This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Cycliophoran species has been discovered in 1995, it has been noticed that they have an extremely complex body plan. This is unusual, because complexity of the metazoan species body plans ware before assumed to be correlated with the amount of cells and cell types in a species. The cycliophora male is approximately forty micrometers with only a couple dozen cells. There is no exact way of telling how complex an organism is but many scientist have used a “structural hierarchy”. Some scientists have agreed to decide that animals that have structural diversity are considered complex. Some animals including cycliophorans, have a threedimension-ally are arranged musculature, sensory organs, and a centralized nervous system. These types of organisms are considered more complex than animals without these features. When comparing cycliophoran dwarf males to any other animal, cycliophoran is found to have the most sophisticated body plan with a comparably low number of cells. The dwarf male develops inside the Prometheus larva stage. These dwarf male is approximately thirty or forty micrometers. Within such a small space, there is an extremely intricate musculature. This intricate musculature has been found using transmission electron microscopy. Using this technology, it has been established that these animals have a central nervous system including a large cerebral ganglion, a pair of ventral longitudinal nerve cors, fully developed gonads, sensory organs, mating structures, and other gland types. The average amount of cells in a sexually mature dwarf male was between fifty-two and fifty-nine. S. Pandora males had a cell count average from thirty-four to sixty-four. There were only two organisms with more than seventy-five cells. Sexually mature males of the species S. Americanus ranged from thirty and sixty cells with only three organisms that were over 100 cells. All of these cell counts are lower than any other free-living, sexually mature metazoan of similar body plan complexities. Considering the fact that these cycliophoran males are free living and not parasitic, this is believed to be the most complex body plan morphologies that is conducted with only a few dozen cells. Other acoelomate animals such as rotifers and nematodes have a minimum of several hundred cells with a less complex body plan. For instance, placozoan Trichoplax adhaerens have the simplest body structure of any free- living organism with over 300 cells. Other organisms with cell counts below this threshold have been reported only from secondary simplified, commensal, or parasitic species. Only two species of Cycliophora has been described at this point, Symbion pandora was discovered by Funch and Kristensen in 1995, and S. americanus was discovered in 2006 by Obst, Funch and Kristensen. S. Pandora lives on the mouth of the Norway lobster, Nephrops norvegicub, and S. Americanus is found on the American lobster Homarus Americanus.
it is concluded that metazoan complexity is not correlated to body size or the overall number of cells in an organism. they both have complex life cycles and a complex body plan. the description of the cycliophoran genome may be able to give us an understanding of how only a few dozen cells can form a complex body plan. Since this relatively recent discovery. It could still be true that these animals had a simple body plan but this proves it may be different than what scientist would have assumed. . With this new information about cycliophorans. This proves that it is a misconception that the earliest multicellular animals on earth must have had a simple body plan.Although these species have their differences.