COLONMUN 2008

Security Council

TOPIC A: Actual situation at the Gaza strip.
History of the State of Israel Israel was established in 1948 after thousands of years of Jewish dispersal. The Zionist enterprise, with its goal of creating a Jewish national home in Eretz Yisrael, was set in motion by Theodor Herzl in 1897 Introduction to the topic The Gaza Strip is a coastal strip of land along the Mediterranean Sea, bordering Egypt on the south-west and Israel on the north and east. It has about 1.4 million residents, all Palestinians. The Strip itself and its population are nominally governed by the Palestinian National Authority, though following the June 2007 battle of Gaza, actual control is in the hands of the de facto government dominated by Hamas. Israel controls the strip's airspace and offshore maritime access. The Gaza Strip is not currently recognized internationally as part of any sovereign country. Palestinian Authority control (2005-2007)

In accordance with the Oslo Accords, the Palestinian Authority took over the administrative authority of the Gaza Strip (other than the settlement blocs and military areas) in 1994. After the complete Israeli withdrawal of Israeli settlers and military from the Gaza Strip on 12 September 2005, the Palestinian Authority had complete administrative authority in the Gaza Strip. Palestinians maintain that the Israeli occupation is not over because Israel still controls Gazan borders, airspace and territorial waters. Hamas won the 2006 Palestinian legislative elections. In December 2006, news reports indicated that a number of Palestinians were leaving the Gaza Strip, due to political disorder and economic stagnation there.
Fighting spread in the Gaza Strip with both factions attacking vehicles and facilities of the other side. In response to constant attacks by rocket fire from the Gaza Strip, Israel launched an air strike which destroyed a building used by Hamas. Some Palestinians said the violence could bring the end of the Fatah-Hamas coalition government, and possibly the end of the Palestinian authority. Hamas spokeman Moussa Abu Marzouk blamed Israel and the European Union for the worsening situation in the Strip. Islamic Resistance Movement: Radical Islamic fundamentalist formed in 1987. Various Hamas elements have used both political and violent means, including terrorism. Loosely structured, with some elements working clandestinely and others working openly through mosques and social service institutions to recruit members, raise money, organize activities, and distribute propaganda. In a January 2006 - 1-

COLONMUN 2008
Security Council

election, Hamas won a majority of seats in the Palestinian legislature. Hamas activists have conducted many attacks including large-scale suicide bombings against Israeli civilian and military targets. Hamas increased its operational activity during 2002-2003 claiming numerous attacks against Israeli interests. Palestine Liberation Organization: Is a multi-party confederation and is the organization regarded since 1974 as the "sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people." Founded by the Arab League in June 26, 1964, it was initially controlled for the most part by the Egyptian government. The original Palestine Liberation Organization Charter outlined goals that included the destruction of the State of Israel via armed struggle and a right of return and self-determination for Palestinian Arabs, during Jordan's and Egypt's occupation of the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Hamas control (2007-Present) In June 2007, the Palestinian Civil War between Hamas (Islamic Resistance Movement) and Fatah (Palestine Liberation Organization) intensified. Hamas routed Fatah, and by 14 June 2007, the Gaza Strip was completely overtaken by Hamas, resulting in a de facto government maintaining it is the legitimate government of the Palestinian Authority. Retaliation by Fatah against Hamas in the West Bank has led to the opposite result there. Hamas continues to consolidate its position in Gaza. Current status The Secretary-General of the United Nations reiterates his call for the cessation of indiscriminate rocket attacks by Palestinian militants targeting Israel and strongly condemns these actions. However he also believes strongly that punitive measures taken by Israel which harm the wellbeing of the entire population of the Gaza Strip are unacceptable. The limitation of fuel and electricity supplies deepens the humanitarian distress of the 1.4 million residents of Gaza, as does the reduction of the supply of essential commodities and the tightening of restrictions on movement and access. Latest news

Israel lance attacks in the Gaza Strip
The last month Israel sent a fort attack with tanks and helicopters equipped with artillery at the Gaza Strip, leaving a balance of at least 13 dead extremist militants More than 2 thousand rockets months have been sent against Israel from the Gaza Strip in the last months. The Israeli population has pressed its government so that it sends a military response of great proportions to stop these offensives.

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COLONMUN 2008
Security Council

Negotiations In January 14 of 2008 Israel and the National Authority Palestine decided to give a new turn to the peace dialogues in order to solve the crisis of the Middle East. These were the Talks of Peace more serious than they have made both parts in the last 17 years. The Islamic group Hamas, excluded from the conversations, describing the meetings like just lies. Importance of the Conflict The importance of finishing this situation relies in the estimated fact that thousands of people are dying every week, terrorism is at really high levels. This is a conflict that is relevant for every nation, as it threatens world peace. 1. How can we stop this in the best possible way? 2. What do each nation wants? 3. How can your nation help?

Members

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