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“To reduce crime and the fear of crime, tackle youth

crime and violent, sexual and drug-related crime,


anti-social behaviour and disorder, increasing safety in
the home and public spaces.”
Home Office Aim 1

This statement confirms our joint commitment to reduce crime and disorder. The Digest
is published quart e r ly and aims to support crime re d u c t i o n / c o m munity safety practitioners
in police and local authorities working in stat u t o ry partnerships by fa c i l i t ating info rm at i o n
e x ch a n g e. The Digest is a fo rum for your initiat i ves and experi e n c e s. Its success depends on
yo u , the practitioners, c o n t ri buting your art i c l e s. Deadline for copy is given below. A rt i c l e s
MUST be submitted by this date.
So that everyone can benefit from your work and experience, we would ask contributors
to consider both what wo r ked and what didn’t work within their pro j e c t s. P rojects may be
well conceived and still not achieve all their aims; this does not mean they have failed. Please
be brave enough to discuss what aspects did not ach i eve the expected outcomes. Include as
mu ch info rm ation as you can, c ove ring the analysis of the pro blem and how it wa s
i d e n t i fi e d , the response devised and how it was implemented and an assessment of the final
outcomes.

Note:
The inclusion of mat e rial in the Digest or re fe rence to any pro d u c t s / s e rvices does not
signify that they have been tested or evaluated. Nor should inclusion be thought to confer
‘official’ approval.
This publication may not be copied, photocopied, re p roduced, or conve rted to any
electronic form unless for police or local authority use only.
July 2003
Centre Staff The next Digest will be
Training Team Training Resource Solutions with you in October ‘03.
Director David Fernley Simon Jones
Steve Trimmins Michael Hawtin
All contributions
Gill Archibald
be submitted by
Support Services June Armstrong Administration Unit
August 29th 2003.
Ann Keen Janet Caton Mark Ledder
Anne Curran Ruth Whitaker
Richard Cox Dee Cooley Contributions to:
Adrienne Jowitt-Thrall Martin Fenlon Editor Jane Jones
Amanda Form Jane Jones Information Services Team
Information Services Christine Morrison Design/Production Tel: 01347 825095
Jane Carpenter Kim Sutton Michael Hawtin or 01765 602580
Jason Roach Fax: 01347 825096
Stuart Charman
Jane Jones Home Office
Kathleen Noble Crime Reduction Centre
For Training or General Enquiries:
Abby Hickman The Hawkhills, Easingwold,
Tel: 01347 825060 York YO61 3EG
Tel: 01347 825060
Fax: 01347 825099
E-mail: crc@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

July 2003 1
Centre News 4
Change of Name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
New Staff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Information Sharing Good Practice Seminar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Crime Reduction Website . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6

Active Communities 7
Local Action Teams - Community Safety Pa rt n e r s h i p . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7

Anti-Social Behaviour 8
Anti-Social Behaviour Bill and White Paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
‘Stop - Don’t give to Beggars’ Campaign . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8

Burglary 9
University Student Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
Distraction Burglary Taskforce . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
Distraction Burglary Taskforce Newsletter - March 2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
Burglaries to Student Campus Accommodation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10

CCTV 11
National evaluation of CCTV: early findings on scheme implementation -
effective practice guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11

Designing Out Crime 12


Between the lines: an evaluation of the Secured Car Park Award Scheme . . . . . . . . . .12

Designing Out Crime 12


‘Requiring Treatment’ - A brief examination of security and
crime prevention in hospitals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
Designing out Crime in the Built Environment - Conference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
Secure Garden Quiz . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
Cash Points (ATMs): an Evaluation of ‘Personal Defensible Space’ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15

Domestic Violence 16
Domestic Violence and Hate Crime - ‘The Sanctuary Project’ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16

Drugs and Alcohol 16


Disrupting crack markets: A practice guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
Drugs and crime: From warfare to welfare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
‘Too Cool 4 Booze’ Mousemat Design and Alcohol Tour . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
Using Drugs could cost you your career . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Problem Solving Policing - Cannabis Cafes: an Operational Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Alcohol CD Rom . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18

2 Contents July 2003


Fraud 18
Cards Today . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18

General 19
Crime in England and Wales: Quarterly update to December 2002 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19
Crime Prevention Advice through Adve rt i s i n g . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19
Match Books: ‘Striking’ a Balance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
2 Wrongs don’t make a Right Project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
British Community Safety Awards 2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21
Crime Concern’s Chief Executive Retires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21
Counting the costs of crime in Australia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
Electronic Notice Board Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
Evaluating the Impact of Crimestoppers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23

Hate Crime 24
Launch of Anti-Racism Campaign . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24

Property Marking 24
Guide to property marking in schools: A joint initiative to help
reduce crime throughout Brighton & Hove . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
“Hands Off ” - Vehicle Crime Initiative . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25

Vehicle Crime 25
Learner Drivers Awareness Scheme . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25
Safer Vehicles - Safer Streets: A Strategy to Reduce Motorcrime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25
The Extent of Motorcycle Theft in 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26

Victims and Witnesses 27


Each Article in the Digest
Taking the Stand against Witness Intimidation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27 is highlighted with an
Key Findings from the Witness Satisfaction Survey 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27 icon which will define
the product described in
Violent Crime & Street Crime 28 that article. They are:
Private Hire Taxi Driver’s Safety Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28
Campaign/
Youth Crime 29 Initiative
Hazard Alley . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
Rizer - Youth Crime Reduction Initiative . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
Publication
Reducing Crime against Students - Conference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30
Valley Young Citizenship Project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30

Video
Crime Prevention Initiative Form . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31

Website/
Electronic
Information

G e n e ra l /
Exchange
of Ideas/
Conferences

July 2003 Contents 3


Change of Name
The Crime Reduction College changed its quality training, l e a rning and info rm at i o n
name on the 1st May 2003 to the Cri m e s e rvices and works to deliver practical
Reduction Centre to reflect its strong fo c u s p roducts and services that are of real use
on crime and disorder re d u c t i o n for people working to reduce crime.
partnership support. If you are a practitioner we are here
The c hange of name marks an for you. Please make full use of the services
i m p o rtant milestone for the learning and we have to offer.
i n fo rm ation resource at Easingwo l d ,
making it more ap p ro a ch able to the For more information about the work of the
b roader audience of practitioners, Centre visit the Crime Reduction Website at:
c o m munities and members of the public it http://www.crimereduction.gov.uk/
serves. crc.htm
The Centre, w h i ch is part of the Home or contact: The Home Office Crime Reduction
O f fice Crime Reduction Delive ry Te a m Centre, The Hawkhills, Easingwold,
( C R D T ) , is an important national hub of York YO61 3EG
practical know l e d g e, e x p e rtise and good Tel: 01347 825060 Fax: 01347 825099
practice for anyone invo l ved or intere s t e d or E-mail: crc@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk
in crime re d u c t i o n . It aims to provide high

New Staff
Several new trainers have joined the Crime Reduction Centre Training Team:
Janet Caton joined the training team in May having prev i o u s ly wo r ked as a Regional
Training Manager for the Job Centre in the Yo r k s h i re & the Humber re g i o n . She is a trained
trainer and member of the Chartered Institute of Personnel & Development (CIPD).
Dee Cooley joined the training team in June after 3 years invo l ved in pro j e c t
d evelopment and management working for the NSPCC.
D e e ’s back g round is pri m a ri ly in the field of domestic
v i o l e n c e, wo m e n ’s safety and child pro t e c t i o n . She has
wo r ked in wo m e n ’s refuges and in local gove rnment as
the Wo m e n ’s Officer for the City of York Council, then as
the Zero Tolerance (domestic violence) Campaign Offi c e r
for Kirklees Metropolitan Council.
Anne Curra n is on secondment from Crime Concern where she wo r ked as a cri m e
p revention consultant. Anne is a graduate in Applied Social Science and after qualifying as a
t e a c her spent several years lecturing in Cri m i n o l o g y. She has also managed seve r a l
community based projects but her particular interest is in Restorative Justice.
Amanda Form previously worked for Northumbria Police managing
the Youth Training provision befo re moving into the HQ Tr a i n i n g
Department as an Accreditation officer. Prior to this Amanda spent a year
as a Community Safety Officer with South Tyneside Council and left to
become the Training Manager for Nexus in Newcastle-upon-Tyne.
Jason Ro a c h p rev i o u s ly wo r ked as a Crime Research e r
for the Research Development and Statistics Directorate (RDS) of the Home Office,
based in the Gove rnment Office for the North West in Manch e s t e r. P rior to this he
spent time as a lecture r / re s e a r c her in the Behavioural Sciences Dept for the
University of Manchester.
Kim Sutton joined the training team fo l l ow i n g
her work in the Quality Assurance Department at Centre x
(Central Police Training and Development Au t h o ri t y ) . She was a
member of the Inspection Team working on the recent HMIC
t h e m atic ‘ D i versity Mat t e r s ’ . Kim was also a lecturer in the
further education sector.

4 Centre News July 2003


Information Sharing Good Practice
Seminar
The Home Office held a good practice seminar on Information Sharing for Crime and
D i s o rder Reduction Pa rt n e r s h i p s (CDRPs) on 15th May in Derby s h i re. The aims of the
seminar we re to share good practice on info rm ation sharing and discuss ways in
which info rm ation sharing might be improved.
The programme included keynote speec hes from the Assistant Info rm at i o n
S h a ring Commissioner and Steve Radbu rn of the Home Offi c e. Workshop sessions
covered the Wa r w i ck s h i re Info rm ation Sharing Protocol, the Home Office perspective
on info rm ation shari n g, i n fo rm ation sharing in Policing Pri o rity A re a s , and the
i n fo rm ation technology (IT) systems used by the South Tyneside Drug Action Team.
The seminar was chaired by Stephen Brookes, Home Office Director for the Gove rn m e n t
Office for the East Midlands. Some key findings from the event include:
• The Data Protection Act, rather than acting as a barrier, provides a good
framework for the sharing of info rm ation in CDRPs.
• A key ingredient for success is the use of a clear info rm ation sharing
protocol. The example from Warwickshire showed how a successful
protocol could be set up. The Home Office template protocol,
available on the Crime Reduction Website was also identified as a useful
tool. (http://www.crimereduction.gov.uk/infosharing_guide.htm)
• All agencies in a CDRP have to be committed to info rm ation sharing.
This involves commitment at a senior level and an awareness of the purpose of the
protocol at all levels in partner organisations.
• The effective use of IT can gre at ly help info rm ation sharing but incompatible IT systems
were identified as a major pro bl e m . The example of the development of an effective
system in South Tyneside and the IT system proposed for the Partnership Business Model
illustrated how these problems can be overcome.
• Where successful info rm ation sharing arrangements exist, CDRPs are able to function
more effectively.
• I n fo rm ation should be qualitative as well as quantitative. For example, i n fo rm ation about
perceptions of crime and quality of life are just as important as crime data in shaping
partnership crime reduction strategies.

At the end of the seminar, delegates were asked to identify three action points to follow
up in their own CDRPs. Fe e d b a ck from the event has been extre m e ly encourag i n g.
Delegates confirmed that the seminar met its objectives and provided them
with ideas they can take forward in their partnerships.
A full report of the seminar, including copies of all
the pre s e n t ations and fe e d b a ck from the
workshop sessions, will be ava i l able on
the Crime Reduction Website soon.

For more information contact David Fernley, Home


Office Crime Reduction Centre Training Team, The
Hawkhills, Easingwold, York YO61 3EG
Tel: 01347 825078 or
E-mail: david.fernley@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

July 2003 Centre News 5


Crime Reduction Website
Regular visitors to the Crime Reduction
Website will have noticed a few ch a n g e s Toolkits
re c e n t ly. I n fo rm ation on the home page is Two new Toolkits have been launched this
n ow presented in an easier to use fo rm at . s p ri n g. The Fear of Crime Toolkit addresses
This fo rms part of a major project to make a problem that has been high on public and
the info rm ation on the site more user media agendas in recent ye a r s. The To o l k i t
f ri e n d ly. a d d resses why people are frightened of
Plans are curre n t ly underway to c rime and gives ideas and practical tips on
re - o rganise info rm ation around common h ow to measure the fear of cri m e. It also
t a s k s. We would like to hear from g i ves guidance for Crime and Disorder
p ractitioners who use the Internet for Reduction Partnerships (CDRPs) on how to
their job: cut fear of crime and commu n i c ate more
• What kinds of info rm ation do you look p o s i t i ve messages to the publ i c. The Fear of
to the Internet for? Crime Toolkit can be found at:
• How could using the Internet make http://www.crimereduction.gov.uk/
your job easier? toolkits/fc00.htm

Please contact us at: crc@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk The People Trafficking To o l k i t a d d re s s e s


so that we can make the website even easier for illegal mass movement and immigration of
you to use. overseas nat i o n a l s. It outlines the
d i f fe rences between traffi ck i n g, s mu g g l i n g
Mini-sites and migration and why and where people
S everal new Mini-sites have been launch e d t r a f fi cking hap p e n s. It also looks at the law
on the Crime Reduction Website re c e n t ly. relating to people traffi ck i n g, including the
Mini-sites are topic-focused areas of the sexual offences law, as many victims are
website dedicated to specific topics. T h ey often forced into pro s t i t u t i o n . It prov i d e s
b ring together important info rm ation in an ove rv i ew of who does what in the
o n e, single and easy-to-find are a . C C T V, immigration world, before leading the user
Safer Schools and Small Retailers Mini-sites t h rough a stru c t u red ap p ro a ch to tack l i n g
can all be found on-line now and plans fo r people traffi cking pro bl e m s. The Pe o p l e
additional sites on E-tailing, B u rg l a ry, Tr a f fi c king Toolkit can be found at :
C rime Against Students and Statistics are http://www.crimereduction.gov.uk/
ongoing. toolkits/tp00.htm

The Mini-sites can be found at: Monthly Bulletin


http://www.crimereduction.gov.uk/ The website offers a regular mix of
mini-sites.htm initiatives, research, evaluations and re p o rt s
f rom a va riety of sources both within the
UK and ove r s e a s. If you would like to ke e p
up to date with the most re c e n t
i n fo rm at i o n , you can register to receive the
C r ime Reduction Web s i t e ’s Monthly
B u l l e t i n . This bulletin is free and you can
subscribe at:
http://www.crimereduction.gov.uk/
feedback.htm

6 Centre News July 2003


Local Action Teams - Community Safety
Pa rt n e r s h i p
Avon and Somerset Constabulary

There are currently 22 Local Action Teams (LATs) established in North Somerset. These teams
a re pro p e r ly fo rmu l ated with a Chairp e r s o n , S e c re t a ry and Tre a s u re r. Most teams have their
own constitution.
Members consist of re p re s e n t at i ves from the Po l i c e, Town or Pa rish Councils, R e s i d e n t s
A s s o c i at i o n s , Neighbourhood Wat ch , S chools and businesses among others with an intere s t
in reducing crime and anti-social behaviour in the community.
E a r ly consultation with members found that training, s u p p o rt and guidance we re the
main considerations and a programme cove ring these issues was pro d u c e d . Funding wa s
obtained to provide each team with a laptop computer and colour pri n t e r. E a ch team then
e s t ablished an e-mail facility and some developed their own Internet sites. This enables a
l i b r a ry of eve n t s , to be transfe rred to each fo l l owing Chairp e r s o n . A paid co-ordinator wa s
employed in December 2002 to oversee the project.
Successes so far include:
• Partnerships with local schools to promote better security and safe dropping-off zones
for children.
• A summer play scheme catering for 400 local ch i l d re n .
• Cheese and wine evenings to raise funds.
• The re-opening of a youth club and provision of a resource centre.
• Provision of a sports facility and skate board park.
• Community Speed Watch and a host of other initiatives.

For more information contact PC John Colley, Community Safety Officer, Avon and Somerset
Constabulary, North Somerset Police Station, Walliscote Road, Weston Super Mare,
North Somerset BS23 1UU
Tel: 01934 638133 or E-mail: john.colley@avonandsomerset.pnn.police.uk

July 2003 Active Communities 7


Anti-Social Behaviour Bill and White Paper
Home Office

The Anti-Social Behaviour Bill sets out a legislative framework that underpins the Government’s deter-
mination to tackle anti-social behaviour as set out in the White Paper ‘Respect and Responsibility:
Taking a stand against anti-social behaviour’. The Bill has provisions to tackle existing areas where
anti-social behaviour is prevalent and to stop new neighbourhoods falling into the downward spiral
of environmental and social decline.
The Bill will provide several improvements to tools that Crime and Disorder Reduction
Partnerships (CDRPs) already incorporate in their strategies. In particular, local authorities will be
given the power to prosecute breaches of Anti-Social Behaviour Orders (ASBOs) where they were the
applicant agency, or where the individual concerned resides or appears to reside in their are a .T h i s
measure gives CDRPs far greater control over ASBOs. The Bill also streamlines the ASBO application
p ro c e s s. Judges in the county court will be able to effect an order on an individual other than the
defendant in proceedings. By removing the need for separate legal requirements, red tape and costs
will be significantly reduced making applications for ASBOs more appealing to CDRPs.
Some of the key features of the Bill include:
• Widening the use of Fixed Penalty Notices - eg: noise nuisance, truancy, and graffiti - and
applying them to 16-17 year olds.
• Developing a package of support and sanctions to enable parents to prevent and tackle anti-
social behaviour by their children.
• Closing down ‘crack houses’.
• Restricting the use of air weapons and replica guns. Banning air cartridge weapons that are
easily converted to fire live ammunition.
• Making it an offence to sell spray paints to under 18s and stronger powers for local
authorities to tackle fly tipping, graffiti and fly posting.
• Widening powers to shut down establishments that create noise nuisance.
• Ensuring that courts consider the impact of anti-social behaviour on the wider community in
all housing possession cases.
By building on previous legislation and streamlining current initiatives the Anti-Social Behaviour
Bill and White Paper sets out the Government’s next steps for dealing urgently with this problem.

The most recent copy of the Bill is available at:


http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200203/cmbills/116/2003116.htm
A copy of the White Paper can be found at:
http://www.official-documents.co.uk/document/cm57/5778/5778.htm

‘Stop - Don’t give to Beggars’ Campaign


Safer Middlesbrough Partnership

For further Beggars in Middlesbrough are being move d d i s p l ays and info rm ation packs for those
information off the streets thanks to the work carried out arrested.
contact Jemma by the Safer Middlesbrough Partnership. The partnership is encouraging the public
Taylor, Marketing O ver the past six months the number of not to give money to beggars, but to donate to
and Media Co-ordinator, Safer beggars in the town has dropped from ove r ch a rity instead. This is based on intelligence
Middlesbrough Partnership, twenty to just four. In line with Home Office g at h e re d , w h i ch proved that none of the
Community Safety, 2 River guidelines, the partnership has been working beggars we re actually homeless. Instead of
Court, Brighouse Road, on an initiat i ve to free the streets of giving money directly to beggars and helping
Riverside Park Industrial Estate, Middlesbrough from beggars since December to feed their habits, the partnership has placed
Middlesbrough TS2 1RT 2 0 0 2 . To date the campaign has invo l ved a dedicated boxes in various stores in the town.
Tel: 01642 354019 number of pro-active measures carried out by The main benefit of this campaign is that the
E-mail:Jemma_Taylor@ the partnership including increased visibl e p a rtnership is working towards a safer and
middlesbrough.gov.uk or visit patrolling by the police and street wardens in cleaner town, free of beggars and bogus sellers
their website at: h t t p : / / w w w. the town, intelligence gat h e ri n g, educational and at the same time providing help to those
safermiddlesbrough.co.uk people who are genuinely homeless.
8 Anti-Social Behaviour July 2003
University Student Safety
Home Office Research Findings Paper 194

D u ring the last few ye a r s , re s e a r ch in the UK has begun to focus on university students and
their environments as persons and places for experiencing victimisation. A number of univer-
sities have been collaborating with local Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnerships (CDRPs)
to provide advice to students about preventing burglaries.
Students from seven higher education institutions across the East Midlands took part in
compiling this re p o rt . The total number of students at each university ranged from 1,000 to
over 25,000, with most having around 14,000 students enro l l e d .T h ree of the campuses were
in urban settings and four in suburban locations.
Some of the key findings include:
• One-third of the student sample were victims of crime during the past year. Almost 12%
were the victim of theft or attempted theft; 10% were the victim of burglary. Theft,
criminal damage and burglary accounted for seven in ten crimes.
• Just over 4% of students were stalked during the past year.
• Nearly 12% of students in private accommodation experienced a burglary compared
with 5% of students who lived in university accommodation. Students who had been Copies of this report, published
burgled were more likely to live in accommodation with fewer surveillance measures in April 2003, are available free
than those who had not. from the Research
• 60% of all incidents were not reported to the police. Development and Statistics
• Students were most fearful of having their property stolen on campus at night. They Directorate (RDS),
perceived the least risk and were least fearful of all forms of intimate partner violence. Communications Development
Some of the main recommendations as a result of this report are: Unit, Room 201, 50 Queen
• Crime prevention programmes and advice should be tailored to take into account Anne’s Gate, London SW1H 9AT
student lifestyles. Universities should provide info rm ation to students about taking Tel: 020 7273 2084
simple security precautions to help prevent them from being victims of the kind of E-mail: publications.rds@
property crime occurring where they live. Knowledge about local crime could help homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk
them decide where to live. and can also be viewed and
• Students should be encouraged, through campaigns sponsored by university security downloaded from the Home
departments or the police, to purchase the most secure brands of portable goods and to Office Website at:
mark their property. http://www.homeoffice.
• P ri vate landlords should be encouraged to provide adequate security for student gov.uk/rds/pdfs2/
accommodation. University administered landlord accreditation schemes could assist r194.pdf
with this process.

Distraction Burglary Taskforce


Home Office

The Home Office Distraction Burg l a ry outline of the measures you are using,
Ta s k force is seeking a fuller picture of the including the durat i o n , w h i ch groups are
work being done around the country to targeted and who bears the cost.
c o m b at distraction bu rg l a ry. C r ime and
Disorder Reduction Pa rtnerships (CDRPs) Details should be sent to: Ruth Houston, Crime
h ave been asked via the Gove rn m e n t Reduction Delivery Team, 1st Floor, Allington
Offices for the Regions to send brief details Towers, 19 Allington Street, London SW1E 5EB
of any action being taken to tack l e Tel: 020 7035 5245
distraction bu rg l a ry in their are a s , or plans or E-mail: ruth.houston@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk
for future action. This information should also be copied to the
If any partnership has not yet sent Crime Reduction Team at the relevant
details in but would like to do so, the Ta s k Government Office for the Region. Details for the
Force would be hap py to hear from yo u . local Government Offices can be found at:
You should state the re g i o n , name of the http://www.crimereduction.gov.uk/
C D R P, including contact details and a brief regions.htm

July 2003 Burglary 9


Distraction Burglary Taskforce Newsletter -
March 2003
Home Office

The Distraction Burg l a ry Ta s k force is a presentation, a protocol for local utility


p a rtnership cove ring local and nat i o n a l companies and a scheme whereby
g ove rn m e n t , the police, business and the older residents can be re fe rred to
vo l u n t a ry sector. It is sponsored by the reputable building and
Copies of the newsletter can be Home Office, Water UK (and its constituent gardening contractors.
viewed and downloaded via members) the Electricity A s s o c i at i o n , B T • Distraction Burglary Toolkits and
the Crime Reduction Website and British Gas. The Marc h 2003 where to order them.
at: h t t p : / / w w w. N ewsletter Ta s k force covers deve l o p m e n t s • Research into distraction burglary,
crimereduction.gov.uk/ in distraction bu rg l a ry and sets out the including recommendations for
b u rg l a ry 59 . p d f . Taskforce’s future plans. practitioners.
Alternatively hard copies can The newsletter includes: • Operation Litotes where the police
be obtained free of charge via • Future developments for the Taskforce are working with partners including
Prolog UK Tel: 0870 241 4680 in the areas of communications, local health trusts, community
Fax: 0870 241 4786 E-mail: partnership working and prevention. groups and consumer protection
homeoffice@prolog.uk.com • The Leeds Distraction Burglary groups to share intelligence to cut
quoting reference DBTN4. Initiative which comprises a theatrical a rt i fice burglary.

Burglaries to Student Campus


Accommodation
South Wales Police

South Wales Police have been invo l ved in an initiat i ve that aims to reduce the number of
burglaries at student accommodation.
The initiat i ve focuses around a small village just two miles from the main unive r s i t y
campus, which accommodates over 1500 students in addition to the 2,100 students who live
in the halls of re s i d e n c e. The student village is made up of self-cat e ring accommodat i o n ,
including both houses and flat s , as well as fe at u ring a local bar, s h o p s , D o c t o r ’s surg e ry and
launderette.
A n a lysis of police fi g u res over the period Ja nu a ry 2002 to Feb ru a ry 2003 identified an
increasing number of burglaries taking place within the village. I n fo rm ation was analysed as
to how the bu rg l a ries had been carried out and to identify any specific fe at u res which had
enabled the criminal to obtain easy access. From this analysis, the police were able to identify
weak areas and implement the necessary measures to reduce these crimes in future.
Several objectives were established to tackle incidences of crime including:
• Increased foot pat ro l s.
• Training for on-site security officers.
• Introduction of a full-time police officer on Campus.
• Creating a working partnership.
• Improved lighting and the introduction of CCTV.
• Targeted operations during term-time.
• D i s t ri bution of leaflets for targeted operations.

In addition, over 5,000 info rm ation packs containing crime prevention literat u re and
p ro p e rty marking kits have been issued to students. P re s e n t ations are also given to new
students on the issues re l ating to crime prevention and the steps that can be taken to avo i d
becoming a victim of crime.

For more information contact Ian Hamilton-Shaw, Violence Reduction Officer, South Wales Police Crime
Prevention Department, Sketty Police Station, Gower Road, Sketty, Swansea SA2 0FR
Tel: 01792 562768 Fax: 01792 562754 or E-mail: h_sketty.cprev@business.ntl.com

10 Burglary July 2003


National evaluation of CCTV: early findings
on scheme implementation - effective
practice guide
Home Office Development and Practice Report 7

The Home Office CCTV Initiat i ve is part of the Gove rn m e n t ’s Crime Reduction Pro g r a m m e.
The aims of the initiative are:
• To help local Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnerships (CDRPs) deploy CCTV in areas
identified in local crime audits as having significant crime and disorder problems.
• To help to develop the knowledge base on how CCTV can most effectively contribute to
reducing crime and disorder.
• To support the delivery of local crime reduction strategies and to help the Gove rn m e n t ’s
overall aim of reducing crime and the fear of crime and the specific target of reducing
vehicle crime by 30% by 2004.

This re p o rt identifies the early lessons to be learned from the implementation of 17


CCTV projects funded under the initiat i ve. Those selected to undert a ke this eva l u at i o n
re p resent a cross-section of the areas running the pro j e c t . The re p o rt aims to assist practi-
tioners setting up similar projects for the first time. At the time of wri t i n g, p rojects we re at
d i f fe rent stages of implementat i o n , ranging from the early stages of system design to the
o p e r ational stag e. The re p o rt studies each stage of the pro j e c t , f rom the pre-bidding pro c e s s
to the design and technology level.
Some of the main findings from the report include:
• The projects with the best results tended to be in areas that have already been identified
as having a crime and disorder pro bl e m . The less successful ones seemed to come from
partnerships that have tried to identify an area that fits the statistical requirements of
the project.
• The type of data used is also highly significant. It is important that the partnership
should involve someone with statistical expertise from the start of the project so that
they can be sure the statistics they produce match the bidding requirements.
• There should be some ground rules set early on in the partnership about which agencies
are to take the “lead” on the scheme. It is also important to identify which other parties,
such as technical advisers, are to be used and when their input is going to be necessary.
• A process of accountability should be established which allows all parties to know what
they are responsible for and who needs to act to address any failing area.
• Consultation with all interested parties should be seen as an integral part of the
partnership process and should continue until the project has finished.

Copies of this report, published in April 2003, are available free from the Research Development and
Statistics Directorate (RDS), Communications Development Unit, Room 201, 50 Queen Anne’s Gate,
London SW1H 9AT
Tel: 020 7273 2084 E-mail: publications.rds@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk
and can also be viewed and downloaded from the Home Office Website at:
http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/pdfs2/dpr7.pdf

“ ...identifies the early lessons to be


learned...this evaluation represents a
cross-section of the areas running
the project

July 2003 CCTV 11
Between the lines: an evaluation of the
Secured Car Park Award Scheme
Home Office Research Study 266

The Secured Car Park (SCP) Award Sch e m e was designed to cover a range of diffe re n t
was established by the A s s o c i ation of Chief types and designs of car parks across the
Police Officers (ACPO) in September 1992 s a m p l e. People parking at on-stre e t
as an offshoot of their Secured by Design l o c ations close to car parks we re
i n i t i at i ve. The scheme was designed to i n t e rv i ewed in four of the fi ve tow n s. O n e
e n c o u r age those re s p o n s i ble for car parks thousand interv i ews we re conducted in
to improve security as a way of re d u c i n g mu l t i - s t o rey car parks, 600 in surface car
c riminal activity, the fear of crime and the parks and 275 with on-street parke r s.
perception of crime in all car parks and I n t e rv i ews we re conducted between 7am
vehicle retention are a s. This re p o r t and 7pm.
d e s c ribes the findings of an eva l u ation of One of the major obstacles to the
the scheme carried out by Morgan Harri s re s e a r ch was obtaining accurate cri m e
B u rrows and Holden McAllister i n fo rm at i o n . S everal police forces had
Partnership. d i f ficulty obtaining data for car parks fro m
Six study areas we re selected fo r their systems and doubted the accuracy of
detailed analy s i s. These included: the data sets they provided. In some cases it
M a n ch e s t e r, N o t t i n g h a m , C h e l t e n h a m , took police forces several weeks and
N o rt h a m p t o n , C a n t e r bu ry and Dave n t ry. sometimes months to produce the data.
Additional info rm ation was also collected A va riety of statistical tests we re used
f rom outside these are a s. The study are a s in the analysis of the data collected. T h re e
we re selected to provide va ri ation in types m o n t h ly moving ave r ages we re used in the
of tow n , vehicle crime rat e s , types of car a n a lysis of the crime data to lessen the
p a r k , car park design and levels of SCP influence of large fluctuations in individual
scheme membership. months within the data sets. The test wa s
The re s e a r ch consisted of a number of used to explore statistical changes in cri m e
elements including: levels in the twelve months before and after
• I n t e rv i ews with national changes we re made to the security or
re p re s e n t at i ves of the scheme and operation of the car parks.
other stakeholders. The impact of the scheme has been
• Workshops and surveys conducted limited by its re l at i ve ly low take - u p. T h e
with Architectural Liaison Officers. common practice of targeting sch e m e
• I n t e rv i ews with local car park membership towards low - c rime car parks
operators, police and others. t h at re q u i re little improvement has meant
• A survey of car users in the study areas. t h at vehicle crime is not reduced in many
• Analysis of crime, disorder and car cases as a result of the award pro c e s s.
park usage data. I n c reased public awa reness of the sch e m e
• Independent security reviews of the m ay mean that motorists begin to look fo r
selected car parks. SCPs when choosing somew h e re to park.
This could possibly stimulate other car park
A study of the costs and benefits of the o p e r ators to upgrade their car parks.
S e c u red Car Park Award Scheme was also Although the SCP scheme is not the only
carried out in two study areas. way to improve car park securi t y, it can be
The fa c e - t o - face survey of car users said to have helped in reducing both cri m e
was conducted on a sample of users in fi ve and the fear of crime and it has acted as an
a re a s. 300 interv i ews we re conducted in i n c e n t i ve for car park improvements in
Canterbury, Cheltenham and Northampton, other areas.
375 we re conducted in Manchester and Some of the main conclusions from the
600 in Nottingham. In each location an evaluation are:
a rea of the town or city where car users • SCP can help to reduce levels of vehicle
we re presented with a number of ch o i c e s crime and fear of crime when targeted
of where to park was selected. The survey at high-crime car parks.

12 Designing Out Crime July 2003


• The key measures that impact on both • There is evidence that there is some
crime levels and fear of crime appear to inconsistent application of the scheme
be formal surveillance (including across the country.
patrols), lighting, access control and
the physical appearance of the car park. Copies of this research study, published in March
• Car park management appears to 2003, are available free from the Research,
be a critical factor in running a safe, Development and Statistics Directorate (RDS),
secure car park. Communications Development Unit, Room 201,
• New car parks built to SCP standard 50 Queen Anne’s Gate, London SW1H 9AT Tel:
generally have low crime levels and are 020 7273 2084 E-mail:
highly rated by users. publications.rds@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk
• Car parks with lowest user ratings were and can also be viewed and downloaded from
all old surface car parks. the Home Office Website at:
• Improving the security of car parks can http://www.homeoffice.gov. u k / rd s /
lead to increased usage and profits. pdfs2/hors266.pdf

‘Requiring Treatment’ - A brief


examination of security and crime
p re vention in hospitals
Metropolitan Police

C rime in hospitals is a ve ry real concern which needs to be addre s s e d . This paper seeks to
p rovide an ove rv i ew of hospital security and designing out cri m e. It is aimed at hospital
s e c u rity staff and Crime Prevention T h rough Env i ronmental Design (CPTED) practitioners
requiring further info rm at i o n .
The two major crimes found within hospitals are theft and offences against the person.
Pat i e n t s , staff or visitors have their pro p e rty stolen by opportunist thieves and offices are
b ro ken into for computers and other hi-tech equipment. Levels of crime in hospital car parks
and the surrounding areas are also on the incre a s e. Vehicles left unattended for hours are
most at risk of being stolen or broken into.
Assaults on staff, p atients and visitors are regular occurrences in hospitals where
emotions often run high. It is now more common to see unifo rmed security staff and
p hysical security measure s , l i ke CCTV, used in high-risk areas such as Accident and
Emergency departments.
D rug misuse is also a major concern , p a rt i c u l a r ly in inner city hospitals. This issue is
compounded if the hospital offers a needle exchange facility. Public toilets are often used by
d rug users who leave their drug taking parap h e rnalia behind. One way of re m oving this
p ro blem has been to close some of the toilets. Fewer toilets with more people using them is
usually sufficient to deter drug users.
Health Au t h o rities should be invo l ved in preventing crime because the cost of crime is
huge and may impact upon staffing levels. Some NHS Trusts also lose staff hours as a result of
stress and injury from violent incidents in hospitals and health centres.
T h e re is limited guidance ava i l able to hospital security managers on designing out
c ri m e. In 1992 the National A s s o c i ation of Health Au t h o rities and Trusts published the NHS
Security Manual. This manual gives basic guidelines on establishing security programmes and
what these programmes should strive to deliver.
The full paper “ R e q u i ring Tre at m e n t ” - A brief examination of security and cri m e
prevention in hospitals” is available at: http://www.doca.org.uk/hospitals.pdf

For more information contact Terry Cocks, Crime prevention Design Adviser, Metropolitan Police,
Camden Borough HQ, Holborn Police Station, 10 Lambs Conduit Street, London WC1N 3NR
Tel: 020 8733 6323/4 or E-mail: terry.cocks@met.pnn.police.uk

July 2003 Designing Out Crime 13


Designing out Crime in the Built
Environment - Conference
North Yorkshire Police

On Tu e s d ay 18th March 2003 Nort h Institution fo l l owe d , who cove red the
Yo r k s h i re Police hosted a confe rence fo r i m p o rtance of standards and how they can
over 100 delegates at The Angel Inn, be ach i eve d . C l i ve Knowles from ACPO CPI
To p c l i f fe near T h i r s k , on ‘Designing out g ave the new Secured by Design (SBD)
Crime in the Built Env i ro n m e n t ’ . The target p re s e n t ation and Rachel A rm i t age from the
audience for the day was arch i t e c t s , Home Office provided details of her wo r k
p l a n n e r s , d e s i g n e r s , d evelopers and those in evaluating Secured by Design within West
i nvo l ved in the building or management of Yo r k s h i re and the benefits deri ved fro m
property. using SBD pri n c i p l e s. The closing speake r
Mr Peter Wa l ke r, the Deputy Chief was Mr Nerendra Bajaria from the
Constable of North Yorkshire Police opened Commission for A r ch i t e c t u re and the Built
the eve n t , e x p ressing the fo r c e ’s E nv i ronment (CABE), who discussed the
commitment to Designing out Cri m e. H e b e n e fits of having the correct design and
also identified the work curre n t ly being s e c u rity in pro p o rt i o n . Inspector Dave
For more information contact done by partnerships in helping to make a Fo rtune from the North Yo r k s h i re Po l i c e
PC Colin Musgrave, s u s t a i n able reduction to crime in the C o m munity Safety Unit gave the closing
Architectural Liaison Officer, county. address.
North Yorkshire Police, Malton The first speaker of the day was Dr Steve The eva l u ation fo rms have been
Eastern Area Police Station, Old E ve r s o n , a pri vate security consultant, w h o e x t re m e ly positive and a number of
Malton Road, Malton, North discussed the homebu ye r ’s pre fe rence and personal calls have been received from local
Yorkshire Tel: 01723 509691 or the benefit of incorp o r ating security into a r chitects and developers highlighting the
Email: colin.musgrave@ the build instead of at a later stage. A repre- value of the day. West Yo r k s h i re Police are
northyorkshire.pnn.police.uk s e n t at i ve from the British Standards hoping to host a similar event later this year.

Secure Garden Quiz


Avon and Somerset Constabulary

Avon and Somerset Constabu l a r y devised an Internet-based competition for securi t y


conscious gardeners earlier this year.
The competition was in the fo rm of an on-line
mu l t i p l e - choice quiz, asking entrants to re c o g n i s e
security weaknesses in a garden plan and choose the best
p o s s i ble improve m e n t s. W h e re wrong answers we re
given, the correct answer was automatically shown and at
the end of the quiz, a garden security guide could be
downloaded. Ian Taylor of the Landcraft Design Company
designed the garden plan. He also helped to devise secure
solutions, which would not compromise the aesthetics of
the garden.
Details of the competition can be found on the Crime
Reduction Section of the Avon and Somerset Constabulary
Website at: http://www.avonandsomerset.police.uk

For more information contact PS Kevin Wilkinson, Crime


Reduction Unit, Staple Hill Police Station, Staple Hill, Bristol
BS16 5LX Tel 0117 945 4127 Fax: 0117 945 4129 or E-mail:
kevin.wilkinson@avonandsomerset.pnn.police.uk

14 Designing Out Crime July 2003


Cash Points (ATMs): an Evaluation of
‘Personal Defensible Space’
Greater Manchester Police

An eva l u ation has been carried out to • A number of victims should be


e s t ablish the effe c t i veness of cre ating a i n t e rv i ewed so that the perspective of
d e fe n s i ble space in front of cash mach i n e s the victim is present in the pilot
( ATMs) with the aim of reducing the project evaluation.
number of ro bb e ries associated with these • It is suggested that the evaluation
m a chines (see article in the A p ril 2003 covers a period of 12 months with
edition of the Digest on ‘Designing Out regular reports from the research team
Crime Through Environmental Change’). including analysis of the
T h ree banks we re used for the pilot quantitative data and the inclusion of
s cheme because they we re geograp h i c a l ly the qualitative data where ap p ro p ri at e.
re p re s e n t at i ve of the area and provided a
good random sample of the 22 AT M s The results of the stre e t
l o c ated in the re g i o n . S t reet ro bb e ry and ro bb e ry re s e a r c h and the
theft from the person crime data within eva l u ation of the ATM pilot
150m of each ATM was recorded from the p roject indicates that there
launch of the pilot on 20th December 2002 a re a number of lessons to be
for a period of 10 weeks to 28th Feb ru a ry l e a rnt from the use of the
2 0 0 3 . The reaction of ATM users wa s personal defe n s i ble space
c o n s i d e red and their initial behaviour wa s tactic that suggests a positive
eva l u ated using CCTV fo o t age cove ring 24 c rime reduction can be
hour cycles. a ch i eve d . The re s e a r ch has
Initial indications from the pilot also revealed a number of
project look promising. However to test this a reas for further consider-
c rime prevention design thoro u g h ly, a at i o n . The re l at i o n s h i p
more detailed and widespread study will be b e t ween ATM locat i o n , s t re e t
re q u i re d . An eva l u ation specifi c ation is c rime and stolen goods
outlined below: m a r kets and/or dru g s
• A number of sites need to be selected. m a r kets is complex. T h e
These should include sites with low c re ation of personal
levels of ro bb e ry within the 150m defensible space zones at ATMs has minimal
buffer zone and areas with high levels cost attached to it, however there are issues
of ro bb e ry within the buffer zone. in re l ation to the design and ro bustness of
These sites can be with the same bank m at e rials used. The ATM personal
or a range of banks. It is suggested that defensible space pilot project in Manchester
the research should be across more i n d i c ates that this ap p ro a ch has a positive
than one geographical area to provide c rime reduction effect and a UK wide
comparative data in relation to the application.
pilot project.
• CCTV footage should be subject to For more information contact Judith Sadler or
psychological analysis to take account Tony Holt, Greater Manchester Police, Greenheys
of the range of behaviours of ATM Police Station, Charles Halle road, Moss Side,
users and to identify offenders. Manchester M15 6NP
• A number of street robbers should be Tel: 0161 856 4435 Fax: 0161 856 4453
i n t e rv i ewed and asked specifically if
such a crime prevention strategy
changes their behaviour. If so, how and
whether there are issues
of displacement.

July 2003 Designing Out Crime 15


Domestic Violence and Hate Crime -
‘The Sanctuary Project’
Metropolitan Police

In 1995 the Harrow Police Crime Reduction Unit introduced a scheme to help victims of
domestic violence and hate crime to secure their homes and prevent repeat victimisat i o n .A s
a fo l l ow on from this, the Sanctuary Project was set up in September 2002 in part n e r s h i p
with the Po l i c e, H o u s i n g, Wo m e n ’s Aid and Wo m e n ’s Centre and Social Serv i c e s. The pro j e c t
provides a package of physical security devices and is available to people who are threatened
with homelessness due to domestic violence, hate crime or other violence.
The physical security measures include changing door lock s , fitting key operat e d
window locks and installing internal and external grilles. Victims are also provided with fire
s a fety equipment including smoke detectors, anti-arson letterboxes and collap s i ble fi re
escapes.
R e fe rrals are made from the va rious agencies invo l ved in the scheme and the Cri m e
Reduction Department then carries out home surveys to assess the ap p l i c a n t ’s additional
security requirements. Their recommendations are forwarded to the Local Authority Housing
Assessment Team who either grant authority (for council or pri vat e ly owned pro p e rty) or
liaise with the Housing A s s o c i ation to obtain authority for the wo r k . Once permission has
been granted, the re fe rral is sent to the local locksmith, who has a Service Level Agreement to
provide a response within 24 hours.
Since being launched in September 2002, the project has helped 40 re p e at victims to
s t ay in their own homes and has dramat i c a l ly reduced their fear of cri m e. The fe e d b a ck
received has been very positive.

For more information contact Mark Dowse, Geoff Bigby or Peter Waine, Crime Reduction Unit,
Metropolitan Police, Harrow Police Borough, 74, Northolt Road, Harrow HA2 0DN Tel: 020 8733 3465
or E-mail: mark.dowse@met.police.uk, geoff.bigby@met.police.uk or peter.waine@met.police.uk

Disrupting crack markets: A practice guide


Home Office

The sale of crack is one of the biggest The guide brings together tried and tested
policing pro bl e m . U n c o n t rolled crack ap p ro a ches to controlling crack marke t s ,
m a r kets are often linked to violence and drawing on best practice from both the UK
i n t i m i d ation that affects whole and ab ro a d . It also includes pro j e c t
c o m mu n i t i e s. The criminality associat e d examples.
with crack houses and street markets can
have a negative impact on regeneration and Copies of the guide, published in April 2003 are
can discourage and further stigmat i s e available free from Prolog UK Tel: 0870 241 4680
d e p ri ved areas. Fax: 0870 241 4786 E-mail: homeoffice@prolog.
This guide explains how the police can uk.com stating code DSD 11. Alternatively this
work with partners to implement a range document can also be viewed and downloaded
of actions to reduce demand and shrink or via the Crime Reduction Website at:
close down crac k marke t s. Although is http://www.crimereduction.gov.uk/
designed for those working at street leve l drugsalcohol70.htm
within England and Wales with its pri m a ry
audience being the police and law You can contact a member of the Crack Team
e n forcement offi c e r s , it is also aimed at based in the Home Office: Naomi Abigail
p a rtners who assist these agencies with Tel: 0207 273 4502
local control and disruption strategies. E-mail: naomi.abigail@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk or
Trevor Cook Tel: 0207 273 4044 E-mail:
trevor.crook@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

16 Domestic Violence/Drugs and Alcohol July 2003


Drugs and crime: From warfare to welfare
NACRO

The National A s s o c i ation for the Care and t h e m . In the UK, t h ree quarters of the
Resettlement of Offenders (NAC RO) has m o n ey spent on tackling drugs is spent on
p u blished a re p o rt , w h i ch advo c ates the p o l i c i n g, c o u rt s , p ri s o n s , customs and
p rovision of facilities where drug addicts associated law enforcement measures.
can use drugs in safe and hy g i e n i c According to the re p o rt current dru g s
c o n d i t i o n s. T h e reby reducing the risk to l aws unduly burden the prison system.
themselves and tackling open drugs misuse Almost 12,000 people are pre s e n t ly in jail
on the streets and estat e s. It also states that for drug offences, including around 40% of
t re atment services should be better all sentenced women pri s o n e r s. M a ny of
resourced. these offenders are users in pri m a ry need Copies of the report published
The re p o rt , ‘ D rugs and cri m e : F ro m of treatment and support. in May 2003 and priced £12.50
wa r fa re to we l fa re ’ , suggests that Bri t a i n ’s Sentences are dispro p o rt i o n at e ly + £1.50 P&Pcan be obtained
p u n i t i ve drugs laws are serving to t o u g h . S u p p ly of a class ‘ B ’ d rug carries a from NACRO Publications, 169,
u n d e rmine the effe c t i ve development of m a x i mum prison sentence of 14 ye a r s , Clapham Road, London, SW9
s t r ategies to support and tre at crack and g re ater than that for illegal possession and 0PU
h e roin addicts. R ather than an ap p ro a ch supply of firearms or the wilful neglect of a Tel: 020 7840 6427
based on policing and punishment, t h e ch i l d . The law fails to distinguish betwe e n or visit their website at:
re p o rt calls on the Gove rnment to steer c riminal gangs making millions and yo u n g http://www.nacro.org.uk
resources towards getting addicts off drugs people buying small quantities of drugs on /templates/news/
while minimising the personal and social behalf of their friends. newsItem.cfm/
h a rm caused by those who continue to use 2003051500.htm

‘Too Cool 4 Booze’ Mousemat Design and


Alcohol Tour
Cumbria Constabulary

Getting a message across to young people in re l ation to alcohol abuse is not always an easy
t a s k . The Crime and Disorder Reduction Pa rtnership (CDRP) in West Cumbria enlisted the
help of the CragRats T h e at re Group to undertake a three-week tour of schools in the are a .T h e
tour invo l ved a play and workshop sessions and was linked to Cumbria Healthy Sch o o l s. A n
input was offe red to eve ry Year 7, ( first year secondary sch o o l ) , as well as a special
educational needs school.
To re - i n force the messag e, a partnership was eastablished with the Lakes College in the More information on both
a re a . Students we re given a project to design a handout suitable for a Year 7 audience. T h e the mouse mat design and
winning design is a mousemat with the logo ‘ Too Cool 4 Booze’ and a colour scheme of evaluation is available from
blue, yellow and pink, which was a big hit with the target age group. The cartoon graphics of PC Stuart Burgess, Community
a girl vo m i t i n g, a boy getting a bl a ck eye and others getting injured in alcohol-re l at e d Safety Officer, Cumbria
accidents made key points in a humorous, but info rm at i ve way. Constabulary, West Cumbria
The project also proved to be a good example of partnership wo r k i n g. College students Police Area HQ, Hall Brow,
we re able to work on a real pro j e c t , with a design bri e f, p rint deadlines and bu d g e t , w h i l e Workington, Cumbria CA13 4AP
the Police and local Pri m a ry Care Trust supported the production of the mousemats and Tel: 01900 844185
subsequent distribution. or E-mail:
The play has been eva l u ated (with over 1,300 eva l u ation fo rms re t u rned) to determ i n e stuart.burgess@cumbria.
feedback from pupils. It is planned to undertake a follow up evaluation in six months. police.uk

July 2003 Drugs and Alcohol 17


Using Drugs could cost you your career
Gloucestershire Constabulary

G l o u c e s t e r s h i re Constabu l a ry has launched its third hard-hitting anti-drugs poster, w h i ch


For more information contact tackles the issue of drug abuse.
Andrea Lamb, Exhibitions The poster includes the message ‘Using drugs could cost you your care e r ’ a n d
Co-ordinator, Gloucestershire emphasises how a drug conviction may prevent a person from pursuing certain jobs. It shows
Constabulary, Lansdown Road, a shocking image of a young woman about to use cocaine in the middle of an office and was
Cheltenham, Gloucester designed to encourage young people in part i c u l a r, to think about the consequences of dru g
GL51 6QH abuse.
Tel: 01242 276133 The poster was launched at Cheltenham Town Football Club, a keen supporter of the
Fax: 01242 221415 p o l i c e ’s anti-drugs campaign and will be displayed at the football ground for the next 12
or E-mail: andrea.lamb@ m o n t h s. A total of 5,000 posters have been distri buted to va rious org a n i s ations across the
gloucestershire.pnn.police.uk county, but especially those involved with 15 - 25 year olds.

Problem Solving Policing - Cannabis Cafes:


an Operational Guide
Merseyside Police

For more information contact This booklet has been produced by Merseyside Police and is the first in a series of guides that
Eddie Townsend Merseyside will offer a wide variety of practical solutions to operational officers. The guides summarise
Police Crime Reduction Unit, k n owledge on how to reduce the harm caused by specific crime and disorder pro blems in
Hope Street Police Station, neighbourhoods based on the SARA (Scanning, A n a ly s i s , Response, Assessment) process and
38A Hope Street, National Intelligence Model of policing.
Liverpool L1 9BZ This particular guide outlines the issues associated with opening and using premises as
Tel: 0151 777 4158 c a n n abis cafe s. It provides a va riety of options for police forces faced with policing such
Fax: 0151 777 5522 illegal establishments.

Alcohol CD Rom
York Alcohol Advice Service
For more information contact
Alison Tubbs, Service Manager, The York Alcohol A dvice Service (YAAS) launched a CD Rom in May aimed at young people
YAAS, 63 Bootham, aged 10 to 12 years, which deals with the issues surrounding alcohol misuse.
York Y030 7BT The CD, w h i ch is accompanied by a support pack , runs for ap p rox i m at e ly 30 minu t e s
Tel: 01904 652104 and includes games, quizzes and video fo o t ag e. The CD will be used as an educational tool
E-mail: info@yaas.org.uk or and has been distributed to all schools in the York area free of ch a rg e.
visit their website at: Fe e d b a ck from the young people who have used the pack so far has been ve ry
http://www.yaas.org.uk encouraging.

Cards Today
Association for Payment Clearing Services (APACS)

A PACS has published the third edition of For an electronic


the bi-annual newsletter ‘Cards To d ay ’ . I t version of Cards Today
fe at u res the latest developments on topics contact Mark
s u ch as plastic card stat i s t i c s , s e c u ri t y, Bowerman via E-mail
t e chnology developments at ATMs and at: mark.bowerman
initiatives to tackle card fraud. @apacs.org.uk

18 Drugs and Alcohol/Fraud July 2003


Crime in England and Wales: Quarterly
update to December 2002
Home Office Statistical Bulletin 5/03

Q u a rt e r ly crime fi g u res published for the • Vehicle thefts continue to fall in 2002,
p e riod to December 2002 show generally with the British Crime Survey (BCS)
p o s i t i ve trends for crime in England and showing a 17% fall since 2000.
Wa l e s. H oweve r, n ew re p o rting practices • Levels of fear of burglary and car crime
i n t roduced mid-way through the re p o rt i n g have fallen in recent quarters.
p e riod may not give a completely accurat e • According to the BCS, the majority of
i m p ression and may be subject to rev i s i o n the public feels that crime has risen in
in future quarterly updates. the last two years, despite an overall
The main points from this re p o r t reduction in crime over that time.
include:
• Overall crime has fallen in the Copies of this report, published in April 2003,
second half of 2002. This picture is are available free from the Research,
more positive than the last quarter’s Development and Statistics Directorate (RDS),
update. Communications Development Unit, Room 201,
• Recorded ro bb e ry fell by an estimated 50 Queen Anne’s Gate, London, SW1H 9AT Tel:
23% in October-December 2002 020 7273 2084 or E-mail:
compared with the previous year. publications.rds@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk
Overall violent crime appears to have It can also be viewed and downloaded from the
levelled off after falls in the late 1990s. Home Office Website at:
• In late 2002 domestic bu rg l a ry showed http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/
signs of resuming the falls of the rds/pdfs2/hosb503.pdf
1990s after a flat period earlier in
the year.

Crime Prevention Advice through


A d ve rt i s i n g
Cleveland Police

Since October last ye a r, C l eveland Police have been


using a 10ft by 8ft “ A ” frame adve rtising trailer in
the Middlesbrough area to provide cri m e
prevention advice to residents.
The trailer, w h i ch is designed to display inter-
changeable boards, is positioned in the entrances to
car parks providing info rm ation on vehicle cri m e
i s s u e s. The boards fold down to enable easy access
to car parks with height re s t ri c t i o n s. Since the start
of the campaign, the trailer has been deployed in
six diffe rent car parks in the area on 64 days and
has proved instrumental in reducing car cri m e.
Only one crime has been committed in the car park where the trailer has been located.
Anti-burglary and shed crime mobile boards have also been used around housing estates.
These boards incorporate sound systems to broadcast crime prevention info rm at i o n .

For further details contact Sgt Glynn Bass, Cleveland Police HQ, PO Box 70, Ladgate Lane,
Middlesbrough TS8 9EH Tel: 01642 303108 Fax: 01642 303371 or E-mail:
glynn.bass@cleveland.pnn.police.uk

July 2003 General 19


Match Books: ‘Striking’ a Balance
Greater Manchester Police

Police in the Gre ater Manchester area are • ‘Think Safe, Drink Safe’.
using small matchbooks in the fight against • ‘Get a Taxi you can trust.
c ri m e. It is hoped that the specially • Crimestoppers Number.
designed books of mat ches will ‘ s t ri ke ’ t h e T h e re is also a wa rning on the inside
right balance between being a free give - f l ap of the mat ch b o o k s , w h i c h info rm s
away and a way of providing cri m e people that the management of the bar do
prevention advice. not tolerate the selling of stolen goods or
22,000 matchbooks will be handed out drug taking on their premises.
to customers in city centre bars. T h ey
contain a variety of messages including: For further details contact PC Stuart Pizzey,
• ‘Get a Grip’ giving re fe rence to Crime Reduction Officer, Greater Manchester
personal property crime. Police, Bootle Street Police Station,
• The successful City Centre Safe Manchester M2 5GU
initiative. Tel: 0161 856 3046 Fax: 0161 856 3018

2 Wrongs don’t make a Right Project


The National Centre for Citizenship and the Law (NCCL)

During 2002, the National Centre for Citizenship and the Law (NCCL) created and delive re d
the Crime Reduction project “Two Wrongs don’t make a Right”, with the aim of developing
re l ationships between schools and Crime and Disorder Reduction Pa rtnerships (CDRPs)
a c ross the East Midlands. Fo l l owing this pro j e c t , s chools and CDRPs we re asked to complete
response fo rms to gather info rm ation about the re l ationships and partnerships betwe e n
them.
Forms were distributed to attendees at the “Two Wrongs don’t make a Right” conference
held in September 2002 and at fo l l ow-up seminars across the re g i o n . O ver 130 people in
both schools and CDRPs completed fo rms and the results we re analysed by the Social
Sciences Department of Nottingham Trent Unive r s i t y. The conclusions drawn from this
a n a lysis identified that crime reduction can and should play a major role in citizenship
e d u c at i o n . In particular teachers and partners expressed a willingness to work together to
educate young people on issues that affect them and their communities.
An on-line guide is available for teachers wanting to work with their local CDRP on the
N C C L’s Website (h t t p : / / w w w. n c c l . o rg . u k) , w h i ch also includes a new search engine
funded by the Gove rnment Office for the
East Midlands (GOEM).
Since the development of “2 W ro n g s
d o n ’t make a Right” the NCCL has been
awarded funding through the GOEM to develop a new partnership pro j e c t , w h i ch cre at e s
c e n t res for crime reduction in schools across the East Midlands. A c t i ve ly Reducing Cri m e
(ARC) schools will be given funding to devise community-based crime reduction pro j e c t s.
The emphasis will be on active citizenship through a whole school ap p ro a ch . This will enable
t e a ch e r s , p u p i l s , c o m munity org a n i s ations and the police to work together to develop a
localised strategy to tackle crime related issues that involve young people.

For more information contact Jenny Gilbert, Crime Reduction Co-ordinator, The National Centre for
Citizenship and the Law, Galleries of Justice, Shire Hall, Lace Market, Nottingham NG1 1HN
Tel: 0115 952 0555 or E-mail: jenny.gilbert@nccl.org.uk

20 General July 2003


British Community Safety Awards 2003
Crime Concern

O rganisers of projects that cut crime and overall winning entry will re c e i ve an
m a ke a diffe rence to the quality of life fo r additional £1,500 of Crime Concern
local communities are set to get nat i o n a l training or £1,000 cash and the
and intern ational recognition for their o p p o rtunity to become Bri t a i n ’s re p re s e n-
work by entering this ye a r ’s Marks & t at i ve in the 2003 European Cri m e
Spencer Community Safety Awards. Prevention Awards.
The awa r d s , o rganised by Cri m e Last ye a r ’s overall winner was the ‘ N o t
Concern have highlighted some of the most Another Dro p ’ p roject run by the
innovative examples of good practice in the M e t ropolitan Police and Brent Council, a
field of crime reduction over the last seve n unique project to deter ‘black on bl a ck ’ gun
ye a r s. The standard of entries continues to re l ated crime in the are a . Other winners
g row and last ye a r ’s competition at t r a c t e d included a project by Stoneb ridge Housing
m o re than 300 entri e s. Both Cri m e Action Trust to improve the quality of life
Concern and Marks & Spencer hope that the for residents on a North London estate and
2003 awards launched re c e n t ly will be as a project by Lancashire Police to re d u c e Anyone wishing to enter the
successful as previous years. vehicle crime. competition can visit the
An independent judging panel, chaired The competition is open to entries that Awards Website at:
by the Home Offi c e, will select fi ve fit into the community safe t y / c ri m e http://www.crimeconcern.
w i n n e r s , one of which will be chosen as reduction remit and the closing date fo r o rg . u k / a w a rd s
the overall winner. The fi ve winners will e n t ries is 25th July 2003. E n t ries re c e i ve d and complete an application
e a ch re c e i ve a tro p hy, c e rt i fi c ate and b e fo re 2nd June we re entered into an early form online or as a
£1,500 wo rth of Crime Concern training bird draw. The first three out of the hat won downloadable document.
or £1,000 cash to help develop their wo r k Marks & Spencers vo u chers to the value of Entries can be e-mailed to:
and promote national re p l i c at i o n . T h e £50, £30 and £20. awards@crimeconcern.org.uk

Crime Concern’s Chief Executive Re t i re s


Crime Concern

C r ime Concern ’s Chief Exe c u t i ve Nigel In addition to his role as Chief


Whiskin will be stepping down from his E xe c u t i ve, Mr Whiskin re p resented Cri m e
post in July after 15 years service with the C o n c e rn on the Board of Intern at i o n a l
ch a ri t y. C e n t re for Crime Prevention and as
Mr W h i s k i n , who prev i o u s ly re c e i ve d the ACPO Sub Committee for Cri m e
an MBE for his work with offenders in Prevention.
NAC RO, has been Crime Concern ’s Chief Mr W h i s k i n ’s successor will be Mr
E xe c u t i ve since its inception in 1988. Roger Howa r d . Roger is curre n t ly the
D u r ing this time he has developed and D i rector of Drugscope and will take up the
i n i t i ated new ideas, m a ny of which have post as Crime Concern ’s Chief Exe c u t i ve in
helped to shape national crime re d u c t i o n September.
p ro g r a m m e s. He was re s p o n s i ble fo r
attracting over 360 major businesses to join For more information about Crime Concern
in the fight against crime and was instru- contact them at: Crime Concern Beaver House,
mental in raising over £22 million from the 147 - 150 Victoria Road, Swindon SN1 3UY Tel:
c o rp o r ate and ch a ri t able trust sector, which 01793 863500 Fax: 01793 514654 or visit their
in turn secured crime prevention activities website at:
worth £160 million. http://www.crimeconcern.org.uk

July 2003 General 21


Counting the costs of crime in Australia
Australian Institute of Criminology

This report was published in April 2003 as part of the Trends & Issues in Crime and Criminal
Justice Seri e s , No 247. It assesses some of the major costs for a range of offe n c e s , u p d at i n g
previous work in Australia.
The costing principles used include estimates of medical costs, lost output, i n t a n g i bl e
costs and transfer of resources. Although these principles cover a wide range of crimes, some
c rimes are not dealt with in detail because of a lack of dat a . C ri m e s , s u ch as kidnap p i n g,
bl a ckmail and good order offences are not included because there is little data on the
number of incidents or their costs. Full details of the methodology and calculations used are
p u blished in Te chnical Report No 4: Counting the costs of crime in Australia (see below fo r
details).
The main re p o rt puts the overall estimated fi g u re for crime in Australia at $32 billion a
year. Some of the individual costs are:
• Homicide at $1.6 million per incident.
• R o bb e ry at $3,600 per incident.
• Residential burglary at $2,000 per incident.
• Shoplifting at $110 per incident.
The re p o rt also looks bri e f ly at the costs of victim assistance, s e c u ri t y, h o u s e h o l d
precautions, insurance and lost productivity from prisoners.
Although there are many difficulties in assessing crime costs, it is important because
they set the context for the substantial resources spent trying to prevent crime and deal with
Editor’s note: In this o f fe n d e r s. T h ey also give a better basis for assessing where crime prevention effo rts are best
report direct use was made t a rgeted and are essential for cost-benefit analysis where the costs of crime re d u c t i o n
of the UK study of crime initiatives are set against savings made from crimes prevented.
costs published in 2000 as
Home Office Research Study A full copy of the paper can be viewed or downloaded from the Internet:
217: ‘The Economic and http://www.aic.gov.au/publications/tandi/ti247.pdf (8 pages). A copy of the accompanying
Social Costs of Crime’, technical report can be viewed or downloaded from:
which can be accessed via http://www.aic.gov.au/publications/tbp/tbp004.pdf
the Home Office Website at:
http://www. Thanks to the European Crime Prevention Network (EU CPN) for highlighting these publications. For
homeoffice.gov.uk/ more information on EU CPN, visit the website at:
rds/pdfs/hors217.pdf http://europa.eu.int/comm/justice_home/eucpn

Electronic Notice Board Unit


Greater Manchester Police

G re ater Manchester Police have been using an electronic notice board to display cri m e
prevention messages to residents and visitors to the area.
The unit is fitted to a trailer, w h i ch enables it to be towed to any locat i o n . The scre e n
displays three lines of text of 16 characters per line with a scrolling facility. The info rm at i o n
is input via a laptop and then sent by GSM line dire c t ly to the
b o a r d . M e s s ages can be digitally updated or added from any w h e re
in the country.
The notice board has been used to display cri m e
p revention messag e s , t e rro rist alert wa rnings and improve general
awareness, such as the operation of CCTV in a specific area.

For more information contact PC Stuart Pizzey, Crime Reduction Officer,


Greater Manchester Police, Bootle Street Police Station,
Manchester M2 5GU
Tel: 0161 856 3046 Fax: 0161 856 3018

22 General July 2003


Evaluating the Impact of Crimestoppers
Home Office On-line report 22/03

C r imestoppers has been in operat i o n a small but significant part in the fi g h t


nationally since 1988 and covers every part against cri m e. In 2000 Cri m e s t o p p e r s
of the United Kingdom, o p e r ating acro s s re c i eved almost half a million calls which
29 re g i o n s. The main function of the suggests that it has been successful in
s e rvice is to provide fre e, a n o ny m o u s getting its message across to the publ i c. O f
telephone access to one of 29 these calls, C rimestoppers own fi g u re s
C r imestoppers units based in police suggest that about 11% (56,555) of calls
s t ations throughout the country, using one resulted in actionable info rm at i o n .T h at is,
n ational freephone telephone nu m b e r i n fo rm ation considered important enough
(0800 555 111). Callers are guaranteed to pass to inve s t i g ating offi c e r s. In 2000,
a n o nymity and offe red cash rewards of over 5,000 calls to Crimestoppers provided
b e t ween £50 and £500 for info rm at i o n i n fo rm ation leading to an arrest or charge -
t h at helps the police to detect or prevent a this is 1% of all calls or 10% of all
c ri m e. The Crimestoppers model has actionable info rm at i o n .
g e n e r a l ly been regarded as a successful Results of the eva l u ation show that
means of assisting police forces to re s p o n d C r imestoppers appears to re c e i ve a
to crime and Crimestoppers schemes have significant number of calls about drugs and
n ow been established in more than 20 has enjoyed particular success in dealing
countries around the world. with dru g - re l ated cri m e s. O ve r a l l , t o o
This re p o rt describes re s e a r c h m a ny calls are made when the units are
u n d e rt a ken for an eva l u ation of shut with at least one fifth of all calls made
C r imestoppers in the UK. The main on Saturdays and Sundays when most of the
objectives of the study were to: units are closed. Fe e d b a ck to the
• Identify types of info rm ation gained C rimestoppers units is also low. I n - d e p t h
and assess Crimestoppers contribution a n a lysis has shown that the impact of
to the detection, investigation and C r imestoppers is gre ater than its ow n
prosecution of specific crimes. fi g u res suggest. It may be that as mu ch as
• Quantify the inputs, outputs and 17% of actionable info rm ation results in an
outcomes of Crimestoppers, if a rre s t , ch a rge or caution and that almost
possible, in comparison to alternative half (47%) provides some fo rm of useful
methods of info rm ation collection. i n fo rm at i o n .
• Assess Crimestoppers ability to
access and generate info rm ation from Copies of the on-line report, published in April
communities that might be considered 2003, are only available via the Home Office
‘hard to re a ch ’ . Website at:
• Examine the wider role that http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/pdf
Crimestoppers plays in the generation s 2 / rd s o l r 2 2 03 . p d f
of police intelligence generally. Application for reproduction of this report
• Identify potential areas where the should be made to the Research, Development
performance of Crimestoppers might and Statistics Directorate (RDS),
be improved. Communications Development Unit, Room 275,
50 Queen Anne’s Gate, London SW1H 9AT
C o m p a red to the size of the cri m i n a l Tel: 020 7273 2084
justice system Crimestoppers seems to play E-mail: publications.rds@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk


Results of the evaluation show that
Crimestoppers...has enjoyed particular successes in
dealing with drug-related crimes.

July 2003 General 23
Launch of Anti-Racism Campaign
Leeds City Council

Leeds City Council launched a hard-hitting Chair of the Commission for Racial
poster campaign earlier this year with the Equality to see an example of the fi n i s h e d
aim of sending a zero-tolerance message on poster.
race crime to the people of Leeds. The campaign is scheduled to ru n
The campaign invo l ved posters again during July and August this year as
a dve rtised on 100 buses around the city p a rt of an ongoing campaign led by Leeds
together with over 15,000 also displaye d City Council and the Leeds Racial
a round public ve nues with the messag e : Harassment Project to increase the
“Leeds - a city uniting against racist awa reness of racist crime and encourag e
c ri m e ” . The posters also provide a fre e people to report it.
phone number to enable people to re p o rt
racist crime. For more information contact Oliver Tipper,
Local schools took part in designing Public Relations Assistant, Leeds City Council,
the final poster during a competition, Civic Hall, Leeds LS1 1UR
w h i ch ran in the summer of 2002. T h e Tel: 0113 395 0534 E-mail:
winner and short-listed finalists gat h e re d oliver.tipper@leeds.gov.uk
in Millennium Square together with the or visit their website at:
Deputy Lord Mayor Councillor and fo rm e r http://www.leeds.gov.uk

Guide to property marking in schools:


A joint initiative to help reduce crime
throughout Brighton & Hove
Sussex Police

Earlier this year Sussex Po l i c e, in partnership with Brighton & Hove City Council launch e d
the “Smartwater” property marking scheme in schools in the area.
The scheme was set up following a review of the increased levels of high cost equipment
available in schools and the fact that schools are often open to members of the public out of
h o u r s. The idea was to use a recognised crime prevention practice
t h at could be easily adapted as part of the citizenship curriculum at
key stages 2, 3 and 4. In association with the Science A dvisor fro m
the Childre n , Families and Sc hools Depart m e n t , the police
i d e n t i fied the science curriculum as the most effe c t i ve way of
i n fo rming pupils of the scheme.
To maximise the potential of using Smart wat e r, t h e
ch i l d ren need to know how the system works and be
able to identify pro p e rty that has been marked in this
way. Science lessons incorporate the use of Smartwater and
are aimed at teaching pupils how this property marking solution
can be applied to school equipment, as well as pro m p t i n g
discussions into the various properties of ultra-violet light.

For more information contact DC Kieran Madden, Sussex Police, Hove Police Station, Holland Road,
Hove, East Sussex BN3 1JY Tel: 01273 665517 Fax: 01273 665752

Editors Note: P ro p e rty marking schemes should adhere to the Association of Chief Police
O f ficer (ACPO)/Home office principles of pro p e rty marking. Details are published on the
Crime Reduction Website:http://www.crimereduction.gov.uk/property01.htm

24 Hate Crime/Property Marking July 2003


“Hands Off ” - Vehicle Crime Initiative
Devon and Cornwall Constabulary

The “Hands Off ” i n i t i at i ve was launched by Devon and Corn wall Constabu l a ry in A p ril this
year with the aim of highlighting the problems of theft of CD players and radios from motor
vehicles.
The scheme encourages car owners to have their property marked with their postcode, as For more information contact
well as displaying a distinctive sticker in their vehicle warning would be thieves that pro p e rt y PC Steve Murch, Crime
has been marked. Reduction officer, Devon and
S t i ckers we re distri buted at the launch of a Vehicle Crime Reduction day held in a bu s y Cornwall Constabulary, Charles
city centre car park in Ply m o u t h . Earlier this year over 250 people attended the eve n t , 60 of Cross Police Station, Plymouth,
whom had been repeat victims of car crime. In addition to property marking, attendees were Devon PL4 8HG
o f fe red free child seat safety ch e ck s , window etching and the chance to check out a demon- Tel: 01752 720570
stration vehicle fitted with all the latest car security equipment. Fax: 01752 720575

Learner Drivers Awareness Scheme


Cleveland Police

C l eveland Police has launched an initiat i ve lock/immobiliser is activated when the


aimed at driving down vehicle crime in the vehicle is left.
a re a . • No vehicle contents are left in a visible
The initiat i ve has been set up in position.
p a rtnership with over 20 Dri v i n g • Where possible, the stereo is removed.
I n s t r uctors in the are a . T h ey have been Although no fo r mal eva l u ation has
i nvo l ved in piloting the sch e m e, w h i c h been carried out, the fe e d b a ck so far has
p rovides a crime prevention input to new been ve ry positive and has highlighted the
d ri ve r s. The advice is incorp o r ated in the lack of awareness among many new dri ve r s
p u p i l ’s ‘parking scenario training’ a n d about to vehicle security.
addresses five key areas to ensure that:
• When parked, a vehicle is left in a safe, For more information contact Sgt Glynn Bass,
well-lit area. Cleveland Police HQ, PO Box 70, Ladgate Lane,
• A vehicle is left locked with the Middlesbrough TS8 9EH
windows shut. Tel: 01642 303108 Fax: 01642 303371 or
• Any alarm system or steering E-mail: glynn.bass@cleveland.pnn.police.uk

Safer Vehicles - Safer Streets: A Strategy


to Reduce Motorcrime
Thames Valley Partnership

This booklet has been jointly written by the Thames Va l l ey Pa rtnership and European Secure
Vehicle Alliance to assist those invo l ved in tackling crime and disorder to consider what is
meant by vehicle crime.
The aim of the paper is to get people to think diffe re n t ly about motorcrime and make a
g re ater impact locally to deliver safer vehicles and safer stre e t s. It takes the deb ate ab o u t
m o t o r c rime fo r ward in a new way, by demonstrating the connection between anti-social
behaviour, which includes stolen, abandoned and burnt out cars, through the use of vehicles
in burglary, drug dealing and ro bb e ry, to dangerous driving and deaths on the road.

For more information and copies of this booklet published in February 2003 contact Viv Nicholas
European Secure Vehicle Alliance, 104 The Fairway, Burnham, Slough, Berkshire SL1 8DY
Tel: 01628 661887 E-mail: mrviv.nicholas@btinternet.com

July 2003 Property Marking/Vehicle Crime 25


The Extent of Motorcycle Theft in 2000
Home Office Research Findings 193 and On-Line Report 20/03

In 2000, over 35,000 motorcycles (including scooters,mopeds and motorbikes) were recorded stolen
on the Police National Computer (PNC) in England, Scotland and Wales. These papers provide an
analysis of these thefts and suggest ways in which manufacturers, motorcyclists and the police can
reduce motorcycle theft.
Some of the key points from these reports include:
• In 2000,an estimated 25 motorcycles were stolen for every 1,000 registered with the DVLA.
• Mopeds and scooters are at much greater risk of being stolen than motorbikes - they made up
just 26% of the total of motorcycles registered but accounted for 56% of all thefts.The theft
rate for mopeds and scooters was 53 per 1,000 registered compared with 15 per 1,000
motorbikes registered.Generally, low capacity motorbikes were also shown to have a high risk
of theft.
• The age of motorcycles is also relevant - those first registered in 1999 (ie one-year-old) faced
the greatest risk of being stolen,with a theft rate of 39 per 1,000 registered.This contrasts
with car theft in 2000,which peaked for vehicles registered in 1987 and 1988 (12 and 13
years old) in the same year.
• In the 10 police forces with the highest motorcycle theft,rates showed mopeds and scooters
made up on average 71% of all motorcycles stolen.This compares to 56% in the 10 police
Copies of the Research Findings, forces with the lowest rate of motorcycle theft.
published in April 2003, are • The recovery rate for motorcycles was 32% in 2000 compared to 65% for cars. Split by type,
available free from the Research 26% of motorbikes were recovered while mopeds and scooters had a slightly higher rate of 37%.
Development and Statistics
Directorate (RDS), Some action points resulting from these reports are:
Communications Development Manufacturers
Unit, Room 201, 50 Queen Anne’s • Due to the very high theft rates associated with many of the bikes on the road,manufacturers
Gate, London SW1H 9AT should continue to develop and fit high specification security measures such as electronic
Tel: 020 7273 2084 immobilisers,physical security features and parts marking to all models.This may bring about
E-mail: reductions in theft rates similar to those for cars,which is largely believed to be due to the
publications.rds@homeoffice. compulsory fitting of electronic immobilisers in 1998.The design process for new motorcycles
gsi.gov.uk could also give more consideration to the fitting of security features pre and post manufacture.
and can also be viewed and • Manufacturers should work with the DVLA to review and increase the accuracy of the way in
downloaded from the Home which model and body codes of motorcycles are defined and recorded.If this exercise were to be
Office Website at: repeated annually this would enable a more detailed breakdown of motorcycle theft.
http://www.homeoffice. Motorcyclists
gov.uk/rds/pdfs2/r193.pdf • Owners of motorcycles should ensure that their vehicles are adequately secured and,if
necessary, fit and routinely use after-market security devices as recommended by recognised
Copies of the On-line Report, test houses such as Sold Secure or Thatcham.
also published in April 2003, are • Security marking as many parts of a motorcycle as possible make them less attractive to
available only via the Home opportunistic thieves and will increase the chance of getting the motorcycle back if it is stolen
Office Website at: and then recovered.
http://www.homeoffice. • Owners of motorcycles that are at high risk of theft should take extra security precautions.The
gov.uk/rds/pdfs2/ Bike Theft Index 2002 provides information on those most at risk.
rdsolr2003.pdf • Making use of motorcycle parking provision would greatly improve security options at no
Application for reproduction of extra cost to the motorcyclist.Wherever possible, riders should use spaces that have stands or
this report should be made to security loops to secure the vehicle but always to something that cannot be moved.Owners
Research, Development and should look for secured motorcycle parking spaces in public car parks and make use of the
Statistics Directorate (RDS), Police approved ‘Secured Care Parks’scheme.
Communications Development The Police
Unit, Room 275, 50 Queen • The Police need to continue to improve the recording of motorcycle information when
Anne’s Gate, London SW1H 9AT reporting thefts to the Police National Computer (PNC).A particular concern for this study
Tel: 020 7273 2084 was a significant proportion of thefts that could not be matched against DVLA records.This
E-mail: could be due partly to inaccurate information taken from the PNC. Improving the recording of
publications.rds@homeoffice. information would also enable better targeting of the motorcycle types that are particularly prone
gsi.gov.uk to the highest number and rates of theft.

26 Vehicle Crime July 2003


Taking the Stand against Witness
Intimidation
Nottinghamshire Police

Nottinghamshire Police in partnership with a u t h o rity has to deal with people carry i n g
Nottingham City Council has launched a out witness intimidation and the help that
hard-hitting campaign to raise awareness of is ava i l able from va rious org a n i s ations fo r
the law regarding witness intimidation. witnesses.
The message that witness intimidat i o n Out of 113 people who re t u rn e d
is a crime carrying a fi ve - year pri s o n q u e s t i o n n a i res after the training sessions,
sentence has been adve rtised acro s s 91% said they found the content of the
Nottingham’s housing estates. A new leaflet training “ ve ry re l eva n t ” and 78% felt they
has also been distri buted to commu n i t y had learnt a “significant amount”.
c e n t re s , d o c t o r s ’ s u rg e ries and librari e s
explaining that re p o rting a crime should For more information or copies of the leaflets
not be thought of as ‘grassing’ and posters, contact Nigel Turner, Crime
Four training days were held for police Reduction Manager, Nottinghamshire Police,
o f fi c e r s , housing officers and commu n i t y Central Police Station, North Church Street,
leaders in va rious parts of the city. T h e s e Nottingham NG1 4BH
events we re attended by nearly 200 pro fe s- Tel: 0115 948 2999 Ext: 6150
sionals who learnt about the law from the or E-mail:
C rown Prosecution Serv i c e. T h ey also nigel.turner@nottinghamshire.pnn.police.uk
discussed the powers that the local

Key Findings from the Witness Satisfaction


Survey 2000
Home Office Research Findings 189 and On-Line Report 19/03

T h e re has been an increasing interest in monitoring and improving the standards of serv i c e
p rovided to members of the public by gove rnment and the public services in recent ye a r s.
The Criminal Justice System (CJS) has been no exception and high-level aims and objectives
have been set.
In order to explore and monitor witnesses’ experiences, a survey was conducted in 2000
among nearly 2500 witnesses. The main aim was to obtain a broad indication of the level of
s at i s faction of witnesses both generally and specifically with their treatment by the diffe re n t
key agencies within the CJS (the police, the CPS/prosecution lawyers, defence lawyers, court
s t a f f, judges and mag i s t r at e s , Victim Support and the Witness Serv i c e ) . This would then
provide baseline data against which future improvements could be measured.
This report contains the findings of the second Witness Satisfaction Survey conducted in
2002, and updated findings on witness experiences, tracking any changes in experience and
satisfaction ratings.

Copies of the Research Findings, published in May 2003, are available free from the Research
Development and Statistics Directorate (RDS), Communications Development Unit, Room 201, 50 Queen
Anne’s Gate, London SW1H 9AT Tel: 020 7273 2084
E-mail: publications.rds@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk and can also be viewed and downloaded from the
Home Office Website at: http://www.homeoffice.gov. u k / rd s / r f p u b s 1 . h t m l
Copies of the On-line Report, also published in May 2003, are available only via the Home Office Website
at: http://www.homeoffice.gov. u k / rd s / p f s 2 / rd s o l r 1 9 03 . p d f
Application for reproduction of this report should be made to Research, Development and Statistics
Directorate (RDS), Communications Development Unit, Room 275, 50 Queen Anne’s Gate, London
SW1H 9AT Tel: 020 7273 2084 E-mail: publications.rds@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

July 2003 Victims and Witnesses 27


Private Hire Taxi Driver’s Safety Code
Gloucestershire Police

A leaflet has been produced to advise taxi For more information and copies of the leaflet
and pri vate hire dri vers in Gloucester and contact PC Bob Lloyd, Crime Reduction and
the Fo rest of Dean about the steps they can Architectural Liaison Officer, Cinderford Police
t a ke to improve their safety while at wo r k . Station, Station Street, Cinderford,
The leaflet is the result of a mu l t i - ag e n c y Gloucestershire GL14 2JW
ap p ro a ch by Gloucestershire Constabu l a ry, Tel: 01452 335569 Fax: 01594 827586
Gloucester City Council, Gloucester Cri m e or E-mail:
and Disorder Reduction Partnership and the bob.lloyd@gloucestershire.pnn.police.uk
Fo rest of Dean Community Safe t y
Partnership.
The leaflet, w h i ch is small enough to
fit in the glove box of a ve h i c l e, c o n t a i n s
advice on:
• Basic Safety Rules - Radio and the
Controller.
• Remaining alert and aware.
• Keeping valuables out of site.
• Remaining aware of ‘vague’
instructions given.
• Staying alert to passengers seated in
the back of the vehicle.
• Never telling customers that you
have had a good shift.
• Carrying a spare key.
• What to do in the event of
an at t a ck .
D ri vers throughout the area have
received copies of the leaflet and the
feedback has been very positive.

28 Violent Crime & Street Crime July 2003


Hazard Alley
Wiltshire Constabulary

Hazard A l l ey has been cre ated by a group of senior art students at St Laurences Sch o o l ,
Bradford on Avon specifically for the Junior Good Citizen Scheme. The project aims to equip
young people with the life skills and knowledge re q u i red to cope in an emergency or
potentially dangerous situation that could result in them becoming a victim of crime.
Hazard A l l ey is constructed as a life - l i ke set that seeks to re c re ate an authentic alley
s c e n e. The alley is based on an unappealing but well-used short cut, complete with graffi t i
daubed walls and litter. The whole scenario provides the visual impact of an uninviting, dark
and daunting alley. It is hoped that the alley will help to raise awa reness of the issues
surrounding personal safety, fear of crime, criminal damage and the associated issues around
planning a safe route.
Hazard A l l ey was constructed and completed in May and will fo rm part of the Junior
Good Citizen Scheme running from 7 - 18 July 2003.

For more information contact WPC Sally Pullen, School and Youth Affairs Officer, Wiltshire Constabulary,
Divisional Police HQ, Hampden Park West, Melksham, Wiltshire SN12 6QQ
Tel: 01249 449699 E-mail: sally.pullen@wiltshire.pnn.police.uk

Rizer - Youth Crime Reduction Initiative


Galleries of Justice

Rizer (w w w. r i ze r. c o. u k) is a major new For more information contact Miriam McNicol or


G ove rnment funded initiat i ve to tack l e Liz Bee, Redbrick Reputation Management
c riminal behaviour among young people. Tel: 0115 910 1500 Fax: 0115 910 1490
E s t ablished with the help of yo u n g or E-mail:
o f fe n d e r s , it has been developed by the miriamm@redbrickcommunications.com
award-winning Galleries of Justice or lizb@redbrickcomunications.com
(www.galleriesofjustice.org.uk) General enquiries can be E-mailed to:
Rizer is being introduced as a new info@rizer.co.uk
means of commu n i c ating impart i a l
i n fo rm ation about criminal law and the
justice system to young people. The website
uses a mix of audio, v i d e o, p h o t o g r ap hy
and animation to re m ove barriers for those
with low literacy skills.
The initiat i ve aims to reduce yo u t h
offending by informing young people who
a re at risk of offending about the conse-
quences of crime to themselves and others
and encourages them to make more
p o s i t i ve ch o i c e s. Rizer will also act as an
i n fo rm ation service to concerned adults
and will enable them to provide info rm e d
guidance to young people. T h rough the
website, Rizer will provide access to trained
a dvisers via a freephone nu m b e r, t e x t , web
ch at and e-mail, 18 hours per day, 7 day s
per week.

July 2003 Youth Crime 29


Reducing Crime against Students -
Conference
Home Office

The Home Office is organising a confe rence entitled ‘Reducing Crime against Students’ o n
F ri d ay 25th July 2003 at Reading University.
The aim of the event is to bring together org a n i s ations and individuals with an intere s t
in student safety to raise the profile and discuss the issues surrounding student victimisation
and what is being done to raise their awareness of crime.
The event will be based around a successful ‘Campus Wat ch ’ scheme and a compendium
of good practice will be produced which can then be tailored to suit local conditions.

For further information contact Katie Weeks, Home Office Crime Reduction Delivery Team, 1st Floor,
Allington Towers, 19, Allington street, London SW1E 5EB Tel: 020 7035 5258 Fax: 020 7035 5280 or E-
mail: katie.weeks@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

Valley Young Citizenship Project


South Yorkshire Police

This project aims to promote young citizenship through learning as part of the sch o o l
curriculum as well as in the home. initiatives and useful contacts.
1,000 Junior Citizenship A c t i v i t y The project will be monitored and
Handbooks fe at u ring advice on cri m e evaluated in the near future.
p revention issues such as talking to
strangers and drugs awa reness have been For more information contact Michele Hill, South
p roduced and distri buted free of ch a rge to Yorkshire Police, First Avenue Section Station,
young people in 11 schools in the are a .T h e Main Street, Rotherham S60 1QY Tel: 01709
project will run for two years. 832283 E-mail: m_h_valley@yahoo.co.uk
The covers for the booklets can be
t a i l o red to meet the needs of the re l eva n t
police force and the inner covers can be
utilised to provide details of current cri m e

30 Youth Crime July 2003


Crime Prevention Initiative
Project Name:

Description Summary:
(the aims and objectives of the project and how it works)

Geographic Location:
National: Project Area:

County: Coverage:
e.g. specific estate, town centre

Lead Organisation:

Partners:

Contact Details:
Name(s):

Organisation:
Address:

Post Code:

Tel: Fax:

Project Status: Planning/Ongoing/Completed/Abandoned (delete as appropriate)

Start Date: End Date:


Materials: Is there any material to support this initiative?
(e.g. Leaflets, video, report, handbook etc.)
Please detail and attach if possible.

Evaluation: If there is to be a later evaluation,


(Is there anything please note here so that we can follow up at a later date.
documented which gives an
indication of the success or
otherwise of the project ?
Please detail key findings and
where they came from.)

Funding:
(Funding Sources if applicable e.g. SRB, Local Authority, Business, Panel...
Cash or Kind e.g. secondment/office space)

Total Cost: £
(if known)

Thank You
I agree to this information being stored on Home Office database Yes No

Office Use Only:


Source: Sub:

Cat: Keyw:
D Ref: