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Basment Wall ( L-wall supported by 2 beams) Analysis and Design

DESIGN PARAMETER Saturated unit weight Effective cohension Effective friction angle Angle of fill Surcharge Ko = 1 - sin = 0.500 Wall Height Beam to Beam distance = = 3m 3m gt C' f b q kN/m3 kN/m2 degree degree kN/m2 Soil 19 0 30 0 10 Concrete kN/m3 Density 24 9.81 460 30 35

kN/m3 Water N/mm2 Steel 2 fcu concrete N/mm cover mm

ANALYSIS Horizontal soil pressure at bottom of wall Total horizontal soil pressure Total horizontal load due to surcharge Assume wall thickness Vertical self-weight of wall Assume slab thickness Vertical self-weight of slab Total moment to Beam B = 0 : 42.75 + 22.50 = = = = = = =
2 28.50 kN/m 42.75 kN/m

15.00 kN/m 250 mm 18.00 kN/m 250 mm 2 6.00 kN/m

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Moment to retaining wall due to horizontal soil pressure and surcharge, M

= =

DESIGN Design Moment, Mult = 1.4 x M = 16 mm 207 mm 0.0711 0.914 d M/0.87fyz 1207.03 mm2/m use z = 0.91 d 91.35 kNm/m

Assume bar diameter, fbar = d = h-c-fbar/2 = K = M/bd2fcu= z = d {0.5 + (0.25-K/0.9) } = Thus, As = =


0.5

Minimum reinforcement for shrinkage & thermal crack control

Asmin = = Provide Provide T16-150 c/c T12-250 c/c

0.35%bh 437.5 mm2/m each face (As= (As=


2 1341 mm /m - vertical main bars) 2 453 mm /m secondary bars)

3 x VA VA VB

= = =

0 5.25 kN/m 30.75 kN/m

42.75 + 65.25 kNm/m

22.50

Basment Wall ( L-wall supported by 2 beams) Analysis and Design


DESIGN PARAMETER Saturated unit weight Effective cohension Effective friction angle Angle of fill Surcharge Ko = 1 - sin = 0.500 Wall Height Beam to Beam distance = = 2m 2m gt C' f b q kN/m3 kN/m2 degree degree kN/m2 Soil 19 0 30 0 10 Concrete kN/m3 Density 24 9.81 460 30 35

kN/m3 Water N/mm2 Steel 2 fcu concrete N/mm cover mm

ANALYSIS Horizontal soil pressure at bottom of wall Total horizontal soil pressure Total horizontal load due to surcharge Assume wall thickness Vertical self-weight of wall Assume slab thickness Vertical self-weight of slab Total moment to Beam B = 0 : 12.67 + 10.00 = = = = = = =
2 19.00 kN/m 19.00 kN/m

10.00 kN/m 200 mm 9.60 kN/m 200 mm 2 4.80 kN/m

19.2

9.6

Moment to retaining wall due to horizontal soil pressure and surcharge, M

= =

DESIGN Design Moment, Mult = 1.4 x M = 12 mm 159 mm 0.0418 0.951 d M/0.87fyz 524.95 mm2/m use z = 0.95 d 31.73 kNm/m

Assume bar diameter, fbar = d = h-c-fbar/2 = K = M/bd2fcu= z = d {0.5 + (0.25-K/0.9) } = Thus, As = =


0.5

Minimum reinforcement for shrinkage & thermal crack control

Asmin = = Provide Provide T12-200 c/c T10-200 c/c

0.35%bh 350 mm2/m each face (As= (As=


2 566 mm /m - vertical main bars) 2 393 mm /m secondary bars)

2 x VA VA VB

= = =

0 3.07 kN/m 16.13 kN/m

12.67 + 22.67 kNm/m

10.00

Basment Wall ( L-wall supported by 2 beams) Analysis and Design


DESIGN PARAMETER Saturated unit weight Effective cohension Effective friction angle Angle of fill Surcharge Ko = 1 - sin = 0.500 Wall Height Beam to Beam distance = = 1m 1m gt C' f b q kN/m3 kN/m2 degree degree kN/m2 Soil 19 0 30 0 10 Concrete kN/m3 Density 24 9.81 460 30 35

kN/m3 Water N/mm2 Steel 2 fcu concrete N/mm cover mm

ANALYSIS Horizontal soil pressure at bottom of wall Total horizontal soil pressure Total horizontal load due to surcharge Assume wall thickness Vertical self-weight of wall Assume slab thickness Vertical self-weight of slab Total moment to Beam B = 0 : 1.58 + 2.50 = = = = = = =
2 9.50 kN/m 4.75 kN/m

5.00 kN/m 150 mm 3.60 kN/m 150 mm 2 3.60 kN/m

3.6

1.8

Moment to retaining wall due to horizontal soil pressure and surcharge, M

= =

DESIGN Design Moment, Mult = 1.4 x M = 10 mm 110 mm 0.0157 0.982 d M/0.87fyz 136.69 mm2/m use z = 0.95 d 5.72 kNm/m

Assume bar diameter, fbar = d = h-c-fbar/2 = K = M/bd2fcu= z = d {0.5 + (0.25-K/0.9) } = Thus, As = =


0.5

Minimum reinforcement for shrinkage & thermal crack control

Asmin = = Provide Provide T10-250 c/c T10-250 c/c

0.35%bh 262.5 mm2/m each face (As= (As=


2 314 mm /m - vertical main bars) 2 314 mm /m secondary bars)

1 x VA VA VB

= = =

0 1.32 kN/m 5.88 kN/m

1.58 + 4.08 kNm/m

2.50