Fig. 39.

4

Compressibility factor of Refrigerant 134a.

Fig. 39.5 Enthalpy-log pressure diagram for Refrigerant 134a.

203 .773 1.281 2.328 4.850 4.317 .+6 3.+7 0. .-3 0.87-4 .959 1.299 1.+7 4.513 4.382 7.665 1.101 2.258 5.2S9.597 16.790 3.332 2. s = specific entropy (kJ/kg • K).98 .023 1.806 1.341.346 .-6 2.84 1.-3 0.325 0.021 1000 .709.219 2.229. rept.482 .756 1.-3 12.338 480 12. +6 4.55. -3 1.355 13.864.480 2.556 1.832 850 .166 8.51.081.546 7.43.0100 5.686 2.542 900 .287 650 9001 1. -7 .115 8.274 1200 1. -3 128.346 1.64.114.-3 1.277.422 5.247 1.226 1.103.109.299 6.87 1800 2.158 400 1.137 1. h = specific enthalpy (MJ/kg).384 4.910 8.51 0.330 1.260 2.-3 0.097.5 2200 0.802 2449 1.355 3.160 0.-9 . Argonne Nat.0634 2. -8 ..809 5. -3 0.406 0.982 0.352 550 7.304.313 1.887 3.55.160.114 1.367 1.146 2. Converted from the tables of J.452 0.9 3.516 6.633 0.117 8.086.011 2.256 6.-3 7.301 3.915 3.225 1.863 2.515 1400 6.-5 41511 10.00322 794 3.05.076.991 420 13. -3 301 0.853 5.241 2.36.274 4.752 9. Lab.259 2.424 750 .043 4.912.235 3.+9 14.482 133.535 5.054 2.-3 0.410.129.177.480.064 1.542 5. ANL-CEN-RSD-82-4.581.364 0. -3 6. -8 1.55 X 10~10.705 4.17 0.Table 39.16.723 2.-3 60.219 440 1.642 3.175 1.243 0.705 380 0.372. -4 .301 40.-7 .988 0.6 2400 5.49.323.145.664 700 9.649 2.898 1.67.666 5.095 2.1955 5. cp = specific heat at constant pressure (kJ/kg • K).745 10.264 800 . 1982.476 2500 251.808 1.814 460 1. *The notation 2.120 5.173.176 2.307 207.00904 3. -3 2.+9 14.578 4.55S.963 0.391 1600 17.702 1.05010 8.+8 2.523 .624 2.16 Thermodynamic Properties of Saturated Sodium3 P (bar) T(K) hf Vf Sf V9 °Pf h9 S9 °pa 1. Fink.569 1.-3 0.330 0.025 5.820 12. K.447 3. -3 0.-3 5.255 4.939 9.443 1.0196 3.895 3.39S.465 600 5.571 1.207 6.769 4.102 .171 6.-9 .978 9.740 2. -3 2.-3 0. / = saturated liquid.10 signifies 2.728 6.261 2000 78.02241 0.-3 4.-3 5.270 2.448 4.856 3.980 av = specific volume (m3/kg).104 500 2.211.-3 4. g = saturated vapor.194.1 4.092.-3 3.757 6.066 0.924 1.834 1.794 5.0362 2.995 3.109 4.688 4.258 4.278 2.+5 11. -10* .469.54.247. -3 0.374 4.

00990 0. -4 0.001000 661.426 190 3.23.5 2.15 K) converted and rounded off from S.936 260 0. -4 0.116 273.00611 0.-Q 0.001076 120.1 1.65.001077 134.766 4.001079 164.11 signifies 6.224 160 7.30.-8 0. Ice values (T ^ 273. .726 .29.4 1.270 2.184 300 0.805 .179 av = specific volume.038 1. *The notation 6.7 1.115 1.569 .01.0 3.001090 292.91.IP 0.357 180 5.409 1. -5 0.489 1.091 273.001078 149.001082 197.6 1.03531 0.7 3.192 2.291 170 7..8 2.013 270 0.198 290 0.59.217 280 0. NASA Tech.882 . Paper 1906.00611 0.15 0.001000 632.62.328 1.3S.785 240 2. -6 0..30 X 10~n.001087 251.3 1.0 2..5 1.001073 94.2 3.001088 271.294 2.648 .619 4. h = specific enthalpy.00196 0.1 1.17 Thermodynamic Properties of Ice/ Water8 T P v h s cp (K) (bar) (rrvVkg) (kJ/kg) (kJ/kg-K) (kJ/kg-K) 150 6.001091 298. 1982.960 . -7 0. s = specific entropy.711 230 8.638 220 2.Table 39.001085 232.9 3. Gordon.7 2.860 250 7.15 0.001084 214. -6 0. cp = specific heat at constant pressure.515 4.001074 107.6 1.566 210 7.30.-S 0.4 1.10 0.908 4.001001 702.01917 0.8 2.001003 744.73.001081 180.495 200 1.00469 0.72.

6 2642.1247 0.0688 0.12 1.273 .78 1.7 0.2148 742.5 2675.09 1.0 2727.185 .-3 0.5 0.1462 0.9 0.362 2.-3 0.859 .6 2794.1746 0.5 0.-3 0.-3 0.4200 190 634.-3 0.152 .6068 50 537.11 1.53 1.-3 0.3843.5240 584.-3 0.2727 697. -3 0.1080 0.936 .0281 0.-3 0.2224 0.0115 1571.2 0.1202 0.6250 40 523.-3 0.156 0.6056 561.013 .0 0.1 2787.-3 1.3747 640.18 Thermophysical Properties of Saturated Steam /Water8 P T (bar) (K) vf vg hf hg rjg \f 1.360 3.0377 0.419 .6347 35 515.-3 0.4 0.-3 0.202 12.029 1.98 1.6 0.4554 160 620.0472 0.1523 0.027 .4315 180 630.1 2762.0327 0.1 2797.000 .1590 467.-3 0.03 1.021 4.057 .5071 120 597.2858.0311 0.4678 150 615.6809 9 448.-3 0.4179.26 1.0 0.191 0.1009.845 .4622 604.3 0.1589 0.1854 0.1648 0.0449 0.0424 0.7 0.0319 0.073 .06 1.6 2709.19 1.0334 0.0103 1611.1557 0.0589 0.-3 0.386 0.1632 798.0885.1082.4 0.105 .3976 Ag 0.098 3.1382 0.050 .573 0.016 .0798 0.571 1.58 1.1 2759.7696.0275 0.4 2782.538 .5653 80 568.0928.6636 18 480.6875 4.6106.77 1.8 2802.-3 0.6 0.0 416.4138 623.0 2615.0741 0.0570 1049.99 1.1495 0.1569 0.278 0.992 .4 2802.3 2716.2627 0.1307 0.0341 0.70 1.-3 0.4887.845 .0059 1826.48 1.8 0.0303 0.889 .0366 0.137 0.1972.8 0.07 1.-3 0.920 .6847 7 438.1172 0.00 1.978 1.6805 1.0 372.344 2.0925 0.0 2667.1103 884.99 1.1386.9 0.0084 1691.0440 1122.-3 0.127 0.688 3.5 421.877 .0 393.1608 0.0093 1650. -3 0.4 2773.5981 60 548.8 0.8 2689.0608.0789.2 0.-3 0.-3 0.1237 858.442 0.2057 0.1214.6 2797.1407 830.335 .044 .0293 0.48 1.69 1.6680 16 474.7 2470.040 .6869 5 424.1684 0.0 0.1421 0.6879 3.0998 0.3187.0075 1734.115 0.0 406.0638 0.0205 1363.20 1.0160 1450.1766.5352 100 584.6 2791.69 1.175 0.3155 670.855 .46 1.3 0.4 2755.0268 0.0370.0244 0.1396 0.2691.0388 0.51 1.0324 1213.80 1.951 8.4433 170 625.1 0.1489.2497 0.7 2737.0519 0.963 .6828 8 445.1943 762.651 1.8854 504.0542 0.57 1.-3 0.-3 0. -3 0.2110 0.1443 0.0666 1008.5 2794.0143 1491.163 1.0 0.41 1.6593 20 485.-3 0.-3 0.735 .-3 0.4087 200 638.5 0.2345.874 .0259 0.901 .3 2731.1586.02 1.5 384.5 0.-3 0.2 2742.9 0.28 1.902 .224 .3 0.6878 4.6 0.2920 0.1280 0.252 2.0434.502 2.6579.0 2800.090 1.0735.16 .94 1. -3 0.0394 1154.5672.2521.6447 30 506.0799 962.943 .Table 39.2373 0.-3 0.5813 70 558.1479 0.041 2.251 0.124 .1349 0.1802 0.2403 720.6937 417.1280 0.0274 1267.11 1.38 1.3515.2286 0.0399 0.9 2767.126 .079 .6 0.5 400.7184 535.6876 3.7 0.6550 25 497.9 0.206 0.52 1.-3 0.4 0.2163.3094 0. -3 0.1274.-3 0.1749 0.229 0.-3 0.11 1.4936 130 603.1775 0.0995 908.9260.306 0.1548 0.8399.066 .-3 0.091 .1367 0.8 2513.009 .0128 1532.1 0.6788 10 453.849 .1 2693.5209 110 591.7103.331 0.5 2584.837 .52 1.11 1.7 0.2766 0.0298 0.4 0.2166 0.2 0.737 .849 .6 2772.2005 0.7 2706.0496 0.4 0.4 2800.6847 2.5 2410.1150.7 2744.0497 1087.79 1.6863 6 432.343 .0235 1317.6767 12 461.0859 0.5499 90 576.5 412.1 2747.0839.0287 0.-3 0.58 1.3 0.5268.0676.1329 0.-3 0.2007 Pi> Prg .358 0.6866 2. -3* 1.0 0.807 2.0354 0.6 0.7 2785.1904 0.9 0.4 2724.6 2776.973 .1678.6158 45 530.1954 0.4526.0530.6723 14 468.1404 0.0067 1778.56 1.0180 1408.4806 140 609.7 2551.85 2.503 0.1716 0.

8765 5.272 463.300 470.758 0.0136 100 3.490 .43 0.998 .38 460.4175 4.966 .0280 40 2.0521 3. /' = wet saturated vapor.0434.0500 4.65 0.777 1.387 1.0300 35 2.5 1.193 .0483 6 1. cp = specific heat at constant pressure (kJ/kg • K). vs = velocity of sound (m/sec).310 459. g = saturated vapor.6071 7.8908 5.0201 70 3.7471 5.18 505.06 0.6198 6.78 0.65 488.309 461.8192 4.4304 5.594 1.01 0.73 0.73 0.0026 190 3.978 .90 0.82 492.8612 6.480 0.294 2.688 1.07 0.077 2.234 398.0455 8 2.288 473.7052 4.897 .5 1.840 0.872 1.219 1.144 .291 . Hamp.3803 7.7471 5.372 2.134 .12 485.46 493.546 1.0053 160 3.144 1.0018 200 4.0434 X 10~3.8604 6.304 467.7965 6.035 0.00 437.915 .91 490.0119 110 3.935 .792 0.0244 50 2.80 0.504 2.951 3.9392 4. y = cp/cv ratio.640 3. Pr = Prandtl number.298 1.0191 4.765 0.2234 4.74 472.305 2. T.286 9.278 468.0149 4.048 2.0375 18 2.50 479.111 .293 474.143 1.867 .90 453.2867 5.117 .494 .143 .245 2.295 .1 8 (Continued) P (bar) sf sg cpf cpg rjf y/ yg vsf' vsg T 1.99 0.9429 5.31 0.64 0.975 .51 506.034 4.35 410.564 3.1219 5.142 .65 0.0103 120 3.139 1.281 470.0064 150 3.168 1.33 0.29 0.08 498.916 .855 0.6820 5.862 1.316 449.5194 4.0323 30 2. Rounded off from values of C.9206 5.314 452.405 5.4972 5.593 1.581 . . M.0510 4.7764 6.472 2.440 2.801 .1855 11.280 298.29 0. *The notation 1.10 387.87 0.282 2.0273 5.24 428.0034 180 3.13 0.25 0.232 388.0405 14 2.2536 4.0229 60 3.66 0.9308 6.92 485.64 0.296 473.16 0.24 473. A.0350 25 2.21 0.142 .121 2.104 .802 0.792 3.136 1.0043 170 3.144 1.306 465.254 444.091 .249 436. A = thermal conductivity (w/m • K).0089 130 3.390 2.077 .373 .3027 7.051 .87 0.0076 140 3.9909 4.-3 signifies 1.244 428.7273 6.9735 5. Atomic Energy of Canada Report AECL-5910.23 497.233 1.529 13.384 0.6243 5.5616 5.211 4. h = specific enthalpy (kJ/kg).773 0.0491 5 1.36 0.8547 4.98 0.4336 7.161 2.298 472.5 1.9412 22.3178 8.0534 3. and E.313 455.31 0.6859 5.0156 90 3.141 1.5821 4.236 409.0685 4.142 6.8204 6.495 1.231 2. O.67 0.239 419.39 0.5543 6.3367 4.47 0.787 .048 .0362 20 2.838 .0548 2. Moeck.102 .141 .0 1.78 501.260 320.782 0.98 0.5595 6.539 0.033 .0 1.67 500.19 420.3976 6.20 467.5 1.944 1.0332 15.329 .3436 6.4469 6.315 2.291 474.0520 4.456 15.5301 7.0468 7 1.12 0. s = specific entropy (kJ/kg • K).6192 4.80 505.88 495.266 1. Tseng.156 .76 502.956 .756 .55 0.23 504.870 3.463 7.Table 39. 1977.2531 9.77 496.222 2.0? 506.097 .143 .34 0.00 445.040 .3751 4.05 39.233 377.00 0.063 .813 0.407 2.294 473.4651 4.7575 4.637 .8943 4.2076 5.9918 6.6716 6.137 .534 2.8197 5.311 457.354 2.427 .865 6.123 .826 0.7253 6.942 .271 2.3598 4.069 .0444 9 2. r = surface tension (N/m).2161 6.258 2.81 0.20 399.51 482.4408 7.442 1.1837 4.704 .892 1.198 2.335 2.22 0.329 1.302 469.588 0.303 468.82 21.6596 4.838 8.139 .0011 av = specific volume (m3/kg).259 .6455 6.0457 6.144 .235 366.76 27.59 0.18 506.838 .1128 12.0566 2.33 0.43 0.72 504.68 0.5002 6.18 0.05 478.781 1.582 0.8162 5.31 502.142 1.1229 4.0589 1.30 17.0261 45 2.834 11.100 0.129 .3606 5.89 0.57 500.69 0.275 466.016 .07 0.266 457.0941 6.1382 6.621 5.716 3.0 1.0177 80 3.240 351.0423 12 2.1268 4.407 1.0433 10 2. 17 = viscosity (10~4 Pa • sec).88 0.2837 6.71 507.972 1.284 472.143 1.132 .78 506.21 491.025 1.318 445.321 438.016 .738 0.308 462.0 1.808 .248 336.534 .260 451.0389 16 2.901 .

713 0.0327 0.050 1.4 467.6 718.225 1.630 0.832 8.545 0.324 20.992 0.672 0.710 0.025 1.198 8.005 0.0103 0.43 14.900 0.414 cp 2.40 1.8786 1.334 5.0438 77 0.9 810.289 18.701 h 236.58 1.8 520.816 0.4 s 6.250 0.988 0.730 cp 1.218 14.079 0.330 7.485 0.171 1.331 8.991 0.993 v.999 1.200 0.034 1.9998 0.111 0.0344 0.94 2.7 1068 1162 1265 1380 1505 s 7.0161 0.735 0.82 0.56 Z 0.042 1.411 0.80 Ethane v 0.042 1.148 0.9999 1.72 76.812 0.085 8.0157 0.Table 39.045 1.685 0.332 1.0292 0.000 1.0425 0.73 1.0270 0.982 0.685 0.7317 0.634 7.15 2.210 0.001 7.0016 0.0219 0. 1161 211 229 245 259 273 A 0.127 Pr 0.21 1.932 0.140 7.0149 0.986 0.183 1.0979 0.374 cp 1.000 1.178 0.076 0.253 16.751 0.0506 77 0.109 0.9998 0.467 8.1 1026 1149 s 3.0220 0.094 0.118 0.0271 0.214 1.0390 77 2.708 0.75 0.616 5.998 i.0206 0.0324 0.93 2.240 0.000 vs 306 330 353 374 394 403 A 0.31 14.0000 1.969 0.684 Nitrogen v 0.558 0.715 0.978 0.134 0.359 h 3517 4227 4945 5669 6393 7118 s 67.087 0.148 Pr 1.123 0.80 0.089 0. 287 312 334 355 374 392 A 0.734 0.103 0.97 2.000 1.889 6.19 Thermophysical Properties of Miscellaneous Substances at Atmospheric Pressure3 Temperature (K) 250 300 350 400 450 500 n-Butane v 0.0386 77 0..878 Ethylene v 0.854 8.230 0.9992 0.7 913.48 14.84 0.362 h 948.785 0.162 Pr 0.1 311.183 12.482 h 966.0361 0.998 0.155 0.263 7.220 0.10 2.3 415.258 Pr 0.269 77 0.0002 vs 322 353 382 407 432 455 A 0.000 1.685 0.43 77.041 1.000 vs 1209 1319 1423 1520 1611 1698 A 0.96 cp 14.58 72.568 8.088 1.995 0.884 1.18 2.650 6.056 0.994 0.684 0.0259 0.39 2.721 n-Hydrogen v 10.0366 0.119 0.465 h 259.950 1.706 .840 7.319 1.997 0.51 Z 1.724 0.997 0.079 0.135 0.000 1.099 0.50 14.998 0.992 0.162 0.155 6.767 0.187 0.088 0.0288 0.109 0.564 5.101 0.2 363.36 2.556 7.056 Z 0.79 74.8 1039 1122 1215 1316 1415 s 7.57 1.60 Z 0.98 70.684 0.26 Z 0.75 1.800 cp 1.81 0.04 14.76 1.0223 0.124 Pr 5.

.115 0.338 cp 1.992 0.96 2.087 0.731 0.3 s 6.0296 0.258 0.557 6. Z = compressibility factor = PvlRT\ vs = velocity of sound (m/sec).820 0.0363 0. h = specific enthalpy (kJ/kg).0233 0.754 0.0128 0.91 2.025 1.50 1.716 0.2 957.761 0.995 0.14 2.0000 A 0.851 7.7 318.9996 0.994 0.0 1048 1149 1261 1384 s 5.707 Propane v 0.128 0.884 0.982 0.988 0.247 6.8 957.680 6.0438 77 0.179 0.710 0.738 0.970 0.0416 77 0.0226 0.793 6.956 0.35 2.70 1.0423 T] 0.814 0.234 0.682 6.0182 0.0305 0.793 Propylene v 0.920 0.585 0.0380 0.096 0.992 0.072 0.6402 0.728 av = specific volume (m3/kg).708 0.Table 39.409 6.095 7.9 272.131 6.972 h 891.926 h 877.074 6.606 6.0002545 Pa • sec).44 1.996 vs 227 248 268 285 302 317 A 0.482 0.0296 0.9 365.55 Z 0.548 0.141 Pr 0.915 0.131 Pr 0.994 0.9994 0.27 Z 0.0247 0.725 0.108 0.0177 0.9790 1.1 461.119 0.7688 0.644 0.972 Z 0.281 0.996 vs 247 257 278 298 315 333 A 0.786 0.929 0.9987 0.742 0. cp = specific heat at constant pressure (kJ/kg • K).303 Pr 0.713 0.9998 1.154 1.73 1.0266 0.686 0. at 250 K for n-butane the viscosity is 2.773 0.0343 0.1 9 (Continued) 250 300 Temperature (K) 350 400 450 500 Oxygen v 0.7 413.545 x 10~4 N • sec/m2 = 0.414 6.354 6.769 0. Pr = Prandtl number.840 6.0362 0.0000 1.0127 0.944 7.976 0.942 0.987 0.6 1040 1131 1235 1338 s 6. A = thermal conductivity (W/m • K).070 0.832 0.772 0.55 1.207 0.765 0.451 0.282 h 226.082 0. s = specific entropy (kJ/kg • K).09 2.895 cp 0. 17 = viscosity (10~4)(N • sec/m2) (thus.202 cp 1.101 0.

5 40. T PC) 77.1 .1 HFC 23 CHF3 70. Weight Number Synonym PC) -49.4 278 214.46 BFC 13B1 CBrF3 (Halon 1301) 148.20 Physical Properties of Numbered Refrigerants9 Formula.4 4 R-32/125/134a/143a 94.3 36.7 39.4 34.8 92.5 132 CHC1FCHC1F 134.01 120 CHC12CC13 202.39 72.0 CC1F2CF3 CFC 115 154.8 56.93 CH2C1F 68.9 373 36.3 183.03 -26.2 HCC30 CH2C12 (methylene chloride) 84.03 HFC 134 CHF2CHF2 102.6 44.2 137 CC13CC12F 112 CC12FCC12F 203.4 34.70 -48.47 31 -9.1 141 CH2C1CHC1F 116.47 -40.50 (10/33/21/36) 10 CC14 (carbon tetrachloride) 153.8 CFC 12 CC12F2 120.37 23.0 136.0 44.7 188.8 114a CF3CC12F 170.27 80 11B2 270. P (bar) 40.5 30.2 118.4 CH3F (methyl fluoride) 34.36 47.3 42.0 CC1F2CHC12 CHC12CF3 152. Molecular n.92 CFC 114 CC1F2CC1F2 3.02 CHF2OCF2 E 125 -41.7 38.0 E 134 CHF2OCHF2 6.4 102.81 12B2 24.5 33.4 40 CH3C1 (methyl chloride) 50.9 28.91 12B1 CBrClF2 165.1 131 CHC12CHC1F 151.48 -12.0 401.5 122.1 crit.49 90.1 52.03 -23. Composition.4 FX40 R-32/125/143a (10/45/45) HFC 41 -78.9 19.3 -82.8 46.6 113a CC13CF3 187.8 -12.1 42.7 44.3 237.5 80.8 78.5 133 CHC1FCHF2 118.01 40.7 145.0 112.92 3.03 16.70 -35.7 36.8 HCFC 22 -82.6 37.5 CF2Br2 209.4 66.95 76 crit.4 47.7 96.8 145.8 76.2 FC 116 CF3CF3 (perfluoroethane) 138.b.2 58.Table 39.9 48.9 20 CHC13 (chloroform) 119.82 CBrCl2F 52 CBr2ClF 226.0 204.38 61.0 33.3 46.02 HFC 32 CH2F2 -51.84 CHC12CC12F 116.0 153.9 CHC1FCC1F2 HCFC 123a 152.5 58.4 143.8 67.9 CHC1F2 86.04 50 CH4 (methane) -161.0 HFC 134a CH2FCF3 102.7 263.2 21 CHC12F 102.5 51.5 118.4 178.5 54.00 CF4 (carbon tetrafluoride) -127.2 198.93 HCFC 123 27.7 60.4 33.5 96.1 283.1 -78.9 CHF2CF3 120.91 -57.8 185 111 220.5 FX57 96.0 31.62 33 R-22/124/152a (40/43/17) -28.0 41.2 40.0 153.2 66.5 105.93 28.0 -45.1 72.5 17.02 HFC 125 -48.5 -81.2 26.5 79.3 162 121 185.8 CFC 11 CC13F 137.38 47.8 33.4 CFC 13 CC1F3 104.93 58.1 32.6 122 131.5 45.8 CFC 113 CC1F2CC12F 187.0 HCFC 124 CHC1FCF3 136.2 R-22/124/142b (65/25/10) 110 CC13CC13 236.6 153.36 -2.7 49.8 FC 14 88.92 8.p.8 11B1 181.7 40.47 -39.7 101.72 11B3 CBr3F 107 -29.5 170.

0 -45. P (bar) crit.4 41.04 152.2 108.05 134.0 82.04 134.8 43.1 -34.7 75.1 -30.06 102.2 35.4 47.2 130.3 46.b.5 204.5 42.10 200.4 -50.9 106.0 53.02 170.4 -33.8 5.1 106. -24.9 38.2 130.2 43.55 94.5 171.50 84.03 156.2 48.05 64.2 180.8 28.6 146.04 84.71 91.1 31.3 103.7 -17.2 96.3 -0.00 89.1 -1.5 170.0 12.6 37.1 28.2 52.9 73.6 -43.7 -36.p.5 -34.95 116.Table 39.20 (Continued) Formula.6 32.05 134.94 86.6 102.50 66.4 -37.84 101.06 46.04 101.2 -47.6 43.3 -43. Number Synonym 141a CHC12CH2F CH3CC12F HCFC 141b 142 CHF2CH2C1 142a CHC1FCH2F HCFC 142b CH3CC1F2 CHF2CH2F 143 E 143a CH3OCF3 CH3CF3 HFC 143a 151 CH2FCH2C1 152 CH2FCH2F HFC 152a CH3CHF2 HCC 160 CH3CH2C1 CH3CH2F HFC 161 CH3OCH3 (dimethyl ether) E 170 CH3CH3 (ethane) HC 170 216 C3C12F6 CF3CF2CF3 FC218 HFC 227ca CHF2CF2CF3 HFC 227ea CF3CHFCF3 234da CF3CHC1CHC1F 235ca CF3CF2CH2C1 CHF2CF2CHF2 HFC 236ca HFC 236cb CH2FCF2CF3 CHF2CHFCF3 HFC 236ea HFC 235fa CF3CH2CF3 CH2FCF2CHF2 HFC 245ca CHF2OCH2CF3 E 245cb CH3CF2CF3 HFC 245cb E 245fa CHF2OCH2CF3 HFC 245fa CHF2CH2CF3 CH3CF2CHF2 HFC 254cb CH3CH2CH3 (propane) HC290 cyclo-CF2CF2CF2CF2 RC 318 R-12/114 400 R-401a R-22/ 1247 152a (53/347 13) R-401b R-22/124/152a(61/28/ll) R401c R 227 1247 152a (33/527 15) R402a R 227 125/290 (38/60/2) R402b R 22/125/290 (60/38/2) R 403a R 22/218/290 (75/20/5) R403b R 22/218/290 (56/39/5) R404a R 125/134a/143a (44/4/52) R405a R 22/142b/152a/C318 (45/5/ 7/43) R406a R22/142b/600a (55/41/4) R407a R 327 1257 134a (20/40/40) R407b R32/125/134a (10/70/20) R407c R32/125/134a (23/25/52) R408a R22/125/143a (47/7/46) R409a R22/124/142b (60/25/15) crit.5 82.06 97.1 5.7 41. (°C) 94.5 27.9 37.6 93.4 53.5 -46.5 -27.51 48.2 141.4 45.6 46.3 44.05 150.4 -9.2 10.8 -88.5 50.3 42. T (°C) 32.7 -28.44 92.1 42.20 87.2 35.8 35.45 .2 137.5 26.05 116.04 152.8 86.2 35.5 34.4 45.0 71.8 153.3 186.3 70.05 150.8 -42 A -5.2 128.04 100.06 44.5 107.8 41.3 90.93 188.0 106.6 -1.7 178.1 -24.7 83.1 112.0 Molecular Weight 116.10 102.2 47.8 32.07 30.5 -47.0 -49.03 170.4 -49.3 36.0 -18.4 45.3 31.02 97.60 116.04 n.5 -24.0 -18.1 -47.1 25.4 37.0 46. Composition.46 152.3 104.8 38.49 100.7 29.04 82.8 115.49 100.8 50.6 108.3 29.9 27.04 152.9 157.85 90.2 15.05 66.4 6.95 100.5 185.0 123.03 114.8 113.0 72.5 34.8 75.07 220.

05 1270 C3H6 (propylene) -185 46.00 740 A (argon) 39.7 1150 C2H4 (ethylene) -103.0 194.7 36.016 -252.28 -87.5 R504 R 32/1 15 (48/52) 79.97 729 -194.05 -63..S. Molecular n.2 -239.5 135.0 R600a CH3CH3CH3CH (isobutane) 58.8 54. Compositions rounded to nearest weight percent.7 37.(air) 732 O2 (oxygen) -182.9 40.95 -185. Gainesville.0 78.0 374.3 -267.6 66.06 -6.0 C2H4O2 (methyl formate) R611 60. OK.0 152.07 -10.6 29.7 1132a 1141 C2H3F (vinyl fluoride) 46.0 R610 C4H10O (ethyl ether) 74.9 R508 R 23/116 (39/61) 100.T.2 720 Ne (neon) 20.0 -228.8 82.1 9. Boulder.7 51.13 -0.4 R 12/31 (78/22) R505 103.2 -57.4 73.05 31.6 -140. FL.01 744a N2O (nitrous oxide) 44.016 -252.6 45.3 96.5 1113 C2C1F3 116.003 -268.7 23.3 28.47 -27.4 38.1 44.9 12.10 -85.9 204 630 CH3NH (methyl amine) 31. P crit.56 R410b R 327 125 (45/55) R411a R22/152a/ 1270 (88/1 1/2) R411b R22/152a/ 1270 (94/3/3) R412a R22/142b/218 (70/25/5) R500 R 12/152a (74/26) -33.1 131.7 N2 (nitrogen) 728 -198. CO.6 156.5 72.31 R 12/22 (25/75) R501 R502 111.9 70.2 704 He (helium) 4.04 -72.6 "Refrigerant numbers in some cases are tentative and subject to revision.9 49.6 72.3 28.0 -140.9 702p para-hydrogen 2.b.7 -12 R507 R 125 /143a (50/50) 98.4 40.9 28.1 34.2 133.H.12 -116.9 50.1 R509 R 22/218 (44/56) 124.Table 39.4 54.2 50. N.03 -85.8 -118.5 49.6 19.p. and literature sources.2 R 22/115 (49/51) R503 R 13/23 (60/40) 87.02 100. McLinden. T Number Synonym Weight PC) (bar) -PC) R410a R 327 125 (50/50) -50.90 -46. DIPPR.0 -122. Based upon data supplied by M.2 183.64 -45.8 34.6 56.2 105.2 271. Thomson.I.01 728a CO (carbon monoxide) -191.0 17.O.7 74. Bartlesville.8 157.7 31.0 702 H2 (hydrogen) 2. G.95 C2H2F2 64. Composition.8 37.3 744 CO2 (carbon dioxide) -78.9 2. crit. .9 C2H5NH2 (ethyl amine) 631 45.01 28.8 42.3 114.9 -240.8 43.6 35.5 106 1114 100.7 44.02 -89.0 221.6 .5 72.4 32.02 -76.2 36.39 1130 CHC1CHC1 47.5 -30 R506 R 31 /1 14 (55/45) 93.8 13.3 37.13 -11.3 36.0 -47 R600 CH3CH2CH2CH3 (butane) 58.0 -146.2 47.18 -246.5 R764 SO2 (sulfur dioxide) 64.03 718 H2O (water) 18.2 91.08 16.09 SF6 (sulfur hexafluoride) R7146 146.9 717 NH3 (ammonia) -33.5 99.20 (Continued) Formula. PCR Chemicals.4 33.5 44.8 59.0 39.2 52.8 243.3 C2F4 1120 CHC1CC12 87.

18 2.34 2.30 2.44 2.32 2.89 2.85 2.08 2.64 2.13 2.46 2.24 2.50 2.73 2.91 2.57 2.86 2.42 3.48 1.03 21 2.27 0.75 2.10 Oil.24 2.33 2.30 5.91 2.61 2.37 2.58 2.35 Propanol 2.85 2.19 2.09 3.10 4.39 1.54 1.20 1.34 1.19 1.50 1.20 2.58 2.76 2.13 1.01 2.08 2.08 2.12 2.16 1.10 2.28 2.48 Aniline Benzene rc-Butane 2.51 2.69 1.31 1.13 2.35 1.17 2.33 2.35 5.24 3.16 2.99 2.41 2.03 2.70 5.07 4.43 1.16 2.3 2. linseed 1.49 2.26 5.09 3.98 10.54 2.40 5.69 2.97 Ethane 3.833 0.09 2.27 2.01 2.19 2.41 2.06 3.37 2.81 2.03 2.16 4.29 1.55 3.65 0.36 1.06 2.77 2.00 2.03 2.06 2.71 1.35 1.41 1.65 ^Dashes indicate inaccessible states.90 1.33 2.58 1.26 1.17 Carbon tetrachloride 0.41 2.56 3.26 3.22 2.58 0.33 1.41 2.02 2.80 2.12 Methanol 2.49 2.75 1.04 2.12 1.28 2.03 2.58 2.91 2.46 1.28 2.78 Formic acid Heptane 2.66 2.32 1.69 1.65 2.30 1.72 2.92 2.00 2.843 1.92 2.891 1.67 2.55 1.98 2.48 2.62 3.13 4.41 2.33 0.26 2.76 2.59 2.47 2.07 2.43 1.68 2.17 2.32 4.26 2.25 3.52 2.94 2.32 1.69 3.98 2.49 3.07 9.36 2.96 1.16 2.36 2.73 2.80 2.32 2.04 2.95 2.27 Sulfuric acid Sulfur dioxide 1.36 2.34 Methyl formate Octane 2.42 2.12 6.37 2.38 2.62 2.64 2.17 2.82 2.98 3.38 1.975 1.71 2.13 1.41 2.20 3.31 2.45 1.23 Butanol 2.87 2.22 4.84 2.26 1.51 2.73 0.35 .29 2.49 2.21 2.65 2.92 Pentane 1. olive 1.06 2.20 3.22 1.02 Propane 2.76 3.19 2.36 2.22 1.75 1.28 1.47 2.86 3.97 5.12 2.70 2.54 1.18 2.941 1.22 Propylene 2.46 2.838 Chlorobenzene 1.39 1.10 1.35 2.00 2.99 2.43 1.74 3.90 2.05 2.10 2.13 3.78 2.31 m-Cresol 2.61 Oil.38 1.91 2.19 1.62 3.08 2.16 3.26 2.51 0.14 2.20 2.31 1.75 340 350 360 370 380 390 400 2.60 2.46 2.09 2.0 2.46 2.38 2.24 2.82 2.19 4.07 1.52 2.39 6.00 2.16 2.91 2.87 1.32 2.20 Ethanol 2.64 2.57 2.56 2.21 2.879 1.28 2.84 2.95 2.11 2.30 7.94 3.43 2.09 2.848 1.50 2.14 2.33 1.56 2.56 3.95 2.98 3.40 2.25 1.41 2.89 1.46 1.16 2.96 2.99 2.60 Turpentine 1.69 2.54 Ammonia 4.05 2.45 2.912 1.62 2.73 2.24 2.73 2.22 2.44 1. 2.22 0.65 1.97 2.92 1.04 5.21 2.51 1.31 1.78 2.15 2.36 1.13 2.38 0.10 Hexane 2.21 Specific Heat (kJ/kg • K) at Constant Pressure of Saturated Liquids Temperature (K) 250 260 Substance 270 280 290 300 310 320 330 Acetic acid Acetone 2.86 2.50 2.42 1.23 2.34 2.33 2.864 1.853 1.16 2.14 2.68 2.83 3.04 1.03 2.99 4.12 2.24 2.63 4.87 2.870 1.36 2.01 2.55 2.93 0.16 1.15 2.24 Ethyl acetate Ethyl sulfide 1.39 1.28 2.51 2.70 1.28 2.27 6.82 2.45 1.44 0.20 2.13 2.05 2.32 2.56 1.40 3.17 2.53 1.32 3.02 2.82 0.09 2.05 1.36 2.15 2.97 2.858 1.26 2.75 2.76 2.47 2.97 Ethylene 3.23 2.37 2.31 2.Table 39.24 2.

399 1.173 1.401 1.118 .658 1.396 1.268 1.091 1.103 1.126 1.418 1.662 1.084 .666 1.084 1.662 1.108 1.129 1.104 1.063 1.655 1.159 .249 1.249 1.439 .667 1.155 1.386 1.234 1.193 1.662 1.061 1.663 1.639 1.204 1.663 1.667 .667 1.375 1.082 .174 .112 1.141 1.233 1.409 1.406 1.657 1.399 .142 1.060 1.402 .398 1.136 1.513 1.399 1.413 1.664 1.130 1.667 1.394 1.250 1.667 1.066 1.395 1.399 1.321 1.406 1.156 1.402 1.392 1.023 1.400 .356 1.391 1.395 1.362 1.398 .400 1.398 1.192 .399 1.389 .666 .667 1.396 1.079 1.666 .229 1.317 1.401 .103 1.428 1.666 1.046 1.395 1.075 .261 1.140 1.22 Ratio of Principal Specific Heats.233 1.089 .211 .201 1.666 .663 1.106 1.399 1.139 1.399 1.069 .399 .667 .129 1.667 1.133 1.258 .303 .394 1.391 1.079 1.667 1.667 .306 1.017 1.226 1.332 1.163 .378 1.075 .397 1.113 .632 1.072 1.190 1.122 1.071 1.233 1.282 1.371 1.649 .397 1.120 1.084 .396 .236 1.667 1.397 1.165 1.380 1.144 1.398 .399 .205 .333 1.135 .175 .323 1.111 1.667 1.251 .403 1.294 1.506 1.662 1.623 1.253 .095 1.118 1.381 .413 1.399 1.662 .156 .096 1.666 1.395 .667 .399 1.387 1.277 1.072 1.273 .255 1.666 1.667 1.667 1.260 1.179 1.132 1.662 .404 1.418 1.151 1.403 1.357 1.393 1.153 1.398 1.313 1.158 1.311 1.065 1.667 1.654 1.296 1.665 1.265 .219 1.398 1.328 1.284 1.200 .172 .662 1.319 .662 .110 1.397 .667 1.112 .115 .137 .162 1.278 .271 1.409 .100 .399 1.393 .315 1.662 1.068 .389 1.666 .238 1.388 1.313 1.290 1.659 1.055 .091 1.374 1.667 1.063 1.168 1.667 1.Table 39.242 .350 1.397 1.120 1.135 1.337 .662 1.183 1.661 .105 1.398 1.247 1.126 1.399 .148 .397 .667 1.666 1.096 1.089 .399 1.402 .666 1.368 .667 1.125 1.148 1.063 1.405 .133 1.667 .666 1.030 1.667 1.265 .122 1.145 1.399 1.661 .667 1.643 400 420 440 460 480 500 1.399 .247 .317 1.667 .651 1.667 .662 .219 1.038 1.160 1.667 1.392 .666 1.167 1.123 1.368 1.392 1.387 1.662 1.287 .171 1.666 1.662 1.299 .241 1.667 1.148 1.662 1.111 1.667 1.667 1.401 1.081 1.268 1.322 1.314 .222 1.258 1.398 1.399 1.384 1.148 .212 .667 1.132 1. for Liquids and Gases at Atmospheric Pressure Temperature (K) 300 320 360 380 Substance 200 220 240 260 340 280 Acetylene Air Ammonia Argon /-Butane n-Butane Carbon dioxide Carbon monoxide Ethane Ethylene Fluorine Helium ^-Hydrogen Krypton Methane Neon Nitrogen Oxygen Propane Propylene R12 R21 R22 Steam Xenon 1.127 .357 1.667 1.393 .390 1.362 1.666 .387 1.101 1.396 1.309 1.365 1.087 1.667 .307 1. cjcv.666 1.182 1.278 1.223 .291 .

0207 0.0080 0.0201 0.0010 0.448 0.0214 0.0046 0.0086 0.0176 0.0312 280 Temperature (K) 320 330 290 300 310 0.0197 0.0186 0.0003 0.0272 0.0226 0.0186 0.474 0.0117 0.0342 0.0225 0.450 0.0155 0.0294 0.0266 0.0173 0.0037 0.0666 0.0128 0.0179 0.0167 0.0031 0.0292 0.23 Surface Tension (N/m) of Liquids Substance 250 260 270 Acetone Ammonia Benzene Butane C02 Chlorine Ethane Ethanol Ethylene Heptane Hexane Mercury Methanol Octane Propane Propylene R12 R13 Toluene Water 0.0128 0.0187 0.0135 0.0205 0.0614 0.0278 0.0205 0.0143 0.0159 0.0040 0.0196 0.0106 0.0575 0.0023 0.0203 0.0122 0.0271 0.0047 0.0214 0.0253 0.0049 0.0120 0.0298 0.0179 0.464 0.0127 0.0228 0.0137 0.0213 0.0244 0.0218 0.0096 0.0013 0.0183 0.0109 0.0003 0.0139 0.0746 0.0120 0.0732 0.0035 0.0099 0.0205 0.0094 0.0070 0.0285 0.0684 0.0249 0.0135 0.0252 0.0009 0.0168 0.0036 0.0203 0.456 0.0104 340 350 360 370 380 390 400 0.0148 0.0251 0.0236 0.0051 0.0115 0.0147 0.0016 0.0216 0.454 0.0016 0.0076 0.0154 0.0239 0.0261 0.0092 0.0118 0.0132 0.0148 0.0183 0.0170 0.0138 0.0699 0.0161 0.0174 0.0106 0.0149 0.0207 0.0185 0.0125 0.0069 0.0009 0.0003 0.0291 0.0224 0.0108 0.0271 0.0178 0.0059 0.0018 0.Table 39.0052 0.0009 0.444 0.0056 0.0153 0.0141 0.0099 0.0227 0.0080 0.0240 0.0042 0.468 0.0138 0.0650 0.0118 0.0636 0.0150 0.0106 0.0116 0.0067 0.0167 0.0014 0.0057 0.0251 0.0024 0.0320 0.0065 0.0002 0.0265 0.0053 0.0215 0.0092 0.0027 0.0175 0.0223 0.0153 0.446 0.0135 0.0223 0.0139 0.0163 0.0232 0.0040 0.0555 0.0123 0.0109 0.0595 0.0127 0.0023 0.0214 0.0306 0.0080 0.0079 0.0197 0.0152 0.0188 0.0327 0.0032 0.0104 0.0225 0.0037 0.0059 0.0117 0.0021 0.0059 0.0166 0.0083 0.0091 0.0091 0.0028 0.0032 0.0071 0.0006 0.0248 0.0165 0.0260 0.0126 0.0145 0.0193 0.460 0.0187 0.0133 0.458 0.0042 0.0047 0.470 0.0203 0.0044 0.0716 0.472 0.0181 0.0198 0.0234 0.0317 0.0018 0.0156 0.0029 0.0019 0.0214 0.0129 0.0191 0.0018 0.0058 0.0195 0.0137 0.0196 0.0078 0.0242 0.0159 0.0243 0.0229 0.0158 0.0177 0.0165 0.0177 0.0234 0.0168 0.0279 0.0005 0.452 0.0066 0.462 0.0244 0.0228 0.0162 0.466 0.0214 0.0096 0.0032 0.0535 .0003 0.

138 0.070 0.125 0.101 0.130 0.136 0.122 0.359 0.117 0.158 0.146 0.466 0.138 0.358 0.166 0.202 0.106 0.178 0.112 0.202 0.152 0.123 0.128 0.136 0.445 0.165 0.144 0.175 0.Table 39.361 290 300 310 0.164 0.172 0.424 0.138 0.176 0.127 0.179 0.211 0.104 0.135 0.142 0.171 0.172 0.091 0.152 0.138 0.150 0.157 0.084 0.214 0.168 0.284 0.118 0.139 0.097 0.130 0.089 0.131 0.086 0.125 0.196 0.127 0.120 0.184 0.154 0.111 0.145 0.135 0.227 0.208 0.105 0.183 0.149 0.342 0.332 0.120 0. olive Pentane Propane Propanol Propylene Sulfuric acid Sulfur dioxide Turpentine 250 260 270 280 0.147 0.165 0.167 0.161 0.083 0.107 0.349 0.111 0.135 0.132 0.128 0.150 0.078 0.141 0.173 0.137 0.165 0.175 0.522 0.124 0.151 0.156 0.106 0.108 0.122 0.187 0.090 0.145 0.180 0.137 0.090 0.074 0.153 0.403 0.153 0.143 0.190 0.147 0.149 0.166 0.126 0.196 0.167 0.148 0.111 0.132 0.117 0.097 0.125 0.329 0.128 Temperature (K) 320 330 340 350 360 370 380 390 400 0.279 0.143 0.138 0.352 0.153 0.096 0.141 0.149 0.133 0.255 0.130 0.176 0.109 0.099 0.078 0.133 0.155 0.184 0.148 0.160 0.113 0.149 0.172 0.484 0.098 0.161 0.151 0.096 0.084 0.178 0.110 0.147 0.130 0.077 0.173 0.133 0.159 0.112 0.134 0.141 0.503 0.208 0.134 0.166 0.136 0.252 0.107 0.093 0.163 0.101 0.120 0.139 0.094 0.163 0.562 0.156 0.088 0.165 0.120 0.104 0.161 0.119 0.125 0.178 0.115 0.196 0.157 0.191 0.131 0.24 Thermal Conductivity (W/m • K) of Saturated Liquids Substance Acetic acid Acetone Ammonia Aniline Benzene Butane Butanol Carbon tetrachloride Chlorobenzene m-Cresol Ethane Ethanol Ethyl acetate Ethyl sulfide Ethylene Formic acid Heptane Hexane Methanol Methyl formate Octane Oil.114 0.112 0.116 0.293 0.108 0.199 0.107 0.171 0.129 0.093 0.144 0.142 0.105 0.094 0.112 0.064 0.100 0.092 0.119 0.115 0.131 0.074 0.163 0.194 0.162 0.102 0.193 0.144 0.175 0.128 0.112 0.122 0.098 0.169 0.154 0.324 0.181 0.143 0.173 0.138 0.083 0. linseed Oil.146 0.161 0.169 0.205 0.080 0.127 0.090 0.218 0.335 0.170 0.115 0.086 0.215 0.114 0.165 0.227 0.199 0.137 0.241 0.166 0.150 0.127 0.190 0.159 0.116 0.160 0.146 0.345 0.094 0.165 0.339 0.161 0.121 0.163 0.355 0.124 0.541 0.336 0.105 0.167 0.170 0.156 0.140 0.107 0.087 0.126 0.090 0.151 0.154 0.122 0.157 0.126 .118 0.175 0.170 0.186 0.155 0.100 0.103 0.167 0.152 0.148 0.104 0.119 0.164 0.111 0.117 0.123 0.168 0.169 0.221 0.135 0.107 0.188 0.096 0.115 0.133 0.155 0.122 0.065 0.082 0.172 0.167 0.202 0.129 0.158 0.146 0.127 0.160 0.110 0.136 0.085 0.118 0.174 0.114 0.158 0.136 0.121 0.100 0.145 0.163 0.137 0.107 0.175 0.103 0.148 0.102 0.133 0.110 0.163 0.098 0.129 0.169 0.150 0.141 0.146 0.133 0.382 0.149 0.158 0.171 0.108 0.309 0.075 0.078 0.140 0.152 0.168 0.169 0.116 0.101 0.145 0.123 0.138 0.118 0.141 0.152 0.158 0.149 0.126 0.082 0.162 0.112 0.102 0.075 0.079 0.

87 1.95 41.9 9.00 3.71 Propanol 50.2 13.93 12.26 1.46 3.45 5.34 3.89 1.43 3.78 11.98 18.94 1.9 4.57 2.65 3.68 4.84 0.08 1.61 32.7 51.57 3.84 2.0 40.85 2.75 3.15 0.22 2.39 3.6 363 259 189 64.51 6.46 3.97 5.45 3.05 39.51 0.98 0.51 2.63 1.44 7.62 3.45 14.18 2.68 5.6 1000 1.39 2.59 4.09 3.86 Ethyl sulfide 6.60 3.66 3.0 37.70 2.0 11.08 23.51 3.6 12.81 7.70 1.13 2.73 1.27 2.9 70.39 5.06 1.83 1.0 22.05 2.86 7.1 25.4 8.44 0.10 0.13 3.33 3.29 1.39 0.70 0.81 5.41 4.39 2.53 4.37 Propane 1.94 2.20 30.5 40.24 15.3 28.05 1.32 3.49 1.45 1.7 13.3 37.3 10.2 8.82 3.90 36.50 1.53 4.35 10.43 4.14 4.9 23.16 Pentane 2.3 3.3 9.70 0.21 12.03 1.2 4.95 5.5 Heptane 6.94 0.0 7.2 3.8 280 3.02 6.07 1.97 5.6 6.31 11.9 Benzene 2.99 5.92 1.2 w-Cresol Ethane 0.3 72.5 7.92 2.74 72.01 0.56 5.25 5.53 1.48 2.77 1.25 Viscosity (10 4 Pa • sec) of Saturated Liquids Substance 250 260 270 Acetic acid Acetone 4.50 1.01 4.80 2.50 4.14 5.21 19.62 2.1 700 356 263 198 490 278 193 136 1600 630 410 98.22 4.58 71.40 2.68 1.53 3.65 7.43 12.70 8.45 2.45 2.8 4.95 3.7 18.16 6.82 3.68 2.54 2.60 3.66 2.16 4.00 8.7 5.56 8.62 2.07 2.41 Propylene 1.02 0.6 41.15 4.53 2.58 5.05 0.28 3.90 3.23 7.66 1.67 0.9 8.20 2.24 7.79 2.24 0.32 Sulfur dioxide 4.94 1.1 10.03 2.60 0.89 4.04 1.30 5.9 9.48 2.85 8.6 49.34 2.8 60.10 10.77 2.45 0.28 2.47 0.38 2.90 6.80 1.4 1.9 12.2 3.16 Sulfuric acid 5.04 0.46 21.75 0.47 6.03 2.4 11.15 3.38 2.01 4.53 136 261 0.45 3.25 Hexane 4.90 5.91 23.85 2.19 0.90 3.86 3.01 1.1 11.31 53.11 2.5 0.7 27.71 4.49 2.42 141 107 82. olive 8350 4600 2600 3.8 7.28 0.16 2.04 3.63 2.95 3.49 Oil.1 Methyl formate 5.19 2.7 67.06 2.48 152 34.6 8.87 29.52 1.70 6.42 1.48 3.88 14.4 11.27 5.34 2.60 0.22 1.6 15.15 2.20 Aniline 96.76 0.07 0.81 Ethanol 18.59 1.85 15.31 2.18 Temperature (K) 310 320 330 340 350 360 370 380 390 400 9.20 1.582 0.2 53.53 0.33 4.66 5.5 74.03 1.3 Ethyl acetate 7.93 2.87 4.69 Ethylene 0.50 Octane 8.84 6.1 5.4 29.81 6.50 3.8 1.73 4.2 54.5 8.78 8.3 Turpentine 23.39 2.56 19.1 5.29 4.28 2.4 33.44 1.52 3.86 2.4 41.60 3.27 Ammonia 1.0 6.1 19.73 2.53 5.21 6.70 4.418 Formic acid 48.44 6.14 3.65 3.84 2.9 Carbon tetrachloride 14.50 290 300 13.89 0.23 1.33 15.Table 39.2 19.71 4.70 0.77 0.87 1.20 2.38 6.9 3LO 24.09 1.87 3.66 1.63 Butanol 94.92 1.04 5.06 1.87 0.24 3.7 23.83 5.98 0.32 1. linseed 2300 1500 1000 Oil.20 2.30 1.64 4.60 1.27 1.3 118 93.03 3.74 2.6 4.78 4.03 4.64 7.80 10.42 0.53 3.03 Methanol 8.83 3.46 0.13 1.68 2.7 6.11 5.46 7.06 5.505 0.1 13.58 0.0 Chlorobenzene 10.34 1.72 1.78 1.6 9.37 Butane 2.79 1.60 4.58 2.27 6.61 2.63 4.78 3.3 5.10 0.10 0.80 .

400 -187.4 242.5 229.6 298.100 -878.Table 39.8 192.300 -335.800 +104.300 -120.200 +117.600 -432.300 +209.600 -250.5 200.100 -94.300 265.500 -155.500 +90.600 +95.6 311.100 -20.800 -84.4 109.0 219.900 -394.100 -25.9 166.7 376.700 -107.2 282.400 -105.280 -38.000 -123.900 +315.600 -172.300 +33.190 -16.6 -17.6 186.200 -277.3 261.900 -32.8 270.200 -70.6 191.390 310.8 .500 -283.200 86.5 295.600 -427.2 238.600 +104.000 6.013 bar.8 197.500 -187.670 -235.160 -66.1 294.030 -332.500 -149.200 -110.2 237.5 348.6 240.590 +153.6 172.2 292.1 234.5 282.800 +52.000 -224.0 270.000 -151.400 -50.5 219. 298.000 S° (kJ/kg • mol • K) -132.520 -103.500 +31.400 -50.510 -109.000 -301.300 -17.8 227.800 -55.500 -74.7 425.600 -200.130 -11.2 81.200 +159.7 237.300 +49.000 -921.500 -393.8 352.800 -208.800 16.100 +53.600 -325.000 +266.8 274.8 247.190 +35.2 200.000 -168.9 -137.000 -250.200 -134.900 -168.5 210.2 336.26 Thermochemical Properties at 1.840 -238.7 121.900 -63.6 213.900 -126.300 -332.700 -174.500 -118.300 -104.740 -46.9 360.790 -126.000 -67.000 -436.200 -248.15 K AH? AG? Substance Formula (kJ/kg • mol) (kJ/kg • mol) Acetaldehyde Acetic acid Acetone Acetylene Ammonia Aniline Benzene Butanol rc-Butane w-Butane /-Butane Carbon dioxide Carbon disulfide Carbon monoxide Carbon tetrachloride Carbon tetrafluoride Chloroform Cyclohexane Cyclopropane rc-Decane Diphenyl Ethane Ethanol Ethanol Ethyl acetate Ethyl chloride Ethyl ether Ethylene Ethylene oxide Heptane Hexane Hydrazine Hydrazine Hydrogen peroxide Methane Methanol Methanol Methyl acetate Methyl bromide Methyl chloride Methyl formate Methylene chloride Naphthalene Nitric oxide Nitrogen peroxide Nitrous oxide Octane C2H40(s) C2H4O2(£) C3H6O(/) C2H2(#) NH3(#) C6H7N(/) C6H6(/) C4H10O(/) C4H10(/) C4H10(g) C4H10fe) CO2(g) CS2(g) C0(g) CC14(#) CF4(g) CHC13(#) C6H12(g) C3H6(£) C10H22(/) Ci2H10(s) C2H6(g) C2H6O(g) C2H6O(/) C4H8O2(£) C2H5C1(#) C4H10O(g) C2H4(g) C2H4O(g) C7H16(#) QHigfe) N2H4(/) N2H4(#) H2O2(/) CH4(g) CH4O(/) CH4O(g) C3H6O2(/) CH3Br(^) CH3C1(#) C2H4O2(#) CH2C12(#) C10H8fe) NO(s) N02(#) N2O(£) C8H18(/) -166.800 -162.300 -36.610 246.300 +82.400 +68.900 -444.7 160.200 -86.

9 269.6 248.210 -228.500 -146.800 -258.7 Table 39.400 -284.900 -1.000 -122.000 -296.8 300.830 -241.700 -238.900 -616.6 259.600 -8.300 -674.7 343.100 +62.000 -439.9 322.9 285.900 -50.500 -14.800 +20.700 -682.400 -103.200 -1.300 -237.207.7 320.370 -107.0 309.820 16.6 348.6 297.600 S° (kJ/kg • mol • K) 466.26 (Continued) Substance Formula AH? (kJ/kg • mol) AGf° (kJ/kg • mol) Octane /-Pentane w-Pentane Propane Propanol Propylene Rll R12 R13 R13B1 R23 Sulfur dioxide Sulfur hexafluoride Toluene Water Water C8H18(g) C5H12(#) C5H12(g) C3H8(g) C3H8(g) C3H6(g) CFCl3(g) CC12F2(#) CC1F3(#) CF3Br(g) CHF3(g) S02(g) SF6(#) C7H8(g) H2O(/) H2O(#) -208.200 -164.500 -468.900 -300.105.400 -154.2 70.1 291.500 -642.300 -654.Table 39.27 Ideal Gas Sensible Enthalpies (kJ/kg • mol) of Common Products of Combustion"'* T Substance (K) CO CO2 H2O(g) NO NO2 N2 O2 200 -2858 -3414 -3280 -2950 -3494 -2855 -2860 220 -2276 -2757 -2613 -2345 -2803 -2270 -2279 240 -1692 -2080 -1945 -1749 -2102 -1685 -1698 260 -1110 -1384 -1277 -1148 -1390 -1105 -1113 280 -529 -667 -608 -547 -668 -525 -529 300 54 67 63 54 67 55 60 320 638 822 736 652 813 636 650 340 1221 1594 1411 1248 1573 1217 1238 360 1805 2383 2088 1847 2344 1800 1832 380 2389 3187 2768 2444 3130 2383 2429 400 2975 4008 3452 3042 3929 2967 3029 420 3562 4841 4138 3641 4739 3554 3633 440 4152 5689 4828 4247 5560 4147 4241 460 4642 6550 5522 4849 6395 4737 4853 480 5334 7424 6221 5054 7243 5329 5468 500 5929 8314 6920 6058 8100 5921 6088 550 7427 10580 8695 7589 10295 7401 7655 600 8941 12915 10500 9146 12555 8902 9247 650 10475 15310 12325 10720 14875 10415 10865 700 12020 17760 14185 12310 17250 11945 12500 750 13590 20270 16075 13890 19675 13490 14160 800 15175 22820 17990 15550 22140 15050 15840 850 16780 25410 19945 17200 24640 16630 17535 900 18400 28040 21920 18860 27180 18220 19245 950 20030 30700 23940 20540 29740 19835 20970 1000 21690 33410 25980 22230 32340 21460 22710 SO2 -3736 -3008 -2266 -1508 -719 75 882 1702 2541 3387 4251 5123 6014 6923 7827 8749 11180 13545 16015 18550 21150 23720 26390 29020 31700 34430 .6 267.000 -285.600 -715.0 188.

n/2(0 + 0) = -604.380 kJ/mg mol. and the bhs are looked up in the table for the appropriate temperatures.600 . foTo illustrate the term sensible enthalpy.740 = -822. All substances are in the gaseous phase. 298. most undergraduate engineering thermodynamics texts may be consulted.Table 39.120) + 177. the reactants entering at 298.200) .690) + 3(0 + 59. Had the fuel been burnt in air one would write the equation with an additional 3.15 K has been set equal to zero.810 + 72. will be calculated for the steady-state combustion of acetylene in excess oxygen.740 + 0) .5) N2 on each side of the equation. which is the difference between the actual enthalpy and the enthalpy at the reference temperature. the magnitude of the heat transfer. . In the above. If the actual reaction was C2H2 + U/2O2 -» 2CO2 + H2O + 3O2 then W = 0 and Q = 2 (-393. For further information.226.(226. in kJ/kg • mol fuel and in kJ/kg fuel. C2H2 = -31. .15 K and the products leaving at 2000 K. NSRDS-NBS-37.120 + (-169. 1971. s signifies sensible enthalpy.510 + 91. the enthalpy of formation of the stable elements at 298.15 K (= 25°C = 77°F = 537°R). P R where P signifies products and R reactants.584 kJ/kg C2H2.76(5.^ nWf + A/0..27 (Continued) T Substance (K) CO CO2 H2O(g) NO NO2 N2 O2 SO2 1050 23350 36140 28060 23940 34950 23100 24460 37180 1100 25030 38890 30170 25650 37610 24750 26180 39920 1150 26720 41680 32310 27380 40260 26430 27990 42690 1200 28430 44480 34480 29120 42950 28110 29770 45460 1250 30140 47130 36680 30870 45650 29810 31560 48270 1300 31870 50160 38900 32630 48350 31510 33350 51070 1350 33600 53030 41130 34400 51090 33220 35160 53900 1400 35340 55910 43450 36170 53810 34940 36970 56720 1450 37090 58810 45770 37950 56560 36670 38790 59560 1500 38850 61710 48100 39730 59310 38410 40610 62400 1550 40610 64800 50460 41520 62070 40160 42440 65260 1600 42380 67580 52840 43320 64850 41910 44280 68120 1650 44156 70530 55240 45120 67640 43670 46120 71000 1700 45940 73490 57680 46930 70420 45440 47970 73870 1750 47727 76460 60130 48740 73220 47210 49830 76760 1800 49520 79440 62610 50560 76010 49000 51690 79640 1850 51320 82430 65100 52380 78810 50780 53560 82540 1900 53120 85430 67610 54200 81630 52570 55440 85440 1950 54930 88440 70140 56020 84450 54370 57310 88350 2000 56740 91450 72690 57860 87260 56160 59200 91250 2100 60380 97500 77830 61530 92910 59760 62990 97080 2200 64020 103570 83040 65220 98580 63380 66800 102930 2300 67680 109670 88290 68910 104260 67010 70630 108790 2400 71350 115790 93600 72610 109950 70660 74490 114670 2500 75020 121930 98960 76320 115650 74320 78370 120560 2600 78710 128080 104370 80040 121360 77990 82270 126460 2700 82410 134260 109810 83760 127080 81660 86200 132380 2800 86120 140440 115290 87490 132800 85360 90140 138300 2900 89830 146650 120810 91230 138540 89050 94110 144240 3000 93540 152860 126360 94980 144270 92750 98100 150180 Converted and usually rounded off from JANAF Thermochemical Tables.450) + 1(-241. The basic equation is Q + W = ^ n t (A/i° + A/0.

6 Psychrometric chart. Copyright 1981 by the American Society of Heating. 39. University of Idaho. Refrigerating and Air Conditioning Engineers. Prepared at the Center for Applied Thermodynamic Studies. Moscow. Inc. 1981.Fig. ID. and reproduced by permission of the copyright owner.) . 1. (ASHRAE chart No.

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