January

2004

Information Digest

“To reduce crime and the fear of crime, tackle youth crime and violent, sexual and drug-related crime, anti-social behaviour and disorder, increasing safety in the home and public spaces.”
Home Office Aim 1

This statement confirms our joint commitment to reduce crime and disorder. The Digest is published quarterly and aims to support crime reduction/community safety practitioners in police and local authorities working in statutory partnerships by facilitating information exchange. The Digest is a forum for your initiatives and experiences. Its success depends on you, the practitioners, contributing your articles. Deadline for copy is given below. Articles MUST be submitted by this date. So that everyone can benefit from your work and experience, we ask contributors to consider both what worked and what didn’t work within their projects. Projects may be well conceived and still not achieve all their aims; this does not mean they have failed. Please be brave enough to discuss what aspects did not achieve the expected outcomes. Include as much information as you can, covering the analysis of the problem and how it was identified, the response devised and how it was implemented and an assessment of the final outcomes.
Note:

The inclusion of material in the Digest or reference to any products/services does not signify that they have been tested or evaluated. Nor should inclusion be thought to confer ‘official’ approval.
You can reproduce material from this Digest, but we ask that you reference CRC and the originating organisation as the source, do not use the information out of context and that there are no charges connected with the reproduction of the material.

January 2004
The next Digest will be with you in April ‘04.

Centre Staff
Director Steve Trimmins Support Services Liz Walton Peter Cullwick Adrienne Jowitt-Thrall Ann Keen Information Services Jane Carpenter Stuart Charman Richard Cox John Goldsbrough Abby Hickman Jane Jones Kathleen Noble Richard Wales Training Team David Fernley Gill Archibald June Armstrong Janet Caton Dee Cooley Martin Fenlon Amanda Form Christine Morrison Jason Roach Kim Sutton Training Resource Solutions Simon Jones Michael Hawtin Lyndsey Ibbotson Administration Unit Mark Ledder Ruth Whitaker Editor Jane Jones Design/Production Michael Hawtin

All contributions must be submitted by February 27th 2004.
Contributions to: Richard Cox
Information Services Team

Tel: 01347 825065 Fax: 01347 825097
Home Office Crime Reduction Centre The Hawkhills, Easingwold, York YO61 3EG Tel: 01347 825060 Fax: 01347 825099 E-mail: crc@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

For Training or General Enquiries: Tel: 01347 825060

January 2004

1

Contents

Centre News

4

Win a digital camera! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 Staff News . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 Home Survey Training Brief . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 Crime Reduction Website . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 Crime Prevention Initiatives (CPI) Form . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6

Active Communities

8

The 2001 Home Office Citizenship Survey: people, families and communities Home Office Research Study 270 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 IDeA Website . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 Crime Fighting Budget gives Power to the People . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9 Building Civil Renewal: A Review of Government Support for Community Capacity Building and Proposals for Change . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9 Evaluation of a contracted community policing experiment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10 Second Generation Local Public Service Agreements (PSAs) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11 Crime Reduction Basics Training for Residents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11 The Philip Lawrence Awards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12

Anti-Social Behaviour

13

Graffiti and Vandalism on and around public transport . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13 Anti-Social Behaviour Action Plan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14 ‘Respect for Nottingham’ Strategy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15 Getting there: Reducing crime on public transport . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15 A balanced approach to anti-social behaviour: A summary of interventions . . . . . . . .16 Patterns and precursors of adolescent anti-social behaviour: Types, Resiliency and Environmental Influences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16

Burglary Business Crime Designing Out Crime Domestic Violence

17 18 19 19

Operation Footsteps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17 "Lock ‘em Out!" Campaign . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17 Better Business Partnership . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18 Launch of the Action Against Business Crime Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18 Secured by Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19 ‘It hits home’ - Domestic Violence Campaign . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19 Domestic Violence Poster Campaign . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20 Mid Lincolnshire Action Partnership . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20

Drugs and Alcohol

21

‘FRANK’ Campaign . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21 ‘Make Mine A Safe One’ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22 Experimenting...with Drugs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22 ‘Rat on a Rat’ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23 ‘Dead Drunk’ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23

Fraud General

24 24

Chip and PIN Credit Cards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24 Community Justice Centre . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24 Tilley Awards 2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25 British Community Safety Awards 2003 Winners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26

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Contents

January 2004

Crime reduction and Problem-oriented Policing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28 Policing Priority Areas - Update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28 New Grants Website . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28 Mobile Advice Centre . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29 ‘Raising Hope - Reducing Fear’ - Middlesbrough’s approach to tackling Crime and Disorder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29 Illuminated Lux Sign to Promote Crime Reduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29 Operation Scorpion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30 Best Practice in Crime Prevention Conference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31

Hate Crime Neighbourhood Wardens Property Crime

31 32 32

Player Cards Scheme 2003/04 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31 Neighbourhood Wardens Scheme . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32 Immobilise Campaign . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32 ‘Out of Your hands?’ CD-Rom . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 ‘Take Stock of Your Lock’ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33

Sexual Offences Town/Shopping Centre Crime Vehicle Crime

33 34 35

Sexual Offences Act . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 Hats off to crime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34 Selling Security: The private policing of public space . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34 Football fans reminded to keep vehicles secure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35 Visual Information Sign . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35 National Vehicle Crime Guidelines and Tactical Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35

Violent Crime and Street Crime

36

Gun Crime - Latest Trends . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36 Stay Safe in Southwark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36 Work-Related Violence - Lone Worker Case Studies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37

Youth Crime

38

Each article in the Digest is highlighted with an icon which will define the product described in that article. They are: Campaign/ Initiative Publication

Safe and Sound in Teesside . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38 Making Internet Chat Rooms Safer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38 Safe Haven . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39 Youth Crime Prevention Panels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39 Survival Training for Blaenau Gwent Pupils . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39 ‘Paintbrush Initiative’ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40 Youth Insight - Focus on crime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40 Operation Hawk - Helping Students Stay Safe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41 Student Safety File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41 ‘Think Safe Keep Safe’ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42 Re-launch of the Student Crime Awareness Publicity Campaign . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42 Anti-Social Behaviour Drama . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43 ‘Think About It’ Youth Crime Video . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43 Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44

Video

Website/ Electronic Information General/ Exchange of Ideas/ Conferences

January 2004

Contents

3

C e n t re N e w s

Win a digital camera!
This issue of the Digest includes a questionnaire, which allows you to have your say on how the Digest develops. Please take a few moments to complete the questionnaire and return it to the Information Services Team by 27th February 2004. All completed forms received by this date will be entered in a prize draw to win a digital camera.

Staff News
Peter Cullwick joined the Course Support Team in October and will provide administrative assistance to the Centre's Training Team. This is Peter's first full-time position since completing his degree in physics at York University. Whilst studying, Peter worked part-time as a cash office associate for TK Maxx, where he gained some invaluable supervisory experience. Lyndsey Ibbotson joined Training Resource Solutions (TRS) in November. Lyndsey transferred from the Meat Hygiene Service, where she worked on a Continuing Professional Development Programme for Meat Hygiene Inspectors. She will be the key contact in TRS for people wishing to order publications. Congratulations to Richard Cox who was successful in his promotion to Information Services Manager last September. Richard will be responsible for managing the Information Services Team, who deal with enquiries from crime reduction practitioners nationwide. Jane Jones, the editor of the Digest, went on maternity leave in December. Her baby is due in January.
Whilst Jane is on leave, submissions for the Digest should be made to Richard Cox in the Information Services Team Tel: 01347 825065 E-mail: richard.cox@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

The Digest can be viewed and downloaded via the Crime Reduction Website: www.crimereduction.gov.uk/ digest.htm Copies are also available as a Portable Document File (PDF). If you require copies e-mailed to you in PDF format, please contact the Information Services Team who will add your details to the mailing list: Tel: 01347 825067.

Home Survey Training Brief
In response to numerous requests, the Centre has produced the Home Survey Training Brief to help crime reduction practitioners provide community groups with the skills to undertake home surveys. The training brief can be used with a wide range of people, including community groups, community support officers, youth groups and the elderly. It has been written in a way that can be adapted to specific groups and is broken into 3 two and a half-hour training sessions to allow for flexibility in its delivery. The brief contains: • Guidance on how it should be used. • A series of lesson plans containing information points, activities and questions, trainer notes and handouts. • Feedback forms for each session. • A list of useful contact details. The course introduces participants to the ‘Home Security Computer Based Training Package’, guiding them through each section, whilst allowing for periods of discussion, reflection and practical home surveys. The Home Survey Training Brief has been produced as a Word document and is accompanied by PowerPoint presentations, that can be edited to suit individual needs. It is available to view and download via the Crime Reduction Website: www.crimereduction.gov.uk/homesurvey

For further information contact Simon Jones, Home Office, Crime Reduction Centre, The Hawkhills, Easingwold, York YO61 3EG Tel: 01347 825081 E-mail: simon.jones@homeoffice. gsi.gov.uk

4

Centre News

January 2004

Crime Reduction Website
The Crime Reduction Website has seen a host of new facilities added recently and has celebrated serving a million pages to its visitors in a month.

Learning Zone There are a couple of new on-line learning facilities for practitioners, including an Advanced Reading List which has been created for those who already have some knowledge of crime reduction but who want to gain a deeper understanding of the field. Additionally, the New Practitioner's Reading List has been updated with the creation of a series of topic-specific lists. These can be found in the Virtual Library: www.crimereduction.gov.uk/learningzone/lz_library.htm. There is also a new Glossary of Crime Reduction Terms:www.crimereduction.gov.uk/learningzone/lz_glossary.htm

Mini-sites The burglary pages on the Crime Reduction Website are currently being re-developed into 3 mini-sites. The Mini-sites for Burglary, Distraction Burglary and Student Victimisation will be available in January 2004 through the Mini-sites section at: www.crimereduction.gov.uk/minisites. Each site is self-contained and designed for easy navigation and information finding. They carry links to other parts of the Crime Reduction Website as well as to other useful websites. If you have any comments or suggestions about the new Mini-sites, we would like to hear from you. • Burglary - contact Oscar Ramudo Tel: 020 7035 5260 E-mail: oscar.ramudo@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk • Distraction Burglary - contact Ruth Houston Tel: 020 7035 5245 E-mail: ruth.houston@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk • Student Victimisation - contact Katie Weeks Tel: 020 7035 5258 E-mail: katie.weeks@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk
The new Statistics Mini-site has been set up to enable crime reduction practitioners to access the latest statistics relating to their work quickly and easily. Pages are broken down by subject and each one contains links to information that is relevant to the work of the crime reduction community, including Anti-Social Behaviour Order (ASBO)statistics, Crime in England and Wales figures and International Comparisons. If you have any suggestions for other information that you think should be included, please let us know. A new Domestic Violence Mini-site brings together a wealth of information on this issue, including an extensive set of Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs). All these Mini-sites, together with those previously published, can be found at: www.crimereduction.gov.uk/minisites.

Monthly Bulletin We publish a regular monthly e-mail bulletin featuring a selection of the best items added to the site over the previous month. The current bulletin, which includes instructions on how to subscribe, can be found at: www.crimereduction.gov.uk/monthlybulletin.htm.

January 2004

Centre News

5

Crime Prevention Initiatives (CPI) Form
CRC maintains a database of crime prevention initiatives, which is used as an information-sharing tool for practitioners with enquiries for the Information Services Team. Details of initiatives or projects that are planned/ongoing/completed or have been abandoned, are submitted using the CPI form. This information is then considered for inclusion in a future copy of the Digest and/or the Ideas Exchange on the Crime Reduction Website. If you know of an initiative in your area, please send details in using this form to: Richard Cox, Home Office Crime Reduction Centre, The Hawkhills, Easingwold, York YO61 3EG Tel: 01347 825065 E-mail: richard.cox@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk Alternatively complete the form on-line via the Crime Reduction Website at: www.crimereduction.gov.uk/cpiform.htm

Project Name: Description Summary:
(the aims and objectives of the project and how it works)

Geographic Location: National: County:

Project Area: Coverage:
e.g. specific estate, town centre

Lead Organisation: Partners: Contact Details: Name(s): Organisation: Address:

Post Code: Tel: E-mail: Project Status: Start Date: Fax: Website: Planned/Ongoing/Completed/Abandoned (delete as appropriate) End Date:

6

CPI Form

January 2004

Materials:

Is there any material to support this initiative?
(e.g. Leaflets, video, report, handbook etc.)

Please detail and attach if possible.

Evaluation:
(Is there anything documented which gives an indication of the success or otherwise of the project ? Please detail key findings and where they came from.)

If there is to be a later evaluation, please note here so that we can follow up at a later date.

Funding:
(Funding Sources if applicable e.g. Home office, Local Authority, Business, Panel - Cash or Kind e.g. secondment/office space)

Total Cost:
(if known)

£

Thank You I agree to this information being stored on the Home Office database/website Office Use Only: Source: Cat: D Ref: January 2004 CPI Form 7 Sub: Keyw: Yes No

A c t i ve C o m m u n i t i e s

The 2001 Home Office Citizenship Survey: people, families and communities Home Office Research Study 270
The Home Office Citizenship Survey is a large-scale survey that will be run biennially. It plays an important part in the Home Office development of community policies, particularly volunteering/active community participation and civil renewal. The survey aims to be a major policy tool, informing both policy development and implementation and providing information for the measurement of Home Office Public Service Agreements. This report addresses five key themes relating to citizenship: • What it means to be a good citizen. • Perceptions of racial prejudice and discrimination. • People’s involvement in their neighbourhoods. • Active participation in communities. • Family networks and parenting support. The Citizenship Survey comprises a nationally representative sample of 10,015 people in England and Wales and an additional sample of 5,460 people from minority ethnic groups. Some of the main findings from the 2001 Survey include: • 97% of respondents agreed "if people treated others as they would want to be treated themselves, society would be a better place". 96% agreed "you can't demand rights as someone living in the UK without also accepting the responsibilities". 93% agreed "some people take advantage of public services, without putting anything back". 85% agreed "people are entitled to basic human rights, regardless of whether they are a good person or not".

Copies of this report, published in September 2003 are available free from the Research Development and Statistics Directorate (RDS), Communications Development Unit, Room 264, 50, Queen Anne’s Gate, London SW1H 9AT Tel: 020 7273 2084 E-mail: publications.rds@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk and can also be viewed and downloaded from the Home Office Website:

www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/pdfs2/ hors270.pdf

IDeA Website
Improvement and Development Agency

IDeA (the Improvement and Development Agency) has re-developed their Neighbourhood Renewal Website, making it an invaluable tool for practitioners with an interest in the topic. The new site includes: • Beacon case studies. • A neighbourhood renewal route map. • How to use information. • Approaches to community engagement. • Working effectively with partners. The site also features the Neighbourhood Renewal Diagnostic Tool, which provides details on how to assess what people are doing in Neighbourhood Renewal and where to focus future efforts to become more effective.
For more information visit the IDeA Neighbourhood Renewal Website www.idea-knowledge.gov.

uk/80256d350027cd0f/httppublicpages/d9f36a82706e8fc880256d9c003ab5ce? opendocument Please note that visitors are required to register and log in before viewing this site.

8

Active Communities

January 2004

Crime Fighting Budget gives Power to the People
Safer Blaenau Gwent

Safer Blaenau Gwent has awarded over £30,000 to help local people fight crime and combat disorder in their neighbourhoods. The money, which forms part of the Home Office’s Building Safer Communities grant, is being used to fund a wide range of local crime prevention and community safety initiatives. The county borough’s 4 Crime Prevention Panels will each benefit from the money and plan to use it to support the area’s first ever ‘Crucial Crew’ for all year 6 primary school children. A new Blaenau Gwent Neighbourhood Watch Association will also be developed, together with a community crime-fighting fund, which will enable a variety of local groups to apply for finance to support individual crime reduction projects. Other initiatives being developed as a result of the funding include an arson reduction and awareness-raising campaign involving schools and public transport, as well as the creation of a new Licensing Forum to tackle alcohol-related disorder. A series of community safety road shows are also planned and a survey will be conducted to determine how crime and the fear of crime affect the lives of the local people.
For more information contact Stephen Carr, Community Safety Officer, Blaenau Gwent County Borough Council, Civic Centre, Ebbw Vale NP23 6XB Tel: 01495 355683 Fax: 01495 301255 E-mail: community.safety@blaenau-gwent.gov.uk

Building Civil Renewal: A Review of Government Support for Community Capacity Building and Proposals for Change
Home Office

Building capacity of both individuals and groups within communities is central to the process of civil renewal, enabling local people to develop their own solutions to the issues that affect them most. Community groups have a crucial role to play in this re-invigoration of public life. The Home Office Civil Renewal Unit is inviting comments and views on the ‘Building Civil Renewal: A Review of Government Support for Community Capacity Building and Proposals for Change’ consultation document. The closing date for responses is 26 March 2004. The proposals for change outlined in the report relate to: • The provision of support to community groups and community capacity building activities at community level, whether that be a neighbourhood, locality, parish or across a community of interest.

The policies and practices that govern the way that central, regional and local government supports community engagement and thus civil renewal, through community capacity building initiatives and programmes.

With both proposals, the Government’s focus is on how to make better use of existing resources to achieve policy objectives. A number of departments have made strong statements of commitment in the report and the Civil Renewal Unit will be working with them as they implement those commitments in 2004 onwards. Readers of the Digest are invited to use the consultation document as a resource to stimulate discussion with local community groups and Crime and Reduction Disorder Partnerships (CDRPs). Feedback should be e-mailed to: Ccbr@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

For further information contact Vandna Gohil, Policy Advisor, Community Development Team, Home Office, Civil Renewal Unit, Active Communities Directorate, 3rd Floor, Allington Towers, 19 Allington Street, London SW1E 5EB Tel: 020 7035 5304 E-mail: vandna.gohil@homeoffice. gsi.gov.uk

January 2004

Active Communities

9

Evaluation of a contracted community policing experiment
Joseph Rowntree Foundation

In 2000, the Joseph Rowntree Foundation (JRF) and North Yorkshire Police entered into a formal agreement to purchase additional levels of police cover for the village of New Earswick near York. The village is not a high crime area, however it reflects the kinds of concerns over security and the growing demands for reassurance policing that have become commonplace in many areas of Britain. The study evaluated the implementation and impact of the contracted community policing initiative over a 3-year period, using a variety of social research methods. The data collected combined police recorded crime figures and incident logs, interviews with residents and stakeholders both within and outside the village, the activities of the designated officers and observational data. 'Baseline' and 'repeat' surveys were conducted, which provided robust responses from approximately half of all households in the village. This report details the 3 year evaluation of this experimental initiative and found that: • Owing to a number of implementation difficulties, the initiative failed to meet stated aims and was terminated early. • Crime and the fear of crime increased during the project's implementation and resident's satisfaction with the local police declined. The main obstacles to success were: lack of clarity toward time usage and different partner's roles and responsibilities

• •

insufficient consideration given to what community policing would include and how it might achieve the project's aims ineffective management of resident's expectations of what the project could realistically deliver the manner in which the designated officer was drawn away from dedicated work within the village to cover for other colleagues or wider emergencies, since operational control remained within the police considerable turnover of police staff lack of appropriate formal mechanisms for accounting for the service provided and the nature of any progress made.

The report concludes that the provision of additional policing and security measures may serve to heighten levels of anxiety and harden lines of difference among the local people. The demand for policing or security solutions to local order problems may fail to tackle more fundamental social issues underlying these difficulties.
Copies of the full report entitled 'Great expectations: Contracted community policing in New Earswick, priced £13.95 plus £2.00 P & P, published in October 2003, are available from York Publishing Services, 64 Hallfield Road, Layerthorpe, York YO31 7ZQ Tel: 01904 430033. The findings are also available free from the same address. These publications are also available to download via the JRF Website:

www.jrf.org.uk/knowledge/findings/ socialpolicy/023.asp

...additional policing and security measures may serve to heighten levels of anxiety and harden lines of difference among the local people.

10

Active Communities

January 2004

Second Generation Local Public Service Agreements (PSAs)
Home Office

The Government and Local Government Association (LGA) have been involved in the development of a second generation of local Public Service Agreements (PSAs), in association with a number of other authorities. Agreements have been concluded or are nearing conclusion with nearly all the Shire Counties, Unitary Authorities, Metropolitan Districts and London Boroughs. Public Service Agreements set out clearly each department’s plans to deliver results and provide a clear statement of priorities and direction. They bring together the aim, objectives and performance targets for each of the main Government departments. The second generation of local PSAs is just one element of the development of a new partnership framework between central and local government, working with its stakeholders to improve public services. Most authorities have made good use of partnership working in their original PSAs. Ministers are keen to ensure that all partners continue to work together to develop solutions and make improvements that matter to the lives of people in the local community. The Active Community Unit in the Home Office is working with partners to encourage local PSAs to take into account voluntary and community issues, and the potential for local PSAs on community engagement.

For further information on the strand of work regarding voluntary and community interests, contact Balraj Sandhu, Home Office, Active Communities Unit, 3rd Floor, Allington Towers, 19 Allington Street, London SW1E 5EB Tel: 020 7035 5307 E-mail: balraj.sandhu2@ homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

Crime Reduction Basics Training for Residents
Hyndburn Community Safety Partnership

The Community Safety Partnership (CSP) in Hyndburn has been involved in coordinating the delivery of a crime reduction and problem solving course to local residents. Utilising the Home Office Crime Reduction Basics Training package as a foundation, the course aims to introduce individuals to the key principles of crime and disorder reduction and encourages them to get involved in reducing crime, particularly anti-social behaviour, in their area. Basic drugs and alcohol awareness, together with fire safety have also been incorporated within the training. The course is delivered by CSP staff and trained Police Community Support Officers and consists of two 3-hour sessions, the first on crime reduction/prevention and the second split between drugs awareness and fire safety. All participants who complete the course receive a framed certificate in Crime Reduction Basics, together with a telephone e-mailer machine, which enables them to receive community safety and fire safety information directly from the Police and Fire Service. Information leaflets on local drug services are issued and a compre-

hensive information pack on drug and alcohol abuse, which is also currently being developed. At the end of the course, people are asked to complete a monitoring and evaluation form to ensure that it is being delivered to the widest audience, as well as providing information on any gaps in the training. The feedback received so far has been very positive and people have found the topics covered informative and extremely useful. The training has also helped to raise people’s awareness of crime and the impact it can have on the community.

For further information contact PC Richard Green, Partnership Officer, Hyndburn First, Suite 16, The Globe Centre, Accrington BB5 0RE Tel: 01254 600640 E-mail: richard.green@ hyndburnfirst.co.uk

January 2004

Active Communities

11

The Philip Lawrence Awards
Home Office

...acclaims and rewards groups of young people for outstanding achievements in good citizenship. Winners are frequently active in projects that attempt to reduce crime...

The annual Philip Lawrence Awards scheme was established in 1997 and stands as a memorial to the work of the Head Teacher murdered outside his school in Maida Vale, London whilst protecting a pupil from attack. The scheme acclaims and rewards groups of young people for outstanding achievements in good citizenship. Winners are frequently active in projects that attempt to reduce crime in their neighbourhoods. Some of last year’s winners include: • CityZEN - A group from Hackney and Tower Hamlets who worked hard to promote the benefits of active citizenship and drew their peers away from negative influences. • Junior Stars - Aged 11-14, these young people from Sunderland set up a junior residents and tenants group to help deal with anti-social behaviour. They won the first-ever award of its kind in the North East. The community police officer reported that as a result of their efforts, complaints to the police from locals about young people were down 60%. • Meole Estate BMX Track - This group from Shrewsbury captured the imagination of bored and frustrated peers on a local housing estate, by raising funds for and supervising the creation of a BMX track. The council and Mayor have since called on the group to give advice on other projects. Crime rates on the estate are reported to have dropped by 30%. • RUBIK - Three 14 year-olds from Dagenham took action on their deprived estate to deal with youth crime. They set up a consultation mechanism to represent the views of their peers and organised a football project.

Ultrawheelz Skatepark - This project was led by three 17 year-olds in Nottingham who raised £54,000 and created a skate-park in a community where there was very little to occupy the young people. It has been a tremendous success, with users coming in by bus from all parts of the county and as a result, the town has been given the Twin-Town Award for the best community project of the year.

This year’s winners, who received their awards from the Home Secretary in December, include several who have been successful in combating crime: • Hens Theatre Company, Billericay, Essex - They aim to teach and inform young people about Internet-related crime and abduction through dramatic performances. • Kotchin, Wood Green, London - This project aims to combat prejudice against refugees and remove young people’s inclination to carry weapons. • Making a Difference, Manor Park, Sheffield - This initiative aims to empower young people through skills training and peer-led education groups. • Oi Magazine, New Cross, London This magazine enables young people to express their views and tackle problems of safety, both on the streets and in schools, as well as tackling issues relating to substance abuse. The scheme is now run by a management team led by Kids’ Clubs Network and the London Institute. It is given a grant from the Active Community Unit and supported by the Youth Justice Board.
For further information contact Graham Boiling, Home Office, Active Communities Unit, 3rd Floor, Allington Towers, 19 Allington Street, London SW1E 5EB Tel: 020 7035 5300 E-mail: graham.boiling@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

12

Active Communities

January 2004

Anti-Social Behaviour

Graffiti and Vandalism on and around public transport
Department for Transport In 2002/03 the British Crime Survey (BCS) found that people living in areas with high levels of disorder were much more likely to be concerned with crime and personal security. The 'broken windows' theory, developed in the United States, proposes that if a broken window is left un-repaired, other windows will soon be broken in response to the message that 'no one cares' for the area. This creates the perception that crime in general is rising and so people are less inclined to use public places. With fewer people using public places, there is less deterrence to crime and so rising crime perceptions become a reality. Vandalism ranges from scribbling on a wall, the daubing of political slogans, smashing bus shelter windows or endangering life by placing a concrete post in the path of a train. In England and Wales there was a 4% fall in reported criminal damage between 2001/02 and 2002/03 to 1.109 million offences. These included: • arson (5%) • vehicle damage (39%) • criminal damage to dwellings (27%) • criminal damage to other buildings and other targets (telephone boxes etc 29%). The British Crime Survey (BCS) identified vandalism, even against private property, as one offence least likely to be reported to the police. The main reason appears to be that it is either not considered serious enough by the victim, or people think that the police will not be able to catch the perpetrator. Vandalism has a high rate of repeat victimisation (30%) with 26% of vehicle vandalism and 32% of all other vandalism victims being targeted at least twice in a 12-month period. Incidents of criminal damage reported through the BCS have fallen over the last 4 years. Graffiti and vandalism impact on public transport through: • cleaning, repairs, replacements, passenger infrastructure and rolling stock • design and security costs to prevent activity including CCTV, staffing and security fencing • dangers to travelling public and delays to services • reduced revenue due to withdrawn services and public travel patterns affected by fear of crime • perpetrator danger due to track trespass or unsafe use of buses or trams. Investment to prevent and reduce graffiti and vandalism must be long-term and sustained. A framework for crime prevention can be useful in developing a comprehensive approach: • Law enforcement - measures that enforce the law against perpetrators through the criminal justice system. • Situational crime prevention - measures that are designed to reduce opportunities, reduce rewards, or increase the chances of catching perpetrators. • Criminality prevention - measures that are designed to reduce the risk of potential perpetrators from becoming involved in crime or anti-social behaviour.
Copies of this report published in October 2003, are available to download from the Department for Transport Website: www.dft.gov.uk/stellent/groups/dft_mobility/documents/

page/dft_mobility_024496.hcsp

...'broken windows' theory...if a broken window is left un-repaired, other windows will soon be broken in response to the message that 'no one cares' for the area.
January 2004 Anti-Social Behaviour

13

Anti-Social Behaviour Action Plan
Home Office

...to reduce anti-social behaviour that includes a £75 million cash boost over three years...

The Government has published an action plan in a bid to reduce anti-social behaviour that includes a £75 million cash boost over three years for local authorities and communities. The action plan is the second phase of the Government’s work to tackle anti-social behaviour and builds upon the Anti-Social Behaviour Bill and Anti-Social Behaviour Unit’s efforts in gathering and promoting solutions that work. The new action plan includes: • £22 million funding - strengthening the Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnership’s (CDRP) response to anti-social behaviour. • Local Trailblazers - priority areas targeting anti-social behaviour such as nuisance neighbours, begging and environmental crime. • Anti-social behaviour prosecutors - a new team of specialist prosecutors who will work with local communities to spearhead fast, effective prosecution of anti-social behaviour offenders. • Action Line - a new phone line and website helping local agencies and practitioners deal effectively with anti-social behaviour, giving advice and information. The action line and website will be launched in early 2004 alongside a nationwide training programme. This will ensure the police, local authorities, housing officers, environmental health officers and other key people know what powers they have and how they can best use them to tackle anti-social behaviour. • Sentencing Guidelines - new guidance for magistrates dealing with anti-social behaviour offences, ensuring appropriate and consistent punishments across the country. The plan targets 10 'Trailblazer' areas that will each receive support from the Anti-Social Behaviour Unit to address community problems. These include: • Nuisance Neighbour Trailblazers Birmingham, Manchester, Sheffield, Sunderland.

• •

Abandoned Car Trailblazers - London, Liverpool. Begging Trailblazers - Brighton, Bristol, Leeds, Camden, Westminster. In particular, targets will include: ‘Families from hell’, where neighbour nuisance affects the health and wellbeing of individuals and communities against the small numbers of families whose persistent and serious antisocial behaviour wrecks neighbourhoods. Intimidating and thuggish behaviour. Environmental crime, such as abandoned cars and graffiti including: • Operation Scrap-it - from October 2004, abandoned cars in London and Liverpool will be removed within 72 hours. • Operation Gate-it - a fund for communities to tackle crime and grime in alleyways. Further details will be announced in February 2004. • Operation Scrub-it - anti-graffiti initiatives, including a national database of ‘taggers’, a poster campaign across transport networks to encourage reporting and pilots in 12 areas to enable local authorities to clean-up street furniture. • 100 days clean up - targeting 10 estates for intensive and sustainable clean up. Tackling begging: • Targeted action to reduce begging in the 30 Criminal Justice Interventions Programme areas tackling drug - related crime. • Trailblazers in Brighton, Bristol, Leeds, Camden and Westminster to significantly reduce begging.

• •

The Government’s Anti-social Behaviour Action Plan, published in October 2003 can be downloaded from the Home Office Website:

www.homeoffice.gov.uk/docs2/ asb_action_plan.html
(please be aware that this is a large file and therefore may take a long time to download).

14

Anti-Social Behaviour

January 2004

‘Respect for Nottingham’ Strategy
Nottingham City Council

The Nottingham Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnership (CDRP) have considered the issues linked to anti-social behaviour and drugs as a priority since they set up their partnership a number of years ago. An enormous amount of work has been undertaken to tackle these problems, including the introduction of a strategy and action plan, which seeks to build upon the work to date. The aim of the ‘Respect for Nottingham’ Strategy is to clean up the city’s streets by tackling begging, prostitution, drug dealing and general anti-social behaviour, in order to improve the quality of life for local residents. The city council, in partnership with other leading agencies, have developed numerous initiatives including establishing a wide CCTV network, dedicated Anti-Social Behaviour Team and introduction of Neighbourhood Wardens and Police Community Support Officers. The objectives identified in the strategy include reductions in: • begging by January 2004 • street prostitution by December 2004 • street drug dealing by April 2005 • anti-social behaviour in local neighbourhoods by April 2005. The strategy document sets out the aims and objectives in full, a number of key actions and an idea of how this fits in to the Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnership framework as a whole.

For more information contact Jamie O’Reilly, Nottingham City Council, The Guildhall, South Sherwood Street, Nottingham NG1 4BT Tel: 0115 915 4082 or visit their website:

www.nottingham.gov.uk/ temps/respect.asp

Getting there: Reducing crime on public transport
NACRO

This report suggests that £1/4 billion is lost each year due to incidents of vandalism and trespass on public transport. Those most affected by the disruption are people who are reliant on public transport and the report suggests that society is effectively guilty of discriminating against people unable to afford or drive their own private form of transport. The socially excluded are most affected by fear of public transport crime. In deprived wards, where the risk of being a victim of crime is greatest, around 50% of households do not own a car. Fear of crime is also referred to as a major hindrance to boosting passenger numbers, deterring those who do have private vehicles from making more use of public services. Some key findings, recommendations and examples of good practice contained within the report include: • Developing a crime prevention strategy is difficult for local authorities and Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnerships (CDRPs) because public

transport crosses administrative boundaries. CDRPs should involve local public transport providers and the British Transport Police (BTP) in gathering information on the crime problems affecting public transport in the locality and together agree and implement strategies to combat them. London Underground estimates that it would cost them £10 million to replace etched glass on all its rolling stock. The estimated cost of graffiti to London boroughs and transport operators is around £13 million per year. Crime is costing Stagecoach Manchester £500,000 per year. However the report cites its anti-vandalism strategy, aimed at building bridges with local children as an example of good practice. Similarly London Central Buses employs a Schools Liaison Officer to encourage them to report incidents of vandalism.

Copies of this report, published in September 2003 and priced £5.00 can be obtained from NACRO Publications, 169 Clapham Road, London SW9 0PU Tel: 020 7840 6427 E-mail: communications@nacro.org.uk Copies can also be viewed and downloaded from their website:

www.nacro.org.uk/ templates/publications/ briefingItem.cfm/ 2003090400-csps.htm

January 2004

Anti-Social Behaviour

15

A balanced approach to anti-social behaviour: A summary of interventions
NACRO Copies of this report, published in October 2003 and priced £5.00 can be obtained from NACRO Publications, 169, Clapham Road, London SW9 0PU Tel: 020 7840 6427. Copies can also be viewed and downloaded via their website:

www.nacro.org.uk/ templates/publications/ briefingItem.cfm/ 2003110700-csps.htm

Last year NACRO published their paper ‘Tackling anti-social behaviour: what really works’, which highlighted examples of work carried out by agencies across the country, successful in tackling anti-social behaviour. Following on from this report, they have produced a paper, which aims to illustrate what a balanced, holistic strategy involves. The report argues that focusing on one type of intervention at the expense of others will result in a short-term fix, to the detriment of a long-term solution. It

suggests that the 3 main elements to tackling anti-social behaviour include: • There should be a mix of interventions, including prevention, education and enforcement. • Interventions should be targeted at 3 levels: universal, groups or localities particularly at risk, and individuals particularly at risk. • Interventions should both target risk factors and seek to maximise protective factors.

Patterns and precursors of adolescent antisocial behaviour: Types, Resiliency and Environmental Influences
Australian Institute of Family Studies and Crime Prevention Victoria

The Australian Institute of Family Studies and Crime Prevention Victoria have produced their second report examining the development of anti-social behaviour within a representative sample of Victorian adolescents in Australia. The study follows the development and wellbeing of a group of Victorian children from infancy to young adulthood. The initial sample included 2,443 infants (aged 4 - 8 months) and their parents, representative of the Victorian population. Thirteen waves of data were collected annually or biennially via mail surveys, and parents, teachers and the young people themselves have completed questionnaires at various stages during the project. This second report focuses on 4 specific issues relating to adolescent anti-social behaviour: • Similarities of different precursors and pathways for violent and non-violent adolescent anti-social behaviour. • Factors preventing 'at risk' children from engaging in later adolescent behaviour. • Local area characteristics influencing engagement in adolescent anti-social behaviour. • Regularity of anti-social behaviour at 19 - 20 years of age, and change in antisocial acts over the adolescent years. The findings of this report identify distinct developmental pathways and risks for violent and non-violent adolescent anti-social behaviour. A range of personal and environmental factors was shown to influence an individual's progression along particular pathways and to divert 'at risk' children from a problematic pathway. Effects of local area characteristics on involvement in adolescent anti-social behaviour were not found, but the study's ability to investigate this issue was limited. In terms of trends across time, rates of most types of antisocial behaviour continued to decline as the young men and women entered adulthood, although some remained relatively high. Overall, the findings present valuable insights into the development and continuation of adolescent anti-social behaviour and provide significant Victorian evidence for early intervention and prevention strategies.

This report, published in October 2003 can be viewed and downloaded from the Australian Institute of Family Studies and Crime Prevention Website:

www.aifs.org.au/atp/ pubs/patterns.html

16

Anti-Social Behaviour

January 2004

B u rg l a r y

Operation Footsteps
West Midlands Police

Operation Footsteps has been set up in Birmingham in a bid to reduce burglaries in multioccupied homes, predominantly those housing students. The focus of the campaign is on freshers moving into halls of residence and second year students relocating to private accommodation for the first time. Posters have been advertised around the local campus, together with specially designed beer mats placed in pubs and clubs. High-visibility patrols have also been stepped up in the most vulnerable areas and officers have distributed luminous ‘footprint’ flyers incorporating various crime reduction messages. The idea for the footprint came from an initiative, which addressed the problem of sneak-in burglaries in homes across the area. Officers posted the footprint flyer through letterboxes, where owners had left windows or doors insecure.
For more information contact Det C/Insp Russell Smith, West Midlands Police, Police Station, 53 Rose Road, Harborne, Birmingham B17 9LL Tel: 0121 428 6172 E-mail: r.smith@west-midlands.pnn.police.uk

‘Lock ‘em Out!’ Campaign
Leeds City Council

Buses travelling on routes in Leeds City Centre will display eye-catching advertisements as part of an initiative aimed at reducing sneak-in type burglaries. The high profile campaign, which has been funded by Leeds Community Safety and Target Buses, alerts the public to the fact that 1 in 4 burglaries is carried out due to an unlocked door and an opportunist thief. The adverts remind people to be extra vigilant during the darker evenings and to take basic security measures to reduce their chances of becoming a victim of this type of crime. Students in particular have been identified as suffering from sneak-in type burglaries, because they are away from home or living in the city for the first time. In addition to the bus

advertisements, the police and university security staff will distribute leaflets and posters during patrols on campus and visits to student events. These resources will be made available to students at colleges and universities across the country.
For more information contact Cathy Carlill, Communications Officer, Leeds Community Safety Team, Leeds City Council, Leeming House, Vicar Lane, Leeds LS2 7JF Tel: 0113 395 0797 E-mail: cathy.carlill@leeds.gov.uk

January 2004

Burglary

17

Business Crime

Better Business Partnership
Tayside Police

Tayside Police, in partnership with Perth and Kinross Trading Standards Service, have launched an initiative that aims to combat the problem of rogue traders in the area. The Better Business Partnership is a voluntary registration scheme for smaller businesses, which will help them to comply with the law, while improving consumer protection. All types of business can apply for membership and initial applications must be made directly to Trading Standards, who make an assessment of the applicant's premises by carrying out an inspection. Those who meet the strict criteria will be accepted for the scheme. The business may also be subject to random follow-ups and checks by Trading Standards to ensure the requirements of the scheme are maintained. Members are committed to providing a quality service, as well as promoting a high standard of customer satisfaction. They must comply with the laws relating to product and environmental safety, consumer credit, pricing and weights and measures. Trading Standards will keep a list of members to enable the public to enquire about businesses claiming to be associated with the scheme. A full list of members is also available on the Perth and Kinross Council's Website: www.pkc.gov.uk/livinglearn/environment/ betterbusiness.htm. The scheme will be evaluated in September 2004.
For more information contact PC Donald Campbell, Crime Prevention Officer, Crime Management Unit, Tayside Police, Western Division HQ, Barrack Street, Perth PH1 5SF Tel: 01738 892937 Fax: 01738 892929 E-mail: donald.campbell@tayside.pnn.police.uk

Launch of the Action Against Business Crime Group
Home Office

The Home Office has announced the formation of a new national action group to tackle business related crime. The "Action Against Business Crime Group" is a joint venture between the Home Office and the British Retail Consortium to boost the work of local Business Crime Reduction Partnerships. Business Crime Reduction Partnerships bring retailers and businesses together with police and local authority representatives to exchange information on known offenders. Many partnerships have set up radio link schemes between retailers and businesses, as well as the sharing of crime prevention advice. The group’s main focus will be to support and develop partnerships in local areas and to create links between business, Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnerships (CDRPs) and other relevant community groups. Six regional managers will be appointed to take forward this work, with the aim of establishing 100 new partnerships in towns and cities across England and Wales by March 2006.

The action group will also act as a National Association for Business Crime Reduction Partnerships and will develop an accreditation scheme setting out the standards and objectives that Business Crime Reduction Partnerships will work towards to reduce business-related crime in their local areas. The national association will help to ensure that crime issues affecting businesses are well understood and will encourage the sharing of best practice in reducing crime. This will benefit large and small businesses alike, as well as having a real impact on the ground in reducing crime in towns and shopping centres.
For further information contact Mark Nicholas, Home Office, Business Crime Team, 1st Floor, 85 Buckingham Gate, London SW1E 6PD Tel: 020 7411 5590 E-mail: mark.nicholas@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

18

Business Crime

January 2004

Designing Out Crime

Secured by Design
Strathclyde Police

Strathclyde Police have been working in partnership with the recently formed Glasgow Housing Association to introduce the concept of Secured by Design to over 80,000 houses in some of the worst areas in the country. The Glasgow Housing Association took over the ownership of all Glasgow City Council housing in March 2003, making it the biggest Registered Social Landlord in Britain. The Association will spend £2 billion on regenerating Glasgow’s housing over the next 10 years. So far, this huge task has involved a 2-step approach. The first has included assisting the Housing Association to adopt the principles of Secured by Design, which they have done and which now feature at the centre of their Investment and Regeneration Strategy. Over 6,000 external doors and 20,000 windows will be fitted to the Secured by Design standard by the end of the year. The second step of the approach involves a review of the existing external environmental crime prevention features. This review will be undertaken by crime

profiling individual areas using GIS mapping and surveys to be able to identify areas not reflected in recorded crime figures. Results from both the survey and crime profiling will then be collated and issued to Glasgow Housing Association’s local housing organisations, who can then prioritise any issues identified in their locations and look at how to address areas of concern using Secured by Design techniques.
For further information contact Sgt Graeme MacDiarmid, Architectural Liaison Officer, Glasgow Housing Association, Granite House, 177 Trongate, Glasgow G1 5HF Tel: 0141 274 0537 Fax: 0141 287 5642 E-mail: graeme.macdiarmid@gha.org.uk

Domestic Vi o l e n c e

‘It hits home’ - Domestic Violence Campaign
London Borough of Brent

A major campaign to tackle domestic violence was launched in September last year by Brent’s Safe Haven Community Safety Team. The campaign’s poster and leaflet, which features the slogan ‘It hits home’, aims to encourage those suffering from domestic violence to report it and seek help. It is particularly targeted at black and ethnic minority communities, where under-reporting in the Asian community and a lack of provision for Afro-Caribbeans has been identified. Numerous support groups offering practical help and confidential advice were set up last summer in conjunction with the campaign, including regular group meetings at Brent Victim Support, the African and Caribbean Resource Centre and the local community centre.
For more information contact Rasheed Ogunlaru, Corporate Communications Officer, Policy and Regeneration, London Borough of Brent, Brent Town Hall, Forty Lane, Wembley, Middlesex HA9 9EX Tel: 020 8937 1067 Fax: 020 8937 1064

January 2004

Designing Out Crime/Domestic Violence

19

Domestic Violence Poster Campaign
Leeds City Council A high profile poster campaign has been set up in West Yorkshire to encourage women who suffer domestic violence to contact agencies that offer support and advice. Volunteers from groups backing the campaign are travelling around the area in a bid to persuade local businesses, health and leisure centres and police stations to advertise the posters, which feature contact details for their organisations. The posters also contain a removable post-it style note with the agencies contact details, which can be slipped discreetly into a pocket or handbag for future reference. The campaign is being run by the Leeds Inter-agency Project (LIAP) in association with various other organisations who provide support and guidance on domestic violence issues.
For more information contact Cathy Carlill, Communications Officer, Leeds Community Safety Team, Leeds City Council, Leeming House, Vicar Lane, Leeds LS2 7JF Tel: 0113 395 0797 E-mail: cathy.carlill@leeds.gov.uk

Mid Lincolnshire Action Partnership
Lincolnshire Police

This initiative was set up to consider how a policy could be introduced in a rural area of Mid Lincolnshire with the aim of tackling domestic violence. Building on previous experience of using police radio alarm systems, a new unit that would provide a more reliable communication link and increased reassurance, was introduced. Funding was obtained through the Mid Lincolnshire Action Partnership to purchase alarm systems capable of signalling for help via normal telephone or mobile phone lines. Because data is forwarded directly to the police, this results in an immediate response. Since the introduction of the scheme, victims of domestic violence, in what is largely a rural and widespread population, have felt significantly reassured and confident that help and advice is readily available. Additional alarms have been purchased to be able to continue with the scheme. It is intended to extend it to other areas.
For more information contact PC Tim Booth, Crime Reduction/Local Authority Liaison Officer, Lincolnshire Police, Linsay Hill, Lincolnshire Development, Beech House, Witham Park, Waterside South, Lincoln LN5 7JH Tel :01522 823400 E-mail: tim.booth@lincs.pnn.police.uk


20 Domestic Violence

...alarm systems capable of signalling for help via normal telephone or mobile phone lines.

January 2004

D r u g s a n d Al c o h o l

‘FRANK’ Campaign
Home Office, Department of Health and Department for Education and Skills

The national FRANK campaign was launched in May 2003 and targets 11 - 21 year olds and the parents of 11 - 18 year olds. FRANK aims to give young people credible advice and information about any drug issue and will also help parents to get information to enable them to talk to their children with confidence about drugs. FRANK can be used locally for specific drug campaigns and on becoming a registered user, members receive a campaign kit including leaflets, posters, stickers, postcards, a CD-ROM and ideas for local action. The campaign also incorporates a website www.talktofrank.com, which features current public campaign information. Some of the local FRANK projects that have taken place across the country since the launch of the campaign include:

FRANK in Cornwall Cornwall saw numerous FRANK campaigns during the summer of 2003, with an estimated 1/4 million people in the South West being made aware of the scheme through local events. Roadshows ran across the region featuring the distribution of FRANK kits, together with pens, balloons and bags. Both parents and children were able to seek advice and information on drug issues. FRANK in Hertfordshire A FRANK football tournament for young people was set up in Hertfordshire by the FRANK Action Group, who aim to promote initiatives across the county. Those entering the tournament were provided with life skills education and FRANK drugs information and advice. Football players in Stevenage can be seen wearing the FRANK logo at all their home games and the club also advertises the campaign on the pitch. FRANK in Telford The ‘Peace and Harmony Project’ was launched in May 2003, covering issues of harm reduction and community safety. The campaign was designed and developed by young people in the area and a series of leaflets and posters was produced featuring messages such as ‘Don’t Drink and Drop’ and ‘Don’t let a friend die of an overdose’. The leaflets and posters also include details of the FRANK logo, contact number and website.
Initial research has shown that the campaign is definitely reaching its target audience and is being well received. 70% of parents and 84% of young people have confirmed that they are fully aware of the scheme. Future developments include the continued publication of the FRANK Action Updates.
For more information or to register for the campaign visit www.drugs.gov.uk/campaign or E-mail: FRANK@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

January 2004

Drugs and Alcohol

21

‘Make Mine A Safe One’
Northumbria Police

Northumbria Police, in association with the Federation Brewery have launched an updated campaign, which raises awareness of the dangers related to spiked drinks. The original project featured in the October 2001 edition of the Digest. Over 20,000 leaflets, posters and beer mats featuring the slogan 'Make Mine A Safe One' have been distributed around the region's licensed premises, advising customers to protect their drinks from people who might try to add other, possibly illegal substances, resulting in devastating consequences. Students about to sample North East nightlife for the first time were among the initial group of people to receive the leaflets during Freshers Week last September. The credit card-sized leaflets advise the students on how to avoid having their drink spiked, as well as recognising the signs of a spiked drink and what to do if it should happen to someone they know. Posters have also been distributed via Licensing Officers based in Northumbria's Area Command Units, as well as through the Federation Brewery.
For more information contact PC Dean Thompson, Northumbria Police HQ, Crime Reduction Section, Block 48, Ponteland, Newcastle-upon-Tyne NE20 0BL Tel: 01661 872555 Ext 68075 Email: dean.thompson.605@northumbria.pnn.police.uk

Experimenting...with Drugs
West Midlands Police

West Midlands Police, in partnership with local universities, have developed a drug awareness campaign targeted at students, which uses high profile publicity material to advertise the dangers involved in taking drugs. In a bid to get new and returning students to pay attention to important and serious messages about drugs, a series of promotional materials including beer mats, bookmarks, posters and magazine adverts have been distributed and displayed across the region’s major universities and colleges. Over 150,000 beer mats have been produced in 6 different styles, incorporating crime reduction messages, which will be distributed to student unions and various locations frequented by the students. Posters have been displayed across campuses and full-page adverts have been publicised in 2 popular annual student magazines used for reference throughout the year. Bookmarks have also been made available in the university libraries, union buildings, academic departments and bookshops. The campaign was set up to coincide with the start of the new academic year and the feedback received so far has been

extremely encouraging. The campaign has seen improved communications between the police and students, who are becoming more aware of the risks involved in drug abuse to both their future career and personal life.
For further information contact Will Harpur, Press and Publicity Officer, West Midlands Police HQ, Lloyd House, Colmore Circus, Queensway, Birmingham B4 6NQ Tel: 0121 626 5496 Ext: 2561 E-mail: w.harpur@west-midlands.pnn.police.uk

22

Drugs and Alcohol

January 2004

‘Rat on a Rat’
Gloucestershire Police Crimestoppers

The latest Crimestoppers project ‘Rat on a Rat’ was rolled out in Cheltenham and Tewkesbury division of Gloucestershire Constabulary last year. Due to its success, the scheme was launched countywide during Crimestoppers Week in September, when people were urged to contact the Crimestoppers number (0800 555111) to report crimes such as burglary, theft, street crime and drug offences. Posters highlighting the scheme were displayed in shops, businesses and community buildings across the area and beer mats distributed to local pubs and clubs. Neighbourhood Watch Co-ordinators have been responsible for sending out leaflets and up to October last year, Gloucestershire Crimestoppers had taken over 850 actionable calls, resulting in 67 arrests. Since the launch of the initiative, Cheltenham and Tewkesbury Division has seen a 20% increase in the numbers of calls to the Crimestoppers number, up by 100% on the same period for the previous year.

For more information contact Julia Richardson, Crimestoppers Co-ordinator, Gloucestershire Constabulary, Holland House, Lansdown Road, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire GL51 6QH Tel: 01242 276253 Fax: 01242 221415 E-mail: julia.richardson@gloucestershire.police.uk

‘Dead Drunk’
National Youth Agency

The National Youth Agency is promoting a hard-hitting video entitled ‘Dead Drunk’, which looks at the culture of alcohol from the perspective of a group of teenagers. The film follows the story of a young boy called Jay and the impact that alcohol has had on his life. Jay feels that his only escape route is to join the army, a dream shared by another young boy on his estate, who craves acceptance from Jay’s gang. During a row with his mother, Jay discovers a startling truth about his father and in a state of distress he spends all night drinking, which leads to terrible consequences. The video aims to show the devastating effects alcohol abuse can have on family life and the community as a whole. It runs for 25 minutes and includes a CD Rom with supporting information for teachers and youth leaders, including a guide to alcohol units, statistics and suggested exercises.
Copies of the video, priced £76.37 including VAT and postage and packing are available from the National Youth Agency, Publication Sales, 17 - 23, Albion Street, Leicester LE1 6GD Tel: 0116 285 3709 Fax: 0116 285 3777 E-mail: sales@nya.org.uk

January 2004

Drugs and Alcohol

23

Fra u d

Chip and PIN Credit Cards
Chip and Pin Programme Management Organisation (PMO)

For more details on the Chip and PIN visit the website:

www.chipandpin.co.uk

Chip and PIN is a major development in the fight against fraud. This new method, which uses a 4-digit Personal Identification Number (PIN) similar to that used at a cash machine or ATM, replaces the need to sign a paper receipt at the till when purchasing goods. The trial of the chip and PIN system was tested over a 3-month period in Northampton, as an initial step towards national rollout. It involved re-issuing a significant number of Northampton cardholders with new chip and PIN cards, as well as upgrading point-of-sale terminals at a selection of retail outlets. During the trial, consumers generally responded well to the new cards, although there were concerns for other shopper surveillance whilst entering their PIN number. The trial indicated that retailers, and in particular large chain stores, will

have initial problems and should allow enough time to test and implement new point-of-sale terminals and staff training. By January 2005, the PIN, rather than a signature, will verify the majority of all face-to-face plastic card transactions made in the UK including: • 850,000 retailer terminals in use. • 122 million cards in circulation. • 40,000 cash machines compatible. The Chip and PIN Programme Management Organisation (PMO) is a new organisation established to manage the implementation of the Chip and PIN programme across the UK. The PMO is led by the Chip and PIN Programme Steering Committee (PSC), which is made up of equal representation from the major banks and retailers in the UK.

G e n e ra l

Community Justice Centre
Home Office

Liverpool is the first city in the country to have a new pilot Community Justice Centre. The Community Justice Centre is a joint initiative between the Home Office, Department for Constitutional Affairs and the Crown Prosecution Service. The centre will be closely linked to the local community and will act as a hub for crime prevention information, advice and guidance. It will also be the base from which activities such as community projects and diversionary activities for young people will be run. The key aims of the Community Justice Centre will be to: • improve the co-ordination of work aimed at tackling anti-social behaviour and the links between criminal justice and other agencies, increasing the efficiency and effectiveness of their work • tailor punishments to reflect both the individuals and the local community's needs and design rehabilitation schemes to reduce re-offending and engage the perpetrator with their own community • increase community participation and confidence in criminal justice • provide more resolutions through reparation and restoration to cases that are relevant to the damage done to the community as well as the individual.
For more information contact Harjit Athwal, Community Justice Centres Project Team, Home Office, Criminal Procedures and Evidence Unit, Room 356, 50 Queen Anne's Gate, London SW1H 9AT Tel: 020 7273 2366 E-mail: harjit.athwal@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

24

Fraud/General

January 2004

Tilley Awards 2003
Home Office

Details of the Tilley Award Winners have been published for 2003. The awards were established in 1999 by the Home Office Policing and Reducing Crime Unit (now the Crime and Policing Group) to encourage and recognise good practice in implementing problemoriented policing (POP). Winners are invited to attend the Annual International Problem-Oriented Policing Conference in San Diego, funded by the Home Office. This provides the opportunity for them to present details of their project at the conference. An additional award was introduced in 2003, recognising contributions made by Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnerships (CDRPs).

Crime and Disorder Reduction ‘Tackling City Centre Assaults in Foyle District Command Unit (DCU)’ Winner: Julie McNerlin and Samantha Allen, Police Service of Northern Ireland In 2001/2002 assault was the highest volume crime in Foyle DCU, with 42% of attacks occurring in the city centre. A number of underlying causes were identified, including: • assaults largely concentrated around pubs and clubs at closing time • problems with crowd dispersal and lack of transport provision • high proportion of assaults resulting in serious injury • evidence of gang related assaults.
An Assault Reduction Strategy was set up to tackle the problem in September 2002 and recommendations formulated to deal with problems formed the strategy basis. This included a number of problem-solving initiatives implemented in conjunction with multi-agency partnerships, together with targeted police operations involving high visibility policing. The City Centre Initiative agreed to front the project, which broadened ownership of the problem and responses. As a result, city centre assaults fell by 43% over a 6-month period (compared to the previous year). This is equivalent to approximately 183 fewer assaults during the 6months. The principles behind the project have been adopted as best practice within Foyle DCU and are regularly used in a variety of other problems.

For more information contact Julie McNerlin or Samantha Allen, Police Service of Northern Ireland Tel: 028 7137 9710.

Organisational Support ‘Problem Solving Process Implementation Programme’ Winner: Neil Henson, Metropolitan Police Service (MPS) Growing organisational demands on the Metropolitan Police Service (MPS) required the relaunch of problem solving in 2001, to support the reduction of strain on the Service. Consequently, training needs were identified for police and business partners in all 32 London Boroughs. To be able to meet their requirements, the following objectives were identified: • Design of an implementation programme overcoming barriers discovered whilst conducting research. • Design of a training programme incorporating additional skills enabling practitioners to apply problem solving. • Implementation of a monitoring system that captures best practice, working in the longterm to reduce crime, the number of repeat calls and generally improving the quality of life for the community.
In 2001, Deputy Assistant Commissioner Tim Godwin introduced the 'Operational Policing Model' (OPM). The model demonstrates a lasting need for problem solving and consists of six elements to be adopted across the 32 London Policing Boroughs: • Investigation. • Forensics. • Targeting. • Intelligence. • Diversion. • Problem-solving. Continues...

January 2004

General

25

Tilley Awards 2003 Continued from previous page.

Research findings revealed that lack of time, money and resources were the main barriers to effective problem solving. The Unit's groundwork resulted in a 2-day course, divided into 4 half-day modules, introducing students to the Problem-Solving Process (PSP) and associated skills. In 2002, over 80 problem-solving initiatives were started involving police and business partners. A recent inspection of over 600 evaluation sheets showed a 97% satisfaction rate, which is above the Problem-Solving Unit’s (PSU) student satisfaction target of 90%.
For more information contact Neil Henson, Metropolitan Police Service Tel: 020 7321 9033.

Effective Partnerships ‘Get Home Safe’ Winner: Robert Murdie, on behalf of the Get Home Safe Partnership The ‘Get Home Safe’ campaign was developed as a result of rising levels of alcohol-related violence in South Belfast, Northern Ireland. Alcohol-related crime accounted for almost 20% of the total crime in the area, up 40% over the previous year. Key issues included: • an upsurge in South Belfast licensed premises from 274 venues (January 2001) to 311 (January 2002) • a rise in numbers of people socialising within the same area • above increases not being matched by improved or additional transport.
By developing a partnership approach to tackling the problem, combined with strategic policing and a focused marketing and public information campaign, the ‘Get Home Safe’ initiative prioritised action. Independent evaluation of the campaign showed that the overall assault rate had reduced 19.2%, serious assaults by 33% with a 20% reduction in the number of people with serious injuries seeking victim support. The marketing campaign created a high level of awareness amongst the target age group, with 87% recall and 40% claiming that the campaign had positively changed their behaviour.

For more information contact Sgt. Robert Murdie, Police Service of Northern Ireland Tel: 02890 700568

British Community Safety Awards 2003 Winners
Crime Concern and Marks & Spencer

The Marks & Spencer British Community Safety Awards are dedicated to rewarding community members and groups who work to reduce community crime and fear of crime. The awards are organised jointly by Marks & Spencer and Crime Concern and are endorsed by the Home Office. The top 5 winners for the 2003 awards have recently been announced. 4 of the 5

winners each receive a trophy, together with their choice of £1,500 worth of Crime Concern training or £2,000 cash. The overall winner, Essex’s Clockwise Centre, receives an additional £1,500 worth of training or £1,000 cash and the opportunity to represent the UK in the European Crime Prevention Awards.

For more information contact Det Insp Edward Thistlewaite, Lancashire Constabulary, Western Division HQ, Bonny Street, Blackpool FY1 5RL Tel: 01253 604245

Tower Project (Blackpool Community Safety Partnership) This project supports persistent offenders in Blackpool’s prisons and communities, helping to steer them away from a life of crime. The project has been in operation in Blackpool since 2002 and was set up in partnership with the police, probation service, Crown Prosecution Service and NACRO. The programme offers offenders immediate access to drug treatment,

support and accommodation, benefits and employment. Between 2001 and 2002, statistics showed: • 17.7% fewer crimes overall. • 44.8% fewer house burglarises. • 33% fewer vehicle thefts. • 20% fewer street robberies.

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General

January 2004

Knowle West Learning Through Football Project (Avon & Somerset Constabulary) This project uses football to engage disaffected young people in Bristol. With 35% of the local population under the age of 15, the project addresses issues on the Knowle and Filwood estates of South Bristol, including high arrest rates, school truancy and drug problems. Evening sessions were organised where young people learned football skills from 2 Bristol City Football Club Coaches. They were also The Streets Ahead Project (Hastings and Rother Youth Development Service) This project tackles crime against visiting foreign language students in Hastings and was set-up as a pilot project in the summer of 2000. The project was designed to address tensions between visiting language students and local young people, as well as the growing perception of the town as an unsafe and violent place to stay. By employing youth workers from European countries such as Germany, Sweden and Finland, the project was able to create a Tower Hamlets Summer University (THSU) This project focuses on reducing high incidences of crime by young people during the summer holidays in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets. THSU is a voluntary programme that works with a diverse range of young people aged 14 - 25 to provide a safe and non-judgemental learning atmosphere. Working with two youth advisory groups, the project promotes independent learning, racial tolerance and good community relations. The Clockwise Centre (Essex Trust for Rehabilitation and Assistance) Established in 1994, Essex Trust for Rehabilitation and Assistance Clockwise Centre is a day centre facility that provides services for offenders and ex-offenders, those at risk from offending and their families. The focus is on addressing the underlying causes of crime such as a lack of education, unemployment, drug or alcohol misuse and poor housing or homelessness. Over the past 9 years, the centre has January 2004

given the opportunity to attend the Bristol City Study Support Centre, where they were taught literacy, numeracy and IT skills through the medium of football. The results show reduced truancy rates for the young people taking part in the project. 90% of the 120 young people who have remained on the programme have not re-offended.

For more information contact Det Sgt Nick Papuca, Avon and Somerset Constabulary, Broadbury Road Police Station, Broadbury Road, Knowle West, Bristol BS4 1JT Tel: 0117 945 5603

team that had the language skills to be able to communicate with the young people in their first language. Workshops were also run in secondary schools and police identified ‘hot spots’, which specifically targeted young people who had either offended or displayed behaviour likely to compromise the safety of others. In its first year, the project saw a decrease in area crime, falling from 170 reported incidents in 2000 to 70 in 2002.

For more information contact Sue Grieg, Hastings Borough Council, Hastings & Bexhill Area Youth Service, 31 Cambridge Road, Hastings TN34 1DJ Tel: 01424 439284

Its success is attributed to the youth-led approach on programme development, which includes the development of peer mentors. Approximately 10% of the borough’s young people go through the university’s programme and the results show: • 8% reduction in youth crime. • 17% reduction in juvenile nuisance. • 25% reduction in drug offences.

For more information contact Sarah Hodgkin, Tower Hamlets Summer University, Canon Barnett School, Gunthorpe Street, London E1 7RQ Tel: 020 7247 7900

successfully worked with over 300 individuals from the age group predominately responsible for crime (males aged between 18 - 30 and females between 23 -30), in one of Essex’s highest crime areas. In 2001, the Clockwise Centre received the Investors in People (IiP) Award and the High Sheriff ’s award for best volunteering organisation in 2003.

For more information contact Sarah Tomlinson, Project Co-ordinator, The Clockwise Centre, 85 - 87, Pier Avenue, Clacton-on-Sea, Essex CO15 1QE Tel: 01255 423466 For more information about the awards visit the website

www.crimeconcern.org.uk /awards

General

27

Crime reduction and Problem-oriented Policing
Edited by Karen Bullock and Nick Tilley

This book, published by Willan Publishing, looks at one of the most significant new approaches to policing and crime reduction in recent years. The publication is based on the principle that the core of policing should be to deal effectively with underlying policerelevant problems, rather than reacting to incidents as they occur. In the UK, funding was provided for various projects adopting a problem-solving approach in both policing and crime prevention and reduction partnerships. The book draws upon the main findings of this initiative and provides an overview of the Government’s Targeted Policing Initiative as a whole. It describes the effects of adopting a problem-solving approach and sets out what was learned from efforts to address the specific problems targeted in the initiatives that were evaluated. This book may be of particular interest to students, researchers, policy-makers and practitioners, or anyone with an interest in crime reduction strategies.
Copies of this book, published in September 2003 and priced £25.00 (hardback) can be obtained from Willan Publishing, Culmcott House, Mill Street, Cullompton, Devon EX15 3AT Tel: 01884 840337 Fax: 01884 840251 E-mail: info@willanpublishing.co.uk or visit their website: www.willanpublishing.co.uk

Policing Priority Areas - Update
Home Office

For more information visit the Police Reform Website: www.policereform. gov.uk28/psu/ policingpriorityareas.html

Since the introduction of the first 5 Police Standards Unit’s (PSUs) Policing Priority Areas (PPAs) in March last year (see article in April 2002 Digest), the scheme has been extended to cover another 9 areas, bringing the national total to 14. PPAs are focused initiatives, established in areas with high levels of crime and antisocial behaviour, together with a lack of confidence in the community. They aim to reduce crime and promote community cohesion and evaluation of the first 5 PPAs

has proved very positive, producing guidance for future PPA and multi-agency work in general. Feedback from police forces and partners has also been encouraging, particularly in identifying ways to ensure a more joined-up approach to reducing crime. One scheme on an estate in Stoke-on-Trent to tackle prostitution and anti-social behaviour has proved so successful that it has won a 6-month extension and additional funding to be able to continue.

New Grants Website
Home Office

A new funding website (www.governmentfunding.org.uk) has been set up for voluntary and community organisations, which will allow them to access £182 million of Government funding. The website will provide organisations with the opportunity to obtain better information and details of the grants available. Further developments of the portal are planned for early in 2004, including a database of applicant organisation profiles, local information, an on-line application facility and application processing tools for departments.
For more information visit the website www.governmentfunding.org.uk

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General

January 2004

Mobile Advice Centre
West Midlands Police

West Midlands Police and Highgate Housing Team have joined forces to organise a monthly mobile advice centre for the local neighbourhood. The aim of the centre is to offer support and advice to residents on issues that affect their community. It will also provide an opportunity for tenants living in the area to speak about nuisance problems

such as anti-social behaviour, begging, intimidation and drug issues. A Housing Officer will also be on hand to give information on housing-related matters. The advice centre will be a regular monthly feature in the area and the dates and opening times will be advertised via local community venues and shops.

For more information contact PC Riccardo Gambino, West Midlands Police, Birmingham Central, C Sector, High Street, Digbeth, West Midlands B5 6DT Tel: 0845 113 5000

‘Raising Hope - Reducing Fear’ Middlesbrough’s approach to tackling Crime and Disorder
Middlesbrough Council

Middlesbrough Council’s Community Protection Service is organising a 1-day conference to be held on 30th January 2004, which will provide an insight in to their approach to tackling crime and disorder. The keynote speaker on the day will be the Mayor of Middlesbrough, Ray Mallon who will explain the results from working in partnership with the police and others to reduce crime in the area. This includes the creation of a team of 75 Street Wardens and an integrated council service, who tackle crime and environmental issues, driven by a weekly joint problem solving team comprising of senior councillors, the police and fire officers. The event is aimed mainly at practitioners, who can learn from the experiences of others involved in reducing crime and disorder.
For further information on the cost and to book a place, contact Sue Bell, Middlesbrough Council, Middlesbrough Teaching & Learning Centre, Tranmere Avenue, Middlesbrough TS3 8PB Tel: 01642 201816 E-mail: sue_bell@middlesbrough.gov.uk or visit their website: www.mtlc.co.uk

Illuminated Lux Sign to Promote Crime Reduction
Gloucestershire Constabulary

Gloucestershire Constabulary have made use of a large, illuminated sign positioned at various locations within Gloucester to promote crime reduction to members of the public. The screen is 8 foot square and includes strong, flashing lights in each corner to ensure people notice it. It is self-contained on a trailer with a petrol generator and messages can be changed remotely via a laptop computer. The sign was initially used at an out-of-town cinema complex with particularly high levels of vehicle crime. It was placed on the entrance road to the site with the message ‘Warning - Thieves operate

in this area - Remove valuables from display’. As a result of using the sign, police figures showed a significant decrease in vehicle crime in the area. The sign has since been located on main routes into residential areas around the city to combat early evening burglaries, where houses in darkness are being targeted. It provides advice on the use of timer switches as well as dusk to dawn lighting. Local press coverage has also ensured that crime reduction messages are widely promoted and together with a notable reduction in crime, the sign has received positive feedback from local residents and visitors to the area.

For further information contact PC Kevin Ireland, Crime Reduction/Architectural Liaison Officer, Gloucester Police Station, Longsmith Street, Gloucester GL1 2JP Tel: 01452 335324 E-mail: Kevin.Ireland@ gloucestershire.police.uk

January 2004

General

29

Operation Scorpion
Bedfordshire Police

Operation Scorpion, Bedfordshire's Crime Reduction Strategy, was originally launched in 2000. To increase the awareness of the strategy to the people of Bedfordshire, the force created the Operation Scorpion Website (www.operationscorpion.org.uk), which has since been developed as a "brand name" for the area’s crime reduction initiatives and community projects. The website’s logo is also widely recognised throughout the county. The site has proved to be an extremely successful and popular communication tool between Bedfordshire Police and the local community. As well as letting the public know about policing and criminal activity across the county and offering useful crime reduction advice, visitors are able to contact the force through the site's e-mail address. Last year alone, over 200 e-mails were received, ranging from local intelligence regarding drugs to queries on stolen credit cards and firearms licensing. Visitor numbers have averaged at approximately 12,000 per month. The site has remained as a separate resource from the main Bedfordshire Police Website as a result of feedback from its visitors, who have suggested that they appreciate the nonpolice branding on the site, as it makes it less formal, more approachable and encourages public ownership. To aid navigation, the site has been broken down into colour-coded sections: • "Looks Familiar" posts photos of named violent offenders, offenders caught on CCTV, missing people and witness appeals. • "Extra Extra" issues the latest crime-related press releases and divisional newsletters. • "Don't Be A Victim" speaks for itself and provides a number of items of crime reduction advice. • "Scorpion 4 Kidz" focuses on youth issues, such as bullying. • "The Score" looks at drug and alcohol issues, in particular what the law says. • "What If..?" deals with frequently asked questions addressed to the police but not necessarily police issues. • "Making Contact" provides visitors with phone numbers and e-mail addresses of Beat Managers, Crime Reduction and Schools Liaison Officers, as well as links to other useful websites. • "Notice Board" publishes articles on new legislation, which may affect the general public. • "Designing Out Crime" is dedicated to publishing reports by the Architectural Liaison Officer and has recently aided international discussion on New Urbanism. Development of the site is ongoing and work is underway to evaluate how the use of web cameras and live CCTV can be linked to it, as well as the use of SMS text messaging.
For information on the Operation Scorpion Crime Reduction Strategy contact Insp Neill Waring, Community Action Department, Bedfordshire Police HQ, Woburn Road, Kempston, Bedford MK43 9AX Tel: 01234 842818 E-mail: neill.waring@bedfordshire.pnn.police.uk For more on the Operation Scorpion Website contact Lara Curtayne Tel: 01234 842819 E-mail: lara.curtayne@bedfordshire.pnn.police.uk

30

General

January 2004

Best Practice in Crime Prevention Conference
European Crime Prevention Network

This 2-day conference held in Rome in November, was organised by the European Union Crime Prevention Network (EU CPN) and brought together best practice in crime prevention from across Europe. It concentrated on: • Reduction of Vehicle Theft. • Reduction of Commercial Robbery. • Social integration of minority ethnic young offenders. Thirty one projects were presented at the conference, 2 of which were from the UK, including a comprehensive and successful scheme aimed at tackling vehicle theft in the Metro Centre shopping complex in Gateshead, Tyne & Wear and an innovative ‘3-way’ mentoring scheme for young offenders from ethnic minority backgrounds in Leicester. This scheme brings together young offenders, professional staff and students and although a full evaluation will eventually be completed, early results are very encouraging. Many of the projects put forward from other European countries will be of interest to practitioners and arrangements are currently underway to make them available via the Crime Reduction Website. Details will be available in the near future.
For more information contact Paul Hudspith, Home Office, Crime Reduction Delivery Team, 1st Floor, Allington Towers, 19 Allington Street, London SW1E 5EB Tel: 020 7035 5237 E-mail: paul.hudspith@homeoffice. gsi.gov.uk

Hate Crime

Player Cards Scheme 2003/04
Burnley Borough Council

An innovative campaign to kick racism into touch has been launched by Burnley Football Club in partnership with the Burnley Community Safety Partnership and ‘What Now? Services’, who form part of the Lancashire County Council Youth and Community Service. The football club have produced a set of 25 player cards for 2003/04, featuring advice on community safety issues, including tackling racism and anti-social behaviour. The launch of the scheme coincided with the anti-racism week in October last year, when the first card was

released. Cards were distributed by the club’s community team, who visited local schools and organisations in order to promote awareness of the problems of racial abuse and anti-social behaviour. They are available from various locations in the area.
For more information contact Kerry Hulme, Community Safety Partnership Development Officer, Burnley Borough Council, Town Hall, Burnley BB11 1JA Tel: 01282 425011 E-mail: k.hulme@burnley.gov.uk

The football club have produced a set of 25 player cards for 2003/04, featuring advice on community safety issues, including tackling racism and anti-social behaviour.

January 2004

General/Hate Crime

31

P ro p e r t y C r i m e N e i g h b o u r h o o d Wa r d e n s

Neighbourhood Wardens Scheme
Safer Merthyr Tydfil

The Safer Merthyr Tydfil Neighbourhood Warden Scheme commenced in January 2000 utilising an empty, local authority ground floor flat as their main base. The flat, which formed part of a block of flats, was located in a residential area with 4 shops adjacent to a children's park. The area also featured a walled front garden, providing ideal cover for underage drinkers and anti-social behaviour. Local residents frequently complained to the wardens about drunken youths congregating in the area, leaving litter, smashing windows and causing graffiti damage. As a result, the wardens secured funding from the Groundwork Trust and the Voluntary Action Merthyr Tydfil Development Fund in a bid to alleviate the problem, while at the same time honouring a local world champion boxer by erecting a memorial as a tribute to him. The team approached a community artist, who suggested casting the boxer’s footprints in

bronze and incorporating them into new paving stones. The wardens also contacted 2 schools to encourage the children to design pictures to include in the individual prints, which gave the young people a feeling of ownership of the project and which would potentially help to reduce the risks of further graffiti and anti-social behaviour. The garden was removed and a ramp installed, together with railings and the new paving stones featuring the children’s designs. Since the re-development, the area has been totally transformed through partnership working to the benefit of the local residents and the problems of antisocial behaviour have been removed.
For more information contact Roger Mitchell, Project Manager, Community Safety Wardens Advice Centre, No 2 Talbot Square, Penydarren, Merthyr Tydfil CF47 9LP Tel: 01685 388100

Immobilise Campaign
West Yorkshire Police

West Yorkshire Police, in partnership with the mobile phone industry and backed by the Home Office, has launched a new campaign in Leeds to tackle mobile phone crime. The campaign, which has also been rolled out to Manchester, the West Midlands, Merseyside and London, forms part of an ongoing programme by the industry, the police and Government to clamp down on mobile phone theft. It includes the message "Stolen Phones Don't Work Any More" and incorporates high profile advertising on buses and bus shelters, billboards and railway stations. Mobile phone retailers are promoting stickers, posters and leaflets within their stores, urging victims of this type of crime to report their loss and stop stolen mobiles from being sold on. The mobile phone industry has also launched an informative new website (www.immobilise.com), together with a new phone line (Tel: 08701 123 123), which will facilitate the reporting of lost and stolen handsets.
For further information about the scheme, visit the industry's website: www.immobilise.com or E-mail: info@immobilise.com

32

Neighbourhood Wardens/Property Crime

January 2004

‘Out of Your hands?’ CD-Rom
Home Office

The Government has launched a new hi-tech tool to help young people steer clear of mobile phone theft. The CD-Rom entitled "Out of Your Hands?" is aimed at 11 to 14 year-olds and provides an interactive resource where children can learn about the problems associated with mobile phone theft. It will also allow them to gain tips on how to avoid becoming a victim of this type of crime. The package highlights the consequences of becoming involved in mobile phone crime and features a national competition, where students are asked to design a mobile phone for the future, which has built-in safety features. This will enable the young people to think about how good design can help to reduce crime. The CD-Rom is available to every school in the country and is linked to the citizenship element of the National Curriculum.

For more information contact Peter Cordingley, Home Office, Street Crime Action Team, Room 478, 50 Queen Anne's Gate, London SW1H 9AT Tel: 020 7273 4507 E-mail: peter.cordingley@ homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

‘Take Stock of Your Lock’
City of London Police

The City of London Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnership (CDRP) have been involved in an ongoing initiative to raise awareness of pedal cycle security and help to reduce the theft of cycles in the City of London. The campaign, ‘Take Stock of Your Lock’, began in February last year, with the introduction of cycle security road shows providing security advice and examples of various locking devices. The CDRP went on to produce leaflets, which were distributed

in the area by the cycle patrol and community beat teams. These featured a rusty padlock providing details of websites and basic advice on how to avoid becoming a victim of cycle theft.
For more information contact PC Ray Sykes, City of London CDRP, Suite 48, London Fruit and Wool Exchange, Brushfield Street, London E1 6EX Tel: 020 7456 9814 E-mail: ray.sykes@corpoflondon.gov.uk

Sexual Offences

Sexual Offences Act
Home Office

The Sexual Offences Act, which has now received Royal Assent, will be implemented in May this year. The Act represents a major review of the law on sexual offences. One of the most important changes proposed is the overhaul of the law on consent. The Act introduces a test of reasonableness into the law on consent and a list of circumstances in which various presumptions will be made as to the complainant's consent and the defendant's reasonable belief in consent. This will provide juries with a very clear framework within which to make fair and just decisions. The Act also proposes a package of measures to give children the greatest possible protection under the law from

sexual abuse. It makes clear that sexual activity with a child under the age of 13 is never acceptable. It also proposes a new offence of 'meeting a child following sexual grooming etc', which will catch adults who undertake a course of conduct with a child and then arrange to meet that child with the aim of abusing them, either at that meeting or on a subsequent occasion. The Act brings greater coherence and more proportionate penalties to the criminal law surrounding the abuse of children through prostitution and pornography and to trafficking offences, bringing greater protection to children and adults alike.

For more information contact Helen Musgrove, Home Office, Criminal Law Policy Unit, Room 314, 50 Queen Anne's Gate, London SW1H 9AT E-mail: helen.musgrove @homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

January 2004

Property Crime/Sexual Offences

33

Tow n / S h o p p i n g C e n t re C r i m e

Hats off to crime
Kent Police

Kent Police, in association with the Folkestone Area Partnership Against Crime (FAPAC) have launched a new initiative, which aims to tackle retail crime in the area. Businesses in and around Folkestone are displaying specially designed posters featuring Kent Police and FAPAC logos, which ask people to remove their hats and hoods before entering the premises. The idea is to deter youths from wearing baseball caps and 'hoodies' in shops, which can be used to conceal their identity and make it difficult when viewing CCTV. The initiative was launched after a youth attempted to change a large amount of foreign currency in a local travel agent after several overseas students had been robbed. On viewing the CCTV footage, police officers were unable to identify the youth because they had been wearing a hood. The poster has been welcomed by many of the town's shops and businesses and copies are also displayed in the local Social Security office.
For more information contact PC John Weller, Kent County Constabulary, Strategic Crime Reduction Unit, Police Station, Bouverie House, Bouverie Road West, Folkestone, Kent CT20 2RW Tel: 01303 289356 Fax: 01303 289049 E-mail: scru.hz@kent.pnn.police.uk

Selling Security: The private policing of public space
Edited by Alison Wakefield

Private security personnel play a large part in public social life. Private security officers now routinely patrol shopping centres, leisure parks and transport terminals, which rely commercially on safe and reliable access by customers, service providers and the public. The information contained within this publication was drawn from a unique study of private security personnel operating within 3 publicly accessible and typical locations, including a shopping mall, retail and leisure complex and cultural centre. The research included questions such as: • How do centres respond to public needs for comfort and security in their design, management and security strategies? • What functions are security officers expected to perform? • What is the nature and quality of the relationship between private security and the police? The aim of the book is to offer a framework to clarify the role of private security in policing and to explore the implications of that role with respect to social policy. The book provides a detailed

account of trends in urban planning, public policy and the commercial world, which have promoted the expansion of private security. Changes in retail and leisure patterns leading to increasing numbers of large, multi-purpose developments are considered. Also discussed is the implementation of town centre planning strategies to create more attractive and secure high street retail and leisure facilities and the extension of CCTV and security patrols as tools for managing social settings. The research considers the challenges posed by developments to conventional law enforcement agencies, most notably the police, and the need for Governments to develop new strategies that include the efforts of alternative policing agencies.
Copies of this book, published in October 2003 and priced £30.00 (hardback) can be obtained from Willan Publishing, Culmcott House, Mill Street, Cullompton, Devon EX15 3AT Tel: 01884 840337 Fax: 01884 840251 E-mail: info@willanpublishing.co.uk or visit their website: www.willanpublishing.co.uk

34

Town/Shopping Centre Crime

January 2004

Ve h i c l e C r i m e

Football fans reminded to keep vehicles secure
West Midlands Police

West Midlands Police, in partnership with Aston Villa and Birmingham City Football Clubs have launched a campaign to promote car crime prevention to local football supporters. The football fans are being reminded to park their vehicles securely and remove all valuables when they attend match days. Additional advice, which is highlighted in the match day programmes includes: • Activate steering locks. • Have the car registration number etched on every window of the vehicle. • Fit an alarm or engine immobiliser. • Postcode the radio cassette or CD player.

• • •

Consider fitting a vehicle-tracking device. Don’t leave keys in the ignition. Don’t leave driving documents in the car.

Police patrols will also be increased on the roads and car parks surrounding the football grounds in a bid to reduce incidents of car crime.
For more information contact PC Keith Doyle, Crime Reduction/Design Adviser, West Midlands Police, Queens Road, Aston, Birmingham B6 7ND Tel: 0121 322 6248 Fax: 0121 322 6161 E-mail: k.doyle@west-midlands.police.uk

Visual Information Sign
Police Service of Northern Ireland

This initiative was set up with the aim of warning motorists, particularly foreign speaking tourists, of the dangers of leaving valuables on view in an unattended vehicle. The signs are advertised in tourist area car parks and have been designed in the form of a traditional red triangle, featuring the silhouette of a camera, handbag and wallet inside a car. The sign is metal and

permanent and clearly and simply conveys the message of keeping valuables safe to all nationalities.
For more information contact PC Richard Corish, Crime Prevention Officer, Police Service of Northern Ireland (PSNI), 2 Hope Street, Larne, County Antrim BT40 1UR Tel: 028 2827 2266 Fax: 028 2827 1068

National Vehicle Crime Guidelines and Tactical Options
Home Office and Association of Chief Police Officers (ACPO)

The Home Office Police Standards Unit (PSU) and Association of Chief Police Officers (ACPO) have recently published the National Vehicle Crime Guidelines and Tactical Options. The aim of the report is to offer guidance, based on nationally identified good practice in vehicle crime detection and reduction. It is intended to assist those in command positions with responsibility for vehicle crime by providing tactical options, grouped theme by theme, highlighting those options that have been evaluated or recommended by practitioners. The document has been distributed in hard copy and CD Rom to all Chief Officers and Basic Command Units (BCUs) in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. It will also be of interest to those charged with responsibility for converting the tasking actions into results and should be made available to a wide range of police resources. The CD Rom contains over 2,200 files relating to good practice, all hyper-linked from the main document, therefore making research quick and easy.

For further information contact Chief Inspector Nick Parker, Home Office, Police Standards Unit, 50 Queen Anne’s Gate, London SW1H 9AT Tel: 020 7273 2839 Fax: 020 7273 2503 E-mail: Nicholas.parker3 @homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

January 2004

Vehicle Crime

35

Vi o l e n t C r i m e a n d S t re e t C r i m e

Gun Crime - Latest Trends
Home Office Summary Information

The detailed annual statistics on firearm offences in England and Wales will be published in January 2004. However, due to the increasing public interest around the issue of gun crime, the Home Office has made available provisional, summary information. Provisional data will also now be available early in future years. The total number of firearm offences in England and Wales in 2002-03 (excluding those involving air weapons) was around 10,250, 3% higher than in 2001-02. The increase in the preceding year, reported in January 2002 was 35%. In most parts of England and Wales, the incidence of firearm offences is very low, and the chances of becoming a victim of a shooting are extremely rare. The risk of a fatal shooting in England and Wales is still one of the lowest in the world.
For more information visit the Home Office Website:

www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/pdfs2/guncrime.pdf

Stay Safe in Southwark
Metropolitan Police

As part of Operation Safer Streets, Southwark Police have been involved in an extensive crime prevention campaign, aimed at groups in the area identified as being most vulnerable to street robbery. The ‘Stay Safe in Southwark’ campaign was launched in December and involved the distribution of 20,000 specially designed ‘Stay Safe’ leaflets and 10,000 ‘Stay Safe’ packs containing crime prevention advice on personal safety while out and about, together with a mobile phone marking kit. A poster with the text message ‘THNK B 4 U USE IT OR U CLD LOSE IT’ was also produced and advertised on local buses, at main line stations and on London transport sites. This was primarily aimed at students and young people, identified as particularly vulnerable to becoming a victim of street crime.

For further information contact DCI Jerry Sheppard, Metropolitan Police, Walworth Police Station, 12 - 28 Manor Place, London SE17 3RL Tel: 020 7232 6107 Fax: 020 7232 6190 E-mail: sheppardjerry@hotmail.com

36

Violent Crime and Street Crime

January 2004

Work-Related Violence - Lone Worker Case Studies
Health and Safety Executive

The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) has launched a series of real life studies offering practical ways to reduce the threat of violence to lone and mobile workers. The case studies form part of the Health and Safety Commission’s (HSC) 3-year programme to reduce the incidence of violent attacks on workers in this country. The 19 case studies selected for this guidance cover the following sectors: • retail sales • health and care workers • security and enforcement • public transport • financial services • other service providers, including the self-employed. Work-related violence can range from physical assaults to verbal abuse and threatening behaviour. The most common key risks identified in becoming a victim of workplace violence include: • Alcohol and drug use by clients and members of the public with whom the lone worker comes into contact. • Working in certain geographical locations known to have a higher risk of violence. • Working late at night or early morning carried an increased risk of violence because there were generally fewer people around or they were under the influence of alcohol or drugs. • The nature of the job - some lone workers hold positions of power or authority over customers or clients, which can cause resentment and aggressiveness.

Clients or customers behaviour, which can be highly emotional or unpredictable. Other people or situations encountered whilst doing a job, including members of the public, youths and animals. Travelling and visiting homes whilst carrying money or equipment.

The studies identified various risk prevention measures to reduce violent situations, including using mobile phones, carrying personal panic alarms, office systems to track staff movements and doubling up with colleagues. They also indicate many other practical and cost effective ways of tackling violence, often consisting of the simplest measures, which prove the most effective. The studies build on existing guidance published by the HSE entitled ‘Work-related violence: managing the risk in smaller businesses’.
For further information and copies of the case studies, published in October 2003 contact the Business Development Unit, Health and Safety Laboratory, Broad Lane, Sheffield, S3 7HQ Tel: 0114 289 2920 Fax: 0114 289 2830 E-mail: hslinfo@hsl.gov.uk Alternatively, the studies can be viewed and downloaded via the HSE Website

www.hse.gov.uk/violence

...practical and cost effective ways of tackling violence, often consisting of the simplest measures, which prove the most effective.

January 2004

Violent Crime and Street Crime

37

Yo u t h C r i m e

Safe and Sound in Teesside
Safer Middlesbrough Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnership

Students at the University of Teesside are benefiting from an initiative, which equips them with the knowledge and resources to make them feel safe during their time at university. The Safe and Sound in Teesside campaign, organised by the Safer Middlesbrough Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnership, focuses on a number of issues including house burglary, personal safety, vehicle crime and antisocial behaviour. Information is provided for students in the form of a monthly update and details on the latest crime

trends are posted on notice boards throughout the campus. Fortnightly drop-in sessions are held in the University Students Union and they can also benefit from free home security checks, provided by their local Crime Prevention Officer.
For more information contact Jemma Taylor, Marketing and Media Co-ordinator, Safer Middlesbrough Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnership, 2 River Court, Brighouse Road, Riverside Business Park, Middlesbrough TS2 1RT Tel: 01642 354019 E-mail: jemma_taylor@middlesbrough.gov.uk

Making Internet Chat Rooms Safer
Wiltshire Constabulary

Wiltshire Constabulary and Wiltshire County Council have been working in partnership to help young people to use the Internet safely, as well as advising parents on how to protect their children from getting into potentially dangerous situations. A survey was carried out involving 2,300 young people aged 11 - 18, who were asked to complete a questionnaire on how they used the Internet. The results showed that: • 80% of young people use the net with the majority accessing it from home or school. • 7% had agreed to meet up with someone online via a chat room, without checking with their parents first. • 11% had been made to feel uncomfortable by ‘chats’ they’d had with someone online. • 79% of young people went online at least once or twice a week for around 1 to 2 hours. • 6% said that once they were logged on, they were online for over 3 hours. This tended to indicate a link between the number of hours online and the likelihood of the young person arranging to meet someone without telling their parents. Consequently the police and local council produced advice packs, which were distributed at awareness raising talks in local schools and at youth groups. They also put together a 6-point plan, including the following information: • Don’t give out personal details, photographs or any other information that could be used to identify you, such as information about your family, where you live or the school you attend. • Don’t take other people at face value - they may not be what they seem. • Never arrange to meet someone you’ve only ever previously met on the Internet without first telling your parents and getting their permission. Take a responsible adult with you and meet in a public place. • Always stay in the public areas of a chat room, where there are other people, or moderate chat rooms that are supervised. • Don’t open attachments or download files unless you know and trust the person who has sent them. • Never respond directly to anything you find disturbing - save or print it, log off and tell an adult.
For more information contact Jane Brambley, Force Consultation Officer, Wiltshire Constabulary, Police HQ, London Road, Devizes, Wiltshire SN10 2DN Tel: 01380 722341 Ext: 2297

38

Youth Crime

January 2004

Safe Haven
Kent County Constabulary

Children from local primary schools have been helping the police get a safe shopping message across to other young people in the area. In a bid to encourage young people to think about crime prevention and find out more about the police, they were invited to design an A4 poster showing other children that there is a safe place to go should they get lost whilst out and about or if they feel that they are being bullied, or are approached by strangers. The police and the local council judged over 60 entries and 2 winners were chosen together with 2 runners-up who each received prizes. The winning posters are displayed in the shop windows of members of the Folkestone Area Partnership Against Crime (FAPAC). Each FAPAC store has a Shopwatch radio with communication links to CCTV and the police.
Fore more information contact PC John Weller, Kent County Constabulary, Strategic Crime Reduction Unit, Police Station, Bouverie House, Bouverie Road West, Folkestone, Kent CT20 2RW Tel: 01303 289356 Fax: 01303 289049 E-mail: scru.hz@kent.pnn.police.uk

Youth Crime Prevention Panels
Derbyshire Constabulary

Derbyshire Constabulary has recently re-launched the Erewash Youth Crime Prevention Panel and is interested in collating details of other Youth Panels running across the country. The aim is to enable panel members to exchange ideas and projects, as well as being able to obtain an up-to-date list of other registered panels currently in operation.

To register your Youth Panel, please e-mail your details, including the name of your panel, address, telephone, e-mail and website if applicable, to: crn.police@btopenworld.com
For more information contact Mark Phillips, Crime Prevention Officer/Architectural Liaison Officer, Long Eaton Police Station, Derbyshire Constabulary, Midland Street, Long Eaton, NG10 1NY Tel: 0115 9072027

Survival Training for Blaenau Gwent Pupils
Safer Blaenau Gwent

Primary school pupils from Blaenau Gwent County Borough have received lessons in life from the Police, Ambulance and Fire Service with the introduction of the county’s first ever ‘Crucial Crew’ event. Over 1,200 pupils aged 10 - 11 took part in a range of interactive workshops, including what to do in the event of a house fire and how to react should they witness a crime. The children were given up to 15 minutes on each of the workshops, which were crewed by members of the emergency services and other organisations. The aim of the day was to give the pupils an understanding and awareness of the dangers they might face in later life and how to deal with various emergency situations as well as promoting good citizenship. Advice on issues such as drug and alcohol abuse were also discussed and the lessons learned were later reinforced through follow-up work in the classroom.
For more information contact Stephen Carr, Community Safety Officer, Blaenau Gwent County Borough Council, Civic Centre, Ebbw Vale NP23 6XB Tel: 01495 355683 Fax: 01495 301255 E-mail: community.safety@blaenau-gwent.gov.uk

January 2004

Youth Crime

39

‘Paintbrush Initiative’
Richmond Housing Partnership

For more information contact Brian Burton, Estate Services Manager, Richmond Housing Partnership, 1st Floor, Premier House, 52 London Road, Twickenham TW1 3RS

The ‘Paintbrush Initiative’ provides young people in the area with the opportunity to carry out work to improve their environment, therefore reducing boredom and anti-social behaviour that this often leads to. Young people in the London Borough of Richmond have been extremely enthusiastic about the introduction of the scheme, which as well as helping to reduce anti-social behaviour, provides employment opportunities and cleans up the local housing estates. The scheme gives youngsters aged 13 - 18 the chance to earn high-street vouchers by spending their Saturdays working with the partnership’s caretakers. Full training is given, together with the equipment required to carry out a variety of tasks such as painting communal areas, collecting rubbish, planting flowerbeds and cleaning and removing graffiti. The chance to gain full-time employment is offered to those who show particular enthusiasm, which has proved to be a successful aspect of the scheme, with 2 young people going on to become Assistant Caretakers. As many volunteers are taken on as possible. They are separated in to groups of no more than 7, each with their own tasks and a supervisor who offers support and advice when they need it. To ensure good behaviour on the scheme, participants and their parents, must sign a community contract stating that they are prepared to abide by the rules of the scheme.

Youth Insight - Focus on crime
Norwich Union and Crime Concern

For further information contact Chris Dyer, Programme Manager, Crime Concern, Beaver House, 147 - 150 Victoria Road, Swindon SN1 3UY Tel: 07768 025398 E-mail: chris.dyer@birmingham.gov.uk or Jill Willis, Market Development Manager, Norwich Union, Tel: 01603 682846 Fax: 01603 682875 E-mail: jillw@norwich-union.co.uk. Copies of the report can be viewed and downloaded via the Crime Concern Website:

www.crimeconcern.org.uk /pubs/youthinsight reportfinal.pdf

This report has been produced as a result of a partnership between Norwich Union and Crime Concern. The report focuses on how young people feel about the rise in crime in society today. It describes their thoughts, fears and experiences of crime, whether they have been a victim themselves or know someone who has. Over 600 young people aged between 13 and 19 from differing social backgrounds were consulted. More than half felt that crime does pay, despite 4 in 5 of them being worried about becoming victims of crime themselves. Many felt that the benefits of crime outweigh the possible consequences, but wanted to see the police doing more to tackle crime. The report also reveals: • While it’s commonplace to hear older generations bemoaning the growing rise in crime, 85% of teenagers also believe that crime is getting worse. • Peer pressure is seen as the most common reason for young people turning to crime (41%), followed closely by boredom (35%).

Young people believe the police should be most active in reducing crime in their area (37%) and a quarter believed that they themselves play a key role in reducing crime. Crime is felt to be a lifestyle choice for one in five young people from socially deprived areas and 94% of these teens have been victims or know victims of crime. When asked whom they most respected, the majority of young people (64%) named their parents. A quarter also considered their parents to be their role models.

The partnership has been responsible for launching the Norwich Union Neighbourhood Apprenticeship Scheme, which empowers individuals to tackle crime in their area by training local people to become neighbourhood apprentices in their own communities. A key element of their work involves engaging young people and working with them to combat some of the pressures and frustrations that can lead to criminal activity.

40

Youth Crime

January 2004

Operation Hawk - Helping Students Stay Safe
Greater Manchester Police

Greater Manchester Police have recently launched an operation under the banner of their successful street crime initiative 'Operation Hawk' to help keep students safe and aware of potential crimes against them. The force's "Wise Up and You'll be Sorted" leaflets have been re-designed in partnership with the students themselves and now feature up-to-date advice on personal safety, property security and accommodation issues. Thousands of key fob bottle openers and plastic carrier bags

featuring crime prevention advice have also been distributed to enforce the safety message.
For more information contact PC Stuart Pizzey MBE, Crime Reduction Adviser, Greater Manchester Police, Bootle Street Police Station, Bootle Street, Manchester M2 5GU Tel: 0161 856 3046

Student Safety File
West Yorkshire Police

West Yorkshire Police have been involved in the design of a competition for students that provides help and advice via the Internet on staying safe. The web campaign ran between September and November 2003 and covered the traditional Freshers Week period, when new students joined the university for the first time. Students carrying out their work experience with the West Yorkshire Police Media Unit were consulted on the design of the website and the result was the introduction of a special section entitled the ‘Student Safety Files’. The site included bullet points on various safety measures, together with a round up of local police initiatives and was advertised via a hardhitting poster and links on the university/college intranet system. In order to gather feedback to help evaluate the project, the site included details of a free prize draw with the chance to win a digital camera and cinema tickets as runner up prizes. Students were able to take part in the prize draw via e-mail and in total the site recorded over 650 entries, with many including constructive comments and

positive feedback. The majority of visitors to the site said they welcomed the on-line help, particularly the fact the information was compact and concise. Most said visiting the section was a positive and useful experience and that they would adopt some of the safety hints. Any points raised by the students, which required a personal response, were followed up by the Crime Prevention Unit. While taking part in the contest, students were asked for their permission to be included on an occasional "student safety" e-mail list with the aim of sending out a regular quarterly update on topical safety issues.
For further information contact Patrick Brooke, Web Communications Manager, Media and PR, West Yorkshire Police Headquarters, PO Box 9, Wakefield WF1 3QP Tel: 01924 292163 E-mail: PB10@westyorkshire.pnn.police.uk or visit the website:

www.westyorkshire.police.uk/student% 20safety/studentfile.htm

January 2004

Youth Crime

41

‘Think Safe Keep Safe’
Devon and Cornwall Constabulary

‘Think Safe Keep Safe’ is a personal safety video and DVD produced by Devon and Cornwall Constabulary aimed at and featuring young people aged 6 - 10 years of age. The video has been designed to help children to be more aware of their surroundings and encourage them to consider their safety in a number of everyday situations, including walking to and from school, dealing with people they don’t know, answering the door safely at home and playing out with friends. Each of these scenarios is covered in the video, together with advice and information on how to stay safe.

The video aims to prompt questions and discussion amongst the young people and to get them to share their ideas and concerns with their friends, families and teachers.
For more information and copies of the video, which runs for 12 minutes or DVD both priced £19.50 including p & p, contact PC Kerry Taylor or PC Hilary Steer, Devon and Cornwall Constabulary, Youth Affairs, Charles Cross Police Station, Hampton Street, Plymouth PL4 8HG Tel: 01752 720585 or Tel: 01752 720579 Fax: 01752 720575

Re-launch of the Student Crime Awareness Publicity Campaign
Home Office

Representatives from universities, the police and student unions in Greater Manchester attended the re-launch of the student crime awareness campaign at Manchester University on 7th November 2003. The launch was attended by Home Office Minister, Hazel Blears and TV personality David Dickinson, whose programme "Bargain Hunt" provided the theme for the campaign. The campaign, which features a new viral game called "Bargain Boost" and a new-look good2bsecure Website (www.good2bsecure.gov.uk), has been re-designed to offer more practical, targeted advice to students on protecting themselves and their property. The game encourages players to compete against each other to win a cash prize as well as dinner with David. The campaign ran during November and December and saw a month of activity across campuses in 11 of the biggest university cities across the country. Awareness raising in the form of advertising on posters, beer mats and door hangers was followed by a week of targeted activity to change behaviour. Crime prevention packs, including timer switches, marker pens and checklists, were distributed to halls of residence and student houses. All communication directed students back to the good2bsecure website for further security information. The campaign was designed to support the work already well established in many universities to tackle student victimisation. Examples of successful student crime reduction initiatives can be found on the new Student Victimisation Mini-site on the Crime Reduction Website: www.crimereduction.gov.uk/minisites.
For further information contact Katie Weeks, Home Office, Crime Reduction Delivery Team, 1st Floor, Allington Towers, 19 Allington Street, London SW1E 5EB Tel: 020 7035 5258 Fax: 020 7035 5280 E-mail: katie.weeks@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

42

Youth Crime

January 2004

Anti-Social Behaviour Drama
Merseyside Police

This initiative, set up by Merseyside Police in partnership with the Local Education Authority, aims to target street crime offences and anti-social behaviour committed by young people, as well as further developing and improving links with primary schools in the St Helen’s area. The initiative involves writing, producing and delivering a play, which is then followed up by a series of workshops with the actors themselves and the police. The aim of the play is to educate year 6 children on the consequences of becoming involved in anti-social behaviour and the impact this has on their community. The play communicates anti-social behaviour messages and is delivered by local performers, who then hold discussion groups with the children about the issues raised. It is hoped that the initiative will provide young people with an increased awareness of court or eviction action that can be taken as a result of becoming involved in anti-social behaviour, as well as improving their attitude on citizenship and the positive ways in which they can contribute to their community.
For further information contact Constable Michelle Harrison, Merseyside Police, St Helen’s Police Station, College Street, St Helen’s, Merseyside WA10 1TG Tel: 0151 777 6883

‘Think About It’ Youth Crime Video
Fife Police

Fife Police have produced a video in partnership with local high schools that aims to show young people the consequences of becoming involved in anti-social behaviour and alcohol and drug abuse. The video was put together as a result of vandalism, alcohol-related violence and anti-social behaviour caused by youths in the area, which was increasing the fear of crime for local residents and having a detrimental affect on the community as a whole. 18 young people were involved in writing and filming the video, which shows the various criminal activities that young people can often become involved in and highlights the consequences and effects this can have on them in later life.

Since the launch of the video, relationships between the young people and the police have improved and nuisance calls have been dramatically reduced. Although the video currently only relates to Scottish law, plans are underway to adapt it so that it is also applicable to English law.
For further information and copies of the video priced £11.00 including postage and packing contact PC Mark Maylin, Fife Police, Dalgety Bay Police Station, Regent’s Way, Dalgety Bay KY11 9UY Tel: 01383 318900 Fax: 01383 822004 E-mail: mark.maylin@fife.pnn.police.uk

January 2004

Digest Items

43

Index

Index
A
alcohol ........................9, 11, 21, 22, 23, 26, 27, ....................................................30, 37, 39, 43 anti-social behaviour ..................1, 5, 11, 12, 13, ..............14, 15, 16, 24, 28, 29, 31, 32, 38, 40, 43

S
Secured by Design .........................................19 Security ........4, 10, 13, 17, 33, 34, 37, 38, 41, 42 Sexual Offences .............................................33 Students .....................17, 22, 26, 27, 28, 31, 33, .....................................................36, 38, 41, 42

B
Burglary .........................................5, 17, 23, 38 Business Crime ..........................................2, 18 campaign ........................................................3 community .........................1, 4, 5, 8, 14, 15, 17, ....................................................23, 39, 40, 43

V
Vehicle Crime .....................................29, 35, 38 Violence ..............................5, 19, 20, 26, 37, 43

W
Website................................................4, 10, 13, .............18, 21, 24, 27, 34, 36, 37, 39, 40, 41, 42

C
Community Safety ...........................................1 Credit Cards .........................................2, 24, 30

Y
Youth Crime.................27, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43

D
damage .............................................13, 24, 32 Distraction Burglary ........................................5 Domestic Violence ...............................5, 19, 20 Drugs .......................................11, 15, 21, 30, 37 Drugs & Alcohol ............................................19

F
fear of crime ....................................................1

G
Grants ...........................................................28

H
Hate Crime ....................................................31

I
Internet ..............................................12, 38, 41

M
mobile phone ..............................20, 32, 33, 36

P
Problem-oriented Policing .......................25, 28 public transport ..............................9, 13, 15, 37

44

Index

January 2004

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