World Studies

NAME:_____________________________________________
DATE:______________________________PERIOD:______

ASSESSMENT: THE AFRICAN CONTINENT
GRADUATION OUTCOME(S) ADDRESSED IN THIS ASSESSMENT:
Historian: 2) Extracting/Gathering and Comprehending Historical Information from a variety of sources; 3)
Analyzing and Interpreting Historical Information from a variety of sources; Reader: 1) infer the main idea or
purpose in a reading selection/passage/charts & graphs; 3) Locate important details in a reading selection/passage;
6) Make generalizations and conclusions in a reading selection/passage.

PART ONE: What to Do:

HISTORIAN

Choose the BEST answer to complete the following selected response
statements regarding the African Continent. (Knowledge, comprehension,
& analysis)

1. The Sahel is…
A. South of the Sahara.
B. In the Libyan Desert.
C. North of the Atlas Mountains.
D. Located in West Africa.
2. A tourist in the Great Rift Valley would least likely see…
A. Mountains
B. Lakes
C. Rivers
D. Oases
3. The long standing war in the Democratic Republic of the Congo has been caused
by all of the following factors except?
A. Over mineral rights.
B. Between ethnic groups.
C. Colonization by Belgium.
D. Communist forces.
4. Who were the perpetrators in the Darfur genocide?
A. Hutus
B. Tutsis
C. Janjaweed
D. Yoruba
5. All of the following are reasons HIV/AIDS continues to spread in Sub-Saharan
Africa except:
A. Denial of the problem
B. Low mother to child transmission rates
C. War and other armed conflicts
D. Illiteracy

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World Studies
NAME:_____________________________________________
DATE:______________________________PERIOD:______

6. All of the following nations have been effected by Arab Spring except:
A. Egypt
B. Tanzania
C. Syria
D. Libya
7. Which conclusion is best supported by the below cartoon?

A. Better media coverage would prevent the imprisonment of government
protesters.
B. Political protests rarely ends opposition to the government.
C. Mistreatment of political prisoners often results in their acceptance of
government rules.
D. Sierra Leone supported the imprisonment of Mandela.
8. The impact of apartheid is still seen post-apartheid South Africa through:
A. Violence against Blacks
B. Discrimination in housing

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NAME:_____________________________________________
DATE:______________________________PERIOD:______

C. High unemployment
D. Segregation in schools
9. All of the following are reasons for protests across Northern Africa except:
A. Corrupt leaders
B. High unemployment
C. Social Media
D. Unjust laws

10. The Jasmine Revolution begun by Mohammed Bouazizi was furthered by:
A. Boko Haram
B. The youth
C. Hosni Mubarak
D. Mineral wealth

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World Studies
NAME:_____________________________________________
DATE:______________________________PERIOD:______

Place the proper political AND physical features in the
corresponding numbers (11) through (20) on the attached map

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World Studies
NAME:_____________________________________________
DATE:______________________________PERIOD:______

What to Do:

READER

Use the below documents and historical knowledge to choose the BEST
answer to complete the following selected response statements
regarding the passages/cartoon below. (Knowledge, comprehension, &
analysis)

Document One (1)
When people envision modern Africa, what comes to mind are war
and chaos, poverty and famine, corruption and misery, Of course these
problems do exist in many countries on that vast continent, but some
nations are working hard to change that vision. Corrupt dictatorships are
giving away to new democracies, several of which are succeeding.
Countries like Mozambique, Mali, Eritrea, Ghana, South Africa, Benin,
and Botswana, Cote d’Ivoire, and others are finding their way to successful
democracies, Ever since Nelson Mandela’s election as the first black
president of South Africa, indigenous Africans are increasingly taking
responsibility for their countries’ success. They have seen South Africa
succeed, which makes people in other nations believe in their own ability to
succeed.
Though many of these democracies remain poor, they are taking
small steps toward achieving goals for economic development. Leaders of
these nations know that in order for their democracies to last, people must
have their basic needs met. Efforts are, therefore, focused on finding ways
to help people help themselves. Progress is slow but is being made.
Leaders wanting their democratic governments to work also
understand the need for greater freedom. To insure free elections, for
example, several countries have asked for help from the United Nations (an
international organization which promotes peace), The U.N. has provided
observers to see that voters are allowed to cast ballots without interference,
as well as providing other support. While many African nations are still in
the darkness of war, ethnic violence, and corruption, some are “seeing the
light” and emerging as new and hopeful democracies

21. Which sentence states the effect of Nelson Mandela’s election in South
Africa?
A. Some countries are finding their way to successful democracies.
B. Many African countries remain poor, with only basic needs met.
C. Efforts are focusing on ways to help the people help themselves.
D. To insure free elections, countries have asked the U.N. for help.
22. Which statement does not describe a necessary step for democracy to
succeed?

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World Studies
NAME:_____________________________________________
DATE:______________________________PERIOD:______

A.
B.
C.
D.

Corrupt dictatorships are giving way to new democracies.
Africans must take responsibility for their countries’ success.
The countries must work toward economic development.
Democratic countries must allow their people greater freedom.

23. As used in the last paragraph of the document, the word emerging probably
means which of the following?
A. Creating
B. Introducing
C. Providing
D. Appearing
24. Based upon information in this passage, which statement best predicts
Africa’s
future?
A. Africa will be plunged into darkness.
B. Democratic governments will make it.
C. Countries will remain poor and weak.
D. New corrupt dictatorships will emerge

Document Two
President Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana believed strongly in the idea of PanAfricanism: that all nations of Africa should be united as a means of strengthening
the continent. Therefore, in the 1950’s, Dr Nkrumah began a movement to join the
nations. From the beginning there were differing opinions on how African unity
should occur: whether all countries should be under one government or if they
should be separate governments belonging to one organization.
After much debate, in May of 1963 the Organization of African Unity was formed
at a meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The compromise was reached under the
leadership of the meeting’s host, Emperor Haile Selassie, and his Foreign Minister,
Ketema Yifru. The Emperor met with the various heads of state, while Yifru met
with the foreign ministers from each country. The two men held numerous
discussions leading to the creation of the OAU.
The representatives then voted almost unanimously for Addis Ababa to be the
site of the newly formed organization, which at the time had thirty-seven member
nations. For the remainder of the decade the Pan-African spirit allowed the OAU to
prevent several wars between neighboring countries.
Now the spirit of Pan-Africanism has faded and the OAU is having less success in
preventing wars. There are some who believe the organization should be replaced
with a better one, and others believe changes are needed. All members agree the
OAU should involve itself in cases of human rights abuses, civil wars, and natural
disasters, but solving conflicts between countries is harder.

25. The best choice of a title for this passage is?
A. “One Nation.”

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World Studies
NAME:_____________________________________________
DATE:______________________________PERIOD:______

B. “Addis Ababa”.
C. “Pan-Africanism.”
D. “Organizing Africa.”

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World Studies
NAME:_____________________________________________
DATE:______________________________PERIOD:______

26. The OAU can best be described as?
A. A movement to join Africa together.
B. Nations belonging to an organization.
C. The meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
D. Many countries under one government.
27. The “spirit of Pan-Africanism” refers to?
A. Debate
B. Opinions
C. Unity
D. Government
28. According to the passage, which opinion is held by most Africans?
A. We should just do away with the OAU.
B. The OAU ought to be replaced.
C. There better be changes in the OAU.
D. The OAU should handle civil wars.
29. The OAU was formed based on ideas of which individual?
A. Kwame Nkrumah
B. Haile Selassie
C. Addis Ababa
D. Ketema Yifru
30. According to the reading, the OAU in the future is most likely to?
A. Follow the ideas of Pan-Africanism.
B. Handle human rights abuses in Africa.
C. Develop numerous natural disasters.
D. Solve many conflicts between nations.

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World Studies
NAME:_____________________________________________
DATE:______________________________PERIOD:______
GRADUATION OUTCOME(S) ADDRESSED IN THIS ACTIVITY:
Writer: 5) State a clear thesis or position to effectively address a specific topic or prompt. 6) Describe and
analyze pieces of evidence that support a claim/thesis 8) Organize information to support a claim/thesis

Historian: 2) Extracting/Gathering and Comprehending Historical Information from a variety of sources; 3)
Analyzing and Interpreting Historical Information from a variety of sources;

PART THREE: What to Do: Writer
What to Do:

Choose ONE of the two prompts (Prompt A or
Prompt B) below to answer.

Make a claim or take a position that answers the
question (DO NOT use personal pronouns!!!)

Cite/list at least three (3) reasons why the claim made/position
taken is correct

For each reason cited, cite/give at least ONE example from the
information that has been learned in this unit the unit to
SUPPORT/PROVE the claim made.

Cite/list at least ONE (1) reason why the claim made position
taken could be INCORRECT (this is called the counterargument)

Cite/give at least ONE example from the information that has
been learned in this unit to support/prove why the counterargument could be correct

Use the attached T.E.A.M. RUBRIC to make sure to meet
standards!!!! Students must attach the rubric when
s/he submits/turns in the assessment!!

PROMPT A:
For the past 50 years the continent of Africa has been a good place to live.
Defend (support) or Refute (go against)

OR
PROMPT B:
Of all the genocides studied in the African Unit (DRC, Darfur, Rwanda, and
Nigeria) the current Nigerian genocide is the most violent. Defend
(support) or Refute (go against)
CHOICE OF PROMPT: _____ PROMPT A
one)

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_____ PROMPT B

(choose

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NAME:_____________________________________________
DATE:______________________________PERIOD:______
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World Studies
NAME:_____________________________________________
DATE:______________________________PERIOD:______

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