“To reduce crime and the fear of crime, tackle youth crime and violent, sexual and drug

-related crime, anti-social behaviour and disorder, increasing safety in the home and public spaces.”
Home Office Aim 1

This statement confirms our joint commitment to reduce crime and disorder. The Digest is published quart e r ly and aims to support crime re d u c t i o n / c o m munity safety practitioners in police and local authorities working in stat u t o ry partnerships by fa c i l i t ating info rm at i o n e x ch a n g e. The Digest is a fo rum for your initiat i ves and experi e n c e s. Its success depends on yo u , the practitioners, c o n t ri buting your art i c l e s. Deadline for copy is given below. A rt i c l e s MUST be submitted by this date. So that everyone can benefit from your work and experience, we would ask contributors to consider both what wo r ked and what didn’t work within their pro j e c t s. P rojects may be well conceived and still not achieve all their aims; this does not mean they have failed. Please be brave enough to discuss what aspects did not ach i eve the expected outcomes. Include as mu ch info rm ation as you can, c ove ring the analysis of the pro blem and how it wa s i d e n t i fi e d , the response devised and how it was implemented and an assessment of the final outcomes.
Note:

The inclusion of mat e rial in the Digest or re fe rence to any pro d u c t s / s e rvices does not signify that they have been tested or evaluated. Nor should inclusion be thought to confer ‘official’ approval.
This publication may not be copied, photocopied, re p roduced, or conve rted to any electronic form unless for police or local authority use only.

July 2003
The next Digest will be with you in October ‘03. All contributions be submitted by August 29th 2003.
Contributions to: Jane Jones
Information Services Team

Centre Staff
Director Steve Trimmins Support Services Ann Keen Richard Cox Adrienne Jowitt-Thrall Information Services Jane Carpenter Stuart Charman Jane Jones Kathleen Noble Abby Hickman Training Team David Fernley Gill Archibald June Armstrong Janet Caton Anne Curran Dee Cooley Martin Fenlon Amanda Form Christine Morrison Kim Sutton Jason Roach Training Resource Solutions Simon Jones Michael Hawtin Administration Unit Mark Ledder Ruth Whitaker Editor Jane Jones Design/Production Michael Hawtin

Tel: 01347 825095 or 01765 602580 Fax: 01347 825096
Home Office Crime Reduction Centre The Hawkhills, Easingwold, York YO61 3EG Tel: 01347 825060 Fax: 01347 825099 E-mail: crc@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

For Training or General Enquiries: Tel: 01347 825060

July 2003

1

Centre News

4

Change of Name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 New Staff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 Information Sharing Good Practice Seminar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 Crime Reduction Website . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6

Active Communities Anti-Social Behaviour

7 8

Local Action Teams - Community Safety Pa rt n e r s h i p . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7

Anti-Social Behaviour Bill and White Paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 ‘Stop - Don’t give to Beggars’ Campaign . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8

Burglary

9

University Student Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9 Distraction Burglary Taskforce . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9 Distraction Burglary Taskforce Newsletter - March 2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10 Burglaries to Student Campus Accommodation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10

CCTV

11

National evaluation of CCTV: early findings on scheme implementation effective practice guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11

Designing Out Crime Designing Out Crime

12 12

Between the lines: an evaluation of the Secured Car Park Award Scheme . . . . . . . . . .12

‘Requiring Treatment’ - A brief examination of security and crime prevention in hospitals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13 Designing out Crime in the Built Environment - Conference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14 Secure Garden Quiz . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14 Cash Points (ATMs): an Evaluation of ‘Personal Defensible Space’ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15

Domestic Violence Drugs and Alcohol

16 16

Domestic Violence and Hate Crime - ‘The Sanctuary Project’ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16

Disrupting crack markets: A practice guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16 Drugs and crime: From warfare to welfare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17 ‘Too Cool 4 Booze’ Mousemat Design and Alcohol Tour . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17 Using Drugs could cost you your career . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18 Problem Solving Policing - Cannabis Cafes: an Operational Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18 Alcohol CD Rom . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18

2

Contents

July 2003

Fraud General

18 19

Cards Today . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18

Crime in England and Wales: Quarterly update to December 2002 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19 Crime Prevention Advice through Adve rt i s i n g . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19 Match Books: ‘Striking’ a Balance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20 2 Wrongs don’t make a Right Project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20 British Community Safety Awards 2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21 Crime Concern’s Chief Executive Retires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21 Counting the costs of crime in Australia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22 Electronic Notice Board Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22 Evaluating the Impact of Crimestoppers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23

Hate Crime Property Marking

24 24

Launch of Anti-Racism Campaign . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24

Guide to property marking in schools: A joint initiative to help reduce crime throughout Brighton & Hove . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24 “Hands Off ” - Vehicle Crime Initiative . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25

Vehicle Crime

25

Learner Drivers Awareness Scheme . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25 Safer Vehicles - Safer Streets: A Strategy to Reduce Motorcrime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25 The Extent of Motorcycle Theft in 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26

Victims and Witnesses

27

Taking the Stand against Witness Intimidation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27 Key Findings from the Witness Satisfaction Survey 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27

Violent Crime & Street Crime Youth Crime

28 29

Each Article in the Digest is highlighted with an icon which will define the product described in that article. They are: Campaign/ Initiative Publication

Private Hire Taxi Driver’s Safety Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28

Hazard Alley . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29 Rizer - Youth Crime Reduction Initiative . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29 Reducing Crime against Students - Conference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30 Valley Young Citizenship Project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30

Video
Crime Prevention Initiative Form . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31

Website/ Electronic Information G e n e ra l / Exchange of Ideas/ Conferences

July 2003

Contents

3

Change of Name
The Crime Reduction College changed its name on the 1st May 2003 to the Cri m e Reduction Centre to reflect its strong fo c u s on crime and disorder re d u c t i o n partnership support. The c hange of name marks an i m p o rtant milestone for the learning and i n fo rm ation resource at Easingwo l d , making it more ap p ro a ch able to the b roader audience of practitioners, c o m munities and members of the public it serves. The Centre, w h i ch is part of the Home O f fice Crime Reduction Delive ry Te a m ( C R D T ) , is an important national hub of practical know l e d g e, e x p e rtise and good practice for anyone invo l ved or intere s t e d in crime re d u c t i o n . It aims to provide high quality training, l e a rning and info rm at i o n s e rvices and works to deliver practical p roducts and services that are of real use for people working to reduce crime. If you are a practitioner we are here for you. Please make full use of the services we have to offer.
For more information about the work of the Centre visit the Crime Reduction Website at:

http://www.crimereduction.gov.uk/ crc.htm
or contact: The Home Office Crime Reduction Centre, The Hawkhills, Easingwold, York YO61 3EG Tel: 01347 825060 Fax: 01347 825099 or E-mail: crc@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

New Staff
Several new trainers have joined the Crime Reduction Centre Training Team: Janet Caton joined the training team in May having prev i o u s ly wo r ked as a Regional Training Manager for the Job Centre in the Yo r k s h i re & the Humber re g i o n . She is a trained trainer and member of the Chartered Institute of Personnel & Development (CIPD). Dee Cooley joined the training team in June after 3 years invo l ved in pro j e c t d evelopment and management working for the NSPCC. D e e ’s back g round is pri m a ri ly in the field of domestic v i o l e n c e, wo m e n ’s safety and child pro t e c t i o n . She has wo r ked in wo m e n ’s refuges and in local gove rnment as the Wo m e n ’s Officer for the City of York Council, then as the Zero Tolerance (domestic violence) Campaign Offi c e r for Kirklees Metropolitan Council. Anne Curra n is on secondment from Crime Concern where she wo r ked as a cri m e p revention consultant. Anne is a graduate in Applied Social Science and after qualifying as a t e a c her spent several years lecturing in Cri m i n o l o g y. She has also managed seve r a l community based projects but her particular interest is in Restorative Justice. Amanda Form previously worked for Northumbria Police managing the Youth Training provision befo re moving into the HQ Tr a i n i n g Department as an Accreditation officer. Prior to this Amanda spent a year as a Community Safety Officer with South Tyneside Council and left to become the Training Manager for Nexus in Newcastle-upon-Tyne. Jason Ro a c h p rev i o u s ly wo r ked as a Crime Research e r for the Research Development and Statistics Directorate (RDS) of the Home Office, based in the Gove rnment Office for the North West in Manch e s t e r. P rior to this he spent time as a lecture r / re s e a r c her in the Behavioural Sciences Dept for the University of Manchester. Kim Sutton joined the training team fo l l ow i n g her work in the Quality Assurance Department at Centre x (Central Police Training and Development Au t h o ri t y ) . She was a member of the Inspection Team working on the recent HMIC t h e m atic ‘ D i versity Mat t e r s ’ . Kim was also a lecturer in the further education sector.

4

Centre News

July 2003

Information Sharing Good Practice Seminar
The Home Office held a good practice seminar on Information Sharing for Crime and D i s o rder Reduction Pa rt n e r s h i p s (CDRPs) on 15th May in Derby s h i re. The aims of the seminar we re to share good practice on info rm ation sharing and discuss ways in which info rm ation sharing might be improved. The programme included keynote speec hes from the Assistant Info rm at i o n S h a ring Commissioner and Steve Radbu rn of the Home Offi c e. Workshop sessions covered the Wa r w i ck s h i re Info rm ation Sharing Protocol, the Home Office perspective on info rm ation shari n g, i n fo rm ation sharing in Policing Pri o rity A re a s , and the i n fo rm ation technology (IT) systems used by the South Tyneside Drug Action Team. The seminar was chaired by Stephen Brookes, Home Office Director for the Gove rn m e n t Office for the East Midlands. Some key findings from the event include: • The Data Protection Act, rather than acting as a barrier, provides a good framework for the sharing of info rm ation in CDRPs. • A key ingredient for success is the use of a clear info rm ation sharing protocol. The example from Warwickshire showed how a successful protocol could be set up. The Home Office template protocol, available on the Crime Reduction Website was also identified as a useful tool. (http://www.crimereduction.gov.uk/infosharing_guide.htm) • All agencies in a CDRP have to be committed to info rm ation sharing. This involves commitment at a senior level and an awareness of the purpose of the protocol at all levels in partner organisations. • The effective use of IT can gre at ly help info rm ation sharing but incompatible IT systems were identified as a major pro bl e m . The example of the development of an effective system in South Tyneside and the IT system proposed for the Partnership Business Model illustrated how these problems can be overcome. • Where successful info rm ation sharing arrangements exist, CDRPs are able to function more effectively. • I n fo rm ation should be qualitative as well as quantitative. For example, i n fo rm ation about perceptions of crime and quality of life are just as important as crime data in shaping partnership crime reduction strategies. At the end of the seminar, delegates were asked to identify three action points to follow up in their own CDRPs. Fe e d b a ck from the event has been extre m e ly encourag i n g. Delegates confirmed that the seminar met its objectives and provided them with ideas they can take forward in their partnerships. A full report of the seminar, including copies of all the pre s e n t ations and fe e d b a ck from the workshop sessions, will be ava i l able on the Crime Reduction Website soon.
For more information contact David Fernley, Home Office Crime Reduction Centre Training Team, The Hawkhills, Easingwold, York YO61 3EG Tel: 01347 825078 or E-mail: david.fernley@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

July 2003

Centre News

5

Crime Reduction Website
Regular visitors to the Crime Reduction Website will have noticed a few ch a n g e s re c e n t ly. I n fo rm ation on the home page is n ow presented in an easier to use fo rm at . This fo rms part of a major project to make the info rm ation on the site more user f ri e n d ly. Plans are curre n t ly underway to re - o rganise info rm ation around common t a s k s. We would like to hear from p ractitioners who use the Internet for their job: • What kinds of info rm ation do you look to the Internet for? • How could using the Internet make your job easier?
Please contact us at: crc@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk so that we can make the website even easier for you to use.

Toolkits Two new Toolkits have been launched this s p ri n g. The Fear of Crime Toolkit addresses a problem that has been high on public and media agendas in recent ye a r s. The To o l k i t a d d resses why people are frightened of c rime and gives ideas and practical tips on h ow to measure the fear of cri m e. It also g i ves guidance for Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnerships (CDRPs) on how to cut fear of crime and commu n i c ate more p o s i t i ve messages to the publ i c. The Fear of Crime Toolkit can be found at: http://www.crimereduction.gov.uk/ toolkits/fc00.htm
The People Trafficking To o l k i t a d d re s s e s illegal mass movement and immigration of overseas nat i o n a l s. It outlines the d i f fe rences between traffi ck i n g, s mu g g l i n g and migration and why and where people t r a f fi cking hap p e n s. It also looks at the law relating to people traffi ck i n g, including the sexual offences law, as many victims are often forced into pro s t i t u t i o n . It prov i d e s an ove rv i ew of who does what in the immigration world, before leading the user t h rough a stru c t u red ap p ro a ch to tack l i n g people traffi cking pro bl e m s. The Pe o p l e Tr a f fi c king Toolkit can be found at : http://www.crimereduction.gov.uk/ toolkits/tp00.htm

Mini-sites S everal new Mini-sites have been launch e d on the Crime Reduction Website re c e n t ly. Mini-sites are topic-focused areas of the website dedicated to specific topics. T h ey b ring together important info rm ation in o n e, single and easy-to-find are a . C C T V, Safer Schools and Small Retailers Mini-sites can all be found on-line now and plans fo r additional sites on E-tailing, B u rg l a ry, C rime Against Students and Statistics are ongoing.
The Mini-sites can be found at:

http://www.crimereduction.gov.uk/ mini-sites.htm

Monthly Bulletin The website offers a regular mix of initiatives, research, evaluations and re p o rt s f rom a va riety of sources both within the UK and ove r s e a s. If you would like to ke e p up to date with the most re c e n t i n fo rm at i o n , you can register to receive the C r ime Reduction Web s i t e ’s Monthly B u l l e t i n . This bulletin is free and you can subscribe at: http://www.crimereduction.gov.uk/ feedback.htm

6

Centre News

July 2003

Local Action Teams - Community Safety Pa rt n e r s h i p
Avon and Somerset Constabulary

There are currently 22 Local Action Teams (LATs) established in North Somerset. These teams a re pro p e r ly fo rmu l ated with a Chairp e r s o n , S e c re t a ry and Tre a s u re r. Most teams have their own constitution. Members consist of re p re s e n t at i ves from the Po l i c e, Town or Pa rish Councils, R e s i d e n t s A s s o c i at i o n s , Neighbourhood Wat ch , S chools and businesses among others with an intere s t in reducing crime and anti-social behaviour in the community. E a r ly consultation with members found that training, s u p p o rt and guidance we re the main considerations and a programme cove ring these issues was pro d u c e d . Funding wa s obtained to provide each team with a laptop computer and colour pri n t e r. E a ch team then e s t ablished an e-mail facility and some developed their own Internet sites. This enables a l i b r a ry of eve n t s , to be transfe rred to each fo l l owing Chairp e r s o n . A paid co-ordinator wa s employed in December 2002 to oversee the project. Successes so far include: • Partnerships with local schools to promote better security and safe dropping-off zones for children. • A summer play scheme catering for 400 local ch i l d re n . • Cheese and wine evenings to raise funds. • The re-opening of a youth club and provision of a resource centre. • Provision of a sports facility and skate board park. • Community Speed Watch and a host of other initiatives.
For more information contact PC John Colley, Community Safety Officer, Avon and Somerset Constabulary, North Somerset Police Station, Walliscote Road, Weston Super Mare, North Somerset BS23 1UU Tel: 01934 638133 or E-mail: john.colley@avonandsomerset.pnn.police.uk

July 2003

Active Communities

7

Anti-Social Behaviour Bill and White Paper
Home Office

The Anti-Social Behaviour Bill sets out a legislative framework that underpins the Government’s determination to tackle anti-social behaviour as set out in the White Paper ‘Respect and Responsibility: Taking a stand against anti-social behaviour’. The Bill has provisions to tackle existing areas where anti-social behaviour is prevalent and to stop new neighbourhoods falling into the downward spiral of environmental and social decline. The Bill will provide several improvements to tools that Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnerships (CDRPs) already incorporate in their strategies. In particular, local authorities will be given the power to prosecute breaches of Anti-Social Behaviour Orders (ASBOs) where they were the applicant agency, or where the individual concerned resides or appears to reside in their are a .T h i s measure gives CDRPs far greater control over ASBOs. The Bill also streamlines the ASBO application p ro c e s s. Judges in the county court will be able to effect an order on an individual other than the defendant in proceedings. By removing the need for separate legal requirements, red tape and costs will be significantly reduced making applications for ASBOs more appealing to CDRPs. Some of the key features of the Bill include: • Widening the use of Fixed Penalty Notices - eg: noise nuisance, truancy, and graffiti - and applying them to 16-17 year olds. • Developing a package of support and sanctions to enable parents to prevent and tackle antisocial behaviour by their children. • Closing down ‘crack houses’. • Restricting the use of air weapons and replica guns. Banning air cartridge weapons that are easily converted to fire live ammunition. • Making it an offence to sell spray paints to under 18s and stronger powers for local authorities to tackle fly tipping, graffiti and fly posting. • Widening powers to shut down establishments that create noise nuisance. • Ensuring that courts consider the impact of anti-social behaviour on the wider community in all housing possession cases. By building on previous legislation and streamlining current initiatives the Anti-Social Behaviour Bill and White Paper sets out the Government’s next steps for dealing urgently with this problem.
The most recent copy of the Bill is available at:

http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200203/cmbills/116/2003116.htm
A copy of the White Paper can be found at:

http://www.official-documents.co.uk/document/cm57/5778/5778.htm

‘Stop - Don’t give to Beggars’ Campaign
Safer Middlesbrough Partnership For further information contact Jemma Taylor, Marketing and Media Co-ordinator, Safer Middlesbrough Partnership, Community Safety, 2 River Court, Brighouse Road, Riverside Park Industrial Estate, Middlesbrough TS2 1RT Tel: 01642 354019 E-mail:Jemma_Taylor@ middlesbrough.gov.uk or visit their website at: h t t p : / / w w w.

Beggars in Middlesbrough are being move d off the streets thanks to the work carried out by the Safer Middlesbrough Partnership. O ver the past six months the number of beggars in the town has dropped from ove r twenty to just four. In line with Home Office guidelines, the partnership has been working on an initiat i ve to free the streets of Middlesbrough from beggars since December 2 0 0 2 . To date the campaign has invo l ved a number of pro-active measures carried out by the partnership including increased visibl e patrolling by the police and street wardens in the town, intelligence gat h e ri n g, educational

safermiddlesbrough.co.uk

d i s p l ays and info rm ation packs for those arrested. The partnership is encouraging the public not to give money to beggars, but to donate to ch a rity instead. This is based on intelligence g at h e re d , w h i ch proved that none of the beggars we re actually homeless. Instead of giving money directly to beggars and helping to feed their habits, the partnership has placed dedicated boxes in various stores in the town. The main benefit of this campaign is that the p a rtnership is working towards a safer and cleaner town, free of beggars and bogus sellers and at the same time providing help to those people who are genuinely homeless.

8

Anti-Social Behaviour

July 2003

University Student Safety
Home Office Research Findings Paper 194

D u ring the last few ye a r s , re s e a r ch in the UK has begun to focus on university students and their environments as persons and places for experiencing victimisation. A number of universities have been collaborating with local Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnerships (CDRPs) to provide advice to students about preventing burglaries. Students from seven higher education institutions across the East Midlands took part in compiling this re p o rt . The total number of students at each university ranged from 1,000 to over 25,000, with most having around 14,000 students enro l l e d .T h ree of the campuses were in urban settings and four in suburban locations. Some of the key findings include: • One-third of the student sample were victims of crime during the past year. Almost 12% were the victim of theft or attempted theft; 10% were the victim of burglary. Theft, criminal damage and burglary accounted for seven in ten crimes. • Just over 4% of students were stalked during the past year. • Nearly 12% of students in private accommodation experienced a burglary compared with 5% of students who lived in university accommodation. Students who had been burgled were more likely to live in accommodation with fewer surveillance measures than those who had not. • 60% of all incidents were not reported to the police. • Students were most fearful of having their property stolen on campus at night. They perceived the least risk and were least fearful of all forms of intimate partner violence. Some of the main recommendations as a result of this report are: • Crime prevention programmes and advice should be tailored to take into account student lifestyles. Universities should provide info rm ation to students about taking simple security precautions to help prevent them from being victims of the kind of property crime occurring where they live. Knowledge about local crime could help them decide where to live. • Students should be encouraged, through campaigns sponsored by university security departments or the police, to purchase the most secure brands of portable goods and to mark their property. • P ri vate landlords should be encouraged to provide adequate security for student accommodation. University administered landlord accreditation schemes could assist with this process.

Copies of this report, published in April 2003, are available free from the Research Development and Statistics Directorate (RDS), Communications Development Unit, Room 201, 50 Queen Anne’s Gate, London SW1H 9AT Tel: 020 7273 2084 E-mail: publications.rds@ homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk and can also be viewed and downloaded from the Home Office Website at:

http://www.homeoffice. gov.uk/rds/pdfs2/ r194.pdf

Distraction Burglary Taskforce
Home Office

The Home Office Distraction Burg l a ry Ta s k force is seeking a fuller picture of the work being done around the country to c o m b at distraction bu rg l a ry. C r ime and Disorder Reduction Pa rtnerships (CDRPs) h ave been asked via the Gove rn m e n t Offices for the Regions to send brief details of any action being taken to tack l e distraction bu rg l a ry in their are a s , or plans for future action. If any partnership has not yet sent details in but would like to do so, the Ta s k Force would be hap py to hear from yo u . You should state the re g i o n , name of the C D R P, including contact details and a brief

outline of the measures you are using, including the durat i o n , w h i ch groups are targeted and who bears the cost.
Details should be sent to: Ruth Houston, Crime Reduction Delivery Team, 1st Floor, Allington Towers, 19 Allington Street, London SW1E 5EB Tel: 020 7035 5245 or E-mail: ruth.houston@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk This information should also be copied to the Crime Reduction Team at the relevant Government Office for the Region. Details for the local Government Offices can be found at:

http://www.crimereduction.gov.uk/ regions.htm

July 2003

Burglary

9

Distraction Burglary Taskforce Newsletter March 2003
Home Office

Copies of the newsletter can be viewed and downloaded via the Crime Reduction Website at: h t t p : / / w w w.

crimereduction.gov.uk/ b u rg l a ry 59 . p d f .
Alternatively hard copies can be obtained free of charge via Prolog UK Tel: 0870 241 4680 Fax: 0870 241 4786 E-mail: homeoffice@prolog.uk.com quoting reference DBTN4.

The Distraction Burg l a ry Ta s k force is a p a rtnership cove ring local and nat i o n a l g ove rn m e n t , the police, business and the vo l u n t a ry sector. It is sponsored by the Home Office, Water UK (and its constituent members) the Electricity A s s o c i at i o n , B T and British Gas. The Marc h 2003 N ewsletter Ta s k force covers deve l o p m e n t s in distraction bu rg l a ry and sets out the Taskforce’s future plans. The newsletter includes: • Future developments for the Taskforce in the areas of communications, partnership working and prevention. • The Leeds Distraction Burglary Initiative which comprises a theatrical

• •

presentation, a protocol for local utility companies and a scheme whereby older residents can be re fe rred to reputable building and gardening contractors. Distraction Burglary Toolkits and where to order them. Research into distraction burglary, including recommendations for practitioners. Operation Litotes where the police are working with partners including local health trusts, community groups and consumer protection groups to share intelligence to cut a rt i fice burglary.

Burglaries to Student Campus Accommodation
South Wales Police

South Wales Police have been invo l ved in an initiat i ve that aims to reduce the number of burglaries at student accommodation. The initiat i ve focuses around a small village just two miles from the main unive r s i t y campus, which accommodates over 1500 students in addition to the 2,100 students who live in the halls of re s i d e n c e. The student village is made up of self-cat e ring accommodat i o n , including both houses and flat s , as well as fe at u ring a local bar, s h o p s , D o c t o r ’s surg e ry and launderette. A n a lysis of police fi g u res over the period Ja nu a ry 2002 to Feb ru a ry 2003 identified an increasing number of burglaries taking place within the village. I n fo rm ation was analysed as to how the bu rg l a ries had been carried out and to identify any specific fe at u res which had enabled the criminal to obtain easy access. From this analysis, the police were able to identify weak areas and implement the necessary measures to reduce these crimes in future. Several objectives were established to tackle incidences of crime including: • Increased foot pat ro l s. • Training for on-site security officers. • Introduction of a full-time police officer on Campus. • Creating a working partnership. • Improved lighting and the introduction of CCTV. • Targeted operations during term-time. • D i s t ri bution of leaflets for targeted operations. In addition, over 5,000 info rm ation packs containing crime prevention literat u re and p ro p e rty marking kits have been issued to students. P re s e n t ations are also given to new students on the issues re l ating to crime prevention and the steps that can be taken to avo i d becoming a victim of crime.
For more information contact Ian Hamilton-Shaw, Violence Reduction Officer, South Wales Police Crime Prevention Department, Sketty Police Station, Gower Road, Sketty, Swansea SA2 0FR Tel: 01792 562768 Fax: 01792 562754 or E-mail: h_sketty.cprev@business.ntl.com

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July 2003

National evaluation of CCTV: early findings on scheme implementation - effective practice guide
Home Office Development and Practice Report 7

The Home Office CCTV Initiat i ve is part of the Gove rn m e n t ’s Crime Reduction Pro g r a m m e. The aims of the initiative are: • To help local Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnerships (CDRPs) deploy CCTV in areas identified in local crime audits as having significant crime and disorder problems. • To help to develop the knowledge base on how CCTV can most effectively contribute to reducing crime and disorder. • To support the delivery of local crime reduction strategies and to help the Gove rn m e n t ’s overall aim of reducing crime and the fear of crime and the specific target of reducing vehicle crime by 30% by 2004. This re p o rt identifies the early lessons to be learned from the implementation of 17 CCTV projects funded under the initiat i ve. Those selected to undert a ke this eva l u at i o n re p resent a cross-section of the areas running the pro j e c t . The re p o rt aims to assist practitioners setting up similar projects for the first time. At the time of wri t i n g, p rojects we re at d i f fe rent stages of implementat i o n , ranging from the early stages of system design to the o p e r ational stag e. The re p o rt studies each stage of the pro j e c t , f rom the pre-bidding pro c e s s to the design and technology level. Some of the main findings from the report include: • The projects with the best results tended to be in areas that have already been identified as having a crime and disorder pro bl e m . The less successful ones seemed to come from partnerships that have tried to identify an area that fits the statistical requirements of the project. • The type of data used is also highly significant. It is important that the partnership should involve someone with statistical expertise from the start of the project so that they can be sure the statistics they produce match the bidding requirements. • There should be some ground rules set early on in the partnership about which agencies are to take the “lead” on the scheme. It is also important to identify which other parties, such as technical advisers, are to be used and when their input is going to be necessary. • A process of accountability should be established which allows all parties to know what they are responsible for and who needs to act to address any failing area. • Consultation with all interested parties should be seen as an integral part of the partnership process and should continue until the project has finished.
Copies of this report, published in April 2003, are available free from the Research Development and Statistics Directorate (RDS), Communications Development Unit, Room 201, 50 Queen Anne’s Gate, London SW1H 9AT Tel: 020 7273 2084 E-mail: publications.rds@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk and can also be viewed and downloaded from the Home Office Website at:

http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/pdfs2/dpr7.pdf


July 2003

...identifies the early lessons to be learned...this evaluation represents a cross-section of the areas running the project

CCTV

11

Between the lines: an evaluation of the Secured Car Park Award Scheme
Home Office Research Study 266

The Secured Car Park (SCP) Award Sch e m e was established by the A s s o c i ation of Chief Police Officers (ACPO) in September 1992 as an offshoot of their Secured by Design i n i t i at i ve. The scheme was designed to e n c o u r age those re s p o n s i ble for car parks to improve security as a way of re d u c i n g c riminal activity, the fear of crime and the perception of crime in all car parks and vehicle retention are a s. This re p o r t d e s c ribes the findings of an eva l u ation of the scheme carried out by Morgan Harri s B u rrows and Holden McAllister Partnership. Six study areas we re selected fo r detailed analy s i s. These included: M a n ch e s t e r, N o t t i n g h a m , C h e l t e n h a m , N o rt h a m p t o n , C a n t e r bu ry and Dave n t ry. Additional info rm ation was also collected f rom outside these are a s. The study are a s we re selected to provide va ri ation in types of tow n , vehicle crime rat e s , types of car p a r k , car park design and levels of SCP scheme membership. The re s e a r ch consisted of a number of elements including: • I n t e rv i ews with national re p re s e n t at i ves of the scheme and other stakeholders. • Workshops and surveys conducted with Architectural Liaison Officers. • I n t e rv i ews with local car park operators, police and others. • A survey of car users in the study areas. • Analysis of crime, disorder and car park usage data. • Independent security reviews of the selected car parks. A study of the costs and benefits of the S e c u red Car Park Award Scheme was also carried out in two study areas. The fa c e - t o - face survey of car users was conducted on a sample of users in fi ve a re a s. 300 interv i ews we re conducted in Canterbury, Cheltenham and Northampton, 375 we re conducted in Manchester and 600 in Nottingham. In each location an a rea of the town or city where car users we re presented with a number of ch o i c e s of where to park was selected. The survey

was designed to cover a range of diffe re n t types and designs of car parks across the s a m p l e. People parking at on-stre e t l o c ations close to car parks we re i n t e rv i ewed in four of the fi ve tow n s. O n e thousand interv i ews we re conducted in mu l t i - s t o rey car parks, 600 in surface car parks and 275 with on-street parke r s. I n t e rv i ews we re conducted between 7am and 7pm. One of the major obstacles to the re s e a r ch was obtaining accurate cri m e i n fo rm at i o n . S everal police forces had d i f ficulty obtaining data for car parks fro m their systems and doubted the accuracy of the data sets they provided. In some cases it took police forces several weeks and sometimes months to produce the data. A va riety of statistical tests we re used in the analysis of the data collected. T h re e m o n t h ly moving ave r ages we re used in the a n a lysis of the crime data to lessen the influence of large fluctuations in individual months within the data sets. The test wa s used to explore statistical changes in cri m e levels in the twelve months before and after changes we re made to the security or operation of the car parks. The impact of the scheme has been limited by its re l at i ve ly low take - u p. T h e common practice of targeting sch e m e membership towards low - c rime car parks t h at re q u i re little improvement has meant t h at vehicle crime is not reduced in many cases as a result of the award pro c e s s. I n c reased public awa reness of the sch e m e m ay mean that motorists begin to look fo r SCPs when choosing somew h e re to park. This could possibly stimulate other car park o p e r ators to upgrade their car parks. Although the SCP scheme is not the only way to improve car park securi t y, it can be said to have helped in reducing both cri m e and the fear of crime and it has acted as an i n c e n t i ve for car park improvements in other areas. Some of the main conclusions from the evaluation are: • SCP can help to reduce levels of vehicle crime and fear of crime when targeted at high-crime car parks.

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Designing Out Crime

July 2003

• •

The key measures that impact on both crime levels and fear of crime appear to be formal surveillance (including patrols), lighting, access control and the physical appearance of the car park. Car park management appears to be a critical factor in running a safe, secure car park. New car parks built to SCP standard generally have low crime levels and are highly rated by users. Car parks with lowest user ratings were all old surface car parks. Improving the security of car parks can lead to increased usage and profits.

There is evidence that there is some inconsistent application of the scheme across the country.

Copies of this research study, published in March 2003, are available free from the Research, Development and Statistics Directorate (RDS), Communications Development Unit, Room 201, 50 Queen Anne’s Gate, London SW1H 9AT Tel: 020 7273 2084 E-mail: publications.rds@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk and can also be viewed and downloaded from the Home Office Website at:

http://www.homeoffice.gov. u k / rd s / pdfs2/hors266.pdf

‘Requiring Treatment’ - A brief examination of security and crime p re vention in hospitals
Metropolitan Police

C rime in hospitals is a ve ry real concern which needs to be addre s s e d . This paper seeks to p rovide an ove rv i ew of hospital security and designing out cri m e. It is aimed at hospital s e c u rity staff and Crime Prevention T h rough Env i ronmental Design (CPTED) practitioners requiring further info rm at i o n . The two major crimes found within hospitals are theft and offences against the person. Pat i e n t s , staff or visitors have their pro p e rty stolen by opportunist thieves and offices are b ro ken into for computers and other hi-tech equipment. Levels of crime in hospital car parks and the surrounding areas are also on the incre a s e. Vehicles left unattended for hours are most at risk of being stolen or broken into. Assaults on staff, p atients and visitors are regular occurrences in hospitals where emotions often run high. It is now more common to see unifo rmed security staff and p hysical security measure s , l i ke CCTV, used in high-risk areas such as Accident and Emergency departments. D rug misuse is also a major concern , p a rt i c u l a r ly in inner city hospitals. This issue is compounded if the hospital offers a needle exchange facility. Public toilets are often used by d rug users who leave their drug taking parap h e rnalia behind. One way of re m oving this p ro blem has been to close some of the toilets. Fewer toilets with more people using them is usually sufficient to deter drug users. Health Au t h o rities should be invo l ved in preventing crime because the cost of crime is huge and may impact upon staffing levels. Some NHS Trusts also lose staff hours as a result of stress and injury from violent incidents in hospitals and health centres. T h e re is limited guidance ava i l able to hospital security managers on designing out c ri m e. In 1992 the National A s s o c i ation of Health Au t h o rities and Trusts published the NHS Security Manual. This manual gives basic guidelines on establishing security programmes and what these programmes should strive to deliver. The full paper “ R e q u i ring Tre at m e n t ” - A brief examination of security and cri m e prevention in hospitals” is available at: http://www.doca.org.uk/hospitals.pdf
For more information contact Terry Cocks, Crime prevention Design Adviser, Metropolitan Police, Camden Borough HQ, Holborn Police Station, 10 Lambs Conduit Street, London WC1N 3NR Tel: 020 8733 6323/4 or E-mail: terry.cocks@met.pnn.police.uk

July 2003

Designing Out Crime

13

Designing out Crime in the Built Environment - Conference
North Yorkshire Police

For more information contact PC Colin Musgrave, Architectural Liaison Officer, North Yorkshire Police, Malton Eastern Area Police Station, Old Malton Road, Malton, North Yorkshire Tel: 01723 509691 or Email: colin.musgrave@ northyorkshire.pnn.police.uk

On Tu e s d ay 18th March 2003 Nort h Yo r k s h i re Police hosted a confe rence fo r over 100 delegates at The Angel Inn, To p c l i f fe near T h i r s k , on ‘Designing out Crime in the Built Env i ro n m e n t ’ . The target audience for the day was arch i t e c t s , p l a n n e r s , d e s i g n e r s , d evelopers and those i nvo l ved in the building or management of property. Mr Peter Wa l ke r, the Deputy Chief Constable of North Yorkshire Police opened the eve n t , e x p ressing the fo r c e ’s commitment to Designing out Cri m e. H e also identified the work curre n t ly being done by partnerships in helping to make a s u s t a i n able reduction to crime in the county. The first speaker of the day was Dr Steve E ve r s o n , a pri vate security consultant, w h o discussed the homebu ye r ’s pre fe rence and the benefit of incorp o r ating security into the build instead of at a later stage. A repres e n t at i ve from the British Standards

Institution fo l l owe d , who cove red the i m p o rtance of standards and how they can be ach i eve d . C l i ve Knowles from ACPO CPI g ave the new Secured by Design (SBD) p re s e n t ation and Rachel A rm i t age from the Home Office provided details of her wo r k in evaluating Secured by Design within West Yo r k s h i re and the benefits deri ved fro m using SBD pri n c i p l e s. The closing speake r was Mr Nerendra Bajaria from the Commission for A r ch i t e c t u re and the Built E nv i ronment (CABE), who discussed the b e n e fits of having the correct design and s e c u rity in pro p o rt i o n . Inspector Dave Fo rtune from the North Yo r k s h i re Po l i c e C o m munity Safety Unit gave the closing address. The eva l u ation fo rms have been e x t re m e ly positive and a number of personal calls have been received from local a r chitects and developers highlighting the value of the day. West Yo r k s h i re Police are hoping to host a similar event later this year.

Secure Garden Quiz
Avon and Somerset Constabulary

Avon and Somerset Constabu l a r y devised an Internet-based competition for securi t y conscious gardeners earlier this year. The competition was in the fo rm of an on-line mu l t i p l e - choice quiz, asking entrants to re c o g n i s e security weaknesses in a garden plan and choose the best p o s s i ble improve m e n t s. W h e re wrong answers we re given, the correct answer was automatically shown and at the end of the quiz, a garden security guide could be downloaded. Ian Taylor of the Landcraft Design Company designed the garden plan. He also helped to devise secure solutions, which would not compromise the aesthetics of the garden. Details of the competition can be found on the Crime Reduction Section of the Avon and Somerset Constabulary Website at: http://www.avonandsomerset.police.uk
For more information contact PS Kevin Wilkinson, Crime Reduction Unit, Staple Hill Police Station, Staple Hill, Bristol BS16 5LX Tel 0117 945 4127 Fax: 0117 945 4129 or E-mail: kevin.wilkinson@avonandsomerset.pnn.police.uk

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Designing Out Crime

July 2003

Cash Points (ATMs): an Evaluation of ‘Personal Defensible Space’
Greater Manchester Police

An eva l u ation has been carried out to e s t ablish the effe c t i veness of cre ating a d e fe n s i ble space in front of cash mach i n e s ( ATMs) with the aim of reducing the number of ro bb e ries associated with these m a chines (see article in the A p ril 2003 edition of the Digest on ‘Designing Out Crime Through Environmental Change’). T h ree banks we re used for the pilot s cheme because they we re geograp h i c a l ly re p re s e n t at i ve of the area and provided a good random sample of the 22 AT M s l o c ated in the re g i o n . S t reet ro bb e ry and theft from the person crime data within 150m of each ATM was recorded from the launch of the pilot on 20th December 2002 for a period of 10 weeks to 28th Feb ru a ry 2 0 0 3 . The reaction of ATM users wa s c o n s i d e red and their initial behaviour wa s eva l u ated using CCTV fo o t age cove ring 24 hour cycles. Initial indications from the pilot project look promising. However to test this c rime prevention design thoro u g h ly, a more detailed and widespread study will be re q u i re d . An eva l u ation specifi c ation is outlined below: • A number of sites need to be selected. These should include sites with low levels of ro bb e ry within the 150m buffer zone and areas with high levels of ro bb e ry within the buffer zone. These sites can be with the same bank or a range of banks. It is suggested that the research should be across more than one geographical area to provide comparative data in relation to the pilot project. • CCTV footage should be subject to psychological analysis to take account of the range of behaviours of ATM users and to identify offenders. • A number of street robbers should be i n t e rv i ewed and asked specifically if such a crime prevention strategy changes their behaviour. If so, how and whether there are issues of displacement.

A number of victims should be i n t e rv i ewed so that the perspective of the victim is present in the pilot project evaluation. It is suggested that the evaluation covers a period of 12 months with regular reports from the research team including analysis of the quantitative data and the inclusion of the qualitative data where ap p ro p ri at e.

The results of the stre e t ro bb e ry re s e a r c h and the eva l u ation of the ATM pilot p roject indicates that there a re a number of lessons to be l e a rnt from the use of the personal defe n s i ble space tactic that suggests a positive c rime reduction can be a ch i eve d . The re s e a r ch has also revealed a number of a reas for further considerat i o n . The re l at i o n s h i p b e t ween ATM locat i o n , s t re e t c rime and stolen goods m a r kets and/or dru g s m a r kets is complex. T h e c re ation of personal defensible space zones at ATMs has minimal cost attached to it, however there are issues in re l ation to the design and ro bustness of m at e rials used. The ATM personal defensible space pilot project in Manchester i n d i c ates that this ap p ro a ch has a positive c rime reduction effect and a UK wide application.
For more information contact Judith Sadler or Tony Holt, Greater Manchester Police, Greenheys Police Station, Charles Halle road, Moss Side, Manchester M15 6NP Tel: 0161 856 4435 Fax: 0161 856 4453

July 2003

Designing Out Crime

15

Domestic Violence and Hate Crime ‘The Sanctuary Project’
Metropolitan Police

In 1995 the Harrow Police Crime Reduction Unit introduced a scheme to help victims of domestic violence and hate crime to secure their homes and prevent repeat victimisat i o n .A s a fo l l ow on from this, the Sanctuary Project was set up in September 2002 in part n e r s h i p with the Po l i c e, H o u s i n g, Wo m e n ’s Aid and Wo m e n ’s Centre and Social Serv i c e s. The pro j e c t provides a package of physical security devices and is available to people who are threatened with homelessness due to domestic violence, hate crime or other violence. The physical security measures include changing door lock s , fitting key operat e d window locks and installing internal and external grilles. Victims are also provided with fire s a fety equipment including smoke detectors, anti-arson letterboxes and collap s i ble fi re escapes. R e fe rrals are made from the va rious agencies invo l ved in the scheme and the Cri m e Reduction Department then carries out home surveys to assess the ap p l i c a n t ’s additional security requirements. Their recommendations are forwarded to the Local Authority Housing Assessment Team who either grant authority (for council or pri vat e ly owned pro p e rty) or liaise with the Housing A s s o c i ation to obtain authority for the wo r k . Once permission has been granted, the re fe rral is sent to the local locksmith, who has a Service Level Agreement to provide a response within 24 hours. Since being launched in September 2002, the project has helped 40 re p e at victims to s t ay in their own homes and has dramat i c a l ly reduced their fear of cri m e. The fe e d b a ck received has been very positive.
For more information contact Mark Dowse, Geoff Bigby or Peter Waine, Crime Reduction Unit, Metropolitan Police, Harrow Police Borough, 74, Northolt Road, Harrow HA2 0DN Tel: 020 8733 3465 or E-mail: mark.dowse@met.police.uk, geoff.bigby@met.police.uk or peter.waine@met.police.uk

Disrupting crack markets: A practice guide
Home Office

The sale of crack is one of the biggest policing pro bl e m . U n c o n t rolled crack m a r kets are often linked to violence and i n t i m i d ation that affects whole c o m mu n i t i e s. The criminality associat e d with crack houses and street markets can have a negative impact on regeneration and can discourage and further stigmat i s e d e p ri ved areas. This guide explains how the police can work with partners to implement a range of actions to reduce demand and shrink or close down crac k marke t s. Although is designed for those working at street leve l within England and Wales with its pri m a ry audience being the police and law e n forcement offi c e r s , it is also aimed at p a rtners who assist these agencies with local control and disruption strategies.

The guide brings together tried and tested ap p ro a ches to controlling crack marke t s , drawing on best practice from both the UK and ab ro a d . It also includes pro j e c t examples.
Copies of the guide, published in April 2003 are available free from Prolog UK Tel: 0870 241 4680 Fax: 0870 241 4786 E-mail: homeoffice@prolog. uk.com stating code DSD 11. Alternatively this document can also be viewed and downloaded via the Crime Reduction Website at:

http://www.crimereduction.gov.uk/ drugsalcohol70.htm
You can contact a member of the Crack Team based in the Home Office: Naomi Abigail Tel: 0207 273 4502 E-mail: naomi.abigail@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk or Trevor Cook Tel: 0207 273 4044 E-mail: trevor.crook@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

16

Domestic Violence/Drugs and Alcohol

July 2003

Drugs and crime: From warfare to welfare
NACRO

The National A s s o c i ation for the Care and Resettlement of Offenders (NAC RO) has p u blished a re p o rt , w h i ch advo c ates the p rovision of facilities where drug addicts can use drugs in safe and hy g i e n i c c o n d i t i o n s. T h e reby reducing the risk to themselves and tackling open drugs misuse on the streets and estat e s. It also states that t re atment services should be better resourced. The re p o rt , ‘ D rugs and cri m e : F ro m wa r fa re to we l fa re ’ , suggests that Bri t a i n ’s p u n i t i ve drugs laws are serving to u n d e rmine the effe c t i ve development of s t r ategies to support and tre at crack and h e roin addicts. R ather than an ap p ro a ch based on policing and punishment, t h e re p o rt calls on the Gove rnment to steer resources towards getting addicts off drugs while minimising the personal and social h a rm caused by those who continue to use

t h e m . In the UK, t h ree quarters of the m o n ey spent on tackling drugs is spent on p o l i c i n g, c o u rt s , p ri s o n s , customs and associated law enforcement measures. According to the re p o rt current dru g s l aws unduly burden the prison system. Almost 12,000 people are pre s e n t ly in jail for drug offences, including around 40% of all sentenced women pri s o n e r s. M a ny of these offenders are users in pri m a ry need of treatment and support. Sentences are dispro p o rt i o n at e ly t o u g h . S u p p ly of a class ‘ B ’ d rug carries a m a x i mum prison sentence of 14 ye a r s , g re ater than that for illegal possession and supply of firearms or the wilful neglect of a ch i l d . The law fails to distinguish betwe e n c riminal gangs making millions and yo u n g people buying small quantities of drugs on behalf of their friends.

Copies of the report published in May 2003 and priced £12.50 + £1.50 P&Pcan be obtained from NACRO Publications, 169, Clapham Road, London, SW9 0PU Tel: 020 7840 6427 or visit their website at:

http://www.nacro.org.uk /templates/news/ newsItem.cfm/ 2003051500.htm

‘Too Cool 4 Booze’ Mousemat Design and Alcohol Tour
Cumbria Constabulary

Getting a message across to young people in re l ation to alcohol abuse is not always an easy t a s k . The Crime and Disorder Reduction Pa rtnership (CDRP) in West Cumbria enlisted the help of the CragRats T h e at re Group to undertake a three-week tour of schools in the are a .T h e tour invo l ved a play and workshop sessions and was linked to Cumbria Healthy Sch o o l s. A n input was offe red to eve ry Year 7, ( first year secondary sch o o l ) , as well as a special educational needs school. To re - i n force the messag e, a partnership was eastablished with the Lakes College in the a re a . Students we re given a project to design a handout suitable for a Year 7 audience. T h e winning design is a mousemat with the logo ‘ Too Cool 4 Booze’ and a colour scheme of blue, yellow and pink, which was a big hit with the target age group. The cartoon graphics of a girl vo m i t i n g, a boy getting a bl a ck eye and others getting injured in alcohol-re l at e d accidents made key points in a humorous, but info rm at i ve way. The project also proved to be a good example of partnership wo r k i n g. College students we re able to work on a real pro j e c t , with a design bri e f, p rint deadlines and bu d g e t , w h i l e the Police and local Pri m a ry Care Trust supported the production of the mousemats and subsequent distribution. The play has been eva l u ated (with over 1,300 eva l u ation fo rms re t u rned) to determ i n e feedback from pupils. It is planned to undertake a follow up evaluation in six months.

More information on both the mouse mat design and evaluation is available from PC Stuart Burgess, Community Safety Officer, Cumbria Constabulary, West Cumbria Police Area HQ, Hall Brow, Workington, Cumbria CA13 4AP Tel: 01900 844185 or E-mail: stuart.burgess@cumbria. police.uk

July 2003

Drugs and Alcohol

17

Using Drugs could cost you your career
Gloucestershire Constabulary For more information contact Andrea Lamb, Exhibitions Co-ordinator, Gloucestershire Constabulary, Lansdown Road, Cheltenham, Gloucester GL51 6QH Tel: 01242 276133 Fax: 01242 221415 or E-mail: andrea.lamb@ gloucestershire.pnn.police.uk

G l o u c e s t e r s h i re Constabu l a ry has launched its third hard-hitting anti-drugs poster, w h i ch tackles the issue of drug abuse. The poster includes the message ‘Using drugs could cost you your care e r ’ a n d emphasises how a drug conviction may prevent a person from pursuing certain jobs. It shows a shocking image of a young woman about to use cocaine in the middle of an office and was designed to encourage young people in part i c u l a r, to think about the consequences of dru g abuse. The poster was launched at Cheltenham Town Football Club, a keen supporter of the p o l i c e ’s anti-drugs campaign and will be displayed at the football ground for the next 12 m o n t h s. A total of 5,000 posters have been distri buted to va rious org a n i s ations across the county, but especially those involved with 15 - 25 year olds.

Problem Solving Policing - Cannabis Cafes: an Operational Guide
Merseyside Police For more information contact Eddie Townsend Merseyside Police Crime Reduction Unit, Hope Street Police Station, 38A Hope Street, Liverpool L1 9BZ Tel: 0151 777 4158 Fax: 0151 777 5522

This booklet has been produced by Merseyside Police and is the first in a series of guides that will offer a wide variety of practical solutions to operational officers. The guides summarise k n owledge on how to reduce the harm caused by specific crime and disorder pro blems in neighbourhoods based on the SARA (Scanning, A n a ly s i s , Response, Assessment) process and National Intelligence Model of policing. This particular guide outlines the issues associated with opening and using premises as c a n n abis cafe s. It provides a va riety of options for police forces faced with policing such illegal establishments.

Alcohol CD Rom
York Alcohol Advice Service For more information contact Alison Tubbs, Service Manager, YAAS, 63 Bootham, York Y030 7BT Tel: 01904 652104 E-mail: info@yaas.org.uk or visit their website at:

http://www.yaas.org.uk

The York Alcohol A dvice Service (YAAS) launched a CD Rom in May aimed at young people aged 10 to 12 years, which deals with the issues surrounding alcohol misuse. The CD, w h i ch is accompanied by a support pack , runs for ap p rox i m at e ly 30 minu t e s and includes games, quizzes and video fo o t ag e. The CD will be used as an educational tool and has been distributed to all schools in the York area free of ch a rg e. Fe e d b a ck from the young people who have used the pack so far has been ve ry encouraging.

Cards Today
Association for Payment Clearing Services (APACS)

A PACS has published the third edition of the bi-annual newsletter ‘Cards To d ay ’ . I t fe at u res the latest developments on topics s u ch as plastic card stat i s t i c s , s e c u ri t y, t e chnology developments at ATMs and initiatives to tackle card fraud.

For an electronic version of Cards Today contact Mark Bowerman via E-mail at: mark.bowerman @apacs.org.uk

18

Drugs and Alcohol/Fraud

July 2003

Crime in England and Wales: Quarterly update to December 2002
Home Office Statistical Bulletin 5/03

Q u a rt e r ly crime fi g u res published for the p e riod to December 2002 show generally p o s i t i ve trends for crime in England and Wa l e s. H oweve r, n ew re p o rting practices i n t roduced mid-way through the re p o rt i n g p e riod may not give a completely accurat e i m p ression and may be subject to rev i s i o n in future quarterly updates. The main points from this re p o r t include: • Overall crime has fallen in the second half of 2002. This picture is more positive than the last quarter’s update. • Recorded ro bb e ry fell by an estimated 23% in October-December 2002 compared with the previous year. Overall violent crime appears to have levelled off after falls in the late 1990s. • In late 2002 domestic bu rg l a ry showed signs of resuming the falls of the 1990s after a flat period earlier in the year.

• •

Vehicle thefts continue to fall in 2002, with the British Crime Survey (BCS) showing a 17% fall since 2000. Levels of fear of burglary and car crime have fallen in recent quarters. According to the BCS, the majority of the public feels that crime has risen in the last two years, despite an overall reduction in crime over that time.

Copies of this report, published in April 2003, are available free from the Research, Development and Statistics Directorate (RDS), Communications Development Unit, Room 201, 50 Queen Anne’s Gate, London, SW1H 9AT Tel: 020 7273 2084 or E-mail: publications.rds@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk It can also be viewed and downloaded from the Home Office Website at:

http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/ rds/pdfs2/hosb503.pdf

Crime Prevention Advice through A d ve rt i s i n g
Cleveland Police

Since October last ye a r, C l eveland Police have been using a 10ft by 8ft “ A ” frame adve rtising trailer in the Middlesbrough area to provide cri m e prevention advice to residents. The trailer, w h i ch is designed to display interchangeable boards, is positioned in the entrances to car parks providing info rm ation on vehicle cri m e i s s u e s. The boards fold down to enable easy access to car parks with height re s t ri c t i o n s. Since the start of the campaign, the trailer has been deployed in six diffe rent car parks in the area on 64 days and has proved instrumental in reducing car cri m e. Only one crime has been committed in the car park where the trailer has been located. Anti-burglary and shed crime mobile boards have also been used around housing estates. These boards incorporate sound systems to broadcast crime prevention info rm at i o n .
For further details contact Sgt Glynn Bass, Cleveland Police HQ, PO Box 70, Ladgate Lane, Middlesbrough TS8 9EH Tel: 01642 303108 Fax: 01642 303371 or E-mail: glynn.bass@cleveland.pnn.police.uk

July 2003

General

19

Match Books: ‘Striking’ a Balance
Greater Manchester Police

Police in the Gre ater Manchester area are using small matchbooks in the fight against c ri m e. It is hoped that the specially designed books of mat ches will ‘ s t ri ke ’ t h e right balance between being a free give away and a way of providing cri m e prevention advice. 22,000 matchbooks will be handed out to customers in city centre bars. T h ey contain a variety of messages including: • ‘Get a Grip’ giving re fe rence to personal property crime. • The successful City Centre Safe initiative.

• • •

‘Think Safe, Drink Safe’. ‘Get a Taxi you can trust. Crimestoppers Number. T h e re is also a wa rning on the inside f l ap of the mat ch b o o k s , w h i c h info rm s people that the management of the bar do not tolerate the selling of stolen goods or drug taking on their premises.

For further details contact PC Stuart Pizzey, Crime Reduction Officer, Greater Manchester Police, Bootle Street Police Station, Manchester M2 5GU Tel: 0161 856 3046 Fax: 0161 856 3018

2 Wrongs don’t make a Right Project
The National Centre for Citizenship and the Law (NCCL)

During 2002, the National Centre for Citizenship and the Law (NCCL) created and delive re d the Crime Reduction project “Two Wrongs don’t make a Right”, with the aim of developing re l ationships between schools and Crime and Disorder Reduction Pa rtnerships (CDRPs) a c ross the East Midlands. Fo l l owing this pro j e c t , s chools and CDRPs we re asked to complete response fo rms to gather info rm ation about the re l ationships and partnerships betwe e n them. Forms were distributed to attendees at the “Two Wrongs don’t make a Right” conference held in September 2002 and at fo l l ow-up seminars across the re g i o n . O ver 130 people in both schools and CDRPs completed fo rms and the results we re analysed by the Social Sciences Department of Nottingham Trent Unive r s i t y. The conclusions drawn from this a n a lysis identified that crime reduction can and should play a major role in citizenship e d u c at i o n . In particular teachers and partners expressed a willingness to work together to educate young people on issues that affect them and their communities. An on-line guide is available for teachers wanting to work with their local CDRP on the N C C L’s Website (h t t p : / / w w w. n c c l . o rg . u k) , w h i ch also includes a new search engine funded by the Gove rnment Office for the East Midlands (GOEM). Since the development of “2 W ro n g s d o n ’t make a Right” the NCCL has been awarded funding through the GOEM to develop a new partnership pro j e c t , w h i ch cre at e s c e n t res for crime reduction in schools across the East Midlands. A c t i ve ly Reducing Cri m e (ARC) schools will be given funding to devise community-based crime reduction pro j e c t s. The emphasis will be on active citizenship through a whole school ap p ro a ch . This will enable t e a ch e r s , p u p i l s , c o m munity org a n i s ations and the police to work together to develop a localised strategy to tackle crime related issues that involve young people.
For more information contact Jenny Gilbert, Crime Reduction Co-ordinator, The National Centre for Citizenship and the Law, Galleries of Justice, Shire Hall, Lace Market, Nottingham NG1 1HN Tel: 0115 952 0555 or E-mail: jenny.gilbert@nccl.org.uk

20

General

July 2003

British Community Safety Awards 2003
Crime Concern

O rganisers of projects that cut crime and m a ke a diffe rence to the quality of life fo r local communities are set to get nat i o n a l and intern ational recognition for their work by entering this ye a r ’s Marks & Spencer Community Safety Awards. The awa r d s , o rganised by Cri m e Concern have highlighted some of the most innovative examples of good practice in the field of crime reduction over the last seve n ye a r s. The standard of entries continues to g row and last ye a r ’s competition at t r a c t e d m o re than 300 entri e s. Both Cri m e Concern and Marks & Spencer hope that the 2003 awards launched re c e n t ly will be as successful as previous years. An independent judging panel, chaired by the Home Offi c e, will select fi ve w i n n e r s , one of which will be chosen as the overall winner. The fi ve winners will e a ch re c e i ve a tro p hy, c e rt i fi c ate and £1,500 wo rth of Crime Concern training or £1,000 cash to help develop their wo r k and promote national re p l i c at i o n . T h e

overall winning entry will re c e i ve an additional £1,500 of Crime Concern training or £1,000 cash and the o p p o rtunity to become Bri t a i n ’s re p re s e nt at i ve in the 2003 European Cri m e Prevention Awards. Last ye a r ’s overall winner was the ‘ N o t Another Dro p ’ p roject run by the M e t ropolitan Police and Brent Council, a unique project to deter ‘black on bl a ck ’ gun re l ated crime in the are a . Other winners included a project by Stoneb ridge Housing Action Trust to improve the quality of life for residents on a North London estate and a project by Lancashire Police to re d u c e vehicle crime. The competition is open to entries that fit into the community safe t y / c ri m e reduction remit and the closing date fo r e n t ries is 25th July 2003. E n t ries re c e i ve d b e fo re 2nd June we re entered into an early bird draw. The first three out of the hat won Marks & Spencers vo u chers to the value of £50, £30 and £20.

Anyone wishing to enter the competition can visit the Awards Website at:

http://www.crimeconcern. o rg . u k / a w a rd s
and complete an application form online or as a downloadable document. Entries can be e-mailed to: awards@crimeconcern.org.uk

Crime Concern’s Chief Executive Re t i re s
Crime Concern

C r ime Concern ’s Chief Exe c u t i ve Nigel Whiskin will be stepping down from his post in July after 15 years service with the ch a ri t y. Mr W h i s k i n , who prev i o u s ly re c e i ve d an MBE for his work with offenders in NAC RO, has been Crime Concern ’s Chief E xe c u t i ve since its inception in 1988. D u r ing this time he has developed and i n i t i ated new ideas, m a ny of which have helped to shape national crime re d u c t i o n p ro g r a m m e s. He was re s p o n s i ble fo r attracting over 360 major businesses to join in the fight against crime and was instrumental in raising over £22 million from the c o rp o r ate and ch a ri t able trust sector, which in turn secured crime prevention activities worth £160 million.

In addition to his role as Chief E xe c u t i ve, Mr Whiskin re p resented Cri m e C o n c e rn on the Board of Intern at i o n a l C e n t re for Crime Prevention and as the ACPO Sub Committee for Cri m e Prevention. Mr W h i s k i n ’s successor will be Mr Roger Howa r d . Roger is curre n t ly the D i rector of Drugscope and will take up the post as Crime Concern ’s Chief Exe c u t i ve in September.
For more information about Crime Concern contact them at: Crime Concern Beaver House, 147 - 150 Victoria Road, Swindon SN1 3UY Tel: 01793 863500 Fax: 01793 514654 or visit their website at:

http://www.crimeconcern.org.uk

July 2003

General

21

Counting the costs of crime in Australia
Australian Institute of Criminology

Editor’s note: In this
report direct use was made of the UK study of crime costs published in 2000 as Home Office Research Study 217: ‘The Economic and Social Costs of Crime’, which can be accessed via the Home Office Website at:

This report was published in April 2003 as part of the Trends & Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice Seri e s , No 247. It assesses some of the major costs for a range of offe n c e s , u p d at i n g previous work in Australia. The costing principles used include estimates of medical costs, lost output, i n t a n g i bl e costs and transfer of resources. Although these principles cover a wide range of crimes, some c rimes are not dealt with in detail because of a lack of dat a . C ri m e s , s u ch as kidnap p i n g, bl a ckmail and good order offences are not included because there is little data on the number of incidents or their costs. Full details of the methodology and calculations used are p u blished in Te chnical Report No 4: Counting the costs of crime in Australia (see below fo r details). The main re p o rt puts the overall estimated fi g u re for crime in Australia at $32 billion a year. Some of the individual costs are: • Homicide at $1.6 million per incident. • R o bb e ry at $3,600 per incident. • Residential burglary at $2,000 per incident. • Shoplifting at $110 per incident. The re p o rt also looks bri e f ly at the costs of victim assistance, s e c u ri t y, h o u s e h o l d precautions, insurance and lost productivity from prisoners. Although there are many difficulties in assessing crime costs, it is important because they set the context for the substantial resources spent trying to prevent crime and deal with o f fe n d e r s. T h ey also give a better basis for assessing where crime prevention effo rts are best t a rgeted and are essential for cost-benefit analysis where the costs of crime re d u c t i o n initiatives are set against savings made from crimes prevented.
A full copy of the paper can be viewed or downloaded from the Internet: http://www.aic.gov.au/publications/tandi/ti247.pdf (8 pages). A copy of the accompanying technical report can be viewed or downloaded from:

http://www.aic.gov.au/publications/tbp/tbp004.pdf
Thanks to the European Crime Prevention Network (EU CPN) for highlighting these publications. For more information on EU CPN, visit the website at:

http://www. homeoffice.gov.uk/ rds/pdfs/hors217.pdf

http://europa.eu.int/comm/justice_home/eucpn

Electronic Notice Board Unit
Greater Manchester Police

G re ater Manchester Police have been using an electronic notice board to display cri m e prevention messages to residents and visitors to the area. The unit is fitted to a trailer, w h i ch enables it to be towed to any locat i o n . The scre e n displays three lines of text of 16 characters per line with a scrolling facility. The info rm at i o n is input via a laptop and then sent by GSM line dire c t ly to the b o a r d . M e s s ages can be digitally updated or added from any w h e re in the country. The notice board has been used to display cri m e p revention messag e s , t e rro rist alert wa rnings and improve general awareness, such as the operation of CCTV in a specific area.
For more information contact PC Stuart Pizzey, Crime Reduction Officer, Greater Manchester Police, Bootle Street Police Station, Manchester M2 5GU Tel: 0161 856 3046 Fax: 0161 856 3018

22

General

July 2003

Evaluating the Impact of Crimestoppers
Home Office On-line report 22/03

C r imestoppers has been in operat i o n nationally since 1988 and covers every part of the United Kingdom, o p e r ating acro s s 29 re g i o n s. The main function of the s e rvice is to provide fre e, a n o ny m o u s telephone access to one of 29 C r imestoppers units based in police s t ations throughout the country, using one n ational freephone telephone nu m b e r (0800 555 111). Callers are guaranteed a n o nymity and offe red cash rewards of b e t ween £50 and £500 for info rm at i o n t h at helps the police to detect or prevent a c ri m e. The Crimestoppers model has g e n e r a l ly been regarded as a successful means of assisting police forces to re s p o n d to crime and Crimestoppers schemes have n ow been established in more than 20 countries around the world. This re p o rt describes re s e a r c h u n d e rt a ken for an eva l u ation of C r imestoppers in the UK. The main objectives of the study were to: • Identify types of info rm ation gained and assess Crimestoppers contribution to the detection, investigation and prosecution of specific crimes. • Quantify the inputs, outputs and outcomes of Crimestoppers, if possible, in comparison to alternative methods of info rm ation collection. • Assess Crimestoppers ability to access and generate info rm ation from communities that might be considered ‘hard to re a ch ’ . • Examine the wider role that Crimestoppers plays in the generation of police intelligence generally. • Identify potential areas where the performance of Crimestoppers might be improved. C o m p a red to the size of the cri m i n a l justice system Crimestoppers seems to play

a small but significant part in the fi g h t against cri m e. In 2000 Cri m e s t o p p e r s re c i eved almost half a million calls which suggests that it has been successful in getting its message across to the publ i c. O f these calls, C rimestoppers own fi g u re s suggest that about 11% (56,555) of calls resulted in actionable info rm at i o n .T h at is, i n fo rm ation considered important enough to pass to inve s t i g ating offi c e r s. In 2000, over 5,000 calls to Crimestoppers provided i n fo rm ation leading to an arrest or charge this is 1% of all calls or 10% of all actionable info rm at i o n . Results of the eva l u ation show that C r imestoppers appears to re c e i ve a significant number of calls about drugs and has enjoyed particular success in dealing with dru g - re l ated cri m e s. O ve r a l l , t o o m a ny calls are made when the units are shut with at least one fifth of all calls made on Saturdays and Sundays when most of the units are closed. Fe e d b a ck to the C rimestoppers units is also low. I n - d e p t h a n a lysis has shown that the impact of C r imestoppers is gre ater than its ow n fi g u res suggest. It may be that as mu ch as 17% of actionable info rm ation results in an a rre s t , ch a rge or caution and that almost half (47%) provides some fo rm of useful i n fo rm at i o n .
Copies of the on-line report, published in April 2003, are only available via the Home Office Website at:

http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/pdf s 2 / rd s o l r 2 2 03 . p d f
Application for reproduction of this report should be made to the Research, Development and Statistics Directorate (RDS), Communications Development Unit, Room 275, 50 Queen Anne’s Gate, London SW1H 9AT Tel: 020 7273 2084 E-mail: publications.rds@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

Results of the evaluation show that Crimestoppers...has enjoyed particular successes in dealing with drug-related crimes.

July 2003

General

23

Launch of Anti-Racism Campaign
Leeds City Council

Leeds City Council launched a hard-hitting poster campaign earlier this year with the aim of sending a zero-tolerance message on race crime to the people of Leeds. The campaign invo l ved posters a dve rtised on 100 buses around the city together with over 15,000 also displaye d a round public ve nues with the messag e : “Leeds - a city uniting against racist c ri m e ” . The posters also provide a fre e phone number to enable people to re p o rt racist crime. Local schools took part in designing the final poster during a competition, w h i ch ran in the summer of 2002. T h e winner and short-listed finalists gat h e re d in Millennium Square together with the Deputy Lord Mayor Councillor and fo rm e r

Chair of the Commission for Racial Equality to see an example of the fi n i s h e d poster. The campaign is scheduled to ru n again during July and August this year as p a rt of an ongoing campaign led by Leeds City Council and the Leeds Racial Harassment Project to increase the awa reness of racist crime and encourag e people to report it.
For more information contact Oliver Tipper, Public Relations Assistant, Leeds City Council, Civic Hall, Leeds LS1 1UR Tel: 0113 395 0534 E-mail: oliver.tipper@leeds.gov.uk or visit their website at:

http://www.leeds.gov.uk

Guide to property marking in schools: A joint initiative to help reduce crime throughout Brighton & Hove
Sussex Police

Earlier this year Sussex Po l i c e, in partnership with Brighton & Hove City Council launch e d the “Smartwater” property marking scheme in schools in the area. The scheme was set up following a review of the increased levels of high cost equipment available in schools and the fact that schools are often open to members of the public out of h o u r s. The idea was to use a recognised crime prevention practice t h at could be easily adapted as part of the citizenship curriculum at key stages 2, 3 and 4. In association with the Science A dvisor fro m the Childre n , Families and Sc hools Depart m e n t , the police i d e n t i fied the science curriculum as the most effe c t i ve way of i n fo rming pupils of the scheme. To maximise the potential of using Smart wat e r, t h e ch i l d ren need to know how the system works and be able to identify pro p e rty that has been marked in this way. Science lessons incorporate the use of Smartwater and are aimed at teaching pupils how this property marking solution can be applied to school equipment, as well as pro m p t i n g discussions into the various properties of ultra-violet light.
For more information contact DC Kieran Madden, Sussex Police, Hove Police Station, Holland Road, Hove, East Sussex BN3 1JY Tel: 01273 665517 Fax: 01273 665752

Editors Note: P ro p e rty marking schemes should adhere to the Association of Chief Police O f ficer (ACPO)/Home office principles of pro p e rty marking. Details are published on the Crime Reduction Website:http://www.crimereduction.gov.uk/property01.htm

24

Hate Crime/Property Marking

July 2003

“Hands Off ” - Vehicle Crime Initiative
Devon and Cornwall Constabulary

The “Hands Off ” i n i t i at i ve was launched by Devon and Corn wall Constabu l a ry in A p ril this year with the aim of highlighting the problems of theft of CD players and radios from motor vehicles. The scheme encourages car owners to have their property marked with their postcode, as well as displaying a distinctive sticker in their vehicle warning would be thieves that pro p e rt y has been marked. S t i ckers we re distri buted at the launch of a Vehicle Crime Reduction day held in a bu s y city centre car park in Ply m o u t h . Earlier this year over 250 people attended the eve n t , 60 of whom had been repeat victims of car crime. In addition to property marking, attendees were o f fe red free child seat safety ch e ck s , window etching and the chance to check out a demonstration vehicle fitted with all the latest car security equipment.

For more information contact PC Steve Murch, Crime Reduction officer, Devon and Cornwall Constabulary, Charles Cross Police Station, Plymouth, Devon PL4 8HG Tel: 01752 720570 Fax: 01752 720575

Learner Drivers Awareness Scheme
Cleveland Police

C l eveland Police has launched an initiat i ve aimed at driving down vehicle crime in the a re a . The initiat i ve has been set up in p a rtnership with over 20 Dri v i n g I n s t r uctors in the are a . T h ey have been i nvo l ved in piloting the sch e m e, w h i c h p rovides a crime prevention input to new d ri ve r s. The advice is incorp o r ated in the p u p i l ’s ‘parking scenario training’ a n d addresses five key areas to ensure that: • When parked, a vehicle is left in a safe, well-lit area. • A vehicle is left locked with the windows shut. • Any alarm system or steering

lock/immobiliser is activated when the vehicle is left. • No vehicle contents are left in a visible position. • Where possible, the stereo is removed. Although no fo r mal eva l u ation has been carried out, the fe e d b a ck so far has been ve ry positive and has highlighted the lack of awareness among many new dri ve r s about to vehicle security.
For more information contact Sgt Glynn Bass, Cleveland Police HQ, PO Box 70, Ladgate Lane, Middlesbrough TS8 9EH Tel: 01642 303108 Fax: 01642 303371 or E-mail: glynn.bass@cleveland.pnn.police.uk

Safer Vehicles - Safer Streets: A Strategy to Reduce Motorcrime
Thames Valley Partnership

This booklet has been jointly written by the Thames Va l l ey Pa rtnership and European Secure Vehicle Alliance to assist those invo l ved in tackling crime and disorder to consider what is meant by vehicle crime. The aim of the paper is to get people to think diffe re n t ly about motorcrime and make a g re ater impact locally to deliver safer vehicles and safer stre e t s. It takes the deb ate ab o u t m o t o r c rime fo r ward in a new way, by demonstrating the connection between anti-social behaviour, which includes stolen, abandoned and burnt out cars, through the use of vehicles in burglary, drug dealing and ro bb e ry, to dangerous driving and deaths on the road.
For more information and copies of this booklet published in February 2003 contact Viv Nicholas European Secure Vehicle Alliance, 104 The Fairway, Burnham, Slough, Berkshire SL1 8DY Tel: 01628 661887 E-mail: mrviv.nicholas@btinternet.com

July 2003

Property Marking/Vehicle Crime

25

The Extent of Motorcycle Theft in 2000
Home Office Research Findings 193 and On-Line Report 20/03

Copies of the Research Findings, published in April 2003, are available free from the Research Development and Statistics Directorate (RDS), Communications Development Unit, Room 201, 50 Queen Anne’s Gate, London SW1H 9AT Tel: 020 7273 2084 E-mail: publications.rds@homeoffice. gsi.gov.uk and can also be viewed and downloaded from the Home Office Website at:

In 2000, over 35,000 motorcycles (including scooters,mopeds and motorbikes) were recorded stolen on the Police National Computer (PNC) in England, Scotland and Wales. These papers provide an analysis of these thefts and suggest ways in which manufacturers, motorcyclists and the police can reduce motorcycle theft. Some of the key points from these reports include: • In 2000,an estimated 25 motorcycles were stolen for every 1,000 registered with the DVLA. • Mopeds and scooters are at much greater risk of being stolen than motorbikes - they made up just 26% of the total of motorcycles registered but accounted for 56% of all thefts.The theft rate for mopeds and scooters was 53 per 1,000 registered compared with 15 per 1,000 motorbikes registered.Generally, low capacity motorbikes were also shown to have a high risk of theft. • The age of motorcycles is also relevant - those first registered in 1999 (ie one-year-old) faced the greatest risk of being stolen,with a theft rate of 39 per 1,000 registered.This contrasts with car theft in 2000,which peaked for vehicles registered in 1987 and 1988 (12 and 13 years old) in the same year. • In the 10 police forces with the highest motorcycle theft,rates showed mopeds and scooters made up on average 71% of all motorcycles stolen.This compares to 56% in the 10 police forces with the lowest rate of motorcycle theft. • The recovery rate for motorcycles was 32% in 2000 compared to 65% for cars. Split by type, 26% of motorbikes were recovered while mopeds and scooters had a slightly higher rate of 37%. Some action points resulting from these reports are: Manufacturers Due to the very high theft rates associated with many of the bikes on the road,manufacturers should continue to develop and fit high specification security measures such as electronic immobilisers,physical security features and parts marking to all models.This may bring about reductions in theft rates similar to those for cars,which is largely believed to be due to the compulsory fitting of electronic immobilisers in 1998.The design process for new motorcycles could also give more consideration to the fitting of security features pre and post manufacture. Manufacturers should work with the DVLA to review and increase the accuracy of the way in which model and body codes of motorcycles are defined and recorded.If this exercise were to be repeated annually this would enable a more detailed breakdown of motorcycle theft. Motorcyclists Owners of motorcycles should ensure that their vehicles are adequately secured and,if necessary, fit and routinely use after-market security devices as recommended by recognised test houses such as Sold Secure or Thatcham. Security marking as many parts of a motorcycle as possible make them less attractive to opportunistic thieves and will increase the chance of getting the motorcycle back if it is stolen and then recovered. Owners of motorcycles that are at high risk of theft should take extra security precautions.The Bike Theft Index 2002 provides information on those most at risk. Making use of motorcycle parking provision would greatly improve security options at no extra cost to the motorcyclist.Wherever possible, riders should use spaces that have stands or security loops to secure the vehicle but always to something that cannot be moved.Owners should look for secured motorcycle parking spaces in public car parks and make use of the Police approved ‘Secured Care Parks’scheme. The Police The Police need to continue to improve the recording of motorcycle information when reporting thefts to the Police National Computer (PNC).A particular concern for this study was a significant proportion of thefts that could not be matched against DVLA records.This could be due partly to inaccurate information taken from the PNC. Improving the recording of information would also enable better targeting of the motorcycle types that are particularly prone to the highest number and rates of theft.

http://www.homeoffice. gov.uk/rds/pdfs2/r193.pdf
Copies of the On-line Report, also published in April 2003, are available only via the Home Office Website at:

http://www.homeoffice. gov.uk/rds/pdfs2/ rdsolr2003.pdf
Application for reproduction of this report should be made to Research, Development and Statistics Directorate (RDS), Communications Development Unit, Room 275, 50 Queen Anne’s Gate, London SW1H 9AT Tel: 020 7273 2084 E-mail: publications.rds@homeoffice. gsi.gov.uk

• •

26

Vehicle Crime

July 2003

Taking the Stand against Witness Intimidation
Nottinghamshire Police

Nottinghamshire Police in partnership with Nottingham City Council has launched a hard-hitting campaign to raise awareness of the law regarding witness intimidation. The message that witness intimidat i o n is a crime carrying a fi ve - year pri s o n sentence has been adve rtised acro s s Nottingham’s housing estates. A new leaflet has also been distri buted to commu n i t y c e n t re s , d o c t o r s ’ s u rg e ries and librari e s explaining that re p o rting a crime should not be thought of as ‘grassing’ Four training days were held for police o f fi c e r s , housing officers and commu n i t y leaders in va rious parts of the city. T h e s e events we re attended by nearly 200 pro fe ssionals who learnt about the law from the C rown Prosecution Serv i c e. T h ey also discussed the powers that the local

a u t h o rity has to deal with people carry i n g out witness intimidation and the help that is ava i l able from va rious org a n i s ations fo r witnesses. Out of 113 people who re t u rn e d q u e s t i o n n a i res after the training sessions, 91% said they found the content of the training “ ve ry re l eva n t ” and 78% felt they had learnt a “significant amount”.
For more information or copies of the leaflets and posters, contact Nigel Turner, Crime Reduction Manager, Nottinghamshire Police, Central Police Station, North Church Street, Nottingham NG1 4BH Tel: 0115 948 2999 Ext: 6150 or E-mail: nigel.turner@nottinghamshire.pnn.police.uk

Key Findings from the Witness Satisfaction Survey 2000
Home Office Research Findings 189 and On-Line Report 19/03

T h e re has been an increasing interest in monitoring and improving the standards of serv i c e p rovided to members of the public by gove rnment and the public services in recent ye a r s. The Criminal Justice System (CJS) has been no exception and high-level aims and objectives have been set. In order to explore and monitor witnesses’ experiences, a survey was conducted in 2000 among nearly 2500 witnesses. The main aim was to obtain a broad indication of the level of s at i s faction of witnesses both generally and specifically with their treatment by the diffe re n t key agencies within the CJS (the police, the CPS/prosecution lawyers, defence lawyers, court s t a f f, judges and mag i s t r at e s , Victim Support and the Witness Serv i c e ) . This would then provide baseline data against which future improvements could be measured. This report contains the findings of the second Witness Satisfaction Survey conducted in 2002, and updated findings on witness experiences, tracking any changes in experience and satisfaction ratings.
Copies of the Research Findings, published in May 2003, are available free from the Research Development and Statistics Directorate (RDS), Communications Development Unit, Room 201, 50 Queen Anne’s Gate, London SW1H 9AT Tel: 020 7273 2084 E-mail: publications.rds@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk and can also be viewed and downloaded from the Home Office Website at: http://www.homeoffice.gov. u k / rd s / r f p u b s 1 . h t m l Copies of the On-line Report, also published in May 2003, are available only via the Home Office Website at: http://www.homeoffice.gov. u k / rd s / p f s 2 / rd s o l r 1 9 03 . p d f Application for reproduction of this report should be made to Research, Development and Statistics Directorate (RDS), Communications Development Unit, Room 275, 50 Queen Anne’s Gate, London SW1H 9AT Tel: 020 7273 2084 E-mail: publications.rds@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

July 2003

Victims and Witnesses

27

Private Hire Taxi Driver’s Safety Code
Gloucestershire Police

A leaflet has been produced to advise taxi and pri vate hire dri vers in Gloucester and the Fo rest of Dean about the steps they can t a ke to improve their safety while at wo r k . The leaflet is the result of a mu l t i - ag e n c y ap p ro a ch by Gloucestershire Constabu l a ry, Gloucester City Council, Gloucester Cri m e and Disorder Reduction Partnership and the Fo rest of Dean Community Safe t y Partnership. The leaflet, w h i ch is small enough to fit in the glove box of a ve h i c l e, c o n t a i n s advice on: • Basic Safety Rules - Radio and the Controller. • Remaining alert and aware. • Keeping valuables out of site. • Remaining aware of ‘vague’ instructions given. • Staying alert to passengers seated in the back of the vehicle. • Never telling customers that you have had a good shift. • Carrying a spare key. • What to do in the event of an at t a ck . D ri vers throughout the area have received copies of the leaflet and the feedback has been very positive.

For more information and copies of the leaflet contact PC Bob Lloyd, Crime Reduction and Architectural Liaison Officer, Cinderford Police Station, Station Street, Cinderford, Gloucestershire GL14 2JW Tel: 01452 335569 Fax: 01594 827586 or E-mail: bob.lloyd@gloucestershire.pnn.police.uk

28

Violent Crime & Street Crime

July 2003

Hazard Alley
Wiltshire Constabulary

Hazard A l l ey has been cre ated by a group of senior art students at St Laurences Sch o o l , Bradford on Avon specifically for the Junior Good Citizen Scheme. The project aims to equip young people with the life skills and knowledge re q u i red to cope in an emergency or potentially dangerous situation that could result in them becoming a victim of crime. Hazard A l l ey is constructed as a life - l i ke set that seeks to re c re ate an authentic alley s c e n e. The alley is based on an unappealing but well-used short cut, complete with graffi t i daubed walls and litter. The whole scenario provides the visual impact of an uninviting, dark and daunting alley. It is hoped that the alley will help to raise awa reness of the issues surrounding personal safety, fear of crime, criminal damage and the associated issues around planning a safe route. Hazard A l l ey was constructed and completed in May and will fo rm part of the Junior Good Citizen Scheme running from 7 - 18 July 2003.
For more information contact WPC Sally Pullen, School and Youth Affairs Officer, Wiltshire Constabulary, Divisional Police HQ, Hampden Park West, Melksham, Wiltshire SN12 6QQ Tel: 01249 449699 E-mail: sally.pullen@wiltshire.pnn.police.uk

Rizer - Youth Crime Reduction Initiative
Galleries of Justice

Rizer (w w w. r i ze r. c o. u k) is a major new G ove rnment funded initiat i ve to tack l e c riminal behaviour among young people. E s t ablished with the help of yo u n g o f fe n d e r s , it has been developed by the award-winning Galleries of Justice (www.galleriesofjustice.org.uk) Rizer is being introduced as a new means of commu n i c ating impart i a l i n fo rm ation about criminal law and the justice system to young people. The website uses a mix of audio, v i d e o, p h o t o g r ap hy and animation to re m ove barriers for those with low literacy skills. The initiat i ve aims to reduce yo u t h offending by informing young people who a re at risk of offending about the consequences of crime to themselves and others and encourages them to make more p o s i t i ve ch o i c e s. Rizer will also act as an i n fo rm ation service to concerned adults and will enable them to provide info rm e d guidance to young people. T h rough the website, Rizer will provide access to trained a dvisers via a freephone nu m b e r, t e x t , web ch at and e-mail, 18 hours per day, 7 day s per week.

For more information contact Miriam McNicol or Liz Bee, Redbrick Reputation Management Tel: 0115 910 1500 Fax: 0115 910 1490 or E-mail: miriamm@redbrickcommunications.com or lizb@redbrickcomunications.com General enquiries can be E-mailed to: info@rizer.co.uk

July 2003

Youth Crime

29

Reducing Crime against Students Conference
Home Office

The Home Office is organising a confe rence entitled ‘Reducing Crime against Students’ o n F ri d ay 25th July 2003 at Reading University. The aim of the event is to bring together org a n i s ations and individuals with an intere s t in student safety to raise the profile and discuss the issues surrounding student victimisation and what is being done to raise their awareness of crime. The event will be based around a successful ‘Campus Wat ch ’ scheme and a compendium of good practice will be produced which can then be tailored to suit local conditions.
For further information contact Katie Weeks, Home Office Crime Reduction Delivery Team, 1st Floor, Allington Towers, 19, Allington street, London SW1E 5EB Tel: 020 7035 5258 Fax: 020 7035 5280 or Email: katie.weeks@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

Valley Young Citizenship Project
South Yorkshire Police

This project aims to promote young citizenship through learning as part of the sch o o l curriculum as well as in the home. initiatives and useful contacts. 1,000 Junior Citizenship A c t i v i t y The project will be monitored and Handbooks fe at u ring advice on cri m e evaluated in the near future. p revention issues such as talking to strangers and drugs awa reness have been For more information contact Michele Hill, South p roduced and distri buted free of ch a rge to Yorkshire Police, First Avenue Section Station, young people in 11 schools in the are a .T h e Main Street, Rotherham S60 1QY Tel: 01709 project will run for two years. 832283 E-mail: m_h_valley@yahoo.co.uk The covers for the booklets can be t a i l o red to meet the needs of the re l eva n t police force and the inner covers can be utilised to provide details of current cri m e

30

Youth Crime

July 2003

Crime Prevention Initiative
Project Name: Description Summary:
(the aims and objectives of the project and how it works)

Geographic Location: National: County:

Project Area: Coverage:
e.g. specific estate, town centre

Lead Organisation: Partners: Contact Details: Name(s): Organisation: Address:

Post Code: Tel: Project Status: Start Date: Fax: Planning/Ongoing/Completed/Abandoned (delete as appropriate) End Date:

Materials:

Is there any material to support this initiative?
(e.g. Leaflets, video, report, handbook etc.)

Please detail and attach if possible.

Evaluation:
(Is there anything documented which gives an indication of the success or otherwise of the project ? Please detail key findings and where they came from.)

If there is to be a later evaluation, please note here so that we can follow up at a later date.

Funding:
(Funding Sources if applicable e.g. SRB, Local Authority, Business, Panel... Cash or Kind e.g. secondment/office space)

Total Cost:
(if known)

£

Thank You I agree to this information being stored on Home Office database Office Use Only: Source: Cat: D Ref: Sub: Keyw: Yes No