“To reduce crime and the fear of crime, tackle youth crime and violent, sexual and drug

-related crime, anti-social behaviour and disorder, increasing safety in the home and public spaces.”
Home Office Aim 1

This statement confi rms our joint commitment to reduce crime and disorder. T h e D i g e s t , w h i ch is published quart e r ly, aims to support crime re d u c t i o n / c o m munity safe t y practitioners within police and local authori t i e s , working in stat u t o ry partnerships by facilitating info rm ation exchange. The Digest is a forum for your initiatives and experiences. Its success depends on you, the practitioners, c o n t ri buting your articles. Deadline for copy is given below. In order that eve ryone can benefit from your work and exper i e n c e, we would ask c o n t ri butors to consider both what wo r ked and what didn’t work within their pro j e c t s. P rojects may be well conceived and still not ach i eve all their aims; this does not mean they h ave fa i l e d . Please be brave enough to discuss what aspects did not ach i eve the expected outcomes. Include as much info rm ation as you can, covering the analysis of the problem and how it was identified, the response devised and how it was implemented, and an assessment of the final outcomes.
Note:

The inclusion of mat e rial in the Digest or re fe rence to any pro d u c t s / s e rvices does not signify that they have been tested or evaluated. Nor should inclusion be thought to confer ‘official’ approval.
This publication may n ot b e cop ied, photocopied, re p roduced, or conve rted to any electronic form unless for police or local authority use only.

July 2002
The next Digest will be with you in October 2002. All contributions be submitted by September 6th 2002.
Contributions to: Jane Hopper
Information Team

College Staff
Director Steve Trimmins Support Services Ann Keen Richard Cox Training Team David Fernley June Armstrong Martin Fenlon Amanda Scargill Pat Varley Administration Unit Mark Ledder Ruth Whitaker Information Service Gill Archibald Stuart Charman Jane Hopper Kathleen Noble Abby Hickman Training Resource Solutions Simon Jones Jane Carpenter Michael Hawtin Richard Wales Editor Jane Hopper Design/Production Michael Hawtin

Tel: 01347 825065 Fax: 01347 825097
Home Office Crime Reduction College The Hawkhills, Easingwold, York YO61 3EG Tel: 01347 825060 Fax: 01347 825099 E-mail: crc@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

For Training or General Enquiries: Tel: 01347 825060

July 2002

1

College News

4

Associate Trainer Award . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 Crime Reduction Website - Forthcoming Attractions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 New Staff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 Passport to Evaluation an introduction to evaluating crime reduction initiatives and projects . . . . . . . . . . . . .5

Anti-Social Behaviour/Disorder

6

Anti-Social Behaviour Orders (ASBOs) update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 Problem Families Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7 Project Genie . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7 Tackling Anti-Social Tenants: A Consultation Paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8

Burglary

9

Crime Prevention Security Surveys Programme . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9 Crime Reduction Messages Broadcast in Supermarkets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9

Business Crime

9

Be Safe in the City . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9

Designing Out Crime

10

Get on Board: an agenda for improving personal security in bus travel Guidance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10 Get on Board: an agenda for improving personal security in bus travel Good Practice Case Studies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10 Green Spaces, Better Places: Final Report of The Urban Green Spaces Taskforce . . . .11 Guide to Security Standards for Doors & Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12 Secured Car Park Awards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12 Joint Disciplines Design Day . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13 Design Against Crime - Case Studies and Website . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13

Domestic Violence
Wear a White Ribbon and Say No to Domestic Violence - Evaluation

14
. . . . . . . . . . . . .14

Drugs and Alcohol

15

Joint Protocol to Combat Unlawful Sales of Alcohol to Young People . . . . . . . . . . . . .15 Assessing Local Need: Planning services for young people . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16 Tackling Drugs in Rented Housing - A Good Practice Guide Crime and Disorder Partnership Training . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16 Findings from the 2000 Scottish Crime Survey . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18

2

Contents

July 2002

Neighbourhood Watch

18

St re e t c a re . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18

Property Crime
Mobile Telephones (Re-Programming) Bill

18
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20

Multiple Property Marking Kit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19 Do you know how Mobile Phones are stolen?

Rural Crime

20

Rural Crime England and Wales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20

Vehicle Crime

21

Keep Keys Safe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21

Violent Crime & Street Crime

21

Understanding Violent Crime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21

Working with Offenders

22

Evaluation of two intensive regimes for young offenders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22

Youth Crime

23
Each Article in the Digest is highlighted with an icon which will define the product described in that article. They are: Campaign/ Initiative Publication

Big World Student Planner 2002 - 2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23 Moray Fare Travel Scheme . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23 Moray Youth Information Evening . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24 Scared of the Kids? Curfews, crime and the regulation of young people . . . . . . . . . .24 Youth at risk? A national survey of risk factors, protective factors and problem behaviour among young people in England, Scotland and Wales . . . . . . . . .25 Youth Shelters and Sports Systems: A Good Practice Guide - Second Edition . . . . . .26 Crime Prevention Initiative . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27

Video

Website/ Electronic Information General/ Exchange of Ideas/ Conferences

July 2002

Contents

3

Associate Trainer Award
As a key training provider, the Home Office C rime Reduction College has ap p ro a ch e d Regional Crim e Reduction Team s to identify a number of potential associat e trainers to bring crime & disorder training to a wider audience. The aim is to produce a cadre of people in re g i o n s , p a rtnerships and commu n i t i e s who are able to use training mat e rials and p a ck ages produced by the College. T h e s cheme will provide a vehicle for getting the latest evidence-based crime re d u c t i o n k n owledge and practice to a wide range of practitioners and community gro u p s , d e l i ve red by com petent trainers. T h e s cheme will also offer opportunities fo r bot h practitioners/pro fessionals and c o m munity activists. All delegates will re c e i ve the basic training, leading to a c c re d i t ation as a Crime Reduction College A s s o c i ate Tr a i n e r. Students will leave the course equipped with a basic module on c rime reduction which they can r u n t h e m s e l ves to suit local needs. O t h e r modules will be deve l o p e d , s u p p o rted by f u rth er t raining in thei r delive ry and m at e rials will be m ade ava i l able via the C rime Reduction Website (w w w. c r i m e red u c t i o n . g ov. u k) . A number of quality assurance mechanisms are being built in to t he sch e m e, but pri m a ri ly, A s s o c i at e Train ers will be trai ned and assessed to NVQ level 3.
For more information contact Martin Fenlon, Project Manager, Associate Trainer Award, Crime Reduction College Tel: 01347 825076 or via E-mail: martin.fenlon@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk.

Crime Reduction Website - Fo rt h c o m i n g Attractions
Since the last Digest in A p ril work has begun on a number of pro j e c t s , w h i ch will come online later in the year and will improve the service offered by the Crime Reduction Website. • The Learning Zone will be a major new site area dedicated to providing info rm ation on learning opportunities for everyone involved in crime reduction and community safety. It will initially include a directory of key training providers, a discussion fo ru m , a diary of forthcoming events, a self-completion training needs analysis and access to open and distance learning mat e ri a l s. • Mini-sites will, for specific topics, bring together all of the info rm ation currently available, as well as new material into a single, easy-to-navigate area. The first topics to be put into mini-sites will be street crime and anti-social behaviour. • Regional Information will be published in a gre at ly enlarged area, containing details of every Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnership, together with its current audit and strategy documents. • A new look and feel will be applied across the site at the end of July, which should make navigation easier and the site clearer to understand. The website contains details of initiat i ve s , p ro j e c t s , re s e a r ch , award-winning sch e m e s and any other info rm ation that is like ly to be of interest to practitioners. The Cri m e Reduction Website can be found at www.crimereduction.gov.uk.

4

College News

July 2002

New Staff
We we lcome R i c h a rd Cox to the Course Suppor t Team in May. R i c hard will provide a d m i n i s t r at i ve support to the Training Team and joined the College from the British Library, w h e re he wo r ked in the ‘ U rgent Action Te a m ’ . This invo l ved the wo r l dwide delive ry of documents within a ve r y tight deadline. R i chard enjoys travelling and has spent t ime b a ck p a cking through Southern Africa and Australia.

Passport to Evaluation - an introduction to evaluating crime reduction initiatives and projects
This new distance learning pack age has been written and designed by staff at the Home O f fice Crime Reduction College. It looks at the basic techniques used to eva l u ate cri m e reduction pro j e c t s. The Pa s s p o rt to Eva l u ation is re l evant to anyone who works in cri m e reduction, particularly if they are likely to be involved in evaluating projects or initiatives. The skills and knowledge will be valuable for people new to evaluation and a useful reminder to anyo n e, no matter what level of experience they have in evaluation. E va l u ation is a vit al part of the project managem ent pro c e s s. I t p rovides evidence of the level of ach i evement and can pinpoint re s o u r c e s t h at have been used effe c t i ve ly. By sharing eva l u ation findings you can learn from previous projects and attract resources for future projects. This book is a flexible pac k age designed to clear up some of the mystery surrounding eva l u at i o n .W ritten in plain English, it contains sections cove ri n g : • The context of evaluation • What is evaluation? • The process of evaluation • Other issues to consider • A glossary of terms. It includes examples throughout and a case study where readers can practice the key points of evaluation. The Passport to Evaluation is available free of ch a rg e d i rect from the Intern e t . It has been separated into sections to make downloading easier: http://www.crimereduction.gov.uk/evaluation.
It is also available as a wire-bound printed book at a cost of £3.00 (including postage and packing). For more information or to order the printed book, please contact Training Resource Solutions, Home Office Crime Reduction College, Easingwold, York YO61 3EG Tel: 01347 825079 Fax: 01347 825096 E-mail: trs@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

To date over 500 complete copies of the Passport to evaluation have been downloaded from the website.

July 2002

College News

5

Anti-Social Behaviour Orders (ASBOs) update
Statistics The number of Anti-Social Behaviour Orders granted is collated each quarter by the Home Office Research, Development and Statistics D i re c t o r ate (RDS). L atest fi g u res are now ava i l able for the period 1 A p ril 1999 - 31 December 2001, with the total granted now standing at 518. A breakdown of this total by police force area, giving orders made and orders refused, is available on the Crime Reduction Website www.crimereduction. gov.uk/asbos2.htm Research Home Office Research Findings 160: Implementing A S B O s : m e s s ages for practitioners (6 pages) and Home Office Research Study 236: a review of anti-social behaviour orders (140 pages) we re published in A p ri l 2002. The Findings are a summary of the key practical messages from the substantial rev i ew of ASBOs and detail the pro c e s s e s where agencies are successfully using ASBOs. Key points of the research: • Areas should draw up simple, streamlined protocols created with their local area in mind.These should be designed to help practitioners on the ground deal with anti-social behaviour problems quickly, easily and successfully. • Some form of partnership working is desirable and can result in real benefits such as improved relationships, spreading costs and producing creative solutions. However, it should not be allowed to delay the process. • Strategic support and commitment from within the lead agency are essential for ASBOs to work successfully. • The work of agencies’ solicitors is often crucial as they develop experience over time, and can give detailed advice on the process, evidence and legal matters. • Problem-solving can target the causes of anti-social behaviour and is often effective without the final step of applying for an ASBO being necessary. • Fostering a good working relationship with the courts, through consultation and training, can help mutual understanding. 6 Anti-Social Behaviour/Disorder
• After an order is granted, continued close working with partner agencies and the community is essential to sustain public confidence and ensure the problem behaviour does not escalate. There is evidence of fear and intimidation amongst witnesses.To combat this, strategies must be developed to minimise intimidation and support witnesses. Ultimately, the measure of success will be whether the anti-social behaviour stops.This focus should be maintained throughout the process.

Copies of the research may be obtained free from the Research, Development and Statistics Directorate, Communications Development Unit, Room 275, Home Office, 50 Queen Anne’s Gate, London SW1H 9AT. Tel: 020 7273 2084 Fax: 020 7222 0211. E-mail:publications.rds@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk Alternatively, you can view and download the full document from the Home Office website at

www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/pdfs2/ hors236.pdf (full report) or www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/pdfs2/ r160.pdf (research findings).

Practical Examples The Home Office team responsible for policy on ASBOs has put together three case studies d e s c ribing actual situations where A S B O s h ave been used successfully to tackle antisocial behav i o u r. These cover yo u t h s congregating outside shops, prostitution in a residential are a , and intimidation and vandalism on a residential estat e. The case studies can be found at: www.crimereduction.gov.uk/asbos7.htm T h e re are also fi ve sample pro h i b i t i o n s t a ken from actual ASBOs granted by the c o u rt s , as examples of the type of behaviour t h at can be prohibited by an A S B O. Prohibitions contained within an ASBO must be necessary to protect people not in the same household as the offender from further acts of anti-social behaviour. They will vary according to the details of each case. T h e sample prohibitions can be found at: www.crimereduction.gov.uk/asbos8.htm July 2002

Problem Families Manual
Kent Police

The Pro blem Families Manual has been p roduced as a result of a two year mu l t i agency project based in the South East Kent a re a . It is based on 4 stages of interve n t i o n which are: • Level 1 - Establishing a Framework Offering Explanation and Support • Level 2 - Reinforcing Consequences Formalising Support • Level 3 - Intensifying Consequences Applying Sanctions • Level 4 - Withdrawing Support Final Sanctions. The manual can be used for individuals or families who cause concern to any agency within t he part n e r s h i p. E a c h p a rtnership has fo rme d a focus gro u p consisting of re l evant agencies in a bid to

t a ckle an ti-social be hav i o u r, by im pl ementing the problem family process. The objectives of the process are to: 1. Reduce/change offending behaviour 2. Stabilise and enable families with chaotic lifestyles 3. Reduce victimisation 4. C re ate safer communities 5. Restore order and reduce criminality 6. Divert potential offenders 7. Promote responsible parenting 8. Prosecute offenders. D u ring the two - year pilot peri o d , 1 2 0 joint visits we re made to candidates of the s ch e m e, of which all but 10 we re dealt with successfully within stage 1 of the i n t e rve n t i o n s. Of those 10, one went on to receive an anti-social behaviour order.

For more information and a copy of the manual, which is available on floppy disc, contact Insp David Cooper, Strategic Crime Reduction Dept, Kent Police HQ, Sutton Road, Maidstone, Kent ME15 9BX Tel: 01622 653231 Fax: 01622 653269 E-mail: david.cooper@kent.police.uk (there may be a small charge dependant on demand).

Project Genie
Sussex Police/West Sussex County Council/Worthing Borough County Council

By the beginning of 2001, complaints about graffi t i , d a m age and youth disorder in We s t Wo rthing we re ap p e a ring re g u l a r ly in the local pre s s. Police Community Fo rum meetings were lobbied by angry residents and it was decided that a multi-agency approach to tackling the problems was needed. A £20,000 grant from the County Council’s Millennium Fund was awarded, and Project Genie was established, with the aim of getting graffiti ‘back in the can’. P roject Genie employs two youth wo r kers for 18 hours a week as part of the County Youth Serv i c e ’s ‘ I n t e r a c t ’ Te a m . This part of the project was fundamental to the sch e m e, a s fe e d b a ck from the young people on t he street was essential in developing altern at i ve a c t i v i t i e s , including the controlled use of graffiti in arts based pro j e c t s. Two mobile s k at eboard ramps we re also built to a specifi c ation designed by the young people and are used frequently in youth clubs throughout the area. A ‘ Wi p e o u t ’ d ay was also held in summer 2001, with 70 vo l u n t e e r s , including over 40 young people, joining in to paint out graffiti in the are a . Because of its success, a n o t h e r wipeout day is planned for July this year. Police enforcement has also been essential in re i n forcing the message that graffi t i damage is unacceptable. Over thirt y - fi ve offenders have been arrested and over one hundred and fifty individual instances of damage detected during the period of the scheme. New areas of graffiti in the region have reduced, although ‘legacy’ graffiti remains and a two-week blitz by the local authority is planned to clear the backlog. A good practice ‘toolkit’ has been produced based on lessons learnt from Project Genie. A PDF copy can be downloaded from w w w. w o rt h i n g . g ov. u k by fo l l owing the commu n i t y s a fety links. Additional info rm ation on the arts element of the project can be found by visiting http://www.worthing.gov.uk/a-z/servicesDetails.asp?id=112&level=1. The project is being developed with the help of the Gove rn m e n t ’s Communities Against Drugs funding to tackle substance misuse problems associated with the graffiti culture. It has c o n t ri buted to a reduction in fear of crime, making the area a safer place to live.

...feedback from the young people on the street was essential in developing a l t e rn at i ve activities...

July 2002

Anti-Social Behaviour/Disorder

7

Tackling Anti-Social Tenants: A Consultation Paper
Editor’s Note: Most of the responsibilities of the DTLR have now been split between the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister and the Department of Transport Department for Transport, Local Government and the Regions

This consultation paper, which should be considered as one of several measures taken by the G ove rnment to reduce anti-social behav i o u r, is about landlord action to stop anti-social behaviour. It focuses on three principal themes - enforcement, prevention and re h ab i l i t at i o n - all essential in tackling the problem of anti-social tenants effectively. The re p o rt promotes the use of enforcement measures alre a dy ava i l able to social landlords and recognises that , whilst some landlords use enfo r c e m e n t m e a s u res ef fe c t i ve ly, m a ny do not. It highlights the need for social landlords to part i c i p ate in prevention and re h ab i l i t ation as part of a comprehensive strategy for tackling anti-social behaviour. The re p o rt also discusses elements of good practice from social l a n d l o r d s , and points to the fact that moving perp e t r ators of anti-social behaviour from one neighbourhood may create more serious pro bl e m s for another. L o n g - t e rm solutions also need to look at changing the at t i t u d e s and assumptions of those invo l ved in anti-social behav i o u r. T h e m o t i vation for this change may be through exercising sanctions, t h re at s or support i ve and dive r s i o n a ry int erve n t i o n s. The most effective is likely to be a combination of all of these. This consultation paper is also seeking views in support of the d e t e rm i n ation t o enable social landlords to tackle anti-social b e h aviour and make a real diffe rence to commu n i t i e s. T h e p roposals set out the basis for improving landlord invo l ve m e n t in t ackling anti-social behaviour and list the Gove rn m e n t ’s p re fe rred proposals, together with other options. Tenants and residents have a major interest in improv i n g their env i ronment and their neighbourhoods and so are we l l placed to identify the problems and suggest practical solutions. A list of proposals on which views are sought are detailed within the paper and should be sent no later than 12 July 2002 to: M a r ia Stasiak or Frank Pe ab o dy, Housing Management Division Department fo r Transport, Local Government and the Regions, 1/H4 Eland House, Bressenden Place, London SW1E 5DU Te l : 020 7944 3676 or Te l : 020 7944 3672 Fa x : 020 79 44 3489 E-mail: antisocial.tenants@dtlr.gsi.gov.uk
Copies of this consultation paper, published in April 2002, are available free from the Department for Transport, Local Government and the Regions PO Box 236, Wetherby, West Yorkshire LS23 7NB Tel: 0870 1226 236 Fax: 0870 1226 237 E-mail: dtlr@twoten.press.net. The paper can also be downloaded from the DTLR website at: http://www.housing.dtlr.gov.uk/information/consult/antisocial/index.htm.


8

Long-term solutions also need to look at changing the attitudes and assumptions of those involved in anti-social behaviour

Anti-Social Behaviour/Disorder

July 2002

Crime Prevention Security Surveys Pro g ra m m e
Metropolitan Police

Since the publ i c ation of this article in the A p ril 2002 edition of the Digest, M a rt i n Pe i r s o n , the contact for this initiat i ve, h a s moved offices. His new details are:

Crime Reduction Messages Broadcast in Supermarkets
Staffordshire Police

Fo l l owing a ri se in bogus offi c i a l - t y p e bu rg l a ries in the are a , local superm a r ke t s we re asked to assist in getting the messag e a c ross to re s i d e n t s , p a rt i c u l a r ly the elderly, to be awa re of this type of cr im e and to p rovide info rm at ion on how to avo i d becoming a victim. The superm a r kets ag reed to bro a d c a s t c rime reduction messages via their customer services message system, w h i ch included what to do to guard against bogus o f fi c i a l s , home and vehicle secur it y and shed security.

M a n agers at the stores we re asked fo r fe e d b a ck from their customers and, although they said there had been no s p e c i fic comments made, t h ey had noticed t h at people had stopped and listened when the announcements were made. D u ring the initiat i ve, the numbers of bogus official bu rg l a ries fell thro u g h o u t the division as a whole and although the idea can be regarded as very simple, it does seem to have a very positive impact.

Be Safe in the City
City of London Police

The City of London Police have produced this publication in association with Crimestoppers, h aving re c e i ved sponsorship from Lloyds of London. The booklet provides advice to businesses in the city, as well as the residential commu n i t y, on the main crime pat t e rns in London and includes contact numbers for further help and advice. The Com munity Safety Branch and Fraud Department we re re s p o n s i ble for the i n fo rm ation contained within the booklet, w h i ch comes in a plastic cove red ring binder fo r business use and as a handy booklet for residents. Over 6,000 booklets have been distributed so far and the response has been encouraging. C rimestoppers are pleased with the result and hope to widen the initiat i ve to the whole of the UK. Businesses have also been very impressed with the publication and many have asked for further copies to enable staff to have a copy each. It is hoped to evaluate this initiative in the future when the real impact of the booklets is known.

July 2002

Burglary/Business Crime

9

Get on Board: an agenda for improving personal security in bus travel - Guidance
Department for Transport, Local Government and the Regions (DTLR)

The DTLR has re c e n t ly published guidance p ri m a ri ly aimed at managers and operating ag e n c i e s , to assist in improving personal s e c u rity for staff and passengers in bu s t r ave l . Although the guidance is aimed at bus company manag e r s , the info rm at i o n contained also covers issues re q u i ring a p a r tnership ap p ro a ch , s u c h as wo r k i n g e f fe c t i ve ly wit h the local police and s ch o o l s. The guidance covers all the va ri o u s elements of the journey from the station to bus stops, shelters and whilst on the vehicle i t s e l f. It is based on existing re s e a r ch on good practice.

The guidance is in four sections, which cover: 1. Personal Security in Bus Travel 2. Design Solutions 3. Management Solutions 4. Partnership A p p ro a ch e s.
Further information can be found in a report, which accompanies this information and gives details of Good Practice Case Studies.

Get on Board: an agenda for improving personal security in bus travel - Good Practice Case Studies
Department for Transport, Local Government and the Regions (DTLR)

This re p o rt , p roduced for the DTLR by C rime Concern , aims to identify and e x p l o re good practice and recent deve l o pments for improving passenger and staff s e c u rity at bus stat i o n s , shelters and on buses. The re p o rt presents the findings and a n a lysis of 16 case studies across England and Wa l e s , examining the diffe rent aspects of bus security and good practice. Case studies cove re d : • Newly designed or refurbished bus stations. • Bus stations that employ staff and/or security guards in a passenger safety role. • Bus shelters designed, located and with facilities to enhance passenger security. • Bus companies with good staff training and support. • Bus companies with a proactive ap p ro a ch to multi-agency working and crime prevention.

E a ch case study was carr ied out by rev i ewing docum entation including business plans and eva l u ation re p o rts and by interv i ews with key manag e r s , f ro n t l i n e s t a f f, police and other re l evant local ag e n c i e s. Discussion groups we re set up with users and non -users of publ i c t r a n s p o rt , as we re speci al escor t e d j o u rn ey s. W h e re ava i l abl e, i n fo rm ation wa s collated on actual incidents.
For free copies of both of these reports, published in April 2002, contact the Department for Transport, Local Government and the Regions, PO Box 236, Wetherby, West Yorkshire LS23 7NB Tel: 0870 1226 236 Fax: 0870 1226 237 E-mail: dtlr@twoten.press.net.

10

Designing Out Crime

July 2002

Green Spaces, Better Places: Final Report of The Urban Green Spaces Taskforce
Department for Transport, Local Government and the Regions

This is the final re p o rt of the Urban Green Spaces Ta s k fo r c e. It sets out a programme fo r n ational and local gove rnment to work in partnership with local commu n i t i e s , bu s i n e s s , voluntary organisations and others, to revitalise parks and green spaces. The report is in four parts.

Part One - Parks and green spaces and urban life This section explains why urban parks and green spaces re m a i n popular despite many being neglected and run dow n . It outlines the benefits they bring to neighbourhoods, towns and cities and stresses the importance they make in improving the quality of life in urban areas and in delivering wider and longer-term social, economic and environmental benefits through a range of public policy pri o ri t i e s. These priorities include: • Promoting healthy living and preventing illness, by providing places for physical activities, including walking and cycling. • Fostering social inclusion and community development and citizenship, by giving people the chance to part i c i p at e in the design, management and care of their local spaces. Part Two - Challenges and Responses Pa rt two outlines the cur rent concerns about urban parks and green spaces and sets out the propos als fo r overcoming them. The re p o rt stresses the value of partnership wo r k i n g and rev i ews diffe rent types of par tnerships and c o m munity invo l vem ent in urban parks and gre e n s p a c e s. It suggests how more could be done to at t r a c t the pri vate sector and local businesses into contri bu t i n g to part n e r s h i p s , and recommends ways of promoting gre ater understanding and different providers of funding. Part Three - Creating green space networks This part of the report shows why urban parks and green spaces require a strategic policy f r a m ework in which all decision-makers should operat e. It makes re c o m m e n d ations fo r design rev i ews to enhance and rev i ve urban parks by paying close attention to their basic design and their relationship to their local neighbourhoods and communities. The re p o rt also outlines how concerns about va rious types of nuisance behaviour affe c t the quality of spaces which can be met in ways that persuade local communities back into local parks. It suggests why and how planners, designers and managers should recognise the definitions of the ‘ideal’ green space by local communities. Part Four - An urban renaissance with green spaces Part four of the report proposes common cri t e ri a , p a rt i c u l a r ly good practice and care for urban parks and green spaces to satisfy local commu n i t i e s. It suggests how to develop the n e c e s s a ry improvements in info rm at i o n , d i s s e m i n ation of good practice and the need fo r extra resources, especially through partnerships and community involvement.
For copies of this report published in 2002 contact Department for Transport, Local Government and the Regions, PO Box 236, Wetherby, West Yorkshire LS23 7NB Tel: 0870 1226 236 Fax: 0870 1226 237 E-mail: dtlr@twoten.press.net. The report can also be downloaded from the DTLR website at:

http://www.urban.dtlr.gov.uk/greenspace/taskforce/final/pdf/gspaces_bplaces.pdf.

July 2002

Designing Out Crime

11

Guide to Security Standards for Doors & Wi n d ow s
ACPO CPI Ltd

ACPO CPI Ltd have produced a leaflet in association with the Loss Prevention Cert i fi c at i o n Board (LPCB), B ritish Security Industry A s s o c i ation (BSIA), and the A s s o c i ation of Bri t i s h I n s u rers (ABI) to explain the re l evance of the va r ious technical standards re q u i red fo r s e c u rity of windows and doors, dependent on their ap p l i c ation and risk fa c t o r. The leaflet p rovides a clear comparison between established security standards ap p ro p ri ate for the protection of windows and doors against burglary. P roducts must be cert i fied by a UKAS accredited cert i fi c ation body rather than be type tested to ensure that they conform to these standards, and certification ensures that manufacturers continue to produce products to a high standard. The leaflets have been branded under the Secured by Design logo but companies using or producing products to these standards are not necessarily Secured by Design licensees and must not use the logo unless they have an agreement with ACPO CPI Ltd.
The leaflet has been distributed to all police forces as an e-mail attachment for local printing but further copies are available by contacting ACPO CPI Ltd Tel: 020 7227 3423 or via E-mail: acpocpi@acpo.pnn.police.uk. The leaflet can also be downloaded from the Crime Reduction website at: http://www.crimereduction.gov. u k / s e c u re d e s i g n 17 . h t m .

Secured Car Park Aw a rd s
Devon and Cornwall Constabulary

N o rth Devon District Council has been awarded fi ve Secure Car Park Awards by N o rt h Devon Police for having safe and s e c u re car parks in the are a . The awa r d s b ring the total to six in the North Devo n a re a , with only 11 other car parks hav i n g the award throughout the whole of Devo n and Corn wa l l . To win an award, car parks must adhere to strict cri t e ri a , which includes: • Surveillance by CCTV and effective guarding • High levels of lighting • Adequate provision for the disabled, including good and open pedestrian access

Clear and user- f ri e n d ly signs Good management practice with fully trained staff. The award confi rms the commitment by the council to ensure a feeling of safe t y for residents and visit ors to the are a , together with a reduction in vehicle crime.

• •

12

Designing Out Crime

July 2002

Joint Disciplines Design Day
North Wales

N o rth Wales Police and North Wa l e s Housing A s s o c i ation began a long-ter m campaign to close the knowledge gap and raise awa reness of CPTED * and Designing out Cr ime amongst arc h i t e c t s , t ow n planners, surveyors etc in North Wales. R e p re s e n t at i ves from all six local a u t h o ri t i e s , the Snowdonia National Pa r k Au t h o ri t y, p ro fe ssional bodies, s o c i a l housing providers and t he pol ice we re p resented with case studies and table top exercises to illustrate how theory is applied in practice.

The ap p ro a c h plans a way fo r ward to roll out the concept across North Wales and i n t roduce more synergy in individual e f fo rts to designing out crime in the early s t ag e s. F u t u re actions wil l include a S e c u red by Design ro a d s h ow, f u rt h e r courses to educate the whole ‘ i n d u s t ry ’ , c re ating network and local partnerships to b re a k d own cultural and pro fe s s i o n a l b a r ri e r s , and invol ving the “ m overs and s h a ke r s ” to add weight and pro g ress to the campaign.
*Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design

Design Against Crime - Case Studies and Website
Design Against Cr ime (DAC) is a national programme of re s e a r ch and policy initiat i ve s u n d e rt a ken by the Design Council and their project partners Sheffield Hallam University and the University of Salford and supported by the Home Office and DTI (Department for Tr a d e and Industry). It aims to further increase the understanding of DAC issues and embed crime p revention within design through education and pro fessional practice. The pro g r a m m e offers new ideas and ap p ro a ches for design pro fe s s i o n a l s , industry, commerce and educators at school and degree level. The four main projects include: • Exemplars - case studies documenting best practice • Teaching - embedding DAC in the national curriculum • Design Challenge Scheme - promoting DAC in higher education • Professional Development Initiative - empowering designers to design against crime. Researchers on the DAC programme have looked at examples of good practice in design t h at tackle crime issues. R e s e a r ch took place in the UK, U S A , S c a n d i n avia and South Ko re a and covers all design disciplines. The Design Council published twenty of these case studies in June 2002 to coincide with the Institute for Public Policy Research (IPPR) Confe re n c e, Pa rtners Against Cri m e, w h i ch explored the basis of companies’ responsibility to addre s s c ri m e. The case studies cover a wide va riety of products and env i ronments including: bu s s h e l t e r s , a l l ey g at i n g, h o u s i n g, tamper proof containers, s e at i n g, car parks and ot hers. Amongst those alre a dy known to A r chitectural Liaison Officers are the Royds Commu n i t y A s s o c i ation Secured by Design development in Bradfo r d ,A l l ey g ating in Live rp o o l , Pa r k s a fe mu l t i - s t o rey car park in Derby, the We n d over Public House, Big Issue offices in Manch e s t e r and other social housing/park projects in Manch e s t e r. It is anticipated that , by demonstrating how good design can prevent crime, it will inspire others to design against crime. Also new, is the DAC website which includes advice and resources for the educat i o n sector (schools and higher educat i o n ) , for pro fessionals (business and designers) and links to publ i c ations and other re s o u r c e s. Details of the Secure Urban Env i ronments by Design project, led by the Design Policy Partnership at the University of Salford, are also given. This p roject builds on the work of Design Against Crime and is funded through the Euro p e a n C o m m i s s i o n ’s Hippokrates pro g r a m m e. It runs from November 2001 to October 2002 and involves partners from Greece, Sweden and Germany.

The case studies can be found at: www.design-council. o rg . u k.

The website can be found at: www.designagainstcrime.org.

July 2002

Designing Out Crime

13

Wear a White Ribbon and Say No to Domestic Violence - Evaluation
Sussex Police

Sussex Police have eva l u ated the joint p a rtnership cam paign supporting the ch a ri t able org a n i s ation “Wo m a n k i n d” i n the intern ational day against violence t owards women known as ‘White Ribbon Day’. The campaign saw white ri bbons sold a c ross the county, together with va ri o u s eve n t s , w h i ch we re organised across East and West Sussex in shopping malls and d rop-in centre s. West Sussex County Council staf f also re c e i ved info rm at i o n about the campaign in their pay slips.

The eva l u ation of the 2001 campaign resulted in further commitment to victim p rotect ion and the fo rm ation of a Pa n Sussex Domestic Violence Focus Group. The aim of this group is to further raise t he awa reness of domestic violence to both the general public and professionals. It includes re p re s e n t at i ves from the police, c o u n t y c o u n c i l s , C rown Prosecution Serv i c e, g ay lesbian and bisex ual and transgender c o m mu n i t y, and the Hastings and Rother Domestic A buse Project and Pe rp e t r at o r Programme. The campaign for 2002 will include a holistic ap p ro a ch to victims of domestic v i o l e n c e, including both men and wo m e n , and will be based around va rious events in the run up to White Ribbon Day on the 25 November.

14

Domestic Violence

July 2002

Joint Protocol to Combat Unlawful Sales of Alcohol to Young People
Dorset Police and Dorset Trading Standards Service

Due to changes in legi slat i o n , Tr a d i n g Standards Officers and the Police can now use young people to conduct test purchasing of alcohol on licensed premises where unlawful sales have been reported or s u s p e c t e d . Dorset Police and Tr a d i n g Standards Service have there fo re launched a joint protocol to combat the unlawful sales of alcohol to young people in the area. D u r ing the launch , s c hool ch i l d re n were given the opportunity to explain their attitudes to alcohol, s h a re their know l e d g e of the law and how they can work to help reduce alcohol-re l ated pro blems in their community. The protocol includes a strategy, which involves: Educati ng young people - taking steps to ensure that young people are aware of the rules re l ating to the sale of alcohol and are given the opportunity to understand the need for these rules.

...Trading Standards Officers and the Police can now use young people to conduct test purchasing of alcohol on licensed premises where unlawful sales have been reported or suspected

Advice and Assistance to Business businesses will be encouraged to see k a dvice on how they can take steps to p revent sales. Guidance wi ll be made ava i l able and ‘ R e s p o n s i ble Retailers S ch e m e s ’ will be used to prom ote good practice. Proof of Age card s - proof of ag e cards or other means of providing identification will be actively promoted. Enforcement Pro g ra m m e s / S h a r i n g I n f o r m a t i o n - The pol ice and trading st andards wil l hold regular meetings t o discuss enforcement activity to explore o p p o rt unit ies for joint working and consider past experiences. In particular, the resul ts of test purchasing exercises and identification of problem areas will be used to ag ree futu re actions and avo i d d u p l i c ation of effo rt . T h e re will be a regular contact at Dorset Pol ice and the local author ity Trading Standards to d i s s e m i n ate info rm at i o n . Test purch a s i n g e xercises that may result in pro s e c u t i o n will be conducted in line with Gove rn m e n t guidelines. C o m p l a i n t s - complaints alleging u n d e r age sales of alcohol will be inve s t igated and info rm ation shared. Enforcement Action - Pro s e c u t i o n will only arise where justified and police prosecutions will be carried out only where the Crown Prosecution Service have ag re e d to that action. Media/Public Aw a re n e s s - all parties recognise t he need to continue to raise awa reness of age re s t rictions on the supply of alcohol and media and other p romotional activities will be used to maintain and increase awareness.

July 2002

Drugs and Aolcohol

15

Assessing Local Need: Planning services for young people
DrugScope and Drugs Prevention Advisory Service

This document, published in 2002, is available free from DPAS, Horseferry House, Dean Ryle Street, London SW1P2AW Tel: 020 7217 8631 Fax: 020 7217 8230 or can be downloaded from their website at:

http://www.drugs.gov.uk /ReportsandPublications /Publications/ a4587_DPAS.pdf.

The aim of this document is to offer a framework for assessing young people’s needs for drug programmes. The main focus is on: • young people who may be more vulnerable to drug misuse and their parents and carers • the range of services that may be needed to help young people understand and deal with drug-taking problems • identifying any drug-related needs that have not been met. This guidance has been written primarily to assist Drug Action Teams (DATs) in examining the needs of ch i l d ren and young people and analysing the resources ava i l able to meet those needs. DATs have been advised by the Drugs Strategy Dire c t o r ate to develop ‘ Young Pe o p l e ’s Substance Misuse Plans’ (UK Anti-Drugs Co-ordination Unit, 2001), which will show how the DAT works with local providers of ch i l d re n ’s services to develop a combined ap p ro a ch to planning and co-ordinating drug services in response to local needs. By 2004 every DAT area should be able to offer: • education and info rm ation about substance misuse for all young people and their families • advice and support targeted at vulnerable groups • methods to identify drug-related need at an early stage • support for everyone who needs it, when they need it. The Young Person’s Needs Assessment, which would have to be carried out to a nationallyagreed standard so as to effectively plan spending and achieve aims, will form an important part of the substance misuse plans, together with plans for deve l o p i n g, m o n i t o ring and funding s e rvices within the DAT are a . DATs will be re q u i red to work with other service planners to review a wide range of info rm ation relating to the needs of young people in their area.

Tackling Drugs in Rented Housing - A Good Practice Guide
Department of Transport, Local Government and the Regions and Home Office

For a free copy of the guide contact the Drugs Prevention Advisory Service (DPAS) Tel: 020 7217 8631 or access the full document via the website

http://www.drugs.gov.uk /ReportsandPublications /Communities/ Housing.pdf

Drug use is very often indicative of other social and economic problems including high levels of unemployment, d e p ri vation and crime, and can be seen both as a cause and a symptom of neighbourhood decline. Housing managers can and do play a cr ucial role in combat i n g problems associated with drug use through efforts to regenerate neighbourhoods, dealing with anti-social behaviour and supporting the provision of effe c t i ve tre atment outcomes fo r individual drug users. This publication is based on info rm ation gathered through an extensive review of existing l i t e r at u re and draws on examples of existing good practice across England. The guide will p ri m a ri ly be of interest to local authority housing departments and registered social landlords (RSLs) operating in England, but will also be of benefit to Drug Action Te a m s , C rime and Disorder Reduction Partnerships, drug services, the police and others with a responsibility for addressing drug-related issues in local communities. It offers guidance on how to end the problem of drug use on housing estates and provides information and advice on how: • Police and local authorities can work in partnership to combat drug-related crime and disorder. • To design out drug use through physical improvements, including security to buildings such as CCTV, construction of new improved properties, and major improvements to older buildings. • Social landlords should deal with tenants with drug problems.

16

Drugs and Aolcohol

July 2002

Findings from the 2000 Scottish Crime Survey
Scottish Executive

The Scottish Exe c u t i ve has produced thre e p u bl i c ations resulting from the findings of the 2000 Scottish Crime Survey. The survey is the fifth of its kind to be carried out in Scotl and since the early 1980s and m e a s u res crime dire c t ly experienced by people living in private households.

Victims of violence are most often young males. 15% of men aged 16 - 25 years had been a victim of a violent crime in the past year. Most assailants were also male and around a quarter were under the age of 18.

Housebreaking In Scotland: Findings From The 2000 Scottish Crime Sur vey This re p o r t presents the findings on the extent and c h a r a c t e ristics of house b reaking in Scotl and from info rm at i o n re l ating to housbre aking durin g 1999. Some of the key findings in the re p o rt include: • The risk of housebreaking across all types of household is low. Three percent of households suffered at least one incident in 1999 and of these 9% had been a repeat victim. • During 53% of housebreakings, the respondent was at home and more than half of these had contact with the offender, which resulted in a lesser likelihood of property being stolen. • Security fe at u res have become much more common since 1996 with only 6% of households having no security measures. 60% of victims had installed security measures as a direct result of a bu rg l a ry. Violence in Scotland: Findings From The 2000 Scottish Crime Sur vey This re p o r t presents the findings on violent cr ime in Scotland. Main fi n d i n g s include: • Violent crime (defined as assaults, robbery and snatch thefts) in Scotland is rare. 3% of respondents had experienced violent crime during 1999, covering 127 victims and 246 violent incidents. • C rime surveys have consistently show n levels of violent crime to be higher in England and Wales than in Scotland. However, the gap has narrowed between 1995 and 1999.

Vehicle Crime in Scotland: Findings From The 2000 Scottish Crime Sur vey This re p o rt presents the findings on t he exten t and dist ri bution of cri m e s i nvolving motor vehicles from the Scottish Survey. Main findings include: • In 1999, the most common form of motor vehicle crime was vandalism to a motor vehicle. • For incidents of theft from a vehicle, the items most commonly reported as stolen were vehicle parts (74%), followed by clothes, toys, games or sports equipment. • The risk of becoming a victim of vehicle crime was highest for those who parked their vehicles in the street and lowest for those who parked in a garage. Half of all motor vehicle crime took place on a street near the victim’s home.
For copies of these publications published in May 2002 and priced £5.00 each, contact The Stationery Office Bookshop, 71 Lothian Road, Edinburgh EH3 9AZ Tel: 0870 606 5566 Fax: 0870 606 5588.

July 2002

General

17

Crime and Disorder Partnership Training
Bedfordshire Police

Although Bedfordshire is a relatively small area when it comes to partnership working, there is a very active partnership-working group made up of the County Council, North, South and Mid Bedfo r d s h i re District Councils, Luton Boro u g h , B e d fo r d s h i re Police and other re l eva n t bodies. Countywide meetings are held regularly to discuss progress and exchange ideas. It became clear that , although there was a lot being done in terms of co-operation and n ew initiat i ve s , it was still difficult to make crime reduction practitioners and manag e r s realise their legal re q u i rement when considering Section 17 of the Crime and Disorder A c t 1998 and in making decisions regarding community safety. As a result, it was decided to run a training day, s p e c i fi c a l ly for councillors, members and re p re s e n t at i ve s , to give them a chance to understand their responsibilities under the Act. The training day was made up of a formal section on the legal aspects of Section 17 and Section 115 regarding data exchange, with the rest of the day taken up by workshops, which g ave the delegates a chance to work together and ap p ly the re q u i rements in practice. T h e model used was based on an old crime prevention exercise to re - vamp a club in Nantwich and bring it up to date, tackling problems such as abandoned vehicles and graffiti. A total of 12 separate days we re held with e ach session attended by up to t we n t y d e l e g at e s. E a ch delegate re c e i ved a handout to re i n force the message from the day and wa s asked to complete a feedback fo rm . Comments ranged from “ ve ry helpful” to “didn’t realise h ow the act applied to me”, to “ n ow I know what data to exch a n g e ” . E a ch session wa s monitored and comments taken into account and implemented where possible. A list of those who attended has been circulated and each delegate will be contacted again in six months time to see how they have implemented the Act.

Streetcare
South Wales Police/Vale of Glamorgan Council

Recognising that the impor tance of tidy, pleasant stre e t s , at t r a c t i ve open spaces and well maintained street furniture is important to people in t he com mu n i t y, the Vale of Glamorgan Council has launched ‘Streetcare’, as part of their ongoing campaign to tack l e the pro blem s of l itter an d env i ro n m e n t a l p ro bl e m s. Working i n part nership with South Wales Po l i c e, the council aims to combat d i f ficult issues such as abandoned cars and g r a f fiti and has produced action pads made up of 20 fo rms on a pre-paid postcard and designed for use by Neighbourhood Wat ch Co-ordinators. The pads contain details of va ri o u s complaints including: • Abandoned Vehicles • Graffiti • Street Lighting.

C o - o r d i n ators are asked to tick the complaint they have identifi e d , p rov i d e i n fo rm ation on the location of the pro bl e m and send it to the Vale of Glamorgan Council to action. On receipt of this info rm at i o n , the Council contacts the re l eva n t Neighbourhood Wat ch Co-ordinat or and deals with the complaint as soon as they can.

18

General/Neighbourhood Watch

July 2002

Multiple Property Marking Kit
Greater Manchester Police

Editors Note: Property
marking schemes should adhere to the Association of Chief Police Officer (ACPO)/Home Office principles of property marking. Details of these are published on the Crime Reduction website:

Due to increasing requests from the public for i n fo rm ation on va rious types of pro p e rt y marking, G re ater Manchester Police decided to produce one pro p e rty marking kit, containing hologram labels and advice on UV m a r k i n g, w h i ch can be used for seve r a l d i f fe rent kinds of pro p e rty including computer equipment, cycles and mobile phones. The effe c t i veness of the scheme will be established by looking at various distribution

times and whether property crime d e c re a s e s , w h i ch will be determined from force statistics.

www.crimereduction. gov.uk/property01.htm

Mobile Telephones (Re-Programming) Bill
Home Office

The Home Office has re c e n t ly publ i s h e d the Mobile Telephones (Re-Pro g r a m m i n g ) Bil l wi th the aim of tackling the rise in m obile phone theft by cre ating new o f fences that could result in fi ve years in p rison and unlimited fines for those re programming stolen mobile phones. The Bill is a key m easure in the G ove rnm ent and industry ’s strategy to m a ke stolen mobile phones of little use or va l u e, and backs moves by mobile phone o p e r ators to bar stolen phones from their networks. The Bill contains proposals that wo u l d create new offences of: • Changing the unique identifying characteristic (IMEI number) of a mobile phone. • Owning or supplying the necessary equipment with the intent to use it for re-programming mobile phones. The new offences cou ld be heard in either m ag i s t r at e s ’ c o u rts or t he Crow n C o u rt and if dealt with by mag i s t r at e s , o f fenders could face the maximum penalty ava i l able in mag i s t r at e s ’ c o u rts of up to six months imprisonment or a £5,000 fi n e, o r b o t h . If the case we re heard in the Crow n C o u rt the maximum penalty would be up to five years imprisonment or an unlimited fine, or both. Mobile phone operators are initiat i n g systems to enable them to bar stolen phones across all networks - putting them out of use - but if the IMEI number is ch anged on a stolen phone, it coul d

continue to be used. The Bill makes re - p rogramming stolen phones a crime in its own right and back s up police effo r ts to tackle handling of stolen goods. Existing GSM (Global System fo r Mobiles) security standards re q u i re that IMEI numbers should be hard-coded to prevent re-programming. The relevant Third G e n e r at ion Pa r tnership Project GSM standard states that: • The IMEI shall not be changed after the Mobile Equipment’s final production process. It shall resist tampering, ie manipulation and change, by any means, eg physical, electrical and software. • The implementation of each individual module should be carried out by the manufacturer who is also responsible for ascertaining that each IMEI is unique and keeping detailed records of produced and delivered Mobile Stations (mobile phones). This re q u i rement is valid for new GSM phones type ap p roved after 1st June 2002 and with imm ediate effect for the d evelopment of 3G dev i c e s. The GSM Association has no actual powers to enforce the adoption of the new hardened IMEI. The Government is continuing to press m a nu fa c t u rers to improve the security of t he product s and comply with t he E u ropean standards that re q u i re hard coding of mobile phones with IMEI numbers that cannot be changed.

For a copy of the new Bill or Explanatory Notes both priced £1.50 each and published in May 2002, contact the Stationery Office Tel: 0870 600 5522 or visit:

http://www.parliament. the-stationery-office. co.uk/pa/ld200102/ ldbills/080/ 2002080.htm
or for explanatory notes go to:

http://www.parliament. the-stationery-office. co.uk/pa/ld200102/ ldbills/080/en/ 02080x—.htm.

July 2002

Property Crime

19

Do you know how Mobile Phones are stolen?
West Yorkshire Police

West Yo r k s h i re Police have produced a leaflet aimed at reducing mobil e phone crime in the area. Instead of e xplaining the ‘dos and don’ts’ when it comes to looking after your mobile phone, t h ey have taken a slightly d i f fe rent ap p ro a c h and have listed actual c r im es that have taken place, w h e reby mobile phones have been stolen and reports made to the police. The thinking behind the initiat i ve is t h at people are more like ly to read ab o u t the mi sfo rt une of others and lear n by doing so than via advice norm a l ly give n ,

although the leaflet does also contain i n fo rm ation on how to keep your mobile phone secure. 10,000 leaflets will be distri buted to m obile phone shops, u n i versities and s chools throughout the region to try and get the message across.

Rural Crime England and Wales
Home Office Statistical Bulletin 01/02

For free copies of the report, published in March 2002, contact Research, Development and Statistics Directorate, Communications Development Unit, Room 201, 50 Queen Anne’s Gate, London SW1H 9AT Tel: 020 7273 2084 Fax: 020 7222 0211 E-mail: publications.rds@homeoffice.g si.gov.uk Alternatively you can view the full document via their website at:

http://www.homeoffice. gov.uk/rds/pdfs2/ hosb102.pdf.

The Home Office Statistical Bulletin ‘Rural Crime, England and Wales’ has been compiled from the British Crime Surveys (BCS) and police recorded crime figures covering the period 1983 to 2 0 0 1 .T h ey confirm rural residents have constantly experienced lower levels of criminal victimisation over the last twenty years - with levels of burglary, vehicle-related thefts and violence all consistently lower than in non-rural areas. H oweve r, it is also ap p a rent that rural areas did experience a sharper rise in crime than elsewhere from the late 1980s through to the mid 1990s. This finding may help to explain why crime has become more prominent in the agenda of rural concerns. Main findings: • Vehicle related crime is significantly lower in rural areas, with 1,207 incidents recorded in 1999, compared to 1,947 in other areas (incidences per 10,000 vehicle-owning households). • Less than 3% of people living in rural areas became victims of burglary and a similar proportion were victims of violent crime in 1999, compared to almost 5% for both crimes in non-rural areas. • The number of burglaries rose more in rural areas over the past two decades compared to both suburban and urban areas, although rural areas have consistently experienced significantly fewer incidences of burglary than urban areas. • Only 12% of rural respondents to the 2001 BCS thought crime in their local area had risen ‘a lot’ compared to 22% of urban respondents. The re p o rt also shows how rural residents have more positive perceptions of the police, with 84 per cent reporting that they feel the police in their area do a ‘very’ or ‘fairly’ good job, c o m p a red to 77 per cent of non-rural re s i d e n t s. Although the most rural areas have fewe r o f ficers compared to more urban are a s , this is not dispro p o rt i o n ate to the actual number of crimes they experience. The report notes a pattern in burglary rates common to urban, suburban and rural areas w h i ch increased until the mid 1990’s and have subsequently declined. A significant rise in burglary rates in rural areas until 1995 is reflected in rural respondents’ levels of concern about the crime. 19 per cent were ‘very worried’ about burglary in 1994, but this fell to only 11 per cent in 2001. L evels of concern about other cri m e s , s u ch as mu g g i n g, racial at t a ck or being physically assaulted are also significantly statistically lower than they are in non-rural areas.

20

Property Crime/Rural Crime

July 2002

Keep Keys Safe
Harrogate Borough Council/North Yorkshire Police

Although Harrogate is a re l at i ve ly low crime area compared with other towns in the region, there are certain patterns of repeat crime including ‘sneak in bu rg l a ri e s ’ which become more prominent with the onset of lighter nights and better we at h e r. Thefts from garages and sheds also increase at the same time, so an initiative focusing on all three crimes was introduced. In partnership with North Yorkshire Police, Harrogate Borough Council have produced a leaflet containing advice on car security, house security and shed and garage security, which has re c e i ved extensive press and local television cove r age to get the message out to the c o m mu n i t y. A number of local garages have also joined in the scheme by ag reeing to include copies of the leaflet with customer’s invoices after servicing or repair of their vehicles and posters have been designed to be displayed on garage fo re c o u rt s. Key rings and excise licence holders have been produced with the message ‘Keep Keys Safe ’ to be used at shows and community events together with DIY and local garden centres to remind people to be extra vigilant at this time of year.

Understanding Violent Crime
Stephen Jones

This publ i c ation prov ides a concise ye t thorough account of the main explanations of violent behav i o u r. It draws upon sociological and psychological perspectives of violence as part of a coherent ap p ro a ch to the study of a subject which raises wide public concern .T h e re is also a focus on the ways in which violence is considered by the criminal justice system. D e finitions of the main violent offences, including violent sexual offe n c e s , a re discussed and some i n d i c ation of the l evels of sentencing in p a r ticular cases is prov i d e d . The fi n a l ch apter considers ways in which offe n d e r s are able to confront their violent behaviour within the criminal justice system . F requent re fe rences to the definitions and t re atment of violence in Au s t r a l i a , C a n a d a , N ew Zealand and the USA give the book a d i s t i n c t i ve comparable perspective. T h e result is a wide- ranging and essential u n d e rg r a d u ate text and key re fe rence fo r researchers in the field.

The author, Stephen Jones, is a Lecturer in Law at the University of Bristol and is also a qualified Bar rister who has taught criminology for many years.
Copies of this book published in December 2000 are available priced £16.99 Pb or £50.00 Hb from the Open University Press, Celtic Court, 22 Ballmoor, Buckingham MK18 1XW Tel: 01280 823388 E-mail: enquiries@openup.co.uk or visit their website at: h t t p : / / w w w. o p e n u p. c o. u k.

July 2002

Vehicle Crime/Violent Crime & Street Crime

21

Evaluation of two intensive regimes for young offenders
Home Office Research Study 239

The aim of t his re s e a r ch was to eva l u at e two intensive regimes for young offenders, one serving the North of England (Thorn C ross High Intensity Training or HIT C e n t re) and the othe r serving the South ( C o l chester Military Corre c t i ve Tr a i n i n g C e n t re or MCTC). Both of these re g i m e s included elements of army life and we re intended to act as deter rent regi mes fo r young offe n d e r s. The media labelled the regimes as “boot camps”, but neither resembled the “boot camps” of A m e ri c a . Both HIT and MCTC we re eva l u ated by c o m p a r ing “ e x p e ri m e n t a l ” yo u n g o f fenders who exper ienced the re g i m e s , with “ c o n t ro l ” young offenders who we n t to other Young Offender Institutions. O f fenders we re eligible for the regimes if they had approx i m at e ly six months of their sent ence left to serve and if t hey we re considered suitable for open conditions. The study concluded that: The HIT regime was successful in reducing offending.Young offenders who attended HIT committed fewer offences and the savings from reduced crime more than paid for any extra costs that the HIT regime incurred. Young offenders in earlier intakes did better, as did medium and high-risk offenders, experimental non-completers who stayed longer at the HIT centre, younger offenders, those with three or more previous convictions and those with no adjudications. The young offenders who attended Colchester showed no evidence of lower reconviction rates. Their offences were more costly on society than those of the controlled young offenders. Indications showed that offenders in earlier intakes at Colchester did better as did medium risk offenders and those with two or more convictions.

Young offenders with no adjudications did better if they were in the control condition.

The lessons that can be drawn fro m this experiment show that these re g i m e s did not deter offending by tough “ b o o t c a m p ” t re at m e n t . It is clear from the study that many young offenders liked being kept busy on a daily basis and liked the army style re g i m e. T h ey also enjoyed the sport s and physical training aspect, b e c o m i n g fitter, healthier and more self-confident. The main message that could be drawn f rom this eva l u ation is that more re s o u r c e s should be devoted to offending behav i o u r and after- c a re programmes for yo u n g offenders.
For free copies of the report, published in April 2002, contact the Research, Development and Statistics Directorate, Communications Development Unit, Room 275, 50 Queen Anne’s Gate, London SW1H 9AT Tel: 020 7273 2084 Fax: 020 7222 0211 E-mail: publications.rds@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk Alternatively you can view the full document via their website at:

http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/ pdfs2/hors239.pdf.

22

Working with Offenders

July 2002

Big World Student Planner 2002 - 2003
Strathclyde Police

S t r at h c lyde Po l i c e, in partnership with the education depart ments of Ay r s h i re, ran a c o n fe rence last year for all sixt h fo rm pupils of schools in t he are a . The theme of the c o n fe rence was to provide info rm ation and advice to young people as they get ready to leave school and enter full-time employment or further education. The police decided to run the event after the brutal murder of a young student in the a re a .T h ey concluded that there was not enough info rm ation on safety and how to pre p a re young people of this age as they consider leaving school to take on extra responsibilities. The conference ran over four days in November last year and was split in to morning and a f t e rnoon exe r c i s e s , with each school invited to attend either the morning or aftern o o n session. Groups were then split in to 4 workshops for discussions, which they participated in on a ro t ational basis. E a ch workshop lasted between 20 - 25 minu t e s , with an opport u n i t y for questions at the end. Workshop topics included: • Personal Safety • Drugs and Young People • Alcohol and Young People • Safe Driving for Young People. O ver 750 pupils from schools throughout the region attended the workshops and completed eva l u ation fo rm s. N e a r ly all attendees graded the event as ve ry wo rthwhile and i n fo rm at i ve, students had a chance to make comments, which were extremely favourable on the forms received. As a fo l l ow-up to the eve n t , S t r at h c lyde Police decided to produce an educat i o n a l handbook/diary to give to pupils intending to leave school and go on to full-time education. The diary runs from August until June and contains info rm ation and advice for young people on a range of issues including personal safe t y, sexual health, a l c o h o l , d ru g s , s a fe dri v i n g, compu ter secur ity and mobile phone securi t y, as well as providing detail s on tim e management, core skills and study skills. So far 1,200 diaries have been delive red to students in the area free of ch a rge and if funding can be secured, it is hoped that the event will run again in the future.

Moray Fare Travel Scheme
Moray Council

In Feb ru a ry 2000, the Moray Fa re Tr ave l s cheme was launched fo l l owing consult ation with the young people of Moray who identified the cost of public transport as being a significant factor to them d rinking alcohol and using drugs in their local env i ro n m e n t . M a ny of them said they p re fe rred to spend £5 on alcohol than £10 on transpor t and entrance to leisure facilities in the area. As a re s u l t , the Moray Commu n i t y S a fety Pa rt n e r s h i p, together wit h Stagecoach, developed the Moray Fare Travel Scheme which aims to: • Reduce the cost of public transport to young people • Encourage young people to use leisure facilities • Reduce the consumption of alcohol and drugs by young people

Reduce the incidence of crime and disorder in the area • Encourage healthier lifestyles amongst young people. Other providers of leisure facilities in the area also joined the sch e m e, o f fe ri n g s p e c i fic discounts for holders of the Fa re Tr avel Scheme Card. A p p l i c ations for cards a re ava i l able from secondar y sc hools in Moray and once completed, the fo rm , and a p h o t o g r aph of the ap p l i c a n t , a re handed to their teach e r, who then countersigns the fo r m and sends it to Moray Council who issue the card. Cards can only be issued to pupils in full-time secondary education up t o 18 years of age at a school in Moray and expire once the pupil turns 18 unless they re m a i n in full-time education.

July 2002

Youth Crime

23

Moray Youth Information Evening
Moray Council

The Moray Community Safety Pa rt n e r s h i p held their annual Moray Youth Info rm at i o n Evening on 28th May 2002 with the aim of giving young people the opportunity to e x p e rience a night club but in an alcohol, drug and smoke free env i ro n m e n t . The evening was organised with the help of the Elgin Rotary club, who assisted in the supervision of the disco and on the buses, which were provided by Stag e c o a ch . D i s p l ay stands we re also set up on Life s t y l e issues with re p re s e n t at i ves from Grampian Po l i c e, the local Fire Br i g a d e, G r a m p i a n Health Promotions and Young Pe o p l e s

D rop-in amongst others. Young people we re encouraged to visit the stands and complete a quiz with the incentive of a £50 gift vo u cher for each of thre e winners selected on the night. 200 young people attended the eve n t and of these 69 completed a questionnaire to gauge the success of the evening and to p rovide fe e d b a ck on how future eve n t s could be improve d . 98% of pupils enjoye d the evening and 89% said it was relevant to their age while 84% felt that t he i n fo rm ation provided was both useful and interesting.

Scared of the Kids? Curfews, crime and the regulation of young people
Stuart Waiton - Sheffield Hallam University - School of Cultural Studies

This publication focuses on the impact of the Hamilton Child Curfew scheme introduced by S t r at h c lyde Police in October 1997 and developed by South Lanarkshire Council, the social work department and the police. O f fi c i a l ly called the ‘ s a fe child initiat i ve ’ , the scheme aims to ensure ch i l d ren under the age of 16 years are not out on the streets after dark without good re a s o n . Based on fear of c ri m e, the idea is to encourage youngsters to go home before they become involved in crime or anti-social behaviour. The book includes re s e a r ch on a broader range of issues from the importance of children’s play to questions of conflict and contact between young and old. It examines in detail, the growing safety issues surrounding young people, not only on h ow young people are policed, but also how they are perceived and treated by various public sector workers such as t e a ch e r s , nurses and social workers. R e s e a r ch was collated from interv i ews with young people who had direct experience of t he Hamilton sch e m e. I n fo rm ation on the va rious crime reduction and commu n i t y s a fety initiat i ves developed over time across Scotland and the UK is also included. The second part of the book concentrates on the impact of such a risk conscious society and how this affects the lives and re l ationships of ch i l d re n , young people and adults in the community. F i n a l ly, the book explore s the impact t hat growing up in such a r isk conscious environment is having on young people in society today. S t u a rt Wa i t o n , the author of this publ i c at i o n , is a community wo r ke r, j o u rnalist and re s e a r cher for Generation Youth Issues, a re s e a r ch gro u p, w h i ch assesses the real impact of crime in areas, together with the impact that policing initiatives have on young people in the community.
To obtain a copy of this book, published in May 2001 and priced £9.95 plus £1.00 P& P, contact Sheffield Hallam University Press, Learning Centre, Sheffield Hallam University City Campus, Sheffield S1 1WB Tel: 0114 225 4702 Fax: 0114 225 4478 E-mail: SHUPress@shu.ac.uk.

24

Youth Crime

July 2002

Youth at risk? A national survey of risk factors, protective factors and problem behaviour among young people in England, Scotland and Wales
Communities that Care - Joseph Rowntree Foundation

This report presents the first set of findings f rom a national sur vey of young people funded by the Joseph Row n t re e Fo u n d at i o n , w h i ch aims to identify the factors that place young people at risk of d i s p l aying pro blem behaviour in later life and what factors mitigate those risks. R e s e a r ch in Bri t a i n , the United Stat e s and other Western countries has shown that t h e re are influent ial factors in yo u n g p e o p l e ’s lives associated with an incre a s e d risk of developing a range of healt h and behaviour problems as they grow older. These problems can be: • committing crime and other anti-social behaviour • leaving formal education without qualifications (‘school failure’) • misuse of drugs, alcohol and other substances • school-age pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases. E q u a l ly as import a n t , re s e a r ch also s h ows that there are fact ors that help t o p rotect ch i l d ren and young people fro m l ater diffi c u l t i e s , even when they are exposed to such risks. The survey was carried out using the C o m munities that Care (CtC) Youth Survey q u e s t i o n n a i re, used in the CtC pro g r a m m e to assess the risk and protection pro file of local are a s. H oweve r, the aim of this re s e a r ch project was to conduct the survey with a re p re s e n t at i ve sample of secondar y school st udents in England, Scotland and Wales. The findings cre ate an important new planning tool for the CtC process that will enabl e c o m munities invo l ved t o c o m p a re results of their neighbourhood audits using the s u r vey with the nat i o n a l ‘ ave r ag e ’ . T h ey also prov ide an insight into the pro blem behav i o u r among young peopl e and of the c o n t ri buting risks.

Chapters in this report include: • Descriptions of 17 identified risk factors and 6 protective factors for the audit to assess, together with a more detailed account of the Social Development Model (the theory that underpins Communities that Care). • Details of the national survey sample and methods. • Survey findings relating to adolescent p ro blems and problem behaviour. • Individual risk factors. • Results on protective factors. • Conclusions and recommendations based on the survey findings.
For a copy of this report, ISBN: 0 9537530 1 8 priced £12.50 and published in April 2002, contact Communities that Care 25 Kings Exchange, Tileyard Road, London N7 9AH Tel: 020 7837 5900 Fax: 020 7837 5991 E-mail: ctc@communitiesthatcare.org.uk. A summary of the report is also available via the Joseph Rowntree Foundation website at: http://www.jrf.org.uk .

July 2002

Youth Crime

25

Youth Shelters and Sports Systems: A Good Practice Guide - Second Edition
Thames Valley Police

This is the second edition of the Thames Valley Police Good Practice Guide on Youth Shelters, w h i ch provides advice and guidance for police fo r c e s , local authorities and partnerships on h ow to solve the pro blem of young people ‘hanging out’ and having now h e re to meet and socialise with their friends. Research carried out by the Home Office shows that the average age of offending starts at 13 1/2 years for boys and 14 years for girls. The peak age of offending is about 15 years of ag e. The pro blem caused by the gap in re c re ational facilities cove ring adolescent years is f re q u e n t ly increased by the lack of free altern at i ves open for casual use by young people. Clubs and youth org a n i s ations tend to be re s t ricted to opening for a few hours per we e k , which leaves the young people having to find something else to do for the rest of the time. Young people need to socialise and become integrated into their communities and research demonstrates the benefits of providing local facilities for this vulnerable age group. The invo l vement of youths throughout these projects has been shown to pay dividends and helps to prove that negotiation between parties is one of the most positive ways of helping to solve problems. This report covers info rm ation on: • What is a youth shelter? • Benefits of a youth shelter project (for youths and the community) • Consultation • Lighting • Case Studies • Sports facilities issues to be considered • Check Lists • Evaluation indicators • Common Questions and further sources of advice.
For a free copy of the guide published in February 2002, contact Roger Hampshire, Crime Prevention Design Adviser for Oxfordshire Police Fax: 01993 893894. Alternatively contact the sponsors of this publication who will also provide copies together with other material on youth shelters: Base Leisure, Base House, Black Prince Yard, Berkhampstead, Herts Tel: 01442 878737 or SMP Playgrounds Ltd, Ten Acre Lane, Thorpe, Egham Surrey Tel: 01784 489100. The report is also available to download from the Thames Valley Police Website:

http://www.thamesvalley.police.uk/crime-reduction/pdf/ys2.pdf
or the Crime Reduction Website h t t p : / / w w w. c r i m e re d u c t i o n . g ov. u k / yo u t h 3 1 . h t m .

26

Youth Crime

July 2002

Crime Prevention Initiative
Project Name: Description Summary:
(the aims and objectives of the project and how it works)

Geographic Location: National: County:

Project Area: Coverage:
e.g. specific estate, town centre

Lead Organisation: Partners: Contact Details: Name(s): Organisation: Address:

Post Code: Tel: Project Status: Start Date: Fax: Planning/Ongoing/Completed/Abandoned (delete as appropriate) End Date:

Materials:

Is there any material to support this initiative?
(e.g. Leaflets, video, report, handbook etc.)

Please detail and attach if possible.

Evaluation:
(Is there anything documented which gives an indication of the success or otherwise of the project ? Please detail key findings and where they came from.)

If there is to be a later evaluation, please note here so that we can follow up at a later date.

Funding:
(Funding Sources if applicable e.g. SRB, Local Authority, Business, Panel... Cash or Kind e.g. secondment/office space)

Total Cost:
(if known)

£

Thank You I agree to this information being stored on Home Office database Office Use Only: Source: Cat: D Ref: Sub: Keyw: Yes No