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Code :R7310305

1

(Mechanical Engineering)

III B.Tech I Semester (R07) Regular & Supplementary Examinations, November 2010 DESIGN OF MACHINE MEMBERS-I Time: 3 hours Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks Max Marks: 80

1. (a) Discuss the factors to be considered in the selection of engineering materials. (b) The crank pin of an engine sustains a maximum load of 35kN due to steam pressure. If the allowable bearing pressure is 7MPa, nd the dimensions of the pin. Assume length of pin is 1.2 times diameter of pin. 2. (a) Dierentiate between endurance limit and endurance strength. (b) Determine the diameter of a circular rod made of ductile material with fatigue strength of 280 MPa and yield strength of 350MPa. The member is subjected to a varying axial load from 700kN to-300kN. Assume Kt =1.8 and FS=2.0 3. Design a double riveted butt joint with two cover plates, for the longitudinal seam of a boiler shell 1.5m diameter subjected to a steam pressure of 0.9MPa. Assume the joint eciency as 75%, allowable tensile stress in plate 90MPa, compressive stress 140MPa; and shear stress in the rivets is 56 MPa. 4. (a) Explain design of bolted joints with combined pre-load and external loads. (b) A steam engine cylinder has an eective diameter of 350mm and maximum steam pressure is 1.25 MPa. Calculate the member and size of studs required to x the cylinder cover assuming permissible stress in the studs as 33MPa. 5. Design a spigot and socket type cotter joint to carry a load of 25kN. The stress induced is limited to 50MPa in tension; 35MPa in shear and 90MPa in crushing. 6. Design a mu coupling to connect two shafts to transmit 40KW at 350 RPM. The shear stress and crushing stress for the shaft and key material are 40MPa and 80MPa respectively. The material for the mu is cast iron for which shear stress is limited to 15 MPa. 7. Find the diameter of a solid steal shaft to transmit 20KW at 200RPM. The ultimate shear stress for the steel may be taken as 360MPa and a factor of safety of 8. If a hollow shaft is used in place of solid shaft nd the inside and outside diameters if their ratio is 0.6 8. Describe the design of helical compression springs.

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Code :R7310305

2

(Mechanical Engineering)

III B.Tech I Semester (R07) Regular & Supplementary Examinations, November 2010 DESIGN OF MACHINE MEMBERS-I Time: 3 hours Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks Max Marks: 80

1. (a) List out and discuss the general considerations in the design of machine members. (b) A square tie bar of 20mm side section is attached to a bracket by 6 pins and carries a load. Calculate the diameter of pin, is the maximum stress in tie bar is 150MPa and in pins 75MPa. 2. (a) Dene form stress concentration factor and notch sensitivity. (b) Determine the size of a piston rod subjected to a total uctuations between 15KN m. Compression and 25KN in tension. The endurance limit is 360 MPa and yield strength 400MPa. The FS=1.5; surface factor =0.88. Stress factor = 2.25. 3. A double riveted lap joint with zig-zag riveting is to be designed for 13mm plates. Assume permissible stresses in tension, shear and compression are 80MPa, 60MPa and 120MPa respectively. Find the eciency of the joint and state how the joint will fail. 4. (a) Enumerate various stresses due to initial tightening of screwed fastners. (b) The cylinder head of eective diameter 300 mm for a steam engine is subjected to 1.2MPa. It is held in position by means of 12 studs. A soft copper gasket is used to make joint leak proof. Determine the size of bolts or studs, so that the stress should not exceed 100MPa. 5. Design a knuckle joint to connect two rods to carry a load of 100KN. The design stresses may be taken as 75MPa in tension; 60MPa in shear; and 100MPa in crushing. 6. Design a cast iron protective type ange coupling to transmit 15KW at 900RPM. The maximum load is 35% more than mean value on shaft. The limiting stresses are 40MPa in shear for shaft, bolt and key material; 80MPa in crushing for bolt and key; and 8MPa in shear for cast iron. 7. A hollow shaft is subjected to torque of 2 KNm and bending moment of 3KNm and axial load of 10KN. Assume that the load is applied gradually and the ratio of diameters is 0.6 and if the outer diameter is 80mm, nd the shear stress induced in the shaft. If a solid shaft is replaced for hollow shaft, what is its diameter? 8. Describe the design procedure of leaf springs.

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Code :R7310305

3

(Mechanical Engineering)

III B.Tech I Semester (R07) Regular & Supplementary Examinations, November 2010 DESIGN OF MACHINE MEMBERS-I Time: 3 hours Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks Max Marks: 80

1. (a) Enlist the manufacturing considerations in design of machine members. (b) The diameter of a piston of steam engine is 300mm and the maximum permissible steam pressure is 0.7MPa. If the maximum permissible compressive stress for the piston rod material is 40MPa, nd the size of the piston rod. 2. (a) Illustrate the methods of reducing stress concentration. (b) A simply supported shaft between bearings carries a load at 15KN at the centre. The span of beam is 500mm. The load varies to a maximum value of 30KN. Find the diameter of the shaft if its endurance limit is 600MPa and surface factor is 0.88, size factor is 0.8 and FS=1.6. 3. Design the longitudinal joint for a 1.25m diameter steam boiler to carry a steam pressure of 2.5 N/mm2 . The ultimate strength of the boiler plate may be assumed as 420MPa, crushing strength as 650MPa and shear strength of 300MPa. The joint eciency as 80%. The FOS=2.0. 4. (a) Enumerate various types of locking devices, seals and thread forms. (b) The cylinder head of a steam engine is subjected to 1.0MPa. It is held in position by means of 12 studs. The eective diameter is 300mm. A soft copper gasket is used to make joint leak proof. Determine the size of the bolts or studs, so that bolt stress should not exceed 100MPa. 5. Design a Gib and Cotter joint to carry a pull of 35KN. The stress in the materials are limited to 20MPa in tension; 15MPa in shear; and 30MPa in crushing. 6. Design a split mu coupling to transmit 25KW at 200 RPM. The allowable shear stress for the shaft and key is 40MPa and number of bolts connecting two halves are six. The permissible tensile stress for the bolts is 70MPa. The coecient of friction between the mu and shaft surface is 0.3. 7. A line shaft is driven by means of a motor placed vertically below it. The pulley on the line shaft is 1.5 metre in diameter and has belt tensions 5.8 KN and 1.2 KN on the tight side and slack side of the belt respectively. Both these tensions may be assumed vertical. The pully is overhang on a shaft with a distance of 500mm. Find the diameter of shaft. The shear stress is limited to 42MPa. 8. Describe the design of helical springs subjected to fatigue loading.

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Code :R7310305

4

(Mechanical Engineering)

1. (a) What are the factors to be considered in determination of factor of safety? (b) Find the minimum size of the hole that can be punched in a 20mm thick steel plate, having an ultimate tensile strength of 600MPa. The maximum permissible compressive stress in the punch material is 1200MPa. Assume ultimate shear strength of plate material is half its ultimate tensile strength. 2. (a) What are the various factors inuencing endurance strength. (b) Find the diameter of a shaft to transmit twisting moments varying from 800 Nm to 1600Nm. The ultimate tensile strength for the material is 600MPa, and yield stress is 400MPa. Assume the stress concentration factor=1.2; surface nish factor =0.8 and size factor =0.85. 3. Two plates of 8mm thickness each are to be joined by a single riveted double strap butt joint. Design the joint with working stresses in tension and shearing and compression are 80MPa, 60MPa and 100MPa respectively. 4. (a) Explain what are bolts of uniform strength.

(b) The cylinder head of a steam engine is subjected to a steam pressure of 0.7MPa. It is held in position by 12 studs. A soft copper gasket is used to make the joint leak proof. The eective diameter of cylinder is 300mm. Find the size of the bolts, so that the stress is limited to 100MPa. 5. Design a Gib and Cotter joint with two gibs to carry a load 30KN. All the components are made of same material with limiting stresses in tension 20MPa; in shear 15MPa and in crushing 30MPa. 6. Design a protective type ange coupling for C.I. ange to connect two steel shafts to transmit 15KW at 200RPM, with shear stress limited to 40MPa for steel. The working stress in the bolts not to exceed 30MPa. Assume that the same material is used for key, shaft and bolts and the crushing stress is twice shear stress. The maximum torque is 25% greater than full torque. The shear stress for cast iron is 14MPa. 7. A hollow shaft with 0.8 and 0.6m as diameters, transmits 5000 KW at 200 RPM. The shaft is mounted on bearings 6 metre apart. The thrust on shaft is 500KN and shaft weighs 70KN. Determine maximum shear stress in the shaft and angular twist between bearings. 8. Describe the design procedure of composite co-axial springs.

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