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Steam Turbine Description

The flow of steam to the turbine is regulated by varying the lift of the HP control valve by means of its servomotor. The HP control valve is actually moved by the piston (9) which is loaded on one side by the disc springs (10) and on the other side by hydraulic pressure. The position of the valve is determined by the secondary oil pressure, which is controlled by the governor. Since large operating forces are required, the servomotor is of the high-pressure type (approx. 32 bar) and has a pre control system. The supply of secondary oil (connection b) controls the auxiliary pilot valve (14) which directs control oil from connection a1 to the appropriate side of the pilot piston (4). The pilot piston operates the main pilot valve (3) through lever (5) so that when the HP control valve is being opened, control oil from connection a is directed to the underside of piston (9). When the valve is being closed, oil drains through the main pilot valve. Pre Control System When the turbine is running and the HP control valve is steady at any particular value of lift, the auxiliary pilot valve (14) will be in the centre position shown in the drawing. In this position the force exerted by the spring (13) and the secondary oil pressure acting on the auxiliary pilot valve are in equilibrium. When the governor varies the secondary oil pressure to open or close the HP control valve, the auxiliary pilot valve is deflected from this centre position. This allows control oil (connection a1 ) to flow to one side of the pilot piston (4) while the other side of the piston is opened to drain. The movement of the pilot piston returns the auxiliary pilot valve to its centre position by means of the feedback linkage (12) thus giving proportionality between secondary oil pressure and pilot piston travel. The degree of proportionality of the pre control system can be adjusted by varying the position of the feedback lever pivot (12). The auxiliary pilot valve is continuously rotated by the action of oil flowing from tangential holes in a disc mounted on auxiliary pilot valve in order to ensure that it moves freely at all times.

Servomotor for HP Control Valve

Main Control System The movement of the pilot piston (4) deflects the main pilot valve (3) from its centre position by means of lever (5) so that either, control oil from connection a is directed to the underside of piston (9) and the HP control valve opens, or the underside of piston is opened to drain so that the disc springs can close the HP control vale. Shortly before the valve cone of HP control valve actually comes into contact with the valve seat, the servomotor piston (9) enters a recess turned in the servomotor casing and throttles the flow of oil draining from the underside of the piston. This slows down the valve closing motion and the valve cone seats gently. The spring (1) pre-loads the linkage and prevents any slackness or lost motion at the pivots. The straight feedback cam (7) mounted on the end of the servomotor piston rod (8) returns the main pilot vale (3) to its centre position by means of a lever system. The slope of the feedback cam is in two stages to give two degrees of proportionality, which produce good linearity of the steam flow characteristics. Testing Device The control valve can be operated either by hand or under power independently of the governor by means of the testing device (11) in order to check the free movement of the HP control valve. The testing device acts on the lever (5) in the same manner as the pilot piston (4); the system demanding the smaller valve lift being in control, Damping Device Fig.2 illustrates the auxiliary pilot valve (14) and the damping device in the secondary oil circuit. Any signals in the secondary oil circuit are damped out by passing the secondary oil through capillary tube (16) before it enters the auxiliary pilot vale (14). Any air carried by the secondary oil is conducted to the free space in the actuator via the screw plug (18), holes in the casing of the damping device and pilot valve.

BHEL Haridwar