COLONMUN 2008

Security Council

TOPIC B: United States’ Missile shield in Europe
Introduction Missile Shield A missile shield it’s a new way countries use so they can protect for a missile. It works by radar that detects the missile and sends another missile so it can intercept it in air, and destroy it. Nuclear Weapons A nuclear weapon derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions of fusion or fission. As a result, even a nuclear weapon with a small yield is significantly more powerful than the largest conventional explosives, and a single weapon is capable of destroying an entire city. History of national missile defense systems In the late 1950s, the Nike-Zeus program investigated the use of Nike nuclear missiles as interceptors against Soviet ICBMs. A Nike warhead would be detonated at high altitudes (over 100 km /60 statute miles) above the polar regions in the near vicinity of an incoming Soviet missile. While rocket technology offered some hope of a solution, the problem of how to quickly identify and track incoming missiles proved intractable, especially in light of easily envisioned countermeasures such as decoys and chaff. NATO: The North Atlantic Treaty Organization, also called the North Atlantic Alliance, the Atlantic Alliance, established by the signing of the North Atlantic Treaty, the organization established a system of collective defense where by its member states agree to mutual defense in response to an attack by any external country. The NATO countries members are: Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States. Information of the Missile Shield President George W. Bush warned that Europe urgently needed a US missile defense system to blunt a growing threat from Iran, despite vocal opposition from Russia. The government of the United States of America thinks that today they have no way to defend Europe against the emerging Iranian threat, and so they must deploy a missile defense system there that can. - 1-

COLONMUN 2008
Security Council

Defense Secretary Robert Gates said in Prague that the United States might build the system but delay activating it until there was a definitive proof of an Iranian threat. The United States has been increasingly vocal about what it says is the threat posed by Iran, including its nuclear program, alleged support for terrorism, and alleged aid to insurgents targeting US forces in Iraq. But Russian President Vladimir Putin has blasted that plans for a separate US missile shield and warned Washington against any military action against Iran, which says it seeks atomic energy for civilian purposes. Gates said Tuesday in Prague that Washington had proposed a Russian presence at the planned US anti-missile sites in Poland and the Czech Republic .Missile defense elements the United States plans to deploy in Central Europe are undoubtedly directed against Russia Federation, the country's top military commander think. United States wants to place radar in the Czech Republic and 10 missile interceptors in Poland, Russia says the European shield would destroy the strategic balance of forces and threaten Russia's national interests. The alleged Iranian missile threat was used by the United States to deploy weaponry close to Russia's borders, Iran does not have the technology to develop and produce long-range intercontinental ballistic missiles, and that’s what some countries have avowed. Latest news: The United States affirmed that it could delay the anti-missile installation of the shield in East Europe, if Russia accepts to cooperate in the project and please changes its opposition in a new geostrategic relation. On January in his tour by the Middle East, in Abbu Dhabi, president of the United States George W. Bush made a call to the Arab countries be united against Iran. President George W. Bush accused the Iranian government to undermine the peace in Lebanon, to send arms to the movement Taliban in Afghanistan and to intimidate his neighbors. The government of Iran responded immediately. The President of Iran described the declarations of President George W. Bush like "words without value". Importance It’s important to stop the tension, considering that this could bring a new conflict that would affect most of the countries. 1. How can we strengthen the diplomatic relations between the nations? 2. What are the intentions of the nations in controversy? 3. What kind of resolution would all the countries accept? 4. Which block does your country supports? Members - 2-