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AN APPROPRIATE FEA MODELING TECHNIQUE FOR

ON-BOTTOM ROUGHNESS ANALYSIS

by

Witcha Leepipatpaiboon

A thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the


degree of Master of Engineering in
Offshore Technology and Management

Examination Committee:

Nationality:
Previous Degree:

Scholarship Donor:

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Gregory L.F. Chiu (Chairperson)


Dr. Pornpong Asavadorndeja (Co-chairperson)
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Pennung Warnitchai (Committee)

Thai
Bachelor of Engineering in Civil Engineering
Kasetsart University, Bangkane
Bangkok Thailand
RTG Fellowship

Asian Institute of Technology


School of Engineering and Technology
Thailand
May 2010

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
First of all, the author would like to give the gratitude to my family who always supports and
help me. Their encouragement leads this success of thesis.
The author also appreciates and respect to Dr. Pornpong Asavadorndeja who is my advisor.
This thesis is completed and successful because of his advice and guideline. He always gives
many advice and good suggestion for my thesis to make it more elaborately. Deepsea
Company and staffs also should be taken the appreciation by the auther. All input data and the
tool are provided by the Deepsea Company. The staffs do not hesitate to teach and guide when
the author need the solution.
Moreover, the special thank will give to Assoc.Prof.Dr. Gregory L. F. Chiu who is my
chairperson and the filed coordination of offshore management technology section. He advices
and provides the strong academic knowledge to support my thesis. The thankfulness and
respect also give to Assoc.Prof.Dr. Penneng Warnitchai. His comments are very useful and
help me to revise my thesis to be more completion.
Finally, the author thank to all university lectures who teach me for two years. All your
knowledge is integrated and conducts this thesis.

ii

ABSTRACT
Pipeline spanning is the one of critical criteria for pipeline design. An evaluation of an
accurate span length is required in pipeline design. However, the possible span value for
checking against its allowable limit is unknown value until pipeline already laid. The pipeline
spans of which exceeding their allowable value will suffer in the buckling effect and
overstress.
On-bottom roughness analysis is a name of computer simulation using for finding the pipeline
configuration on the seabed. The simulation is taken care by ABAQUS program. The
simulation results depend on several parameters including (i) Analysis boundary conditions,
(ii) Type of elements, (iii) Soil modeling technique and (iv) Environmental modeling
technique. Variation of these parameters leads to significant divergence of simulation results.
The appropriate parameters shall be selected to ensure the simulation result is realistic. This
study is to determine the appropriate finite element modeling technique for on-bottom
roughness analysis. Three parameters including (i) Analysis boundary conditions, (ii) Type of
elements, (iii) Soil modeling technique, were selected as variable in analysis. The appropriate
model will be selected by degree of span accuracy, degree of conservative model and suitably
run-time and resource.
The simulation results show that the boundary condition 1 and 4 are the appropriate models
especially boundary condition as there boundary condition consume less time and resource for
analysis. B33H element is conservative in the pipeline spanning while PIPE31H element is
conservative in maximum von mises stress.

iii

TABLE OF CONTENT
CHAPTER

TITLE

PAGE

TITLE PAGE

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

ii

ABSTRACT

iii

TABLE OF CONTENT

iv

LIST OF TABLE

vi

LIST OF FIGURE

viii

INTRODUCTION

1.1
1.2

1
2

General
Objectives

LITERATURE REVIEW

2.1 Introduction
2.2 Pipelaying procedure
2.3 Overview of analysis of submerged pipelines in seabed laying
2.4 Overview of an elasto-plastic finite element for steel pipe
2.5 Overview of a nonlinear analysis of laying a floating pipeline on the
seabed
2.6 Overview of touchdown indentation of the seabed
2.7 Softwares

3
3
5
6
7
8
8

METHODOLOGY

10

3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6

10
11
15
16
28
28

Objective and study approach


Simulation case
Overview of model
Simulation Scenarios
ABAQUS simulation / software capability
Evaluation

RESULT AND DISCUSSION

30

4.1 Introduction
4.2 Coding system for analysis case
4.3 Span configuration result
4.4 Conservative stress and span
4.5 Run-time and resource

30
30
30
33
39

CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

41

5.1
5.2

41
41

Conclusion
Recommendation

REFERENCES

42
iv

APPENDIX A: SOIL MODEL PLOTTING

44

APPENDIX B: ANALYSIS RESULTS

46

APPENDIX C: STRESS RESULTS KP 6300-6360

53

APPENDIX D: ISOLATED SPAN CHECKING

67

APPENDIX E: EXAMPLE OF INPUT FILE

69

LIST OF TABLE
TABLE

DESCRIPTION

PAGE

2.1

Software comparison

3.1

Pipe material data

11

3.2

Pipe dimensional data

11

3.3

External corrosion coating data

11

3.4

Concrete coating data

12

3.5

Oceanographical data

12

3.6

Seabed soil parameter

13

3.7

Post laid data

14

3.8

Pipe element (Nowzartash and Mohareb, 2004 and ABAQUS 6.7, 2007)

17

3.9

ABAQUS software advantage and disadvantage

28

4.1

Span deviation B33H element

31

4.2

Span deviation PIPE31H element

31

4.3

Span deviation ELBOW31C

32

4.4

Gap deviation B33H

32

4.5

Gap deviation PIPE31H

32

4.6

Gap deviation ELBOW31C

32

4.7

Model ranking

33

A.1

Contact pressure and penetration depth for non-linear soil

45

B.1

Element B33H span results

47

B.2

Element PIPE31H span results

48

B.3

Element ELBOW31C span results

49

B.4

Element B33H gap results

50

B.5

Element PIPE31H gap results

51

B.6

Element ELBOW31C gap results

52

C.1

Stress results of 1.1.1 and 1.1.2

C.2

Stress results of 1.2.1 and 1.2.2

56

C.3

Stress results of 1.3.1 and 1.3.2

57

C.4

Stress results of 1.4.1, 1.4.2 and Modify

59

C.5

Stress of 2.1.1 and 2.1.2

59

C.6

Stress results of 2.2.1 and 2.2.2

60

55

vi

C.7

Stress results of 2.3.1 and 2.3.2

61

C.8

Stress results of 2.4.1 and 2.4.2

62

C.9

Stress results of 3.1.1 and 3.1.2

64

C.10

Stress results of 3.2.1 and 3.2.2

65

C.11

Stress results of 3.3.1 and 3.2.2

65

C.12

Stress results of 3.4.1 and 3.4.2

66

vii

LIST OF FIGURE
FIGURE

DESCRIPTION

PAGE

1.1

Uses of offshore pipelines (Guo, 2005)

2.1

Typical lay barge operation (Gerwick, 1986)

2.2

Anchor-handling operation (Gerwick, 1986)

2.3

Operation on the barge (Gerwick, 1986)

2.4

Pipeline installation by S-lay mode (Guarracino et al., 1999)

2.5

Force action on segment of pipeline (Guarracino et al., 1999)

2.6

Follower forces due to Archimedes force


validation models (Palacious et al.,2008).

3.1

Methodology procedure

10

3.2

Seabed profile data

13

3.3

Example of error in data

14

3.4

Model description

16

3.5

Surface generating technique (ABAQUS 6.7, 2007)

19

3.6

(a) Linear soil model, (b) Non-linear soil model

19

3.7

Approximation linear stiffness method

20

3.8

Case I step description

24

3.9

Case II step description

25

3.10

Case III step description

26

3.11

Case IV step description

27

3.12

Span classification graph

29

4.1

Code interpretation

30

4.2

Summarize accuracy graph

33

4.3

Contact pressure and depth relationship

34

4.4

Span at KP 1270-1305 (Element comparing)

35

4.5

Span at KP 5350-5375 (Element comparing)

35

4.6

Stress result at KP 1270-1305 (Element comparing)

36

4.7

Stress result at KP 5350-5375 (Element comparing)

36

4.8

Span at KP 1270-1305 (BC comparing)

37

4.9

Span at KP 5350-5375 (BC comparing)

37

viii

4.10

Maximum Von Mise stress at 1270-1305 (BC comparing)

38

4.11

Maximum Von Mise stress at 5350-5375 (BC comparing)

38

4.12

Resource consumption

39

4.13

Time consumption

40

A.1

Soil model plotting

45

ix

CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION
1.1 General
Subsea pipelines are one of the most important offshore facilities. The pipeline were used for a
number of purposes in the development of petroleum field as shown in Figure 1.1 (Guo,
2005). A large petroleum fluid can be transferred steadily. The flow rate is specified for
reducing the wax effect and conforming to the production rate. Therefore, the pipe diameter
and the pressure are designed for maintaining the flow rate along the line.

Figure 1.1:

Uses of offshore pipelines (Guo, 2005)

The pipeline design is performed to determine the pipeline conditions are acceptable in the
code and client requirements. The analysis includes: (Bai and Bai, 2005):

Hoop, longitudinal and equivalent stresses analysis

Buckling analysis

Stability analysis

Expansion analysis

Span analysis and vortex shedding

Crossing analysis (Optional)

Pipeline spanning is the one of critical criteria for pipeline design. The pipeline span occurs
when the contact between the pipeline and seabed is lost over an appreciable distance on a
rough seabed. An evaluation of an allowable free-span length is required in pipeline design.
Should actual span lengths exceed the allowable length, correction is then necessary to reduce
the span to avoid pipeline damage (Guo, 2005). The over span length can result in failure of
1

pipelines due to yield and fatigue failure. The possible free span for checking against the
allowable limit is important as the free span is the unknown value until pipeline already laid.
The pipeline will suffer in the buckling effect and overstress if the free span is exceed than the
allowable length.
On-bottom roughness analysis is a name of computer simulation using for finding the pipeline
configuration on the seabed. The simulation results depend on several parameters including (i)
Analysis boundary conditions, (ii) Type of elements, (iii) Soil modeling technique and (iv)
Environmental modeling technique (Bai and Bai, 2005). Variation of these parameters leads to
significant divergence of simulation results. The appropriate parameters shall be selected to
ensure the simulation result is realistic.
1.2 Objectives
This study has the objective for evaluating the option of finite element modeling technique
simulates the on-bottom roughness analysis. The appropriate model will be selected by:

The span result gives nearly value as the actual result.

The degree of conservation of stress developed in pipeline.

The appropriate in the degree of accuracy and the simulation time.

CHAPTER 2
LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1 Introduction
This chapter provides the literature review in order to develop the knowledge to be the concept
for improving the simulation technique. This concept contains the pipelaying procedure,
laying simulation, soil model, pipe elements, pipe-soil interaction and applicable soft wares.
2.2 Pipelaying procedure
The most common pipelaying procedure is S-lay method (Figure 2.1). The full length of lay
barge is used for production line (fixing, welding and coating). Therefore, the pipeline can be
laid consecutively. The importance advantage is the tension controlling. The tension is
maintained in the pipeline from barge to the seafloor in order to reduce the vertical bending
and the tendency of buckle. Consequently, this study will use the pipe behavior in the S-lay
method for formulation the appropriate model.
The basic procedure of the lay barge can be described as Figure 2.1 (Gerwick, 1986):

Figure 2.1:

Typical lay barge operation (Gerwick, 1986)

The lay barge is positioned on its anchors, eight to twelve in number, holding it aligned
with the pipeline route.

The anchors will be progressively moved forward as the laying takes place, usually in
500600 m jumps. One anchor-handling boat on the starboard side will move each anchor
ahead in succession (Figure 2.2).

From a supply boat or barge alongside the port side, the crawler crane on the lay barge
snags (picks) one pipe length (12 m) at a time, turns, and sets it in storage. From storage,
the crane picks a pipe length and sets it on the end-O conveyor, which moves it to the
transverse conveyor at the bow. This conveyor feeds it onto the lineup station, where it is
positioned, usually semi-automatically, in correct alignment and then run forward to the
end of the preceding segment (Figure 2.3).

Figure 2.2: Anchor-handling operation (Gerwick, 1986)

The internal lineup clamp positions it in exact spacing and holds it for welding. Afterward,
the pipes will weld together.

The segment moves forward successively to weld stations 2, 3, and 4, with one or more
welding being applied at each station, and then chipped or gouged (Figure 2.3).

The fully welded line now passes through the tensioner, where it is gripped by
polyurethane cleats on caterpillar-like treads. The tension will be controlled during
installation.

The joint now goes to the x-ray station, where it is x-rayed, and the films are developed
and checked. If a flaw is found, it must be cut out, re-welded, and re-x-rayed.

Figure 2.3: Operation on the barge (Gerwick, 1986)

The pipe section now moves astern, where the joint is coated with the special corrosionprotective coating. A bracelet of zincaluminum or other anode is affixed. Concrete mortar
coating is applied to protect the corrosion-protective coating at the joint. This fresh
concrete is protected by a sheet-metal wrap-around.

The completed pipeline nowpasses down the ramp and over the stern of the barge and
bends downward. This downward bend is called the overbend.

The line nowmoves downward through the water and bends back to the horizontal at the
seafloor. This bend is called the sag bend. At this bend, the pipeline is usually subjected
to its maximum stresses and potential buckling due to the combined axial tension, vertical
bend, and circumferential hydrostatic pressure.

As the line lays out on the seafloor, its integrity is checked either by divers and video or by
ROV.

2.3 Overview of analysis of submerged pipelines in seabed laying


The study of the configuration of a submerged pipeline when laid from a vessel to the seabed
need to deal with a non-linear problem which requires for accurate solution a particular care
with regard to the laying behavior. Guarracino and Mallardo (1999) create a new method for
calculation large deflections and stresses of offshore pipelines laid with the S-lay method
taking into account the effect of cross section and consequent reduction of bending stiffness.

Figure 2.4:

Pipeline installation by S-lay mode (Guarracino et al., 1999)

The pipelines are installed by S-lay mode as shown in Figure 2.4. The model is assumed that
the gravitation and hydrostatic forces perform upon the suspended portion of the pipeline
during laying operations. Torsional moment is not applied at either end. The model is
developed in a fixed plane system of orthogonal coordinate x-y.

Figure 2.5:

Force action on segment of pipeline (Guarracino et al., 1999)

The origin of the coordinate system is coincident with the contact point C, where the pipeline
begins to depart from the seabed. The x-axis is horizontal and is directed along the pipeline
route. h is the maximum water depth, T0 is the tension applied at the laybarge and A is the
point where the pipeline leaves the stinger. is the first Eulerian angle, i.e. the angle between
the tangent to the pipe and the x-coordinate of the fixed reference system, and s is the
curvilinear abscissa along the pipe axis measured from the origin C. The profile of the
laybarge stringer can be described by the mean of function y = ( x )
The force equilibrium in each segment of pipeline with length ds can be presented in Figure
2.5. The element subject only to the difference between its own weight and the vertical
Archimedess buoyancy integrate with bending moments and shear forces. The horizontal
force (H) is a constant in this case.
2.4 Overview of an elasto-plastic finite element for steel pipe
An efficient finite element for the modeling of inelastic behavior of three-dimensional pipe
systems is presented (Nowzartash and Mohareb, 2004). The formulation is based on a twonode pipe element with 12 degrees of freedom. The element consists of an elastic portion and
two potentially plastic 3D hinges of zero-length lumped at both nodes. The behavior of the
plastic hinges is characterized using recently derived and experimentally validated plastic
interaction relations for pipe sections. The normality condition of plasticity is applied to the
analytically derived yield hyper-surface at the stress resultant level in order to approximately
simulate material elasto-plastic behavior. The element models shear deformation effects both
in the elastic and plastic ranges.
The performance of P3D2HE is evaluated with other types of elements i.e. PIPE31H,
FRAME3D, B33 and ELBOW31 (Nowzartash and Mohareb, 2004). All elements are
summarized in TABLE 3.7. There are six cases for comparing and assessing the validity of the
results.

Pipe subject to bending

Pipe subject to bending and compression

Pipe subject to bending and torsion

Pipe subject to bending and shear

Pipe subject to bending and internal pressure


6

Effect of location of plastic hinges under distributed load

According the results, P3D2HE is particularly suited for pipe sections which are stocky
(Diameter to thickness ration less than 50). The developed element yields very good
predictions of the failure load of a piping system while using very few elements. The element
is based on a recently derived yield hyper-surface for pipe sections and accounts for axial
force, bi-axial shear, bi-axial bending moments, twisting moment and internal and/or external
pressure effects, in characterizing the behavior of 3D plastic hinges. This makes the element
superior to other elements using other approximate yield surfaces.
However, this element simulates the shear deformation which affects both in the elastic and
plastic ranges. It provides accurate results for short span pipes under high concentrated loads
when compared to other solutions based on beam formulations.
2.5 Overview of a nonlinear analysis of laying a floating pipeline on the seabed
Predicting the structural behavior of a submarine pipeline and controlling it during the laying
process is a complex problem. In fact, in this process different aspects should be considered.
First, it is necessary to float the long flexible pipe, usually made of high density polyethylene,
over its final position. Second, a cable is attached to one end of the pipe and secured to a
location on the coast. The other end is attached to a controlling barge. Finally, the pipe is
flooded with water. The additional mass of water should cause the outfall pipe to sink to its
final position on the sea floor. The control parameters considered in the laying process include
an imposed axial force on the structure, the distance of the boat from the coast, and the
velocity at which the pipe is filled with water from the end close to the coast.
Jaime Garcia Palacious, Avelino Samartin and Vicente Negro (2008) develop the
implementation of the analysis technique by using the ANSYS computer program. This
implementation permits simulation of the two-dimensional structural pipe behavior of the
whole construction process. A sensitivity analysis of the bending moments, axial forces, and
stresses for different values of the control variables is carried out. Using the techniques
described, the engineer may optimize the construction steps in the pipe laying process.
The validity of the computer program has been checked by comparing the results in two
models. In a first analysis buoyancy is simulated by introducing nonlinear springs at two
element nodes. In the second analysis a follower load stiffness matrix is used (Figure 2.6).

Figure 2.6:
Follower forces due to Archimedes force
validation models (Palacious et al.,2008).
The displacement and bending moment resulting from both models agree reasonably well.
However, their behaviors in two models are different. In the first one the loads keep the same
horizontal direction and magnitude, whereas in the second one the loads are follower force
forces, they remain normal to the deformed axis of the beam. This emphasizes the influence of
the applied follower forces.
2.6 Overview of touchdown indentation of the seabed
A large force occurs where a pipe touches down on the seabed, during pipelaying. That affects
the pipeline indents or penetrates to the seabed. The settlement depends on the soil model. In
this study uses three types of soil models (linear soil model, nonlinear soil model and elastic
and fully plastic soil model) which is described in section 3.3.2.
2.7 Softwares
The structural behavior of pipeline along its route can be analyzed by using the FEM
simulation of load history. The FEM programs are used for modeling and analyzing this
behavior. It also solves the non-linear structural problems. As many approaches for solving,
there are many FEM programs for handling this analysis. The study selects the three notable
programs (OFFPIPE, OrcaFlex and SAGE Profile 3D) for reviewing their efficient and the
limit for analysis (Table 2.2).

Program

Seabed

OFFPIPE

Seabed is modeled as a flat


surface. Soil model is the
linear elastic

Pipe element

Boundary condition

Linear Euler-Bernoulli beam theory

OrcaFlex

Seabed is modeled as 3D
surface. Linear and non-linear
soil stiffness is available.

The catenary method (the effect of


bending and torsional stiffness do not
include)

SAGE Profile 3D

Seabed defines by using


bathymetry or seabed profile:
KP vs. elevation or easting
northing elevation. Pipe-soil
interaction modeled using
springs.

Different pipeline properties input


including coating. Pipe bending nonlinearity can be taken into account
using Ramberg-Osgood coefficients.

Table 2.1:

Software comparison

Pipe supports and tensioners on the lay


barge and stringer
Davit cable model for pipelaying
simulation
Pinned end condition on the seabed or
fixed structure
The barge motion can be specified
directly by a time history motion data or
specifying Response Amplitude
Operators (RAOs).
Buoyancy in six degree of freedom
Links are mass-less connections linking
two other objects in the model. Two
types are simple elastic ties or combined
with (linear or non-linear) spring and
damper units.
Six degrees of freedom (DOF) two
nodes beam elements assuming a single
circular cross-section
Node conditions allow end terminations
and various anchoring systems to be
included in the FEM model.
Linear or quasi static load application is
available.
Definition of boundary conditions in any
node of the model, using piecewise
linear relations pointing in any direction
All loads are defined in templates that
allow the user to easily add/remove them
when creating simulations

CHAPTER 3
METHODOLOGY
3.1 Objective and study approach
The objective is the improving the FEM technique by comparing the simulation results with
the post-lay survey data. It also includes other criteria such as stress and bending moment for
comparing each case. The step of analysis is described in Figure 3.1.

Simulation scenario: different variables


(Pipe elements, Soil models, environmental
condition and boundary condition) will be
provided for multiple analyses.

Create an input file: all elements will


be assembled (pipeline, seabed and
environmental condition). The laying
steps also include in this file.

Simulation process: the


model will be analyzed

Postprocessing: the stress,


displacement and other
results will be calculated
and present in the output

Figure 3.1:

Methodology procedure
10

3.2 Simulation case


The simulation case is based on the project data from Deepsea Engineering & Management
Inc. The environmental criteria (seawater properties, water depth and etc.) are based on the
gulf of Thailand.
3.2.1

Material Data

The pipeline is API 5L Grade X65 PSL2 line pipe for 18 pipelines. The material properties
of the line pipe are presented in Table 3.1 and Table 3.2.
Parameter

Unit

Value

Density

kg/m3

7850

Youngs Modulus

MPa

207x103

Poissons Ratio

0.3

Specified Minimum Yield Strength (SMYS)

MPa

448

Coefficient of Thermal Expansion

m/m C

1.17x10-6

Table 3.1:

Flowline
18"
Diameter

ID, mm

WT, mm

OD, mm

KP 0.0 to 1.0

428.6

20.6

469.8

KP 1.0 to 8.156

428.6

15.9

460.4

Table 3.2:
3.2.2

Pipe material data

Pipe dimensional data

External corrosion protection coating

The external corrosion coating material is 3-Layer Polypropylene (3LPP). The physical
properties of the material are presented in Table 3.3.
Parameter

Unit

Value

Density

kg/m3

980

Thickness

mm

Table 3.3:

External corrosion coating data

11

3.2.3

Concrete coating

The line pipe is externally coated with steel reinforced concrete. The density of concrete is
3040 kg/m3. The concrete coating thicknesses are presented Table 3.4.
Parameter

Unit

Value

Density

kg/m3

3040

KP 0.0 to 1.0

mm

38

KP 1.0 to 8.156

mm

47

Thickness
Table 3.4:
3.2.4

Concrete coating data

Environmental data
Oceanographic

The seawater properties and depth are given in Table 3.5.


Parameter

Unit

Value

Mass Density

kg/m3

1025

Minimum Seafloor Temperature

24

Maximum Seafloor Temperature

28

Minimum Water Depth, m

59.3

Maximum Water Depth, m

63.6

Table 3.5:

Oceanographical data

12

Seabed soil

The seabed topsoil layer is the very soft clay with traces of shell fragments. The basic
characteristics of the seabed are given in Table 3.6.
Parameter

Unit

Value

Undrained Shear Strength, Su

kPa

Submerged Unit Weight of Soil

kN/m3

Axial and lateral friction coefficient between Soil


and Pipeline

0.5

Table 3.6:

Seabed soil parameter

Seabed soil profile

The seabed profile is extracted from pipeline route survey. The variation of seabed elevation
with KP is presented Figure 3.2.

SEABED PROFILE
-59.5

Elev. (m)

-60
-60.5
-61
-61.5
-62
-62.5
0

1000

2000

3000

4000

5000

6000

7000

8000

9000

KP (m)

Figure 3.2:
3.2.5

Seabed profile data

The post laid survey data

Twenty Four (24) spans were observed in post-laid survey (Add Ref). The survey results
present the span length and identify the span in KP location (Kilometer post location). The gap
measures perpendicular to KP location. The post-laid data is shown in Table 3.7.

13

No.

KP start(m)

KP end(m)

Actual span
(m)

Actual Gap (m)

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24

7843
7544
7388
7035
6940
6827
6665
6309
6078
5627
5299
5071
4277
3660
3580
3382
2877
2772
2518
1286
1174
945
478
376

7854
7569
7413
7057
6960
6859
6701
6330
6102
5676
5340
5088
4330
3680
3600
3415
2917
2803
2560
1323
1205
969
500
412

10.4
25.2
24.8
22.5
35.9
32
20.9
21
23.7
48.4
41.3
16.5
52.2
20.3
19.8
33.1
40.3
30.1
41.6
37.4
30.6
24
22.7
35.7

0.4
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.4
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.4
0.2
0.3
0.2
0.3
0.6
0.3
0.3
0.5
0.4
0.4

Table 3.7:

Post laid data

Remark: the nineteen of twenty-four spans do not conform to the topographical data. The error
may occur from the data measurement, the fineness of topography. The example of span error
is show in Figure 3.3. Only five spans which the results give the value according with the
actual results will be selected for analysis. This study selected the span no. 4, 8, 14, 17 and 23
for evaluation.
Span no.10
-60.1
-60.2
Seabed

Elev. (m)

-60.3
-60.4

Actual
data

-60.5

1.1.1
-60.6
-60.7
-60.8
5620 5625 5630 5635 5640 5645 5650

5655 5660 5665 5670 5675 5680

KP (m)

Figure 3.3:

Example of error in data


14

3.3 Overview of model


An efficient finite element for the modeling of inelastic behavior of three-dimensional pipe
systems is presented. The formulation is based on (ABAQUS 6.7, 2007):

Discretized geometry
The coordinates of the nodes and the connectivity of the elements comprise the model
geometry. The collection of all the elements and nodes in the model is called the mesh.
The analysis will give more accuracy when the mesh density is higher.

Element section property


As the layers of composite shell and the dimensions are not defined in the node of
element, the section data are necessary to define the model geometry completely.

Material data
Material properties for all elements must be specified such as elasticity, Poisson ratio,
density, soil resistance and etc. The validity of the results is limited by the accuracy
and extent of the material data.

Load
Loads distort the physical structure and create the stress in it. The most common forms
of loading include self-weight, tension, buoyancy and pressure.

Boundary conditions
Boundary conditions are used to constrain portions of the model to remain fixed (zero
displacement) or to move by prescribed amount (nonzero displacement).

Analysis type
This study is used a static analysis. The long term respond of the structure to the
applied loads is obtained.

Output requests
An ABAQUS simulation can generate a large amount of output. To avoid using
excessive disk space this report will limit the output. This report uses the span, the
opening between pipe and seabed, Von Mises stress and runtime for analysis.

This analysis is carried out from an initial floating situation to the final laying position on the
seabed. The following control variables are considered in the laying process: the axial load in
the pipe, the flooded inner length, and the span on the seabed. External loads such as selfweight, dead loads, and forces due to the water pressure are also taken into account. Solution
for problem is provided and compared the results of each case by using ABAQUS program in
order to assess the validity and demonstrate their scope of applicability.

15

3.4 Simulation Scenarios

Tension Force
MSL.

Stringer

Sea State
Pipeline

Seabed

Figure 3.4:

Model description

Since the model may be used to analyze a pipeline situated on the seabed, it had to include
some sort of installation process in order to find the pipeline configuration when placed on the
three-dimensional seabed (Figure 3.4).
Primarily it was not the behavior of the pipeline during the installation process that may be
investigated. The important thing was to make sure that the lay-tension from the installation
process was represented in such a way that the build-up of residual forces in the pipeline, due
to friction when the pipeline lands on the seabed, was accounted for.
This model also provides a representative soil-pipe interaction model. This soil-pipe
interaction model will typically consist of a friction and a seabed stiffness definition. It was
realized that the seabed stiffness formulation must be able to describe several
pressure/penetration relationships, and that an anisotropic friction model may be used to
represent the difference in frictional resistance in the longitudinal and lateral directions of the
pipe.
3.4.1

Pipe Element

In the following section, pipeline problems under a variety of load combinations based on
finite elements B33, PIPE31, and ELBOW31 available in ABAQUS are conducted. These
results are compared. The comparison provides a basis to assess the correctness, validity and
efficiency of the each element. The overview of the features of each ABAQUS finite elements
is described in Table 3.8.

16

Table 3.8:

Pipe element (Nowzartash and Mohareb, 2004 and ABAQUS 6.7, 2007)

17

18

3.4.2

Seabed topography and soil model

The ocean topography will be created by inputting the surface profile. The profile is the
collection of line segments defining the cross-section of the surface. The profile will be
extruded to form a three-dimensional rigid part (Figure 3.5).

Figure 3.5:

Surface generating technique (ABAQUS 6.7, 2007)

Soil characteristics
The behavior of elastic soil can be described by Hooks law. This is a relationship between
stress and strain. Such a relationship may be linear or non-linear (Figure 3.6). However, the
overall stress-strain response does not same as this relationship. The curved load deformation
path sometimes does not retract when the load is removed. The irrecoverable extension that
remains under zero load is the plastic deformation (Wood, 1994). It should be defined as the
new reference state which the elastic response can be measured when the past maximum load
does not exceed the yield point.

(a)
Figure 3.6:

(b)
(a) Linear soil model, (b) Non-linear soil model

There are two soil models were developed by using ABAQUS

Linear Soil Spring Model

This approach was used to observe soil pipe interaction. The soil behavior was assumed by a
set of unlinked vertical and horizontal springs, or by a set of linear elastic interaction factors.
Pipes were also subjected to reaction forces from the seabed and any shapes which they came
into contact. The contact occurred at the outer edge of the line. The reaction force was given
by:
19

{F} = [K] {s}


Where:
{F}
[K]
{s}

is loadings
is the stiffness matrix
is the displacement

Soil stiffness is the constant value ( Eu50 ). The soil stiffness is estimated by drawing the line
pass the mid-point of 2Cu (Figure 3.7).

Cu = Undrained Shear Strength

Figure 3.7:

Approximation linear stiffness method

For simulation in ABAQUS, the interaction between pipeline and seabed will be inputted by
the constant contact stiffness ( Eu50 ).

Non-linear Soil Spring Model

Non linear spring model was developed from linear spring model by capturing non linear soil
behavior. Backbone curve which described force and displacement relationship was used to
represent contact stiffness during interaction.
Backbone curve
A backbone curve presented how the maximum compressive soil resistances force per unit
length varied with depth below the seabed surface as a pipe was continuously pushed into the
virgin soil. The curve was created by using bearing capacity theory of strip foundations in
undrained clay soil.
F = quB
qu = NcSu + U
20

Where:
F
qu
B

Nc
Su

Ultimate bearing load per unit length


Ultimate bearing pressure
Bearing width

B = D (Outside diameter)

if U

D
2

B = 2 DU U 2

if U <

D
2

Non-dimensional shape and depth factor


Undrained shear strength of soil
Submerged unit weight of soil
Penetration depth

Non-dimensional shape and depth factor Nc could be obtained by using Skemptons method
through the formula below.

U
,0.75
N c = Min 5.14 1 + 0.23
B

Undrained shear strength of soil could be assumed to vary linearly with depth according to the
following formula.
Su = Su0 + S U
Where:
Su0
S

Undrained shear strength at surface


Undrained shear strength gradient, assume constant

The U value in bearing capacity equation was applicable in pipelines that were not backfilled
or buried naturally.
The pressure-overclosure relationship will be used to define the interaction in ABAQUS for
simulation nonlinear soil model.

3.4.3

Sea state conditions

The sea state (Density, Water depth and etc.) will be defined in the AQUA command. The
buoyancy force will be specified in the distributed load by using DLOAD command and load
set PB.

21

3.4.4

Stinger

The stinger will be modeled as a straight ramp with constant slope. The dynamic movements
of the barge and lateral movement are not considered. The friction between pipe and stinger
are zero. This element will be applied only in the laying with stringer case.
3.4.5

Tension force

The tension force which is generated by the tensioner is estimated by following formulas (Bai
and Bai, 2005).
Tv := W s s

Th :=

z W s
2

(1)
1 + 1 + tan 2( )

(2)

tan ( )

tan ( ) :=

Tv

(3)

Th

s := z 1 + 2

Th

(4)

z W s

Where:
z
Th
Tv
Ws
s

3.4.6

Height above seabed


Horizontal force
Vertical force
Submerge weight per length
arclength
angle to the x axis

Boundary conditions

During installation, the pipeline will experience a combination of loads. These loads are
tension, bending, pressure and contact forces perpendicular to the pipe axis at the supports on
the stinger and at the seabed. The pipe configuration of the pipeline is governed by following
parameters (Bai and Bai, 2005):

Tension at the lay-vessel

Radius of curvature

Self weight

Pipe bending stiffness

Water depth

22

The boundary conditions are defined for control their behavior based on these parameters. The
results will be varied depend on the conditions. There are five condition cases.

Case I: Drop both side


This case simulates all pipe elements drop to the seabed at the same time. The pipeline
will touch down completely when the water flooded in the pipe

Case II: Drop one side and spread the gravity force
The one side end node is dropped to the seabed. The gravity force will be spread one
element to another element until the pipeline completely touch down.

Case III: Drop every 1000 meters


This model simulates the pipelay drops every 1000 meters by applying the weight to
the part which drops. The parts which remain on barge will be overhanged by supports.

Case IV Drop by stinger every 500 meters


The model simulates the pipeline drop by stringer. The stringer simulates by displacing
the supports to be the stringer shape. The pipe slips on the stringer will be simulated by
defining the spring at the end point.

Symbol description
Pipe element

Load case

Support

Seabed surface

23

CASE I
Step

Action

-Applying self-weight and buoyancy force

-Fixed the two end node in y-direction


-Hydrotest

End node A

End node B

Free

Free

Fixed y

Fixed y

Figure 3.8:

Case I step description

24

CASE II
Step

Action

End node A

End node B

-Displace one side to the seabed

Fixed y

Fixed y

-Apply the weight to the pipeline

Fixed y

Fixed y

-Displace the remaining node to the seabed

Fixed y

Fixed y

-Hydrotest

Fixed y

Fixed y

Figure 3.9:

Case II step description

25

CASE III
Step

Action

End node A

End node B

-Apply the weight to the first part

Free

Fixed y

-Release the mid-span node


-Apply the weight to the second part
- Displace the end node B to the seabed

Free

Fixed y

-Hydrotest

Free

Fixed y

Figure 3.10:

Case III step description

26

CASE IV
Step

Action

End node A

End node B

-Apply the weight to the pipeline


-Overhang the second part by supports

Free

Fixed y

-Displace the support to be the stinger shape

Free

Fixed y

-Release the stringer support


-Displace the end node B to the seabed

Free

Fixed y

-Hydrotest

Fixed y

Fixed y

1
T
K

2
T
K

3
T

Figure 3.11:

Case IV step description

27

3.5 ABAQUS simulation / software capability

According the TABLE 2.2, the three analysis softwares limit the boundary conditions, the
behavior of pipe element, and seabed condition, so these three soft wares fix the analysis
procedure. The softwares are difficult to change the simulation framework for according the
real cases. ABAQUS software is more flexible than the previous softwares. ABAQUS is the
engineering simulation software based on the finite element method. This software offers a
wide range of capabilities for simulation linear and nonlinear applications. The problems with
multiple components are models by associating the geometry defining each component with
the appropriate material models and specifying component interactions. The advantage and
disadvantage points are summarized in Table 3.9.
Advantage

ABAQUS
software

Disadvantage

Available extensive element


library
Multiple step analysis
Wide range of material models
Contact formulation for defining
the interaction between two
surfaces

Table 3.9:

The simulation may be difficult to


converge if contact or material is
complex.
The large number of iterations and
elements will affect the long
computation time and the
substantial disk space and
memory.

ABAQUS software advantage and disadvantage

3.6 Evaluation

The data obtained from on-bottom roughness analysis was evaluated in three aspect including
(i) span configuration (ii) stresses developed in spans and (iii) simulation time and resources.
The detail of on-bottom roughness data evaluation is provided in the subsequent section.
3.6.1

Span configuration

The span configuration was evaluated in term of span length and the span gaps. Only five
from twenty four spans were selected for span configuration evaluation (See Section 3.2.5).
The span prediction were considered to be accurate when the span gap and the span length
error is less than 20%
3.6.2

Conservative stress and span

This analysis has the objective to find the conservative model which gives the maximum
values in the stress and span. The representative spans are selected for finding the conservative
model.
The conservative model should give the maximum span results and maximum stresses.
Attention shall be put to the isolated span where the effect of neighboring span does not
transfer to. The morphological classification method is used for identifying the isolated and
interacting free-spans (DNV-RP-F105, 2002). The span can examine by using the
classification graph (Figure 3.12).

28

Figure 3.12:

Span classification graph

The isolated span gives the results which occurs from the purely effect of boundary condition
and element. The effect of the other spans does not transfer to this span. Therefore, this span
can use for finding the conservative model.
3.6.3

Simulation time and resource

The evaluation of simulation time is measured from computing time. The appropriate solution
is the model which requires a very small fraction of the finite element computing time. It also
cooperates with the percent of accuracy when compares with the actual results. This study will
find the appropriate model which uses less time and the results give the less error.

29

CAPTHER 4
RESULT AND DISCUSSION
4.1 Introduction

This chapter presents the simulation results and its analysis. The coding system for analysis
cases was firstly defined. The evaluation of analysis results in three aspects including (i) span
configuration, (ii) stresses and (iii) simulation time and resources were performed. The best
models were then selected from the above evaluation results.
4.2 Coding system for analysis case

The study cases are arranged in code system. The code will index the element, boundary
condition and soil model which use in the analysis case. The code component is described in
Figure 4.1.

. B . C
Soil model
1. Soil non-linear spring model
2. Soil linear spring model
Boundary condition
1. Drop one side
2. Drop both side
3. Drop every 1000 meters
4. Drop by stringer every 500 meters
Pipe element
1. B33H
2. PIPE31H
3. ELBOW31C
Figure 4.1:

Code interpretation

4.3 Span configuration result

The span configuration results were evaluated in aspects of length and gap distant. Remark to
be made that only five spans including span No. 4, 8, 14, 17 and 23 were used for span
configuration purposes as the field measurement data shows the pipeline is under tension
condition. The other spans show that the pipeline is under compression condition. This
condition is considered not acceptable as the pipeline is always subjected to tension during
pipe laying condition.

30

4.3.1

Span length

The span configuration result in span length aspect is presented in Table 4.1 to 4.3. The
analysis results show that the accuracy of the span length prediction varies significantly from
0.05% to 87%. The most accurate models predict three out of five span length within 20%
error. These models include model No. 1.2.2, 1.3.1, 1.3.2 and 2.2.2. In addition, the
ELBOW31C gives the span length less accuracy than B33H and PIPE31H.
4.3.2

Span gap

The span configuration result in span gap aspect is presented in Table 4.4 to 4.6. The analysis
results show that the accuracy of the span length prediction varies significantly from 5.0% to
220%. The models which three locations give the span gap less than 20% are model 1.1.1,
1.1.2, 1.4.1, 3.1.1, 3.1.2 and 3.2.1. The PIPE31H gives the span gap less accuracy than B33H
and ELBOW31C.
Percent of deviation (Span)

Span No.
4

1.1.1

1.1.2

1.2.1

1.2.2

1.3.1

1.3.2

1.4.1

1.4.2

Modify

28.89

20.00

33.33

2.22

15.56

20.00

2.22

24.44

11.15

4.76

47.62

33.38

23.81

0.05

19.05

0.05

52.43

0.05

14

42.86

18.23

47.73

18.23

13.30

3.45

37.88

23.15

37.93

17

47.89

62.78

37.97

60.30

42.93

50.37

47.89

65.26

52.88

23
Counted
number

36.54

10.11

18.92

10.11

62.97

1.32

40.95

14.52

32.12

Table 4.1:

Span deviation B33H element


Percent of deviation (Span)

Span No.
2.1.1

2.1.2

2.2.1

2.2.2

2.3.1

2.3.2

2.4.1

2.4.2

11.11

64.44

24.40

11.07

60.04

86.67

15.56

77.78

4.76

61.90

4.76

61.90

19.05

76.19

14.29

76.19

14

37.88

18.23

57.64

18.23

33.00

1.53

32.96

3.45

17

60.30

60.30

60.30

60.30

60.32

77.67

60.30

75.19

23
Counted
number

40.93

5.70

40.94

5.70

23.33

1.31

23.32

3.10

Table 4.2:

Span deviation PIPE31H element

31

Percent of deviation (Span)

Span No.
4
8
14
17
23
Counted
number

3.1.1

3.1.2

3.2.1

3.2.2

3.3.1

3.3.2

3.4.1

3.4.2

11.07
4.76
42.81
47.89
36.54

20.04
47.62
18.23
62.78
10.11

46.67
28.57
47.78
45.41
32.13

6.67
28.52
23.15
65.26
10.11

6.62
14.29
37.88
40.45
40.95

11.11
42.86
37.93
50.37
40.95

6.62
14.29
37.88
40.45
58.56

11.11
42.91
37.93
60.30
23.33

Table 4.3:

Span deviation ELBOW31C


Percent of deviation (Gap)

Span No.
1.1.1

1.1.2

1.2.1

1.2.2

1.3.1

1.3.2

1.4.1

1.4.2

Modify

60.20

71.37

6.72

4.60

51.00

40.17

74.70

84.17

81.41

16.70

50.39

10.05

49.30

56.20

18.80

41.00

74.60

42.75

14

1.65

14.55

50.53

33.97

159.75

145.73

10.30

23.52

24.60

17

5.20

13.40

63.10

40.10

219.45

190.00

17.90

34.00

28.25

23
Counted
number

24.05

12.65

44.98

34.32

153.50

134.03

9.58

1.00

0.22

Table 4.4:

Percent of deviation (Span)

Span No.
4

Gap deviation B33H

2.1.1

2.1.2

2.2.1

2.2.2

2.3.1

2.3.2

2.4.1

2.4.2

90.54

99.58

82.17

92.45

86.88

96.30

83.37

92.41

71.58

99.26

64.28

94.83

61.25

90.03

60.40

87.86

14

35.30

49.30

29.45

44.58

28.50

45.35

31.42

45.93

17

38.45

60.02

38.65

59.35

41.50

62.02

36.30

54.21

23
Counted
number

11.62

28.87

11.97

29.10

9.60

25.15

10.95

23.92

Table 4.5:

Gap deviation PIPE31H


Percent of deviation (Gap)

Span No.
3.1.1

3.1.2

3.2.1

3.2.2

3.3.1

3.3.2

3.4.1

3.4.2

61.10

72.30

59.90

71.05

79.43

89.60

76.14

86.50

17.60

51.41

40.50

76.25

47.15

79.75

38.45

78.76

14

1.95

15.48

5.65

19.43

37.43

32.95

21.50

34.12

17

5.80

13.75

14.15

31.75

31.30

49.85

33.25

51.73

23
Counted
number

22.95

10.65

5.45

6.80

3.40

16.95

6.32

13.53

Table 4.6:

Gap deviation ELBOW31C

32

4.3.3

Ranking data

The span configuration results were evaluated by raking method. The appropriate model shall
give both span length and gap accurately. Therefore, the set of span length and gap in each
model that accurately predicted will be counted (FIGURE 4.2).
The results could be classified in 4 categories as follows:
a. Rank A model: the model that accurately predict the sum of span length and span gap
equal or more than 5 position
b. Rank B model: the model that accurately predict the sum of span length and span gap
4 position
c. Rank C model: the model that accurately predict the sum of span length and span gap
3 position
d. Rank D model: the model that accurately predict the sum of span length and span gap
equal or less than 2
The summary of counting results is presented in Table 4.7. The counting results show that the
best models could correctly predict two span length and three gaps. These models include
model
Quantity of accuracy

C o u n te d n u m b e r

4
3
Span

Gap

1
0
1.1.1

1.1.2

1.2.1

1.2.2

1.3.1

1.3.2

1.4.1

1.4.2

2.1.1

2.1.2

2.2.1

2.2.2

2.3.1

2.3.2

2.4.1

2.4.2

3.1.1

3.1.2

3.2.1

3.2.2

3.3.1

3.3.2

3.4.1

3.4.2 Modify

Model

Figure 4.2:

Summarize accuracy graph

Rank
A
B
C
D

Model
1.1.2
1.1.1
1.4.2
1.3.1

1.4.1
1.2.1
2.2.1
2.1.2

3.1.1
1.2.2
2.3.1
2.2.2

3.1.2
1.3.2
3.2.2
2.3.2

Table 4.7:

2.1.1
3.3.2
2.4.2

2.4.1
3.4.2
3.2.1

3.3.1

3.4.1

Modify

Model ranking

4.4 Conservative stress and span

Two spans were selected for stress span evaluation. These spans are the span at KP 1279-1302
and KP 5353-5372. The spans were checked by comparing the adjacent span and the shoulder
length. Two spans can be summarized as the isolated span. The calculation is presented in
Appendix D.

33

4.4.1

Soil model discussion

The soil model has an important role in the determination of the stresses developed in the span.
The soil model of which providing the higher stiffness results in longer span. The stress in the
span directly depends on the span length and thus soil modeling technique.
Two soil model namely non-linear soil model and linear soil model were used in this study.
The non-linear soil model provides the rapid increase of soil resistance when the displacement
is less than 0.23 mm. (0.5 D). The soil resistance of 23.75 kPa was observed when the
displacement is 0.055 mm. The soil resistance is steadily increase by 100 kPa per 1 mm. of
pipe penetration.
Soil stiffness

23.5kPa, 0.055mm.

120
100

KPa

80
Soil non-linear

60

Soil linear

40
20

41.3kPa, 0.23mm.

0
0

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8

1.2

Penetration depth

Figure 4.3:
4.4.2

Contact pressure and depth relationship

Results

The pipe element evaluation

The effect of elements to stresses developed in pipeline is presented in Figure 4.4 and 4.7. The
figure presents the stresses in all types of elements under boundary condition 4 and non-linear
soil model. The results show that Pipe31H element has provided the maximum stresses value
of 9 and 12 MPa at KP 1270-1305 and KP 5350-5375 respectively. The higher stress values
are contributed by the effect of shear s detected in Pipe31H elements.

34

Pipeline profile
-60.7
-60.75
-60.8
Elev. (m)

-60.85

Seabed

-60.9

1.4.1

-60.95

2.4.1

-61

3.4.1

-61.05
-61.1
-61.15
-61.2
1270

1275

1280

1285

1290

1295

1300

1305

KP (m)

Figure 4.4:

Span at KP 1270-1305 (Element comparing)

Pipeline profile
-60.3
-60.35

Elev. (m)

-60.4
Seabed

-60.45

1.4.1

-60.5

2.4.1

-60.55

3.4.1

-60.6
-60.65
-60.7
5350

5355

5360

5365

5370

5375

KP (m)

Figure 4.5:

Span at KP 5350-5375 (Element comparing)

35

MAXIMUM VON MISE STRESS


14
12

MPa

10
1.4.1

2.4.1

3.4.1

4
2
0
1270

1275

1280

1285

1290

1295

1300

1305

KP (m)

Figure 4.6:

Stress result at KP 1270-1305 (Element comparing)

MAXIMUM VON MISE STRESS


10
9
8
7
1.4.1

MPa

6
5

2.4.1

4
3.4.1

3
2
1
0
5350

5355

5360

5365

5370

5375

KP (m)

Figure 4.7:

Stress result at KP 5350-5375 (Element comparing)

The boundary condition evaluation

The effect of boundary condition to stresses developed in pipeline is presented in Figure 4.8
and 4.11. The figure presents the stresses in all types of boundary condition under B33H
element and non-linear soil model. The results show that boundary condition gives the strong
effect to the pipeline configuration and the maximum stress. As boundary condition 4 is

36

simulated according with the actual case, this boundary condition gives the most conservative
stress. However, boundary condition 1 and modify have the trend of stress following the
boundary condition 4. Therefore, the boundary condition 1 and modify can use for stress
analysis because they also give the conservative stress.
Pipeline profile
-60.7
-60.75
-60.8

Seabed

Elev. (m)

-60.85

1.1.1

-60.9

1.2.1

-60.95

1.3.1

-61

1.4.1

-61.05

Modify

-61.1
-61.15
-61.2
1270

1275

1280

1285

1290

1295

1300

1305

KP (m)

Figure 4.8:

Span at KP 1270-1305 (BC comparing)


Pipeline profile

-60.2
-60.25
-60.3

Seabed

Elev. (m)

-60.35

1.1.1

-60.4

1.2.1

-60.45

1.3.1

-60.5

1.4.1

-60.55

Modify

-60.6
-60.65
-60.7
5350

5355

5360

5365

5370

5375

KP (m)

Figure 4.9:

Span at KP 5350-5375 (BC comparing)

37

MAXIMUM VON MISE STRESS


10
9

1.1.1

8
7

1.2.1

MPa

6
1.3.1

5
4

1.4.1

3
2

Modify

1
0
1270

1275

1280

1285

1290

1295

1300

1305

KP (m)

Figure 4.10:

Maximum Von Mise stress at 1270-1305 (BC comparing)

MAXIMUM VON MISE STRESS


10
9

1.1.1

8
7

1.2.1

MPa

6
1.3.1

5
4

1.4.1

3
2

Modify

1
0
5350

5355

5360

5365

5370

5375

KP (m)

Figure 4.11:

Maximum Von Mise stress at 5350-5375 (BC comparing)

38

4.5 Run-time and resource

The bar charts in Figure 4.12 to 4.13 show the relationship of simulation model, resource and
run-time. The data size has the value between 0.1 to 200 Gb. and the run-time has the range
between 1 to 3000 hours. The resource and simulation time are increases following the
boundary condition 1 to 4. The soil models are not much affect in resource and time
consumption. The model which uses least time and resource consumption is the model 2.1.1
and 2.1.2.
Resource
Modify
3.4.2
3.4.1
3.3.2
3.3.1
3.2.2
3.2.1
3.1.2
3.1.1
2.4.2

Model

2.4.1
2.3.2

Resource

2.3.1
2.2.2
2.2.1
2.1.2
2.1.1
1.4.2
1.4.1
1.3.2
1.3.1
1.2.2
1.2.1
1.1.2
1.1.1
0.1

10

100

1000

Data size (Gb)

Figure 4.12:

Resource consumption

39

Run-time
Modify
3.4.2
3.4.1
3.3.2
3.3.1
3.2.2
3.2.1
3.1.2
3.1.1

Model

2.4.2
2.4.1

Run-time

2.3.2
2.3.1
2.2.2
2.2.1
2.1.2
2.1.1
1.4.2
1.4.1
1.3.2
1.3.1
1.2.2
1.2.1
1.1.2
1.1.1
1

10

100

1000

Hour

Figure 4.13:

Time consumption

40

10000

CHAPTER 5
CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5.1 Conclusion

PIPE31H is conservative in the stress while B33H and ELBOW31C are conservative in
span results. The boundary condition 1, 4 and modify give the trend line of stress is
consistent. The boundary condition 2 and 3 give the high stress, but their stress is incorrect
because the effect of model behavior.

Boundary condition 4 simulates the pipelay behavior as the same real case. It also gives
the conservative stress and gives accurate span results. However, it does not the practical
model because it consists of many steps so, it is difficult to set up the boundary condition
and it use too long time and resource for analysis.

The model 1.3.1, 2.1.2, 2.2.2 and 2.3.2 should not be use because their results are incorrect
from the real case.

The model 2.1.1 is the appropriate model for simulation. The span results have a nearly
value when compares with actual (Model rank B). PIPE31H also gives the conservative
stress.

5.2 Recommendation

The actual result is provided only post-laid data. The data at operation period are not
available. Therefore the study does not fully cover the design life. The actual span and
stress data at operation period should be collected and analysis in the further study.

As the pressure (internal and external), temperature and fluid changing (water to oil) are
the severe effects on the operation period, PIPE31H is still proper for simulation on
operation case although this model take much time and resource.

The maximum stress is proper to ensure the design is very safe. However, it may causes
the over design which is not economical. Therefore the actual stress should be concerned
and study in the further study.

This study scope only one pipeline project. Therefore the study need more project to
support and improve the simulation approach in the further study.

41

REFERENCES

Andrew C. Palmer and Roger A. King (2006). Subsea pipeline engineering. Oklahoma:
PennWell corporation
Andrew Palmer (2008). Touchdown indentation of the seabed. Oxford: ELSEVIER Ltd.
Ben C. Gerwick, Jr. (1986). Construction of marine and offshore structure. New York:
CRC Press Taylor & Francis Group
Boyun Guo, Shanhong Song, Jacob Chacko and Ali Ghalambor (2005). Offshore pipelines.
Oxford: ELSEVIER Ltd.
Dassault Systeme (2007). Getting started with abaqus keyword edition version 6.7
David Muir Wood (1994). Soil behaviour and critical state soil mechanics. New York:
The Press Syndicate of University of Cambridge
Deepsea Asia (2008). 18 Pipeline lay survey data
Deepsea Asia (2007). Calculation sheet no. DEMI-930-CS-001 soil-pipe interaction
mathematical model test.
Deepsea Asia. On bottom roughness analysis tool user manual.
Det Norske Veritas (2002). Offshore standard DNV-RP-F105: Free spanning pipelines.
Norway
Farhood Nowzartash and Magi Mohareb (2004). An elasto-plastic finite element for steel
pipelines. Oxford: ELSEVIER Ltd.
F. Guarrancino and V. Mallardo (1999). A refined analytical analysis of submerged pipelines
in seabed laying. Oxford: ELSEVIER Ltd.
Fugro Engineers SA/NV. SAGE PROFILE 3D software , from http://www.sage-profile.com.
Jaime Garcia-Palacious, Avelino Samartin and Vicente Negro (2008). A nonlinear analysis of
laying a floating pipeline on the seabed. Oxford: ELSEVIER Ltd.
Orcina Ltd. (1987). OrcaFlex manual version 9.3a. United Kingdom
Robert C. Malahy, Jr. (1996). OFFPIPE users guide version 2.05
Stein Sture (2004). Determination of soil stiffness parameters. Boulder: Unversity of Colorado

42

Subrata Chakrabatri (2005). Handbook of offshore engineering volume II. Oxford:


ELSEVIER Ltd.
Young Bai and Qiang Bai (2005). Subsea pipelines and risers. Oxford: ELSEVIER Ltd.

43

APPENDIX A: SOIL MODEL PLOTTING

44

Contact Pressure
0
23.7479627
32.448592
37.9245917
41.3019143
42.9391915
43.7192173
44.4543364
45.1539028
45.8244138
46.4706
47.0960327
47.7034865
48.2951677
48.8728653
49.4380537
49.991965
50.5356415
51.0699742
51.5957317
52.1135829

Table A.1:

Penetration Depth
0
0.055
0.111
0.166
0.222
0.277
0.332
0.388
0.443
0.498
0.554
0.609
0.665
0.72
0.775
0.831
0.886
0.941
0.997
1.052
1.108

Contact pressure and penetration depth for non-linear soil


Soil stiffness

120
100
KPa

80
Soil non-linear

60

Soil linear

40
20
0
0

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8

Penetration depth

Figure A.1:

Soil model plotting

45

1.2

APPENDIX B: ANALYSIS RESULTS

46

No.

KP
start(m)

KP
end(m)

Actual span
(m)

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24

7843
7544
7388
7035
6940
6827
6665
6309
6078
5627
5299
5071
4277
3660
3580
3382
2877
2772
2518
1286
1174
945
478
376

7854
7569
7413
7057
6960
6859
6701
6330
6102
5676
5340
5088
4330
3680
3600
3415
2917
2803
2560
1323
1205
969
500
412

10.4
25.2
24.8
22.5
35.9
32
20.9
21
23.7
48.4
41.3
16.5
52.2
20.3
19.8
33.1
40.3
30.1
41.6
37.4
30.6
24
22.7
35.7

1.1.1
36.00
12.00
22.00
29.00
13.00
18.00
7.00
22.00
13.00
7.00
10.00
9.00
18.00
29.00
4.00
10.00
21.00
13.00
10.00
23.00
14.00
24.00
30.99
24.00

Table B.1:

1.1.2
29.00
3.00
12.00
18.00
2.00
7.00
3.00
11.00
4.00
4.00
2.00
6.00
6.00
24.00
2.00
3.00
15.00
2.00
2.00
12.00
5.00
15.00
25.00
18.00

1.2.1
33.00
14.00
24.00
30.00
15.00
22.00
11.00
28.01
15.00
11.00
13.01
14.00
24.01
29.99
20.00
11.00
25.00
14.99
12.00
24.00
15.00
25.00
26.99
23.99

1.2.2
29.00
6.00
15.00
23.00
7.00
16.00
4.00
16.00
7.00
2.00
7.00
5.00
9.00
24.00
4.00
2.00
16.00
11.00
6.00
16.00
8.00
18.00
24.99
18.00

Span results
1.3.1
33.00
21.00
26.01
19.00
17.00
29.99
11.00
20.99
21.00
11.00
21.00
16.00
23.00
23.00
21.00
12.00
23.00
10.00
14.00
24.00
17.00
25.00
36.99
28.99

Element B33H span results

47

1.3.2
27.99
10.00
18.01
18.00
12.00
9.00
11.00
17.00
9.00
2.00
10.00
12.00
21.00
21.00
11.00
7.00
20.00
5.00
12.00
20.00
12.00
20.00
23.00
21.99

1.4.1
35.99
12.00
22.00
23.00
12.00
17.00
7.00
20.99
13.00
7.00
11.00
9.00
18.00
27.99
4.00
9.00
21.00
13.00
10.00
23.00
13.00
24.00
31.99
25.00

1.4.2
27.99
2.00
12.00
17.00
5.00
7.00
3.01
9.99
4.00
4.00
2.00
6.00
6.00
25.00
9.00
3.00
14.00
2.00
2.00
12.00
5.00
14.00
26.00
17.00

Modify
33.99
12.00
22.00
19.99
14.00
10.99
6.00
20.99
12.00
8.00
11.00
8.00
12.00
28.00
3.00
10.00
18.99
13.99
9.00
21.99
14.00
23.00
29.99
23.99

No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24

KP
start(m)
7843
7544
7388
7035
6940
6827
6665
6309
6078
5627
5299
5071
4277
3660
3580
3382
2877
2772
2518
1286
1174
945
478
376

KP
end(m)
7854
7569
7413
7057
6960
6859
6701
6330
6102
5676
5340
5088
4330
3680
3600
3415
2917
2803
2560
1323
1205
969
500
412

Actual span
(m)
10.4
25.2
24.8
22.5
35.9
32
20.9
21
23.7
48.4
41.3
16.5
52.2
20.3
19.8
33.1
40.3
30.1
41.6
37.4
30.6
24
22.7
35.7

2.1.1
31.99
12.00
20.00
20.00
12.00
8.00
8.00
20.00
12.00
8.00
12.00
8.00
8.00
27.99
8.00
8.00
16.00
16.00
12.00
20.00
12.00
24.00
31.99
20.00

Table B.2:

2.1.2
24.00
19.99
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
12.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
24.00
8.00
12.00
16.00
12.00
8.00
12.00
12.00
8.00
23.99
16.00

2.2.1
31.98
12.00
20.00
27.99
12.00
16.01
8.00
20.00
16.00
8.01
12.00
8.00
8.00
32.00
8.00
8.00
16.00
16.00
12.00
20.00
12.00
24.00
31.99
20.00

Span results
2.2.2
2.3.1
23.99
32.00
8.00
9.00
8.00
17.00
20.01
8.99
8.00
10.00
8.01
9.00
12.00
3.00
8.00
17.00
20.01
9.00
8.00
5.00
8.00
7.00
8.00
5.00
8.00
9.00
24.00
27.00
8.00
3.00
12.00
6.00
16.00
15.99
8.00
11.00
16.00
7.00
12.00
17.00
12.00
12.00
8.00
20.00
23.99
27.99
16.00
20.00

Element PIPE31H span results

48

2.3.2
22.99
5.00
6.00
3.00
5.00
2.00
4.00
5.00
8.00
7.00
4.00
3.00
3.00
19.99
5.00
5.00
9.00
4.00
10.00
6.00
1.99
5.00
23.00
12.00

2.4.1
31.99
9.00
17.00
19.00
10.00
9.00
3.00
18.00
10.00
5.00
7.00
5.00
9.00
26.99
2.00
6.00
16.00
9.99
7.00
13.00
12.00
20.00
27.99
21.00

2.4.2
23.00
4.00
6.00
5.00
2.00
3.00
3.00
5.00
8.99
8.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
21.00
4.00
4.00
10.00
4.00
4.00
7.00
2.00
6.00
22.00
13.00

No.

KP
start(m)

KP
end(m)

Actual span
(m)

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24

7843
7544
7388
7035
6940
6827
6665
6309
6078
5627
5299
5071
4277
3660
3580
3382
2877
2772
2518
1286
1174
945
478
376

7854
7569
7413
7057
6960
6859
6701
6330
6102
5676
5340
5088
4330
3680
3600
3415
2917
2803
2560
1323
1205
969
500
412

10.4
25.2
24.8
22.5
35.9
32
20.9
21
23.7
48.4
41.3
16.5
52.2
20.3
19.8
33.1
40.3
30.1
41.6
37.4
30.6
24
22.7
35.7

3.1.1
36.00
12.00
22.01
24.99
13.00
17.00
7.00
22.00
12.00
7.00
10.00
8.00
18.01
28.99
4.00
9.00
21.00
13.00
9.00
23.00
13.00
23.00
31.00
24.00

Table B.3:

3.1.2
29.00
3.00
11.01
17.99
10.00
6.00
3.00
11.00
3.00
4.00
2.00
6.00
6.00
24.00
2.00
3.00
15.00
2.00
2.00
10.00
5.00
14.00
25.00
17.00

3.2.1
34.99
11.00
22.00
33.00
11.00
21.00
8.01
27.00
13.00
8.01
12.00
9.00
19.00
30.00
4.00
9.00
22.00
13.00
10.00
22.00
13.00
24.00
29.99
23.00

Span results
3.2.2
3.3.1
29.00
35.99
2.00
16.00
10.00
24.00
24.00
23.99
9.00
16.00
12.00
12.00
6.00
8.00
15.01
24.00
4.01
16.00
5.00
8.00
3.00
16.00
6.00
8.00
6.00
12.00
25.00
27.99
9.00
8.00
2.00
12.00
14.00
24.00
8.99
15.99
2.00
12.00
11.00
24.00
4.00
16.00
14.00
24.00
25.00
31.99
17.00
28.00

Element ELBOW31C span results

49

3.3.2
32.00
12.00
16.00
20.00
8.00
12.00
8.00
12.00
8.00
8.00
19.99
8.00
12.00
28.00
12.00
8.00
20.00
7.99
16.00
16.00
8.00
16.00
31.99
20.00

3.4.1
35.99
16.00
28.00
23.99
16.00
20.00
12.00
24.00
12.00
12.00
12.00
12.00
20.00
27.99
8.00
12.00
24.00
15.99
12.00
24.00
16.00
28.00
35.99
28.00

3.4.2
28.00
8.00
16.00
20.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
11.99
20.00
16.00
8.00
8.00
8.01
28.00
12.00
8.00
16.00
11.99
8.00
16.00
8.00
20.00
28.00
20.00

Span No.

KP
start(m)

KP
end(m)

Actual Gap
(m)

1.1.1

1.1.2

1.2.1

1.2.2

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24

7843
7544
7388
7035
6940
6827
6665
6309
6078
5627
5299
5071
4277
3660
3580
3382
2877
2772
2518
1286
1174
945
478
376

7854
7569
7413
7057
6960
6859
6701
6330
6102
5676
5340
5088
4330
3680
3600
3415
2917
2803
2560
1323
1205
969
500
412

0.4
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.4
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.4
0.2
0.3
0.2
0.3
0.6
0.3
0.3
0.5
0.4
0.4

0.55
0.05
0.14
0.16
0.04
0.08
0.01
0.17
0.06
0.01
0.03
0.02
0.04
0.39
0.01
0.02
0.21
0.04
0.02
0.11
0.06
0.13
0.50
0.26

0.44
0.01
0.08
0.11
0.00
0.05
0.01
0.10
0.02
0.02
0.00
0.03
0.02
0.34
0.00
0.01
0.17
0.01
0.02
0.07
0.01
0.07
0.45
0.19

0.94
0.09
0.33
0.43
0.10
0.13
0.04
0.18
0.13
0.04
0.07
0.07
0.12
0.60
0.11
0.04
0.33
0.09
0.07
0.23
0.14
0.25
0.58
0.34

0.83
0.04
0.25
0.38
0.04
0.10
0.01
0.10
0.09
0.00
0.04
0.03
0.07
0.54
0.03
0.00
0.28
0.04
0.03
0.16
0.07
0.16
0.54
0.27

Table B.4:

Gap result
1.3.1
1.3.2
1.46
0.18
0.59
0.60
0.21
0.24
0.10
0.31
0.17
0.11
0.16
0.18
0.26
1.04
0.27
0.09
0.64
0.16
0.17
0.48
0.31
0.52
1.01
0.62

Element B33H gap results

50

1.34
0.12
0.49
0.56
0.14
0.18
0.07
0.24
0.10
0.00
0.09
0.13
0.20
0.98
0.19
0.04
0.58
0.05
0.13
0.40
0.23
0.42
0.94
0.52

1.4.1

1.4.2

Modify

0.47
0.04
0.12
0.10
0.04
0.06
0.01
0.12
0.05
0.02
0.03
0.02
0.05
0.36
0.01
0.02
0.16
0.04
0.03
0.11
0.06
0.12
0.44
0.23

0.38
0.00
0.06
0.06
0.03
0.03
0.01
0.05
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.03
0.02
0.31
0.05
0.01
0.13
0.00
0.01
0.07
0.02
0.06
0.40
0.17

0.41
0.04
0.12
0.07
0.04
0.05
0.01
0.11
0.05
0.02
0.03
0.02
0.04
0.30
0.00
0.02
0.14
0.04
0.02
0.09
0.06
0.11
0.40
0.22

Span No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24

KP
start(m)
7843
7544
7388
7035
6940
6827
6665
6309
6078
5627
5299
5071
4277
3660
3580
3382
2877
2772
2518
1286
1174
945
478
376

KP
end(m)
7854
7569
7413
7057
6960
6859
6701
6330
6102
5676
5340
5088
4330
3680
3600
3415
2917
2803
2560
1323
1205
969
500
412

Actual Gap
(m)
0.4
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.4
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.4
0.2
0.3
0.2
0.3
0.6
0.3
0.3
0.5
0.4
0.4

2.1.1
0.33
0.02
0.09
0.04
0.02
0.04
0.00
0.06
0.03
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.03
0.26
0.00
0.01
0.12
0.02
0.01
0.05
0.04
0.08
0.35
0.18

Table B.5:

2.1.2
0.27
0.03
0.03
0.00
0.04
0.01
0.01
0.00
0.04
0.04
0.06
0.01
0.00
0.20
0.03
0.08
0.08
0.06
0.00
0.01
0.01
0.02
0.28
0.12

2.2.1
0.32
0.02
0.08
0.07
0.02
0.05
0.01
0.07
0.04
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.03
0.28
0.00
0.01
0.12
0.02
0.01
0.05
0.04
0.08
0.35
0.18

Gap result
2.2.2
2.3.1
0.25
0.35
0.05
0.03
0.03
0.09
0.03
0.05
0.01
0.03
0.02
0.04
0.03
0.00
0.01
0.08
0.09
0.03
0.00
0.01
0.01
0.02
0.01
0.01
0.00
0.03
0.22
0.29
0.03
0.00
0.09
0.01
0.08
0.12
0.00
0.03
0.06
0.02
0.01
0.07
0.01
0.05
0.02
0.07
0.28
0.36
0.12
0.19

Element PIPE31H gap results

51

2.3.2
0.28
0.03
0.03
0.01
0.03
0.01
0.01
0.02
0.06
0.04
0.01
0.01
0.00
0.22
0.02
0.02
0.08
0.01
0.08
0.03
0.00
0.02
0.30
0.12

2.4.1
0.35
0.03
0.09
0.07
0.02
0.04
0.00
0.08
0.03
0.01
0.02
0.01
0.03
0.27
0.00
0.01
0.13
0.03
0.02
0.07
0.05
0.08
0.36
0.19

2.4.2
0.29
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.01
0.01
0.02
0.02
0.07
0.06
0.00
0.01
0.00
0.22
0.03
0.03
0.09
0.02
0.02
0.04
0.01
0.02
0.30
0.12

Span No.

KP
start(m)

KP
end(m)

Actual Gap
(m)

3.1.1

3.1.2

3.2.1

Gap result
3.2.2
3.3.1

3.3.2

3.4.1

3.4.2

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24

7843
7544
7388
7035
6940
6827
6665
6309
6078
5627
5299
5071
4277
3660
3580
3382
2877
2772
2518
1286
1174
945
478
376

7854
7569
7413
7057
6960
6859
6701
6330
6102
5676
5340
5088
4330
3680
3600
3415
2917
2803
2560
1323
1205
969
500
412

0.4
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.4
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.4
0.2
0.3
0.2
0.3
0.6
0.3
0.3
0.5
0.4
0.4

0.55
0.05
0.14
0.16
0.04
0.08
0.01
0.16
0.06
0.01
0.03
0.02
0.04
0.39
0.01
0.02
0.21
0.04
0.02
0.11
0.06
0.12
0.49
0.26

0.44
0.01
0.08
0.11
0.06
0.05
0.00
0.10
0.02
0.02
0.00
0.03
0.02
0.34
0.00
0.01
0.17
0.00
0.02
0.07
0.01
0.06
0.44
0.19

0.49
0.04
0.12
0.16
0.03
0.08
0.01
0.12
0.05
0.01
0.04
0.02
0.05
0.38
0.01
0.02
0.17
0.04
0.03
0.11
0.07
0.12
0.42
0.23

0.40
0.00
0.06
0.12
0.04
0.05
0.01
0.05
0.01
0.02
0.01
0.03
0.02
0.32
0.06
0.01
0.14
0.04
0.00
0.07
0.02
0.05
0.37
0.17

0.33
0.05
0.05
0.04
0.00
0.01
0.00
0.04
0.00
0.00
0.03
0.02
0.01
0.27
0.04
0.00
0.10
0.03
0.10
0.06
0.00
0.04
0.33
0.13

0.43
0.04
0.10
0.10
0.04
0.04
0.01
0.12
0.03
0.01
0.03
0.01
0.03
0.31
0.02
0.01
0.13
0.04
0.02
0.12
0.06
0.10
0.37
0.21

0.34
0.04
0.04
0.05
0.01
0.02
0.01
0.04
0.10
0.05
0.00
0.01
0.01
0.26
0.03
0.01
0.10
0.04
0.00
0.07
0.01
0.04
0.35
0.13

Table B.6:

Element ELBOW31C gap results

52

0.43
0.04
0.11
0.08
0.04
0.04
0.01
0.11
0.04
0.01
0.03
0.01
0.03
0.25
0.01
0.02
0.14
0.03
0.02
0.10
0.05
0.11
0.39
0.21

APPENDIX C: STRESS RESULTS KP 6300-6360

53

1.1.1
KP
6300.95
6301.95
6302.95
6303.95
6304.95
6305.95
6306.95
6307.95
6308.95
6309.95
6310.95
6311.95
6312.95
6313.95
6314.95
6315.95
6316.95
6317.95
6318.95
6319.95
6320.95
6321.95
6322.95
6323.95
6324.95
6325.95
6326.95
6327.95
6328.95
6329.95
6330.95
6331.95
6332.95
6333.95
6334.95
6335.95
6336.95
6337.95
6338.95
6339.95
6340.95
6341.95
6342.95
6343.95
6344.95
6345.95
6346.95

1.1.2
KP
6300.95
6301.95
6302.95
6303.95
6304.95
6305.95
6306.95
6307.95
6308.95
6309.95
6310.95
6311.95
6312.95
6313.95
6314.95
6315.95
6316.95
6317.95
6318.95
6319.95
6320.95
6321.95
6322.95
6323.95
6324.95
6325.95
6326.95
6327.95
6328.95
6329.95
6330.95
6331.95
6332.95
6333.95
6334.95
6335.95
6336.95
6337.95
6338.95
6339.95
6340.95
6341.95
6342.95
6343.95
6344.95
6345.95
6346.95

Stress (Mpa)
9.17121
9.41254
9.51578
9.48113
9.30852
8.99766
8.54796
7.95861
7.22852
6.35633
5.34042
4.17892
2.86964
1.41014
0.488495
1.97075
3.8985
5.98919
8.24677
10.6755
13.2799
16.0715
18.3615
19.6989
19.9474
19.1783
17.6335
15.5925
13.3146
11.0055
8.81917
6.80388
4.95605
3.27239
1.74993
0.432878
0.821935
1.87588
2.77775
3.52913
4.13134
4.58544
4.89223
5.05224
5.06575
4.93278
4.6531

54

Stress (Mpa)
7.57225
7.84418
8.06625
8.20353
8.20045
8.06703
7.80218
7.39781
6.8499
6.1576
5.31982
4.33525
3.20233
1.91928
0.484054
1.10561
2.85225
4.75889
6.76156
8.77893
10.7234
12.5089
13.9578
14.879
15.1878
14.9532
14.3355
13.4162
12.2852
11.012
9.65556
8.26376
6.87498
5.52111
4.22798
3.01751
1.89256
0.860686
0.288571
0.904589
1.62978
2.24384
2.74066
3.11222
3.34821
3.44971
3.4597

6347.95
6348.95
6349.95
6350.95
6351.95
6352.95
6353.95
6354.95
6355.95
6356.95
6357.95
6358.95
6359.95
6360.95

4.23247
3.7391
3.22682
2.73713
2.30107
1.94067
1.67149
1.50398
1.44208
1.48448
1.62616
1.85847
2.16846
2.53781

Table C.1:
1.2.1
KP
6300.58
6301.58
6302.58
6303.59
6304.58
6305.59
6306.59
6307.59
6308.59
6309.59
6310.59
6311.59
6312.59
6313.59
6314.59
6315.59
6316.59
6317.59
6318.59
6319.59
6320.59
6321.59
6322.59
6323.59
6324.59
6325.59
6326.59
6327.59
6328.59
6329.59
6330.59

6347.95
6348.95
6349.95
6350.95
6351.95
6352.95
6353.95
6354.95
6355.95
6356.95
6357.95
6358.95
6359.95
6360.95

3.40293
3.30131
3.17398
3.03732
2.90521
2.78935
2.69894
2.64119
2.62064
2.63929
2.69742
2.7933
2.92312
3.08091

Stress results of 1.1.1 and 1.1.2


1.2.2
KP
6300.6
6301.6
6302.6
6303.6
6304.6
6305.6
6306.6
6307.6
6308.6
6309.6
6310.6
6311.6
6312.6
6313.6
6314.6
6315.6
6316.6
6317.6
6318.6
6319.6
6320.6
6321.6
6322.6
6323.6
6324.6
6325.6
6326.6
6327.6
6328.6
6329.6
6330.6

Stress (Mpa)
14.338
14.2619
14.1371
13.9619
13.7337
13.4495
13.1052
12.6961
12.2164
11.6595
11.0175
10.2815
9.44116
8.48477
7.39892
6.67719
6.67848
6.67966
6.68067
6.68143
6.68181
6.68145
8.15864
10.7371
12.7157
13.8896
14.0732
13.1593
11.2111
8.39898
6.35855

55

Stress (Mpa)
13.2317
13.2758
13.2707
13.2029
13.0718
12.8754
12.611
12.2749
11.8624
11.3678
10.7841
10.1032
9.31566
8.41035
7.37465
6.6841
6.7196
6.75951
6.80347
6.8461
6.88369
6.91592
6.94034
7.19548
8.40921
9.17618
9.3398
8.79057
7.60602
6.71644
6.65976

6331.59
6332.59
6333.59
6334.59
6335.59
6336.59
6337.59
6338.59
6339.59
6340.59
6341.59
6342.59
6343.59
6344.59
6345.59
6346.59
6347.59
6348.59
6349.59
6350.59
6351.59
6352.59
6353.59
6354.59
6355.59
6356.59
6357.59
6358.6
6359.6
6360.6

6.35884
6.35865
6.35811
6.35733
6.3564
6.35539
6.38535
7.34292
8.15895
8.84435
9.40828
9.85828
10.2003
10.4391
10.5776
10.6178
10.5602
10.4041
10.1474
9.78671
9.435
9.0639
8.71449
8.41301
8.18147
8.03978
7.99821
8.06182
8.23315
8.49274

Table C.2:
1.3.1
KP
6300.24
6301.24
6302.24
6303.24
6304.24
6305.24
6306.24
6307.24
6308.24
6309.24
6310.24
6311.24
6312.24
6313.24
6314.24

6331.6
6332.6
6333.6
6334.6
6335.6
6336.6
6337.6
6338.6
6339.6
6340.6
6341.6
6342.6
6343.6
6344.6
6345.6
6346.61
6347.61
6348.61
6349.61
6350.61
6351.61
6352.61
6353.61
6354.61
6355.61
6356.61
6357.61
6358.61
6359.61
6360.61

6.61012
6.56353
6.52051
6.48111
6.44527
6.41437
6.38807
6.36464
7.00393
7.65984
8.24066
8.74098
9.15858
9.48805
9.72033
9.84275
9.85704
9.76339
9.56055
9.24288
8.9757
8.7491
8.56759
8.43448
8.35174
8.32015
8.33937
8.40798
8.52396
8.68009

Stress results of 1.2.1 and 1.2.2


1.3.2
KP
6300.29
6301.29
6302.29
6303.29
6304.29
6305.29
6306.29
6307.29
6308.29
6309.29
6310.29
6311.29
6312.29
6313.29
6314.29

Stress (Mpa)
11.0337
11.4616
11.7595
11.9281
11.9679
11.8792
11.8749
11.7414
11.4786
11.086
10.5627
9.90747
9.11885
8.19503
7.13387

56

Stress (Mpa)
9.63378
9.96879
10.2566
10.4392
10.4878
10.4024
10.3618
10.2541
10.012
9.63508
9.12255
8.47334
7.68607
6.75911
5.69051

6315.24
6316.24
6317.24
6318.24
6319.24
6320.24
6321.24
6322.23
6323.23
6324.23
6325.23
6326.23
6327.23
6328.23
6329.23
6330.23
6331.23
6332.23
6333.23
6334.23
6335.23
6336.23
6337.23
6338.23
6339.23
6340.23
6341.23
6342.23
6343.23
6344.23
6345.23
6346.23
6347.23
6348.23
6349.23
6350.23
6351.23
6352.23
6353.23
6354.23
6355.23
6356.23
6357.23
6358.23
6359.23
6360.23

5.93294
4.58945
3.10029
1.46201
0.723372
2.27759
4.38763
6.66431
9.11296
11.7393
14.5496
17.5511
20.6481
23.4674
25.566
26.7341
26.7667
25.4777
22.8992
19.6783
16.6695
13.8589
11.2396
8.80509
6.54917
4.46625
2.55111
0.803424
0.801365
2.23336
3.52111
4.66097
5.65576
6.50794
7.21962
7.79255
8.22812
8.52742
8.69116
8.71974
8.61321
8.37132
7.99345
7.47858
6.87551
6.27805

Table C.3:

6315.29
6316.29
6317.29
6318.29
6319.29
6320.29
6321.29
6322.29
6323.29
6324.28
6325.28
6326.28
6327.28
6328.28
6329.28
6330.28
6331.28
6332.28
6333.28
6334.28
6335.28
6336.28
6337.28
6338.28
6339.28
6340.28
6341.28
6342.28
6343.28
6344.28
6345.28
6346.28
6347.28
6348.28
6349.28
6350.28
6351.28
6352.28
6353.28
6354.28
6355.28
6356.28
6357.28
6358.28
6359.28
6360.28

4.47801
3.11904
1.61072
0.617682
1.8671
3.84403
5.98515
8.29505
10.7776
13.1458
15.446
17.602
19.5235
21.1041
22.2189
22.7237
22.4531
21.1938
18.9709
16.238
13.5184
10.9869
8.6374
6.46443
4.46289
2.62811
0.95578
0.720206
1.91674
3.12363
4.18147
5.09271
5.85947
6.48352
6.96629
7.3089
7.51214
7.57646
7.502
7.28859
6.93572
6.44098
6.00104
5.59843
5.25127
4.97055

Stress results of 1.3.1 and 1.3.2

57

1.4.1
KP
6300.24
6301.24
6302.24
6303.24
6304.24
6305.24
6306.24
6307.24
6308.23
6309.24
6310.23
6311.23
6312.23
6313.23
6314.23
6315.23
6316.23
6317.23
6318.23
6319.23
6320.23
6321.23
6322.23
6323.23
6324.23
6325.23
6326.23
6327.23
6328.23
6329.23
6330.23
6331.23
6332.23
6333.23
6334.23
6335.23
6336.23
6337.23
6338.23
6339.23
6340.23
6341.23
6342.23
6343.23
6344.23
6345.23
6346.23

Stress (Mpa)
8.5547
8.94347
9.19081
9.29709
9.2625
9.08698
8.77028
8.31191
7.71119
6.9672
6.0788
5.04463
3.86309
2.53237
1.0504
0.585114
2.37671
4.3272
6.4396
8.71724
11.1637
13.7831
16.3563
18.423
19.6203
19.7397
18.9266
17.3282
15.2582
12.9775
10.6847
8.52557
6.53702
4.71549
3.05775
1.56084
0.435737
0.960844
1.9901
2.8675
3.59458
4.17263
4.60268
4.88547
5.0215
5.01101
4.85398

1.4.2
KP
6300.24
6301.24
6302.24
6303.24
6304.24
6305.24
6306.24
6307.24
6308.23
6309.24
6310.23
6311.23
6312.23
6313.23
6314.23
6315.23
6316.23
6317.23
6318.23
6319.23
6320.23
6321.23
6322.23
6323.23
6324.23
6325.23
6326.23
6327.23
6328.23
6329.23
6330.23
6331.23
6332.23
6333.23
6334.23
6335.23
6336.23
6337.23
6338.23
6339.23
6340.23
6341.23
6342.23
6343.23
6344.23
6345.23
6346.23

Stress (Mpa)
8.5547
8.94347
9.19081
9.29709
9.2625
9.08698
8.77028
8.31191
7.71119
6.9672
6.0788
5.04463
3.86309
2.53237
1.0504
0.585114
2.37671
4.3272
6.4396
8.71724
11.1637
13.7831
16.3563
18.423
19.6203
19.7397
18.9266
17.3282
15.2582
12.9775
10.6847
8.52557
6.53702
4.71549
3.05775
1.56084
0.435737
0.960844
1.9901
2.8675
3.59458
4.17263
4.60268
4.88547
5.0215
5.01101
4.85398

58

Modify
KP
6300.44
6301.44
6302.44
6303.44
6304.44
6305.44
6306.44
6307.43
6308.43
6309.43
6310.43
6311.43
6312.43
6313.43
6314.43
6315.43
6316.43
6317.43
6318.43
6319.43
6320.43
6321.43
6322.43
6323.43
6324.43
6325.43
6326.43
6327.43
6328.43
6329.43
6330.43
6331.43
6332.43
6333.43
6334.43
6335.43
6336.43
6337.43
6338.43
6339.43
6340.43
6341.43
6342.43
6343.43
6344.43
6345.43
6346.43

Stress (Mpa)
7.09429
7.62711
7.99107
8.18564
8.21054
8.06573
7.75146
7.26823
6.61682
5.79828
4.8139
3.66525
2.35415
1.27568
1.27441
2.53191
4.46964
6.55703
8.7908
11.1675
13.6833
16.3349
18.8714
20.8188
21.8192
21.7119
20.6665
18.9077
16.7533
14.4559
12.2103
10.1022
8.13499
6.3116
4.63493
3.10759
1.73197
1.27212
1.27297
1.46422
2.21382
2.80335
3.23188
3.49873
3.60348
3.54595
3.32623

6347.23
6348.23
6349.23
6350.23
6351.23
6352.23
6353.23
6354.23
6355.23
6356.23
6357.23
6358.23
6359.23
6360.23

4.55014
4.11923
3.62646
3.12318
2.65014
2.23688
1.9031
1.66311
1.52585
1.49325
1.5632
1.72981
1.98312
2.30852

6347.23
6348.23
6349.23
6350.23
6351.23
6352.23
6353.23
6354.23
6355.23
6356.23
6357.23
6358.23
6359.23
6360.23

Table C.4:
2.1.1
KP
6303.97
6307.97
6311.97
6315.97
6319.97
6323.97
6327.97
6331.97
6335.96
6339.96
6343.96
6347.96
6351.96
6355.96
6359.96

6347.43
6348.43
6349.43
6350.43
6351.43
6352.43
6353.43
6354.42
6355.42
6356.42
6357.42
6358.42
6359.42
6360.42

Stress results of 1.4.1, 1.4.2 and Modify


2.1.2
KP
6303.97
6307.97
6311.97
6315.97
6319.97
6323.97
6327.97
6331.97
6335.97
6339.97
6343.97
6347.97
6351.97
6355.97
6359.97

Stress (Mpa)
9.7806
9.77388
6.45245
4.35211
10.3684
17.9975
16.1951
7.92847
2.97664
3.8243
5.09912
4.06071
2.42948
1.83611
2.57132

Table C.5:
2.2.1
KP
6300.4
6304.4
6308.4
6312.4
6316.4
6320.4
6324.41
6328.41
6332.41
6336.41
6340.41
6344.41

4.55014
4.11923
3.62646
3.12318
2.65014
2.23688
1.9031
1.66311
1.52585
1.49325
1.5632
1.72981
1.98312
2.30852

Stress (Mpa)
7.95273
7.5474
4.99489
3.73937
8.37462
13.6699
13.1205
8.50842
3.53132
1.84735
2.99642
3.47567
3.15386
2.94515
3.22064

Stress of 2.1.1 and 2.1.2


2.2.2
KP
6300.41
6304.41
6308.41
6312.41
6316.41
6320.41
6324.41
6328.41
6332.42
6336.42
6340.42
6344.42

Stress (Mpa)
14.8358
15.3501
14.3023
11.2373
7.65898
7.66354
9.30809
7.48006
7.44426
7.44511
10.188
11.2795

59

Stress (Mpa)
13.5508
14.0088
13.295
10.726
7.62463
7.60383
7.53858
7.47212
7.43506
7.41257
7.55448
9.33414

2.9448
2.45217
1.91207
1.37434
1.27475
1.27376
1.27274
1.27174
1.27077
1.26983
1.26895
1.26814
1.26741
1.26678

6348.41
6352.41
6356.42
6360.42

10.4366
9.11278
8.68271
9.4642

Table C.6:
2.3.1
KP
6300.79
6301.78
6302.78
6303.79
6304.79
6305.79
6306.79
6307.79
6308.78
6309.78
6310.78
6311.78
6312.78
6313.78
6314.78
6315.78
6316.78
6317.78
6318.78
6319.78
6320.78
6321.78
6322.78
6323.78
6324.78
6325.78
6326.78
6327.78
6328.78
6329.78
6330.78
6331.78
6332.78
6333.78
6334.78
6335.78
6336.78
6337.78
6338.78
6339.78
6340.78

6348.42
6352.42
6356.42
6360.42

9.7851
9.6336
9.62992
10.0047

Stress results of 2.2.1 and 2.2.2


2.3.2
KP
6300.8
6301.8
6302.8
6303.8
6304.8
6305.8
6306.8
6307.8
6308.8
6309.8
6310.8
6311.8
6312.8
6313.8
6314.8
6315.8
6316.8
6317.8
6318.8
6319.8
6320.8
6321.8
6322.8
6323.8
6324.8
6325.8
6326.8
6327.8
6328.8
6329.8
6330.8
6331.8
6332.8
6333.8
6334.8
6335.8
6336.8
6337.8
6338.8
6339.8
6340.8

Stress (Mpa)
8.17164
8.88592
9.55356
10.086
10.4262
10.5594
10.4856
10.2049
9.71696
9.02133
8.11756
7.00545
5.68611
4.16608
2.48947
1.3781
2.15206
4.4165
7.04252
9.91987
12.9463
15.8374
18.2317
19.8429
20.4953
20.1754
19.001
17.158
14.8875
12.4238
9.93859
7.55142
5.34957
3.39335
1.78861
1.20827
1.67207
2.66848
3.58002
4.35568
4.99034

60

Stress (Mpa)
7.59573
7.86505
8.0996
8.27246
8.35633
8.33657
8.21112
7.97727
7.62569
7.14068
6.50064
5.67969
4.65831
3.43797
2.07507
1.25611
1.99428
3.85226
5.88986
7.92353
9.8526
11.5826
13.0086
14.0154
14.5052
14.4741
14.0097
13.2133
12.1725
10.9625
9.64676
8.27825
6.90115
5.55238
4.26306
3.06158
1.99129
1.19504
1.18518
1.44069
2.07311

6341.78
6342.78
6343.78
6344.78
6345.78
6346.78
6347.78
6348.78
6349.78
6350.78
6351.78
6352.78
6353.78
6354.78
6355.78
6356.78
6357.78
6358.78
6359.78
6360.78

5.47493
5.78747
5.90242
5.8076
5.51606
5.07489
4.5494
3.99766
3.46422
2.98012
2.57325
2.25998
2.04246
1.92176
1.8953
1.95928
2.10978
2.34123
2.64394
3.00219

Table C.7:
2.4.1
KP
6300.69
6301.69
6302.69
6303.69
6304.69
6305.69
6306.69
6307.69
6308.69
6309.69
6310.69
6311.69
6312.69
6313.69
6314.69
6315.69
6316.69
6317.69
6318.69
6319.69
6320.69
6321.69
6322.69
6323.69
6324.69

6341.8
6342.8
6343.8
6344.8
6345.8
6346.8
6347.8
6348.8
6349.8
6350.8
6351.8
6352.8
6353.8
6354.8
6355.8
6356.8
6357.8
6358.8
6359.8
6360.8

2.66743
3.16754
3.55216
3.81184
3.95378
3.99989
3.9762
3.90461
3.80317
3.68845
3.57448
3.47281
3.3927
3.34113
3.32287
3.34048
3.39461
3.48404
3.60556
3.75389

Stress results of 2.3.1 and 2.3.2


2.4.2
KP
6300.2
6301.2
6302.2
6303.2
6304.2
6305.2
6306.2
6307.2
6308.2
6309.2
6310.2
6311.2
6312.2
6313.2
6314.2
6315.2
6316.2
6317.2
6318.2
6319.2
6320.2
6321.19
6322.2
6323.19
6324.19

Stress (Mpa)
8.39163
9.09267
9.74946
10.275
10.6129
10.7488
10.6827
10.4147
9.94434
9.27087
8.39344
7.31126
6.02435
4.53652
2.87406
1.45524
1.79035
3.89457
6.47333
9.31856
12.3345
15.2552
17.7207
19.4279
20.1886

61

Stress (Mpa)
7.57132
7.85132
8.10999
8.32425
8.46464
8.50626
8.44203
8.27234
7.99223
7.58961
7.04574
6.33665
5.43827
4.33852
3.04792
1.68789
1.30695
2.52807
4.47887
6.52021
8.52131
10.3857
12.0131
13.2946
14.1105

6325.69
6326.69
6327.69
6328.69
6329.69
6330.69
6331.69
6332.69
6333.69
6334.69
6335.69
6336.69
6337.69
6338.69
6339.69
6340.69
6341.69
6342.69
6343.69
6344.69
6345.69
6346.69
6347.69
6348.69
6349.69
6350.69
6351.69
6352.69
6353.69
6354.69
6355.69
6356.69
6357.69
6358.69
6359.69
6360.69

19.9751
18.8987
17.1395
14.9286
12.4961
10.0199
7.62953
5.41532
3.44109
1.81471
1.30505
1.67374
2.68345
3.60867
4.39742
5.04526
5.54419
5.87357
6.00823
5.93496
5.6638
5.23764
4.72104
4.17348
3.64022
3.15379
2.73774
2.40836
2.17367
2.03591
1.99333
2.04228
2.17854
2.39642
2.68649
3.03375

Table C.8:
3.1.1
KP
6300.93
6301.93
6302.93
6303.93
6304.93
6305.93
6306.93
6307.93
6308.93

6325.19
6326.19
6327.19
6328.2
6329.2
6330.2
6331.2
6332.2
6333.2
6334.2
6335.2
6336.2
6337.2
6338.2
6339.19
6340.19
6341.19
6342.2
6343.19
6344.19
6345.19
6346.19
6347.19
6348.19
6349.2
6350.19
6351.19
6352.19
6353.19
6354.19
6355.2
6356.19
6357.19
6358.19
6359.19
6360.19

14.3855
14.1641
13.5543
12.6514
11.5376
10.2826
8.94542
7.57489
6.21187
4.8909
3.64186
2.49668
1.52924
1.28263
1.27427
1.78821
2.42593
2.98902
3.44687
3.78316
3.99362
4.09365
4.10889
4.0629
3.97594
3.86611
3.74891
3.63733
3.54196
3.47116
3.43104
3.42545
3.45618
3.52314
3.62436
3.75584

Stress results of 2.4.1 and 2.4.2


3.1.2
KP
6300.93
6301.93
6302.93
6303.93
6304.93
6305.93
6306.93
6307.93
6308.93

Stress (Mpa)
9.038
9.28508
9.39236
9.35988
9.18764
8.87556
8.42351
7.83136
7.09913

62

Stress (Mpa)
7.47176
7.7157
7.90711
8.01117
7.99607
7.85325
7.58296
7.17908
6.63494

6309.93
6310.93
6311.93
6312.93
6313.93
6314.93
6315.93
6316.93
6317.93
6318.93
6319.93
6320.93
6321.93
6322.93
6323.93
6324.93
6325.93
6326.93
6327.93
6328.93
6329.93
6330.93
6331.93
6332.93
6333.92
6334.92
6335.92
6336.93
6337.92
6338.92
6339.92
6340.92
6341.92
6342.92
6343.92
6344.92
6345.92
6346.92
6347.92
6348.92
6349.92
6350.92
6351.92
6352.92
6353.92
6354.92
6355.92
6356.92
6357.92

6.22732
5.21766
4.076
2.82536
1.62501
1.56122
2.97384
4.81258
6.85396
9.0683
11.4495
13.9969
16.5343
18.603
19.826
20.1072
19.4977
18.1544
16.3017
14.1741
11.9725
9.84028
7.85255
6.02929
4.37546
2.90922
1.71335
1.16575
1.72342
2.51917
3.24723
3.85282
4.32253
4.65185
4.83901
4.88333
4.78465
4.54399
4.17989
3.73969
3.27695
2.83368
2.44145
2.12184
1.88696
1.74073
1.68154
1.70667
1.8136

6309.93
6310.93
6311.93
6312.93
6313.93
6314.93
6315.93
6316.93
6317.93
6318.93
6319.93
6320.93
6321.93
6322.93
6323.93
6324.93
6325.93
6326.93
6327.93
6328.93
6329.93
6330.93
6331.93
6332.93
6333.93
6334.93
6335.93
6336.93
6337.93
6338.93
6339.93
6340.92
6341.92
6342.92
6343.92
6344.92
6345.92
6346.92
6347.92
6348.92
6349.92
6350.92
6351.92
6352.92
6353.92
6354.92
6355.92
6356.92
6357.92

63

5.94846
5.121
4.15642
3.06754
1.91915
1.22311
1.95862
3.52822
5.34518
7.26719
9.19827
11.0487
12.7069
14.0213
14.8635
15.1937
15.0535
14.5283
13.7048
12.6616
11.469
10.1837
8.85273
7.51615
6.20807
4.95714
3.78711
2.72031
1.8011
1.16847
1.11599
1.55457
2.07844
2.54548
2.91312
3.16382
3.30078
3.34706
3.32788
3.26332
3.17114
3.0667
2.963
2.87113
2.80033
2.75679
2.74425
2.76503
2.81976

6358.92
6359.92
6360.92

1.99939
2.25821
2.57713

Table C.9:
3.2.1
KP
6300.76
6301.76
6302.76
6303.76
6304.76
6305.76
6306.76
6307.76
6308.76
6309.76
6310.76
6311.76
6312.76
6313.76
6314.76
6315.76
6316.76
6317.76
6318.76
6319.76
6320.76
6321.76
6322.76
6323.76
6324.76
6325.76
6326.76
6327.76
6328.76
6329.76
6330.76
6331.76
6332.76
6333.76
6334.76
6335.77
6336.77
6337.77
6338.77
6339.77
6340.77
6341.77

6358.92
6359.92
6360.92

2.90737
3.02494
3.16759

Stress results of 3.1.1 and 3.1.2


3.2.2
KP
6300.76
6301.76
6302.76
6303.76
6304.76
6305.76
6306.76
6307.76
6308.76
6309.76
6310.77
6311.77
6312.77
6313.77
6314.77
6315.77
6316.77
6317.77
6318.77
6319.77
6320.77
6321.77
6322.77
6323.77
6324.77
6325.77
6326.77
6327.77
6328.77
6329.77
6330.77
6331.77
6332.77
6333.77
6334.77
6335.77
6336.77
6337.77
6338.77
6339.77
6340.77
6341.77

Stress (Mpa)
14.4532
14.3731
14.2397
14.0513
13.8056
13.4995
13.1291
12.6899
12.1766
11.5832
10.9031
10.1292
9.25462
8.27377
7.68063
8.92814
10.3632
12.0029
13.8671
15.9794
18.3059
20.6355
22.6357
24.0242
24.6439
24.487
23.6508
22.2675
20.4986
18.525
16.5022
14.5475
12.7432
11.1359
9.7356
8.52934
7.50124
7.75417
8.50553
9.14067
9.66293
10.0763

64

Stress (Mpa)
13.2781
13.3442
13.3514
13.2927
13.1669
12.9724
12.7067
12.3668
11.9486
11.4472
10.8572
10.1723
9.38619
8.4933
7.49061
8.3479
9.65956
11.1277
12.6937
14.2822
15.8163
17.2112
18.3736
19.1993
19.6075
19.5962
19.2346
18.6078
17.7877
16.8348
15.7992
14.7218
13.6364
12.5699
11.5437
10.5722
9.66482
8.82774
8.0658
7.38294
7.52051
8.05192

6342.77
6343.77
6344.77
6345.77
6346.77
6347.77
6348.77
6349.77
6350.77
6351.77
6352.77
6353.77
6354.77
6355.77
6356.77
6357.77
6358.77
6359.77
6360.77

10.3845
10.5904
10.6963
10.7031
10.6111
10.4196
10.1415
9.8131
9.47558
9.15605
8.87725
8.6595
8.51381
8.44654
8.45967
8.55172
8.71789
8.94959
9.23359

Table C.10:
3.3.1
KP
6301.26
6305.26
6309.26
6313.26
6317.26
6321.26
6325.26
6329.26
6333.26
6337.26
6341.26
6345.26
6349.26
6353.26
6357.26

8.50384
8.86554
9.12972
9.30137
9.39757
9.4361
9.43345
9.40545
9.36467
9.32162
9.28499
9.26177
9.25729
9.27519
9.31746
9.38461
9.47566
9.58811
9.71778

Stress results of 3.2.1 and 3.2.2


3.3.2
KP
6301.47
6305.47
6309.47
6313.47
6317.47
6321.47
6325.47
6329.47
6333.47
6337.47
6341.47
6345.47
6349.47
6353.47
6357.47

Stress (Mpa)
9.63759
9.47674
7.29219
3.49059
6.62577
14.5486
18.5627
14.6716
7.39521
2.73005
4.61038
5.54456
4.7503
3.51283
3.15155

Table C.11:
3.4.1
KP
6302.66
6306.66
6310.66
6314.66
6318.66
6322.66
6326.66

6342.77
6343.77
6344.77
6345.77
6346.77
6347.77
6348.77
6349.78
6350.78
6351.78
6352.78
6353.78
6354.78
6355.78
6356.78
6357.78
6358.78
6359.78
6360.78

Stress (Mpa)
8.21984
8.29108
6.66733
3.29439
5.51828
11.694
14.6906
12.6805
8.04767
3.69983
2.584
3.9576
4.18455
3.95307
3.95423

Stress results of 3.3.1 and 3.2.2


3.4.2
KP
6302.68
6306.68
6310.68
6314.67
6318.67
6322.67
6326.67

Stress (Mpa)
9.18061
8.23344
5.08322
3.54217
9.40012
16.7253
17.2292

65

Stress (Mpa)
7.8223
7.41993
5.08754
3.10746
6.98958
12.5532
13.8257

6330.66
6334.66
6338.66
6342.66
6346.66
6350.66
6354.66
6358.66

10.8091
3.89895
2.51999
4.57476
4.64447
3.24212
2.11492
2.25683

Table C.12:

6330.67
6334.67
6338.67
6342.67
6346.67
6350.67
6354.67
6358.67

10.6432
5.83139
2.26047
2.37723
3.36623
3.3512
3.12759
3.24144

Stress results of 3.4.1 and 3.4.2

66

APPENDIX D: ISOLATED SPAN CHECKING

67

The span at KP 1279-1302 and KP 5353-5372 are checked by comparing the adjacent span
and the shoulder length. Two spans can be summarized as the isolated span. The calculation is
presented below.
1243

1279

1246
3

33

La
3
=
= 0.13
L 23

1313

1302
23

1319

11

Lsh 33
=
= 1.435
L 23

Check classification graph OK

La
6
=
= 0.261
L 23

Lsh 11
=
= 0.478
L 23

Check classification graph OK


5322

5353

5327
5

26

5372
19

La
5
=
= 0.263
L 19

11

Lsh 26
=
= 1.526
L
19

Check classification graph OK

La
3
=
= 0.158
L 19

5383

Lsh 11
=
= 0.579
L 19

Check classification graph OK

68

5386
3

APPENDIX E: EXAMPLE OF INPUT FILE

69

PIPE31H, on-linear soil and Boundary condition 4


First Part
*HEADING
On Bottom Roughness Analysis
*RESTART, WRITE, FREQUENCY=1
**
**--------------------------------------------------------** NODE DATA
**--------------------------------------------------------**
*NODE
1, 0, 0, 0
8157, 8156, 0, 0
*NGEN, NSET=NODE-PIPE
1, 8157, 1
*NSET, NSET=FIRST-NODE
1
*NSET, NSET=END-NODE
8157
*NSET,NSET=P500
500
*NSET,NSET=P499
499
*NSET,NSET=P498
498
*NSET,NSET=P497
497
*NSET,NSET=P496
496
*NSET,NSET=P495
495
*NSET,NSET=P494
494
*NSET,NSET=P493
493
*NSET,NSET=P492
492
*NSET,NSET=P491
491
*NSET,NSET=P490
490
*NSET,NSET=P489
489
*NSET,NSET=P488
488
70

*NSET,NSET=P487
487
*NSET,NSET=P486
486
*NSET,NSET=P485
485
*NSET,NSET=P484
484
*NSET,NSET=P483
483
*NSET,NSET=P482
482
*NSET,NSET=P481
481
*NSET,NSET=P480
480
*NSET,NSET=P479
479
*NSET,NSET=P478
478
*NSET,NSET=P477
477
*NSET,NSET=P476
476
*NSET,NSET=P475
475
*NSET,NSET=P474
474
*NSET,NSET=P473
473
*NSET,NSET=P472
472
*NSET,NSET=P471
471
*NSET,NSET=P470
470
*NSET,NSET=P469
469
*NSET,NSET=P468
468
*NSET,NSET=P467
467
*NSET,NSET=P466
466
*NSET,NSET=P465
465
*NSET,NSET=P464
71

464
*NSET,NSET=P463
463
*NSET,NSET=P462
462
*NSET,NSET=P461
461
*NSET,NSET=P460
460
*NSET,NSET=P459
459
*NSET,NSET=P458
458
*NSET,NSET=P457
457
*NSET,NSET=P456
456
*NSET,NSET=P455
455
*NSET,NSET=P454
454
*NSET,NSET=P453
453
*NSET,NSET=P452
452
*NSET,NSET=P451
451
*NSET,NSET=P450
450
*NSET,NSET=P449
449
*NSET,NSET=P448
448
*NSET,NSET=P447
447
*NSET,NSET=P446
446
*NSET,NSET=P445
445
*NSET,NSET=P444
444
*NSET,NSET=P443
443
*NSET,NSET=P442
442
*NSET,NSET=P441
441
72

*NSET,NSET=P440
440
*NSET,NSET=P439
439
*NSET,NSET=P438
438
*NSET,NSET=P437
437
*NSET,NSET=P1000
1000
*NSET,NSET=P999
999
*NSET,NSET=P998
998
*NSET,NSET=P997
997
*NSET,NSET=P996
996
*NSET,NSET=P995
995
*NSET,NSET=P994
994
*NSET,NSET=P993
993
*NSET,NSET=P992
992
*NSET,NSET=P991
991
*NSET,NSET=P990
990
*NSET,NSET=P989
989
*NSET,NSET=P988
988
*NSET,NSET=P987
987
*NSET,NSET=P986
986
*NSET,NSET=P985
985
*NSET,NSET=P984
984
*NSET,NSET=P983
983
*NSET,NSET=P982
982
*NSET,NSET=P981
73

981
*NSET,NSET=P980
980
*NSET,NSET=P979
979
*NSET,NSET=P978
978
*NSET,NSET=P977
977
*NSET,NSET=P976
976
*NSET,NSET=P975
975
*NSET,NSET=P974
974
*NSET,NSET=P973
973
*NSET,NSET=P972
972
*NSET,NSET=P971
971
*NSET,NSET=P970
970
*NSET,NSET=P969
969
*NSET,NSET=P968
968
*NSET,NSET=P967
967
*NSET,NSET=P966
966
*NSET,NSET=P965
965
*NSET,NSET=P964
964
*NSET,NSET=P963
963
*NSET,NSET=P962
962
*NSET,NSET=P961
961
*NSET,NSET=P960
960
*NSET,NSET=P959
959
*NSET,NSET=P958
958
74

*NSET,NSET=P957
957
*NSET,NSET=P956
956
*NSET,NSET=P955
955
*NSET,NSET=P954
954
*NSET,NSET=P953
953
*NSET,NSET=P952
952
*NSET,NSET=P951
951
*NSET,NSET=P950
950
*NSET,NSET=P949
949
*NSET,NSET=P948
948
*NSET,NSET=P947
947
*NSET,NSET=P946
946
*NSET,NSET=P945
945
*NSET,NSET=P944
944
*NSET,NSET=P943
943
*NSET,NSET=P942
942
*NSET,NSET=P941
941
*NSET,NSET=P940
940
*NSET,NSET=P939
939
*NSET,NSET=P938
938
*NSET,NSET=P937
937
*NSET
,
NSET=
1437
*NSET
,
NSET=
1438
*NSET
,
NSET=

P1437
P1438
P1439
75

1439
*NSET
1440
*NSET
1441
*NSET
1442
*NSET
1443
*NSET
1444
*NSET
1445
*NSET
1446
*NSET
1447
*NSET
1448
*NSET
1449
*NSET
1450
*NSET
1451
*NSET
1452
*NSET
1453
*NSET
1454
*NSET
1455
*NSET
1456
*NSET
1457
*NSET
1458
*NSET
1459
*NSET
1460
*NSET
1461
*NSET
1462

NSET=

P1440

NSET=

P1441

NSET=

P1442

NSET=

P1443

NSET=

P1444

NSET=

P1445

NSET=

P1446

NSET=

P1447

NSET=

P1448

NSET=

P1449

NSET=

P1450

NSET=

P1451

NSET=

P1452

NSET=

P1453

NSET=

P1454

NSET=

P1455

NSET=

P1456

NSET=

P1457

NSET=

P1458

NSET=

P1459

NSET=

P1460

NSET=

P1461

NSET=

P1462

76

*NSET
1463
*NSET
1464
*NSET
1465
*NSET
1466
*NSET
1467
*NSET
1468
*NSET
1469
*NSET
1470
*NSET
1471
*NSET
1472
*NSET
1473
*NSET
1474
*NSET
1475
*NSET
1476
*NSET
1477
*NSET
1478
*NSET
1479
*NSET
1480
*NSET
1481
*NSET
1482
*NSET
1483
*NSET
1484
*NSET
1485
*NSET

NSET=

P1463

NSET=

P1464

NSET=

P1465

NSET=

P1466

NSET=

P1467

NSET=

P1468

NSET=

P1469

NSET=

P1470

NSET=

P1471

NSET=

P1472

NSET=

P1473

NSET=

P1474

NSET=

P1475

NSET=

P1476

NSET=

P1477

NSET=

P1478

NSET=

P1479

NSET=

P1480

NSET=

P1481

NSET=

P1482

NSET=

P1483

NSET=

P1484

NSET=

P1485

NSET=

P1486
77

1486
*NSET
1487
*NSET
1488
*NSET
1489
*NSET
1490
*NSET
1491
*NSET
1492
*NSET
1493
*NSET
1494
*NSET
1495
*NSET
1496
*NSET
1497
*NSET
1498
*NSET
1499
*NSET
1500
*NSET
1937
*NSET
1938
*NSET
1939
*NSET
1940
*NSET
1941
*NSET
1942
*NSET
1943
*NSET
1944
*NSET
1945

NSET=

P1487

NSET=

P1488

NSET=

P1489

NSET=

P1490

NSET=

P1491

NSET=

P1492

NSET=

P1493

NSET=

P1494

NSET=

P1495

NSET=

P1496

NSET=

P1497

NSET=

P1498

NSET=

P1499

NSET=

P1500

NSET=

P1937

NSET=

P1938

NSET=

P1939

NSET=

P1940

NSET=

P1941

NSET=

P1942

NSET=

P1943

NSET=

P1944

NSET=

P1945

78

*NSET
1946
*NSET
1947
*NSET
1948
*NSET
1949
*NSET
1950
*NSET
1951
*NSET
1952
*NSET
1953
*NSET
1954
*NSET
1955
*NSET
1956
*NSET
1957
*NSET
1958
*NSET
1959
*NSET
1960
*NSET
1961
*NSET
1962
*NSET
1963
*NSET
1964
*NSET
1965
*NSET
1966
*NSET
1967
*NSET
1968
*NSET

NSET=

P1946

NSET=

P1947

NSET=

P1948

NSET=

P1949

NSET=

P1950

NSET=

P1951

NSET=

P1952

NSET=

P1953

NSET=

P1954

NSET=

P1955

NSET=

P1956

NSET=

P1957

NSET=

P1958

NSET=

P1959

NSET=

P1960

NSET=

P1961

NSET=

P1962

NSET=

P1963

NSET=

P1964

NSET=

P1965

NSET=

P1966

NSET=

P1967

NSET=

P1968

NSET=

P1969
79

1969
*NSET
1970
*NSET
1971
*NSET
1972
*NSET
1973
*NSET
1974
*NSET
1975
*NSET
1976
*NSET
1977
*NSET
1978
*NSET
1979
*NSET
1980
*NSET
1981
*NSET
1982
*NSET
1983
*NSET
1984
*NSET
1985
*NSET
1986
*NSET
1987
*NSET
1988
*NSET
1989
*NSET
1990
*NSET
1991
*NSET
1992

NSET=

P1970

NSET=

P1971

NSET=

P1972

NSET=

P1973

NSET=

P1974

NSET=

P1975

NSET=

P1976

NSET=

P1977

NSET=

P1978

NSET=

P1979

NSET=

P1980

NSET=

P1981

NSET=

P1982

NSET=

P1983

NSET=

P1984

NSET=

P1985

NSET=

P1986

NSET=

P1987

NSET=

P1988

NSET=

P1989

NSET=

P1990

NSET=

P1991

NSET=

P1992

80

*NSET
1993
*NSET
1994
*NSET
1995
*NSET
1996
*NSET
1997
*NSET
1998
*NSET
1999
*NSET
2000
*NSET
2437
*NSET
2438
*NSET
2439
*NSET
2440
*NSET
2441
*NSET
2442
*NSET
2443
*NSET
2444
*NSET
2445
*NSET
2446
*NSET
2447
*NSET
2448
*NSET
2449
*NSET
2450
*NSET
2451
*NSET

NSET=

P1993

NSET=

P1994

NSET=

P1995

NSET=

P1996

NSET=

P1997

NSET=

P1998

NSET=

P1999

NSET=

P2000

NSET=

P2437

NSET=

P2438

NSET=

P2439

NSET=

P2440

NSET=

P2441

NSET=

P2442

NSET=

P2443

NSET=

P2444

NSET=

P2445

NSET=

P2446

NSET=

P2447

NSET=

P2448

NSET=

P2449

NSET=

P2450

NSET=

P2451

NSET=

P2452
81

2452
*NSET
2453
*NSET
2454
*NSET
2455
*NSET
2456
*NSET
2457
*NSET
2458
*NSET
2459
*NSET
2460
*NSET
2461
*NSET
2462
*NSET
2463
*NSET
2464
*NSET
2465
*NSET
2466
*NSET
2467
*NSET
2468
*NSET
2469
*NSET
2470
*NSET
2471
*NSET
2472
*NSET
2473
*NSET
2474
*NSET
2475

NSET=

P2453

NSET=

P2454

NSET=

P2455

NSET=

P2456

NSET=

P2457

NSET=

P2458

NSET=

P2459

NSET=

P2460

NSET=

P2461

NSET=

P2462

NSET=

P2463

NSET=

P2464

NSET=

P2465

NSET=

P2466

NSET=

P2467

NSET=

P2468

NSET=

P2469

NSET=

P2470

NSET=

P2471

NSET=

P2472

NSET=

P2473

NSET=

P2474

NSET=

P2475

82

*NSET
2476
*NSET
2477
*NSET
2478
*NSET
2479
*NSET
2480
*NSET
2481
*NSET
2482
*NSET
2483
*NSET
2484
*NSET
2485
*NSET
2486
*NSET
2487
*NSET
2488
*NSET
2489
*NSET
2490
*NSET
2491
*NSET
2492
*NSET
2493
*NSET
2494
*NSET
2495
*NSET
2496
*NSET
2497
*NSET
2498
*NSET

NSET=

P2476

NSET=

P2477

NSET=

P2478

NSET=

P2479

NSET=

P2480

NSET=

P2481

NSET=

P2482

NSET=

P2483

NSET=

P2484

NSET=

P2485

NSET=

P2486

NSET=

P2487

NSET=

P2488

NSET=

P2489

NSET=

P2490

NSET=

P2491

NSET=

P2492

NSET=

P2493

NSET=

P2494

NSET=

P2495

NSET=

P2496

NSET=

P2497

NSET=

P2498

NSET=

P2499
83

2499
*NSET
2500
*NSET
2937
*NSET
2938
*NSET
2939
*NSET
2940
*NSET
2941
*NSET
2942
*NSET
2943
*NSET
2944
*NSET
2945
*NSET
2946
*NSET
2947
*NSET
2948
*NSET
2949
*NSET
2950
*NSET
2951
*NSET
2952
*NSET
2953
*NSET
2954
*NSET
2955
*NSET
2956
*NSET
2957
*NSET
2958

NSET=

P2500

NSET=

P2937

NSET=

P2938

NSET=

P2939

NSET=

P2940

NSET=

P2941

NSET=

P2942

NSET=

P2943

NSET=

P2944

NSET=

P2945

NSET=

P2946

NSET=

P2947

NSET=

P2948

NSET=

P2949

NSET=

P2950

NSET=

P2951

NSET=

P2952

NSET=

P2953

NSET=

P2954

NSET=

P2955

NSET=

P2956

NSET=

P2957

NSET=

P2958

84

*NSET
2959
*NSET
2960
*NSET
2961
*NSET
2962
*NSET
2963
*NSET
2964
*NSET
2965
*NSET
2966
*NSET
2967
*NSET
2968
*NSET
2969
*NSET
2970
*NSET
2971
*NSET
2972
*NSET
2973
*NSET
2974
*NSET
2975
*NSET
2976
*NSET
2977
*NSET
2978
*NSET
2979
*NSET
2980
*NSET
2981
*NSET

NSET=

P2959

NSET=

P2960

NSET=

P2961

NSET=

P2962

NSET=

P2963

NSET=

P2964

NSET=

P2965

NSET=

P2966

NSET=

P2967

NSET=

P2968

NSET=

P2969

NSET=

P2970

NSET=

P2971

NSET=

P2972

NSET=

P2973

NSET=

P2974

NSET=

P2975

NSET=

P2976

NSET=

P2977

NSET=

P2978

NSET=

P2979

NSET=

P2980

NSET=

P2981

NSET=

P2982
85

2982
*NSET
2983
*NSET
2984
*NSET
2985
*NSET
2986
*NSET
2987
*NSET
2988
*NSET
2989
*NSET
2990
*NSET
2991
*NSET
2992
*NSET
2993
*NSET
2994
*NSET
2995
*NSET
2996
*NSET
2997
*NSET
2998
*NSET
2999
*NSET
3000
*NSET
3437
*NSET
3438
*NSET
3439
*NSET
3440
*NSET
3441

NSET=

P2983

NSET=

P2984

NSET=

P2985

NSET=

P2986

NSET=

P2987

NSET=

P2988

NSET=

P2989

NSET=

P2990

NSET=

P2991

NSET=

P2992

NSET=

P2993

NSET=

P2994

NSET=

P2995

NSET=

P2996

NSET=

P2997

NSET=

P2998

NSET=

P2999

NSET=

P3000

NSET=

P3437

NSET=

P3438

NSET=

P3439

NSET=

P3440

NSET=

P3441

86

*NSET
3442
*NSET
3443
*NSET
3444
*NSET
3445
*NSET
3446
*NSET
3447
*NSET
3448
*NSET
3449
*NSET
3450
*NSET
3451
*NSET
3452
*NSET
3453
*NSET
3454
*NSET
3455
*NSET
3456
*NSET
3457
*NSET
3458
*NSET
3459
*NSET
3460
*NSET
3461
*NSET
3462
*NSET
3463
*NSET
3464
*NSET

NSET=

P3442

NSET=

P3443

NSET=

P3444

NSET=

P3445

NSET=

P3446

NSET=

P3447

NSET=

P3448

NSET=

P3449

NSET=

P3450

NSET=

P3451

NSET=

P3452

NSET=

P3453

NSET=

P3454

NSET=

P3455

NSET=

P3456

NSET=

P3457

NSET=

P3458

NSET=

P3459

NSET=

P3460

NSET=

P3461

NSET=

P3462

NSET=

P3463

NSET=

P3464

NSET=

P3465
87

3465
*NSET
3466
*NSET
3467
*NSET
3468
*NSET
3469
*NSET
3470
*NSET
3471
*NSET
3472
*NSET
3473
*NSET
3474
*NSET
3475
*NSET
3476
*NSET
3477
*NSET
3478
*NSET
3479
*NSET
3480
*NSET
3481
*NSET
3482
*NSET
3483
*NSET
3484
*NSET
3485
*NSET
3486
*NSET
3487
*NSET
3488

NSET=

P3466

NSET=

P3467

NSET=

P3468

NSET=

P3469

NSET=

P3470

NSET=

P3471

NSET=

P3472

NSET=

P3473

NSET=

P3474

NSET=

P3475

NSET=

P3476

NSET=

P3477

NSET=

P3478

NSET=

P3479

NSET=

P3480

NSET=

P3481

NSET=

P3482

NSET=

P3483

NSET=

P3484

NSET=

P3485

NSET=

P3486

NSET=

P3487

NSET=

P3488

88

*NSET
3489
*NSET
3490
*NSET
3491
*NSET
3492
*NSET
3493
*NSET
3494
*NSET
3495
*NSET
3496
*NSET
3497
*NSET
3498
*NSET
3499
*NSET
3500
*NSET
3937
*NSET
3938
*NSET
3939
*NSET
3940
*NSET
3941
*NSET
3942
*NSET
3943
*NSET
3944
*NSET
3945
*NSET
3946
*NSET
3947
*NSET

NSET=

P3489

NSET=

P3490

NSET=

P3491

NSET=

P3492

NSET=

P3493

NSET=

P3494

NSET=

P3495

NSET=

P3496

NSET=

P3497

NSET=

P3498

NSET=

P3499

NSET=

P3500

NSET=

P3937

NSET=

P3938

NSET=

P3939

NSET=

P3940

NSET=

P3941

NSET=

P3942

NSET=

P3943

NSET=

P3944

NSET=

P3945

NSET=

P3946

NSET=

P3947

NSET=

P3948
89

3948
*NSET
3949
*NSET
3950
*NSET
3951
*NSET
3952
*NSET
3953
*NSET
3954
*NSET
3955
*NSET
3956
*NSET
3957
*NSET
3958
*NSET
3959
*NSET
3960
*NSET
3961
*NSET
3962
*NSET
3963
*NSET
3964
*NSET
3965
*NSET
3966
*NSET
3967
*NSET
3968
*NSET
3969
*NSET
3970
*NSET
3971

NSET=

P3949

NSET=

P3950

NSET=

P3951

NSET=

P3952

NSET=

P3953

NSET=

P3954

NSET=

P3955

NSET=

P3956

NSET=

P3957

NSET=

P3958

NSET=

P3959

NSET=

P3960

NSET=

P3961

NSET=

P3962

NSET=

P3963

NSET=

P3964

NSET=

P3965

NSET=

P3966

NSET=

P3967

NSET=

P3968

NSET=

P3969

NSET=

P3970

NSET=

P3971

90

*NSET
3972
*NSET
3973
*NSET
3974
*NSET
3975
*NSET
3976
*NSET
3977
*NSET
3978
*NSET
3979
*NSET
3980
*NSET
3981
*NSET
3982
*NSET
3983
*NSET
3984
*NSET
3985
*NSET
3986
*NSET
3987
*NSET
3988
*NSET
3989
*NSET
3990
*NSET
3991
*NSET
3992
*NSET
3993
*NSET
3994
*NSET

NSET=

P3972

NSET=

P3973

NSET=

P3974

NSET=

P3975

NSET=

P3976

NSET=

P3977

NSET=

P3978

NSET=

P3979

NSET=

P3980

NSET=

P3981

NSET=

P3982

NSET=

P3983

NSET=

P3984

NSET=

P3985

NSET=

P3986

NSET=

P3987

NSET=

P3988

NSET=

P3989

NSET=

P3990

NSET=

P3991

NSET=

P3992

NSET=

P3993

NSET=

P3994

NSET=

P3995
91

3995
*NSET
3996
*NSET
3997
*NSET
3998
*NSET
3999
*NSET
4000
*NSET
4437
*NSET
4438
*NSET
4439
*NSET
4440
*NSET
4441
*NSET
4442
*NSET
4443
*NSET
4444
*NSET
4445
*NSET
4446
*NSET
4447
*NSET
4448
*NSET
4449
*NSET
4450
*NSET
4451
*NSET
4452
*NSET
4453
*NSET
4454

NSET=

P3996

NSET=

P3997

NSET=

P3998

NSET=

P3999

NSET=

P4000

NSET=

P4437

NSET=

P4438

NSET=

P4439

NSET=

P4440

NSET=

P4441

NSET=

P4442

NSET=

P4443

NSET=

P4444

NSET=

P4445

NSET=

P4446

NSET=

P4447

NSET=

P4448

NSET=

P4449

NSET=

P4450

NSET=

P4451

NSET=

P4452

NSET=

P4453

NSET=

P4454

92

*NSET
4455
*NSET
4456
*NSET
4457
*NSET
4458
*NSET
4459
*NSET
4460
*NSET
4461
*NSET
4462
*NSET
4463
*NSET
4464
*NSET
4465
*NSET
4466
*NSET
4467
*NSET
4468
*NSET
4469
*NSET
4470
*NSET
4471
*NSET
4472
*NSET
4473
*NSET
4474
*NSET
4475
*NSET
4476
*NSET
4477
*NSET

NSET=

P4455

NSET=

P4456

NSET=

P4457

NSET=

P4458

NSET=

P4459

NSET=

P4460

NSET=

P4461

NSET=

P4462

NSET=

P4463

NSET=

P4464

NSET=

P4465

NSET=

P4466

NSET=

P4467

NSET=

P4468

NSET=

P4469

NSET=

P4470

NSET=

P4471

NSET=

P4472

NSET=

P4473

NSET=

P4474

NSET=

P4475

NSET=

P4476

NSET=

P4477

NSET=

P4478
93

4478
*NSET
4479
*NSET
4480
*NSET
4481
*NSET
4482
*NSET
4483
*NSET
4484
*NSET
4485
*NSET
4486
*NSET
4487
*NSET
4488
*NSET
4489
*NSET
4490
*NSET
4491
*NSET
4492
*NSET
4493
*NSET
4494
*NSET
4495
*NSET
4496
*NSET
4497
*NSET
4498
*NSET
4499
*NSET
4500
*NSET
4937

NSET=

P4479

NSET=

P4480

NSET=

P4481

NSET=

P4482

NSET=

P4483

NSET=

P4484

NSET=

P4485

NSET=

P4486

NSET=

P4487

NSET=

P4488

NSET=

P4489

NSET=

P4490

NSET=

P4491

NSET=

P4492

NSET=

P4493

NSET=

P4494

NSET=

P4495

NSET=

P4496

NSET=

P4497

NSET=

P4498

NSET=

P4499

NSET=

P4500

NSET=

P4937

94

*NSET
4938
*NSET
4939
*NSET
4940
*NSET
4941
*NSET
4942
*NSET
4943
*NSET
4944
*NSET
4945
*NSET
4946
*NSET
4947
*NSET
4948
*NSET
4949
*NSET
4950
*NSET
4951
*NSET
4952
*NSET
4953
*NSET
4954
*NSET
4955
*NSET
4956
*NSET
4957
*NSET
4958
*NSET
4959
*NSET
4960
*NSET

NSET=

P4938

NSET=

P4939

NSET=

P4940

NSET=

P4941

NSET=

P4942

NSET=

P4943

NSET=

P4944

NSET=

P4945

NSET=

P4946

NSET=

P4947

NSET=

P4948

NSET=

P4949

NSET=

P4950

NSET=

P4951

NSET=

P4952

NSET=

P4953

NSET=

P4954

NSET=

P4955

NSET=

P4956

NSET=

P4957

NSET=

P4958

NSET=

P4959

NSET=

P4960

NSET=

P4961
95

4961
*NSET
4962
*NSET
4963
*NSET
4964
*NSET
4965
*NSET
4966
*NSET
4967
*NSET
4968
*NSET
4969
*NSET
4970
*NSET
4971
*NSET
4972
*NSET
4973
*NSET
4974
*NSET
4975
*NSET
4976
*NSET
4977
*NSET
4978
*NSET
4979
*NSET
4980
*NSET
4981
*NSET
4982
*NSET
4983
*NSET
4984

NSET=

P4962

NSET=

P4963

NSET=

P4964

NSET=

P4965

NSET=

P4966

NSET=

P4967

NSET=

P4968

NSET=

P4969

NSET=

P4970

NSET=

P4971

NSET=

P4972

NSET=

P4973

NSET=

P4974

NSET=

P4975

NSET=

P4976

NSET=

P4977

NSET=

P4978

NSET=

P4979

NSET=

P4980

NSET=

P4981

NSET=

P4982

NSET=

P4983

NSET=

P4984

96

*NSET
4985
*NSET
4986
*NSET
4987
*NSET
4988
*NSET
4989
*NSET
4990
*NSET
4991
*NSET
4992
*NSET
4993
*NSET
4994
*NSET
4995
*NSET
4996
*NSET
4997
*NSET
4998
*NSET
4999
*NSET
5000
*NSET
5437
*NSET
5438
*NSET
5439
*NSET
5440
*NSET
5441
*NSET
5442
*NSET
5443
*NSET

NSET=

P4985

NSET=

P4986

NSET=

P4987

NSET=

P4988

NSET=

P4989

NSET=

P4990

NSET=

P4991

NSET=

P4992

NSET=

P4993

NSET=

P4994

NSET=

P4995

NSET=

P4996

NSET=

P4997

NSET=

P4998

NSET=

P4999

NSET=

P5000

NSET=

P5437

NSET=

P5438

NSET=

P5439

NSET=

P5440

NSET=

P5441

NSET=

P5442

NSET=

P5443

NSET=

P5444
97

5444
*NSET
5445
*NSET
5446
*NSET
5447
*NSET
5448
*NSET
5449
*NSET
5450
*NSET
5451
*NSET
5452
*NSET
5453
*NSET
5454
*NSET
5455
*NSET
5456
*NSET
5457
*NSET
5458
*NSET
5459
*NSET
5460
*NSET
5461
*NSET
5462
*NSET
5463
*NSET
5464
*NSET
5465
*NSET
5466
*NSET
5467

NSET=

P5445

NSET=

P5446

NSET=

P5447

NSET=

P5448

NSET=

P5449

NSET=

P5450

NSET=

P5451

NSET=

P5452

NSET=

P5453

NSET=

P5454

NSET=

P5455

NSET=

P5456

NSET=

P5457

NSET=

P5458

NSET=

P5459

NSET=

P5460

NSET=

P5461

NSET=

P5462

NSET=

P5463

NSET=

P5464

NSET=

P5465

NSET=

P5466

NSET=

P5467

98

*NSET
5468
*NSET
5469
*NSET
5470
*NSET
5471
*NSET
5472
*NSET
5473
*NSET
5474
*NSET
5475
*NSET
5476
*NSET
5477
*NSET
5478
*NSET
5479
*NSET
5480
*NSET
5481
*NSET
5482
*NSET
5483
*NSET
5484
*NSET
5485
*NSET
5486
*NSET
5487
*NSET
5488
*NSET
5489
*NSET
5490
*NSET

NSET=

P5468

NSET=

P5469

NSET=

P5470

NSET=

P5471

NSET=

P5472

NSET=

P5473

NSET=

P5474

NSET=

P5475

NSET=

P5476

NSET=

P5477

NSET=

P5478

NSET=

P5479

NSET=

P5480

NSET=

P5481

NSET=

P5482

NSET=

P5483

NSET=

P5484

NSET=

P5485

NSET=

P5486

NSET=

P5487

NSET=

P5488

NSET=

P5489

NSET=

P5490

NSET=

P5491
99

5491
*NSET
5492
*NSET
5493
*NSET
5494
*NSET
5495
*NSET
5496
*NSET
5497
*NSET
5498
*NSET
5499
*NSET
5500
*NSET
5937
*NSET
5938
*NSET
5939
*NSET
5940
*NSET
5941
*NSET
5942
*NSET
5943
*NSET
5944
*NSET
5945
*NSET
5946
*NSET
5947
*NSET
5948
*NSET
5949
*NSET
5950

NSET=

P5492

NSET=

P5493

NSET=

P5494

NSET=

P5495

NSET=

P5496

NSET=

P5497

NSET=

P5498

NSET=

P5499

NSET=

P5500

NSET=

P5937

NSET=

P5938

NSET=

P5939

NSET=

P5940

NSET=

P5941

NSET=

P5942

NSET=

P5943

NSET=

P5944

NSET=

P5945

NSET=

P5946

NSET=

P5947

NSET=

P5948

NSET=

P5949

NSET=

P5950

100

*NSET
5951
*NSET
5952
*NSET
5953
*NSET
5954
*NSET
5955
*NSET
5956
*NSET
5957
*NSET
5958
*NSET
5959
*NSET
5960
*NSET
5961
*NSET
5962
*NSET
5963
*NSET
5964
*NSET
5965
*NSET
5966
*NSET
5967
*NSET
5968
*NSET
5969
*NSET
5970
*NSET
5971
*NSET
5972
*NSET
5973
*NSET

NSET=

P5951

NSET=

P5952

NSET=

P5953

NSET=

P5954

NSET=

P5955

NSET=

P5956

NSET=

P5957

NSET=

P5958

NSET=

P5959

NSET=

P5960

NSET=

P5961

NSET=

P5962

NSET=

P5963

NSET=

P5964

NSET=

P5965

NSET=

P5966

NSET=

P5967

NSET=

P5968

NSET=

P5969

NSET=

P5970

NSET=

P5971

NSET=

P5972

NSET=

P5973

NSET=

P5974
101

5974
*NSET
5975
*NSET
5976
*NSET
5977
*NSET
5978
*NSET
5979
*NSET
5980
*NSET
5981
*NSET
5982
*NSET
5983
*NSET
5984
*NSET
5985
*NSET
5986
*NSET
5987
*NSET
5988
*NSET
5989
*NSET
5990
*NSET
5991
*NSET
5992
*NSET
5993
*NSET
5994
*NSET
5995
*NSET
5996
*NSET
5997

NSET=

P5975

NSET=

P5976

NSET=

P5977

NSET=

P5978

NSET=

P5979

NSET=

P5980

NSET=

P5981

NSET=

P5982

NSET=

P5983

NSET=

P5984

NSET=

P5985

NSET=

P5986

NSET=

P5987

NSET=

P5988

NSET=

P5989

NSET=

P5990

NSET=

P5991

NSET=

P5992

NSET=

P5993

NSET=

P5994

NSET=

P5995

NSET=

P5996

NSET=

P5997

102

*NSET
5998
*NSET
5999
*NSET
6000
*NSET
6437
*NSET
6438
*NSET
6439
*NSET
6440
*NSET
6441
*NSET
6442
*NSET
6443
*NSET
6444
*NSET
6445
*NSET
6446
*NSET
6447
*NSET
6448
*NSET
6449
*NSET
6450
*NSET
6451
*NSET
6452
*NSET
6453
*NSET
6454
*NSET
6455
*NSET
6456
*NSET

NSET=

P5998

NSET=

P5999

NSET=

P6000

NSET=

P6437

NSET=

P6438

NSET=

P6439

NSET=

P6440

NSET=

P6441

NSET=

P6442

NSET=

P6443

NSET=

P6444

NSET=

P6445

NSET=

P6446

NSET=

P6447

NSET=

P6448

NSET=

P6449

NSET=

P6450

NSET=

P6451

NSET=

P6452

NSET=

P6453

NSET=

P6454

NSET=

P6455

NSET=

P6456

NSET=

P6457
103

6457
*NSET
6458
*NSET
6459
*NSET
6460
*NSET
6461
*NSET
6462
*NSET
6463
*NSET
6464
*NSET
6465
*NSET
6466
*NSET
6467
*NSET
6468
*NSET
6469
*NSET
6470
*NSET
6471
*NSET
6472
*NSET
6473
*NSET
6474
*NSET
6475
*NSET
6476
*NSET
6477
*NSET
6478
*NSET
6479
*NSET
6480

NSET=

P6458

NSET=

P6459

NSET=

P6460

NSET=

P6461

NSET=

P6462

NSET=

P6463

NSET=

P6464

NSET=

P6465

NSET=

P6466

NSET=

P6467

NSET=

P6468

NSET=

P6469

NSET=

P6470

NSET=

P6471

NSET=

P6472

NSET=

P6473

NSET=

P6474

NSET=

P6475

NSET=

P6476

NSET=

P6477

NSET=

P6478

NSET=

P6479

NSET=

P6480

104

*NSET
6481
*NSET
6482
*NSET
6483
*NSET
6484
*NSET
6485
*NSET
6486
*NSET
6487
*NSET
6488
*NSET
6489
*NSET
6490
*NSET
6491
*NSET
6492
*NSET
6493
*NSET
6494
*NSET
6495
*NSET
6496
*NSET
6497
*NSET
6498
*NSET
6499
*NSET
6500
*NSET
6937
*NSET
6938
*NSET
6939
*NSET

NSET=

P6481

NSET=

P6482

NSET=

P6483

NSET=

P6484

NSET=

P6485

NSET=

P6486

NSET=

P6487

NSET=

P6488

NSET=

P6489

NSET=

P6490

NSET=

P6491

NSET=

P6492

NSET=

P6493

NSET=

P6494

NSET=

P6495

NSET=

P6496

NSET=

P6497

NSET=

P6498

NSET=

P6499

NSET=

P6500

NSET=

P6937

NSET=

P6938

NSET=

P6939

NSET=

P6940
105

6940
*NSET
6941
*NSET
6942
*NSET
6943
*NSET
6944
*NSET
6945
*NSET
6946
*NSET
6947
*NSET
6948
*NSET
6949
*NSET
6950
*NSET
6951
*NSET
6952
*NSET
6953
*NSET
6954
*NSET
6955
*NSET
6956
*NSET
6957
*NSET
6958
*NSET
6959
*NSET
6960
*NSET
6961
*NSET
6962
*NSET
6963

NSET=

P6941

NSET=

P6942

NSET=

P6943

NSET=

P6944

NSET=

P6945

NSET=

P6946

NSET=

P6947

NSET=

P6948

NSET=

P6949

NSET=

P6950

NSET=

P6951

NSET=

P6952

NSET=

P6953

NSET=

P6954

NSET=

P6955

NSET=

P6956

NSET=

P6957

NSET=

P6958

NSET=

P6959

NSET=

P6960

NSET=

P6961

NSET=

P6962

NSET=

P6963

106

*NSET
6964
*NSET
6965
*NSET
6966
*NSET
6967
*NSET
6968
*NSET
6969
*NSET
6970
*NSET
6971
*NSET
6972
*NSET
6973
*NSET
6974
*NSET
6975
*NSET
6976
*NSET
6977
*NSET
6978
*NSET
6979
*NSET
6980
*NSET
6981
*NSET
6982
*NSET
6983
*NSET
6984
*NSET
6985
*NSET
6986
*NSET

NSET=

P6964

NSET=

P6965

NSET=

P6966

NSET=

P6967

NSET=

P6968

NSET=

P6969

NSET=

P6970

NSET=

P6971

NSET=

P6972

NSET=

P6973

NSET=

P6974

NSET=

P6975

NSET=

P6976

NSET=

P6977

NSET=

P6978

NSET=

P6979

NSET=

P6980

NSET=

P6981

NSET=

P6982

NSET=

P6983

NSET=

P6984

NSET=

P6985

NSET=

P6986

NSET=

P6987
107

6987
*NSET
6988
*NSET
6989
*NSET
6990
*NSET
6991
*NSET
6992
*NSET
6993
*NSET
6994
*NSET
6995
*NSET
6996
*NSET
6997
*NSET
6998
*NSET
6999
*NSET
7000
*NSET
7437
*NSET
7438
*NSET
7439
*NSET
7440
*NSET
7441
*NSET
7442
*NSET
7443
*NSET
7444
*NSET
7445
*NSET
7446

NSET=

P6988

NSET=

P6989

NSET=

P6990

NSET=

P6991

NSET=

P6992

NSET=

P6993

NSET=

P6994

NSET=

P6995

NSET=

P6996

NSET=

P6997

NSET=

P6998

NSET=

P6999

NSET=

P7000

NSET=

P7437

NSET=

P7438

NSET=

P7439

NSET=

P7440

NSET=

P7441

NSET=

P7442

NSET=

P7443

NSET=

P7444

NSET=

P7445

NSET=

P7446

108

*NSET
7447
*NSET
7448
*NSET
7449
*NSET
7450
*NSET
7451
*NSET
7452
*NSET
7453
*NSET
7454
*NSET
7455
*NSET
7456
*NSET
7457
*NSET
7458
*NSET
7459
*NSET
7460
*NSET
7461
*NSET
7462
*NSET
7463
*NSET
7464
*NSET
7465
*NSET
7466
*NSET
7467
*NSET
7468
*NSET
7469
*NSET

NSET=

P7447

NSET=

P7448

NSET=

P7449

NSET=

P7450

NSET=

P7451

NSET=

P7452

NSET=

P7453

NSET=

P7454

NSET=

P7455

NSET=

P7456

NSET=

P7457

NSET=

P7458

NSET=

P7459

NSET=

P7460

NSET=

P7461

NSET=

P7462

NSET=

P7463

NSET=

P7464

NSET=

P7465

NSET=

P7466

NSET=

P7467

NSET=

P7468

NSET=

P7469

NSET=

P7470
109

7470
*NSET
7471
*NSET
7472
*NSET
7473
*NSET
7474
*NSET
7475
*NSET
7476
*NSET
7477
*NSET
7478
*NSET
7479
*NSET
7480
*NSET
7481
*NSET
7482
*NSET
7483
*NSET
7484
*NSET
7485
*NSET
7486
*NSET
7487
*NSET
7488
*NSET
7489
*NSET
7490
*NSET
7491
*NSET
7492
*NSET
7493

NSET=

P7471

NSET=

P7472

NSET=

P7473

NSET=

P7474

NSET=

P7475

NSET=

P7476

NSET=

P7477

NSET=

P7478

NSET=

P7479

NSET=

P7480

NSET=

P7481

NSET=

P7482

NSET=

P7483

NSET=

P7484

NSET=

P7485

NSET=

P7486

NSET=

P7487

NSET=

P7488

NSET=

P7489

NSET=

P7490

NSET=

P7491

NSET=

P7492

NSET=

P7493

110

*NSET
7494
*NSET
7495
*NSET
7496
*NSET
7497
*NSET
7498
*NSET
7499
*NSET
7500
*NSET
8093
*NSET
8094
*NSET
8095
*NSET
8096
*NSET
8097
*NSET
8098
*NSET
8099
*NSET
8100
*NSET
8101
*NSET
8102
*NSET
8103
*NSET
8104
*NSET
8105
*NSET
8106
*NSET
8107
*NSET
8108
*NSET

NSET=

P7494

NSET=

P7495

NSET=

P7496

NSET=

P7497

NSET=

P7498

NSET=

P7499

NSET=

P7500

NSET=

P8093

NSET=

P8094

NSET=

P8095

NSET=

P8096

NSET=

P8097

NSET=

P8098

NSET=

P8099

NSET=

P8100

NSET=

P8101

NSET=

P8102

NSET=

P8103

NSET=

P8104

NSET=

P8105

NSET=

P8106

NSET=

P8107

NSET=

P8108

NSET=

P8109
111

8109
*NSET
8110
*NSET
8111
*NSET
8112
*NSET
8113
*NSET
8114
*NSET
8115
*NSET
8116
*NSET
8117
*NSET
8118
*NSET
8119
*NSET
8120
*NSET
8121
*NSET
8122
*NSET
8123
*NSET
8124
*NSET
8125
*NSET
8126
*NSET
8127
*NSET
8128
*NSET
8129
*NSET
8130
*NSET
8131
*NSET
8132

NSET=

P8110

NSET=

P8111

NSET=

P8112

NSET=

P8113

NSET=

P8114

NSET=

P8115

NSET=

P8116

NSET=

P8117

NSET=

P8118

NSET=

P8119

NSET=

P8120

NSET=

P8121

NSET=

P8122

NSET=

P8123

NSET=

P8124

NSET=

P8125

NSET=

P8126

NSET=

P8127

NSET=

P8128

NSET=

P8129

NSET=

P8130

NSET=

P8131

NSET=

P8132

112

*NSET
8133
*NSET
8134
*NSET
8135
*NSET
8136
*NSET
8137
*NSET
8138
*NSET
8139
*NSET
8140
*NSET
8141
*NSET
8142
*NSET
8143
*NSET
8144
*NSET
8145
*NSET
8146
*NSET
8147
*NSET
8148
*NSET
8149
*NSET
8150
*NSET
8151
*NSET
8152
*NSET
8153
*NSET
8154
*NSET
8155
*NSET

NSET=

P8133

NSET=

P8134

NSET=

P8135

NSET=

P8136

NSET=

P8137

NSET=

P8138

NSET=

P8139

NSET=

P8140

NSET=

P8141

NSET=

P8142

NSET=

P8143

NSET=

P8144

NSET=

P8145

NSET=

P8146

NSET=

P8147

NSET=

P8148

NSET=

P8149

NSET=

P8150

NSET=

P8151

NSET=

P8152

NSET=

P8153

NSET=

P8154

NSET=

P8155

NSET=

P8156
113

8156
*NSET, NSET=KP437-500, GENERATE
437, 500, 1
*NSET, NSET=KP700-1000, GENERATE
700, 1000, 1
*NSET, NSET=KP937-1000, GENERATE
937, 1000, 1
*NSET, NSET=KP1200-1500, GENERATE
1200, 1500, 1
*NSET, NSET=KP1437-1500, GENERATE
1437, 1500, 1
*NSET, NSET=KP1700-2000, GENERATE
1700, 2000, 1
*NSET, NSET=KP1937-2000, GENERATE
1937, 2000, 1
*NSET, NSET=KP2200-2500, GENERATE
2200, 2500, 1
*NSET, NSET=KP2437-2500, GENERATE
2437, 2500, 1
*NSET, NSET=KP2700-3000, GENERATE
2700, 3000, 1
*NSET, NSET=KP2937-3000, GENERATE
2937, 3000, 1
*NSET, NSET=KP3200-3500, GENERATE
3200, 3500, 1
*NSET, NSET=KP3437-3500, GENERATE
3437, 3500, 1
*NSET, NSET=KP3700-4000, GENERATE
3700, 4000, 1
*NSET, NSET=KP3937-4000, GENERATE
3937, 4000, 1
*NSET, NSET=KP4200-4500, GENERATE
4200, 4500, 1
*NSET, NSET=KP4437-4500, GENERATE
4437, 4500, 1
*NSET, NSET=KP4700-5000, GENERATE
4700, 5000, 1
*NSET, NSET=KP4937-5000, GENERATE
4937, 5000, 1
*NSET, NSET=KP5200-5500, GENERATE
5200, 5500, 1
*NSET, NSET=KP5437-5500, GENERATE
5437, 5500, 1
*NSET, NSET=KP5700-6000, GENERATE
5700, 6000, 1
*NSET, NSET=KP5937-6000, GENERATE
5937, 6000, 1
114

*NSET, NSET=KP6200-6500, GENERATE


6200, 6500, 1
*NSET, NSET=KP6437-6500, GENERATE
6437, 6500, 1
*NSET, NSET=KP6700-7000, GENERATE
6700, 7000, 1
*NSET, NSET=KP6937-7000, GENERATE
6937, 7000, 1
*NSET, NSET=KP7200-7500, GENERATE
7200, 7500, 1
*NSET, NSET=KP7437-7500, GENERATE
7437, 7500, 1
*NSET, NSET=KP7700-8156, GENERATE
7700, 8156, 1
*NSET, NSET=KP8093-8156, GENERATE
8093, 8156, 1
*NSET, NSET=KP500-1000, GENERATE
501, 1000, 1
*NSET, NSET=KP1000-1500, GENERATE
1001, 1500, 1
*NSET, NSET=KP1500-2000, GENERATE
1501, 2000, 1
*NSET, NSET=KP2000-2500, GENERATE
2001, 2500, 1
*NSET, NSET=KP2500-3000, GENERATE
2501, 3000, 1
*NSET, NSET=KP3000-3500, GENERATE
3001, 3500, 1
*NSET, NSET=KP3500-4000, GENERATE
3501, 4000, 1
*NSET, NSET=KP4000-4500, GENERATE
4001, 4500, 1
*NSET, NSET=KP4500-5000, GENERATE
4501, 5000, 1
*NSET, NSET=KP5000-5500, GENERATE
5001, 5500, 1
*NSET, NSET=KP5500-6000, GENERATE
5501, 6000, 1
*NSET, NSET=KP6000-6500, GENERATE
6001, 6500, 1
*NSET, NSET=KP6500-7000, GENERATE
6501, 7000, 1
*NSET, NSET=KP7000-7500, GENERATE
7001, 7500, 1
*NSET, NSET=KP7500-8156, GENERATE
7501, 8156, 1
**--------------------------------------------------------115

** SPRING DATA
**--------------------------------------------------------**
*NODE
8160, 8160, 0, 0
*ELEMENT, TYPE=SPRINGA, ELSET=SPRING_ELEMENT
1000003, 8157, 8160
*SPRING, ELSET=SPRING_ELEMENT
1e6
**--------------------------------------------------------**ELEMENT DATA
**--------------------------------------------------------*ELEMENT, TYPE=PIPE31H
1, 1, 2
*ELGEN, ELSET=PIPE_SEGMENT_1
1, 1000, 1, 1
*ELEMENT, TYPE=PIPE31H
1001, 1001, 1002
*ELGEN, ELSET=PIPE_SEGMENT_2
1001, 7156, 1, 1
*ELSET, ELSET=PIPE_SEGMENT_ALL, GENERATE
1, 8156, 1
*ELSET, ELSET=PIPE_PART1, GENERATE
1, 499, 1
*ELSET, ELSET=PIPE_PART2, GENERATE
500, 1000, 1
*ELSET, ELSET=PIPE_PART3, GENERATE
1001, 1499, 1
*ELSET, ELSET=PIPE_PART4, GENERATE
1500, 1999, 1
*ELSET, ELSET=PIPE_PART5, GENERATE
2000, 2499, 1
*ELSET, ELSET=PIPE_PART6, GENERATE
2500, 2999, 1
*ELSET, ELSET=PIPE_PART7, GENERATE
3000, 3499, 1
*ELSET, ELSET=PIPE_PART8, GENERATE
3500, 3999, 1
*ELSET, ELSET=PIPE_PART9, GENERATE
4000, 4499, 1
*ELSET, ELSET=PIPE_PART10, GENERATE
4500, 4999, 1
*ELSET, ELSET=PIPE_PART11, GENERATE
5000, 5499, 1
*ELSET, ELSET=PIPE_PART12, GENERATE
5500, 5999, 1
116

*ELSET, ELSET=PIPE_PART13, GENERATE


6000, 6499, 1
*ELSET, ELSET=PIPE_PART14, GENERATE
6500, 6999, 1
*ELSET, ELSET=PIPE_PART15, GENERATE
7000, 7499, 1
*ELSET, ELSET=PIPE_PART16, GENERATE
7500, 8156, 1
**--------------------------------------------------------**SECTION PROPERTIES
**--------------------------------------------------------*BEAM SECTION, ELSET=PIPE_SEGMENT_1, MATERIAL=STEEL_1, SECTION=PIPE
0.2349, 0.0206
*BEAM SECTION, ELSET=PIPE_SEGMENT_2, MATERIAL=STEEL_2, SECTION=PIPE
0.2302, 0.0159
**--------------------------------------------------------**MATERIAL PROPERTIES
**--------------------------------------------------------*MATERIAL, NAME=STEEL_1
*ELASTIC, TYPE=ISOTROPIC
207000000000, 0.3
*EXPANSION
0.00000117
*DENSITY, DEPENDENCIES = 1
14490, 0, 1.0
19580, 0, 2.0
*MATERIAL, NAME=STEEL_2
*ELASTIC, TYPE=ISOTROPIC
207000000000, 0.3
*EXPANSION
0.0000117
*DENSITY, DEPENDENCIES = 1
18530, 0, 1.0
25190, 0, 2.0
**
**--------------------------------------------------------** Seabed profile data
**--------------------------------------------------------**
*SURFACE, NAME=SEABED1, TYPE=CYLINDER
0, 0, 0, 10, 0, 0
0, 100, 0
START
,
-5.638003198 ,
-60.89309817
LINE ,
4.361996801 ,
-60.89309817
LINE ,
14.3619968 ,
-60.89309817
LINE ,
24.3619968 ,
-60.89309817
LINE ,
34.3619968 ,
-60.89309817
117

LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE

,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,

44.3619968
54.3619968
64.3619968
74.3619968
84.3619968
94.3619968
104.3619968
114.3619968
124.3619968
134.3619968
144.3619968
154.3619968
164.3619968
174.3619968
184.3619968
194.3619968
204.3619968
214.3619968
224.3619968
234.3619968
244.3619968
254.3619968
264.3619968
274.3619968
284.3619968
294.3619968
304.3619968
314.3619968
324.3619968
334.3619968
344.3619968
354.3619968
364.3601043
374.3601043
384.3601043
394.3601043
404.3572069
414.3572069
424.3572069
434.3572069
444.3572069
454.3572069
464.3571994
474.3571994
484.3571994
494.3566939
504.3566939

,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,

-60.89309817
-60.89309817
-60.89309817
-60.89309817
-60.89309817
-60.89309817
-60.89309817
-60.89309817
-60.89309817
-60.89309817
-60.89309817
-60.89309817
-60.89309817
-60.89309817
-60.89309817
-60.89309817
-60.89309817
-60.89309817
-60.89309817
-60.89309817
-60.89309817
-60.89309817
-60.89309817
-60.89309817
-60.89309817
-60.89309817
-60.89309817
-60.89309817
-60.89309817
-60.89309817
-60.89309817
-60.89309817
-60.89309817
-60.89309817
-60.89309817
-60.89309817
-60.89309817
-60.89309817
-60.89309817
-60.38269024
-60.47676512
-61.0624162
-61.46810535
-61.02822649
-60.82956533
-60.69801047
-60.67804297
118

LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
LINE
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*Rigid Body, Ref Node=1000001, Analytical Surface=SEABED1
*Rigid Body, Ref Node=1000002, Analytical Surface=SEABED2
**
**--------------------------------------------------------**DEFINE CONTACT AND CONTACT PROPERTIES
**--------------------------------------------------------*SURFACE, TYPE=ELEMENT, NAME=PIPE1
PIPE_SEGMENT_1
*SURFACE, TYPE=ELEMENT, NAME=PIPE2
PIPE_SEGMENT_2
*SURFACE INTERACTION, NAME=SOIL_PIPE_CONTACT_1
1
*FRICTION, ANISOTROPIC
0.4, 0.5
*SURFACE BEHAVIOR, PRESSURE-OVERCLOSURE=TABULAR
0.0000
, 0.000
23747.9627 ,
0.055
32448.5920 ,
0.111
37924.5917 ,
0.166
41301.9143 ,
0.222
42939.1915 ,
0.277
43719.2173 ,
0.332
44454.3364 ,
0.388
135

45153.9028 ,
0.443
45824.4138 ,
0.498
46470.6000 ,
0.554
47096.0327 ,
0.609
47703.4865 ,
0.665
48295.1677 ,
0.720
48872.8653 ,
0.775
49438.0537 ,
0.831
49991.9650 ,
0.886
50535.6415 ,
0.941
51069.9742 ,
0.997
51595.7317 ,
1.052
52113.5829 ,
1.108
*SURFACE INTERACTION, NAME=SOIL_PIPE_CONTACT_2
1
*FRICTION, ANISOTROPIC
0.4, 0.5
*SURFACE BEHAVIOR, PRESSURE-OVERCLOSURE=TABULAR
0.0000
, 0.000
23750.0267 ,
0.056
32454.0960 ,
0.112
37934.0501 ,
0.169
41315.3963 ,
0.225
42956.3915 ,
0.281
43739.8573 ,
0.337
44478.4164 ,
0.394
45181.4228 ,
0.450
45855.3738 ,
0.506
46505.0000 ,
0.562
47133.8727 ,
0.619
47744.7665 ,
0.675
48339.8877 ,
0.731
48921.0253 ,
0.787
49489.6537 ,
0.844
50047.0050 ,
0.900
50594.1215 ,
0.956
51131.8942 ,
1.012
51661.0917 ,
1.069
52182.3829 ,
1.125
**
*CONTACT PAIR, INTERACTION=SOIL_PIPE_CONTACT_1, TYPE=NODE TO
SURFACE
PIPE1, SEABED1
*CONTACT PAIR, INTERACTION=SOIL_PIPE_CONTACT_2, TYPE=NODE TO
SURFACE
PIPE2, SEABED2
**--------------------------------------------------------136

**INITIAL CONDITIONS
**--------------------------------------------------------*INITIAL CONDITION, TYPE=TEMPERATURE
NODE-PIPE, 24
*INITIAL CONDITION, TYPE=FIELD, VARIABLE=1
NODE-PIPE, 1.0
*BOUNDARY
1000001, 1, 6
1000002, 1, 6
8160, 1, 1
8160, 2, 2
8160, 3, 3
*AQUA
-63 , 0.5, 9.81, 1025
0, 0
**--------------------------------------------------------**STEP 1: GRAVITY
**--------------------------------------------------------*Step, name=GRAVITY, nlgeom=yes, inc=10000
*Static, STABILIZE=0.0005
0.05, 1, 1e-3, 1
*BOUNDARY, OP=MOD
END-NODE, 3, 3
KP437-500
,
3
,
3
KP500-1000 ,
3
,
3
KP1000-1500 ,
3
,
3
KP1500-2000 ,
3
,
3
KP2000-2500 ,
3
,
3
KP2500-3000 ,
3
,
3
KP3000-3500 ,
3
,
3
KP3500-4000 ,
3
,
3
KP4000-4500 ,
3
,
3
KP4500-5000 ,
3
,
3
KP5000-5500 ,
3
,
3
KP5500-6000 ,
3
,
3
KP6000-6500 ,
3
,
3
KP6500-7000 ,
3
,
3
KP7000-7500 ,
3
,
3
KP7500-8156 ,
3
,
3
*DLOAD, OP=MOD
PIPE_PART1, GRAV, 9.81, 0, 0, -1
PIPE_PART1, PB, 1, 0.4698
*CLOAD, OP=MOD
FIRST-NODE, 1, -300000
**--------------------------------------------------------**REQUEST FIELD OUTPUT
**--------------------------------------------------------137

*Output, field
*Node output
U, RF, CF, COORD
*End Step
**--------------------------------------------------------**STEP 2: PART1
**--------------------------------------------------------*Step, name=PART1, nlgeom=yes, inc=10000
*Static, STABILIZE=0.0005
0.005, 1, 1e-4, 1
*BOUNDARY, OP=NEW
1000001, 1, 6
1000002, 1, 6
8160, 1, 1
8160, 2, 2
8160, 3, 3
FIRST-NODE, 3, 3, -60.93
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P496 ,
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P495 ,
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P494 ,
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3
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-0.163422356
P493 ,
3
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3
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P492 ,
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P491 ,
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P482 ,
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3
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P481 ,
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3
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P480 ,
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3
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P479 ,
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3
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P478 ,
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P473 ,
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3
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P472 ,
3
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3
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-2.830030237
138

P471 ,
P470 ,
P469 ,
P468 ,
P467 ,
P466 ,
P465 ,
P464 ,
P463 ,
P462 ,
P461 ,
P460 ,
P459 ,
P458 ,
P457 ,
P456 ,
P455 ,
P454 ,
P453 ,
P452 ,
P451 ,
P450 ,
P449 ,
P448 ,
P447 ,
P446 ,
P445 ,
P444 ,
P443 ,
P442 ,
P441 ,
P440 ,
P439 ,
P438 ,
P437 ,
KP500-1000
KP1000-1500
KP1500-2000
KP2000-2500
KP2500-3000
KP3000-3500
KP3500-4000
KP4000-4500
KP4500-5000
KP5000-5500
KP5500-6000
KP6000-6500

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3
3
3
3
3
3
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3
3
3
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3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
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3
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3
3
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139

KP6500-7000 ,
3
,
3
KP7000-7500 ,
3
,
3
KP7500-8156 ,
3
,
3
*DLOAD, OP=MOD
PIPE_PART1, GRAV, 9.81, 0, 0, -1
PIPE_PART1, PB, 1, 0.4698
**--------------------------------------------------------**REQUEST FIELD OUTPUT
**--------------------------------------------------------*Output, field
*Node output
U, RF, CF, COORD
*End Step
**--------------------------------------------------------**STEP 3: PART2
**--------------------------------------------------------*Step, name=PART2, nlgeom=yes, inc=10000
*Static, STABILIZE=0.0005
0.005, 1, 1e-4, 1
*BOUNDARY, OP=NEW
1000001, 1, 6
1000002, 1, 6
8160, 1, 1
8160, 2, 2
8160, 3, 3
FIRST-NODE, 3, 3, -60.93
END-NODE, 3, 3
KP500-1000 ,
3
,
3
KP1000-1500 ,
3
,
3
KP1500-2000 ,
3
,
3
KP2000-2500 ,
3
,
3
KP2500-3000 ,
3
,
3
KP3000-3500 ,
3
,
3
KP3500-4000 ,
3
,
3
KP4000-4500 ,
3
,
3
KP4500-5000 ,
3
,
3
KP5000-5500 ,
3
,
3
KP5500-6000 ,
3
,
3
KP6000-6500 ,
3
,
3
KP6500-7000 ,
3
,
3
KP7000-7500 ,
3
,
3
KP7500-8156 ,
3
,
3
*DLOAD, OP=NEW
PIPE_PART1, GRAV, 9.81, 0, 0, -1
PIPE_PART1, PB, 1, 0.4698
**--------------------------------------------------------**REQUEST FIELD OUTPUT
140

**--------------------------------------------------------*Output, field
*Node output
U, RF, CF, COORD
*End Step
**--------------------------------------------------------**STEP 4: PART3
**--------------------------------------------------------*Step, name=PART3, nlgeom=yes, inc=10000
*Static, STABILIZE=0.0005
1, 1, 1e-5, 1
*BOUNDARY, OP=NEW
1000001, 1, 6
1000002, 1, 6
8160, 1, 1
8160, 2, 2
8160, 3, 3
FIRST-NODE, 3, 3, -60.93
END-NODE, 3, 3
KP700-1000 ,
3
,
3
KP1000-1500 ,
3
,
3
KP1500-2000 ,
3
,
3
KP2000-2500 ,
3
,
3
KP2500-3000 ,
3
,
3
KP3000-3500 ,
3
,
3
KP3500-4000 ,
3
,
3
KP4000-4500 ,
3
,
3
KP4500-5000 ,
3
,
3
KP5000-5500 ,
3
,
3
KP5500-6000 ,
3
,
3
KP6000-6500 ,
3
,
3
KP6500-7000 ,
3
,
3
KP7000-7500 ,
3
,
3
KP7500-8156 ,
3
,
3
*DLOAD, OP=MOD
PIPE_PART2, GRAV, 9.81, 0, 0, -1
PIPE_PART2, PB, 1, 0.4698
**--------------------------------------------------------**REQUEST FIELD OUTPUT
**--------------------------------------------------------*Output, field
*Node output
U, RF, CF, COORD
*End Step
**--------------------------------------------------------**STEP 5: PART4
**--------------------------------------------------------141

*Step, name=PART4, nlgeom=yes, inc=10000


*Static, STABILIZE=0.0005
1, 1, 1e-5, 1
*BOUNDARY, OP=NEW
1000001, 1, 6
1000002, 1, 6
8160, 1, 1
8160, 2, 2
8160, 3, 3
FIRST-NODE, 3, 3, -60.93
END-NODE, 3, 3
KP937-1000 ,
3
,
3
KP1000-1500 ,
3
,
3
KP1500-2000 ,
3
,
3
KP2000-2500 ,
3
,
3
KP2500-3000 ,
3
,
3
KP3000-3500 ,
3
,
3
KP3500-4000 ,
3
,
3
KP4000-4500 ,
3
,
3
KP4500-5000 ,
3
,
3
KP5000-5500 ,
3
,
3
KP5500-6000 ,
3
,
3
KP6000-6500 ,
3
,
3
KP6500-7000 ,
3
,
3
KP7000-7500 ,
3
,
3
KP7500-8156 ,
3
,
3
*DLOAD, OP=MOD
PIPE_PART2, GRAV, 9.81, 0, 0, -1
PIPE_PART2, PB, 1, 0.4698
**--------------------------------------------------------**REQUEST FIELD OUTPUT
**--------------------------------------------------------*Output, field
*Node output
U, RF, CF, COORD
*End Step
**--------------------------------------------------------**STEP 6: PART5
**--------------------------------------------------------*Step, name=PART5, nlgeom=yes, inc=10000
*Static, STABILIZE=0.0005
1, 1, 1e-5, 1
*BOUNDARY, OP=NEW
1000001, 1, 6
1000002, 1, 6
8160, 1, 1
8160, 2, 2
142

8160, 3, 3
FIRST-NODE, 3, 3, -60.93
END-NODE, 3, 3
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P999 ,
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P982 ,
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P981 ,
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3
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P979 ,
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P978 ,
3
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P977 ,
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P976 ,
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P975 ,
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P974 ,
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P973 ,
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P972 ,
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P971 ,
3
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P968 ,
3
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3
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P966 ,
3
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P965 ,
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P964 ,
3
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P963 ,
3
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P962 ,
3
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P961 ,
3
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P960 ,
3
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P959 ,
3
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P958 ,
3
,
P957 ,
3
,

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,

-0.00333337
-0.013333926
-0.030003001
-0.053342818
-0.083356494
-0.120048038
-0.163422356
-0.213485253
-0.270243438
-0.333704529
-0.403877056
-0.480770467
-0.56439514
-0.654762379
-0.751884434
-0.8557745
-0.966446731
-1.083916248
-1.208199151
-1.339312527
-1.477274466
-1.622104072
-1.773821475
-1.932447849
-2.098005423
-2.270517499
-2.450008472
-2.636503842
-2.830030237
-3.030615433
-3.238288372
-3.453079186
-3.675019221
-3.904141058
-4.140478542
-4.384066806
-4.6349423
-4.893142822
-5.158707545
-5.431677052
-5.712093369
-6
-6.295441965
-6.598465838
143

P956 ,
3
,
3
,
-6.909119787
P955 ,
3
,
3
,
-7.227453619
P954 ,
3
,
3
,
-7.553518822
P953 ,
3
,
3
,
-7.887368612
P952 ,
3
,
3
,
-8.229057984
P951 ,
3
,
3
,
-8.578643763
P950 ,
3
,
3
,
-8.936184654
P949 ,
3
,
3
,
-9.301741304
P948 ,
3
,
3
,
-9.675376359
P947 ,
3
,
3
,
-10.05715452
P946 ,
3
,
3
,
-10.44714263
P945 ,
3
,
3
,
-10.84540971
P944 ,
3
,
3
,
-11.25202704
P943 ,
3
,
3
,
-11.66706827
P942 ,
3
,
3
,
-12.09060946
P941 ,
3
,
3
,
-12.52272915
P940 ,
3
,
3
,
-12.96350851
P939 ,
3
,
3
,
-13.41303137
P938 ,
3
,
3
,
-13.87138435
P937 ,
3
,
3
,
-14.33865694
KP1000-1500 ,
3
,
3
KP1500-2000 ,
3
,
3
KP2000-2500 ,
3
,
3
KP2500-3000 ,
3
,
3
KP3000-3500 ,
3
,
3
KP3500-4000 ,
3
,
3
KP4000-4500 ,
3
,
3
KP4500-5000 ,
3
,
3
KP5000-5500 ,
3
,
3
KP5500-6000 ,
3
,
3
KP6000-6500 ,
3
,
3
KP6500-7000 ,
3
,
3
KP7000-7500 ,
3
,
3
KP7500-8156 ,
3
,
3
*DLOAD, OP=MOD
PIPE_PART2, GRAV, 9.81, 0, 0, -1
PIPE_PART2, PB, 1, 0.4698
**--------------------------------------------------------**REQUEST FIELD OUTPUT
**--------------------------------------------------------*Output, field
*Node output
U, RF, CF, COORD
*End Step

144

Second part
*HEADING
On Bottom Roughness Analysis of MDD to MDPP Pipeline Project
*RESTART, READ, STEP=6, WRITE, FREQUENCY=1
**
**--------------------------------------------------------**STEP 7: PART6
**--------------------------------------------------------*Step, name=PART6, nlgeom=yes, inc=10000
*Static, STABILIZE=0.0005
1, 1, 1e-5, 1
*BOUNDARY, OP=NEW
1000001, 1, 6
1000002, 1, 6
8160, 1, 1
8160, 2, 2
8160, 3, 3
FIRST-NODE, 3, 3, -60.93
END-NODE, 3, 3
KP1200-1500 ,
3
,
3
KP1500-2000 ,
3
,
3
KP2000-2500 ,
3
,
3
KP2500-3000 ,
3
,
3
KP3000-3500 ,
3
,
3
KP3500-4000 ,
3
,
3
KP4000-4500 ,
3
,
3
KP4500-5000 ,
3
,
3
KP5000-5500 ,
3
,
3
KP5500-6000 ,
3
,
3
KP6000-6500 ,
3
,
3
KP6500-7000 ,
3
,
3
KP7000-7500 ,
3
,
3
KP7500-8156 ,
3
,
3
*DLOAD, OP=MOD
PIPE_PART3, GRAV, 9.81, 0, 0, -1
PIPE_PART3, PB, 1, 0.4604
**--------------------------------------------------------**REQUEST FIELD OUTPUT
**--------------------------------------------------------*Output, field
*Node output
U, RF, CF, COORD
*CONTACT OUTPUT
CSTRESS,CDISP
*Element output
SF, SE, ESF1, COORD
145

*Element output
1, 3, 5
S
*End Step
**--------------------------------------------------------**STEP 8: PART7
**--------------------------------------------------------*Step, name=PART7, nlgeom=yes, inc=10000
*Static, STABILIZE=0.0005
1, 1, 1e-5, 1
*BOUNDARY, OP=NEW
1000001, 1, 6
1000002, 1, 6
8160, 1, 1
8160, 2, 2
8160, 3, 3
FIRST-NODE, 3, 3, -60.93
END-NODE, 3, 3
KP1437-1500 ,
3
,
3
KP1500-2000 ,
3
,
3
KP2000-2500 ,
3
,
3
KP2500-3000 ,
3
,
3
KP3000-3500 ,
3
,
3
KP3500-4000 ,
3
,
3
KP4000-4500 ,
3
,
3
KP4500-5000 ,
3
,
3
KP5000-5500 ,
3
,
3
KP5500-6000 ,
3
,
3
KP6000-6500 ,
3
,
3
KP6500-7000 ,
3
,
3
KP7000-7500 ,
3
,
3
KP7500-8156 ,
3
,
3
*DLOAD, OP=MOD
PIPE_PART3, GRAV, 9.81, 0, 0, -1
PIPE_PART3, PB, 1, 0.4604
**--------------------------------------------------------**REQUEST FIELD OUTPUT
**--------------------------------------------------------*Output, field
*Node output
U, RF, CF, COORD
*CONTACT OUTPUT
CSTRESS,CDISP
*Element output
SF, SE, ESF1, COORD
*Element output
1, 3, 5
146

S
*End Step
**--------------------------------------------------------**STEP 9: PART8
**--------------------------------------------------------*Step, name=PART8, nlgeom=yes, inc=10000
*Static, STABILIZE=0.0005
0.005, 1, 1e-4, 1
*BOUNDARY, OP=NEW
1000001, 1, 6
1000002, 1, 6
8160, 1, 1
8160, 2, 2
8160, 3, 3
FIRST-NODE, 3, 3, -60.93
END-NODE, 3, 3
P1500 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.00333337
P1499 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.013333926
P1498 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.030003001
P1497 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.053342818
P1496 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.083356494
P1495 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.120048038
P1494 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.163422356
P1493 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.213485253
P1492 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.270243438
P1491 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.333704529
P1490 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.403877056
P1489 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.480770467
P1488 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.56439514
P1487 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.654762379
P1486 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.751884434
P1485 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.8557745
P1484 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.966446731
P1483 ,
3
,
3
,
-1.083916248
P1482 ,
3
,
3
,
-1.208199151
P1481 ,
3
,
3
,
-1.339312527
P1480 ,
3
,
3
,
-1.477274466
P1479 ,
3
,
3
,
-1.622104072
P1478 ,
3
,
3
,
-1.773821475
P1477 ,
3
,
3
,
-1.932447849
P1476 ,
3
,
3
,
-2.098005423
P1475 ,
3
,
3
,
-2.270517499
P1474 ,
3
,
3
,
-2.450008472
P1473 ,
3
,
3
,
-2.636503842
P1472 ,
3
,
3
,
-2.830030237
P1471 ,
3
,
3
,
-3.030615433
P1470 ,
3
,
3
,
-3.238288372
147

P1469 ,
3
P1468 ,
3
P1467 ,
3
P1466 ,
3
P1465 ,
3
P1464 ,
3
P1463 ,
3
P1462 ,
3
P1461 ,
3
P1460 ,
3
P1459 ,
3
P1458 ,
3
P1457 ,
3
P1456 ,
3
P1455 ,
3
P1454 ,
3
P1453 ,
3
P1452 ,
3
P1451 ,
3
P1450 ,
3
P1449 ,
3
P1448 ,
3
P1447 ,
3
P1446 ,
3
P1445 ,
3
P1444 ,
3
P1443 ,
3
P1442 ,
3
P1441 ,
3
P1440 ,
3
P1439 ,
3
P1438 ,
3
P1437 ,
3
KP1500-2000 ,
KP2000-2500 ,
KP2500-3000 ,
KP3000-3500 ,
KP3500-4000 ,
KP4000-4500 ,
KP4500-5000 ,
KP5000-5500 ,
KP5500-6000 ,
KP6000-6500 ,
KP6500-7000 ,
KP7000-7500 ,
KP7500-8156 ,
*DLOAD, OP=MOD

,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,

,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

-3.453079186
-3.675019221
-3.904141058
-4.140478542
-4.384066806
-4.6349423
-4.893142822
-5.158707545
-5.431677052
-5.712093369
-6
-6.295441965
-6.598465838
-6.909119787
-7.227453619
-7.553518822
-7.887368612
-8.229057984
-8.578643763
-8.936184654
-9.301741304
-9.675376359
-10.05715452
-10.44714263
-10.84540971
-11.25202704
-11.66706827
-12.09060946
-12.52272915
-12.96350851
-13.41303137
-13.87138435
-14.33865694

148

PIPE_PART3, GRAV, 9.81, 0, 0, -1


PIPE_PART3, PB, 1, 0.4604
**--------------------------------------------------------**REQUEST FIELD OUTPUT
**--------------------------------------------------------*Output, field
*Node output
U, RF, CF, COORD
*CONTACT OUTPUT
CSTRESS,CDISP
*Element output
SF, SE, ESF1, COORD
*Element output
1, 3, 5
S
*End Step
**--------------------------------------------------------**STEP 10: PART9
**--------------------------------------------------------*Step, name=PART9, nlgeom=yes, inc=10000
*Static, STABILIZE=0.0005
0.005, 1, 1e-4, 1
*BOUNDARY, OP=NEW
1000001, 1, 6
1000002, 1, 6
8160, 1, 1
8160, 2, 2
8160, 3, 3
FIRST-NODE, 3, 3, -60.93
END-NODE, 3, 3
KP1700-2000 ,
3
,
3
KP2000-2500 ,
3
,
3
KP2500-3000 ,
3
,
3
KP3000-3500 ,
3
,
3
KP3500-4000 ,
3
,
3
KP4000-4500 ,
3
,
3
KP4500-5000 ,
3
,
3
KP5000-5500 ,
3
,
3
KP5500-6000 ,
3
,
3
KP6000-6500 ,
3
,
3
KP6500-7000 ,
3
,
3
KP7000-7500 ,
3
,
3
KP7500-8156 ,
3
,
3
*DLOAD, OP=MOD
PIPE_PART4, GRAV, 9.81, 0, 0, -1
PIPE_PART4, PB, 1, 0.4604
**--------------------------------------------------------149

**REQUEST FIELD OUTPUT


**--------------------------------------------------------*Output, field
*Node output
U, RF, CF, COORD
*CONTACT OUTPUT
CSTRESS,CDISP
*Element output
SF, SE, ESF1, COORD
*Element output
1, 3, 5
S
*End Step
**--------------------------------------------------------**STEP 11: PART10
**--------------------------------------------------------*Step, name=PART10, nlgeom=yes, inc=10000
*Static, STABILIZE=0.0005
0.005, 1, 1e-4, 1
*BOUNDARY, OP=NEW
1000001, 1, 6
1000002, 1, 6
8160, 1, 1
8160, 2, 2
8160, 3, 3
FIRST-NODE, 3, 3, -60.93
END-NODE, 3, 3
KP1937-2000 ,
3
,
3
KP2000-2500 ,
3
,
3
KP2500-3000 ,
3
,
3
KP3000-3500 ,
3
,
3
KP3500-4000 ,
3
,
3
KP4000-4500 ,
3
,
3
KP4500-5000 ,
3
,
3
KP5000-5500 ,
3
,
3
KP5500-6000 ,
3
,
3
KP6000-6500 ,
3
,
3
KP6500-7000 ,
3
,
3
KP7000-7500 ,
3
,
3
KP7500-8156 ,
3
,
3
*DLOAD, OP=MOD
PIPE_PART4, GRAV, 9.81, 0, 0, -1
PIPE_PART4, PB, 1, 0.4604
**--------------------------------------------------------**REQUEST FIELD OUTPUT
**--------------------------------------------------------*Output, field
150

*Node output
U, RF, CF, COORD
*CONTACT OUTPUT
CSTRESS,CDISP
*Element output
SF, SE, ESF1, COORD
*Element output
1, 3, 5
S
*End Step
**--------------------------------------------------------**STEP 12: PART11
**--------------------------------------------------------*Step, name=PART11, nlgeom=yes, inc=10000
*Static, STABILIZE=0.0005
0.005, 1, 1e-4, 1
*BOUNDARY, OP=NEW
1000001, 1, 6
1000002, 1, 6
8160, 1, 1
8160, 2, 2
8160, 3, 3
FIRST-NODE, 3, 3, -60.93
END-NODE, 3, 3
P2000 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.00333337
P1999 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.013333926
P1998 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.030003001
P1997 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.053342818
P1996 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.083356494
P1995 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.120048038
P1994 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.163422356
P1993 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.213485253
P1992 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.270243438
P1991 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.333704529
P1990 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.403877056
P1989 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.480770467
P1988 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.56439514
P1987 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.654762379
P1986 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.751884434
P1985 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.8557745
P1984 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.966446731
P1983 ,
3
,
3
,
-1.083916248
P1982 ,
3
,
3
,
-1.208199151
P1981 ,
3
,
3
,
-1.339312527
P1980 ,
3
,
3
,
-1.477274466
P1979 ,
3
,
3
,
-1.622104072
P1978 ,
3
,
3
,
-1.773821475
151

P1977 ,
P1976 ,
P1975 ,
P1974 ,
P1973 ,
P1972 ,
P1971 ,
P1970 ,
P1969 ,
P1968 ,
P1967 ,
P1966 ,
P1965 ,
P1964 ,
P1963 ,
P1962 ,
P1961 ,
P1960 ,
P1959 ,
P1958 ,
P1957 ,
P1956 ,
P1955 ,
P1954 ,
P1953 ,
P1952 ,
P1951 ,
P1950 ,
P1949 ,
P1948 ,
P1947 ,
P1946 ,
P1945 ,
P1944 ,
P1943 ,
P1942 ,
P1941 ,
P1940 ,
P1939 ,
P1938 ,
P1937 ,
KP2000-2500
KP2500-3000
KP3000-3500
KP3500-4000
KP4000-4500
KP4500-5000

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
,
,
,
,
,
,

,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
3
3
3
3
3
3

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
,
,
,
,
,
,

,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
3
3
3
3
3
3

-1.932447849
-2.098005423
-2.270517499
-2.450008472
-2.636503842
-2.830030237
-3.030615433
-3.238288372
-3.453079186
-3.675019221
-3.904141058
-4.140478542
-4.384066806
-4.6349423
-4.893142822
-5.158707545
-5.431677052
-5.712093369
-6
-6.295441965
-6.598465838
-6.909119787
-7.227453619
-7.553518822
-7.887368612
-8.229057984
-8.578643763
-8.936184654
-9.301741304
-9.675376359
-10.05715452
-10.44714263
-10.84540971
-11.25202704
-11.66706827
-12.09060946
-12.52272915
-12.96350851
-13.41303137
-13.87138435
-14.33865694

152

KP5000-5500 ,
3
,
3
KP5500-6000 ,
3
,
3
KP6000-6500 ,
3
,
3
KP6500-7000 ,
3
,
3
KP7000-7500 ,
3
,
3
KP7500-8156 ,
3
,
3
*DLOAD, OP=MOD
PIPE_PART4, GRAV, 9.81, 0, 0, -1
PIPE_PART4, PB, 1, 0.4604
**--------------------------------------------------------**REQUEST FIELD OUTPUT
**--------------------------------------------------------*Output, field
*Node output
U, RF, CF, COORD
*CONTACT OUTPUT
CSTRESS,CDISP
*Element output
SF, SE, ESF1, COORD
*Element output
1, 3, 5
S
*End Step
**--------------------------------------------------------**STEP 13: PART12
**--------------------------------------------------------*Step, name=PART12, nlgeom=yes, inc=10000
*Static, STABILIZE=0.0005
1, 1, 1e-5, 1
*BOUNDARY, OP=NEW
1000001, 1, 6
1000002, 1, 6
8160, 1, 1
8160, 2, 2
8160, 3, 3
FIRST-NODE, 3, 3, -60.93
END-NODE, 3, 3
KP2200-2500 ,
3
,
3
KP2500-3000 ,
3
,
3
KP3000-3500 ,
3
,
3
KP3500-4000 ,
3
,
3
KP4000-4500 ,
3
,
3
KP4500-5000 ,
3
,
3
KP5000-5500 ,
3
,
3
KP5500-6000 ,
3
,
3
KP6000-6500 ,
3
,
3
KP6500-7000 ,
3
,
3
153

KP7000-7500 ,
3
,
3
KP7500-8156 ,
3
,
3
*DLOAD, OP=MOD
PIPE_PART5, GRAV, 9.81, 0, 0, -1
PIPE_PART5, PB, 1, 0.4604
**--------------------------------------------------------**REQUEST FIELD OUTPUT
**--------------------------------------------------------*Output, field
*Node output
U, RF, CF, COORD
*CONTACT OUTPUT
CSTRESS,CDISP
*Element output
SF, SE, ESF1, COORD
*Element output
1, 3, 5
S
*End Step
**--------------------------------------------------------**STEP 14: PART13
**--------------------------------------------------------*Step, name=PART13, nlgeom=yes, inc=10000
*Static, STABILIZE=0.0005
1, 1, 1e-5, 1
*BOUNDARY, OP=NEW
1000001, 1, 6
1000002, 1, 6
8160, 1, 1
8160, 2, 2
8160, 3, 3
FIRST-NODE, 3, 3, -60.93
END-NODE, 3, 3
KP2437-2500 ,
3
,
3
KP2500-3000 ,
3
,
3
KP3000-3500 ,
3
,
3
KP3500-4000 ,
3
,
3
KP4000-4500 ,
3
,
3
KP4500-5000 ,
3
,
3
KP5000-5500 ,
3
,
3
KP5500-6000 ,
3
,
3
KP6000-6500 ,
3
,
3
KP6500-7000 ,
3
,
3
KP7000-7500 ,
3
,
3
KP7500-8156 ,
3
,
3
*DLOAD, OP=MOD
PIPE_PART5, GRAV, 9.81, 0, 0, -1
154

PIPE_PART5, PB, 1, 0.4604


**--------------------------------------------------------**REQUEST FIELD OUTPUT
**--------------------------------------------------------*Output, field
*Node output
U, RF, CF, COORD
*CONTACT OUTPUT
CSTRESS,CDISP
*Element output
SF, SE, ESF1, COORD
*Element output
1, 3, 5
S
*End Step
**--------------------------------------------------------**STEP 15: PART14
**--------------------------------------------------------*Step, name=PART14, nlgeom=yes, inc=10000
*Static, STABILIZE=0.0005
1, 1, 1e-5, 1
*BOUNDARY, OP=NEW
1000001, 1, 6
1000002, 1, 6
8160, 1, 1
8160, 2, 2
8160, 3, 3
FIRST-NODE, 3, 3, -60.93
END-NODE, 3, 3
P2500 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.00333337
P2499 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.013333926
P2498 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.030003001
P2497 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.053342818
P2496 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.083356494
P2495 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.120048038
P2494 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.163422356
P2493 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.213485253
P2492 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.270243438
P2491 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.333704529
P2490 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.403877056
P2489 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.480770467
P2488 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.56439514
P2487 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.654762379
P2486 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.751884434
P2485 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.8557745
P2484 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.966446731
P2483 ,
3
,
3
,
-1.083916248
155

P2482 ,
P2481 ,
P2480 ,
P2479 ,
P2478 ,
P2477 ,
P2476 ,
P2475 ,
P2474 ,
P2473 ,
P2472 ,
P2471 ,
P2470 ,
P2469 ,
P2468 ,
P2467 ,
P2466 ,
P2465 ,
P2464 ,
P2463 ,
P2462 ,
P2461 ,
P2460 ,
P2459 ,
P2458 ,
P2457 ,
P2456 ,
P2455 ,
P2454 ,
P2453 ,
P2452 ,
P2451 ,
P2450 ,
P2449 ,
P2448 ,
P2447 ,
P2446 ,
P2445 ,
P2444 ,
P2443 ,
P2442 ,
P2441 ,
P2440 ,
P2439 ,
P2438 ,
P2437 ,
KP2500-3000

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
,

,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
3

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
,

,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
3

-1.208199151
-1.339312527
-1.477274466
-1.622104072
-1.773821475
-1.932447849
-2.098005423
-2.270517499
-2.450008472
-2.636503842
-2.830030237
-3.030615433
-3.238288372
-3.453079186
-3.675019221
-3.904141058
-4.140478542
-4.384066806
-4.6349423
-4.893142822
-5.158707545
-5.431677052
-5.712093369
-6
-6.295441965
-6.598465838
-6.909119787
-7.227453619
-7.553518822
-7.887368612
-8.229057984
-8.578643763
-8.936184654
-9.301741304
-9.675376359
-10.05715452
-10.44714263
-10.84540971
-11.25202704
-11.66706827
-12.09060946
-12.52272915
-12.96350851
-13.41303137
-13.87138435
-14.33865694

156

KP3000-3500 ,
3
,
3
KP3500-4000 ,
3
,
3
KP4000-4500 ,
3
,
3
KP4500-5000 ,
3
,
3
KP5000-5500 ,
3
,
3
KP5500-6000 ,
3
,
3
KP6000-6500 ,
3
,
3
KP6500-7000 ,
3
,
3
KP7000-7500 ,
3
,
3
KP7500-8156 ,
3
,
3
*DLOAD, OP=MOD
PIPE_PART5, GRAV, 9.81, 0, 0, -1
PIPE_PART5, PB, 1, 0.4604
**--------------------------------------------------------**REQUEST FIELD OUTPUT
**--------------------------------------------------------*Output, field
*Node output
U, RF, CF, COORD
*CONTACT OUTPUT
CSTRESS,CDISP
*Element output
SF, SE, ESF1, COORD
*Element output
1, 3, 5
S
*End Step
Third part
*HEADING
On Bottom Roughness Analysis of MDD to MDPP Pipeline Project
*RESTART, READ, STEP=15, WRITE, OVERLAY
**
**--------------------------------------------------------**STEP 16: PART15
**--------------------------------------------------------*Step, name=PART15, nlgeom=yes, inc=10000
*Static, STABILIZE=0.0005
1, 1, 1e-5, 1
*BOUNDARY, OP=NEW
1000001, 1, 6
1000002, 1, 6
8160, 1, 1
8160, 2, 2
8160, 3, 3
FIRST-NODE, 3, 3, -60.93
157

END-NODE, 3, 3
KP2700-3000 ,
3
,
3
KP3000-3500 ,
3
,
3
KP3500-4000 ,
3
,
3
KP4000-4500 ,
3
,
3
KP4500-5000 ,
3
,
3
KP5000-5500 ,
3
,
3
KP5500-6000 ,
3
,
3
KP6000-6500 ,
3
,
3
KP6500-7000 ,
3
,
3
KP7000-7500 ,
3
,
3
KP7500-8156 ,
3
,
3
*DLOAD, OP=MOD
PIPE_PART6, GRAV, 9.81, 0, 0, -1
PIPE_PART6, PB, 1, 0.4604
**--------------------------------------------------------**REQUEST FIELD OUTPUT
**--------------------------------------------------------*Output, field
*Node output
CF, COORD
*End Step
**--------------------------------------------------------**STEP 17: PART16
**--------------------------------------------------------*Step, name=PART16, nlgeom=yes, inc=10000
*Static, STABILIZE=0.0005
0.0005, 1, 1e-4, 1
*BOUNDARY, OP=NEW
1000001, 1, 6
1000002, 1, 6
8160, 1, 1
8160, 2, 2
8160, 3, 3
FIRST-NODE, 3, 3, -60.93
END-NODE, 3, 3
KP2937-3000 ,
3
,
3
KP3000-3500 ,
3
,
3
KP3500-4000 ,
3
,
3
KP4000-4500 ,
3
,
3
KP4500-5000 ,
3
,
3
KP5000-5500 ,
3
,
3
KP5500-6000 ,
3
,
3
KP6000-6500 ,
3
,
3
KP6500-7000 ,
3
,
3
KP7000-7500 ,
3
,
3
KP7500-8156 ,
3
,
3
158

*DLOAD, OP=MOD
PIPE_PART6, GRAV, 9.81, 0, 0, -1
PIPE_PART6, PB, 1, 0.4604
**--------------------------------------------------------**REQUEST FIELD OUTPUT
**--------------------------------------------------------*Output, field
*Node output
CF, COORD
*End Step
**--------------------------------------------------------**STEP 18: PART17
**--------------------------------------------------------*Step, name=PART17, nlgeom=yes, inc=10000
*Static, STABILIZE=0.0005
0.005, 1, 1e-4, 1
*BOUNDARY, OP=NEW
1000001, 1, 6
1000002, 1, 6
8160, 1, 1
8160, 2, 2
8160, 3, 3
FIRST-NODE, 3, 3, -60.93
END-NODE, 3, 3
P3000 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.00333337
P2999 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.013333926
P2998 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.030003001
P2997 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.053342818
P2996 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.083356494
P2995 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.120048038
P2994 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.163422356
P2993 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.213485253
P2992 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.270243438
P2991 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.333704529
P2990 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.403877056
P2989 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.480770467
P2988 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.56439514
P2987 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.654762379
P2986 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.751884434
P2985 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.8557745
P2984 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.966446731
P2983 ,
3
,
3
,
-1.083916248
P2982 ,
3
,
3
,
-1.208199151
P2981 ,
3
,
3
,
-1.339312527
P2980 ,
3
,
3
,
-1.477274466
P2979 ,
3
,
3
,
-1.622104072
P2978 ,
3
,
3
,
-1.773821475
159

P2977 ,
P2976 ,
P2975 ,
P2974 ,
P2973 ,
P2972 ,
P2971 ,
P2970 ,
P2969 ,
P2968 ,
P2967 ,
P2966 ,
P2965 ,
P2964 ,
P2963 ,
P2962 ,
P2961 ,
P2960 ,
P2959 ,
P2958 ,
P2957 ,
P2956 ,
P2955 ,
P2954 ,
P2953 ,
P2952 ,
P2951 ,
P2950 ,
P2949 ,
P2948 ,
P2947 ,
P2946 ,
P2945 ,
P2944 ,
P2943 ,
P2942 ,
P2941 ,
P2940 ,
P2939 ,
P2938 ,
P2937 ,
KP3000-3500
KP3500-4000
KP4000-4500
KP4500-5000
KP5000-5500
KP5500-6000

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
,
,
,
,
,
,

,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
3
3
3
3
3
3

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
,
,
,
,
,
,

,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
3
3
3
3
3
3

-1.932447849
-2.098005423
-2.270517499
-2.450008472
-2.636503842
-2.830030237
-3.030615433
-3.238288372
-3.453079186
-3.675019221
-3.904141058
-4.140478542
-4.384066806
-4.6349423
-4.893142822
-5.158707545
-5.431677052
-5.712093369
-6
-6.295441965
-6.598465838
-6.909119787
-7.227453619
-7.553518822
-7.887368612
-8.229057984
-8.578643763
-8.936184654
-9.301741304
-9.675376359
-10.05715452
-10.44714263
-10.84540971
-11.25202704
-11.66706827
-12.09060946
-12.52272915
-12.96350851
-13.41303137
-13.87138435
-14.33865694

160

KP6000-6500 ,
3
,
3
KP6500-7000 ,
3
,
3
KP7000-7500 ,
3
,
3
KP7500-8156 ,
3
,
3
*DLOAD, OP=MOD
PIPE_PART6, GRAV, 9.81, 0, 0, -1
PIPE_PART6, PB, 1, 0.4604
**--------------------------------------------------------**REQUEST FIELD OUTPUT
**--------------------------------------------------------*Output, field
*Node output
CF, COORD
*End Step
**--------------------------------------------------------**STEP 19: PART18
**--------------------------------------------------------*Step, name=PART18, nlgeom=yes, inc=10000
*Static, STABILIZE=0.0005
1, 1, 1e-5, 1
*BOUNDARY, OP=NEW
1000001, 1, 6
1000002, 1, 6
8160, 1, 1
8160, 2, 2
8160, 3, 3
FIRST-NODE, 3, 3, -60.93
END-NODE, 3, 3
KP3200-3500 ,
3
,
3
KP3500-4000 ,
3
,
3
KP4000-4500 ,
3
,
3
KP4500-5000 ,
3
,
3
KP5000-5500 ,
3
,
3
KP5500-6000 ,
3
,
3
KP6000-6500 ,
3
,
3
KP6500-7000 ,
3
,
3
KP7000-7500 ,
3
,
3
KP7500-8156 ,
3
,
3
*DLOAD, OP=MOD
PIPE_PART7, GRAV, 9.81, 0, 0, -1
PIPE_PART7, PB, 1, 0.4604
**--------------------------------------------------------**REQUEST FIELD OUTPUT
**--------------------------------------------------------*Output, field
*Node output
CF, COORD
161

*End Step
**--------------------------------------------------------**STEP 20: PART19
**--------------------------------------------------------*Step, name=PART19, nlgeom=yes, inc=10000
*Static, STABILIZE=0.0005
1, 1, 1e-5, 1
*BOUNDARY, OP=NEW
1000001, 1, 6
1000002, 1, 6
8160, 1, 1
8160, 2, 2
8160, 3, 3
FIRST-NODE, 3, 3, -60.93
END-NODE, 3, 3
KP3437-3500 ,
3
,
3
KP3500-4000 ,
3
,
3
KP4000-4500 ,
3
,
3
KP4500-5000 ,
3
,
3
KP5000-5500 ,
3
,
3
KP5500-6000 ,
3
,
3
KP6000-6500 ,
3
,
3
KP6500-7000 ,
3
,
3
KP7000-7500 ,
3
,
3
KP7500-8156 ,
3
,
3
*DLOAD, OP=MOD
PIPE_PART7, GRAV, 9.81, 0, 0, -1
PIPE_PART7, PB, 1, 0.4604
**--------------------------------------------------------**REQUEST FIELD OUTPUT
**--------------------------------------------------------*Output, field
*Node output
CF, COORD
*End Step
**--------------------------------------------------------**STEP 21: PART20
**--------------------------------------------------------*Step, name=PART20, nlgeom=yes, inc=10000
*Static, STABILIZE=0.0005
0.005, 1, 1e-4, 1
*BOUNDARY, OP=NEW
1000001, 1, 6
1000002, 1, 6
8160, 1, 1
8160, 2, 2
8160, 3, 3
162

FIRST-NODE, 3, 3, -60.93
END-NODE, 3, 3
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3
,
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3
,
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3
,
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3
,
P3496 ,
3
,
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3
,
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3
,
P3493 ,
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,
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,
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,
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P3489 ,
3
,
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3
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,
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3
,
P3484 ,
3
,
P3483 ,
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,
P3482 ,
3
,
P3481 ,
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,
P3480 ,
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P3479 ,
3
,
P3478 ,
3
,
P3477 ,
3
,
P3476 ,
3
,
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,
P3474 ,
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,
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,
P3472 ,
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,
P3471 ,
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P3470 ,
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,
P3469 ,
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P3468 ,
3
,
P3467 ,
3
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P3466 ,
3
,
P3465 ,
3
,
P3464 ,
3
,
P3463 ,
3
,
P3462 ,
3
,
P3461 ,
3
,
P3460 ,
3
,
P3459 ,
3
,
P3458 ,
3
,
P3457 ,
3
,
P3456 ,
3
,

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,

-0.00333337
-0.013333926
-0.030003001
-0.053342818
-0.083356494
-0.120048038
-0.163422356
-0.213485253
-0.270243438
-0.333704529
-0.403877056
-0.480770467
-0.56439514
-0.654762379
-0.751884434
-0.8557745
-0.966446731
-1.083916248
-1.208199151
-1.339312527
-1.477274466
-1.622104072
-1.773821475
-1.932447849
-2.098005423
-2.270517499
-2.450008472
-2.636503842
-2.830030237
-3.030615433
-3.238288372
-3.453079186
-3.675019221
-3.904141058
-4.140478542
-4.384066806
-4.6349423
-4.893142822
-5.158707545
-5.431677052
-5.712093369
-6
-6.295441965
-6.598465838
-6.909119787
163

P3455 ,
3
,
3
,
-7.227453619
P3454 ,
3
,
3
,
-7.553518822
P3453 ,
3
,
3
,
-7.887368612
P3452 ,
3
,
3
,
-8.229057984
P3451 ,
3
,
3
,
-8.578643763
P3450 ,
3
,
3
,
-8.936184654
P3449 ,
3
,
3
,
-9.301741304
P3448 ,
3
,
3
,
-9.675376359
P3447 ,
3
,
3
,
-10.05715452
P3446 ,
3
,
3
,
-10.44714263
P3445 ,
3
,
3
,
-10.84540971
P3444 ,
3
,
3
,
-11.25202704
P3443 ,
3
,
3
,
-11.66706827
P3442 ,
3
,
3
,
-12.09060946
P3441 ,
3
,
3
,
-12.52272915
P3440 ,
3
,
3
,
-12.96350851
P3439 ,
3
,
3
,
-13.41303137
P3438 ,
3
,
3
,
-13.87138435
P3437 ,
3
,
3
,
-14.33865694
KP3500-4000 ,
3
,
3
KP4000-4500 ,
3
,
3
KP4500-5000 ,
3
,
3
KP5000-5500 ,
3
,
3
KP5500-6000 ,
3
,
3
KP6000-6500 ,
3
,
3
KP6500-7000 ,
3
,
3
KP7000-7500 ,
3
,
3
KP7500-8156 ,
3
,
3
*DLOAD, OP=MOD
PIPE_PART7, GRAV, 9.81, 0, 0, -1
PIPE_PART7, PB, 1, 0.4604
**--------------------------------------------------------**REQUEST FIELD OUTPUT
**--------------------------------------------------------*Output, field
*Node output
CF, COORD
*End Step
**--------------------------------------------------------**STEP 22: PART21
**--------------------------------------------------------*Step, name=PART21, nlgeom=yes, inc=10000
*Static, STABILIZE=0.0005
1, 1, 1e-5, 1
*BOUNDARY, OP=NEW
1000001, 1, 6
1000002, 1, 6
164

8160, 1, 1
8160, 2, 2
8160, 3, 3
FIRST-NODE, 3, 3, -60.93
END-NODE, 3, 3
KP3700-4000 ,
3
,
3
KP4000-4500 ,
3
,
3
KP4500-5000 ,
3
,
3
KP5000-5500 ,
3
,
3
KP5500-6000 ,
3
,
3
KP6000-6500 ,
3
,
3
KP6500-7000 ,
3
,
3
KP7000-7500 ,
3
,
3
KP7500-8156 ,
3
,
3
*DLOAD, OP=MOD
PIPE_PART8, GRAV, 9.81, 0, 0, -1
PIPE_PART8, PB, 1, 0.4604
**--------------------------------------------------------**REQUEST FIELD OUTPUT
**--------------------------------------------------------*Output, field
*Node output
CF, COORD
*End Step
**--------------------------------------------------------**STEP 23: PART22
**--------------------------------------------------------*Step, name=PART22, nlgeom=yes, inc=10000
*Static, STABILIZE=0.0005
0.0005, 1, 1e-4, 1
*BOUNDARY, OP=NEW
1000001, 1, 6
1000002, 1, 6
8160, 1, 1
8160, 2, 2
8160, 3, 3
FIRST-NODE, 3, 3, -60.93
END-NODE, 3, 3
KP3937-4000 ,
3
,
3
KP4000-4500 ,
3
,
3
KP4500-5000 ,
3
,
3
KP5000-5500 ,
3
,
3
KP5500-6000 ,
3
,
3
KP6000-6500 ,
3
,
3
KP6500-7000 ,
3
,
3
KP7000-7500 ,
3
,
3
KP7500-8156 ,
3
,
3
165

*DLOAD, OP=MOD
PIPE_PART8, GRAV, 9.81, 0, 0, -1
PIPE_PART8, PB, 1, 0.4604
**--------------------------------------------------------**REQUEST FIELD OUTPUT
**--------------------------------------------------------*Output, field
*Node output
CF, COORD
*End Step
**--------------------------------------------------------**STEP 24: PART23
**--------------------------------------------------------*Step, name=PART23, nlgeom=yes, inc=10000
*Static, STABILIZE=0.0005
1, 1, 1e-5, 1
*BOUNDARY, OP=NEW
1000001, 1, 6
1000002, 1, 6
8160, 1, 1
8160, 2, 2
8160, 3, 3
FIRST-NODE, 3, 3, -60.93
END-NODE, 3, 3
P4000 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.00333337
P3999 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.013333926
P3998 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.030003001
P3997 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.053342818
P3996 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.083356494
P3995 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.120048038
P3994 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.163422356
P3993 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.213485253
P3992 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.270243438
P3991 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.333704529
P3990 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.403877056
P3989 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.480770467
P3988 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.56439514
P3987 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.654762379
P3986 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.751884434
P3985 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.8557745
P3984 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.966446731
P3983 ,
3
,
3
,
-1.083916248
P3982 ,
3
,
3
,
-1.208199151
P3981 ,
3
,
3
,
-1.339312527
P3980 ,
3
,
3
,
-1.477274466
P3979 ,
3
,
3
,
-1.622104072
P3978 ,
3
,
3
,
-1.773821475
166

P3977 ,
P3976 ,
P3975 ,
P3974 ,
P3973 ,
P3972 ,
P3971 ,
P3970 ,
P3969 ,
P3968 ,
P3967 ,
P3966 ,
P3965 ,
P3964 ,
P3963 ,
P3962 ,
P3961 ,
P3960 ,
P3959 ,
P3958 ,
P3957 ,
P3956 ,
P3955 ,
P3954 ,
P3953 ,
P3952 ,
P3951 ,
P3950 ,
P3949 ,
P3948 ,
P3947 ,
P3946 ,
P3945 ,
P3944 ,
P3943 ,
P3942 ,
P3941 ,
P3940 ,
P3939 ,
P3938 ,
P3937 ,
KP4000-4500
KP4500-5000
KP5000-5500
KP5500-6000
KP6000-6500
KP6500-7000

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
,
,
,
,
,
,

,
,
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3
3
3
3
3
3

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
,
,
,
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,

,
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3
3
3
3
3
3

-1.932447849
-2.098005423
-2.270517499
-2.450008472
-2.636503842
-2.830030237
-3.030615433
-3.238288372
-3.453079186
-3.675019221
-3.904141058
-4.140478542
-4.384066806
-4.6349423
-4.893142822
-5.158707545
-5.431677052
-5.712093369
-6
-6.295441965
-6.598465838
-6.909119787
-7.227453619
-7.553518822
-7.887368612
-8.229057984
-8.578643763
-8.936184654
-9.301741304
-9.675376359
-10.05715452
-10.44714263
-10.84540971
-11.25202704
-11.66706827
-12.09060946
-12.52272915
-12.96350851
-13.41303137
-13.87138435
-14.33865694

167

KP7000-7500 ,
3
,
3
KP7500-8156 ,
3
,
3
*DLOAD, OP=MOD
PIPE_PART8, GRAV, 9.81, 0, 0, -1
PIPE_PART8, PB, 1, 0.4604
**--------------------------------------------------------**REQUEST FIELD OUTPUT
**--------------------------------------------------------*Output, field
*Node output
CF, COORD
*End Step
**--------------------------------------------------------**STEP 25: PART24
**--------------------------------------------------------*Step, name=PART24, nlgeom=yes, inc=10000
*Static, STABILIZE=0.0005
1, 1, 1e-5, 1
*BOUNDARY, OP=NEW
1000001, 1, 6
1000002, 1, 6
8160, 1, 1
8160, 2, 2
8160, 3, 3
FIRST-NODE, 3, 3, -60.93
END-NODE, 3, 3
KP4200-4500 ,
3
,
3
KP4500-5000 ,
3
,
3
KP5000-5500 ,
3
,
3
KP5500-6000 ,
3
,
3
KP6000-6500 ,
3
,
3
KP6500-7000 ,
3
,
3
KP7000-7500 ,
3
,
3
KP7500-8156 ,
3
,
3
*DLOAD, OP=MOD
PIPE_PART9, GRAV, 9.81, 0, 0, -1
PIPE_PART9, PB, 1, 0.4604
**--------------------------------------------------------**REQUEST FIELD OUTPUT
**--------------------------------------------------------*Output, field
*Node output
CF, COORD
*End Step
**--------------------------------------------------------**STEP 26: PART25
**--------------------------------------------------------168

*Step, name=PART25, nlgeom=yes, inc=10000


*Static, STABILIZE=0.0005
1, 1, 1e-5, 1
*BOUNDARY, OP=NEW
1000001, 1, 6
1000002, 1, 6
8160, 1, 1
8160, 2, 2
8160, 3, 3
FIRST-NODE, 3, 3, -60.93
END-NODE, 3, 3
KP4437-4500 ,
3
,
3
KP4500-5000 ,
3
,
3
KP5000-5500 ,
3
,
3
KP5500-6000 ,
3
,
3
KP6000-6500 ,
3
,
3
KP6500-7000 ,
3
,
3
KP7000-7500 ,
3
,
3
KP7500-8156 ,
3
,
3
*DLOAD, OP=MOD
PIPE_PART9, GRAV, 9.81, 0, 0, -1
PIPE_PART9, PB, 1, 0.4604
**--------------------------------------------------------**REQUEST FIELD OUTPUT
**--------------------------------------------------------*Output, field
*Node output
CF, COORD
*End Step
**--------------------------------------------------------**STEP 27: PART26
**--------------------------------------------------------*Step, name=PART26, nlgeom=yes, inc=10000
*Static, STABILIZE=0.0005
1, 1, 1e-5, 1
*BOUNDARY, OP=NEW
1000001, 1, 6
1000002, 1, 6
8160, 1, 1
8160, 2, 2
8160, 3, 3
FIRST-NODE, 3, 3, -60.93
END-NODE, 3, 3
P4500 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.00333337
P4499 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.013333926
P4498 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.030003001
P4497 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.053342818
169

P4496
P4495
P4494
P4493
P4492
P4491
P4490
P4489
P4488
P4487
P4486
P4485
P4484
P4483
P4482
P4481
P4480
P4479
P4478
P4477
P4476
P4475
P4474
P4473
P4472
P4471
P4470
P4469
P4468
P4467
P4466
P4465
P4464
P4463
P4462
P4461
P4460
P4459
P4458
P4457
P4456
P4455
P4454
P4453
P4452
P4451
P4450

,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
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,
,
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,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
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,
,
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,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,

-0.083356494
-0.120048038
-0.163422356
-0.213485253
-0.270243438
-0.333704529
-0.403877056
-0.480770467
-0.56439514
-0.654762379
-0.751884434
-0.8557745
-0.966446731
-1.083916248
-1.208199151
-1.339312527
-1.477274466
-1.622104072
-1.773821475
-1.932447849
-2.098005423
-2.270517499
-2.450008472
-2.636503842
-2.830030237
-3.030615433
-3.238288372
-3.453079186
-3.675019221
-3.904141058
-4.140478542
-4.384066806
-4.6349423
-4.893142822
-5.158707545
-5.431677052
-5.712093369
-6
-6.295441965
-6.598465838
-6.909119787
-7.227453619
-7.553518822
-7.887368612
-8.229057984
-8.578643763
-8.936184654
170

P4449 ,
3
,
3
,
-9.301741304
P4448 ,
3
,
3
,
-9.675376359
P4447 ,
3
,
3
,
-10.05715452
P4446 ,
3
,
3
,
-10.44714263
P4445 ,
3
,
3
,
-10.84540971
P4444 ,
3
,
3
,
-11.25202704
P4443 ,
3
,
3
,
-11.66706827
P4442 ,
3
,
3
,
-12.09060946
P4441 ,
3
,
3
,
-12.52272915
P4440 ,
3
,
3
,
-12.96350851
P4439 ,
3
,
3
,
-13.41303137
P4438 ,
3
,
3
,
-13.87138435
P4437 ,
3
,
3
,
-14.33865694
KP4500-5000 ,
3
,
3
KP5000-5500 ,
3
,
3
KP5500-6000 ,
3
,
3
KP6000-6500 ,
3
,
3
KP6500-7000 ,
3
,
3
KP7000-7500 ,
3
,
3
KP7500-8156 ,
3
,
3
*DLOAD, OP=MOD
PIPE_PART9, GRAV, 9.81, 0, 0, -1
PIPE_PART9, PB, 1, 0.4604
**--------------------------------------------------------**REQUEST FIELD OUTPUT
**--------------------------------------------------------*Output, field
*Node output
CF, COORD
*End Step
**--------------------------------------------------------**STEP 28: PART27
**--------------------------------------------------------*Step, name=PART27, nlgeom=yes, inc=10000
*Static, STABILIZE=0.0005
1, 1, 1e-5, 1
*BOUNDARY, OP=NEW
1000001, 1, 6
1000002, 1, 6
8160, 1, 1
8160, 2, 2
8160, 3, 3
FIRST-NODE, 3, 3, -60.93
END-NODE, 3, 3
KP4700-5000 ,
3
,
3
KP5000-5500 ,
3
,
3
KP5500-6000 ,
3
,
3
171

KP6000-6500 ,
3
,
3
KP6500-7000 ,
3
,
3
KP7000-7500 ,
3
,
3
KP7500-8156 ,
3
,
3
*DLOAD, OP=MOD
PIPE_PART10, GRAV, 9.81, 0, 0, -1
PIPE_PART10, PB, 1, 0.4604
**--------------------------------------------------------**REQUEST FIELD OUTPUT
**--------------------------------------------------------*Output, field
*Node output
CF, COORD
*End Step
**--------------------------------------------------------**STEP 29: PART28
**--------------------------------------------------------*Step, name=PART28, nlgeom=yes, inc=10000
*Static, STABILIZE=0.0005
1, 1, 1e-5, 1
*BOUNDARY, OP=NEW
1000001, 1, 6
1000002, 1, 6
8160, 1, 1
8160, 2, 2
8160, 3, 3
FIRST-NODE, 3, 3, -60.93
END-NODE, 3, 3
KP4937-5000 ,
3
,
3
KP5000-5500 ,
3
,
3
KP5500-6000 ,
3
,
3
KP6000-6500 ,
3
,
3
KP6500-7000 ,
3
,
3
KP7000-7500 ,
3
,
3
KP7500-8156 ,
3
,
3
*DLOAD, OP=MOD
PIPE_PART10, GRAV, 9.81, 0, 0, -1
PIPE_PART10, PB, 1, 0.4604
**--------------------------------------------------------**REQUEST FIELD OUTPUT
**--------------------------------------------------------*Output, field
*Node output
CF, COORD
*End Step
**--------------------------------------------------------**STEP 30: PART29
172

**--------------------------------------------------------*Step, name=PART29, nlgeom=yes, inc=10000


*Static, STABILIZE=0.0005
1, 1, 1e-5, 1
*BOUNDARY, OP=NEW
1000001, 1, 6
1000002, 1, 6
8160, 1, 1
8160, 2, 2
8160, 3, 3
FIRST-NODE, 3, 3, -60.93
END-NODE, 3, 3
P5000 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.00333337
P4999 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.013333926
P4998 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.030003001
P4997 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.053342818
P4996 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.083356494
P4995 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.120048038
P4994 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.163422356
P4993 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.213485253
P4992 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.270243438
P4991 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.333704529
P4990 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.403877056
P4989 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.480770467
P4988 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.56439514
P4987 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.654762379
P4986 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.751884434
P4985 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.8557745
P4984 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.966446731
P4983 ,
3
,
3
,
-1.083916248
P4982 ,
3
,
3
,
-1.208199151
P4981 ,
3
,
3
,
-1.339312527
P4980 ,
3
,
3
,
-1.477274466
P4979 ,
3
,
3
,
-1.622104072
P4978 ,
3
,
3
,
-1.773821475
P4977 ,
3
,
3
,
-1.932447849
P4976 ,
3
,
3
,
-2.098005423
P4975 ,
3
,
3
,
-2.270517499
P4974 ,
3
,
3
,
-2.450008472
P4973 ,
3
,
3
,
-2.636503842
P4972 ,
3
,
3
,
-2.830030237
P4971 ,
3
,
3
,
-3.030615433
P4970 ,
3
,
3
,
-3.238288372
P4969 ,
3
,
3
,
-3.453079186
P4968 ,
3
,
3
,
-3.675019221
P4967 ,
3
,
3
,
-3.904141058
P4966 ,
3
,
3
,
-4.140478542
173

P4965 ,
3
,
3
,
-4.384066806
P4964 ,
3
,
3
,
-4.6349423
P4963 ,
3
,
3
,
-4.893142822
P4962 ,
3
,
3
,
-5.158707545
P4961 ,
3
,
3
,
-5.431677052
P4960 ,
3
,
3
,
-5.712093369
P4959 ,
3
,
3
,
-6
P4958 ,
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,
3
,
-6.295441965
P4957 ,
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,
3
,
-6.598465838
P4956 ,
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,
3
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-6.909119787
P4955 ,
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,
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P4946 ,
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,
-10.44714263
P4945 ,
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,
3
,
-10.84540971
P4944 ,
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,
3
,
-11.25202704
P4943 ,
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,
3
,
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P4942 ,
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,
3
,
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P4941 ,
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,
3
,
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P4940 ,
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3
,
-12.96350851
P4939 ,
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,
3
,
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P4938 ,
3
,
3
,
-13.87138435
P4937 ,
3
,
3
,
-14.33865694
KP5000-5500 ,
3
,
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KP5500-6000 ,
3
,
3
KP6000-6500 ,
3
,
3
KP6500-7000 ,
3
,
3
KP7000-7500 ,
3
,
3
KP7500-8156 ,
3
,
3
*DLOAD, OP=MOD
PIPE_PART10, GRAV, 9.81, 0, 0, -1
PIPE_PART10, PB, 1, 0.4604
**--------------------------------------------------------**REQUEST FIELD OUTPUT
**--------------------------------------------------------*Output, field
*Node output
CF, COORD
*End Step
**--------------------------------------------------------**STEP 31: PART30
174

**--------------------------------------------------------*Step, name=PART30, nlgeom=yes, inc=10000


*Static, STABILIZE=0.0005
1, 1, 1e-5, 1
*BOUNDARY, OP=NEW
1000001, 1, 6
1000002, 1, 6
8160, 1, 1
8160, 2, 2
8160, 3, 3
FIRST-NODE, 3, 3, -60.93
END-NODE, 3, 3
KP5200-5500 ,
3
,
3
KP5500-6000 ,
3
,
3
KP6000-6500 ,
3
,
3
KP6500-7000 ,
3
,
3
KP7000-7500 ,
3
,
3
KP7500-8156 ,
3
,
3
*DLOAD, OP=MOD
PIPE_PART11, GRAV, 9.81, 0, 0, -1
PIPE_PART11, PB, 1, 0.4604
**--------------------------------------------------------**REQUEST FIELD OUTPUT
**--------------------------------------------------------*Output, field
*Node output
CF, COORD
*End Step
**--------------------------------------------------------**STEP 32: PART31
**--------------------------------------------------------*Step, name=PART31, nlgeom=yes, inc=10000
*Static, STABILIZE=0.0005
1, 1, 1e-5, 1
*BOUNDARY, OP=NEW
1000001, 1, 6
1000002, 1, 6
8160, 1, 1
8160, 2, 2
8160, 3, 3
FIRST-NODE, 3, 3, -60.93
END-NODE, 3, 3
KP5437-5500 ,
3
,
3
KP5500-6000 ,
3
,
3
KP6000-6500 ,
3
,
3
KP6500-7000 ,
3
,
3
KP7000-7500 ,
3
,
3
175

KP7500-8156 ,
3
,
3
*DLOAD, OP=MOD
PIPE_PART11, GRAV, 9.81, 0, 0, -1
PIPE_PART11, PB, 1, 0.4604
**--------------------------------------------------------**REQUEST FIELD OUTPUT
**--------------------------------------------------------*Output, field
*Node output
CF, COORD
*End Step
**--------------------------------------------------------**STEP 33: PART32
**--------------------------------------------------------*Step, name=PART32, nlgeom=yes, inc=10000
*Static, STABILIZE=0.0005
1, 1, 1e-5, 1
*BOUNDARY, OP=NEW
1000001, 1, 6
1000002, 1, 6
8160, 1, 1
8160, 2, 2
8160, 3, 3
FIRST-NODE, 3, 3, -60.93
END-NODE, 3, 3
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3
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P5498 ,
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P5497 ,
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,
3
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P5496 ,
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3
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P5495 ,
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,
3
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P5494 ,
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,
3
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P5493 ,
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P5485 ,
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P5483 ,
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P5481 ,
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P5480 ,
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P5478 ,
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P5468 ,
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P5460 ,
P5459 ,
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KP5500-6000
KP6000-6500
KP6500-7000
KP7000-7500
KP7500-8156

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177

*DLOAD, OP=MOD
PIPE_PART11, GRAV, 9.81, 0, 0, -1
PIPE_PART11, PB, 1, 0.4604
**--------------------------------------------------------**REQUEST FIELD OUTPUT
**--------------------------------------------------------*Output, field
*Node output
CF, COORD
*End Step
**--------------------------------------------------------**STEP 34: PART33
**--------------------------------------------------------*Step, name=PART33, nlgeom=yes, inc=10000
*Static, STABILIZE=0.0005
1, 1, 1e-5, 1
*BOUNDARY, OP=NEW
1000001, 1, 6
1000002, 1, 6
8160, 1, 1
8160, 2, 2
8160, 3, 3
FIRST-NODE, 3, 3, -60.93
END-NODE, 3, 3
KP5700-6000 ,
3
,
3
KP6000-6500 ,
3
,
3
KP6500-7000 ,
3
,
3
KP7000-7500 ,
3
,
3
KP7500-8156 ,
3
,
3
*DLOAD, OP=MOD
PIPE_PART12, GRAV, 9.81, 0, 0, -1
PIPE_PART12, PB, 1, 0.4604
**--------------------------------------------------------**REQUEST FIELD OUTPUT
**--------------------------------------------------------*Output, field
*Node output
CF, COORD
*End Step
**--------------------------------------------------------**STEP 35: PART34
**--------------------------------------------------------*Step, name=PART34, nlgeom=yes, inc=10000
*Static, STABILIZE=0.0005
0.0005, 1, 1e-4, 1
*BOUNDARY, OP=NEW
1000001, 1, 6
178

1000002, 1, 6
8160, 1, 1
8160, 2, 2
8160, 3, 3
FIRST-NODE, 3, 3, -60.93
END-NODE, 3, 3
KP5937-6000 ,
3
,
3
KP6000-6500 ,
3
,
3
KP6500-7000 ,
3
,
3
KP7000-7500 ,
3
,
3
KP7500-8156 ,
3
,
3
*DLOAD, OP=MOD
PIPE_PART12, GRAV, 9.81, 0, 0, -1
PIPE_PART12, PB, 1, 0.4604
**--------------------------------------------------------**REQUEST FIELD OUTPUT
**--------------------------------------------------------*Output, field
*Node output
CF, COORD
*End Step
Fourth part
*HEADING
On Bottom Roughness Analysis of MDD to MDPP Pipeline Project
*RESTART, READ, STEP=35, WRITE, OVERLAY
**
**--------------------------------------------------------**STEP 36: PART35
**--------------------------------------------------------*Step, name=PART35, nlgeom=yes, inc=10000
*Static, STABILIZE=0.0005
1, 1, 1e-5, 1
*BOUNDARY, OP=NEW
1000001, 1, 6
1000002, 1, 6
8160, 1, 1
8160, 2, 2
8160, 3, 3
FIRST-NODE, 3, 3, -60.93
END-NODE, 3, 3
P6000 ,
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,
3
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-0.00333337
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,
3
,
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P5998 ,
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,
3
,
-0.030003001
P5997 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.053342818
P5996 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.083356494
179

P5995
P5994
P5993
P5992
P5991
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P5989
P5988
P5987
P5986
P5985
P5984
P5983
P5982
P5981
P5980
P5979
P5978
P5977
P5976
P5975
P5974
P5973
P5972
P5971
P5970
P5969
P5968
P5967
P5966
P5965
P5964
P5963
P5962
P5961
P5960
P5959
P5958
P5957
P5956
P5955
P5954
P5953
P5952
P5951
P5950
P5949

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3
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3
3
3
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3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
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3

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3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
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3
3
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3
3
3
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-0.751884434
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-1.083916248
-1.208199151
-1.339312527
-1.477274466
-1.622104072
-1.773821475
-1.932447849
-2.098005423
-2.270517499
-2.450008472
-2.636503842
-2.830030237
-3.030615433
-3.238288372
-3.453079186
-3.675019221
-3.904141058
-4.140478542
-4.384066806
-4.6349423
-4.893142822
-5.158707545
-5.431677052
-5.712093369
-6
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-6.909119787
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-8.936184654
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180

P5948 ,
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3
,
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3
,
3
,
-10.05715452
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3
,
3
,
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,
3
,
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,
3
,
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P5937 ,
3
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KP6000-6500 ,
3
,
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KP6500-7000 ,
3
,
3
KP7000-7500 ,
3
,
3
KP7500-8156 ,
3
,
3
*DLOAD, OP=MOD
PIPE_PART12, GRAV, 9.81, 0, 0, -1
PIPE_PART12, PB, 1, 0.4604
**--------------------------------------------------------**REQUEST FIELD OUTPUT
**--------------------------------------------------------*Output, field
*Node output
U, RF, CF, COORD
*CONTACT OUTPUT
CSTRESS,CDISP
*Element output
SF, SE, ESF1, COORD
*Element output
1, 3, 5
S
*End Step
**--------------------------------------------------------**STEP 37: PART36
**--------------------------------------------------------*Step, name=PART36, nlgeom=yes, inc=10000
*Static, STABILIZE=0.0005
1, 1, 1e-5, 1
*BOUNDARY, OP=NEW
1000001, 1, 6
1000002, 1, 6
8160, 1, 1
8160, 2, 2
8160, 3, 3
FIRST-NODE, 3, 3, -60.93
END-NODE, 3, 3
181

KP6200-6500 ,
3
,
3
KP6500-7000 ,
3
,
3
KP7000-7500 ,
3
,
3
KP7500-8156 ,
3
,
3
*DLOAD, OP=MOD
PIPE_PART13, GRAV, 9.81, 0, 0, -1
PIPE_PART13, PB, 1, 0.4604
**--------------------------------------------------------**REQUEST FIELD OUTPUT
**--------------------------------------------------------*Output, field
*Node output
U, RF, CF, COORD
*CONTACT OUTPUT
CSTRESS,CDISP
*Element output
SF, SE, ESF1, COORD
*Element output
1, 3, 5
S
*End Step
**--------------------------------------------------------**STEP 38: PART37
**--------------------------------------------------------*Step, name=PART37, nlgeom=yes, inc=10000
*Static, STABILIZE=0.0005
1, 1, 1e-5, 1
*BOUNDARY, OP=NEW
1000001, 1, 6
1000002, 1, 6
8160, 1, 1
8160, 2, 2
8160, 3, 3
FIRST-NODE, 3, 3, -60.93
END-NODE, 3, 3
KP6437-6500 ,
3
,
3
KP6500-7000 ,
3
,
3
KP7000-7500 ,
3
,
3
KP7500-8156 ,
3
,
3
*DLOAD, OP=MOD
PIPE_PART13, GRAV, 9.81, 0, 0, -1
PIPE_PART13, PB, 1, 0.4604
**--------------------------------------------------------**REQUEST FIELD OUTPUT
**--------------------------------------------------------*Output, field
*Node output
182

U, RF, CF, COORD


*CONTACT OUTPUT
CSTRESS,CDISP
*Element output
SF, SE, ESF1, COORD
*Element output
1, 3, 5
S
*End Step
**--------------------------------------------------------**STEP 39: PART38
**--------------------------------------------------------*Step, name=PART38, nlgeom=yes, inc=10000
*Static, STABILIZE=0.0005
1, 1, 1e-5, 1
*BOUNDARY, OP=NEW
1000001, 1, 6
1000002, 1, 6
8160, 1, 1
8160, 2, 2
8160, 3, 3
FIRST-NODE, 3, 3, -60.93
END-NODE, 3, 3
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P6495 ,
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P6493 ,
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P6488 ,
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P6486 ,
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P6485 ,
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P6481 ,
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P6477 ,
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183

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P6472 ,
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P6471 ,
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,
3
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3
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P6469 ,
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3
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3
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3
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P6460 ,
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,
-5.712093369
P6459 ,
3
,
3
,
-6
P6458 ,
3
,
3
,
-6.295441965
P6457 ,
3
,
3
,
-6.598465838
P6456 ,
3
,
3
,
-6.909119787
P6455 ,
3
,
3
,
-7.227453619
P6454 ,
3
,
3
,
-7.553518822
P6453 ,
3
,
3
,
-7.887368612
P6452 ,
3
,
3
,
-8.229057984
P6451 ,
3
,
3
,
-8.578643763
P6450 ,
3
,
3
,
-8.936184654
P6449 ,
3
,
3
,
-9.301741304
P6448 ,
3
,
3
,
-9.675376359
P6447 ,
3
,
3
,
-10.05715452
P6446 ,
3
,
3
,
-10.44714263
P6445 ,
3
,
3
,
-10.84540971
P6444 ,
3
,
3
,
-11.25202704
P6443 ,
3
,
3
,
-11.66706827
P6442 ,
3
,
3
,
-12.09060946
P6441 ,
3
,
3
,
-12.52272915
P6440 ,
3
,
3
,
-12.96350851
P6439 ,
3
,
3
,
-13.41303137
P6438 ,
3
,
3
,
-13.87138435
P6437 ,
3
,
3
,
-14.33865694
KP6500-7000 ,
3
,
3
KP7000-7500 ,
3
,
3
KP7500-8156 ,
3
,
3
*DLOAD, OP=MOD
PIPE_PART13, GRAV, 9.81, 0, 0, -1
PIPE_PART13, PB, 1, 0.4604
**--------------------------------------------------------184

**REQUEST FIELD OUTPUT


**--------------------------------------------------------*Output, field
*Node output
U, RF, CF, COORD
*CONTACT OUTPUT
CSTRESS,CDISP
*Element output
SF, SE, ESF1, COORD
*Element output
1, 3, 5
S
*End Step
**--------------------------------------------------------**STEP 40: PART39
**--------------------------------------------------------*Step, name=PART39, nlgeom=yes, inc=10000
*Static, STABILIZE=0.0005
1, 1, 1e-5, 1
*BOUNDARY, OP=NEW
1000001, 1, 6
1000002, 1, 6
8160, 1, 1
8160, 2, 2
8160, 3, 3
FIRST-NODE, 3, 3, -60.93
END-NODE, 3, 3
KP6700-7000 ,
3
,
3
KP7000-7500 ,
3
,
3
KP7500-8156 ,
3
,
3
*DLOAD, OP=MOD
PIPE_PART14, GRAV, 9.81, 0, 0, -1
PIPE_PART14, PB, 1, 0.4604
**--------------------------------------------------------**REQUEST FIELD OUTPUT
**--------------------------------------------------------*Output, field
*Node output
U, RF, CF, COORD
*CONTACT OUTPUT
CSTRESS,CDISP
*Element output
SF, SE, ESF1, COORD
*Element output
1, 3, 5
S
*End Step
185

**--------------------------------------------------------**STEP 41: PART40


**--------------------------------------------------------*Step, name=PART40, nlgeom=yes, inc=10000
*Static, STABILIZE=0.0005
1, 1, 1e-5, 1
*BOUNDARY, OP=NEW
1000001, 1, 6
1000002, 1, 6
8160, 1, 1
8160, 2, 2
8160, 3, 3
FIRST-NODE, 3, 3, -60.93
END-NODE, 3, 3
KP6937-7000 ,
3
,
3
KP7000-7500 ,
3
,
3
KP7500-8156 ,
3
,
3
*DLOAD, OP=MOD
PIPE_PART14, GRAV, 9.81, 0, 0, -1
PIPE_PART14, PB, 1, 0.4604
**--------------------------------------------------------**REQUEST FIELD OUTPUT
**--------------------------------------------------------*Output, field
*Node output
U, RF, CF, COORD
*CONTACT OUTPUT
CSTRESS,CDISP
*Element output
SF, SE, ESF1, COORD
*Element output
1, 3, 5
S
*End Step
**--------------------------------------------------------**STEP 42: PART41
**--------------------------------------------------------*Step, name=PART41, nlgeom=yes, inc=10000
*Static, STABILIZE=0.0005
1, 1, 1e-5, 1
*BOUNDARY, OP=NEW
1000001, 1, 6
1000002, 1, 6
8160, 1, 1
8160, 2, 2
8160, 3, 3
FIRST-NODE, 3, 3, -60.93
186

END-NODE, 3, 3
P7000 ,
3
P6999 ,
3
P6998 ,
3
P6997 ,
3
P6996 ,
3
P6995 ,
3
P6994 ,
3
P6993 ,
3
P6992 ,
3
P6991 ,
3
P6990 ,
3
P6989 ,
3
P6988 ,
3
P6987 ,
3
P6986 ,
3
P6985 ,
3
P6984 ,
3
P6983 ,
3
P6982 ,
3
P6981 ,
3
P6980 ,
3
P6979 ,
3
P6978 ,
3
P6977 ,
3
P6976 ,
3
P6975 ,
3
P6974 ,
3
P6973 ,
3
P6972 ,
3
P6971 ,
3
P6970 ,
3
P6969 ,
3
P6968 ,
3
P6967 ,
3
P6966 ,
3
P6965 ,
3
P6964 ,
3
P6963 ,
3
P6962 ,
3
P6961 ,
3
P6960 ,
3
P6959 ,
3
P6958 ,
3
P6957 ,
3
P6956 ,
3
P6955 ,
3

,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,

-0.00333337
-0.013333926
-0.030003001
-0.053342818
-0.083356494
-0.120048038
-0.163422356
-0.213485253
-0.270243438
-0.333704529
-0.403877056
-0.480770467
-0.56439514
-0.654762379
-0.751884434
-0.8557745
-0.966446731
-1.083916248
-1.208199151
-1.339312527
-1.477274466
-1.622104072
-1.773821475
-1.932447849
-2.098005423
-2.270517499
-2.450008472
-2.636503842
-2.830030237
-3.030615433
-3.238288372
-3.453079186
-3.675019221
-3.904141058
-4.140478542
-4.384066806
-4.6349423
-4.893142822
-5.158707545
-5.431677052
-5.712093369
-6
-6.295441965
-6.598465838
-6.909119787
-7.227453619
187

P6954 ,
3
,
3
,
-7.553518822
P6953 ,
3
,
3
,
-7.887368612
P6952 ,
3
,
3
,
-8.229057984
P6951 ,
3
,
3
,
-8.578643763
P6950 ,
3
,
3
,
-8.936184654
P6949 ,
3
,
3
,
-9.301741304
P6948 ,
3
,
3
,
-9.675376359
P6947 ,
3
,
3
,
-10.05715452
P6946 ,
3
,
3
,
-10.44714263
P6945 ,
3
,
3
,
-10.84540971
P6944 ,
3
,
3
,
-11.25202704
P6943 ,
3
,
3
,
-11.66706827
P6942 ,
3
,
3
,
-12.09060946
P6941 ,
3
,
3
,
-12.52272915
P6940 ,
3
,
3
,
-12.96350851
P6939 ,
3
,
3
,
-13.41303137
P6938 ,
3
,
3
,
-13.87138435
P6937 ,
3
,
3
,
-14.33865694
KP7000-7500 ,
3
,
3
KP7500-8156 ,
3
,
3
*DLOAD, OP=MOD
PIPE_PART14, GRAV, 9.81, 0, 0, -1
PIPE_PART14, PB, 1, 0.4604
**--------------------------------------------------------**REQUEST FIELD OUTPUT
**--------------------------------------------------------*Output, field
*Node output
U, RF, CF, COORD
*CONTACT OUTPUT
CSTRESS,CDISP
*Element output
SF, SE, ESF1, COORD
*Element output
1, 3, 5
S
*End Step
**--------------------------------------------------------**STEP 43: PART42
**--------------------------------------------------------*Step, name=PART42, nlgeom=yes, inc=10000
*Static, STABILIZE=0.0005
1, 1, 1e-5, 1
*BOUNDARY, OP=NEW
1000001, 1, 6
1000002, 1, 6
8160, 1, 1
188

8160, 2, 2
8160, 3, 3
FIRST-NODE, 3, 3, -60.93
END-NODE, 3, 3
KP7200-7500 ,
3
,
3
KP7500-8156 ,
3
,
3
*DLOAD, OP=MOD
PIPE_PART15, GRAV, 9.81, 0, 0, -1
PIPE_PART15, PB, 1, 0.4604
**--------------------------------------------------------**REQUEST FIELD OUTPUT
**--------------------------------------------------------*Output, field
*Node output
U, RF, CF, COORD
*CONTACT OUTPUT
CSTRESS,CDISP
*Element output
SF, SE, ESF1, COORD
*Element output
1, 3, 5
S
*End Step
**--------------------------------------------------------**STEP 44: PART43
**--------------------------------------------------------*Step, name=PART43, nlgeom=yes, inc=10000
*Static, STABILIZE=0.0005
1, 1, 1e-5, 1
*BOUNDARY, OP=NEW
1000001, 1, 6
1000002, 1, 6
8160, 1, 1
8160, 2, 2
8160, 3, 3
FIRST-NODE, 3, 3, -60.93
END-NODE, 3, 3
KP7437-7500 ,
3
,
3
KP7500-8156 ,
3
,
3
*DLOAD, OP=MOD
PIPE_PART15, GRAV, 9.81, 0, 0, -1
PIPE_PART15, PB, 1, 0.4604
**--------------------------------------------------------**REQUEST FIELD OUTPUT
**--------------------------------------------------------*Output, field
*Node output
189

U, RF, CF, COORD


*CONTACT OUTPUT
CSTRESS,CDISP
*Element output
SF, SE, ESF1, COORD
*Element output
1, 3, 5
S
*End Step
**--------------------------------------------------------**STEP 45: PART44
**--------------------------------------------------------*Step, name=PART44, nlgeom=yes, inc=10000
*Static, STABILIZE=0.0005
1, 1, 1e-5, 1
*BOUNDARY, OP=NEW
1000001, 1, 6
1000002, 1, 6
8160, 1, 1
8160, 2, 2
8160, 3, 3
FIRST-NODE, 3, 3, -60.93
END-NODE, 3, 3
P7500 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.00333337
P7499 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.013333926
P7498 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.030003001
P7497 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.053342818
P7496 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.083356494
P7495 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.120048038
P7494 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.163422356
P7493 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.213485253
P7492 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.270243438
P7491 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.333704529
P7490 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.403877056
P7489 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.480770467
P7488 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.56439514
P7487 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.654762379
P7486 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.751884434
P7485 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.8557745
P7484 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.966446731
P7483 ,
3
,
3
,
-1.083916248
P7482 ,
3
,
3
,
-1.208199151
P7481 ,
3
,
3
,
-1.339312527
P7480 ,
3
,
3
,
-1.477274466
P7479 ,
3
,
3
,
-1.622104072
P7478 ,
3
,
3
,
-1.773821475
P7477 ,
3
,
3
,
-1.932447849
190

P7476 ,
3
,
3
,
-2.098005423
P7475 ,
3
,
3
,
-2.270517499
P7474 ,
3
,
3
,
-2.450008472
P7473 ,
3
,
3
,
-2.636503842
P7472 ,
3
,
3
,
-2.830030237
P7471 ,
3
,
3
,
-3.030615433
P7470 ,
3
,
3
,
-3.238288372
P7469 ,
3
,
3
,
-3.453079186
P7468 ,
3
,
3
,
-3.675019221
P7467 ,
3
,
3
,
-3.904141058
P7466 ,
3
,
3
,
-4.140478542
P7465 ,
3
,
3
,
-4.384066806
P7464 ,
3
,
3
,
-4.6349423
P7463 ,
3
,
3
,
-4.893142822
P7462 ,
3
,
3
,
-5.158707545
P7461 ,
3
,
3
,
-5.431677052
P7460 ,
3
,
3
,
-5.712093369
P7459 ,
3
,
3
,
-6
P7458 ,
3
,
3
,
-6.295441965
P7457 ,
3
,
3
,
-6.598465838
P7456 ,
3
,
3
,
-6.909119787
P7455 ,
3
,
3
,
-7.227453619
P7454 ,
3
,
3
,
-7.553518822
P7453 ,
3
,
3
,
-7.887368612
P7452 ,
3
,
3
,
-8.229057984
P7451 ,
3
,
3
,
-8.578643763
P7450 ,
3
,
3
,
-8.936184654
P7449 ,
3
,
3
,
-9.301741304
P7448 ,
3
,
3
,
-9.675376359
P7447 ,
3
,
3
,
-10.05715452
P7446 ,
3
,
3
,
-10.44714263
P7445 ,
3
,
3
,
-10.84540971
P7444 ,
3
,
3
,
-11.25202704
P7443 ,
3
,
3
,
-11.66706827
P7442 ,
3
,
3
,
-12.09060946
P7441 ,
3
,
3
,
-12.52272915
P7440 ,
3
,
3
,
-12.96350851
P7439 ,
3
,
3
,
-13.41303137
P7438 ,
3
,
3
,
-13.87138435
P7437 ,
3
,
3
,
-14.33865694
KP7500-8156 ,
3
,
3
*DLOAD, OP=MOD
PIPE_PART15, GRAV, 9.81, 0, 0, -1
PIPE_PART15, PB, 1, 0.4604
**--------------------------------------------------------**REQUEST FIELD OUTPUT
**--------------------------------------------------------191

*Output, field
*Node output
U, RF, CF, COORD
*CONTACT OUTPUT
CSTRESS,CDISP
*Element output
SF, SE, ESF1, COORD
*Element output
1, 3, 5
S
*End Step
**--------------------------------------------------------**STEP 46: PART45
**--------------------------------------------------------*Step, name=PART45, nlgeom=yes, inc=10000
*Static, STABILIZE=0.0005
1, 1, 1e-5, 1
*BOUNDARY, OP=NEW
1000001, 1, 6
1000002, 1, 6
8160, 1, 1
8160, 2, 2
8160, 3, 3
FIRST-NODE, 3, 3, -60.93
END-NODE, 3, 3
KP7700-8156 ,
3
,
3
*DLOAD, OP=MOD
PIPE_PART16, GRAV, 9.81, 0, 0, -1
PIPE_PART16, PB, 1, 0.4604
**--------------------------------------------------------**REQUEST FIELD OUTPUT
**--------------------------------------------------------*Output, field
*Node output
U, RF, CF, COORD
*CONTACT OUTPUT
CSTRESS,CDISP
*Element output
SF, SE, ESF1, COORD
*Element output
1, 3, 5
S
*End Step
**--------------------------------------------------------**STEP 47: PART46
**--------------------------------------------------------*Step, name=PART46, nlgeom=yes, inc=10000
192

*Static, STABILIZE=0.0005
1, 1, 1e-5, 1
*BOUNDARY, OP=NEW
1000001, 1, 6
1000002, 1, 6
8160, 1, 1
8160, 2, 2
8160, 3, 3
FIRST-NODE, 3, 3, -60.93
END-NODE, 3, 3
KP8093-8156 ,
3
,
3
*DLOAD, OP=MOD
PIPE_PART16, GRAV, 9.81, 0, 0, -1
PIPE_PART16, PB, 1, 0.4604
**--------------------------------------------------------**REQUEST FIELD OUTPUT
**--------------------------------------------------------*Output, field
*Node output
U, RF, CF, COORD
*CONTACT OUTPUT
CSTRESS,CDISP
*Element output
SF, SE, ESF1, COORD
*Element output
1, 3, 5
S
*End Step
**--------------------------------------------------------**STEP 48: PART47
**--------------------------------------------------------*Step, name=PART47, nlgeom=yes, inc=10000
*Static, STABILIZE=0.0005
1, 1, 1e-5, 1
*BOUNDARY, OP=NEW
1000001, 1, 6
1000002, 1, 6
8160, 1, 1
8160, 2, 2
8160, 3, 3
FIRST-NODE, 3, 3, -60.93
END-NODE, 3, 3
P8156 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.00333337
P8155 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.013333926
P8154 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.030003001
P8153 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.053342818
P8152 ,
3
,
3
,
-0.083356494
193

P8151
P8150
P8149
P8148
P8147
P8146
P8145
P8144
P8143
P8142
P8141
P8140
P8139
P8138
P8137
P8136
P8135
P8134
P8133
P8132
P8131
P8130
P8129
P8128
P8127
P8126
P8125
P8124
P8123
P8122
P8121
P8120
P8119
P8118
P8117
P8116
P8115
P8114
P8113
P8112
P8111
P8110
P8109
P8108
P8107
P8106
P8105

,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,

-0.120048038
-0.163422356
-0.213485253
-0.270243438
-0.333704529
-0.403877056
-0.480770467
-0.56439514
-0.654762379
-0.751884434
-0.8557745
-0.966446731
-1.083916248
-1.208199151
-1.339312527
-1.477274466
-1.622104072
-1.773821475
-1.932447849
-2.098005423
-2.270517499
-2.450008472
-2.636503842
-2.830030237
-3.030615433
-3.238288372
-3.453079186
-3.675019221
-3.904141058
-4.140478542
-4.384066806
-4.6349423
-4.893142822
-5.158707545
-5.431677052
-5.712093369
-6
-6.295441965
-6.598465838
-6.909119787
-7.227453619
-7.553518822
-7.887368612
-8.229057984
-8.578643763
-8.936184654
-9.301741304
194

P8104 ,
3
,
3
,
-9.675376359
P8103 ,
3
,
3
,
-10.05715452
P8102 ,
3
,
3
,
-10.44714263
P8101 ,
3
,
3
,
-10.84540971
P8100 ,
3
,
3
,
-11.25202704
P8099 ,
3
,
3
,
-11.66706827
P8098 ,
3
,
3
,
-12.09060946
P8097 ,
3
,
3
,
-12.52272915
P8096 ,
3
,
3
,
-12.96350851
P8095 ,
3
,
3
,
-13.41303137
P8094 ,
3
,
3
,
-13.87138435
P8093 ,
3
,
3
,
-14.33865694
*DLOAD, OP=MOD
PIPE_PART16, GRAV, 9.81, 0, 0, -1
PIPE_PART16, PB, 1, 0.4604
**--------------------------------------------------------**REQUEST FIELD OUTPUT
**--------------------------------------------------------*Output, field
*Node output
U, RF, CF, COORD
*CONTACT OUTPUT
CSTRESS,CDISP
*Element output
SF, SE, ESF1, COORD
*Element output
1, 3, 5
S
*End Step
Fifth part
*HEADING
On Bottom Roughness Analysis of MDD to MDPP Pipeline Project
*RESTART, READ, STEP=48, WRITE, OVERLAY
**
**--------------------------------------------------------**STEP 49: PART48
**--------------------------------------------------------*Step, name=PART48, nlgeom=yes, inc=10000
*Static, STABILIZE=0.0005
1, 1, 1e-5, 1
*BOUNDARY, OP=NEW
1000001, 1, 6
1000002, 1, 6
8160, 1, 1
8160, 2, 2
195

8160, 3, 3
FIRST-NODE, 3, 3, -60.93
END-NODE, 3, 3
*DLOAD, OP=MOD
PIPE_PART16, GRAV, 9.81, 0, 0, -1
PIPE_PART16, PB, 1, 0.4604
**--------------------------------------------------------**REQUEST FIELD OUTPUT
**--------------------------------------------------------*Output, field
*Node output
U, RF, CF, COORD
*CONTACT OUTPUT
CSTRESS,CDISP
*Element output
SF, SE, ESF1, COORD
*Element output
1, 3, 5
S
*End Step
**--------------------------------------------------------**STEP 50: PART49
**--------------------------------------------------------*Step, name=PART49, nlgeom=yes, inc=10000
*Static, STABILIZE=0.0005
1, 1, 1e-5, 1
*BOUNDARY, OP=NEW
1000001, 1, 6
1000002, 1, 6
8160, 2, 2
8160, 3, 3, -60.59
FIRST-NODE, 3, 3, -60.93
END-NODE, 3, 3, -60.59
*DLOAD, OP=MOD
PIPE_PART16, GRAV, 9.81, 0, 0, -1
PIPE_PART16, PB, 1, 0.4604
**--------------------------------------------------------**REQUEST FIELD OUTPUT
**--------------------------------------------------------*Output, field
*Node output
U, RF, CF, COORD
*CONTACT OUTPUT
CSTRESS,CDISP
*Element output
SF, SE, ESF1, COORD
*Element output
196

1, 3, 5
S
*End Step
**--------------------------------------------------------**STEP 51: FLOOD
**--------------------------------------------------------*Step, name=FLOOD, nlgeom=yes, inc=10000
*Static, STABILIZE=0.0005
0.5, 1, 1e-9, 1
*FIELD, VARIABLE=1
NODE-PIPE, 2.0
*Temperature
NODE-PIPE, 28
*BOUNDARY, OP=NEW
1000001, 1, 6
1000002, 1, 6
8160, 2, 2
8160, 3, 3, -60.59
FIRST-NODE, 3, 3, -60.93
END-NODE, 3, 3, -60.59
*DLOAD, OP=NEW
PIPE_SEGMENT_ALL, GRAV, 9.81, 0, 0, -1
PIPE_SEGMENT_ALL, PE, 633300, 0.4698
PIPE_SEGMENT_ALL, PE, 633300, 0.4604
PIPE_SEGMENT_ALL, PI, 628600, 0.4286
*CLOAD, OP=NEW
FIRST-NODE, 1, -300000
**--------------------------------------------------------**REQUEST FIELD OUTPUT
**--------------------------------------------------------*Output, field
*Node output
U, RF, CF, COORD
*CONTACT OUTPUT
CSTRESS,CDISP
*Element output
SF, SE, ESF1, COORD
*Element output
1, 3, 5
S
*CONTACT PRINT
CSTRESS,CDISP
*End Step

197