the University of Central England, explains the benefits of alcohol referral schemes
DRUG TREATMENT
AND TESTING ORDERS

L
ocal alcohol agencies and says Professor Sharp. “However, all had network of other support groups and
ARE HELPING DRUG- crime reduction partnerships modified their drinking behaviour and counsellors. About 12-13 per cent of
ABUSING OFFENDERS are working together in the had reported beneficial effects in terms people who went on the scheme
STAY CLEAN Midlands to help alcohol- of their health, relationships, their accessed other core services – they
related offenders break binge drinking work performance or their potential sought further advice or treatment
patterns of behaviour and reduce the for getting into further trouble.” sessions. This was most encouraging.
risk of crime. Being arrested and being taken to a When the study ceased collecting data,
The pilot schemes in Dudley and police station was a defining moment not one of the people who attended

Breaking Worcester, spearheaded by alcohol


agencies Aquarius and the Hereford
and Worcester Advisory Service on
for nearly all the offenders. Being made
to face the consequences of their
behaviour in this way served as a
the sessions had been reconvicted of
another offence.”
Such intervention can only work if

the cycle of crime


Alcohol (HWASA), offer those arrested wake-up call. Consequently, the timing all partner agencies – the police, the
for alcohol-related offences the of intervention was key – the fact that alcohol agencies, the courts, the Crown
opportunity to attend two sessions they were at this point advised to Prosecution Service (CPS) – work
with an alcohol counsellor. contact the alcohol agency and given together and steering groups ensured

GETTY. These case studies are based on research conducted by Addaction in 2004. All details were correct at the time of interview. Interviewees’ names have been changed to protect their identity.
Professor Douglas Sharp, a former access to free help and guidance the scheme addressed the issues of all
Chief Superintendent, conducted seemed highly effective. parties to ensure best practice.
evaluation research into the pilot In light of the UK drinking culture,
CASE STUDY CASE STUDY CASE STUDY referral schemes. “Offenders are Constructive advice Professor Sharp believes this is a
LAURA – FEMALE 34 JAKE – MALE 28 MEL – MALE 27 introduced to the scheme upon arrest,” “The success of the scheme stems from successful type of intervention. It
Laura started smoking at 12 and over the years Jake started sniffing aerosols at the age of eight. Mel began smoking says Professor Sharp. “After their first the fact that it is not punitive,” says accesses exactly the age group at
*DTTOs are being phased out in the spring and replaced by a generic community sentence with a menu of drug treatment-related

she has used heroin, cocaine, crack, amphetamines, By the age of 10, he and his friends were smoking cannabis at the age of 14, court appearance the case should be Professor Sharp. “When they contact risk of binge drinking and shows
diazepam, temazepam, methadone and marijuana. cannabis and, by 13, Jake was taking LSD, speed, taking LSD at 15 and using adjourned to allow them to make the agency, it is not a judgemental demonstrable results.
She has also had a drink problem. amphetamines, mushrooms and diazepam. At heroin at 21. He had been two visits to the alcohol agency. process. Many offenders commented “People do change their drinking
Laura was first arrested, for chequebook and 14 he had progressed to taking heroin. arrested at least 20 times During those visits, offenders receive positively on this. They were listened behaviour,” says Professor Sharp. “They
credit-card fraud, at the age of 23. She was using While he was taking drugs, Jake got convictions before he started taking information, counselling and advice to, were given genuine, constructive don’t stop drinking but they do start
heroin, crack and cocaine and her memory of her for ABH and GBH. He funded his drug-taking heroin, and was sent to on the effects of alcohol and ways to advice to help them think about their drinking in a more sensible way.
community service is vague. She has also been in by burgling houses and shops, and he has been prison for the first time modify their drinking behaviour. They drinking and were helped to think “This type of intervention engages
prison numerous times and says, “It frightened the arrested around 40 times for burglary. when he was 17. then produce an action plan, which is about ways to modify their drinking.” all of the agencies in partnership to
life out of me.” Mel committed a number intended to deal with their behaviour. The majority of referrals were deal with problems that derive from a
Her experiences in prison made her vow to Fifteen years of taking drugs of crimes to pay for drugs. “Intervention of this nature offers people who would not normally come culture that glorifies heavy drinking.
conditions that magistrates can tailor more closely to individual circumstances

change her life, but she didn’t know how to. Laura In 1998 Jake was sentenced to three years in prison. Although he stopped taking two benefits to offenders – first, they into contact with an alcohol advisory Given that this is the culture, this type
did a stint in a rehabilitation unit that failed after He came off drugs and managed to stay clean up drugs in prison, he would get advice about their offending and service because they are young people of scheme meets the target population,
about six weeks. She started treatment during a to and beyond his release in August 1999. Then start using again as soon drinking. Secondly, there is the who don’t recognise that they have a deals with them in a non-judgemental
six-month sentence two years ago but relapsed. in 2000 he was imprisoned for possession as he was released. potential for a beneficial sentencing. problem. Most were young men who fashion and, as a consequence, is of
Laura has been on a Drug Treatment and Testing of cannabis with intent to supply. While he was Caught in a cycle of drug When they go to court, they have an drank large quantities of alcohol from value to offenders who engage in the
Order (DTTO*) for seven months, with another in prison, his wife divorced him and he started misuse, crime and arrest, action plan that shows they are making Thursday to Saturday – classic binge scheme and seek advice that offers real,
five months to go. The court order requires strict using heroin again. he was never out of prison an effort to change their behaviour.” drinkers. Female referrals tended to long-term benefits.”
attendance at a local treatment centre for treatment Jake started a DTTO in September 2003. While for more than six weeks The research monitored a cohort of suffer from other associated problems.
and drug testing, overseen by probation officers on the DTTO, he has managed to deal with the at a time. After completing a people who had been through the “By pointing them to the alcohol
with frequent reviews by the magistrates. things in his life that trigger him to take drugs. two-year sentence, he was scheme. “None had stopped drinking,” agency, they then had access to a whole
It’s the first programme that Laura’s been on that He says: “I’m starting to work myself out and get arrested for theft, remanded
has worked and she has received help in getting onto some self respect and some pride.” Now Jake and placed under a DTTO.
a college course. Laura says: “I wanted to change my would like to become a drugs counsellor. “I’ve Mel says, “This is the first People do change their drinking behaviour. They don’t stop
life every time I got arrested. I couldn’t because I had 15 years’ experience of taking drugs and in time I got help. I finished drinking but they do start drinking in a more sensible way
didn’t know how. This is the first order that I have prison I helped people. I was a listener. I want to the DTTO, am drug-free
had that’s worked.” start giving back.” and have a job.”

 Contact For details of the latest Government anti-drugs strategies and initiatives, visit www.drugs.gov.uk  Contact Copies of the evaluation report are available at www.aquarius.org.uk

14 Crime Reduction News Crime Reduction News 15


FEATURE FEATURE

A NEW COUNTRY WATCH INITIATIVE IS HELPING


Back to the beat
NEIGHBOURHOOD POLICING IS A SIGNIFICANT PART OF
TO PUT A STOP TO CATTLE RUSTLING. THE NATIONAL POLICING PLAN, WRITES NIGEL STANLEY
CAROL KING INVESTIGATES

N
eighbourhood policing has been identified Local communities also need to be more closely
as the way forward for the service and is a engaged in the policing of their communities by
significant part of the National Policing Plan, understanding the role they can play in keeping their
as highlighted in the police reform white paper areas safe and secure.
‘Building Communities, Beating Crime’. The police service plays a key role in reducing crime,

Taking stock
But neighbourhood policing can only happen with anti-social behaviour and ensuring community safety,
the active participation of people living and working in but the Government is clear that this is not the sole
the policing area. Revitalised neighbourhood policing for responsibility of the police service. The solution lies in
the 21st century is central to the Government’s approach effective partnership and community engagement.
and by 2008 the Government wants every community
to benefit from a style and level of neighbourhood policing As easy as ABC

F
armers in North Yorkshire have been repeatedly engagement they believe is appropriate. PACT – Police and Communities Together – is an initiative
targeted by livestock rustlers. During 2004, 30 thefts Neighbourhood policing will involve teams of dedicated run by Lancashire police to tackle quality of life concerns
of livestock worth £50,000 were reported in a 90- police officers, community support officers, Specials and and issues surrounding youth-related crime across the
day period – a reflection of the growing national wardens providing a visible and reassuring presence, force area. It provides a leading example of how a
problem for farming communities. CPO Thwaites has a good rapport with the local farmers preventing and detecting crime and creating a constructive community can engage with the police service to solve
Ray Thwaites, Local Community Police Officer (CPO) and together they set up a Country Watch scheme for and lasting engagement with their communities. The work real problems.
for Helmesley, has been working with farmers under a Northern Ryedale in June 2004, which now has 36 members. of these officers will be pro-active and intelligence-led Complaints from residents on the Bath Mill Estate off
Country Watch scheme. Together they have worked with Local resident Jane Medd is the co-ordinator, and was keen “Neighbourhood and will have the buy in and support from the local Moor Lane, part of the force’s Northern division, were
a security company to thwart the thieves. The result is a to get involved after rustlers stole 30 of her sheep during community. This will build mutual trust and support. being recorded at 60 per month. This has fallen to zero
system designed to alert farmers when their field gates the spate of thefts. policing can only Under the first phase of the Neighbourhood Policing thanks to the targeted use of acceptable behaviour
or surrounding fences have been tampered with. Rural Watch schemes including Farm, Horse, Country happen with the Fund (NPF), £50m is being invested to support the contracts (ABCs).
Thwaites has been a CPO in the North Yorkshire Police and Poacher Watch are similar to Neighbourhood Watch active participation recruitment of an additional 1500 CSOs. By the end of An ABC is a voluntary, non-legally binding agreement
for seven years and his beat covers about 50 square miles and schemes, and its members, not the police, run Country March 2005 there will be 5,500 CSOs, deployed in all 43 by an under 18 to stop behaving in an anti-social way.
of people living and
includes nearly 70 farms. He says: “My entire beat involves Watch. The Country Watch scheme works in partnership forces in England and Wales. Further investment under Failure to stick to laid down restrictions can lead to
rural communities, farms and isolated rural communities with the police to aid crime reduction. “We ask members to working in the the NPF will help forces achieve the target of 24,000 CSOs court action. In part, ABCs are seen as a way of curbing
scattered across the North Yorkshire moors. We had a patrol particular areas by car, so they act as extra ears and policing area” in post by 2008. anti-social behaviour without criminalising the individual.
problem with livestock theft. We believe the cattle, sheep eyes for the police,” says CPO Thwaites. Support from parents makes the job easier and the officers
and pigs were being stolen to order and slaughtered in often visit the homes of the errant youths.
illegal abattoirs to be sold to restaurants.” Using technology Over three years there were drink-related problems,
Yet it is a technological innovation that has proved most graffiti, damage, noise at all hours and small fires. Enter
helpful to local farmers in stamping out livestock theft. PC Sharon Turner and PCSO David Owen and their
Communications and security expert Carl Meyer, of Farm ABCs, seven of which were already agreed upon.
Guard Ltd, in Claxton, York, became aware of the Country PC Turner said: “It’s been quite a struggle and the
SIMPLE SECURITY MEASURES Watch scheme and contacted CPO Thwaites regarding his problems didn’t stop overnight. I don’t think the
● Regularly check the fields where Keep bay areas lit at night as a deterrent. idea to tackle livestock theft. youngsters are going out on purpose to cause trouble
animals are grazing, daily if possible. ● Where large expanses have to be With the aid of CPO Thwaites, Medd and local and I don’t want to come down on them too heavily. I
● Keep livestock in a secure area covering covered, insert locking posts to prevent farmers, Meyer has developed and trialled the system, am just trying to keep them out of trouble. I want to steer
as much distance as possible. Make use vehicle access for loading. which uses a buried probe, a battery, and sensors to them in the right direction, using diversionary tactics if
of any existing natural barriers such as ● Take photographs of valuable animals. detect when a gate has been opened or perimeter fencing necessary. I think I am getting through to them. They’re
brooks and ditches. ● Consider using CCTV so you can watch disturbed. Within seconds, a 24-hour monitoring system really trying hard.”
● Keep secure gates closed at all times animals in barns or yards – useful during is sent a Global Positioning Satellite (GPS) signal of the Local resident Ray Hill said: “Life was hell, now it is
and patrol area frequently to check. busy periods such as the lambing season. location of the device and the address is given to the police. heaven by comparison. You don’t very often see a
● Make gate hinges non-removable by ● If livestock is stolen, give the police an The pilot system has so far proved highly successful. standing ovation for a copper but Sharon got one at a
capping hinges and locking them with accurate description. Ear tags and horn Meyer says: “There have been no incidents where the recent meeting and fully deserved it.” Another resident,
close shackle case-hardened padlocks brands help police to identify stock. system has been installed.” However, he admits that Mr Mason, backed her efforts with equal enthusiasm:
on case-hardened fittings. Freeze branding, hot branding or what everyone wants to see is the criminals caught and “PC Turner has done a magnificent job. She is like the
● Gate and lock loading bays for cattle. tattooing your postcode will also help. brought to justice. village bobby used to be.” crn

 Contact Email ray.thwaites@northyorkshire.pnn.police.uk||For Rural Watch scheme details: www.crime  Contact For more on the police reform policy paper ‘Building Communities, Beating Crime: A Better
|For details of rural crime initiatives visit: www.crimereduction.gov.uk/rural5.htm
reduction.gov.uk/bigsteal.htm| Police Service for the 21st Century’ visit: www.policereform.gov.uk/docs/prwp2004.html
ALAMY
GETTY

16 Crime Reduction News Crime Reduction News 17


FEATURE

SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY HAS NEVER BEEN MORE INTEGRAL


TO THE PROCESS OF SOLVING CRIME. WILL HERSEY FINDS OUT
ABOUT THE LATEST HI-TECH CRIME-BUSTING TECHNIQUES

We have the
technology
“The work we do CASE STUDY

S
cience and technology has been at the forefront Effective solutions labour-saving improvements in data recording and
of police work ever since Britain’s first successful PSDB currently manages 23 technical programmes and over storage, the result is a greater number of officers able increases the HI-TECH SECURITY
In Nottinghamshire, fear of crime in the
conviction used fingerprints in 1902. These days, 150 projects, some of which are conducted internally, while to spend a greater amount of time in active service. number of police night-time economy is a major concern.
the Police Scientific Development Branch (PSDB) others are developed in collaboration with university “The work we do increases the number of police on on the beat and
applies its technological expertise and scientific knowledge research teams (for example, a project for a roadside drug the beat at any one time and it increases the morale of The PSDB formed a unique partnership
increases the with Nottinghamshire Police to deploy
to provide high-tech solutions in the fight against crime. impairment test which uses laser light to analyse saliva) officers by ensuring they have the correct equipment to
The PSDB employs more than 200 scientists and and the private sector. do the job,” says Graham Smith.
morale of officers hi-tech equipment traditionally used to
engineers from numerous technical disciplines, supporting To tailor effective solutions to particular police problems,
by ensuring that fight serious crime and anti-terrorism
the Home Office and UK police forces, the Prison and a close understanding of the day-to-day operations of Making a difference they have the to screen hundreds of the region’s
correct equipment clubbers, as part of a crackdown on
Security Services, the Department for Transport, HM frontline officers and the specifics of the policing processes The PSDB’s work is valued because of the measurable drugs and weapons.
Customs & Excise and other government departments. involved are crucial. “The nature of our work means that improvements it provides. “One of the most satisfying to do the job” The equipment included a sophisticated
Its role is multi-faceted, incorporating advice, training, we interact with the police regularly, giving us a privileged things about working at PSDB is seeing your work computerised archway metal detector,
security and the development of new technologies across insight into the problems they face,” says PSDB’s Firearms become a reality. We can watch officers in action and a baggage X-ray machine and an electronic
all areas of public and officer protection and crime & Protective Equipment team leader Graham Smith. say: ‘I helped the police get that piece of equipment,’” drugs analyser. The PSDB also trained
prevention and investigation. Improved investigation tools and enhanced security says Graham. officers to use the equipment.
Recent projects have ranged from rigorous testing of the perhaps represent the more obvious benefits of the PSDB’s Over the coming year, PSDB will gradually take on Nottinghamshire Police became one of
taser electrical stun device for improved police protection, to work – the unseen impact is the time, space and money a new, broader role to provide scientific and technological the first forces to use such sophisticated
establishing regular imaging workshops for training police that can be freed up. Whether it is minimising the risk advice across the Home Office. It will be renamed the technology to tackle community policing
in the best ways to process video evidence. of injury through advances in protective equipment or Home Office Scientific Development Branch (HOSDB). crn problems which has since helped to
reduce crime and reassure the public.

CASE STUDY CASE STUDY


FINGERPRINTING SAFER HOSPITALS AND SCHOOLS
PSDB’s Fingerprint Manual and displays the images on screen The PSDB-led Safer Hospitals and Schools to Save budget. It aims to carry out a full
showcases an array of techniques for less than a second, thus helping programme, in partnership with the assessment of the impact of an integrated
to develop fingerprints on exhibits to significantly reduce the amount Department of Health and the Department approach to the use of security technology
retrieved from scenes of crime and of time and manpower required to for Education & Skills, is helping to to provide examples of best practice.
is used in every fingerprint laboratory tackle this crucial but time-intensive evaluate the effectiveness of technological The projects have been guided by local
in the country and many abroad. operation. applications used to reduce crime and teams of key stakeholders, while PSDB
The complex process of recording Feedback from forces has been the fear of crime in five pilot projects has also commissioned fear-of-crime
and registering large numbers of very positive, with South Yorkshire Police – two hospitals, two schools and an surveys for all the pilot projects. The
fingerprints was highlighted by police reducing its photographic processing time ambulance trust. findings of an independent evaluation
as a previously unencountered area of from three days to ten minutes, and The programme was awarded funding to establish the effectiveness and cost
concern, with large backlogs forming Cambridgeshire Constabulary adopting of £4.6 million from the Treasury’s Invest benefits will be unveiled during 2005.
of fingerprints which needed to be IRIS after using it on exhibits from the
photographed. Soham enquiry. IRIS also links directly
In response, PSDB scientists designed
and developed the Integrated Rapid
to NAFIS, the National Automated
Fingerprint Identification System, to
 Contact To find out more about the Police Scientific Development Branch (PSDB) visit www.psdb.gov.uk||
Imaging System (IRIS) which captures allow the rapid delivery of results.
For information about the Forensic Science Service visit www.forensic.gov.uk

2 Crime Reduction News Crime Reduction News 3


FEATURE FEATURE

Safe and sound


protecting youngsters from mobile phone crime
SAFE WEEK AND OTHER INITIATIVES ARE DESIGNED TO PROTECT
YOUNG PEOPLE FROM MOBILE PHONE CRIME

A
t the launch of SAFE, the anti-robbery week held
in schools in January, Home Office Minister Hazel
Blears said: “Being a victim of crime is a traumatic
Consequently, a CD-rom, Out of Your Hands, was launched
in 2003. Aimed at 11-14 year-olds, it gives advice on how to
avoid becoming the victim of mobile phone theft, what to A boost for
safer communities
experience for anyone, but especially for young do if your phone is stolen, and the potential consequences
people-and unfortunately, children can make easy targets for of committing robbery to steal other people’s phones. A
thieves, often school age themselves. The Government has website www.outofyourhands.com was also launched. In
made great strides in cutting crime – 30 per cent down since the mean time, the Government has been addressing the
1997 – but we want to see even greater falls. To help achieve problem directly. The approach includes:
this, we have put record levels of police on the streets, ● Launching a database of lost and stolen phones, allowing
recruited more than 4,000 community support officers phones reported as lost or stolen to be blocked across all

T
NIGHT-TIME he Cleaner Safer Greener Communities campaign work. The programme aims to bolster the partnership
and launched in November a major public information UK networks by reference to the handset’s IMEI number, has been put in place by the Government to help between decision makers, service providers and local
campaign, ‘Let’s Keep Crime Down’. But we cannot win the making them useless to thieves NUISANCE WILL planners, street cleaners, park managers, police, communities by spreading knowledge and best practice. We
● Legislation was passed (the Mobile Telephones
battle single-handed – we need the public, including
(Reprogramming) Act 2002) to make it illegal to
BE TARGETED community support officers and others working want everyone to be clear on what action they can take, what
children, to wise up to the risks, hide their valuables and stop
making life easy for opportunistic criminals.” reprogramme a phone’s IMEI number, and to possess or IN A NEW in local environments to work with their community to powers they can use and what they can expect from others.”
create high-quality local neighbourhoods. The first guide looks at town centres, with a particular
A number of initiatives are underway in support of supply the equipment needed to reprogramme phones COMMUNITY The programme builds on the five-year action plan set focus on managing the night time economy. Thriving
this work, including SAFE Week, which took place between with the intent of doing so CAMPAIGN.
10 and 14 January 2005 covering issues related to personal ● A national campaign (Immobilise) to tell the public that
out in Living Places: Cleaner, Safer, Greener, published in night-time economies have created new challenges around
safety and youth robbery. The Home Office and stolen phones can now be made useless to thieves by LUCY RYAN October 2002. It is spearheaded by the Office of the Deputy alcohol-fuelled violence and crime and disorder.
Crimestoppers, together with key relevant professionals reporting them as stolen to the networks REPORTS Prime Minister (ODPM) and is backed by a host of The problems are significant, not to mention the
including teachers and police, produced the SAFE ● A national police register enabling police to identify Government departments covering key issues such as health, strains on public services such as the police, transport,
educational resource, designed to increase young people’s stolen handsets. environment, education, transport, enterprise and crime. and accident and emergency services: 44 per cent of the
personal safety and to deter would-be offenders. Reprogramming Act was a world first, and therefore broke As part of this drive, a practical support programme on 1.2 million violent crimes committed in 2002-03 were
new ground. Two years of operational use by the police has how to deliver innovative local environment services is being fuelled by alcohol; 35 per cent of all attendees at hospital
Play it SAFE shown that if the Act were amended slightly (to include an developed by the ODPM. The Cleaner Safer Greener accident and emergency departments were related to
SAFE Week was launched by Home Office Minister Hazel offence to offer to reprogramme mobile phones, or to have programme will provide practitioners with the information, alcohol, and 70 per cent of those occurred between
Blears, Crimestoppers Director of Operations Dave Cording, phones reprogrammed) it would be a far more effective law support and stimulus required to make their environments midnight and 5am. The cost of the crime and disorder
and Olympic boxer Amir Khan, to coincide with January’s enforcement tool. Kevan Jones, MP for North Durham, is cleaner, safer and greener. It will include information guides bill is estimated at £7.3 billion a year.
traditional rise in robbery offences. taking forward a draft Bill to amend the Reprogramming and academy-style support services to provide a targeted, It is possible to address the problem and deliver more
The SAFE educational resource comprises a number of Act 2002 along these lines. implementation-focussed approach. active, inclusive and safe town centres. There are many
elements, each of which can be downloaded from the Other services will also be developed, with the input of examples of people using existing and new powers to good
Crimestoppers website at www.crimestoppers-uk. Register and protect practitioners, to provide immediate and practical support. effect including: the Licensing Act 2003; the Alcohol Harm
org/solving/safe. Materials include: Hazel Blears, police and industry launched the National The programme will be launched by the ODPM and Home Reduction Strategy for England; the Tackling Violent Crime
● A teacher guidance document detailing suggestions for Mobile Phone Register, a valuable tool to fight mobile phone Office in March. programme and new planning legislation.
lesson delivery, topic development and National crime. The Register is an important step forward, allowing
Three how to guides will then be rolled out – covering The guide will highlight the way in which strong
Curriculum links for each subject the police to identify stolen mobile phones in real time.
town centres in March, then homes and streets, and parks leadership, solid mechanisms for delivery and clear strategies
● An assembly plan on personal safety The public can play their part too – by registering their
and open spaces in June. Each guide will provide a central can be implemented to manage the night-time economy and
to introduce the topic to pupils. phone for free they can protect their phone and can
improve their chances of getting their phone back if it is source of information on service delivery and provide advice prevent alcohol-fuelled anti-social behaviour. The
● Four pupil worksheets covering the following lesson
themes: Robbery and bullying, Personal Safety, Mobile lost or stolen. The more phones that are registered, the and action plans. They will be accompanied by a series of programme will emphasise the importance of partnership
Phones and Stolen property. more effective the register will be. Mobile phones can be topical workshops and action learning seminars to develop working and engaging with the wider community.
● A SAFE poster for schools. registered free of charge at www.immobilise.com. crn and highlight good practice and to help tailor solutions to “Across the country people are making a huge difference to
individual places and practitioners. their local environment through innovative and intelligent
Target the right audience ODPM Minister Phil Hope said, “Making our and approaches to tackling challenging issues,” said Phil
Mobile phone theft impacts significantly on young people: communities cleaner, safer and greener is a goal that Hope. “The Cleaner Safer Greener programme will allow us
more than half of mobile phone robbery victims are under many of us share. Through working together, we are already to learn from these experiences and ensure we can maximise
18; more than half of offenders are aged 15-17. making our streets and town centres better places to live and our efforts to make our communities better place for all.” crn

 Visit For details of SAFE and to access educational resources, visit www.crimestoppers-uk.org/solving/safe||  Visit www.cleanersafergreener.gov.uk for ideas on funding and how to make public spaces cleaner, safer and
PHOTONICA

|Register phones for free at www.immobilise.com


Visit www.outofyourhands.com for youth-targeted advice| |For details of the new Cleaner Safer Greener programme email cleanersafergreener@odpm.gsi.gov.uk
greener|
GETTY

20 Crime Reduction News Crime Reduction News 21


UPDATE

news
VOLUNTEER A ROUND-UP OF NEWS,EVENTS
AND ACTIVITIES FROM THE
VOLUNTARY SECTOR AROUND
THE COUNTRY

Winners of the Mainstreaming


Award, Brighton & Hove
Division of Sussex police
Conference call Chilling out online
A national conference will be taking place in Nottingham A pioneering website aimed at children and young people
on Saturday 12 March for 500 people who are involved in aged from four to 19 has been making a big impression
the work of Neighbourhood Watch or who are interested in the Market Harborough community since its launch
in setting up such groups in their area. Home Office at the end of last year.
Minister Hazel Blears will give the keynote speech. A report The CHILLOUTZONE site was designed to provide
on the conference will appear in a future issue of CRN. young people with a safe and fun environment in
which to learn about all aspects of citizenship in
order to encourage an appreciation of social and moral
responsibility and help children to understand the
A benchmark project importance of community. It appears to be working
– the site received over 5,000 hits in the first week.
Exeter’s Park Watch Group has come up with an effective The website was designed by Schoolwatch, a sub-
way of keeping local youngsters out of trouble while also committee of Market Harborough Neighbourhood Watch
giving them a sense of purpose. Support Scheme. Schoolwatch provides a formal link

Building safer neighbourhoods


A Neighbourhood Watch-inspired scheme was initiated in between schools and their immediate community and
response to a number of incidents of anti-social behaviour is concerned with any incident or situation, which
in Heavitree Pleasure Park, Exeter. To address the problem, may threaten the safety of our schoolchildren from
city council community patrollers, local beat officers and would-be abductors to road safety and drug abuse.
Park Watch volunteers talked to the youngsters about School Watch hopes the site will prove effective in
A BIRMINGHAM-BASED COMMUNITY PROJECT IS THE EUROPEAN their behaviour and gave them the opportunity to take reducing local crime by improving the safety of school
CRIME PREVENTION WINNER FOR 2004 ON BEHALF OF THE UK responsibility and do something constructive. Under the children and protecting them from dangers they are
guidance of environmental artist James Bond, they were likely to encounter when travelling to and from school,
given the chance to construct a wooden sheltered seat in while also encouraging schools, parents and pupils to

T
he award-winning Safer Neighbourhood Programme The programme was funded by the Neighbourhood the park using traditional hand tools. be more aware and alert.
was implemented in five high-crime areas between Renewal Fund in conjunction with partners including Forty-nine youngsters took part in the six-month project. To encourage further interactivity, the site will
2001 and 2004 to specifically highlight crime and Crime Concern, Birmingham City Council’s Housing During this time, local residents came along to talk to the be launching competitions connected to safety,
fear-of-crime issues throughout the area while also enhancing Department, West Midlands Police and Birmingham youngsters, helping to break down barriers and build a sense anti-social behaviour, social exclusion and other
quality of life and actively encouraging communities’ City Council’s Environmental Services. of community. One elderly resident, who had constructed issues directly affecting young people.
involvement. The scheme gained particular distinction for At the end of the first year of operation, the Safer wooden legs for amputees in the First World War, shared
“The Safer both the strength of its framework and methodology and as Neighbourhood Programme had achieved a saving his skills and wartime stories with the spellbound audience.  Visit www.chilloutzone.org.uk
Neighbourhood an example of effective partnerships, resulting in a 14 per in costs of crime of £6,406,840 for an investment of
Programme cent reduction in overall crime against an average 7 per cent £600,000, while youth crime reduced by an average of
reduction in comparable areas. 29 per cent against 12 per cent in the overall area.
is an excellent Nick Tofiluk, Assistant Chief Constable, West Midlands Year of the Volunteer takes shape
example of ‘Audit to action’ approach Police, said, “This award is well deserved. The Safer
partners The programme was based on the successful Neighbourhood Programme is an excellent example In January, the Home Secretary Charles Their efforts highlight the Government’s
working Neighbourhood Safety pilot run by the national crime of partners working together and involving local people Clarke and the Chancellor of the Exchequer determination to encourage more people
reduction organisation, Crime Concern, and followed to make a real difference to their community to their Gordon Brown officially declared 2005 to be to contribute to civil renewal by taking
together and the problem-solving and evidence-led ‘audit to action’ safety and to their environment.” the Year of the Volunteer. In doing so, they responsibility and becoming an active
involving local approach, which helps to address those issues of greatest The programme is based upon sound, tested and highlighted the invaluable contribution the citizen through the year ahead.
people to concern to the community. robust methodology and activity, suggesting it can nations thousands of volunteers make to “Personal volunteering builds up
AVEQ FOTOGRAFIE DEN HAAG, THE NETHERLANDS

After a comprehensive audit of local problems, using be replicated anywhere at relatively little cost. their communities and to the nation’s confidence and skills, raises self-esteem
make a real neighbourhood-based statistics, a survey of residents and Chris Dyer, from Crime Concern commented, “The economic wellbeing. According to the and self-worth,’ said the Home Secretary. “It
difference consultation with a wide range of local organisations and successful implementation of the Neighbourhood 2003 Home Office Citizenship Survey, strengthens communities and helps people
to their community groups, action groups were established to take Safety model in Birmingham should be heralded by volunteering is worth £22.6 billion a year learn and care about the wider society and
community” on tasks in the highlighted areas; anti-social behaviour, the all as an excellent example of how long-term positive to the UK economy. democracy of which they are a part.”
environment, priority crimes such as burglary and vehicle change and impact can be achieved even in the most The launch took place at the Home The year-long campaign is divided into
crime, young people, communication strategies and training. difficult of neighbourhoods.” crn Office’s Local Heroes awards ceremony, monthly themes: April’s theme is Justice; that
At least three pieces of work for each priority were then which recognised and rewarded people who of October is Citizenship & Community.
identified as quick wins so as to help build momentum
through swift and effective action.
 For more details of the awards, visit
www.crimereduction.gov.uk/eurocpaward.htm
had made a difference to other people’s lives
and got involved in local community issues.  Visit: www.yearofthevolunteer.org

22 Crime Reduction News Crime Reduction News 23