5129_w11_qp_22.pdf | Kerosene | Petroleum

UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS

General Certificate of Education Ordinary Level

* 2 7 8 8 6 8 6 0 6 7 *

5129/22

COMBINED SCIENCE
Paper 2

October/November 2011
2 hours 15 minutes

Candidates answer on the Question Paper.
No Additional Materials are required.
READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST
Write your Centre number, candidate number and name on all the work you hand in.
Write in dark blue or black pen.
You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams, graphs or rough working.
Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.
DO NOT WRITE IN ANY BARCODES.
Answer all questions.
A copy of the Periodic Table is printed on page 20.
At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together.
The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.

For Examiner’s Use

This document consists of 19 printed pages and 1 blank page.
DC (SM/CGW) 34446/2
© UCLES 2011

[Turn over

2
1

Study the following reaction scheme.

For
Examiner’s
Use

water
calcium

+

calcium
hydroxide
(a base)

acid B

gas A

ammonium
chloride
calcium chloride + water + gas C

calcium sulfate
+ water
Fig. 1.1
(a) Identify A, B and C.
gas A .......................................................
acid B .......................................................
gas C ........................................................

[3]

(b) Calcium hydroxide solution is sometimes called limewater.
State the gas for which limewater is the test. What would be the result of the test?
gas ...................................................................................................................................
result ................................................................................................................................
[2]

© UCLES 2011

5129/22/O/N/11

................................................................................. ..........1............................................... volume of the lungs 0 1 time / minutes 2 Fig.................................. ........................................................... ............................................... For Examiner’s Use The results are shown in Fig. .............................................................................................. 1................................................................................................................... 2.......................... 2....... [1] © UCLES 2011 5129/22/O/N/11 [Turn over ................. 2............................... ........................... breaths per minute (b) (i) [1] Describe two ways in which the person’s breathing changes during the second minute........................ [2] (ii) Suggest what caused these changes..............................1 (a) What is the breathing rate of this person during the first minute? rate = ..............................3 2 Changes in the volume of a person’s lungs are measured over a period of two minutes.......................................................

.......................1.......................... The metre rule is held horizontally by means of a stretched spring that is 0............. ............................1 (a) State the principle of moments...40 m from the pivot............. moment = .... 0................. [2] (b) Calculate (i) the moment of the 8.20 m 8........... .. A weight of 8............... N [1] © UCLES 2011 5129/22/O/N/11 For Examiner’s Use ..............20 m from the pivot............0 N is suspended from the rule at a distance of 0......................... 3...................40 m 0....... [3] (ii) the force exerted on the metre rule by the spring........................ unit ..... force = .0 N weight about the pivot.................................. 3...........................................................4 3 A metre rule is pivoted at its centre of gravity........... as shown in Fig.......0 N stretched spring Fig...................

..........5 (c) The spring has an unstretched length of 10.. its length becomes 11............................... [3] © UCLES 2011 5129/22/O/N/11 [Turn over ...................0 × 108 m / s in a vacuum..........0 N is used to stretch the spring..................... [2] (b) Radio-waves travel at a speed of 3.........5 × 103 m in a vacuum....................... ...... radio-waves and visible light are components of the electromagnetic spectrum................................ A radio-wave has a wavelength of 1............. and ........0 cm........ When a force of 2. frequency = ..... N [2] 4 Microwaves........ force = .........0 cm...5 cm.... For Examiner’s Use Calculate the force needed to give the spring a length of 13.. Calculate the frequency of this radio-wave....... unit .... (a) Name two other components of the electromagnetic spectrum....

...... and nitride ions.... Li+............ State one adverse effect on the environment of oxides of nitrogen... .. [1] (ii) Suggest two properties of lithium nitride..... (i) State the formula of a nitride ion.............................. ...................................................... [2] © UCLES 2011 5129/22/O/N/11 For Examiner’s Use ..................................................................................................................................................... .. .................... 2..... Balance the equation for this reaction.. Li3N [1] (d) Lithium nitride is an ionic substance made up of lithium ions........................ 1............ [1] (c) Nitrogen reacts with lithium to produce lithium nitride..................................... ... (a) State the approximate percentage of nitrogen in air... Li + N2 ................................. ..... [1] (b) Oxides of nitrogen are produced when a fuel is burned in a car engine.........................................................................................6 5 Nitrogen is a gas that is the main constituent of air...............................................

..................................................................................................................................... [1] (ii) egestion ............................................................. [1] (iii) absorption of the soluble products of digestion ..................................................................... 6.................................................................................................... The arrangement is similar to the human alimentary canal............................................... (i) ingestion .................................................... [1] (c) Name a gland in the alimentary canal where amylase is secreted............................................ C ............................................................................... [5] (b) State where the following processes occur in the alimentary canal................................ B .......................................................... ....1 (a) Name the structures A to E..........................................7 6 Fig............... C B For Examiner’s Use A D E Fig........................................................ E ....................... D ............................. A .. [1] © UCLES 2011 5129/22/O/N/11 [Turn over ........................................................................................................................................................................... 6.........................................................................................................................................1 shows the alimentary canal and associated structures in a rabbit.....

...................0 N...................... Calculate the useful power developed by the pupil in lifting the book......... Suggest why the work done would be less............................ The book weighs 5....................50 s to lift the book......... power = .. J [2] (b) It takes the pupil 0..................... .... W [2] (c) Lifting the same book through the same distance on the Moon would require the pupil to do less work than on the Earth......................2 m............8 7 A pupil lifts a book from the floor on to a table through a vertical distance of 1................................................................ ............. (a) Calculate the useful work done by the pupil in lifting the book............................. [1] © UCLES 2011 5129/22/O/N/11 For Examiner’s Use ....................................... work done = ...........................................................

...... 1] Complete the following sentences. For Examiner’s Use copper(II) oxide excess methane burning methane HEAT Fig.................... What type of oxide is copper(II) oxide? Give a reason for your choice................ [4] (c) Oxides are either acidic............ [2] © UCLES 2011 5129/22/O/N/11 [Turn over ................ O..................... type of oxide .....................9 8 Fig....... ................................................1 (a) Explain the meaning of the word reduction......................................................................... g of carbon dioxide................................... [1] (b) The equation for the reaction is 4CuO + CH4 4Cu + 2H2O + CO2 The relative molecular mass of copper(II) oxide is 80...... 320 g of copper(II) oxide produces . g of carbon dioxide... amphoteric or basic.......... g of carbon dioxide............................................. reason .............................. [Ar: C......... 80 g of copper(II) oxide produces ............................................................................ ... 8. 8............... g of water and ......................................1 shows the reduction of copper(II) oxide by methane........ 12............................... H............................ 16.. 4 g of copper(II) oxide produces ....

......1 The petri dishes are left for three days.......................................1........................................................... .......... [1] (c) State two environmental conditions that should be kept the same in the two dishes............... (a) State the results you would expect after three days............ 1..................... Explain why you would expect these results............................................................. rather than one seed....................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................... 9........................................................ The number of seeds that have germinated in each of the two dishes is noted...........................10 9 An experiment is carried out to investigate conditions that affect the germination of cress seeds................................ explanation ............................................................................................... [2] © UCLES 2011 5129/22/O/N/11 For Examiner’s Use ............................................................ 9.......................... ...................................................................................................................................................... 2.......... ....................................................................................... Two petri dishes are set up as shown in Fig.......................................................................................................................................................................... ........................................................... results ............................................ cress seeds petri dish petri dish wet cotton wool dish P dry cotton wool dish Q Fig.................. [3] (b) Explain why 20 seeds were placed in each dish.... ..................................................... ................ ..

.......... as shown in Fig.........11 10 An electric heater has a label attached to it.......................1.........................................1 (a) Use information from Fig............................................. 10. 10..... ................ current = ... [3] © UCLES 2011 5129/22/O/N/11 [Turn over .................................... The live wire is fitted with a fuse and the heater has an earth connection.............................. unit ............................................................. 10........... [3] (b) Another electric heater has a metal case................1 to calculate the current in the electric heater when it is working normally............................................. ...................... ........ For Examiner’s Use 240 V 50 Hz 600 W Fig.................................. Explain how a person is protected from an electric shock when the heater is switched on.............................................. It has been wired incorrectly because the live wire is touching the metal case...................

....................1 shows the apparatus used to separate petroleum (crude oil) into useful products..... ............................... [1] (ii) State one use of paraffin (kerosene) and one use of bitumen.................................................. [2] (b) Octane is a component of petrol...... 11............... bitumen ................... It belongs to a homologous series of hydrocarbons.... 11.. [1] What type of bonding is present in a molecule of octane? ..... paraffin ........ (iii) C8H ......... Complete the formula of octane.......................12 11 Fig.................. .............................................................. fractions fuel gas petrol paraffin (kerosene) light gas oil diesel lubricating fraction petroleum (crude oil) bitumen Fig............................................................................... [1] © UCLES 2011 5129/22/O/N/11 For Examiner’s Use ...............................1 (a) (i) Name the process used to separate petroleum (crude oil).......................... (i) Name the homologous series.................... [1] (ii) Octane contains eight carbon atoms........

................................................................................................. ............... ............................................................................................ .............. .... Describe how the method of displacement may be used to find the volume of the stone.................................................................... [1] (b) A stone has an irregular shape.................................................................................................. ........................................................................................................................................... For Examiner’s Use (a) State two symptoms of gonorrhoea.. ................................................................................................................................ ........................... ...................................................................... [1] (c) How are these bacterial diseases usually treated? .................................... ...................13 12 Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted bacterial disease..................................................................................................................... ........................................... [1] 13 (a) Name a piece of apparatus used to measure the volume of a liquid............................................................................................................................................ [1] (d) Name a sexually transmitted disease that is caused by a virus.................................................................................................................. 2.......................................................................................................................................................................................... [2] (b) Name one other bacterial disease that is usually sexually transmitted............................................... [3] © UCLES 2011 5129/22/O/N/11 [Turn over ......................................................................................................... 1....................................................... ......................

..................... ..... [1] compound ...............................................................................................14 14 (a) Copper is an element................................................................................................... [2] alloy ............................ element ................................................................................................. Using these substances as examples.......................................... For Examiner’s Use Sodium chloride is a compound........................................ compound and alloy........................... ..................... define the terms element............... [1] © UCLES 2011 5129/22/O/N/11 ...................................................................... [2] (b) State one test to show that copper is a metal................................ Brass is an alloy........... ............................. .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

15 BLANK PAGE TURN OVER FOR QUESTION 15 © UCLES 2011 5129/22/O/N/11 [Turn over .

............................................................... 15........................................................................................................ scale: 50 km river key: mountains area frequently flooded agricultural land forest other nonagricultural land town Fig...................................... ........................................................................................................................ .............................. ..........1 is a map of an island where famines frequently occur..............................16 15 Fig.... 15............................................................................................................................ [1] (b) Use information from the map to suggest why famines often occur on this island...................... [2] © UCLES 2011 5129/22/O/N/11 For Examiner’s Use .....1 (a) What is meant by famine ? .

........17 (c) What effect would each of the following have on the probability of famine occurring on this island? In each case.............................................................. (i) For Examiner’s Use a rapid increase in population ........................... ....................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. [1] © UCLES 2011 5129/22/O/N/11 [Turn over .......................................... explain your answer.......................................................................................................... .............. .................................................................................... [1] (ii) a decrease in annual rainfall .......................................................................................................

......................................................1 shows a bar magnet being pushed into a coil of wire...................................... ...... 16......................................... 1.......................1 The ammeter shows that there is a small current in the coil.. [2] (c) The current in the coil produces a magnetic field..................... [1] (b) State two factors affecting the size of the current when a magnet is pushed into a coil................... ... S For Examiner’s Use N coil A Fig...................... 2...................................................................... 16.......................................................................... (a) Name this electrical effect.... What effect does this magnetic field have on the bar magnet? . [1] © UCLES 2011 5129/22/O/N/11 ...............18 16 Fig........................................................... ............................

................................................................................................................................................... but if any items requiring clearance have unwittingly been included............................................................................................. [1] 18 Alcohol is a drug..................................................................................................................... Each gas from the list may be used once..................................................... ...................... the publisher will be pleased to make amends at the earliest possible opportunity................................ ........ 1................................................................. Cambridge Assessment is the brand name of University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate (UCLES)... [2] (b) Describe three harmful physical effects on a person who drinks excessive amounts of alcohol........................................................................ .............................................................................. [3] Permission to reproduce items where third-party owned material protected by copyright is included has been sought and cleared where possible. .......................................... ammonia helium For Examiner’s Use carbon dioxide hydrogen oxygen ethane ethene sulphur dioxide Use the list to complete the following sentences..........................19 17 The following is a list of gases............................................................. more than once......................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................... or not at all.... .......................... [1] (c) The gas that undergoes polymerisation is .................................................... [1] (b) The gas used for filling balloons is ............................................ (a) Explain what is meant by the term drug.......... Every reasonable effort has been made by the publisher (UCLES) to trace copyright holders.... ............................................................................................................................... 3........................ (a) The gas that is used in the manufacture of steel is ............................................................ which is itself a department of the University of Cambridge..................... ......................... [1] (d) The gas that relights a glowing splint is .................. © UCLES 2011 5129/22/O/N/11 ....... . University of Cambridge International Examinations is part of the Cambridge Assessment Group. 2.................

t. 91 Thorium 231 Pa Th 232 Praseodymium Cerium 59 141 Pr 140 74 Tungsten 42 Molybdenum 24 Chromium Cr Ce Tantalum 41 23 Vanadium V 1 Group DATA SHEET The Periodic Table of the Elements 20 .© UCLES 2011 20 Calcium 45 5129/22/O/N/11 Yttrium Radium 89 227 Actinium Ac † Key b X a b = atomic (proton) number X = atomic symbol a = relative atomic mass * 58–71 Lanthanoid series † 90–103 Actinoid series 88 Francium 87 226 Ra 223 72 Hafnium * Lanthanum 57 Barium Caesium 56 178 Hf 139 La 137 Ba 40 133 Fr 55 Zr 91 Titanium Zirconium 22 48 Ti Cs 39 Strontium Rubidium 38 Y 37 89 88 Sr 85 21 Scandium Sc Rb 19 Potassium 40 Ca 39 Magnesium Sodium 12 24 Mg 23 Na Beryllium 4 Lithium K 11 3 9 Be 7 II Li I 51 93 Ta 181 Niobium Nb 90 58 73 52 96 Mo W 184 Protactinium 55 Tc 186 Re 144 Nd 92 60 Uranium U 238 Neodymium 75 Rhenium 43 Technetium 25 Manganese Mn 27 59 28 59 29 64 30 65 5 Ru 101 Iron 190 Pm 147 Osmium Os 237 Np 93 Neptunium 61 Promethium 76 44 Ruthenium 26 56 Fe Sm 150 Iridium 244 Pu 94 Plutonium 62 Eu 152 Platinum 243 Am 95 Americium 63 Europium 78 195 Pt Ir 46 Palladium Pd 106 Nickel Ni 192 Samarium 77 45 Rhodium Rh 103 Cobalt Co Gd 157 Gold Au 197 Silver 96 64 Curium Cm 247 Gadolinium 79 47 Ag 108 Copper Cu 201 Bk 247 Terbium Tb 159 Mercury Hg 97 Berkelium 65 80 48 Cadmium Cd 112 Zinc Zn 11 6 Dy 162 Thallium Tl 204 Indium 251 Cf 98 Californium 66 Es 252 Holmium Ho 165 Lead Pb 207 Tin 99 Einsteinium 67 82 50 119 Sn 115 32 Germanium Ge 73 Silicon In Gallium Dysprosium 81 49 31 70 Ga 14 28 Si Carbon 27 Aluminium 13 12 C Al Boron B 7 14 75 Sb 122 Arsenic As Bi 209 Fermium Fm 257 Erbium Er 167 Bismuth 100 68 83 51 Antimony 33 15 Phosphorus P 31 Nitrogen N 8 Se 79 Sulfur S 32 Oxygen 209 Po 169 Md 258 Thulium Tm 101 Mendelevium 69 84 Polonium 52 Tellurium Te 128 Selenium 34 16 16 O 9 Yb 173 Astatine At 210 Iodine I 127 Bromine Br 80 Chlorine 259 No 102 Nobelium 70 Ytterbium 85 53 35 17 Cl 35.p.).5 Fluorine F 19 Lr 260 Lutetium Lu 175 Radon Rn 222 Xenon Xe 131 Krypton Kr 84 Argon Ar 40 Neon 103 Lawrencium 71 86 54 36 18 10 Ne 20 Helium 2 0 Hydrogen VII 4 VI He V 1 IV H III The volume of one mole of any gas is 24 dm3 at room temperature and pressure (r.

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