Information Digest

“To reduce crime and the fear of crime, tackle youth crime and violent, sexual and drug-related crime, anti-social behaviour and disorder, increasing safety in the home and public spaces.”
Home Office Aim 1

This statement confirms our joint commitment to reduce crime and disorder. The Digest is published quarterly and aims to support crime reduction/community safety practitioners in police and local authorities working in statutory partnerships by facilitating information exchange. The Digest is a forum for your initiatives and experiences. Its success depends on you, the practitioners, contributing your articles. Deadline for copy is given below. Articles MUST be submitted by this date. So that everyone can benefit from your work and experience, we ask contributors to consider both what worked and what didn’t work within their projects. Projects may be well conceived and still not achieve all their aims; this does not mean they have failed. Please be brave enough to discuss what aspects did not achieve the expected outcomes. Include as much information as you can, covering the analysis of the problem and how it was identified, the response devised and how it was implemented and an assessment of the final outcomes.

The inclusion of material in the Digest or reference to any products/services does not signify that they have been tested or evaluated. Nor should inclusion be thought to confer ‘official’ approval.
You can reproduce material from this Digest, but we ask that you reference CRC and the originating organisation as the source, do not use the information out of context and that there are no charges connected with the reproduction of the material.

April 2004
The next Digest will be with you in July ‘04.

Centre Staff
Director Steve Trimmins Human Resources Ann Keen Support Services Liz Walton Pam Foster Adrienne Jowitt-Thrall Mark Ledder Ruth Whitaker Training Resource Solutions Martin Jones Simon Jones Michael Hawtin Lyndsey Ibbotson Information Services Jane Carpenter Stuart Charman Richard Cox John Goldsbrough Abby Hickman Jane Jones Kathleen Noble Richard Wales Training Team David Fernley Gill Archibald June Armstrong Janet Caton Dee Cooley Martin Fenlon Amanda Form Christine Morrison Jason Roach Kim Sutton

All contributions must be submitted by May 28th 2004.
Contributions to: Richard Cox
Information Services Team

Tel: 01347 825065 Fax: 01347 825097
Home Office Crime Reduction Centre The Hawkhills, Easingwold, York YO61 3EG Tel: 01347 825060 Fax: 01347 825099 E-mail: crc@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

Editor Richard Cox

Design/Production Michael Hawtin

For Training or General Enquiries: Tel: 01347 825060

April 2004





You’re a Winner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 Crime Reduction Website Refreshed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 Centre News . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 CRC Associate Trainer Award . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 City of London lead force role . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 New powers help communities continue crackdown on Anti-Social Behaviour . . . . . . .7 Compact Mediation Scheme . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7 20 Arrests a day - Crimestoppers announces new figures showing increase in calls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 E-tailing Mini site . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 Motor Salvage Operators Regulations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9

Partnership Working


Home Office Good Practice Seminars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10 Branding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11 Community Safety in Hyndburn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12

Ideas and Initiatives


Avon & Somerset puts Bristol’s students in space . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13 HRH the Princess Royal Presents International Community Justice Awards . . . . . . . . .13 Car Thefts reduced due to pioneering scheme helping motorists at risk . . . . . . . . . . .14 Domestic Violence Alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14 Tackling Beauty Spot & Rural Car Park Crime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14 Change for the Better . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15 Eagles Soaring to Slam Dunk Crime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15 Operation Eskell . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16 Phone Centre is tackling crime and fear of crime for senior citizens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16 Leeds Distraction Burglary Community Initiative . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17 Vehicle Crime Prevention Letter Scheme . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17 Safer Homes Initiative . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18 Enhancing Police and Private Security Visibility Within the West End of London . . . . .18 Travel Safe - Taxi Stewarding Initiative . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19

Any views expressed in this publication are those of the authors and may not necessarily reflect Home Office or Government policy.



April 2004



Protecting Children Online . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20 Think Thief - A Designer’s Guide to Designing Out Crime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20 ‘Cannabis is STILL Illegal’ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20 Frank Action Update - Cannabis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21 In the Bag . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21 Police Officers Guide to Ultraviolet Security Markings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22 Forensic Psychology: Concepts, debates and practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22 ‘Watch Over Me’ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23



Violence at Home . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24 Quarterly Crime Statistics: January 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25 Alcohol audits, strategies and initiatives: lessons from Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnerships. Home Office Development and Practice Report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25 Alcohol and violence Findings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26 Crime Reduction Programme: An Evaluation of Community Service Pathfinders Project Final Report 2002 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26 Drugs, Young People and Service Provision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27 Acceptable Behaviour Contracts addressing anti-social behaviour in the London Borough of Islington . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28

Talking Shop

Each article in the Digest is highlighted with an icon which will define the product described in that article. They are: Campaign/ Initiative Publication

‘Best’ Practice? Finding your way through the fog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27 Criminology Corner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28

The Digest - previous issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30 CPI Form . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31


Website/ Electronic Information General/ Exchange of Ideas/ Conferences

April 2004




You're a winner!
Thank you to everyone who took the time to complete the questionnaire included in January's Digest and online at the Crime Reduction Website. We had a good response and received lots of useful feedback that we can build on to make sure we provide the best services we can. The winner of the prize draw to win a digital camera was Richard Bartram of Sussex Police. Congratulations to Richard, your Canon Powershot camera will be with you very soon. We've already started to act on the feedback we received from you. As you'll see from this edition of the Digest, we've changed the format and introduced some new features and ideas. We've also changed the Crime Reduction Website to make it easier for you to find what you're looking for. You can read more about the changes to the site on the next page. One common theme in lots of the completed questionnaires was that many of you weren't aware of the full range of services provided by the Centre's Information Services Team. As well as producing the Digest and managing the Crime Reduction Website, we have a dedicated team of three staff who provide a crime reduction enquiries service for crime reduction practitioners from the Police, Partnerships, voluntary sector and other agencies and organisations.

Need information on crime reduction?

Let us help you!
April 2004

We respond to over 700 enquiries per month and can provide you with the latest information on crime reduction/community safety initiatives and projects, Home Office and other crime reduction research, practice reports and publications.
Contact the team on Tel: 01347 825058 or via e-mail: crc@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

01347 825058 crc@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk
4 News

Crime Reduction Website Refreshed
The Crime Reduction Website(CRW) has been much used over the past three years and has grown from a small set of information pages to a large website populated with a wealth of information. As the site has grown, we know that it has become progressively harder to find the right piece of information that you’re looking for. A recent audit of the site confirmed this when it found the site to have “very good content that, on the whole, is very well written and is to be commended” but that “it can prove difficult for the user to find the resources that are most appropriate”. We’ve now taken a long, hard look at the site, spoken to users and developed a new-look CRW with a totally re-vamped way of browsing around the site that we think will be much easier to use. Information on the site is now sorted into the following 8 categories: • News • Ideas & Initiatives • Publications & Publicity • Learning • Research • Mini-sites • Links • Discussion Forum Some of these will be familiar to regular site users, but some categories are brand new. News will allow you see the latest crime-based news releases from around the UK. Ideas & Initiatives will let you see what has been tried elsewhere and get a few fresh ideas, without having to re-invent the wheel. Publications & Publicity will combine all the guidance, journals, consultations and publicity materials that have been published recently. Research will bring together all the latest research and crime statistics both from the UK and abroad. As well as changing the way you can browse around the site, we’ve also replaced and revamped the search engine. Our new search facility will let you know what type of file you’ve found and how relevant it is to your search. Most importantly, the new search engine has been significantly tweaked so that it should find exactly what you’re after more frequently than the previous engine. You can also choose to exclude the Toolkits and Audits & Strategies from your searches - something that feedback has told us is a bugbear for some of you. The third part of the refresh has been to revise the way that pages are laid out, making them clearer. We’ll still be picking up information from sources all around the UK and overseas - and publishing anything we think might be of use or interest to you as a crime reduction practitioner. So take the time to visit the Crime Reduction Website at www.crimereduction.gov.uk and let us know what you think of the new site.

Stuart Charman, Webmaster, Crime Reduction Centre, The Hawkhills, Easingwold, York, YO61 3EG Tel: 01347 825064 E-mail: Stuart.Charman @homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

Centre News
Congratulations to Simon and Jane Jones on the birth of their daughter. Elleanor Charlotte Elizabeth Jones arrived safely on the 22nd January weighing 6 lbs. 11oz. Pamela Foster joined the Crime Reduction Centre in February as Support Services manager. She previously worked for Halifax PLC as a Business Banking Advisor. Prior to this Pam was at Leicester University where she studied Psychology. Martin Jones joined Training Resource Solutions (TRS) in January as Team Leader. Before joining the Centre, Martin worked for a training company in the private sector working in a variety of areas including the design and development of computer-based training products, training consultancy and project management.

April 2004



CRC Associate Trainer Award
2342 and rising... We have nearly completed the regional roll-out of the Associate Trainer award and have trained 195 people who are now able to deliver the “Introduction to Crime & Disorder Reduction” one-day course to practitioners. Over 2342 certificates have been issued to participants on the course and feedback continues to be very positive. Our aim over the last year was to work with Government Offices (GOs) for the Regions to make sure each region has a pool of Associate Trainers it can use to help skill-up members of crime & disorder reduction partnerships. More recently, Associate Trainers have delivered the pack to a wider audience, including elected members. Our aim over the coming year is to work more closely with the GOs to help support Associate Trainers. CRC is aiming to become a City & Guilds Centre and we are
planning to pilot an Advanced Associate Trainer Award based on a professional training qualification. Martin Fenlon, who leads on the Associate Trainer award for CRC, says “we have built a good foundation with the network of Associate Trainers in every region. We now need to support them by providing new training materials adapted to the needs of different audiences that promote good practice.” The Associate Trainer programme will continue to play a significant role in CRC’s developing role as the national hub of good practice in crime & disorder reduction.

For more information contact: Martin Fenlon, Training Team, Crime Reduction Centre, The Hawkhills, Easingwold, York, North Yorkshire, YO61 3EG Tel: 01347 825076 E-mail: martin.fenlon@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

City of London lead force role
Home Office & Corporation of London

The fight against fraud will be boosted by a £2 million cash injection from April 2004. In December 2003 Home Office Minister Caroline Flint announced that the City of London Police will receive additional funding so that they can take the lead in investigating fraudsters and complex fraud cases. The additional investment of £2 million per year - provided by the Home Office and the Corporation of London - will support the expansion of the City of London Police fraud squad. This will be backed by a further one-off payment of £1 million from the Home Office to fund the capital costs of expansion. This funding is not time limited. The Home Office and the Corporation of London have agreed to provide £1m each in the first year, index linked (to the annual increase in the Home Office provision for police funding) for future years. The City of London Police operate within London’s ‘square mile’ and have built up a wealth of expertise in investigating complex fraud cases. Their expertise and experience will now be used to uncover and prosecute serious fraud wherever it occurs in the South East - not just the City. This is a significant increase in resources and expertise dedicated to fighting fraud, enabling the police to step up and speed up investigations. The City’s expanded Economic Crime Basic Command Unit will provide police resources for the majority of Serious Fraud Office (SFO) cases and take the lead on all fraud investigations across the South East. City Police will also assist other forces by investigating complex fraud cases that fall outside SFO criteria. The City of London Police will be the first force to be recognised as a ‘lead force’, as outlined in the recent Green Paper on Policing: Building Safer Communities Together.
For further information about the City of London Police lead force role please contact Sue Griffiths in the Home Office Business Crime team, 1st Floor, 85 Buckingham Gate, London, SW1E 6PD Tel: 020 7411 5594 E-mail: susan.griffiths@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk



April 2004

New powers help communities continue crackdown on Anti-Social Behaviour
Home Office

The single biggest package of measures to tackle anti-social behaviour has come into force. These new powers are being introduced after Government consultation with communities and practitioners. The powers are part of the Government’s national ‘Together’ campaign, which follows the establishment last year of the Government’s Anti-Social Behaviour Unit based at the Home Office and the publication of the Together Action Plan in October 2004. The powers are contained in the Anti-Social Behaviour Act 2003 and include: • giving county councils and housing action trusts permission to apply for anti-social behaviour orders to help tackle nuisance neighbours • closure of crack houses • dispersal of groups causing harassment or intimidation • restrictions on ownership of airguns • a new offence of possession of an air weapon or replica firearm in a public place without reasonable excuse • a ban on the sale and manufacture of high powered air weapons • extending penalty notices for disorder to 16 and 17-year-olds • lifting automatic reporting restrictions on anti-social behaviour orders on conviction in youth court.

Details of the Anti-Social Behaviour Act 2003 can be found at the Home Office website:

www.homeoffice.gov.uk/ docs2/asb_act.html

Compact Mediation Scheme
The Compact Mediation Scheme was introduced in early 2003 to provide an independent mediation service to settle disputes that arise between government and the voluntary and community sector related to the Compact at both central and regional level. The “Compact on Relations between Government and the Voluntary and Community Sector in England” and Codes of Good Practice (covering Black and Minority Ethnic groups, Consultation, Funding, Volunteering and Community groups,) is a set of principles and undertakings that provide a framework for how the Government and the voluntary and community sectors should work together. From 7 April 2004, the Home Office is extending the scope of the Compact Mediation Scheme to cover disputes around Local Compacts. Mediation is a method of alternative dispute resolution (ADR). Government has pledged to use ADR in all suitable cases wherever the other party accepts it. In mediation the parties themselves, with the help of a neutral mediator, work out a mutually acceptable solution. Mediation is: • voluntary - both sides must agree to go to mediation • private and confidential • affordable and cost-effective • conducted by a fully trained professional mediator • leads to a rapid and binding solution (about 80% of mediations settle in one day) • it can help to ensure continued positive relationships Currently over four in five local authority areas have a Local Compact (involving local public bodies such as Learning and Skills Councils, Primary Care Trusts and NHS Trusts and voluntary and community groups) and it is expected that remaining areas will begin work on one by April 2004. It is at local level that government and the sector have the most interaction and therefore potential for conflict. To address this gap in the scheme, mediation is now being offered as an option for dealing with disputes between local public bodies and the local voluntary and community sector.

If you want to find out more about the scheme and Local Compacts, you can visit the following websites:

www.cedr-solve.com/ compact www.thecompact.org.uk www.lga.gov.uk/ OurWork.asp?lsection =59&ccat=258

April 2004



20 Arrests a day - Crimestoppers announces new figures showing increase in calls
Crimestoppers Trust

For further information contact Jane Reay at Crimestoppers Trust, E-mail: jane.reay@ crimestoppers-uk.org Tel: 0208 254 3240

2003 was one of the most successful years in the Crimestoppers Trust’s 15 year history. New figures released in January show that both the number of calls and arrests reached recorded highs. Calls to the Crimestoppers number increased by 24% since 2002, while arrests were up 22%, leading to the recovery of £5million worth of property and £15 million worth of drugs. This new volume of calls means that every day, around 20 people are arrested and charged as a result of information given to Crimestoppers, which also plays a vital role in making Britain’s communities safer from violent crime. Every 5 days, somebody is charged with murder following calls to Crimestoppers, totalling over 65 arrests throughout the year. Since it began in 1988, Crimestoppers has received over 640,000 calls with useful information, resulting in over 57,000 arrests and charges. Over £65 million worth of property and over £84 million worth of drugs have been recovered.

E-tailing Mini site
Home Office Business Crime Team

...provides advice on buying and selling safely on-line...

A Mini-site dedicated to good practice in e-tailing was added to the existing Mini-sites on the Crime Reduction Website early in January. The new Mini-site, created by the Home Office Business Crime Team, brings together a wealth of existing information on electronic crime prevention in one place. E-tailing, or e-commerce, is business conducted over an electronic network where the buyer and seller are not at the same location, for example plastic card transactions via the internet. This type of transaction can present opportunities for ‘card not present’ fraud, i.e. fraud that happens when the card or its holder are not present at the point of sale. Card fraud in Britain cost £424.6m in 2002 (the most recent figures available) and around £28m of that total was fraud committed over the internet (7% of all card fraud losses that year). This type of fraud generally happens because card details, which have been obtained fraudulently are then used to make a purchase. Card details can be taken from discarded receipts or may be copied down without the cardholder’s knowledge. The genuine cardholder may not be aware that a fraud has been committed until they see their statement. The idea for the e-tailing Mini-site came out of discussions at the Home Office chaired E-tailing consultation group. The Group, which includes representatives from other Government departments and business looked at ways to combat new crime threats from e-tailing. A wealth of information and advice on safe internet trading already exists, and the consultation group suggested pulling it together on the Crime Reduction Website. The new Mini-site provides summaries of, and links to, examples of good practice in e-tailing which have been produced by both government and business. It provides advice on buying and selling safely on-line and contains information aimed at consumers, retailers and crime reduction practitioners. A large amount of fraud can be prevented if consumers and retailers take simple measures to protect themselves. Many of the publications referred to on the site suggest steps that consumers and retailers can take to improve security and help reduce fraud.
For further information about the mini site please contact Sue Griffiths in the Home Office Business Crime team, 1st Floor, 85 Buckingham Gate, London, SW1E 6PD Tel: 020 7411 5594 E-mail: susan.griffiths@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

Or visit the site at: www.crimereduction.gov.uk/etailing



April 2004

Motor Salvage Operators Regulations
Home Office, Vehicle Crime Reduction Unit

Rogue motor salvage operators are behind a high proportion of organised car crime in the UK. We now have the law we need to tackle them, as successes in the City of Salford show. Some 78,000 stolen vehicles and up to 12,000 vehicles, which have been the subject of insurance fraud, are believed to enter the motor salvage industry each year. Many are broken up to supply the lucrative business in second hand parts or to be given apparently legitimate identities (a process known as “ringing”). The scale of the problem justified statutory regulation of the industry, which was achieved with the Vehicles (Crime) Act 2001. The provisions of Part One of the Act were implemented in October 2002 with the coming into force of the Motor Salvage Operators Regulations. These require compulsory Local Authority registration of any business involved in dismantling vehicles or trading in insurance write-offs and for motor salvage operators to pass a “fit and proper” test before their business is registered. The Regulations also require operators to keep records of purchases and sales and allow police access at any reasonable time (without a warrant) to inspect vehicles or records. The 2001 Act also created a series of criminal offences. One of the aims of the legislation was to drive criminals out of the motor salvage

industry. Current information suggests that around 400 operators are now registered but more are trading illegally and it is these businesses in particular that local authorities and the police working together need to target to make the legislation bite. It can be done. Salford City Council is one example of successful joint working, which involved establishing protocols to exchange information, building an effective intelligence database on motor salvage operators and monitoring the movement of vehicles in their area. Here, funding obtained from the Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnership by Trading Standards has financed two additional Crime and Disorder Enforcement Officers who effectively manage the Register. Within weeks of their appointment, these officers, working closely with the police, identified two illegal operators, who have since been arrested and a substantial number of stolen vehicles recovered. An update will feature in a forthcoming edition of the Digest The Organised Vehicle Crime Section (OVCS) of the National Criminal Intelligence Service (NCIS) continues to monitor the effects of this legislation and provides good practice advice and assistance with implementing it.
OVCS can be contacted on Tel: 020 7238 8467

...the problem justified statutory regulation of the industry, which was achieved with the Vehicles (Crime) Act 2001. The provisions of Part One of the Act were implemented in October 2002 with the coming into force of the Motor Salvage Operators Regulations.

April 2004



Pa r t n e r s h i p Wo r k i n g

Home Office Good Practice Seminars
Home Office Crime Reduction Centre

The Crime Reduction Centre (CRC) co-ordinated the planning and delivery of a series of Good Practice Seminars aimed at Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnerships on a range of crime reduction topics. The aim of the seminars was to highlight good practice in crime reduction by raising the understanding of the issues, offering practical solutions and promoting the development of local structures to support crime reduction delivery. The outputs from the seminars can be found on the Crime Reduction Website at: www.crimereduction.gov.uk Usually each seminar offered 2 keynote addresses covering key issues in the subject area and delegates were offered 2 workshops from a choice of 4 (each workshop was run twice). Other seminars have included a drama presentation with discussion (Domestic Violence) and a panel discussion (Partnership Working). In
Programme Topics and Dates
Subjects Information Sharing Domestic Violence Date Location 15.05.03 Derby 12.06.03 Manchester

addition, delegates were able to browse the Crime Reduction Website and various publications. The seminars also offered ample opportunities for networking and sharing ideas. A report of each seminar has been placed on the Crime Reduction Website at www.crimereduction.gov.uk/ seminars

Seminar Aims • to examine the keys issues in the topic area. • to outline what is needed to deal effectively with the topic area. • to look at a range of tools needed to draw together an effective policy and strategy on the topic. • to provide a forum for practitioners from around the country to share successful ideas, explore problems and barriers to success, and learn from each other's experience.

Project Management & Evaluation 10.07.03 Coventry Robbery & Street Crime Partnership Working Violent Crime Community Engagement Problem Solving Youth Issues 16.10.03 Bristol 13.11.03 London 11.12.03 Manchester 15.01.04 Coventry 12.02.04 Leeds 11.03.04 Bristol

In 2004/2005 the format for the seminars is changing. Instead of one day seminars, there will be four two-day seminars. These will be held in June, September, December and March. The two-day seminars will allow delegates to looks at issues in more depth and will be based around important single issues or themes, which show how different approaches can be linked. The programme will be published soon.

For more information contact: Dee Cooley, Training Team, Crime Reduction Centre, The Hawkhills, Easingwold, York, North Yorkshire, YO61 3EG Tel: 01347 825050 E-mail: dee.cooley@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk


Partnership Working

April 2004

Safer Swansea

Successful partnership working involves all the key agencies and shows them united together for a common cause. It is therefore important that staff in all the agencies can identify with an umbrella organisation, which includes their agencies, such as Safer Swansea. It was vital that all agencies felt that they belonged to Safer Swansea and that it, in turn, belonged to them. To achieve this, Safer Swansea deliberately started marketing the partnership and branding its image. The importance of a brand image can be seen on television, in the press or on billboards because it helps to sell an "ideal". For Safer Swansea, a key element of successful branding was the effective use of a logo on as many partnership initiatives as possible to show the agencies and public that there was one common identity for all. This helped to maximise the exposure of the message without it being confused by too many agency logos or crests. This helped Safer Swansea to move away from individual agencies trying to gain glory but instead showed them standing together in good times and bad. Use of the logo demonstrates the belief and dedication that all the agencies have in the partnership and their shared goals. The brand image for Safer Swansea set the partnership free from any disillusionment or bad experiences that some people may have had with the partner agencies. The media was also crucial in Swansea and the local ‘South Wales Evening Post’ has a fortnightly page dedicated to the partnership and its crime reduction quality of life issues. The Safer Swansea message can also be heard in news articles and campaign advertisements on the local radio station, ‘Sound Wave’. The Safer Swansea logo is proudly promoted on the Fire, Police and Council fleet vehicles, banners posters, mugs pens, to show the importance of joint working

by the use of a simple logo. Safer Swansea is about improving the quality of life for the people of Swansea and by the partner agencies and organisations uniting under one banner it shows business and the community that they are working together to make Swansea a safer place.

For further Information contact: Bryan Heard, Safer Swansea Community Sergeant, Partnership Office, Sketty Police Station, c/o Cockett Police Station, John Street, Cockett, Swansea, SA2 0FR Tel: 01792 562 888

April 2004

Partnership Working


Community Safety in Hyndburn
Hyndburn Community Safety Partnership

The Community Safety Partnership (CSP) in Hyndburn held a ‘promoting partnership working and community safety’ event in Accrington town centre during the first week of December 2003. The event was organised jointly with the Equality and Diversity Unit of the National Probation Service Lancashire (NPS) and used the unit’s newly commissioned Exhibition Trailer to great effect. The NPS acquired the trailer as part of their ‘Access to all Areas’ project, which was launched in August 2003. The project aims to use the trailer to reach out to those sections of the community that are not engaging with services and to raise the profile of, and highlight, the broad range of services offered by the NPS. The Hyndburn CSP felt that the trailer could be used to effectively promote the work of the partnership and pass on basic community safety information to the public. The joint event took place in Accrington town centre during December 2003, which was a very busy period with shoppers and therefore an ideal opportunity to attract greater numbers of the public. The Exhibition Trailer was positioned in a prime town centre location and a total of 18 voluntary and statutory organisations were involved in the event. The public were given information about all the services involved and promotional gifts were provided for young people. The information handed out ranged from security in the home to drugs and alcohol (including the national ‘FRANK’ campaign information leaflets). During the five days, the event attracted almost two thousand people and all involved considered it to be a great success. The event highlighted the potential of ‘going out’ to the community and further events are being planned by the CSP in other locations in the borough. The feedback received from the public has also been very positive. It provided an opportunity for them to ask questions about what the CSP was doing in reducing crime and talk about issues affecting them in their neighbourhoods. The co-ordination of this initiative is a good example of effective partnership working between different agencies and the CSP demonstrating how working together can make Hyndburn a safer place to live, work and visit.
For further information contact P.C. Richard Green, Partnership Officer, Hyndburn First, Suite 16, The Globe Centre, Accrington, BB5 ORE. Tel: 01254 600640 E-mail: richard.green@hyndburnfirst.co.uk


Partnership Working

April 2004

I d e a s a n d I n i t i a t i ve s

Avon & Somerset puts Bristol’s students in space
Avon & Somerset Constabulary

Avon & Somerset Constabulary has teamed up with a Bristol storage provider “Spaces personal Storage” to offer students in the city storage facilities for their possessions over the holiday periods. As part of the Student Crime Reduction Initiative the scheme has been running since summer 2003. The aim of the scheme is to reduce the number of students who become victims of crime by providing education and advice on how to protect their belongings.

Students who sign up for the scheme are charged depending on the amount of goods to be stored. Arrangements are then made to collect their possessions and provide secure storage for the requested period of time.
For more information contact: Heather Thomas, Student Crime Reduction Co-ordinator, Avon and Somerset Constabulary, University of Bristol, Security Offices, Royal Fort Lodge, Tyndall Avenue, Clifton, Bristol BS8 1UH Tel: 0117 331 1187 E-mail: heather.thomas@bristol.ac.uk

HRH the Princess Royal Presents International Community Justice Awards
National Probation Service

Her Royal Highness the Princess Royal presented the International Community Justice Awards during Probation 2004, an international 3 day conference hosted by the National Probation Service for England and Wales. Innovation and best practice in probation work around the world were honoured by the Princess with the presentation of awards. Probation 2004 was held, from 28 - 30 Jan 2004 at the Queen Elizabeth II Conference Centre in London. Its focus was the future of crime and punishment in different countries and an exploration of the best ways of reducing re-offending, cutting crime and reducing its impact on victims and society. The winners and runners-up included 9 individuals and 10 organisations, representing probation work in the UK, Europe, Australasia and Africa. Awards were made in 10 different categories: • pioneer individual • pioneer organisation • outstanding administrative worker • outstanding supporting role • outstanding manager • outstanding campaigner • breaking new ground • social inclusion • public protection • persistent offending. Pioneer awards went to Lesotho,UK, Bulgaria and Estonia.
For more information on the International Community Justice Awards visit the National Probation Service Website - www.probation.homeoffice.gov.uk

April 2004

Ideas and Initiatives


Car Thefts reduced due to pioneering scheme helping motorists at risk
Sunderland Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnership

For more information contact Alan Mitchell, Community Safety Co-ordinator, City Of Sunderland, PO Box 100, Civic Centre, Sunderland, SR2 7DN Tel: 0191 553 1149 E-mail: alan.mitchell @sunderland.gov.uk

A Government funded scheme handing out free car locks to at risk motorists is reaping rewards with support from the Sunderland Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnership. The initiative targeted the owners of cars registered between 1990-1995, which are deemed most at risk of being stolen and is centred in the Millfield area of Sunderland. A grant of £12,500 from the Neighbourhood Renewal Fund (NRF) paid for 480 locks to be handed out to motorists

in Millfield. Latest police figures are reporting that the number of thefts of vehicles in the area is down by a significant 26.5 % in comparison to last year figures. Research shows that older vehicles are most at risk of being stolen because they do not have the security devices that are built into newer cars on the market. A similar scheme in Southwick led to a 48% reduction in the theft of vehicles.

Domestic Violence Alarms
South Division Lincolnshire Police and Local Authority Care Centre South Kesteven District Council

For more information contact: Keith Weightman, Lincolnshire Police, South Division Headquarters, St Catherine’s Road, Grantham, NG31 9DD Tel: 01476 403 332 Fax: 01476 403 229

Lincolnshire Police, in partnership with the local authority, introduced a pilot scheme in 2003 to fit and install alarms to provide reassurance as well as evidence gathering to victims of domestic violence. Initially, the system was introduced to provide help for elderly people living alone but, through partnership agreement, funds were forwarded to the local authority to provide this facility for victims of domestic violence as well. The Local Authority Care Centre fit telephone alarms operated by a panic button worn around the neck or on the phone itself, fitted with a loud speaker, which when activated, opens up a direct line of communication between the care centre and the client. During 2003 there were 68 alarms installed for domestic violence reassurance, bogus officials and witness protection. The alarms are installed for six weeks following the incident, the scheme has proved so successful that further funding is being allocated for 2004.

Tackling Beauty Spot & Rural Car Park Crime
Sussex Police

The Community Safety department of Sussex Police has produced a new leaflet on tackling beauty spot and rural car park crime. Aimed at authorities who manage rural car parks and police managers, the leaflet outlines the principles of Crime Prevention Through

Environmental Design (CPTED)as well as more traditional methods. The importance of boundary treatment is discussed, together with barrier types, natural surveillance and the introduction of capable guardians. Several police initiatives are also detailed.
For further information and a copy of this leaflet contact: Martin Garrad, Crime Prevention Design Adviser, Community Safety Department, New Town, Uckfield, East Sussex, TN22 5DL Tel: 01444 445 893 E-mail: martin.garrad@sussex.police.uk


Ideas and Initiatives

April 2004

Change for the Better
Leeds Community Safety Partnership

The Change for the Better initiative run by the Leeds Community Safety Partnership aims to reduce the number of beggars on the City’s streets. The public are urged not to give money to beggars and are encouraged to use the new specially designed donation boxes located in key places around the city. Since its launch in October 2003, thirteen boxes have been sited at a variety of city centre locations, three further boxes are scheduled to be installed including one at one of the city’s hospitals. Plans are to locate further boxes at begging “hot spots” such as near to automatic cash machines. Street Wardens empty the boxes every week. The total collected up to January 2004 was £883 . 07. The funds are being managed by Leeds Voice who make grants to local charities working with homeless people. The initiative was launched with a hard-hitting radio and poster campaign and information was given to all council employees with their wage slips. Plans are being developed to follow the initial publicity campaign with a series of bus shelter adverts throughout 2004. Recent feedback indicated that some people were unsure what the boxes are for. To address this, posters explaining the scheme have been fixed above the boxes. Leeds Community Safety Partnership recognises that there is no “quick fix” to the problem of begging and that a co-ordinated, long-term approach is necessary. The Change for the Better scheme forms part of the overall approach to addressing the issue and a strategic framework for addressing Street User Issues is being developed.

For further information contact Louise Hackett, Street Users Strategic Coordinator, Leeds Community Safety, Leeming House, Vicar Lane, Leeds, LS2 7JF Tel: 0113 395 0821 E-mail: louise.hackett@leeds.gov.uk

Eagles Soaring to Slam Dunk Crime
Castle Morpeth Crime & Disorder Reduction Partnership & Positive Futures

Budding young basketball players have been fighting for the chance to compete in a major tournament at the Telewest Arena in front of a 2000 strong crowd, thanks to an innovative crime-fighting scheme. Hundreds of young people in Northumberland were given the chance-ofa-lifetime to train with the Newcastle Eagles and play in a major tournament thanks to Positive Futures, a scheme from the Castle Morpeth Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnership. Aimed at 10-19 year olds, Positive Futures is a partnership between the Home Office, Sport England and the Youth Justice Board. Covering targeted wards in Castle Morpeth, Wansbeck, Blyth and Alnwick the scheme worked on the ethos that sport takes kids from the streets while boosting self-worth and steering them away from crime. Positive Futures also aims to tackle drug and alcohol abuse while urging youngsters to say no to smoking in a bid to persuade them to adopt healthier lifestyles. The 2004 Coalfield Basketball School’s League has just been launched with the

help of Newcastle Eagles Basketball player/coach Fab Flournoy, who visited the schools to urge young people to take part. Exceeding all expectations more than 200 children turned up at the first session in Amble. These included young people referred from the Youth Offending Team and Police, who were deemed most at risk of becoming involved in crime. The young basketball players formed teams to compete in four events early in the New Year. Games were held throughout February and March culminating in the grand final on March 26 at the Telewest Arena in Newcastle. Each participant received a certificate signed by Newcastle Eagles and the top teams presented with medals and trophies. Figures released by the Home Office this summer showed a significant drop in crime in Castle Morpeth. The figures, which compare crime levels from April 1 to June 30 2002 with the same period for 2003 show that the number of domestic burglaries is down by 45 %, vehicle crime is down by 16 % and overall crime is down by 14 %.

For more information contact Joanne Hand, Positive Futures, Castle Morpeth Borough Council, The Kylins, Morpeth, Northumberland, NE61 2EX, Tel: 01670 535 189 E-mail: joanne.hand @castlemorpeth.gov.uk Or Andrew Tunnah, Positive Futures Co-ordinator E-mail: andrew.tunnah @castlemorpeth.gov.uk

April 2004

Ideas and Initiatives


Operation Eskell
West Midlands Police

For further information contact Sgt Karl Fryer, Community Safety Bureau, Wednesfield Police Station, West Midlands Police, Wolverhampton, WV11 1XU Tel: 0845 113 5000 ext 6576 E-mail: k.fryer @west-midlands.police.uk

Operation Eskell started in September 2002 in response to burglary dwelling house offences in the Wolverhampton East Operation Command Unit (OCU)- West Midlands Police. The operation set out to reduce the offences using a targeted approach, in line with the National Intelligence Model, and later fell in line with the force initiative Operation Safer Homes. A crime reduction officer visited every victim of burglary dwelling and, because the OCU crime reduction officer was not able to visit every house because of other work, three police constables have been trained and seconded to ‘Eskell’. Working on a rota, their role is to visit every burglary dwelling offence at the original report stage, where this was not possible, visits were made as soon as possible. The first step is to begin the investigation, preserving the scene, recording the incident and taking statements. Then a crime reduction survey is carried out on the attacked premises to identify any other weaknesses in security. The officers leave a contact number so that the injured party can make contact to arrange for Smart water property marking of new items, digital photographs of property can also be taken. The crime reduction officer makes house to house enquiries and gives security advice packs to neighbours. Any intelligence gained from these visits is recorded onto the force information management system. Where premises are owned by social landlords the relevant agency is contacted to carry out repairs to an agreed standard set out by the OCU crime reduction officer. If the victim is considered to be vulnerable, either by age or behaviour, then a referral is also made to the relevant agencies Working in partnership with the Local Authority a number of Care Link alarms have been purchased. These are installed in attacked premises by the local authority on the request of the officer. These alarms are monitored at the City Council’s 24 hour control room and on activation the police respond in accordance with force policy. A WC 202 supplementary crime report has been adapted so that all of the above investigations can be monitored. As a result of this operation and targeted patrols there has been a reduction of 18% in repeat victims and the average rate has dropped to 10.7%.

Phone Centre is tackling crime and fear of crime for senior citizens
Aberdeen Safer Community Trust For further information contact Louise Beattie, Senior Citizen’s Assistance Network Call Centre, The Former Police Office, Pennan Road, Tillydrone, Aberdeen, AB24 2UA Tel: 01224 495 252 E-mail: scan@absafe.org.uk or contact Dougie Duthie, Aberdeen Safer Community Trust, Room SG19, Aberdeen College, Gallowgate Centre, Aberdeen, AB25 1BN Tel: 01224 646 461 Fax: 01224 646 353 E-mail: info@absafe.org.uk

Distraction theft, bogus workmen and harassment are just a few of the challenges that elderly people may have to face in their homes. A call centre in Aberdeen is tackling this problem by making it easier for them to get help. Irrespective of the problem, the senior citizens of Aberdeen are encouraged to telephone a local number where volunteers talk to them and help resolve the difficulty. Call centre staff have access to an ever-increasing database that currently holds details of over 175 agencies and organisations. Many perform different functions. Often multiple agencies are involved. The scheme, which was introduced in early 2003 means that senior citizens are able to check out visitors with

just one telephone call, details of the number are displayed on the handset of a telephone in the form of a sticker. The success of the scheme has meant that the centre are looking to develop a “buddy” system. Elderly people who live alone, or who have no readily available advice, can contact the centre to call on a “buddy” to check out any issues of concern such as changing utility suppliers or when asked to sign anything.


Ideas and Initiatives

April 2004

Leeds Distraction Burglary Community Initiative
The Leeds Distraction Burglary Community Initiative (LDBCI) was formally launched by Paul Truswell MP in January 2004. This Initiative is the second phase of a project started over three years ago. The first Leeds Distraction Burglary project was funded by the Home Office and adopted a multiagency approach to raising awareness of the crime and keeping older people safer in their homes. This new project, funded by the Community Fund, aims to build on the success of the first Initiative by continuing to raise the profile of the dangers of distraction burglary and to enable older people to feel safer in their own homes. Raising the profile of distraction burglary The aim is to raise awareness of this crime by delivering Distraction Burglary training and information sessions to: • Older people • Voluntary and statutory agencies working with older people • Housing providers • Health and social care professionals Enabling older people to feel safer in their homes The aim is to reduce the fear of crime and equip older people with the knowledge and skills to prevent them becoming a victim of distraction burglary by: • Delivering confidence building sessions on how to deal with unwanted callers • Providing a range of security equipment to vulnerable older people • Ensuring that victims receive the necessary aftercare and support LDBCI will work in partnership with local and city-wide agencies to encourage people of all ages to take responsibility for improving community safety. It is hoped that these partners will help to reinforce the key messages and will encourage those in their community to look out for their vulnerable neighbours.
For more information, please contact Laura Sanders, Co-ordinator, Leeds Distraction Burglary Community Initiative, 32 The Garth, Saxton Gardens, Leeds, LS9 8HP Tel: 0113 243 6511 Fax: 0113 243 6755 Email: info@ldbci.org.uk

Vehicle Crime Prevention Letter Scheme
Norfolk Constabulary

During November and December 2003 Police Officers, Police Community Support Officers (PCSO’s) and Traffic Wardens have been making a note of vehicle registration numbers in vehicle crime hotspots. Those targeted had left property on display and provided an opportunity for thieves. Each officer was issued with a pad, which they completed and handed in. A Police National Computer check was then carried out to find out the registered owners address and a letter, Home Office Car Crime leaflet and rear mirror hanger were sent to the owner. In total 140 letters were issued. The response from the public was encouraging with a number of people contacting the force to express their gratitude for the warning.
For more information contact PC Pat Bailey, Norfolk Constabulary, Police Station Howard Street North, Norfolk, NR30 1PH. Tel: 01493 333 039 E-mail: Baileype@norfolk.pnn.police.uk

...vehicle crime hotspots. Those targeted had left property on display...

April 2004

Ideas and Initiatives


Safer Homes Initiative
Thames Valley Police

Thames Valley Police, in partnership with Cherwell District Council, organised a ‘Safer Homes’ weekend, which took place over the 21st and 22nd February 2004. The aim of the weekend was to raise awareness and offer Home security advice to residents on two Banbury housing estates that show slightly higher crime than in neighbouring areas. The Crime Reduction Unit and Cherwell District Council were successful in bids to both Government Office South East and the Neighbourhood Renewal scheme for funding to support the initiative. Various personnel including Street Wardens, Special Constables, Police Community Support Officers, representatives from Neighbourhood Watch, Beat Officers and Crime Reduction Advisors supported the two day initiative. The Fire Service was also in attendance to fit and test smoke alarms where requested. Over 470 homes were surveyed, which involved looking at the home through the eyes of an opportunist burglar. A copy of the results of the survey was given to the householder along with a ‘Coded for keeps’ leaflet, a property post coded sticker and a bookmark with the new Thames Valley police telephone number and burglary prevention advice. Each householder received general crime reduction recommendations, advice on using a door chain and checks were carried out on smoke alarms. Both of which were offered free of charge if not already fitted. The residents were asked to visit the mobile police station to collect their free bag, which contained items including a key ring, ruler, sticker, tax disc holder, windscreen scraper and uv marker pen. All the items were marked with the street warden’s contact details. There were also a number of enquiries from the public requesting details on setting up new Neighbourhood Watch Schemes. The Officers involved have expressed an interest in conducting further surveys in neighbouring roads.
For further information contact: Jayne Taylor, Crime Reduction Advisor (Banbury Sector of Northern Oxfordshire), Banbury Police Station, Thames Valley Police, Warwick Road, Banbury, OX16 2AE Tel: 01295 754587 E-mail: Jayne.Taylor@thamesvalley.pnn.police.uk

Enhancing Police and Private Security Visibility Within the West End of London
Metropolitan Police, Oxford Street Association & New West End Company

London’s West End has the largest concentration of retail premises in Europe and Oxford Street is certainly the busiest area for the Marylebone Police Division in the Metropolitan Police. With the specific aim of increasing visible uniform presence within the area, a partnership was formed between the Police, the Oxford Street Association and New West End Company (a voluntary Business Improvement District). The partnership decided that the best way of increasing uniform visibility was to raise the officers above the height of the crowd enabling them to see the pedestrian traffic from above and giving them a better

view over the surrounding area. This also meant that the local community would have a highly visible uniform presence. After becoming aware of a similar project being undertaken in the Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, the partnership provided funding for the construction and purchase of two transportable visibility platforms with the specific intention of using them at key locations in the area. The ‘visibility platforms’, designed and manufactured by Peerless Designs, a London-based company specialising in bespoke engineering projects, became operational on 22 January 2004.


Ideas and Initiatives

April 2004

Police Community Support Officers in partnership with New West End Company Street Wardens, the ‘Red Caps’, use the platforms every day at key locations. All units using the platforms have direct radio contact with the local CCTV control room, which monitors their activities during the hours of operation. The feedback from the public and business community has been very positive, with local businesses agreeing to store the platforms overnight to make transportation easier. Members of the public have approached officers using the platforms to say that they like the fact that officers can now be seen and that they do feel reassured to see them on the street.

Although it is early days, so far the visibility platforms have proved extremely successful in a very challenging environment. Increasing the visibility and surveillance capacity of uniformed officers has been achieved together with a high degree of criminal deterrent and a reduction in the fear of crime. Since becoming operational, street robbery and ‘snatches’ have fallen by 90% for crimes committed on Oxford Street, compared to the same period last year.
For further information please contact Mark O’Callaghan, Crime Prevention Design Advisor, Oxford Street Sector Marylebone Police, Metropolitan Police Tel: 020-7321-9385 E-mail: Mark.O’Callaghan@met.police.uk

Travel Safe - Taxi Stewarding Initiative
Blackpool Community Safety Partnership

Blackpool Community Safety Partnership has introduced a taxi stewarding scheme to tackle violent anti-social behaviour and reduce fear of crime among partygoers in the town centre. Registered door staff acted as stewards on the taxi rank over the Christmas and New Year period and the weekends in between. Working in pairs, the remit of the stewards was to provide a high visibility presence to act as a deterrent to potential situations and generally facilitate orderly queuing. Previously, there were numerous reports of trouble caused by queue jumping, particularly when the weather was raining or extremely cold, especially at Christmas. To prevent this behaviour crush barriers were erected on the rank, which helped the stewards to maintain orderly queues and limit the number of people rushing towards the taxis. The stewards were equipped with radios linked to the police communications room, which allowed them to summon police assistance should the need arise. As an additional measure, the rank was also monitored by CCTV, allowing the potential for evidence gathering if needed. The high visibility presence of the stewards was a conscious effort to increase feelings of safety among the rank users, particularly lone females, and the taxi drivers themselves whom had expressed reluctance to use the rank due to the behaviour of some of the users. The partnership approach to this initiative is highlighted by the recognition that community safety is not the sole responsibility of the police and by taking advantage of existing partner resources, pooling funding and working with a variety of agencies, local solutions can be found to local problems. The initiative significantly reduced the number of violent incidents around the taxi rank. Both the drivers and the rank users have expressed support for the scheme and requested that it continue on a more permanent basis. The original pilot scheme has now been extended to all bank holidays and busy periods.
For more information contact: Policy Officer Leanne Conroy, Community Safety Team Blackpool Borough Council, PO Box 77, Town Hall, Blackpool, FY1 1AD Tel: 01253 477115 E-mail: leanne.conroy@blackpool.gov.uk

...the high visibility presence of the stewards was a conscious effort to increase feelings of safety...

April 2004

Ideas and Initiatives


20 Publications

Protecting Children Online
Home Office

Hard hitting new radio advertising and guidelines for parents to help keep children safe on the internet were launched by the government in January 2004. The £3million campaign was put together as part of the work of the Government’s Task Force on Child Protection on the internet and is part of its public awareness campaign to protect children online. This, the third phase of the campaign, will cost £700,000, and consist of radio, cinema and online advertising. It will encourage children to think twice about who they might be communicating with in chat rooms and give them practical advice to help them stay safe on the internet and when using mobile phones. A Home Office leaflet for parents, ‘Keep your Child Safe on the Internet’ has also been revised and updated to include new guidance on setting up filtering and monitoring systems on their children’s computers and ‘jargon busters’ to help them talk to their children more about the internet.
For more information visit the website www.thinkuknow.co.uk

Think Thief - A Designer’s Guide to Designing Out Crime
Home Office & Design Council

In December the Home Office announced the launch of a new information and training package aimed at design practitioners. ‘Think Thief - A Designers Guide to Designing Out Crime’ is a joint venture between the Home Office and the Design Council to provide support material for design professionals to promote the practical application of design against crime. The framework and content was determined by the Design Council, Home Office, Design Business Association, British Fashion Council, Department of Trade and Industry and design professionals. It includes information on: • the definition and history of designing out crime • 10 tools and techniques for designers to consider when designing out crime • business drivers for designing out crime.
Copies are available to down load from: www.crimereduction.gov.uk/business32.pdf

‘Cannabis is STILL Illegal’
Metropolitan Police Service

The Metropolitan Police have produced a poster warning that Cannabis is still illegal. The poster, supported by Barking & Dagenham Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnership, was produced in response to the recent reclassification of cannabis. It aims to educate, inform and publicise the fact that following the changes in legislation, cannabis is still against the law. The objective was to produce a poster that could be displayed in licensed premises to give landlords something to refer to when advising customers not to smoke cannabis. The posters have also been displayed in public areas and student venues. Initially 750 posters were printed but following its success another print run is now under way.
For further information contact: Phil Peters, Community & Partnership sergeant, Metropolitan Police, Dagenham Police Station,561 Rainham Road South, Dagenham, Essex RM10 7TU Tel 0208 217 5642 E-mail: phil.peters@met.police.uk

April 2004

Frank Action Update - Cannabis
Home Office, Department of Health and Department for Education and Skill

On the 29th January 2004, cannabis was reclassified from a Class B to Class C drug. A special edition of the FRANK Action Update was produced to give background information on the issues surrounding this change in the law. The change is also being supported by the introduction of two new leaflets: • ‘Drugs- What the law says’ - explains the different classes of drugs and the penalties related to each class. • ‘Young Peoples Cannabis’- targets under 18’s and is used to inform young people about the changes in the law and to reinforce the message that cannabis is still illegal and harmful.

Both leaflets are available to download at the following website: www.drugs.gov.uk/nationalstrategy/ cannabisreclassification
Hard copies of these and the FRANK Action Update pack can be obtained by contacting the Department of Health. Tel: 08701 555 455 or E-mail: doh@prolog.uk.com quoting the product reference code. • FRANK Action Update - Cannabis (Ref. 34331) • Drugs - What the law says -(Ref. 34102) • Young Peoples Cannabis - (Ref. 34104) The FRANK campaign team can be contacted at: frank@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk Tel: 0207 273 3833

In the Bag
Design Council, Home Office and The London Institute

‘In the Bag’ is a CD-ROM created by Dr. Lorraine Gamman, Project Research Director at Central Saint Martins College of Art and Design, which offers a web linked design resource. Its purpose is to help designers to get smart quickly about the issues and the wider social implications of a design project. In the design process, there is no good reason not to address abusers at the same time as users. The resource is aimed primarily at designers but may also be of interest to anyone working in crime prevention and designing out crime. Although the information focuses on design against crime related to bag theft, pickpocketing and street crime, the lessons learned can be applied across many related design areas. The CD ROM includes information on: • hot personal products and design case studies • perpetrator techniques • crime resistant products • illustrated principles of crime prevention with reference to design • anti-theft and anti-abuser projects - featuring voices of designers on methods, process and practice • takeaway ‘Design Against Crime’ briefs • full bibliography and research references. The disk features ‘Stop Thief’ chairs and anti-theft bags, which illustrate that, with the right information, designers can make their products not only sexy, friendly and easy to use but also crime resistant. ‘In The Bag’ also includes ‘Less Crime, by Design’, a lecture given to Royal Society of Arts by Dr. Paul Ekblom of the Home Office The project is supported by the Design Council, Home Office and The London Institute.
Copies of the CD ROM are available, free of charge, from the Information Services Team, Home Office Crime Reduction Centre, Easingwold, York YO61 3EG. Fax: 01347 825097 or e-mail: crc@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk Copies are now back in stock, following unprecedented demand over the summer.

April 2004



Police Officers Guide to Ultraviolet Security Markings
Hampshire Constabulary

A joint venture between Hampshire Constabulary and the Royal Military Police has led to the production of a Police Officers Guide to Ultraviolet Security Markings. A copy of the guide together with an A3 poster has been issued to Hampshire Police Officers and the Royal Military Police Officers in the South West Area. The concept was borne from the fact that although many officers were aware of the use of UV light as a crime reduction measure, they were not necessarily familiar with it’s other benefits. It is envisaged that this initiative will give officers an understanding of the counter fraud measures that can assist them in their operational work. UV lights can be used in property marking, driving documents, credit cards, bank notes and ID Cards and passports.

Copies of this guide are available from: Malcolm Wilton, Force Crime Reduction Co-ordinator, Hampshire Constabulary, Police Headquarters, West Hill, Romsey Road, Winchester, Hampshire, SO22 5DB Tel: 01962 871 082 or E-mail: malcolm.wilton@hampshire.pnn.police.uk

Forensic Psychology: Concepts, debates and practice
Edited by Joanna R. Adler

This book brings together a team of authorities in the field of forensic psychology to demonstrate the scope of the discipline and the techniques employed in key areas of research, policy and practice. It aims to challenge perceptions and raise questions for research, pose problems for practice and inspire and stimulate, demonstrating the ways in which forensic psychology can aid the practice of criminal justice. ‘Forensic Psychology: Concepts, debates and practice’ is divided into seven sections including ,investigation and prosecution, testimony and evidence, persistent offending and punishment and corrections. The contributors include both academics and practitioners, and are drawn for the UK, USA and Australasia.
Copies of this book, published in January 2004 and priced at £40.00 (hardback) can be obtained from Willan Publishing, Culmcott House, Mill Street, Uffculme, Cullompton, Devon, EX15 3AT Tel: 01884 840 337 Fax: 01884 840251 E-mail: info@willanpublishing.co.uk or visit their

website: www.willanpublishing.co.uk



April 2004

‘Watch Over Me’
Milly’s Fund

Milly's Fund was established by Bob and Sally Dowler in memory of their 13 year old daughter, Milly, who was abducted and murdered on her way home from school in March 2002. With overwhelming public support, the charity has made a major contribution to personal safety for young people in Britain by developing a unique teenage soap opera for use in schools. "Watch Over Me" is a 'soap' based drama with five episodes following the lives of a group of teenagers facing the worries and risks of everyday life. Each episode can be used in the classroom to help young people learn how to express and understand their feelings and develop their own strategies for dealing with personal safety. The charity also produced a film to guide teachers in ways of exploring personal safety issues which are linked to the curriculum. These materials were sent free to every secondary school in England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland by Milly's Fund. The project was supported by Education Secretary Charles Clarke and Home Secretary, David Blunkett. 'Watch over me' was launched at the House of Commons in June 2003. As well as being very useful for teachers, it is hoped that this resource can be used by police officers including school liaison officers, youth affairs officers or community officers etc. In October 2003 'Milly's Fund' launched a campaign called 'Teach UR Mum 2 TXT'. The thinking behind the idea was that it is an unobtrusive way for parents and children to stay in touch therefore offering a sense of security to both parties. Regional roadshows, supported by O2, were held across the country. Milly's Fund has distributed thousands of free booklets containing safety tips to many schools, clubs, hospitals and members of the public.
These materials can be obtained from: Milly's fund, Case House, 85-89 High Street, Walton on Thames, Surrey, KT121DZ Tel: 01932 235999 E-mail: millysfund@elmbridgehousing.org.uk

The 'Watch Over Me' pack costs £35 and includes a pupil video, a teacher video and a informative user friendly book. The Teach Ur Mum 2 TXT booklets are free of charge but contributions towards postage are requested.

April 2004



Re s e a r c h
24 Research

Violence at Home
HM Inspectorate of Constabularies & HM Crown Prosecution Service Inspectorate

A study by the Police and the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) inspectorates has made a number of recommendations to improve the way in which their organisations deal with domestic violence. The inspections looked in particular at: • current police policy and practice and investigative quality • working relationships between the Police and CPS, and liaison with local domestic violence organisations, focusing especially on measures that could increase the number of offenders brought to justice for domestic violence • the care and treatment of victims and witnesses • the extent and causes of attrition • the application of the revised CPS Policy and accompanying Guidance, the Code for Crown Prosecutors and any relevant charging standards. The report found that typically there was a 50% dropout rate at every stage of the process from recording a crime incident to achieving a successful prosecution: • Roughly half of domestic violence incidents where police were called generated a crime report. • Charges were brought for about half these crime reports. • Around half of those charged were convicted. It should be pointed out that in some cases the positive action brought about by engaging a formal procedure may have stopped or prevented violence to the satisfaction of the victim who did not then want to pursue the matter further. The study also recognised the damage that can be done to children in a home where one carer is a victim of domestic violence, especially where the violence is witnessed by a child.

Recommendations The report's recommendations are largely strategic and some are included here. The full list of recommendations and action points can be found in the executive summary and the full report. Police • Ensure that systems are in place to flag domestic violence incidents. • Monitor and review domestic violence policy. • Revisit standards of investigation in the light of the review. • Review Domestic Violence Officer's role and job description. • Agree informal information sharing protocols with social services. Police & CPS • Enter into formal agreement on background information to be provided in DV cases. • Police include details of the effects of the domestic violence upon children in prosecution files. • Take action on breaches of bail. • Offer victims the chance to make a victim's personal statement. CPS • Review systems for identifying and highlighting domestic violence cases. • Inform the victim of bail decisions straight away. • Produce a template for area domestic violence co-ordinators. • Produce a national domestic violence training package.
The report is available from the Her Majesty's Crown Prosecution Service Inspectorate website. Due to its size it has been broken into a main report and appendices. An executive summary is also available. View HMCPSI Publications on the HMCPSI website: www.hmcpsi.gov.uk/reports/jointins.shtml In addition to the report, a literature review was published at the same time. This can also be found on the same website.

April 2004

Quarterly Crime Statistics: January 2004
Home Office

The Government publishes new crime statistics each quarter. The figures for the year to September 2003 show that overall crime has remained fairly stable, but that there have been significant increases in violent crime.
Title: Crime in England and Wales: Quarterly Update to September 2003 Authors: Anna Upson and Martin Wood Number of pages: 10 (with supplements of 62 pages and 90 pages) Date published: January 2004

The latest set of figures has been presented as 3 volumes. There is a short introductory section that outlines the main statistics in a 10 page briefing. This is supported by a 62 page supplementary volume on homicide and gun crime, and a 90 page supplement on public attitude and perceptions. Each of these volumes can be downloaded from the website address at the bottom of this page.

Main Points • Overall levels of crime have remained stable. • There were 3% fewer crimes of violence according to the British Crime Survey (BCS) in the 12 months to September 2003, compared with a year earlier.

Recorded violence against the person rose by 17% (including an 18% increase in more serious violence). This may be due, in part, to the continuing effects of the introduction of the National Crime Recording Standard. BCS figures show that levels of domestic burglary are 2% lower than the previous year, although this fall is not statistically significant. Recorded crime figures show a fall of 3%. Vehicle thefts have continued to fall steadily, decreasing by 5% according to the BCS and by 8% in police statistics. Levels of worry about violence and car crime have fallen compared with the previous year, as has the overall level of perceived anti-social behaviour. Levels of confidence in the criminal justice system (CJS) generally remained stable, although there were some very small decreases. The risk of being a victim of crime (27%) is around the same as it was in 1981.

Full details are available from the Home Office Research Development and Statistics website at:


Alcohol audits, strategies and initiatives: lessons from Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnerships. Home Office Development and Practice Report
Richardson, A., Nicholls, M. and Finney, A. (2004) Home Office

This study explores how alcohol-related crime and disorder is identified, prioritised and tackled at local level. It examined all available CDRP second round audit and strategy documents for references to alcohol-related crime and disorder to uncover the extent of awareness and interest CDRPs have in tackling such issues. The findings were supported by a series of case studies describing innovative local initiatives set up to address alcohol-related crime and disorder problems. These case studies highlight the challenges faced by CDRPs and offer possible solutions and learning points for others wishing to address similar problems in their own area.

Further information can be found at the following website address:

www.homeoffice.gov.uk/ rds/pdfs2/dpr20.pdf

April 2004



Alcohol and violence Findings
Finney, A. (2004), Home Office

A series of three 'Findings' have been produced, which summarise international research evidence on the relationship between alcohol consumption and violent crime. These Findings cover violence in the night-time economy; alcohol-related sexual violence and alcoholrelated intimate partner violence. Each document describes what is known about all aspects of violent crime including the location, time, characteristics of offenders and victims and the nature of the violence itself. A summary of the theory behind alcohol's relationship with offending is also provided.

Alcohol and violence: violence in the night-time economy. Home Office Research Findings. www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/pdfs2/r214.pdf Alcohol and violence: sexual violence. Home Office Research Findings. www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/pdfs2/r215.pdf Alcohol and violence: intimate partner violence. Home Office Research Findings. www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/pdfs2/r216.pdf

These publications should be available from mid March 2004 from Research & Development Statistics: RDS Communications Development Unit, Room 264, Home Office, 50 Queen Anne's Gate, London, SW1H 9AT Telephone: 020 7273 2084 Fax: 020 7222 0211 Email: publications.rds@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk


Crime Reduction Programme: An Evaluation of Community Service Pathfinders Project Final Report 2002
Home Office - RDS Occasional Paper No 87

Community Service Pathfinders projects were set up by the National Probation Directorate under the Crime Reduction Programme in 1999. They were a series of interrelated projects set up to pilot specific elements of community punishment. This report looks at the way the service delivered specific elements of community punishment by examining the process of implementation and the views of those that provide and receive community punishment. It also includes interim outcome measures of effectiveness and cost. The Pathfinders have provided important information in the development of enhanced community punishment.

Copies of report published in 2003 are available free from the Research Development and Statistics Directorate (RDS), Communities Development Unit, Room 264, Home Office, 50 Queen Anne’s Gate, London, SW1H 9AT Tel: 0207 273 2084 Fax: 0207 222 0211 E-mail: publications.rds@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk



April 2004

Drugs, Young People and Service Provision

This January 2004 publication from Nacro presents the main findings of 'Drugs, Young People and Service Provision' research on behalf of the Birmingham Drug Action Team. The report considers substancerelated services that address young people's needs and evaluates their performance. The research focused on 2 areas: • young people's attitudes towards drugs and alcohol • an evaluation of services already in place to provide education, counselling, and treatment for substance abuse. The young people researched were up to 25 years old. The report analyses the prevalence and patterns of drug abuse, young people's attitudes toward drug abuse and the need for information. The report analyses how problematic drug use is best addressed through examining the surrounding issues such as their environment, family/peer relationships and background education. It also evaluates the additional pressures put upon specific groups such as the homeless and ethnic minorities.

Agency support was shown to be important in supporting young people's own motivations to desist from problematic substance abuse Most education about substance abuse is centred around schools and there is little available for those young people who do not attend school. Those working with populations likely to include problematic drug users would like more intensive training than is currently available Rough sleepers are less likely to access services, as are young women with children There is less provision at the intensive treatment level and waiting lists tend to be long.

Key Findings • 35% of young people aged 14 - 16 years reported ever having used an illegal substance. 25% reported using a drug in the last month, overwhelmingly cannabis. • Young people's attitudes towards drug use were complex, generally being anti-drug use but tolerant of drug users among their peers. • Young people who had developed problematic drug use described an intricate relationship between drug use and their family, peers and homelessness, education and criminal behaviour.

Implications • Agencies must be sensitive to the varied needs of clients, including ethnic minorities, young women with children and homeless people. • Drugs education and treatment should be targeted at temporary accommodation for homeless young people. • Drug Action Teams can undertake a range of activities to support service development, including disseminating service information and developing interagency protocols and strategies.
For more information on the report 'Drugs, Young People and Service Provision', contact Nacro, Research and Evaluation, 159 Clapham Road, London, SW9 0PU Tel: 0207 840 6495 Fax: 0207 840 6419 or visit their website:


April 2004



Acceptable Behaviour Contracts addressing anti-social behaviour in the London Borough of Islington
Home Office

This publication, by the Research Development Statistics (RDS) Directorate, contains findings from a scheme based in the London Borough of Islington designed to reduce anti-social behaviour using Acceptable Behaviour Contracts (ABCs) over 2 periods, January 1999 to October 2000 and May 2001 to December 2001. It also examines the subsequent use of ABCs in England and Wales. ABCs are written agreements between a young person, the local housing office or Registered Social Landlord (RSL) and the local police in which the young person agrees not to carry out a series of identifiable behaviours that have been defined as anti-social. These contracts are primarily aimed at young people aged between 10 and 18. The research shows that ABCs have been a popular way of addressing anti-social behaviour in Islington and can reduce the amount of anti-social behaviour committed by young people for the duration of the contract. The evaluation in Islington found that young people on ABCs were less likely to engage in anti-social behaviour, less likely to be stopped or arrested by the police and less likely to commit criminal acts. Increasingly, anti-social behaviour has become a matter of public concern, which is reflected in recent government legislation. The Crime and Disorder Act 1998 introduced Anti-social Behaviour Orders (ASBOs) to protect the public from behaviour that causes or is likely to cause harassment, alarm or distress.
The report is available online only and can be downloaded from the Home Office Research and Development Statistics website at www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds

Ta l k i n g S h o p

Jason Roach, criminologist and trainer at the Crime Reduction Centre talks shop...

‘Best’ Practice? Finding your way through the fog
What do we mean by ‘best’ or ‘good’ practice and how do we know what it looks like? The terms 'good' and 'best' practice are bandied around the field of crime reduction and are often used synonymously and without a shared understanding of what they actually mean. I am not for one minute suggesting that there are not a lot of good crime reduction ideas and initiatives out there - there are - it's the terms ‘best’ and ‘good’ that I feel may be acting more as a hindrance than a help. Generally, the terms ‘good’ and ‘best’ practice seem to relate to the outcomes of a crime reduction initiative, that is whether it reduces the crime problem that it set out to. I argue that there is more to crime reduction initiatives than just their outcome. Let's take two hypothetical initiatives: • Initiative 1 demonstrated an excellent analysis of a problem but the intended crime reduction aim was not achieved because of problems at the response/implementation stage, possibly as a result of ineffective partnership working.

Initiative 2 demonstrated excellent partnership working but didn't reach the intended outcome because of ineffective analysis.


Research/Talking Shop

April 2004

Neither of these initiatives would be included under our current interpretation of ‘good’ or ‘best’ practice but both display elements that can be built on and utilised by other practitioners. It's likely that the practitioners involved in these initiatives would be reluctant to spread knowledge of these smaller elements of ‘good’ practice because their initiatives did not turn out to be runaway successes overall. I suggest that our understanding of what ‘good’ or ‘best’ means needs to be widened to include all the elements of an initiative and not just successful outcomes, otherwise, much that is ‘good’ will be missed. Similarly, isn't it just as important to understand and pass on why an initiative might not have worked so that others can avoid the problems and learn from someone else's experiences? With our current understanding of ‘good’ or ‘best’ practice we would surely label both our hypothetical initiatives as ‘bad’ practice, which would understandably make practitioners even less likely to put their heads above the parapet. I am interested in what the terms ‘best’ and ‘good’ practice mean to you and how you recognise them? Do you find the terms ambiguous or misleading? And what about my concept of ‘bad’ practice? Your answers on a postcard please and we'll publish your replies in the July edition.
E-mail Jason at: Jason.roach2@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

Criminology Corner
Over the past few decades any perceived gap between the ‘ivory tower’ of academia and those on the frontline of crime reduction has closed considerably. Home Office criminologists such as Clarke, Laycock, Tilley, Pease and Ekblom (to name but a few) have sought to demonstrate not so much how theory can help us understand the offenders themselves (the why?) but how theory can help us understand how crimes are committed (the how?) In a nutshell, the theoretical emphasis has shifted to how theory can assist crime reduction or prevention in ‘the real world’. So why is theory important to practice in crime reduction? How can it help you as practitioners to formulate crime reduction initiatives? Over the next year I'll introduce a number of different theoretical models of crime reduction and we'll explore: • how the theory relates to the real world and the evidence it's based on • how the theory can help you to understand crime in your area • how you can use the theory to devise and develop crime reduction initiatives in your area Theories of crime and crime reduction are important because they provide a useful framework on which to build crime reduction initiatives. They offer a route map through the plethora of crime reduction schemes and projects available, helping you to choose the most appropriate ones for the individual crime problems in your area. In the next Digest we'll explore Situational Crime Prevention and some of the related theories. Please contact me with any burning theoretical issues that we can explore in the coming months.

Theory and practice are closer than you think.
E-mail Jason at: Jason.roach2@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

April 2004

Talking Shop


The Digest - previous issues January 2004
• • • • • •
Building Civil Renewal Philip Lawrence Awards Experimenting... with Drugs Take Stock of Your Lock Hats off to crime Safe and Sound in Teeside

October 2003
• • • • • • •
Passport to Crime Reduction Operation Safer Travel Beggars given the yellow card Crime prevention measures for rights of way Identity theft: Do you know the signs? The new politics of crime and punishment The effectiveness of Neighbourhood Watch

July 2003
• • • • • • •
Burglaries to student campus accommodation National evaluation of CCTV Secure garden quiz Cash point (ATM): Evaluation of 'Personal Defensible Space' Private hire taxi drivers' safety code Rizer - Youth crime reduction initiative Too cool 4 booz

• • • • • • •
Communities First Golf project Lancsafe vehicle crime reduction project The Tower project Drug use in vulnerable groups Designing out crime Community Safety Calendar 40 years of the Crime Reduction Centre

You can view these previous issues and others at: www.crimereduction.gov.uk/digest.htm


Digest previous issues

April 2004

Crime Prevention Initiatives (CPI) Form
CRC maintains a database of crime prevention initiatives, which is used as an information-sharing tool for practitioners with enquiries for the Information Services Team. Details of initiatives or projects that are planned/ongoing/completed or have been abandoned, are submitted using the CPI form. This information is then considered for inclusion in a future copy of the Digest and/or the Ideas Exchange on the Crime Reduction Website. If you know of an initiative in your area, please send details in using this form to: Richard Cox, Home Office Crime Reduction Centre, The Hawkhills, Easingwold, York YO61 3EG Tel: 01347 825065 E-mail: richard.cox@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk Alternatively complete the form on-line via the Crime Reduction Website at: www.crimereduction.gov.uk/cpiform.htm

Project Name: Description Summary:
(the aims and objectives of the project and how it works)

Geographic Location: National: County:

Project Area: Coverage:
e.g. specific estate, town centre

Lead Organisation: Partners: Contact Details: Name(s): Organisation: Address:

Post Code: Tel: E-mail: Project Status: Start Date: Fax: Website: Planned/Ongoing/Completed/Abandoned (delete as appropriate) End Date:

April 2004

CPI Form



Is there any material to support this initiative?
(e.g. Leaflets, video, report, handbook etc.)

Please detail and attach if possible.

(Is there anything documented which gives an indication of the success or otherwise of the project ? Please detail key findings and where they came from.)

If there is to be a later evaluation, please note here so that we can follow up at a later date.

(Funding Sources if applicable e.g. Home office, Local Authority, Business, Panel - Cash or Kind e.g. secondment/office space)

Total Cost:
(if known)


Thank You I agree to this information being stored on the Home Office database/website Office Use Only: Source: Cat: D Ref: 32 CPI Form April 2004 Sub: Keyw: Yes No