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“To reduce crime and the fear of crime, tackle youth

crime and violent, sexual and drug-related crime,

anti-social behaviour and disorder, increasing safety in
the home and public spaces.”
Home Office Aim 1

This statement confi rms our joint commitment to reduce crime and disorder. T h e
D i g e s t , w h i ch is published quart e r ly, aims to support crime re d u c t i o n / c o m munity safe t y
practitioners within police and local authori t i e s , working in stat u t o ry partnerships by
facilitating info rm ation exchange. The Digest is a forum for your initiatives and experiences.
Its success depends on you, the practitioners, c o n t ri buting your articles. Deadline for copy is
given below.
In order that eve ryone can benefit from your work and exper i e n c e, we would ask
c o n t ri butors to consider both what wo r ked and what didn’t work within their pro j e c t s.
P rojects may be well conceived and still not ach i eve all their aims; this does not mean they
h ave fa i l e d . Please be brave enough to discuss what aspects did not ach i eve the expected
outcomes. Include as much info rm ation as you can, covering the analysis of the problem and
how it was identified, the response devised and how it was implemented, and an assessment
of the final outcomes.

The inclusion of mat e rial in the Digest or re fe rence to any pro d u c t s / s e rvices does not
signify that they have been tested or evaluated. Nor should inclusion be thought to confer
‘official’ approval.
This publication may n ot b e cop ied, photocopied, re p roduced, or conve rted to any
electronic form unless for police or local authority use only.
July 2002
College Staff The next Digest will be
with you in October
Director Administration Unit Training Resource Solutions 2002.
Steve Trimmins Mark Ledder Simon Jones
Ruth Whitaker
All contributions
Support Services Jane Carpenter
be submitted by
Ann Keen Information Service Michael Hawtin
September 6th 2002.
Gill Archibald Richard Wales
Richard Cox Stuart Charman
Jane Hopper Editor Contributions to:
Training Team Kathleen Noble Jane Hopper Jane Hopper
David Fernley Abby Hickman Design/Production Information Team
Michael Hawtin Tel: 01347 825065
June Armstrong Fax: 01347 825097
Martin Fenlon
Amanda Scargill Home Office
Pat Varley Crime Reduction College
For Training or General Enquiries:
The Hawkhills, Easingwold,
Tel: 01347 825060 York YO61 3EG
Tel: 01347 825060
Fax: 01347 825099

July 2002 1
College News 4
Associate Trainer Award . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Crime Reduction Website - Forthcoming Attractions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
New Staff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Passport to Evaluation -
an introduction to evaluating crime reduction initiatives and projects . . . . . . . . . . . . .5

Anti-Social Behaviour/Disorder 6
Anti-Social Behaviour Orders (ASBOs) update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
Problem Families Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
Project Genie . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
Tackling Anti-Social Tenants: A Consultation Paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8

Burglary 9
Crime Prevention Security Surveys Programme . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
Crime Reduction Messages Broadcast in Supermarkets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9

Business Crime 9
Be Safe in the City . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9

Designing Out Crime 10

Get on Board: an agenda for improving personal security in bus travel -
Guidance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
Get on Board: an agenda for improving personal security in bus travel -
Good Practice Case Studies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
Green Spaces, Better Places: Final Report of The Urban Green Spaces Taskforce . . . .11
Guide to Security Standards for Doors & Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
Secured Car Park Awards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
Joint Disciplines Design Day . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
Design Against Crime - Case Studies and Website . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13

Domestic Violence 14
Wear a White Ribbon and Say No to Domestic Violence - Evaluation . . . . . . . . . . . . .14

Drugs and Alcohol 15

Joint Protocol to Combat Unlawful Sales of Alcohol to Young People . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
Assessing Local Need: Planning services for young people . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
Tackling Drugs in Rented Housing - A Good Practice Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
Findings from the 2000 Scottish Crime Survey . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
Crime and Disorder Partnership Training . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18

2 Contents July 2002

Neighbourhood Watch 18
St re e t c a re . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18

Property Crime 18
Multiple Property Marking Kit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19
Mobile Telephones (Re-Programming) Bill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19
Do you know how Mobile Phones are stolen? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20

Rural Crime 20
Rural Crime England and Wales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20

Vehicle Crime 21
Keep Keys Safe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21

Violent Crime & Street Crime 21

Understanding Violent Crime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21

Working with Offenders 22

Evaluation of two intensive regimes for young offenders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22

Youth Crime 23
Big World Student Planner 2002 - 2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23
Each Article in the Digest
is highlighted with an
Moray Fare Travel Scheme . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23
icon which will define
Moray Youth Information Evening . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24 the product described in
Scared of the Kids? Curfews, crime and the regulation of young people . . . . . . . . . .24 that article. They are:
Youth at risk? A national survey of risk factors, protective factors and
problem behaviour among young people in England, Scotland and Wales . . . . . . . . .25 Campaign/
Youth Shelters and Sports Systems: A Good Practice Guide - Second Edition . . . . . .26 Initiative
Crime Prevention Initiative . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27



of Ideas/

July 2002 Contents 3

Associate Trainer Award
As a key training provider, the Home Office a c c re d i t ation as a Crime Reduction College
C rime Reduction College has ap p ro a ch e d A s s o c i ate Tr a i n e r. Students will leave the
Regional Crim e Reduction Team s to course equipped with a basic module on
identify a number of potential associat e c rime reduction which they can r u n
trainers to bring crime & disorder training t h e m s e l ves to suit local needs. O t h e r
to a wider audience. modules will be deve l o p e d , s u p p o rted by
The aim is to produce a cadre of people f u rth er t raining in thei r delive ry and
in re g i o n s , p a rtnerships and commu n i t i e s m at e rials will be m ade ava i l able via the
who are able to use training mat e rials and C rime Reduction Website (w w w. c r i m e re-
p a ck ages produced by the College. T h e d u c t i o n . g ov. u k) . A number of quality
s cheme will provide a vehicle for getting assurance mechanisms are being built in to
the latest evidence-based crime re d u c t i o n t he sch e m e, but pri m a ri ly, A s s o c i at e
k n owledge and practice to a wide range of Train ers will be trai ned and assessed to
practitioners and community gro u p s , NVQ level 3.
d e l i ve red by com petent trainers. T h e
s cheme will also offer opportunities fo r For more information contact Martin Fenlon,
bot h practitioners/pro fessionals and Project Manager, Associate Trainer Award, Crime
c o m munity activists. All delegates will Reduction College Tel: 01347 825076 or via
re c e i ve the basic training, leading to E-mail:

Crime Reduction Website - Fo rt h c o m i n g

Since the last Digest in A p ril work has begun on a number of pro j e c t s , w h i ch will come on-
line later in the year and will improve the service offered by the Crime Reduction Website.
• The Learning Zone will be a major new site area dedicated to providing info rm ation on
learning opportunities for everyone involved in crime reduction and community safety.
It will initially include a directory of key training providers, a discussion fo ru m , a diary
of forthcoming events, a self-completion training needs analysis and access to open and
distance learning mat e ri a l s.
• Mini-sites will, for specific topics, bring together all of the info rm ation currently
available, as well as new material into a single, easy-to-navigate area. The first topics to be
put into mini-sites will be street crime and anti-social behaviour.
• Regional Information will be published in a gre at ly enlarged area, containing details of
every Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnership, together with its current audit and
strategy documents.
• A new look and feel will be applied across the site at the end of July, which should make
navigation easier and the site clearer to understand.

The website contains details of initiat i ve s , p ro j e c t s , re s e a r ch , award-winning sch e m e s

and any other info rm ation that is like ly to be of interest to practitioners. The Cri m e
Reduction Website can be found at

4 College News July 2002

New Staff
We we lcome R i c h a rd Cox to the Course Suppor t Team in May. R i c hard will provide
a d m i n i s t r at i ve support to the Training Team and joined the College from the British Library,
w h e re he wo r ked in the ‘ U rgent Action Te a m ’ . This invo l ved the wo r l dwide delive ry of
documents within a ve r y tight deadline. R i chard enjoys travelling and has spent t ime
b a ck p a cking through Southern Africa and Australia.

Passport to Evaluation - an introduction to

evaluating crime reduction initiatives and
This new distance learning pack age has been written and designed by staff at the Home
O f fice Crime Reduction College. It looks at the basic techniques used to eva l u ate cri m e
reduction pro j e c t s. The Pa s s p o rt to Eva l u ation is re l evant to anyone who works in cri m e
reduction, particularly if they are likely to be involved in evaluating projects or initiatives.
The skills and knowledge will be valuable for people new to evaluation and a useful
reminder to anyo n e, no matter what level of experience they have in
E va l u ation is a vit al part of the project managem ent pro c e s s. I t
p rovides evidence of the level of ach i evement and can pinpoint re s o u r c e s
t h at have been used effe c t i ve ly. By sharing eva l u ation findings you can
learn from previous projects and attract resources for future projects.
This book is a flexible pac k age designed to clear up some of the
mystery surrounding eva l u at i o n .W ritten in plain English, it contains sections cove ri n g :
• The context of evaluation
• What is evaluation?
• The process of evaluation
• Other issues to consider

• A glossary of terms.
To date
It includes examples throughout and a case study where readers can practice the key
points of evaluation.
over 500
The Passport to Evaluation is available free of ch a rg e
d i rect from the Intern e t . It has been separated into
sections to make downloading easier:
It is also available as a wire-bound printed book at a cost of
of the
£3.00 (including postage and packing). For more
information or to order the printed book, please contact
Training Resource Solutions, Home Office Crime
Reduction College, Easingwold, York YO61 3EG
to evaluation
Tel: 01347 825079 Fax: 01347 825096
have been
from the

July 2002 College News 5
Anti-Social Behaviour Orders (ASBOs)
Statistics • After an order is granted, continued
The number of Anti-Social Behaviour Orders close working with partner agencies and
granted is collated each quarter by the Home the community is essential to sustain
Office Research, Development and Statistics public confidence and ensure the
D i re c t o r ate (RDS). L atest fi g u res are now problem behaviour does not escalate.
ava i l able for the period 1 A p ril 1999 - 31 • There is evidence of fear and
December 2001, with the total granted now intimidation amongst witnesses.To
standing at 518. combat this, strategies must be
A breakdown of this total by police force developed to minimise intimidation and
area, giving orders made and orders refused, support witnesses.
is available on the Crime Reduction Website • Ultimately, the measure of success will
www.crimereduction. be whether the anti-social behaviour
stops.This focus should be maintained
Research throughout the process.
Home Office Research Findings 160:
Implementing A S B O s : m e s s ages for practi- Copies of the research may be obtained free
tioners (6 pages) and Home Office Research from the Research, Development and Statistics
Study 236: a review of anti-social behaviour Directorate, Communications Development
orders (140 pages) we re published in A p ri l Unit, Room 275, Home Office, 50 Queen Anne’s
2002. Gate, London SW1H 9AT.
The Findings are a summary of the key Tel: 020 7273 2084 Fax: 020 7222 0211.
practical messages from the substantial
rev i ew of ASBOs and detail the pro c e s s e s
where agencies are successfully using ASBOs. Alternatively, you can view and download the
Key points of the research: full document from the Home Office website at
• Areas should draw up simple,
streamlined protocols created with their hors236.pdf (full report) or
local area in mind.These should be
designed to help practitioners on the r160.pdf (research findings).
ground deal with anti-social behaviour
problems quickly, easily and successfully. Practical Examples
• Some form of partnership working is The Home Office team responsible for policy
desirable and can result in real benefits on ASBOs has put together three case studies
such as improved relationships, d e s c ribing actual situations where A S B O s
spreading costs and producing creative h ave been used successfully to tackle anti-
solutions. However, it should not be social behav i o u r. These cover yo u t h s
allowed to delay the process. congregating outside shops, prostitution in a
• Strategic support and commitment from residential are a , and intimidation and
within the lead agency are essential for vandalism on a residential estat e. The case
ASBOs to work successfully. studies can be found at:
• The work of agencies’ solicitors is often
crucial as they develop experience over T h e re are also fi ve sample pro h i b i t i o n s
time, and can give detailed advice on the t a ken from actual ASBOs granted by the
process, evidence and legal matters. c o u rt s , as examples of the type of behaviour
• Problem-solving can target the causes of t h at can be prohibited by an A S B O.
anti-social behaviour and is often Prohibitions contained within an ASBO must
effective without the final step of be necessary to protect people not in the
applying for an ASBO being necessary. same household as the offender from further
• Fostering a good working relationship acts of anti-social behaviour. They will vary
with the courts, through consultation according to the details of each case. T h e
and training, can help mutual sample prohibitions can be found at:

6 Anti-Social Behaviour/Disorder July 2002

Problem Families Manual
Kent Police

The Pro blem Families Manual has been t a ckle an ti-social be hav i o u r, by im pl e-
p roduced as a result of a two year mu l t i - menting the problem family process.
agency project based in the South East Kent The objectives of the process are to:
a re a . It is based on 4 stages of interve n t i o n 1. Reduce/change offending behaviour
which are: 2. Stabilise and enable families with
• Level 1 - Establishing a Framework chaotic lifestyles
Offering Explanation and Support 3. Reduce victimisation For more information and a
• Level 2 - Reinforcing Consequences 4. C re ate safer communities copy of the manual, which is
Formalising Support 5. Restore order and reduce criminality available on floppy disc,
• Level 3 - Intensifying Consequences 6. Divert potential offenders contact Insp David Cooper,
Applying Sanctions 7. Promote responsible parenting Strategic Crime Reduction
• Level 4 - Withdrawing Support 8. Prosecute offenders. Dept, Kent Police HQ, Sutton
Final Sanctions. Road, Maidstone, Kent ME15
D u ring the two - year pilot peri o d , 1 2 0 9BX Tel: 01622 653231
The manual can be used for individuals joint visits we re made to candidates of the Fax: 01622 653269
or families who cause concern to any s ch e m e, of which all but 10 we re dealt E-mail:
agency within t he part n e r s h i p. E a c h with successfully within stage 1 of the
p a rtnership has fo rme d a focus gro u p i n t e rve n t i o n s. Of those 10, one went on to (there may be a small charge
consisting of re l evant agencies in a bid to receive an anti-social behaviour order. dependant on demand).

Project Genie
Sussex Police/West Sussex County Council/Worthing Borough County Council

By the beginning of 2001, complaints about graffi t i , d a m age and youth disorder in We s t
Wo rthing we re ap p e a ring re g u l a r ly in the local pre s s. Police Community Fo rum meetings
were lobbied by angry residents and it was decided that a multi-agency approach to tackling
the problems was needed. A £20,000 grant from the County Council’s Millennium Fund was
awarded, and Project Genie was established, with the aim of getting graffiti ‘back in the can’.
from the
P roject Genie employs two youth wo r kers for 18 hours a week as part of the County young people
Youth Serv i c e ’s ‘ I n t e r a c t ’ Te a m . This part of the project was fundamental to the sch e m e, a s
fe e d b a ck from the young people on t he street was essential in developing altern at i ve on the street
a c t i v i t i e s , including the controlled use of graffiti in arts based pro j e c t s. Two mobile
s k at eboard ramps we re also built to a specifi c ation designed by the young people and are was essential
used frequently in youth clubs throughout the area.
A ‘ Wi p e o u t ’ d ay was also held in summer 2001, with 70 vo l u n t e e r s , including over 40 in developing
young people, joining in to paint out graffiti in the are a . Because of its success, a n o t h e r
wipeout day is planned for July this year. a l t e rn at i ve
Police enforcement has also been essential in re i n forcing the message that graffi t i
damage is unacceptable. Over thirt y - fi ve offenders have been arrested and over one hundred
and fifty individual instances of damage detected during the period of the scheme.
New areas of graffiti in the region have reduced, although ‘legacy’ graffiti remains and a
two-week blitz by the local authority is planned to clear the backlog.

A good practice ‘toolkit’ has been produced based on lessons learnt from Project Genie. A
PDF copy can be downloaded from w w w. w o rt h i n g . g ov. u k by fo l l owing the commu n i t y
s a fety links. Additional info rm ation on the arts element of the project can be found by
The project is being developed with the help of the Gove rn m e n t ’s Communities Against
Drugs funding to tackle substance misuse problems associated with the graffiti culture. It has
c o n t ri buted to a reduction in fear of crime, making the area a safer place to live.

July 2002 Anti-Social Behaviour/Disorder 7

Tackling Anti-Social Tenants: A
Consultation Paper
Editor’s Note: Department for Transport, Local Government and the Regions
Most of the responsibilities of
the DTLR have now been split This consultation paper, which should be considered as one of several measures taken by the
between the Office of the G ove rnment to reduce anti-social behav i o u r, is about landlord action to stop anti-social
Deputy Prime Minister and the behaviour. It focuses on three principal themes - enforcement, prevention and re h ab i l i t at i o n
Department of Transport - all essential in tackling the problem of anti-social tenants effectively.
The re p o rt promotes the use of enforcement measures alre a dy ava i l able to social
landlords and recognises that , whilst some landlords use enfo r c e m e n t
m e a s u res ef fe c t i ve ly, m a ny do not. It highlights the need for social
landlords to part i c i p ate in prevention and re h ab i l i t ation as part of a
comprehensive strategy for tackling anti-social behaviour.
The re p o rt also discusses elements of good practice from social
l a n d l o r d s , and points to the fact that moving perp e t r ators of anti-social
behaviour from one neighbourhood may create more serious pro bl e m s
for another.
L o n g - t e rm solutions also need to look at changing the at t i t u d e s
and assumptions of those invo l ved in anti-social behav i o u r. T h e
m o t i vation for this change may be through exercising sanctions,
t h re at s or support i ve and dive r s i o n a ry int erve n t i o n s. The most
effective is likely to be a combination of all of these.
This consultation paper is also seeking views in support of the
d e t e rm i n ation t o enable social landlords to tackle anti-social
b e h aviour and make a real diffe rence to commu n i t i e s. T h e
p roposals set out the basis for improving landlord invo l ve m e n t
in t ackling anti-social behaviour and list the Gove rn m e n t ’s
p re fe rred proposals, together with other options.
Tenants and residents have a major interest in improv i n g
their env i ronment and their neighbourhoods and so are we l l
placed to identify the problems and suggest practical solutions.
A list of proposals on which views are sought are detailed within the paper and should
be sent no later than 12 July 2002 to:
M a r ia Stasiak or Frank Pe ab o dy, Housing Management Division Department fo r
Transport, Local Government and the Regions, 1/H4 Eland House, Bressenden Place, London
SW1E 5DU Te l : 020 7944 3676 or Te l : 020 7944 3672 Fa x : 020 79 44 3489 E-mail:

Copies of this consultation paper, published in April 2002, are available free from the Department for
Transport, Local Government and the Regions PO Box 236, Wetherby, West Yorkshire LS23 7NB
Tel: 0870 1226 236 Fax: 0870 1226 237 E-mail:
The paper can also be downloaded from the DTLR website at:

“ Long-term solutions also need to look at changing

the attitudes and assumptions of those involved in
anti-social behaviour

8 Anti-Social Behaviour/Disorder July 2002
Crime Prevention Security Surveys
Pro g ra m m e
Metropolitan Police

Since the publ i c ation of this article in the

A p ril 2002 edition of the Digest, M a rt i n
Pe i r s o n , the contact for this initiat i ve, h a s
moved offices. His new details are:

Crime Reduction Messages Broadcast in

Staffordshire Police

Fo l l owing a ri se in bogus offi c i a l - t y p e M a n agers at the stores we re asked fo r

bu rg l a ries in the are a , local superm a r ke t s fe e d b a ck from their customers and,
we re asked to assist in getting the messag e although they said there had been no
a c ross to re s i d e n t s , p a rt i c u l a r ly the elderly, s p e c i fic comments made, t h ey had noticed
to be awa re of this type of cr im e and to t h at people had stopped and listened when
p rovide info rm at ion on how to avo i d the announcements were made.
becoming a victim. D u ring the initiat i ve, the numbers of
The superm a r kets ag reed to bro a d c a s t bogus official bu rg l a ries fell thro u g h o u t
c rime reduction messages via their the division as a whole and although the
customer services message system, w h i ch idea can be regarded as very simple, it does
included what to do to guard against bogus seem to have a very positive impact.
o f fi c i a l s , home and vehicle secur it y and
shed security.

Be Safe in the City

City of London Police

The City of London Police have produced this publication in association with Crimestoppers,
h aving re c e i ved sponsorship from Lloyds of London. The booklet provides advice to
businesses in the city, as well as the residential commu n i t y, on the main crime pat t e rns in
London and includes contact numbers for further help and advice.
The Com munity Safety Branch and Fraud Department we re re s p o n s i ble for the
i n fo rm ation contained within the booklet, w h i ch comes in a plastic cove red ring binder fo r
business use and as a handy booklet for residents.
Over 6,000 booklets have been distributed so far and the response has been encouraging.
C rimestoppers are pleased with the result and hope to widen the initiat i ve to the whole of
the UK. Businesses have also been very impressed with the publication and many have asked
for further copies to enable staff to have a copy each.
It is hoped to evaluate this initiative in the future when the real impact of the booklets is

July 2002 Burglary/Business Crime 9

Get on Board: an agenda for improving
personal security in bus travel - Guidance
Department for Transport, Local Government and the Regions (DTLR)

The DTLR has re c e n t ly published guidance The guidance is in four sections, which
p ri m a ri ly aimed at managers and operating cover:
ag e n c i e s , to assist in improving personal 1. Personal Security in Bus Travel
s e c u rity for staff and passengers in bu s 2. Design Solutions
t r ave l . Although the guidance is aimed at 3. Management Solutions
bus company manag e r s , the info rm at i o n 4. Partnership A p p ro a ch e s.
contained also covers issues re q u i ring a
p a r tnership ap p ro a ch , s u c h as wo r k i n g Further information can be found in a report,
e f fe c t i ve ly wit h the local police and which accompanies this information and gives
s ch o o l s. details of Good Practice Case Studies.
The guidance covers all the va ri o u s
elements of the journey from the station to
bus stops, shelters and whilst on the vehicle
i t s e l f. It is based on existing re s e a r ch on
good practice.

Get on Board: an agenda for improving

personal security in bus travel - Good
Practice Case Studies
Department for Transport, Local Government and the Regions (DTLR)

This re p o rt , p roduced for the DTLR by E a ch case study was carr ied out by
C rime Concern , aims to identify and rev i ewing docum entation including
e x p l o re good practice and recent deve l o p- business plans and eva l u ation re p o rts and
ments for improving passenger and staff by interv i ews with key manag e r s , f ro n t l i n e
s e c u rity at bus stat i o n s , shelters and on s t a f f, police and other re l evant local
buses. ag e n c i e s. Discussion groups we re set up
The re p o rt presents the findings and with users and non -users of publ i c
a n a lysis of 16 case studies across England t r a n s p o rt , as we re speci al escor t e d
and Wa l e s , examining the diffe rent aspects j o u rn ey s. W h e re ava i l abl e, i n fo rm ation wa s
of bus security and good practice. collated on actual incidents.
Case studies cove re d :
• Newly designed or refurbished For free copies of both of these reports,
bus stations. published in April 2002, contact the Department
• Bus stations that employ staff for Transport, Local Government and the
and/or security guards in a Regions, PO Box 236, Wetherby,
passenger safety role. West Yorkshire LS23 7NB
• Bus shelters designed, located and with Tel: 0870 1226 236 Fax: 0870 1226 237
facilities to enhance passenger security. E-mail:
• Bus companies with good staff training
and support.
• Bus companies with a proactive
ap p ro a ch to multi-agency working and
crime prevention.

10 Designing Out Crime July 2002

Green Spaces, Better Places: Final Report
of The Urban Green Spaces Taskforce
Department for Transport, Local Government and the Regions

This is the final re p o rt of the Urban Green Spaces Ta s k fo r c e. It sets out a programme fo r
n ational and local gove rnment to work in partnership with local commu n i t i e s , bu s i n e s s ,
voluntary organisations and others, to revitalise parks and green spaces.
The report is in four parts.

Part One - Parks and green spaces and urban life

This section explains why urban parks and green spaces re m a i n
popular despite many being neglected and run dow n . It outlines the
benefits they bring to neighbourhoods, towns and cities and stresses
the importance they make in improving the quality of life in urban
areas and in delivering wider and longer-term social, economic and
environmental benefits through a range of public policy pri o ri t i e s.
These priorities include:
• Promoting healthy living and preventing illness, by
providing places for physical activities, including walking
and cycling.
• Fostering social inclusion and community development
and citizenship, by giving people the chance to part i c i p at e
in the design, management and care of their local spaces.

Part Two - Challenges and Responses

Pa rt two outlines the cur rent concerns about urban
parks and green spaces and sets out the propos als fo r
overcoming them.
The re p o rt stresses the value of partnership wo r k i n g
and rev i ews diffe rent types of par tnerships and
c o m munity invo l vem ent in urban parks and gre e n
s p a c e s. It suggests how more could be done to at t r a c t
the pri vate sector and local businesses into contri bu t i n g
to part n e r s h i p s , and recommends ways of promoting gre ater under-
standing and different providers of funding.

Part Three - Creating green space networks

This part of the report shows why urban parks and green spaces require a strategic policy
f r a m ework in which all decision-makers should operat e. It makes re c o m m e n d ations fo r
design rev i ews to enhance and rev i ve urban parks by paying close attention to their basic
design and their relationship to their local neighbourhoods and communities.
The re p o rt also outlines how concerns about va rious types of nuisance behaviour affe c t
the quality of spaces which can be met in ways that persuade local communities back into
local parks. It suggests why and how planners, designers and managers should recognise the
definitions of the ‘ideal’ green space by local communities.

Part Four - An urban renaissance with green spaces

Part four of the report proposes common cri t e ri a , p a rt i c u l a r ly good practice and care for
urban parks and green spaces to satisfy local commu n i t i e s. It suggests how to develop the
n e c e s s a ry improvements in info rm at i o n , d i s s e m i n ation of good practice and the need fo r
extra resources, especially through partnerships and community involvement.

For copies of this report published in 2002 contact Department for Transport, Local Government and the
Regions, PO Box 236, Wetherby, West Yorkshire LS23 7NB Tel: 0870 1226 236 Fax: 0870 1226 237
E-mail: The report can also be downloaded from the DTLR website at:
July 2002 Designing Out Crime 11
Guide to Security Standards for Doors &
Wi n d ow s

ACPO CPI Ltd have produced a leaflet in association with the Loss Prevention Cert i fi c at i o n
Board (LPCB), B ritish Security Industry A s s o c i ation (BSIA), and the A s s o c i ation of Bri t i s h
I n s u rers (ABI) to explain the re l evance of the va r ious technical standards re q u i red fo r
s e c u rity of windows and doors, dependent on their ap p l i c ation and risk fa c t o r. The leaflet
p rovides a clear comparison between established security standards ap p ro p ri ate for the
protection of windows and doors against burglary.
P roducts must be cert i fied by a UKAS accredited cert i fi c ation body rather than be type
tested to ensure that they conform to these standards, and certification ensures that manufac-
turers continue to produce products to a high standard.
The leaflets have been branded under the Secured by Design logo but companies using
or producing products to these standards are not necessarily Secured by Design licensees and
must not use the logo unless they have an agreement with ACPO CPI Ltd.

The leaflet has been distributed to all police forces as an e-mail attachment for local printing but further
copies are available by contacting ACPO CPI Ltd Tel: 020 7227 3423 or via
E-mail: The leaflet can also be downloaded from the Crime Reduction
website at: u k / s e c u re d e s i g n 17 . h t m .

Secured Car Park Aw a rd s

Devon and Cornwall Constabulary

N o rth Devon District Council has been • Clear and user- f ri e n d ly signs
awarded fi ve Secure Car Park Awards by • Good management practice with fully
N o rt h Devon Police for having safe and trained staff.
s e c u re car parks in the are a . The awa r d s The award confi rms the commitment
b ring the total to six in the North Devo n by the council to ensure a feeling of safe t y
a re a , with only 11 other car parks hav i n g for residents and visit ors to the are a ,
the award throughout the whole of Devo n together with a reduction in vehicle crime.
and Corn wa l l .
To win an award, car parks must adhere
to strict cri t e ri a , which includes:
• Surveillance by CCTV and
effective guarding
• High levels of lighting
• Adequate provision for the disabled,
including good and open
pedestrian access

12 Designing Out Crime July 2002

Joint Disciplines Design Day
North Wales

N o rth Wales Police and North Wa l e s The ap p ro a c h plans a way fo r ward to

Housing A s s o c i ation began a long-ter m roll out the concept across North Wales and
campaign to close the knowledge gap and i n t roduce more synergy in individual
raise awa reness of CPTED * and Designing e f fo rts to designing out crime in the early
out Cr ime amongst arc h i t e c t s , t ow n s t ag e s. F u t u re actions wil l include a
planners, surveyors etc in North Wales. S e c u red by Design ro a d s h ow, f u rt h e r
R e p re s e n t at i ves from all six local courses to educate the whole ‘ i n d u s t ry ’ ,
a u t h o ri t i e s , the Snowdonia National Pa r k c re ating network and local partnerships to
Au t h o ri t y, p ro fe ssional bodies, s o c i a l b re a k d own cultural and pro fe s s i o n a l
housing providers and t he pol ice we re b a r ri e r s , and invol ving the “ m overs and
p resented with case studies and table top s h a ke r s ” to add weight and pro g ress to the
exercises to illustrate how theory is applied campaign.
in practice. *Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design

Design Against Crime - Case Studies and

Design Against Cr ime (DAC) is a national programme of re s e a r ch and policy initiat i ve s
u n d e rt a ken by the Design Council and their project partners Sheffield Hallam University and
the University of Salford and supported by the Home Office and DTI (Department for Tr a d e
and Industry). It aims to further increase the understanding of DAC issues and embed crime
p revention within design through education and pro fessional practice. The pro g r a m m e
offers new ideas and ap p ro a ches for design pro fe s s i o n a l s , industry, commerce and educators
at school and degree level.
The four main projects include:
• Exemplars - case studies documenting best practice
• Teaching - embedding DAC in the national curriculum
• Design Challenge Scheme - promoting DAC in higher education
• Professional Development Initiative - empowering designers to design against crime.
Researchers on the DAC programme have looked at examples of good practice in design
t h at tackle crime issues. R e s e a r ch took place in the UK, U S A , S c a n d i n avia and South Ko re a
and covers all design disciplines. The Design Council published twenty of these case studies
in June 2002 to coincide with the Institute for Public Policy Research (IPPR) Confe re n c e,
Pa rtners Against Cri m e, w h i ch explored the basis of companies’ responsibility to addre s s
c ri m e.
The case studies cover a wide va riety of products and env i ronments including: bu s
s h e l t e r s , a l l ey g at i n g, h o u s i n g, tamper proof containers, s e at i n g, car parks and ot hers.
Amongst those alre a dy known to A r chitectural Liaison Officers are the Royds Commu n i t y
A s s o c i ation Secured by Design development in Bradfo r d ,A l l ey g ating in Live rp o o l , Pa r k s a fe The case studies can be
mu l t i - s t o rey car park in Derby, the We n d over Public House, Big Issue offices in Manch e s t e r found at:
and other social housing/park projects in Manch e s t e r. It is anticipated that , by demon-
strating how good design can prevent crime, it will inspire others to design against crime. o rg . u k.

Also new, is the DAC website which includes advice and resources for the educat i o n
sector (schools and higher educat i o n ) , for pro fessionals (business and designers) and links
to publ i c ations and other re s o u r c e s. Details of the Secure Urban Env i ronments by Design
project, led by the Design Policy Partnership at the University of Salford, are also given. This
p roject builds on the work of Design Against Crime and is funded through the Euro p e a n The website can
C o m m i s s i o n ’s Hippokrates pro g r a m m e. It runs from November 2001 to October 2002 and be found at:
involves partners from Greece, Sweden and Germany.

July 2002 Designing Out Crime 13

Wear a White Ribbon and Say No to
Domestic Violence - Evaluation
Sussex Police

Sussex Police have eva l u ated the joint The eva l u ation of the 2001 campaign
p a rtnership cam paign supporting the resulted in further commitment to victim
ch a ri t able org a n i s ation “Wo m a n k i n d” i n p rotect ion and the fo rm ation of a Pa n
the intern ational day against violence Sussex Domestic Violence Focus Group. The
t owards women known as ‘White Ribbon aim of this group is to further raise t he
Day’. awa reness of domestic violence to both the
The campaign saw white ri bbons sold general public and professionals. It includes
a c ross the county, together with va ri o u s re p re s e n t at i ves from the police, c o u n t y
eve n t s , w h i ch we re organised across East c o u n c i l s , C rown Prosecution Serv i c e, g ay
and West Sussex in shopping malls and lesbian and bisex ual and transgender
d rop-in centre s. West Sussex County c o m mu n i t y, and the Hastings and Rother
Council staf f also re c e i ved info rm at i o n Domestic A buse Project and Pe rp e t r at o r
about the campaign in their pay slips. Programme.
The campaign for 2002 will include a
holistic ap p ro a ch to victims of domestic
v i o l e n c e, including both men and wo m e n ,
and will be based around va rious events in
the run up to White Ribbon Day on the 25

14 Domestic Violence July 2002

Joint Protocol to Combat Unlawful Sales of
Alcohol to Young People
Dorset Police and Dorset Trading Standards Service

Due to changes in legi slat i o n , Tr a d i n g Advice and Assistance to Business -

Standards Officers and the Police can now businesses will be encouraged to see k
use young people to conduct test a dvice on how they can take steps to
purchasing of alcohol on licensed premises p revent sales. Guidance wi ll be made
where unlawful sales have been reported or ava i l able and ‘ R e s p o n s i ble Retailers
s u s p e c t e d . Dorset Police and Tr a d i n g S ch e m e s ’ will be used to prom ote good
Standards Service have there fo re launched a practice.
joint protocol to combat the unlawful sales Proof of Age card s - proof of ag e
of alcohol to young people in the area. cards or other means of providing identifi-
D u r ing the launch , s c hool ch i l d re n cation will be actively promoted.
were given the opportunity to explain their Enforcement Pro g ra m m e s / S h a r i n g
attitudes to alcohol, s h a re their know l e d g e I n f o r m a t i o n - The pol ice and trading
of the law and how they can work to help st andards wil l hold regular meetings t o
reduce alcohol-re l ated pro blems in their discuss enforcement activity to explore
community. o p p o rt unit ies for joint working and
The protocol includes a strategy, which consider past experiences. In particular, the
involves: resul ts of test purchasing exercises and
Educati ng young people - taking identification of problem areas will be used
steps to ensure that young people are aware to ag ree futu re actions and avo i d
of the rules re l ating to the sale of alcohol d u p l i c ation of effo rt . T h e re will be a
and are given the opportunity to regular contact at Dorset Pol ice and the
understand the need for these rules. local author ity Trading Standards to
d i s s e m i n ate info rm at i o n . Test purch a s i n g
e xercises that may result in pro s e c u t i o n
will be conducted in line with Gove rn m e n t

Standards Officers
C o m p l a i n t s - complaints alleging
u n d e r age sales of alcohol will be inve s t i-
gated and info rm ation shared.
and the Police can Enforcement Action - Pro s e c u t i o n
will only arise where justified and police
now use young prosecutions will be carried out only where
the Crown Prosecution Service have ag re e d
people to conduct test to that action.
Media/Public Aw a re n e s s - all parties
purchasing of alcohol recognise t he need to continue to raise
awa reness of age re s t rictions on the supply
on licensed premises of alcohol and media and other
p romotional activities will be used to
where unlawful sales maintain and increase awareness.

have been reported

or suspected

July 2002 Drugs and Aolcohol 15
Assessing Local Need: Planning services
for young people
DrugScope and Drugs Prevention Advisory Service

The aim of this document is to offer a framework for assessing young people’s needs for drug
The main focus is on:
• young people who may be more vulnerable to drug misuse and their parents and carers
• the range of services that may be needed to help young people understand and deal with
drug-taking problems
• identifying any drug-related needs that have not been met.
This guidance has been written primarily to assist Drug Action Teams (DATs) in
examining the needs of ch i l d ren and young people and analysing the resources ava i l able to
meet those needs.
DATs have been advised by the Drugs Strategy Dire c t o r ate to develop ‘ Young Pe o p l e ’s
Substance Misuse Plans’ (UK Anti-Drugs Co-ordination Unit, 2001), which will show how the
DAT works with local providers of ch i l d re n ’s services to develop a combined ap p ro a ch to
This document, published in planning and co-ordinating drug services in response to local needs. By 2004 every DAT area
2002, is available free from should be able to offer:
DPAS, Horseferry House, Dean • education and info rm ation about substance misuse for all young people
Ryle Street, London SW1P2AW and their families
Tel: 020 7217 8631 • advice and support targeted at vulnerable groups
Fax: 020 7217 8230 or can be • methods to identify drug-related need at an early stage
downloaded from their • support for everyone who needs it, when they need it.
website at: The Young Person’s Needs Assessment, which would have to be carried out to a nationally- agreed standard so as to effectively plan spending and achieve aims, will form an important part
/ReportsandPublications of the substance misuse plans, together with plans for deve l o p i n g, m o n i t o ring and funding
/Publications/ s e rvices within the DAT are a . DATs will be re q u i red to work with other service planners to
a4587_DPAS.pdf. review a wide range of info rm ation relating to the needs of young people in their area.

Tackling Drugs in Rented Housing - A Good

Practice Guide
Department of Transport, Local Government and the Regions and Home Office

Drug use is very often indicative of other social and economic problems including high levels
of unemployment, d e p ri vation and crime, and can be seen both as a cause and a symptom of
neighbourhood decline. Housing managers can and do play a cr ucial role in combat i n g
problems associated with drug use through efforts to regenerate neighbourhoods, dealing with
anti-social behaviour and supporting the provision of effe c t i ve tre atment outcomes fo r
individual drug users.
This publication is based on info rm ation gathered through an extensive review of existing
l i t e r at u re and draws on examples of existing good practice across England. The guide will
p ri m a ri ly be of interest to local authority housing departments and registered social landlords
(RSLs) operating in England, but will also be of benefit to Drug Action Te a m s , C rime and
For a free copy of the guide Disorder Reduction Partnerships, drug services, the police and others with a responsibility for
contact the Drugs Prevention addressing drug-related issues in local communities.
Advisory Service (DPAS) It offers guidance on how to end the problem of drug use on housing estates and provides
Tel: 020 7217 8631 or information and advice on how:
access the full document via • Police and local authorities can work in partnership to combat drug-related
the website crime and disorder. • To design out drug use through physical improvements, including security to buildings
/ReportsandPublications such as CCTV, construction of new improved properties, and major improvements
/Communities/ to older buildings.
Housing.pdf • Social landlords should deal with tenants with drug problems.
16 Drugs and Aolcohol July 2002
Findings from the 2000 Scottish Crime
Scottish Executive

The Scottish Exe c u t i ve has produced thre e • Victims of violence are most often
p u bl i c ations resulting from the findings of young males. 15% of men aged 16 - 25
the 2000 Scottish Crime Survey. The survey years had been a victim of a violent
is the fifth of its kind to be carried out in crime in the past year. Most assailants
Scotl and since the early 1980s and were also male and around a quarter
m e a s u res crime dire c t ly experienced by were under the age of 18.
people living in private households.
Vehicle Crime in Scotland: Findings
Housebreaking In Scotland: Findings From The 2000 Scottish Crime Sur vey
From The 2000 Scottish Crime Sur vey This re p o rt presents the findings on
This re p o r t presents the findings on t he exten t and dist ri bution of cri m e s
the extent and c h a r a c t e ristics of house - i nvolving motor vehicles from the Scottish
b reaking in Scotl and from info rm at i o n Survey. Main findings include:
re l ating to housbre aking durin g 1999. • In 1999, the most common form of
Some of the key findings in the re p o rt motor vehicle crime was vandalism to
include: a motor vehicle.
• The risk of housebreaking across all • For incidents of theft from a vehicle,
types of household is low. Three the items most commonly reported as
percent of households suffered at least stolen were vehicle parts (74%),
one incident in 1999 and of these 9% followed by clothes, toys, games or
had been a repeat victim. sports equipment.
• During 53% of housebreakings, the • The risk of becoming a victim of
respondent was at home and more than vehicle crime was highest for those
half of these had contact with the who parked their vehicles in the street
offender, which resulted in a lesser and lowest for those who parked in a
likelihood of property being stolen. garage. Half of all motor vehicle crime
• Security fe at u res have become much took place on a street near the
more common since 1996 with only victim’s home.
6% of households having no security
measures. 60% of victims had installed For copies of these publications published in
security measures as a direct result May 2002 and priced £5.00 each, contact The
of a bu rg l a ry. Stationery Office Bookshop, 71 Lothian Road,
Edinburgh EH3 9AZ
Violence in Scotland: Findings From Tel: 0870 606 5566 Fax: 0870 606 5588.
The 2000 Scottish Crime Sur vey
This re p o r t presents the findings on
violent cr ime in Scotland. Main fi n d i n g s
• Violent crime (defined as assaults,
robbery and snatch thefts) in Scotland
is rare. 3% of respondents had
experienced violent crime during
1999, covering 127 victims and 246
violent incidents.
• C rime surveys have consistently show n
levels of violent crime to be higher in
England and Wales than in Scotland.
However, the gap has narrowed
between 1995 and 1999.

July 2002 General 17

Crime and Disorder Partnership Training
Bedfordshire Police

Although Bedfordshire is a relatively small area when it comes to partnership working, there
is a very active partnership-working group made up of the County Council, North, South and
Mid Bedfo r d s h i re District Councils, Luton Boro u g h , B e d fo r d s h i re Police and other re l eva n t
bodies. Countywide meetings are held regularly to discuss progress and exchange ideas.
It became clear that , although there was a lot being done in terms of co-operation and
n ew initiat i ve s , it was still difficult to make crime reduction practitioners and manag e r s
realise their legal re q u i rement when considering Section 17 of the Crime and Disorder A c t
1998 and in making decisions regarding community safety. As a result, it was decided to run
a training day, s p e c i fi c a l ly for councillors, members and re p re s e n t at i ve s , to give them a
chance to understand their responsibilities under the Act.
The training day was made up of a formal section on the legal aspects of Section 17 and
Section 115 regarding data exchange, with the rest of the day taken up by workshops, which
g ave the delegates a chance to work together and ap p ly the re q u i rements in practice. T h e
model used was based on an old crime prevention exercise to re - vamp a club in Nantwich
and bring it up to date, tackling problems such as abandoned vehicles and graffiti.
A total of 12 separate days we re held with e ach session attended by up to t we n t y
d e l e g at e s. E a ch delegate re c e i ved a handout to re i n force the message from the day and wa s
asked to complete a feedback fo rm . Comments ranged from “ ve ry helpful” to “didn’t realise
h ow the act applied to me”, to “ n ow I know what data to exch a n g e ” . E a ch session wa s
monitored and comments taken into account and implemented where possible.
A list of those who attended has been circulated and each delegate will be contacted
again in six months time to see how they have implemented the Act.

South Wales Police/Vale of Glamorgan Council

Recognising that the impor tance of tidy, C o - o r d i n ators are asked to tick the
pleasant stre e t s , at t r a c t i ve open spaces and complaint they have identifi e d , p rov i d e
well maintained street furniture is important i n fo rm ation on the location of the pro bl e m
to people in t he com mu n i t y, the Vale of and send it to the Vale of Glamorgan Council
Glamorgan Council has launched ‘Streetcare’, to action. On receipt of this info rm at i o n ,
as part of their ongoing campaign to tack l e the Council contacts the re l eva n t
the pro blem s of l itter an d env i ro n m e n t a l Neighbourhood Wat ch Co-ordinat or and
p ro bl e m s. deals with the complaint as soon as they can.
Working i n part nership with South
Wales Po l i c e, the council aims to combat
d i f ficult issues such as abandoned cars and
g r a f fiti and has produced action pads made
up of 20 fo rms on a pre-paid postcard and
designed for use by Neighbourhood Wat ch
The pads contain details of va ri o u s
complaints including:
• Abandoned Vehicles
• Graffiti
• Street Lighting.

18 General/Neighbourhood Watch July 2002

Multiple Property Marking Kit Editors Note: Property
Greater Manchester Police
marking schemes should
adhere to the Association
Due to increasing requests from the public for times and whether property crime
of Chief Police Officer
i n fo rm ation on va rious types of pro p e rt y d e c re a s e s , w h i ch will be
(ACPO)/Home Office
marking, G re ater Manchester Police decided determined from force statistics.
principles of property
to produce one pro p e rty marking kit,
marking. Details of these
containing hologram labels and advice on UV
are published on the Crime
m a r k i n g, w h i ch can be used for seve r a l
Reduction website:
d i f fe rent kinds of pro p e rty including
computer equipment, cycles and mobile
The effe c t i veness of the scheme will be
established by looking at various distribution

Mobile Telephones (Re-Programming) Bill

Home Office

The Home Office has re c e n t ly publ i s h e d continue to be used.

the Mobile Telephones (Re-Pro g r a m m i n g ) The Bill makes re - p rogramming stolen
Bil l wi th the aim of tackling the rise in phones a crime in its own right and back s
m obile phone theft by cre ating new up police effo r ts to tackle handling of
o f fences that could result in fi ve years in stolen goods.
p rison and unlimited fines for those re - Existing GSM (Global System fo r
programming stolen mobile phones. Mobiles) security standards re q u i re that
The Bill is a key m easure in the IMEI numbers should be hard-coded to
G ove rnm ent and industry ’s strategy to prevent re-programming. The relevant Third
m a ke stolen mobile phones of little use or G e n e r at ion Pa r tnership Project GSM
va l u e, and backs moves by mobile phone standard states that:
o p e r ators to bar stolen phones from their • The IMEI shall not be changed after the
networks. Mobile Equipment’s final production
The Bill contains proposals that wo u l d process. It shall resist tampering, ie
create new offences of: manipulation and change, by any
• Changing the unique identifying means, eg physical, electrical
characteristic (IMEI number) of a and software.
mobile phone. • The implementation of each individual
• Owning or supplying the necessary module should be carried out by the
equipment with the intent to use it for manufacturer who is also responsible For a copy of the new Bill or
re-programming mobile phones. for ascertaining that each IMEI is Explanatory Notes both priced
unique and keeping detailed records of £1.50 each and published in
The new offences cou ld be heard in produced and delivered Mobile May 2002, contact the
either m ag i s t r at e s ’ c o u rts or t he Crow n Stations (mobile phones). Stationery Office
C o u rt and if dealt with by mag i s t r at e s , Tel: 0870 600 5522 or visit:
o f fenders could face the maximum penalty This re q u i rement is valid for new GSM http://www.parliament.
ava i l able in mag i s t r at e s ’ c o u rts of up to six phones type ap p roved after 1st June 2002 the-stationery-office.
months imprisonment or a £5,000 fi n e, o r and with imm ediate effect for the
b o t h . If the case we re heard in the Crow n d evelopment of 3G dev i c e s. The GSM ldbills/080/
C o u rt the maximum penalty would be up Association has no actual powers to enforce 2002080.htm
to five years imprisonment or an unlimited the adoption of the new hardened IMEI. or for
fine, or both. The Government is continuing to press explanatory notes go to:
Mobile phone operators are initiat i n g m a nu fa c t u rers to improve the security of http://www.parliament.
systems to enable them to bar stolen t he product s and comply with t he the-stationery-office.
phones across all networks - putting them E u ropean standards that re q u i re hard
out of use - but if the IMEI number is coding of mobile phones with IMEI ldbills/080/en/
ch anged on a stolen phone, it coul d numbers that cannot be changed. 02080x—.htm.
July 2002 Property Crime 19
Do you know how Mobile Phones are
West Yorkshire Police

West Yo r k s h i re Police have produced a although the leaflet does also contain
leaflet aimed at reducing mobil e phone i n fo rm ation on how to keep your mobile
crime in the area. phone secure.
Instead of e xplaining the ‘dos and 10,000 leaflets will be distri buted to
don’ts’ when it comes to looking after your m obile phone shops, u n i versities and
mobile phone, t h ey have taken a slightly s chools throughout the region to try and
d i f fe rent ap p ro a c h and have listed actual get the message across.
c r im es that have taken place, w h e reby
mobile phones have been stolen and
reports made to the police.
The thinking behind the initiat i ve is
t h at people are more like ly to read ab o u t
the mi sfo rt une of others and lear n by
doing so than via advice norm a l ly give n ,

Rural Crime England and Wales

Home Office Statistical Bulletin 01/02

The Home Office Statistical Bulletin ‘Rural Crime, England and Wales’ has been compiled from
the British Crime Surveys (BCS) and police recorded crime figures covering the period 1983 to
2 0 0 1 .T h ey confirm rural residents have constantly experienced lower levels of criminal victim-
isation over the last twenty years - with levels of burglary, vehicle-related thefts and violence all
consistently lower than in non-rural areas.
H oweve r, it is also ap p a rent that rural areas did experience a sharper rise in crime than
elsewhere from the late 1980s through to the mid 1990s. This finding may help to explain why
crime has become more prominent in the agenda of rural concerns.
For free copies Main findings:
of the report, • Vehicle related crime is significantly lower in rural areas, with 1,207 incidents recorded
published in in 1999, compared to 1,947 in other areas (incidences per 10,000 vehicle-owning
March 2002, households).
contact Research, • Less than 3% of people living in rural areas became victims of burglary and a similar
Development proportion were victims of violent crime in 1999, compared to almost 5% for both
and Statistics crimes in non-rural areas.
Directorate, • The number of burglaries rose more in rural areas over the past two decades compared to
Communications both suburban and urban areas, although rural areas have consistently experienced
Development significantly fewer incidences of burglary than urban areas.
Unit, Room 201, • Only 12% of rural respondents to the 2001 BCS thought crime in their local area had
50 Queen Anne’s risen ‘a lot’ compared to 22% of urban respondents.
Gate, London SW1H 9AT The re p o rt also shows how rural residents have more positive perceptions of the police,
Tel: 020 7273 2084 with 84 per cent reporting that they feel the police in their area do a ‘very’ or ‘fairly’ good job,
Fax: 020 7222 0211 c o m p a red to 77 per cent of non-rural re s i d e n t s. Although the most rural areas have fewe r
E-mail: o f ficers compared to more urban are a s , this is not dispro p o rt i o n ate to the actual number of
publications.rds@homeoffice.g crimes they experience. Alternatively you can The report notes a pattern in burglary rates common to urban, suburban and rural areas -
view the full document via their w h i ch increased until the mid 1990’s and have subsequently declined. A significant rise in
website at: burglary rates in rural areas until 1995 is reflected in rural respondents’ levels of concern about
http://www.homeoffice. the crime. 19 per cent were ‘very worried’ about burglary in 1994, but this fell to only 11 per cent in 2001. L evels of concern about other cri m e s , s u ch as mu g g i n g, racial at t a ck or being
hosb102.pdf. physically assaulted are also significantly statistically lower than they are in non-rural areas.

20 Property Crime/Rural Crime July 2002

Keep Keys Safe
Harrogate Borough Council/North Yorkshire Police

Although Harrogate is a re l at i ve ly low crime area compared with other towns in the region,
there are certain patterns of repeat crime including ‘sneak in bu rg l a ri e s ’ which become more
prominent with the onset of lighter nights and better we at h e r. Thefts from garages and sheds
also increase at the same time, so an initiative focusing on all three crimes was introduced.
In partnership with North Yorkshire Police, Harrogate Borough Council have produced a
leaflet containing advice on car security, house security and shed and garage security, which
has re c e i ved extensive press and local television cove r age to get the message out to the
c o m mu n i t y. A number of local garages have also joined in the scheme by ag reeing to
include copies of the leaflet with customer’s invoices after servicing or repair of
their vehicles and posters have been designed to be displayed on garage fo re c o u rt s.
Key rings and excise licence holders have been produced with the message ‘Keep
Keys Safe ’ to be used at shows and community events together with DIY and local
garden centres to remind people to be extra vigilant at this time of year.

Understanding Violent Crime

Stephen Jones

This publ i c ation prov ides a concise ye t The author, Stephen Jones, is a Lecturer
thorough account of the main explanations in Law at the University of Bristol and is
of violent behav i o u r. It draws upon socio- also a qualified Bar rister who has taught
logical and psychological perspectives of criminology for many years.
violence as part of a coherent ap p ro a ch to
the study of a subject which raises wide Copies of this book published in December 2000
public concern .T h e re is also a focus on the are available priced £16.99 Pb or £50.00 Hb
ways in which violence is considered by from the Open University Press, Celtic Court,
the criminal justice system. D e finitions of 22 Ballmoor, Buckingham MK18 1XW
the main violent offences, including violent Tel: 01280 823388 E-mail:
sexual offe n c e s , a re discussed and some or visit their website
i n d i c ation of the l evels of sentencing in at: h t t p : / / w w w. o p e n u p. c o. u k.
p a r ticular cases is prov i d e d . The fi n a l
ch apter considers ways in which offe n d e r s
are able to confront their violent behaviour
within the criminal justice system .
F requent re fe rences to the definitions and
t re atment of violence in Au s t r a l i a , C a n a d a ,
N ew Zealand and the USA give the book a
d i s t i n c t i ve comparable perspective. T h e
result is a wide- ranging and essential
u n d e rg r a d u ate text and key re fe rence fo r
researchers in the field.

July 2002 Vehicle Crime/Violent Crime & Street Crime 21

Evaluation of two intensive regimes for
young offenders
Home Office Research Study 239

The aim of t his re s e a r ch was to eva l u at e • Young offenders with no adjudications

two intensive regimes for young offenders, did better if they were in the
one serving the North of England (Thorn control condition.
C ross High Intensity Training or HIT
C e n t re) and the othe r serving the South The lessons that can be drawn fro m
( C o l chester Military Corre c t i ve Tr a i n i n g this experiment show that these re g i m e s
C e n t re or MCTC). Both of these re g i m e s did not deter offending by tough “ b o o t
included elements of army life and we re c a m p ” t re at m e n t . It is clear from the study
intended to act as deter rent regi mes fo r that many young offenders liked being kept
young offe n d e r s. The media labelled the busy on a daily basis and liked the army -
regimes as “boot camps”, but neither style re g i m e. T h ey also enjoyed the sport s
resembled the “boot camps” of A m e ri c a . and physical training aspect, b e c o m i n g
Both HIT and MCTC we re eva l u ated by fitter, healthier and more self-confident.
c o m p a r ing “ e x p e ri m e n t a l ” yo u n g The main message that could be drawn
o f fenders who exper ienced the re g i m e s , f rom this eva l u ation is that more re s o u r c e s
with “ c o n t ro l ” young offenders who we n t should be devoted to offending behav i o u r
to other Young Offender Institutions. and after- c a re programmes for yo u n g
O f fenders we re eligible for the regimes if offenders.
they had approx i m at e ly six months of their
sent ence left to serve and if t hey we re For free copies of the report, published in April
considered suitable for open conditions. 2002, contact the Research, Development and
Statistics Directorate, Communications
The study concluded that: Development Unit, Room 275, 50 Queen Anne’s
• The HIT regime was successful in Gate, London SW1H 9AT Tel: 020 7273 2084
reducing offending.Young offenders Fax: 020 7222 0211
who attended HIT committed fewer E-mail:
offences and the savings from reduced Alternatively you can view the full document via
crime more than paid for any extra their website at:
costs that the HIT regime incurred.
• Young offenders in earlier intakes did pdfs2/hors239.pdf.
better, as did medium and high-risk
offenders, experimental
non-completers who stayed longer at
the HIT centre, younger offenders,
those with three or more previous
convictions and those with no
• The young offenders who attended
Colchester showed no evidence of
lower reconviction rates. Their offences
were more costly on society than those
of the controlled young offenders.
• Indications showed that offenders in
earlier intakes at Colchester did better
as did medium risk offenders and
those with two or more convictions.

22 Working with Offenders July 2002

Big World Student Planner 2002 - 2003
Strathclyde Police

S t r at h c lyde Po l i c e, in partnership with the education depart ments of Ay r s h i re, ran a

c o n fe rence last year for all sixt h fo rm pupils of schools in t he are a . The theme of the
c o n fe rence was to provide info rm ation and advice to young people as they get ready to leave
school and enter full-time employment or further education.
The police decided to run the event after the brutal murder of a young student in the
a re a .T h ey concluded that there was not enough info rm ation on safety and how to pre p a re
young people of this age as they consider leaving school to take on extra responsibilities.
The conference ran over four days in November last year and was split in to morning and
a f t e rnoon exe r c i s e s , with each school invited to attend either the morning or aftern o o n
session. Groups were then split in to 4 workshops for discussions, which they participated in
on a ro t ational basis. E a ch workshop lasted between 20 - 25 minu t e s , with an opport u n i t y
for questions at the end.
Workshop topics included:
• Personal Safety • Drugs and Young People
• Alcohol and Young People • Safe Driving for Young People.
O ver 750 pupils from schools throughout the region attended the workshops and
completed eva l u ation fo rm s. N e a r ly all attendees graded the event as ve ry wo rthwhile and
i n fo rm at i ve, students had a chance to make comments, which were extremely favourable on
the forms received.
As a fo l l ow-up to the eve n t , S t r at h c lyde Police decided to produce an educat i o n a l
handbook/diary to give to pupils intending to leave school and go on to full-time education.
The diary runs from August until June and contains info rm ation and advice for young people
on a range of issues including personal safe t y, sexual health, a l c o h o l , d ru g s , s a fe dri v i n g,
compu ter secur ity and mobile phone securi t y, as well as providing detail s on tim e
management, core skills and study skills.
So far 1,200 diaries have been delive red to students in the area free of ch a rge and if
funding can be secured, it is hoped that the event will run again in the future.

Moray Fare Travel Scheme

Moray Council

In Feb ru a ry 2000, the Moray Fa re Tr ave l • Reduce the incidence of crime and
s cheme was launched fo l l owing consul- disorder in the area
t ation with the young people of Moray • Encourage healthier lifestyles amongst
who identified the cost of public transport young people.
as being a significant factor to them Other providers of leisure facilities in
d rinking alcohol and using drugs in their the area also joined the sch e m e, o f fe ri n g
local env i ro n m e n t . M a ny of them said they s p e c i fic discounts for holders of the Fa re
p re fe rred to spend £5 on alcohol than £10 Tr avel Scheme Card. A p p l i c ations for cards
on transpor t and entrance to leisure a re ava i l able from secondar y sc hools in
facilities in the area. Moray and once completed, the fo rm , and a
As a re s u l t , the Moray Commu n i t y p h o t o g r aph of the ap p l i c a n t , a re handed to
S a fety Pa rt n e r s h i p, together wit h their teach e r, who then countersigns the
Stagecoach, developed the Moray Fare Travel fo r m and sends it to Moray Council who
Scheme which aims to: issue the card.
• Reduce the cost of public transport Cards can only be issued to pupils in
to young people full-time secondary education up t o 18
• Encourage young people to use years of age at a school in Moray and expire
leisure facilities once the pupil turns 18 unless they re m a i n
• Reduce the consumption of alcohol in full-time education.
and drugs by young people

July 2002 Youth Crime 23

Moray Youth Information Evening
Moray Council

The Moray Community Safety Pa rt n e r s h i p D rop-in amongst others. Young people

held their annual Moray Youth Info rm at i o n we re encouraged to visit the stands and
Evening on 28th May 2002 with the aim of complete a quiz with the incentive of a £50
giving young people the opportunity to gift vo u cher for each of thre e winners
e x p e rience a night club but in an alcohol, selected on the night.
drug and smoke free env i ro n m e n t . 200 young people attended the eve n t
The evening was organised with the and of these 69 completed a questionnaire
help of the Elgin Rotary club, who assisted to gauge the success of the evening and to
in the supervision of the disco and on the p rovide fe e d b a ck on how future eve n t s
buses, which were provided by Stag e c o a ch . could be improve d . 98% of pupils enjoye d
D i s p l ay stands we re also set up on Life s t y l e the evening and 89% said it was relevant to
issues with re p re s e n t at i ves from Grampian their age while 84% felt that t he
Po l i c e, the local Fire Br i g a d e, G r a m p i a n i n fo rm ation provided was both useful and
Health Promotions and Young Pe o p l e s interesting.

Scared of the Kids? Curfews, crime and the

regulation of young people
Stuart Waiton - Sheffield Hallam University - School of Cultural Studies

This publication focuses on the impact of the Hamilton Child Curfew scheme introduced by
S t r at h c lyde Police in October 1997 and developed by South Lanarkshire Council, the social
work department and the police.
O f fi c i a l ly called the ‘ s a fe child initiat i ve ’ , the scheme aims to ensure ch i l d ren under the
age of 16 years are not out on the streets after dark without good re a s o n . Based on fear of
c ri m e, the idea is to encourage youngsters to go home before they become involved in crime
or anti-social behaviour.
The book includes re s e a r ch on a broader range of issues
from the importance of children’s play to questions of conflict
and contact between young and old. It examines in detail, the
growing safety issues surrounding young people, not only on
h ow young people are policed, but also how they are
perceived and treated by various public sector workers such as
t e a ch e r s , nurses and social workers.
R e s e a r ch was collated from interv i ews with young people
who had direct experience of t he Hamilton sch e m e.
I n fo rm ation on the va rious crime reduction and commu n i t y
s a fety initiat i ves developed over time across Scotland and the
UK is also included.
The second part of the book concentrates on the impact of such a risk conscious society
and how this affects the lives and re l ationships of ch i l d re n , young people and adults in the
F i n a l ly, the book explore s the impact t hat growing up in such a r isk conscious
environment is having on young people in society today.
S t u a rt Wa i t o n , the author of this publ i c at i o n , is a community wo r ke r, j o u rnalist and
re s e a r cher for Generation Youth Issues, a re s e a r ch gro u p, w h i ch assesses the real impact of
crime in areas, together with the impact that policing initiatives have on young people in the

To obtain a copy of this book, published in May 2001 and priced £9.95 plus £1.00 P& P, contact Sheffield
Hallam University Press, Learning Centre, Sheffield Hallam University City Campus, Sheffield S1 1WB
Tel: 0114 225 4702 Fax: 0114 225 4478 E-mail:

24 Youth Crime July 2002

Youth at risk? A national survey of risk
factors, protective factors and problem
behaviour among young people in
England, Scotland and Wales
Communities that Care - Joseph Rowntree Foundation

This report presents the first set of findings Chapters in this report include:
f rom a national sur vey of young people • Descriptions of 17 identified risk
funded by the Joseph Row n t re e factors and 6 protective factors for the
Fo u n d at i o n , w h i ch aims to identify the audit to assess, together with a more
factors that place young people at risk of detailed account of the Social
d i s p l aying pro blem behaviour in later life Development Model (the theory that
and what factors mitigate those risks. underpins Communities that Care).
R e s e a r ch in Bri t a i n , the United Stat e s • Details of the national survey sample
and other Western countries has shown that and methods.
t h e re are influent ial factors in yo u n g • Survey findings relating to adolescent
p e o p l e ’s lives associated with an incre a s e d p ro blems and problem behaviour.
risk of developing a range of healt h and • Individual risk factors.
behaviour problems as they grow older. • Results on protective factors.
These problems can be: • Conclusions and recommendations
• committing crime and other based on the survey findings.
anti-social behaviour
• leaving formal education without For a copy of this report, ISBN: 0 9537530 1 8
qualifications (‘school failure’) priced £12.50 and published in April 2002,
• misuse of drugs, alcohol and contact Communities that Care 25 Kings
other substances Exchange, Tileyard Road, London N7 9AH
• school-age pregnancy and sexually Tel: 020 7837 5900 Fax: 020 7837 5991
transmitted diseases. E-mail: A
summary of the report is also available via the
E q u a l ly as import a n t , re s e a r ch also Joseph Rowntree Foundation website at:
s h ows that there are fact ors that help t o .
p rotect ch i l d ren and young people fro m
l ater diffi c u l t i e s , even when they are
exposed to such risks.
The survey was carried out using the
C o m munities that Care (CtC) Youth Survey
q u e s t i o n n a i re, used in the CtC pro g r a m m e
to assess the risk and protection pro file of
local are a s. H oweve r, the aim of this
re s e a r ch project was to conduct the
survey with a re p re s e n t at i ve sample
of secondar y school st udents in
England, Scotland and Wales.
The findings cre ate an
important new planning tool for
the CtC process that will enabl e
c o m munities invo l ved t o
c o m p a re results of their neigh-
bourhood audits using the
s u r vey with the nat i o n a l
‘ ave r ag e ’ . T h ey also prov ide an
insight into the pro blem behav i o u r
among young peopl e and of the
c o n t ri buting risks.

July 2002 Youth Crime 25

Youth Shelters and Sports Systems: A
Good Practice Guide - Second Edition
Thames Valley Police

This is the second edition of the Thames Valley Police Good Practice Guide on Youth Shelters,
w h i ch provides advice and guidance for police fo r c e s , local authorities and partnerships on
h ow to solve the pro blem of young people ‘hanging out’ and having now h e re to meet and
socialise with their friends.
Research carried out by the Home Office shows that the average age of offending starts at
13 1/2 years for boys and 14 years for girls. The peak age of offending is about 15 years of
ag e. The pro blem caused by the gap in re c re ational facilities cove ring adolescent years is
f re q u e n t ly increased by the lack of free altern at i ves open for casual use by young people.
Clubs and youth org a n i s ations tend to be re s t ricted to opening for a few hours per we e k ,
which leaves the young people having to find something else to do for the rest of the time.
Young people need to socialise and become integrated into their communities and
research demonstrates the benefits of providing local facilities for this vulnerable age group.
The invo l vement of youths throughout these projects has been shown to pay dividends and
helps to prove that negotiation between parties is one of the most positive ways of helping to
solve problems.
This report covers info rm ation on:
• What is a youth shelter?
• Benefits of a youth shelter project (for youths and the community)
• Consultation
• Lighting
• Case Studies
• Sports facilities issues to be considered
• Check Lists
• Evaluation indicators
• Common Questions and further sources of advice.

For a free copy of the guide published in February 2002, contact Roger Hampshire, Crime Prevention
Design Adviser for Oxfordshire Police Fax: 01993 893894. Alternatively contact the sponsors of this
publication who will also provide copies together with other material on youth shelters: Base Leisure,
Base House, Black Prince Yard, Berkhampstead, Herts Tel: 01442 878737
or SMP Playgrounds Ltd, Ten Acre Lane, Thorpe, Egham Surrey Tel: 01784 489100.
The report is also available to download from the Thames Valley Police Website:
or the Crime Reduction Website h t t p : / / w w w. c r i m e re d u c t i o n . g ov. u k / yo u t h 3 1 . h t m .

26 Youth Crime July 2002

Crime Prevention Initiative
Project Name:

Description Summary:
(the aims and objectives of the project and how it works)

Geographic Location:
National: Project Area:
County: Coverage:
e.g. specific estate, town centre

Lead Organisation:


Contact Details:


Post Code:

Tel: Fax:

Project Status: Planning/Ongoing/Completed/Abandoned (delete as appropriate)

Start Date: End Date:

Materials: Is there any material to support this initiative?
(e.g. Leaflets, video, report, handbook etc.)
Please detail and attach if possible.

Evaluation: If there is to be a later evaluation,

(Is there anything please note here so that we can follow up at a later date.
documented which gives an
indication of the success or
otherwise of the project ?
Please detail key findings and
where they came from.)

(Funding Sources if applicable e.g. SRB, Local Authority, Business, Panel...
Cash or Kind e.g. secondment/office space)

Total Cost: £
(if known)

Thank You
I agree to this information being stored on Home Office database Yes No

Office Use Only:

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