“To reduce crime and the fear of crime, tackle youth crime and violent, sexual and drug

-related crime, anti-social behaviour and disorder, increasing safety in the home and public spaces.”
Home Office Aim 1

This statement confirms our joint commitment to reduce crime and disorder. The Digest is published quart e r ly and aims to support crime re d u c t i o n / c o m munity safety practitioners in police and local authorities working in stat u t o ry partnerships by fa c i l i t ating info rm at i o n e x ch a n g e. The Digest is a fo rum for your initiat i ves and experi e n c e s. Its success depends on yo u , the practitioners, c o n t ri buting your art i c l e s. Deadline for copy is given below. A rt i c l e s MUST be submitted by this date. So that everyone can benefit from your work and experience, we would ask contributors to consider both what wo r ked and what didn’t work within their pro j e c t s. P rojects may be well conceived and still not achieve all their aims; this does not mean they have failed. Please be brave enough to discuss what aspects did not ach i eve the expected outcomes. Include as mu c h info rm ation as you can, c ove ring the analysis of the pro blem and how it wa s i d e n t i fi e d , the response devised and how it was implemented and an assessment of the final outcomes.
Note:

The inclusion of mat e rial in the Digest or re fe rence to any pro d u c t s / s e rvices does not signify that they have been tested or evaluated. Nor should inclusion be thought to confer ‘official’ approval.
This p ublication may not be copied, photocopied, re p roduced, or conve rted to any electronic form unless for police or local authority use only.

January 2003
The next Digest will be with you in April 2003.

College Staff
Director Steve Trimmins Support Services Ann Keen Richard Cox Adrienne Jowitt-Thrall Training Team David Fernley June Armstrong Martin Fenlon Pat Varley Christine Morrison Dai Perry Administration Unit Mark Ledder Ruth Whitaker Information Service Jane Carpenter Gill Archibald Stuart Charman Jane Jones Kathleen Noble Abby Hickman Training Resource Solutions Simon Jones Michael Hawtin Richard Wales Editor Jane Jones Design/Production Michael Hawtin

All contributions be submitted by March 7th 2003.
Contributions to: Jane Jones
Information Team

Tel: 01347 825065 Fax: 01347 825097
Home Office Crime Reduction College The Hawkhills, Easingwold, York YO61 3EG Tel: 01347 825060 Fax: 01347 825099 E-mail: crc@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

For Training or General Enquiries: Tel: 01347 825060

January 2003

1

College News

4

Crime Reduction Website Wins Award . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 Publications Catalogue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 Associate Trainer Scheme - Progress to Date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 Crime Reduction Basics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 The eXchange . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 Defence Police Standard Crime Prevention Officers Course . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 Thames Valley Police Standard Crime Prevention Officers Course . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 Staff News . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 Guidelines for submissions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7

Active Communities Anti-Social Behaviour

8 8

New Gorbals Welcome Postcards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 Internal Letterbox Flaps and Locks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 A Guide to Anti-Social Behaviour Orders (ASBOs) and Acceptable Behaviour Contracts (ABCs) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9 Tackling anti-social behaviour: what really works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9

Arson Burglary

10 11

Project Car Clear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10 Abbey Estate - Garage Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11 Bereavement Leaflet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11 Distraction Burglary Seminar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11 Light Against Crime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12 ‘Stop Chain Check’ - Loop Key Fobs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12 Twelve Days of Christmas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12

Business Crime
Hospital and other Health Authority Buildings Security Checklist

13
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13

CCTV Designing Out Crime
Design for Community Safety - Supplementary Planning Guidance

13 14
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .14

Evaluating the real evidence on CCTV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13

Domestic Violence Drugs and Alcohol

15 16

Domestic Abuse FreeFone Support (Daffs) Initiative . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15 Domestic Violence Protocol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15 The road to ruin? Sequences of initiation into drug use and offending by young people in Britain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16 The economic and social costs of Class A drug use in England and Wales 2000 . . . . .16 Updated Drug Strategy 2002 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17 The Glasgow Drug Court in Action: The First Six Months . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18 Nominations for the Home Office Drugs Disruption Supply Awards 2003 . . . . . . . . . .18

Fraud G e n e ra l

19 20

Crime (International Co-operation) Bill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19 Access all areas: A guide for community safety partnerships on working more effectively with disabled people . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20 Home Safety Advice Shop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20 Community Safety Reassurance Scheme . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21

2

Contents

January 2003

G e n e ra l Neighbourhood Wardens and NeighbourhoodWatch Property Crime

20 23 24

National Policing Plan 2003 - 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21 Marks & Spencer British Community Safety Awards 2002 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22 Data-Link . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23 New Street Crime Wardens Initiative . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23 Lost Property Day . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24 Mobile Phone Barring Database Launched . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25 Operation Garden Guard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26 Padlock Testing and Certification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26 Property Marking Scheme . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27

Rural Crime Sexual Offences Town/Shopping Centre Crime Vehicle Crime

27 28 29 30

Phone Box Guardian Scheme . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27 Protecting the Public . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28 Stalking and Harassment in Scotland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29 “Are You Off Your Trolley?” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29 Automatic Number Plate Recognition Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30 Securi-disc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30 Auto Crime CD Rom 2002 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30 Vehicle Alert Scheme . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31

Victims and Witnesses Victims and Witnesses

31 31
Each Article in the Digest is highlighted with an icon which will define the product described in that article. They are: Campaign/ Initiative Publication

Living Safely . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31

A Better Deal for Victims and Witnesses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32 Information Indexes (Information i) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32 Crime Scenes, Preserving Evidence, Providing Person, Vehicle and Pro p e rt y Descriptions: A Guide for Members of the Public . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32

Violence at School & Work Violent Crime & Street Crime

33 33

Secure Schools Initiative . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 Navratri and Diwali Festivals Crime Prevention Campaign . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 Shootings, Gangs and Violent Incidents in Manchester: Developing a Crime Reduction Strategy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34

Working with Offenders Youth Crime

35 36

Video

Evaluation of the national roll-out of curfew orders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35 NVQ Level 3 Community Justice - Working with Offending Behaviour . . . . . . . . . . . . .36 A Co-ordinated Approach to Student Crime Reduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36 Operation Norseman . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37 INSPIRE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37 Safe in the City: A Fresher Approach to Student Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38 School Liaison Core Programme . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38 Youth Works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39 Youth Inclusion Programmes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40

Website/ Electronic Information General/ Exchange of Ideas/ Conferences

January 2003

Contents

3

Crime Reduction Website Wins Award
The Cr ime Reduction Web s i t e (w w w. c r i m e re d u c t i o n . g ov. u k) re c e i ved a c o m m e n d ation award at the Vi s i o n a ry Design Awards 2002 in recognition of a ch i evement in making on-line info rm at i o n ava i l able to visually impaired people. T h e awa r d s , o rganised by the National Library for the Blind with the support of Barclay s B a n k , we re held in Stoc k p o rt in early December.

Publications Catalogue
The Home Office Publicity Catalogue allows people to order copies of all crime re d u c t i o n p u blicity mat e rial published by the Home Office free of ch a rg e. An updated pap e r- b a s e d version of the catalogue has re c e n t ly been publishe d that includes t he ve ry latest publications. An on-line version of the catalogue will soon be ava i l able on the Crime Reduction Web s i t e (w w w. c r i m e re d u c t i o n . g ov. u k) , e n abling people to bulk order any Home Office pro d u c e d m at e rials using either service. Anyone visiting the website can browse the catalogue and download individual copies of documents for personal use. The catalogue can also be used to direct members of the publ i c t owards the most recent Home Office advice and the on-line version uses ‘shopping baske t ’ t e ch n o l o g y, w h i ch allows re g i s t e red users to bulk order paper copies on-line and have them posted directly to their area. This facility will continue to be free of charge. The on-line version will be updated by the Home Office Publicity Section, so that new materials will be available through the catalogue as they are published. See the on-line version at http://www.crimereduction.gov.uk/publicity

For more information contact Stuart Charman Tel: 01347 825064 Email: stuart.charman@ homeoffice. gsi.gov.uk

Associate Trainer Scheme - Progress to Date
On 10th De ce mber, D a ve Fe r n l e y, t h e Training Team Leader, presented cert i fi c at e s to seven candidates who have successfully completed the Associate Trainer Award. To gain the award candidates had to: • attend a two day “Training for Success” course at the College • deliver a one day “Introduction to Crime and Disorder” course and send participant feedback forms to the College • complete a learning portfolio showing their ability to reflect and learn from their training experiences. The College has now delive red the “ Training for Success” course to 53 people f rom the va rious Gove rnment Offices fo r the Regions and many of t hem are now working to complete the ir awa r d . I n a d d i t i o n , t h e re are over 40 people who h ave expressed an interest in becomi ng A s s o c i ate Trainers and the College will be training them as part of their course programme over the next twelve months. A s s o c i ate Trainers come from a range of agencies working in crime and disorder reduction and are mainly practitioners, some of whom have a training background. The 2-day “ Training for Success” c o u r s e e n ables A s s o c i ate Trainers to become familiar with training mat e ri a l s , as well as p roviding t he opportunity t o deve l o p p re s e n t ation skills to be able to deliver best practice mat e rials to more experi e n c e d practitioners. A s s o c i ate trainers will deli ver the course “ I n t roduction to Crime and Disorder Reduction”. This aims to give staff n ew to cr ime & disorder reduction the basic languag e, concepts and models to deliver effective crime reduction initiatives. I d e a l ly, p a rticipants should come from a range of ag e n c i e s , so practitioners have the o p p o rtuni ty to experience part n e r s h i p wo r k i n g. To dat e, 260 people have at t e n d e d this course.

For more information, contact Martin Fenlon Tel: 01347 825076 or E-mail: crtraining@homeoffice.gsi. gov.uk

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College News

January 2003

Crime Reduction Basics
The College has re c e n t ly published a new training bri e f, w h i ch aims to broaden the audience for the crime reduction messag e. Crime Reduction Basic s is a two and a half hour training session designed to i n t roduce individuals and groups in the community to the basic principles of crime and disorder re d u c t i o n , and encourag e them to get involved in reducing crime. The session can be used with a wide range of people and groups, such as: • Te n a n t s ’A s s o c i at i o n s • Residents’ Groups • Youth Groups • Neighbourhood Watch Schemes • Open Public Meetings • Sports Clubs • Social Clubs. The training session is bro ken dow n into seven sections and covers: • What is crime and disorder reduction? • Who’s involved in crime reduction in your area and what you can expect from them? • What are the crime and disorder p ro blems in your area? • Why should you get involved? • What can you do? - Problem solving ap p ro a ch . • What can you do? - Methods of reducing crime including case studies of good practice. • What can you do? - Your contribution and getting involved. The session contains discussion exercises to give individuals and groups the o p p o rtunity to talk about local pro bl e m s. This will help identify ways they can become active in reducing crime by getting involved in existing activities or by starting up new, smal l-scale local pro j e c t s. T h e session brief has been written so that it is easy to use and adapt for dif fe re n t audiences. The brief contains trainers’ notes and discussion points for each section together with handouts cove ring the main points and eight case studies that illustrate how people in t he community can become i nvo l ved in crime re d u c t i o n .T h e re is also plenty of info rm ation about what people can do to help other agencies improve their response to cr ime re d u c t i o n . It does not need to be run by experienced trainers and can be used by anyone who works with, o r is part of, a group in the community. The br ief can be adapted locally to include details of the local Crime and Disorder Reducti on Audit and Strat e g y, details of local partnerships and i n fo rm ati on about local project s and sources of funding. The brief is ava i l able from the Cri m e Reduction Website at: www.crimereduction.gov.uk/ learningzone or hard copies can be obtained from the Crime Reduction College on Tel: 01347 825059.

For more information on the training session, contact Dave Fernley Tel: 01347 825078 or E-mail: crtraining@homeoffice. gsi.gov.uk

The eXchange
The e X c h a n g e, due to be launched in January 2003, will be a major new area of the Cri m e Reduction Website. It will provide simple, f u l ly search able and user- f ri e n d ly access to good ideas and good practice aimed at reducing crime and the fear of crime. Visitors to The Exchange will be able to submit their views and comments on the projects ava i l able on the site as well as adding details of their own initiat i ve s. If you would like your project or initiative to be included in the eXchange, c o n t a c t :T h e I n fo rm ation Te a m , Home Office Crime Reduction College, The Haw k h i l l s , E a s i n g wo l d , Yo r k , YO61 3EG Tel: 01347 825095 Fax: 01347 825097 or E-mail: crc@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk
For more information contact Jane Carpenter on Tel: 01347 825090 or via E-mail at: jane.carpenter@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

January 2003

College News

5

Defence Police Standard Crime Prevention Officers Course
Roussillion Barr a cks in Chichester hosted the fi rst Defence Pol ice Standard Cri m e Reduction Course in August last ye a r, w i t h d e l e g ates re p resenting the Royal Military Po l i c e, R oyal A i r fo r c e, R oyal Navy and the Ministry of Defence Police. The event built upon a previous course r un for the Royal Mil itary Police and reflected recognition of best value at a strat e g i c l evel in linking cri m e reduction training fo r these organisations. The content of the course cove re d generic standard course m at e rial and focussed on issues of p a rticular re l evance to the Defence Po l i c e c o m mu n i t y. The sharing of experience and good practice was one of the key aspects of the course, together with confi rm ation that s u p p o r ting continui ng pro fe s s i o n a l d evelopment is essential in keeping skills and knowledge up-to-date. A second standard course, q u a l i t y a s s u red by the Crime Reduction College, will be held in March 2003 at the Ministry of Defence Po l i c e, We t h e r s field site, a f t e r w h i ch the course will be franchised to them to be run at ti mes and locat i o n s ap p ro p ri ate to their delegates.

Thames Valley Police Standard Crime Prevention Officers Course
Wo ke field Park near Reading was the ve nue for a two - week Standard Crime Reduction Officers course for Thames Valley Police Crime Reduction A dv i s o r s , new posts that have been created as part of the force redeployment programme. The event was fa c i l i t ated by Sgt Dave Oliver from the force training school and A m a n d a S c a rg i l l . It was opened by Insp. Steve Avil, the Force Crime Reduction Officer. The content of the course was similar to those run at the College, whilst incorporating force expertise and a regional input cove ring topics such as CCTV, C rime Prevention T h rough Env i ro n m e n t a l Design and counter terro ri s m . D e l e g ates on the course will have attended a crime re d u c t i o n c o n fe rence at Force HQ in December 2002 prior to attending their recall phase in Feb ru a ry 2003.This is likely to be the first of a number of events reflecting the commitment of Thames Va l l ey Police to divisional Crime Reduction A dvisors and their continuing pro fe s s i o n a l development.

Staff News
Two new staff will join the training team on short - t e rm secondments from Ja nu a ry. Christine Morrison, a fo rmer member of the training team, now works as a freelance trainer and has extensive experience in c rime reduction both as a trainer and p r a c t i t i o n e r. Dai Pe r ry f rom Dyfe d - Pow y s Police has experience as a Crime Reduction O f fi c e r, A r chitectural Liaison Officer and t r a i n e r. Bot h Chri stine and Dai will be working at the College until April 2003. Jane Carpen ter j oined the I n fo rm ation Team on promotion to Te a m Leader in October. She had previously been a member of Training Resource Solutions at the college. Her predecessor as Te a m L e a d e r, Gi ll Archibald re t u rned to t he college on a part-time basis in Nove m b e r. Gi ll will work on the European Cri m e Prevention Network(EU CPN), the Learning Zone and links with the Researc h , Development and Statistics Directorate. We said fa rewell to Amanda Scarg i l l in December. Amanda has accepted a post at B a n b r idge Distr ict Council in Nor t h e rn Ireland as their District Policing Pa rt n e r s h i p M a n ag e r. She has been a valued and h a r d - working member of the Coll ege Training Team for fi ve ye a r s. We all wish her well for the future.

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College News

January 2003

Guidelines for submissions
The Digest allows contributors to make information available to others without loss of ownership.
I n fo rm ation can be submitted by: • Word document via e-mail to: crc@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk • e-mail to: jane.jones@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk • faxing text to: The Home Office Crime Reduction College Info rm ation Office. Fax number 01347 825097 • hard copy text via Royal Mail to: Jane Jones, Inquiry Services Manager, I n fo rm ation Office, Home Office Crime Reduction College, The Hawkhills, Easingwold,York YO61 3EG. Contributions should adhere to the following guidelines. They should: • Refer to a specific initiative, event or publication relevant to crime reduction/community safety practitioners nationwide. • Wherever possible contain evidence of evaluation or cost-benefit analysis. Where a project is not complete contributions should contain some interim evaluation and indication of any future follow up. • Be original ideas and mat e ri a l . Duplicates of other projects/initiatives will only be accepted if they contain significant differences or enhancements. • Not be “press release” copy unless supported by other documentation. Press releases do not usually contain sufficient detailed info rm at i o n . • Not be announcements of local publicity events or campaigns unless there is some form of evaluation or the event/campaign is of national value. Language and text • Digest content should be written to the target audience - crime reduction practitioners. • The use of technical terms should be avoided. If they are used they should be fully explained. • Use plain English and short sentences. • Make it accurate, brief and relevant. • Avoid acronyms - use the full name. If an acronym recurs within an article give the full name and acronym for the first occurrence and use the acronym only for subsequent occurrences, e.g. Crime Reduction College (CRC). Pictures and Logos W h e re possible pictures or logos should be included with art i c l e s. T h ey can be sent as h a r d - c o py or electro n i c a l ly. It is always better to send the original image as this will ensure higher quality reproduction. Please send the original image, don’t send the picture as part of a document or presentation.

M at e rial submitted for inclusion in the Digest will be fo rm at t e d , edited and collated initially by the Info rm ation Services Manager. Articles accepted for inclusion in the Digest will also be published in electronic fo rm at .

Electronic Image specification: PC or Mac format. Colour images at least 400dpi can be .jpg, .tiff, .bmp. Black & white images at least 600dpi should be .tiff or .bmp. Original electronic artwork can be sent as Adobe Illustrator/Photoshop files. Can be sent on disk, CD or Zip disk or e-mail.

January 2003

College News

7

New Gorbals Welcome Postcards
Strathclyde Police

The aim of this initiative, which began in October 2002, is to promote active citizenship and reduce the fear of crime amongst the public in the New Gorbals area of Glasgow. The Gorbals area is currently undergoing considerable regeneration with over 1,000 new residential pro p e rties being built over the next two ye a r s. People are moving into the are a without any local knowledge and this campaign has been introduced in a bid to prov i d e i n fo rm at i ve and welcoming info rm ation to new residents in the form of a postcard. The card, w h i ch fe at u res contact details for the local police offi c e, e n c o u r ages re s i d e n t s to be pro-active and report anything suspicious in the area. E va l u ation of the campaign will be carried out in the fo rm of crime prevention survey s of new residents together with feedback requested from the local Crime Prevention Panel and Neighbourhood Watch group.

Internal Letterbox Flaps and Locks
Safer Merthyr Tydfil

S a fer Mert hyr Ty d fi l ’s Community Safe t y Wardens we re being ap p ro a ched on a daily basis by residents complaining about the p ro blem of lighted fi reworks being pushed t h rough the letterboxes of the elderly and v u l n e r abl e. As a re s u l t , a member of the ‘ H o m e s a fe ’ bu rg l a ry reduction sch e m e ’s l o ck fitters developed a dev i c e, utilising a w i n d ow lock sash-jammer, t h at could be fitted to the inside letterbox flap, e n abl i n g it to be locked by the home ow n e r following delivery of the days post. As many wooden doors, u n l i ke aluminium and UPVC, do not have an

inside letterbox flap it meant that some people would not benefit from the locks. In response to requests from re s i d e n t s , t h e wardens ag reed to purchase a number of i n t e rnal letterbox flap s , w h i ch could be fitted in the homes of vulnerable people. The fe e d b a ck re c e i ved from the install ation of these flaps has been ove r w h e l m i n g, with many residents say i n g t h ey felt mu ch safer in their homes. Pe o p l e who have reported problems of this kind to the police can have the device fitted to their door free of ch a rg e.

8

Active Communities/Anti-Social Behaviour

January 2003

A Guide to Anti-Social Behaviour Orders (ASBOs) and Acceptable Behaviour Contracts (ABCs)
Home Office

This publ i c ation supersedes the guides to ASBOs produced by the Home Office in 1999 and 200 0 and draws on the e x p e rience of police serv i c e s , l o c a l a u t h o ri t i e s , youth offending teams, a n d other organisations. The guidance is intended for use by practitioners whether they re p resent local a u t h o ri t i e s , the police, youth offe n d i n g t e a m s , re g i s t e red social landlords, p ro s e c u t o r s , th e judiciary or any ot her

ag e n c y. It aims to provide clear, p r a c t i c a l a dvice on the use of anti-social behav i o u r orders and acceptable behaviour contracts, w h i c h can be used to protect t he c o m mu n i t y, together with examples of best practice.
Copies of this publication can be obtained from Prolog UK Tel: 0870 241 4680 Fax: 0870 241 4786 E-mail: homeoffice@prolog.uk.com

Tackling anti-social behaviour: what really works
NACRO

This briefing highlights examples of work carried out by local authorities that are considered to have been successful in tackling anti-social behav i o u r. T h ree types of intervention are considered: • enforcement • prevention • education E va l u ations of what works in reducing anti-social behaviour are scarce. W h e re they do exist, they are carried out locally with very little standardisation in methodology. This makes it difficult to make info rmed judgements about what works and what does not work to reduce anti-social behav i o u r. Despite this, h oweve r, it is clear that focussing on one element of intervention at the expense of others can only result in a quick fix rather than long-term s o l u t i o n s. Pa rtners need to address anti-social behaviour using a holistic ap p ro a ch that includes each of these interventions. The briefing covers the following topics: • Defining anti-social behaviour • Measuring anti-social behaviour • Why does anti-social behaviour matter? • Legal measures before Anti-Social Behaviour Orders (ASBOs) • Tackling anti-social behaviour through enforcement: Anti-Social Behaviour Orders (ASBOs) • Other interventions that use enforcement to address anti-social behaviour • Tackling anti-social behaviour through prevention • Tackling anti-social behaviour through education • Conclusions.
For a copy of this briefing note published in September 2002 and priced £5.00 contact NACRO, Crime and Social Policy Section, 237 Queenstown Road, London SW8 3NP Tel: 020 7501 0555 Fax: 020 7501 0556. Copies can also be viewed and downloaded via their website at:

http://www.nacro.org.uk/data/briefings/nacro-2002101500-csps.pdf

January 2003

Anti-Social Behaviour

9

Project Car Clear
Hampshire Fire and Rescue Service

Project Car Clear is a mu l t i - agency pilot s ch e m e, w h i ch began in March last ye a r and was set up with the aim of re d u c i n g d e l i b e r ate car fi res by providing a l e g i t i m ate route for people to dispose of unwanted vehicles. Abandoned vehicles often end up ignited on the stre e t s , in parks, woods and car parks, w h i ch thre at ens the safety of residents and has a detr imental affect on the environment. P roject Car Cl ear has 3 levels of operation: • Stage 1: fire crews identify possible abandoned vehicles whilst engaged in their duties in the area. Details are faxed to the Abandoned Vehicle Team based at Southampton City Council, who arrange for the removal of the vehicle as soon as possible. • Stage 2: people wishing to dispose of their ‘end-of-life’ vehicles can go to Redbridge Fire Station with proof of identity and ownership of the vehicle. Details are again faxed to the team and the vehicle is taken away free of charge. • Stage 3: involves the police investigating car fires by patrolling the neighbourhood following details of an incident which has been faxed to the local police station by fire crews.

The project is adve r tised thro u g h leaflets distri buted to public places such as l i b r a ri e s , as well as being included in p e o p l e ’s council tax info rm ation and the local free paper. Fo l l owing a six-monthly rev i ew it is clear that the project has had a signifi c a n t impact in the project are a . F i g u res for the second and thi rd quarters of the ye a r, compared to the same periods the previous ye a r, s h ow a drop in vehicle fi re s. T h e success of the pilot scheme can also be seen f rom the number of call-outs to car fi re s re c e i ved in July an d August l ast ye a r. Although this number was still fa i r ly high (30 car fi re s ) , o n ly 3 of these invo l ve d abandoned ve h i c l e s , c o m p a red wit h the same months the previous ye a r, w h i ch saw 50 car fi res with 22 involving ab a n d o n e d ve h i c l e s. F i g u res for October 2002 showe d a 68% reduction in deliberate car fi re s. Work has alre a dy begun on transfe rring the scheme to other areas in the county where there are similar pro bl e m s with car fires.

10

Arson

January 2003

Abbey Estate - Garage Security
Norfolk Police

This initiat i ve was set up fo l l owing nu m e rous garage break-ins on the A bb ey Housing Association Estate in Thetford, Norfolk. The bu rg l a ry reduction gro u p, p a rt of the local Crime Reduction Pa rt n e r s h i p, we re i nvo l ved in co-ordinating the initiat i ve, w h i ch aimed at improving security of domestic buildings and property and reducing crime and the fear of crime for local residents. A locking device, endorsed by Sold Secure, the Home Office approved testing house, was p u r chased and fitte d by a qualified locksmith to over 172 garage doors on the estat e, resulting in a 50% reduction in break-ins over the period April - October 2002.

B e re a vement Leaflet
Dorset Police

Fo l l owing a number of bu rg l a ries in two p re d o m i n a n t ly rural areas of Dorset linke d to obituary notices, the Crime Preve n t i o n D e p a rtment produced a sympathetic leaflet giving practical adv ice to the bere ave d person. The leaflet advises them to seek help f rom som eone they know and tr u s t , t o e n able t hem to implement some basic c rime prevention methods and so re d u c e the risk of bu rg l a ry when t heir house is unoccupied. The advice includes i nfo rm i n g neighbours when the house will be lef t

empty for long peri o d s , e n s u ring post is pushed right through the letterbox an d lights are left on and curtains are closed. The leaflet , w h i c h will be used t h roughout the are a , has been produced in c o n s u l t ation with local funeral dire c t o r s and will fo rm part of th eir info rm at i o n p a ck . An analysis of monthly force stat i s t i c s will determine whether the project has had an effect on reducing cri m e, together with dip sampling the va rious funeral dire c t o r s on the take-up and usefulness of the leaflet.

Distraction Burglary Seminar
Hampshire Constabulary

Hampshire Constabulary, in partnership with Hampshire Trading Standards, hosted a seminar on distraction bu rg l a ry, w h i c h saw the l aunc h of a booklet for senior consumers in Hampshire entitled ‘Safe & Sound’. The confe rence examined al l aspects of distraction bu rg l a ry against e lderly and v u l n e r able people and was attended by re p re s e n t at i ves from the va rious agencies wo r k i n g wit h this section of the commu n i t y. Pupils from a local school also perfo rm ed at the c o n fe re n c e, putting distraction bu rg l a ries into a dramatic setting. Whilst funny at times, t h e performance carried a serious message to beware of bogus callers. The booklet, p roduced in collab o r ation with Hampshire Po l i c e, Citizens A dvice Bure a u and Hampshire Fire and Rescue Serv i c e, p rovides advice on staying safe and secure in the home and what to do when unexpected visitors call.

January 2003

Burglary

11

Light Against Crime
Cleveland Police

C l eveland Police have launched their winter bu rg l a ry campaign in a bid to cut down the number of burglaries during this time of year. The force have enlisted the help of neighbourhood wardens to help protect houses deemed most at risk during the darker nights. Wardens who identify houses, w h i ch look to h ave been left empty and in darkness, will post an advice leaflet wa rning the householder that their home could be at risk of burglary. Suggestions include the use of security lighting, timer sw i t ches and pro p e rty marking personal belongings. Leaflets use the message ‘B e Bright - Leave On A Light! Be Dim - Let Burglars In!’ Residents are also invited to contact their local Crime Prevention Officer for furt h e r advice, as well as info rm ation on purchasing discounted crime prevention products.

‘Stop Chain Check’ - Loop Key Fobs
Suffolk Constabulary

S u f folk Constabu l a ry, together with Beccles & Bungay Cr ime Prevention Pa n e l , h a s l a u n ched an initiat i ve in the fight ag a i n s t distract ion bu rglars who target el de rly people in ‘bogus caller’ type incidents. This comes as part of the ‘Suffolk First I n i t i a t i ve’ , w h i ch it is hoped will make S u f folk the safest county in the country by the year 2006. The panel have purchased 1,000 loop key fobs bearing the message ‘Stop Chain C h e c k’ - the pro c e d u re which should be fo l l owed when answe ring the door to any caller. • Stop Are you expecting anybody? Do they have an appointment?

Chain Secure the door bar or chain before opening the door. • Check Ask for and doubl e - ch e ck the caller’s ID. The key rings will be distri buted fre e of ch a rge to vul nerable people in t he Beccles Policing Sector, together wi th Home Office ‘Stop Chain Check ’ d o o r s t i cke r s. T h ey wil l also be used in conjunction with other measures to help protect the elderly from bogus callers, such as the fitting of 100 voice memo minder u n i t s. These can be programmed to give an automatic verbal reminder when answe ri n g the door. So far the initiat i ve has re c e i ved a p o s i t i ve response from those people who have had units fitted.

Twelve Days of Christmas
Dorset Police

Dorset Police have been invo l ved in the production of a video and CD-Rom as part of a campaign to promote crime prevention over the fe s t i ve season, w h i ch fe at u res a song based on the original ‘Twelve Days of Christmas’. The song, developed in association with the Thomas Hardye School Choir, was re-written with numerous crime prevention messages based around vehicle crime and burglary, with the aim of cre ating a more light-hearted ap p ro a ch to crime prevention over the Chri s t m a s p e ri o d . Also produced we re leaflets, a cassette tape and posters promoting the va rious cri m e prevention messages.

12

Burglary

January 2003

Hospital and other Health Authority Buildings Security Checklist
Safer York Partnership

In recent years, the levels of reported crime at York District Hospital and other health t rust pro p e rties in the area have incre a s e d , resulting in the publ i c ation of a ‘ H o s p i t a l and other Health Au t h o rity Buildings Security Checklist’. In an effo rt to address pro blems of crime in and around the hospital, including vehicle cri m e, bu rg l a ry and theft, a re p re s e n t at i ve from the Safer Yo r k Pa rt nership and th e Hospital’s Secur i t y M a n ager work in partnership to carry out we e k ly risk assessments in all depart m e n t s. Hospit al Security Managers then discuss

findings from the completed assessments, w h i ch allows them to focus their effo rts in areas where it is needed most. While it is accepted that carrying out assessments alone will not totally eliminate t h re ats to secur i t y, it is hoped they will a l l ow more effe c t i ve use and allocation of resources.

...findings from the completed assessments...focus their efforts in areas where it is needed most...
Evaluating the real evidence on CCTV
Home Office

The University of Leicester hosted a confe rence in November last year with the aim of assessing the effectiveness of CCTV in tackling crime. P re s e n t ations re i n forced the message that the success of systems depends on the use of CCTV for targeting specific issues, with a range of care f u l ly considered support strat e g i e s. Examples were used to show how the police use CCTV as a tool for detection and intelligence g at h e ri n g, s t ressing the importance of using a range of measure s , together with a team ap p ro a ch . The success of automatic nu m b e rp l ate recognition tech n o l o g y, combined with well-designed systems and high quality training, also confi rmed the cost effe c t i veness of using CCTV. S everal of t he pre s e n t ations stresse d th e importance of eva l u ation an d i n fo rm ation sharing to update the use of new systems as they are developed. The national eva l u at i o n , which will be carried out by the University of Leicester for the Home Offi c e, will re p o rt on l essons learn t from the i mplem entation of 16 sch e m e s nationally. This research describes the importance of clarity on what a scheme is expected to a ch i eve, the need for a mu l t i - d i s c i p l i n a ry team and fi rm project manag e m e n t , the value of genuine consultation with stakeholders and rapid technological advances. A fo l l ow-up confe rence is planned for the summer of 2003 when it is expected that there will be more lessons emerging from the national evaluation.

January 2003

Bisiness Crime/CCTV

13

Design for Community Safety Supplementary Planning Guidance
Dudley Metropolitan Borough Council and West Midlands Police

Joann e To l l e y an Urban Designer at D u d l ey Metropolitan Borough Council has been presented with a Quality Achieve r Aw a rd by West Midlands Police for her work on a publ i c ation aimed at pro m o t i n g good design practice in reducing crime and disorder. Work on the guidance began in October 2000 and invo l ved re s e a r c h and consultation with various different agencies and members of the publ i c. It will be used to help assess an d deter mine planning ap p l i c ati ons and is intended to assist a r ch i t e c t s , d eve l o p e r s , l a n d s c ape arch i t e c t s and urban designers in both the public and p ri vate sectors in ac h i eving best design practice.

The guidance explains the cur re n t thinking on good design and how it can help to reduce the fear of crime and antisocial disorder. It promotes a practical and c o - o r d i n ated ap p ro a ch to the pro blems of s a fety and secu rity for people and p ro p e rt i e s. The guide raises awa reness of design and the layout of the physical env i ro n m e n t to ensure that all aspects of the urban environment are more pleasant in which to live, work and play.

14

Designing Out Crime

January 2003

Domestic Abuse FreeFone Support (Daffs) Initiative
Avon and Somerset Constabulary

The Daffs initiat i ve has been se t up as a result of a partnership between Avon and Som erset Constabu l a ry and the Bri s t o l Domestic Abuse Fo ru m . Both org a n i s ations had been i n d e p e n d e n t ly planning bus adve rt i s i n g campaigns to prom ote awa reness of the issues of domestic abu s e. By uniting their e f fo rt s , t h ey have been able to pool their resources to enable them to develop a larger, more effective campaign. The adve rtising campaign will operat e for a total of 13 months, with the fi r s t month advertising the posters externally on 50 buses in the Br istol area and va ri o u s i m ages showing i nside 100 bu s e s. T h e i n t e rnal posters will continue to be show n for the following 12 months. A freephone helpline number has also been set up, s u p p o rted by Te l ewe s t bu s i n e s s , w h i ch operates as an automat e d s e rvice where callers are able to ch o o s e f rom va rious options by pressing the key s on their telephone keypad. The number has bee n adve rtised through pro m o t i o n a l m at e ri a l , p e n s , cards and posters and has also been shown at the end of each half

hour programme on domestic abu s e broadcast via the local television station. Up to June last ye a r, the helpline received in excess of 500 calls, averaging at approx i m at e ly 60 calls per week with some weeks recording as many as 90 - 95 calls. Detailed statistical analysis is ava i l able as to the times, durations and destinations of the c a l l s , w h i ch will provide the basis for any future funding needs. The partnership aim s to expand the i n i t i at i ve to have a single fre e p h o n e number ava i l able for anyone experi e n c i n g or concerned with domestic abuse issues, similar to the nation-wide Cri m e s t o p p e r s number. A ny area will be able to operate under the Daffs helpline number and Avon and Som erset Police have negotiated pre fe rential rates for any police force wishing to join the Freephone number.

Domestic Violence Protocol
Wycombe District Council

The Community Safety Team at Wy c o m b e District Council has introduced a corp o r at e Domest ic Violence Protocol aimed at victims of domestic abuse. The protocol brings toget her t he C o u n c i l ’s Community Safety and Housing Needs Te a m s , together with personnel and frontline staff and of fers a safe an d c o n fidential env i ronment where victims of abuse can obtain info rm ati on and p ro fessional advice. O f fi cers invo l ved in del ive r in g the protocol receive domestic violence training and info rm ation is included in staff induction courses. The Council has signed

up to the Inter-Agency Code of Practice for Domestic Violence in Buckinghamshire and the new protocol is part of the substantial mu l t i - agency work on domestic violence, providing training across the community.

January 2003

Domestic Violence

15

The road to ruin? Sequences of initiation into drug use and offending by young people in Britain
Home Office Research Study 253
This study examines you ng people’s first use of va r ious types of illicit drugs and their experience of first-time offending, including truancy. It aims to investigate the gateway e f fect - the hypothesis that the use of soft drugs leads to a higher, f u t u re risk of hard dru g use and crime. The study uses info rm ation from the 1998/99 Youth Lifestyles Survey (YLS), w h i ch contains info rm ation taken from over 3,900 interv i ews with young people on their ow n experiences of drug use and offending. On the surface the YLS data appears largely consistent with some variants of the gateway theory, in that the age for use of soft drugs is less than the age of onset for most hard drugs.* The report finds: • No significant impact of soft drug use on the risk of later involvement with crack and heroin. • Very little impact of soft drug use on the risk of later involvement in crime. • A significant but small gateway effect probably exists linking soft drug use to the social drugs ecstasy and cocaine. However, after correcting for the likely effect of underlying unobservable factors, the predicted long-run consequence of even a complete removal of soft drugs from the scene would only be a one-third cut in the prevalence of ecstasy and cocaine.
Copies of this report, published in December 2002, are available free from the Information and Publications Group, Research, Development and Statistics Directorate, Communications Development Unit, Room 275, 50 Queen Anne’s Gate, London SW1H 9AT Tel: 020 7273 2084 E-mail: publications.rds@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk and can also be viewed and downloaded from the Home Office Website at:

* Analysis of data suggests that gateway effects are probably too small to be a major factor in the design of effective anti-drugs policy. Other approaches are more likely to be effective than a general campaign against soft drugs

http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/pdfs2/hors253.pdf

The economic and social costs of Class A drug use in England and Wales, 2000
Home Office Research Study 249
This research study provides estimates of the economic and social costs of Class A drug use in England and Wales for the year 2000. The info rm ation provided in this re p o rt re p resents the first real attempt at assigning m o n e t a ry values to a difficult pro blem for society. E s t i m ates are based on the most re l i abl e d ata ava i l able and an innovat i ve model that examines major cost consequences according to the tre atment status of pro blem drug users. The design of the costing model will also allow for future updates on economic and social costs, together with future simu l ations of the relationship between streams of government proactive and reactive expenditure. A number of assumptions and limitations will need to be considered when interp re t i n g the results from this re s e a r ch . These will need to be updated as and when new data becomes ava i l abl e. Sensitivity analyses of key assumptions suggests that the range of estimat e s provided for the economic and social costs of Class A drug misuse are fairly realistic.
Copies of this report, published in November 2002, are available free from the Information and Publications Group, Research, Development and Statistics Directorate, Communications Development Unit, Room 275, 50 Queen Anne’s Gate, London SW1H 9AT Tel: 020 7273 2084 E-mail: publications.rds@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk and can also be viewed and downloaded from the Home Office Website at: http://www.homeoffice.gov. u k / rd s / p d f s 2 / h o r s 2 4 9 . p d f

16

Drugs and Alcohol

January 2003

Updated Drug Strategy 2002
Home Office

The Home Office has published an updated d r ug strat e g y, w h i ch focuses on delive ry and evidence of what works on the ground. The new strategy updates the 1998 strategy and has been published alongside re s e a r ch about levels and costs of drug use. Key elements of the strategy include e d u c ating young people about the dangers of dr u g s , p reventing dr ug misuse, c o m b ating dealers and tre ating addicts. S t a rting from 2003 the Gove rnment will roll out a compre h e n s i ve ap p ro a ch in the highest crime areas with the worst dru g p ro bl e m s. This will ensure that eve ry dru g addicted offender is identified thro u g h d r ug testing at the poi nt of arrest and ch a rge and given the choice at their bail h e a ring of entering tre atment rather than e n t e ring custody. All this will be backed up by extra resources for arrest re fe rr a l , d ru g t re atment and testing orders, t re atment in p rison and youth offender institutions and for post-release tre atment and support fo r those leaving custody. The updated strategy is based on what works best to deal with drug pro blems and includes: • A tougher focus on Class A drugs. • New cross-regional Police ‘hit squads’ to break-up middle drug markets, the link in the chain between traffickers and local dealers. • A stronger focus on the 250,000 Class A drug users with the most severe p ro blems who account for 99% of the costs of drug abuse. • Better targeting, focussing on the communities with the greatest need. • Expansion of treatment services tailored to individual need, including residential treatment where ap p ro p ri ate and reduced waiting times. • New improved treatment for crack and cocaine users, heroin prescribing for all those who would benefit from it and more harm minimisation - with improved access to GP medical services.

Funding for treatment services, including prisons, will increase by £45 million in the next financial year, £54 million for the year starting from April 2004 and £115 million from April 2005. This will be boosted by treatment funding associated with Drug Treatment and Testing Orders of nearly £10 million in the next financial year, £12 million in the year starting from April 2004 and £16 million from April 2005. An innovative advertising campaign, to be launched in the spring, to educate the young about the dangers of drugs and prevent them from falling into drug misuse. More support for parents, carers and families so they can easily access a dv i c e, help, counselling and mutual support and expanded outreach and community treatment for vulnerable young people. Improved services in those communities affected by crack, fast track crack treatment programmes in the worst affected areas and new police i n i t i at i ves to close crack markets. New aftercare and through-care services to improve community access to treatment and ensure that people leaving prison and treatment avoid falling back into addiction and offending.

The Home Office will be working with the Strategy Unit to rev i ew the impact of e n forcement work on the dr ug supply c hain from intern ational production t o d i s t ri bution in the UK, so that work can be focused where it will do the most damag e to drug dealers.

Copies of the Updated Drug Strategy 2002 can be obtained from Prolog UK Tel: 0870 241 4680 Fax: 0870 241 4786 E-mail: homeoffice@prolog.uk.com It can also be viewed and downloaded at:

http://www.drugs.gov.uk/ReportsandPublications/NationalStrategy/ 1038840683/Updated_Drug_Strategy_2002.pdf

January 2003

Drugs and Alcohol

17

The Glasgow Drug Court in Action: The First Six Months
Scottish Executive

Copies of this report, published in October 2002 and priced £5.00 are available from The Stationery Office Bookshop, 71, Lothian Road, Edinburgh EH3 9AZ Tel: 0870 606 5566 Fax: 0870 606 5588. Copies can also be viewed and downloaded via the Scottish Executive Website at:

http://www.scotland. gov.uk/ library5/social/gdca.pdf

D rug Courts aim to reduce drug misuse and associated offending by offe ring tre atment based options. They have been established in a number of jurisdictions with different populations of offenders. In October 2001, Scotland’s first drug court was established in Glasgow Sheriff Court .T h e introduction of the new Drug Court followed the report of a “Working Group for Piloting a Drug Court in Glasgow”, which concluded that the establishment and operation of a Drug Court in Glasgow was feasible within the current legislation. The objectives of the new Drug Court are to: • reduce the level of drug-related offending behaviour • reduce or eliminate offender’s dependence on drugs • examine the viability and usefulness of a Drug Court in Scotland using existing legislation and to demonstrate where legislative and practical improvements might be important. The proposed target group for the Drug Court is offenders aged 21 years and older where there is a pattern of drug abuse and offending and whose drug misuse is receptive to treatment. Offenders referred to the Drug Court must otherwise have been facing prosecution in the Sheriff Summary Court. This report presents the findings from a formative and process evaluation of the Drug Court’s operation in the first six months. The aim was to document the operation of the Drug Court during this period with a view to identifying any changes that may be required to enhance its effectiveness. The second phase of the research will take the form of an outcome evaluation, which will continue to assess the operational effectiveness of the court over the period of the pilot. A variety of research methods aimed at the collection of both quantitative and qualitative data were used,which involved interviews with professionals associated with the Drug Court,interviews with Drug Court clients and the collection of information from Drug Court records. The research concludes that the formative and process evaluation of the first six months of the pilot Drug Court has largely been a success. Certain issues were identified which will need particular attention in the next phase of the pilot. Overall, however, the Glasgow Drug Court was perceived to be effective in providing a resource for drug-using offenders and the dedicated team and resources were viewed as a positive contribution to the reduction of drug-related offences in Glasgow.

Nominations for the Home Office Drugs Disruption Supply Awards 2003
Home Office

The Home Office is holding a confe rence on 18-19 March 2003, at the Chateau Impney in Droitwich,to showcase best practice in tackling drugs markets. There will be high profile speakers and the Home Office will introduce new guidance on best practice in dealing with crack cocaine, in line with the Home Office’s national crack plan and ACPO’s forthcoming crack strategy. The Conference will also launch the 1st annual Home Office awards for tackling drugs supply. The Home Office Pa r l i a m e n t a ry Under Secre t a ry of State re s p o n s i ble for anti-drugs coordination and organised crime, Bob Ainsworth MP, wrote to all Chief Constables/Commissioners in England and Wales in November 2002, asking that they nominate projects/operations for the awards. Categories will cover best practice against street level dealing, the middle market and asset recovery. The awa r d s , w h i ch have been developed in consultation with AC P O, will be presented at the conference on 18th March 2003. Nominations are limited to 5 per police force for each award category and should be supported by an Assistant Chief Constable or above and returned to the Home Office by Friday 31st January 2003.

18

Drugs and Alcohol

January 2003

Crime (International Co-operation) Bill
Home Office

Measures to speed up the process of tackling i n t e rn ational organised crime including m o n ey - l a u n d e ri n g, p e o p l e - t r a f fi cking and financial crime have been published by the Home Office. The Crime (International Co-operation) Bill would enable faster and more effe c t i ve c o - o p e r ation with EU countries and other i n t e rn ational partners against terrorism and other serious crime through: • ensuring the UK’s ability to use the law enforcement co-operation arrangements of EU (Schengen). This will give the UK access to the Schengen Info rm ation System (SIS) - a database of missing and wanted persons and items covering the whole of Europe. The Information Commissioner will have unprecedented powers to monitor and challenge data held on the system, reporting directly to the UK Parliament, to ensure the rights of an individual are properly protected; • providing more streamlined and efficient arrangements for mutual legal assistance. For example it will be possible to send and receive evidence by TV link in a much wider range of circumstances than at present; • enabling fast and efficient arrangements for surveillance co-operation between EU countries, minimising the risk of losing suspects in emergency situations where no previous notice can be given;

mutual recognition between EU countries of orders to freeze evidence, so courts can take swift action to ensure that vital evidence is not lost. For example, a UK police team investigating a UK-based armed robbery might obtain intelligence that the weapons used in the robbery are located in the Netherlands.The UK police would get a court order to search for the weapons at a specified location. The Dutch authorities would be required to act on this order within 24 hours. Currently any request to freeze evidence in another EU country has to be processed through the courts in the foreign country which can cause delay; modernising our counterfeiting laws to cover payment methods such as debit cards.The Bill would introduce reciprocal obligations between EU countries to supply information about banking transactions for investigating the financial activity of criminals; and making terrorist offences committed outside the UK by UK citizens offences under UK law.This is part of the EU’s Framework Decision on combating terrorism, which will bring the anti-terrorism legislation of all EU countries up to the standards of the UK.

The Bill also includes measures to mutually recognise driving disqualifications by EU member states.
Copies of the Crime (International Co-operation) Bill can be be viewed and downloaded via:

...faster and more effective co-operation with EU countries and other international partners against terrorism and other serious crime...
January 2003

http://www.publications.parliament.uk/ pa/ldbills/005/2003005.htm

Fraud

19

Access all areas: A guide for community safety partnerships on working more effectively with disabled people
NACRO

For a copy of this briefing note published in September 2002 and priced £5.00 contact NACRO, Crime and Social Policy Section, 237 Queenstown Road, London SW8 3NP Tel: 020 7501 0555 Fax: 020 7501 0556. Copies can also be viewed and downloaded via their website at:

http://www.nacro. o rg . u k /templates/ publications/ briefingItem.cfm/ 2002101502-csps.htm

R e s e a r ch has shown that disabled people are more likely to become victims of crime and anti-social behaviour than nondisabled people. This briefing paper aims to i n fo rm Crime and Disorder Reduction Pa r tnerships (CDRPs) about disabl e d p e o p l e ’s experiences of crime and fear of c ri m e. It covers people with physical and s e n s o ry impairm e n t s , people with learn i n g d i f ficulties and those with mental health issues. CDRPs have a stat u t o ry duty to consult with disabled people in the development of c rime reduction strategies and to prov i d e i n fo rm ation to enable them to consult and work more effe c t i ve ly with this section of the community. The research conducted for this b ri e fing paper consisted of: • Literature search of the UK and i n t e rn ational research into disabled people and community safety. • Internet search of examples of best practice in relation to disabled people and community safety.

I n t e rv i ews with policy staff in key agencies of and for disabled people, who had particular interest and knowledge of community safety issues.

CDRPs can improve the way they wo r k with the disabled by establishing a common policy on crime against disabl e d people so t hat all agencies have a clear understanding of their roles and are working to th e sam e goals. T h e d evelopment of such a policy also show s the disabled commu n i t y, t h at CDRPs are serious about responding to their needs. This br i e fing also includes details of h ow CDRPs can improve on re p o rting and recording crimes against disabled people, together with conducting effe c t i ve audits and developing con sultat i o n . It give s examples of best practice in each of these a re a s , as well as providing info rm ation on re l evant policy and legislation and details of useful organisations.

Home Safety Advice Shop
Police Service of Northern Ireland

This initiative was set up with the aim of providing info rm ation on all aspects of home safety and security to the public. C rime Prevention Officers from Craigavon police station attended the eve n t , w h i ch wa s held within a local shopping centre over two full days. They were on hand to offer advice and p rovide useful info rm ation on fi re safe t y, accident prevention and home securi t y. The local Community Health and Social Services Trust provided a display stand and were also in attendance each day. Fo l l owing the eve n t , an analysis of the numbers of visitors to the stand wa s carried out. This identified that many more people visited the stand on the Thursday than the Fri d ay, although the shopping centre itself ap p e a red mu ch busier on that day. As a result, it was decided that if the event was organised in the future, it would be more advantageous to hold it mid-week rather than at the end of the week when people do not seem to have as much time to spare.

20

General

January 2003

Community Safety Reassurance Scheme
South Wales Police

South Wales Police and Neath Po rt Talbot County Borough Council have fo rmed a p a rt n e r s h i p, together with health pro fessionals and vo l u n t a ry org a n i s at i o n s , to promote a holistic approach to community safety amongst the older residents of Neath Port Talbot. Ve ry often, p ro fessionals carrying out “home visits” to older residents tend to look at their own area of expertise and not the wider needs of the individual. The Community Safety Reassurance Scheme aims to raise awareness with each organisation making re fe rrals using a simple re p o rting process to the other part n e r s. C o m munity Safety Officer PC Chris T h o m a s and Sian Morris from the County Borough Council have given a series of talks to va ri o u s p ro fessionals involved in visiting older vulnerable residents, to help identify and target their needs. Since the start of the scheme in April 2002, more than 30 groups have been addressed on the range of services available to local residents. These include: • Crime Prevention Surveys The Crime & Disorder Team carry out surveys to determine what security measures or repairs are needed to improve the premises to an agreed level. • Household Care & Repair The scheme carries out small household repairs and security work as recommended by the Crime & Disorder Team. • Fire Safety Initiative A partnership between the Fire Service and Age Concern, which has funding to replace high-risk household items to reduce the risk of fire. • Community Safety Issues A partnership with the National Probation Service to cut down overgrown trees and bushes, clear rubbish and remove graffiti. The initial fe e d b a ck from the scheme has been extre m e ly positive and during the fi r s t month of operation, 48 re fe rral forms had been received with many requiring more than one s e rv i c e.

National Policing Plan 2003 - 2006
Home Office

The first National Policing Plan has been p u blished by the Home Secre t a ry. Key p ri o rities set out in the plan include fighting ser ious crime and ant i-social b e h aviour to dri ve up detection rates and tackle the fear of crime. The plan, i n t roduced as part of the Police Refo rm A c t , highlights anti-social behaviour, street crime, d ru g - re l ated crime, bu rg l a ry and car cr ime as key areas fo r police forces to tackle locally, to improve p u blic reassurance and engage all sections of the community in the fight ag a i n s t c ri m e. It also re a f fi rms the key role t he police play in encouraging vigilance ab o u t terrorist at t a ck . The plan is a cen tral plank of police re fo rm , pulling together national policing p ri o rities in one place for the first time and setting national objectives to measure how

police forces are perfo rm i n g. A key part of the plan will be to develop specialist e x p e rtise to inve s t i g ate complex cri m e s , build local partnerships and implement the N ational Intelligence M odel across all forces to give police the tools they need to reduce crime and nuisance behaviour. The Home Secre t a ry has also announced that strategic thre e - year fo r c e p l a n s , i n t roduced as part of the Po l i c e R e fo rm A c t , would be supported by ab ove inflation increases in funding. There will be a 5.4 per cent increase in funding in 2003 and at least a 4 per cent increase in 2004 and 2005 to help implement police re fo rm . This will complement the high police numbers delive red by Gove r nment 129,600 in March 2002.

Copies of the National Policing Plan, published in November 2002 are available free from the Home Office Communications Directorate, 50 Queen Anne’s Gate, London SW1H 9AT Tel: 020 7273 4145/2193 or via E-mail at: vincent.nelson@homeoffice. gsi.gov.uk or: laurie.beresford@homeoffice. gsi.gov.uk.

January 2003

General

21

Marks & Spencer British Community Safety Awards 2002
Crime Concern and Marks & Spencer

The British Community Safety Awards are designed to highlight innovation and best practice in the field of crime re d u c t i o n . N ow in their sixth ye a r, the awards have become part of the crime reduction calendar. They are organised by Crime Concern and last year, were sponsored by Marks & Spencer. The awards are open to projects in the community safety field. Five winning projects are chosen and winners each receive a trophy, 3 days of community safety training and two free places at all Crime Concern’s conferences and events for the following year. Details of the five winning projects in the 2002 awards include: • Not another drop - Metropolitan Police and Brent Council A community based initiative aimed at tackling gun crime in the London Borough of Brent. Poulton Industrial Estate - Lancashire Police This project was aimed at reducing vehicle crime on the Poulton Industrial Estate in Lancashire. Stonebridge Housing Action Trust (HAT) The Housing Action Trust undertook a four-pronged approach to improving community safety on the Stonebridge housing estate, which included consulting residents to design a better layout for the estate, setting up a community safety group, targeting drug dealing and improving street lighting. Stansfield Youth Inclusion Programme - Crime Concern This project works with the local community and local agencies in Stoke-on-Trent providing support for disadvantaged young people. Pupils understanding problems in their locality Cyon Valley Crime Prevention Panel This project was set up to promote crime prevention and personal safety issues for young people and reduce crime levels within local schools and the surrounding communities.

F rom the fi ve winners, one overall winner will be selected to compete in the Euro p e a n Crime Prevention Awards (ECPA).
Full details of the awards are available from Crime Concern, Beaver House, 147 -150 Victoria Road, Swindon SN1 3UY Tel: 01793 863500 Fax: 01793 863555 or via their website at:

www.crimeconcern.org.uk/awards

... designed to highlight innovation and best practice in the field of crime reduction.

22

General

January 2003

Data-Link
Devon and Cornwall Constabulary

Data-Link is a voluntary scheme for anyone who might be re a s s u red to know that essential info rm ation is re a d i ly ava i l able to the Emergency Services should they suffe r an accident, sudden illness or fi re. T h e scheme ensures that vital info rm ation is on hand to identif y a person as wel l as a dvising of re l evant illnesses, a l l e rgies and medication together with contact details of family members or carers. Personal details are stored in a clearly l ab e l l e d , s e a l able wallet or bottle, w h i ch is kept in the re f ri g e r at o r, g l ove box of a vehicle or carr ied by the person. Two m at ching labels known to the emerg e n c y s e rv ices and other care agencies are d i s p l ayed in the home, one on the outside of the fridge and the other on the inside of the front door. If placed in a ve h i c l e, t h e labels are displayed on the inside of the sun

visor so that they are not visible from the outside. Pa ck s , containing the bottle or wa l l e t , details about the sc h e m e, l abels and an e nve l o p e, a re delive red via the Neighbourhood Wat ch Network who are often best placed to recognise vulnerabl e people within the commu n i t y. In addition, Neighbourhood Wat ch Co-ordinators can be used to identify potential vict ims of c r ime and engage the com munity in p reve n t i ve measures that can dramat i c a l ly reduce their fear of crime.

New Street Crime Wardens Initiative
Home Office/Office of the Deputy Prime Minister (ODPM)

This is a £22.5 million programme announced in June 2002.The programme funds 38 s chemes with 368 wa r d e n s. This new initiat i ve increases the number of wardens in are a s w h e re there is a high level of street crime and expands the existing Neighbourhood and Street Wardens schemes where ap p ro p ri at e. It focuses on ‘hot spot’ areas identified by Home Office crime figures in 10 police service areas in England. Neighbourhood Wa rd e n s Neighbourhood Wardens have a number of diffe rent ro l e s , depending on the needs of the commu n i t y. The ODPM and the Home Office have jointly allocated £18.5 million until 2003/04 to fund the development of new and existing Neighbourhood Warden schemes. 84 schemes are being funded across England and Wales employing about 450 wa r d e n s and are match funded. Their functions include pat ro l l i n g, re p o r ting suspicious behaviour to the police, re p o rting env i ronmental or maintenance pro blems to re l evant authori t i e s , responding to minor incidents of anti-social behaviour and low level neighbourhood disputes, ch e ck i n g empty pro p e rt i e s , visiting vulnerable tenants and acting as a source of commu n i c at i o n between local communities and the police. Street Wardens The Street Wardens Programme builds upon the Neighbourhood Wardens Pro g r a m m e and curre n t ly funds 123 schemes with around 700 wardens in England. The pri m a ry aim of the programme is to improve the local environment, p a rt i c u l a r ly in relation to litter, graffiti and anti-social behaviour as well as promoting community safety. S t reet Wardens differ from Neighbourhood Wardens as they have a more env i ro n m e n t a l fo c u s , e n s u ring streets are cleaner, s a fer and more at t r a c t i ve for the commu n i t y. In local a u t h o rity run sch e m e s , S t reet Wardens may be invo l ved in enforcement action to re d u c e incidents of littering and dog fo u l i n g, u n l i ke Neighbourhood Wa r d e n s. These schemes also require the support of the police.

January 2003

Neighbourhood Wardens and Neighbourhood Watch

23

Lost Property Day
Avon and Somerset Constabulary

E ve ry year police seize huge quantities of stolen goods and it is often impossible to re u n i t e these items with their rightful ow n e r s. As a re s u l t , Avon and Somerset Po l i c e, in part n e r s h i p with local businesses, organised a lost property day in a local shopping centre, with the aim of returning belongings such as jewellery and antiques to their rightful owners. The day was used for ‘viewing only’ of property detained by the police. People enquiring about any item had to complete a property identification re p o rt , which was followed up later by police personnel to ensure the validity of the enquiry. The event was used to illustrate how people can avoid becoming victims of crime by p rotecting their pro p e rty and also highlighted how they can ensure a better chance of their property being returned in the unfo rt u n ate event that they are a victim of crime. Visitors were able to take advantage of special offers on property marking and engraving with over 60 items, including mobile phones marked on the day. Ultra-violet marker pens were distributed courtesy of Neighbourhood Wat ch , which also prompted a number of new e n q u i ries regarding setting up a wat ch sch e m e. C rime prevention literat u re was fre e ly available together with the opportunity to purchase various crime prevention products. The event was widely adve rtised via the Neighbourhood Wat ch messaging system, Avo n and Somerset Force Website and the local radio station, which resulted in visitors from right a c ross the re g i o n . Adjoining stores displayed posters and tannoy messages we re played to shoppers in the nearby supermarket. Fo l l owing the eve n t , a brief eva l u ation was carried out, w h i ch determined that it had been successful in terms of promoting the message of property marking and making people aware of the measures they can take to avoid becoming a victim of crime. However, although t h e re we re nu m e rous enquiries regarding pro p e rty on display, none of the items we re returned to their rightful owners.

Editors Note: Property marking schemes should adhere to the Association of Chief Police Officer (ACPO)/Home Office principles of property marking. Details of these are published on the Crime Reduction website: www.crimereduction.gov.uk/property01.htm

24

Property Crime

January 2003

Mobile Phone Barring Database Launched
Home Office

A new mobile phone dat abase has been l a u n ch e d , which will prevent stolen mobile phones from being used on any UK mobile network helping to make them worthless to thieves. R e p o rting the number of a stolen phone to the ap p ro p ri ate network operat o r will now enable it to be cancelled, mu ch the same as a stolen credit card. This applies to both pre pay and contract phones. The Mobile Tel ephones (Re p rogramming) Act 2002 came into fo r c e on 4th October las t ye a r, and make s offences of: • Changing the unique identifying characteristic (IMEI number) of a mobile phone without the a u t h o ri s ation of the manufacturer. • Possessing, supplying or offering to supply the necessary equipment with the intent to use it for re-programming mobile phones. O f fences carry maximum penalties of fi ve ye a r s ’ i m p risonm ent or unlimited fines, or both. The new shared dat ab a s e, set up by all UK mobile phone operators and the Global System for M obiles A s s o c i at i o n , m e a n s stolen phones can now be bar red on all n e t wo r k s , by re fe rence to the phone’s unique identifying code (IMEI number). To re p o rt a phone stolen and have it barre d customers should call their own netwo r k operator. The Industry’s shared database (Central Equipment Identity Register) will make it p o s s i ble to bar m obile phone handsets a c ross all networks once a phone has been re p o rted stolen or lost to the individual’s mobile phone net work operat o r. T h i s register is a dat abase of bl a ck l i s t e d I n t e rn ational Mobile Equipment Identity (IMEI) handset nu m b e r s. All mobile phone n e t work operators in the UK will disabl e the phone by re fe rence to the unique IMEI number for the handset, w h i ch means the handset itself (not just the SIM card, which can easily be swapped) will be barred and unusable on any network, even if a new SIM card is inserted.

Additional advice from the Home Office includes: • Register your phone with your network operator, which will make barring easier. • Record your IMEI number and your phone number and keep them in a safe place separate from your phone. The IMEI number can be accessed by keying *#06# into most phones or by looking behind the battery of the phone. • Report the number of your stolen phone to your network operator as q u i ck ly as possible so that it can be disabled. • Remain alert. Your phone is a valuable item, so be aware of your surroundings when out and about and don’t use your phone in crowded areas or where you might feel unsafe. In addition, the Gove r nment is e n c o u r aging manu fa c t u rers to enhance the s e c u rity of 3G devices by considering and eva l u ating new secur ity opt ions. T h e d e s i red end result is the development of a l o n g - t e rm 3G strategy for improving the security of mobile phone handsets. The Home Office is also working with the police and industry to raise awa re n e s s of the new measures and encourage people to re p o rt their phone stolen. A mobile poster van is touring ro bb e ry hotspots to a l e rt potential victims and thieves and fi ve million crime prevention leaflets will be d i s t ri bu t e d .
For more information on protecting your mobile phone visit the Crime Reduction Website at:

http://www.crimereduction.gov.uk/ stolengoods2.htm

January 2003

Property Crime

25

Operation Garden Guard
Leicestershire Constabulary

O p e ration Ga rden Guard was set up by L e i c e s t e r s h i re Constabu l a ry in a bid to reduce the opport unity for thefts fro m sheds and outbuildings. The initiat i ve ran from A p ril to September 2002 and proved to be a gre at s u c c e s s , resulting in an 88% reduction in thefts of this type in the are a . D u ring the i n i t i at i ve, d i s t i n c t i ve posters and leaflets were distributed containing advice on: • Ensuring garden gates have a lock and that fencing is maintained to prevent access. • Fitting good quality locks to sheds and outbuildings. • Reinforcing doors and frames with metal plates and fitting bars and grilles to windows. • Securing individual items with their own chain and lock. • Postcoding pro p e rt y. • Fitting a shed alarm.

Golf and fishing outlets we re targ e t e d with specific li terat u re as this type of p ro p e rty was identified as being re g u l a r ly stolen from sheds and outbuildings. ‘Vi c t o r’ the are a ’s cr ime preve n t i o n vehicle toured crime hotspots, g a r d e n c e n t res and fêtes and of ficers at t e n d e d c o m munity events with a specially designed shed display. T h ey offe red cri m e p revention adv i c e, p ro p e rty m arking facilities and supplied shed alarm s , as we l l as other crime reduction hardwa re. O ve r 350 free alarms were provided to victims of garden cri m e, wit h additional alar m s ava i l able at a reduced cost to their neighbours. An eva l u ation of the campaign showe d t h at outbuilding and garden thefts acro s s the whole Western area were down by 25% c o m p a red to the previous ye a r, w h i ch i n d i c ates that there we re 128 fewer bre a k ins to this type of pro p e rty dur ing the initiative.

Padlock Testing and Certification
Sold Secure

The new European Standard for Pa d l o cks was published last year as BS EN 12320 ‘ B u i l d i n g Hardware - Padlocks and Padlock Fittings - Requirements and Test Methods’. The standard has 6 grades for padlocks with a Grade 1 padlock being the lowest grade and a Grade 6 the highest. Grades 1 and 2 offer only limited security whilst Grade 6 is only l i ke ly to be met by the most ro bust of padlock s. Sold Secure uses Grade 3 to 5 as a basis fo r the normal Bronze, Silver and Gold ratings. Typical uses for the various grades are shown in the table. This table is only a guide. The user should choose the grade of padlock to be used after eva l u ating the risk of theft for the particular installation. CEN 1 2 3 4 5 6
For more information on the Sold Secure Approved Products List visit their website at:

Sold Secure

B ro n ze Silver Gold

Typical Uses Clothing/School lockers Meter boxes. Isolation locks Basic bicycles, Typical garden sheds Motorcycles, High value bicycles, Ga ra g e s Commercial buildings, Plant equipment, Containers Bonded warehouses

http://www.soldsecure.com
or E-mail: admin@soldsecure.com

To pass the European Standard a padlock must withstand a series of 12 tests. As the grades get higher the tests get tougher and the padlock has to pass every test for that grade. To attain Sold Secure approval, there is an additional three more tests. The way to determine whether a padlock complies with a new standard is to look for the ‘Sold Secure Logo’ with the words ‘Security Padlocks’ and the grade underneath. This means that the padlock has been through the Sold Secure laboratories and has passed all the relevant tests.

26

Property Crime

January 2003

Property Marking Scheme
West Yorkshire Police

In response to nu m e rous street ro bb e ries involving mobile phones, West Yo r k s h i re Po l i c e have carried out research in to property marking products for marking mobile telephones. The force began by using UV pens, which is a covert type of property marking and must be supported by visible marks to provide the police or other agency sufficient info rm ation to enable them to carry out a further inspection for the particular covert mark. This is explained in the ACPO and Home Office principles of pro p e rty marking, w h i ch can be found via the Crime Reduction Website at: http://www.crimereduction.gov.uk/property01.htm. O ve rt marking methods we re also re s e a r c hed and one product was tested using postcodes by overt engraving. The scheme had to show that there was no effect on a person’s wa rranty and there fo re the police, in partnership with Link Te l e c o m , who provided new mobile telephones to be tested, used the engraver to confi rm that the method being used caused no damage to the phone. West Yo r k s h i re Police purchased an engraver and prov i d e d training for Crime Prevention Officers who attended a launch at Leeds University, when over 100 phones were engraved. The marking scheme also includes a dat abase to record the ow n e r ’s details. The benefi t s of the scheme are that it will give authorised police personnel the opportunity to interrogate the dat abase and ve rify the ow n e r ’s details. This fo rms part of a wider scheme entitled ‘Mobile Phone Wat ch ’ , w h i ch is being developed and will be launched by West Midlands Police in the future.

Phone Box Guardian Scheme
Dumfries and Galloway Constabulary

D u m f ries and Galloway is a pre d o m i n a n t ly rural area with a fa i r ly low crime rat e. Unfortunately the large area makes the region m o re vulnerable to certain types of cri m e, particularly from travelling criminals. Rural phone boxes we re highlighted as being a specific target for crime and as a result, D u m f ries and Galloway Constabu l a ry, i n a s s o c i ation with BT’s Pay Phone Unit introduced the Phone Box Guardian Scheme. The core concept of the scheme is ve ry simple. Members of the public who live near to phone boxes are re c ruited as ‘ g u a r d i a n s ’ fo r their particular phone box, which also aims to improve community involvement. The vast majority of phone boxes are equipped with cash compartment alarm s , making it possible to track gangs of criminals as they operate throughout the country.T h i s ‘real-time’information is used by the police to ask guardians to increase their level of vigilance for short periods of time. If sufficient watch is kept on high-risk boxes, it should be possible to detect those responsible for the thefts. Guardians are contacted by the police on the basis of the following criteria:

Green Status - notification and awareness from the BT Crime Unit that there has been a general increase in phone box crime in the area. • Amber Status - notification from the Police Headquarters that phone boxes are being attacked in neighbouring force areas. Guardians are asked to raise their level of vigilance. • Red Status - guardians are only given a red call when phone boxes in their immediate vicinity are being targeted. In these circumstances, they are asked to maintain observations for a specified p e ri o d , during which, they are requested to notify the police of any suspicious activity and take any details, which may prove helpful to the police in locating these criminals. During a six-month pilot of the scheme, w h i ch commenced in Feb ru a ry 2002, B T analysed the numbers of crimes against phone boxes and compared it with the corresponding period for the previous year. They concluded t h at thefts we re down from 75 to 11, re p resenting an 84% reduction during the initiative. In addition, vandalism to phone boxes wa s down by 47%,from 505 instances to just 264.

January 2003

Property Crime/Rural Crime

27

Protecting the Public
Home Office

The “Protecting the Public” p aper sets out the Gove rn m e n t ’s proposals to modern i s e c u rrent laws on sex offences to provide a clear and effe c t i ve set of laws that incre a s e p ro t e c t i o n , enable the ap p ro p ri ate punishment of abusers and ensure that the law is fair and non-discriminatory. This paper highlights measures to tighten the requirements of the sex offenders’ register together with improving the monitoring of offenders and building in new safeguards against evasion. Some of the proposals published include: Stronger protection for children • Children under 13 will not be capable in law of giving consent to any form of sexual activity. Any sexual intercourse with a child under 13 will be charged as rape. • A new offence of adult sexual activity with a child, which will capture behaviour such as i n ap p ro p ri at e ly persuading children to undress. Stronger offences for sexual violence • Clarifying the law on consent with regard to rape. • A new offence of sexual assault by penetration. • Strengthening drug rape offences. Stronger protection for vulnerable people • Three new offences to give extra protection to those with a learning disability or mental disorder from sexual abuse. Stronger offences to deal with sexual exploitation • In addition to the new offence of commercial sexual exploitation of a child, there will be a new offence of commercial sexual exploitation of adults. • A new offence of trafficking people for commercial sexual exploitation. Stronger protection for the public • A new order to make those known to have been convicted of sex offences overseas register as sex offenders when they come to the UK, whether or not they have committed a crime here. • All those on the sex offenders’ register to confirm their details in person annually. Greater fairness and clarity • Aim of the proposals is that offences should be gender-neutral and non-discriminatory and apply to men and women as victims and/or perp e t r at o r s.
Copies of “Protecting the Public” published in November 2002 and priced £8.50 plus £3.00 P&Pare available from The Stationery Office, PO Box 29, Norwich NR3 1GN Tel: 0870 600 5522 Fax: 0870 600 5533 or can be viewed and downloaded from:

http://www.protectingthepublic.homeoffice.gov.uk/ptp.pdf

... to modernise current laws on sex offences to provide a clear and effective set of laws that increase protection...
28 Sexual offences January 2003

Stalking and Harassment in Scotland
Scottish Executive

In October 1999, the Justice Minister announced that the laws tackling stalking in Scotland we re to be rev i ewed to d e t e rm ine whether new l egislation wa s re q u i re d . Fo l l owing a public consultat i o n e xe r c i s e, it was decided to com mission re s e a r ch to obtain info rm ation on the n at u re and extent of the pro bl em in S c o t l a n d , toget her with t he publ i c ’s awa reness of the issue and practitioner perceptions of possible changes to the law and views on how cases are curre n t ly dealt with by the criminal justice system. The re s e a r c h had four main components: • A review of existing literature relating to the prevalence and characteristics of stalking, its impact and the legislative responses to it in different jurisdictions. • A nationally representative survey of the adult Scottish population carried out in respondents’ homes by i n t e rv i ewers using Computer Aided Personal Interviewing (CAPI). • A series of qualitative interviews with victims of stalking.

A series of qualitative interviews with practitioners within (or linked to) the criminal justice system.

The research confirms that offenders in cases of stalking exhibit a wide range of characteristics, motivations and behaviours. C o n s e q u e n t ly, responses that are ap p ro p ri ate or effe c t i ve in one case cannot n e c e s s a ri ly be transfe rred to all othe rs. There is there fo re a need for flexibility and reflection in determining how best to deal with individual cases.
Copies of this report, published in October 2002 and priced £5.00 and accompanying Research Findings No. 67/2002 can be obtained from The Stationery Office Bookshop, 71, Lothian Road, Edinburgh EH3 9AZ Tel: 0870 606 5566 Fax: 0870 606 5588. They can also be viewed and downloaded via the Scottish Executive Website at:

http://www.scotland.gov. u k / l i b ra ry 5 / justice/sahs-00.asp (Report) http://www.scotland.gov.uk/cru/ resfinds/crf67-00.asp (Research Findings)

“Are You Off Your Trolley”
Dorset Police

Dorset Police have produced a poster on handbag thefts following a spate of thefts of purses and handbags from shopping trolleys in local superm a r ke t s. The posters, w h i ch display a simple reminder to shoppers to take care of their belongings as well as fe at u ring the Crimestoppers logo, will be displayed at all the major supermarkets in the area. Dorset Police will eva l u ate the success of this initiat i ve through analysis of fo r c e statistics, to identify whether there has been a significant change to this type of crime.

January 2003

Sexual Offences/Town & Shopping Centre Crime

29

Automatic Number Plate Recognition Systems
Home Office

Automatic Number Plate Recognition (ANPR) systems are a powerful tool in the fight against crime and the Home Office has announced additional funding for nine police forces towards piloting the project. The nine pilots commenced in September 2002 and will run for six months, after which an eva l u ation will be carried out to provide best practice guidance to the police service and also determine whether there should be a roll-out of ANPR nationally. Police experience has confirmed strong links between road traffic and criminal offences. After just four weeks in to the pilots, figures showed 6,580 vehicles stopped, 480 arrests, 59 stolen vehicles recovered and over £400,000 worth of stolen goods and drugs. Each of the nine pilot forces has a dedicated team of officers to work on the scheme who e n s u re that strict guidelines and pro c e d u res are in place in compliance with the Dat a Protection Act 1998 and the Human Rights Act 1998. It is hoped the scheme will produce models of best practice as well as ensuring new technology is used as efficiently as possible.

Securi-disc
Cleveland Police

C l eveland Po l i c e, in partnership with Safe in Tees Va l l ey and the Evening Gazette have l a u n ched a campaign to prevent the g rowing number of theft s of ve hicle tax discs. T h e re are thought to be around 70 tax discs stolen from cars each month in the C l eveland Police are a . The discs take only seconds to steal and after they are cleaned u p, t h ey are sold on for about £30 each . The cost of this type of crime to the m o t o rist is considerabl e. T h ey have to repair damaged vehicles and replace tax discs.

The Police have introduced the secure tax disc holder. This works in such a way t h at anyone attempting to rip the tax disc f rom the windscreen makes it useless due to its adhesive holder, which actually sticks to the disc itself. The scheme will be eva l u ated by ch e cking the numbers of tax discs stolen over the 12 months of the sc h e m e. A selection of thefts will be ch e cked to see if the victim had a tamper- p roof disc fi t t e d and a comparison will be made 6 months prior and post launch of the scheme. Police fi g u res will also be compared to those of the DVLA.

Auto Crime CD Rom 2002
Devon and Cornwall Constabulary

The Auto Crime CD Ro m has been produced by Devon and Corn wall Constabu l a ry and is intended to be a practical aid to assist all police officers in investigating vehicle related crime more effectively and in turn reduce the volume of such crimes. It aims to provide officers with relevant info rm ation regarding vehicles, documents and legislat i o n , in a fo rm at that is easy to use and understand. It also provides some useful re fe rences and links to va rious other resources and will assist in enhancing k n owledge and providing a permanent tool for re fe re n c e. The initiat i ve has re c e i ve d support funding from the Police Standards Unit.

30

Vehicle Crime

January 2003

Vehicle Alert Scheme
Norfolk Constabulary

One of the aims of the partnership between N o r folk Constabu l a ry and Norfolk Distri c t Council is the reduction in vehicle cri m e across the region. As it is a pre d o m i n a n t ly rural area and vehicle cr ime incidents are widespre a d , t h ey identified local authority employe e s who were mobile for the main part of their working day and had access to a mobile t e l e p h o n e. E m p l oyees vo l u n t e e red to re l ay details of suspect stolen vehicl es to the police who were then able to follow up the i n fo rm ation they received.

The scheme uses the ‘ R i n g m a s t e r ’ system and employees are alerted t o re c e n t ly stolen or suspect vehicles in the l o c at i o n . The police send m essages with basi c info rm ation on the vehicle and volunteers are then able to remain vigilant and notify the police via a dedicated phone line if they identify it. People taking part a re issued with aide memoirs about t he scheme and must follow strict guidelines so as not to put themselves or anyone else in danger. The project will be eva l u ated in March 2003.

Living Safely
Strathclyde Police

D u ring the summer of 2001, a mu l t i - agency working group was established to promote a c rime prevention and home/fi re safety advice project through the Inve r c lyde Commu n i t y S a fety Pa rt n e r s h i p. The Living Safe ly initiat i ve is the part n e r s h i p ’s most successful project to d at e, and was launched in November 2001. The project works on a re fe rral scheme whereby all agencies involved are invited to refer those people who they consider to be vulnerable and at risk of being burgled. The objectives of the initiative are: • To reduce the fear of crime amongst vulnerable groups. • To promote the concepts of crime prevention, home safety and fire safety. • To create a strong and successful partnership between the agencies involved. • To link with partners and other agencies strategic plans. Fo l l owing a re fe rral to the sch e m e, e a ch person re c e i ves a full crime prevention survey, which determines what security and home safety measures are required. The householder is also given re l evant home security info rm ation in the fo rm of an all encompassing cri m e p revention booklet and ultra-violet marker pen to enable them to mark their va l u abl e s. A ny work required is carried out by a local company, who are commissioned to supply and fit all the necessary security measures. Monitoring and evaluation of the project is ongoing, as each referral is logged to provide statistical evidence. A questionnaire is also sent to each person benefiting from the initiative, to assess their rating of the project and the service provided. D u ring the fi ve-month pilot period of the scheme (2001 - 2002), S t r at h c lyde Po l i c e re c e i ved 271 re fe rr a l s. Of those surveye d , 99% rated the ser vice provided as good or e x c e l l e n t . 97% rated the actual project as good or excellent and 96% felt more secure as a result of the initiative.

January 2003

Vehicle Crime/Victims and Witnesses

31

A Better Deal for Victims and Witnesses
Home Office

The Home Office has publ ished a new l e a f l e t , w h i c h highlights some of the m e a s u res in the Cr iminal Just ice Bill i n t roduced on 21st Novem ber 2002 intended to benefit victims and witnesses. The leaflet sets out cur rent deve l o pments and future plans, together with outlining the changes in the Cr i m i n a l Justice Bill. It aims to: • ensure a better deal for victims and witnesses

• •

build trust and confidence in the criminal justice system better enable the system to deliver justice.

Copies of the leaflet, published in November 2002, are available free from the Home Office Justice and Victims Unit via E-mail at: JVU.PublicEnquiry@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk However, updated information on the Government’s strategy for victims and witnesses will be published in Spring 2003 and therefore bulk ordering is not recommended.

Information Indexes (Information i)
Avon and Somerset Constabulary

Avon and Somerset Constabu l a ry are providing all their commu n i c ations staff with eye c at ching “ I n fo rm ation Indexe s ” , w h i ch provide a unique and useful collection of helpline numbers and websites for victims of crime and members of the community requiring advice and support. The indexes are A4 in size and laminated so that they can be displayed intern a l ly and externally. Pocket-sized versions are also available.

Crime Scenes, Preserving Evidence, Providing Person, Vehicle and Pro p e rt y Descriptions: A Guide for Members of the Public
Lincolnshire Police

The pol ice often exper ience diffi c u l t i e s when dealing wit h identifi c at ion and evidential issues, w h i ch could be allev i at e d if witnesses and victims of cr im e had a bett er underst anding of certain pol ice p ro c e d u res and requirements. This guide has been pre p a red to provide practical and common sense advice to victims and witnesses of cr ime and is based on previous exper ien ce and successful practice.

The guide, published in October 2002, is available in packs of 10 priced £3.50 or individually priced 35p from the Administration Department, Lincolnshire Police, West Division HQ, West Parade, Lincoln LN1 1YPTel: 01522 885212 Fax: 01522 885347.

32

Victims and Witnesses

January 2003

Secure Schools Initiative
West Yorkshire Police

West Yo r k s h i re Po l i c e, in partnership with the Fire Service and Local Education Au t h o ri t y, h ave set up an initiat i ve which addresses the security issues in schools in the Bradford and Keighley areas. Statistics identified the 25 most crime-affected schools in Bradford and Keighley, which have included incidents of damage, theft, vehicle-related crime, bu rg l a ry and arson. A repres e n t at i ve from the West Yo r k s h i re Fire Service and the Police visit these schools and compile an in-depth re p o rt on va rious security and arson issues. In cases where schools have been c o n s i d e ring refurbishment or rebu i l d , t h ey have been given guidance on Secured by Design and advice on reducing incidences of arson. E va l u ation of the scheme is ongoing. This will determine which security measures are most effe c t i ve at protecting the school env i ronment as well as providing some indication of the social effects that upgrades may have on the schools and surrounding are a . The re s e a r ch will also enable future developments to benefit from the experiences of this initiat i ve and help to provide a safer learning environment in the future.

Navratri and Diwali Festivals Crime Prevention Campaign
Lancashire Constabulary

N av r at ri (fe s t i val of dance) and Diwa l i ( fe s t i val of lights) are celeb r ated by many people of the Hindu com munity and p rovide th e perfect occasion for the o p p o rtunist thief, p a rt i c u l a r ly for cri m e s s u ch as street ro bb e ry and bu rg l a ry. Wi t h this in mind, L a n c a s h i re Const abu l a ry p roduced crime prevention post ers and leaflets aimed at the Hindu commu n i t y, t o remind them to be vigilant and reduce the risk of becoming a victim of crime duri n g their festive season. Leaflets use Hindu deities (illustrations of their Gods), w h i ch are important to the c o m mu n i t y, and are printed in two l a n g u ag e s , with English on one side and G u j a r ati on the other. Hindu commu n i t y c e n t res and businesses work in part n e r s h i p with the police to distribute and display the leaflet s and posters and copies are also included in a free monthly mag a z i n e d i s t ri buted to many Hindu homes. Posters and leaflets include cri m e p revention advice on we a ring jewe l l e ry, keeping cameras and mobile phones safe,

i n fo rm ation on home and vehicle securi t y as well as the Crimestoppers number. The project will be eva l u ated via fe e d b a ck from the commu n i t y, w h i ch will help to identify whether the initiat i ve wa s well re c e i ve d . Police data on ro bb e ry and bu rg l a ry re l ated crime during the fe s t i ve period following the implementation of the project would also highlight if the initiative was successful.

January 2003

Violence at School and Work/Violent Crime and Street Crime

33

Shootings, Gangs and Violent Incidents in Manchester: Developing a Crime Reduction Strategy
Home Office Research Series Paper 13
This study is based on a six-month project undertaken in Manchester aimed at reducing the incidence of gun crime, using targeted policing (and funds from the Home Office’s Targeted Policing Initiative). The project is based around a similar initiative, Operation Cease-fire, which proved to be successful in Boston, Massachusetts. Operation Cease-fire aimed to identify immediate and modifiable conditions under which gun crime could occur, rather than the underlying social causes that lead to gang and gun crime.A similar approach was used in Manchester. Main findings Shootings • Violence in general,gun violence in particular and fatal shootings most specifically are concentrated in some specific small areas. • Victims of gun violence are mainly young, black or mixed race males,who have criminal records. • Suspected perpetrators of serious gun violence tend to have similar attributes to victims. • Those who have been victims of shootings are at increased risk of repeat incidents. • Young black (and mixed race) male victims of shootings were generally known to have been involved in gangs. • About 60 per cent of shootings are thought to be gang related. Gangs • There are differences in the make-up, origins, activities,and organisation of the gangs studied;though members of all are involved in a wide range of criminal behaviour. • Gang-membership comprised a mix of same-age local friendship groups, blood relatives and recruits. • Gang-related criminal behaviour includes drug-related offences, but only as one element of a patchwork of violent and non-violent crime. • Rates of arrest for gang-members tend to fall as they age. • Alliances are sometimes formed between some gangs, but conflict is endemic and easily triggered. • Firearms’carrying by gang-members is at least partly protective and police intelligence records suggest that it may also be part symbolic and part instrumental for the commission of violent crime. • There are strong norms of non-co-operation in police enquiries into gang-related shootings,in particular in giving evidence, which undermine successful prosecution of offenders.

Copies of this report and accompanying briefing note, published in May 2002, are available free from the Research, Development and Statistics Directorate, Communications Development Unit, Room 275, 50 Queen Anne’s Gate, London SW1H 9AT Tel: 020 7273 2084 E-mail: publications.rds@homeoffice. gsi.gov.uk and can also be viewed and downloaded from the Home Office Website at:

Ways forward: The proposed crime reduction strategy The pri m a ry concern of the project was to save lives and to reduce serious injury. The most promising interventions,adapted from the Boston project, were: 1 . A p p lying co-ordinated leve r age to gangs through highly publicised mu l t i - agency targ e t e d crackdowns,aimed at gangs using firearms,possessing firearms or taking part in serious assaults. 2. Enhancing strong community re l at i o n s , to obtain neighbourhood support for the targ e t e d crackdowns and to stimulate community efficacy in informal social control and reduction in incivilities. 3. Engagement with gang-members to elicit info rm at i o n , to transmit consistent messages about targeted crackdowns,and to provide diversionary services.
Three additional elements were proposed to address the differing conditions for an initiative in Manchester.These were: 1. Development of inter-gang mediation services, to head off and diffuse tensions that risk leading to serious incidents of violence, including shootings. 2. Protection for victims and repeat victims. 3. S e n s i t i s ation of agencies to the implications of their actions for gangs and the risks to their members,especially in the light of the provisions of Section 17 of the Crime and Disorder Act (1998).

http://www.homeoffice. gov.uk/rds/pdfs2/ crrs13.pdf
(Full Report)

http://www.homeoffice. gov.uk/rds/pdfs2/ crrs13bn.pdf
(Briefing Note)

34

Violent Crime and Street Crime

January 2003

Evaluation of the national roll-out of curfew orders
Home Office On-Line Research Report 15/02
This re p o rt descr ibes results from an eva l u ation of the first 13 months of t he rol l-out of curfew orders, 1 December 1999 to 31 December 2000. The re s e a r ch aimed to establish whether the experi e n c e of the pilots was re p l i c ated nat i o n a l ly and to assess the effectiveness of the order. In addition to providing info rm at i o n on the use of curfew orders, the ch a r a c t e ristics of those tagged and curfew order outcomes, it includes the views of criminal justice practitioners, e l e c t ronic monitori n g staff and curfewees themselves. The experiences of fi ve sample are a s , G re ater Manch e s t e r, an original pilot site, Inner London, Ke n t , M e r s ey s i d e, and We s t G l a m o rgan are compare d .A n a lyses of the “ m a r ket share ” of curfew orders, in term s of the sentences curfew orders are re p l a c i n g, and their re l at i ve costs, a re also presented. Use of curfew orders in the 13 months afte r rol l-out has bro a d ly reflected the e x p e rience of the pilots, although local va ri ations underpin the national picture. Curfew order completion rates remain high and there is evidence from the research that tagging can be a positive as well as punitive e x p e rience for offe n d e r s. C riminal justice practitioners vi ewed t he sentence as a penalty with considerable potential. Evidence suggests curfew orders can be used successfully in diverse way s , t o d i s r upt pat t e r ns of offe n d i n g ; b ri n g s t ability to the lives of chaotic offe n d e r s ; act as a deterrent; protect the public; reduce o f fe n d i n g - re l ated behav i o u r; and support other interve n t i o n s. Stand-al one curfew orders can help to support the work of other communit y penalt ies given to an offender. Although take-up of curfew orders in the year fo l l owing roll-out was lower than p re d i c t e d , u s age has continued to grow with an ave r age of 435 orders being made per month during 2001. F u rt h e rm o re, i n the first six months of 2002, 3648 orders h ave alre a dy been made (an ave r age of 608 per m onth). T h e re is no ap p a re n t explanation for this rapid increase in use by the courts and the rise is not confined to particular geographical areas. A planned re c o nviction study of o f fenders tagged in the 13 m onths af ter roll-out may help to clarify the impact of t agging on offending behav i o u r. T h e c u r rent timetable for this work is fo r p u bl i c ation in early 2004. This study will complement the growing body of k n owl edge on the va r ious uses of electronic monitoring.
Copies of this report, published in November 2002, are available via the Home Office Website at: http://www.homeoffice.gov. u k / rd s /

pdfs2/rdsolr1502.pdf
Application for reproduction of this report should be made to the Research, Development and Statistics Directorate, Communications Development Unit, Room 275, 50 Queen Anne’s Gate, London SW1H 9AT Tel: 020 7273 2084 E-mail: publications.rds@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

... curfew orders can be used successfully in diverse ways, to disrupt patterns of offending; bring stability to the lives of chaotic offenders; act as a deterrent; protect the public; reduce offending-related behaviour; and support other interventions.
January 2003 Working with offenders 35

NVQ Level 3 Community Justice - Working with Offending Behaviour
West Midlands Police and South Birmingham College

West Midlands Police have identified a fo rmal training course for both police and s u p p o rt staff i nvo l ved in manag i n g o f fending behav i o u r, to enable them to gain a better understanding of the needs and re q u i rements of outside agencies also involved in this area of work. ‘NVQ Level 3 Community Justice Working with Offending Behav i o u r ’ is ru n by the ‘Early Years, Care and Public Services D e p a rt m e n t ’ of South Birmingham College and includes wo r k s h o p s , a s s i g n m e n t s , classroom based learning and observational wo r k . Students have access to the college’s web s i t e, w h i ch contai ns a library of i n fo rm ation and study mat e ri a l . The course is r un over 35 weeks and the syllabus includes: • Helping individuals to address their offending behaviour • C o n t ri buting to the management and prevention of abusive and aggressive behaviour

Supporting individuals experiencing difficulties • Contributing to the development and effectiveness of work teams • Developing and sustaining effective working relationships with staff in other agencies. The college has gained sponsorship f rom the Learning Skills Council and other ag e n c i e s , w h i ch has enabled them to ke e p the cost of the course down to £123 per p e r s o n . Thi s covers £98 for re g i s t r at i o n with the NVQ assessment body, a c c re d itation, c e rt i fi c ation and paperwork and £25 for re g i s t r ation with the coll ege themselves. The first 20 students from the police, local offending team and pro b ation serv i c e e n rolled on the course last September and t he colle ge will st art a second group in Ja nu a ry 2003. T h e re are plans to begin an NVQ Level 3 Community Safety Course in the future.

A Co-ordinated Approach to Student Crime Reduction
Avon and Somerset Constabulary

Students attending higher education in Bristol account for 25% of the city’s ro bb e ry victims. As a result, the force decided to appoint a Student Crime Reduction Co-ordinator who could specifically work with the student community across the force area. The co-ordinator is re s p o n s i ble for an extensive sc hedule of activities including o rganising personal safety weeks at local colleges, student bri e fings and pre s e n t at i o n s , together with developing contacts with local authori t i e s , u n i versities and local bu s i n e s s e s regularly visited by students. A student personal safety pack has also been pro d u c e d , w h i ch gives crime preve n t i o n advice and info rm ation on agencies available to provide support, together with a UV pen for marking pro p e rt y. One of the early successes of the scheme has been the production of a video made by students for students. The main part of the video includes interv i ews with students who have been victims of crime. The initiative also funded a ‘Secure Storage Project’ over the Christmas peri o d , o f fe ring students free storage of their pro p e rty whilst they are away. This scheme will be eva l u ated in a control area to identify whether there has been a reduction in bu rg l a ry and a full independent eva l u ation will be carried out for the whole initiative in September 2003.

36

Working with offenders/Youth Crime

January 2003

Operation Norseman
North Yorkshire Police

S c a r b o rough is visited annu a l ly by ap p rox i m at e ly 20,000 students aged between 13 and 19 years of age who come to the area on trips arranged by local language schools. In response to an increasing number of assaults, thefts and incidents of general disorder targeted towa r d s visiting international students, North Yorkshire Police adopted a multi-agency approach in an attempt to create a safer and more secure environment. O p e ration Norseman was set up in a bid to cut down on the number of incidents involving students in the area and includes a ‘Guide to Good Practice’ containing examples of projects that have worked in other areas of the country. The guide has been designed as a selfg e n e r ating source of info rm ation and advice to any org a n i s ation with the responsibility fo r dealing with student safety. The project has also seen the creation of five safe havens marked with the Norseman logo, w h i ch are points of contact where students can go should they encounter any problems. A 16-minute video entitled ‘ E n j oy Yo u r s e l ve s ’ has also been pro d u c e d , w h i ch prov i d e s basic crime prevention tips on personal safety and property security. It also outlines some of the cultural diffe rences that students may encounter and is fo l l owed up by an eva l u at i o n sheet, which measures the effectiveness of the info rm ation provided. Ongoing development with the local university will provide an ab ridged version of the video fe at u red on the Internet to target an intern ational audience. A further development is the production of an educational pack ag e, w h i ch will be distri buted to local schools in the a re a .

I NS PI R E
Sussex Police

The I NS PI R E citizenship initiative has been c re ated by Sussex Police i n part n e r s h i p with the West Sussex A dv i s o ry and Inspection Ser vice and is a new teach i n g resource for use by Sch o o l ’s Liaison Officers in local schools. I NS PI R E, w h i c h stands for ‘ I N p u t s f rom Sussex Police In Real life Education’, covers aspects of citizenship in re l ation to cri m e, the cr iminal j ustice system and other areas of the law in g e n e r a l . It was developed fo l l owing the i n t roduction of citizenship as a separat e n ational curriculum subject in secondary schools in August last year and aims to help young people develop as members of the l o c a l , n ational and global commu n i t y. INSPIRE is concerned with issues of ri g h t s and responsibilities and aims to help young people think and talk about these issues as they encounter them in their own lives.

The citizenship lessons contained in I NS PI R E c over va rious aspects of cri m e, including anti-social behav i o u r, s t e a l i n g, c riminal damage and hate cri m e, as well as l aws re l evant to young people. Lessons are designed to be flexible to suit the needs of the school and t he young people themselves.

January 2003

Youth Crime

37

Safe in the City: A Fresher Approach to Student Safety
Strathclyde Police

D u ring the traditional fresher period in September and October last ye a r, S t r at h c lyde Po l i c e and the Crime Awa reness Panel for Educational Establishments (CAPEE) who are responsible for educational establishments in the area, have been working in partnership to tackle crime and the fear of crime amongst students studying and socialising in and around Glasgow City Centre. ‘Safe in the City’ aims to provide adv i c e, s u p p o rt and assistance to students, p ri m a ri ly n ew entrants to the are a . The initiat i ve fe at u red a series of short plays on crime and the fe a r of cri m e, w h i ch we re introduced by a local theat re company in a production entitled: ‘ S e x , D rugs and a Bacon Roll’. These plays used humour to advise students on personal safe t y i s s u e s , alcohol and drug awa reness and anti-social behav i o u r. E a ch scene highlighted the potential dangers that students face and concluded by promoting Glasgow as a safe and vibrant city in which to live, work and socialise. Fo l l owing the play s , students we re given an info rm ation pack containing a credit card size ‘Safer Student’ l e a f l e t , containing va l u able crime prevention adv i c e, together with a useful map of the City Centre. T h ey we re also issued with va rious info rm ation booklets and an eva l u ation questionnaire as well as being given the opportunity to obtain advice and assistance from the Police and members of CAPEE. The overall response to the initiat i ve was ve ry positive. E va l u ation fo rms showed that over half of the students felt the content of the play was excellent. Fo rms also highlighted several issues causing concern to students, which could be addressed in future initiatives.

School Liaison Core Pro g ra m m e
Gwent Police

G went Po l i c e, l i ke many othe r fo r c e s , recognises the benefits of working with young people to deliver crime preve n t i o n m e s s ag e s. As a result of consultations with D i rectors of Educat i o n , G went Police have seconded their first teacher to the force. T h ey are in ch a rge of co-ordinat i n g and updating school liaison across the force a re a , beginning with the pre p a r ation of a n ew sc hools pro g r a m m e, w h i c h commenced last September. An eva l u at i o n of existing schools liaison practice wa s i n i t i a l ly carried out from both a police and s chools perspective. Results from the evaluation indicated that schools welcomed police officers in delive ring cri m e p revention info rm at i o n , but also felt that l ow - p ri o rity schools liaison work needed addressing. Subsequently, dedicated Schools Liaison Officers we re appointed to prov i d e support across the whole region.

P ri m a ry and secondary school liaison working parties we re set up to ident ify topics and offe r teaching ideas fo r inclusion in the programme with the aim of engaging young people in a new, i n t e r a c t i ve ap p ro a ch to crime preve n t i o n issues. The result is a program me of wo r k , w h i c h falls in line with the Personal and Social Education Framework and bu i l d s upon other youth pro j e c t s. The three core topic areas include: • Drugs and Substance Misuse • Social Behaviour • Community Safety.

38

Youth Crime

January 2003

Youth Works
Crime Concern, Marks & Spencer, Groundwork

Youth Wo r k s is a nat ional ch a ri t abl e organisation, which operates in partnership with Crime Concern , Marks & Spencer and G ro u n dwork. Youth Work programmes run a va ri e t y of activities for ch i l d ren and young people aged 8 to 25 years of ag e. Activities can be p reve n t at i ve, d i ve r s i o n a ry, skills based, re m e d i a l , c o m munity based and env i ro nmental. During the month of July 2001 and J u ly 2002, a total of 30 staff members and volunteers ran a t otal of 141 sessions. 1,000 youn g people took part in Yo u t h Work pro g r a m m e s , w h i c h provided 500 hours when young peopl e we re off the s t reets m aking positive use of their fre e time. Evidence suggests that crimes typically a s s o c i ated with young people and juve n i l e nuisance have been reduced in areas where Youth Works programmes have been running for more than a year: • In Darwen, B l a ck bu rn , violent crime was reduced by more than 13% on the previous year. Criminal damage was reduced by nearly 8% and juvenile nuisance by more than 7%. • In Burnley, vehicle crime fell by nearly 25% in 2001 - 2002 compared to the previous year and violent crime decreased by 6%. These reductions have been achieved against a backdrop of racial tension in the local area during the summer of 2001, which Youth Works tackled by establishing dialogue between white and Asian young people, covering issues such as identity and community cohesion.

Youth Works programmes have helped m a ny young people to recognise their full potential including: • Two young women who were prone to violent outbursts attended the Colne Youth Works Programme and over the course of the year gained a greater confidence and self-esteem. They are now studying at their local College. • Following the issue of Anti-Social Behaviour Orders (ASBOs) to four young men in the town centre of Bacup,Youth Works engaged them in c re ating a music studio on their local estate. Rather than transferring their nuisance behaviour to another neighbourhood, the young men have been given the opportunity to develop new skills. Two have since joined the studio’s committee. E va l u ation of the programme took the fo rm of an analysis over the month of July 2001 and July 2002, together with the study of police recorded crime and juvenile nuisance incidents from July 2000 to June 2002 and inter v i ews with Youth Wo r k s P rogramme M anagers over the same p e ri o d . Due to the number of new ly e s t ablished pro g r a m m e s , changes in cri m e s t atistics we re only analysed in the p rogrammes at Burn l ey, D a r wen and Colne and compared July 2000 - June 2001 with July 2001 - June 2002.

January 2003

Youth Crime

39

Youth Inclusion Programmes
Home Office

The Home Office announced £21 million funding for Youth Inclusion Programmes for a further three years allowing ongoing schemes to continue with guaranteed financial support until April 2006. T h e re are 70 Youth Inclusion Programmes running in the most depri ved neighbourhoods in England and Wales, each targeting 50 young people, aged 13 to 16 who are most at risk of social exclusion. These programmes provide structured activities and support to steer young people away from crime and anti-social behaviour as well as improving sch o o l attendance and reducing exclusions. Studies show a 30 per cent reduction in arrests fo l l owing a young person’s engag e m e n t with the programme and crime falls significantly in areas where these projects are running. Project activities include: • Family link centres based in schools, utilising their computers and providing support from parents and community volunteers • Skill centres aimed at providing excluded young people with training and qualifications to improve their educational standards and future employment prospects • Mentoring • Adult volunteering from within the local community • Environmental work including clean up projects. Youth Inclusion Programmes are managed by the Youth Justice Board and can be adopted by local partnerships as part of their broader strategies for reducing youth crime.
For further information contact the Youth Justice Board Tel: 020 7271 3033 or via E-mail: enquiries@yjb.gsi.gov.uk. You can also visit their website at:

http://www.youth-justice-board.gov.uk

... s t ru c t u red activities and support to steer young people away from crime and anti-social behaviour as well as improving school attendance and reducing exclusions.

40

Youth Crime

January 2003