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“To reduce crime and the fear of crime, tackle youth
crime and violent, sexual and drug-related crime,
anti-social behaviour and disorder, increasing safety
in the home and public spaces.”
Home Office Aim 1

This statement confirms our joint commitment to reduce crime and disorder. The Digest
is published quarterly and aims to support crime reduction/community safety practitioners
in police and local authorities working in statutory partnerships by facilitating information
exchange. The Digest is a forum for your initiatives and experiences. Its success depends on
you, the practitioners, contributing your articles. Deadline for copy is given below. Articles
MUST be submitted by this date.
So that everyone can benefit from your work and experience, we ask contributors to
consider both what worked and what didn’t work within their projects. Projects may be well
conceived and still not achieve all their aims; this does not mean they have failed. Please be
brave enough to discuss what aspects did not achieve the expected outcomes. Include as
much information as you can, covering the analysis of the problem and how it was
identified, the response devised and how it was implemented and an assessment of the final

The inclusion of material in the Digest or reference to any products/services does not
signify that they have been tested or evaluated. Nor should inclusion be thought to confer
‘official’ approval.
You can reproduce material from this Digest, but we ask that you reference CRC and the
originating organisation as the source, do not use the information out of context and
that there are no charges connected with the reproduction of the material.
July 2004
The next Digest will be
Centre Staff with you in October ‘04.

Director’s Office Training Resource Solutions Training Team

All contributions must
Steve Trimmins Martin Jones David Fernley
be submitted by
Ann Keen Simon Jones Gill Archibald
August 27th 2004.
Michael Hawtin June Armstrong
Centre Support Lyndsey Ibbotson Janet Caton
Liz Walton Dee Cooley Contributions to:
Tricia Eaton Information Services Martin Fenlon Jane Jones
Pam Foster Jane Carpenter Jason Roach Information Services Team
Adrienne Jowitt-Thrall Stuart Charman Kim Sutton Tel: 01347 825095
Mark Ledder John Goldsbrough Fax: 01347 825097
Ruth Whitaker Abby Hickman Editor
Dianne Waudby Jane Jones Richard Cox Home Office
Kathleen Noble Crime Reduction Centre
Richard Wales Design/Production The Hawkhills, Easingwold,
Michael Hawtin York YO61 3EG
Tel: 01347 825060
For Training or General Enquiries:
Fax: 01347 825099
Tel: 01347 825060 E-mail:

July 2004 1
Contents News
The Crime Reduction Website . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4

What are your training needs? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4

Course Programme September - December 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
CRC Associate Trainer News . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
Centre News . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
Secured by Design Website Refurbishment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
Secured by Design Innovation Awards 2003 - Winners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
Philip Lawrence Awards 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8

Partnership Working 8
Burglaries & Crime in Student Campus Accommodation - An Evaluation . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Derby Officers on the Scene . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
Grand in the Hand Helps Tackle Anti-social Behaviour . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
Neighbourhood Wardens do make a big difference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10

Ideas and Initiatives 11

Arson Bus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11
New 24-hour National Domestic Violence Helpline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11
Flight Paths Hits the Streets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
Focus on Football . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
How Clean are Your Toilets? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
Make Reducing Crime Your Business . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
Personal Safety Postcards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
New Drivers Learn to Drive Out Autocrime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
Vehicle Crime Information Pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
Think For Life! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
Tamper Proof Tax Discs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
‘Quality of life - lets make it better together’ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17

Publications 17
Card Fraud Prevention Leaflet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
Partnerships made Painless - A joined-up guide to working together . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Young People, Drugs and Community Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Safer Places: The Planning System and Crime Prevention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
‘Protecting the Evidence’ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19
Any views expressed in this
publication are those of the
authors and may not
necessarily reflect Home Office
or Government policy.

2 Contents July 2004

Joined-up Youth Justice - Tackling youth crime in partnership . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19
Interactive Crime Reduction CD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
‘IF ONLY I’D KNOWN’ - CD-ROM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
Alcohol, Where’s the harm? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
Design Against Crime - Secure Urban Environments by design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21
A guide to income generation for the Police Service in England and Wales . . . . . . . . .21

Research 22
Crime in England and Wales: Quarterly Update to December 2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
Understanding and Engaging Deprived Communities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
Crime against students: Emerging Lessons for reducing victimisation . . . . . . . . . . . .22
Safety and Justice: Sharing personal information in the
context of domestic violence - an overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23

Talking Shop 24
Answers on a postcard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
Criminology Corner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25
Situational Crime Prevention (SCP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25
Further Reading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
Crime Prevention Initiatives (CPI) Form . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27

Each article in the Digest

is highlighted with an
icon which defines
the product described in
that article. They are:





of Ideas/

July 2004 Contents 3

News The Crime Reduction Website
The Crime Reduction Website was re-launched in April with a new look and a new navigation
system. So far we've received good reports from our users. If you have any comments about
the new site, please send them to
We have also been busy adding new material to the site. Some of the items we have
added in the past quarter are:

Burglary mini-site
The mini-site has been developed by the Home Office as a good way of ensuring practi-
tioners have easy access to the tools they need to reduce burglary in their area, including
good practice and ways of forming good partnerships. This can be found at:

Controls on Firearms
The Government wants to simplify the laws on gun crime. Your views on their proposals
would be welcome. The closing date for responses is 31st August.

Crime against Business Survey 2004

The British Chambers of Commerce (BCC) have added a further Crime against Business
Survey to the initial survey conducted in 2001. The survey aims to illustrate the current
extent, nature and impact of crime experienced by businesses.

What are your training needs?

Are you a practitioner keen to extend come across them. Please fill in the
your knowledge and skills? Or are you questionnaire and fax it to us on
fully trained and more likely to get 01347 825099. The more responses we get,
involved in training new practitioners the more accurate the picture of your
yourself? The Crime Reduction Centre requirements will be and the better we can
(CRC) has just a few questions that we plan future training provision.
would like you to answer in order to make If you didn't find the insert or have lost
sure that we are providing the right courses or discarded this sheet, you can still help us
and that there are no gaps in the wider by filling in the form in electronically at
crime reduction training provided around
the country. digest0403a.htm
CRC will be conducting a focused For reference, we have also made the page
sample full Training Needs Analysis in early of notes on the approved awards available
autumn and anyone wishing to take part on the website:
should email June Armstrong at: to lz_glossary/qualifications.htm
register their interest.
In the meanwhile, you may have seen We really need your input so please take a
the insert with this issue of the Digest minute or two to fill in the questionnaire. If you
which focuses almost entirely on formal need extra help please contact Gill Archibald at:
further education, especially the accredited
awards approved by the ‘Skills for Justice’,
the Justice Sector Skills Council (formerly
CJNTO). The reverse of the single page of
questions carries a simple explanation of
some of the awards in case you have not

4 News July 2004

Course Programme
September - December 2004
Home Office Crime Reduction Centre

The Crime Reduction Centre (CRC) has and explores reducing the opportunities of
published its course programme for crime through case studies. The course
September through to the end of December. introduces both some physical methods of
We will be running twelve courses at The preventing crime (lighting, alarms, fencing
Hawkhills, Easingwold and Good Practice and CCTV) and also social interventions
Seminars are also scheduled for September (deflecting offenders).
and December.
Applied Problem Solving
Good Practice Seminars 6 - 7 October
15 - 16 September - venue to be confirmed 17 - 18 November
15 - 16 December - venue to be confirmed
This course looks at problem solving
CRC is responsible for delivering the techniques, how they can be applied to an
Good Practice Seminar programme. Each anti-social behaviour case study and
seminar is run at a different location around examines areas of legislation, guidance and
the country to encourage the widest good practice. Although the subject material
attendance with up to 120 delegates at each for this course is based upon anti-social
event. The programme for each seminar behaviour, it is important to note that the
usually offers keynote addresses covering key problem solving principles and techniques
issues in the subject area and delegates are can be applied to any area of crime
generally offered workshops, other learning reduction. The course allows delegates to
opportunities and panel discussions. practice the use of the SARA problem solving
model using a case study. There is input on
Foundation Course relevant legislation, discussions around
21 - 23 September partnership approaches to problems and
2 - 4 November opportunities for networking and sharing
good practice.
This course explains the legal framework
of crime and disorder reduction and Marketing the Crime Reduction
introduces important theories and models Message
used within crime and disorder problem 13 - 14 October
solving. Working in partnerships in a multi 23 -24 November
agency framework is explored and risk
factors and the impact on crime reduction is This course introduces the principles of
also examined. The course provides the marketing and its application to crime and
opportunity to practice key crime and disorder reduction. It looks at how to
disorder reduction skills. identify appropriate markets and audiences
and identifies the key principles in writing
Reducing the Opportunities of Crime promotional material and using different
29 - 30 September media. The course also examines the
9 - 10 November principles and practise of face-to-face
The course introduces the Situational
Crime Prevention approach to reducing
crime and sets it in a historical crimino-
logical context by looking at its
underpinning theories and models. A
problem solving approach is adopted to
crime reduction (e.g. SARA or 5 Is models) Continues overleaf...

July 2004 News 5

Project Management and Evaluation the principles of CPTED. The course also
19 - 20 October demonstrates ways of designing out crime
1 - 2 December using practical examples and introduces the
awards; ‘Safer Parking’ and ‘Secured by
This course includes clarification of Design’.
evaluation terminology e.g. objectives,
baseline, inputs, outputs and outcomes, the Standard Associate Trainer Award
benefits of evaluating projects and the risks 9 - 10 December
of not evaluating. There is an overview of
cost considerations and planning a project The Associate Trainer Award is aimed at
using network diagrams. The course will crime & disorder reduction practitioners
demystify project management and who are willing and able to cascade CRC
evaluation and some of the ‘jargon’ that training materials to other practitioners.
surrounds it. The aim of the course is to coach potential
trainers to deliver the one-day
Building Safer Communities: Crime ‘Introduction to Crime and Disorder
Prevention Through Environmental Reduction’ course. After attending,
For more information or to be Design (CPTED) delegates will be able to describe the steps
added to the course mailing list 27 - 28 October required to plan a training event, outline
please contact: Centre Support and apply the main principles of adult
Tel: 01347 825060 This course introduces Section 17 of learning, explain key models used in crime
E-mail: the Crime & Disorder Act, the responsibil- and disorder reduction and be able to plan ities of the relevant agencies and explores and deliver a course.

CRC Associate Trainer News

30 CRC Associate Trainers (ATs) took part in the third AT Recall held at the CRC in March
2004. The feedback has been very positive and there is a demand for further events to
support and develop ATs. Associate Trainers have now delivered our ‘Introduction to Crime &
Disorder Reduction’ course to over 2,500 practitioners throughout England and Wales.
Steve Trimmins, Director of the CRC, opened the Recall. ATs have a significant role to
play in helping CRC to support skills development in CDRPs. Steve praised the work of the
ATs and thanked them for working in partnership with us to reach a wider audience. He also
stressed the need to maintain quality and make sure that work done on behalf of CRC meets
For more information please our quality assurance requirements.
contact: Martin Fenlon, From September 2004 we aim to offer the City and Guilds (7302) Certificate in
Training Team, Home Office delivering learning. This will form the minimum requirement for our Advanced Associate
Crime Reduction Centre, Trainer Award (AAT). We are keen that the role of the AAT is developed through a close
The Hawkhills, working relationship with the key stakeholders. We will therefore be asking for interested
Easingwold, YO61 3EG people from CDRPs, GOs and individual organisations to express an interest in forming a
Tel: 01347 825076 small working group to develop the role of the AAT. This group may also be able to make
E-mail: martin.fenlon@ useful contributions to the work being done on a Training Needs Analysis for CDRPs and the development of training materials.

Centre News
Dianne Waudby joined the Crime April saw us bid farewell
Reduction Centre in April as a member of to Amanda Form from the
Centre Support. Dianne previously worked Training Team, who left the
as a Commercial Insurance underwriter Centre to take up a post as
before joining the Civil Service - Benefits Training Manager with
Agency. Durham Constabulary .

6 News July 2004

Secured by Design Website Refurbishment
To coincide with the publication of the new Office of the Deputy Prime Minister (ODPM)
planning guide, the Secured by Design (SBD) website has undergone a number of changes.
Target audiences are clarified on the home page and the various downloads and links have
been made easier to navigate. A whole new section has been added that lists architects who
have undertaken CPD accreditation for Secured by Design and soon builders and developers
adopting the project will also be listed by region. This should provide more incentive for
private sector builders to join the scheme.
The police Architectural Liaison Officer (ALO) listings are made easier to access from the
map, whilst behind the website a new programme will operate to process enquiries through
the ‘contact us’ section. The Design Guides section also features the latest versions of SBD
guides and a direct link to Safer Places - The Planning System & Crime Prevention.
The Secure by Design website can be viewed at:

Secured by Design Innovation Awards 2003

- Winners
ACPO Crime Prevention Initiatives Limited

The Secured by Design Innovation Awards, Highly Commended prizes of £1,000

announced at the 2003 Architectural • Humberside Police, Bill Cass: Priory
Liaison Officers Conference, attracted Park & Ride Secured Car Park.
sixteen entries, which collectively • Nottinghamshire Constabulary, John
addressed a range of Secured by Design Wood: Woodlands Estate Re-
(SBD) issues. The judging panel were Chris development.
Fox, ACPO President and Chairman of ACPO • West Midlands Police, Grant Moss:
CPI, Richard Childs, Managing Director Clifton Road/Hertford Street Re-
ACPO CPI and Alan McInnes, General development.
Manager ACPO CPI. • Cleveland Police, Jim Brown: Loftus
It was decided that in view of the Police Station & homes conversion.
number and quality of projects submitted • Metropolitan Police, Steve Mumford:
in addition to the original four prizes of Peckham Partnership.
£5,000 each the remaining entries would • Derbyshire Constabulary, Mark Freel:
receive a Highly Commended Award of Designing out crime in rural car parks.
£1,000. • Avon & Somerset Constabulary, Peter
The Secured by Design Innovation Naish: Holistic approach to SBD &
Award winners 2003 were: designing out crime.
• North Wales Police, Gerry Barlow:
Winners prizes of £5,000 Snowdonia National Park planning
• Norfolk Constabulary, PC Michael strategy & SBD.
Simms: Secured by Design Builders • Northumbria Police, Colin
Outstanding Award. Summerscales: Insecure Buildings
• Metropolitan Police, PC Wayne Jones: project.
Limehouse Fields Estate, Stepney. • North Yorkshire Police & Durham
• North Yorkshire Police, DC Steve Constabulary, Steve Norman & Andrew
Norman & PC Colin Musgrave: SBD as a Duckworth: SBD option for
condition of planning consent. Homebuyers.
• Fife Constabulary, Mr Stuart Ward: • Staffordshire Police, Darrell Burns:
Secured by Design Home Safe & Secure 24/7 - Nightowl Secure
buyers leaflet. Lorry Park.
• Lincolnshire Police, Eric Ashley:
Doughty’s Mill - accommodation for
single people.

July 2004 News 7

Philip Lawrence Awards 2004
Home Office

The search is now on for the Philip Lawrence Awards winners of 2004. Recognising
outstanding achievements in good citizenship by young people, the awards were set up in
memory of Philip Lawrence, the inspirational head teacher who was stabbed to death in
1995 at the gates of his North London secondary school while trying to save a pupil who
was being attacked.
Winning groups at this year’s awards will receive a cash prize of up to £1,000 to invest
in sustaining or developing the award-winning activity. They will also receive a specially
designed memento and certificate plus the right to use the Philip Lawrence Awards emblem.

For more information or to request a nomination form please contact:

4Children, Bellerive House, 3 Muirfield Crescent, London E14 9SZ Tel: 0207 512 2112
Fax: 0207 512 2010 E-mail:
or visit the website:
Pa r t n e r s h i p Wo r k i n g

Burglaries & Crime in Student Campus

Accommodation - An Evaluation
Safer Swansea

In the July 2003 edition, we featured The project is still continuing but the
details of an initiative involving South recent evaluation shows a dramatic
Wales Police and their aim to reduce decrease in overall crime throughout the
the number of burglaries at student campus, including:
accommodation. • A reduction in crimes committed on
The initiative focused around a small the University grounds by 8.6%
village just two miles from the main • Dwelling Burglaries were reduced
university campus, which accommodates by 71.1%
over 1500 students in addition to the • Theft of Motor Vehicles was reduced
2,100 students who live in the halls of by 25.5%
residence. • Damage to Motor Vehicles reduced
Analysis of police figures over the by 61.1%
period January 2002 to February 2003
identified an increasing number of These reductions indicate that this
burglaries taking place within the village. initiative undertaken by all the active
Information was analysed as to how the partners has had a considerable effect in
burglaries had been carried out and to tackling the problems at the University and
identify any specific features that had its grounds.
enabled the criminal to obtain easy access.
From this analysis, the police were able to For more information on the evaluation please
identify weak areas and implement the contact: Ian Hamilton - Shaw, Crime Reduction
necessary measures to reduce these crimes Officer, Sketty Joint Office, Sketty Police Station,
in future. Gower Road, Swansea, SA2 9BT
Tel: 01792 456999 Ext. 69823

8 News/Partnership Working July 2004

Derby Officers on the Scene
Derbyshire Constabulary & Awareness Raising Co-operative

A new partnership to promote the Derbyshire Constabulary and divisional

reporting of homophobic crimes has been Community Safety departments and is run
developed between Police Officers in Derby in conjunction with the Constabulary self-
(Derbyshire Friend) and Awareness Raising reporting campaign ‘True Vision’, both of
Co-operative (A.R.C) - a new voluntary which are designed to encourage Derby’s
organisation developed by Derby Homes gay community to report homophobic
designed to encourage the reporting of crimes. The two dedicated Lesbian, Gay, For more information contact:
homophobic incidents. Bi-sexual and Transgender (LGBT) PC Ali Adams at:
The partnership was brought together Operational Liaison Officers are easily alison.adams.1861@
in response to concerns raised that accessible to the gay community to assist
homophobic incidents were occurring but with all reported incidents. Derbyshire Friend -
the gay community was distrusting of the The launch weekend held in May saw Adrian Piggot
Police and therefore reluctant to report both the celebration of sexuality and a Tel: 01332 207 704
crimes. The new campaign ‘Is it worth the renewed successful partnership between A.R.C - Carl Willis
gamble?’ has been partly funded by the the Police and Derby’s gay scene. Tel: 01332 711 045

Grand in the Hand Helps Tackle Anti-social

Local Strategic Partnerships

Parish councils across the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead are coming up with
innovative ideas to combat anti-social behaviour in their home communities and qualifying
for a ‘Grand in the Hand’.
The Borough’s Local Strategic Partnership (LSP) have made a £1000 available to all 15
Parishes in the Borough as long as they work in conjunction with at least two other partners
of the LSP and provide match-funding for the project. So far, 17 projects have secured
funding for a wide range of neighbourhood issues. The Parishes themselves have committed
£11,000 with a further £14,000 coming from other partner organisations, including
housing associations, Police, local businesses, Ascot Racecourse, Chambers of Commerce and
some local schools. The ‘Grand in the Hand’ has also attracted praise from the Government
for Office the South East, which provided a £20,000 cash boost to part fund the scheme in
its first year. Among the projects lined up for the year ahead is a tour of the Borough’s mobile
leisure facilities for 13-19 year olds which include a skate park, art team and sports activities.
The tour will include five different Parishes with one being visited throughout each week of
the summer holidays.
Other ‘Grand in the Hand’ schemes include:
• flood lighting for an all weather pitch at Datchet recreation ground which young people For more information on the
themselves requested to enable them to use the pitch into the evenings and later in Royal Borough Scheme
the year. contact: Therese Lawlor,
• environmental improvements have been made to a playground at Knowl Hill through the Partnerships Manager
provision of new fire resistant litter bins and the distribution of a litter awareness leaflet Tel: 01628 796947
to local residents in the area. E-mail:
• pump-priming funding for martial arts courses for young people in Datchet and Eton.
• football coaching programme for young people to encompass all Parishes in or Stephanie James
the Borough. Tel: 01628 685612
The ‘Grand in the Hand’ has been so successful that it is set to continue into the year E-mail:
ahead with £15,000 of council funds being available for further projects.
As a result of the success of the Parish ‘Grand in the Hand’ the LSP has extended the Royal Borough of Windsor and
concept to local community groups and schools in the Borough to enable them to use their Maidenhead, Town Hall, St Ives
knowledge to start up more worthwhile projects to tackle anti-social behaviour, thanks to the Road, Maidenhead
funding from the Home Office and the Royal Borough’s Community Safety Partnerships. SL6 1RF

July 2004 Partnership Working 9

Neighbourhood Wardens do make a
big difference
Government Office South East (GOSE)

Neighbourhood Wardens have been patrolling the Canterbury District for over three years.
Originally funded by GOSE and the City Councils Housing Services, they were introduced to
improve residents’ quality of life in Harbour, Northgate & Marshside wards. Neighbourhood
Wardens were recently mainstreamed into a core council service following a recent
evaluation carried out by the City Council’s Community Development Services in April/May
2004, which found them to be popular and cost effective for the council and its partner
agencies. The Service made an assessment on what worked and what didn’t and what needed
to change in order to provide an improved service for the district’s residents.
During the evaluation, key statistics were collated along with consultation carried out
with over 250 residents. A cost-benefit exercise was also completed to look at how cost
effective Neighbourhood Wardens are. The evaluation found that:
• 51% of residents surveyed felt very safe with wardens in the area compared to a recent
CDRP survey that found 71% of residents in the district were very concerned or
frightened about crime.
• Residents’ opinion was that the scheme was a very good concept with an
8 out of 10 rating.
• Financial benefits costed for the three years totalled £580,000 of service to residents in
comparison to the £250,000 invested.
• Over 450 visits carried out to residents and over 2200 environmental reports completed
giving an improved level of customer service to the neighbourhoods that they served.

The Wardens are also now part of the new, innovative Public Safety & Education Unit,
based in Herne Bay Police Station. Their next challenge is to assist the unit in tackling
Anti-Social Behaviour and Crime.

For more information or a copy of the

evaluation please contact: Mark Richardson,
Community Safety Manager, Public Safety &
Education Unit, Police Station, Gordon Road,
Herne Bay CT6 5QT.
Tel: 01227 289260

10 Partnership Working July 2004

I d e a s a n d I n i t i a t i ve s
Arson Bus
Safer Blaenau Gwent

A hard-hitting advertising campaign, in the knows about fire-setters to report them

form of an ‘arson bus’, was launched in anonymously on the national
April to drive home the message that arson Crimestoppers number - 0800 555 111.
A shocking depiction of a flaming skull For more information contact: Stephen Carr,
has been emblazoned on the sides and back Community Safety Officer, Blaenau Gwent
of a Stagecoach single-decked Volvo bus County Borough Council, Civic Centre, Ebbw
that will tour the South Wales Valleys over Vale, NP23 6XB
the next 12 months. Tel: 01495 355683 E-mail:
The campaign, believed to be the first
of its kind in the UK, has been devised
and funded by Safer Blaenau Gwent,
the county borough’s community
safety partnership and aims to deter
arson and encourage people to report
culprits to the police.
The Stagecoach bus will be based
at Brynmawr depot and will be used on
all the Blaenau Gwent routes for the
next 12 months. It urges anyone who

New 24-hour National Domestic Violence

Women’s Aid & Refuge

Thousands of women experiencing domestic violence will benefit from a new national
domestic violence helpline. This groundbreaking new service is backed by grants from the
Office of the Deputy Prime Minister and Comic Relief and will be run by a partnership of
leading domestic violence agencies, Women’s Aid and Refuge.
The 24-hour freephone number is: 0808 2000 247.

The helpline will provide access to 24-hour emergency refuge accommodation as well as
an information service, including safety planning and translation facilities to thousands of
women who suffer at the hands of an abusive partner.
The new helpline will join together the existing Women’s Aid & Refuge helpline
numbers to provide a single and unique freephone service. It builds on the charities’ support
services for women and children experiencing domestic violence.
The Government is committed to tackling domestic violence, an abhorrent crime which
kills 2 women a week. This vital new national helpline will help ensure the safety of
thousands of women and children who are in danger at home because of a violent partner.
Women at risk will be able to get the help they need, when they need it, quickly, safely, and
around the clock.
The Government and Comic Relief are each contributing £1m over 3 years towards the
cost of developing new initiatives to address domestic violence. The freephone helpline will
receive £600,000 over 3 years. Research shows that abused women want a safe and easy way
to receive information. Calls from landlines are free of charge but may appear on bills.
As many as 1 in 4 women will experience domestic violence at some point during their
lives and domestic violence accounts for almost a quarter of violent crime.

July 2004 Ideas and Initiatives 11

Flight Paths Hits the Streets
Agencies Against Racist Crime and Harassment

A hard-hitting play to educate and help England, the production’s aim was to
young people explore their attitudes challenge any prejudices the audience had.
towards asylum, racism and identity toured The characters represented a mix of ethnic
schools and community venues across backgrounds and the play showed the
Newcastle and Sunderland from April to interaction between the group, whilst at
June. the same time exploring what it means to
Flight Paths, originally commissioned live in Newcastle and Sunderland today.
by Sunderland Local Education Authority, To ensure the positive work of the play
was written and directed by Kathleen is continued, a number of follow-on
McCreery. It introduced a different activities are available for schools and
approach to the issue, engaging young community groups. The interactive
people through a powerful performance. workshop will explore particular issues
The production was just one element of the further and allow individual points of view
work undertaken by the Agencies Against to be expressed. Teachers have also been
Racist Crime and Harassment (ARCH) to provided with a resource pack to enable
combat racism in Newcastle. ARCH brings them to continue the work now that
together a number of agencies to deal with performances have finished.
reports of racist incidents through a The Flight Paths tour was aimed at
telephone reporting line, standardising children aged 10 and above, it was free of
every agency’s response to these reports charge to schools, colleges and community
For more information contact: and carry out educational work about organisations in Newcastle and Sunderland.
Rachel Bishop identity and race. The tour was also of particular interest to
Tel: 0191 277 7832 With funding from Newcastle and employers and trade unions and bespoke
E-mail: rachel.bishop Sunderland City Councils, the Northern training days were available. Rock Foundation and the Arts Council

Focus on Football
Bedfordshire Police, Safer Luton Partnership & Luton Town Football Club

During the 2003-2004 football season, Bedfordshire Police and the Safer Luton Partnership
worked with Luton Town Football Club on a project called ‘Focus On Football’. This followed
a successful bid for £15,000 from the East of England Community Safety Fund to deal with
issues of crime reduction and community safety.
Among the range of initiatives undertaken, including posters, leaflets and promotion of
the Operation Scorpion crime reduction website. Bedfordshire Police ran an SMS text
messaging campaign that targeted match day crime using Premium TV’s mobile database of
Luton Town football fans. A crime awareness text message was sent to
thousands of fans a few hours before each home game. A series of
seven messages highlighted the risks of ‘flashing’ your cash and mobile
phone in public, not taking care at the ATM and not securing your
vehicle and valuables properly.

For more information, contact:

Insp. Neill Waring, Force Crime Reduction Officer, Bedfordshire Police, Saxon,
Bedford Road, Kempston, Bedford, MK42 8PP Tel: 01234 841212
Or visit the Operation Scorpion Website:

12 Ideas and Initiatives July 2004

How Clean are Your Toilets?
Lothian and Borders Police & Edinburgh Community Safety Partnership

Lothian and Borders Police Drugs Awareness Officers in collaboration with Edinburgh
Community Safety Partnership have written and published a public information
booklet entitled ‘How clean are your toilets’? The booklet is predominantly aimed at
designers, owners, managers and staff of premises to which the general public have
access. It is intended to inform about where there is potential for, or suspicion of
drug use, and provides useful information on street drugs. The booklet also
considers design options and how to deter drug use in public toilets. It also gives
advice on the statutory obligations regarding drugs.

For more information contact: PC Angela Berragan, Community Safety Department,

West End Police Station, Edinburgh, EH3 8DY Tel: 0131 221 2108 Fax: 0131 221 2060
Former television news presenter Sharon in the programme with Borough
Doughty launched the Commanders paying for every child in their
child safety programme three years ago. It’s area to take part. Other police forces
a learning scheme with a unique approach, around the UK are now signing up in
using a website cartoon character called partnership with education.
Miss Dorothy Com - or Dot Com to her The programme takes 15 weeks to
friends - to deliver messages to children in deliver and children are encouraged to
three ways: discuss their feelings and develop their
• a web site ( own strategies for dealing with risk.
where children can interact with Dot Teachers can use Dot’s family and friends to
and her friends. help children think about their own lives
• a school-based learning scheme that is and the website enables them to continue
accompanied by a personal work book their relationship with Dot after the pack is
in which children can record their completed.
feelings, identify their own safety The programme’s founder Sharon
network and discuss the feelings of Doughty was herself a victim of childhood
others around them. domestic violence and sexual abuse and has
• a drama production presented by the now dedicated her life to building safer
National Youth Theatre that reinforces communities for children and training
key safety and behaviour messages. professionals involved in the welfare of
young people.
The programme is One particular school found the
designed to tackle issues including programme particularly useful in reducing
bullying, crime and disorder, social levels of bullying and racism because the
inclusion, racism and good citizenship. It children were able to identify with the
was originally piloted in Thurrock Council programme’s characters, which allowed
in Essex, County Durham and Merseyside. them to talk more openly about their
The learning programme has won the worries and aspirations.
backing of police, teachers, Ofsted with Milly’s Fund has For more information or copies
inspectors and child welfare professionals also produced a soap opera-style drama of the pack contact: James
and has been endorsed by Prime Minister called ‘Watch Over Me’ that’s aimed at Garland, Ground Floor Office,
Tony Blair. provoking discussion and exploring issues City Arms House,
Aimed at 7 to 11-year olds, it is with teenagers. A second series of the 127 London Road, Stone,
delivered by teachers, but police officers drama funded by the Home Office is Dartford, Kent, DA2 6BH
also use it as a simple and effective tool to currently under production and will be Tel: 0870 759 3388
discuss safety messages with children. The sent free to every school in the country. E-mail: james.garland@
Metropolitan Police were the first to invest

July 2004 Ideas and Initiatives 13

Make Reducing Crime Your Business
Thames Valley Police

Thames Valley Police is urging businesses to and other organisations representing

heed the advice on a new website aimed at business interests. Membership enables
reducing crime. The site contains a series of individual businesses to take an active role
simple crime reduction measures to help in preventing and reducing crime on
make businesses secure and advice about business premises through sharing
what to do in the unfortunate event of a information, raising awareness and
crime occurring on your business improving communication through
premises. meetings and newsletters.
Its launch is supported by the Successful campaigns in the past year
publication of the latest edition of the have reduced robberies against businesses
Thames Valley Police Business Security in the Thames Valley by 16%, shop theft by
Guide, which is produced, with the 4% and burglary by 10%
support of local companies. The brochure The website can be accessed at:
and site includes valuable advice on
building security, alarm systems, closed business-crime
circuit television, cash handling, staff issues
and a security checklist. For more information contact: Laura Parsons
It also includes details of Business Tel: 01865 846 350 Fax: 01865 846 520
Watch, a partnership between the business E-mail:
community, local authorities, the police

Personal Safety Postcards

Milly’s Fund & Surrey Police

School children in Surrey were encouraged the 600,000 postcards were covered by Air
to enter a competition to design a series of Products.
postcards to promote personal safety To ensure that children would be able
among children. The idea for the to relate to the safety messages, pupils were
competition, launched in then asked about the type of tips they
March, was the result would like to be included on the postcards,
of discussions between their preferences included:
Milly’s Fund, a charity ‘Keep an eye on your drink’, ‘Be
set up by the parents of aware! Even soft drinks can get spiked’
murdered teenager Milly and ‘Keep your stuff out of sight so you
Dowler which deals with are less likely to be mugged.’
personal safety, and the The postcards will be distributed to
Youth Affairs Co-ordinator at schools every half term to encourage
Surrey Police. It was decided interest throughout the year. They will also
that as children are often be available in cinemas.
attracted to postcards with
interesting designs, it would be a good idea If other Crime Reduction Practitioners are
to use these as a means to promote safety interested in working with Milly’s Fund to
tips. promote personal safety please contact them at:
All schools in Surrey were sent a brief, Milly’s fund, Case House, 85-89 High Street,
the six categories for design were: Walton on Thames, Surrey, KT121DZ
Out and about, mobile phones, socialising, Tel: 01932 235 999
bullying, top tips and keep your stuff safe. E-mail:
Over 350 entries were received and a Or visit their new website at:
panel of 5 judges selected the 6 winners
who each received prizes of a mobile
phone and £50 cash. The printing costs for

14 Ideas and Initiatives July 2004

New Drivers Learn to Drive Out Autocrime
Safer Swansea, South Wales Police & A-Z Driving School

Safer Swansea has recently launched its latest initiative in its ongoing fight against vehicle
crime. Local driving schools have agreed to give advice on vehicle crime as part of their
driver-training programme. Pupils will receive an information folder containing all relevant
Home Office advice relating to vehicle crime as well as anti-theft tax disc holders and
window screen stickers advertising their participation in the scheme. It is hoped that this
partnership approach will have a positive impact on vehicle crime throughout the Swansea
area and benefit all new drivers as well as the agencies involved.
Statistics show that the majority of cars stolen in the UK are between 5 and 10 years old
with a large percentage of new drivers purchasing vehicles in this age bracket. Vehicles over
12 years old face the greatest risk of being stolen with a theft rate of 30 cars per 1000.
One particular driving school has also incorporated vehicle crime prevention as part of
their 33-point syllabus that uses Palm technology to record and monitor each pupil’s
progress towards test standard.

For more information contact: Paul Evans, Safer Swansea Community Safety Officer
Tel: 01792 635687 E-mail:

Vehicle Crime Information Pack

Camden Community Safety Partnership

Camden Community Safety Partnership is

currently working with the national charity
Crimestoppers to reduce vehicle crime in
Camden by producing a ‘Vehicle Crime
Information Pack’. The pack, which
contains posters, leaflets and stickers, is
being sent to vehicle retailers, Councillors,
Neighbourhood Watch Co-ordinators and
public outlets such as libraries and petrol
stations to publicise the fact that people
should not leave anything on display in
their vehicle. Motorists in the worst hit
areas of the borough will receive a leaflet
through the post with safety tips and details
of the Crimestoppers anonymous reporting
line - 0800 555 111. The same messages
will run in a series of adverts in the local
press over the coming months.
Theft from vehicles currently accounts
for over 80% of vehicle crime in Camden
and it is hoped that the pack will be used
effectively to reduce this type of crime.

For more information contact: Mark Roe, Community Safety Officer, Camden Regeneration and
Community Partnership, London Borough of Camden, Town Hall, Judd Street, London, WC1H 9JE
Tel: 0207 974 6118 Fax: 0207 974 5714 E-mail:

July 2004 Ideas and Initiatives 15

Think For Life!
Tyne and Wear Fire and Rescue Service

The ‘Think For Life’ project was launched investigated the scene of an arson fire
in March 2004 following the award of a caused by the partygoers, pupils take the
Building Capacity Fund grant. Employing a lead in all situations with staff facilitating
multi-agency approach, the project works their learning experience. A courtroom was
in partnership with both public and private built in the centre for use in the
agencies to improve safety for children in culmination of the pupils’ visit. After
the Newcastle and Gateshead areas. ‘Think experiencing the scenarios in small groups,
For Life’ focuses on anti-social behaviour the pupils join together to enter the
and encourages young people to take courtroom where a member of their class
responsibility for their decisions and will ‘stand trial’ for one of the crimes.
actions. It helps them to empathise with the With pupils forming the judges,
consequences not only for themselves but witnesses, press and jury, centre staff form
friends, family and others. Aimed at year 8 the prosecution and defence in the court
pupils aged 12-13 it was developed by the case.
Fire and Rescue Service, in conjunction It is estimated that 2500 children will
with Nexus, Northumbria Police and visit the centre during the project and
several schools in the Newcastle area. The initial feedback is very positive.
project is run from the Safety Works Centre
where pupils are engaged in scenarios that For more information contact: Jillian Rees,
involve a multitude of crimes from being Community Safety Education Officer
arrested for stealing and crashing a car to Tel: 0191 235 9472
being offered drugs at a party. Having E-mail:

Tamper Proof Tax Discs

Safer Swansea

The Safer Swansea Partnership has come up with an innovative way of getting
the autocrime reduction message across to the people of Swansea. 30,000
tamper proof tax disc holders have been produced and are to be given to
motorists free of charge through a number of outlets. For example, Post
Offices in the city will be giving out the tax disc holders free of charge when
motorists renew their vehicle tax. The disc is sandwiched between 2 sheets of
acrylic, which means that the disc will tear if tampered with rendering it
useless to theives. The tax disc holders also give information on how to contact
Swansea’s free vehicle recovery service for unroadworthy vehicles that have
failed their MOT or are in a poor condition. The free recovery scheme aims to
reduce the number of abandoned vehicles and the associated crime.
The holders continue the branding theme, (see Digest April 2004) which
is at the centre of the way in which Safer Swansea is promoted throughout the
area. Information on the holders also promote and websites and drives home the message that Swansea’s
motorists have an important part to play in crime reduction.

For more information contact:

Richard Price, Abandoned Vehicles Officer, Safer Swansea
Tel: 01792 841 662

16 Ideas and Initiatives July 2004

‘Quality of life - lets make it better
Hyndburn Community Safety Partnership

Hyndburn Community Safety Partnership has published an information

booklet on how anti-social behaviour can be tackled across Hyndburn. The
booklet explains what anti-social behaviour is and how, by working in
partnership, quality of life within communities can be improved.
The booklet highlights the need to share anti-social behaviour
information between partner agencies to prevent and reduce crime and
disorder. It also explains the use of Acceptable Behaviour Contracts and Anti-
Social Behaviour Orders. For more information contact:
5000 copies of the booklet have been printed and will be distributed to the public Vicky Whitfield, Anti-Social
throughout the Borough. Behaviour Co-ordinator,
To coincide with the launch of the booklet, an ‘aide memoir’ bookmark has also been Hyndburn First, Suite 16,
produced. The bookmark will be distributed to all households throughout Hyndburn in The Globe Centre, Accrington,
Council Tax bills. It defines anti-social behaviour and explains how the community can help BB5 ORE. Tel: 01254 604671
to improve their quality of life by reporting incidents. Contact details of agencies that are E-mail: victoria.whitfield@
able deal with reported cases are also printed on the bookmark.

Card Fraud Prevention Leaflet
Home Office & Banking Industry

Despite a slight decrease in 2003, plastic The leaflet is based on three key
card fraud is still a major cause for concern messages:
with reported card fraud accounting for • Treat your cards like cash
just over £400m last year. Cardholders can • Always check bank and credit card
prevent much of this fraud by taking statements carefully
straightforward measures to protect • Store personal information securely
The Home Office has recently Copies of the leaflet have been sent to
published, jointly with the Association for Crime Prevention Officers in all police
Payment Clearing Services (APACS), a forces and to Crime and Disorder
leaflet for the public about safe credit card Reduction Partnerships in England and
use. The idea for this initiative emerged Wales. The Citizens Advice Bureaux have an
from a meeting between Leigh Lewis electronic version and are currently
(Home Office Permanent Secretary for assessing how best to use the leaflet in their
Crime, Policing, Counter-Terrorism and organisation. APACS members (i.e.
Delivery) and senior representatives of the individual banks) are producing branded
card industry. At this meeting it was versions of the leaflet to distribute with
recognised that clear and simple messages card statements.
about how to avoid becoming a victim of
card fraud could be distributed widely If you would like more information about the
through a leaflet or flyer. leaflet, or to order copies, please contact:
Officials from the Home Office Sue Griffiths in the Home Office Fraud Team.
Business Crime Team and the Tel: 020 7411 5594
Communications Directorate agreed the E-mail:
design and content of the leaflet with
APACS, who provided much of the text. The leaflet can be downloaded from the Home
Office website at:

July 2004 Ideas and Initiatives/Publications 17

Partnerships made Painless - A joined-up
guide to working together
Ros Harrison, Geoffrey Mann, Michael Murphy, Alan Taylor and Neil Thompson

Written in partnership and based on extensive and diverse partnership work experience, this
new book offers clues and suggestions about how to develop work inside partnerships. The
This book priced at £15.45 is aim is to help partners work purposefully towards intended outcomes and define new ones
available from Russell House along the way. Partnerships made Painless encourages partnership workers to think construc-
Publishing Ltd, 4 St. George’s tively about the importance of:
House, Uplyme Road, Lyme • Reflecting on all aspects of partnership working work as well as partnership goals
Regis, Dorset, DT7 3LS • Balancing issues of diversity and effectiveness and being aware of the opportunities and
Tel: 01297 443948 pitfalls in partnership contexts
Fax: 01297 442722
E-mail: And how partnership workers can: • Keep track of and evaluate options
Website: • Manage interpersonal and inter-organisational relationships and keep track of and influence what is going on.

Young People, Drugs and Community

Alan Marlow & Geoffrey Pearson

This book is intended for policy makers, • Models of cost-effective evaluation for
professionals and practitioners engaged in improved practice, ‘joined-up’ anti-
this field. It offers: drugs strategies at local level and
• A clear exposition of the implications effective drugs work with young
of government policy for public people engaged in prostitution
administrators, welfare and justice • Advice on drugs, young people and
The book is available from professionals the internet
Russell House Publishing Ltd - • Models of successful Drugs
details as above. Education Work.

Safer Places: The Planning System and

Crime Prevention
Office of the Deputy Prime Minister & Home Office

Copies can be viewed on the This April 2004 publication by the Home Office & Office of the Deputy Prime Minister is a
ODPM website at: good practice guide for planners, architects and developers to make streets, homes and parks safer places. The guide encourages greater attention to crime prevention principles and to the
stellent/groups/ attributes of safer places and is intended as a starting point for planners. As best practice
odpm_planning/ evolves and local conditions change, it will be developed as new local solutions are added.
documents/page/ The guide challenges influential developers and designers to think in an holistic manner
odpm_plan_028449.pdf about each new building project. A key principle is that there is not a universal solution to
every problem. Each location is unique, so what works in one place may not work in another.
Hardcopies are available from: It is important that professional disciplines work closely together and pay close attention to
Publications Centre, the needs of the local area.
PO Box 236, Wetherby, Sustainable communities are those which succeed economically, socially, environmen-
West Yorkshire, LS23 7NB tally and respect the needs of future generations. They are well-designed places where people
or by telephoning: feel safe and secure; where crime and disorder, or the fear of crime, doesn’t undermine
0870 1226 236 quality of life or community cohesion. Safer places are therefore key to creating sustainable
quoting Ref: 04PD01903 communities.

18 Publications July 2004

‘Protecting the Evidence’
Bedfordshire & Luton Fire and Rescue Service & Bedfordshire Police

Bedfordshire and Luton Fire and Rescue investigations by establishing procedures

Service and Bedfordshire Police have joined that help to ensure that the scene is
forces to produce a new training package to preserved. The accompanying workbook
tackle the increasing problem of arson. The has been designed for either individual or
video ‘Protecting the Evidence’ and group learning.
supporting workbook is the first collabo-
ration of its kind. More information and copies of the training
The package is designed to enable front package can be obtained from:
line Fire-fighters and Police Officers to Sarah Lawlor, Luton Arson Task Force,
have a greater understanding of fire investi- Bedfordshire and Luton Fire and Rescue,
gation procedures and protocols. The video Southern Area Office, Studley Road, LU3 1BB
is in two parts; the first section shows a Tel: 01582 875225
vehicle and house arson being committed, E-mail:
the second focuses on the fire and forensic

Joined-up Youth Justice - Tackling youth

crime in partnership
Ros Burnett & Catherine Appleton

This evidence-based book, published this year, looks at the realities of joined-up youth
justice beyond the ideology and rhetoric of partnership. Anyone seeking a clearer view of the
whole system will find information on:
• How youth offending teams are constructed and what they are trying to achieve
• The place of youth offending teams in the heart of the collaborative youth justice plans
• The contributions of the various agencies.

Joined-up Youth Justice charts and analyses in-depth the

development of an exemplary youth offending team: its strategy,
operational management, front-line practice, and partnership
projects. By reflecting on the team’s experiences and analysing
them in light of examples from other areas, a more complete
picture is drawn of the youth justice system. The authors
• The challenges faced by managers
• The ways in which the reforms have affected
magistrates, victims and young people
• Organisational and partnership problems that are
arising and ways that are being developed to
resolve them.

The book priced at £17.45 is available from Russell House

Publishing Ltd, 4 St George’s House, Uplyme Road, Lyme
Regis, Dorset, D17 3LS
Tel: 01297 443 948 Fax: 01297 442 722

July 2004 Publications 19

Interactive Crime Reduction CD
Greater Manchester Police, Manchester City Centre Crime Prevention panel
& Royal Sun Alliance

A multi-partnership approach has resulted for use by any business when evaluating
in the production of an interactive Crime security issues and provides security
Reduction CD. The CD was information and solutions. Thousands of
created by IBC New Media the CDs have been produced and
and includes topics such as distributed throughout the Force area.
Business Security, Vehicle
Security, Robbery and Copies are available from Stuart Pizzey, Crime
Terrorism. The CD ROM has Reduction Advisor, Greater Manchester Police,
a video introduction from the Bootle Street Police Station, Bootle Street,
director of Small Business for Manchester, M2 5GU
Royal & Sun Alliance, a key Tel: 0161 856 3046
Risk Assessment document E-mail:


West Midlands Police

West Midlands Police have launched a powerful new interactive and educational CD-ROM to
highlight to young people the implications of getting into trouble with the law. ‘If only I’d
known’ draws on actual stories and experiences of young people from the West Midlands
who have been involved in street robbery and will be used in schools around the region as
part of the Citizenship curriculum.
Written by a police officer following months of research, the CD is based on the story of
a brother and sister who not only experience the consequences of becoming a victim of
For more information contact: robbery, but then go on to commit a similar crime. The CD aims to steer young people away
PC Steve Cluney, Young from street crime and explores the serious consequences for both the victim and offender.
Person’s Officer, C.S.B, The CD includes a ‘walk’ through the criminal justice system and features footage filmed
Harborne Police Station, inside Birmingham Crown Court and a ‘performance’ from a real-life judge.
Operational Command Unit, The CD has been produced with the help of the following agencies: Birmingham’s Crime
53 Rose Road, Harborne, and Disorder Reduction Partnership (CDRP) who also funded the project, the Youth
Birmingham, B17 9LL Offending Service, the Education Department, the Crown Court Service and Travel West
Tel: 0121 428 6185 Midlands.

Alcohol, Where’s the harm?

Creative Classroom & Lancashire County Council

Teacher advisers from Lancashire Lea have It contains a story following the
developed an interactive CD-ROM in relationships and drinking behaviour of
collaboration with ‘Creative Classroom’. five teenage characters. The scenario is
The resource is aimed at high school pupils ‘open ended’ to generate class discussion
aged 13/14 (key stage 3) and can be used and related activities including quizzes,
in a variety of ways including whole class storyboards and worksheets.
activities using interactive whiteboard or it
can be networked for individual use. The CD is available from LPDS Education &
The CD has been developed in response Cultural Services, PO Box 61, County Hall,
to concerns around underage drinking, Preston, PR1 8RJ at a cost of £80 (network rights
increases in alcohol misuse and binge are included). Fax: 01772 531 918
drinking and recent findings that showed E-mail:
an upward trend in the amount of alcohol Web:
consumed by young people. Ref: PBL 190

20 Publications July 2004

Design Against Crime - Secure Urban
Environments by design
Guidance for the design of residential areas
Stephen Town, Caroline L. Davey & Andrew B. Wooton

These guidelines explain the different approaches to crime prevention and address the
specific concerns of professional designers about issues such as style, displacement of crime
and the creation of open, yet secure environments. The aim is to assist designers of the urban
environment in creating secure environments that are attractive, promote feelings of security
and are sustainable over the longer term.
This guidance is the first in a series about urban
environment and focuses specifically on designing out
crime in residential areas where burglary is a major
concern for the UK. Some aspects of the design of
housing for older people are also discussed.

To obtain a copy send an A4 stamped addressed envelope (to

the value of £1.10) to Stephen Town, Bradford District
Architectural Liaison Officer, Bradford Central Police Station,
The Tyrls, Bradford, West Yorkshire, BD1 1TR
Tel: 01274 373 195

A guide to income generation for the Police

Service in England and Wales
Police Forum and Income Generation

Members of the Police Forum for Income Generation (PoIFIG) have produced a guide to
income generation for the police service in England and Wales in response to a recommen-
dation of the Bureaucracy Task Force.
The guide covers a range of topics including bids and grants, sponsorship and special
police services together with advice on the formation of independent charities or trusts. It
comprises a combination of practical advice, examples and strategic recommendations and
contains a number of case studies, including the development of driver training services by
North Wales Police and Surrey’s web-based Key Holder database.

A Guide to Income Generation for the Police Service in England and Wales has been produced by ACPO
and is available on their website:

Questions about the guide should be directed to Kim Leahy, PoIFIG National Co-ordinator
Tel: 01462 425 072 E-mail:

July 2004 Publications 21

Re s e a r c h Crime in England and Wales: Quarterly
Update to December 2003
Home Office Statistical Bulletin 06/04
Crime remained stable over 2003 according to the British Crime Survey (BCS) and police
recorded crime. The figures suggest a changed pattern of crime in Britain today, with a
greater proportion of anti-social behaviour and alcohol-related violence than crimes such as
burglary and vehicle theft. The quarterly update shows that recorded burglary, robbery and
vehicle crime, have again all fallen significantly. Both the risk of being a victim of crime and
the risk of being burgled remain at their lowest levels in more than 20 years.

A copy of the update can be downloaded from the Research, Development and Statistics website:

Understanding and Engaging Deprived

Home Office Research Development Statistics - On-line report 07/04
This Home Office study was designed to enhance understanding of deprived, high crime
communities by exploring perceptions of the local area. Views were taken from children,
parents, residents, politicians and professionals living and working in the community.
‘On Track’ is a pilot project for the provision of multiple interventions for children and
families in areas of high deprivation and crime. There are 24 pilot projects in England and
Wales delivering services with the aim of reducing the risks of children becoming involved
in anti-social and criminal behaviour. Four of the 24 areas were selected as case study
examples of a range of urban and rural contexts.

A copy of the report can be downloaded from the Research, Development and Statistics website:

Crime against students: Emerging Lessons

for reducing victimisation
Home Office Development and Practice Report 21
This 2004 report provides some emerging guidance for practitioners working with students,
it is aimed at those working in universities as well as police and Crime and Disorder
Reduction Partnerships. The report considers the issues associated with setting up and imple-
menting initiatives to reduce victimisation against students. The suggestions and case studies
presented are taken from various sources of information, including evaluation reports for the
Reducing Burglary Initiative (RBI) and information gathered from various universities.

Copies can be obtained by contacting by Research, Development and Statistics Directorate:

Communication Development Unit, Room 264, Home Office, 50 Queen Anne’s Gate, London, SW1H 9AT
Tel: 0207 273 2084 Fax: 0207 222 0211

Copies can be downloaded from the Research, Development and Statistics website:

22 Research July 2004

Safety and Justice: Sharing personal
information in the context of domestic
violence - an overview
Home Office

In June 2003, the Government published Responsible information sharing plays

‘Safety and Justice’ - a consultation paper a key role in enabling organisations and
with proposals for tackling domestic professionals to protect domestic violence
violence. As part of the consultation, views victims and their children and can
were sought on what more could be done potentially save lives. Using the straight-
to assist voluntary and statutory agencies in forward advice contained in the guide will
sharing personal information to protect the lead to enhanced multi-agency responses to
victims of domestic violence. domestic violence, allowing timely and
Respondents were clear that joined up action to be taken to protect
information-sharing was a major hurdle in victims and children from further abuse
dealing effectively with domestic violence. and perpetrators to be brought to justice. In
Too many different guidelines, too much addition, service referral, risk assessment
apparently conflicting legislation, unwill- and client-tracking can all be enhanced
ingness to co-operate, uncertainty about through better sharing of information
whether information sharing would protect between professionals. This includes a
the victim and a lack of agreed definitions range of professionals from the health,
all contributed to the confusion. Perceived education, criminal justice and social
barriers to information sharing had to be welfare fields who encounter domestic
addressed and a single, clear, detailed guide violence victims in the course of their work
that all departments, agencies and the and who need to share information to
voluntary sector could use was requested. provide services and promote client safety.
As a result, the Home Office Development At its heart, the report has one central
and Practice Report, ‘Safety and Justice: principle - the safety of domestic violence
Sharing personal information in the victims and their children must come first.
context of domestic violence-an overview’ Practitioners must work together to ensure
was launched at the National Victims that victims and their children are getting
Conference on 28 April. The Inter- the protection and support they need.
Ministerial Group on Domestic Violence Practitioners and agencies who do not
and the Information Commissioner’s Office communicate effectively can themselves be
have endorsed the report. a barrier to this. The report is
The report provides an introduction to recommended to all practitioners in
responsible and lawful sharing of personal various fields who are involved in
and sensitive information between practi- providing the safe, quality, effective
tioners in domestic violence contexts in services that victims and their children
England and Wales. It demonstrates that need.
sharing personal and sensitive information
can be done in a legal, pragmatic and The report is available to download at:
straightforward way. To complement the
report, an interactive web-based tool has dprpubs1.html
also been developed. The tool, which is
available on the Crime Reduction Website at A hardcopy is available from the following, address: Communication Development Unit,
outlines a step-by-step approach to help Room 264, Home Office, 50 Queen Anne’s Gate,
negotiate the legal and good practice London, SW1H 9AT
requirements of sharing personal and Tel: 020 7273 2084 Fax: 020 7273 0211
personal sensitive data and provides links to E-mail:
further information and advice. The
information sharing web-based tool is To access the information-sharing tool, please
available for both child protection and visit:
adult protection purposes.

July 2004 Research 23

Ta l k i n g S h o p Answers on a postcard

‘Best’ Practice? Finding our way through the fog.

In the last edition of the Digest I played It appears that unless we broaden our
‘Devil’s advocate’ and asked what was understanding and use of the terms ‘best’
actually meant by the commonly used and ‘good’ practice and go beyond mere
terms, ‘best’ and ‘good’ practice? After all, ‘crime by numbers’ and successful
they seem to be the Holy Grail that all of us outcomes, much else that is good will be
involved in crime reduction seek to find missed. Also, if the definitions were
and replicate. broadened, we might feel a little more
Many thanks to those of you who e- inclined to make public some of the
mailed or telephoned in on the subject and problems we experienced and share them -
it seems that this is an issue that many not as ‘bad’ practice, but as learning from
people either do not fully understand or the experience of others, which after all is
agree with. Many of us agree that ‘best’ what sharing ‘good’ practice is supposed to
practice should extend beyond merely be about.
‘crime by numbers’, that is whether an So do the terms ‘best’ and ‘good’
initiative or intervention reduces the merely relate to whether an initiative has
number of recorded crimes in an area. This reduced the occurrence of a specific crime
is because firstly, the crime reduction in a specific area or are we just uncon-
effects are not always easily measurable, sciously assuming that that is what they
especially with regard to the fear of crime mean?
and secondly because interventions may I propose that we drop the term best
not succeed in narrow terms. This is not practice altogether as it is far too narrowly
because of ‘bad’ ideas but due to problems focused on outcomes and does not entice
in implementing them for example, failure anyone to put their head over the parapet
to gain the support of the local community. and share their ideas, interventions and
Louise Blackwell (CS Research Officer for problems experienced.
Cardiff CS Partnership) raised this issue Good practice is a much more user -
with a scenario: friendly term, but we need to use it in a
‘Consider a practitioner who aimed to broader sense, not the narrow, outcome
improve the quality of life for residents in a obsessed and commonly accepted
selected community, through the imple- definition that I have been talking about. So
mentation of specific initiative(s). Perhaps what should we mean when we refer to
what is perceived to be the most good practice? The criminologist (and
appropriate measure of whether this definition king) Paul Ekblom (2001),
objective has been achieved is to conduct a suggests that when we talk of good practice
consultation in this area both before and we need to distinguish between:
after the initiative(s) and measure whether • the end-product - i.e. the quality of
attitudes towards their local community the output, the action delivered on the
have noticeably improved. I would argue ground; and
that although the initiative may well really • the quality of the process of
represent ‘good’ or ‘best’ practice (in terms developing that product.
of managing to improve residents’ quality
of life) that this achievement is actually In both product and process, we are of
extremely difficult to capture and prove. course looking for contributions that are
For example the improved reality will not legally and ethically sound. We also want
necessarily be reflected in the ‘evaluation’ contributions that advance all kinds of
report (which compares baseline knowledge about crime prevention and that
information from the first survey to the are capable of being fed into our collective
follow-up consultation findings) because knowledge base through principles and
the residents of that community simply see theories rather than merely as isolated
the survey as another opportunity for ‘success stories’. By including the process
improving their neighbourhood.’ element of good practice we will be more

24 Talking Shop July 2004

inclined to share the good ‘parts’ of a crime The point I am making is that when
reduction initiative, rather than just sharing considering crime reduction initiatives we
the whole thing in its totality and only should be focusing on the constituent parts
when the outcomes prove favourable, of the process because they may provide a
which is what seems to happen now. By wealth of ‘good’ practice chunks rather
broadening the definition we can more than focusing merely on whole initiatives
easily identify and share smaller elements that appear to have good outcomes. In this
of good practice which can be used specifi- instance, it’s a case of the whole being less
cally and so avoid the failure that often than the sum of its parts.
occurs when initiatives have been copied If you’ve any comments, please e-mail
wholesale. For example, an initiative may me and I will include them in the next
highlight an excellent analysis of a specific issue when the topic for discussion is the
problem that is worthy of sharing, but it concept of performance management. Do
may not have achieved its intended crime reduction initiatives need to be
outcome due to ineffective partnership intensely performance managed? Is it vital
working. In contrast, another initiative may in ensuring that initiatives are successful
provide lessons in effective partnership and for good practice to be identified?
working but may have not achieved its Please let me know your views on this
intended outcomes due to ineffective issue.
analysis. These two initiatives in the
narrowest sense would not be considered as
good practice, yet both might have valuable E-mail Jason at:
benefits for other practitioners.

Criminology Corner

Situational Crime Prevention (SCP)

So what is it all about?
Situational Crime Prevention (SCP) departs from mainstream criminology in that it focuses
on the importance of ‘opportunity’ in crime. It is concerned with the settings for crime and
preventing the occurrence of crime, rather than with detecting and punishing offenders,
which has long been the focus of traditional criminology. Ron Clarke, the acknowledged
founder of this approach, states that Situational Crime Prevention brings together
opportunity-reducing measures that should:
• Be directed at highly specific forms of crime. This is because different offences are the
result of different sets of opportunities and, as such, may each require specific
interventions. For example the distinction between burglary committed for cash from
coin-operated meters and burglary committed for electrical goods.
• Involve the management, design or manipulation of the immediate environment.
• Intervention measures should reflect changes in the environment that are designed to
affect assessments made by potential offenders about the risks, rewards and excuses
associated with committing particular crimes (Clarke 1997).

There are four main identifiable components of SCP:

• A theoretical foundation - This leans heavily on Cohen and Felson’s (1979) Routine
Activity Theory (RAT), which states that for a crime to occur three conditions must come
together in space and time:
(1) there has to be a suitable target (or victim)
(2) a motivated offender
(3) the absence of a capable guardian.
To prevent a crime occurring interventions must interrupt one of these conditions. SCP
also draws heavily on Cornish and Clarkes’ (1986) Rational Choice Theory where the

July 2004 Talking Shop 25

offender is seen as a rational decision maker who assesses the risks and rewards before
choosing to commit crime or not.
• An action research methodology - this is research to change crime reduction practice.
• A set of 25 practical crime opportunity-reducing techniques.
• A body of evaluated practice including studies of displacement.

So how can it help us with crime reduction projects?

Firstly, SCP teaches us to approach each crime problem separately and in a highly specific
way. Each crime problem needs individual analysis to determine why and how the
opportunity for that crime is occurring and then highly specific and tailor made interven-
tions to reduce those opportunities. In the past, blanket crime reduction measures have been
thrown at an assortment of different crime problems. Unsurprisingly, these have often had
limited or no effect.
Secondly, because SCP provides us with a theoretical understanding of how crimes are
committed it can also afford us an understanding of how interventions work, or the specific
mechanisms involved. When we understand how interventions work we stand more chance
of picking the right ones for our problem and consequently more chance of success.
Thirdly, SCP provides us with a wide-range of crime-opportunity reducing techniques
(Cornish and Clarke 2003)- twenty-five at the last count. These techniques are organised into
five categories that:
• Increase the effort - Includes target hardening, controlling access and
deflecting offenders.
• Increase the risk - Includes extending guardianship, assisting natural surveillance and the
utilising of place managers.
• Reduce the rewards - Includes concealing and removing targets, identifying property
and disrupting markets.
• Reduce provocations - Includes reducing frustration and stress, avoiding disputes and
neutralising peer pressure.
• Remove excuses - Includes rule setting, alerting conscience and controlling drugs
and alcohol.

Lastly, SCP has been seen to successfully reduce a wide array of crime problems and the
evidence base of its effectiveness continues to grow. It has not been without criticism, which
has centered on its apparent neglect of the offender in the commission of a crime or crime
displacement. Crime is an evolving phenomenon and appropriately SCP should be seen as
evolving over the past few decades. It has gone some way toward answering this criticism by
expanding the opportunity-reducing techniques from an original 12 to the recent 25. These
additional techniques go some way to rectify the perceived lack of attention to the offender
themselves. Evidence suggests also that reducing crime in one-way does not automatically
lead to its displacement, one hundred percent displacement is very rare.
We currently teach a two-day SCP course at the Crime Reduction Centre (soon to be
called ‘Reducing the Opportunity for Crime’).
Details are available from
On the suggestion of a reader we will discuss the new discipline of crime science in
E-mail: jason.roach2@ October’s edition. Please keep your suggestions coming in. Theory and practice are closer than you think!

Further Reading
For more detail about SCP visit:
Cornish. D, and Clarke.R. (eds). 1986. The Reasoning Criminal. New York: Springer-Verlag.
Clarke, R.V. ed. (1997) Situational Crime Prevention: successful case studies (2nd
edition). NY: Harrow and Heston.
Clarke, R.V and Eck, J. (2003) Become a Problem-Solving Crime Analyst: In 55 Small
Steps. Jill Dando Institute of Crime Science. University College London. London.
Downloadable from:

26 Talking Shop July 2004

Crime Prevention Initiatives (CPI) Form
CRC maintains a database of crime prevention initiatives, which is used as an information-sharing tool for practitioners with
enquiries for the Information Services Team. Details of initiatives or projects that are planned/ongoing/completed or have been
abandoned, are submitted using the CPI form. This information is then considered for inclusion in a future copy of the Digest and/or
the Ideas Exchange on the Crime Reduction Website.
If you know of an initiative in your area, please send details in using this form to: Jane Jones, Home Office Crime Reduction
Centre, The Hawkhills, Easingwold, York YO61 3EG Tel: 01347 825095 E-mail: Alternatively
complete the form on-line via the Crime Reduction Website at:

Project Name:

Description Summary:
(the aims and objectives of the project and how it works)

Geographic Location:
National: Project Area:

County: Coverage:
e.g. specific estate, town centre

Lead Organisation:


Contact Details:



Post Code:

Tel: Fax:

E-mail: Website:

Project Status: Planned/Ongoing/Completed/Abandoned (delete as appropriate)

Start Date: End Date:

July 2004 CPI Form 27

Materials: Is there any material to support this initiative?
(e.g. Leaflets, video, report, handbook etc.)
Please detail and attach if possible.

Evaluation: If there is to be a later evaluation, please note here so that we can

(Is there anything follow up at a later date.
documented which gives an
indication of the success or
otherwise of the project ?
Please detail key findings and
where they came from.)

(Funding Sources if applicable e.g. Home office, Local Authority, Business, Panel - Cash or Kind e.g. secondment/office space)

Total Cost: £
(if known)

Thank You

I agree to this information being stored on the Home Office database/website Yes No

Office Use Only:

Source: Sub:

Cat: Keyw:

D Ref:

28 CPI Form July 2004