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B is the baud rate and W the bandwidth in Hz) 1. B = 2W 2. W = 2B 3. B = W/2 4. None of the above In PCM, The total number of frames per seconds is ____________ 1. 2000 2. 4000 3. 8000 4. 16000 In PCM, the receiver has to recognise the start of each frame correctly. This operation is called frame alignment or Synchronization and is achieved by inserting a fixed digital pattern called a ____________into the transmitted bit stream at regular intervals. 1. Parity 2. FAW 3. ALARM 4. FLAG What is the no. of channels available in 34.368 Bit rate Mbit/sec? 1. 30 2. 120 3. 480 4. 1920 EBCDIC is an _______–bit code that was developed by IBM Corporation for use in its larger computers. 1. 4 2. 5 3. 7 4. 8 With analog transmission systems using copper cable there are three major categories of impairments,these are 1. Attenuation 2. Distortion 3. Noise 4. All of the above Consider a network of 33 dB gain with an input level of 0.15W. What would be the output? 1. 600 W 2. 300 W 3. 330 W 4. 494 W 30 dB represents multiplying the input power by 1000 and 3 additional dBs double it. In this case the input power is multiplied by 2000. Signal voltage Vs = 0.923 µV; Noise voltage Vn = 0.267 µV, then calculate the signal-to-noise ratio. 1. 11.95 2. 0.083 3. 3.456 4. 0.289 S/N = Vs^2 / Vn^2 = (0.923/0.267)^2 = 11.95 For good quality communication, the requirement is, 1. not more than one error bit in one million bits. 2. not more than one error bit in one thousand bits. 3. not more than one error bit in one hundred bits. 4. not more than one error bit in ten thousand bits.
None Of the above Baudot Code is 1. which of the following are required? Source Medium Receiver All of the above Which of the following is a DTE Teleprinter Computer with a key board DTA Both 1&2 In data communication. ASCII code 3.Severely Error Seconds (SES) 3. Error Seconds (ES) 2. can detect single error. can detect multiple errors. 256 3. BCDIC code 4. 3. None Of the above Keyboard of computer is encoded in 1. An O/P Terminal can only transmit and never receive. Both None Of the above . 2. Non Severely Error Seconds (NSES) 3.1 is characterised as 1 1 or 0 None Of the above Information carrying capacity of a transmission channel is determined by the following characteristics Bandwidth (BW). 6 bit code Parity checking method 1. Which of these is characteristics of Simplex Transmission? 1. 4 bit code 4.Error Seconds (ES) 2. Message always flows in both direction . 64 4. source and receiver data equipment is called Data Terminal Equipment (DTE). In order to send data/message from one point to another. 7 bit code 2.Non Severely Error Seconds (NSES) 4.The quality parameters in transmission are: 1. 128 2. Degraded Minutes (DM) 4. Both 4.Degraded Minutes (DM). 4. 3. of combination 1. Signal-to-noise (S/N) Ratio. All of the above The quality parameters are: 1. 2. An input Terminal can only receive and transmit. 5 bit code 3. 32 In telegraph terminology. EBCDIC Code EBCDIC gives how much no. Baudot code 2.
SMB 3. GIF The layer which establishes. None Of the above The Network layer converts 1.The Application. Telnet 2. MPEG 3. FRAMES to BITS 1. Presentation and Session layers create DATA from users' input.The Network layer converts the SEGMENTS to PACKETS 4. NCP Star . maintains and terminates communication channels between software programs on network nodes is 1. Open System Interconnection 4. PACKETS to FRAMES 4. Data Link Layer 3. Session Layer 3. manages. DATA to SEGMENTS 2. Which of the following are the examples of Application layer protocols: 1. SMTP 2. All of the above Which of the following is not example of Presentation Layer 1. TCP 2. 8 16 32 64 Which of the following is not RZ CODES? Manchester Coding Biphase-M Coding Biphase-S Coding Baudot Coding OSI is short for 1. Transport Layer 2. Network layer Examples of Transport layer protocols are: 1.W.The Data Link layer converts the PACKETS to FRAMES 5. SEGMENTS to PACKETS 3.The Transport layer converts the DATA to SEGMENTS 3. Bus and Ring are examples of 1. NCP 4. 2.The Physical layer converts the FRAMES to BITS. of a channel is 300-3400 Hz and S/N ratio is 20 dB. FTP 4. ASCII 4. SMTP 3. Open System Interface 3.Nyquist Theorem states that Sample rate > 2 * highest frequency component Sample rate < 2 * highest frequency component Sample rate = 2 * highest frequency component None Of the above Calculate the number of level required for transmission if the B. Presentation Layer 2. Transport Layer 4. Network layer . Open Sided Interface 2. Application Layer 4.
Application layer 2. 2. Data Layer 2. read messages or perform other network-related activities. Least amount of media is used 3. 16 up to 100MBPS 2. Transport Layer 4. None Of the above The type of access used in GSM technology is ______ FDMA/TDMA CDMA OFDMA PDMA The type of Access technology which can enhances the battery life is ? FDMA CDMA FDMA/TDMA ALL The type of access used in narrow band analog radio system . the appropriate physical protocol is assigned to the data 1. All of the above Data Rate of Twisted Pair (Shielded) for Bus Topology is 1. Network layer In which layer. Fault diagnostics 2. Speed 4. Fault isolation 4. Shared access to medium 4. Physical Layer Which of these are characteristics of LAN? 1. One device per connection 4. 10. Distance Few KMs 3. 10 mbps 2. 1. 2mbps 3. Control/fault diagnostics is centralized. Session layer 4. Ease of service 3. None Of the above Advantages of star topology are 1. 1 mbps 4.This is the layer that actually interacts with the operating system or application whenever the user chooses to transfer files. FDMA/TDMA FDMA CDMA ALL . All of the above Which of these are advantages of bus topology: 1. Presentation layer 3. Session Layer 3.
the current density will be higher for the same charge rate resulting in over charging of the battery * Always avoid the local overheating of batteries. Clarification: What this conveys is that batteries on float should be charged from 2. Similarly. Be equipped with heat dissipating devices or temperature sensors in order to stop charging when necessary. Clarification: What this conveys is that in old batteries due to less conduction area available on the plates. * The internal oxygen cycle reaction usually happens in the overcharging stage. the internal oxygen cycle is accelerated. which may be happened on severe overcharging or electrolyte dry-out. sunlight. and the developed heat causes further increase of the battery temperature. This is an extract from the information sent by the battery manufacturer along with our comments to clarify the points: * Thermal runaway is an abnormal phenomenon happening in the charging process. etc and proper / adequate air circulation is required to avoid this phenomenon . if batteries with different charge status are connected in series will again lead to some batteries getting overcharged. Clarification: What this conveys is that in old / defective batteries where one or more cells are shorted out. where the originally decreasing current density may increase instead in the constant-voltage-charging mode. in a long string of batteries should be removed immediately to prevent the overcharging of other batteries. e. The charger hence continues to overcharge the battery until thermal runaway takes place. Keeping too low a current limit will also increase charging times and lead to deep discharging of batteries where the charging time is inadequate to charge the battery before it is again discharged. which is shown as a bloated battery.. e. Thermal runaway means a state of operation where heat generation increases faster than heat dissipation.3C.With this self-accelerating cycle.THERMAL RUNAWAY PHENOMENON Resulting in bulging of battery case & and possibly leakage of acid also. >12 hours. At elevated temperature. the thermal runaway takes place. If the cut-off condition for the charger is based on the reduction of the current density. Clarification: What this conveys is also about the ambient (temperatures) conditions should be less than 30 DegC. this setting may be too low to be fulfilled when the battery is aged. * Any defective battery.25 .3V/Cell and current limit is controlled to < 0. Charge equalization of batteries (connected in parallel and then charged from the same source) before use is of prime importance.2.g. batteries are not exposed to direct heat. Several precautions are listed as follows to prevent the thermal runaway: * Avoid the dry-out of batteries: Do not charge at voltages higher than gassing voltage (2.g.4V/cell) for too long duration. and the battery will then be severely deformed and bloated. the short-circuited or aged battery. The result is an increase of the battery's temperature. results in the other batteries getting over charged.
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