MODEL 440 & 450

ELECTRONIC VIBRATION SWITCH

Installation Manual 90018-031

8824 Fallbrook Dr. Houston, TX 77064, USA Tel: 1-281-940-1802 After Hours Technical Assistance: 1-713-702-8805 Fax: 1-713-559-9421 E-mail: info@metrix1.com www.metrix1.com

Revision: F

ME_90018-031_ RevF_0809

6 Alarm Circuits 3.3.1 Auto reset Mode 3.2.1 Alarm or Shutdown 3.3 Summary of Capabilities 1.1.2.2.3.1 Orientation 2.3 Special Considerations 3.1.3 Remote Reset Mode 3.2.3.2 Units with Analog Switch 3.5 Sealing Outline Drawings Section 3.2 DC Applications 3.2.2.0 Electrical Installation 3.1 Units with Triacs 3.3.3 Temperature Considerations 2.5 Specifications 1.5 4-20 mA Output 3.0 Mechanical Installation 2.4 Lockout Option 3.4 20 Second Lockout Option 3.1 AC Power 3.1.0 Control Settings 4.3 120 mA Analog Switch Option Wiring Diagram Section 4.3 Remote Reset 3.1 Introduction 1.0 General Description 1.2 Open/Close on Alarm 3.3 Test Mode 4.2 Functional Description and Installation Considerations 3.1.2 Mounting Surface 2.2 Shutdown Circuit 3.2.3.1 Light Loads 3.1.2.2 Protection of Rotating and Reciprocating Machinery 1.4 Alarm and Shutdown LEDs Application Notes Mounting Electronic Switches Outline & Dimensions Wiring Diagram ME_90018-031_ RevF_0809 Page 2 .3.2.1 Wiring to the Vibration Switch 3.2 Latch Mode 3.1 Setting Trip Points 4.4 Cable/Wire 2.1.4 Panel Controls 1.1.5 4-20 mA Output 3.INDEX Section 1.6 Safety Warning Section 2.1.2 Setting of Time Delay 4.

b) Calibrated set point controls permit adjusting set points to known values of vibration level. and in the case of reciprocating machinery. blade pass frequencies. Acceleration (as with mechanical switches) is over sensitive to the high frequencies and very insensitive to the low frequencies. The 450 meets these and certain explosion proof specifications. since it is equally sensitive to both. one for alarm and one for shutdown. 1. broken tie down bolts. This prevents false tripping on high startup vibrations and also from non-repetitive transient events. and specifications are identical except for the enclosure. Virtually all machines will exhibit high vibration for several seconds during startup. 2) present themselves as higher frequency vibrations such as defective ball or roller bearings. gear mesh.1. wiring. The optional dual set point model contains two independent trip limits. b) Time delay is absolutely essential in any usable vibration monitor. Shutdown and Alarm set point range is in velocity. thus demonstrating the unit is functioning. The resultant setting will be too high to provide protection during normal running. the operator must turn up the trip point to get thru startup. The optional dual set point has two triacs.1 Introduction The single set point model contains one trip limit for shutdown. ME_90018-031_ RevF_0809 Page 3 . etc. 4 and 12. 4mA = No Vibration and 20mA Full Scale. Shutdown and Alarm trip is set in velocity. detonation and broken parts.2 Protection of Rotating and Reciprocating Machinery a) A system is required which is responsive to faults which: 1) present themselves as low frequency vibrations such as imbalance. Velocity is the optimum parameter for both high and low frequencies. defective sleeve bearings. The internal sensor (unless the external sensor option has been purchased) is a piezoelectric crystal with built-in microelectronics to reduce noise sensitivity. Optional analog switches or mechanical relays are available. misalignments. d) A solid-state relay (triac) is provided with contacts that are optically isolated from the input power.3 Summary of Capabilities Refer to section 1. 1.4 a) Trip is based on vibration severity. e) Adjustable (2-15 seconds) time delay is standard. The 440 meets NEMA 3. Each triac is independently settable for open on alarm or close on alarm. Time delay is included in the Solid State Model 440. If time delay is not provided.0 General Description 1. c) 4-20 mA output provides continuous monitoring capability on a millimeter or a programmable controller for data logging or alarm. The 440 and 450 performance. In addition. The output signal is electronically integrated to measure and trip on velocity or displacement. The 4 mA will be present even when there is no vibration. a 4-20 mA output proportional to vibration level is provided. This is one reason there are so many cases where machines with mechanical type vibration switches have not tripped.

Test position sets in minimum set point so that any vibration will cause trip condition. thus permitting system test without shutdown. Factory set at 3 seconds. The unit can be periodically calibrated on line. trip will not occur. thus providing a calibration check of the unit. and trip will occur after duration of the time delay. Light will come on immediately.) or close on alarm (N. 1.C.4 PANEL CONTROL Calibrated set point controls enable operator to set specific velocity trip points. trip will occur after the duration of the time delay. The triac or analog switch is independently field settable to open on alarm (N. proving that the complete system is operational.f) Self test and calibration. Light comes on immediately when vibration exceeds set point (alarm or shutdown will trip after 3 second time delay). Screw adjustable clamping yoke rather than screw terminal permits easy. Adjustable time delay of 2-15 seconds. If this setting is maintained. This setting is then compared with the vibration measured with a portable vibration meter.) ME_90018-031_ RevF_0809 Page 4 . vibration proof connection. VDE approved terminal strip accepts #12 wire.O. by turning the set point control down until the light comes on. A light adjacent to the set point control comes on the instant the measured vibration level exceeds the set point. All hardware is captive. If test position is maintained for less than the duration of the time delay.

Metric ranges: 3 to 40 mm/sec or 6 to 80 mm/sec peak Frequency Range: 2 to 1000 Hz Time Delay: Field adjustable 2-15 sec.5 lbs). Enclosure: Rugged. of Trips: 440DR: TWO: One for alarm and one for shutdown.72 kg (6 lbs) Mounting: 1/4" hardware. Circuitry utilizes RMS detector Vibration Sensitive Axis: Perpendicular to base. DO NOT use 5A Triac. Set Point Accuracy: ± 10% of setting with repeatability of ± 2%. Unit can be mounted in any orientation without affecting setting Temperature Limits: -20°F to +140°F (-30°C to +60°C) including internal transducer. Each triac field settable for close on alarm (N. Humidity: 1% to 100% (non-condensing) Input Power: 100-130 VAC 50/60 Hz standard. 20 mA = Full scale range of switch. Self Test: Test position on set point control and light emitting diode provide functional test of trip circuitry. Two in 440DR. 450 . ALL hardware is captive.2 to 3 in/sec peak.2. Div 2. See How To Select page. 5A continuous. Or explosion proof Model 450. NOTE: If the relay output is connecting to a PLC or DCS. Also permits on-line calibration of switch.1. off-state leakage current: 1 Ma Min holding current: 50 mA typical Max. cast aluminum.). Alarm or Shutdown Output(s): Solid state relay (triac). 4 and 12 standards. water-tight. 100A for 10 msec. 3 mounting bosses Terminals: All terminals will accept #12 AWG wire in clamping type yoke without need for termination hardware.5 in in/sec or 0. Grps B-D. 3. Optional CSA mark for Class I.) or open on alarm (N.C. Meets NEMA. DC input power optional. dust-tight. Max. Absolute Option: 4 mA = 0 vibration. Velocity Set Point: 0. 440 . ME_90018-031_ RevF_0809 Page 5 . Opening the connection will reset the output to non-alarm state.O. voltage across SS relay: 140VAC (280VAC on 230V input units). Remote Transducer Option: The standard 440 includes a built-in transducer. The SA6200A accelerometer (100 mV/g) is recommended. -65°F to +190°F (-55°C to +88°C) for optional external transducer. time delay and triac closure.NEMA 4X Weight: 440 . See How To Select D & E. Shutdown set in in/sec (velocity model).SPECIFICATIONS No. less than 450 ohms. Termination load resistance.1 to 1. 200-260 VAC 50/60 Hz optional. Factory set for 3 sec unless specified otherwise. Analog Output for Trending and Remote Indication: 440SR & 440DR: ± 10% accuracy over 4-20 mA DC range. A separate transducer can be specified. Isolated (dry) contact.6 kg (3. Circuitry: Proprietary hybrid circuitry throughout for minimum size and maximum reliability in vibration environment. Please request separate transducer when placing order. Remote Reset: Connection between terminals 5 and 6 latches triac output in alarm state after set point is exceeded.

C. the protection provided by the unit may be impaired. AC/DC Solid-State Contacts are optically isolated from input power. If adjustments to the device are being made with power applied.O.O. 2 amp each half at 250 VAC or 24 VDC 2. slide switch are not available on the mechanical relay versions.C. 10 micro amps No holding current required Maximum voltage: 250 V Mechanical relay option: SPDT Version: 8 amp at 250 VAC or 24 VDC DPDT Version: 1. Additional environment specifications: Operating Altitude: up to 2000 meters Main voltage fluctuation: up to ±10% Approvals: CSA General Safety CSA Class I Hazardous Environments 1./N. EQUIPMENT OPERATION Note that if the 440 vibration switch is used in a manner not specified by the manufacturer.SHOCK HAZARD 230/110 VOLTS The terminal block inside the 440 is connected to AC power (110 VAC or 230 VAC depending on model) except DC input power models. DPDT.Analog switch option: Recommended in place of triac for DC operation or light loads such as computer or PLCs. ME_90018-031_ RevF_0809 Page 6 . Field settable N. SPDT.6 Safety Warning CAUTION . exercise caution to avoid contact with the terminal block screws by any part of the body or electrically conductive tool. 170 mA continuous Maximum off state leakage. 8 amp each half at 250 VAC or 24 VDC The N. or N.

5 Sealing In 440 installations where temperature and humidity conditions vary around the dew point.1 Wiring to the Vibration Switch The following sections refer to the wiring diagrams at the end of section 3. or thermally isolating the switch. consideration should be given to either using one of the remote transducers. a warm-up time of 5 minutes is recommended.2 Mounting Surface Choose or fabricate a solid (rigid) surface (on the equipment being monitored) to mount the vibration switch or transducer. some form of stress relief must be installed where the wiring exits the 440. reset. Although the switch enclosures meet NEMA standards for water tightness. In addition. 2. or 4-20 mA wiring should utilize shielded cable in EMI proof conduit. If such protection is not provided by the conduit system.3 Temperature considerations The switch is designed to dissipate internal heat by conduction through its base.0 Electrical Wiring 3. To assure compatibility with EMC standards. This will ensure transfer of the vibration to the vibration transducer.). Please remember that a hollow pipe through which wires may enter a switch may conduct moisture as well. Fasten using sturdy hardware at all places provided. it is important that the cover plate be evenly and firmly fastened down with the four screws provided. any signal level wiring such as transducer. it is important to keep the mounting surface below the switch max temperature limit of 140°F. separate from any power wiring. 2. the surface presented to the base of the unit should be flat. Hence.2.4 Cable/Wiring The method chosen to electrically connect to the switch or transducer should be mechanically flexible. it will do no good if proper sealing of both cover and wiring entrances are not followed. No stress should be possible on the wiring to the terminal block. 2. in areas of extreme humidity or moisture it is recommended that an “SO” type cable together with a suitable rain-tight CGB fitting be used. lockout. etc. If the equipment being monitored is going to exceed this limit. To ensure accurate switch performance.1 Orientation The sensitive vibration “measuring” axis is perpendicular to the base of the unit (vibration switch or transducer). ME_90018-031_ RevF_0809 Page 7 . Although seal tight and other flexible conduit have been used successfully.0 Mechanical Installation Refer to reference drawings. 3. Always mount the unit such that the desired vibration of the equipment being monitored will occur along this axis. to eliminate the measurement of vibration of material not of interest (piping. and provide a moisture barrier as well. 2. while not introducing spurious vibrations. The signal conduit and power-wiring conduit can be connected at the 440-cable entry via a “T” fitting. 2.

1. lamp. Maximum ratings are found in section 3. relay. To avoid creating ground loops.1 Input Power Connect a grounding wire to the grounding screw provided in the switch.6 Alarm Circuits The internal single pole solid state switch between terminals 13 and 14 is designed to be wired in series with the external alarm circuit i.2. Shielded wire is recommended to protect against damage due to long wire runs and the possibility of high induced voltage spikes from storms. 3..4 for further information. This is important for safety as well as noise.1.2. Orientation of AC power to terminals 1 and 2 is not important. To avoid the possibility of ground loops. 3.2. Shielded wire is recommended.e.1. Also see section 3.3 Remote Reset Shielded wire is required.1.2. Maximum ratings are found in section 3. ME_90018-031_ RevF_0809 Page 8 . etc.5.4 Lockout (Optional) Terminal 7 will be labeled “Lockout”. etc.O. the N. etc. NOTE: Remote reset is disabled if pushbutton reset option is selected. connect +24V to Pin 1 and Ground to Pin 2.1. For DC powered units. power only with the voltage level indicated on the inner cover label.2. annunciator.e.C.2.5 4-20 mA Analog Output To avoid the possibility of ground loops. 3. motor starter. 3. contactor.1. remote switch contacts should be electrically isolated from other circuits or grounds.1.2. See section 3.1. 3. Also see section 3.. the remote N. For AC powered units. See section 3.3. the 4-20 mA remote meter terminals should be electrically isolated from external grounds. relay. lockout switch contacts should be electrically isolated from other external circuitry or grounds.2.2 Shutdown Circuit The internal shutdown switch circuit is designed to be wired in series with the external shutdown circuit i. The 4-20 mA output is self-powered and therefore requires no external power source.

3.2 Open/Close on Alarm The alarm and shutdown triacs (or analog switches) are independently field settable for N.2.O.1 Auto Reset Mode In this mode. Alarm or Shutdown 3. solenoid.3. contactors and most motor starters directly. 440DR-2X01-XXXX) Maximum ratings for the solid state relays used for alarm and shutdown are as follows: Continuous current Surge & Overload (Duty cycle less than 1%) 1 second 16 Millisecond 1 Millisecond Maximum voltage Maximum off state leakage Isolation Required holding current 5A 25 A 50 A 125 A 140 VAC (115V Model) 280 VAC (230V Model) 1 mA 2500 VAC min 50 mA As you can see from the above specs. The analog switch does not require the 50 mA holding current and operates equally well with AC or DC.2 Latch Mode In this mode.2 Units with Analog Switch in place of Triac (identified by Model NO.2 Functional Description and Installation Considerations 3.3.1. 3. 3.: large transient voltage spikes due to unsuppressed relay. these are medium power rated devices and are quite useful in controlling relays.2.2. 170 mA 250V 10 Micro amp None 2500V ME_90018-031_ RevF_0809 Page 9 .1.2. 440DR 2X22-XXXX) For light loads such as computers or PLCs. i.C. (open on alarm).) mode.1.C. The unit is in this condition when the reset terminal is connected to common.1 Units with Triacs (identified by Model No. (close on alarm) or N. 3. alarm and shutdown switches are automatically reset to the non-alarm condition when the vibration level falls below the set point. Maximum ratings are as follows: Continuous current Maximum voltage Maximum off state leakage Required holding current Isolation 3. or other inductive loads.2.e. alarm and shutdown switches remain “latched” in alarm (shutdown) condition when the vibration level exceeds the set point for the duration of the time delay. Open on alarm is recommended in installations where triac lines are likely to be noisy. the analog switch is easier to interface since it has virtually no leakage current. The switches are accessible with a non-conductive screwdriver via the inner side panels. Maximum noise immunity is obtained when used in the open on alarm (N.2.

e. medium power type.2 D.3 Special Considerations 3. even when interfaced with a load as light as a programmable controller. To avoid large voltage drops during DC operation. 3. If the load is less than this. 20mA = full scale of the switches vibration range.3.3.2. For absolute option.2.2. these triacs may be used in DC applications providing minimum loading requirements are met. potentials or grounds.5 4-20 mA Output This “self-powered” loop provides a 4-20 mA output current proportional to vibration. maximum current is limited to 170 mA.2 do not apply. 4mA = 0 vibration.2.1 Light Loads The solid state triacs used in the standard 440 series are a special high transient immunity. the rest switch must be wired in series with the load. 3. the alarm and shutdown switches latch in “trip”. However. thus only “close on alarm” (N. the shutdown and/or alarm triacs will not be permitted to actuate for 20 seconds after Lock out is connected to Common.3. ME_90018-031_ RevF_0809 Page 10 .1 and 3.1.3. 3. for 115 VAC light load (50 mA or less) a 2K-ohm 10 watt power resistor is recommended.. i.3 120 mA Analog Switch Option The special requirements of sections 3. a triac will automatically latch in the “on” condition after trip. (See section 3.3 Remote Reset Mode When wired in this mode.C. NOTE: Remote reset is disabled if pushbutton reset option is selected.) can be used. When DC is used. This can be accomplished with a normally closed momentary switch. Off state leakage is 1 mA max and should not create any problems. Minimum load required to keep the triac on is 20 mA typical and 50 mA max due to the “holding current” specifications. To reset an external reset switch.3. the triac should be connected as follows: Shutdown: Term 4 POS Term 3 NEG Alarm: Term 14 POS Term 13 NEG 3. 3. The switch contacts should be isolated from other circuits.4 20 Second Lockout (optional) With this option. Loads with triacs Although most applications use AC input power and AC on the triac outputs (alarm and shutdown). See section 3.3.3. a resistor may have to be placed in parallel with the load.3. but can be reset to the “non-alarm” mode by momentarily interrupting the connection from terminal Reset to Common.1.O.2).

Different warning levels are given for different types of machinery. depending on how it is loaded. These ranges are typical. The shutdown and alarm is set directly in inches/seconds or mm/sec. If the machine condition continues to deteriorate.1 Setting Trip Points The Model 440DR provides two trips: one for alarm and one for shutdown. the particular installation. 1. and the tolerances of the machine itself. Vibration analysis is recommended at this level. Determine Vibration Warning Levels ME_90018-031_ RevF_0809 Page 11 . Thus. the shutdown trip provides protect tion against catastrophic failure. The following will help assist you in determining the proper set point. The first trip (alarm) is set at a vibration alarm level to provide early warning that the condition of the ma chine is deteriorating.4.0 CONTROL SETTINGS 4. Each machine will have its own personality. 2. defined as levels at which abnormal wear is occurring. The Warning Level Guide shown below indicates recommended starting points for vibration warning levels. you must make the final judgment for your equipment.

i.C. It will have been set at the factory for three (3) seconds unless your order specified otherwise. turn the shutdown set point (or alarm set point for alarm time delay) knob CCW until the LED illuminates. This is the actual vibration level present. ME_90018-031_ RevF_0809 Page 12 . the shutdown LED should immediately illuminate. Note this setting and return the knob to a higher setting (before time delay runs out). the LED will come on without energizing the triac. the gain of which is controlled by the shutdown setpoint. Likewise the DC output is directed to the voltage to current hybrid. 4. Then recheck and readjust until the desired time delay is achieved. Alarm trip is derived in much the same manner. Change the time delay via a nylon non-conductive screwdriver. slowly decrease shutdown set point by turning the set point knob counter-clockwise until the shutdown LED illuminates. Next. The time delay is adjustable. signal now proportional to velocity. the signal is processed through a true RMS to DC stage and compared against a preset internal volt age reference. followed after the delay time by actuation of the shutdown relay. If the shutdown or alarm knob is returned to a normal setting before the duration of the time delay has been exceeded. but has no effect on the 4-20 mA out. 5.4.. Thus. When the shutdown knob is turned to test. To readjust the time delay. Alarm is similar. If the voltage level stays above the reference for the duration of the time delay. If the signal level is higher than reference. The signal goes to a custom hybrid circuit to yield an A. The time a vibration must be above set point before trip occurs is individually adjustable for shutdown and alarm from 2 to 15 seconds. the shutdown LED is illuminated.2 Setting of Time Delay An important feature of PMC/BETA switches is the built-in time delay. they can be used to check the machines actual vibration level.0 System Block Diagram An internal transducer module consisting of a crystal assembly and integral charge amplifier senses vibration.5 seconds). 4. This prevents triggering of the alarm or shutdown functions from transient increases in vibration levels.3 Test Mode The test position of both shutdown and alarm knobs is used to test the switch functions without the need for vibration. an output trip occurs and the shutdown solid-state relay will trip.4 Alarm and Shutdown Light Emitting Diodes Since the LEDs activate instantaneously (before time delay). Set CW to increase time delay (one complete turn is approximately 0. the 4-20 mA should exceed 20 mA. It also avoids shutdown due to transitory vibrations occurring during start-up.e. the electrical output of the transducer is a well buffered (low impedance) signal directly proportional to acceleration (G) of the switch. The time from this point to relay actuation is the time delay. branching from the output of the RMS to DC stage. This signal in turn is routed through an amplifier.

If the machine has bolted end plates on the bearings or horizontally split bearing housings. For most applications 3/8 Inch material (preferably steel) will be suitable. Sensitive Axis Please note that the electronic vibration switch can be mounted in any orientation without a change in sensitivity. since the forces on the rotating member (unbalance. It senses vibration in a direction perpendicular to its mounting surface. misalignments. bearing wear.Application Note Mounting Electronic Vibration Switches Where To Mount The Switch It is desirable to mount the electronic switch (or transducers for remote monitoring systems) on the bearing housing. etc. but oriented so as to straddle the bearing housing similar to: The best approach is to mount a gusseted bracket. an alternative way is to weld an angle iron bracket similar to that in the sketch. Most bearing housings are curved so it is necessary to attach a bracket with a flat surface for mounting the switch. these bolts can be used to attach the bracket. aerodynamics. ME_90018-031_ RevF_0809 Page 13 . When bolt holes are not available or are not suitable.) reach the outside world through the bearings.

it is desirable to survey the machine with a vibration meter. ME_90018-031_ RevF_0809 Page 14 . if you have a motor and large fan with a bearing on each end of the fan. Again. This will usually be horizontal. Of course.Choosing Mounting Direction The vibration switch can be mounted in the vertical or horizontal direction (or anything in between). one on each end of the motor and one on each end of the compressor. one may be used here also. fan. The unit can then be mounted on the bearing pedestal or on a structural member nearby. How Many Monitor Points Per Machine Anywhere from one to four switches are used per machine (depending on how critical the machine is to the process or how expensive it is). the trip setting would be reduced if the vibration level at the mounting location is smaller than at the bearing. If the level at the intended location is about the same (within 25 or 50%). since the machine structure is usually less rigid horizontally than vertically. it probably will be satisfactory. Mounting At Other Locations It is not always possible to mount on the bearing. The best way to choose the mounting direction is to measure the vibration level in both directions with a vibration meter (such as the Metrix 5500) and choose the direction with the highest level. For example. (See Application Note 803 for information on recommended trigger levels). If there is a gear box in between. it is best to mount on or near the driven bearing. It is quite common to use only one switch. In this case. the fan bearing on the motor side would be the driven bearing. It will usually see the highest forces and have the highest vibration level. pump or whatever is being driven.

50] 71.31] 88.00] 9.7 [5.00] 108 [4.4 [6.2 [3.1 [2.50] 76.00] 27.312] SENSITIVE AXIS 139.25] 108 [4.9 [.9 [3.75] 65.10] 76.00] 3/4-14 NPT ME_90018-031_ RevF_0809 Page 15 .OUTLINE & DIMENSIONS 440 MODEL SENSITIVE AXIS 44.2 [3.4 [6.9 [.1 [2.5 [1.00] 108 [4.9 [3.35] 101.00] 4X Ø7.5 [1.50] 8.80] 3X Ø7.75] 88.5 [.56] 3/4-14 NPT 127 [5.37] 450 MODEL 152.25] 44.9 [.25] 152.6 [4.9 [1.

WIRING DIAGRAM (FULLY CONFIGURED) ME_90018-031_ RevF_0809 Page 16 .

WIRING DIAGRAM (FULLY CONFIGURED) ME_90018-031_ RevF_0809 Page 17 .

For this reason. please contact Metrix Customer Services. this equipment may contain small quantities of substances known to be hazardous to the environment or to human health if released into the environment. If you have questions about the disposal process. Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (commonly known as WEEE) should never be disposed of in the public waste stream. Due to its nature. The “Crossed-Out Waste Bin” label affixed to this product is a reminder to dispose of this product in accordance with local WEEE regulations.ENVIROMENTAL INFORMATION This electronic equipment was manufactured according to high quality standards to ensure safe and reliable operation when used as intended. ME_90018-031_ RevF_0809 Page 18 .

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