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Interpretation of gravity and geomagnetic maps of Timok igneous complex (Eastern Serbia)

Authors: M. Vanic ( ), A. Nestorovic ( ) S. Doroskov ( ) M. Blagojevic ( ) G. Runjevac ( ) ( ) Belgrade University, Faculty of Mining and Geology, Dept. of Applied Geophysics, Serbia
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Summary Interpretation of geophysical data, gravimetric and geomagnetic, performed for the area of the northern part of Timok igneous complex, is presented in the paper. Research area belongs to the central part of the Carpatho balkanides, eastern Serbia. The aim was to perform detailed structural and geological analysis of research area, based on data of the acceleration of gravity anomalies, as well as data on the anomalies of vertical component of the Earth's magnetic field (Z). In the paper, the following applied mathematical transformations are presented: filtering, elimination of regional phone, calculate the higher derivative, analytical extension of the field. According to detailed analysis of geophysical maps, existence of acid igneous rocks, widespread in this research area, mostly underneath the sediments, was defined. According to the analysis of geophysical maps, igneous rocks in the form of smaller bodies, which are concentrated near the fault, are present under sedimentary rocks.

Introduction
Interpretation of geophysical data, gravimetric and geomagnetic, performed for the area of the northern part of Timok igneous complex is shown in the paper. The aim of exploration was to perform detailed structural and geological analysis of research area, based on data of the acceleration of gravity anomalies, as well as data on the anomalies of vertical component of Earth's magnetic field (Z). Research area belongs to the central part of the Carpatho balkanides, eastern Serbia. It is situated between 44 and 44 20 ' north latitude and between 21 49' and 22 15 ' north longitude. Investigation area is characterized by complex geological structure, which was presented by metamorphic, igneous and sedimentary rocks, which have been formed during the long geological history.

Methodology For making maps of Bougues anomalies, the average density of rock mass of 2.60 t/m3 was used. The average density of points for the entire field is 1-point to 1 km2. Analysis of geomagnetic data is based on the examination of anomalies of vertical component of the Earth magnetic fields. The average density of points for the entire field is 1 point to 4 km2.

EGM 2010 International Workshop Adding new value to Electromagnetic, Gravity and Magnetic Methods for Exploration Capri, Italy, April 11-14, 2010

In the paper, the following applied mathematical transformations are presented: filtering, elimination of regional phone, calculation the higher derivative and analytical extension of the field.

Conclusions According to interpretation of gravimetric and geomagnetic maps, and maps made on the basis of applied mathematical transformations (figure 1, 2, 3, 4), several anomaly zones were distinguished. Result of detailed analysis of geophysical maps is the existence of acid igneous rocks, which are widespread in this research area, mostly underneath the sediments. According to the analysis of geophysical maps, it was determined that under sedimentary rocks are igneous rocks in the form of smaller bodies, which are concentrated near the fault. Based on the geophysical maps confirmed the consistent fault zones, which are detected by geological research. Predominant direction of faults is N/NW- S/SE and N/N S/SW. References
Geophysical data base, Fund of Department of Geophysics. Faculty of Mining and Geology, Belgrade University, Beograd. Ignjatovi, S., 2006: Geological-geophysical model of ultramaphic complex Mirdita zone akovica Orahovac. B.Sc. thesis, Faculty of Mining and Geology, Belgrade University, Beograd. Marijanovi, M., 2005: Geophysical model of geological structure of Fruka Gora mt. B.Sc. thesis, Faculty of Mining and Geology, Belgrade University, Beograd. Geological map of SFRY, L 34-141 Bor, 1976, Beograd. Geological map of SFRY, L 34-140 agubica, 1970, Beograd. Starevi, M., 1991: Gravity methods of exploration. Nauka, Beograd. Starevi, M., orevi, A., 1998: Basics of Geophysics II Gravity methods, Geomagnetic mehtods. Belgrade University, Beograd.

EGM 2010 International Workshop Adding new value to Electromagnetic, Gravity and Magnetic Methods for Exploration Capri, Italy, April 11-14, 2010

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Z [nT]
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Jasikovo

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Bor
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950 900 850 800 750 700 650 600 550 500 450 400 350 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 -50 -100 -150 -200 -250 -300 -350 -400

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Figure 1: Geomagnetic map of the study area with step 1 of field extension upward.
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Z [nT]
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Jasikovo

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Zlot
4870 7565

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Figure 2: Geomagnetic map of the study area with step 1 of field extension downward.

EGM 2010 International Workshop Adding new value to Electromagnetic, Gravity and Magnetic Methods for Exploration Capri, Italy, April 11-14, 2010

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g [10-5 m/s2]
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20

Jasikovo

18 16

4900

14 12 10

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8 6 4

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2 0 -2

4885

-4

Bor
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-6 -8 -10

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Zlot

4870 7565

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Figure 3: Bougue map of the study area with step 1 of field extension upward.
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45

Jasikovo
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40 35 30 25

4895

20 15 10

4890

5 0 -5

4885

Bor

-10 -15 -20

4880

-25

4875

Zlot

4870 7565

7570

7575

7580

7585

7590

7595

7600

Figure 4: Bougue map of the study area with step 1 of field extension downward.
EGM 2010 International Workshop Adding new value to Electromagnetic, Gravity and Magnetic Methods for Exploration Capri, Italy, April 11-14, 2010